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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253403, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448955

ABSTRACT

O hospital constitui-se como um contexto em que a urgência subjetiva pode vir a se apresentar de forma frequente, instaurando, para cada sujeito, uma vivência de angústia. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar as possibilidades para uma clínica das urgências subjetivas no contexto de um hospital universitário em Salvador, considerando as vivências em uma residência multiprofissional. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa de caráter exploratório, em que se realizou revisão teórica sobre o tema e se construiu um caso clínico, sob orientação psicanalítica. A escolha do caso baseou-se na escuta clínica ao longo dos atendimentos e da atuação em equipe multiprofissional, considerando os impasses ao longo do tratamento. Foram utilizados registros documentais produzidos pela psicóloga residente ao longo dos atendimentos, que ocorreram durante três meses. Os resultados apontam para as contribuições da escuta psicanalítica no tratamento das urgências e na atuação em equipe multiprofissional no contexto hospitalar. A subjetivação da urgência permitiu, no caso em questão, um tratamento pela palavra do que havia incidido diretamente no corpo como fenômeno. Conclui-se pela relevância em discutir o tema da urgência e suscitar novas pesquisas, reintroduzindo no contexto hospitalar a questão sobre a subjetividade.(AU)


Hospitals are contexts in which subjective urgency can frequently materialize, triggering an experience of anguish for each subject. Hence, this research investigates the possibilities of establishing a subjective urgency clinic at a university hospital in Salvador, considering the experiences in a multidisciplinary residence. A qualitative, exploratory research was conducted by means of a theoretical review on the topic and construction of a clinical case, under psychoanalytical advisement. The case was chosen based on clinical listening during the sessions and performance in a multidisciplinary team, considering the obstacles for long-term treatment. Data were collected from documentary records produced by the resident psychologist during three months. Results point to the contributions of psychoanalytic listening to treating subjective urgencies and to the performance of a multidisciplinary team in the hospital context. In the case in question, subjectivation of urgency allowed a treatment through the word of affecting phenomenon. In conclusion, discussing urgency and conducting further research, are fundamental to reintroduce subjectivity in the hospital context.(AU)


El hospital es un contexto en el que frecuentemente se puede percibir una urgencia subjetiva, estableciendo una experiencia de angustia para cada sujeto. El objetivo de esta investigación fue investigar las posibilidades de una clínica de urgencia subjetiva en el contexto de un hospital universitario en Salvador (Brasil), considerando las experiencias en una Residencia Multiprofesional. Se trata de una investigación cualitativa, de carácter exploratorio, en la que se realizó una revisión teórica sobre el tema y construcción de un caso clínico, con orientación psicoanalítica. La elección del caso se basó en la escucha clínica a lo largo de las sesiones y actuación en un equipo multidisciplinar, considerando los impasses para el tratamiento a largo plazo. Se utilizaron registros documentales elaborados por el psicólogo residente, durante las atenciones, que se realizaron durante tres meses. Los resultados apuntan a las contribuciones de la escucha psicoanalítica en el tratamiento de urgencias y en la actuación de un equipo multidisciplinario en el contexto hospitalario. La subjetivación de la urgencia permitió, en el caso en cuestión, un tratamiento a través de la palabra de lo que había afectado directamente al cuerpo como fenómeno. Se concluye que es relevante discutir el tema de la urgencia y plantear nuevas investigaciones, reintroduciendo el tema de la subjetividad en el contexto hospitalario.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Personal Satisfaction , Psychoanalysis , Emergencies , Hospitals, University , Anxiety , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Pain , Parapsychology , Patient Discharge , Primary Health Care , Psychiatry , Psychology , Quality of Life , Rehabilitation , Religion , Safety , Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms , Teaching , Therapeutics , Universities , Wounds and Injuries , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Unified Health System , Patients' Rooms , Health Infrastructure , Case Reports , Bereavement , Family , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Laboratory and Fieldwork Analytical Methods , Mental Health , Disease , Liability, Legal , Treatment Refusal , Occupational Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Long-Term Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Life , Benchmarking , Critical Care , Personal Autonomy , Patient Rights , Death , Delivery of Health Care , Information Dissemination , Qualitative Research , After-Hours Care , Diagnosis , Education, Medical, Continuing , Emotions , Empathy , Academic Medical Centers , Publications for Science Diffusion , Disease Prevention , Humanization of Assistance , Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services , Electronic Health Records , Health Communication , Early Medical Intervention , Financial Management , Neurological Rehabilitation , Psychological Trauma , Mentoring , Universalization of Health , Psychological Distress , Patient Care , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Health Planning , Health Planning Guidelines , Health Policy , Hospital Administration , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Teaching , Human Rights , Accounting , Learning , Length of Stay , Life Change Events , Medical Assistance , Memory , Nursing Care
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e248295, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431129

ABSTRACT

Este ensaio propõe que a Covid-19 pode operar como um analisador, dentro da perspectiva da análise institucional, iluminando um determinado modo de organização social que promove profundas desigualdades e ameaça a vida em diversos níveis e revelando as condições sociais, institucionais e políticas de produção de sofrimento no corpo profissional de Enfermagem. A pandemia desvelou um conjunto de marcas relacionadas à profissão, agravadas pela crise sanitária, reforçando a naturalização das relações de cuidado atribuídas ao feminino, bem como um conjunto de clivagens e hierarquias internas à profissão a partir da sinergia de marcadores da diferença, como gênero, cor/raça, classe e geração. Além disso, este trabalho mostra a presença de uma necropolítica nas respostas à pandemia que banaliza a vida e permite morrer determinados grupos sociais. A ideia de "profissionais de linha de frente" é criticada em suas metáforas bélicas, mas tomada como figura de linguagem em sua potência para afirmar que existem corpos que, pelas marcas sociais e históricas e pela interdependência do cuidado, são mais presentes e exigidos e, portanto, mais vulneráveis à doença e ao sofrimento dela decorrente.(AU)


