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Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 31-36, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360705


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors associated with primary dysmenorrhea in a sample of adult women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with women aged between 19 and 49 years from a city of northeastern Brazil. Sociodemographic, gynecological, and obstetric variables were assessed by questionnaires and interviews. Dysmenorrhea was measured by self-report, and the Numerical Pain Rating Scale measured the intensity of pain. Statistical analyses included χ2 test, ANOVA, and logistic regression. RESULTS: The average age was 33.2±9.1 years and the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea was 56% for the whole sample. The average duration of symptoms was 2.7±1.8 days and the mean intensity was 6.1±2.6. The previous cesarean section was associated with a higher rate of primary dysmenorrhea (PR=2.33; 95%CI 1.11-4.90) when considering the whole sample. Women who aged 25-39 years and are insufficiently active had higher rates of primary dysmenorrhea (PR=5.24; 95%CI 1.08-27.31). CONCLUSION: Primary dysmenorrhea has a high prevalence in young adults, adults, and middle-aged women. Cesarean section and being physically inactive was associated with increased rates of dysmenorrhea among adult women.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Cesarean Section , Dysmenorrhea/diagnosis , Dysmenorrhea/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Middle Aged
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936295


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the differences in the factors associated with endometriosis between Chinese and British patients.@*METHODS@#This case-control study was conducted in 387 patients with endometriosis and 199 non-endometriosis patients admitted to John Radcliffe Hospital (Oxford, UK) and in 101 patients with endometriosis and 50 non-endometriosis patients admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine. The clinical data including height, weight, body mass index, marital status, employment, menstruation, fertility, and operation reasons were collected via a standardized WERF EPHect questionnaire.@*RESULTS@#Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that body mass index, surgery for dysmenorrhea, history of pregnancy, counts of previous surgeries for endometriosis and status of employment were all significantly associated with endometriosis in the UK (P < 0.05), while a history of dysmenorrhea was significantly correlated with endometriosis in Chinese patients (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Dysmenorrhea may be the most important common factor associated with endometriosis in China and the UK, but the other factors contributing to endometriosis may differ between these two countries.

Case-Control Studies , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Endometriosis/complications , Female , Humans , Menstruation , Pregnancy , United Kingdom
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928822


BACKGROUND@#A Japanese woman in her early twenties had committed suicide, jumped from a 25-meter high bridge into a lake. She had been suffering from severe dysmenorrhea and general fatigue monthly.@*RESULTS@#A forensic autopsy revealed indications of a bicorporeal uterus, obstructed hemi-vagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis, which lead to a diagnosis of obstructed hemi-vagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA) syndrome. On the right side of the uterus, an enclosed cavity composed of black clots was observed. Histological findings suggested that her endometrium was in the early proliferative phase, implying that she was in the menstrual phase just before her death. She may have been suffering from severe lower abdominal pain from the increased pressure of the closed uterus cavity.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This case indicates that dysmenorrhea from undiagnosed OHVIRA syndrome can possibly lead to a suicide attempt. In Japan, because suicide was the leading cause of death for people aged 15 to 39 in 2019, preventive measures for suicide should be promoted. The present case also suggests that intervention for dysmenorrhea may prevent this in adolescent woman.

Adult , Causality , Dysmenorrhea/etiology , Female , Humans , Kidney , Syndrome , Vagina , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927408


Based on the data mining technology, the main indications and compatibility rules of Ciliao (BL 32) were analyzed and summarized. The relevant literature was retrieved from the databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Cochrane Library, SinoMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMbase and PubMed, from the date of establishment to September 8, 2021. Using the software of SPSS Modeler 18.0 and Gephi0.9.2, the included literature was analyzed by data mining. A total of 218 articles were included, of them, there were 36 articles using single-acupoint prescriptions and 182 articles using compound prescriptions. Acupuncture was the most frequently used intervention of Ciliao (BL 32), followed by electroacupuncture. Dysmenorrhea and labor analgesia were the dominant indications of single-acupoint prescriptions of Ciliao (BL 32), and 9 diseases i.e. dysmenorrhea, urinary incontinence, urinary retention, chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic prostatitis and lumbar disc herniation were the dominant indications of compound prescriptions. The main indications of Ciliao (BL 32) involved diseases of reproductive system, urinary system and waist. There were 92 acupoints in compatibility with Ciliao (BL 32), which were main belonged to the bladder meridian, the conception vessel and the spleen meridian, the most frequently used acupoints were Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Shenshu (BL 23) and Zhongji (CV 3).

Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Data Mining , Dysmenorrhea , Female , Humans , Male , Meridians
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 968-979, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357087


Abstract Objective The aim of the present systematic review meta-analysis is to assess the effect of olfactory stimulation on reducing dysmenorrhea. Methods Systematic search was conducted in several databases, such as PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, and Scopus, to identify relevant research up to October 26, 2019. The identified studies were evaluated based on a modified Jadad scale. The intervention involves aromatherapy alone or in combination with essential oils. There was no restriction for the control group such as a placebo group or other common treatments. The Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Version 2 (Bio stat, Englewood, NJ, USA) was used for meta-analysis. Cochran's Q and I2 tests were utilized. Results The findings of our meta-analysis, which contained 13 trials (15 data), showed that dysmenorrhea decreased significantly in the group receiving aromatherapy with herbal compared with the control group (standardized mean difference [SMD] =-0.795; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.922 to- 0.667; 17 trials O < 0.001); heterogeneity; I2 = 19.47%; p = 0.236). In addition, four studies with insufficient data were not included in our meta-analysis. The results of all studies suggested that aromatherapy with herbal medicine group compared with control group is effective. Conclusion Aromatherapy with herbal medicine decreased dysmenorrhea. This treatment was particularly effective when aroma oil was combined with massage or when a mixture of aroma oil was used for the treatment of dysmenorrhea.

Resumo Objetivo O objetivo desta revisão sistemática-metanálise é avaliar o efeito da estimulação olfatória na redução da dismenorreia. Métodos Pesquisa sistemática foi realizada em várias bases de dados, como PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane e Scopus para identificar pesquisas relevantes até 26 de outubro de 2019. Os estudos identificados foram avaliados com base em uma escala de Jadadmodificada. A intervenção envolvearomaterapiasozinhaouem combinação com óleos essenciais. Não houve restrição para o grupo de controle, como um grupo de placebo ou outros tratamentos comuns. O Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Version 2 (Bio stat, Englewood, NJ, EUA) foi usado para meta-análise. Os testes Q e I2 de Cochran foram utilizados. Resultados Os resultados da nossa meta-análise, que continha 13 ensaios (15 dados), mostraram que a dismenorreia diminuiu significativamente no grupo que recebeu aromaterapia com ervas em comparação com o grupo de controle (diferença média padronizada [DMP] = -0,795; intervalo de confiança [IC] de 95%: -0,922 a- 0,667; 17 ensaios O <0,001); heterogeneidade; I2 = 19,47%; p = 0,236). Além disso, quatro estudos com dados insuficientes não foram incluídos em nossa meta-análise. Os resultados de todos os estudos sugeriram que a aromaterapia com o grupo de fitoterápicos em comparação com o grupo de controle é eficaz. Conclusão A aromaterapia com fitoterapia diminuiu a dismenorreia. Este tratamento foi particularmente eficaz quando o óleo aromático foi combinado com massagem ou quando uma mistura de óleo aromático foi usada para o tratamento da dismenorreia.

Humans , Female , Aromatherapy , Dysmenorrhea/therapy , Massage
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(2): 196-204, Maio 25, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284157


A dismenorreia primária é uma dor na região inferior do abdômen, antes ou durante a menstruação e independente de patologias pélvicas. Tratamentos fisioterapêuticos são alternativas para a melhora dos sintomas, dentre esses recursos, a estimulação elétrica nervosa transcutânea (TENS). O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o efeito terapêutico e analgésico da TENS interativa e convencional na dor secundária à dismenorreia primária. A aplicação da TENS, em ambos os grupos, foi realizada no primeiro dia do período menstrual por 35 minutos. Na TENS interativa todas as voluntárias optaram pelos seguintes parâmetros: frequência de 250 Hz, duração de pulso de 25 µs e intensidade conforme nível sensorial, sendo essa ou a duração do pulso reajustado, a cada 5 minutos, conforme houvesse necessidade. Na TENS convencional foi utilizado os seguintes parâmetros: frequência de 100 Hz, duração de pulso de 50 µs e com a intensidade conforme grupo anterior. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio do software GraphPadPrism®, versão 5.0, sendo empregado o teste t de Student e com nível de significância de p < 0,05. Obteve-se como resultado uma redução da dor entre as participantes de ambos os grupos logo após o tratamento. Porém não houve diferença na analgesia promovida pelos dois métodos de tratamento. (AU)

Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is a lower region of the abdomen pain, before or during menstruation and independent of pathologies. Physical therapy treatments are alternatives to improve symptoms, among these resources, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). The aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic and analytical effect of interactive and conventional TENS in high school in PD. The application of TENS, in both groups, was performed on the first day of the menstrual period for 35 minutes. In the interactive TENS all the volunteers chose the following parameters: frequency of 250 Hz, pulse duration of 25 µs and intensity according to sensory level, whether this or the duration of the readjustment of the pulse, every 5 minutes, according to the need for use. In conventional TENS, the following parameters were used: frequency of 100 Hz, pulse duration of 50 µs and intensity according to the previous group. A statistical analysis was performed using the GraphPadPrism® software, version 5.0, being employed Student's test with a significance level of p < 0.05. The result is a reduction in pain among participants in both groups right after treatment. However, there was no difference in the analgesia promoted by the two treatment methods. (AU)

Humans , Female , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Dysmenorrhea , Physical Therapy Modalities , Visual Analog Scale
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(1): 163-172, Fev. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253373


