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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(11): 862-869, Nov. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357072

ABSTRACT

Abstract The puerperium is a complex period that begins with placental delivery and lasts for 6 weeks, during which readaptation of the female organism and redistribution of blood volume occur. This period is conducive to the occurrence of thromboembolic events. In the context of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the virus responsible for COVID-19, the attention of the scientific community and health professionals has been focused on obtaining insights on different aspects of this disease, including etiology, transmission, diagnosis, and treatment. Regarding the pregnancy-postpartum cycle, it is opportune to review the clinical conditions that can occur during this period and to investigate dyspnea as a postpartum symptom in order to avoid its immediate association with COVID-19 without further investigation, which can lead to overlooking the diagnosis of other important and occasionally fatal conditions.


Resumo O puerpério é um período complexo que se inicia com a dequitação placentária e dura por 6 semanas, no qual a readaptação do organismo materno e a redistribuição do volume sanguíneo ocorrem, além de ser também um cenário propício para eventos pró-trombóticos. No contexto da pandemia de SARS-CoV-2, vírus responsável pela COVID-19, a atenção da comunidade científica e dos profissionais da saúde está voltada a elucidar os aspectos da doença, como a etiologia, a transmissão, o diagnóstico e o tratamento. Considerando o ciclo gravídico-puerperal, é oportuna a revisão de condições clínicas que ocorrem durante este período e que apresentam a dispneia como sintoma, a fimde evitar que ela seja automaticamente associada à COVID-19 sem investigações aprofundadas, o que pode levar à negligência do diagnóstico de outras condições importantes e que podem ser, por vezes, fatais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , COVID-19 , Placenta , Postpartum Period , Dyspnea/diagnosis , Dyspnea/etiology , Dyspnea/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Medwave ; 21(6): e8231, jul. 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284247

ABSTRACT

Objetivos Describir las características clínicas y evaluar los factores asociados con la mortalidad de los pacientes adultos con la nueva enfermedad causada por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) ingresados a un hospital de referencia nacional de Perú. Métodos Se realizó un estudio de cohorte prospectivo. Se incluyó a pacientes mayores de 18 años hospitalizados con el diagnóstico de infección por coronavirus 2 del síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (SARS-CoV-2). Se excluyó a quienes ingresaron con prueba rápida serológica positiva al ingreso, sin clínica sugestiva ni imágenes compatibles. Los datos se recolectaron a partir de la historia clínica. Resultados Se incluyó un total de 813 adultos, 544 (66,9%) tuvieron COVID-19 confirmado. La media de la edad fue de 61,2 años (desviación estándar: 15) y 575 (70,5%) fueron de sexo masculino. Las comorbilidades más frecuentes fueron hipertensión arterial (34,1%) y obesidad (25,9%). Los síntomas más frecuentes al ingreso fueron disnea (82,2%) y tos (53,9%). Un total de 114 (14%) pacientes recibieron ventilación mecánica, 38 (4,7%) ingresaron a unidad de cuidados intensivos y 377 (46,4%) fallecieron. Se asociaron a la mortalidad el requerimiento de soporte ventilatorio, el mayor compromiso pulmonar y los marcadores inflamatorios. Encontramos que por cada 10 años que aumentó la edad, el riesgo de morir se incrementó en 32% (riesgo relativo: 1,32; intervalo de confianza 95%: 1,25 a 1,38). Aquellos pacientes que requirieron ingreso a unidad de cuidados intensivos y ventilación mecánica tuvieron 1,39 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 1,13 a 1,69) y 1,97 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 1,69 a 2,29) veces el riesgo de morir, respectivamente. Conclusión La mortalidad encontrada en nuestro estudio fue alta y estuvo asociada a la edad, marcadores inflamatorios y compromiso respiratorio.


Objectives To describe and assess clinical characteristics and factors associated with mortality in adult patients with COVID-19 admitted to a national referral hospital in Peru. Methods We conducted a prospective cohort study that included hospitalized patients older than 18 years with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection diagnosis. Patients with a positive rapid serological test on admission but no respiratory symptoms nor compatible images were excluded. We collected the data from clinical records. Results A total of 813 adults were included, 544 (66.9%) with confirmed COVID-19. The mean age was 61.2 years (standard deviation: 15.0), and 575 (70.5%) were male. The most frequent comorbidities were hypertension (34.1%) and obesity (25.9%). On admission, the most frequent symptoms were dyspnea (82.2%) and cough (53.9%). A total of 114 (14.0%) patients received mechanical ventilation, 38 (4.7%) were admitted to the intensive care unit, and 377 (46.4%) died. The requirement for ventilatory support, greater lung involvement, and inflammatory markers were associated with higher mortality. It was found that for every 10-year age increase, the risk of dying increased 32% (relative risk: 1.32; 95% confidence interval: 1.25 to 1.38). Those who were admitted to the intensive care unit and and were placed on mechanical ventilation had 1.39 (95% confidence interval: 1.13 to 1.69) and 1.97 (95% confidence interval: 1.69 to 2.29) times the risk of dying compared to those who did not, respectively. Conclusion We found a high mortality rate among hospitalized patients associated with older age, higher inflammatory markers, and greater lung involvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/mortality , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Peru/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Age Factors , Cough/epidemiology , Cough/virology , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Dyspnea/virology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals
3.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(1): e20190006, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056620

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To estimate the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and asthma, according to body mass index (BMI), as well as to evaluate factors associated with physician-diagnosed asthma, in individuals ≥ 40 years of age. Methods: This was a population-based cross-sectional study conducted in Florianópolis, Brazil, with probability sampling. Data were collected during home visits. Demographic data were collected, as were reports of physician-diagnosed asthma, respiratory symptoms, medications in use, and comorbidities. Anthropometric measurements were taken. Individuals also underwent spirometry before and after bronchodilator administration. Individuals were categorized as being of normal weight (BMI < 25 kg/m2), overweight (25 kg/m2 ≥ BMI < 30 kg/m2), or obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). Results: A total of 1,026 individuals were evaluated, 274 (26.7%) were of normal weight, 436 (42.5%) were overweight, and 316 (30.8%) were obese. The prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma was 11.0%. The prevalence of obesity was higher in women (p = 0.03), as it was in respondents with ≤ 4 years of schooling (p < 0.001) or a family income of 3-10 times the national minimum wage. Physician-diagnosed asthma was more common among obese individuals than among those who were overweight and those of normal weight (16.1%, 9.9%, and 8.0%, respectively; p = 0.04), as were dyspnea (35.5%, 22.5%, and 17.9%, respectively; p < 0.001) and wheezing in the last year (25.6%, 11.9%, and 14.6%, respectively; p < 0.001). These results were independent of patient smoking status. In addition, obese individuals were three times more likely to report physician-diagnosed asthma than were those of normal weight (p = 0.005). Conclusions: A report of physician-diagnosed asthma showed a significant association with being ≥ 40 years of age and with having a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2. Being obese tripled the chance of physician-diagnosed asthma.


