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1.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 467-470, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356956

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La hidatidosis cervical es una enfermedad poco frecuente aun en áreas endémicas. Suele presentarse como una lesión quística indolora de lenta evolución. Se presenta un caso clínico de una paciente femenina de 19 años con una lesión quística en el compartimento cervical central, inicialmente interpretada como un quiste tirogloso. El diagnóstico debe ser sospechado ante epidemiología compatible, el método de imágenes de elección es la ecografía. En localizaciones extrahepáticas los métodos serológicos tienen baja sensibilidad. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía, realizando tratamiento perioperatorio con albendazol. Debe manipularse el quiste con cuidado para evitar su rotura y el derrame de contenido líquido, por riesgo de reacción anafiláctica, recurrencia e hidatidosis múltiple. En pacientes con alto riesgo quirúrgico puede optarse por realizar tratamiento médico con albendazol.


ABSTRACT Cervical echinococcosis is a rare disease, even in endemic areas. The lesions usually present as painless slow-growing cystic lesion. We report the case of a 19-year-old female patient with a cystic lesion in the central cervical region that was initially interpreted as a thyroglossal duct cyst. The diagnosis should be suspected when the epidemiology is consistent, and ultrasound is the imaging method of choice. The sensitivity of serologic tests is low in extrahepatic locations. Surgery is the treatment of choice and the administration of albendalzole before surgery is indicated. The cyst must be handled with care to avoid rupture and leakage of cyst contents, which can cause anaphylaxis, recurrence and multiple echinococcosis. In patients with high surgical risk, medical treatment alone may be the option.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Thyroglossal Cyst , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Echinococcosis/diagnostic imaging , Serologic Tests , Albendazole , Disease , Sensitivity and Specificity , Diagnosis , Echinococcosis , Anaphylaxis
2.
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 26(2)mayo-ago. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363078

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Determinar el porcentaje de fascioliasis y equinococosis quística; también, el impacto del comiso de vísceras en rumiantes faenados en el matadero municipal de Abancay, Perú. Materiales y métodos. El estudio fue básico, transversal y analítico. Se incluyeron todos los rumiantes faenados en el matadero, de septiembre a diciembre de 2012. Se determinó el peso vivo de los rumiantes, además del peso de sus vísceras sanas e infectadas. Se estimó la pérdida económica por la incautación de vísceras. El análisis de los datos se realizó con el programa Excel Windows 2010 y el paquete estadístico MINITAB versión 17. Se utilizó la prueba de Chi-cuadrado para determinar diferencias entre proporciones y la prueba t de igualdad de medias, utilizando un nivel de confianza del 95%. Resultados. El porcentaje de infección por fascioliasis fue 79.6% (IC 95% = 77.7-81.6) en bovinos, 53.2% (IC 95% = 48.9-57.4) en ovejas y 21% (IC 95% = 16.1-25.8) en cabras. El porcentaje de infección por equinococosis quística fue 5,4% (IC 95% = 4.3-6.6) en bovinos, 16.7% (IC 95% = 13.5-19.7) en ovejas y 12.4% (IC 95% = 8.4-16.3) en cabras. La pérdida económica en la temporada de estudio fue de USD 16.507,46. Conclusiones. La presencia de duela hepática afecta el peso de los hígados en bovinos y ovinos. El quiste hidatídico afecta el peso del hígado en todos los rumiantes estudiados y afecta el peso de los pulmones en ovejas y cabras. La mayor pérdida económica se debió al comiso de hígados debido a la fascioliasis.


