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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0005, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360915

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the upper and lower blepharoplasty technique associated with canthopexy with double pre septal orbicularis muscle elevation with a single suture in order to evaluate the efficacy of the technique. Methods: This is a retrospective study in which the medical records of 5,882 patients who underwent this technique between January 1999 and July 2015 were evaluated. The frequency and main causes of clinical complications and surgical reoperation were analyzed. Results: The incidence of complications found was 12.7% (n=750), being 0.8% (n=47) due to persistent chemosis, 3% (n=176) due to poor lower eyelid positioning, 4.17% (n=245) due to mild eyelid retraction and 4.8% (n=282) because of mild to moderate chemosis. Conclusion: The technique appears to be effective as it is simple and practical, and capable of resulting in positive functional and aesthetic outcomes with low rates of complications.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a técnica de blefaroplastia superior e inferior associada à cantopexia associada à dupla elevação do músculo orbicular pré-septal em uma única sutura e avaliar sua eficácia. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo retrospectivo, no qual foram avaliados 5.882 prontuários de pacientes submetidos à blefaroplastia superior e inferior com a utilização da cantopexia, entre janeiro de 1999 e julho de 2015. Taxas e principais causas de complicações clínicas e reintervenção cirúrgica foram analisadas. Resultados: A incidência de complicações encontradas foi de 12,7% (n=750), sendo 0,8% (n=47) de caso de quemose persistente, 3% (n=176) de mau posicionamento palpebral inferior (ectrópio), 4,17% (n=245) de leve retração pálpebra e 4,8% (n=282) de quemose leve a moderada. Conclusão: A técnica mostra-se eficaz por ser simples e prática, podendo ter resultados funcionais e estéticos positivos e com baixo índice de complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Suture Techniques , Blepharoplasty/adverse effects , Blepharoplasty/methods , Eyelid Diseases/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Skin Aging , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Conjunctival Diseases/etiology , Edema/etiology , Eyelids/surgery , Facial Muscles/surgery
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878712

ABSTRACT

Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema(RS3PE),the inflammatory arthritis attacking mainly elderly males,is characterized by symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema of the dorsum of hands and feet and the absence of rheumatoid factor.RS3PE commonly accompanies malignant tumor,infections and other diseases.Here we report a case of RS3PE associated with lung malignancy and review other six cases to summarize the clinical features,treatment and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Edema/etiology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Male , Syndrome , Synovitis/drug therapy
4.
Rev. argent. dermatol ; 101(1): 71-80, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125808

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El síndrome de Melkersson-Rosenthal (SMR) es una entidad clínica rara, de patogénesis desconocida. Se manifiesta característicamente por edema orofacial recidivante, lengua fisurada y parálisis recurrente del nervio facial. Representando así undesafío diagnóstico y terapéutico, además de generar importante compromiso social al individuo acometido. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo describir el caso de un paciente de 15años de edad que presentó: edema labial, lengua fisurada y queilitis granulomatosa al examen histopatológico, llevándose a consideración la hipótesis del síndrome citado, con resultados satisfactorios al tratamiento establecido.


Abstract: Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare clinical entity with an unknown pathogenesis. It clinically manifests in orofacial edema, plicated tongue and recurrent paralysis of the facial nerve. It represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, and has an important psycosocial impact on the affected individual. This study describes the case of a 15-year-old patient who presented with labial edema, plicated tongue and granulomatous cheilitis on histopathological examination, for which a diagnosis of MRS was proposed. The patient showed a good response to treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tongue, Fissured/etiology , Edema/etiology , Facial Nerve/physiopathology , Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome/physiopathology , Paralysis/etiology , Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome/diagnosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879794

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of children with recurrent Kawasaki disease (KD).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang Med Online, and Weipu Data were searched for case-control studies on the clinical features of initial and recurrent KD. The articles were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform the Meta analysis. Effect models were selected based on the results of heterogeneity test, and then pooled @*RESULTS@#A total of 9 case-control studies were included, with 12 059 children with KD in total, among whom 206 children had recurrent KD (127 boys/61.7%; 79 girls/38.3%). The results of the Meta analysis showed that compared with the initial KD onset, the children with recurrent KD had a shorter duration of fever (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Current evidence shows that children with recurrent KD tend to have a shorter duration of fever and a lower incidence of swelling of the hands and feet. KD recurrence is more common in boys. Current evidence does not show an increased risk of developing coronary artery lesions in children with recurrent KD.


