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1.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(2)2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291096

ABSTRACT

Adulto jovem de 18 anos que evoluiu após traumatismo craniencefálico leve com fístula carotídea direta. Apresentou zumbido e exoftalmia, ambos de característica pulsátil e à esquerda. Foi submetido a estudo com Doppler das carótidas, que mostrou elevadas velocidades do fluxo sanguíneo e índices de resistência reduzidos nas artérias carótidas comum e interna esquerdas, compatíveis com fístula carotídea direta. A angiotomografia computadorizada cerebral confirmou a fístula carotídea. Foi encaminhado para tratamento endovascular por embolização, com sucesso. O Doppler de carótidas pode ter papel importante no diagnóstico das fístulas carotídeas diretas e acompanhamento de pacientes submetidos à terapêutica endovascular.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Carotid Artery Diseases/physiopathology , Carotid Artery, Internal/pathology , Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula/therapy , Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253834

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: O fluxo coronariano com predomínio diastólico aumenta duas a cinco vezes na hiperemia, mediada por vasodilatação (reserva de fluxo coronariano), podendo, na hipertrofia, ocorrer isquemia relativa. Na hipertrofia secundária, o fluxo em repouso torna-se isquêmico pelo aumento da demanda. Na cardiomiopatia hipertrófica com fibrose perivascular, há funcionalização de vasos colaterais, para aumentar a irrigação dos segmentos hipertrofiados. Objetivo: Determinar o padrão do fluxo coronariano em pacientes com hipertrofia secundária e cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, avaliando a reserva de fluxo coronariano. Métodos: Avaliamos o fluxo coronariano em 34 pacientes com hipertrofia secundária, em 24 com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica e em 16 controles. A artéria descendente anterior foi detectada com Doppler transtorácico com calibração adequada do equipamento. Nos grupos controle e com hipertrofia secundária, foi calculada a reserva de fluxo coronariano com dipiridamol (0,84 mg/kg) endovenoso. O mesmo procedimento foi realizado em seis pacientes do grupo com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, nos quais também foi avaliado o fluxo das colaterais da região hipertrófica. Os dados foram comparados por variância com significância de 5%. Resultados: Na hipertrofia secundária, houve aumento do índice de massa e, na cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, predominou o aumento da espessura relativa. A fração de ejeção e a disfunção diastólica foram maiores no grupo com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica. A reserva de fluxo coronariano foi menor no grupo com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, sendo detectado, também, fluxo de colaterais com redução da reserva de fluxo coronariano. Conclusão: A análise da circulação coronariana com Doppler transtorácico é possível em indivíduos normais e hipertróficos. Pacientes com hipertrofia secundária e cardiomiopatia hipertrófica apresentam diminuição da reserva de fluxo coronariano, e aqueles com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica mostram fluxo de vasos colaterais dilatados observados na região hipertrófica, com diminuição da reserva de fluxo coronariano.(AU)


Background: Coronary flow with a diastolic predominance increases two to five times in hyperemia, mediated by vasodilation (coronary flow reserve, CFR) and, in hypertrophy, relative ischemia may occur. In secondary hypertrophy (LVH), the flow, normal at rest, becomes ischemic due to increased demand. In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with perivascular fibrosis, collateral vessels appear to increase the irrigation of hypertrophied segments. Objective: To determine the coronary flow pattern in patients with secondary hypertrophy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, evaluating the coronary flow reserve. Methods: Coronary flow was evaluated in 34 patients with secondary hypertrophy, 24 with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and in 16 controls. The anterior descending artery was detected with transthoracic Doppler with adequate equipment calibration. In the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy group, the flow of collaterals from the hypertrophic region was evaluated. In the control and secondary hypertrophy groups and in six patients in the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy group, the intravenous dipyridamole (0.84 mg) coronary flow reserve was calculated. The data were compared by variance with a significance of 5%Results: In secondary hypertrophy there was an increase in mass index and blood pressure, and in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy an increase in relative thickness predominated. Ejection fraction and diastolic dysfunction were higher in the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy group. The coronary flow reserve was lower in the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy group, and flow of collaterals was also detected, with a reduction in the coronary flow reserve. Conclusion: the analysis of coronary circulation with transthoracic Doppler is possible in normal and hypertrophic individuals. Patients with secondary hypertrophy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have a decrease in the coronary flow reserve, and patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy show a hyper flow of dilated collateral vessels observed in the hypertrophic region, with a decrease in the coronary flow reserve.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Angiography/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Dipyridamole/administration & dosage , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Aminophylline/administration & dosage
11.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(4): 322-327, out.-dez. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-969136

