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2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e370-e374, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281914

ABSTRACT

La dermatitis atópica es la forma más frecuente de eccema durante el primer año de vida; sin embargo, cuando la presentación es atípica o se asocia a infecciones, constituye un desafío diagnóstico para el pediatra. Es importante mantener un índice alto de sospecha para detectar inmunodeficiencias primarias asociadas a eccemas graves desde el período neonatal. Un ejemplo de estas es el síndrome de hiperinmunoglobulinemia E (hiper-IgE) autosómico dominante. Este cuadro se caracteriza por la presencia de infecciones cutáneas y respiratorias recurrentes, dermatitis atópica, eosinofilia y aumento de IgE. Se reporta el caso clínico de una niña de 1 mes y 29 días con diagnóstico de hiper-IgE con afección cutánea desde el nacimiento.


Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema often developed before the first year of life. Nevertheless, when the presentation is atypical or related to infections the diagnostic represents a challenge for the pediatricians. It is important to maintain a high index of suspicion for the detection of primary immunodeficiency associated to severe eczema. One of them is the autosomal dominant hyper-IgE syndrome characterized by recurrent skin and respiratory infections, atopic dermatitis, eosinophilia, and high serum IgE concentrations. In this paper, we report a 1 months and 29 days old baby girl diagnosed with hyper-IgE and a skin involvement since birth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Job Syndrome/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Atopic/immunology , Eczema/diagnosis , Eczema/immunology , Job Syndrome/complications
3.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(4): 306-312, 01/07/2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358906

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la dermatitis atópica (DA) es una enfermedad con repercusión en la calidad de vida (CV) del paciente. Para la evaluación de la gravedad clínica de la enfermedad se han diseñado diversas herramientas como el Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI), mientras que para la evaluación de la CV se han creado instrumentos específico, como el Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) y el Quality of Life Index for Atopic Dermatitis (QoLIAD). Objetivo: definir cuál es la mejor herramienta para evaluar la afección a la CV de pacientes adultos con DA, en relación con el EASI. Material y métodos: se seleccionaron pacientes con DA (> 18 años) que aceptaran responder a los cuestionarios DLQI y QoLIAD, así como tener una exploración dermatológica reportada según el EASI. Se ajustaron tres modelos de regresión lineal simple para poder cuantificar la asociación entre el EASI con el DLQI y el QoLIAD. Un valor de p < 0.05, se consideró de significancia estadística. El modelo de afección a CV con el valor más alto de pseudo R2, se consideró como el que tuvo mayor asociación con EASI. Resultados: se captaron en total 72 pacientes. Los modelos de regresión cuantílica simple revelaron un coeficiente de regresión de 0.243 para DLQI (p = 0.002) y 0.252 para QoLIAD (p = 0.003). Los valores de pseudo R2 fueron de 0.15 para DLQI y 0.10 para QoLIAD, por lo que el DLQI tuvo una mayor correlación con el EASI. Conclusiones: el DLQI resultó ser el mejor instrumento para evaluar la afección a la CV en pacientes adultos con DA.


Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a disease with an im- pact on the patient's quality of life (QoL). Several tools have been designed to assess the clinical severity of the disease, such as the Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI), while specific instruments have been created to assess QoL, such as the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and the Quality of Life Index for Atopic Dermatitis (QoLIAD). Objective: To define which tool is the best to assess the QoL condition of adult patients with AD in relation to the EASI. Material and methods: Patients with AD (> 18 years old) were selected who agreed to complete the DLQI and QoLIAD questionnaires, as well as to have a dermatologic examination reported according to the EASI. Three simple linear regression models were fitted in order to quantify the association between EASI with DLQI and QoLIAD. A value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The CV condition model with the highest pseudo R2 value was considered to have the strongest association with EASI. Results: A total of 72 patients were included. Simple quantile regression models revealed a regression coefficient of 0.243 for DLQI (p = 0.002) and 0.252 for QoLIAD (p = 0.003). The pseudo R2 values were 0.15 for DLQI and 0.10 for QoLIAD, so DLQI had a higher correlation with EASI. Conclusions: DLQI proved to be the best instrument to assess CV impairment in adult patients with AD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Linear Models , Hypergravity , Dermatitis, Atopic , Eczema
4.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31405, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291368

