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1.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e201, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280177

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Post-anesthetic complications, particularly respiratory complications, continue to be a source of concern due to their high frequency, particularly in pediatrics. Objective: To describe the incidence of respiratory complications in the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity center during a six-month period, and to explore the variables associated with major respiratory complications. Materials and Methods: Retrospective cohort study based on clinical record reviews. The records of the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity pediatric institution located in Medellin, Colombia, were reviewed. This center uses a nursing-based care model that includes patient extubation in the post-anesthesia care unit. Results: The records of 1181 patients were analyzed. The cumulative incidences of major complications were bronchospasm 1.44%, laryngospasm 0.68% and respiratory depression 0.59%. There were no cases of cardiac arrest or acute pulmonary edema. A history of respiratory infection less than 15 days before the procedure, rhinitis and female sex were associated with major respiratory complications. Conclusions: A low frequency of respiratory complications was found during care provided by nursing staff trained in anesthesia recovery and pediatric airway in the post-anesthesia care unit.


Resumen Introducción: Las complicaciones postanestésicas, especialmente las respiratorias, siguen siendo causa de preocupación por su alta frecuencia, en particular, en la población pediátrica. Objetivo: Describir la incidencia de complicaciones respiratorias en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución de mediana complejidad, en un período de seis meses y explorar las variables relacionadas con las complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, basado en la valoración de historias clínicas. Se revisaron los registros de la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución pediátrica de mediana complejidad ubicada en Medellín. Esta institución utiliza un modelo de atención -basado en enfermería- que incluye la extubación del paciente en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos. Resultados: Se analizaron los registros de 1181 pacientes. La incidencia acumulada de complicaciones mayores fue: broncoespasmo 1,44 %, laringoespasmo 0,68 % y depresión respiratoria 0,59 %. No se presentaron casos de paro cardiaco ni de edema agudo de pulmón. El antecedente de infección respiratoria menor a 15 días, rinitis y sexo femenino se asociaron con complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Conclusiones: Durante la atención en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos por parte del personal de enfermería entrenado en la recuperación de la anestesia y de la vía aérea de los pacientes pediátricos, se encontró una baja frecuencia de complicaciones respiratorias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pulmonary Edema , Respiratory Insufficiency , Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Bronchial Spasm , Rhinitis , Laryngismus , Cohort Studies , Colombia , Edema , Heart Arrest , Infections , Nursing Staff
2.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(2): e701, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1289999

ABSTRACT

El debut del lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) durante el embarazo, intrincado con preeclampsia grave, asociado a edema vulvar masivo gestacional, es raro y de difícil diagnóstico. Se reporta una paciente de 19 años, con 35 semanas de gestación, que debutó con LES durante el tercer trimestre del embarazo, y que consulta por manifestaciones cutáneas, dadas por eritemas en pulpejos de dedos de manos. Se constata preeclampsia severa. Se realiza cesárea de urgencia, e ingresa a la unidad de cuidados intensivos. Instala edema de vulva masivo que incapacita la deambulación.


The onset of systemic lupus erythematosus during pregnancy, complicated with severe preeclampsia, associated with massive gestational vulvar edema, is rare and difficult to diagnose. A 19-year-old patient is reported, with 35 weeks of gestation, who started with systemic lupus erythematosus during her third trimester of pregnancy, and consulted due to cutaneous manifestations caused by erythema on the pads of the fingers. Severe preeclampsia was observed. An emergency cesarean section was performed, and the patient was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit. She developed a massive vulvar edema that disabled ambulation.


O aparecimento de lúpus eritematoso sistêmico durante a gravidez, intrincado com pré-eclâmpsia grave é raro e de difícil diagnóstico. É relatada uma paciente de 19 anos, com 35 semanas de gestação, que estreou com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico no terceiro trimestre de gestação, e que se consultou por manifestações cutâneas causadas por eritema nas pontas dos dedos das mãos. Também existe uma pré-eclâmpsia grave. E realizada cesárea de emergência e ela é internada na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Instala um edema vulvar maciço que impede a deambulação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pre-Eclampsia , Vulva/pathology , Edema/surgery , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Catastrophic Illness , Diagnosis, Differential
3.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 37(1): 27-33, Ene-Jun 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147875

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una investigación descriptiva transversal retrospectiva con el fin de determinar el perfil clínico y epidemiológico de la enfermedad de Kawasaki (EK) en 95 niños egresados del Hospital Pediátrico Dr. Agustín Zubillaga durante el período 2014-2017. El promedio de edad de los pacientes se ubicó en 3,9 ± 3,3 años, siendo 69,5% del sexo masculino. El tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad fue menor de 10 días en el 68,4% de los casos. Las manifestaciones clínicas predominantes fueron fiebre (100%), edema y/o descamación de palmas y plantas (85,3%), alteración de la mucosa oral (65,3%), inyección conjuntival (59%) y eritema polimorfo (55,8%). El tratamiento recibido consistió en aspirina (100%) e inmunoglobulina (96,8%). La respuesta al tratamiento fue satisfactoria en el 95,8% de los pacientes. Los hallazgos de laboratorio evidenciaron una PCR elevada (51,6%) y trombocitosis (97,9%) con hemoglobina normal en 62,1% de los casos. 41% de los pacientes presentaron ecocardiograma anormal y 97,9% presentaron ultrasonido abdominal normal. El diagnóstico de ingreso de la EK fue incompleto en 53,7% de los pacientes y el diagnóstico de egreso de la EK fue completo en 51,6%. Los resultados de este estudio brindan datos epidemiológicos recientes sobre la enfermedad de Kawasaki en nuestra institución prestadora de salud(AU)