Subject(s)
Echinococcosis , Fasciola hepatica , Ruminants , Viscera , Cattle , Sheep
3.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 245-251, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359179

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Los quistes hidatídicos primarios pancreáticos son raros por no decir excepcional, siendo en las grandes series su incidencia apenas entre el 0,2 % al 0,3%. Lugar de Aplicación: Servicio de Cirugía General "Pablo Luis Mirizzi" del Hospital Nacional de Clínicas, Sanatorio Allende y Clínica Privada Caraffa de Córdoba. Diseño: Cooperativo, retrospectivo. Material y Método: Entre diciembre de 2000 y diciembre del 2019 han sido tratados quirúrgicamente 9 pacientes con hidatidosis primaria de páncreas, siendo 5 del sexo masculino y los cuatro restantes del sexo femenino, con una edad promedio de 39,4 años. En relación con la clínica, todos los pacientes tenían dolor abdominal, acompañado de vómitos, distensión abdominal y fiebre. En tres presentaban una masa abdominal palpable. A todos se les solicito laboratorio y pruebas de hidatidosis, destacándose en 6 de los 9 pacientes dieron positivo. Resultados: Se estudiaron a todos los pacientes con una ecografía abdominal, TC de abdomen y en un paciente una CPRMN más RMN de abdomen. Se realizaron previamente el tratamiento con abendazol antes del tratamiento quirúrgico en todos los casos. En relación con el tratamiento quirúrgico, se llevó a cabo el destechamiento y drenaje del quiste con la técnica de Mabit-Lagrot en 6 oportunidades y en 3 con la Técnica de Goinard. Conclusión: La localización de los quistes hidatídicos en el páncreas es rara. El diagnóstico se basa fundamentalmente en los estudios por imágenes, además si se correlacionan con la epidemiología y la serología hidatídica positiva. El tratamiento del quiste hidatídico de páncreas es quirúrgico.


Background: Pancreatic primary hydatic cysts are rare not to say exceptional, with their incidence in large series being only 0.2% to 0.3%. Setting: General Surgery Service "Pablo Luis Mirizzi" of the National Hospital of Clinics, Allende Sanatorium and Caraffa Clinic of Córdoba. Design: Retrospective and cooperative. Methods: Between December 2000 and December 2019, 9 patients with primary pancreatic hydatic have been treated surgically, with 5 of the male sex and the remaining four of the female sex, with an average age of 39.4 years. In relation to the clinic, all patients had abdominal pain, accompanied by vomiting, bloating and fever. In three they had a palpable abdominal mass. All were asked for laboratory and hydatic tests, highlighting in 6 of the 9 patients tested positive. Results: All patients with abdominal ultrasound, abdominal CT and a patient were studied for CPRMN plus MRI of the abdomen. Abendazole was previously treated prior to surgical treatment in all cases. In relation to surgical treatment, the traditional unroofing and drainage of the cyst was carried out with the Mabit-Lagrot technique in 6 opportunities and in 3 with the Goinard Technique. Conclusions: The location of hydatic cysts in the pancreas is rare. Diagnosis is based primarily on imaging studies, in addition if they correlate with epidemiology and positive hydatic serology. Treatment of the pancreas hydatic cyst is surgical


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatic Cyst/surgery , Attitude , Punctures , Ultrasonography , Echinococcosis/therapy
4.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 166-172, June 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287267

ABSTRACT

Resumen La hidatidosis, causada por el parásito Echinococcus granulosus, es una zoonosis endémica en la provincia de Santa Cruz asociada a áreas de producción ganadera. El hombre puede permanecer asintomático durante un largo período luego de la infección. Una vez desarrollada, la enfermedad representa un importante problema de salud pública debido a la complejidad y el costo de su tratamiento. Los objetivos del trabajo fueron determinar la prevalencia de contaminación ambiental por E. granulosus en zona rural y periurbana de la localidad de Los Antiguos, mediante la detección de antígenos específicos en heces caninas, e identificar factores de riesgo de transmisión. Entre mayo-2016 y abril-2017, se visitaron 38 chacras periurbanas y estancias rurales, definidas como "unidades epidemiológicas". Se analizaron 144 muestras de heces de caninos con téc nica copro-ELISA. Se realizó una encuesta epidemiológica de los pobladores rurales sobre patrones culturales relacionados a la hidatidosis. Se encontró un índice de contaminación ambiental del 17.3% y el 44.7% de las unidades epidemiológicas fueron positivas. Se identificaron prácticas de riesgo como faena domiciliaria (34.2%), alimentación de caninos con vísceras crudas (52.6%), y ausencia de desparasitación de perros (86.8%). Alrededor de la mitad de la población encuestada desconocía las formas de contagio y las medidas de prevención de la enfermedad. Este trabajo muestra un índice alto de contaminación y establece una línea de base para realizar comparaciones a futuro. También refuerza la necesidad de implementar medidas de educación, prevención y control de hidatidosis a nivel local de acuerdo a los programas nacionales.


