Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 418
Filter
1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 17-27, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414719

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever as consequências do herpes tipo 1 no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão narrativa das consequências da Herpes do tipo 1 no Desenvolvimento Neuropsicomotor. Questão norteadora: "Quais os efeitos da infecção congênita da Herpes tipo 1 no Desenvolvimento Neuropsicomotor observadas entre os anos de 2010 a 2020?". O levantamento dos dados ocorreu: dezembro/2021 a janeiro/2022 nas bases de dados: Scientific Eletronic Library Online, Literatura Latino Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde e National Library of Medicine. Descritores: "Herpes"; "Desenvolvimento Neuropsicomotor"; "Herpes Congênita" e "Neuropsychomotor Development" com operadores booleanos AND e OR. Critérios de inclusão: artigos originais, texto completo. Exclusão: cartas ao editor, teses, dissertações e revisões de literatura. Resultados: Foram encontrados 21 artigos nas bases de dados pesquisadas, contudo, após a aplicação dos critérios de inclusão, 3 artigos foram considerados elegíveis. Após a análise, pode-se afirmar os impactos do Vírus Herpes pode gerar ao desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor, podendo ocasionar disfagia, disartria, alterações motoras, cognitivas e sociais, bem como outros sinais e sintomas que levarão ao atraso no desenvolvimento. Conclusão: O Herpes Vírus Simples pode ocasionar transtornos cerebrais em crianças, o que acarreta distúrbios para o amadurecimento normal, com consequente atrasos no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor.


Objective: To describe the consequences of herpes type 1 on neuropsychomotor development. Methodology: This is a narrative review of the consequences of Herpes type 1 on Neuropsychomotor Development. Guiding question: "What are the effects of congenital Herpes type 1 infection on Neuropsychomotor Development observed between the years 2010 to 2020?". Data collection took place: December/2021 to January/2022 in the following databases: Scientific Electronic Library Online, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences and National Library of Medicine. Keywords: "Herpes"; "Neuropsychomotor Development"; "Herpes Congenita" and "Neuropsychomotor Development" with Boolean operators AND and OR. Inclusion criteria: original articles, full text. Exclusion: letters to the editor, theses, dissertations and literature reviews. Results: 21 articles were found in the searched databases, however, after applying the inclusion criteria, 3 articles were considered eligible. After the analysis, it can be said the impacts of the Herpes Virus can generate neuropsychomotor development, which can cause dysphagia, dysarthria, motor, cognitive and social changes, as well as other signs and symptoms that will lead to developmental delay. Conclusion: Herpes Simplex Virus can cause brain disorders in children, which causes disturbances to normal maturation, with consequent delays in neuropsychomotor development.


Objetivo: Describir las consecuencias del herpes tipo 1 en el desarrollo neuropsicomotor. Metodología: Se trata de una revisión narrativa de las consecuencias del Herpes Tipo 1 en el Desarrollo Neuropsicomotor. Pregunta norteadora: "¿Cuáles son los efectos de la infección congénita por Herpes tipo 1 en el desarrollo neuropsicomotor observados entre los años 2010 y 2020?". Los datos se recopilaron entre diciembre de 2021 y enero de 2022 en las siguientes bases de datos: Scientific Eletronic Library Online, Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences y National Library of Medicine. Descriptores: "Herpes"; "Desarrollo neuropsicomotor"; "Herpes congénito" y "Desarrollo neuropsicomotor" con operadores booleanos AND y OR. Criterios de inclusión: artículos originales, texto completo. Criterios de exclusión: cartas al director, tesis, disertaciones y revisiones bibliográficas. Resultados: Se encontraron 21 artículos en las bases de datos consultadas, sin embargo, tras aplicar los criterios de inclusión, se consideraron elegibles 3 artículos. Después del análisis, se puede afirmar los impactos que el Herpes Virus puede tener en el desarrollo neuropsicomotor, que puede causar disfagia, disartria, alteraciones motoras, cognitivas y sociales, así como otros signos y síntomas que conducirán a un retraso en el desarrollo. Conclusión: El virus del herpes simple puede causar alteraciones cerebrales en los niños, lo que conduce a trastornos de la maduración normal, con los consiguientes retrasos en el desarrollo neuropsicomotor.


Subject(s)
Psychomotor Performance , Developmental Disabilities , Herpes Simplex/diagnosis , Nervous System Diseases , Brain Diseases , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Dysarthria , Failure to Thrive
2.
Singapore medical journal ; : 563-566, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007294

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), originally designed in the United States of America, contains items on dysphasia and dysarthria that are deemed culturally unsuitable for the Singapore context. We compared the error rates of dysphasia objects, dysphasia phrases and dysarthria words between the original and alternative items in a cohort of Singaporean subjects without dysphasia or dysarthria.@*METHODS@#In this prospective study, 140 English-speaking Singaporean subjects without impairments of dysphasia or dysarthria had an assessment of NIHSS items 9 and 10 using the original and alternative items. Paired analyses were conducted for comparison of error rates.@*RESULTS@#The error rates were high for four original dysphasia objects (Hammock: 62.9%, Cactus: 38.6%, Feather: 23.6%, Glove: 20.7%) and significantly lower for alternative items (Snail: 5%, Horse: 1.4%, Hanger: 1.4%, Car: 0%) (P < 0.001). For dysphasia phrases and dysarthria words, the error rates were low and there were no differences in error rates between the original and alternative items.@*CONCLUSION@#There are cultural issues with several dysphasia objects in the original NIHSS as evidenced by the high error rates, which were lowered with more culturally suitable alternatives. This study formed a basis to derive a more suitable version of the NIHSS for English-speaking subjects in Singapore.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , United States , Horses , Stroke/diagnosis , Singapore , Dysarthria/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Aphasia/diagnosis , Severity of Illness Index
3.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 44-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970672

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we propose a multi-scale mel domain feature map extraction algorithm to solve the problem that the speech recognition rate of dysarthria is difficult to improve. We used the empirical mode decomposition method to decompose speech signals and extracted Fbank features and their first-order differences for each of the three effective components to construct a new feature map, which could capture details in the frequency domain. Secondly, due to the problems of effective feature loss and high computational complexity in the training process of single channel neural network, we proposed a speech recognition network model in this paper. Finally, training and decoding were performed on the public UA-Speech dataset. The experimental results showed that the accuracy of the speech recognition model of this method reached 92.77%. Therefore, the algorithm proposed in this paper can effectively improve the speech recognition rate of dysarthria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dysarthria/diagnosis , Speech , Speech Perception , Algorithms , Neural Networks, Computer
4.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1444113