RESUMO Objetivo: Estimar a prevalência de sintomas respiratórios e asma de acordo com o índice de massa corpórea (IMC) em indivíduos com idade ≥ 40 anos e avaliar os fatores associados ao relato de diagnóstico médico de asma. Métodos: Estudo transversal de base populacional realizado no município de Florianópolis (SC), com coleta domiciliar de dados e processo de amostragem probabilístico. Foram coletadas informações demográficas, assim como sobre relato de diagnóstico médico de asma, sintomas respiratórios, medicações em uso e comorbidades. Também foram realizadas medidas antropométricas e espirometria pré- e pós-broncodilatador. O IMC foi categorizado em normal (IMC < 25 kg/m2), sobrepeso (25 kg/m2 ≥ IMC < 30 kg/m2) e obesidade (IMC ≥ 30 kg/m2). Resultados: Foram avaliados 1.026 indivíduos, 274 (26,7%) com IMC normal, 436 (42,5%) com sobrepeso e 316 (30,8%) obesos. A prevalência de diagnóstico médico de asma foi de 11,0%. A prevalência de obesidade foi maior em mulheres (p = 0,03) e em entrevistados com escolaridade < 4 anos (p < 0,001) ou com renda familiar entre 3-10 salários mínimos. Obesos, quando comparados com aqueles com sobrepeso e peso normal, relataram mais frequentemente diagnóstico médico de asma (16,1%, 9,9% e 8,0%, respectivamente; p = 0,04), dispneia (35,5%, 22,5% e 17,9%, respectivamente; p < 0,001) e sibilos no último ano (25,6%, 11,9% e 14,6%, respectivamente; p < 0,001). Esses resultados foram independentes do status tabágico. Além disso, obesos tinham uma chance três vezes maior de relato de diagnóstico médico de asma do que não obesos (p = 0,005). Conclusões: Houve associação significativa entre o relato de diagnóstico médico de asma em indivíduos com idade ≥ 40 anos e IMC ≥ 30 kg/m2. Ser obeso triplicou a chance de diagnóstico médico de asma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/etiology , Obesity/complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Spirometry , Brazil/epidemiology , Bronchodilator Agents/administration & dosage , Body Mass Index , Respiratory Sounds/diagnosis , Prevalence , Cough/diagnosis , Cough/epidemiology , Dyspnea/diagnosis , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology
4.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(1): 57-62, jan.-mar. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003628

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a pontuação da escala Perme de mobilidade como preditor de funcionalidade e complicações no pós-operatório de pacientes submetidos a transplante hepático. Métodos: A amostra foi composta por 30 pacientes que realizaram transplante hepático. Os pacientes foram avaliados em dois momentos, a fim de verificar a percepção da dor, o grau de dispneia, a força muscular periférica e a funcionalidade do paciente de acordo com a escala Perme. Os dados coletados foram analisados por estatística descritiva e inferencial. Para comparar médias entre as avaliações, foi aplicado o teste t de Student para amostras pareadas. Em caso de assimetria, o teste de Wilcoxon foi utilizado. Na avaliação da associação entre as variáveis quantitativas, os testes de correlação de Pearson ou Spearman foram aplicados. Resultados: Foram incluídos 30 indivíduos que realizaram transplante hepático. Houve predomínio de pacientes do sexo masculino, e a média de idade foi 58,4 ± 9,9 anos. A patologia de base mais prevalente foi a cirrose por vírus C (23,3%). Foram registradas associações significativas entre o tempo de ventilação mecânica e a escala Perme na alta da unidade de terapia intensiva (r = -0,374; p = 0,042) e entre o número de atendimentos fisioterapêuticos (r = -0,578; p = 0,001). Quando comparados os resultados da avaliação inicial e na alta hospitalar, houve significativa melhora da funcionalidade (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Mobilidade funcional, força muscular periférica, percepção da dor e dispneia melhoram significativamente no momento da alta hospitalar em relação à admissão na unidade de internação.


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the Perme mobility scale score as a predictor of functional status and complications in the postoperative period in patients undergoing liver transplantation. Methods: The sample consisted of 30 patients who underwent liver transplantation. The patients were evaluated at two time points to determine their perception of pain, degree of dyspnea, peripheral muscle strength, and functional status according to the Perme scale. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. To compare the means between the evaluations, Student's t test for paired samples was applied. In case of asymmetry, the Wilcoxon test was used. In the evaluation of the association between the quantitative variables, the Pearson or Spearman correlation tests were applied. Results: A total of 30 individuals who underwent liver transplantation were included. The patients were predominantly male, and the mean age was 58.4 ± 9.9 years. The most prevalent underlying pathology was cirrhosis C virus (23.3%). Significant associations of the time on mechanical ventilation with the Perme scale score at discharge from the intensive care unit (r = -0.374; p = 0.042) and the number of physical therapy treatments (r = -0.578; p = 0.001) were recorded. When comparing the results of the initial evaluation and the evaluation at hospital discharge, there was a significant improvement in functional status (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Functional mobility, peripheral muscle strength, pain perception, and dyspnea are significantly improved at hospital discharge compared with those at inpatient unit admission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Liver Transplantation/methods , Physical Therapy Modalities/statistics & numerical data , Recovery of Function/physiology , Patient Discharge , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Mobility Limitation , Muscle Strength/physiology , Pain Perception/physiology , Intensive Care Units , Middle Aged
5.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1264040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIF : Déterminer le profil épidémiologique et étiologique des patients hospitalisés pour une dyspnée laryngo-trachéale. MATÉRIEL ET MÉTHODES :Etude rétrospective descriptive, réalisée sur une période de trois ans (1er janvier 2014 ­ 31 décembre 2016). Elle a concerné 30 patients hospitalisés pour une dyspnée laryngo-trachéale. la prévalencel'âge, le sexe, les antécédents, et les étiologies étaient les paramètres étudiés.RÉSULTATS : la prévalence des dyspnées laryngo-trachéales était de 8,8%. Les patients étaient âgés de 09 mois à 63 ans avec un âge moyen de 23,2 ans. Les enfants de 0 à 15 ans ont représenté 50% des admissions, dont 36,7% était âgé de moins de 5 ans. Le genre masculin représentait 60% avec un sex-ratio de 1,5. Les antécédents d'intoxication alcoolo-tabagique étaient retrouvés dans 10%. Les étiologies retrouvées étaient les tumeurs (36,3%) avec 23,3% de papillomatose laryngée, les traumatismes laryngés (30%) et les laryngites infectieuses (30%).CONCLUSION : les dyspnées laryngo-trachéales sont relativement fréquentes en hospitalisation ORL surtout chez les enfants. La papillomatose laryngée, les corps étrangers et les laryngites infectieuses sont les principales étiologies


