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4.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253834

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: O fluxo coronariano com predomínio diastólico aumenta duas a cinco vezes na hiperemia, mediada por vasodilatação (reserva de fluxo coronariano), podendo, na hipertrofia, ocorrer isquemia relativa. Na hipertrofia secundária, o fluxo em repouso torna-se isquêmico pelo aumento da demanda. Na cardiomiopatia hipertrófica com fibrose perivascular, há funcionalização de vasos colaterais, para aumentar a irrigação dos segmentos hipertrofiados. Objetivo: Determinar o padrão do fluxo coronariano em pacientes com hipertrofia secundária e cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, avaliando a reserva de fluxo coronariano. Métodos: Avaliamos o fluxo coronariano em 34 pacientes com hipertrofia secundária, em 24 com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica e em 16 controles. A artéria descendente anterior foi detectada com Doppler transtorácico com calibração adequada do equipamento. Nos grupos controle e com hipertrofia secundária, foi calculada a reserva de fluxo coronariano com dipiridamol (0,84 mg/kg) endovenoso. O mesmo procedimento foi realizado em seis pacientes do grupo com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, nos quais também foi avaliado o fluxo das colaterais da região hipertrófica. Os dados foram comparados por variância com significância de 5%. Resultados: Na hipertrofia secundária, houve aumento do índice de massa e, na cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, predominou o aumento da espessura relativa. A fração de ejeção e a disfunção diastólica foram maiores no grupo com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica. A reserva de fluxo coronariano foi menor no grupo com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, sendo detectado, também, fluxo de colaterais com redução da reserva de fluxo coronariano. Conclusão: A análise da circulação coronariana com Doppler transtorácico é possível em indivíduos normais e hipertróficos. Pacientes com hipertrofia secundária e cardiomiopatia hipertrófica apresentam diminuição da reserva de fluxo coronariano, e aqueles com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica mostram fluxo de vasos colaterais dilatados observados na região hipertrófica, com diminuição da reserva de fluxo coronariano.(AU)


Background: Coronary flow with a diastolic predominance increases two to five times in hyperemia, mediated by vasodilation (coronary flow reserve, CFR) and, in hypertrophy, relative ischemia may occur. In secondary hypertrophy (LVH), the flow, normal at rest, becomes ischemic due to increased demand. In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with perivascular fibrosis, collateral vessels appear to increase the irrigation of hypertrophied segments. Objective: To determine the coronary flow pattern in patients with secondary hypertrophy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, evaluating the coronary flow reserve. Methods: Coronary flow was evaluated in 34 patients with secondary hypertrophy, 24 with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and in 16 controls. The anterior descending artery was detected with transthoracic Doppler with adequate equipment calibration. In the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy group, the flow of collaterals from the hypertrophic region was evaluated. In the control and secondary hypertrophy groups and in six patients in the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy group, the intravenous dipyridamole (0.84 mg) coronary flow reserve was calculated. The data were compared by variance with a significance of 5%Results: In secondary hypertrophy there was an increase in mass index and blood pressure, and in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy an increase in relative thickness predominated. Ejection fraction and diastolic dysfunction were higher in the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy group. The coronary flow reserve was lower in the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy group, and flow of collaterals was also detected, with a reduction in the coronary flow reserve. Conclusion: the analysis of coronary circulation with transthoracic Doppler is possible in normal and hypertrophic individuals. Patients with secondary hypertrophy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have a decrease in the coronary flow reserve, and patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy show a hyper flow of dilated collateral vessels observed in the hypertrophic region, with a decrease in the coronary flow reserve.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Angiography/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Dipyridamole/administration & dosage , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Aminophylline/administration & dosage
6.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(2)2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291096