ABSTRACT

Caracterizar as alterações de linguagem encontradas em pacientes com lesão encefálica adquirida em fase aguda Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa observacional, descritiva do tipo transversal. A avaliação foi realizada nas enfermarias de um hospital de urgências, com pacientes de idade superior a 18 anos, diagnóstico de lesão encefálica adquirida e tempo de internação de até 60 dias. O protocolo utilizado incluiu avaliação das praxias orais, expressão, compreensão da linguagem oral e leitura. Ao final, foi possível apresentar as hipóteses diagnósticas de afasias fluentes e não fluentes, disartria e sem alteração de linguagem. A análise dos dados foi realizada por meio de estatística descritiva através da distribuição de frequência absoluta e frequência relativa Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 24 pacientes sendo a maioria do gênero masculino, com média de idade de 51 anos. O diagnóstico de maior frequência foi Acidente Vascular Cerebral. Dos pacientes avaliados, 79% tiveram alterações de fala/linguagem. As hipóteses diagnósticas fonoaudiológicas encontradas foram: afasia global, afasia de broca, afasia transcortical mista, afasia de condução, afasia transcortical motora, afasia transcortical sensorial e disartria. Conclusão: A afasia global foi o transtorno de linguagem de maior ocorrência entre os indivíduos, bem como o gênero masculino e o acidente vascular cerebral. A avaliação da linguagem de pacientes com lesões encefálicas adquiridas na fase aguda é pertinente, pois promove o levantamento de alterações desde as perceptíveis até as mais discretas


To characterize the language disorders found in patients with brain injury acquired in the acute phase Methods: This is an observational, descriptive cross-sectional study. The evaluation was carried out in the wards of an emergency hospital, with patients aged over 18 years, diagnosed with acquired brain injury and hospitalization time of up to 60 days. The protocol used included assessment of oral praxis, expression, comprehension of oral language and reading. In the end, it was possible to present the diagnostic hypotheses of fluent and non-fluent aphasias, dysarthria and without language alteration. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics through the distribution of absolute frequency and relative frequency. Results: The sample consisted of 24 patients, most of whom were male, with a mean age of 51 years. The most frequent diagnosis was Cerebral Vascular Accident. Of the evaluated patients, 79% had speech/language disorders. The speech-language diagnostic hypotheses found were: global aphasia, drill aphasia, mixed transcortical aphasia, conduction aphasia, motor transcortical aphasia, sensory transcortical aphasia and dysarthria. Conclusion: Global aphasia was the most frequent language disorder among individuals, as well as males and stroke. The evaluation of the language of patients with brain injuries acquired in the acute phase is relevant, as it promotes the survey of changes from the perceptible to the most discreet


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Brain Injuries/complications , Stroke/complications , Language Disorders , Aphasia/diagnosis , Dysarthria
5.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 28: e2791, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520263

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo identificar estudos a respeito dos parâmetros e dos tipos de avaliação utilizados para avaliar a disartria na esclerose lateral amiotrófica (ELA). Estratégia de pesquisa estudo de revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados LILACS, SciELO, PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, Scopus e Cochrane, por meios dos descritores, em português e em inglês, "Avaliação AND Disartria AND Esclerose Lateral Amiotrófica". Critérios de seleção os critérios de inclusão foram: artigos que abordavam estudos sobre avaliação da disartria na ELA, nas línguas inglesa, espanhola e portuguesa, disponíveis na íntegra, no período de 2015 a 2022. Resultados do total de 38 estudos, apenas 3 usaram um único tipo de avaliação da disartria. A maior parte dos estudos utilizou mais de um tipo de avaliação variando de 2 a 4. Foram 3 os tipos de avaliação mais utilizados, com o intuito de avaliar o grau de inteligibilidade de fala: avaliação perceptivo-auditiva (31 estudos), avaliação acústica (18 estudos) e avaliação do movimento (27 estudos). Conclusão a avaliação da disartria na ELA é realizada por diferentes procedimentos e com vários parâmetros de análise, em especial pela avaliação perceptivo-auditiva e do movimento.


ABSTRACT Purpose to identify studies regarding the parameters and types of assessment used to evaluate dysarthria in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Research strategy an integrative literature review study was conducted on the LILACS, SciELO, PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, Scopus, and Cochrane databases using the descriptors "Assessment AND Dysarthria AND Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis" in both Portuguese and English. Selection criteria the inclusion criteria consisted of articles that addressed studies on dysarthria assessment in ALS, written in English, Spanish, and Portuguese, which should be available in full, and published from 2015 to 2022. Results: out of the total of 38 studies, only 3 used a single type of dysarthria assessment. Most studies employed more than one type of assessment, ranging from 2 to 4 types. Three assessment types were predominantly used to assess the degree of speech intelligibility: auditoryperceptual assessment (31 studies), acoustic assessment (18 studies), and movement assessment (27 studies). Conclusion dysarthria assessment in ALS is conducted through various procedures and with multiple analysis parameters, notably through auditory-perceptual and movement assessments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Auditory Perception , Speech Acoustics , Speech Intelligibility , Speech Production Measurement , Early Diagnosis , Dysarthria , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/diagnosis
6.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 28: e2795, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527920

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Este estudo descreve os resultados de duas intervenções diferentes para a disartria na doença de Parkinson (DP). Trata-se de dois pacientes do sexo masculino com DP e disartria hipocinética que foram submetidos à avaliação fonoaudiológica. O primeiro (S1) recebeu dez sessões de 20 minutos de estimulação transcraniana por corrente contínua (ETCC), enquanto o segundo (S2) recebeu dez sessões de 20 minutos de ETCC e terapia fonoaudiológica. Os pacientes foram reavaliados imediatamente após a intervenção e novamente após 30 dias. A melhora no tempo de fonação, movimento velar e outras medidas de disartria foram mais significativas no S1. De acordo com os parâmetros da análise acústica de fonte glótica, a melhora nas medidas de frequência e Jitter, Shimmer e ruído foi maior no S2 tanto na avaliação pós-intervenção imediata quanto na avaliação 30 dias pós-intervenção, seguida por S1 na avaliação pós-intervenção imediata. S1 apresentou melhores resultados na avaliação perceptivo-auditiva de fala e voz, enquanto S2 obteve melhores escores na análise acústica. Esses achados sugerem que a terapia fonoaudiológica convencional associada à ETCC tem um impacto mais significativo na fala e voz do que a ETCC isolada, demonstrando o potencial da ETCC como tratamento complementar para pacientes com DP.


