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1.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(2): e313, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289367

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La arteria femoral común y sus ramas suministran la mayor parte del flujo sanguíneo al muslo, así como a la totalidad de la pierna y el pie, lo que da lugar a la mayor rama del triángulo femoral: la arteria femoral profunda. Objetivo: Exponer la efectividad de la profundaplastia femoral en la "era endovascular". Reporte del caso: Se presenta un caso de enfermedad arterial periférica de múltiples sectores, sin criterio de cirugía revascularizadora (derivación protésica aorto bifemoral). El paciente manifestaba claudicación intermitente a menos de 30 metros, localizada en pantorrilla derecha. En el estudio hemodinámico se apreciaron los índices de presiones tobillo/brazo disminuidos en arteria tibial posterior (0,46) y pedia derecha (0,33). La ecografía doppler del sector femoral derecho evidenció una estenosis de la arteria femoral profunda en su origen, que producía aumento de las velocidades picos sistólicos (479 cm/s), con flujo desorganizado, dilatación posestenótica y oclusión de la arteria femoral superficial en su origen. Se realizó endarterectomía femoral común y profunda con colocación de parche de politetrafloroetileno. El paciente evolucionó sin complicaciones posoperatorias. En el seguimiento se observó mejoría clínica en relación con la distancia de claudicación y un aumento de los índices de presiones tobillo/brazo en arteria tibial posterior y pedia derecha (0,50), respectivamente. Conclusiones: La profundaplastia femoral, aún en la "era endovascular", permanece como un proceder eficaz que resulta alternativa de tratamiento revascularizador en la enfermedad arterial periférica de localización infrainguinal(AU)


Introduction: The normal femoral artery and its branches supply most of the blood flow to the thigh, as well as to the whole leg and foot, which forms the largest branch of the femoral triangle: the deep femoral artery. Objective: Show the effectiveness of femoral deep plasty in the "endovascular era". Case report: It is presented a case of peripheral artery disease in multiple sectors, without surgical criteria of revascularization (derivación protésica aortobifemoral). The patient presented intermittent claudication in less than 30 meters, and it was located in the right calf. In the hemodynamic study, the ankle-arm pressure indexes were dicreased in the posterior tibial artery (0,46) and right dorsalis pedis artery (0,33). The doppler echocardiography of the right femoral sector confirmed a stenosis in the deep femoral artery in its origin, which produced an increase in the peak systolic velocity (479 cm/s), unorganized flows, poststenotic dilatation and occlusion of the superficial femoral artery in its origin. It was performed a common and deep femoral endarterectomy with colocation of polytetrafluoroethylene patch. The patient evolved without post-surgical complications. In the follow-up, it was observed a clinical improvement in relation with the claudication distance and the increase of the ankle-arm pressure indexes in the posterior tibial artery and right dorsalis pedis artery (0,50), respectively. Conclusions: The femoral deep plasty, still in the ´´endovascular era´´, is an efficient procedure that is an alternative to the revascularization treatment in the peripheral artery disease with infrainguinal location(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Endarterectomy/methods , Femoral Artery/surgery , Peripheral Arterial Disease/etiology , Research Report
2.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(2): 631-637, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340663

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of fetal tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) during the third trimester of low-risk pregnancies and to assess its clinical significance on neonates. Methods: this is a cross-sectional study including 330 singleton fetuses referred for routine fetal echocardiography during 3rd trimester in a fetal medicine center in Recife, Brazil. The presence and degree of tricuspid regurgitation were analyzed. Whenever TR was identified on fetal echocardiography, postnatal data, including the results of postnatal echocardiography were reviewed. Results: the prevalence of tricuspid regurgitation was 10.0% (n=33) in the study population. Regarding regurgitation degree, 90.9% (n=30) presented mild regurgitation and none presented important TR. Postnatal data was obtained from 21 neonates. Twenty of them were discharged without any complications, and one presented respiratory distress due to prematurity. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed in 66.7% (n=14) of the neonates and it was normal in 92.9% (n=13) of them. One neonate, 7.1%, persisted with tricuspid regurgitation, but had no other findings. Conclusions: tricuspid regurgitation in fetuses with normal cardiac anatomy during the 3rd trimester is a common condition in low-risk pregnancies, and is not associated with cardiac abnormalities or need for neonatal intervention.


Resumo Objetivos: determinar a prevalência da regurgitação tricúspide (RT) em fetos no terceiro trimestre de gestações de baixo risco e investigar sua repercussão clínica nos recémnascidos. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo transversal incluindo 330 fetos encaminhados para realização de ecocardiograma fetal de rotina no terceiro trimestre da gestação num centro de medicina fetal em Recife, Brasil. A presença e o grau de insuficiência tricúspide foram estudados. Quando RT estava presente ao ecocardiograma fetal dados pós-natais, incluindo ecocardiograma, também foram analisados. Resultados: a prevalência de RT foi de 10,0% na população estudada, sendo que 90,9% (n=30) dos casos foram classificados como RT leve, e nenhum caso de RT importante foi identificado. Foram obtidos dados pós-natais de 21 recém-nascidos. Destes, 20 receberam alta hospitalar sem nenhuma complicação, enquanto 1 apresentou desconforto respiratório associado à prematuridade. Ecocardiograma transtorácico foi realizado em 66.7% (n=14) dos recém-nascidos avaliados, e foi normal em 92.9% (n=13) deles. Apenas 1 recém-nascido, 7.1%, persistiu com RT mas sem outros achados significativos. Conclusões: a RT em fetos com anatomia cardíaca normal é comum no terceiro trimestre de gestações de baixo risco e não parece associar-se a anomalias cardíacas ou necessidade de intervenção no período neonatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/diagnosis , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/epidemiology , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Fetus/abnormalities , Fetus/diagnostic imaging , Heart Defects, Congenital , Postnatal Care , Prenatal Diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Infant, Premature , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiovascular Abnormalities
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 383-394, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248923