ABSTRACT

Adulto jovem de 18 anos que evoluiu após traumatismo craniencefálico leve com fístula carotídea direta. Apresentou zumbido e exoftalmia, ambos de característica pulsátil e à esquerda. Foi submetido a estudo com Doppler das carótidas, que mostrou elevadas velocidades do fluxo sanguíneo e índices de resistência reduzidos nas artérias carótidas comum e interna esquerdas, compatíveis com fístula carotídea direta. A angiotomografia computadorizada cerebral confirmou a fístula carotídea. Foi encaminhado para tratamento endovascular por embolização, com sucesso. O Doppler de carótidas pode ter papel importante no diagnóstico das fístulas carotídeas diretas e acompanhamento de pacientes submetidos à terapêutica endovascular.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Carotid Artery Diseases/physiopathology , Carotid Artery, Internal/pathology , Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula/therapy , Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(2): 123-126, Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990337

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Hemorrhagic pseudocysts with pseudoaneurysms are a rare and fatal complication of chronic pancreatitis due to the erosion of pancreatic to peripancreatic arteries. The timing of the rupture cannot be accurately predicted, but prompt diagnosis and management are essential to prevent further bleeding. We describe the case of a 68-year-old man who presented acute epigastric pain and anemia and had a history of chronic pancreatitis with a pseudocyst. A biliary and pancreas MRI showed an enlarged size of a known pancreatic pseudocyst with internal high signal intensity material. Color-Doppler ultrasonography showed pulsating signals in the pseudocyst, and our final diagnosis was a pseudoaneurysm in the pancreatic hemorrhagic pseudocyst. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated with coil embolization of the feeding artery. We report this case of a rare complication of chronic pancreatitis to show that color-Doppler ultrasound is a non-invasive and effective diagnostic tool for pseudoaneurysm, which enables early detection and prompt treatment without the need for invasive diagnostic modalities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pancreatic Pseudocyst/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color , Pancreatitis, Chronic/complications , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatic Pseudocyst/etiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology
13.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1264215

ABSTRACT

Objectif : Décrire les indications et les résultats de l'échographie Doppler vasculaire en pratique de ville à Cotonou au Bénin. Matériels et Méthodes : Une étude rétrospective et descriptive a été menée sur les archives des comptes rendus d'échographie Doppler vasculaire d'octobre 2015 à juin 2018, soit une période de 33 mois dans l'unité d'échographie du Centre d'Imagerie Médicale et de Diagnostic.Tous les patients ayant fait une échographie Doppler vasculaire dans la période ont été inclus dans l'étude. Les variables étudiées étaient l'âge et le sexe, les indications cliniques, la région anatomique examinée et les lésions retrouvées à l'échographie Doppler vasculaire. Résultats : 73 patients ont été inclus. L'âge moyen des patients était de 54,30 ans ± 11,58. Les patients étaient en majorité de sexe masculin (54,79%) avec une sex-ratio M/F égale à 1,21. L'indication de l'échographie Doppler vasculaire était pertinente dans 100% des cas. Les indications les plus fréquentes étaient le pied diabétique (32,88%), la suspicion de thrombose veineuse profonde (19,18%), les grosses jambes douloureuses (12,33%) et les oedèmes des membres pelviens (9,59%). L'échographie Doppler vasculaire des membres pelviens représentaient 93,11% des examens. 54 examens (73,97%) étaient revenus pathologiques. Les pathologies vasculaires les plus rencontrées étaient l'artériopathie calcifiante des membres pelviens (27,78%), l'insuffisance veineuse (18,51%) et la thrombose veineuse profonde (16,67%). Conclusion : L'échographie Doppler vasculaire réalisée par un spécialiste est performante dans le diagnostic des pathologies vasculaires périphériques. Elle constitue une alternative pertinente et peu onéreuse l'exploration vasculaire dans les pays à ressource limitée. Dans le contexte d'émergence des maladies cardio-vascu- laires dans ces pays, elle mérite d'être vulgarisée dans les centres publiques et privées


Subject(s)
Benin , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Case Reports , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color , Outcome Assessment, Health Care
14.
In. Consolim-Colombo, Fernanda M; Saraiva, José Francisco Kerr; Izar, Maria Cristina de Oliveira. Tratado de Cardiologia: SOCESP / Cardiology Treaty: SOCESP. São Paulo, Manole, 4ª; 2019. p.350-355.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009348
15.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 31(4)Out.- Dez. 2018. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-964021