Abstract Hydatidosis − caused by the parasite Echinococcus granulosus − is a zoonosis endemic to the province of Santa Cruz, associated with areas of livestock production. Once infected, man may remain asymptomatic for a prolonged pe riod but the disease has an important impact on public health owing to the complexity and costs of its treatment. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence of environmental E. granulosus infection in rural and peri-urban areas of the town of Los Antiguos, through the detection of antigens in scattered canine feces, and to identify risk factors for transmission. From May-2016 to April-2017, 38 peri-urban and rural farms, defined as "epidemio logical units", were visited; 144 samples of canine feces were analyzed with the copro-ELISA technique. Rural settlers were enrolled in an epidemiological survey on cultural patterns related to hydatidosis. An environmental contamination index of 17.3% was found and 44.7% of the epidemiological units were positive. Risk practices were found, such as domiciliary slaughter (34.2%), canine feeding with raw viscera (52.6%), and lack of dog de worming (86.8%). In turn, about half of the surveyed population ignored the modes of transmission of the infection and the measures to prevent it. This work shows a high infection index in the area and establishes a baseline for future comparisons. It also reinforces the need to implement education, prevention, and control activities at the local level − according to national program guidelines − in order to reduce the prevalence of environmental contamination of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Dogs , Echinococcus granulosus , Dog Diseases/prevention & control , Dog Diseases/epidemiology , Echinococcosis/prevention & control , Echinococcosis/epidemiology , Rural Population , Feces
5.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e1060, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280224

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hidatidosis es una zoonosis de distribución mundial con alta incidencia en Argentina, Uruguay, Australia, Grecia y Portugal. Dada la escasa sintomatología que habitualmente produce la enfermedad hidatídica, su diagnóstico se realiza de manera casual por estudios radiológicos fortuitos o durante una laparotomía por otras causas. Por otra parte, la volvulación del colon transverso es un evento raro en la población mundial. Objetivo: Analizar, basados en la literatura relacionada, un caso portador de ambas entidades simultáneamente. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo masculino de 64 años con condiciones de vida deficientes, que acude a consulta por presentar cuadro clínico de oclusión intestinal mecánica. Los estudios preoperatorios muestran un quiste hidatídico en pulmón derecho. En el acto operatorio se encuentra otro quiste hidatídico en el lóbulo izquierdo del hígado y el colon transverso volvulado como causa de la oclusión. Conclusiones: Pocas veces coinciden 2 condiciones médicas infrecuentes en un mismo paciente. Ambas entidades suponen un reto terapéutico cuando se abordan en situaciones de urgencia como en el reporte. En zonas endémicas debe tenerse una alta sospecha clínica con el fin de obtener un diagnóstico adecuado y poder ofrecer un manejo oportuno. La cirugía, en la mayor proporción de pacientes, es prioritaria(AU)


Introduction: Hydatidosis is a worldwide distribution zoonosis with high incidence in Argentina, Uruguay, Australia, Greece and Portugal. Given the scarce symptoms usually produced by hydatid disease, its diagnosis is made inadvertently by fortuitous radiological studies or during laparotomy for other causes. On the other hand, transverse colon volvulus is a rare event in the world population. Objective: To analyze, based on the related literature, the case of a patient with both entities simultaneously. Clinical case: A 64-year-old male patient with poor living conditions came to the medical office due to a clinical picture of mechanical intestinal obstruction. Preoperative studies show a hydatid cyst in the right lung. During the operative act, another hydatid cyst is found in the left lobe of the liver, apart from the transverse colon volvulus due to the occlusion. Conclusions: Rarely do two infrequent medical conditions coincide in the same patient. Both entities pose a therapeutic challenge when they are approached in emergency situations, as they have been reported here. In endemic areas, a high clinical suspicion must be considered, in order to obtain an adequate diagnosis and be able to offer timely management. Surgery, in the largest proportion of patients, is a priority(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colon, Transverse/surgery , Echinococcosis/epidemiology , Echinococcosis/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Laparotomy/methods , Review Literature as Topic
8.
12.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(5): 541-549, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144248