The essay proposes that Covid-19 can operate as an analyzer, within the perspective of institutional analysis, illuminating a certain mode of social organization that promotes profound inequalities and threatens life at various levels, revealing the social, institutional and political conditions for the production of suffering in the professional nursing body. The pandemic would unveil a set of marks related to the profession, aggravated by the sanitary crisis, reinforcing the naturalization of the care relations attributed to the feminine, as well as a set of cleavages and internal hierarchies to the profession from the synergy of markers of difference as gender, color/race, class and generation. The work shows the presence of necropolitics in responses to the pandemic, which trivializes life and allows certain social groups to die. The idea of "front-line professionals" is criticized in its war metaphors, but taken as a figure of speech in its potency to affirm that there are bodies that by social and historical marks, and by the interdependence of care, are more present and demanded, and therefore more vulnerable to disease and the resulting suffering.(AU)


El ensayo propone que el Covid-19 puede funcionar como analizador, desde la perspectiva del análisis institucional, revelando las condiciones sociales, institucionales y políticas de producción de sufrimiento de enfermeras. La pandemia revela algunas marcas relacionadas con la profesión, agravadas por la crisis de salud, reforzando la naturalización de la atribución del cuidado a lo femenino y un conjunto de jerarquías internas de la profesión. El trabajo también muestra la presencia de una necropolítica en las respuestas a la pandemia. La idea de "profesionales de primera línea" es criticada, pero tomada como una figura del lenguaje en su potencia para afirmar que hay cuerpos que, por las marcas sociales e históricas y por la interdependencia del cuidado, están más presentes y demandados, y por lo tanto más vulnerables a la enfermedad.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Nursing , Psychological Distress , Gender Identity , Self-Testing , COVID-19 , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Pain , Patient Care Team , Patient Discharge , Patients , Politics , Primary Health Care , Psychology , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Quality of Life , Race Relations , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Social Change , Social Isolation , Social Sciences , Socioeconomic Factors , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Women, Working , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Population Characteristics , Nursing Theory , Occupational Risks , Burnout, Professional , Virus Diseases , Vaccines , Nursing Research , Accidents, Occupational , Carrier State , Mental Health , Mortality , Models, Nursing , Occupational Health , Workload , Professional Autonomy , Long-Term Care , Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation , Immunization Programs , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Continuity of Patient Care , Feminism , Critical Care , Disaster Vulnerability , Health Risk , Access to Information , Delivery of Health Care , Air Pollution , Health Care Economics and Organizations , Emergencies , Employment , Environment and Public Health , Essential Public Health Functions , Health Status Disparities , Ethics, Professional , Surveillance of the Workers Health , Program of Risk Prevention on Working Environment , Air Contamination Effects , Evidence-Based Nursing , Fear , Remuneration , Early Medical Intervention , Medicalization , Ambulatory Care , Personal Protective Equipment , Psychosocial Support Systems , Occupational Stress , Burnout, Psychological , Patient Care , Caregiver Burden , Models, Biopsychosocial , COVID-19 Serological Testing , Gender Equity , Vaccine Development , Community Resources , Intersectional Framework , Systemic Racism , Social Vulnerability , Humanitarian Crisis , Working Conditions , Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome , Accident Prevention , Health Occupations , Health Services , Health Services Accessibility , Helping Behavior , Hierarchy, Social , Hospitalization , Hospitals , Humanism , Life Support Care , Masks , Muscle Tonus , Night Care , Nursing Care , Nursing, Practical , Nursing, Team , Occupational Diseases
5.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 604-616, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399309

ABSTRACT

A prematuridade pode causar déficits de desenvolvimento motor nos lactentes apresentando assim a necessidade de intervenção precoce, neste sentido o objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o desenvolvimento motor de lactentes prematuros na aquisição da habilidade do sentar independente após um programa de intervenção motora e de orientação de pais para estímulos domiciliares. Estudo longitudinal e avaliativo sobre o marco motor sentar em 11 lactentes, de ambos os sexos, com diagnóstico de prematuridade e idade cronológica de 6 a 8 meses. Os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos, o grupo intervenção que recebeu tratamento fisioterapêutico três vezes por semana durante seis semanas; e o grupo orientação, com encontros semanais durante o mesmo período com a fisioterapeuta que disponibilizou uma cartilha estruturada de exercícios a serem realizados pelos cuidadores durante a semana, sendo ambos os grupos com foco no sentar independente e avaliados com a escala AIMS. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os resultados antes e após intervenção (t: -6.8571; p: 0,0012) assim como antes e após orientação (t: - 4.5995; p: 0.0029), sendo que ao analisar a porcentagem do ganho na dimensão sentar pela AIMS, o grupo intervenção teve maior ganho. Conclui-se que a intervenção fisioterapêutica apresentou melhores resultados para a aquisição do marco motor sentar. Apesar disso, a estimulação feita pelos pais após orientação profissional também apresentou valores positivos.


Prematurity can cause motor development deficits in infants, thus presenting the need for early intervention, in this sense the objective of this study was compare the motor development of preterm infants in the acquisition of the ability to sit independently after a motor intervention program and of orientation of parents for home stimuli. A longitudinal and evaluative study on the motor frame sit in 11 infants, of both sexes, with diagnosis of prematurity and chronological age of 6 to 8 months. Participants were divided into two groups, the intervention group that received physiotherapeutic treatment three times a week for six weeks; and the orientation group, with weekly meetings during the same period with the physiotherapist who provided a structured workbook of exercises to be performed by the caregivers during the week, both groups being focused on independent sitting and evaluated with the AIMS scale. There were significant differences between the results before and after intervention (t: -6.8571; p: 0.0012) as well as before and after orientation (t: -4.5995; p: 0.0029); when analyzing the percentage of gain in dimension by the AIMS, the intervention group had greater gain. It was concluded that the physiotherapeutic intervention presented better results for the acquisition of the motor frame sit. Despite this, the stimulation done by the parents after professional orientation also presented positive values.