ABSTRACT This study describes the results of two different interventions for dysarthria in Parkinson's disease (PD). It concerns two male patients with PD and hypokinetic dysarthria who underwent speech and voice assessment. The first (S1) received ten 20-minute sessions of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), while the second (S2) received ten 20-minute sessions of tDCS as well as speech therapy. The patients were re-evaluated immediately after the intervention and again after 30 days. Improvements in phonation time, velar movement, and other measures of dysarthria were more significant in S1. According to the acoustic analysis source parameters, improvements in the frequency measurements and Jitter, Shimmer, and noise measurements were greater in S2 in both the immediate post-intervention and 30-day postintervention assessments, followed by S1 in the immediate post-intervention assessment. S1 showed better results in the auditory-perceptual evaluation of speech and voice, whereas S2 obtained better scores in acoustic analysis. These findings suggest that conventional speech therapy combined with tDCS has a more significant impact on speech and voice than tDCS alone, demonstrating the potential of tDCS as an adjuvant treatment for patients with PD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Parkinson Disease/therapy , Speech Therapy , Dysarthria/therapy , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation/methods
7.
Distúrb. comun ; 34(4): 55985, dez. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425842

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Devido à COVID-19, os pacientes com doenças neurológicas deixaram de frequentar presencialmente as consultas fonoaudiológicas em ambulatórios. Objetivo: Descrever o relato da experiência fonoaudiológica em pacientes com doença neurológica com disartria e/ou disfagia durante a pandemia da COVID-19 através da telessaúde. Método: Trata-se de um relato de experiência. Foram incluídos pacientes do ambulatório de fonoaudiologia de um hospital universitário, que ficaram privados do acompanhamento fonoaudiológico em período pandêmico e que tinham diagnóstico de disfagia e/ou disartria (prévios à pandemia). No total, 43 pacientes foram convidados a participar do estudo. Os indivíduos foram separados de acordo com seu diagnóstico fonoaudiológico: disfagia, disartria e disfagia/disartria. No início, todos foram reavaliados em videochamadas: disfagia (Northwestern dysphagia patient check sheet, Escala Funcional de Ingestão Via Oral e Instrumento de Autoavaliação da Alimentação); disartria (coleta de fala e questionário de autopercepção Radbould Oral Inventory Motor for Parkinson's disease). Após, os pacientes foram alocados aleatoriamente: teleatendimento fonoaudiológico por quatro semanas consecutivas, sendo o outro grupo controle, sem intervenções e/ou orientações. Todos foram reavaliados para a comparação pré e pós-acompanhamento fonoaudiológico. Resultados: Nove participantes concluíram todas as etapas do estudo, sendo 6 (66,66%) homens. A média de idade foi de 60,44 anos (±16,13). Os participantes possuíam diagnóstico médico de doença neurológica, sendo 2 neurogenética (22,22%), 5 neurodegenerativa (55,5%) e 2 neurológicas (22,22%). Não foram observadas diferenças descritivas entre os grupos nas avaliações pré e pós-intervenção. A perda na amostra aconteceu devido à falta de dispositivos tecnológicos e à sobrecarga dos cuidadores. Conclusões: A experiência em tele fonoaudiologia, apesar de ter sido positiva, revelou a dificuldade da sua implementação em pacientes neurológicos de baixa condições sócio financeiras e educacional.


Introduction: Due to COVID-19, patients with neurological disease no longer attend face-to-face speech therapy consultations in outpatient clinics. Objective: To describe the report of the speech therapy experience patients with neurological disease with dysarthria and/or dysphagia during the COVID-19 pandemic through telehealth. Method: This is an experience report. Patients from the speech therapy outpatient clinic of a university hospital who were deprived of speech therapy during a pandemic period and had a diagnosis of dysphagia and/or dysarthria (prior to the pandemic) were included. In total, 43 patients were invited to participate in the study. Individuals were separated according to their speech-language diagnosis: dysphagia, dysarthria, and dysphagia/dysarthria. In the beginning, all were reassessed in video calls: dysphagia (Northwestern dysphagia patient check sheet, Functional Oral Intake Scale, and Food Self-Assessment Instrument); dysarthria (speech collection and self-perception questionnaire Radbould Oral Motor Inventory for Parkinson's disease). Afterward, the patients were randomly allocated: speech therapy telecare for four consecutive weeks, with the other being a control group, without interventions and/or guidance. All were reassessed for comparison before and after speech therapy follow-up. Results:Nine participants completed all stages of the study, 6 (66.66%) men. The mean age was 60.44 years (±16.13). Participants had a medical diagnosis of neurological disease, 2 of which were neurogenetic (22.22%), five neurodegenerative (55.5%), and two neurologic (22.22%). No descriptive differences were observed between groups in pre- and post-intervention assessments. The loss in the sample happened due to the lack of technological devices and the overload of caregivers. Conclusions: The experience in telehealth was positive, revealing the difficulty of its implementation in neurological patients with low socio-financial and educational conditions.


Introducción: Debido al COVID-19, los pacientes con enfermedades neurologicas ya no asisten a consultas de logopedia presenciales en consultas externas. Objetivo: Describir el relato de la experiencia fonoaudiológica en pacientes con enfermedades neurologicas con disartria y/o disfagia durante la pandemia de COVID-19 a través de telesalud. Método: Este es un relato de experiencia. Se incluyeron pacientes de la consulta externa de logopedia de un hospital universitario, que fueron privados de logopedia durante un período de pandemia y que tenían diagnóstico de disfagia y/o disartria (previo a la pandemia). En total, 43 pacientes fueron invitados a participar en el estudio. Los individuos se separaron según su diagnóstico del habla y el lenguaje: disfagia, disartria y disfagia/disartria. Al principio, todos fueron reevaluados en videollamadas: disfagia (Northwestern dysphagia patient check sheet), Escala de ingesta oral funcional e Instrumento de autoevaluación de alimentos); disartria (cuestionario de recogida de voz y autopercepción Radbould Oral Motor Inventory for Parkinson's disease). Posteriormente, los pacientes fueron asignados aleatoriamente: teleasistencia logopédica durante cuatro semanas consecutivas, siendo el otro grupo control, sin intervenciones y/u orientaciones. Todos fueron reevaluados para compararlos antes y después del seguimiento con logopedia. Resultados: Nueve participantes completaron todas las etapas del estudio, 6 (66,66%) hombres. La edad media fue de 60,44 años (±16,13). Los participantes tenían diagnóstico médico de enfermedad neurológica, 2 de ellas neurogenéticas (22,22%), 5 neurodegenerativas (55,5%) y 2 neurológica (22,22%). No se observaron diferencias descriptivas entre los grupos en las evaluaciones previas y posteriores a la intervención. La pérdida en la muestra ocurrió por la falta de dispositivos tecnológicos y la sobrecarga de cuidadores. Conclusiones: La experiencia en telefonoaudiología, a pesar de ser positiva, reveló la dificultad de su implementación en pacientes neurológicos de baja condición socioeconómica y educativa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Telemedicine , Dysarthria/therapy , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Control Groups , Controlled Before-After Studies , COVID-19 , Nervous System Diseases
8.
Distúrb. comun ; 33(4): 659-665, dez.2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413290