ABSTRACT

Complicações relacionadas ao acesso venoso cervicotorácico, como os pseudoaneurismas (PAs), podem ser devastadoras. Neste artigo, apresentamos dois casos semelhantes em que o avanço tecnológico impactou no diagnóstico, tratamento e resultados. Ambos pacientes apresentaram volumoso PA após a tentativa de punção venosa profunda. O primeiro caso, em 1993, diagnosticado por duplex scan , revelou grande PA oriundo da artéria subclávia direita. A artéria foi abordada por esternotomia mediana com extensão supraclavicular. O PA originava-se do tronco tireocervical, tratado com simples ligadura. No segundo caso, em 2017, angiotomografia revelou um PA originário da artéria vertebral, que foi tratado com técnica endovascular, mantendo a perviedade do vaso. Ambos evoluíram satisfatoriamente, apesar de abordagens bastante diferentes. A lesão vascular cervicotorácica representa um desafio propedêutico e terapêutico, com alto risco de ruptura. Os avanços tecnológicos diminuem os riscos de lesões vasculares com acesso cirúrgico difícil e devem estar entre as opções do cirurgião vascular


Complications such as pseudoaneurysms (PA) related to cervicothoracic venous access can be devastating. In this article, we present two similar cases in which technological advances impacted diagnosis, treatment, and results. Both patients developed massive PA after deep venous puncture attempts. The first case occurred in 1993 and was diagnosed by a duplex scan that revealed a large PA originating from the right subclavian artery. The artery was approached by median sternotomy with supraclavicular extension. The PA originated from the thyrocervical trunk and was treated with simple ligation. The second case was in 2017. Angiotomography revealed a PA originating in the vertebral artery, which was treated with endovascular techniques, maintaining vessel patency. Both patients progressed satisfactorily, despite quite different approaches. Cervicothoracic vascular lesions represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, where the risk of rupture is high. Technological advances have reduced the risks involved in management of vascular injuries with difficult surgical access


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Vertebral Artery , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Endovascular Procedures , Subclavian Artery , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Angiography/methods , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Sternotomy/methods , Hematoma
12.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(4): 341-347, out.-dez. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-969241

ABSTRACT

A escleroterapia continua sendo um dos procedimentos mais executados pelos cirurgiões vasculares brasileiros. O conhecimento das suas complicações é imprescindível para que possamos evitá-las. Os efeitos colaterais graves desse método de tratamento para as telangiectasias dos membros inferiores são raros e frequentemente associados a um erro técnico ou à dosagem injetada. São predominantemente locais, apresentando-se, algumas vezes, como uma situação de difícil resolução. Relatamos um caso de formação de necrose cutânea após escleroterapia química com glicose hipertônica (75%) e sua cicatrização utilizando preparação tópica contendo vaselina e glicose 60%, cujo resultado estético foi satisfatório


Sclerotherapy remains one of the procedures most frequently performed by Brazilian vascular surgeons. Knowledge of its complications is indispensable to enable us to avoid them. The severe side effects of this method of treatment for telangiectasias of the lower limbs are rare and are often associated with technical errors or the dose injected. Complications are predominantly local, but are sometimes difficult to resolve. We report a case of formation of cutaneous necrosis after chemical sclerotherapy using hypertonic glucose (75%), which healed when treated with a topical preparation containing vaseline and 60% glucose, with satisfactory esthetic results