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La evidencia sobre las características genotípicas de la infección por Echinococcus granulosus en humanos es escasa. Objetivo: Desarrollar un resumen de la evidencia disponible respecto a genotipos de E. granulosus verificados en hidatidosis humana en el mundo. Material y Métodos: Revisión sistemática. Se incluyeron artículos relacionados con genotipos de E. granulosus, en humanos, sin restricción de lenguaje ni método de secuenciación; publicados entre 1990-2019. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en WoS, EMBASE, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Trip Database, BIREME, SciELO, LILACS, IBECS y OPS-OMS. Las variables en estudio fueron: año de publicación, país de origen, número de muestras, órganos parasitados, marcador molecular utilizado y genotipo identificado. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva. Resultados: Se identificaron 701 artículos relacionados; 62 cumplieron los criterios de selección, representando 1.511 muestras. La evidencia existente fue publicada entre 1994 y 2019 y proviene principalmente de Irán (45,2%). El método de secuenciación más utilizado fue amplificación por reacción de polimerasa en cadena más secuenciación tipo Sanger con genotipificación del gen cox1 (79,0%). Los genotipos identificados con mayor frecuencia fueron G1 (49,1%) y el complejo G1/G3 (32,2%). Conclusión: Las publicaciones relacionadas con genotipos de E. granulosus en humanos son escasas y heterogéneas. Eg G1 representa la mayor parte de la carga global mundial.


Abstract Background: The evidence regarding genotypic characteristics of Echinococcus granulosus infection in humans worldwide is scarce. Aim: To develop a synthesis of the available evidence regarding genotypes of E. granulosus verified in humans worldwide. Methods: Systematic review. Articles related with genotypes of E. granulosus, in humans, without language neither genotyped method restriction, published between 1990-2019 were included. A systematic in WoS, EMBASE, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Trip Database, BIREME, SciELO, LILACS, IBECS, and PAHO-WHO was carried out. In study variables were year of publication, country, number of samples, host and parasite organs, genotype identified, molecular marker and genes. Descriptive statistics were applied. Results: 701 related articles were identified; 62 fulfilled selection criteria, representing 1,511 samples. The existing evidence was published between 1994 and 2019; and mainly comes from Iran (45.2%). The most commonly used sequencing method was PCR amplification and Sanger type sequencing with partial or total genotyping of the cox1 gene. Genotyped method most frequently used was cox1 (79,0%). Genotypes most frequently identified were G1 and G1/G3 complex (49.1% and 32.2%). Conclusions: Publications related to genotypes of Eg in humans are scarce, heterogeneous, and presenting differing results. Eg G1/G3 accounts for most of the global burden worldwide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Echinococcus granulosus/genetics , Echinococcosis , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Genotype
13.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 553-555, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143970

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hydatid cyst in the cervical region is an extremely rare condition that can create challenges for anesthesiologists. Timely recognition of difficult airway and preparing the management plan is crucial to avoid life-threatening complications such as hypoxic brain damage. We describe a case of difficult airway management in a patient with massive cervical hydatid cyst. We used a low-dose ketamine-propofol sedation and lidocaine spray for local oropharyngeal anesthesia. Muscular relaxants were not used, and spontaneous breathing was maintained during intubation. Recognition, assessment, and perioperative planning are essential for difficult airway management in patients with cervical hydatid cyst.


