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1.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1366183

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a frequência e os fatores associados à dislipidemia em pessoas com Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2. Método: estudo transversal, desenvolvido com 45 pessoas diagnosticadas com diabetes e acompanhadas por uma Unidade Básica de Saúde. Foram investigadas variáveis sociodemográficas, relacionadas ao estilo de vida e referentes à análise do perfil lipídico. Resultados: a prevalência de dislipidemia foi de 82,2%, significativamente associada ao sexo feminino (p=0,005), ao tabagismo (p=0,002) e ao sedentarismo (p=0,050). Nos componentes da dislipidemia, as taxas de colesterol total, triglicérides e LDL se mostraram elevados em 68,9%, 57,8%, 11,1%, respectivamente. Já a taxa de HDL se mostrou diminuída em 2,2% dos investigados. Conclusão: a prevalência de dislipidemia mostrou-se elevada nos pacientes analisados. A existência de associação significativa entre a ocorrência de dislipidemia e variáveis como o sexo feminino, os hábitos de tabagismo e sedentarismo chama a atenção para a necessidade de melhores condutas para essa população


Objective: to evaluate the frequency and factors associated with dyslipidemia in people with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Method: cross-sectional study, carried out with 45 people diagnosed with diabetes and followed up at a Basic Health Unit. Sociodemographic variables related to lifestyle and related to lipid profile analysis were investigated. Results: the prevalence of dyslipidemia was 82.2%, significantly associated with female gender (p = 0.005), smoking (p = 0.002) and sedentary lifestyle (p = 0.050). The components of dyslipidemia, total cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoproteins were elevated in 68.9%, 57.8% and 11.1%, respectively. Conclusion: the prevalence of dyslipidemia was high in the patients analyzed. The existence of a significant association between the occurrence of dyslipidemia and different types of females, smoking habits and sedentary lifestyle calls attention to the need for better conduct for this population


Objetivo: evaluar la frecuencia y los factores asociados a la dislipidemia en personas con Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2. Método: estudio transversal, desarrollado con 45 personas diagnosticadas con diabetes y acompañadas por una Unidad Básica de Salud. Se investigaron las variables sociodemográficas, de estilo de vida y de análisis del perfil lipídico. Resultados: la prevalencia de dislipidemia fue del 82,2%, asociada significativamente al sexo femenino (p=0,005), al tabaquismo (p=0,002) y al sedentarismo (p=0,050). En los componentes de la dislipidemia, las tasas de colesterol total, triglicéridos y lipoproteínas de baja densidad estaban elevadas en el 68,9%, 57,8% y 11,1%, respectivamente. Conclusión: la prevalencia de la dislipidemia fue elevada en los pacientes analizados. La existencia de una asociación significativa entre la ocurrencia de dislipidemia y variables como el sexo femenino, los hábitos de tabaquismo y el sedentarismo hace que se preste atención a la necesidad de mejores conductas para esta población


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/prevention & control , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Life Style , Primary Health Care , Tobacco Use Disorder , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sedentary Behavior
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(11): 5765-5776, nov. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350449

ABSTRACT

Resumo O presente artigo objetivou estimar a prevalência de dislipidemias e sua associação e adequação da ingestão de gorduras saturadas, monoinsaturadas, trans, ômega-3 e carboidratos, em adultos de Viçosa-MG. Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 884 adultos com idades entre 20 e 59 anos. Foram coletados dados sociodemográficos, de consumo alimentar, antropométricos e bioquímicos da população. As associações entre as variáveis foram verificadas utilizando-se o teste qui-quadrado. Verificou-se elevada prevalência de dislipidemias na população (64,25%), com pelo menos um dos lipídeos séricos alterados. Houve predomínio de inadequação na ingestão de gorduras saturadas, trans, monoinsaturadas e carboidratos. Ressalta-se que a ingestão de ômega-3 esteve adequado para a maioria dos indivíduos. Adultos eutróficos apresentaram maiores prevalências de ingestão excessiva de gorduras saturadas e trans. Observou-se que 38,7% dos indivíduos com HDL-c reduzido apresentaram ingestão acima do recomendado de gordura saturada. A maioria dos indivíduos com triglicerídeos e razão TG/HDL-c elevada possuíam ingestão insatisfatória de gordura monoinsaturada. Faz-se necessária a avaliação de outros fatores que podem influenciar o padrão alimentar.


Abstract This study aimed to assess the prevalence of dyslipidemia and its association with an adequate intake of carbohydrates, saturated, monounsaturated, trans, and omega-3 fats among adults living in Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study with 884 adults aged 20 to 59 years. Sociodemographic, food intake, anthropometric, and biochemical data were collected. Associations between study variables were investigated by the chi-square test. There was a high prevalence of dyslipidemia in the study population (64.25%), with most individuals having abnormal levels of at least one serum lipid component. Inadequate intakes of saturated, trans, and monounsaturated fats and carbohydrates were predominant. It is noteworthy that omega-3 intake levels were adequate in most individuals. Eutrophic adults showed a higher prevalence of excessive intake of saturated and trans fats. It was found that 38.7% of individuals with low levels of High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) had an excessive intake of saturated fat. Most individuals with high triglyceride levels or high triglyceride/HDL-c ratios had an insufficient intake of monounsaturated fat. Further studies are needed to evaluate other factors that may influence dietary patterns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Dietary Fats , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cholesterol, HDL
3.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(1): e1509, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156555

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad arterial periférica es bien conocida como predictor de morbilidad y mortalidad cardiovascular y cerebrovascular, de ahí la importancia de reconocer sus factores de riesgo. Objetivo: Determinar los factores de riesgo asociados a la enfermedad arterial periférica en pacientes diagnosticados por el índice tobillo brazo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico transversal, entre el 1ro de septiembre y 30 de noviembre de 2019. El universo fue de 290 pacientes, se trabajó con una muestra de 120, determinada por un muestreo aleatorio simple. Se emplearon estadígrafos descriptivos e inferenciales: prueba t de Student, el odds ratio de prevalencia y la regresión logística binomial. Resultados: Fueron categorizados con índice tobillo brazo < 0,9 un total de 43 pacientes (35,8 por ciento). La media de edad de la población fue de 58,43 ± 16,69. El sexo femenino predominó con 61 pacientes (50,8 por ciento). El índice de masa corporal promedio fue de 24,29 ± 3,29 kg/m2. La hipertensión arterial fue el factor de riesgo más frecuente presentándose en 67,5 por ciento de los pacientes. Se identificaron como factores de riesgo de índice tobillo brazo < 0,9 a la edad ≥ 60 años (OR: 6,41; IC 95 por ciento: 2,04-20,1; p=0,001); la hipertensión arterial (OR: 2,99; IC 95 por ciento: 1,02-8,73; p=0,045); la diabetes mellitus (OR: 3,89; IC 95 por ciento: 1,34-11,3; p=0,012) y la dislipidemia (OR: 4,35; IC 95 por ciento: 1,27-14,8; p=0,019). Conclusiones: La edad avanzada, la hipertensión arterial, la diabetes mellitus y la dislipidemia constituyeron factores de riesgo asociados a la enfermedad arterial periférica(AU)


Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease is well known as a predictor of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality, hence the importance of recognizing its risk factors. Objective: To determine the risk factors associated with peripheral arterial disease in patients diagnosed by the ankle brachial index. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical observational study was carried out from September 1 to November 30, 2019. The universe consisted of 290 patients, a sample of 120 was used, determined by simple random sampling. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used: Student's t test, prevalence odds ratio, and binomial logistic regression. Results: A total of 43 patients (35.8%) were categorized with ankle brachial index <0.9. The mean age of the population was 58.43 ± 16.69. The female sex predominated with 61 patients (50.8 percent). The average body mass index was 24.29 ± 3.29 kg / m2. Hypertension was the most frequent risk factor in 67.5 percent of the patients. Risk factors were identified in ankle brachial index <0.9 at age ≥60 years (OR: 6.41; 95 percent CI: 2.04-20.1; p = 0.001); arterial hypertension (OR: 2.99; 95 percent CI: 1.02-8.73; p = 0.045); diabetes mellitus (OR: 3.89; 95 percent CI: 1.34-11.3; p = 0.012) and dyslipidemia (OR: 4.35; 95 percent CI: 1.27-14.8; p = 0.019). Conclusions: Advanced age, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia were risk factors associated with peripheral arterial disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Ankle Brachial Index/methods , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis , Arterial Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
4.
Medisan ; 24(2)mar.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1098391

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las dislipidemias asociadas a la obesidad constituyen factores de riesgo de varias enfermedades especialmente del sistema cardiovascular. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de dislipidemias en pacientes obesos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio correlacional, retrospectivo y transversal de150 pacientes obesos, quienes acudieron a la consulta externa de la Clínica Medina del Hospital Básico de Guayaquil, desde el 2018 hasta el 2019. Las variables analizadas fueron edad, sexo, índice de masa corporal y resultados de laboratorio, tales como colesterol total, triglicéridos, colesterol LDL y dislipidemia mixta (colesterol HDL y VLDL). Resultados: En la serie predominaron el sexo masculino (62,6%), los pacientes con más de 65 años de edad (42,0 %), los niveles entre rango crítico y alto riesgo (66 pacientes); 16,0 % se clasificaron de alto riesgo con niveles de colesterol superior a 240 mg/dL. Mostraron resultados anormales en cuanto a los triglicéridos 62 afectados, en un rango mayor de 150 con niveles y limítrofe altos. Conclusiones: Se observó una correspondencia entre las dislipidemias y la obesidad, pues todos los pacientes presentaron algún tipo de alteración en los lípidos.


Introduction: Dyslipidemias associated to obesity constitute risk factors of several diseases specially from the cardiovascular system. Objective: To determine the prevalence of dyslipidemias in obese patients Methods: A correlational restrospective and cross-sectional study of 150 obese patients, who visited the outpatients department of Medina Clinic from Hospital Básico in Guayaquil, from 2018 to 2019. Variables used were age, sex, body mass index and laboratory results such as total cholesterol, triglycerids. LDL colesterol and mixed dyslipidemias (cholesterol HDL and VLDL). Results: In the serie, male sex (62.6 %), patients over 65 years (42.0 %), levels between critical and high risk (66 patients) prevailed, 16.0 % were classified as high risk patients with cholesterol level over 240 mg/dL. Sixty two patients showed subnormal results regarding triglycerids, in a rank higher than 150 with high limits and levels. Conclusions: A correspondance between dyslipidemias and obesity was observed, as all patients presented some type of change in lipids.


Subject(s)
Triglycerides , Cholesterol , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Lipoproteins, HDL , Lipoproteins, LDL , Obesity
5.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 46(1): e1161, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126821

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las dislipidemias constituyen un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de las enfermedades cardiovasculares, las que se consideran la principal causa de muerte a nivel mundial. Objetivos: Evaluar los trastornos lipídicos en pacientes hispanoamericanos en el primer nivel de atención sanitaria de Lima. Métodos: En el periodo de 2015-2016 se realizó una investigación prospectiva en 117 pacientes del Servicio de Laboratorio Clínico, Policlínico La Fe en Lima. Se tuvieron en cuenta las guías National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III), US Preventive Services Task Force y la guía de práctica clínica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. De acuerdo con cada guía se establecieron las variables lipídicas: triglicéridos (TG) elevados (TG ≥ 150 mg/dl) y colesterol total elevado (CT ≥ 200 mg/dl), colesterol LDL-C elevado (LDL-C ≥ 130 mg/dl) y HDL-C disminuido (HDL-C ≤ 40 mg/dl). Resultados: El 71 por ciento de los pacientes presentaron HDL-C disminuido, el 41 por ciento hipertriacilgliceridemia, el 35,9 por ciento hipercolesterolemia y el 33,3 por ciento LDL-C elevado. Según la guía US Preventive Services Task Force se determinaron 9 pacientes con dislipidemia grado B, por la guía National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III), 99 pacientes en 4 grupos de dislipidemia y 5 pacientes sin trastornos lipídicos según la guía de práctica clínica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Conclusiones: Se observa una alta frecuencia de pacientes con trastornos lípidos principalmente por HDL-C disminuido y se evidencia las ventajas de la guía de práctica clínica en el primer nivel de atención sanitaria(AU)


Introduction: Dyslipidemia is a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases, which are considered to be the main cause of death at the global level. Objectives: To assess lipid disorders in Hispanic Americans patients in the primary health care level in Lima. Methods: In the period 2015-2016 a prospective research was made in 117 patients of the Service of Clinical Laboratory, La Fe Policlinic in Lima. There were used the guides named National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III), US Preventive Services Task Force, and the clinical practice guidelines of the Mexican Institute of Social Security. The lipid variables were established in accordance with each guide: High Triglycerides (TG) (TG ≥150 mg/dl) and high total cholesterol (CT ≥ 200 mg/dl), High LDL-C cholesterol (LDL-C ≥ 130 mg/dl) and decreased HDL-C (HDL-C ≤ 40 mg/dl). Results: 71 percent of the patients presented decreased HDL-C, 41 percent hypertriacilglyceridemia, 35.9 percent hypercholesterolemia and 33.3 percent high LDL-C. According to the US Preventive Services Task Force guide 9 patients with dyslipidemia grade B were identified by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) guide, and 99 patients in 4 groups of dyslipidemia and 5 patients without lipid disorders were identified according to the clinical practice guidelines of the Mexican Institute of Social Security. Conclusions: It is observed a high frequency of patients with lipid disorders mainly by decreased HDL-C and there is evidence of the advantages of the clinical practice guidelines in the primary level of health care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Prospective Studies , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Peru
6.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094412

