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3.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 147-153, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138527

ABSTRACT

Abstract: A 49-year-old woman presented with dyspnea and palpitations, leading to Functional Class III.An echocardiogram showed a heterogeneous mass adhered to the right heart cavities. This was confirmed by NMR. A large right coronary artery was occluded in relation to the tumor, which was hyper vascularized. Resection of the tumor was performed; the right ventricular wall was sutured, and an atrial defect was closed using pericardial tissue. Post operative course was uneventful and she was asymptomatic 4 years after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Paraganglioma/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Paraganglioma/complications , Paraganglioma/diagnostic imaging , Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Dyspnea/etiology , Heart Neoplasms/complications , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
4.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(supl.3): 25-30, June 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1135187

ABSTRACT

Se trata de un análisis de características clínicas, hallazgos radiológicos, variables de laboratorio y mecánica respiratoria en pacientes con enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) durante el primer mes de la pandemia en Buenos Aires. Es un estudio descriptivo de casos, de un solo centro. Se incluyeron todos los casos confirmados de COVID-19 internados en la unidad de terapia intensiva de adultos (UTIA) del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires. Todos los casos se confirmaron por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa con transcriptasa inversa. Un total de 7 pacientes con COVID-19 fueron atendidos en la UTIA. La mediana de edad fue de 71 años (intervalos intercuartílicos: 52-75), 4 hombres y 3 mujeres. Las manifestaciones clínicas más comunes fueron fiebre (7), tos (5), astenia (4) y disnea (3). Entre los hallazgos radiológicos, cinco de ellos mostraron opacidades intersticiales y un paciente consolidación pulmonar bilateral. Cinco requirieron ventilación mecánica invasiva y múltiples sesiones de decúbito prono. Ninguno murió durante la hospitalización, aunque aún tres permanecen en UCI.


This is an analysis of clinical characteristics, images findings, laboratory variables and respiratory mechanics in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during the first month of the pandemic outbreak in Buenos Aires. In this descriptive case study of a single-centre, we included all confirmed cases of COVID-19 hospitalized in intensive care unit (ICU). All cases were confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. A total of 7 patients with confirmed COVID-19 were referred to out ICU. The median age was 71 years (interquartile range 52-75), including 4 men and 3 women. Patients most common clinical manifestations were fever (7), cough (5), asthenia (4) and shortness of breath (3). Among the radiological findings, five of them showed interstitial opacities and one patient had bilateral pulmonary consolidation. Five required invasive mechanical ventilation and multiple prone sessions. None died during hospitalization, although three still remain in the ICU. According to imaging examination, 71.4% showed interstitial opacities and one patient bilateral consolidation. Five patients required invasive mechanical ventilation and multiple prone sessions. None of them died during hospitalization, although three still remain in the ICU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Respiration, Artificial , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus/isolation & purification , Pandemics , Intensive Care Units/organization & administration , Argentina/epidemiology , Asthenia/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus/genetics , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Fever/etiology , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
5.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(2): 53-55, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102484

ABSTRACT

Una de las características de la afección pulmonar por enfermedad por coronavirus (COVID-19) es la disociación entre la gravedad de la hipoxemia y el mantenimiento de una mecánica respiratoria relativamente conservada. En este contexto se ha establecido una teoría en relación con dos fenotipos de pacientes con síndrome de distrés respiratorio del adulto (SDRA): un fenotipo Low, caracterizado por baja elastancia y baja reclutabilidad, y un fenotipo High, con características de alta elastancia y alta reclutabilidad. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que cursó internación en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva de Adultos de nuestro hospital, con clínica, mecánica ventilatoria y patrón tomográfico compatible con el fenotipo Low de SDRA por COVID-19. (AU)