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar o benefício de terapia fonoaudiológica em grupo na inteligibilidade de fala de pacientes com Doença de Machado Joseph (DMJ). Método: Realizou-se uma série de casos, com pacientes atendidos em um ambulatório de fonoaudiologia para adultos neurodegenerativos em um hospital de referência no sul do Brasil. Foram incluídos pacientes com o diagnóstico molecular de DMJ. Realizaram-se coletas de fala pré e pós-intervenção. Posteriormente, os trechos de fala passaram por análise perceptiva-auditiva por 3 fonoaudiólogas treinadas e calibradas a um índice Kappa ≥ 0.90, cegas às coletas de fala e por análise acústica no software Praat. A terapia fonoaudiológica foi realizada em grupo, composta por quatro sessões semanais de cinquenta minutos. Cada sessão foi dividida entre exercícios de fala e orientação sobre estratégias para otimizar a comunicação. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 5 pacientes com média de idade de 39,8 anos (±16,51) e tempo de doença de 10 anos (±8,15). Quatro (80%) participantes receberam diagnóstico fonoaudiológico inicial de disartria leve e um (20%) de disartria moderada. Após a intervenção, não houve melhora no diagnóstico de disartria, contudo verificou-se que 60% (n=3) dos participantes apresentaram melhora na articulação, 40% (n=2) na prosódia e ressonância e 40% (n=2) apresentaram piora na respiração. Na análise acústica observou-se melhora no tempo máximo de fonação (TMF) em 3 (60%) dos 5 pacientes. Conclusão: Verificou-se melhora na funcionalidade da fala através da análise perceptiva auditiva, porém com pouca melhora em parâmetros específicos da análise acústica.


Objective: To verify the benefit of group speech therapy in speech intelligibility of patients with Machado Joseph's disease (MJD). Methods: A series of cases was carried out, with patients seen in a speech therapy clinic for neurodegenerative adults in a referral hospital in southern Brazil. Patients with the molecular diagnosis of MJD were included. Speech recordings were performed before and after the intervention. Subsequently, the speech excerpts underwent auditory-perceptual analysis by 3 trained speech therapists and calibrated to a Kappa index ≥ 0.90, blind to speech collections and acoustic analysis in the Praat software. Speech therapy was performed in a group, consisting of four weekly sessions of fifty minutes. Each session was divided between speech exercises and guidance on strategies to optimize communication. Results: The sample consisted of 5 patients with a mean age of 39.8 years (± 16.51) and disease duration of 10 years (± 8.15). Four (80%) participants received an initial speech therapy diagnosis of mild dysarthria and one (20%) of moderate dysarthria. After the intervention, there was no improvement in the diagnosis of dysarthria, however it was found that 60% (n = 3) of the participants showed improvement in the speech motor bases: articulation, 40% (n = 2), prosody and resonance and 40% (n = 2) worsened in breathing. The acoustic analysis showed an improvement in maximum phonation time (MPT) in 3 (60%) of the 5 patients. Conclusion: Despite the little improvement in specific parameters of the acoustic analysis, there was an improvement in speech functionality from the auditory perceptual analysis, improving the speech intelligibility of this sample.


Objetivo: Verificar el beneficio de la logopedia grupal en la inteligibilidad del habla de pacientes con enfermedad de Machado Joseph (EMJ). Metodos: Se realizó una serie de casos, con pacientes atendidos en una clínica de logopedia para adultos neurodegenerativos en un hospital de referencia en el sur de Brasil. Se incluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico molecular de EMJ. Se realizaron grabación del habla antes y después de la intervención. Posteriormente, los extractos del habla se sometieron a un análisis auditivo-perceptivo por 3 logopedas capacitados y calibrados con un índice Kappa ≥ 0,90, ciegos a las grabación del habla y al análisis acústico en el software Praat. La logopedia se realizó en grupo, consistente en cuatro sesiones semanales de cincuenta minutos. Cada sesión se dividió entre ejercicios de habla y orientación sobre estrategias para optimizar la comunicación. Resultados: La muestra estuvo formada por 5 pacientes con una edad media de 39,8 años (± 16,51) y una duración de la enfermedad de 10 años (± 8,15). Cuatro (80%) participantes recibieron un diagnóstico inicial de terapia del habla de disartria leve y uno (20%) de disartria moderada. Tras la intervención, no hubo mejoría en el diagnóstico de disartria, sin embargo se encontró que el 60% (n = 3) de los participantes mostró mejoría en las bases motoras del habla: articulación, 40% (n = 2), prosodia y resonancia. y el 40% (n = 2) empeoró en la respiración. El análisis acústico mostró una mejora en el tiempo máximo de fonación (TMF) en 3 (60%) de los 5 pacientes. Conclusion: A pesar de la pequeña mejora en los parámetros específicos del análisis acústico, hubo una mejora en la funcionalidad del habla a partir del análisis de percepción auditiva, mejorando la inteligibilidad del habla de esta muestra.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Speech Intelligibility , Speech Therapy , Machado-Joseph Disease , Treatment Outcome , Dysarthria/therapy , Controlled Before-After Studies
9.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 32(1): 52-59, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151924