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To analyze the association between anthropometric variables and cardiovascular risk factors in adults and older adults of Rio Branco, Acre. METHODS A population-based cross-sectional study with 641 adults and 957 older adults was conducted. The statistical analyses consisted of the distribution of anthropometric variables according to the cardiovascular risk factors by frequency and dispersion measures. Pearson's correlation coefficient and prevalence ratios (PR) were estimated with their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) using the SPSS ® version 20.0. RESULTS Moderate correlations were obtained in adult men for waist-hip ratio and total cholesterol (r = 0.486; p < 0.001) and for waist-hip and triglyceride ratios (r = 0.484; p < 0.001). The highest prevalence of hypertension and diabetes in adults were observed in men; in the older adults, the prevalence of hypertension was above 65% in both sexes. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was above 78% in obese adults and older adults. When analyzing the associations, a higher strength of association was found between arterial hypertension and waist-to-stature ratio (PR = 13.42; 95%CI 12.58-14.31) and body mass index greater than 30 kg/m 2 (PR = 6.61; 95%CI 6.34-6.89) in adult men. In the analysis of diabetes, the waist-hip ratio presented greater robustness in the association for women (PR = 7.53; 95%CI 6.92-8.20) and men (PR = 9.79; 95%CI 9.14-10.49). CONCLUSION Anthropometric variables are important predictors of cardiovascular risk; however, their assessments should be performed independently, according to sex and age group.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar a associação entre variáveis antropométricas e os fatores de risco cardiovascular na população de adultos e idosos de Rio Branco, Acre. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal de base populacional com 641 adultos e 957 idosos. As análises estatísticas consistiram na distribuição das variáveis antropométricas segundo os fatores de risco cardiovascular por medidas de frequência e dispersão. Foram calculadas a correlação de Pearson e razões de prevalência (RP) com seus respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC5%), empregando as rotinas do SPSS ® versão 20.0. RESULTADOS Correlações moderadas foram obtidas nos adultos homens para relação cintura-quadril e colesterol total (r = 0,486; p < 0,001) e para relação cintura-quadril e triglicerídeos (r = 0,484; p < 0,001). As maiores prevalências de hipertensão arterial e diabetes nos adultos foram observadas nos homens; já nos idosos, as prevalências de hipertensão ficaram acima de 65% em ambos os sexos. As prevalências de dislipidemia ficaram acima de 78% nos indivíduos obesos adultos e idosos. Ao analisar as associações, constatou-se maior força de associação entre hipertensão arterial e relação cintura-estatura (RP = 13,42; IC95% 12,58-14,31) e com índice de massa corporal maior que 30 kg/m 2 (RP = 6,61; IC95% 6,34-6,89) nos homens adultos. Na análise para diabetes, a relação cintura-quadril apresentou maior robustez na associação para mulheres (RP = 7,53; IC95% 6,92-8,20) e homens (RP = 9,79; IC95% 9,14-10,49). CONCLUSÃO As variáveis antropométricas são importantes preditores de risco cardiovascular; no entanto, suas avaliações devem ser feitas de forma independente, segundo sexo e grupo etário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Anthropometry/methods , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2808-2815, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877936

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lipid abnormalities are prevalent among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH) and contribute to increasing risk of cardiovascular events. This study aims to investigate the incidence of dyslipidemia and its risk factors in PLWH after receiving different first-line free antiretroviral regimens.@*METHODS@#PLWH who sought care at the Third People's Hospital of Shenzhen from January 2014 to December 2018 were included, and the baseline characteristics and clinical data during the follow-up were collected, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The risk factors of dyslipidemia after antiretroviral therapy were analyzed with the generalized estimating equation model.@*RESULTS@#Among the 7623 PLWH included, the mean levels of TC, HDL-C and LDL-C were 4.23 ± 0.85 mmol/L, 1.27 ± 0.29 mmol/L and 2.54 ± 0.65 mmol/L, respectively, and the median TG was 1.17 (IQR: 0.85-1.68) mmol/L. Compared with that in PLWH receiving tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) + lamivudine (3TC) + ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r), zidovudine (AZT) + 3TC + efavirenz (EFV), and AZT + 3TC + LPV/r, the incidence of dyslipidemia was lower in PLWH receiving TDF + 3TC + EFV. In multivariate analysis, we found that the risks of elevations of TG, TC, and LDL-C were higher with TDF + 3TC + LPV/r (TG: odds ratio [OR] = 2.82, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.55-3.11, P < 0.001; TC: OR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.14-1.35, P < 0.001; LDL: OR = 1.06, 95% CI: 1.00-1.12, P = 0.041), AZT + 3TC + EFV (TG: OR = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.28-1.55, P < 0.001; TC: OR = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.31-1.56, P < 0.001; LDL: OR = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.12-1.25, P < 0.001), and AZT + 3TC + LPV/r (TG: OR = 3.08, 95% CI: 2.65-3.59, P < 0.001; TC: OR = 2.40, 95% CI: 1.96-2.94, P < 0.001; LDL: OR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.37-1.69, P < 0.001) than with TDF + 3TC + EFV, while treatment with TDF + 3TC + LPV/r was less likely to restore HDL-C levels compared with TDF + 3TC + EFV (OR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.92-0.97, P < 0.001). In addition to antiretroviral regimens, antiretroviral therapy duration, older age, overweight, obesity and other traditional factors were also important risk factors for dyslipidemia.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of dyslipidemia varies with different antiretroviral regimens, with TDF + 3TC + EFV having lower risk for dyslipidemia than the other first-line free antiretroviral regimens in China.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , China/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , HIV , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Humans , Lamivudine/therapeutic use , Lipids , Risk Factors
8.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(6): 461-467, dic. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056754

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento del síndrome coronario agudo (SCA) puede diferir segó;ºn la cobertura de salud. El objetivo fue comparar características demográficas de pacientes con SCA atendidos en instituciones del sector pó;ºblico, o en el no-pó;ºblico de Argentina, las terapó;©uticas y su relació;n con los recursos de cada sector. Analizamos internaciones en instituciones de un registro nacional, voluntario, prospectivo y multicó;©ntrico. Entre marzo 2006 y mayo 2016 ingresaron 11 072 SCA en 64 instituciones, 39% pó;ºblicas (44% con laboratorio de hemodinamia) y 61% no pó;ºblicas (82% con hemodinamia). Los centros pó;ºblicos presentaron menos estructura y atendieron mayor proporció;n de SCA con elevació;n del segmento ST (SCACEST) (52.5% vs. 36.1%, p < 0.001). Los pacientes del sector pó;ºblico fueron más jó;venes, más frecuentemente hombres, fumadores, y menos dislipó;©micos. La proporció;n de reperfundidos entre SCA con elevació;n del ST (SCACEST) fue similar en ambos sectores. La utilizació;n de coronariografía en SCA sin elevació;n del ST (SCASEST) fue mayor en el sector pó;ºblico, cuyos pacientes presentaron más frecuentemente cambios electrocardiográficos y biomarcadores elevados. Un 80.2% de los SCA en instituciones pó;ºblicas y 90.1% en las no pó;ºblicas fueron incorporados por centros con hemodinamia. La disponibilidad de hemodinamia fue la variable más asociada a reperfusió;n entre SCACEST y al tratamiento invasivo entre SCASEST. Se demuestra la complejidad del análisis comparativo de sectores de salud, por la relevancia que adquieren los recursos instalados y las diferencias demográficas de la població;n, por encima de la simple diferencia de pertenecer al sistema pó;ºblico o al no pó;ºblico.


Treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may differ according to the health system coverage. The objective of this study was to evaluate demographic characteristics of patients with ACS assisted in public sector institutions compared to the non-public sector of Argentina, as well as the therapeutic and its relationship with the resources of each sector. We analyzed patients hospitalized in institutions of a national, voluntary, prospective and multicenter registry. Between March 2006 and May 2016, 11 072 ACSs were registered in 64 institutions, 39% public (44% have hemodynamic laboratory) and 61% non-public (82% with hemodynamic). Public centers presented less structure and assisted a higher proportion of ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (STE-ACS). (52.5% vs. 36.1%, p < 0.001). Public sector patients were younger, more frequently men, smokers, and less dyslipemics. The proportion of patients reperfused in the STE-ACS was similar in both sectors. The use of coronary angiography in non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) was higher in the public sector, whose patients presented more frequently electrocardiographic changes and biomarker elevation. Considering all ACS, 80.2% of patients in public and 90.1% in non-public institutions were incorporated by haemodynamic centers. The availability of hemodynamics was the variable most associated with reperfusion in NSTE-ACS, and invasive treatment in NSTE-ACS. This research demonstrates the complexity of a comparative analysis of health sectors, due to the relevance acquired by the level of resources installed and the demographic differences of the inpatient population, above the simple difference of belonging to the public or non-public system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Public Sector/statistics & numerical data , Private Sector/statistics & numerical data , Acute Coronary Syndrome/epidemiology , Health Facilities/statistics & numerical data , Argentina/epidemiology , Smoking/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Coronary Angiography/methods , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Hemodynamics , Hypertension/epidemiology , Laboratories/statistics & numerical data
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(4): 699-709, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038567

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Smoking and an inadequate diet are behavioral risk factors that contribute to the majority of deaths and disabilities caused by noncommunicable diseases. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of the co-occurrence of smoking and inadequate diet and identify associated factors in adults. Methods: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted with a sample of 28,950 Brazilian adults (18 to 59 years old). Data were obtained from Sistema de Vigilância por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel [Brazilian Health Surveillance Telephone Survey]) in 2014. Independent associations were investigated using Poisson hierarchical regression analysis with 5% significance level. Results: The prevalence of the co-occurrence of smoking and unhealthy eating was 8.6% (95% CI: 7.9-9.3) and was higher among individuals residing in the southern region of the country than in those living in the central western region (PR = 1.50; 95% CI: 1.18-1.89), those with no private health insurance (PR = 1.14; 95% CI: 1.03-1.25), those who drank alcohol abusively (binge drinkers) (PR = 3.22; 95% CI: 2.70-3.85) and those who self-rated their health as fair (PR = 1.65; 95% CI: 1.36-1.99) or poor/very poor (PR = 1.70; 95% CI: 1.18-2.44). The prevalence of both factors was lower among individuals residing in the northeastern region of the country, women, individuals with brown skin color, those with a spouse, the more educated ones and those with overweight or obesity. Conclusion: The more vulnerable segments to the co-occurrence of the risk factors studied were men residing in the southern region of the country, individuals with a lower socioeconomic status and those who reported binge drinking. Interventions addressing multiple behavioral risk factors adapted to specific contexts could have a greater impact on the Brazilian population.


Resumo Fundamentos: O tabagismo e a alimentação inadequada integram os fatores comportamentais de risco responsáveis pela maioria das mortes e das incapacidades causadas por doenças crônicas não transmissíveis. Objetivos: Estimar a prevalência e identificar os fatores associados à coocorrência de tabagismo e alimentação inadequada em adultos. Métodos: Estudo transversal de base populacional com 28.950 adultos (18-59 anos), cujas informações foram obtidas pelo Sistema de Vigilância por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel), em 2014. As associações independentes foram verificadas por meio de regressão hierárquica de Poisson, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: A prevalência de coocorrência de tabagismo e alimentação não saudável foi de 8,6% (IC95%: 7,9-9,3), mostrando-se mais elevada entre os que residiam na região Sul (RP = 1,50; IC95%: 1,18-1,89) comparados aos do Centro-Oeste, nos que não possuíam plano privado de saúde (RP = 1,14; IC95%: 1,03-1,25), nos que ingeriam bebidas alcoólicas de forma abusiva (RP = 3,22; IC95%: 2,70-3,85) e nos que autoavaliaram a saúde como regular (RP = 1,65; IC95%: 1,36-1,99) ou ruim/muito ruim (RP = 1,70; IC95%: 1,18-2,44). Apresentaram menor prevalência de ambos os fatores os que viviam na região Nordeste, as mulheres, os de cor da pele parda, aqueles que tinham cônjuge, os mais escolarizados e os que estavam com sobrepeso ou obesidade. Conclusão: Os segmentos mais vulneráveis à coocorrência dos fatores de risco estudados foram os homens, os residentes na região Sul do país, aqueles com menor nível socioeconômico, os que referiram consumo abusivo de álcool, entre outros. Intervenções sobre múltiplos comportamentos de risco, adaptadas às realidades diversas, podem ter maior impacto na população brasileira.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Smoking/epidemiology , Diet/statistics & numerical data , Health Risk Behaviors , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Diet Surveys , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(10): 3743-3752, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039479

ABSTRACT

Resumo Verificou-se a relação entre diferentes índices antropométricos e os lipídios plasmáticos. Os dados foram coletados de 2014 a 2016 em 854 escolares (6-18 anos). Foram aferidas a circunferência da cintura (CC), o percentual de gordura corporal (%G) por bioimpedância, o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e relação da cintura/estatura (RCE). Em sangue coletado em jejum mediu-se o colesterol total (CT), HDLc, e triglicerídeos e calculou-se o colesterol não HDL (Não HDLc). Os dados são apresentados por média ± desvio padrão, porcentagens. A comparação de médias foi feita pelo teste t ou ANOVA seguida de teste de Tukey. A associação entre variáveis foi testada por regressão linear. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Meninos obesos tinham CT, Não HDLc e LDLc mais elevados do que os eutróficos. Em meninas este achado foi apenas para o Não HDLc. Crianças com o %G e RCE inadequados apresentaram LDLc e Não HDLc maiores (p < 0,001), os quais associaram-se positivamente (p < 0,001) com as frações lipídicas (CT e Não HDLc). O excesso de gordura corporal elevou em 21% a probabilidade de ocorrência de colesterol acima da referência (170 mg/dL). O excesso de gordura corporal associou-se com o perfil lipídico aterogênico (maior Não HDLc), principalmente em meninos.


Abstract We studied the relationship between different anthropometric indexes and plasma lipids. Data were collected from 2014 to 2016 in 854 schoolchildren (6-18 years). Waist circumference (WC), body fat percentage (BFP) by bioimpedance, body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were measured. Total cholesterol (TC), HDLc, and triglycerides were measured in fasting blood samples and Non-HDL cholesterol (Non-HDLc) was calculated. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation, with percentages. Means were compared using the t test or ANOVA followed by Tukey's test. The association between variables was tested by linear regression. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Obese boys had higher TC, non-HDLc, and LDLc than eutrophic boys (p < 0.05). In girls this difference was found only for non-HDLc (p < 0.05). Children with inappropriate BFP and WHtR presented higher LDLc and non-HDLc concentrations (p < 0.001), which showed positive association (p<0.001) with lipid fractions (TC and non-HDLc). Excess body fat increased the probability of cholesterol above the reference value (170 mg/dL) by 21%. Excess body fat was associated with an atherogenic lipid profile (higher non-HDLc), especially in boys.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Cholesterol/blood , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology , Lipids/blood , Body Composition/physiology , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Anthropometry , Adipose Tissue/physiology , Electric Impedance , Waist Circumference/physiology
11.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 51(3): 208-212, 20190930. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047639