A descriptive cross-sectional retrospective investigation was carried out to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological profile of Kawasaki disease (KD) in 95 children discharged from the Pediatric Hospital Dr. Agustín Zubillaga during the period 2014-2017. Mean age of children was 3.9 ± 3.3 years and 69.5% were male. Time of symptom onset was less than ten days in 68.4% patients. Predominant clinical manifestations were fever (100%), edema and/or desquamation of palms and soles (85.3%), alteration of the oral mucosa (65.3%), conjunctival injection (59%) and polymorphic erythema (55.8%). Treatment received included aspirin (100%) and immunoglobulin (96.8%). Response to treatment was satisfactory in 95.8% of cases. Laboratory findings showed elevated CRP (51.6%), thrombocytosis (97.9%) and normal hemoglobin in 62.1% patients. 41% had an abnormal echocardiogram and 97.9% showed a normal abdominal ultrasound. The diagnosis of CHD admission was incomplete in 53.7% of cases and the diagnosis of EK was complete in 51.6%. Results of this study show recent epidemiological data about Kawasaki disease in our healthcare institution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronary Disease/etiology , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/epidemiology , Signs and Symptoms , Vasculitis , Edema , Fever
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e20200194, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136927

ABSTRACT

Abstract We present a case of human intoxication due to a snakebite by the opisthoglyphous dipsadid Thamnodynastes lanei. A 26-year-old man was bitten on the right hand and was not medicated. Bleeding lasted a few seconds, while paresthesia, chills, and headache persisted for up to 10 hours. The pain disappeared after a week, and the edema, itching, and prickling persisted for another 3 days. Although this patient's symptoms were typical of bites by South American opisthoglyphous snakes, they persisted longer than those of bites by some congeneric species. Our report adds a species to the list of medically relevant snakes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Snake Bites/complications , Pain , Snakes , Antivenins/therapeutic use , Edema , Hemorrhage
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): e9422, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153527

ABSTRACT

Hyptis crenata, commonly known as "salva-do-Marajó", "hortelã-do-campo", and "hortelãzinha", is used in folk medicine in Northeast Brazil as tea or infusion to treat inflammatory diseases. Due to the pharmacological efficacy and the low toxicity of the essential oil of Hyptis crenata (EOHc), we decided to investigate the EOHc antiedematogenic effect in experimental models of inflammation. EOHc was administrated orally at doses of 10-300 mg/kg to male Swiss albino mice. Paw edema was induced by subcutaneous injection in the right hind paw of inflammatory stimuli (carrageenan, dextran, histamine, serotonin, and bradykinin) 60 min after administration of EOHc. EOHc significantly inhibited the induced edema. The inhibitory effect of EOHc on dextran-induced edema extended throughout the experimental time. For the 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg doses of EOHc, the inhibition was of 40.28±1.70, 51.18±2.69, and 59.24±2.13%, respectively. The EOHc inhibitory effect on carrageenan-induced edema started at 10 mg/kg at the second hour (h) and was maintained throughout the observation period. At 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg doses the inhibition started earlier, from 30 min. At the edema peak of 180 min, 56, 76, and 82% inhibition was observed for 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg doses, respectively. Additionally, the effect of EOHc on carrageenan-induced paw edema was influenced by the time of administration. The EOHc also inhibited myeloperoxidase activity. In conclusion, the EOHc showed a potent effect, both preventing and reversing the edema, consistent with its anti-inflammatory use in folk medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Oils, Volatile/therapeutic use , Hyptis/chemistry , Edema/drug therapy , Inflammation/drug therapy , Brazil , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Carrageenan , Edema/chemically induced , Inflammation/chemically induced
6.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200139, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1124787

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo realizar avaliação clínica e sociodemográfica de pacientes com úlceras de perna. Método estudo transversal, quantitativo, com 105 pacientes com úlceras de perna em ambulatórios da rede pública de Niterói/RJ, aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal Fluminense. Os dados foram coletados no período de janeiro a agosto de 2019, analisados por estatística descritiva e dispostos em tabelas. Resultados pacientes do sexo masculino (57,1%), de 60 a 80 anos (60%), com ensino fundamental incompleto (45,7%), renda de até 1 salário mínimo (64,8%). A maioria das lesões foi de etiologia venosa (76,2%), de tempo igual ou superior a 40 meses (54,3%), com tamanho maior que 10cm2 (53,3%), apresentando exsudato seroso (91,4%) em pequena quantidade (40%) e predominância de tecido granulado (36,2%). A dor foi um achado frequente, relacionada com a posição do membro (31,4%). Conclusão e implicações para a prática o conhecimento do perfil da população acompanhada e das características clínicas das lesões favorece a otimização do tratamento, permitindo um planejamento específico da assistência de enfermagem.