ABSTRACT

Communication is an essential part of our social participation and the need to know how to evaluate and deal with its alterations is essential when working with people with neurological pathologies such as Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Purpose: to carry out a bibliographic review and group information related to communication problems, describing useful instruments for timely evaluation in the different areas involved. Material and method: bibliographic review related to the subject. Results: People with MS can face differents communication problems (aphasia, dysarthria or cognitive communicative disorder), it is important to have the characterization of these disorders and with tools that specifically carry out a pertinent evaluation with common language among experts. Conclusions: considering the importance of communication, its disorders as a consequence of MS and the forms of evaluation are a priority when intervening with this population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Communication Disorders , Multiple Sclerosis/complications , Aphasia , Cognition Disorders , Dysarthria , Multiple Sclerosis/physiopathology
10.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(1): e8220, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155318

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to identify the knowledge produced in national and international researches on speech and language disorders in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, regarding the type of research and approach in different areas. Methods: an integrative review performed on databases, using the following descriptors: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Dysarthria, Language Disorders, Speech Production Measurement and Speech Disorders. The inclusion criteria covered articles that addressed motor speech and language disorders from 2013 to 2018, excluding duplications, and categorizing valid articles for analysis. Results: 83 articles were selected, after screening the titles and abstracts. A large scientific production from different countries and areas, mainly Speech Therapy and Neurology, was found. Most of them was clinical research (65.06%), with a main focus on speech motor disorders (42.16%), speech and language motor disorders, cognition and behavior (27.71%), and language disorders (12.06%). Conclusion: researches found were mostly clinical and aimed at determining the diagnosis of disorders in different areas of knowledge. With regard to communication, few studies have been found in Brazil, and international studies addressed high technology. The results confirmed the heterogeneous nature of the disease, which shows, in addition to motor impairment of speech, cognitive, behavioral and language impairments.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar o conhecimento produzido em pesquisas nacionais e internacionais das alterações de fala e de linguagem na Esclerose Lateral Amiotrófica, quanto tipo de pesquisa e abordagens em diferentes áreas. Métodos: revisão integrativa realizada em bases de dados, utilizando-se os descritores Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Dysarthria, Language Disorders, Speech Production Measurement e Speech Disorders. Os critérios de inclusão abrangeram artigos que abordassem alterações motoras de fala e de linguagem de 2013 a 2018, excluindo-se duplicações, categorizando-se os válidos para análise. Resultados: selecionou-se 83 artigos, após triagem dos títulos e resumos. Foi encontrada grande produção científica de diferentes países e áreas, principalmente Fonoaudiologia e Neurologia, na maioria pesquisas clínicas (65,06%), com foco principal em alterações motoras da fala (42,16%), alterações motoras de fala e linguagem, cognição e comportamento (27,71%) e alterações de linguagem (12,06%). Conclusão: as pesquisas encontradas foram, na maioria, clínicas e com objetivo determinar diagnóstico das alterações em diferentes áreas do conhecimento. No que se refere à comunicação, foram encontrados poucos estudos no Brasil e os internacionais voltavam-se à alta tecnologia. Os resultados confirmaram o caráter heterogêneo doença, que evidencia, além de comprometimento motor da fala, prejuízo cognitivo, comportamental e de linguagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Dysarthria/etiology , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/complications , Language Disorders/diagnosis , Language Disorders/etiology
11.
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 3(2): 98-118, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1392911

ABSTRACT

La acústica forense es una disciplina de la criminalística que ha alcanzado una ma-durez analítica que obliga a que el perito en análisis de voz se especialice en adquirir conocimientos en fonética, tecnologías de sonido, habla, voz, lenguaje, patologías del habla y la voz, así como procesamiento de la señal sonora. Cuando un dictamen deba ser realizado por un profesional de la salud completamente ajeno a la técnica legal, se tropieza con una falta de protocolos, métodos y procedimientos de trabajo que le permitan entregar un informe técnico, válido y validado para la realización de una entrevista y su posterior análisis comparativo de voces, lo que promueve la necesidad de elaborar una ruta o guía metodológica a través de medios académicos físicos o electrónicos para el desarrollo de este conocimiento y su difusión profesional y científica


Forensic acoustics is a criminalistics discipline that has reached an analytical maturity that requires the expert in voice analysis to specialize in acquiring knowledge in pho-netics, sound technologies, speech, voice, language, speech, and voice pathologies, as well as sound signal processing. When an opinion must be made by a health profes-sional completely unrelated to the legal technique, he encounters a lack of protocols, methods, and work procedures that allow him to deliver a technical, valid, and vali-dated report for conducting an interview and its subsequent comparative analysis of voices, which promotes the need to develop a methodological route or guide through physical or electronic academic means for the development of this knowledge and its professional and scientific dissemination


Subject(s)
Speech Recognition Software , Voice Recognition , Voice , Voice Quality/physiology , Speech Recognition Software/standards , Dysarthria , Voice Recognition/physiology
12.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(3): 162-163, July-Sept. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149788

ABSTRACT

Classic myotonic dystrophy is a multisystem disorder that results from RNA toxicity and is one of the commonest adult onset muscular dystrophies. Patients often present with muscle stiffness from myotonia and dysphagia or dysarthria from laryngopharyngoesophageal muscle weakness. Benign electrocardiogram changes such as first degree atrioventricular block are commonly present and rarely merit further work up. Occasionally, patients develop advanced conduction defects which can unexpectedly progress to complete heart block perioperatively


La distrofia miotonica clásica es un trastorno multi-sistémico que resulta de la toxicidad del RNA y es una de las distrofias musculares más comunes en adultos. Los pacientes suelen presentar rigidez muscular por la miotonía, así como disfagia o disartria por debilidad muscular laringo-faríngea-esofágica. Los cambios benignos en el electrocardiograma, como el bloqueo auriculoventricular de primer grado, suelen estar presentes y rara vez merecen un análisis más profundo. Ocasionalmente, los pacientes desarrollan defectos de conduccion avanzados que pueden progresar inespera-damente para completar el bloqueo cardiaco perioperatorio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrioventricular Block , Heart Block , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , RNA , Dysarthria , Electrocardiography , Cardiac Conduction System Disease , Myotonia
13.
Distúrb. comun ; 32(2): 238-244, jun. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396974