ABSTRACT

This study used B-mode and Doppler ultrasonography to characterize the abdominal structures of healthy peccaries raised in captivity. Fifteen peccaries were used for this study. The urinary vesicle appeared as an ovoid structure, located in the abdominal and pelvic transition, with a hyperechogenic, thin, smooth, and regular wall. The kidneys presented retroperitoneal topography and had similar sizes. The kidney/aorta ratio had an average value of 10.53±15cm (right) and 10.23±0.12 (left). The right adrenal gland had a length of 1.93±0.34cm and diameter of 0.56±0.16cm. The left adrenal gland had a length of 1.85±0.42cm and diameter of 0.52±0.11cm. The spleen had a diameter of 1.13±0.18cm. The hepatic vein demonstrated polyphasic flow in pulsed Doppler, with two retrograde peaks and an anterograde peak with a flow velocity of 25.7±0.83cm/s. The abdominal aorta had a diameter of 0.58±0.05cm and a flow velocity of 115.17±5.32cm/s. The morphological and hemodynamic study of the abdominal structures of the peccary, observed through B-mode and Doppler ultrasonography, aided in identifying the size, shape, position, echogenicity, and echotexture of the abdominal organs and in making inferences about the normal parameters for these structures in this species.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo utilizar as ultrassonografias de modo-B e Doppler para caracterizar as estruturas abdominais de um cateto sadio criado em cativeiro. Quinze catetos foram utilizados para este estudo. A vesícula urinária apareceu como uma estrutura ovoide, localizada na transição entre as partes abdominal e pélvica, com uma parede hiperecogênica, fina, lisa e regular. Os rins apresentaram topografia retroperitoneal e tamanhos semelhantes. A relação rim/aorta teve um valor médio de 10,53 ± 15cm (direita) e 10,23 ± 0,12cm (esquerda). A glândula adrenal direita tinha um comprimento de 1,93 ± 0,34cm e um diâmetro de 0,56 ± 0,16cm. A glândula suprarrenal esquerda tinha um comprimento de 1,85 ± 0,42cm e um diâmetro de 0,52 ± 0,11cm. O baço tinha um diâmetro de 1,13 ± 0,18cm. A veia hepática demonstrou fluxo polifásico no Doppler pulsátil, com dois picos retrógrados e um pico anterógrado com velocidade de fluxo de 25,7±0,83cm/s. A aorta abdominal tinha um diâmetro de 0,58 ± 0,05cm e uma velocidade de fluxo de 115,17±5,32cm/s. Os estudos morfológico e hemodinâmico das estruturas abdominais do queixada, observadas por meio das ultrassonografias modo-B e Doppler, auxiliaram na identificação do tamanho, da forma, da posição, da ecogenicidade e da ecotextura dos órgãos abdominais e na realização de inferências sobre os parâmetros de normalidade para as estruturas nas espécies.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Artiodactyla/anatomy & histology , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Hemodynamics , Echocardiography, Doppler/veterinary , Ultrasonography, Doppler/veterinary
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 10-17, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155793

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: There are scarce data comparing different mechanical valves in the aortic position. The objective of this study was to compare the early hemodynamic changes after aortic valve replacement between ATS, Bicarbon, and On-X mechanical valves. Methods: We included 99 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with mechanical valves between 2017 and 2019. Three types of mechanical valves were used, On-X valve (n=45), ATS AP360 (n=32), and Bicarbon (n=22). The mean prosthetic valve gradient was measured postoperatively and after six months. Results: Preoperative data were comparable between groups, and there were no differences in preoperative echocardiographic data. Pre-discharge echocardiography showed no difference between groups in the ejection fraction (P=0.748), end-systolic (P=0.764) and end-diastolic (P=0.723) diameters, left ventricular mass index (P=0.348), aortic prosthetic mean pressure gradient (P=0.454), and indexed aortic prosthetic orifice area (P=0.576). There was no difference in the postoperative aortic prosthetic mean pressure gradient between groups when stratified by valve size. The changes in the aortic prosthetic mean pressure gradient of the intraoperative period, at pre-discharge, and at six months were comparable between the three prostheses (P=0.08). Multivariable regression analysis revealed that female gender (beta coefficient -0.242, P=0.027), body surface area (beta coefficient 0.334, P<0.001), and aortic prosthetic size (beta coefficient -0.547, P<0.001), but not the prosthesis type, were independent predictors of postoperative aortic prosthetic mean pressure gradient. Conclusion: The three bileaflet mechanical aortic prostheses (On-X, Bicarbon, and ATS) provide satisfactory early hemodynamics, which are comparable between the three valve types and among different valve sizes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve/diagnostic imaging , Prosthesis Design , Echocardiography , Echocardiography, Doppler , Hemodynamics
5.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(3): e702, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1367083

ABSTRACT

La hernia hiatal es una entidad relativamente frecuente y puede ser un hallazgo incidental en un estudio ecocardiográfico. Describimos el caso de una paciente con diagnóstico de masa en la aurícula izquierda (AI) sin clara etiología, a quien se le realiza el diagnóstico de hernia hiatal por resonancia magnética cardíaca (RMC) y luego se demuestra mediante ecocardiografía de contraste el contenido gástrico de la masa tras la ingestión de una bebida carbonatada, lo que permite de forma rápida y sencilla aclarar el diagnóstico.