RESUMEN Objetivo realizar evaluación clínica y sociodemográfica de pacientes con úlceras de piernas. Método estudio transversal, cuantitativo, con 105 pacientes con úlceras de piernas en clínicas públicas en Niterói/RJ, aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidade Federal Fluminense. Los datos fueron recolectados de enero a agosto de 2019, analizados por estadística descriptiva y presentados en tablas. Resultados pacientes del sexo masculino (57.1%), de 60 a 80 años (60%), con educación primaria incompleta (45.7%), ingresos de hasta 1 salario mínimo (64.8%). La mayoría de las lesiones fueron de etiología venosa (76,2%), con una duración de 40 meses o más (54,3%), con un tamaño superior a 10 cm2 (53,3%), presentando exudado seroso (91,4%) en pequeña cantidad (40%) y predominio de tejido granulado (36,2%). El dolor fue un síntoma frecuente, relacionado con la posición del miembro (31,4%). Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica el conocimiento del perfil de la población monitoreada y las características clínicas de las lesiones favorecen la optimización del tratamiento, lo que permite una planificación específica de la atención de enfermería.


ABSTRACT Objective to perform clinical and sociodemographic evaluation of patients with leg ulcers. Method cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, performed with 105 patients with leg ulcers in public outpatient clinics located in Niterói/RJ, approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Medical School of Universidade Federal Fluminense. Data were collected from January to August 2019, analyzed by descriptive statistics and organized in tables. Results most were male patients (57.1%), aged between 60-80 years (60%), with incomplete primary education (45.7%) and monthly income up to 1 minimum wage (64.8%). Most ulcers were of venous etiology (76.2%), present for 40 months or more (54.3%), with size greater than 10cm2 (53.3%), having serous exudate (91.4%) in small quantity (40%) and predominance of granulation tissue (36.2%). Pain was a frequent finding, related with the leg position (31.4%). Conclusion and implications for practice the knowledge of the population profile and clinical characteristics of wounds favors treatment optimization, allowing specific nursing care planning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Leg Ulcer/etiology , Pain , Quality of Life , Socioeconomic Factors , Venous Insufficiency/complications , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Health Profile , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Edema/complications , Exudates and Transudates , Granulation Tissue , Hypertension/complications
8.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3397, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1150012

ABSTRACT

Objective: to describe scientific evidence regarding the use of prone positioning in the care provided to patients with acute respiratory failure caused by COVID-19. Method: this is a scoping review. PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews was used to support the writing of this study. The search was conducted in seven databases and resulted in 2,441 studies, 12 of which compose the sample. Descriptive statistics, such as relative and absolute frequencies, was used to analyze data. Results: prone positioning was mainly adopted in Intensive Care Units, lasted from a minimum of 12 up to 16 hours, and its prescription was based on specific criteria, such as PaO2/FiO2 ratio, oxygen saturation, and respiratory rate. The most prevalent complications were: accidental extubation, pressure ulcer, and facial edema. Decreased hypoxemia and mortality rates were the main outcomes reported. Conclusion: positive outcomes outweighed complications. Various cycles of prone positioning are needed, which may cause potential work overload for the health staff. Therefore, an appropriate number of trained workers is necessary, in addition to specific institutional protocols to ensure patient safety in this context.


Objetivo: descrever as evidências científicas acerca da utilização da posição prona na assistência ao paciente com insuficiência respiratória aguda provocada por COVID-19. Método: trata-se de uma scoping review. O instrumento PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews foi utilizado para a redação do estudo. As buscas foram realizadas em sete bases de dados, resultando em 2.441 estudos dos quais 12 compõem a amostra. Uma análise descritiva dos dados foi realizada empregando frequências relativas e absolutas. Resultados: a utilização da posição prona ocorreu principalmente em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva, com duração mínima de 12 a 16 horas, e teve como fundamentos de indicação critérios específicos, tais como a relação PaO2/FiO2, a saturação de oxigênio e a frequência respiratória. As complicações mais prevalentes da sua utilização foram: extubação acidental, lesão por pressão e edema facial. Identificou-se a redução da hipoxemia e da mortalidade como principais desfechos evidenciados na amostra. Conclusão: os desfechos positivos sobressaíram-se face às complicações. São necessários vários ciclos de pronação do paciente, fator causador de possível sobrecarga de trabalho da equipe de saúde. Portanto, são importantes um adequado dimensionamento dos profissionais, uma equipe treinada e protocolos institucionais específicos a fim de se garantir a segurança do paciente nesse contexto.