Dissociation between severity of hypoxemia and relative preserved respiratory mechanics is a characteristic observed in lung impairment due to coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Patients with COVID-19 that present adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are identified for one of two phenotypes according to a theory recently established. The Low phenotype is distinguished by low elastance and low recruitability; and the High phenotype, by high elastance and high recruitability. The case describes a patient admitted in the adult Intensive Care Unit of Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires with observed symptoms, ventilatory mechanics and tomographic pattern that are compatible with Low phenotype of ARDS due to COVID-19. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/microbiology , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Phenotype , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/genetics , Respiratory Mechanics , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Fever/etiology , Hypertension/complications , Intensive Care Units , Hypoxia/physiopathology , Obesity/complications
6.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 64-68, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098048

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Liver cirrhosis is a highly prevalent disease that, at an advanced stage, usually causes ascites and associated respiratory changes. However, there are few studies evaluating and quantifying the impact of ascites and its relief through paracentesis on lung function and symptoms such as fatigue and dyspnea in cirrhotic patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess and quantify the impact of acute reduction of ascitic volume on respiratory parameters, fatigue and dyspnea symptoms in patients with hepatic cirrhosis, as well as to investigate possible correlations between these parameters. METHODS: Thirty patients with hepatic cirrhosis and ascites who underwent the following pre and post paracentesis evaluations: vital signs, respiratory pattern, thoracoabdominal mobility (cirtometry), pulmonary function (ventilometry), degree of dyspnea (numerical scale) and fatigue level (visual analog scale). RESULTS: There was a higher prevalence of patients classified as CHILD B and the mean MELD score was 14.73±5.75. The comparison of pre and post paracentesis parameters evidenced after paracentesis: increase of predominantly abdominal breathing pattern, improvement of ventilatory variables, increase of the differences obtained in axillary and abdominal cirtometry, reduction of dyspnea and fatigue level, blood pressure reduction and increased peripheral oxygen saturation. Positive correlations found: xiphoid with axillary cirtometry, degree of dyspnea with fatigue level, tidal volume with minute volume, Child "C" with higher MELD score, volume drained in paracentesis with higher MELD score and with Child "C". We also observed a negative correlation between tidal volume and respiratory rate. CONCLUSION: Since ascites drainage in patients with liver cirrhosis improves pulmonary volumes and thoracic expansion as well as reduces symptoms such as fatigue and dyspnea, we can conclude that ascites have a negative respiratory and symptomatological impact in these patients.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A cirrose hepática é uma doença altamente prevalente que, em estágio avançado, geralmente causa ascite e alterações respiratórias associadas. No entanto, existem poucos estudos avaliando e quantificando o impacto da ascite e do seu alívio através da paracentese na função pulmonar e em sintomas como fadiga e dispneia em pacientes cirróticos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar e quantificar o impacto da redução aguda do volume ascítico nos parâmetros respiratórios, sintomas de fadiga e dispneia em pacientes com cirrose hepática, bem como investigar possíveis correlações entre esses parâmetros. MÉTODOS: Trinta pacientes com cirrose hepática e ascite foram submetidos às seguintes avaliações pré e pós-paracentese: sinais vitais, padrão respiratório, mobilidade toracoabdominal (cirtometria), função pulmonar (ventilometria), grau de dispneia (escala numérica) e nível de fadiga (escala visual analógica). RESULTADOS: Houve maior prevalência de pacientes classificados como CHILD B e o escore MELD médio foi de 14,73±5,75. A comparação dos parâmetros pré e pós paracentese evidenciou após a paracentese: aumento do padrão respiratório predominantemente abdominal, melhora das variáveis ventilatórias, aumento das diferenças obtidas na cirtometria axilar e abdominal, redução do nível de dispneia e fadiga, redução da pressão arterial e aumento da saturação periférica de oxigênio. Correlações positivas encontradas: cirtometria xifoide com axilar, grau de dispneia com nível de fadiga, volume corrente com volume minuto, CHILD "C" com maior escore MELD, volume drenado na paracentese com maior escore MELD e com CHILD "C". Também observamos uma correlação negativa entre volume corrente e a frequência respiratória. CONCLUSÃO: Uma vez que a drenagem da ascite em pacientes com cirrose hepática melhora os volumes pulmonares e a expansão torácica, além de reduzir sintomas como fadiga e dispneia, podemos concluir que a ascite tem um impacto respiratório e sintomatológico negativo nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ascites/complications , Dyspnea/etiology , Fatigue/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Ascites/physiopathology , Ascites/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyspnea/physiopathology , Fatigue/physiopathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879797