INTRODUÇÃO: Dismenorreia é a condição dolorosa mais frequente em adolescentes e mulheres jovens causando absenteísmo e presenteísmo no trabalho e na escola. É caracterizada por um quadro álgico leve, moderado ou severo na região pélvica anterior do tipo cólica, o qual pode acontecer antes, durante ou depois do fluxo menstrual. OBJETIVO: Comparar a influência da Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea (TENS) na dor pélvica causada pela dismenorreia primária com os eletrodos aplicados na região pélvica anterior e posterior. MÉTODOS: 50 universitárias foram aleatoriamente distribuídas em dois grupos de 25 voluntárias: Grupo Região Pélvica Anterior (GA) e Grupo Região Pélvica Posterior (GP), que foram submetidas a TENS durante 30 minutos tendo a intensidade aumentada a cada 10 minutos e avaliadas pela Escala Visual Analógica de Dor antes, depois e duas horas após o término do tratamento. As participantes do GA tiveram os eletrodos aplicados na região pélvica anterior e as do GB na região pélvica posterior. RESULTADOS: Houve uma diminuição do quadro álgico nos momentos antes e após o tratamento (GA e GP p<0,0001) e antes e duas horas após o tratamento (GA e GP p<0,0001). Nos momentos depois do tratamento e duas horas após o seu término foi possível observar aumento do quadro álgico no GA (p=1,0000) e diminuição no GP, porém os valores não foram estatisticamente significativos (p=0,8443). CONCLUSÃO: O uso da TENS contribuiu para a redução do quadro álgico das mulheres de ambos os grupos, sem diferença estatística entre estes. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: RBR-67cjv5.

INTRODUCTION: Dysmenorrhea is the most frequent painful condition in adolescents and young women that causes absenteeism and presenteeism at work and school. It is characterized by a mild, moderate, or severe pain in the anterior pelvic region of the colic type, which can happen before, during, or after menstrual flow. OBJECTIVE: To compare the influence of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) in pelvic pain caused by primary dysmenorrhea with the electrodes applied in the anterior and posterior pelvic region. METHODS: 50 university students were randomly assigned to two groups of 25 volunteers: Anterior Pelvic Region Group (GA) and Posterior Pelvic Region Group (GP), who were submitted to TENS for 30 minutes and the intensity increased every 10 minutes and evaluated by the Visual Analog Pain Scale before, after and two hours after the end of treatment. GA participants had the electrodes applied in the anterior pelvic region and GB in the posterior pelvic region. RESULTS: There was a decrease in the pain in the moments before and after treatment (GA and GP p<0.0001) and before and two hours after treatment (GA and GP p <0.0001). In the moments after the treatment and two hours after its end, it was possible to observe an increase in the pain in GA (p=1.0000) and a decrease in the GP, however, the values were not statistically significant (p=0.8443). CONCLUSION: The use of TENS contributed to the reduction of pain in women in both groups, without statistical difference between them. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-67cjv5.

Dysmenorrhea , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Physical Therapy Modalities
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877564


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of thunder-fire moxibustion combined with mifepristone for ovarian chocolate cyst dysmenorrhea with kidney deficiency and blood stasis.@*METHODS@#Seventy patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 35 cases in each group. The patients in the the control group were treated with oral administration of mifepristone, 10 mg each time, once a day; based on the treatment of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with thunder-fire moxibustion at Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Xuehai (SP 10), once every other day. Both the groups were treated for 3 months. The Cox menstrual symptom scale (CMSS) score, the maximum cross-sectional area of ectopic cyst, and the serum levels of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and interleukin-17 (IL-17) were observed before and after treatment in the two groups. The clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the severity scores and duration scores of CMSS as well as the serum levels of TGF-β1 were reduced after treatment in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Thunder-fire moxibustion combined with mifepristone could significantly improve dysmenorrhea symptoms, shorten dysmenorrhea time and promote atrophy of ovarian heterotopic cyst in patients with ovarian chocolate cyst dysmenorrhea of kidney deficiency and blood stasis, and the mechanism may be related to the reduction of serum levels of TGF-β1 and IL-17.

Acupuncture Points , Chocolate , Cysts , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Kidney , Mifepristone , Moxibustion
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888118


This study aimed to explore the characteristic role of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR) in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea(PD). Estrogen(E_2) was combined with oxytocin to establish a mouse model of PD. The mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a Gegen Decoction group, a PLR-free Gegen Decoction group, a PLR group, and a positive drug group(ibuprofen). Writhing response times and writhing incubation of mice in each group were tested by behavio-ral assessment, and the serum levels of prostaglandin F_(2α)(PGF_(2α)), prostaglandin E_2(PGE_2), E_2, and progesterone(PROG) were detected by ELISA kits. Western blot method was adopted to detect cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) and estrogen receptor alpha(ER_α) expression levels in uterine tissues. Doppler ultrasound was employed to detect changes in uterine artery blood flow in mice, including peak systolic blood flow velocity(maximum velocity), end-diastolic velocity(minimum velocity), peak systolic blood flow velocity/end-diastolic velocity(S/D), pulsatility index(PI), and resistive index(RI). Histopathological changes in the uterus were detected by HE staining. Based on the oxytocin-induced isolated uterine contraction model, the effects of Gegen Decoction, PLR-free Gegen Decoction, and PLR on the amplitude, frequency, and activity of isolated uterine contraction were compared to investigate the role of PLR in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of PD. The results showed that compared with the Gegen Decoction group, the PLR-free Gegen Decoction improved the indicators of PD except for E_2 content, ER_α expression, and uterine artery blood flow. PLR could significantly down-regulate the serum content of E_2 and the protein expression of uterine ER_α, and improve the uterine artery blood flow. The data suggested that PLR, as the sovereign drug of Gegen Decoction, might function in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of PD by mediating E_(2 )and improving the uterine artery blood flow.

Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Humans , Mice , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Uterus
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887474


OBJECTIVE@#To prove the therapeutic effect of auricular intradermal needling and auricular point sticking on primary dysmenorrhea (PD), and to explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with PD were randomized into an auricular intradermal needling group, an auricular point sticking group and a placebo group, 30 cases in each one. Neishengzhiqi (TF@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the scores of CMSS, VAS and SAS were decreased at each time point of treatment in the auricular intradermal needling group, 2, 3 courses into treatment and at follow-up in the auricular point sticking group and 3 courses into treatment in the placebo group (@*CONCLUSION@#Auricular intradermal needling and auricular point sticking can both improve the clinical symptom of primary dysmenorrhea, relieve the pain and anxiety, their mechanism may be related to regulating the serum levels of PGF

Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture, Ear , Anxiety Disorders , Dysmenorrhea/therapy , Female , Humans , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878949


Network pharmacology, molecular docking and in vivo experiments were used to explore the pharmacodynamic basis and potential mechanism of Danggui Sini Decoction in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea(PD). The chemical constituents of Danggui(Angelicae Sinensis Radix), Guizhi(Cinnamomi Ramulus), Tongcao(Tetrapanacis Medulla), Baishao(Paeoniae Radix Alba), Xixin(Asari Radix et Rhizoma), Gancao(Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma), and Dazao(Jujubae Fructus) from Danggui Sini Decoction were retrieved through TCMSP(Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database), and the action targets of Danggui Sini Decoction were collected through DrugBank. "Primary dysmenorrhea" and "dysmenorrhea" were used as the key words to search the corresponding targets in the GeneCards, OMIM and TTD databases, and then the intersection targets of Danggui Sini Decoction and the primary dysmenorrhea targets were taken for reverse screening to obtain the corresponding active ingredients. Cytoscape 3.6.1 software was used to construct a traditional Chinese medicine-compound-target-disease network; STRING database was used to build a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network; Gene ontology(GO) function enrichment analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were conducted by using DAVID database. The action mechanism of the intersection targets were then predicted, and a histogram chart and bubble chart were drawn for visualization. Then the top five targets in the PPI network were used for docking with the most compounds. In animal experiments, Sprague Dawley(SD) female rats were used to establish a primary dysmenorrhea model by intraperitoneal injection of diethylstilbestrol once a day. A total of 60 SD female rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, namely control group, model group, Danggui Sini Decoction low(1.5 g·kg~(-1)), medium(3.0 g·kg~(-1)), high(6.0 g·kg~(-1)) dose groups, and ibuprofen(20 mg·kg~(-1)) positive control group, with 10 rats in each group. From day 4, except for the control group, rats in the other groups were given intragastric administration of corresponding drugs, and the control group received intragastric administration of normal saline for 7 consecutive days. The number of writhing before and after the administration, the ute-rine contraction inhibition rate and the uterine index after administration were observed, and ELISA assay was used to detect the levels of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2(PTGS2) and vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA) in the tissues of each group as well as the levels of serum inflammatory factors interleukin 1(IL-1), interleukin 6(IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α). According to network analysis, 7 Chinese medicines contained 114 active ingredients, 149 targets, and 30 common target genes with PD were obtained. The key targets included VEGFA, IL6, PTGS2, TNF, etc.; GO function enrichment analysis showed a total of 399 terms(P<0.05) were obtained, 353 of which were biological process(BP) terms, 21 were cell composition(CC) terms, and 25 were molecular function(MF) terms. In KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, 14 signaling pathways were obtained, 3 of which were related to inflammation, namely arachidonic acid metabolism, MAPK signaling pathway and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway. The compounds in Danggui Sini Decoction can play a therapeutic role in the treatment of PD by acting on VEGFA, IL-6, PTGS2, TNF and other targets to regulate arachidonic acid and inflammatory signaling pathways.

Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Femina ; 49(9): 572-576, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342327


A dismenorreia é a queixa ginecológica mais comum em mulheres jovens adultas, com um índice que varia entre 43% e 93% das mulheres que menstruam. A dismenorreia membranosa (DM), uma subclassificação da dismenorreia, é definida como a descida espontânea de tecido endometrial pela vagina, cursando com dor em có- lica intensa e súbita. O relato de caso descrito evidencia três episódios típicos de DM, com recorrência em três vezes distintas, após uso do mesmo anticoncepcional oral combinado de baixa dosagem. Esta publicação é importante para a comunidade científica devido à escassez de informações e artigos científicos publicados sobre o assunto, propondo a elucidação de alguns aspectos sobre o tema.(AU)

Dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecological complaint in young adult women, with an index that varies between 43% and 93% of women who menstruate. Membranous dysmenorrhea (MD) is a subclassification of dysmenorrhea and is defined as the spontaneous descent of endometrial tissue through the vagina, leading to severe and sudden colic pain. The case report described shows three typical episodes of MD, with recurrence three times after the use of the same low-dose combined oral contraceptive. This publication is important for the scientific community due to the scarcity of information and scientific articles published about this subject, proposing to elucidate some aspects about this theme.(AU

Humans , Female , Adult , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Dysmenorrhea/diagnosis , Dysmenorrhea/etiology , Dysmenorrhea/therapy , Progesterone/adverse effects , Women's Health , Contraceptives, Oral, Combined/adverse effects
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(4): e20200374, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1279018


Resumo Objetivo descrever as experiências das mulheres sobre as suas trajetórias desde o início dos sintomas até o diagnóstico da endometriose. Método pesquisa descritiva, qualitativa, realizada com dez mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose no município do Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. Coletaram-se entrevistas semiestruturadas áudio gravadas e posteriormente submetidas à Análise de Conteúdo por meio do software Atlas.ti 8. Resultados sem o diagnóstico de endometriose, as mulheres vivenciam sintomas fortes desde a menarca. Essa situação repercute negativamente em diferentes esferas da vida, inclusive pela desvalorização de suas queixas em seus círculos de convivência. Assim, entende-se a importância da rede de apoio perante essa situação. Diante desse contexto, as mulheres peregrinam por diversos profissionais até o diagnóstico definitivo. Considerações finais e implicações para a prática as trajetórias dessas mulheres são marcadas pela desvalorização de suas queixas por profissionais de saúde e pessoas próximas, pela naturalização da dor feminina e pela dificuldade em estabelecer um diagnóstico diferencial. No entanto, a capacidade individual de reconhecer a presença de uma patologia, o conhecimento sobre a endometriose e a experiência do profissional facilitaram o diagnóstico. No contexto da assistência de enfermagem, entender essa trajetória pode promover a escuta ativa, melhor valorização das queixas, avaliação clínica e o encaminhamento para o diagnóstico precoce.

Resumen Objetivo describir las vivencias de las mujeres en sus trayectorias desde el inicio de los síntomas hasta el diagnóstico de endometriosis. Método investigación descriptiva cualitativa realizada con diez mujeres diagnosticadas con endometriosis en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. Se recogieron entrevistas semiestructuradas grabadas en audio y posteriormente se sometieron a Análisis de Contenido utilizando el software Atlas.ti 8. Resultados sin el diagnóstico de endometriosis, las mujeres experimentan síntomas fuertes desde la menarquia. Esta situación tiene un impacto negativo en diferentes ámbitos de la vida, incluso por la devaluación de sus quejas en sus círculos de convivencia. Así, se comprende la importancia de la red de apoyo en esta situación. Ante este contexto, las mujeres deambulan por diferentes profesionales hasta el diagnóstico definitivo. Consideraciones finales e implicaciones para la práctica las trayectorias de estas mujeres están marcadas por la devaluación de sus quejas por parte de los profesionales de la salud y personas cercanas, por la naturalización del dolor femenino y por la dificultad para establecer un diagnóstico diferencial. Sin embargo, la capacidad del individuo para reconocer la presencia de una patología, el conocimiento sobre la endometriosis y la experiencia del profesional facilitaron el diagnóstico. En el contexto del cuidado de enfermería, comprender esta trayectoria puede promover la escucha activa, mejor valoración de las quejas, evaluación clínica y la derivación para diagnóstico precoz.

Abstract Objectives to describe the experiences of women on their trajectories from the beginning of symptoms to the diagnosis of endometriosis. Method descriptive, qualitative research, conducted with ten women diagnosed with endometriosis in the city of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. Audio recorded semi-structured interviews were collected and later submitted to Content Analysis using Atlas.ti 8 software. Results without the diagnosis of endometriosis, women experience strong symptoms from the menarche. This situation has a negative impact on different spheres of life, including the devaluation of their complaints in their circles of coexistence. Thus, the importance of the support network in this situation is understood. Faced with this context, women wander through various professionals until the definitive diagnosis. Final considerations and implications for practice the trajectories of these women are marked by the devaluation of their complaints by health professionals and people close to them, by the naturalization of female pain and by the difficulty in establishing a differential diagnosis. However, the individual's ability to recognize the presence of a pathology, the knowledge about endometriosis and the professional's experience facilitated the diagnosis. In the context of nursing care, understanding this trajectory can promote active listening, better appreciation of complaints, clinical assessment and referral to early diagnosis.