La prematuridad puede causar déficits de desarrollo motor en los bebés, por lo que se requiere una intervención temprana. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el desarrollo motor de los bebés prematuros en la adquisición de la capacidad de sentarse de forma independiente después de un programa de intervención motora y la orientación de los padres para la estimulación en el hogar. Se trata de un estudio longitudinal y evaluativo del hito motor de la sedestación en 11 bebés de ambos sexos, diagnosticados como prematuros y con una edad cronológica que oscila entre los 6 y los 8 meses. Los participantes se dividieron en dos grupos, el grupo de intervención que recibió tratamiento fisioterapéutico tres veces por semana durante seis semanas; y el grupo de orientación, con reuniones semanales durante el mismo periodo con el fisioterapeuta que proporcionó un folleto estructurado de ejercicios que debían realizar los cuidadores durante la semana, ambos grupos centrados en la sedestación independiente y evaluados con la escala AIMS. Se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los resultados antes y después de la intervención (t: -6,8571; p: 0,0012), así como antes y después de la orientación (t: -4,5995; p: 0,0029), y al analizar el porcentaje de ganancia en la dimensión de sentarse por el AIMS, el grupo de intervención tuvo mayor ganancia. Concluimos que la intervención fisioterapéutica presentó mejores resultados para la adquisición del hito motor sentado. Sin embargo, la estimulación realizada por los padres tras la orientación profesional también mostró valores positivos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Infant, Premature/physiology , Child Development , Sitting Position , Motor Skills , Physical Therapists/education , Early Medical Intervention/methods
6.
Estilos clín ; 27(3)2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1426629

ABSTRACT

O artigo aborda os impasses vividos por um bebê com risco de autismo em seu processo de subjetivação. Estudos afirmam que há bebês que, muito precocemente, recusam-se a estabelecer trocas com o objeto materno, impossibilitando que a mãe entre em um estado de identificação com seu bebê, o que colocaria em pauta que o autismo infantil não se limitaria apenas a uma falha materna, mas se trataria de uma patologia multifatorial. Quais intervenções clínicas seriam necessárias para que a mãe e o bebê possam juntos (re)escrever uma nova narrativa psíquica? Haveria um tipo de intervenção e de manejo clínico específico nos casos de bebês com risco de autismo? E como a psicanálise contemporânea, fundamentada pela leitura da intersubjetividade, nos ajudaria na compreensão da clínica da intervenção precoce?


Este artículo se propone abordar los impases experimentados por un bebé con riesgo autista en su proceso de subjetivación. Existen estudios sobre bebés que precozmente se niegan a establecer intercambios con el objeto materno, imposibilitando que la madre entre en identificación con él, poniendo sobre la mesa que el autismo infantil no se limitaría a una falla materna, sino que se trataría de una patología multifactorial. Se plantea, cuáles intervenciones clínicas son necesarias para que madre y bebé puedan (re)escribir una nueva narrativa psíquica, que posibilite un verdadero encuentro diádico. ¿Habría un tipo específico de intervención y manejo clínico en los bebés con riesgo de autismo? ¿Cómo el psicoanálisis contemporáneo, basado en la lectura de la intersubjetividad y de lo intrapsíquico, ayudaría a entender la clínica de la intervención precoz?


This article addresses the failures of a baby with a risk of autism to develop his subjectivation process. Recent studies show that some babies are not able to develop exchanges with their maternal object, which would show that children autism would not be limited to a failure of the mother to enter into a state of identification with her baby, but would be associated to a multifactorial pathology. In that respect, which clinical interventions would be necessary so that mother and baby can (re)write a new psychic narrative, enabling them to develop a genuine capability to meet together? Is there a type of clinical handling for babies with a risk of autism? How can contemporary psychoanalysis, with focus on intersubjectivity and inter-psychism, could help us to understand early intervention clinic?


Cet article aborde les entraves d'un bébé à risque autistique à développer son processus de subjectivation. Des études récentes montrent que certains bébés ne sont pas capables de développer des échanges avec leur objet maternel, ce qui montrerait que l'autisme infantile ne se limiterait pas seulement à un échec de la mère d'entrer dans un état d'identification avec son bébé, mais qu'il s'agirait d'une pathologie multifactorielle. Ainsi, quelles interventions cliniques seraient nécessaires pour que mère et bébé puissent (ré)écrire ensemble un nouveau récit psychique, qui leur permettrait de développer une véritable capacité à se rencontrer ? Y aurait-il un type de prise en charge clinique spécifique aux bébés à risque d'autisme? Comment la psychanalyse contemporaine, centrée sur l'intersubjectivité et l'inter-psychisme, peut nous aider à comprendre la clinique d'intervention précoce?


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Psychoanalysis/methods , Autistic Disorder , Early Medical Intervention/methods , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence , Maternal Behavior/psychology , Psychology, Clinical , Psychomotor Performance , Object Attachment
7.
Afr. J. reprod. Health (online) ; 26(4): 1-7, 2022-06-03. Figures, Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1380961

ABSTRACT

Uganda Village Project (UVP) implemented the Healthy Village Initiative (HVI) and conducted household surveys to assess the effects of the initiative. This data adds to the limited body of knowledge regarding the efficacy of community health interventions for reproductive health in rural east Africa. As part of the HVI, UVP surveys rural Ugandan households before and after a 3-year programmatic intervention to assess changes in family planning health literacy, and contraception utilization. Results showed that there was an increase in contraceptive utilization, an increase in family planning health literacy, and a decrease in unmet need for contraception. Community-based outreaches led by community members and health workers can contribute to improving access to contraception, utilization of contraception, and health literacy surrounding contraception. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[4]: 15- 21).


Subject(s)
Sex Education , Contraception , Reproductive Health , Early Medical Intervention , Rural Population , Health Literacy
8.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 29(4): 677-687, out.-dez. 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365519

ABSTRACT

Resumo A crise global gerada pelo vírus SARS-CoV-2, responsável pela covid-19, pode ser interpretada de diversas formas, incluindo comportamento epidêmico, ondas de impacto sobre os sistemas de saúde e consequências de medidas direta ou indiretamente ligadas ao enfrentamento da pandemia. Assim, as respostas a esses desafios devem ser integrais, contemplando os diversos níveis de prevenção. Como uma possível resposta, o tratamento precoce não deve ser visto isoladamente, mas num contexto de cuidado integral. Este trabalho apresenta formas de analisar a presente crise e os elementos éticos pertinentes ao tratamento precoce.