Hiatal hernia is a relatively common entity, and may be an incidental finding in an echocardiographic study. We describe the case of a patient with a diagnosis of a mass in the left atrium with no clear etiology, in whom the diagnosis of hiatal hernia is made by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and then demonstrated by contrast echocardiography the gastric content of the mass after the ingestion of a carbonated drink, which allows quickly and easily to clarify the diagnosis.


A hérnia de hiato é uma entidade relativamente comum, e pode ser um achado incidental em um estudo ecocardiográfico. Descrevemos o caso de um paciente com diagnóstico de massa em átrio esquerdo sem etiologia definida, em que o diagnóstico de hérnia de hiato é feito por ressonância magnética cardíaca e posteriormente demonstrado por ecocardiografia contrastada com uma bebida gaseificada, permitindo esclarecer de forma rápida e fácil o diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Heart Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Hernia, Hiatal/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler , Diagnosis, Differential , Multimodal Imaging , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
6.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(3): e704, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1367089

ABSTRACT

La disfunción valvular protésica es cada vez más frecuente debido al envejecimiento de la población portadora de bioprótesis y se presenta como un desafío en el momento de su diagnóstico, valoración y tratamiento. Aplicar un enfoque imagenológico multimodal es fundamental para su manejo. Respecto al tratamiento, surge como nueva alternativa un procedimiento mínimamente invasivo de sustitución valvular percutánea, denominado valve in valve, principalmente en pacientes con riesgo quirúrgico elevado. Presentamos uno de los primeros casos locales de implante percutáneo de prótesis mitral transeptal dentro de una bioprótesis mitral quirúrgica disfuncionante.


Prosthetic valve dysfunction is increasingly common due to the aging of the bioprosthesis-bearing population, and it presents a challenge at the time of diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment. A multimodal imaging approach is essential for its management. In relation to treatment, a minimally invasive percutaneous valve replacement procedure called valve in valve arises as a new alternative, mainly in patients with high surgical risk. We present one of first local cases of percutaneous implantation of a transseptal mitral prosthesis within a dysfunctional surgical mitral bioprosthesis.


A disfunção valvular protética é cada vez mais comum devido ao envelhecimento da população portadora de biopróteses e representa um desafio no momento do diagnóstico, avaliação e tratamento. A multimodalidade da imagem cardiovascular é essencial para sua avaliação. Em relação ao tratamento, um procedimento de troca valvular percutânea minimamente invasivo, denominado valve in valve, surge como uma nova alternativa, principalmente em pacientes com alto risco cirúrgico. Apresentamos um dos primeiros casos realizados no Uruguai de implantação percutânea de prótese mitral transeptal dentro de bioprótese mitral cirúrgica disfuncional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Bioprosthesis , Prosthesis Failure , Tomography , Echocardiography, Doppler , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Multimodal Imaging , Mitral Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
7.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(2)2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283765

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As funções sistólica e diastólica do ventrículo direito influenciam no desfecho de doenças cardiovasculares. A avaliação sistemática das dimensões e da função das câmaras direitas, de acordo com sexo e idade, não é uniformemente realizada. Objetivo: Avaliar, ao ecocardiograma transtorácico, a correlação da função diastólica do ventrículo direito com idade e sexo, em uma população ambulatorial variada, com função sistólica dos ventrículos esquerdo e direito preservada. Métodos: Estudo observacional, transversal. Foram selecionados 97 pacientes, 61,5 ± 12,5 anos, sendo 56 mulheres. Foram avaliadas as seguintes medidas da função diastólica do ventrículo direito: velocidade de pico das ondas E e A, relação E/A, tempos de aceleração e desaceleração de onda E, integral velocidade-tempo da onda E, integral velocidade-tempo da onda A, além da pressão sistólica de artéria pulmonar, velocidade do refluxo tricúspide, diâmetro da veia cava inferior e volume do átrio direito. Resultados: Ocorreu redução da onda E com o aumento da idade (coeficiente de correlação de Pearson de -0,30; p=0,003) e da relação E/A (coeficiente de correlação de Pearson de -0,21; p=0,035). Houve associação positiva e significativa entre idade e os resultados das variáveis pressão sistólica de artéria pulmonar (coeficiente de correlação de Pearson de 0,40; p=0,004) e velocidade do refluxo tricúspide (coeficiente de correlação de Pearson de 0,36; p=0,008). Não houve diferença significativa na comparação entre os sexos em relação a variáveis ecocardiográficas. Conclusão: O presente estudo mostrou impacto da idade nos índices de função diastólica do ventrículo direito em indivíduos com função sistólica biventricular preservada, embora ainda com valores dentro da normalidade. O estudo não evidenciou diferença significativa entre os sexos em relação a função diastólica do ventrículo direito. (AU)


Introduction: Right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic functions influence the outcomes of cardiovascular diseases. However, right chamber size and function have not been uniformly assessed by age and sex. Objective: To evaluate RV diastolic function by age and sex in an outpatient population with preserved left ventricular (LV) and RV systolic function using transthoracic echocardiography. Method: This observational cross-sectional study included a total of 97 patients (56 women) aged 61.5 ± 12.5 years. The assessed parameters included RV E/A ratio; peak E-wave and A-wave velocity, E-wave acceleration and deceleration time, and integral E-wave and A-wave velocitytime; and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), tricuspid reflux velocity, inferior vena cava diameter, and right atrial volume. Results: A reduced E-wave was observed with increasing age (Pearson's correlation coefficient [PCC], -0.30; p = 0.003). The same was observed for the E/A ratio (PCC, -0.21; p = 0.035). There was a significant positive association between age and PASP results (PCC, 0.40; p = 0.004) and tricuspid reflux velocity (PCC, 0.36; p = 0.008). There was no significant intersex difference in echocardiography variables. Conclusion: The present study showed the impact of age on RV diastolic function indices, which remained within the normal range, in subjects with preserved LV and RV function. The study did not evidence a significant difference between genders in relation to the diastolic function of the right ventricle.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/physiopathology , Echocardiography , Echocardiography, Doppler , Comorbidity , Electrocardiography , Observational Study
8.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(2)2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283771

