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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327828

ABSTRACT

To analyze and compare the protective effects of active components in different ethyl acetate extracts (EAEEPs) from Eclipta prostrate, in order to study the comparison of materials bases protecting normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells. The MTT assay was taken to compare the protective effect of different EAEEPs on cigarette smoke extracts (CSE) -induced NHBE cells. The ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) was applied to analyze the content of phenolic acid, coumaric grass ether and flavonoid in EAEEPs. According to the results, all of the eight EAEEPs (0-200 mg x L(-1)) showed certain protective effect on NHBE cells, with statistical difference. Specifically, the total mass of EAEEP VII (89.15 mg x L(-1)) and EAEEP VIII (57.44 mg x L(-1)), which showed the strongest activity, was not the highest, while EAEEP III (132.25 mg x L(-1)) displayed the highest total mass. In the combination with the "component structure" theory, the analysis showed a significant difference in the mass structure among phenolic acid, coumaric grass ether and flavonoid in EAEEP VIII and EAEEP VIII, which were 1.0: 1. 0: 0.5 and 1.0: 1.9: 0.8, respectively. The results suggested a specific optimal "component structure" relationship may exist in EAEEP, which could provide reference for the material base study and quality control.


Subject(s)
Bronchi , Cell Biology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Eclipta , Chemistry , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Protective Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Tobacco Smoke Pollution
2.
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 49(1): 57-63, Jan.-Mar. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-671401

ABSTRACT

Following optimization of extraction, separation and analytical conditions, a rapid, sensitive and simple reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography-photo diode array (HPLC-PDA) method has been developed for the identification and quantification of wedelolactone in different extracts of Eclipta alba. The separation of wedelolactone was achieved on a C18 column using the solvent system consisting of a mixture of methanol: water: acetic acid (95: 5: 0.04) as a mobile phase in isocratic elution mode followed by photo diode array detection at 352 nm. The developed method was validated as per the guidelines of the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH). Calibration curve presented good linear regression (r²>0.998) within the test range and the maximum relative standard deviation (RSD, %) values for intra-day assay were found to be 0.15, 1.30 and 1.1 for low (5 µg/mL), medium (20 µg/mL) and high (80 µg/mL) concentrations of wedelolactone. For inter-day assay the maximum RSD (%) values were found to be 2.83, 1.51 and 2.06 for low, medium and high concentrations, respectively. Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were calculated to be 2 and 5 µg/mL respectively. Analytical recovery of wedelolactone was greater than 95%. Wedelolactone in different extracts of Eclipta alba was identified and quantified using the developed HPLC method. The validated HPLC method allowed precise quantitative analysis of wedelolactone in Eclipta. alba extracts.


Desenvolveu-se método rápido, sensível e simples de Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Eficiência em fase reversa, utilizando-se arranjo de fotodiodo (HPLC-PDA), visando à separação, extração e às condições analíticas para a identificação e quantificação de wedelolactona em diferentes extratos de Eclipta alba. A separação de wedelolactona foi efetuada por meio de uma coluna C18, utilizando mistura de metanol:água:ácido acético (95:5:0.04) como fase móvel, em sistema de eluição isocrática, seguida de detecção por arranjo de fotodiodo a 352 nm. O método desenvolvido foi validado de acordo com as diretrizes da Conferência Internacional de Harmonização (ICH). As curvas de calibração apresentaram boa regressão linear (r²>0,998), dentro dos intervalos de teste, e os valores máximos de desvio padrão relativo (RSD,%) dos ensaios intra-dia foram 0,15, 1,30 e 1,1 para concentrações de wedelolactona baixa (5 µg/mL), média (20 µg/mL) e elevada (80 µg/mL) Para o ensaio inter-dia,os máximos de RSD (%) foram 2,83, 1,51 e 2,06 para as concentrações baixa, média e alta, respectivamente. O Limite de Detecção (LD) e o Limite de Quantificação (LOQ) foram de 2 e 5 µg/mL, respectivamente. A recuperação analítica de wedelolactona foi maior do que 95%. A wedelolactona em diferentes extratos de Eclipta alba foi identificada e quantificada pelo método de HPLC desenvolvido. O método de HPLC validado permitiu a análise quantitativa precisa de wedelolactona em extratos de Eclipta alba.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Eclipta/classification , Validation Study , Wedelia/classification , Chromatography, Reverse-Phase/instrumentation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263910