Abstract The global crisis caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, responsible for COVID-19, can be interpreted in different ways, including epidemic behavior, waves of impact on health systems and consequences of measures directly or indirectly linked to fighting the pandemic. Thus, the responses to these challenges must be comprehensive, covering the different levels of prevention. As a possible answer, early treatment should not be seen in isolation, but in a context of comprehensive care. This article presents ways to analyze the current crisis and the ethical elements relevant to early treatment.


Resumen La crisis mundial generada por el virus del SARS-CoV-2, responsable de la covid-19, se puede interpretar de varias maneras, incluido el comportamiento epidémico, las olas de impacto en los sistemas de salud y las consecuencias de las medidas directas o indirectamente relacionadas con el enfrentamiento de la pandemia. Por lo tanto, las respuestas a estos desafíos deben ser integrales, considerando los diversos niveles de prevención. Como posible respuesta, el tratamiento temprano no debe ser visto aisladamente, sino en un contexto de atención integral. Este trabajo presenta formas de analizar la crisis actual y los elementos éticos pertinentes al tratamiento precoz.


Subject(s)
Bioethics , Pandemics , Early Medical Intervention , Patient Safety , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
9.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(5): 637-648, Nov 11, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353475

ABSTRACT

Prematuros apresentam risco aumentado para atrasos na aquisição de habilidades neuromotoras. Os marcos do desenvolvimento preconizam que um bebê a termo de seis meses seja capaz de manter-se sentado com apoio, aos nove meses se locomova utilizando o movimento de engatinhar e, aos 12 meses, troque passos com apoio. Este estudo pretendeu analisar o desenvolvimento motor grosseiro de bebês nascidos pré-termo quanto à aquisição das habilidades do sentar, engatinhar e andar, utilizando os escores da Escala Bayley-III, aplicada aos seis, nove e 12 meses em participantes de um programa de intervenção precoce, relacionando-as ao sexo e idade gestacional. Observou-se que dos 129 participantes, 37,21% dos bebês se sentaram com apoio por 30 segundos aos seis meses. Quanto à série engatinhar, avaliada aos nove meses, 27,91% dos bebês apresentaram o movimento nesta idade. Aos 12 meses, a maioria dos participantes (82,17%) apresentou o andar com apoio, o esperado para a idade. Considerando sexo e idade gestacional, observou-se que quanto menos semanas gestacionais menos bebês alcançaram as metas para a idade/mês e essa ocorrência é mais frequente em meninos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Infant , Infant, Premature , Child Development , Gestational Age , Early Medical Intervention , Motor Skills
10.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): e289, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289542

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fractura de cadera es una entidad prevalente en el grupo etario de edad avanzada, y constituye una de las causas más frecuentes de ingreso hospitalario en personas mayores de 65 años. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de una intervención educativa sobre el conocimiento que poseen los adultos mayores sobre fractura de cadera en el Policlínico Docente Universitario Chiqui Gómez Lubián, de Santa Clara, durante el año 2019. Métodos: Se realizó una intervención educativa cuasi-experimental, sin grupo control en adultos mayores pertenecientes a un círculo de abuelos. Se evaluó el conocimiento que estos tenían sobre fractura de cadera antes y después de la intervención educativa durante el año 2019 en el Policlínico Chiqui Gómez de Santa Clara. La investigación tuvo como muestra 18 adultos mayores los cuales fueron seleccionados por el método no probabilístico. Resultados: Como consecuencia de la aplicación de la intervención educativa, el 100 por ciento de los encuestados demostró conocimientos adecuados acerca de las fracturas de cadera. Conclusiones: La intervención educativa fue efectiva pues demostró un incremento en el nivel de conocimientos en el adulto mayor sobre fractura de cadera(AU)


Introduction: Hip fracture is a prevalent entity in the elderly age group, and it constitutes one of the most frequent causes of hospital admission in persons over 65 years of age. Objective: To evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on the knowledge that older adults have about hip fracture at Chiqui Gómez Lubián University Teaching Polyclinic, Santa Clara, during 2019. Methods: A quasi-experimental educational intervention with no control group was carried out in older adults from a grandparents´ s club, to assess their knowledge about hip fracture. This assessment was conducted before and after the educational intervention during 2019 at Chiqui Gómez Polyclinic in Santa Clara. Eighteen aged adults made up the research sampled, who were selected by the non-probabilistic method. Results: As a result of the educational intervention, 100 percent of the respondents showed adequate knowledge about hip fractures. Conclusions: The educational intervention was effective as it showed growth in the level of knowledge in the elderly about hip fracture(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Knowledge , Early Medical Intervention , Hip Fractures/etiology , Accidental Falls , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
11.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(2): e3427, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251825

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La educación de los pacientes adultos mayores hipoacúsicos sobre su enfermedad y el uso de audífonos es una exigencia social. Objetivo: Diseñar e implementar una intervención educativa dirigida a la preparación de los pacientes adultos mayores con hipoacusia neurosensorial respecto al uso de audífonos para la rehabilitación auditiva atendidos en el Centro Auditivo "Dr. Mario Velázquez Leal" de la provincia de Guantánamo en el año 2019. Método: Se realizó un pre experimento en 80 pacientes con hipoacusia neurosensorial que utilizaron audífonos. El estímulo consistió en la implementación de una intervención educativa dirigida a su preparación respecto al tema hipoacusia y el uso de audífonos para la rehabilitación auditiva. Resultados: El 88,7 % de los pacientes consideró que la hipoacusia limitaba la calidad de vida y el 87,5 % reconoció que asumía una actitud inadecuada para el control de la discapacidad, lo que indicó la necesidad de educarlos respecto al tema. El 36,2 % de ellos está adecuadamente preparado sobre el tema, luego de la intervención educativa esta proporción se elevó hasta el 93,7 %. Conclusiones: Se identifica que los pacientes adultos mayores con hipoacusia neurosensorial que utilizan audífonos para la rehabilitación auditiva muestran carencias teóricas sobre el tema hipoacusia y uso de audífonos, que son resueltas con el diseño e implementación de una intervención educativa dirigida a su preparación para esta finalidad.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Educating the older hearing impaired patients about their condition and the use of hearing aids is a social requirement. Objective: To design and implement an educative intervention aimed at preparing older adult patients with presence of sensorineural hearing loss regarding the use of hearing aids for auditory rehabilitation attended at the Centro Auditivo "Dr. Mario Velázquez Leal", Guantánamo, in 2019. Method: A pre-experimental study was conducted on 80 patients with sensorineural hearing loss who used hearing aids. The stimulus consisted on the implementation of an educative intervention aimed at preparing them for appearance hearing loss and the use of hearing aids for auditory rehabilitation. Results: The 88.7% of patients considering that hearing loss is a problem in health and 87.5% recognized that they had an inadequate attitude towards the management of their impairment, which revealed the need to educate them on the subject. The 36.2% of patients were adequately prepared on the subject, but after the educative intervention this proportion rose to 93.7%. Conclusions: It is marked that older adult patients with sensorineural hearing loss, who use hearing aids for auditory rehabilitation, demonstrated theoretical deficiencies on the hearing loss and use of hearing aids subject, which are solved with the design and implementation of an educative intervention aimed at preparing the patients for this purpose.