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A elevação das pressões de enchimento secundária à disfunção diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo ocupa papel central na fisiopatologia da insuficiência cardíaca. Mesmo assim, as diretrizes internacionais falham em detectar a disfunção diastólica em uma parte dos casos. Objetivo: Avaliar a função de reserva do átrio esquerdo, estimada pelo strain longitudinal de pico do átrio esquerdo, nos casos de função diastólica indeterminada. Método: Estudo observacional com indivíduos em ritmo sinusal e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada, submetidos ao ecocardiograma e divididos em três grupos conforme a análise conjunta da relação E/e´ e do volume de átrio esquerdo indexado: Grupo 1, se pressões de enchimento normais; Grupo 2, se pressões de enchimento elevadas e Grupo 3, se pressões de enchimento indeterminadas. Speckle tracking bidimensional foi empregado para medir o strain longitudinal de pico do átrio esquerdo. Análise de variância, teste t Student e curva receptor-operador (ROC) foram empregados na análise estatística. Resultado: Foram incluídos 58 pacientes, com 61 ± 14 anos, sendo 57% mulheres, com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo de 62 ± 7%. Os Grupos 2 e 3 tiveram strain longitudinal de pico do átrio esquerdo menor que o Grupo 1 (20 ± 5% versus 22 ± 6% versus 30 ± 8%, respectivamente, p=0,004), mas não diferiram entre si (p=0,93). O strain longitudinal de pico do átrio esquerdo foi preditor de pressões de enchimento elevadas (p=0,026, área sob a curva=0,80), obtendo-se sensibilidade de 60% e especificidade de 80% com valor de corte ≤ 20%. Conclusão: A função de reserva do átrio esquerdo dos indivíduos com função diastólica indeterminada é similar à dos indivíduos com disfunção diastólica avançada, conferindo ao strain longitudinal de pico do átrio esquerdo o potencial de auxiliar na reclassificação da função diastólica indeterminada.(AU)


Background: Elevation of left ventricular filling pressures secondary to diastolic dysfunction plays a central role in the pathophysiology of heart failure. However, international guidelines still fail to diagnose diastolic dysfunction in some cases. Objective: To evaluate left atrial reservoir function in indeterminate diastolic function Method: Observational study with individuals in sinus rhythm and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, submitted to echocardiogram and divided into three groups according to the combined analysis of E/e´ ratio and indexed left atrium volume: Group 1, if normal left ventricular filling pressures; Group 2, if increased left ventricular filling pressures and Group 3, if indeterminate left ventricular filling pressures. Twodimensional speckle tracking was used to measure peak left atrial strain (LAS). Analysis of variance, Student's t test and receiver-operator curve (ROC) were used in the statistical analysis. Results: We included 58 patients who had 61 ± 14 years old, 57% of whom were women, and had average left ventricular ejection fraction 62 ± 7%. Groups 2 and 3 had lower LAS than Group 1 (20 ± 5% versus 22 ± 6% versus 30 ± 8%, respectively, p = 0.004), but did not differ between them (p = 0.93). LAS was a good predictor of elevated left ventricular filling pressures (p = 0.026; area under the curve = 0.80), obtaining sensitivity of 60% and specificity of 80% with a cut-off value ≤ 20%. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the left atrial reservoir function of individuals with indeterminate diastolic function is similar to that of individuals with advanced diastolic dysfunction, rendering LAS the potential to support the reclassification of indeterminate diastolic function.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Echocardiography, Doppler , Comorbidity , Observational Study
9.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(4): eabc220, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361783

ABSTRACT

Fístulas de artérias coronárias têm incidência baixa, sendo diagnosticadas mais frequentemente pelo ecocardiograma ou angiotomografia coronariana, embora a cineangiocoronariografia seja o método padrão-ouro. Têm origem mais comumente na artéria coronária direita, sendo a drenagem para câmaras de baixa pressão o mais habitual. O tratamento pode ser expectante, cirúrgico ou percutâneo. Este relato descreve o caso de uma rara apresentação de insuficiência cardíaca, dada por fístula da coronária circunflexa com drenagem para o átrio esquerdo. (AU)


Coronary artery fistulas have a low incidence and are often diagnosed by echocardiography or coronary computed tomography angiography, although coronary angiography is the gold standard. They commonly originate in the right coronary artery, with drainage to low-pressure chambers being the most frequent finding. Treatment can be expectant, surgical, or percutaneous. This report describes a case of a rare presentation of heart failure due to a fistula of the circumflex coronary artery with drainage into the left atrium. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Arterio-Arterial Fistula/diagnosis , Arterio-Arterial Fistula/etiology , Coronary Vessels/pathology , Heart Atria/abnormalities , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Atrial Fibrillation/congenital , Cineangiography/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/therapeutic use , Echocardiography, Doppler , Arterio-Arterial Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Electrocardiography/methods
10.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 68-73, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344690