Resumo O cisto hidático na região cervical é uma condição extremamente rara que pode criar desafios para os anestesiologistas. O reconhecimento oportuno das vias aéreas difíceis e a preparação do plano de manejo são cruciais para evitar complicações com risco de vida, como danos cerebrais hipóxicos. Descrevemos um caso de difícil controle das vias aéreas em um paciente com cisto hidático cervical maciço. Utilizamos sedação com cetamina-propofol em baixa dose e spray de lidocaína para anestesia local orofaríngea. Relaxantes musculares não foram utilizados e a respiração espontânea foi mantida durante a intubação. O reconhecimento, a avaliação e o planejamento perioperatório são essenciais para o manejo difícil das vias aéreas em pacientes com cisto hidático cervical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Airway Obstruction/parasitology , Echinococcosis/complications , Cervical Cord/parasitology , Propofol/administration & dosage , Echinococcosis/surgery , Airway Management , Intubation, Intratracheal , Ketamine/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Local/adverse effects , Lidocaine/administration & dosage
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 565-572, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137290

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Hydatid cyst is a parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus, most commonly seen in the liver and lungs. The hydatid cyst is rarely seen in the heart and iliofemoral region, representing less than 2% of all cases. In this article, we report our cases of hydatid cysts in unusual loci. Methods: Between 2015 and 2018, 6 rare cases of hydatid cysts were diagnosed at the Cardiovascular Surgery Department of Harran University. Four of these patients had cardiac localization and two patients had their cysts located in the iliofemoral region, extending to the pelvic zone. All patients were female. Three patients had no other organ involvement. One patient with cardiac hydatid cyst underwent normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass + total pericystectomy + Cooley-like aneurysmectomy. Total pericystectomy was performed in three other patients with intrathoracic locus by normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. Two patients who were referred to our clinic with palpable iliofemoral mass were evaluated with appropriate imaging methods and diagnosed accordingly. Multiple iliofemoral cysts were managed with pericystectomy and drainage by a single incision made over the inguinal ligament. Conclusion: Hydatid cyst disease can develop in cardiac chambers and inguinal region with or without hepatic or pneumatic involvement. Normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass can be safely used in patients with cardiac hydatid cysts, and capitonnage similar to ventricular aneurysm repair in patients with a widely involved cystic lesion can be very useful for the protection of ventricular functions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Echinococcosis/surgery , Echinococcosis/diagnostic imaging , Heart Diseases/surgery , Heart Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Heart , Heart Ventricles , Liver
15.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(3): 262-269, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1340625

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta un caso de un hombre de 31 años con fractura de fémur. Los estudios complementarios mostraron una imagen compatible con lesión quística. El primer estudio por biopsia de dicho quiste informó erróneamente un quiste simple. Se realizó una osteosíntesis con enclavado endomedular. El paciente tuvo una evolución tórpida asociada a imágenes líticas diafisarias y pérdida de la reducción de la fractura. Se retiró el material y se tomaron muestras del canal endomedular, cuyo cultivo reveló Pseudomonas aeruginosa y restos de quistes hidatídicos en la anatomía patológica. En nuestro centro, fue tratado por una seudoartrosis infectada secundaria a un quiste óseo hidatídico complicado. Se le colocó un megaespaciador de cemento con antibiótico y, luego, una prótesis total de fémur como tratamiento definitivo. El compromiso óseo es muy raro y de difícil diagnóstico, y puede llevar a una diseminación severa. Si bien no hay consenso ni tratamiento de elección para los casos graves, el reemplazo femoral total en dos tiempos representa una opción alentadora para conservar el miembro, con resultados satisfactorios a corto y mediano plazo.


Abstract We report the case of a 31-year-old male patient presenting a femoral fracture whose complementary studies revealed an image consistent with a cystic lesion. The first biopsy study of this cyst erroneously reported a simple cyst. Osteosynthesis with intramedullary nailing was performed. The patient had a poor postoperative course associated with diaphyseal osteolytic images and loss of fracture reduction. The material was removed and intramedullary canal specimens were taken, which were positive for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and revealed remains of hydatid cysts through pathologic examination. The patient was referred to our center for the treatment of an infected pseudarthrosis secondary to a complicated hydatid bone cyst. A two-stage procedure was performed. The first stage involved the placement of an antibiotic-impregnated cement mega-spacer and the second stage involved the implantation of a total femur prosthesis as definitive treatment. The bone hydatidosis involves a challenging diagnosis, is very rare, and can cause severe dissemination. While there is no consensus or gold standard treatment for severe cases, two-stage total femoral replacement represents an encouraging option for limb preservation, showing satisfactory short- and medium-term outcomes.