RESUMO Introdução: A educação dos pacientes idosos com deficiência auditiva sobre a sua doença eo uso de aparelhos auditivos é uma exigência social. Objetivo: Projetar e implementar uma intervenção educativa destinada a preparar pacientes idosos com perda auditiva neurossensorial em relação ao uso de aparelhos auditivos para reabilitação auditiva atendidos no Centro Auditivo "Dr. Mario Velázquez Leal" da província de Guantánamo durante 2019. Método: Um pré-experimento foi realizado em 80 pacientes com perda auditiva neurossensorial que usou aparelhos auditivos. O estímulo consistiu na implementação de uma intervenção educacional que visa a sua preparação em relação à questão da perda e do uso de aparelhos auditivos para reabilitação auditiva. Resultados: 88,7% dos pacientes consideraram que a perda auditiva limitou sua qualidade de vida e 87,5% reconheceram que assumiram uma atitude inadequada para controlar a deficiência, o que indicou a necessidade de educá-los sobre o assunto. 36,2% deles estão adequadamente preparados sobre o assunto, após a intervenção educativa essa proporção subiu para 93,7%. Conclusões: Identifica-se que pacientes idosos com perda auditiva neurossensorial usuários de aparelhos para reabilitação auditiva apresentam deficiências teóricas sobre o tema perda auditiva e uso aparelhos auditivos, as quais são sanadas com a concepção e implementação de uma intervenção educativa voltada à sua preparação. para este propósito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/rehabilitation , Early Medical Intervention
12.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 43: e54996, Feb.11, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368149

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the nutritional profile of cancer patients treated at an oncology center in South Brazil.This is a descriptive, exploratory and sectional study that was developed in a process that involved 100 patients aged between 18 and 75 years old, suffering from cancer.The anthropometric variables studied were weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), arm circumference (AC), arm muscle circumference (AMC),triceps skinfold (TSF) and corrected arm muscle area (cAMA). For subjective nutritional assessment, we used the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). Nearly half of the patients evaluated had a critical need for nutritional intervention. There was a statistically significant association between cAMA and marital status, age and gender; between AC and age, gender and staging; between AMC and staging; between BMI and marital status and age; and between TSF and marital status. Patients diagnosed with IV stage had the lowest values for nutritional variables. There was no significant association between nutritional status of patients obtained by the PG-SGA instrument and sociodemographic characteristics. Malnutrition should be diagnosed as soon as possible,aiming at early intervention and improving survival and quality of life. Therefore, early nutritional assessment in cancer patients is required, combining subjective and objective methods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cancer Care Facilities/organization & administration , Nutrition Assessment , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Quality of Life/psychology , Survival , Body Weights and Measures/instrumentation , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Early Medical Intervention
13.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 42(spe): e20200162, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341500

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify in the scientific literature the clinical overview of the pediatric population that tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and care recommendations and recommendations among children who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 in the scientific literature. Method: Rapid review based on the guidelines of the Joana Briggs Institute: elaboration of the research question, structured search of the literature in April 2020, in nine databases, selection and critical analysis of the eighteen primary studies (using two instruments to assess methodological quality), elaboration of the synthesis, incorporation of suggestions and dissemination. Result: The most frequent clinical overview was respiratory, gastrointestinal symptoms and fever. The images showed irregular frosted glass opacification. It is recommended to screen the pediatric population and family members who show signs and symptoms and to adopt isolation for more than fourteen days. Conclusion: The clinical overview in pediatric population is varied, not exclusively with respiratory symptoms, and a significant number of asymptomatic patients. The importance of new investigations is highlighted, such as randomized clinical trial or cohort studies, identifying their participation in the transmission of COVID-19.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Identificar en la literatura científica el estado clínico de la población pediátrica que probó positivo para el SARS-CoV-2 y las recomendaciones de atención. Método: Revisión rápida basada en las directrices del Instituto Joana Briggs: elaboración de la pregunta de investigación, búsqueda estructurada de la literatura en abril de 2020, en nueve bases de datos, selección y análisis crítico de los dieciocho estudios primarios (utilizando dos instrumentos para evaluar la calidad metodológica), elaboración de la síntesis, incorporación de sugerencias y difusión. Resultado: El cuadro clínico más frecuente fue respiratorio, síntomas gastrointestinales y fiebre. Las imágenes mostraron opacificación irregular de vidrio esmerilado. Se recomienda evaluar a población pediátrica y familiares que muestran signos y síntomas y adoptar aislamiento durante más de catorce días. Conclusiones: El cuadro clínico en la población pediátrica es variado, no exclusivamente con síntomas respiratorios, y un número importante de pacientes asintomáticos. Se destaca la importancia de nuevas investigaciones, como ensayos clínicos aleatorizados o estudios de cohorte, identificando su participación en la transmisión del COVID-19.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar, na literatura científica, o quadro clínico da população pediátrica que testou positivo para SARS-CoV-2 e recomendações de cuidados. Método: Revisão rápida baseada nas diretrizes da Joana Briggs Institute: elaboração da pergunta de investigação, busca estruturada da literatura no mês de abril de 2020, em nove bases de dados, seleção e análise crítica dos dezoito estudos primários (utilizando dois instrumentos para avaliação da qualidade metodológica), elaboração da síntese, incorporação das sugestões e divulgação. Resultado: O quadro clínico mais frequente foi sintomas respiratórios, gastrointestinais e febre. As imagens demonstraram opacificação irregular de vidro fosco. Recomenda-se triagem da população pediátrica e familiares que apresentam sinais e sintomas e adotar isolamento por período superior a quatorze dias. Conclusão: Quadro clínico na população pediátrica é variado, não exclusivamente com sintomas respiratórios, e número significativo de assintomáticos. Destaca-se importância de novas investigações, como ensaios clínicos randomizados ou estudos de coorte, identificando a participação dessas na transmissão da COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/therapy , Fever , Early Medical Intervention , Physical Distancing
14.
Estilos clín ; 26(3)2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1438271