ABSTRACT

Popliteal artery aneurysms is the most frequent peripheral aneurysm, predominantly affects men over 60 years of age and has a high morbidity associated to his complications, among which are ischemic complication, which can often end in amputation of the limb. Less frequent complications such as neuropathic and venous complications, particularly deep vein thrombosis, are equally relevant. Case presentation: Patient with an aneurysm of the popliteal artery complicated by thrombosis of the adjacent popliteal vein. Color Doppler ultrasound plays a fundamental role in the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Popliteal Artery/surgery , Popliteal Artery/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Ultrasonics , Bone Neoplasms/complications , Echocardiography, Doppler , Osteochondroma/complications , Aneurysm
11.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 33(4): eabc78, 20200000.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146295

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: O processo de urbanização tem impacto na carga de doenças cardiovasculares. As populações indígenas podem sofrer uma transição epidemiológica devastadora. Objetivos: Descrever o protocolo de estudo do Projeto de Aterosclerose nas Populações Indígenas (PAI) para avaliar a análise ecocardiográfica e as doenças cardiovasculares (CV) subclínicas em populações indígenas de acordo com o grau de urbanização e mostrar resultados preliminares do estudo piloto. Métodos: O PAI é um estudo transversal, com voluntários com idade entre 30 e 70 anos, em grupos indígenas brasileiros expostos a estágios baixos e avançados de urbanização (Fulni-ô e Truká, respectivamente) e um grupo controle urbano, excluindo indivíduos com doenças CV conhecidas ou em hemodiálise. O estudo piloto começou no território de Fulni-ô em setembro de 2016. Os participantes foram submetidos a avaliação clínica e laboratorial, eletrocardiograma (ECG), ultrassonografia de carótidas e um protocolo ecocardiográfico abrangente, incluindo strain longitudinal global (SLG) avaliado por speckle tracking. Os resultados preliminares são descritos de acordo com o sexo em uma análise univariada. Resultados: O estudo piloto avaliou o protocolo descrito em 55 indivíduos do grupo indígena Fulni-ô (48,7 ± 12,0 anos, 80% mulheres). Foram encontrados fatores de risco tradicionais como hipertensão, diabetes e dislipidemia em 40%, 36% e 54%, respectivamente, sem diferenças estatísticas significativas entre os sexos. O uso de tabaco mostrou-se extremamente prevalente, referido em 91% dos participantes. Os parâmetros derivados da ecocardiografia estavam, em média, dentro da faixa normal. No entanto, a média do SLG foi de 17,3 ± 3,4% (p 0,73 por sexo). Conclusão: Descrevemos o protocolo do estudo PAI para avaliar doenças cardiovasculares subclínicas e fatores de risco em populações indígenas de acordo com o estágio de urbanização. Resultados preliminares sugerem alta prevalência desses na população indígena em menor grau de urbanização.


Background: The urbanization process impacts the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Indigenous populations can undergo a devastating epidemiological transition. Objective: The present study aimed to describe the Project of Atherosclerosis among Indigenous Populations (PAI) study protocol for assessing echocardiographic images and subclinical CVD in indigenous populations according to the degree of urbanization and report its preliminary results. Methods: The PAI is a cross-sectional study that includes volunteers aged 30­70 years among Brazilian indigenous groups exposed to low and advanced stages of urbanization (Fulni-ô and Truká, respectively) and an urban control group. Individuals with known CVD or who were on hemodialysis were excluded. The pilot study began in Fulni-ô territory in September 2016. The participants underwent clinical and laboratory


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Health of Indigenous Peoples , Atherosclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Urbanization , Echocardiography/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Risk Factors , Population Groups , Electrocardiography/methods
13.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(4): e1366, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144500

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad arterial de miembros inferiores es un marcador de riesgo coronario, causa de invalidez y muerte en quienes la padecen, su identificación temprana puede atenuar estos efectos. Objetivo: Identificar la enfermedad arterial de miembros inferiores no diagnosticada a través de Eco-Doppler en pacientes con factores de riesgo aterogénicos. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de tipo transversal que incluyó a 100 pacientes de 40 años o más, fumadores, diabéticos y/o hipertensos, sin diagnóstico de enfermedad arterial de miembros inferiores, a quienes se le realizó Eco-Doppler de miembro inferior. Resultados: Se identificaron lesiones compatibles con EAMI en 69 por ciento de los estudiados, cuya edad media fue de 64,81 ± 10,12 años, y discreto predominio del sexo masculino. Las arterias más afectadas fueron la tibial posterior y la pedia con 43 por ciento y 39 por ciento respectivamente, las medidas de asociación mostraron OR (IC 95 por ciento) de 4,15 para la diabetes mellitus, 1,63 para el tabaquismo seguido de la hipertensión arterial con 0,27. Conclusiones: Seis de cada diez pacientes presentaron lesiones ateroscleróticas identificables por Eco-Doppler, predominaron las del sector tibial posterior y pedio en fumadores y diabéticos, estos últimos tuvieron cuatro veces más riesgo de padecer la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: Arterial disease of the lower limbs is a marker of coronary risk, causing disability and death in those who suffer from it. Early detection can mitigate these effects. Objective: To identify undiagnosed lower limb arterial disease through Echo-Doppler in patients with atherogenic risk factors. Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in 100 patients aged 40 years or older, smoking habits history, and diabetic and / or hypertensive patients, with no diagnosis of arterial disease in the lower limbs, who underwent Eco-Doppler of the lower limb. Results: EAMI compatible lesions were identified in 69 percent of those studied, whose mean age was 64.81 ± 10.12 years, and a discrete male predominance. The most affected arteries were the posterior tibial and pediatric arteries in 43 percent and 39 percent respectively, the association measures showed OR (95 percent CI) of 4.15 for diabetes mellitus, 1.63 for smoking followed by arterial hypertension with 0.27. Conclusions: Six out of ten patients showed atherosclerotic lesions identifiable by Echo-Doppler, those of the posterior tibial sector and pedium predominated in smokers and diabetics, the latter had four times the risk of suffering from the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Risk Factors , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnostic imaging , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
14.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(3): 328-335, Jul.-Sep. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131051