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar a população com dislipidemia atendida em Goiânia-GO com faixa etária de 2 a 19 anos. Comparar os resultados de LDL determinados pela fórmula de Friedewald e Martin para o cálculo do LDL. Métodos: Análises do banco de dados PCLAB online®, de agosto de 2017 a março de 2018. Uso dos softwares Microsoft Excel 2010® e PAST 3.14® para análise estatística descritiva, teste qui-quadrado e teste t. Resultados: População composta por 671 indivíduos. Destes, 563 apresentaram dislipidemia. Com exceção do HDL, as médias dos valores lipídicos foram maiores no sexo feminino. O HDL foi o marcador que se alterou com maior frequência em 64,7% dos casos. Não houve diferença significativa (p>0,05) entre os sexos independente da fração do perfil lipídico analisada. Não houve diferença estatística entre os valores de LDL determinados pelas fórmulas de Friedewald e Martin. Conclusão: A população analisada apresentou taxas consideráveis de alterações dos padrões do perfil lipídico. Os percentuais de alterações destes são maiores no sexo feminino, mas não há diferença com significado estatístico quando comparado ao sexo masculino. A aplicação das fórmulas para cálculo do LDL também não apresentou diferença estatística, devido aos valores de Tg não se alterarem com frequência ou com grandes discrepâncias.


Objective: To identify the population with dyslipidemia treated in Goiânia-GO between 2 and 19 years old and to compare the LDL results determined by Friedewald and Martin's formula for the calculation of LDL. Methods: Analyzes of the PCLAB online® database, from August 2017 to March 2018. Use of Microsoft Excel 2010® and Past 3.14® software for descriptive statistical analysis, chi-square test and t-test. Results: Population comprised of 671 individuals. Of these, 563 had dyslipidemia. Except for HDL, the mean of the lipid values was higher in females. HDL was the marker that changed most frequently in 64.7% of the cases. There was no significant difference (p> 0.05) between the sexes. There was no statistical difference between the LDL values determined by Friedewald and Martin's formula. Conclusion: The population analyzed presented high rates of changes in lipid profile patterns. The percentages of lipid changes are higher in females, but there is no significant difference. The application of the formulas for calculating LDL also did not present statistical difference, because the Tg values did not change frequently or with large discrepancies


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Child , Prevalence , Adolescent , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology
12.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 29-37, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002428

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for several unfavorable outcomes including cardiovascular disease (CVD), particularly in the elderly, who represent the most rapidly growing segment of the end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) population. Portugal has the highest European unadjusted incidence and prevalence rates of ESKD. In 2012, we started to follow a cohort of elderly CKD patients, we describe their baseline characteristics, risk profile, and cardiovascular disease burden. Methods: All CKD patients aged 65 years and older referred to our department during 2012 were enrolled. Baseline data included: demographic, CKD stage, medication, comorbid conditions. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated by the CKD-EPI formula. Results: A total of 416 patients, 50% referred by primary care physicians, aged 77 ± 7 years, 52% male, with a median eGFR of 32 mL/min/1.73m2 participated in the study. Fifty percent had diabetes (DM), 85% dyslipidemia, 96% hypertension; 26% were current/former smokers, and 24% had a body mass index > 30 kg/m2. The prevalence of CVD was 62% and higher in stage 4-5 patients; in diabetics, it gradually increased with CKD progression (stage 3a < stage 3b < stage 4-5) (39, 58, 82%; p < 0.001). Conclusions: At baseline, our CKD elderly cohort had a higher burden of CVD. The prevalence of CVD was greater than in other European CKD cohorts. Lower level of eGFR was associated with a greater burden of CVD and was more pronounced in diabetics, highlighting the importance of strategically targeting cardiovascular risk reduction in these patients.


RESUMO Introdução: Doença renal crônica (DRC) é fator de risco independente para vários desfechos desfavoráveis, incluindo doença cardiovascular (DCV), particularmente em idosos, o segmento de crescimento mais rápido da população com doença renal terminal (DRT). Portugal tem a maior incidência europeia não-ajustada e a maior prevalência de DRT. Neste artigo caracterizamos uma coorte de idosos com DRC, referenciados para a nefrologia, com particular ênfase para o risco e carga de doença cardiovascular. Métodos: Foram incluídos todos os pacientes com DRC com 65 anos ou mais encaminhados ao nosso departamento em 2012. Os dados basais incluíram: demografia, estágio da DRC, medicação e comorbidades. A taxa de filtração glomerular (TFGe) foi calculada pela fórmula CKD-EPI. Resultados: Metade dos 416 pacientes incluídos foram encaminhados por médicos da atenção primária; sua idade era 77 ± 7 anos; 52% eram homens; a TFGe mediana era de 32 mL /min/1,73 m2. Metade tinha diabetes (DM), 85% dislipidemia, 96% hipertensão; 26% eram fumantes atuais/ antigos; 24% tinham índice de massa corporal > 30 kg/m2. A prevalência de DCV foi de 62%, sendo maior entre pacientes nos estágios 4-5; em diabéticos, aumentou gradualmente com a progressão da DRC (estágio 3a < estágio 3b < estágio 4-5) (39%, 58%, 82%; p < 0,001). Conclusões: A coorte de idosos com DRC apresentava inicialmente maior carga de DCV. A prevalência de DCV foi maior que em outras coortes europeias com DRC. Níveis menores de TFGe foram associados a carga maior de DCV e foram mais pronunciados entre diabéticos, destacando a importância de objetivar estrategicamente a redução do risco cardiovascular nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging/physiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/epidemiology , Portugal/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Body Mass Index , Comorbidity , Incidence , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Creatinine/blood , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hypertension/epidemiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/etiology
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(2): 147-151, Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983826

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Early exposure to obesity favors greater risks of cardiovascular factors such as dyslipidemia. Objectives: To establish the prevalence of dyslipidemia, and to evaluate its association with nutritional status of the adolescents attended at the ambulatory of the Adolescent Health Studies Center of the University Hospital Pedro Ernesto. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, observational study, the sample of which was of convenience, consisting of adolescents from 12 to 18 years old of both genders. The lipid profile was evaluated, along with its association with the anthropometric indicators: body mass index and waist circumference. For statistical analysis, a significance level of 5% was used. Results: A total of 239 adolescents, 104 boys (43.5%) and 135 girls (56.5%) were evaluated and, of these, 52 (21.8%) were eutrophic, 60 (25.1%) overweight, and 127 (53.1%) obese. Obeseadolescents had significantly lower mean values of HDL-cholesterol (44.7 mg/dl vs 53.9 mg/dl; p < 0.001) and higher triglycerides (109.6 mg/dl vs 87.3 mg/dl; p = 0.01). The changes with higher prevalence were low HDL-cholesterol (50.6%), hypercholesterolemia (35.1%), and hypertriglyceridemia (18.4%). A negative association of HDL-cholesterol with body mass index and a positive association of triglycerides with body mass index could be observed, even after adjustment for gender and skin color. Conclusion: This study demonstrated high prevalence of dyslipidemia among adolescents. In view of the significant association between lower levels of HDL-cholesterol and increased triglycerides with overweight, the control of these factors should receive attention, with the precocious diagnosis of the dyslipidemia being important, mainly if it is associated with another cardiovascular risk, to develop effective intervention strategies.