Subject(s)
Dyspnea , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Foreign Bodies , Tunisia
6.
Rev. bras. ciênc. saúde ; 23(4): 503-512, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049752

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a capacidade funcional, a qualidade de vida e do sono em pacientes portadores de doença pulmonar obstru-tiva crônica (DPOC). Material e Métodos: Estudo quantitativo do tipo transversal, no qual foram avaliados 11 voluntários com diagnóstico clínico e espirométrico de DPOC em atendimento no Centro de Reabilitação II (UEPA) e 15 voluntários saudáveis (grupo controle). Foi aplicada uma ficha de avaliação para registro dos dados clínicos e demográficos dos voluntários. A avaliação da capacidade funcional foi realizada por meio do Teste de caminhada de 6 minutos (TC6min); a qualidade de vida, por meio da utilização do Questionário de Qualidade de Vida SF36 (Medical Outcomes Study 36 ­ Item Short ­ Form Health Survey) e da avaliação da qualidade do sono por meio do Índice de Qualidade de Sono de Pittsburgh (IQSP). As informações coletadas foram armazenadas no software Excel 2007™ (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, USA) e analisadas por meio dos softwares BIO ESTAT versão 5.0™. Foi adotado o nível α de 0.05 para rejeição da hipótese nula. Resultados:A média da distância percorrida no TC6 foi de 398.0±18.44 m para o DPOC e 523.9±15.41m para os saudáveis (p-valor <0.0001). Todos os domínios do SF36 encontraram-se alterados no DPOC e houve significância estatística quando comparados os grupos. O IQSP indicou que a maioria dos indivíduos com DPOC possui má qualidade do sono. Conclusão: O estudo trouxe resultados significativos, mostrando que os indivíduos atendidos no Centro de Reabilitação II, encontram-se limitados no que diz respeito ao exercício, qualidade de vida e do sono, indicando a necessidade de avaliar o indivíduo com DPOC de maneira biopsicossocial. (AU)


Objective: To evaluate functional capacity, quality of life and quality of sleep in COPD patients. Methods: 11 Volunteers with a clinical spirometryc diagnosis of COPD, of both genders, on treatment at the CER II, and 15 healthy volunteers (control group) .To evaluate the volunteers, it was used: an evaluation sheet, containing the volunteer's identification and clinical data, the Six minute walk test (6WT) to evaluate the patient's functional capacity, the Medical Outcomes Study 36­ Item Short ­ Form Health Survey to assess quality of life, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI) to evaluate quality of sleep. All data collected was stored in the software Excel 2007™ (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, USA), and analyzed through the software BIO ESTAT 5.0™. The α level of 0.05 was be applied to reject the null hypothesis. Results: The mean value for distance among the COPD group was 398.0±18.44 m and 523.9±15.41m for the control group (p-value <0.0001). All do-mains of the SF-36 were altered. The PSQI indicated that most individuals with COPD have bad quality of sleep. Conclusion:This study had significative results, showing that the subjects of this study are limited, when it comes to exercise, quality of life and quality of sleep, indicating the need to evaluate COPD individuals in a biopsychosocial manner. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Sleep Wake Disorders/epidemiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Exercise , Case-Control Studies , Mental Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Walk Test
7.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 88(4): 268-276, oct.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124148

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia y espectro de las enfermedades que predisponen la muerte súbita cardiaca en niños mexicanos e identificar los principales signos y síntomas tempranos que pueden permitir al personal de salud sospechar acerca de estas enfermedades y referir a los pacientes a un hospital de tercer nivel de manera temprana. Métodos: La incidencia, prevalencia y prevalencia de periodo, así como los primeros síntomas, los datos clínicos y el seguimiento, se describen en todos los niños con enfermedades que predisponen a la muerte súbita cardiaca en el Hospital Infantil de México. Resultados: Cincuenta y nueve pacientes de 8 ± 5 años, 40 con miocardiopatías y 19 con enfermedades arritmogénicas hereditarias. La prevalencia del periodo fue de 9.5/1,000 pacientes/año. Los primeros síntomas más comunes fueron disnea, palpitaciones y síncope. En 9 casos se encontró un patrón de herencia mendeliana. Tres pacientes fallecieron de muerte súbita cardiaca durante el periodo de estudio. Conclusión: Las enfermedades que predisponen a la muerte súbita cardiaca en los niños no son muy conocidas por la comunidad médica y general. Todo niño con disnea, palpitaciones y/o síncope debe referirse para la búsqueda intensiva de estas enfermedades. Una evaluación cardiológica completa en todos los miembros de la familia está indicada.


Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence and spectrum of diseases that predispose to sudden cardiac death in Mexican children, and to identify the main early signs and symptoms that can enable the health personnel to suspect these diseases and to refer the patients to a tertiary hospital in a timely manner. Methods: Incidence, prevalence, and period prevalence, as well as early symptoms, clinical data, and follow-up were recorded on all children found with diseases that predispose to sudden cardiac death in The Children's Hospital of Mexico. Results: The study included 59 patients, with a mean age of 8 ± 5 years old, with 40 cardiomyopathies, and 19 with inherited arrhythmogenic diseases. The period prevalence was 9.5/1,000 patients/year. The most common early symptoms were dyspnoea, palpitations, and syncope. A Mendelian inheritance pattern was found in 9 cases. Three patients died of sudden cardiac death during the period of the study. Conclusion: Diseases that predispose to sudden cardiac death in children are not very well known by the general medical community. Every child with dyspnoea, palpitations and/or syncope, should be referred for the intensive search of these diseases. A complete cardiological evaluation in all members of the family is indicated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/epidemiology , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/epidemiology , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Cardiomyopathies/epidemiology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Syncope/epidemiology , Incidence , Prevalence , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology , Hospitals, Pediatric , Mexico/epidemiology , Cardiomyopathies/complications
8.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 39: e20170131, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-960793