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of Ecliptae Herba extract on cigarette smoke extract-induced cytotoxicity.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The effect of Ecliptae Herba extract on CSE-induced NHBE cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay. GSH content was determined by DTNB colorimetry. GST activity was measured by CDNB colorimetric assay. NQO1 activity was detected by NADPH and DCIP. The protein expression was determined by Western blot assay.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Ecliptae Herba extract reduced CSE's inhibitory effect on NHBE cells, recover the decrease in intracellular GSH caused by CSE and reduce the CSE-induced activity of GST and NQO1 and NQO1 protein expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ecliptae Herba extract can reduce CSE-induced injury on NHBE cells, which may be related to phase II detoxification enzymes.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Eclipta , Chemistry , Gene Expression , Humans , NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone) , Genetics , Metabolism , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Smoke , Smoking , Tobacco , Chemistry
4.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135771

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Mosquito control is facing a threat due to the emergence of resistance to synthetic insecticides. Insecticides of plant origin may serve as suitable alternative biocontrol techniques in the future. The purpose of the present study was to assess the ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol extracts of Andrographis paniculata, Eclipta prostrata and Tagetes erecta leaves tested for oviposition-deterrent, ovicidal and repellent activities against malaria vector, Anopheles subpictus Grassi (Diptera: Culicidae). Methods: The dried leaves of the three plants were powdered mechanically and extracted with ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol. One gram of crude extract was first dissolved in 100 ml of acetone (stock solution). From the stock solution, test solution concentrations of 31.21- 499.42 mg/l for oviposition- deterrence assay and repellency and 15.60 - 998.85 mg/l were used in ovicidal assay. The percentage oviposition- deterrence, hatching rate of eggs and protection time were calculated. One-way analysis of variance was used for the multiple concentration tests and for per cent mortality to determine significant treatment differences. Results: The percentage of effective oviposition repellency was highest at 499.42 mg/l and the lowest at 31.21 mg/l in ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol extracts of A. paniculata, E. prostrata and T. erecta. The oviposition activity index (OAI) value of ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol extracts of A. paniculata, E. prostrata and T. erecta at 499.42 mg/l were -0.91, -0.93, -0.84, -0.84, -0.87, -0.82, -0.87, -0.89 and -0.87, respectively. Mortality (no egg hatchability) was 100 per cent with ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of A. paniculata, E. prostrata and T. erecta at 998.85 mg/l. The maximum adult repellent activity was observed at 499.42 mg/l in ethyl acetate extracts of A. paniculata, E. prostrata and methanol extracts of T. erecta, and the mean complete protection time ranged from 120 to 150 min with the different extracts tested. Interpretation & conclusions: The acetone extract of A. paniculata, methanol extract of E. prostrata and T. erecta showed good oviposition-deterrent, ovicidal and repellent activities respectively. These results suggest that the leaf extracts of A. paniculata, E. prostrata and T. erecta may have the potential to be used as an ideal eco-friendly approach for the control of the An. subpictus.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Acetone , Analysis of Variance , Andrographis/chemistry , Animals , Anopheles/drug effects , Eclipta/chemistry , India , Insect Vectors/drug effects , Methanol , Mosquito Control/methods , Oviposition/drug effects , Ovum/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Tagetes/chemistry
5.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 13(3): 328-336, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-601040

ABSTRACT

O potencial alelopático de quatro diferentes extratos de plantas medicinais (Eclipta alba, Gomphrena globosa, Tabernaemontana catharinensis e Tithonia diversifolia) foi avaliado na germinação de Bidens pilosa e Lactuca sativa. Dentre os resultados obtidos no teste de germinação, notou-se um maior poder inibitório do extrato de G. globosa sobre sementes e plântulas de Bidens pilosa e Lactuca sativa independente da concentração utilizada e aumento da atividade inibitória de extratos T. catharinensis e de T. diversifolia com aumento da concentração destes. Quanto ao Índice de Velocidade de Germinação, os dados demonstraram redução do índice devido a elevada mortalidade das plântulas submetidas aos extratos de G. globosa e de T. catharinensis e a germinação tardia das sementes submetidas ao extrato de T. diversifolia. Quanto ao vigor das sementes, as menores porcentagens de sobrevivência ocorreram extratos à 2,5 por cento para B. pilosa e 10 por cento para L. sativa.


The allelopathic potential of four different extracts of medicinal plants (Eclipta alba, Gomphrena globosa, Tabernaemontana catharinensis and Tithonia diversifolia) was evaluated on the germination of Bidens pilosa and Lactuca sativa. The results obtained in the germination test indicated a greater inhibitory activity of G. globosa extract on Bidens pilosa and Lactuca sativa seeds and seedlings, regardlessof the used concentration, and an increase in the inhibitory activity of T. catharinensis and T. diversifolia extracts with an increase in their concentrations. As to Germination Speed Index, the data demonstrated a reduction due to the high mortality of seedlings subjected to G. globosa and T. catharinensis extracts and a late germination of seeds subjected to T. diversifolia extracts. As to the vigor of seeds, the smallest survival percentages occur at 2.5 percent for B. pilosa and at 10 percent for L.sativa.


Subject(s)
Bidens , Pheromones/chemistry , Pheromones/therapeutic use , Germination , In Vitro Techniques , Lettuce , Plant Extracts , Plants, Medicinal , Seeds , Amaranthaceae , Asteraceae , Eclipta , Plant Structures , Plant Preparations/therapeutic use , Tabernaemontana
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819849

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the adulticidal and repellent activities of different solvent leaf extracts of Eclipta alba (E. alba) and Andrographis paniculata (A. paniculata) against malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi (An. stephensi).@*METHODS@#Adulticidal efficacy of the crude leaf extracts of E. alba and A. paniculata with five different solvents like benzene, hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol and chloroform was tested against the five to six day old adult female mosquitoes of An. stephensi. The adult mortality was observed after 24 h under the laboratory conditions. The repellent efficacy was determined against An. stephensi mosquito species at three concentrations viz., 1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 mg/cm(2) under laboratory conditions.@*RESULTS@#Among the tested solvents the maximum efficacy was observed in the methanol extract. The LC(50) and LC(90) values of E. alba and A. paniculata against adults of An. stephensi were 150.36, 130.19 ppm and 285.22, 244.16 ppm, respectively. No mortality was observed in controls. The chi-square values were significant at P<0.05 level. Methanol extract of E. alba and A. paniculata was produce maximum repellency against An. stephensi.@*CONCLUSIONS@#From the results it can be concluded the crude extract of E. alba and A. paniculata was an excellent potential for controlling An. stephensi mosquitoes.


Subject(s)
Andrographis , Animals , Anopheles , Eclipta , Insect Repellents , Pharmacology , Insecticides , Pharmacology , Malaria , Male , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Solvents , Survival Analysis
7.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2010; 23 (2): 138-142
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-98344

ABSTRACT

Parturient females display impulsive behavior represented in the form of aggressive bouts when exposed to conspecifics. Prolonged aggression during the postpartum period could affect maternal care. Eclipta alba is traditionally known to induce neuropsychiatric alterations, however its ability to circumvent maternal aggression has not been elucidated. The present study was aimed to investigate the ability of the aqueous extract of Eclipta alba to suppress maternal aggression. In the single dose study, 100, 200 and 500mg/kg body weight of the aqueous extract of Eclipta alba was administered to parturient females 30 minutes prior to maternal aggression testing against intruder males. In the multiple dose study, 100, 200 and 500mg/kg of the extract were administered for 15 and 30 days and maternal aggression was quantified. Administration of the extract for 15 and 30 days in dose schedules of 200 and 500mg/kg body weight significantly suppressed agonistic encounters by the dams and therefore had beneficial anti-aggressive activity


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Agonistic Behavior/drug effects , Eclipta , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Plant Extracts/adverse effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical/methods
8.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2009 June; 46(3): 247-252
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135201

ABSTRACT

Free radical-mediated oxidative stress is believed to be the primary cause of many disorders, such as cardiovascular diseases, brain dysfunction, cataract, diabetes mellitus, arthritis, cancer, ageing etc. In treatment of these diseases, antioxidant therapy has gained an utmost importance in the recent years. Current research is now directed towards finding naturally occurring antioxidants of plant origin. In Indian system of medicine, Clitoria ternata L. and Eclipta prostrata L. are the important medicinal plants, which have a wide range of applications. In the present study, the antioxidant potential of aqueous extracts of C. ternata and E. prostrata was evaluated by determining the levels of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants. In vitro antioxidant capacity was also determined using different assays and the results were compared with standard antioxidants such as butylated hydroxy toluene (BHT), ascorbic acid and rutin. Our results showed that both plant extracts possessed significant levels of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants and also exhibited antioxidant capacity. However, C. ternata showed higher levels of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, as compared to E. prostrata. In addition, the antioxidant capacity of C. ternata was observed to be significant as compared to E. prostrata.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/analysis , Clitoria/chemistry , Clitoria/enzymology , Eclipta/chemistry , Free Radicals , Free Radical Scavengers
9.
Hamdard Medicus. 2008; 51 (4): 193-197
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-99755