ABSTRACT

A boy, aged 6 years and 11 months, was admitted due to nephrotic syndrome for 2 years, cough for 1 month, and shortness of breath for 15 days. The boy had a history of treatment with hormone and immunosuppressant. Chest CT after the onset of cough and shortness of breath showed diffuse ground-glass opacities in both lungs. Serum (1, 3)-beta-D glucan was tested positive, and the nucleic acid of cytomegalovirus was detected in respiratory secretions. After the anti-fungal and anti-viral treatment, the child improved temporarily but worsened again within a short period of time.


Subject(s)
Child , Cough/etiology , Cytomegalovirus Infections/therapy , Dyspnea/etiology , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Humans , Male , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy
8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC5478, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142868

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 33-year-old male with house dust mite allergic rhinitis and asthma reported an episode of facial and lip angioedema, dyspnea, cough and dysphagia at the age of 25, minutes after eating a mushroom ( Agaricus bisporus ) pizza. He denied any drug intake, hymenoptera stings or other possible triggers, and no identifiable cofactors were present. Since then he avoided all types of mushrooms, however an accidental contact occurred with mushroom sauce that resulted in angioedema of the lip within minutes. The allergy workup included measurements of total IgE and specific IgE to mushroom, and skin prick test to aeroallergens sources, possible food allergen sources and mushroom extract, a prick to prick test with raw and cooked A. bisporus , in addition to a SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting assay. The study revealed a specific IgE to mushroom of 0.76kUA/L positive skin prick test to mushroom extract, and prick to prick test positive to white and brown A. bisporus (raw and cooked). The immunoblotting identified two IgE binding proteins with 10kDa and 27kDa. We report a case of A. bisporus anaphylaxis probably due to primary mushroom sensitization. We detected two IgE-reactive proteins with 10kDa and 27kDa as possible culprit allergens.


RESUMO Paciente do sexo masculino, 33 anos, com asma e rinite alérgica desencadeadas por ácaros, relatou episódio de angioedema facial e labial, dispneia, tosse e disfagia aos 25 anos, minutos após a ingestão de uma pizza de cogumelo ( Agaricus bisporus ). O paciente negou consumo de medicamentos, picadas de himenópteros, ou quaisquer outros possíveis desencadeadores ou cofatores que pudessem estar presentes. Desde então, evita todos os tipos de cogumelos, até a ocorrência de um contato acidental com molho de cogumelo, que resultou em angioedema labial minutos após. O estudo imunoalergológico incluiu doseamento de IgE total e específica para cogumelos, testes cutâneos para aeroalérgenos, possíveis alérgenos alimentares e extrato de cogumelos, teste prick to prick com A. bisporus cru e cozido e teste de SDS-PAGE immunoblotting . O estudo revelou IgE específica para cogumelos de 0,76kUA/L, teste cutâneo positivo para extrato de cogumelos e teste prick to prick positivo para A. bisporus branco e castanho (cru e cozido). O immunoblotting identificou duas proteínas de ligação de IgE, de 10kDa e 27kDa. Relatamos, assim, um caso de anafilaxia por ingestão de A. bisporus , provavelmente explicado por sensibilização primária a cogumelos. Detectamos duas proteínas IgE-reativas de 10kDa e 27kDa como os possíveis alérgenos responsáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Cats , Agaricus , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Food Hypersensitivity/immunology , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Angioedema/etiology , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Skin Tests , Allergens , Alternaria , Flour , Anaphylaxis/chemically induced
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4409, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039728