ABSTRACT

Mães de filhos com Transtorno do Espectro Autista (TEA) tendem a vivenciar diversos desafios na maternidade. Este estudo qualitativo tem como objetivo compreender as vivências maternas e as experiências com os primeiros indicadores de TEA. Seis mães com filhos diagnosticados com TEA responderam um questionário sociodemográfico e uma entrevista semiestruturada. Notou-se que mesmo antes do diagnóstico as mães percebiam que algo não ia bem com o bebê, havendo sobrecarga materna com os inúmeros cuidados que os filhos necessitam e que a rede de apoio é de extrema importância. Contudo, a intervenção precoce é relevante e pode contribuir de forma positiva com a relação mãe e bebê e sua subjetividade antes de um diagnóstico e o TEA implica em cuidados não somente com a criança, mas também ao seu cuidador principal


Las madres de niños con trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) tienden a experimentar varios desafíos en la maternidad. Este estudio cualitativo tiene como objetivo comprender las experiencias y vivencias maternas con los primeros indicadores de TEA. Seis madres con hijos diagnosticados de TEA respondieron un cuestionario sociodemográfico y una entrevista semiestructurada. Se notó que incluso antes del diagnóstico, las madres se dieron cuenta de que algo no iba bien con el bebé, con la sobrecarga materna, con los innumerables cuidados que los niños necesitan y que la red de apoyo es sumamente importante. Sin embargo, la intervención temprana es relevante y puede contribuir positivamente a la relación entre la madre y el bebé y su subjetividad antes de un diagnóstico y el TEA implica un cuidado no solo para el niño, sino también para su cuidador principal


Mothers whose children are in the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) usually go through a variety of challenges in maternity. This qualitative research aims to comprehend the maternity experiences with the first signs of ASD. Six mothers which had their children diagnosed with ASD answered a sociodemographic questionnaire and a semi structured interview. It was eminent that even before the diagnosis the mothers could perceive that there was something different with their babies, how the need for the extra care that their babies demand is overwhelming and how important it is for them to have support. However, the early intervention is relevant and can contribute positively in the relationship between mother and child and in the mother ́s subjectivity before a diagnosis is given and ASD imply in taking care not only of the child but also of their main keeper


Les mères d'enfants atteints d'un Trouble du Spectre Autistique (TSA) ont tendance à éprouver plusieurs types de difficultés pendant la maternité. Cette étude qualitative vise à comprendre les expériences maternelles et les expériences avec les premiers indicateurs de TSA. Six mères d'enfants atteints de TSA ont répondu à un questionnaire sociodémographique et à un entretien semi-structuré. Il a été noté qu'avant même le diagnostic, les mères se rendaient compte que quelque chose n'allait pas bien avec le bébé. Elles font face à une surcharge maternelle avec d'innombrables soins à porter aux enfants. L'étude montre que le réseau de soutien est extrêmement important. Cependant, une intervention précoce est pertinente et peut contribuer positivement à la relation entre la mère et le bébé et leur subjectivité avant que le diagnostic soit réalisé. Le TSA implique une prise en charge non seulement de l'enfant, mais aussi de son principal soignant


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Early Medical Intervention , Autism Spectrum Disorder/psychology , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Social Support , Child Care , Qualitative Research , Sociodemographic Factors
15.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 61(2): 285-291, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1411833

ABSTRACT

El dengue es una enfermedad febril producida por el virus DENV, transmitida principalmente por el mosquito Aedes aegypti, siendo uno de los problemas de Salud Pública de mayor presentación en países de América Latina, incluido Ecuador. Objetivo: Evaluar intervenciones comunitarias integradas en el manejo, control y prevención del dengue en el Cantón Durán de la provincia de Guayas-Ecuador 2020. Metodología: Investigación de tipo descriptiva, transversal, experimental con estudio de campo, muestra 304 jefes de familia, como instrumento de recolección de datos, se aplicó una encuesta estructurada y lista de cotejo para controla asistencia y participación. La encuesta se aplicó antes y después de la sesión educativa dictada referente al dengue, agente etiológico, síntomas, transmisión, control y prevención, los datos se transcribieron en Microsoft Excel y se uso el software libre EPIDAT 3.1 para calcular frecuencia e intervalos de confianza (IC) al 95%. Resultado: Después de la intervención comunitaria, a través de la sesión educativa dictada referente al dengue, 98,68% (300/304) conocían que la transmisión era por la picadura del mosquito hembra de Aedes aegypti, 98,03% conocían mucho sobre los síntomas del dengue, 99,01% (301/304) realizaban siempre la limpieza y eliminación de los criaderos, 92,43% (281/304) conocían de la enfermedad del dengue por charlas, reuniones y conferencias, evidenciando así, un cambio notable en la comunidad respecto a la información sobre el dengue y las actividades incluidas en el control y prevención de dicha enfermedad, Siendo los micros informativos con un 91,45% (278/304) los que dinamizaron la participación. Conclusión: La intervención comunitaria en el Cantón Durán de la Provincia de Guayas fue integral y dinámica contando con la participación activa(AU)