Objetivo: describir las evidencias científicas acerca de la utilización de la posición prona en la atención al paciente con insuficiencia respiratoria aguda provocada por COVID-19. Método: se trata de una revisión de escopo. El instrumento PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews fue utilizado para la redacción del estudio. Las búsquedas fueron realizadas en siete bases de datos, resultando en 2.441 estudios de los cuales 12 integran la muestra. Un análisis descriptivo de los datos fue desarrollado empleando frecuencias relativas y absolutas. Resultados: la utilización de la posición prona ocurrió principalmente en Unidades de Terapia Intensiva, con duración mínima de 12 a 16 horas, y tuvo como fundamentos de indicación criterios específicos, tales como la relación PaO2/FiO2, la saturación de oxígeno y la frecuencia respiratoria. Las complicaciones más frecuentes de su uso fueron: desintubación accidental, lesión por presión y edema facial. Se identificó la reducción de la hipoxemia y de la mortalidad como principales resultados evidenciados en la muestra. Conclusión: los resultados positivos se destacaran ante las complicaciones. Son necesarios varios ciclos de pronación del paciente, factor causante de una posible sobrecarga de trabajo del equipo de salud. Por lo tanto, son importantes un adecuado dimensionamiento de los profesionales, un equipo capacitado y protocolos institucionales específicos a fin de garantizar la seguridad del paciente en ese contexto.


Subject(s)
Patient Care Team , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Respiratory Insufficiency , Respiratory Tract Infections , Prone Position , Coronavirus Infections , Pressure Ulcer , Edema , Alkalies , Equipment and Supplies , Airway Extubation , Critical Care Nursing , Intensive Care Units , Hypoxia
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200932, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250188

ABSTRACT

Abstract Third molar removal surgery usually comes accompanied by postoperative discomfort, which could be influenced by the surgical approach chosen. This scoping systematic review aimed at compiling the available evidence focused on the influence of flap design, including envelope flap (EF), triangular flap (TF), and modified triangular flap (MTF), on postoperative pain, swelling, and trismus, as primary outcome measures, and any result mentioning healing promotion or delay, as secondary outcome measure, after mandibular third molar extraction surgery. An electronic search, complemented by a manual search, of articles published from 1999 to 2020 was conducted in the Medline (PubMed), EMBASE and Web of Science databases including human randomized controlled trials, prospective, and retrospective studies with at least 15 patients. The risk of bias of the included studies was assessed either with the Cochrane's Risk of Bias tool or with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Every step of the review was performed independently and in duplicate. The initial electronic search recovered 2102 articles. After applying the inclusion criteria, 12 articles were included. For patient's perceived postoperative pain, TF and MTF frequently reported better results than EF. For swelling, the literature is divided, despite a trend favoring EF. For trismus, data showed that its occurrence is mostly associated with the duration of the surgery rather than with the chosen flap. For healing, the limited data is inconclusive. Finally, randomized studies showed a high risk of bias, whereas nonrandomized studies were mostly of good quality and low risk of bias. Although there was no clear consensus regarding the influence of different flap designs for third mandibular molar extraction on postoperative clinical morbidities; the surgeon's experience, estimated surgical difficulty, molar position and orientation, and surg ery duration should be considered when choosing among the different flap designs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Trismus/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Edema , Mandible , Molar , Molar, Third/surgery
10.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 55: e03680, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1180881