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the chest tube drainage by the same thoracotomy intercostal space with the traditional approach in patients undergoing muscle-sparing thoracotomy. Methods We evaluated 40 patients aged ≥18 years who underwent elective muscle sparing thoracotomies. Patients were divided into two groups of 20 patients. One group underwent thoracic drainage by the same intercostal space of thoracotomy and the other by traditional chest drainage approach. Results The mean length of hospital stay for the intercostal drainage group in the intensive care unit was 1.5 day (1.0 to 2.0 days) and 2.0 days (25.1 to 3.0 days) for the traditional chest drainage group (p=0.060). The intercostal drainage group had mean length of hospital stay (p=0.527) and drainage (p=0.547) of 4 days, and the traditional chest drainage group and 2 and 5.5 days, respectively. Dipirona and tramadol doses did not differ between groups (p=0.201 and p=0.341). The mean pain scale values on first postoperative was 4.24 in the drainage by the same intercostal group and 3.95 in the traditional chest drainage (p=0.733). In third postoperative day, mean was 3.18 for the first group and 3.11 for the traditional group (p=0.937). In the 15th day after surgery, drainage by the incision was 1.53 and the traditional chest drainage was 2.11 (p=0.440), 30th days after drainage by incision was 0.71 and traditional chest drainage was 0.84 (p=0.787). Complications, for both groups were similar with 30% in proposed drainage and 25% in traditional approach (p=0.723). Conclusion Drainage by the same thoracotomy intercostal space was feasible and results 30 days after surgery were not inferior to those of the traditional chest drainage approach.


RESUMO Objetivo Comparar a drenagem torácica pela mesma intercostotomia à drenagem tradicional em pacientes submetidos à toracotomia poupadora lateral. Métodos Foram avaliados 40 pacientes maiores de 18 anos submetidos a toracotomias poupadoras laterais eletivas. Eles foram separados em dois grupos de 20 pacientes cada, sendo um submetido à drenagem torácica pelo mesmo espaço intercostal da toracotomia e o outro à drenagem tradicional. Resultados No grupo da drenagem pela mesma intercostotomia, a mediana de tempo de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva foi de 1,5 dia (1,0 a 2,0 dias) e de 2,0 dias (1,25 a 3,0 dias) na drenagem tradicional (p=0,060). As medianas do tempo de internação (p=0,527) e de drenagem (p=0,547) foram ambas de 4 dias, no primeiro grupo, e de 2 e 5,5 dias, no grupo com drenagem tradicional. As doses utilizadas de dipirona e de tramadol não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos (p=0,201 e p=0,341). As médias da escala de dor foram 4,24 no primeiro dia pós-operatório do grupo com a drenagem proposta e 3,95 nos drenados da forma tradicional (p=0,733); no terceiro pós-operatório, foi de 3,18 para o grupo drenado pela incisão e de 3,11 nos drenados da forma tradicional (p=0,937). No 15º dia após a cirurgia, a drenagem pela incisão foi de 1,53 e a tradicional de 2,11 (p=0,440); no 30º pós-operatório, foi de 0,71 e 0,84, respectivamente, para a incisão e a forma tradicional (p=0,787). Em relação às complicações, os grupos foram semelhantes, com 30% na drenagem proposta e 25% na drenagem tradicional (p=0,723). Conclusão A drenagem pelo mesmo espaço intercostal foi exequível e não apresentou inferioridade à técnica tradicional no período pós-operatório estudado de 30 dias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracotomy/methods , Chest Tubes , Drainage/methods , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Period , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Tramadol/therapeutic use , Pain Measurement , Thoracotomy/adverse effects , Analgesia, Epidural , Drainage/statistics & numerical data , Dipyrone/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Dyspnea/etiology , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Length of Stay
10.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(4): 293-303, dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092710

ABSTRACT

La fibrosis pulmonar idiopática (FPI) se caracteriza por presentar una capacidad funcional reducida, disnea e hipoxia inducida por el ejercicio, lo que disminuye su tolerancia al esfuerzo y limita su capacidad de realizar actividades diarias. Las comorbilidades son frecuentes y su presencia contribuyen al empeoramiento de la calidad de vida y aumento de la mortalidad. Por lo anterior, es que además de las terapias antifibróticas, los pacientes con FPI se benefician de un enfoque integral de la atención que puede incluir: pesquisa, diagnóstico y tratamiento de comorbilidades, ingreso a protocolos de investigación, manejo sintomático, cuidados paliativos, oxígeno suplementario, rehabilitación pulmonar, educación y apoyo por un equipo multidisciplinario.


Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by reduced functional capacity, dyspnea and exercise-induced hypoxia, which decreases tolerance to exertion and limits the ability to perform daily activities. Comorbidities are frequent and their presence contribute to worsening quality of life and increased mortality. Therefore, in addition to antifibrotic therapies, patients with IPF benefit of a comprehensive approach to care that may include: screening, diagnosis and treatment of comorbidities, admission to research protocols, symptomatic management, palliative care, supplementary oxygen, pulmonary rehabilitation, education and support by a multidisciplinary team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/therapy , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/epidemiology , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Patient Care Team , Comorbidity , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/complications , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy
11.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(4): 304-307, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092711

ABSTRACT

La fibrosis pulmonar idiopática (FPI) se ha clasificado en enfermedad leve o temprana-moderada-severa o Avanzada, sin puntos de corte en parámetros clínicos, funcionales o imagenológicos. No existe aún consenso en cual es el principal parámetro que se debe medir. Si bien las variables funcionales como la capacidad vital forzada (CVF), capacidad de difusión de monóxido de carbono (DLCO) y test de caminata de 6 minutos se han utilizado de forma rutinaria en la practica clínica y en los principales estudios clínicos de tratamiento muchas veces no son representativos de la evolución clínica. Por lo anterior se han desarrollado, índices o puntajes compuestos como la escala GAP (Gender-Age-Physiology) que podrían ser útiles en el seguimiento de los pacientes.


Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has been classified as mild or early - moderate - severe or advanced disease, with no cut-off points in clinical, functional or imaging parameters. There is no consensus yet on which is the main parameter to be measured although the functional variables such as forced vital capacity (FVC), carbon monoxide diffusion capacity (DLCO) and 6-minute walk test, have been routinely used in clinical practice and in the main clinical studies of treatment, are often not representative of the clinical evolution. Therefore, composite indices or scores such as the GAP (Gender-Age-Physiology) scale have been developed that could be useful in the follow-up of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/diagnosis , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/physiopathology , Respiratory Function Tests/methods , Clinical Evolution , Risk Assessment , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology
12.
Medwave ; 19(5): e7655, 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005861

ABSTRACT

El quilotórax tuberculoso es una patología infecciosa infrecuente, que se produce como consecuencia del bloqueo del conducto torácico. Su tratamiento está dirigido a combatir la infección tuberculosa. Se presenta el caso de un varón de 55 años de edad, chofer, natural de Trujillo-Perú, que acudió a emergencia por disnea progresiva y tos seca de cinco días de evolución. El examen físico reveló frémito vocal, matidez y murmullo vesicular disminuido en 2/3 inferiores del hemitórax izquierdo. La radiografía y ecografía torácica evidenciaron derrame pleural significativo, y la toracocentesis reveló quilotórax. Posteriormente, se colocó un tubo de drenaje torácico, con disminución progresiva del volumen del líquido pleural y cambios citoquímicos. Se realizó videobroncoscopía diagnóstica con aspirado broncoalveolar, revelando bacilos ácido-alcohol resistentes. El paciente recibió tratamiento antituberculoso, con evolución favorable. El quilotórax tuberculoso constituye una causa importante de quilotórax a considerar en zonas endémicas de tuberculosis. El tratamiento adecuado de la infección, conlleva a resolución de la enfermedad.