ABSTRACT

A metilisotiazolinona (MI) é um conservante presente em produtos químicos de limpeza e cosméticos na forma isolada ou associada à metilclorotiazolinona (MCI/MI). Seu uso tem sido associado ao aumento progressivo de casos de dermatite alérgica de contato (DAC) no mundo, constituindo uma das principais causas dessa entidade. O diagnóstico padrão-ouro de DAC a essa substância é realizado pelo teste de contato. No Brasil, a bateria padrão contempla apenas o composto MCI/MI, não avaliando isoladamente a MI. Relatamos caso clínico de uma paciente com eczema crônico predominante em mãos, que possuía nexo ocupacional com utilização de produtos de limpeza, tendo apresentado teste de contato, através da bateria Latino-Americana, fortemente positivo (+++) à MI 0,2% e negativo para MCI/MI. Objetivamos demonstrar a importância da inclusão da metilisotiazolinona, de forma isolada, na bateria padrão brasileira para maior sensibilidade diagnóstica, além da necessidade de especificação da presença desse conservante em produtos de limpeza.


Methylisothiazolinone (MI) is a preservative present in cleaning and cosmetic products, in the isolated form or associated to methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI/MI). Its use has been associated with the progressive increase in cases of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in the world, constituting one of the main causes of this entity. The gold standard diagnosis of ACD for this substance is performed by the patch test. In Brazil, the baseline series only includes the MCI / MI compound, not evaluating the MI alone. We case report of a patient with predominant chronic eczema on the hands, who had an occupational nexus with the use of cleaning products, having presented a patch test, through the Latin American series, extremely positive for 0.2% MI (+++) and negative for the MCI/MI. We aim to demonstrate the importance of including methylisothialzoninone, in isolation, in the Brazilian baseline series for greater diagnostic sensitivity, in addition to the need to specify the presence of this preservative in products.


Subject(s)
Female , Adult , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact , Wounds and Injuries , Patch Tests , Chemical Compounds/adverse effects , Eczema , Additives in Cosmetics , Hypersensitivity
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878967

ABSTRACT

Based on the clinical characteristics of atopic dermatitis( AD) in traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) and Western medicine,the existing animal models were analyzed,and the coincidence degree,advantages and disadvantages between the models and the clinical manifestations of AD were evaluated,so as to provide reference for establishing a rational animal model. After consulting relevant literatures in recent years and summarizing the existing modeling methods,it is found that spontaneous,transgenic/gene knockout models were highly consistent,but with high breeding conditions and expensive prices. The hapten-induced model was low in cost and fast in modeling. It revealed the corresponding mechanism of AD to a certain extent,but did not fully reflect the state of the entire process of AD. The modeling method was guided by Western medicine,but with a lack of pathogenic factors of traditional Chinese medicine,and so has certain limitations in TCM research. Therefore,it is necessary to combine the etiology,pathogenesis and clinical mani-festations of AD with traditional Chinese and Western medicine,so as to improve the coincidence degree between the model and the characteristics of clinical symptoms and lay the foundation for in-depth studies on AD.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Dermatitis, Atopic/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Eczema , Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878953

ABSTRACT

To study the molecular mechanism of Mahuang Lianqiao Chixiaodou Decoction in the treatment of eczema by means of network pharmacology and molecular docking. First, the TCMSP database was used to excavate the active ingredient of each drug in Mahuang Lianqiao Chixiaodou Decoction and predict its target, and the Uniprot database was used to standardize the names of target proteins, in order to obtain the disease targets of eczema through GeneCards, OMIM, PharmGkb, DrugBank and other databases. And next, the potential targets on which drug targets and disease targets work together were selected to make a Venn diagram, the Cytoscape 3.6.1 software was used to screen out and construct the "active ingredient-core targets" network. STRING database was used to construct a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network, and the R language was used to perform GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway analysis. Finally, the molecular docking verification of main active ingredients and core targets of the drug was performed by AutoDock software. The study showed that 74 active ingredients and 103 targets of Mahuang Lianqiao Chixiaodou Decoction for the treatment of eczema were screened. The main active ingredients included quercetin, luteolin, wogonin, kaempferol, and the main targets included PTGS1, ESR1, PPARG, and MAPK3. In addition, eight key targets, including MAPK8, MAPK3, JUN, MAPK14, TP53, MAPK1, ESR1 and RELA, were calculated by PPI network. GO enrichment analysis involved 2 024 biological processes, 81 cell components, and 140 molecular functions. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis was performed to screen out 158 eczema-related pathways, which mainly acted on AGE-RAGE signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, virus-related pathways, and the results of molecular docking showed that the main active compounds could respectively bind to representative targets and exhibit a good affinity. The study proved that the treatment of eczema with Mahuang Lianqiao Chixiaodou Decoction involved multiple signaling pathways and biological processes, and the combination of main active ingredients(such as quercetin, luteolin, wogonin, kaempferol) and key targets(such as MAPK8, MAPK3, JUN, MAPK14, TP53, MAPK1, ESR1, RELA) may be one of the important mechanisms of action.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Eczema , Ephedra sinica , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Technology
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1017-1020, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921002