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the effect of Chahuang ointment, a Chinese herbal ointment, on the prevention of phlebitis in patients with peripherally inserted central catheters. Method: This was a multicenter randomized controlled trial, with 171 eligible patients randomly assigned into one of three groups: the Chahuang ointment group, the Mucopolysaccharide Polysulfate cream group, and the control group. The degrees of vein injuries at 72 hours after peripherally inserted central catheter insertion were the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes were the vascular wall thickness, tissue edema and microthrombus evaluated by Color Doppler Flow Imaging, the vascular endothelial growth factor, and endothelin-1 (ET-1) expression in vivo. Results: Compared with the control group, the Chahuang ointment group showed significantly lower incidence of postoperative phlebitis, tissue edema, and microthrombus at 72 hours after peripherally inserted central catheter insertion (all P<0.01). The VEGF and ET-1 expression were significantly inhibited in the Chahuang ointment group after 3 days of treatment (both P<0.01). There were no statistical differences in the degree of vein injuries, microthrombus, or tissue edema between the Chahuang ointment and mucopolysaccharide polysulfate groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Chahuang ointment was shown to provide effective prevention and protection against phlebitis after peripherally inserted central catheter insertion.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da pomada Chahuang, uma pomada à base de ervas chinesas, na prevenção de flebite em pacientes com cateter central de inserção periférica. Método: Este foi um estudo multicêntrico randomizado controlado, com 171 pacientes elegíveis aleatoriamente designados em um de três grupos: o grupo de pomada Chahuang, o grupo de creme de polissulfato de mucopolissacarídeo e o grupo de controle. Os graus de lesões das veias em 72 horas após a inserção do cateter central perifericamente inserido foram o resultado primário. Os desfechos secundários foram a espessura da parede vascular, edema tecidual e microtrombos avaliados por Color Doppler Flow Imaging, o fator de crescimento endotelial vascular e a expressão da endotelina-1 (ET-1) in vivo. Resultados: Comparado com o grupo controle, o grupo de pomada Chahuang apresentou incidência significativamente menor de flebite pós-operatória, edema de tecido e microtrombos 72 horas após a inserção do cateter central inserido perifericamente (todos P <0,01). A expressão de VEGF e ET-1 foi significativamente inibida no grupo de pomada Chahuang após 3 dias de tratamento (ambos P <0,01). Não houve diferenças estatísticas no grau de lesões das veias, microtrombos ou edema de tecido entre os grupos de pomada de Chahuang e polissulfato de mucopolissacarídeo (todos P> 0,05). Conclusão: A pomada Chahuang demonstrou fornecer prevenção e proteção eficazes contra flebite após a inserção do cateter central perifericamente inserido.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de la pomada Chahuang, una pomada herbal china, sobre la prevención de la flebitis en pacientes con catéteres centrales insertados periféricamente. Método: Este fue un ensayo controlado aleatorio multicéntrico, con 171 pacientes elegibles asignados al azar en uno de tres grupos: el grupo de ungüento Chahuang, el grupo de crema de polisulfato de mucopolisacárido y el grupo de control. Los grados de lesiones de las venas a las 72 horas después de la inserción del catéter central insertado periféricamente fueron el resultado primario. Los resultados secundarios fueron el grosor de la pared vascular, el edema tisular y el microtrombo evaluados por imágenes de flujo con Doppler en color, el factor de crecimiento endotelial vascular y la expresión de endotelina-1 (ET-1) in vivo. Resultados: En comparación con el grupo de control, el grupo de ungüento Chahuang mostró una incidencia significativamente menor de flebitis posoperatoria, edema tisular y microtrombos a las 72 horas después de la inserción del catéter central insertado periféricamente (todos P <0,01). La expresión de VEGF y ET-1 se inhibió significativamente en el grupo de pomada de Chahuang después de 3 días de tratamiento (ambos P <0,01). No hubo diferencias estadísticas en el grado de lesiones venosas, microtrombos o edema tisular entre los grupos de pomada de Chahuang y polisulfato de mucopolisacárido (todos P> 0,05). Conclusión: Se demostró que la pomada de Chahuang proporciona una prevención y protección eficaces contra la flebitis después de la inserción de un catéter central insertado periféricamente.


Subject(s)
Phlebitis , Catheterization, Peripheral , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Thrombosis , Nursing , Edema
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate relationship between cold pain of knee joint and subchondral bone marrow edema (BME).@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to August 2019, 92 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) associated with cold pain of knee were admitted, all patients were underwent MRI examination. The patients were divided into observation group (47 patients with BME) and control group(45 patients without BME). In observation group, there were 6 males and 41 females aged from 36 to 87 years old with an average of (63.2±12.3) years old. In control group, there were 10 males and 35 females, aged from 48 to 84 years old with an average of (62.7±8.3) years old. All patientswere treated with drugs. The degree of joint degeneration was evaluated by Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading. Degree of cold pain of knee was evaluated by knee cold pain score, and degree of BME was evaluated according to WORMS. The correlation between cold pain of knee and K-L grading and BME was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Score of cold pain in observation group (15.55±7.68) was higher than that of control group (9.42± 5.50), which had significant difference (@*CONCLUSION@#The cold pain of KOA patients is not related to K-L grading, but corelate with BME grading. The Cold pain of knee was more pronounced in KOA patients with BME, and the severity of BME is often related to degree of cold pain. It seemed to be a tendency:the more serious BME, the heavier coldpain.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Edema , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Pain/etiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878712

ABSTRACT

Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema(RS3PE),the inflammatory arthritis attacking mainly elderly males,is characterized by symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema of the dorsum of hands and feet and the absence of rheumatoid factor.RS3PE commonly accompanies malignant tumor,infections and other diseases.Here we report a case of RS3PE associated with lung malignancy and review other six cases to summarize the clinical features,treatment and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Edema/etiology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Male , Syndrome , Synovitis/drug therapy
13.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e50170, jan.-dez. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1123447

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: propor recomendações baseadas em evidências científicas para a prevenção e tratamento da úlcera da perna em pessoas com doença falciforme. Método: estudo de revisão integrativa, realizado a partir de busca nas bases de dados Scopus, Science Direct, Cummulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, em março de 2020. Resultados: foram publicados dez estudos entre 2010 e 2017. Extraíram-se 20 recomendações com nível de evidência classificado em muito baixo, baixo e moderado, organizadas em cinco temas: avaliação do paciente e da úlcera da perna; manejo da úlcera e do edema; utilização de coberturas no tratamento da úlcera; recomendações para manejo de úlcera recalcitrante; e autocuidado para prevenção de úlcera. Conclusão: o estudo permitiu identificar recomendações para prevenção e tratamento da úlcera da perna em pessoas com doença falciforme, que podem complementar as condutas apresentadas no manual do Ministério da Saúde a respeito do tema.