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Analisar associações entre discriminadores do Sistema de Triagem de Manchester e Diagnósticos de Enfermagem em pacientes adultos, classificados com prioridade clínica I (emergência) e II (muito urgente). MÉTODO Estudo transversal realizado na unidade de emergência do sul do Brasil, entre abril e agosto de 2014. Amostra de 219 pacientes. Os dados foram coletados no prontuário online e analisados estatisticamente, com teste exato de Fisher ou qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS Encontrou-se 16 discriminadores e 14 diagnósticos de enfermagem. Houve associação entre sete discriminadores e cinco diagnósticos de enfermagem do tipo foco no problema, dentre Dor precordial ou cardíaca com o diagnóstico Dor aguda. Também houve associação entre três discriminadores com quatro diagnósticos de enfermagem de risco, dentre Déficit neurológico agudo com o diagnóstico Risco de perfusão tissular cerebral ineficaz. CONCLUSÃO Existem associações significativas entre discriminadores do Sistema de Triagem de Manchester e diagnósticos de enfermagem mais frequentemente estabelecidos na Unidade de Emergência.


Resumen OBJETIVO Analizar asociaciones entre los discernidores del Sistema Triaje de Manchester y los Diagnósticos de Enfermería en pacientes adultos con prioridad clínica I (emergencia) y II (muy urgente). MÉTODO Estudio transversal realizado en la unidad de emergencia del sur de Brasil, entre abril y agosto de 2014, con la muestra de 219 pacientes. La colecta de datos fue realizada en el prontuario online de los pacientes. El análisis estadístico fue realizado con el uso del Test Exacto de Fisher o chi-cuadrado. RESULTADOS Fue identificado el uso de 16 discernidores y 14 diagnósticos de enfermería. Hubo una asociación entre siete discernidores y cinco diagnósticos de enfermería del tipo foco en el problema, entre estos Dolor precordial o cardíaca y Dolor agudo. También hubo asociación entre tres discernidores y cuatro diagnósticos de enfermería de riesgo, entre estos Déficit neurológico agudo con el diagnóstico Riesgo de perfusión tisular cerebral ineficaz. CONCLUSIÓN Existen asociaciones significativas entre los discernidores del Sistema Triaje de Manchester y los diagnósticos de enfermería más frecuente establecidos en la Unidad de Emergencia.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To analyze the association between Manchester Triage System flowchart discriminators and nursing diagnoses in adult patients classified as clinical priority I (emergency) and II (very urgent). METHOD Cross-sectional study conducted in an emergency department in southern Brazil between April and August 2014. The sample included 219 patients. Data were collected from online patient medical records and data analysis was performed using Fisher's exact test or the chi-square test. RESULTS 16 discriminators and 14 nursing diagnoses were identified. Associations were found between seven discriminators and five problem-focused nursing diagnoses, including the discriminator Cardiac pain and the diagnosis Acute pain. Three discriminators were associated with four risk nursing diagnoses, among these Acute neurological deficit with the diagnosis Risk of ineffective cerebral tissue perfusion. CONCLUSION Significant associations were found between Manchester Triage System discriminators and the nursing diagnoses most frequently established in the emergency department.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Nursing Diagnosis , Triage , Emergency Nursing , Emergencies/nursing , Emergency Service, Hospital/organization & administration , Socioeconomic Factors , Chest Pain/diagnosis , Chest Pain/nursing , Chest Pain/epidemiology , Software Design , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Dyspnea/diagnosis , Dyspnea/nursing , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Emergencies/epidemiology , Electronic Health Records , Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Hemorrhage/nursing , Hemorrhage/epidemiology , Hypoxia/diagnosis , Hypoxia/nursing , Hypoxia/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Nursing Care
9.
Clinics ; 73: e374, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952789

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The goal was to identify predictors of poor-quality spirometry in community-dwelling older adults and their respective cutoffs. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population-based study involving 245 elderly subjects (age≥60 years). The spirometric data were categorized as good or poor quality, and cognitive status was assessed using an adapted version (scaled to have a maximum of 19 points) of the Mini-Mental State Examination. Multivariate analysis was used to assess the association between poor-quality spirometry and sociodemographic, behavioral and health characteristics. The best cutoff points for predicting poor-quality spirometry were evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic curve. RESULTS: In this population, 61 (24.9%) subjects with poor-quality spirometry were identified. After multiple logistic regression analysis, only age and Mini-Mental State Examination score were still associated with poor-quality spirometry (p≤0.05). The cutoff for the Mini-Mental State Examination score was 15 points, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.628 (p=0.0017), sensitivity of 74.5% and specificity of 49.5%; for age, the cutoff was 78 years, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.718 (p=0.0001), sensitivity of 57.4% and specificity of 79.9%. CONCLUSION: Age and Mini-Mental State Examination score together are good predictors of poor-quality spirometry and can contribute to the screening of community-dwelling older adults unable to meet the minimum quality criteria for a spirometric test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Spirometry , Dyspnea/diagnosis , Mental Status Schedule , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Methods , Dyspnea/psychology , Dyspnea/epidemiology
10.
Med. Afr. noire (En ligne) ; 64(12): 623-632, 2017. ilus
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1266273

ABSTRACT

Objectif : Décrire les aspects épidémiologiques, étiologiques, thérapeutiques et évolutifs des cas de dyspnées dans le service d'ORL/CCF du CHU Souro Sanou. Méthodologie : Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective et descriptive qui a colligé les dossiers cliniques de 151 patients hospitalisés pour une dyspnée dans le service au cours de la période de janvier 2012 à décembre 2016. Résultats : Les patients de 0 à 5 ans et de 5 ans à 10 ans représentaient 53,64% et 12,58%. Les corps étrangers des voies respiratoires étaient les plus fréquents avec 28,48% des étiologies. Les amygdalites hypertrophiques et obstructives associées aux végétations adénoïdes et les végétations adénoïdes isolées représentaient chacune 12,88%. Les taux de guérison et de décès étaient de 84,11% et de 9,27%. Le cancer de l'hypopharynx était la principale cause de décès avec 21,43% des cas. Conclusion : Les dyspnées en ORL sont des urgences diagnostiques et thérapeutiques. Les causes variées nécessitent un plateau technique adapté et du personnel qualifié


Subject(s)
Academic Medical Centers , Adenoids , Burkina Faso , Disease Progression , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Dyspnea/therapy , Foreign Bodies , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms
11.
Non-conventional in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1277860