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um relato de caso de um indivíduo do sexo masculino com 51 anos, nível superior completo, nível socioeconômico favorável, diagnosticado em 1999 com Ataxia de Friedreich. Chega ao ambulatório de Fonoaudiologia, com ênfase no atendimento de adultos com doenças degenerativas, sob encaminhamento da equipe de genética do serviço do mesmo hospital. Ao exame fonoaudiológico diagnostica-se uma disfagia orofaríngea de moderada a grave e uma disartria grave. A disfagia é reabilitada via home care particular por opção do paciente, e no ambulatório, com objetivo de melhora da qualidade de vida criou-se uma proposta de aplicação da comunicação aumentativa e/ou alternativa para o desenvolvimento das habilidades de comunicação do paciente que já não estava mais se expressando. Foram realizadas duas avaliações (pré e pós terapia) e quatro sessões de intervenção terapêutica para o aprendizado e implementação da prancha de comunicação alternativa. Ao término do processo terapêutico verificou-se baixa adesão ao uso da comunicação aumentativa e/ou alternativa, mesmo com a auto-percepção da ininteligibilidade da sua fala, utilizando a pasta restrita ao atendimento fonoaudiológico. Tanto o paciente quanto seus acompanhantes referiram que mesmo após várias tentativas houve negação ao uso da comunicação alternativa. Embora tenham sido poucas sessões, não houve impacto da qualidade de vida do paciente após uso da comunicação aumentativa e/ou alternativa.


Este es un informe del caso de un hombre de 51 años, con educación universitaria completa, estatus socioeconómico favorable, diagnosticado en 1999 con ataxia de Friedreich. Llega a la clínica de terapia del habla, con énfasis en ayudar a adultos con enfermedades degenerativas, bajo la guía del equipo de genética al servicio del mismo hospital. El examen notas la disfagia orofaríngea moderada a severa y la disartria severa. La disfagia se rehabilita mediante atención domiciliaria privada a elección del paciente y en la clínica ambulatoria con el objetivo de mejorar la calidad de vida, se creó una propuesta para la aplicación de comunicación aumentativa y/o alternativa para desarrollar las habilidades de comunicación del paciente que ya no era más expresándose a sí mismos. Se realizaron dos evaluaciones (pre y post terapia) y cuatro sesiones de intervención terapéutica para aprender e implementar el tablero de comunicación alternativo. Al final del proceso terapéutico, hubo una baja adherencia al uso de comunicación aumentativa y/o alternativa, incluso con la autopercepción de la ininteligibilidad de su discurso, usando la carpeta restringida a la terapia del habla. Tanto el paciente como sus compañeros informaron que incluso después de varios intentos hubo una negación del uso de comunicación alternativa. Aunque hubo pocas sesiones, no hubo impacto en la calidad de vida del paciente después de usar comunicación aumentativa y/o alternativa.


This is a case report of a 51-year-old male, with complete college education, favorable socioeconomic status, diagnosed in 1999 with Friedreich's Ataxia. He arrives at the speech therapy clinic, with an emphasis on assisting adults with degenerative diseases, under the guidance of the genetics team at the service of the same hospital. Speech examination examines moderate to severe oropharyngeal dysphagia and severe dysarthria. Dysphagia is rehabilitated via private home care at the patient's option and in the outpatient clinic with the objective of improving quality of life, a proposal for the application of augmentative and/or alternative communication was created to develop the communication skills of the patient who was no longer expressing himself. Two evaluations (pre and post therapy) and four therapeutic intervention sessions were carried out to learn and implement the alternative communication board. At the end of the therapeutic process, there was low adherence to the use of augmentative and / or alternative communication, even with the self-perception of the unintelligibility of his speech, using the folder restricted to speech therapy. Both the patient and his companions reported that even after several attempts there was a denial of the use of alternative communication. Although there were few sessions, there was no impact on the patient's quality of life after using augmentative and/or alternative communication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Speech Therapy , Friedreich Ataxia/complications , Nonverbal Communication , Spinocerebellar Degenerations , Patient Compliance , Dysarthria/rehabilitation
14.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 25: e2264, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131775

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A doença de Machado-Joseph é a forma de ataxia espinocerebelar de maior prevalência no Brasil e tem como alguns dos principais sinais clínicos a disfagia e a disartria. Este relato de caso objetivou verificar os efeitos da intervenção intensiva fonoaudiológica em um paciente com a doença de Machado-Joseph. A coleta de dados foi realizada a partir de protocolos de avaliação de fala e deglutição e protocolos de autoavaliação de qualidade de vida, em relação à deglutição e comunicação. Também foram realizadas avaliações quantitativas de parâmetros acústicos. A intervenção foi administrada por meio do método Lee Silverman, programa intensivo que visa ao aumento da intensidade vocal. A partir das avaliações clínicas e instrumentais, os resultados demonstraram melhora em todas as bases motoras de fala, respiratória, fonatória, ressonantal, articulatória e a prosódia, além da diminuição dos sinais disfágicos. Na qualidade vocal, houve diminuição de rouquidão e instabilidade, regularização de jitter e shimmer, aumento da intensidade vocal, melhora na coordenação de palavras e frases por expiração e, ainda, melhora discreta da diadococinesia. Após intervenção, a autoavaliação de qualidade de vida relacionada à deglutição apresentou valores iguais ou maiores nos domínios diretamente ligados à alimentação, porém, os domínios emocionais diminuíram. O paciente relatou satisfação em todos os domínios da qualidade de vida em voz e foram obtidos valores maiores em todos os domínios. Concluiu-se que a intervenção intensiva beneficiou o participante e impactou positivamente sua qualidade de vida.


ABSTRACT Machado-Joseph disease is the most prevalent form of spinocerebellar ataxia in Brazil, and has dysphagia and dysarthria among its main clinical signs. This case report aims to ascertain the effects of intensive speech-language intervention in a patient with Machado-Joseph disease. Data collection was performed based on speech and swallowing assessment protocols and self-assessment protocols specific to swallowing-related and communication-related quality of life. Quantitative assessments of acoustic parameters were also performed. The intervention was administered through the Lee Silverman method, which is an intensive program aimed at increasing vocal intensity. The results of clinical and instrumental evaluations showed improvement in all motor parameters of speech (respiration, phonation, resonance, articulation, and prosody), besides a reduction in dysphagic signs. Regarding vocal quality, there was a decrease in hoarseness and instability, regularization of jitter and shimmer, increased vocal intensity, and improved coordination of words and phrases by expiration, as well as slight improvement of diadochokinesis. After intervention, self-assessment of swallowing-related quality of life was unchanged or improved in the domains directly related to food, but reduced in emotional domains. The patient reported satisfaction in all domains of voice-related quality of life, and scores were increased in all domains. We conclude that intensive intervention was beneficial for the participant and positively impacted their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Brazil/epidemiology , Deglutition Disorders , Machado-Joseph Disease/therapy , Machado-Joseph Disease/epidemiology , Dysarthria , Quality of Life , Voice Quality , Diagnostic Self Evaluation
15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1320-1325, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879796