Objective: to propose scientific evidence-based recommendations for the prevention and treatment of leg ulcers in people with sickle cell disease. Method: this integrative review was performed by searching through the Scopus, Science Direct, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library and Virtual Health Library databases in March 2020. Results: the ten studies found were published from 2010 to 2017. The 20 recommendations extracted offered evidence at levels rated very low, low and moderate, which was organized into five themes: evaluation of the patient and leg ulcer; management of the ulcer and edema; use of dressings in treating ulcers; recommendations for management of recalcitrant ulcers; and self-care for ulcer prevention. Conclusion: the study identified recommendations for prevention and treatment of leg ulcers in people with sickle cell disease, which can complement the conduct described in the Brazilian Ministry of Health handbook on the subject.


Objetivo: proponer recomendaciones basadas en evidencias científicas para la prevención y el tratamiento de las úlceras de pierna en personas con anemia falciforme. Método: esta revisión integradora se realizó mediante la búsqueda a través de las bases de datos Scopus, Science Direct, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library y Virtual Health Library en marzo de 2020. Resultados: los diez estudios encontrados se publicaron de 2010 a 2017. 20 recomendaciones extraídas ofrecieron evidencia en niveles calificados como muy bajo, bajo y moderado, que se organizó en cinco temas: evaluación del paciente y úlcera de pierna; manejo de la úlcera y el edema; uso de apósitos para el tratamiento de úlceras; recomendaciones para el manejo de úlceras recalcitrantes; y autocuidado para la prevención de úlceras. Conclusión: el estudio identificó recomendaciones para la prevención y el tratamiento de las úlceras de pierna en personas con anemia falciforme, que pueden complementar la conducta descrita en el manual del Ministerio de Salud de Brasil sobre el tema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Management , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Leg Ulcer/therapy , Self Care , Clinical Protocols , Edema/therapy , Compression Bandages
14.
Vive (El Alto) ; 3(9): 247-252, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252341

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: el trauma ocular es una de las causas que difieren entre áreas urbanas de un país a otro y entre diferentes clases demográficas o socioeconómicas. OBJETIVO: Demostrar la evolución y características clínicas del edema de Berlín secundario a trauma ocular cerrado. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio de caso observacional en un paciente masculino de 11 años que presentó una AVMC 20/20 en OD y cuenta dedos 50 cm en OI posterior a trauma ocular cerrado contuso con objeto romo. Desde el inicio desarrolló una conmoción retiniana asociada a edema de Berlín en OI. Con seguimiento desde 11 de diciembre de 2019 al 27 de enero de 2020. Las variables fueron: agudeza visual mejor corregida, retinografía, tomografía de coherencia óptica de dominio espectral macular. RESULTADOS: se indicó metilprednisolona 500 mg endovenoso diario por 3 días; prednisona 30 mg oral disminuyendo gradualmente durante 10 días; acetato de prednisolona 1% tópico cada 2 horas, moxifloxacina 0,5% cada 6 horas, ciclopentolato 1% cada 8 horas. 7 semanas después, no hubo mejoría clínica a pesar de medicación, manteniéndose en observación médica con AVMC OD 20/20 y OI cuenta dedos 2 metros. DISCUSIÓN: edema de Berlín (commotio retinae) una afección común causada por una lesión contusa en el ojo, suele ser autolimitante y no existe un tratamiento como tal. CONCLUSIÓN: el trauma ocular cerrado contuso con compromiso retiniano puede causar daño macular como el edema de Berlín, como éste caso que puede condicionar el pronóstico visual a pesar de que mayormente es favorable.


INTRODUCTION: ocular trauma is one of the causes that differ between urban areas from one country to another and between different demographic or socioeconomic classes. OBJECTIVE: to demonstrate the evolution and clinical characteristics of Berlin edema secondary to closed ocular trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: an observational case study was conducted in an 11-year-old male patient who presented a 20/20 BCVA in RE and 50 cm finger count in LE after blunt ocular trauma with blunt object. From the beginning, she developed a retinal concussion associated with Berlin edema in LE. With follow-up from December 11, 2019 to January 27, 2020. Variables were included: best-corrected visual acuity, retinographies, and macular spectral domain optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: methylprednisolone 500 mg intravenous daily for 3 days was indicated; prednisone 30 mg oral gradually decreasing over 10 days; 1% prednisolone acetate topical every 2 hours, moxifloxacin 0.5% every 6 hours, cyclopentolate 1% every 8 hours. 7 weeks later, there was no clinical improvement despite medication, and he was kept under medical observation with BCVA RE 20/20 and LE with a 2-meter finger count. DISCUSSION: Berlin edema (commotio retinae), a common condition caused by a blunt injury to the eye, is usually self-limiting and there is no treatment as such. CONCLUSION: blunt ocular trauma with retinal involvement can cause macular damage such as Berlin edema, as in this case, which can condition the visual prognosis even though it is mostly favorable.