ABSTRACT

Objectif: la dyspnée laryngée est une urgence ORL fréquente chez l'enfant. L'objectif de cette étude était de décrire les aspects épidémiologiques et diagnostiques de la dyspnée laryngée chez l'enfant en hospitalisation ORL.Matériel et méthodes : il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective descriptive réalisée chez les enfants hospitalisés pour une dyspnée laryngée dans le service d'ORL du CHU de Bouaké de janvier 2012 à juin 2016. Résultats:la dyspnée laryngée était observée chez 31 enfants sur 210 hospitalisés soit une prévalence hospitalière de 14,7%. L'âge des enfants variait de 19 mois à 15 ans avec une moyenne de 7,6 ans. La tranche d'âge de 0 à 5 ans constituait 45,1% de la population d'étude. Le sexe masculin représentait 64,5% des patients avec un sex-ratio de 1,81. La consultation dans le service a été faite au-delà de 24 heures après le début de la symptomatologie chez 87 % des patients. La dyspnée laryngée était associée à la dysphonie chez tous les enfants. L'installation de la dyspnée a été progressive chez 67,7% des patients. Selon la classification de Chevallier Jackson et Pineau, la dyspnée était au stade I dans 64,5% des cas. La nasofibroscopie a permis de mettre en évidence la cause chez 17 enfants (54,8%). La papillomatose laryngée et les laryngites représentaient chacune 35,4% des causes.Conclusion:la dyspnée laryngée est fréquente chez l'enfant en hospitalisation ORL au CHU de Bouaké. Les étiologies sont dominées par la papillomatose laryngée et les laryngites


Subject(s)
Academic Medical Centers , Child, Hospitalized , Cote d'Ivoire , Dyspnea , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Otolaryngology , Papilloma
12.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 32(4): 435-444, ago. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-762642

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Legionellosis is a multisystem bacterial disease, which causes pneumonia with high mortality in patients with comorbidity and admitted in intensive care units (ICU). Objective: Determine predictors of mortality or ICU admission. Methods: Retrospective follow-up of patients diagnosed with Legionella pneumophila pneumonia in Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña. Period 2000-2013 (n = 240). Analysis of multivariate logistic regression was performed. Results: Mean age was 57.2 ± 15.4 years old, 88.3% were male. Average score of comorbidity (Charlson score) was 2.3 ± 2.3. There was a clear seasonal variation. Predominant symptoms were fever (92.5%), dry cough (38.1%) and dyspnea (33.9%). Creatinine clearance was lower than 60 mL/min/1.73 m² in 29.7% and sodium < 135 mEq/l in 58.3%. Admission to ICU rate was 16.3% and 10.8% needs mechanical ventilation. Inhospital mortality rate was 4.6%, rising to 23.1% in patients admitted to ICU. Variables associated to predict ICU admission were age (OR = 0.96), liver disease (OR = 7.13), dyspnea (OR = 4.33), delirium (OR = 5.86) and high levels of lactatedehydrogenase (OR = 1.002). Variables associated with inhospital mortality were Charlson index (OR = 1.70), mechanical ventilation (OR = 31.44) and high levels of lactatedehydrogenase (OR = 1.002). Discussion: Younger patients with liver disease, dyspnea and confusion are more likely to be admitted to ICU. Comorbidity, mechanical ventilation and elevated LDH levels are associated with higher mortality rate.


Introducción: La legionelosis es una enfermedad bacteriana multisistémica, causante de neumonías con mortalidad elevada en pacientes con comorbilidad e ingresos en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI). Objetivo: Determinar factores pronósticos de mortalidad o ingreso en UCI. Material y Métodos: Estudio de seguimiento retrospectivo de pacientes diagnosticados de neumonía por Legionella pneumophila en Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (España). Período 2000-2013 (n = 240), con análisis de regresión logística multivariada. Resultados: La edad media fue 57,2 ± 15,4 años, 88,3% fueron hombres. La puntuación media de comorbilidad (score Charlson) fue 2,3 ± 2,3. Existe clara estacionalidad. La clínica predominante fue fiebre (92,5%), tos seca (38,1%) y disnea (33,9%). El 29,7% presentó aclaramiento de creatinina < 60 mL/min/1,73 m² y el 58,3% sodio < 135 mEq/l. Un 16,3% ingresó en UCI, precisando ventilación mecánica invasiva el 10,8%. La mortalidad global fue 4,6% y de 23,1% en ingresados en UCI. Variables asociadas para predecir ingreso en UCI fueron menor edad (OR = 0,96), hepatopatía (OR = 7,13), disnea (OR = 4,33), síndrome confusional (OR = 5,86) y lactato deshidrogenasa elevada (OR = 1,002). Las variables asociadas a mortalidad intrahospitalaria fueron índice de Charlson (OR = 1,70), ventilación mecánica invasiva (OR = 31,44) y cifras elevadas de lactato deshidrogenasa (OR = 1,002). Discusión: Pacientes jóvenes, con hepatopatía, disnea o confusión tienen más probabilidad de ingresar en UCI. Comorbilidad, ventilación mecánica y lactato deshidrogenasa elevada se asocian a mortalidad.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hospitalization , Legionella pneumophila , Legionnaires' Disease/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Bacterial/microbiology , Age Factors , Comorbidity , Creatinine/metabolism , Delirium/epidemiology , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Hospital Mortality , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Logistic Models , Legionnaires' Disease/mortality , Liver Diseases/epidemiology , Prognosis , Pneumonia, Bacterial/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Seasons , Spain/epidemiology
13.
Fisioter. pesqui ; 20(4): 379-386, out.-dez. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-699056

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi investigar se há relação entre o impacto da Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica (DPOC) no estado de saúde com o nível de dispneia nas atividades de vida diária (AVD) e o índice preditor de mortalidade em pacientes em reabilitação pulmonar (RP). Trata-se de um estudo transversal, em que foram avaliados 32 pacientes com DPOC moderada a muito grave (23 homens; 66,6±12,0 anos; VEF1: 40,6±15,6% previsto) por meio do COPD Assessment Test (CAT), Índice de Massa Corpórea (IMC), Teste de Caminhada de Seis Minutos (TC6), London Chest Activity of Daily Living Scale (LCADL), modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) e Índice BODE (Body mass index, airflow Obstruction, Dyspnea and Exercise capacity). Observaram-se correlações positivas moderadas do CAT com o questionário mMRC (r=0,35; p=0,048), a pontuação total da LCADL (r=0,60; p<0,001) e com a porcentagem da pontuação total da LCADL (r=0,57; p=0,001). Apenas a pontuação total da LCADL é capaz de predizer independentemente a pontuação do questionário CAT (p<0,05; r²=0,61). Não foram constatadas correlações significativas entre o CAT e o Índice BODE, IMC, TC6 e VEF1. Dessa forma, quanto maior o nível de dispneia nas AVD, maior o impacto da DPOC no estado de saúde do paciente, entretanto, o mesmo não ocorre em relação ao prognóstico de mortalidade nos pacientes com DPOC em RP...