ABSTRACT

Resumen La estimulación apical permanente del ventrículo derecho (VD) puede producir asincronía del ventrículo izquierdo (VI) desde los puntos de vista eléctrico y mecánico. Este fenómeno es efecto de una alteración de la activación normal del VI que lleva al deterioro de la función sistólica y la aparición de insuficiencia cardíaca y sus efectos deletéreos relacionados. Para el estudio de la asincronía eléctrica del VI se ha propuesto en fecha reciente el nuevo sistema electrocardiográfico no invasivo Synchromax, que puede cuantificar el grado de asincronía eléctrica que causa una subsecuente asincronía mecánica. Esta última se ha estudiado casi siempre mediante la ecocardiografía transtorácica bidimensional (ETT2D) a través del Doppler tisular y la deformación miocárdica y ahora con la ecocardiografía tridimensional transtorácica en tiempo real (E3DTR). La relación entre estos fenómenos ha sido motivo de estudio a fin de identificar a los pacientes que se benefician de la transición a un tratamiento de resincronización cardíaca. Conclusiones: La estimulación artificial permanente del VD produce asincronía eléctrica del VI que puede cuantificarse mediante el nuevo sistema electrocardiográfico Synchromax y desencadenar asincronía mecánica estudiada mediante la ecocardiografía transtorácica para reconocer a los pacientes que pueden beneficiarse de un tratamiento de resincronización cardíaca.


Abstract Permanent apical pacing of right ventricle (RV) can produce dyssynchrony of the left ventricle (LV) from an electrical and mechanical point of view. This phenomenon is caused by an alteration in the normal activation of LV leading to a deterioration of systolic function and the appearance of heart failure and its associated deleterious effects. For the study of the electrical asynchrony of the LV, a new noninvasive electrocardiographic system Synchromax has recently been proposed, being able to quantify the degree of electrical asynchrony that leads to a subsequent mechanical dyssynchrony. The latter has been traditionally studied by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE) through tissue Doppler and myocardial deformation and lately by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE). The relationship between these phenomena has been the subject of study to predict those patients who benefit from an “upgrade” to cardiac resynchronization therapy. Conclusions: Permanent apical pacing of the RV produces electrical dyssynchrony of the LV that can be quantified using a new electrocardiographic system Synchromax and trigger mechanical asynchrony studied through transthoracic echocardiography allowing to predict those patients who benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/adverse effects , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Echocardiography , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy/methods
15.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(4): e2380, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139176

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las strain segmentaria y longitudinal constituyen excelentes parámetros para la cuantificación de la contractilidad miocárdica. Objetivo: Identificar los valores de strain segmentario y longitudinal de pacientes cubanos con drepanocitosis. Material y Método: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo en los 31 pacientes con drepanocitosis y 52 controles que asistieron al Instituto de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiovascular entre junio de 2017 a enero de 2018, a los que se determinó strain segmentario y longitudinal como variables de estudio. Se compararon medias mediante la prueba t de Student y se realizó un análisis de varianza (ANOVA) con una prueba a posteriori de Tukey para p<0,05. Resultados: En los drepanocíticos las medias de strain segmentario estuvieron entre -17,7±3,4 porciento (p=0,0001*) y -28,6±4,1 por ciento(p=0,0005*) y -29,3±1,1 porciento (p=<0,0002*), fueron homogéneos todos sus segmentos y en el grupo control entre -19,3±2,9 por ciento (p=0,0001*), en general. Independientemente de que en los pacientes drepanocíticos las medias fueron más bajas estuvieron en el rango de lo normal. Los valores de las medias de strain longitudinal global oscilaron entre -19,2±3,3 y -25,2±2,7 fueron más negativos en el grupo control, respecto a los cubanos con drepanocitosis. Conclusiones: Los resultados obtenidos son los primeros de su tipo publicados en Cuba. Las strain segmentaria y longitudinal de los pacientes drepanocíticos cubanos analizados, con resultados significativamente diferentes que los individuos sanos, pero normales, coinciden con lo informado en la literatura internacional(AU)


Introduction: Segmental and longitudinal strains are excellent parameters for the quantification of myocardial contractility. Objective: To identify the values ​​of segmental and longitudinal strain in Cuban patients with sickle cell disease. Material and Method: A prospective descriptive study was conducted in 31 patients with sickle cell disease and 52 controls who attended the Institute of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery between June 2017 and January 2018, to which segmental longitudinal strain was determined as study variable. The means between the two groups were compared using the Student's t-test; an analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed with a posteriori Tukey test for p <0.05. Results: In the patients with sickle cell disease, the means of segmental strain were between -17,7±3,4 percent (p=0,0001*) and -28,6±4,1 percent (p=0,0005*) and -29,3±1,1 percent (p=<0,0002*) with all segments being homogeneous; in the control group they were between -19,3±2,9 percent (p=0,0001*) in general. Despite the means were the lowest in Cuban patients with sickle cell disease, they were within the normal range. The mean values ​​of global longitudinal strain ranged between -19.2 ± 3.3 and -25.2 ± 2.7, being more negative in the control group with respect to Cuban patients with sickle cell disease. Conclusions: The results obtained are the first of its type published in Cuba. The segmental and longitudinal strain in Cuban patients with sickle cell disease analyzed, which have significantly different results from those obtained in healthy individuals, but normal, coincide with those reported in the international literature(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Anemia, Sickle Cell/complications , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Cuba
16.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(3): 285-288, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125081