ABSTRACT

A boy, aged 2 years and 4 months, had a sudden onset of blepharoptosis of the right eyelid, accompanied by the mouth deviated to the right side, drinking cough, nystagmus, and developmental regression. Cranial MRI showed softening lesions formed after infarction of the right dorsolateral medulla oblongata, while head CT angiography showed no imaging of the proximal part of the V4 segment of the right vertebral artery. The child was diagnosed with dorsolateral medulla oblongata syndrome and was treated with gamma globulin to regulate immune function, with mannitol to reduce neuronal edema, with low-molecular-weight heparin sodium to improve local hypercoagulation of occluded blood vessels, with hyperbaric oxygen to improve local ischemia and hypoxia and promote the recovery of brain function, and with neuromuscular electrical stimulation to promote the recovery of neuromuscular function. Before discharge, only mild right ataxia and Horner syndrome remained. This article reports the first case of infantile dorsolateral medulla oblongata syndrome and provides experience for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Blepharoptosis/etiology , Dysarthria/etiology , Lateral Medullary Syndrome/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Medulla Oblongata/diagnostic imaging
16.
Revista Areté ; 20(2): 63-71, 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1354762

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudio descriptivo se orientó a conocer el perfil clínico-epidemiológico de la Enfermedad de Parkinson (EP) y la coexistencia entre síntomas no motores (SNM) y diagnósticos fonoaudiológicos (DF). Método: La muestra estuvo conformada por 34 personas con Parkinson idiopático (26 hombres y 8 mujeres), cuyas historias clínicas fueron analizadas para describir la coexistencia de DF, como la hipofonía, la disprosodia, la disartria y la disfagia, con síntomas no motores, tales como: trastornos gastrointestinales, depresión, trastornos del sueño y deterioro cognitivo. Resultados: Los resultados señalan que las personas con Parkinson tenían edades entre los 25 a los 86 años. En cuanto a la fase, se clasificaron en: estadio I el 11,7%, II el 17,6%, III el 47%, IV el 14,7% y V el 8,8%. El 47% de los pacientes llegó al servicio de Fonoaudiología en una etapa avanzada de la EP. Los SNM más frecuentes fueron trastornos del sueño (67,6%), depresión (58,8%), alteraciones gastrointestinales (29,4%) y deterioro cognitivo (15%). Los DF se distribuyeron así: disprosodia (38%), hipofonía (33%), disartria (18%) y disfagia (11%). Discusión: se observa una alta frecuencia tanto de SNM (como la depresión y los trastornos del sueño), como de SF (especialmente disprosodia e hipofonía). Esta sintomatología provoca, por una parte, la reducción del deseo de relacionarse socialmente y por otro, dificultades para hacerse entender al presentar un volumen de voz reducido o prosodia (además de trastornos de la melodía, inflexiones, marcadores paralingüísticos) de la expresión oral del lenguaje. Conclusión: los trastornos del sueño y la depresión podrían tener un impacto negativo significativo en las funciones fonoaudiológico de las personas con Parkinson.


Objective: This descriptive study was aimed at understanding the clinical-epidemiological profile of Parkinson's disease (PD) and the coexistence between non-motor symptoms (NMS) and phonoaudiological diagnoses (PD). Methods: The sample comprised 34 people with idiopathic Parkinson's (26 men and 8 women). Their clinical histories were analysed to describe the coexistence of PD, such as hypophonia, dysprosody, dysarthria and dysphagia, with non-motor symptoms, such as gastrointestinal disorders, depression, sleep disorders and cognitive impairment. Results: The results indicate that people with Parkinson's are between the ages of 25 and 86. In terms of phase, they were classified as: stage I 11.7%, II 17.6%, III 47%, IV 14.7% and V 8.8%. 47% of patients reached the Speech Therapy service at an advanced stage of PD. The most frequent NMS were sleep disorders (67.6%), depression (58.8%), gastrointestinal disorders (29.4%) and cognitive impairment (15%). The PD were distributed as follows: dysprosody (38%), hypophonia (33%), dysarthria (18%) and dysphagia (11%). Discussion: a high frequency of both NMS (such as depression and sleep disorders) and PD (especially dysprosody and hypophonia) is observed. This symptomatology causes a reduction in the desire to relate socially, and difficulties in making oneself understood by presenting a reduced voice volume or prosody (in addition to melody of speech disorders, inflections, paralinguistic markers) of the oral language expression. Conclusion: sleep disorders and depression could have a significant negative impact on the speech and hearing functions of people with Parkinson's.


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Language , Signs and Symptoms , Sleep Wake Disorders , Speech , Speech Disorders , Voice , Health Profile , Depression , Dysarthria
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(4): 188-193, dez 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284245

ABSTRACT

A encefalite límbica vem sendo descrita como um distúrbio neurológico raro, que afeta seletivamente as estruturas do sistema límbico. Clinicamente, é caracterizada como uma desordem neurológica debilitante, que se desenvolve como encefalopatia rapidamente progressiva, causada por inflamação encefálica. Objetivamos aqui relatar um caso de encefalite do sistema límbico de provável etiologia autoimune para melhor conhecimento da comunidade médica, bem como averiguar métodos diagnósticos deste quadro. Paciente do sexo masculino, 59 anos, admitido em nosso serviço com queixa de confusão mental. O exame clínico evidenciou desorientação, disartria, paresia e parestesia no hemicorpo esquerdo, dificuldade de marcha, desvio de rima e histórico de epilepsia há 2 anos. No estudo por ressonância magnética do crânio, foram observadas extensas lesões que acometiam a região mesial do lobo temporal direito, todo o hipocampo e giro para-hipocampal direito, estendendo-se pelo fórnix até a porção posterior do hipocampo esquerdo, substância branca do lobo frontal bilateral. Mediante os resultados da investigação complementar, o paciente foi tratado com pulsoterapia de metilpredinisolona por 5 dias, resultando na regressão parcial dos sintomas. Atualmente, o paciente se encontra em seguimento ambulatorial para acompanhamento. A encefalite límbica é uma doença rara, porém muito importante de ser investigada e diagnosticada precocemente, uma vez que a progressão da doença pode causar incapacidade e sequelas irreversíveis.