Resumo Fundamentos: Exposição precoce à obesidade favorece maiores riscos de fatores cardiovasculares como dislipidemias. Objetivos: Estabelecer a prevalência de dislipidemia e avaliar sua associação com o estado nutricional de adolescentes atendidos no ambulatório de atenção secundária do Núcleo de Estudos da Saúde do Adolescente do Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto. Métodos: Estudo transversal observacional, cuja amostra foi de conveniência e compreendeu adolescentes de 12 a 18 anos de ambos os sexos. Avaliado o perfil lipídico e sua associação com os indicadores antropométricos: índice de massa corporal e circunferência da cintura. Para as análises estatísticas foi utilizado nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Foram avaliados 239 adolescentes, 104 meninos (43,5%) e 135 meninas (56,5%) e destes, 52 (21,8%) apresentaram eutrofia, 60 (25,1%) sobrepeso e 127 (53,1%) obesidade. Os adolescentes com obesidade apresentaram valores médios de HDL-colesterol significativamente menores (44,7 mg/dl vs. 53,9 mg/dl; p < 0,001) e triglicerídeos maiores (109,6 mg/dl vs. 87,3 mg/dl; p = 0,01). As alterações com maior prevalência foram HDL-colesterol baixo (50,6%), hipercolesterolemia (35,1%) e hipertrigliceridemia (18,4%). Foi possível observar associação negativa do HDL-colesterol com o índice de massa corporal e associação positiva dos triglicerídeos com o índice de massa corporal, mesmo após ajuste para gênero e cor da pele. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstrou alta prevalência de dislipidemia entre os adolescentes. Tendo em vista a associação significativa entre baixos níveis de HDL-colesterol e triglicerídeos aumentados com excesso de peso, o controle destes fatores deve receber atenção, sendo importante o diagnóstico precoce da dislipidemia principalmente se associada a outro risco cardiovascular, para desenvolvimento de estratégias de intervenção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology , Triglycerides/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Linear Models , Nutrition Assessment , Anthropometry , Cholesterol/blood , Nutritional Status , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Sex Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dyslipidemias/complications , Pediatric Obesity/complications , Hospitals, University
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(1): 3-8, Jan. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985011

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Diabetes is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular mortality. Over the last years, mortality has decreased significantly, more in individuals with diabetes than in healthy ones. That is mostly due to the control of other cardiovascular risk factors. The objective of our study was to analyze the dyslipidemia control in two diabetes cohorts. METHODS Patients from two distinct cohorts were studied, 173 patients from the BHS (Brasília Heart Study) and 222 patients from the BDS (Brazilian Diabetes Study). The data on dyslipidemia control were studied in both different populations. All patients had diabetes. RESULTS There are significant differences concerning comorbidities between the LDL-C and BDS groups. The average glycated hemoglobin is of 8.2 in the LDL-C > 100 group in comparison with 7.7 and 7.5 in the 70-100 and < 70 groups, respectively (p = 0.024). There is a higher percentage of hypertensive patients with LDL between 70-100 (63.9%), when comparing the < 70 and > 100 groups (54.3% and 54.9%, respectively; p = 0.005). Diastolic pressure is higher in the group with LDL > 100, with an average of 87 mmHg, in comparison with 82.6 mmHg and 81.9 mmHg in the 70-100 and < 70 groups, respectively (p = 0.019). The group with LDL > 100 has the greatest percentage of smokers (8.7%) in comparison with the groups with LDL between 70-100 and < 70 (5.6% and 4.3%, respectively; p = 0.015). There is also a difference in the previous incidence of coronaropathy. In the group with LDL < 70, 28.3% of patients had already experienced a previous infarction, compared with 11.1% and 10.6% in the 70-100 and > 100 groups, respectively (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS The data in our study have shown that the dyslipidemia control in diabetic patients is inadequate and there is a tendency of direct association between lack of blood glucose control and lack of dyslipidemia control, in addition to the association with other cardiovascular risk factors, such as diastolic hypertension and smoking. This worsened control might be related to the plateau in the descending curve of mortality, and investments in this regard can improve the cardiovascular health in diabetic patients.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O diabetes é importante causa de mortalidade cardiovascular. Nos últimos anos, a mortalidade diminuiu substancialmente, mais em diabéticos do que em não diabéticos, em grande parte devido ao controle de outros fatores de risco cardiovasculares. Nosso estudo tem como objetivo analisar o controle de dislipidemia em duas coortes de diabéticos. MÉTODOS Foram estudados pacientes de duas coortes distintas, sendo 173 pacientes do BHS (Brasília Heart Study) e 222 pacientes do BDS (Brazilian Diabetes Study). Os dados sobre controle de dislipidemia foram estudados nas duas populações diferentes. Todos os pacientes eram diabéticos. RESULTADOS Há diferenças significativas em relação às comorbidades entre os grupos de LDL-C no BDS. A média de hemoglobina glicada é de 8,2 no grupo com LDL-C > 100, comparado com 7,7 e 7,5 nos grupos 70-100 e < 70, respectivamente (p = 0,024). Há maior porcentagem de pacientes hipertensos com LDL entre 70-100 (63,9%), quando comparado aos grupos < 70 e > 100 (54,3% e 54,9%, respectivamente; p = 0,005). A pressão diastólica é mais elevada no grupo com LDL > 100, com média de 87 mmHg, comparado com 82,6 mmHg e 81,9 mmHg nos grupos 70-100 e < 70, respectivamente (p = 0,019). O grupo com LDL > 100 tem maior porcentagem de tabagistas (8,7%) quando comparado aos grupos com LDL entre 70-100 e < 70 (5,6% e 4,3%, respectivamente; p = 0,015). Há, também, diferença na incidência prévia de coronariopatia. No grupo com LDL < 70, 28,3% dos pacientes já apresentaram infarto prévio, comparados com 11,1% e 10,6% nos grupos 70-100 e > 100, respectivamente (p < 0,001). CONCLUSÃO Os dados do nosso estudo mostram que o controle de dislipidemia em diabéticos é inadequado, e há uma tendência de associação direta entre descontrole glicêmico e descontrole de dislipidemia, além de associação com outros fatores de risco cardiovascular, como hipertensão diastólica e tabagismo. Esse pior controle pode estar relacionado ao platô no descenso da curva de mortalidade, e o investimento nesse quesito pode melhorar a saúde cardiovascular dos diabéticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Simvastatin/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Dyslipidemias/complications , Anticholesteremic Agents/therapeutic use , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Pressure , Brazil/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/mortality , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Dyslipidemias/prevention & control , Dyslipidemias/drug therapy , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Middle Aged
15.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(1): 41-48, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-985123