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: Os refluxos paraprotéticos são complicações comuns após cirurgia de troca valvar. A quantificação da gravidade, a localização e a morfologia dos refluxos paraprotéticos podem ser demonstradas por meio da ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional. Objetivo: Avaliar a correlação entre gravidade da regurgitação paravalvar, avaliada pela ecocardiografia tradicional bidimensional, usando a largura da vena contracta, e as medidas derivadas da avaliação pela ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional (comprimento, largura e área); avaliar o sucesso terapêutico da oclusão de refluxos paraprotéticos, guiada por ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional, e a correlação entre as medidas desta e as dos dispositivos para oclusão percutânea. Método: Estudo retrospectivo de 11 pacientes consecutivamente submetidos ao tratamento percutâneo de refluxos paraprotéticos entre 2014 e 2015, avaliados por meio de ecocardiografia transtorácica e ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional, no pré-operatório e no intraoperatório. Resultados: De um total de 20 refluxos paraprotéticos, 18 apresentaram sucesso técnico imediato. Não houve correlação entre as medidas da vena contracta bidimensional e as derivadas da ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional. Houve correlação forte entre o comprimento do defeito pela ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional e o comprimento do dispositivo para oclusão percutânea (rho = 0,929; p < 0,001), além de correlação moderada entre a área do defeito e a do dispositivo para oclusão percutânea (rho = 0,682; p = 0,002). Não houve correlação entre a largura do dispositivo para oclusão percutânea e a do defeito medida pela ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional (rho = 0,440; p = 0,067). Conclusão: Não houve correlação entre a medida da vena contracta bidimensional e as medidas derivadas da ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional. A escolha dos dispositivos para oclusão percutânea baseada nas medidas da ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional apresentou alta taxa de sucesso imediato, com ótima correlação entre o comprimento dos defeitos e dos dispositivos para oclusão percutânea. A correlação entre as áreas foi boa e não houve correlação entre as larguras


Background: Paravalvular leaks are a common complication after valve replacement surgery. Quantification of the severity, location and morphology of paravalvular leaks can be obtained by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. Objective: To evaluate the correlation between the severity of paravalvular regurgitation by vena contracta measurement using bidimensional echocardiography, and measurements derived from three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (length, width and area). To evaluate the therapeutic success of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography-guided paravalvular leaks occlusion and the correlation between three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography measurements and dimensions of devices for percutaneous occlusion. Method: Retrospective study of 11 patients consecutively submitted to percutaneous paravalvular leaks treatment between 2014 and 2015, using transthoracic echocardiography and between three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the preoperative and intraoperative periods. Results: Out of a total of 20 paravalvular leaks, 18 showed immediate technical success. There was no correlation between the measurements of the bidimensional vena contracta and the measures derived from the three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. There was a strong correlation between the defect length measured by the three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography and the device for percutaneous occlusion length (rho = 0.929; p < 0.001); and moderate between the defect area and the device for percutaneous occlusion area (rho = 0.682,p = 0.002). There was no correlation between the device for percutaneous occlusion width and the defect width measured by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (rho = 0.440; p = 0.067). Conclusion: There was no correlation between the measurement of the bidimensional vena contracta and the measures derived from the three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. The choice of devices for percutaneous occlusion based on three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography measurements showed a high success rate, with an excellent correlation between defect length and devices for percutaneous occlusion length. The correlation between the areas was good, and there was no correlation between the widths


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Heart Valves/surgery , Aortic Valve/surgery , Tertiary Healthcare , Prosthesis Failure/adverse effects , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Perioperative Care , Tertiary Care Centers , Observational Study , Intraoperative Period , Mitral Valve/surgery
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(4): 322-327, out.-dez. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-969136