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Telangiectasis/diagnosis , Glucose , Necrosis/complications , Petrolatum/therapeutic use , Sclerosing Solutions/therapeutic use , Skin Ulcer/diagnosis , Skin Ulcer/therapy , Varicose Veins/therapy , Wound Healing , Fibrosis , Sclerotherapy/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Lower Extremity , Erythema
13.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 31(4)Out.- Dez. 2018. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-964021

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: Os refluxos paraprotéticos são complicações comuns após cirurgia de troca valvar. A quantificação da gravidade, a localização e a morfologia dos refluxos paraprotéticos podem ser demonstradas por meio da ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional. Objetivo: Avaliar a correlação entre gravidade da regurgitação paravalvar, avaliada pela ecocardiografia tradicional bidimensional, usando a largura da vena contracta, e as medidas derivadas da avaliação pela ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional (comprimento, largura e área); avaliar o sucesso terapêutico da oclusão de refluxos paraprotéticos, guiada por ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional, e a correlação entre as medidas desta e as dos dispositivos para oclusão percutânea. Método: Estudo retrospectivo de 11 pacientes consecutivamente submetidos ao tratamento percutâneo de refluxos paraprotéticos entre 2014 e 2015, avaliados por meio de ecocardiografia transtorácica e ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional, no pré-operatório e no intraoperatório. Resultados: De um total de 20 refluxos paraprotéticos, 18 apresentaram sucesso técnico imediato. Não houve correlação entre as medidas da vena contracta bidimensional e as derivadas da ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional. Houve correlação forte entre o comprimento do defeito pela ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional e o comprimento do dispositivo para oclusão percutânea (rho = 0,929; p < 0,001), além de correlação moderada entre a área do defeito e a do dispositivo para oclusão percutânea (rho = 0,682; p = 0,002). Não houve correlação entre a largura do dispositivo para oclusão percutânea e a do defeito medida pela ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional (rho = 0,440; p = 0,067). Conclusão: Não houve correlação entre a medida da vena contracta bidimensional e as medidas derivadas da ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional. A escolha dos dispositivos para oclusão percutânea baseada nas medidas da ecocardiografia transesofágica tridimensional apresentou alta taxa de sucesso imediato, com ótima correlação entre o comprimento dos defeitos e dos dispositivos para oclusão percutânea. A correlação entre as áreas foi boa e não houve correlação entre as larguras


Background: Paravalvular leaks are a common complication after valve replacement surgery. Quantification of the severity, location and morphology of paravalvular leaks can be obtained by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. Objective: To evaluate the correlation between the severity of paravalvular regurgitation by vena contracta measurement using bidimensional echocardiography, and measurements derived from three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (length, width and area). To evaluate the therapeutic success of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography-guided paravalvular leaks occlusion and the correlation between three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography measurements and dimensions of devices for percutaneous occlusion. Method: Retrospective study of 11 patients consecutively submitted to percutaneous paravalvular leaks treatment between 2014 and 2015, using transthoracic echocardiography and between three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the preoperative and intraoperative periods. Results: Out of a total of 20 paravalvular leaks, 18 showed immediate technical success. There was no correlation between the measurements of the bidimensional vena contracta and the measures derived from the three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. There was a strong correlation between the defect length measured by the three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography and the device for percutaneous occlusion length (rho = 0.929; p < 0.001); and moderate between the defect area and the device for percutaneous occlusion area (rho = 0.682,p = 0.002). There was no correlation between the device for percutaneous occlusion width and the defect width measured by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (rho = 0.440; p = 0.067). Conclusion: There was no correlation between the measurement of the bidimensional vena contracta and the measures derived from the three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. The choice of devices for percutaneous occlusion based on three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography measurements showed a high success rate, with an excellent correlation between defect length and devices for percutaneous occlusion length. The correlation between the areas was good, and there was no correlation between the widths