Tuberculous chylothorax is a rare infectious disease that occurs when the thoracic duct is obstructed. Treatment is directed to the tuberculosis infection. A 55-year-old male, driver, born in Trujillo (Peru) is admitted to the emergency department with increasing dyspnea and a 5-day dry cough. The physical examination revealed vocal fremitus, dullness to percussion, and a vesicular murmur that was decreased on the lower 2/3 of the left hemithorax. The X-ray and the thoracic ultrasound revealed significant left pleural effusion. The thoracocentesis drained fluid identified as chylothorax. Subsequently, a thoracic tube was placed, with a decrease in pleural fluid volume and later normalization of the cytochemical changes. Diagnostic video bronchoscopy was performed with a bronchoalveolar aspirate, revealing acid-fast bacilli. The patient received antituberculosis treatment with a favorable outcome. Tuberculous chylothorax is an important cause of chylothorax to be considered in endemic areas of tuberculosis. Proper treatment of the infection leads to resolution of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pleural Effusion/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Pleural/diagnosis , Chylothorax/diagnosis , Antitubercular Agents/administration & dosage , Peru , Tuberculosis, Pleural/drug therapy , Bronchoscopy , Chylothorax/microbiology , Chylothorax/drug therapy , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology
15.
Medwave ; 18(3): e7211, 2018.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-911668

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Siendo la disnea irruptiva un síntoma muy frecuente en los pacientes oncológicos, no existen recomendaciones precisas para su tratamiento. El objetivo principal del estudio fue analizar qué tratamientos se utilizan en la práctica clínica diaria para el manejo de la disnea irruptiva en pacientes con cáncer en España. Los objetivos secundarios fueron describir las características de los pacientes oncológicos con disnea irruptiva y los atributos de esta alteración. MÉTODOS: Pacientes oncológicos mayores de 18 años, con disnea irruptiva y estado funcional Karnofsky mayor o igual a 30, atendidos en servicios de oncología. Se recogió el historial de tratamientos para la disnea irruptiva y las características de esta patología, variables antropométricas, índice de disnea de Mahler, escala de Borg, escala Edmonton Symptoms Assessment Scale, satisfacción del paciente con el tratamiento actual de la disnea irruptiva. RESULTADOS: La edad media de los 149 pacientes incluidos fue de 66 años (intervalo de confianza 95%: 64,3 a 67,9), siendo mujeres el 35,6% (53). La intensidad media de la disnea irruptiva fue de 5,85 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 5,48 a 6,22 Borg). El 55,1% de los tratamientos de primera opción fueron los opioides, seguidos del oxígeno (17,3%). El 79,9% de los pacientes (119) fueron tratados en monoterapia. En los casos que presentaban disnea basal se administró oxígeno en mayor proporción 21,1% versus 7,4% (p = 0,07). Si la disnea era predecible se administró en mayor proporción opioides, 70,9% versus 44,4% (p = 0,01). CONCLUSIONES: Los opioides constituyen el tratamiento de primera línea de la disnea irruptiva en la práctica clínica habitual; sin embargo, el grado de evidencia científica que justifique su uso es escasa. Se necesita más información procedente de ensayos clínicos controlados en los que se evalúe la eficacia comparativa de diferentes tratamientos.


INTRODUCTION: Although breakthrough dyspnea is very frequent in cancer patients, there are no precise recommendations for treating it. The main objective of this study was to analyze what treatments are used in clinical practice for the management of breakthrough dyspnea in cancer patients in Spain and the secondary objectives were to describe the characteristics of cancer patients with breakthrough dyspnea and the attributes of the disorder. METHODS: Cancer patients over 18 years of age, with breakthrough dyspnea and a Karnofsky performance score of ≥30, who were treated at departments of oncology in institutes across Spain were included in this cross-sectional observational study. The characteristics of breakthrough dyspnea, history of treatment, anthropometric variables, Mahler dyspnea index, Borg scale, Edmonton Symptoms Assessment Scale, and patient satisfaction with current breakthrough dyspnea treatment were assessed. RESULTS: The mean age of the 149 included patients was 66 years (95% confidence interval: 64.3 to 67.9), and 53 were females (35.6%). The mean breakthrough dyspnea intensity was 5.85 (95% confidence interval 5.48 to 6.22, Borg scale). A total of 55.1% of the first-choice treatments consisted of opioids, followed by oxygen (17.3%). A total of 119 patients (79.9%) received monotherapy for breakthrough dyspnea. Patients presenting with basal dyspnea received oxygen in a greater proportion of cases (21.1% vs 7.4%; p = 0.07). Patients with predictable dyspnea received a greater proportion of opioids (70.9% vs 44.4%; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Opioids constitute first-line therapy for breakthrough dyspnea in routine clinical practice, though the scientific evidence supporting their use is scarce. Further information derived from controlled clinical trials is needed regarding the comparative efficacy of the different treatments in order to justify their use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Oxygen/administration & dosage , Dyspnea/drug therapy , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Neoplasms/complications , Spain , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyspnea/etiology
17.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 130(3): 35-36, sept. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973083