Subject(s)
Child , Chronic Disease , Coronary Vessels/pathology , Edema/etiology , Female , Fever/etiology , Humans , Male , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/physiopathology , Recurrence
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7581, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974275

ABSTRACT

Bredemeyera floribunda roots are popularly used to treat snakebites in the semiarid region of Northeast Brazil, and previous studies indicate the anti-ophidian actions of triterpenoid saponins found in its roots. To assess B. floribunda root extract (BFRE) activity against the effects of Bothrops jararacussu venom (BjuV), antiphospholipasic, antiproteolytic, antihemorrhagic, antinecrotic, and anti-edematogenic activities were investigated in mice. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of saponins, flavonoids, and sugars, with rutin and saccharose being the major constituents of BFRE. Acute toxicity was determined and BFRE was nontoxic to mice. Phospholipase A2 and proteolytic activities induced by BjuV were inhibited in vitro by BFRE at all concentrations tested herein. BFRE (150 mg/kg) inhibited paw edema induced by BjuV (50 µg/animal), reducing total edema calculated by area under the curve, but carrageenan-induced paw edema was unchanged. Hemorrhagic and necrotizing actions of BjuV (50 µg/animal) were considerably decreased by BFRE treatment. Thus, BFRE blocked the toxic actions of B. jararacussu venom despite having no anti-inflammatory activity, which points to a direct inhibition of venom's toxins, as demonstrated in the in vitro assays. The larger amounts of rutin found in BFRE may play a role in this inhibition, since 3′,4′-OH flavonoids are known inhibitors of phospholipases A2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Antivenins/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Roots/chemistry , Crotalid Venoms/antagonists & inhibitors , Edema/drug therapy , Hemorrhage/etiology , Antivenins/isolation & purification , Bothrops , Crotalid Venoms/toxicity , Polygalaceae/chemistry , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Edema/etiology , Hemorrhage/drug therapy
7.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180423, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003135

ABSTRACT

Abstract A case of a bite inflicted by Oxybelis fulgidus in the wilds of Amazon is reported. The patient was a 67-year-old man who presented with dizziness, tachycardia and local pain, with erythema and bleeding in his left arm. The venom of Oxybelis fulgidus, a neotropical rear-fanged snake, contains one of the four three-finger toxins already isolated from colubrid snakes, called fulgimotoxin. He was treated with oral analgesics and returned to the ambulatory in 48 hours, with good evolution. We report tirst authenticated case of adult Oxybelis fulgidus with signs of mild local envenoming without evidence of systemic envenoming.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Aged , Snake Bites/complications , Snake Venoms/poisoning , Colubridae/classification , Edema/etiology , Brazil
8.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 77(5): 286-288, set.-out. 2018. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-977860

ABSTRACT

Resumo A doença relacionada ao IgG4 é uma condição imunomediada caracterizada pela presença de lesões com reação inflamatória associada à fibrose e à infiltração linfoplasmocitária rica em plasmócitos tissulares IgG4 positivos, compondo um espectro de doenças fibroproliferativas. A patogênese da DRIgG4 ainda é pouco compreendida e o tratamento é empírico. Relatamos o caso de um homem de 50 anos com lesões amareladas palpebrais associadas a edema local, diagnosticadas previamente como processo alérgico, até que biópsia com estudo imuno-histoquímico e dosagem de IgG4 sérico aventaram a hipótese de doença relacionada ao IgG4. Foi iniciado tratamento com corticoide e rituximabe, observando-se estabilização do quadro e sem apresentação de outras formas clínicas da doença.


Abstract IgG4-Related Disease is an immunomediated condition that is characterized by the presence of inflammatory lesions associated with fibrosis and lymphoplasmacytic infiltration rich in positive IgG4 tissue plasmocytes, forming a spectrum of fibroproliferative diseases. The pathogenesis of IgG4-RD is still poorly understood and the treatment is empirical. We report the case of a 50-year-old man with yellow eyelid lesions associated with local edema, previously diagnosed as an allergic process, until biopsy with immunohistochemical study and serum IgG4 dosage revealed the hypothesis of IgG4 related disease. Treatment with corticoid and rituximab was initiated, showing stabilization of the condition, without presenting other clinical forms of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Edema/etiology , Eyelid Diseases/etiology , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/complications , Orbit/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Fibrosis/pathology , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Immunohistochemistry , Tomography , Eyelids/pathology , Rituximab/administration & dosage , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/drug therapy
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(4): 457-464, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891430

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Translate to brazilian portuguese, culturally adapt and test the rating and classification scales of cervicofacial lymphedema of the MD Anderson Cancer Center Head and Neck Lymphedema Protocol (MDACC HNL) in patients undergoing treatment for head and neck cancer. Methods: The process followed international guidelines and translation stages by two head and neck surgeons, and back translation independently by two native Americans. The test of final version was based on the evaluation of 18 patients by one speech pathologist and one physical therapist who applied the scales in Portuguese. Results: The translation of the three scales was carried out independently and the translators reached a consensus for the final version. Minor modifications were made by translating two terms into the Assessment of the Face. Versions of back-translation were similar to each other. The instrument was successfully applied to patients independently. Conclusion: The translation and cultural adaptation of the assessment and rating scale of the cervicofacial lymphedema of the MD Anderson Cancer Center Head and Neck Lymphedema Protocol to the Brazilian Portuguese were successful.


RESUMO Objetivo: Traduzir, para o português brasileiro, adaptar culturalmente e testar as escalas de avaliação e classificação do linfedema cérvico-facial do MD Anderson Cancer Center Head and Neck Lymphedema Protocol (MDACC HNL) em pacientes submetidos ao tratamento para o câncer de cabeça e pescoço. Métodos: O processo seguiu as diretrizes internacionais e as etapas de tradução por dois cirurgiões de cabeça e pescoço, além de retrotradução de forma independente por dois nativos norte-americanos. O teste da versão final foi realizado a partir da avaliação de 18 pacientes por um fonoaudiólogo e um fisioterapeuta, por meio da aplicação das escalas em português. Resultados: A tradução das três escalas foi realizada de forma independente, e os tradutores chegaram a um consenso para a versão final. Foram feitas pequenas modificações, ao serem traduzidos dois termos em Assessment of the Face . As versões da retrotradução foram semelhantes entre si. O instrumento foi aplicado com sucesso nos pacientes de forma independente. Conclusão: A tradução e a adaptação das escalas de avaliação e classificação do linfedema cérvico-facial do MD Anderson Cancer Center Head and Neck Lymphedema protocol para o português foram bem sucedidas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Head and Neck Neoplasms/therapy , Lymphedema/etiology , Neck Dissection/adverse effects , Translations , Fibrosis , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Reproducibility of Results , Edema/etiology , Edema/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/complications , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Language , Lymphedema/surgery , Lymphedema/diagnosis , Lymphedema/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(1): e31-e33, feb. 2017.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-838327

ABSTRACT

La insuficiencia respiratoria posoperatoria es una complicación grave de la tiroidectomia, y su origen puede ser multifactorial, especialmente en los niños. Presentamos el caso de dos hermanos sometidos a una tiroidectomia que luego tuvieron dificultad respiratoria. Para la disección de la tiroides se emplearon un bisturí armónico y el sistema de sellado vascular bipolar electrotérmico. Ambos pacientes presentaron problemas para respirar tempranamente en el posoperatorio. El hermano mayor tuvo dificultad respiratoria leve durante 24 horas, que se resolvió espontáneamente. Se extubó a la hermana menor, pero tuvo estridor grave acompañado de tiraje intercostal y retracción abdominal. Se la volvió a intubar y se la trasladó a la UCI, donde se la conectó a un respirador. Permaneció en la UCI durante 14 días debido a múltiples intentos fallidos de extubación. Es probable que los síntomas fueran más graves en la niña pequeña debido a que la pared de la tráquea era más blanda y los cartílagos, más débiles. Es necesario considerar las posibles complicaciones respiratorias posoperatorias a causa de una lesión térmica o una técnica quirúrgica inadecuada tras una tiroidectomía.