INTRODUÇÃO: o trauma ocular é uma das causas que difere entre áreas urbanas de um país para outro e entre diferentes classes demográficas ou socioeconômicas. OBJETIVO: demonstrar a evolução e as características clínicas do edema de Berlim secundário a trauma ocular fechado. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: foi realizado um estudo de caso observacional em um paciente do sexo masculino, 11 anos, que apresentou BCVA 20/20 em OD e contagem de dedos de 50 cm em OE após trauma ocular fechado contuso com objeto contuso. Desde o início, ela desenvolveu uma concussão retina associada ao edema de Berlim em LE. Com acompanhamento de 11 de dezembro de 2019 a 27 de janeiro de 2020. As variáveis foram: melhor acuidade visual corrigida, retinografias e tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral macular. RESULTADOS: foi indicada metilprednisolona 500 mg intravenosa ao dia por 3 dias; prednisona 30 mg oral diminuindo gradualmente ao longo de 10 dias; Acetato de prednisolona 1% tópico a cada 2 horas, moxifloxacina 0,5% a cada 6 horas, ciclopentolato 1% a cada 8 horas. 7 semanas depois, não houve melhora clínica apesar da medicação, e ela foi mantida em observação médica com AVMC OD 20/20 e LE com uma contagem de 2 metros nos dedos. DISCUSSÃO: o edema de Berlim (commotio retinae), uma condição comum causada por uma lesão contusa no olho, geralmente é autolimitado e não há tratamento como tal. CONCLUSÃO: o trauma ocular fechado com envolvimento retiniano pode causar danos maculares como o edema de Berlim, como neste caso, que pode condicionar o prognóstico visual, embora seja na maioria favorável.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Retina , Edema , Eye , Visual Acuity , Corneal Edema , Tomography, Optical Coherence
15.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(5): 430-433, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131637

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Here, we describe the result of a Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty for acute corneal hydrops in a 45-year-old female with keratoconus, who presented with severe visual loss in her OS. The patient's best-corrected visual acuity was 20/80 in the right eye and hand motion in the OS. Slit-lamp examination revealed an extensive tear of the Descemet's membrane and stromal corneal edema in the OS. We opted for Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty. Twelve months postoperatively, the patient had a best-corrected visual acuity of 20/50 in the OS.


RESUMO Trata-se de uma paciente do sexo feminino, de 45 anos, portadora de ceratocone, submetida a uma ceratoplastia endotelial com membrana Descemet após apresentar um quadro de perda de visão severa devido a uma hidrópsia corneana aguda no olho esquerdo. Inicialmente, a acuidade visual corrigida da paciente era de 20/80 no olho direito e de movimento de mãos no olho esquerdo. Após exame de biomicroscopia que detectou uma extensa rotura da membrana de Descemet e edema estromal, optamos por tratar esse caso com o ceratoplastia endotelial com membrana Descemet. Doze meses após o procedimento cirúrgico, percebeu-se uma melhora do edema corneano, não havia sinais de rejeição do botão óptico e a acuidade visual corrigida da paciente era de 20/50 no olho afetado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Corneal Edema , Corneal Transplantation , Descemet Membrane , Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty , Endothelium, Corneal , Visual Acuity , Corneal Edema/surgery , Corneal Edema/etiology , Descemet Membrane/surgery , Edema
16.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(3): e331, jul.-set. 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144488

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El lupus eritematoso sistémico tiene múltiples formas de presentarse. La afectación del pericardio es la manifestación cardíaca más frecuente. El taponamiento cardíaco es muy raro, pero se presenta como un síndrome clínico hemodinámico potencialmente mortal. Objetivo: Mostrar una forma muy rara de presentación del lupus eritematoso sistémico; el taponamiento cardíaco. Caso clínico: Paciente blanca de 47 años con anasarca, disnea, palpitaciones, polipnea, ortopnea, tiraje intercostal, dolor torácico intenso, punzante, toma del estado general, ansiedad, fiebre, artralgia, artritis, lesiones dermatológicas, acrocianosis, ingurgitación yugular e hipotensión marcada. Comentarios: El paciente con taponamiento cardíaco debe ser asumido por un equipo multidisciplinario que defina el diagnóstico preciso y la conducta, sobre todo cuando se trata del debut del lupus eritematoso sistémico, que con los fenómenos autoinmunitarios, afecta a todos los órganos y sistemas(AU)


Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus has multiple ways of presentation. Pericardium involvement is the most frequent cardiac manifestation. Cardiac tamponade is very rare, but it presents as a life-threatening clinical hemodynamic syndrome. Objective: To show a very rare form of presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus; cardiac tamponade. Clinical case: 47-year-old white patient with anasarca, dyspnea, palpitations, polypnea, orthopnea, intercostal retraction, throbbing severe chest pain, bad general condition, anxiety, fever, arthralgia, arthritis, dermatological lesions, acrocyanosis, jugular engorgement and severe hypotension. Comments: Cardiac tamponade patient must be assumed by a multidisciplinary team that defines the precise diagnosis and behavior, especially when it comes to the debut of systemic lupus erythematosus, which with its autoimmune phenomena, affects all organs and systems(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnostic imaging , Edema , Hypotension , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Dyspnea
17.
Medisan ; 24(3)mayo.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1125127