ABSTRACT

Se describe cómo el consumo de tabaco produce la Enfermedad Obstructiva Pulmonar (EPOC), y su repercusión en la salud pública. Se explica la fisiopatología, la clínica, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de esta enfermedad prevenible.


It describes how the consumption of tobacco causes Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and its impact on public health. Pathophysiology, clinical, diagnosis and treatment of this preventable disease is explained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/etiology , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Tobacco Use Disorder/therapy , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/economics , Dyspnea/etiology , Bronchodilator Agents/therapeutic use
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(6): 808-811, June 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902549

ABSTRACT

Paradoxical vocal cord motion or vocal cord dysfunction is a descriptive term for an inappropriate adduction of the vocal cords during respiration, which can cause respiratory obstruction and stridor. It is associated with psychiatric conditions in the great majority of cases. We report a 23 year-old high performance female athlete, referred for a recurrent bilateral paralysis of the vocal cords, with a history of four intensive care unit admissions for severe dyspnea and stridor, which were treated several times with intubation and with tracheostomy on two occasions. Myasthenia gravis was suspected and she was treated with pyridostigmine and prednisone. She was discharged but despite the treatment, she presented new episodes of stridor and was readmitted six months later. This time the pharmacological treatment was suspended. The neurological study disclosed a normal brain magnetic resonance, normal cerebrospinal fluid analysis and a normal electromyography. A conversion disorder was suspected and the patient was successfully treated with psychotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Respiratory Sounds/etiology , Conversion Disorder/complications , Dyspnea/etiology , Respiratory Sounds/diagnosis , Unnecessary Procedures , Conversion Disorder/diagnosis , Conversion Disorder/psychology , Dyspnea/diagnosis , Delayed Diagnosis , Vocal Cord Dysfunction/diagnosis , Vocal Cord Dysfunction/etiology
20.
Med. Afr. noire (En ligne) ; 64(12): 623-632, 2017. ilus
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1266273

ABSTRACT

Objectif : Décrire les aspects épidémiologiques, étiologiques, thérapeutiques et évolutifs des cas de dyspnées dans le service d'ORL/CCF du CHU Souro Sanou. Méthodologie : Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective et descriptive qui a colligé les dossiers cliniques de 151 patients hospitalisés pour une dyspnée dans le service au cours de la période de janvier 2012 à décembre 2016. Résultats : Les patients de 0 à 5 ans et de 5 ans à 10 ans représentaient 53,64% et 12,58%. Les corps étrangers des voies respiratoires étaient les plus fréquents avec 28,48% des étiologies. Les amygdalites hypertrophiques et obstructives associées aux végétations adénoïdes et les végétations adénoïdes isolées représentaient chacune 12,88%. Les taux de guérison et de décès étaient de 84,11% et de 9,27%. Le cancer de l'hypopharynx était la principale cause de décès avec 21,43% des cas. Conclusion : Les dyspnées en ORL sont des urgences diagnostiques et thérapeutiques. Les causes variées nécessitent un plateau technique adapté et du personnel qualifié


Subject(s)
Academic Medical Centers , Adenoids , Burkina Faso , Disease Progression , Dyspnea/epidemiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Dyspnea/therapy , Foreign Bodies , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms
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