Limbic encephalitis has been described as a rare neurological disorder affecting the limbic system structures selectively. Clinically, it is characterized as a debilitating neurological syndrome that develops as a quickly progressive encephalopathy caused by brain inflammation. This paper reports a case of limbic encephalitis, probably of autoimmune etiology, aiming to improve the knowledge of the medical community, and to promote a debate on diagnosis methods for this pathology. The patient is male, 59 years old, and was admitted at our service complaining of mental confusion. The clinical examination showed disorientation, dysarthria, left hemiparesis and paresthesia, gait difficulties, light asymmetrical smile, and history of epilepsy 2 years ago. The magnetic resonance imaging of skull showed extensive lesions affecting the mesial region of the right temporal lobe, the entire hippocampus, and right parahippocampal gyrus, extending through the fornix to the posterior portion of the left hippocampus, white matter of bilateral frontal lobe. Based on the complementary investigation results, the patient was treated with intravenous methylprednisolone for five days. Currently, he is being followed in the outpatient's department. Although being rare, limbic encephalitis shall be investigated and diagnosed early because its progression can lead to disability and irreversible sequelae


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Autoimmunity , Limbic Encephalitis/diagnostic imaging , Paresis/etiology , Paresthesia , Carbamazepine/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Confusion/etiology , Limbic Encephalitis/complications , Limbic Encephalitis/immunology , Limbic Encephalitis/cerebrospinal fluid , Limbic Encephalitis/drug therapy , Limbic Encephalitis/blood , Limbic Encephalitis/virology , Dysarthria/etiology , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy/drug therapy , Hyponatremia , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use , Neurologic Examination
18.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 55(4): 10-12, out.-dez. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095492

ABSTRACT

For many years, the cerebellum was thought to be only responsible for balance, movement, planning and execution. Nowadays, it is well accepted that most cerebellar connections are involved in non-motor functions. Herein, we provide a case report in which a 27-year-old Brazilian male, diagnosed with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), has demonstrated cerebellar features that could be connected to Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA-1), an autosomal dominant polyglutamine neurodegenerative disorder that had been previously ruled out. Since obsessive compulsive symptoms (OCS) are known to correlate with alterations in the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical circuitry, we propose a possible association between OCS and SCA onset.


Durante muitos anos, o cerebelo foi considerado responsável exclusivamente pelo controle das funções de equilíbrio, movimento, planejamento e execução. Atualmente, já está consagrada a participação das conexões cerebelares em funções não-motoras. Apresentamos um relato de caso de um paciente de 27 anos de idade, diagnosticado com Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo (TOC). O paciente apresentava sintomas cerebelares compatíveis com o diagnóstico de ataxia espinocerebelar tipo 1 (SCA-1), um distúrbio da poliglutamina, autossômico dominante neurodegenerativo, que havia sido previamente descartado. Como os sintomas obsessivos compulsivos (SOC) são conhecidos por correlacionar-se com alterações nos circuitos cortico-estriato-tálamo-cortical, propomos uma possível associação entre o SOC e o início da SCA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Spinocerebellar Ataxias/complications , Spinocerebellar Ataxias/diagnosis , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/diagnosis , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/therapy , Genetic Testing , Gait Ataxia , Dysarthria , Ataxin-1/genetics , Neurologic Examination/methods
19.
Med. UIS ; 32(3): 49-54, Sep.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114976

ABSTRACT

Resumen La luxación temporomandibular es infrecuente, pero genera gran repercusión en el esqueleto facial. En ocasiones el cuadro clínico inicial es inespecífico y puede confundirse con otras patologías si no se tiene un adecuado conocimiento del tema, o se realiza una anamnesis incorrecta. Este artículo presenta el caso de una paciente que consultó al servicio de urgencias por disartria y desviación de la comisura labial hacia la izquierda, asociado a dolor severo y parestesia en hemicara derecha. No obstante, al ingreso la paciente refirió síntomas ambiguos, que para el médico evaluador sugirieron una causa neurológica. Durante la observación se solicitó valoración por servicio de cirugía plástica, se logró orientación de la anamnesis y examen físico, obteniendo una impresión diagnóstica de luxación de articulación temporomandibular derecha, confirmada por imagenología, y por ende un tratamiento oportuno con reducción e inmovilización en el servicio de urgencias. MÉD.UIS.2019;32(3):49-54


Abstract The temporomandibular joint dislocation is uncommon, but it causes a great repercussion on the facial skeleton. Occasionally, the initial symptoms can be unspecific and confuse with other pathologies if there are not an adequate knowledge of the topic and the anamnesis is incorrect. This article presents a clinical case of a patient with dysarthria and left deviation of the labial commissure, associated with severe pain and paresthesia in the right side of the face. Nevertheless, the patient initially referred ambiguous symptoms, suggesting a neurological cause. During observation in the emergency room, plastic surgery service valorated the patient, with subsequent orientation of the anamnesis and physical examination, achieving a satisfactory management of the acute dislocation. MÉD.UIS.2019;32(3):49-54


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Joint Dislocations , Pain , Paresthesia , Pathology , Physical Examination , Printing , Skeleton , Surgery, Plastic , Temporomandibular Joint , Dysarthria , Face , Immobilization , Medical History Taking
20.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 38(2): 124-127, 15/06/2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362598

ABSTRACT

Juvenile parkinsonism (JP) is characterized by the clinical manifestation of Parkinson syndrome before the age of 21 years old. This entity is often associated with genetic mutations. After all the possibilities of clinical treatment have been exhausted, surgical treatment is recommended, performed via deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) or in the internal segment of the globus pallidus (GPi). The present study aimed to report the case of a patient with JP who underwent DBS in the STN with good clinical response. Neuromodulation via DBS is an option for the treatment of JP. However, since this entity is very rare, and even more peculiar when treated surgically, more studies are necessary to evaluate DBS used to control refractory manifestations and levodopa-induced dyskinesia, as well as surgical complications that may occur, aiming to gather more knowledge of the surgical management of JP. Despite the dysarthria after the DBS, the patient presented a satisfactory response regarding the symptoms, corroborated by the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39) score, which was 61.19% before the procedure, and decreased to 21.05% 14 months after the DBS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Subthalamic Nucleus , Parkinsonian Disorders/drug therapy , Parkinsonian Disorders/therapy , Deep Brain Stimulation , Dysarthria/complications , Quality of Life/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL