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1.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(4): 1311-1340, Oct.-Dec. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142982

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo apresenta uma visão geral da produção de livros sobre a história ambiental do Brasil. Da grande diversidade de temas ambientais presentes na historiografia brasileira, selecionamos os autores que de alguma forma se identificam como relacionados com a comunidade acadêmica da história ambiental. Embora a ênfase tenha sido dada aos livros autorais, buscamos ao menos mencionar as principais coletâneas produzidas no campo. Com esse mapeamento, demonstramos quais têm sido os temas e os recortes espaçotemporais priorizados pelos historiadores ambientais em seus estudos sobre o Brasil. Além disso, buscamos mostrar como as lacunas ainda presentes nessa produção oferecem caminhos promissores para a futura expansão desse campo.


Abstract This article provides an overview of books published on Brazilian environmental history. Among the large variety of environmental themes seen in Brazilian historiography, we selected the authors who in some way identify themselves as explicitly related to the academic environmental history community. Although the emphasis was on authored books, we sought to at least mention the principal edited books produced in the field. With this mapping, we demonstrate the themes and spatial-temporal foci prioritized by environmental historians in their studies on Brazil. Additionally, we sought to show how the gaps still existing in the literature provide promising paths for future expansion of this field.


Subject(s)
History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Ecology/history , Environment , Historiography , Books , Brazil , Forests
2.
Agora USB ; 15(1): 271-287, ene.-jun. 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-776914

ABSTRACT

Esta artículo, derivado de las discusiones fruto de varias investigaciones realizadas,tiene como objetivo proponer una acción de ruptura respecto a la dinámicadevastadora de la humanidad ante los recursos ambientales y ecosistemas, para lo cual se propone la generación de “incertidumbres semilla” que actúan a modo de acciones pedagógicas de cambio instauradas desde la infancia como registros de acción, retroacción e interretroacción pedagógica-social. Para ello se plantea que la responsabilidad medioambiental y la reconciliación de la humanidad con los ecosistemas, emergen como constructos dialógicos de sentido ecologizante, por lo que deben ser apuntalados en el proceso educativo y (de)construidos en quienes alteran la organización de los sistemas vivos.


This article, derived from the product of several investigations carried out discussions, aims to propose an action of rupture on the devastating dynamics of humanity to environmental resources and ecosystems, which proposes the generation of “uncertainty seeds” that act as a pedagogical actions of change, installed from childhood as records of pedagogical and social action, feedback and inter-feedback. This raises the environmental liability and the reconciliation of humanity with theecosystems, to emerge as dialogic constructs of greening sense, so that it must be underpinned in the educational process and (de) built on those who disrupt the organization of living systems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ecology , Ecology/classification , Ecology/economics , Ecology/education , Ecology/ethics , Ecology/history , Ecology/methods , Ecology/standards
4.
Agora USB ; 12(2): 473-495, jul.-dic. 2012.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-703259

ABSTRACT

Este artículo de investigación pretende brindar elementos de análisis sobre el complejo tema de la colonización de la naturaleza. En él se hace una argumentación descriptiva basada hallazgos teóricos sobre las relaciones entre el extractivismo, una práctica propia del dispositivo colonial, y lo que aquí denominamos colonización de la naturaleza. El artículo presenta inicialmente un balance del impacto en la configuración de la visión-apropiación ancestral del territorio y su contenido cultural, a raíz de la imposición de una nueva semántica, en referencia al dispositivo de poder colonial. Luego, se analiza la relación del extractivismo con el proceso de colonización de la naturaleza, para finalmente esbozar una reflexión breve vinculando contextos y problemas contemporáneos.


This research paper aims at providing some elements of analysis on the complex issue of the colonization of nature. In it a descriptive argument is carried out based on theoretical findings on the relationships between extractivism, which is a proper practice of the colonial device, and what is here called colonization of nature. The article initially presents an assessment of the impact on the configuration of the ancestral vision and appropriation of the territory and its cultural contents, as a result of the imposition of a new semantics, in reference to the device of the colonial powers. Then, the relationship between extractivism and the process of colonization of nature is analyzed; to finally sketch a brief reflection, by linking contemporary issues and contexts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ecology/classification , Ecology/education , Ecology/history , Ecology/statistics & numerical data , Ecology/ethics , Ecology/instrumentation , Ecology/legislation & jurisprudence , Ecology/methods , Ecology/standards , Ecology/organization & administration , Ecology
5.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 101(supl.2): 35-42, Dec. 2006. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-441341

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the synergism among diet, disease, and ecology at two related coastal Maya sites in Belize (Marco Gonzalez and San Pedro) for the Postclassic and Historic periods (1350-1650 AD), which immediately follow the Classic period collapse. Stable carbon- and nitrogen-isotope ratios in collagen and stable carbon-isotope ratios in structural carbonate were analysed for bones from 65 humans and a wide variety of faunal species. There are no apparent differences in whole diets or degree of carnivory between individuals with lesions indicative of anemia and those without, but those with lesions appear to have consumed significantly more C4 foods and protein from lower trophic levels. Non-specific infection (periostitis) and vitamin C deficiency (scurvy) are also present in high frequencies and appear to co-occur with lesions indicative of anemia, particularly in childhood. Individuals with scurvy also appear to have consumed significantly more C4 foods than normal individuals. Spondyloarthropathy is common in adults. These findings are discussed in light of: (1) the debate on how anemia versus scurvy are manifest and diagnosed, (2) Spanish ethnohistoric descriptions of the poor state of Maya health at the time of contact, and (3) the Osteological Paradox. We suggest that although this coastal environment exacerbated morbidity because of possible parasitic infection, the inhabitants were probably able to survive physiological stresses better than either their inland contemporaries or their modern counterparts.


Subject(s)
History, Ancient , Humans , Anemia/history , Bone Diseases/history , Diet/history , Ecology/history , Indians, Central American/history , Scurvy/history , Anemia/complications , Belize , Bone Diseases/etiology , Paleopathology , Scurvy/complications
6.
J Biosci ; 2004 Sep; 29(3): 225-30
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-111210
7.
São Paulo; Edgard Blücher; 2001. 394 p. ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-583168
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