ABSTRACT

La tromboembolia pulmonar aguda (TEPA) sigue siendo una importante causa de morbilidad y mortalidad a nivel mundial. Su diagnóstico, estratificación de riesgo y tratamiento precoz son fundamentales, siendo su pilar la anticoagulación. En pacientes de bajo riesgo cardiovascular, el pronóstico es excelente y solo basta con la administración de anticoagulantes. No obstante, debido al pobre pronóstico de los pacientes con riesgo elevado (descompensación hemodinámica), el enfoque terapéutico es más agresivo, utilizándose trombolíticos sistémicos que disminuyen la mortalidad pero incrementan el riesgo de complicaciones hemorrágicas mayores. En el TEPA de riesgo intermedio (evidencia de falla de ventrículo derecho, sin descompensación hemodinámica), la relación riesgo-beneficio del tratamiento con trombolíticos es más equilibrada por lo que la decisión es controvertida. La fragmentación mecánica con trombólisis dirigida por catéter es una alternativa con potenciales beneficios. Presentamos dos casos de TEPA de riesgo intermedio, en los que se realizó fragmentación mecánica y trombólisis dirigida por catéter.


Acute pulmonary thromboembolism remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Its diagnosis, risk stratification and early treatment are essential. The mainstay of treatment is anticoagulation. In patients with low cardiovascular risk, the prognosis is excellent and the treatment consists only of the administration of anticoagulants. Due to the poor prognosis of patients with high risk (hemodynamic decompensation), the approach is more aggressive using systemic thrombolytics, which reduce mortality but increase the risk of major hemorrhagic complications. In the intermediate-risk patients (evidence of right ventricular failure, without hemodynamic decompensation), the risk-benefit relationship of thrombolytic treatment is more balanced, so the choice is controversial. Mechanical fragmentation with catheter-directed thrombolysis is an alternative with potential benefits. We present two cases of intermediate-risk acute pulmonary thromboembolism to whom mechanical fragmentation and catheter-directed thrombolysis was applied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/therapy , Catheterization, Swan-Ganz/methods , Mechanical Thrombolysis/methods , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler , Acute Disease , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Risk Assessment , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology
17.
Rev. MED ; 28(1): 41-50, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143830

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las cardiopatías congénitas son la tercera causa de malformaciones congénitas y una de las principales responsables de la mortalidad en periodo neonatal en el mundo; se originan a partir de alteraciones en el desarrollo embrionario. La incidencia es variable; en Colombia, se estima que afectan del 2 al 3 % de los recién nacidos vivos. En 2015, 20,8 % de los niños menores de cinco años afectados con cardiopatías congénitas fallecieron a causa de estas alteraciones. El presente es un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo. Se incluyeron los datos de 252 historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico de cardiopatía congénita entre los años 2010 y 2016, el 56 % de la población encontrada fue de sexo femenino. Predominaron las cardiopatías congénitas no cianosantes (87 %). La mayor prevalencia fue el ductus arterioso permeable (35,3 %). La ecocardiografía Doppler se utilizó en 98,4 % de los casos; con respecto al manejo, el 47,2 % de los pacientes estuvieron en seguimiento, siendo este más común que las alternativas médicas o quirúrgicas. En conclusión, el ductus arterioso permeable, la comunicación interventricular y la comunicación interatrial son las cardiopatías no ciano-santes más frecuentes en la población estudiada y se asocian a hipertensión pulmonar que ameritan mayor seguimiento. La tetralogía de Fallot fue la cardiopatía congénita cianosante más común.


Abstract: Congenital heart defects are the third cause of congenital malformations and one of the main causes of mortality in the neonatal period in the world; they originate from alterations in embryonic development. The incidence is variable; in Colombia, it is estimated that they affect 2 to 3% of live newborns. In 2015, 20.8% of children under the age of five affected with congenital heart defects died from these disorders. This is a descriptive and retrospective study. Data of 252 clinical records of patients diagnosed with congenital heart defect between 2010 and 2016 were included, showing that 56% of this population were female. Acyanotic Congenital Heart Diseases predominated (87%). The highest prevalence was patent ductus arteriosus (35.3%). Doppler echocardiography was used in 98.4% of cases; regarding management, 47.2% of patients were in follow-up, this being more common than medical or surgical alternatives. In conclusion patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect and interatrial septal defect are the most frequent acyanotic heart diseases in the population under study and they are associated with pulmonary hypertension that require higher follow-up. Tetralogy of Fallot was the most common cyanotic congenital heart disease.