ABSTRACT

Complicações relacionadas ao acesso venoso cervicotorácico, como os pseudoaneurismas (PAs), podem ser devastadoras. Neste artigo, apresentamos dois casos semelhantes em que o avanço tecnológico impactou no diagnóstico, tratamento e resultados. Ambos pacientes apresentaram volumoso PA após a tentativa de punção venosa profunda. O primeiro caso, em 1993, diagnosticado por duplex scan , revelou grande PA oriundo da artéria subclávia direita. A artéria foi abordada por esternotomia mediana com extensão supraclavicular. O PA originava-se do tronco tireocervical, tratado com simples ligadura. No segundo caso, em 2017, angiotomografia revelou um PA originário da artéria vertebral, que foi tratado com técnica endovascular, mantendo a perviedade do vaso. Ambos evoluíram satisfatoriamente, apesar de abordagens bastante diferentes. A lesão vascular cervicotorácica representa um desafio propedêutico e terapêutico, com alto risco de ruptura. Os avanços tecnológicos diminuem os riscos de lesões vasculares com acesso cirúrgico difícil e devem estar entre as opções do cirurgião vascular


Complications such as pseudoaneurysms (PA) related to cervicothoracic venous access can be devastating. In this article, we present two similar cases in which technological advances impacted diagnosis, treatment, and results. Both patients developed massive PA after deep venous puncture attempts. The first case occurred in 1993 and was diagnosed by a duplex scan that revealed a large PA originating from the right subclavian artery. The artery was approached by median sternotomy with supraclavicular extension. The PA originated from the thyrocervical trunk and was treated with simple ligation. The second case was in 2017. Angiotomography revealed a PA originating in the vertebral artery, which was treated with endovascular techniques, maintaining vessel patency. Both patients progressed satisfactorily, despite quite different approaches. Cervicothoracic vascular lesions represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, where the risk of rupture is high. Technological advances have reduced the risks involved in management of vascular injuries with difficult surgical access


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Vertebral Artery , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Endovascular Procedures , Subclavian Artery , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Angiography/methods , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Sternotomy/methods , Hematoma
18.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(4): 341-347, out.-dez. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-969241

ABSTRACT

A escleroterapia continua sendo um dos procedimentos mais executados pelos cirurgiões vasculares brasileiros. O conhecimento das suas complicações é imprescindível para que possamos evitá-las. Os efeitos colaterais graves desse método de tratamento para as telangiectasias dos membros inferiores são raros e frequentemente associados a um erro técnico ou à dosagem injetada. São predominantemente locais, apresentando-se, algumas vezes, como uma situação de difícil resolução. Relatamos um caso de formação de necrose cutânea após escleroterapia química com glicose hipertônica (75%) e sua cicatrização utilizando preparação tópica contendo vaselina e glicose 60%, cujo resultado estético foi satisfatório


Sclerotherapy remains one of the procedures most frequently performed by Brazilian vascular surgeons. Knowledge of its complications is indispensable to enable us to avoid them. The severe side effects of this method of treatment for telangiectasias of the lower limbs are rare and are often associated with technical errors or the dose injected. Complications are predominantly local, but are sometimes difficult to resolve. We report a case of formation of cutaneous necrosis after chemical sclerotherapy using hypertonic glucose (75%), which healed when treated with a topical preparation containing vaseline and 60% glucose, with satisfactory esthetic results


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Telangiectasis/diagnosis , Glucose , Necrosis/complications , Petrolatum/therapeutic use , Sclerosing Solutions/therapeutic use , Skin Ulcer/diagnosis , Skin Ulcer/therapy , Varicose Veins/therapy , Wound Healing , Fibrosis , Sclerotherapy/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Lower Extremity , Erythema
19.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(2): 165-169, abr.jun.2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-910870

ABSTRACT

A claudicação intermitente é uma queixa geralmente relacionada com oclusão arterial secundária a doença aterosclerótica. Entretanto, em pacientes jovens com queixa de claudicação, outras causas devem ser pesquisadas, como a síndrome do aprisionamento da artéria poplítea, síndrome compartimental crônica, compressões ósseas e arterites. Os autores relatam o caso de um paciente com claudicação intermitente devido à compressão extrínseca da artéria tibial anterior pela membrana interóssea, diagnosticada através de angiorressonância durante manobras de dorsiflexão do pé. A paciente foi tratada com sucesso através da liberação do fator compressivo, evoluindo com melhora dos sintomas.