ABSTRACT

Se describen 2 casos clínicos de adolescentes de ambos sexos, quienes presentaron edemas en el lado izquierdo de la mandíbula con reabsorción dental y en la porción anterior del maxilar, respectivamente. La histopatología reveló una variante folicular intraósea del tumor odontogénico adenomatoide. El tratamiento quirúrgico empleado fue una enucleación con resultados satisfactorios.


Two cases reports of adolescents from both sexes are described, they presented edemas in the left side of the maxillary with dental reabsorption and in the anterior portion of the maxillary, respectively. The histopathology revealed an intraosseous folicular variety of the adenomatoid odontogenic tumor. The surgical treatment used was an enucleation with satisfactory results.


Subject(s)
Odontogenic Tumors/surgery , Edema , Odontogenic Tumors/diagnosis , Odontogenic Tumors/diagnostic imaging , Adolescent
18.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(2): 175-178, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126105

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome compartimental agudo (SCA) es el aumento de la presión en un espacio osteofascial cerrado. Esto reduce la presión capilar bajo el nivel necesario para la viabilidad de los tejidos del compartimento. El SCA de mano como complicación de un loxoscelismo cutáneo (LC) de predominio edematoso es muy poco frecuente. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 22 años que presentó un SCA de la mano secundario a un LC y que requirió tratamiento quirúrgico de urgencia mediante una fasciotomía dorsal y palmar.


Abstract Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is the increase of pressure in a closed osteofascial space. This reduces capillary perfusion below the level necessary for tissue viability. Injury could be irreversible if proper treatment is not performed. Hand ACS secondary to cutaneous loxoscelism with edematous predominance is extremely infrequent. We present a clinical case of a 22-year-old patient who started a hand compartment syndrome secondary to cutaneous loxoscelism (CL), requiring emergency surgical treatment with dorsal and palmar fasciotomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Compartment Syndromes , Edema , Fasciotomy , Hand
19.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e204-e207, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100484

ABSTRACT

La gangrena de Fournier es una fascitis necrotizante que afecta las regiones genital, perineal y perianal, de inicio súbito y diseminación rápidamente progresiva. Su diagnóstico obliga a una urgente intervención interdisciplinaria. La asociación con enfermedades nefrológicas es rara.Se presenta un caso de gangrena de Fournier en un niño con síndrome nefrótico corticorresistente y anasarca con edema escrotal grave. Recibió un esquema antibiótico de amplio espectro y se realizó un desbridamiento quirúrgico extenso e inmediato de la lesión necrótica. Posteriormente, requirió reparación por parte de Cirugía Plástica. Presentó una respuesta clínica favorable a la terapéutica instaurada.


Fournier gangrene is a necrotizing fasciitis that affects the genital, perineal and perianal regions, of sudden onset and rapidly progressive dissemination. Its diagnosis requires an urgent and interdisciplinary intervention. The association with nephrologic diseases is rare.We present a case of Fournier gangrene in a child with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome and anasarca with severe scrotal edema. He received a broad-spectrum antibiotic scheme and extensive an immediate surgical debridement of the necrotic lesion was carried out. Subsequently, it was repaired by Plastic Surgery. He presented a favourable clinical response


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Fournier Gangrene/surgery , Fournier Gangrene/diagnosis , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Edema , Genital Diseases, Male , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Nephrotic Syndrome
20.
Rev. argent. dermatol ; 101(1): 71-80, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125808

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El síndrome de Melkersson-Rosenthal (SMR) es una entidad clínica rara, de patogénesis desconocida. Se manifiesta característicamente por edema orofacial recidivante, lengua fisurada y parálisis recurrente del nervio facial. Representando así undesafío diagnóstico y terapéutico, además de generar importante compromiso social al individuo acometido. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo describir el caso de un paciente de 15años de edad que presentó: edema labial, lengua fisurada y queilitis granulomatosa al examen histopatológico, llevándose a consideración la hipótesis del síndrome citado, con resultados satisfactorios al tratamiento establecido.


Abstract: Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare clinical entity with an unknown pathogenesis. It clinically manifests in orofacial edema, plicated tongue and recurrent paralysis of the facial nerve. It represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, and has an important psycosocial impact on the affected individual. This study describes the case of a 15-year-old patient who presented with labial edema, plicated tongue and granulomatous cheilitis on histopathological examination, for which a diagnosis of MRS was proposed. The patient showed a good response to treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tongue, Fissured/etiology , Edema/etiology , Facial Nerve/physiopathology , Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome/physiopathology , Paralysis/etiology , Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome/diagnosis
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