Subject(s)
Pseudarthrosis , Bone Cysts , Bone Diseases , Echinococcosis , Hip Prosthesis
16.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(2): 104-110, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137167

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Hydatid cyst is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. The aim of our study is to present the clinical features of the patients who were treated for hydatid cyst, determine the interventional techniques and anesthesia methods used and review the occurred complications in detail. Methods: This study included 393 patients who were followed up and/or treated with the diagnosis of hydatid cyst between January 2013 and November 2018. The patients' data was evaluated retrospectively. Results: The mean age of the patients was 31.0 ± 17.2 years. Of the patients, 111 (28.4%) had more than one cyst and 36 (9.2%) patients had multi-organ involvement. Six of the patients refused the intervention or was transferred to another hospital. Among the remaining 387 patients, 335 (85.2%) received general anesthesia and intubation, 9 patients (2.3%) received general anesthesia and laryngeal mask airway, 39 patients (9.9%) received sedoanalgesia and 4 patients (1%) received regional anesthesia. Perioperative mortality was developed in one patient. The most common periopertaive complication was allergic reaction (1.5%), whereas the most common post-operative complications were atelectasis (3.3%) and biliary fistula (3%). The mean Intensive Care Unit stay (ICU) was 1.9 ± 1.1 days in patients requiring ICU. Recurrence during the 40 ± 17 months follow-up occurred in 8.4% patients. Conclusions: Anesthesiologists have an important role in the management of hydatid cyst patients. Patients should be evaluated exhaustively in terms of multi-organ involvement and the presence of more than one cyst in the same organ. The type of treatment procedure and the localization of the cysts determine the anesthetic management.


Resumo Introdução e objetivos: Cisto hidático é uma zoonose causada por Echinococcus granulosus. O objetivo do estudo é apresentar as características clínicas dos pacientes submetidos a tratamento de cisto hidático, determinar as técnicas intervencionistas e os tipos de anestesia utilizados, e revisar as complicações ocorridas, em detalhe. Método: Este estudo incluiu 393 pacientes que foram acompanhados e/ou tratados com o diagnóstico de cisto hidático, entre janeiro de 2013 e novembro de 2018. Os dados dos pacientes foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Resultados: A idade média dos pacientes foi 31,0 ± 17,2 anos. Do total de pacientes, 111 (28,4%) tinham mais de um cisto, e 36 (9,2%) apresentavam comprometimento em vários órgãos. Seis pacientes recusaram a intervenção ou foram transferidos para outro hospital. Dentre os 387 pacientes remanescentes, 335 (85,2%) receberam anestesia geral e intubação, 9 (2,3%) anestesia geral e máscara laríngea, 39 (9,9%) sedação e analgesia, e 4 (1%) anestesia regional. Houve um óbito no período perioperatório. Reação alérgica foi a complicação perioperatória mais comum (1,5%), e no pós-operatório observou-se mais atelectasia (3,3%) e fístula biliar (3%). O tempo médio de internação na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva foi 1,9 ± 1,1 dias para aqueles que necessitaram desses cuidados. Recidiva durante o seguimento de 40 ± 17 meses ocorreu em 8,4% dos pacientes. Conclusões: Os anestesiologistas têm um papel importante no tratamento dos pacientes com cisto hidático. Os pacientes devem ser avaliados exaustivamente em relação a comprometimento de vários órgãos e presença de mais de um cisto no mesmo órgão. O tipo de procedimento terapêutico e a localização dos cistos determinam a conduta anestésica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Echinococcosis/surgery , Echinococcosis/diagnosis , Anesthesia , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(1): 49-54, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115450