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Heart Valves/surgery , Aortic Valve/surgery , Tertiary Healthcare , Prosthesis Failure/adverse effects , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Perioperative Care , Tertiary Care Centers , Observational Study , Intraoperative Period , Mitral Valve/surgery
14.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(2): 165-169, abr.jun.2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-910870

ABSTRACT

A claudicação intermitente é uma queixa geralmente relacionada com oclusão arterial secundária a doença aterosclerótica. Entretanto, em pacientes jovens com queixa de claudicação, outras causas devem ser pesquisadas, como a síndrome do aprisionamento da artéria poplítea, síndrome compartimental crônica, compressões ósseas e arterites. Os autores relatam o caso de um paciente com claudicação intermitente devido à compressão extrínseca da artéria tibial anterior pela membrana interóssea, diagnosticada através de angiorressonância durante manobras de dorsiflexão do pé. A paciente foi tratada com sucesso através da liberação do fator compressivo, evoluindo com melhora dos sintomas.


Lower extremity intermittent claudication is usually related to atherosclerotic disease. The most common non-atherosclerotic causes are arterites, chronic compartmental syndrome, bone compression, and popliteal entrapment syndrome. The authors report a case of a patient with intermittent claudication related to anterior tibial artery entrapment caused by the interosseous membrane. Magnetic resonance angiography showed compression of the anterior tibial artery during dynamic maneuvers and the patient was managed by releasing the cause of compression, resulting in relief from claudication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Leg/surgery , Lower Extremity/physiopathology , Tibial Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
15.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(4): f:348-l:354, out.-dez. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-880953

ABSTRACT

Aneurismas verdadeiros isolados da artéria femoral superficial (AFS) são eventos raros. Manifestam-se principalmente em homens idosos e frequentemente estão associados a outros aneurismas. Possuem etiologia variada e costumam ser detectados quando apresentam complicações como trombose, embolização distal ou, mais raramente, ruptura. O presente caso refere-se a um paciente cujo aneurisma de AFS se apresentou roto contido e sem associações com outros aneurismas. Foram realizados eco-Doppler colorido arterial, que diagnosticou a ruptura, e angiotomografia, que evidenciou aneurisma sacular de AFS medindo 11,4 × 8,8 cm, com grande trombo mural. Uma arteriografia foi utilizada para programação de revascularização, e detectou-se leito distal via artéria tibial anterior. O paciente foi submetido a revascularização cirúrgica convencional eletiva em artéria femoropoplítea distal com veia safena ipsilateral invertida, com sucesso. Apresentou como complicação pós-operatória infecção de sítio cirúrgico. A pesquisa microbiológica teve resultado negativo, e o estudo anatomopatológico confirmou aneurisma verdadeiro da AFS


Isolated true aneurysms of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) are rare events. They mostly manifest in elderly men and are frequently seen in conjunction with other aneurysms. They have varied etiology and are usually detected when they complicate with thrombosis or distal embolization, or, more rarely, when they rupture. The present case report describes a patient with an aneurysm of the SFA that was ruptured and contained and who had no other aneurysms. Color Doppler ultrasound of the arteries revealed the rupture and angiotomography showed a saccular aneurysm of the SFA measuring 11.4 × 8.8 cm, with a large mural thrombus. Arteriography was used to plan revascularization and showed the distal bed with outflow via the anterior tibial artery. The patient was treated with conventional elective distal femoropopliteal surgical revascularization with the ipsilateral saphenous vein inverted, which was successful. Recovery was complicated by a postoperative surgical site infection. Microbiology tests were negative and the anatomopathological study confirmed a true aneurysm of the SFA