ABSTRACT

The growth characteristics of three important medicinal plants of Thar desert, viz. Asparagus racemosus, Eclipta alba and Solanum surattense have been studied under different sowing depths and soil mixture ratios. Sowing depth of 1.0 cm and 1:1:1 soil mixture ratio [sand: clay: FYM] shows highest tuber yield in A. racemosus. However, sowing depth of 0.5 cm was suitable for both E. alba and S. surattense. The growth parameters were maximum in soil mixtures of 1:1:1 and 2:2:1 for E. alba and S. surattense, respectively


Subject(s)
Soil , Asparagus Plant , Eclipta , Solanum , Biomass
10.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2007 Jul; 45(7): 617-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-62083

ABSTRACT

In atherogenic diet induced hyperlipidemic model, the rats receiving treatment with the aqueous extract of the leaves of E. prostrata showed significant reduction in total cholesterol, triglyceride, total protein and elevation in high density lipoprotein cholesterol.The aqueous extract of E. prostrata was found to possess significant hypolipidemic activity. The results also suggest that E. prostrata leaf extract at 100 and 200 mg/kg b.wt. concentrations is an excellent lipid-lowering agent.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hypolipidemic Agents/chemistry , Atherosclerosis , Diet, Atherogenic , Eclipta/metabolism , Hyperlipidemias/metabolism , Lipids/blood , Male , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Plants, Medicinal/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Triglycerides/metabolism , Water/metabolism
11.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol ; 2007 Jul-Sep; 51(3): 274-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-108610

ABSTRACT

Short and long term memory loss may result from deteriorating cerebral mechanisms due to varied causes which could have a tremendous impact on the quality of life. Herbs are being constantly explored to resolve cognitive deficits. Eclipta alba (Ea) commonly called as the trailing Eclipta is being examined for its memory enhancing quality as it is traditionally used for this purpose. The shade dried leaves of Eclipta alba was extracted with distilled water. The suspension of Ea containing 100 and 200 mg/kg was administered to rats to evaluate Transfer Latency (TL) on an elevated plus maze. TL was a measure of acquisition and retrieval learning. Mice were placed at the center of open field apparatus to assess spatial habitual learning, observed for 20 minutes for rearing and time spent during rearing using varied doses for 30 minutes, 24 hours and 96 hours and 144 hrs. The results revealed significant improvement of retrieval memory.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Behavior, Animal/drug effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Eclipta/chemistry , Maze Learning/drug effects , Memory/drug effects , Mice , Models, Animal , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Space Perception/drug effects , Spatial Behavior/drug effects , Time Factors , Transfer, Psychology/drug effects
12.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-112199

ABSTRACT

The anti-malarial activity of Eclipta alba leaves extract was evaluated against Plasmodium'berghei ANKA strain in mice. A standard inoculum of 1 x 10(6) infected erythrocytes was used. The methanolic leaf extract (250-750 mg/kg) produced a dose-dependant chemosupression or schizontocidal effect during early and established infection and high mean survival time (m.s.t.) values particularly in the group administered 750 mg/kg/day of extract. The plant extract also exhibited repository activity. The results of the preliminary studies carried out with E. alba are encouraging, which can be exploited in malaria therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antimalarials/therapeutic use , Disease Models, Animal , Eclipta/chemistry , Humans , Malaria/drug therapy , Male , Mice , Parasitic Sensitivity Tests , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Plasmodium berghei/drug effects , Treatment Outcome
13.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2003 Dec; 41(12): 1476-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-60036

ABSTRACT

Influence of different environmental factors on accumulation of wedelolactone, a potential anti-hepatotoxic principle of E. alba in shoot cultures was investigated. A significant increase in the content of wedelolactone due to kinetin treatment, temperature change and photoperiod alteration in shoot cultures was observed. Incorporation of phenylalanine in the medium also increased content of wedelolactone significantly in a dose-dependent manner.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Thin Layer , Coumarins/metabolism , Eclipta/metabolism , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Plant Shoots/metabolism
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