Dengue is a febrile disease produced by the DENV virus and transmitted by the Aedes aegypti, it is one of the most common Public Health problems in Latin American countries, including Ecuador. Objective. Evaluate integrated community interventions in the management, control and prevention of dengue in the Duran Canton of the Guayas Province-Ecuador 2020. Methodology: Descriptive, cross-sectional, experimental research with a field study with a sample of 304 household heads, such as Data collection instrument, a structured survey of 10 multiple-choice questions with alternative scales was applied before and after the educational session dictated regarding dengue, etiological agent, symptoms, transmission, control and prevention, the data were transcribed in Microsoft Excel and the free software EPIDAT 3.1 was used to calculate frequency and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Outcome. After the community intervention, through the educational session given regarding dengue, 98.68% (300/304) knew that the transmission was by the bite of the female Aedes aegypti, 98.03% knew a lot about the symptoms of dengue, 99.01% (301/304) always carried out the cleaning and elimination of the breeding sites, 92.43% (281/304) knew about the dengue disease through talks, meetings and conferences, thus evidencing a notable change in the community regarding information on dengue and the activities included in the control and prevention of said disease. Conclution. The community intervention in the Duran Canton of the Guayas Province was comprehensive and dynamic in which the subjects actively participated in the transformation of their reality, contributing significantly to the prevention and control of dengue(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dengue/transmission , Early Medical Intervention , Health Services , Communicable Diseases , Risk Factors , Community Participation , Aedes
16.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 92(4): e1288, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1144521

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El programa de estimulación temprana en la primera infancia, está diseñado para promover y mejorar el neurodesarrollo. El cuerpo calloso es una masa arqueada de sustancia blanca, compuesta por un haz de fibras transversales, situada al fondo del surco longitudinal que conecta a ambos hemisferios cerebrales. Se asocia con prematuridad y edad materna avanzada. Objetivo: Demostrar la validez de un programa de intervención temprana en la evolución de un paciente con agenesia de cuerpo calloso en las etapas del neurodesarrollo. Presentación del caso: Lactante venezolano, masculino de 4 meses de edad, blanco, producto de un segundo embarazo. Padres jóvenes, no consanguíneos. A las 19 semanas le realizan ecografía fetal: imagen quística cerebral interhemisférica, sugestivo de agenesia del cuerpo calloso. Parto por cesárea de urgencia: 34 semanas por: CIUR, oligoamnios severo, sufrimiento fetal agudo y preeclampsia, con Apgar 7-9, peso: 1800 g. Es traído al Centro Internacional de Salud La Pradera, con el diagnóstico de agenesia de cuerpo calloso más retardo del desarrollo psicomotor. Se inicia programa de intervención temprana cinco veces por semana con evaluaciones cuatrimestrales. Se involucra a los familiares. A los 18 meses de edad alcanza los hitos longitudinales propios de la edad Conclusiones: La intervención temprana favorece los mecanismos de neuroplasticidad cerebral y proporciona una evolución satisfactoria en las etapas del neurodesarrollo independiente de la agenesia de cuerpo calloso. La participación intensiva de la madre del niño es crucial para el éxito de la intervención(AU)


Introduction: The program of early stimulation in the early childhood is designed to foster and improve neurodevelopment. The callused body is a curved mass of a white substance composed by a beam of transverse fibers located in the back of the longitudinal track that connects both brain hemispheres. It is associated to prematurity and advanced maternal age. Objective: To prove the validity of an early intervention program in the evolution of a patient with agenesis of corpus callosum in the stages of neurodevelopment. Case presentation: Venezuelan newborn, 4 months old, masculine, white skin, product of a second pregnancy. Young parents, no blood relation. At 19 weeks of pregnancy, it is conducted a fetal echography: interhemispheric cystic image, suggestive to agenesis of the corpus callosum. Emergency cesarean section at 34 weeks of pregnancy due to: IUGR, severe oligoamnios; acute fetal distress and preeclampsia, with 7-9 Agar, weight: 1800 g. The newborn was admitted in La Pradera International Health Center with a diagnosis of agenesis of the corpus callosum, and delay in the psychomotor development. It was started a program of early intervention five times in the week with four-monthly assessments. Relatives were involved in the program. At 18 months old, the patient achieved the longitudinal milestones of that age. Conclusions: Early interventions favour brain neuroplasticity mechanisms, and provide a satisfactorily evolution in the stages of neurodevelopment, obviating the agenesis of the corpus callosum. Intensive participation of the child's mother is essential for the success of the intervention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Agenesis of Corpus Callosum/diagnostic imaging , Early Medical Intervention/methods , Psychomotor Performance/physiology
17.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(supl.1): 10-25, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341320

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Capillaroscopy is an essential tool for the diagnosis of systemic sclerosis. Using this exam as a prognostic factor will allow earlier intervention and probably, delay on disease progression. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of capillaroscopy for the prediction of systemic compromise and subtype differentiation in systemic sclerosis. Methods: A systematic literature search was applied in the following electronic databases: Medline, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Lilacs. The research question was designed based on the PICOT model, and the search strategy was built using the MeSH terms "Microscopic Angioscopy," "Scleroderma systemic," "Scleroderma diffuse," Scleroderma Limited," "Early Diagnosis" and Boolean operators. The language was restricted to papers published in Spanish or English, from 1990 to 2019. The search terms were explored for each database, and new terms were added, as appropriate. The searches were made again before the final analyses and further studies were retrieved for inclusion at that time. Reference lists of included studies and recent aligned systematic reviews were also screened. Gray literature was not considered in this review. Results: A total of 183 articles were found in the selected databases: Medline (n: 115), Embase (n: 66), Cochrane (n: 2), Lilacs (n: 0). After excluding articles due to duplication, a total of 66 studies were selected. Within these articles, a screening process was applied based on the title and abstract, taking into account the eligibility criteria, finally obtaining 21 references. Two researchers assessed the selected articles, and all disagreements were solved by consensus. Finally, a total of 14 articles were included. Conclusions: The different abnormalities found in capillaroscopy, especially loss of capillaries, have been consistently associated not only with organ involvement but also with severity of the disease, especially with vascular manifestations (digital ulcers and pulmonary hypertension). The importance of capillaroscopy is not only its diagnostic value but also its predictive value with its consequent implications in the follow-up and management of systemic sclerosis.