ABSTRACT

A 20-year-old woman, without known pre-existent conditions presented with a history of dyspnea on exertion, and palpitations for 6 months. Vital signs, as well as cardiac and pulmonary examinations were normal. Routine blood tests were normal. The ECG showed nonspecific ST-T changes. The echocardiogram showed a left ventricle of normal size and function. A cystic image was shown in relation to the right ventricle, with displacement of the interventricular septum. These findings were confirmed on computed tomography. Additional cystic images on the liver or lungs were ruled out. On surgery, a cardiac hydatic cyst adhered to the pericardium next to the right ventricle was found. Puncture, drainage of the mass and surgical removal of cystic membranes were performed. The clinical course was uneventful. A four year follow up revealed no recurrence of the cyst.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Echinococcosis/surgery , Echinococcosis/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/surgery , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Surgical Procedures
18.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(1): 56-64, mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125538

ABSTRACT

La hidatidosis es una enfermedad causada por el estado larval del platelminto Echinococcus, cuya especie más prevalente es Echinococcus granulosus. Se trata de un cuadro endémico en Eurasia, África, Australia y Sudamérica. En Chile, tiene una incidencia notificada de 2,1 casos por 100.000 habitantes y, pese a estar asociada a las zonas ganaderas del sur del país, se detecta en todo el territorio debido al desplazamiento de la población y a su largo período de incubación. Se caracteriza por la presencia de un quiste habitualmente en el hígado (75%) o los pulmones (15%). La afectación de otros sitios es menos frecuente y el compromiso óseo es raro, no supera el 1-2,5%, ya sea en el tejido trabecular o el canal medular. El tratamiento, en general, es médico-quirúrgico con resultados clínicos dispares debido a la alta tasa de recurrencias y las secuelas. La experiencia en el manejo de pacientes con hidatidosis intrarraquídea es limitada a causa de su baja frecuencia. Por este motivo, quisimos reportar dos casos atendidos en nuestro centro y analizar su manejo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Hydatidosis is a disease caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus, the most prevalent species being Echinococcus granulosus. Hydatidosis is endemic to Eurasia, Africa, Australia and South America. In Chile, it has a reported incidence of 2.1 cases per 100,000 inhabitants and, although it is associated with the livestock areas of southern Chile, there have been reports throughout the territory due to the displacement of the population and its long incubation period. It is characterized by the presence of a cyst usually at the hepatic (75%) or pulmonary (15%) level. The involvement of other regions is less common and bone involvement is a rarity that does not exceed a 1-2.5% prevalence, either in the trabecular tissue or spinal canal. A combined medical and surgical approach is the most common treatment which involves disparate clinical outcomes due to the high rate of recurrences and sequelae. Experience in the management of patients with intraspinal hydatidosis is limited because of their low frequency. Therefore, we wanted to report 2 cases treated in our center and to analyze the progress in its management. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Spinal Diseases , Treatment Outcome , Echinococcosis
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(1): 123-126, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092472

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hydatid cystic disease is a significant clinical problem in endemic countries. Hydatid cysts are most commonly located in the liver and lungs. Primary mediastinal hydatid cyst is a rare clinical entity. The diagnosis must be considered in a patient with a mediastinal mass, particularly in endemic regions. Mediastinal hydatid cysts causing paralysis of phrenic and recurrent laryngeal nerves have been rarely reported. We describe a rare case of primary mediastinal hydatid cyst associated with diaphragmatic palsy caused by compression of the left phrenic nerve, which was successfully treated with partial cystectomy and capitonnage with hemidiaphragmatic plication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Echinococcosis , Mediastinal Cyst , Mediastinum
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811267

ABSTRACT

Hydatid disease is a zoonotic infection in humans. The disease is endemic in some parts of the world, including Africa, Australia, and Asia, where cattle grazing is common; the disease is spread by an enteric route following the consumption of food contaminated with the eggs of the parasite. Failure to identify this parasite results in delayed diagnosis and increased morbidity to the patient. Upon diagnosis, every possible step should be taken, both surgical and medical, to prevent anaphylactic reactions from the cystic fluid. Postsurgical long-term follow up along with periodical ultrasonography of the liver and computed tomography scan of the abdomen is essential to rule out possible recurrence.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Africa , Anaphylaxis , Animals , Asia , Australia , Cattle , Delayed Diagnosis , Diagnosis , Echinococcosis , Eggs , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver , Ovum , Parasites , Recurrence , Ultrasonography , Zoonoses
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