Humans , Female , Adult , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Quality of Life/psychology , Health Care Costs , Cost of Illness , Pelvic Pain , Qualitative Research , Early Diagnosis , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Endometriosis/therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Menstrual Cycle/physiology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921808


Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and Bioinformatics Analysis Tool for Molecular Mechanism of Traditional Chinese Medicine(BATMAN-TCM) were searched for the effective components and targets of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction. The relevant targets for endometriosis(EMT) and dysmenorrhea were retrieved from the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database(CTD), Therapeutic Target Database(TTD), GeneCards, and DisGeNET with the terms of "endometriosis" and "dysmenorrhea". Cytoscape 3.8.0 was employed to construct the drug-active component-therapeutic target network. A protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was established by STRING 11.0. Analyze Network, the plug-in in the Cytoscape 3.8.0, was used to calculate the topological parameters of the nodes and screen out the critical proteins in the network. The potential therapeutic targets were imported into RStudio and subjected to Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses with clusterProfiler package. Finally, the AutoDock Vina(Vina) platform was used for molecular docking to predict the binding degree of the main active components of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction to key targets. As revealed by the screening results, 136 active components and 380 targets of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction were obtained. Additionally, there were 1 627 targets related to EMT and 142 targets related to dysmenorrhea with 107 common targets, and 42 potential therapeutic targets of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction for the treatment of EMT-induced dysmenorrhea. The targets such as interleukin 6(IL6) and prostaglandi-nendoperoxide synthase-2(PTGS2) were pivotal in the biological network of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction intervention in EMT-induced dysmenorrhea, which involved multiple signaling pathways, including inflammation, hormones, and those promoted cell proliferation [e.g., mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase(PI3 K)-protein kinase B(AKT)]. The results of molecular docking showed that the active components of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction had good binding capacities to key targets such as IL6 and PTGS2. The findings of this study demonstrated that Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction could treat EMT-induced dysmenorrhea through multiple targets and multiple pathways, which could provide new ideas for investigating the underlying mechanism of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction in the treatment of EMT-induced dysmenorrhea.

Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea/genetics , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1055-1059, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921008


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the literature of acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, and discuss the spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion.@*METHODS@#The literature on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 was searched, summarized and analyzed, and the disease spectrum was summarized. At the same time, the literature from 2015 to 2019 (group A), 1978 to 2005 (group B), and 1949 to 2005 (group C) was compared, and the indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy were summarized.@*RESULTS@#There were 32 011 articles on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, including 377 kinds of indications. These indications can be mostly classified as neurology (9384), orthopedics and traumatology (7765), gastroenterology (3529) and obstetrics and gynecology (2283). The types of diseases were mostly gastroenterology (52 types), neurology (47 types), ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology (47 types), and obstetrics and gynecology (42 types). The first-class indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy in the recent 5 years were hemiplegia, lumbar disc herniation, cervical spondylosis, knee osteoarthritis, insomnia, constipation and cerebrovascular diseases; the second-class were facial neuritis, shoulder pain and headache; the third-class were dysphagia, dysmenorrhea and depression; the forth-class were asthma, urinary retention, cerebral palsy, hypertension, dementia, side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, infertility, allergic rhinitis, vertigo, shoulder-hand syndrome, diabetic neuropathy, herpes zoster, pain, hiccup, diarrhea, lumbar sprain and sciatica.@*CONCLUSION@#Although the disease spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy have changed to some extent in the recent 5 years, neurology and orthopedics and traumatology are still predominant, and the observation objects tend to transition from symptoms to diseases.

Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Bibliometrics , Dysmenorrhea , Female , Humans , Moxibustion
Femina ; 49(2): 115-120, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224068


Este trabalho buscou reunir dados essenciais sobre as etiologias de dor pélvica aguda, uma queixa constante nos serviços de emergências e ambulatórios de ginecologia, responsável por grande desconforto e impacto na qualidade de vida de pacientes mulheres. É uma condição laboriosa por causa de seu amplo espectro de causas, devendo ser abordada com cuidado e atenção pelo profissional médico, o qual deve considerar os diversos diagnósticos diferenciais, sendo a ultrassonografia o exame de maior importância para auxiliar em seu diagnóstico. As principais etiologias não obstétricas podem ser não ginecológicas e ginecológicas; essas últimas são divididas em anexiais e uterinas. Entre as causas ginecológicas, devem- -se investigar cistos ovarianos, torções anexiais, leiomiomas, doença inflamatória pélvica, abscesso tubo-ovariano, dismenorreia e complicações de dispositivos intrauterinos. A maioria das causas tem tratamento eficaz, com retorno da função do órgão e melhora da qualidade de vida, sem complicações, especialmente se diagnosticada precocemente.(AU)

The aim of this study was to gather important data on acute pelvic pain etiologies, a usual complaint in the emergency services and gynecology outpatient clinics, responsible for great discomfort and impact on quality of life in female patients. It is a laborious condition due to its wide spectrum of causes, which needs to be approached with attention by the physician, who must consider all the possible diagnoses, being the ultrasonography the most important exam to detect it. The main non-obstetric etiologies can be non-gynecological and gynecological, which are separated in adnexal and uterine causes. Among the gynecological causes, ovarian cysts, adnexal torsions, leiomyomas, pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian tube abscess, dysmenorrhea and complications of intrauterine devices should be investigated. Most causes can be effectively treated, with return of organ function and improved quality of life, without complications, especially if diagnosed early.(AU)

Humans , Female , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Acute Pain/etiology , Ovarian Cysts/complications , Databases, Bibliographic , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/complications , Pelvic Pain/diagnosis , Pelvic Pain/diagnostic imaging , Abscess/complications , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Ovarian Torsion/complications , Intrauterine Devices/adverse effects , Leiomyoma/complications
Rev. medica electron ; 42(6): 2540-2559, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1150036