The aim of this study was to investigate if there is a relationship between the impact of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) on health status and the level of dyspnea in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and the mortality predictor index in patients undergoing Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). It is a cross-sectional study in which 32 patients with moderate to very severe COPD (23 men; 66.6±12.0 years; FEV1: 40.6±15.6% predicted) were assessed by: COPD Assessment Test (CAT), Body Mass Index (BMI), six-Minute Walking Test (6MWT), London Chest Activity of Daily Living Scale (LCADL), modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) and BODE Index (Body mass index, airflow Obstruction, Dyspnea and Exercise capacity). The CAT score presented moderate correlation with the mMRC questionnaire (r=0.35; p=0.048), total score of LCADL (r=0.60; p<0.001) and total score LCADL percentage (r=0.57; p=0.001). Only the total score of LCADL is able to predict the CAT questionnaire scores (p<0.05; r²=0.61). There were no significant correlations between CAT and BODE index, BMI, FEV1 and 6MWT. Thus, the higher the level of dyspnea in ADL, the greater the impact of COPD on the patient's health status. However, this is not true in relation to mortality prognosis in patients with COPD in PR...


El objetivo del estudio fue investigar si hay relación entre el impacto de la Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica (EPOC) en el estado de salud con el nivel de disnea en las actividades de la vida diaria (AVD) y el índice predictor de mortalidad en pacientes en rehabilitación pulmonar (RP). Se trata de un estudio transversal, en el que fueron evaluados 32 pacientes con EPOC moderada a muy grave (23 hombres; 66,6±12,0 años; VEF1: 40,6±15,6% previsto) por medio del COPD Assessment Test (CAT), Índice de Masa Corpórea (IMC), Test de Caminata de Seis Minutos (TC6), London Chest Activity of Daily Living Scale (LCADL), mo dified Medical Research Council (mMRC) e Índice BODE (Body mass index, airflow Obstruction, Dyspnea and Exercise capacity). Se observaron correlaciones positivas moderadas del CAT con el cuestionario mMRC (r=0,35; p=0,048), la puntuación total de la LCADL (r=0,60; p<0,001) y con el porcentaje de la puntuación total de la LCADL (r=0,57; p=0,001). Apenas la puntuación total de la LCADL es capaz de predecir independientemente la puntuación del cuestionario CAT (p<0,05; r²=0,61). No fueron constatadas correlaciones significativas entre el CAT y el Índice BODE, IMC, TC6 e VEF1. De esa forma, cuanto mayor es el nivel de disnea en las AVD, mayor es el impacto de la EPOC en el estado de salud del paciente, entre tanto, lo mismo no ocurre en relación al pronóstico de mortalidad en los pacientes con EPOC en RP...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Activities of Daily Living , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/mortality , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/rehabilitation , Sickness Impact Profile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Dyspnea/rehabilitation , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 26(2): 72-80, jun. 2010. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-577322

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to report the association between indoor pollution (IP), chronic respiratory symptoms (CRS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Data provided from PLATINO study considering a sample of 1.208 subjects 40 and over years old population in Santiago, Chile. Analyses regarding indoor air pollution variables, smoking, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and lifetime exposure to occupational dust and CRS and COPD as main outcomes was performed. Crude and adjusted prevalence odds ratios (POR) were calculated using logistic regression, adjusting for potential confounders. Variables explaining higher COPD risk were age > 60 years (POR 3.94, CI95 percent 2.87-5.41, p < 0.01) and males (POR 2.08, CI95 percent 1.53-2.83, p < 0.01). Exposure to coal IP was associated with CRS (POR 1.41, CI95 percent 1.05-1.89; p = 0.024), as well as exposure to firewood IP (POR 1.42, CI95 percent 1.04-1.93; p = 0.029) and ETS (POR 2.15, CI95 percent 1.24-3.73, p = 0.006). Exposure to coal, firewood and ETS are independent risk factors for CRS. Association between exposure to IP and COPD was not observed.


El objetivo de la comunicación fue evaluar la asociación entre contaminación intradomiciliaria (CID) y la presencia de síntomas respiratorios crónicos (SRC) y Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica (EPOC). Se analizó información del estudio de prevalencia Platino en base a una muestra de población general de 1.208 sujetos de 40 y más años de Santiago, Chile. Se analizó la CID derivada del uso de combustibles sólidos, exposición a humo ambiental (EHAT) y el reporte de exposición previa a polvo de origen ocupacional calculando Odds Ratio de Prevalencia (ORP) crudos y ajustados por potenciales variables confundentes. Las variables que determinan mayor riesgo de EPOC fueron edad mayor 60 años (ORP 3,9; IC95 por ciento 2,9-5,4; p < 0,01) y sexo masculino (OR 2,08; IC95 por ciento 1,5-2,8; p < 0,01). La CID derivada de carbón se asoció con síntomas respiratorios crónicos (ORP 1,4; IC95 por ciento 1,05-1,89; p = 0,024), al igual que el antecedente de exposición a humo de leña (ORP 1,4, IC95 por ciento 1,04-1,9; p = 0,029) y EHAT (ORP 2,1, IC95 por ciento 1,2-3,7; p = 0,006). La exposición a carbón, leña y EHAT constituyen factores de riesgo independientes para presentar SRC. No se encontró asociación entre CID y EPOC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Air Pollution, Indoor/adverse effects , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/etiology , Inhalation Exposure/adverse effects , Age Factors , Biomass , Coal/adverse effects , Chile/epidemiology , Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects , Air Pollutants, Occupational/adverse effects , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Gases/adverse effects , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Paraffin/adverse effects , Spirometry , Cough/epidemiology , Cough/etiology , Urban Area
15.
J. bras. pneumol ; 33(6): 699-706, nov.-dez. 2007. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-471293