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect between cotton-moxibustion and compound flumetasone ointment, and observe the effect on quality of life in patients with chronic eczema.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 patients with chronic eczema were randomized into an observation group (33 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (33 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the observation group, cotton-moxibustion was adopted on target skin lesion, once a day, 3 cones a time. In the control group, external application of compound flumetasone ointment was given twice a day. The treatment for 3 weeks was required in the both groups. Before treatment and 1,2,3 weeks into treatment, scores of visual analogue scale (VAS), eczema area and severity index (EASI) and dermatology life quality index (DLQI) were observed, and the recurrence rate was evaluated in the follow-up one month after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the VAS scores of 1,2,3 weeks into treatment, the EASI and DLQI scores of 2,3 weeks into treatment were decreased in the both groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Cotton-moxibustion can effectively improve the pruritus symptom, skin lesion and quality of life in the patients with chronic eczema, the therapeutic effect is superior to the external application of compound flumetasone ointment.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Eczema/drug therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 731-736, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142121

ABSTRACT

Abstract This is a narrative review of azathioprine. This medication is immunomodulatory and immunosuppressive, and it has been used widely through different medical specialties to modify disease. It has been proven useful for several dermatoses and it has encountered success when used as an off-label indication for other dermatologic diseases. Its mechanism of action is described thoroughly, as well as precautions for monitoring adequate levels in patients using it. Dermatologists should also be aware of the possible adverse events it may present. In dermatology it can be used in bullous and autoimmune diseases, and in other conditions, including intractable pruritus, atopic dermatitis, photodermatoses, psoriasis, and others. Azathioprine offers an alternative as a steroid-sparing agent and this review helps dermatologists prescribe it safely to all patients who require it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Dermatology , Eczema , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
10.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 6-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785459

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of peanut allergy (PA) among children has increased significantly over the past decade. Even though the prevalence of PA in Singapore is considered low, peanut is the top trigger for food-induced anaphylaxis in Singaporean children.OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic characteristics and clinical features of children with PA.METHODS: This is a 5-year retrospective review of children diagnosed with PA based on clinical history coupled with a positive skin prick test to peanut or positive oral food challenge results.RESULTS: There were 269 patients (53.9% males) with a clinical diagnosis of PA. The median age at first allergic presentation for the PA group was 24 months old, with interquartile range of 13–39 months. The most common form of peanut introduced was roasted peanut. The rate of peanut anaphylaxis was 7.1%. Concomitant tree nut sensitization was found in 32.3% of this cohort, predominantly to cashew nut. Majority of them have a personal history of atopy – 75.8% with eczema, 63.6% with allergic rhinitis, and 19.7% with asthma.CONCLUSION: This is the first large review of peanut-allergic children in Singapore. Prospective population-based studies are needed to establish the true prevalence and risk factors associated with the development of this potentially life-threatening condition.


Subject(s)
Anacardium , Anaphylaxis , Arachis , Asia , Asthma , Child , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Eczema , Humans , Nuts , Peanut Hypersensitivity , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis, Allergic , Risk Factors , Singapore , Skin , Trees
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(5): 549-552, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054854

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Nipple eczema is a less common presentation of atopic dermatitis. No studies in the literature have correlated nipple eczema in pregnancy as a manifestation of atopic dermatitis. Objective To evaluate whether nipple eczema presenting in pregnancy is a manifestation of atopic dermatitis. Methods This was a prospective observational study including 100 women who presented with nipple eczema for the first time during pregnancy. The exclusion criteria were any patient with previous history of nipple eczema, those already on oral or topical treatment for atopic dermatitis or nipple eczema, and other disorders mimicking eczema. Patients were divided into two groups ‒ nipple eczema with atopic dermatitis and without atopic dermatitis. Demographic data, clinical features, total leukocyte count, differential leukocyte count, absolute eosinophil counts, and serum IgE levels were compared between the two groups to detect association between nipple eczema in pregnancy and atopic dermatitis. Results Out of 100 patients, 39 were diagnosed with atopic dermatitis, whereas 61 were ruled out to have any features suggestive of atopic dermatitis. There were no statistically significant differences in mean age, mean duration of symptoms, and serum IgE levels. In patients with atopic dermatitis, bilateral symptoms were noted more commonly than in patients without the disease, but this was statistically insignificant. Study limitations Lack of long term follow-up and no large studies in literature to compare results. Conclusion Nipple eczema in pregnancy follows a similar pattern as in other age groups. The clinical profile of patients is similar in cases with and without atopic dermatitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Breast Diseases/pathology , Dermatitis, Atopic/pathology , Eczema/pathology , Nipples/pathology , Pregnancy Complications/pathology , Breast Diseases/diagnosis , Breast Diseases/blood , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Prospective Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Atopic/blood , Eczema/diagnosis , Eczema/blood , India , Leukocyte Count , Neutrophils
12.
Rev. MED ; 27(1): 85-89, ene.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115222

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las reacciones alérgicas al níquel son frecuentes, dados los amplios usos y cualidades que ha demostrado este elemento en la producción industrial; la dermatitis por níquel, aunque afectaba de manera predominante a las mujeres, ha incrementado en los hombres por el uso de accesorios, joyería y bisutería. Las manifestaciones por sensibilización sistémica se conocen como "sarna de níquel" y recuerdan las lesiones de la escabiosis; esta forma clínica ha sido poco notificada en la literatura médica. En este artículo se presenta a una paciente con cuadro clínico típico de dermatitis eczematosa alérgica por contacto al níquel a nivel infra umbilical, con lesiones tales como eritema, edema, vesículas, pápulas, costras hemáticas, li-quenificación por fricción crónica y fisuras. La paciente había presentado un año antes "Sarna de níquel"


Abstract: Allergic reactions to nickel are frequent, given the wide uses and properties that this element has shown in industrial production. Although nickel dermatitis has predominantly affected women, it has increased in men due to the use of accessories and jewelry. Systemic sensitization manifestations are known as "nickel scabies" and resemble scabiosis lesions; this clinical form has been poorly reported by medical literature. This article presents a patient with a typical clinical picture of allergic eczema due to nickel contact at the infra-umbilical level, with lesions such as erythema, edema, blisters, papules, blood scabs, chronic friction lichenification, and fissures. The patient had had "nickel scabies" a year ago.


Resumo: As reações alérgicas ao níquel são frequentes, tendo em vista os amplos usos e qualidades que esse elemento demonstra na produção industrial. A dermatite por níquel, embora afetasse de maneira predominante as mulheres, tem aumentado nos homens pelo uso de acessórios, joias e bijuterias. As manifestações por sensibilização sistémica são conhecidas como "sarna de níquel" e lembram as lesões da escabiose. Essa forma clínica tem sido pouco documentada na literatura médica. Neste artigo, é apresentada uma paciente com quadro clínico típico de dermatite eczematosa alérgica por contato com o níquel em nível infraumbilical, com lesões como eritema, edema, vesículas, pápulas, crostas hemáticas, liquenificação por fricção crónica e fissuras. A paciente tinha apresentado um ano antes a "sarna de níquel".


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Eczema , Erythema , Hypersensitivity , Nickel
13.
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 35(4): 150-153, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120284

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de pie, mano boca es una patología frecuente de observar en niños menores de 5 años, generalmente producida por virus Coxsackies y Enterovirus. Existen presentaciones atípicas debido a serotipos recientemente descritos de estos virus, algunos de ellos se han reportado en pacientes adultos. Se presenta caso de paciente masculino de 19 años, con antecedentes de dermatitis seborreica facial en tratamiento, que desarrolla una presentación atípica del síndrome pie, mano boca en contexto de un brote de esta patología en su academia militar. Luego del análisis epidemiológico, clínico e histopatológico, se diagnostica eccema coxsackium, una patología infrecuente en este grupo etario que contiene algunas particularidades destacables en relación con su manejo y estudio.


The hand mouth foot syndrome is a common pathology observed in children under 5 years, usually caused by coxsackie virus and enterovirus. There are exuberant clinical presentations, due to infrequent and emerging serotypes of these viruses, some of them manifesting in adult patients. A case of a 19 year old patient is presented, with a history of seborrheic dermatitis of the face and scalp in treatment, who develops an atypical clinical presentation of the hand foot mouth syndrome, intensely affecting the areas of seborrheic dermatitis on the face, in the context of an outbreak of this pathology in his military academy. After the epidemiological, clinical and histopathological analysis, eczema coxsackium is diagnosed, an infrequent pathology in this age group that contains some remarkable peculiarities in relation to its management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Coxsackievirus Infections/diagnosis , Coxsackievirus Infections/pathology , Eczema , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/diagnosis , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/pathology
14.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e26-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750185

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Eczema is the most common skin problem among children in Hong Kong. Previous studies have highlighted that the quality of life of the families of children with eczema influences the effects of eczema interventions. However, the Chinese version of the Family Dermatology Life Quality Index (C-FDLQI), a tool for measuring the quality of life of the families of children with eczema, has not yet been validated. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the psychometric properties of the C-FDLQI among parents and caregivers of children with eczema in Hong Kong. METHODS: This study evaluated the internal consistency, test-retest reliability and structural validity of the C-FDLQI and its convergent validity by examining its correlations with the SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) and the Cantonese version of the Children’s Dermatology Life Quality Index (C-CDLQI) among 147 Chinese parents/caregivers of children with varying degrees of eczema.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Caregivers , Child , Dermatitis, Atopic , Dermatology , Eczema , Hong Kong , Humans , Parents , Psychometrics , Quality of Life , Reproducibility of Results , Semantics , Skin
15.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e18-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750175

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) in infants is often related to food allergies (FA). The beneficial effects of lactic acid bacteria towards allergic diseases have been reported, but there are few reports on their effect and preferable dosages on AD in young children with concomitant FA. OBJECTIVE: To examine additional effects of two different dose of paraprobiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus L-92 (L-92) on the clinical treatment in young children afflicted by AD with diagnosed or suspected FA. METHODS: Fifty-nine AD young children from 10 months to 3 years old, with FA or who had not started to ingest specific food(s) because of high specific IgE levels, were recruited and randomly allocated into L-92 group (daily intake of 20 mg L-92/day) and placebo group. Participants were given test sample with conventional treatment for AD over a 24-week period. The severity of eczema was evaluated using SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index before intervention, and at 4, 12, and 24 weeks after intervention. RESULTS: After 24 weeks of intervention, a significant decrease in SCORAD was observed only in the L-92 group when compared with the baseline values. Significant decreases in thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) and total IgE were also detected 24 weeks after intake in the L-92 group compared with the placebo group. CONCLUSION: It was suggested that intake of sufficient amounts of L-92 works as an adjunctive treatment of young children afflicted by AD with diagnosed or suspected FA.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Chemokine CCL17 , Child , Dermatitis, Atopic , Eczema , Food Hypersensitivity , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Infant , Lactic Acid , Lactobacillus acidophilus , Lactobacillus
16.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e3-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750171

ABSTRACT

Anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (AED) is a rare hereditary disorder with a triad of sparse hair, dental hypoplasia, and anhidrosis. Here we report a case of AED with food allergy and atopic eczema. The patient was a 11-month-old boy admitted to our hospital with pyrexia for 2 weeks. He presented with a history of dry skin, eczema, and food allergy to egg. On clinical examination, his body temperature was 38.8°C, with dry skin and eczema almost all over the body, sparse eyebrows, and scalp hair. Laboratory investigations and physical examination did not show any evidence of infection. Radioallergosorbent test was positive to egg yolk, egg white, ovomucoid, milk, house dust, and house dust mite. As the child did not sweat despite the high fever, we performed the sweat test which revealed a total lack of sweat glands. Genetic examination revealed a mutation of the EDA gene and he was diagnosed as AED. His pyrexia improved upon cooling with ice and fan. His mother had lost 8 teeth and her sweat test demonstrated low sweating, suggestive of her being a carrier of AED. Atopy and immune deficiencies have been shown to have a higher prevalence in patients with AED. Disruption of the skin barrier in patients with AED make them more prone to allergic diseases such as atopic eczema, bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and food allergy. Careful assessment of the familial history is essential to differentiate AED when examining patients with pyrexia of unknown origin and comorbid allergic diseases.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Body Temperature , Child , Dermatitis, Atopic , Dust , Ectodermal Dysplasia , Eczema , Egg White , Egg Yolk , Eyebrows , Fever , Food Hypersensitivity , Hair , Humans , Hypohidrosis , Ice , Infant , Male , Milk , Mothers , Ovomucin , Ovum , Physical Examination , Prevalence , Pyroglyphidae , Radioallergosorbent Test , Rhinitis, Allergic , Scalp , Skin , Sweat , Sweat Glands , Sweating , Tooth
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759809