RESUMEN Introducción: se sabe que las concentraciones plasmáticas de hormona antidiurética o vasopresina son más altas en las mujeres con dismenorrea primaria (DiPr) y podría ser causa de retención de agua con signos y síntomas concomitantes que agravan su cuadro clínico. La monoterapia con AINEs en ocasiones alcanza solo un alivio parcial porque no incide sobre la vasopresina. Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia y tolerabilidad del dexketoprofeno + pamabrom en la DiPr tomando como referencia el acetaminofén. Materiales y métodos: estudio doble ciego, controlado, randomizado, en pacientes con DiPr asignados al azar. Fueron aleatorizadas 172 pacientes, 86 en cada grupo 1) Grupo casos (DP): dexketoprofeno + pamabrom o 2) Grupo control (AC): acetaminofén. Se evaluó la evolución de la intensidad del dolor, el alivio del dolor, la gravedad de otros síntomas presentes y la satisfacción global del médico y paciente. Se registró las reacciones adversas. Resultados: la disminución de la intensidad del dolor, de los síntomas acompañantes y el alivio del dolor evaluados por la EVA, la PID, la SPID, el PAR y el TOTPAR respectivamente es mayor y más rápida de modo significativo en todos los tiempos para la combinación DP. Las reacciones adversas fueron mínimas. La satisfacción global de pacientes y médicos respecto al tratamiento es significativa a favor de la combinación DP. Conclusiones: dexketoprofeno + pamabrom es significativamente más eficaz y rápido en el control del dolor y otros síntomas presentes en la dismenorrea primaria que acetaminofén demostrando la validez de añadir un diurético suave a un AINE para incrementar su eficacia. El tratamiento DP es bien tolerado (AU).

ABSTRACT Background: It is known that plasma concentrations of antidiuretic hormone or vasopressin are higher in women with primary dysmenorrhea (DiPr) and could cause water retention with concomitant signs and symptoms that aggravate the illness. Monotherapy with NSAIDs sometimes achieves only partial relief because it does not affect vasopressin. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of dexketoprofen + pamabrom in DiPr taking as reference acetaminophen. Materials and methods: Double-blind, controlled, randomized study in patients with DiPr random to 1) Case group (PD): dexketoprofen + pamabrom or 2) Control group (CA): acetaminophen. The evolution of pain intensity, pain relief, severity of other present symptoms and overall satisfaction of the doctor and patient were evaluated. Adverse reactions were recorded. Results: 172 patients were randomized, 86 in each group. The decrease in pain intensity, accompanying symptoms and pain relief evaluated by VAS, PID, SPID, PAR and TOTPAR respectively is significantly greater and faster at all times for the combination DP. Adverse reactions were minimal. The overall satisfaction of patients and doctors regarding treatment is significant in favor of the DP combination. Conclusions: Dexketoprofen + pamabrom is significantly more effective and faster in the control of pain and other symptoms present in primary dysmenorrhea than acetaminophen demonstrating the validity of adding a mild diuretic to an NSAID to increase its effectiveness. DP treatment is well tolerated (AU).

Humans , Female , Vasopressins/pharmacology , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Drug Combinations , Dysmenorrhea/classification , Dysmenorrhea/metabolism , Dysmenorrhea/pathology , Observational Studies as Topic
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(10): 630-633, Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144162


Abstract Objective Primary dysmenorrhea occurs due to abnormal levels of prostanoids, uterine contractions, and uterine blood flow. However, the reasons for pain in primary dysmenorrhea have not yet been clarified. We examined the blood flow alterations in patients with primary dysmenorrhea and determined the relationship between ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) levels, as an ischemia indicator, and primary dysmenorrhea. Methods In the present study, 37 patients who had primary dysmenorrhea and were in their luteal and menstrual phase of their menstrual cycles were included. Thirty individuals who had similar demographic characteristics, who were between 18 and 30 years old and did not have gynecologic disease were included as control individuals. Their uterine artery Doppler indices and serum IMA levels were measured. Results Menstrual phase plasma IMA levels were significantly higher than luteal phase IMA levels, both in the patient and in the control groups (p < 0.001). Although the menstrual phase IMA levels of patients were significantly higher than those of controls, luteal phase IMA levels were not significantly different between the two groups. Menstrual uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) of primary dysmenorrhea patients were significantly different when compared with luteal uterine artery PI and RI levels. There was a positive correlation between menstrual phase IMA and uterine artery PI and RI in the primary dysmenorrhea. Conclusion Ischemia plays an important role in the etiology of the pain, which is frequently observed in patients with primary dysmenorrhea. Ischemia-modified albumin levels are considered as an efficient marker to determine the severity of pain and to indicate ischemia in primary dysmenorrhea.