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aneurysm, Ruptured/etiology , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Aneurysm/etiology , Aneurysm/surgery , Femoral Artery/surgery , Age Factors , Arteries , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Lower Extremity , Sex Factors , Thrombosis/complications
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(1): f:31-l:34, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-841404

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto A reestenose intra-stent por hiperplasia miointimal pós-angioplastia é uma intercorrência frequente e que limita a perviedade do procedimento a longo prazo. A terapia com balões revestidos de droga com ação antiproliferativa pode ser uma alternativa no tratamento dessa complicação. Objetivos Demonstrar eficácia e as complicações (óbito, grandes amputações, etc.) do balão farmacológico no tratamento da reestenose intra-stent de segmento femoropoplíteo. Métodos Estudo de coorte retrospectivo de 32 pacientes consecutivos tratados entre os anos de 2012 e 2016, submetidos a terapia de reestenose intra-stent de segmento femoropoplíteo com angioplastia com balão farmacológico revestido com paclitaxel. A taxa de sucesso foi mensurada pela ocorrência de sucesso do procedimento e reestenose inferior a 50% em avaliação por eco-Doppler colorido 30, 90 e 180 dias após o procedimento. Resultados Quatro pacientes (12,5%) apresentaram reestenose superior a 50%, sendo um (3,1%) após 90 dias e três (9,4%) após 180 dias, conferindo uma taxa de sucesso de 87,5% ao procedimento. Após 180 dias, todos os pacientes referiam melhora ou cessação dos sinais e/ou sintomas apresentados antes do procedimento. Não houve óbitos, e complicações ocorreram apenas em dois casos, no pós-operatório imediato. Conclusões Os resultados a curto prazo da terapia com balão farmacológico são promissores, com redução na taxa de reestenose e baixo índice de complicações. Ainda precisam ser apresentados estudos demonstrando os efeitos a longo prazo dessa terapia, assim como seu impacto econômico quando comparada a outros procedimentos.


Abstract Background In-stent restenosis due to myointimal hyperplasia after angioplasty is common and limits long-term patency. Treatments using balloons coated with antiproliferative drugs may offer an alternative option for this pathology. Objectives To demonstrate the efficacy and complications (death, major amputations, etc.) of drug-coated balloons for treatment of in-stent restenosis in femoropopliteal segments. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study of 32 consecutive patients treated between 2012 and 2016 who underwent treatment to correct in-stent restenosis in the femoropopliteal segment using paclitaxel-coated balloons. The success rate was measured in terms of technical success and restenosis of less than 50% on Doppler ultrasonography at 30, 90, and 180 days after the procedure. Results Four patients (12.5%) exhibited restenosis greater than 50%, one (3.1%) after 90 days and three (9.4%) after 180 days, equating to a success rate of 87.5% of procedures, and by 180 days all patients experienced improvement or cessation of the signs and/or symptoms they had presented prior to the procedure. There were no deaths and complications occurred in just 2 cases in the immediate postoperative period. Conclusions Short-term results are promising, with reductions in the magnitude of restenosis and a low rate of complications. Further studies are needed that can demonstrate the long-term effects and the economic impacts in comparison to other procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon/methods , Femoral Vein/surgery , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/complications , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/therapy , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Popliteal Vein/surgery , Stents , Cohort Studies , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/diagnosis , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/therapy , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis , Peripheral Arterial Disease/therapy , Treatment Outcome
17.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 29(1): 3-10, jan.-mar.2016. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-777616