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: Avaliar as características clínicas e diagnósticas da tuberculose pulmonar (TP) em idosos. MÉTODOS: Foram comparados 117 pacientes com 60 anos de idade ou mais (idosos) e 464 pacientes entre 15 e 49 anos (não idosos), acompanhados no Instituto de Doenças do Tórax da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, de 1980 a 1996. RESULTADOS: Nos idosos, predominou história prévia de TP (OR = 2,09; IC95 por cento = 1,26-3,45; p = 0,002) enquanto o contato intradomiciliar de TP predominou nos não idosos (OR = 0,26; IC95 por cento = 0,10-0,66; p = 0,002). O tempo mediano para diagnóstico alcançou 90 dias nos idosos e 60 dias nos não idosos. No grupo idoso, prevaleceu a dispnéia (OR = 1,64; IC95 por cento = 1,06-2,53; p = 0,018) e o emagrecimento (OR = 1,66; IC95 por cento = 1,01-2,82; p = 0,047). Nos não idosos, prevaleceu a hemoptise (OR = 0,51; IC95 por cento = 0,32-0,81; p = 0,002), a dor torácica (OR = 0,62; IC95 por cento = 0,40-0,97; p = 0,027) e a febre (OR = 0,55; IC95 por cento = 0,35-0,86; p = 0,006). No padrão radiológico, predominaram as infiltrações e as cavitações; porém, o acometimento bilateral foi mais freqüente nos idosos (OR = 1,76; IC95 por cento = 1,12-2,78; p = 0.009). Não houve diferenças nas positividades do teste tuberculínico, baciloscopia e cultura de Mycobacterium tuberculosis. CONCLUSÕES: Há poucas diferenças clínicas e laboratoriais entre os grupos etários e o maior tempo de diagnóstico nos idosos deve-se à menor suspeição médica nestes pacientes.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical aspects and the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (PT) in the aged. METHODS: We compared 117 patients over 60 years of age (elderly group) and 464 patients aged 15 to 49 years old (nonelderly group) treated at the Thoracic Diseases Institute of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, from 1980 to 1996. RESULTS: Previous history of PT was predominant in the elderly group (OR = 2.09; 95 percent CI = 1.26-3.45; p = 0.002), whereas household contact with PT was predominant in the nonelderly group (OR = 0.26; 95 percent CI = 0.10-0.66; p = 0.002). Mean time for diagnosis was 90 days in the elderly group and 60 days in the nonelderly group. In the elderly group, dyspnea (OR = 1.64; 95 percent CI = 1.06-2.53; p = 0.018) and weight loss (OR = 1.66; 95 percent CI = 1.01-2.82; p = 0.047) were predominant. In the nonelderly group, hemoptysis (OR = 0.51; 95 percent CI = 0.32-0.81; p = 0.002), chest pain (OR = 0.62; 95 percent CI = 0.40-0.97; p = 0.027) and fever (OR = 0.55; 95 percent CI = 0.35-0.86; p = 0.006) were more common. The most common radiological abnormalities were infiltrates and cavitations. Bilateral involvement was more common in the elderly patients (OR = 1.76; 95 percent CI = 1.12-2.78; p = 0.009). There were no differences between the two groups regarding positivity for Mycobacterium tuberculosis identified through tuberculin skin testing, sputum smear microscopy and culture. CONCLUSIONS: There are few clinical and laboratory differences between the age groups. The delayed diagnosis in the elderly group can be explained by the low clinical suspicion in these patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Chest Pain/epidemiology , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Methods , Fever/epidemiology , Hospitals, University , Hemoptysis/epidemiology , Microscopy , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolation & purification , Sputum/microbiology , Time Factors , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/pathology , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Weight Loss
16.
Cir. & cir ; 74(5): 359-368, sept.-oct. 2006. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-573412

ABSTRACT

La incidencia global de las emergencias y urgencias médicoquirúrgicas en pacientes con cáncer ha sido descrita esporádicamente. El objetivo del estudio fue identificar los principales síntomas y diagnósticos de los pacientes que acudieron al Servicio de Urgencias del Hospital de Oncología, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. El diseño fue observacional y retrospectivo. La información fue obtenida del registro de la consulta diaria del Servicio de Admisión Continua. En un periodo de seis meses fueron atendidos 4,937 pacientes. Los cuadros clínicos evaluados como emergencias correspondieron a 3.7 %, como condiciones médicas urgentes 52.5 % y como condiciones no urgentes, 43.7 %. Los síntomas más frecuentes motivo de las consultas de emergencia o urgencias en los pacientes con cáncer fueron dolor grave en 69.5 % y deshidratación con desequilibrio hidroelectrolítico en 11.4 %. Los principales síntomas fueron provocados por el tumor primario o su diseminación metastásica, en 89 %. Los tumores malignos sólidos más frecuentes fueron los carcinomas mamario, de colon/recto, cervicouterino, broncogénico y gástrico. Las principales emergencias registradas en los pacientes con cáncer en este estudio fueron choque séptico y neutropenia severa (20 %), choque hipovolémico por sangrado en diversos sitios (16.5 %) y disnea agudizada por neumonía o derrame pleural (12 %). En aproximadamente 80 % de quienes son tratados paso a paso de manera racional, el dolor por cáncer pudo ser controlado sólo con analgésicos. La analgesia no efectiva se asoció frecuentemente con prescripción inadecuada o ingesta insuficiente de analgésicos opioides. Los servicios de urgencias establecidos funcionalmente en los hospitales monográficos de cáncer ofrecen la mejor oportunidad de tratamiento a los pacientes con cáncer con condiciones emergentes o urgentes.


The global incidence of emergencies and urgent medical?surgical conditions in cancer patients has not been well described. The aim of the study was to identify the main symptoms and diagnoses in patients seen for consultation at the Urgent Care Service in a Mexican Comprehensive Cancer Center. This was a retrospective observational study. The information was obtained from the Continuous Admission Service daily consultation records at the Oncology Hospital, National Medical Center 21st Century, Institute of Social Security, Mexico City. During a 6-month period, 4937 patients were seen for consultation. True oncologic emergencies were 3.7%, urgencies 52.5% and non-urgent were 43.7%. Most common symptoms for emergency and urgency patient consultations were severe pain (69.5%) and dehydration with electrolyte imbalance (11.4%). Prevalent symptoms were associated with the primary tumor or metastatic dissemination (89% cases). The most frequent baseline diseases were breast, colorectal, cervical, lung and stomach carcinomas. Defined oncologic emergencies in this series were septic shock and severe neutropenia (20%), hypovolemic shock due to severe bleeding (16.5%), and severe dyspnea due to pneumonia or pleural efusion (12%). Data evaluating the use of analgesic drug therapy for cancer pain alone indicate that 80% of patients report adequate analgesia. Analgesia failures were associated with an insufficient prescription or with inadequate consumption of opioid analgesics. The Urgent Care Center at a Comprehensive Cancer Center offers the best opportunity for diagnosis and treatment of emergencies and urgent care conditions in cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Emergencies/epidemiology , Cancer Care Facilities/statistics & numerical data , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Shock, Septic/epidemiology , Water-Electrolyte Imbalance/epidemiology , Dehydration/epidemiology , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Pain/drug therapy , Pain/epidemiology , Hemorrhage/epidemiology , Mexico/epidemiology , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Patient Compliance , Patient Satisfaction , Retrospective Studies
17.
Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci ; 2006 Jan-Mar; 48(1): 31-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-29610