Humans , Female , Arteries/physiology , Dysmenorrhea/physiopathology , Blood Flow Velocity , Pulsatile Flow , Biomarkers/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Dysmenorrhea/blood , Serum Albumin, Human
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 10(2): 220-231, Maio 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223596


A dismenorreia caracteriza-se como uma dor intensa durante a menstruação ou algumas horas antes, localizada na região de baixo ventre ou região inferior do abdômen, é uma patologia de origem primária ou secundária, em que 40 a 45% dos casos de dor pélvica crônica, se manifestam como dismenorreia. OBJETIVO: Investigar as características sociodemográficas de mulheres que possuem dismenorreia primaria, e avaliar as influências da auriculoterapia para a dor menstrual, mensurada antes e após o método por meio do questionário de McGill. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de estudo clínico, randomizado, controlado e duplo cego, de delineamento longitudinal, com abordagem quali-quantitativa, realizado por meio de uma população de 118 estudantes. O tamanho da amostra foi calculado usando uma única fórmula média onde n é o tamanho da amostra necessário; d é erro marginal de 5% ( d = 0,05); z é o grau de precisão requerido a 95% de nível de confiança. Inicialmente, as voluntárias foram submetidas a responderem o questionário sociodemografico, e após, ao questionário de McGill, que avalia vários aspectos da dor, e receberam aplicações durante 2 meses e 3 semanas, 2 vezes por semanas, por 20 minutos. RESULTADOS: A média de idade das participantes desta pesquisa é de 19,8 anos, com predominância na etnia parda e com ciclo menstrual regular, e 55% apresenta dor dois dias antes da menstruação. Depois das aplicações de auriculoterapia os dados dos questionários de McGill após intervenção apresentaram valores estatísticos significantes nos domínio de aspectos sensitivos, afetivos, domínios avaliativos e aspectos miscelâneos. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo obteve o delineamento nos aspectos sociodemograficos da população que possui dismenorreia primária. E em relação às influências da auriculoterapia sobre as características da dor, o método apresentou se estatisticamente significativo.

Dysmenorrhea is characterized as severepain during menstruation or a few hours before, located in the lower abdomen or lower abdomen, it is pathology of primary or secondary origin, in which 40 to 45% of pain cases chronic pelvic, manifests as dysmenorrhea. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sociodemographic characteristics of women who have primary dysmenorrhea, and to evaluate the influence of auriculotherapy for menstruation, measured before and after the McGill questionnaire method. METHODS: This is a clinical, randomized, controlled and double-blind study, with a longitudinal design, with a qualitative and quantitative approach, carried out with a population of 118 students. The sample size was calculated using a single average formula, where the sample size is required; marginal error of 5% (d = 0.05); z is the degree of precision required at 95% of the confidence level. Initially, as volunteers, they were submitted to a sociodemographic questionnaire, and then to McGill's questionnaire, which evaluated various aspects of pain, and applied it for 2 months and 3 weeks, twice a week, for 20 minutes. RESULTS: The average age of the participants in this research is 19.8 years, with a predominance of mixed race and with regular menstrual cycle, and 55% present pain two days before menstruation. After auriculotherapy applications and data from McGill's questionnaires, after the intervention of significant statistical values in the domain of sensitive, affective, assessed domains and diverse aspects. CONCLUSION: The present study used or the design in the sociodemographic aspects of the population that has primary desmenorrhea. And in relation to the influences of auriculotherapy on the characteristics of pain, the method presented is statistically significant.

Dysmenorrhea , Pain , Acupuncture
Femina ; 48(2): 109-113, 20200228. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052453


Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência da dismenorreia e suas consequências em uma população universitária. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, transversal, com 207 mulheres entre 18 e 46 anos de idade, universitárias. Os sujeitos da pesquisa responderam a um questionário desenvolvido para esse estudo. Resultados: A prevalência global de dismenorreia, entre as universitárias, foi de 84,1%; dessas, 58,6% classificaram a dor em intensidade leve a moderada e 41,4%, em intensa. O absenteísmo escolar e a dificuldade para se concentrar nos estudos durante o período menstrual foram significativamente influenciados pela dismenorreia intensa. Entre as estudantes, 60,9% deixaram de fazer atividades físicas ou de lazer e 41% tinham dificuldade para se concentrar e estudar devido à dismenorreia. Conclusão: A dismenorreia tem uma elevada prevalência na população universitária, contribuindo para um aumento do absenteísmo escolar e para um prejuízo social. A maioria utiliza a automedicação e poucas procuram atendimento médico eletivo com a finalidade de resolver esse problema.(AU)

Objective: Evaluate the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and its consequences in a university population. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study with 207 female university students between 18 and 46 years. Data collection was performed through a specific questionnaire developed for this study. Results: The overall prevalence of dysmenorrhea among university was 84.1%, of which 58.6% classified the pain intensity as mild to moderate and 41.4% as severe. School absenteeism and a difficulty to concentrate on studies during the menstrual period were significantly influenced by the presence of severe dysmenorrhea, with 60.9% of students interrupting some physical or leisure activity, and 41% reporting that they had difficulty concentrating and studying due to the dysmenorrhea. Conclusion: Dysmenorrhea has a high prevalence in the university population, contributing to a significant increase in school absenteeism and impairing social life. Most students use self-medication and few seek elective medical care to resolve this problem.(AU)

Humans , Female , Dysmenorrhea/psychology , Dysmenorrhea/epidemiology , Schools , Students/statistics & numerical data , Universities , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cost of Illness , Contraception/statistics & numerical data , Absenteeism , Menstrual Cycle , Menstruation