ABSTRACT

A adaptação à sobrecarga crônica de volume na insuficiência mitral (IM) tende a aumentar o átrioesquerdo (AE), predispondo a disfunção atrial e arritmias. Embora as dimensões do AE tragam importante informação prognóstica, a função contrátil atrial não tem sido estudada consistentemente na IM. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a função atrial em pacientes com IM por cardiopatia reumática (CR) eprolapso valvar mitral (PVM). Métodos: Foram estudados 54 pacientes com IM importante, com área do orifício regorgitante efetivo (ERO) ≥ 0,40 cm2,sendo 23 com CR e 31 com PVM, em ritmo sinusal, com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) > 60%. Foram medidos diâmetros e massa do VE, volumes do VE e AE (máximo, mínimo e pré-A), fração de esvaziamento total (FEsv.TAE), passiva (FEsv.P AE) e ativa (FEsv.A AE) do AE, para avaliar função. Medidas de Doppler transmitral e tecidual foram obtidas. Resultados: Comparados ao PVM, pacientes com CR eram mais jovens (35 ± 11 versus 55 ± 13 anos; p < 0,05) e do sexo feminino (17 versus 7 mulheres; p < 0,05); o índice de massa do VE foi maior no grupo PVM. O volume atrial máximo foiigual para os grupos, com maior volume mínimo (56,9 ± 30 versus 41,6 ± 17 mL; p = 0,02) e consequentemente menor FEsv.A AE (0,41 ± 0,11 versus 0,47 ± 0,07; p = 0,03) e FEsv.A AE (0,20 ± 0,08 versus 0,27 ± 0,07; p < 0,001) para o grupo CR. Conclusão: Embora mais jovens, pacientes com IM de etiologia reumática apresentam maior comprometimento da função atrial comparados a pacientes com PVM, possivelmente refletindo o acometimento do miocárdio atrial peladoença...


Adaptation to chronic volume overload in patients with mitral insufficiency (MI) tends to increase left atrium (LA), leading to LA dysfunction and arrhythmias. Though LA dimension is a well-known cardiovascular risk predictor, LA contractile function has not been thoroughly assessed in patients with MI of distinct etiologies. Objective: We aimed to assess LA structure and function in patients with MI due to rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Methods: We assessed 54 patients with severe MI, defined by an effective regurgitant orifice (ERO) ≥ 0.40 cm2, 23 with RHD and 31 with MVP, all in sinus rhythm and with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction > 60%. We measured LV diameters and mass, and also volumes (Simpson) to assess function, including maximal, minimal and pre-atrial contraction volumes, and total (TLAEF), passive (PLAEF) and active (ALAEF) LAemptying fraction. Transmitral and tissue Doppler measurements were obtained. Results: Compared to MVP, patients with RHD were younger (35 ± 11 versus 55 ± 13 years) and mainly female (17 versus 7 female; p < 0.05);LV mass index was higher for MVP patients. Although LA maximal volume was similar for both groups, patients with RHD had higher minimal LA volumes (56.9 ± 30 versus 41.6 ± 17 ml; p = 0.02), resulting in lower TLAEF (0.41 ± 0.11versus 0.47 ± 0.07; p = 0.03) and ALAEF (0.20 ± 0.08versus 0.27 ± 0.07; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Although younger, patients with MI due to RHD present with more severe LA dysfunction compared to MVP, possibly reflecting direct atrial impairment from rheumatic heart disease...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rheumatic Heart Disease/diagnosis , Rheumatic Heart Disease/therapy , Atrial Function, Left/physiology , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/etiology , Mitral Valve Prolapse/etiology , Chronic Disease/therapy , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Heart Atria , Mitral Valve , Prospective Studies , Statistical Analysis , Stroke Volume/physiology
18.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 26(1): 46-55, jan.-mar.2016. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-789776

ABSTRACT

A embolia pulmonar e a trombose venosa profunda são doenças com mesma base fisiopatogênica, denominada tromboembolismo venoso. Em 90% dos casos, os trombos originam-se no sistema da veia cava inferior, especialmente acima dos joelhos e pelve, alojando-se em ramos principais e segmentares dos pulmões, geralmentenos lobos inferiores. Nos Estados Unidos, é a terceira causa de óbito cardiovascular (seguida do infarto do miocárdio e acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico), com incidência anual estimada de 500.000 casos e 100.000 óbitos. A mortalidade hospitalar varia de 1% a 30%, dependendo das repercussões hemodinâmicas e da condição clínica do paciente. O diagnóstico e tratamento precoce reduzem a mortalidade hospitalar (disfunção e falência do ventrículo direito/hipoxemia) bem como suas principais complicações tardias: hipertensão pulmonar crônica, síndrome pós-trombótica, flegmasia alba dolens e cerulea dolens. O prognóstico poderá ser modificado adotando-se medidas preventivas, identificação e tratamento em tempo hábil, além da anticoagulação oral por período adequado...


Pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis are diseases with same physiopathogenic base, called venous thromboembolism. In 90% of cases, thrombi originate in the inferior vena cava system, especially above the knees and pelvis, lodging in the main and segmental branches of the lungs, usually in the lower lobes. In the United States, it is the third leading cause of cardiovascular death (followed by myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke), with estimated annual incidence of 500,000 cases and 100,000 deaths. The hospital mortality rate ranges from 1% to 30%, depending on the hemodynamic effects and clinical condition of the patient. Early diagnosis and treatment reduce hospital mortality (dysfunction and failure of the right ventricle/hypoxemia) and its main late complications: chronic pulmonary hypertension, post-thrombotic syndrome, phlegmasia alba dolens and cerulea dolens. The prognosis may be modified by adopting preventive measures, identification and treatment in a timely manner, as well as oral anticoagulation for an adequate period...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anticoagulants , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnosis , Pulmonary Embolism/therapy , Thrombosis/complications , Thrombosis/therapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Prognosis , X-Rays
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(7): 629-636, 07/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751342

ABSTRACT

Allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (allo-MSCs) have recently garnered increasing interest for their broad clinical therapy applications. Despite this, many studies have shown that allo-MSCs are associated with a high rate of graft rejection unless immunosuppressive therapy is administered to control allo-immune responses. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA4) is a co-inhibitory molecule expressed on T cells that mediates the inhibition of T-cell function. Here, we investigated the osteogenic differentiation potency of allo-MSCs in an activated immune system that mimics the in vivo allo-MSC grafting microenvironment and explored the immunomodulatory role of the helper T cell receptor CTLA4 in this process. We found that MSC osteogenic differentiation was inhibited in the presence of the activated immune response and that overexpression of CTLA4 in allo-MSCs suppressed the immune response and promoted osteogenic differentiation. Our results support the application of CTLA4-overexpressing allo-MSCs in bone tissue engineering.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Heart Failure , Stroke Volume/physiology , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology
20.
Clinics ; 68(9): 1225-1230, set. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-687767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Strain and strain rate imaging is currently the most popular echocardiographic technique that reveals subclinical myocardial damage. There are currently no available data on this imaging method with regard to assessing right ventricular involvement in anterior myocardial infarction. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate right ventricular regional functions using a derived strain and strain rate imaging tissue Doppler method in patients who were successfully treated for their first anterior myocardial infarction. METHODS: The patient group was composed of 44 patients who had experienced their first anterior myocardial infarction and had undergone successful percutaneous coronary intervention. Twenty patients were selected for the control group. The right ventricular myocardial samplings were performed in three regions: the basal, mid, and apical segments of the lateral wall. The individual myocardial velocity, strain, and strain rate values of each basal, mid, and apical segment were obtained. RESULTS: The right ventricular myocardial velocities of the patient group were significantly decreased with respect to all three velocities in the control group. The strain and strain rate values of the right mid and apical ventricular segments in the patient group were significantly lower than those of the control group (excluding the right ventricular basal strain and strain rate). In addition, changes in the right ventricular mean strain and strain rate values were significant. CONCLUSION: Right ventricular involvement following anterior myocardial infarction can be assessed using tissue Doppler based strain and strain rate .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anterior Wall Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Anterior Wall Myocardial Infarction , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/physiopathology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right , Blood Pressure/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Heart Rate/physiology , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors
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