ABSTRACT

Mammary Paget's disease is clinically defined as skin inflammation of the nipple area and is an adenocarcinoma of the epidermis of the nipple. The pathogenesis of mammary Paget's disease is relatively unknown; nonetheless, there are two popular theories that support the underlying carcinoma and de novo carcinogenesis. For the attending medical practitioner, mammary Paget's disease poses a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma, especially in the absence of a clinically palpable breast mass. We report a rare case of a 48-year-old Malay woman who presented at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia with the symptom of skin erosion on the left nipple and unresponsiveness to multiple topical treatments. A full evaluation and assessment of the patient were conducted, and mammary Paget's disease was diagnosed.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinogenesis , Eczema , Epidermis , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Malaysia , Middle Aged , Nipples , Paget's Disease, Mammary , Skin
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759751

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Management of atopic dermatitis (AD) involves the regular use of emollients together with topical steroids or calcineurin inhibitors for acute flares. However, the long-term use of oral medications in young children may have certain limitations. Wet wrap dressing (WWD) is an interesting alternative therapy for the short-term control of severe or refractory flares, thus avoiding the use of systemic treatments. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the efficacy between WWD and topical steroid agents and to control and estimate the utility of WWD in pediatric AD. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with mild-to-severe AD (eczema area and severity index of ≥3) aged <13 years were included in this study. Twenty patients were treated with WWD using two layers of cotton bandages or garments (Tubifast™), and the remaining were applied with topical steroid agents without cotton bandages. Improvement in severity of atopic dermatitis was evaluated using the eczema area and severity index (EASI). Improvement in skin barrier dysfunction was evaluated by measuring the transepidermal water loss (TEWL). We compared the two groups after 1 week of treatment using analysis of covariance and t-test. Furthermore, we surveyed the study groups using a questionnaire to estimate the utility of WWD and its adverse effects as well as to evaluate subjective outcomes of WWD. RESULTS: There were significant reductions in the mean EASI (−6.3, 95% confidence interval [CI]: −7.5 to −5.1, p=0.013) and TEWL (−26.7, 95% CI: −31.2 to −22.3, p=0.002) after 1 week of WWD treatment compared with the mean EASI (−4.0, 95% CI: −5.2 to −2.9) and TEWL (−15.4, 95% CI: −19.8 to −10.9) of the control group. Results of patient self-assessment and scores in the visual analogue scale (VAS) for pruritus were improved in both groups, but the differences were not statistically significant. Usefulness of WWD as an alternative therapy for the conventional therapy was satisfactory. CONCLUSION: This study is meaningful in that it estimates both the subjective and objective efficacy of WWD. In view of these findings, WWD showed superior therapeutic effects than conventional steroid application in the treatment of AD in children, with good compliance of patients and parent-caregivers.


Subject(s)
Bandages , Calcineurin Inhibitors , Child , Clothing , Compliance , Dermatitis, Atopic , Eczema , Emollients , Humans , Pruritus , Self-Assessment , Skin , Steroids , Therapeutic Uses , Water
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759744

ABSTRACT

Atopic dermatitis is a common chronic, relapsing skin disorder, and many patients with atopic dermatitis use complementary and alternative medicine instead of consulting a certified dermatologist. Herein, we report the case of a 38-year-old woman with severe eczema herpeticum who had been treated with herbal medicine and acupuncture for her atopic dermatitis. Herbal medicine and acupuncture are the most frequent types of alternative medicine that Korean patients rely on. However, the effectiveness of these treatments in atopic dermatitis remains unclear as there is a great lack of scientific evidence supporting it. As atopic dermatitis can cause potentially fatal secondary infections such as eczema herpeticum, dermatologists should put great effort into communicating with and educating the patients and in guiding them to choose the most appropriate treatment plan for managing their atopic dermatitis.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Adult , Coinfection , Complementary Therapies , Dermatitis, Atopic , Eczema , Female , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Kaposi Varicelliform Eruption , Skin
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