RESUMEN Introducción: La capilaroscopia es una herramienta esencial para el diagnóstico de la esclerosis sistémica. Usar este examen como factor pronóstico permitirá realizar una intervención temprana y probablemente retardará la progresión de la enfermedad. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura evaluando el valor pronóstico de la capilaroscopia para predecir el compromiso sistémico de la esclerosis sistémica y su diferenciación por subtipos. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura en las siguientes bases de datos: Medline, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane y Lilacs. La búsqueda se hizo basada en el modelo PICOT y la estrategia de búsqueda fue construida mediante los términos MeSH «Microscopic angioscopy¼, «Scleroderma systemic¼, «Scleroderma diffuse¼, «Scleroderma limited¼, «Early diagnosis¼ y operadores booleanos. El lenguaje fue restringido a artículos publicados en español e inglés desde 1990 hasta 2019. Se realizó la búsqueda en cada base de datos y se adicionaron nuevos términos según fuera apropiado. La búsqueda se realizó de nuevo al final del análisis y se incluyeron los estudios más recientes. La lista de referencias de los estudios incluidos y las revisiones sistemáticas recientemente adicionadas también fueron registradas. No se consideró literatura gris en esta revisión. Resultados: Un total de 183 artículos fueron encontrados en las siguientes bases de datos: Medline (n = 115), Embase (n = 66), Cochrane (n = 2), Lilacs (n = 0). Después de excluir los que estaban duplicados, un total de 66 estudios fueron seleccionados. Dentro de estos artículos, se realizó un proceso de selección basado en título y resumen tomando en cuenta los criterios de elegibilidad, obteniendo finalmente 21 referencias. Dos investigadores revisaron los artículos seleccionados y todas las discrepancias fueron resueltas en consenso. Finalmente, un total de 14 artículos fueron incluidos. Conclusiones: Las diferentes anormalidades encontradas en la capilaroscopia, especialmente la pérdida de capilares, han sido constantemente asociadas no solo con compromiso de órganos sino también a la severidad de la enfermedad, especialmente con manifestaciones vasculares (úlceras digitales e hipertensión pulmonar). La importancia de la capilaroscopia no solo es por su valor diagnóstico sino también por su valor predictivo en relación al seguimiento y manejo de la esclerosis sistémica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prognosis , Scleroderma, Systemic , Microscopic Angioscopy , Capillaries , Early Diagnosis , Early Medical Intervention
18.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(5): e449-e453, oct 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1122507

ABSTRACT

La medicina contemporánea se caracteriza por una creciente subespecialización, así como por la adquisición de un mayor conocimiento respecto de la interacción entre las distintas estructuras del organismo (biosemiótica) tanto en estado de salud como de enfermedad. Se propone, en este artículo, una nueva conceptualización del organismo basada en la perspectiva de considerarlo conformado por un espacio biológico (células, tejidos y órganos) y un espacio biosemiótico (intercambio de señales entre ellos). Su desarrollo daría lugar a una nueva subespecialidad dedicada al estudio e interferencia de la biosemiótica de la enfermedad (medicina biosemiótica), lo que propiciaría el desarrollo de una medicina de procesos, tendiente al diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano de las enfermedades


Contemporary medicine is characterized by an increasing subspecialization and the acquisition of a greater knowledge about the interaction among the different body structures (biosemiotics), both in health and disease. This article proposes a new conceptualization of the body based on considering it as a biological space (cells, tissues, and organs) and a biosemiotic space (exchange of signs among them). Its development would lead to a new subspecialty focused on the study and interference of disease biosemiotics (biosemiotic medicine), which would trigger a process-based medicine centered on early diagnosis and management of disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine , Early Diagnosis , Early Medical Intervention
20.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(3): 254-265, mayo.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126944

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: En el contexto de la pandemia por COVID-19 emergen muchas interrogantes sobre la atención al recién nacido con sospecha o infección por dicho virus y si esta afecta la lactancia materna. Objetivo: Diseñar una intervención educativa para la preparación del estudiante de Medicina respecto a la atención al recién nacido con sospecha o infección por COVID-19. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal, aprobado por el Comité de Ética de la institución. El universo lo conformaron 80 estudiantes de sexto año de Medicina que realizaron la estancia de Neonatología en el Hospital General Docente "Dr. Agostinho Neto" durante el curso académico 2019-2020, de ellos, se seleccionó por conveniencia una muestra de 25 estudiantes. Se estudió su autopreparación respecto a la epidemiologia de la COVID-19 en el recién nacido, su influencia en la lactancia materna y el manejo de la infección en estos. Se diseñó y aplicó una intervención educativa dirigida a corregir las carencias teóricas respecto a estos saberes. Resultados: El mayor porcentaje de los estudiantes tenía un inadecuado nivel de preparación respecto a la atención al recién nacido con sospecha o infección por COVID-19 (88,0 %), que mejoró en el 92,0 % luego de la intervención educativa. Conclusiones: Las carencias teóricas sobre la atención al recién nacido con sospecha o infección por COVID-19 que revelan los estudiantes justifica que se conciba una labor educativa, para lo que resulta adecuada una intervención educativa que enriquece su preparación al respecto, con énfasis en la necesidad de mantener la lactancia materna durante la pandemia COVID-19.


ABSTRACT Introduction: A lot of questions rise in the contest of COVID-19 regarding the care of the newborn suspected to be or infected with the virus, and if this special care affects breastfeeding. Objective: To design an educative intervention for the preparation of the medical student regarding the health care of the newborn with infection or suspected infection of COVID-19. Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out, approved by the Ethics Committee of the institution. The study population was made of 80 students of the 6th year of Medicine School in their internship period in the Hospital Dr Agostinho Neto, during the academic year 2019-2020. From them, 25 students were conveniently selected. Their preparation on the epidemiology of COVID-19 in the newborn, its influence in breastfeeding and the handling of these cases was evaluated. An educational intervention was designed and put into practice, aimed to fix the theoretical deficiencies about the topic in question. Results: Higher percentage of students had an inadequate knowledge about the care of the newborn suspected to be or infected with COVID-19 (88%), improved in a 92% after the educational intervention. Conclusions: The theoretical deficiencies about the care of the newborn suspected to be or infected with COVID-19 found in the students confirms the need of educational work, in the form of an educational intervention to enrich their preparation, with emphasis in keeping the process of breastfeeding during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus , Students, Medical , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education, Medical , Early Medical Intervention/methods
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