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is a risk factor for childhood asthma. Its association with asthma in adults is less clear. METHODS: In a multicentric population study on asthma prevalence in adults, specific enquiries were made into childhood and adulthood exposure to household ETS, and its relationship with asthma diagnosis were analysed. RESULTS: From a total of 73605 respondents, 62109 were studied after excluding current or past smokers. Overall observed prevalence of asthma was 2.0% (men 1.5%,women 2.5%, p < 0.001). Of all asthma patients, history of ETS exposure was available in 48.6 percent. Prevalence of asthma in the ETS exposed subjects was higher compared to non-exposed individuals (2.2% vs 1.9%, p < 0.05). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed a higher risk of having asthma in persons who were exposed to ETS compared to those not exposed (odds ratio [OR] 1.22, 95% CI 1.08-1.38) after adjusting for age, gender, usual residence, exposure to biomass fuels and atopy. Stratification of ETS exposure revealed that exposure during childhood and both during childhood and adulthood were significantly associated with asthma prevalence. Exposure only in adulthood was not a significant risk factor (OR 1.13, 95% CI 0.95-1.33). Persons reporting combined environmental tobacco smoke exposure from parents during childhood and spouse during adulthood had highest risk of having asthma (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.38-2.07). Environmental tobacco smoke exposure was also significantly associated with prevalence of respiratory symptoms such as wheezing, cough and breathlessness. CONCLUSIONS: Environmental tobacco smoke exposure during childhood is an important risk factor for asthma and respiratory symptoms in non-smoking adults.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Asthma/epidemiology , Cough/epidemiology , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Female , Humans , India/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Respiratory Sounds/etiology , Smoking , Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects
18.
Investig. andin ; 7(10): 48-57, abr. 2005. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-475940

ABSTRACT

La Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica EPOC, es un proceso patológico que se caracteriza por obstrucción progresiva al flujo de aire; no es completamente reversible y se acompaña de alteración inflamatoria producida por la inhalación prolongada de gases nocivos. La obstrucción al flujo de aire se debe a una combinación variable de inflamación y remodelación de las vías aéreas periféricas, hipersecreción de moco y destrucción del parénquima pulmonar (enfisema), con disminución del retroceso elástico, hiperinsuflación, con cierre prematuro de las vías aéreas periféricas. Mediante este estudio se evaluaron las características clínicas a nivel domiciliario de los pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica, atendidos en una institución de primer nivel en un municipio de Risaralda, durante el 1er semestre de 2004. De 170 pacientes con EPOC de un hospital de 1er. nivel de Risaralda, se evaluaron 32 pacientes mediante encuesta aplicada en su vivienda, para analizar las características clínicas. Género mayoritario masculino 62.5 por cien, con mayor frecuencia se hospitalización; 81.2 por cien de los pacientes entre los 70 y 91 años de edad; exposición al tabaco (actual o previa) 60 por cien, y 46.7 por cien con animales domésticos en la vivienda. En cuanto la causa de la enfermedad el 61 por cien de la población refería el tabaquismo; el cambio de clima fue la razón más expuesta por los pacientes como causa de exacerbación en un 62.5 por cien; el uso de los inhaladores se calificó como incorrecto por parte de las investigadoras en un 76.6 por cien el número de hospitalizaciones fue de 80 por cien entre 1 a 3 veces en el último año; el 40.6 por cien tenía depresión al momento de la visita domiciliaria relacionada con el número de hospitalizaciones. (Valor de p: 0,1).


Subject(s)
Humans , Bronchodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Dyspnea/therapy , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/prevention & control , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Tobacco Use Disorder/adverse effects
19.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 129(4): 359-66, abr. 2001. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-286997

ABSTRACT

Background: Health related quality of life (QoL) is severely impaired in COPD patients as a consequence of dyspnea and limited exercise tolerance, which lead to physical deconditioning and muscle atrophy resulting in weakness and fatigue. Psychosocial factors such as depression and anxiety also contribute to this impairment. Aim: To evaluate: a) the impact of COPD on quality of life, and b) the effect of 10 weeks of exercise training on exercise performance and on QoL. Patients and methods: The Spanish version of the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) was applied to 55 COPD patients (FEV1 37 ñ 13 percent pred) for the assessment of QoL and in 30 of them submitted to exercise training for 10 weeks. Exercise performance was evaluated by measuring: six-minute walking distance, maximal workload (Wmax), maximal O2 consumption (VO2max) as well as endurance time, blood lactic acid, dyspnea and leg fatigue during a submaximal exercise. Trained patients were evaluated before and after training. Results : COPD patients showed a reduction (mean ñ SD) in the four domains of the CRQ: dyspnea (3.1 ñ 0.9); fatigue (4.3 ñ 1.3); mastery (4.65 ñ 1.3), emotional function (4.1 ñ 0.97), and in Wmax and VO2max (52 ñ 16 Watt and 970 ñ 301 ml/min). No significant relationship between the impairment in exercise tolerance and in QoL was observed. Exercise training significantly improved the four domains of QoL (p < 0.0001), Wmax (p < 0.05), VO2max (p < 0.02) and endurance time (p < 0.001). Isotime exercise measurements of dyspnea, leg fatigue and lactic acid decreased after training (p < 0.001, each). No significant relation between changes in QoL and changes in exercise performance were observed. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that QoL is seriously impaired in patients with COPD and confirm: (a) the lack of relationship of QoL to the usually measured physiological parameters, and (b) the beneficial effect of exercise training on QoL through the reduction of symptoms. These findings stresses the need of measuring quality of life in our patients if we want to evaluate the impact of therapeutic procedures on well-being from the patients' perspective


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exercise Therapy , Lung Diseases, Obstructive/rehabilitation , Quality of Life , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Respiratory Function Tests
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