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre história familiar e presença de dislipidemias em crianças. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 257 crianças de 4 a 7 anos de idade do município de Viçosa, Minas Gerais. Foram realizadas avaliações do estado nutricional e do perfil lipídico (colesterol total e frações e triglicerídeos), além do registro de história de dislipidemia dos pais. Para análise estatística, foi utilizado o teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson para identificar associações e teste t de Student para comparação de médias. Foi realizada análise de regressão de Poisson para avaliar a associação independente entre história familiar e a presença de dislipidemia em crianças, sendo adotado o nível de significância estatística de 5%. Resultados: Crianças com pais dislipidêmicos apresentaram maiores concentrações séricas de colesterol total e triglicerídeos. Na análise de regressão após ajuste, a presença de dislipidemia no pai ou na mãe (RP: 2,43; IC95% 1,12-5,27) bem como a presença de dislipidemia no pai e na mãe (RP: 5,62; IC95% 2,27-13,92) estiveram associadas à hipertrigliceridemia nas crianças. Crianças com pais e mães dislipidêmicos apresentaram maior prevalência de lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL-c) elevada (RP: 1,52; IC95% 1,18-1,97). Conclusões: A investigação da história familiar de dislipidemia deve fazer parte de protocolos para verificar a presença de hipertrigliceridemia e dislipidemias na infância.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association between family history and the presence of dyslipidemia in children. Methods: A cross-sectional study with 257 children aged 4 to 7 years old from Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Southeast Brazil. Nutritional status and lipid profile (total cholesterol, cholesterol fractions, and triglyceride) assessments and an active search for a family history of dyslipidemia in parents were carried out. Pearson's chi-square test was used to identify associations, and Student's t-test was used to compare means. A Poisson regression analysis was performed to assess the independent association between family history and the presence of dyslipidemia in children. A significance level of 5% was adopted. Results: Children of parents with dyslipidemia had higher serum concentrations of total cholesterol and triglycerides. In a regression analysis after adjustments, the presence of dyslipidemia in the father or in the mother (OR: 2.43; 95%CI 1.12-5.27), as well as the presence of dyslipidemia in both the father and the mother (OR: 5.62; 95%CI 2.27-13.92) were associated with hypertriglyceridemia in children. Children of parents with dyslipidemia had a higher prevalence of elevated low-density lipoproteins (LDL-c) (OR: 1.52; 95%CI 1.18-1.97). Conclusions: An investigation of the family history of dyslipidemia should be made as part of the protocol to verify the presence of hypertriglyceridemia and dyslipidemia in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Medical History Taking/statistics & numerical data , Parents , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Needs Assessment , Dyslipidemias/classification , Dyslipidemias/diagnosis , Dyslipidemias/blood , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Lipids/blood
16.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 44, jan. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004503

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To verify the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and the factors associated to it in older adults (≥ 60 years). METHODS This is a population-based research conducted in 2014, involving 1,016 older adults living in urban and rural areas of the municipality of Rio Branco, Acre. Chronic kidney disease was defined by glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml/min/1.73 m 2 , estimated by the equations of the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration, and the presence of albuminuria > 29 mg/g. Association measure were estimated by gross and adjusted odds ratio (OR), with a confidence level of 95% (95%CI). RESULTS The overall prevalence of chronic kidney disease was 21.4% in older adults, with the associated factors age, diabetes (OR = 3.39; 95%CI 2.13-5.40), metabolic syndrome (OR = 2.49; 95%CI 1.71-3.63), self-assessment of poor health (OR = 1.79; 95%CI 1.10-2.91), arterial hypertension (OR = 1.82; 95%CI 1.04-3.19) and obesity (OR = 1.69; 95%CI 1.02-2.80). CONCLUSIONS The prevalence of chronic kidney disease was high in older adults, being associated with age, self-assessment of health as bad or very bad, obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Verificar a prevalência de doença renal crônica e os fatores a ela associados em idosos (≥ 60 anos). MÉTODOS Trata-se de um inquérito de base populacional realizado em 2014, envolvendo 1.016 idosos residentes nas zonas urbana e rural do município de Rio Branco, Acre. A doença renal crônica foi definida pela taxa de filtração glomerular < 60 ml/min/1,73 m 2 , estimada pelas equações da Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration , e presença de albuminúria > 29 mg/g. Medidas de associação foram estimadas por regressão logística (OR) bruta e ajustada, com grau de confiança de 95% (IC95%). RESULTADOS A prevalência geral de doença renal crônica foi de 21,4% nos idosos, com os fatores associados idade, diabetes (OR = 3,39; IC95% 2,13-5,40), síndrome metabólica (OR = 2,49; IC95% 1,71-3,63), autoavaliação de saúde ruim (OR = 1,79; IC95% 1,10-2,91), hipertensão arterial (OR = 1,82; IC95% 1,04-3,19) e obesidade (OR = 1,69; IC95% 1,02-2,80). CONCLUSÕES A prevalência de doença renal crônica foi alta entre os idosos, estando associada com idade, autoavaliação de saúde como ruim ou muito ruim, obesidade, diabetes e síndrome metabólica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Creatinine/blood , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Diabetes Complications/epidemiology , Albuminuria , Dyslipidemias/complications , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications , Obesity/epidemiology
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(1): 323-332, ene. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974820

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a prevalência de dislipidemia e os fatores associados em crianças de 4 a 7 anos de idade. Estudo transversal, realizado com 402 crianças de 4 a 7 anos de idade, acompanhadas por um Programa de Apoio a Lactação nos primeiros seis meses de vida. Foram dosados colesterol total, triglicerídeos e lipoproteínas de alta (HDL) e baixa densidades (LDL). Selecionou-se variáveis que poderiam estar associadas ao perfil lipídico, como o histórico familiar de dislipidemia, estado nutricional e o consumo alimentar das crianças. Realizou-se análise de Regressão de Poisson com variância robusta. O nível de significância adotado foi de p < 0,05. Observou-se valores aumentados da LDL em 46,8% (188), colesterol total em 37,6% (151), triglicerídeos em 10,4% (42) e HDL abaixo do desejável em 33,8% (136) das crianças. Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre o histórico familiar de dislipidemia com colesterol total, LDL e triglicerídeos (p < 0,05 e p < 0,001, respectivamente); Desmame precoce com LDL (p < 0,05); Sedentarismo com LDL e triglicerídeos (p < 0,05 e p < 0,001, respectivamente); bem como HDL com o consumo de bala (p < 0,05). Houve importante prevalência de alterações no perfil lipídico das crianças. São necessárias atividades de educação nutricional e programas voltados para esse grupo.