Lower extremity intermittent claudication is usually related to atherosclerotic disease. The most common non-atherosclerotic causes are arterites, chronic compartmental syndrome, bone compression, and popliteal entrapment syndrome. The authors report a case of a patient with intermittent claudication related to anterior tibial artery entrapment caused by the interosseous membrane. Magnetic resonance angiography showed compression of the anterior tibial artery during dynamic maneuvers and the patient was managed by releasing the cause of compression, resulting in relief from claudication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Leg/surgery , Lower Extremity/physiopathology , Tibial Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
20.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(1): 104-110, feb. 2018. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899978

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La peritonitis meconial (PM) corresponde a una inflamación del peritoneo por una reacción química estéril producida por la presencia de meconio, secundaria a una perforación intestinal in útero. Se expone un caso real de PM cuya relevancia está dada por la baja incidencia de esta enfermedad, siendo de aproximadamente 1 caso por cada 30.000 nacidos vivos. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo dar a conocer la presentación clásica de la PM mediante una revisión actualizada de la literatura. Caso clínico: Paciente de 21 años, primigesta, cursando embarazo de 33 + 5 semanas, con antecedentes de hipotiroidismo gestacional, es derivada al servicio de urgencia maternal por hallazgo en ecografía realizada ese mismo día: Ascitis fetal, intestino hiperecogénico, sin alteraciones en eco-Doppler fetal, hospitalizándose a paciente para estudio. Los exámenes de laboratorio, incluidos VIH y VDRL, resultaron negativos y no esclarecían una etiología. Dado hallazgos ecográficos posteriores se logra orientar el diagnóstico hacia una PM, la cual se objetivó una vez interrumpido el embarazo a la semana 38+5. Discusión: La PM representa un desafío para el médico tanto en su diagnóstico como tratamiento, lo cual está dado en parte por su baja incidencia. El caso expone la presentación más clásica de la PM, en la cual se logró establecer la importancia del diagnóstico prenatal y como este influye en el pronóstico y manejo posterior. Existe acuerdo en adoptar una conducta expectante frente a la PM e incluso esperar el inicio del parto espontaneo, si no existen otras contraindicaciones.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Meconial peritonitis (MP) corresponds to an inflammation of the peritoneum due to a sterile chemical reaction produced by the presence of meconium, secondary to a intestinal perforation in utero. We present a real case of MP whose relevance is given by the low incidence of this disease, being approximately 1 case per 30,000 live births. The present work has as objective to present the classic presentation of the MP through an updated literature review. Clinical case: A 21-year-old woman, primigravous, with a pregnancy of 33 + 5 weeks, and a history of gestational hypothyroidism, is referred to the maternal emergency service due to the following finding on ultrasound performed that same day: Fetal ascites, hyperechogenic bowel, without alterations in fetal echo-Doppler. Patient is hospitalized for study. Laboratory tests, including HIV and VDRL, were negative and did not clarify an etiology. Given later sonographic findings, the diagnosis is oriented towards MP, which was observed once the pregnancy was interrupted at week 38 + 5. Discussion: MP represents a challenge for the physician both in diagnosis and treatment, which is partly due to its low incidence. The case presents the most classic presentation of the MP, in which it was possible to establish the importance of prenatal diagnosis and how it influences the prognosis and subsequent management. There is agreement to adopt an expectant behavior towards MP and even wait for the start of spontaneous birth, if there are no other contraindications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Peritonitis/complications , Peritonitis/diagnostic imaging , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ascites/etiology , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Meconium , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color , Abdominal Wall/abnormalities
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