Resumo: As cardiopatias congênitas são a terceira causa de malformações congênitas e uma das principais responsáveis pela mortalidade no período neonatal no mundo. São originadas a partir de alterações no desenvolvimento embrionário. A incidência é variável; na Colômbia, é estimado que afetam de 2 a 3 % dos recém-nascidos vivos. Em 2015, 20,8 % das crianças menores de cinco anos afetadas com cardiopatias congênitas faleceram por causa dessas alterações. Este estudo é descritivo e retrospectivo. Foram incluídos dados de 252 prontuários de pacientes com diagnóstico de cardiopatia congênita entre 2010 e 2016, 56 % da população encontrada foi do sexo feminino. Predominaram as cardiopatias congênitas não cianóticas (87 %). A maior persistência foi o dueto arterioso permeável (35,3 %). A ecocardiografìa Doppler foi utilizada em 98,4 % dos casos; quanto ao manejo, 47,2 % dos pacientes estiveram em seguimento, o que foi mais comum do que as alternativas médicas ou cirúrgicas. Em conclusão, o ducto arterioso permeável, a comunicação interventricular e a comunicação interatrial são as cardiopatias não cianóticas mais frequentes na população estudada e são associadas com a hipertensão pulmonar que merecem maior seguimento. A tetralogia de Fallot foi a cardiopatia congènita cianòtica mais comum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Defects, Congenital , Echocardiography, Doppler , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , Heart Septal Defects
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190457, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092227

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease is one of the most common diseases in Latin America and heart involvement is the main cause of death. This study aimed to determine differences in tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) parameters in the assessment left and right ventricular function in patients with the indeterminate form of Chagas disease compared to those in healthy controls. METHODS: We compared 194 patients with the indeterminate form of Chagas disease to 72 age-matched healthy individuals. We considered p-values <0.05 to be statistically significant. RESULTS: TDI analysis of the right ventricular (RV) showed lengthened isovolumic relaxation time (IRT) and higher RV index of myocardial performance (RIMP) and left ventricle (LV) index of myocardial performance (LIMP) in the Chagas group than in the control group, indicating RV and LV systolic and diastolic myocardial damage. TDI analysis of the myocardial velocities of the interventricular septum and the lateral wall of the LV also showed a systolic and diastolic myocardial damage. CONCLUSIONS: The study results demonstrated early LV systolic and diastolic myocardial damage in the RV and LV in patients with the indeterminate form of Chagas disease by TDI. These early findings of RV and LV dysfunction may help identify patients who will progress to heart failure during the disease course. TDI should be included in initial patient evaluations because it allows adequate follow-up and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Chagas Disease/physiopathology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Heart/physiopathology , Echocardiography , Echocardiography, Doppler , Case-Control Studies , Observer Variation , Chagas Disease/diagnostic imaging , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging , Early Diagnosis , Heart/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(6): 1084-1089, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055075

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic progressive disorder with high mortality and morbidity rate, associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), especially heart failure (HF). The pathophysiological changes related to OSA can directly affect the diastolic function of the left ventricle. Objectives: To assess the association of the risk of OSA, evaluated by the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ), and echocardiographic (ECHO) parameters related to diastolic dysfunction in individuals without HF assisted in primary care. Methods: A cross-sectional study that included 354 individuals (51% women) aged 45 years or older. All individuals selected were submitted to an evaluation that included the following procedures: consultation, filling out the BQ, clinical examination, laboratory examination and transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TDE). Continuous data are presented as medians and interquartile intervals, and categoric variables in absolute and relative frequencies. The variables associated with risk of OSA and at the 0.05 level integrated the gamma regression models with a log link function. A value of p < 0.05 was considered an indicator of statistical significance. Exclusion criteria were presence of HF, to fill out the BQ and patients with hypertension and obesity not classified as high risk for OSA by other criteria. All individuals were evaluated on a single day with the following procedures: medical appointment, BQ, laboratory tests and ECHO. Results: Of the 354 individuals assessed, 63% were classified as having high risk for OSA. The patients with high risk for OSA present significantly abnormal diastolic function parameters. High risk for OSA confirmed positive and statistically significant association, after adjustments, with indicators of diastolic function, such as indexed left atrium volume LAV-i (p = 0.02); E'/A' (p < 0.01), A (p = 0.02), E/A (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Our data show that patients at high risk for OSA present worsened diastolic function parameters measured by TDE.


Resumo Fundamento: A apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) é um transtorno crônico, progressivo, com alta morbimortalidade e associado às doenças cardiovasculares (DCV), entre elas a insuficiência cardíaca (IC). As alterações fisiopatológicas relacionadas com a AOS podem impactar diretamente a função diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo. Objetivo: Estimar a associação entre risco de AOS, avaliada pelo Questionário de Berlim (QB), e parâmetros do ecocardiograma, relacionados com a função diastólica, em indivíduos sem IC na atenção primária. Métodos: Estudo transversal que incluiu 354 indivíduos (51% mulheres) com idade igual ou superior a 45 anos. Todos os indivíduos selecionados foram submetidos a uma avaliação que constou dos seguintes procedimentos: consulta, preenchimento do QB e exame clínico, realização de exames laboratoriais e ecocardiograma Doppler transtorácico (EDT). Os dados contínuos são apresentados em medianas e intervalos interquartílicos e os categóricos em frequências absolutas e relativas. As variáveis que apresentaram associação ao risco de AOS em nível de 0,05 integraram os modelos de regressão gama com função de ligação log link. Análise bruta: Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado como indicador de significância estatística. Resultados: Dos 354 indivíduos analisados, 63% foram classificados como tendo alto risco para AOS. Os pacientes com alto risco para AOS apresentam alterações significativas dos parâmetros que avaliam a função diastólica. Alto risco para AOS confirmou sua associação positiva e estatisticamente significativa, após ajuste, a indicadores de disfunção diastólica - VAE-i (p = 0,02); E'/A' (p < 0,01); A (p = 0,02); E/A (p < 0,01). Conclusão: Nossos dados mostram que pacientes com alto risco de AOS apresentam piora dos parâmetros de função diastólica medidos pelo EDT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Echocardiography, Doppler , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Polysomnography , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging , Diastole/physiology , Hypertension/complications
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