Abstract This article aimed to assess the prevalence of dyslipidemia and associated factors in children aged from 4 to 7 years old. It is a cross-sectional study conducted with 402 children aged from 4 to 7 years old, accompanied by a Lactation Support Program in the first six months of life. We measured total cholesterol, triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). We selected the variables that could be associated with the lipid profile, such as the family history of dyslipidemia, nutritional status and food consumption of children. We performed Poisson regression analysis with robust variance. The level of significance adopted was p<0.05. We observed increased LDL values in 46.8% (188), total cholesterol in 37.6% (151), triglycerides in 10.4% (42) and below-desirable HDL in 33.8% (136) of the children. There was a statistically significant association between the family history of dyslipidemia with total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides (p<0.05 and p < 0.001, respectively); Early weaning with LDL (p < 0.05); Sedentarism with LDL and triglycerides (p < 0.05 and p < 0.001, respectively); as well as HDL with candy consumption (p < 0.05). There was a significant prevalence of changes in the lipid profile of the children. Nutrition education activities and programs aimed at this group are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Nutritional Status , Family Health , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Lipids/blood , Triglycerides/blood , Poisson Distribution , Cholesterol/blood , Health Education/methods , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Diet , Sedentary Behavior
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(10): 1112-1122, dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978746

ABSTRACT

Background: Dyslipidemias in childhood increase the risk of cardiovascular events in adult life. Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and risk of atherogenicity based in the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) in a sample of school children and adolescents. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study of 208 children aged 10.4 ± 1.0 years (107 women). Demographic data were obtained, and a clinical evaluation was conducted, including pubertal development according to Tanner and anthropometric parameters. A fasting blood sample was obtained to measure total cholesterol (CT), HDL cholesterol (cHDL) and triglycerides (TG), glucose and insulin. LDL cholesterol (cLDL), Non-HDL cholesterol and the indices CT/cHDL, cLDL/cHDL and AIP (log[TG/cHDL]) were calculated. Risk categories according to AIP for the pediatric population were also determined (low: AIP < 0.11, intermediate: AIP 0.11-0.21, high: AIP > 0.21). Results: Thirty eight percent of participants had dyslipidemia, without differences by gender and pubertal development. The frequency of dyslipidemia was significantly higher in children with obesity (54%, p < 0.01) and a waist circumference over percentile 90 (61%; p < 0.01). The later conditions had also higher CT/cHDL, cLDL/cHDL and AIP. According to AIP, 54% of children had a high atherogenicity risk along with alterations in anthropometric parameters and insulin resistance. All anthropometric and insulin resistance parameters were significantly correlated with the AIP. Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of dyslipidemia in the studied population, which is associated with an increased cardiometabolic risk. The indices of atherogenicity and particularly AIP are correlated with nutritional status, abdominal obesity and parameters of insulin resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Triglycerides/blood , Cholesterol/blood , Dyslipidemias/blood , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Blood Glucose/analysis , Insulin Resistance , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Logistic Models , Chile/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Anthropometry , Nutritional Status , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Sex Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Atherosclerosis/blood , Dyslipidemias/complications , Obesity, Abdominal/blood
19.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(12): 4055-4063, Dec. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974769

ABSTRACT

Resumo O estudo estimou a prevalência de alterações lipídicas entre adolescentes e investigou sua associação com o excesso de peso e com a obesidade abdominal. Foi um estudo transversal realizado com 525 adolescentes de Piracicaba (SP). Foram obtidas informações antropométricas (índice de massa corporal, circunferência da cintura e relação cintura estatura) e bioquímicas (colesterol total e frações, triglicerídeos). A associação entre alterações no perfil lipídico e indicadores antropométricos foi testada pela regressão logística. Aproximadamente 81% dos adolescentes apresentaram alteração em pelo menos uma fração lipídica. Verificou-se que houve associação entre RCEst aumentada e alteração do perfil lipídico para colesterol total (OR = 2,00; IC 95% = 1,09-3,64) e para triglicerídeo (OR = 4,48; IC 95% = 2,03-9,89) após ajuste por sexo e idade. Não foram verificadas associações significativas das alterações no perfil lipídico com o excesso de peso e a CC. A elevada prevalência de alterações lipídicas e sua associação com a obesidade abdominal indicam que medidas de prevenção devem ser iniciadas na infância e na adolescência com o intuito de reduzir a ocorrência de doenças cardiovasculares.


Abstract The study estimated the prevalence of serum lipid alterations among adolescents and investigated its association with excess weight and abdominal obesity. It involved a cross-sectional study with 525 adolescents from Piracicaba (São Paulo state). Anthropometric (body mass index, waist circumference and waist-height ratio) and biochemical information were obtained (total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides). The relationship between the anthropometric indicators and alterations in lipid profile was tested by logistic regression. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was in the order of 81%. An association was verified between high WHeR and serum lipid alterations in total cholesterol (OR = 2.00; CI 95% = 1.09-3.64) and triglycerides (OR = 4.48; CI 95% = 2.03-9.89) after adjustment for age and sex. No significant associations of alterations in lipid profile were found with excess weight and CC. The high prevalence of dyslipidemia and its association with abdominal obesity indicates that preventive measures should begin in childhood in order to reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Waist Circumference , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Lipids/blood , Triglycerides/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Body Mass Index , Logistic Models , Anthropometry , Cholesterol/blood , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waist-Height Ratio
20.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(11): 731-735, Nov. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973936

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a disorder commonly found in patients with Parkinson's disease, with descriptions for both conditions impairing dopaminergic transmission in central nervous system. Previous studies in varied populations indicate an association between the presence of RLS and increased cardiovascular risk and, so far, there are no consistent studies of this association in Parkinson's disease. Objective: To analyze the influence of RLS on cardiovascular risk in patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 202 patients diagnosed with Parkinson's disease and verified the presence of RLS, cardiovascular comorbidities, blood pressure measurements, lipid profiles and Framingham Risk Scores. Results: Statistically significant higher values of total cholesterol were found for the RLS group (mean 216.6 mg/dL), as well as for LDL cholesterol (mean 145 mg/dL). No statistical difference was found among the other factors. Conclusion: Patients with Parkinson's disease and RLS have a higher prevalence of dyslipidemia than patients without RLS, suggesting a correlation between restless legs and hyperlipidemia. It is questioned whether the dopaminergic substrate is the main factor in the genesis of the syndrome, as even with the use of dopaminergic agonists by both groups, it was possible to observe differences between groups. The hypothesis of the real interference of the syndrome treatment as a protective factor for cardiovascular risk was generated.


RESUMO Síndrome das pernas inquietas é um distúrbio comumente encontrado em pacientes com doença de Parkinson (DP), havendo descrições para ambas as condições de prejuízos na transmissão dopaminérgica no sistema nervoso central. Estudos prévios em populações diversas indicam associação entre a presença da síndrome e aumento do risco cardiovascular, não havendo, até o momento, pesquisas consistentes a respeito desta associação em DP. Objetivo: Analisar a influência da síndrome das pernas inquietas no risco cardiovascular em pacientes com DP. Métodos: Foram revisados prontuários de 202 pacientes com diagnóstico de DP e verificada a presença de síndrome das pernas inquietas, comorbidades cardiovasculares, aferições de pressão arterial, lipidograma e escore de Framingham. Resultados: Valores maiores e estatisticamente significativos de colesterol total foram encontrados para o grupo com pernas inquietas (média de 216.6 mg/dL), assim como para colesterol LDL (média de 145 mg/dL). Não foi encontrada diferença estatística entre os demais fatores. Conclusões: Pacientes com DP e síndrome das pernas inquietas têm maior prevalência de dislipidemia do que pacientes sem a síndrome, o que sugere correlação entre síndrome das pernas inquietas e hiperlipidemia. É posto em prova o substrato dopaminérgico como principal na gênese da síndrome, uma vez que, mesmo sob o uso de agonistas dopaminérgicos por ambos os grupos, foi possível observar diferenças entre os estratos. Gerada a hipótese da real interferência do tratamento da síndrome como fator de proteção para o risco cardiovascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Parkinson Disease/epidemiology , Restless Legs Syndrome/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Comorbidity , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology
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