Postoperative respiratory insufficiency is a serious complication of total thyroidectomies which can be multifactorial, especially in children. We report two siblings who had undergone thyroidectomy with subsequent respiratory distress. Electrothermal bipolar and harmonic scalpel were used during thyroid dissections. Both patients had early postoperative respiratory problems. The older one suffered from mild respiratory distress for 24 hours and then he spontaneously recovered. The younger one was extubated but then she had serious stridor accompanied with abdominal and intercostal retractions. She was re-intubated and admitted to ICU for mechanical ventilatory support, where she stayed for 14 days due to multiple failed extubation attempts. The symptoms were more severe in the younger child probably due to softer tracheal wall and weaker tracheal cartilages. We should keep in mind the probable postoperative respiratory complications due to thermal injury or inappropriate surgical technique after thyroid surgeries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Thyroidectomy/adverse effects , Thyroidectomy/methods , Tracheal Diseases/etiology , Burns/complications , Laryngeal Diseases/etiology , Edema/etiology , Electrosurgery/adverse effects , Burns/etiology , Intraoperative Complications/etiology
11.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 70(1): 15-21, jan.-fev. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-843615

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyse the defining characteristics and related factors in the nursing diagnosis Excess fluid volume and its relationship to sociodemographic and clinical variables in haemodialysis patients. Method: Cross-sectional study, conducted using a form and physical examination, with a sample of 100 patients, between December 2012 and April 2013 at a university hospital and a dialysis clinic. Results: It was found 10 significant statistical associations between the defining characteristics/ related factors of Excess fluid volume and the sociodemographic and clinical variables. Conclusion: The defining characteristics and related factors of Excess fluid volume could be influenced by sociodemographic and clinical variables in haemodialysis clientele.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar as características definidoras e fatores relacionados ao diagnóstico de enfermagem excesso de volume de líquidos e sua relação com variáveis clínicas e sociodemográficas em pacientes em hemodiálise. Método: estudo transversal, desenvolvido com a utilização de um formulário e exame físico, com uma amostra de 100 pacientes, entre dezembro 2012 e abril 2013 em um hospital universitário e uma clínica de diálise. Resultados: dez associações estatisticamente significantes foram encontradas entre as características definidoras/fatores relacionadas ao excesso de volume de líquidos e as variáveis clínicas e sociodemográficas. Conclusão: as características definidoras e fatores relacionados ao excesso de volume de líquidos podem ser influenciados por variáveis clínicas e sociodemográficas em pacientes em hemodiálise.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar las características definitorias y los factores relacionados con el diagnóstico enfermero de exceso de volumen líquido y su relación con variables sociodemográficas y clínicas en pacientes de hemodiálisis. Método: estudio transversal, realizado mediante un formulario y examen físico, con una muestra de 100 pacientes, entre diciembre de 2012 y abril de 2013 en un hospital universitario y una clínica de diálisis. Resultados: se encontraron 10 asociaciones estadísticamente significativas entre las características definitorias, factores relacionados de volumen de exceso de líquido y las variables sociodemográficas y clínicas. Conclusión: las características definitorias y los factores relacionados de exceso de volumen líquido podrían estar influenciados por variables sociodemográficas y clínicas en clientes de hemodiálisis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Water-Electrolyte Balance , Renal Dialysis/psychology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Anxiety/etiology , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Edema/etiology , Electrolytes/analysis , Electrolytes/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Azotemia/etiology , Azotemia/blood , Hematocrit , Middle Aged
12.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da condutas da emergência do InCor: cardiopneumologia / IInCor Emergency Conduct Manual: Cardiopneumology. São Paulo, Manole, 2ª revisada e atualizada; 2017. p.71-79.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-848461
13.
Acta ortop. mex ; 30(6): 284-290, nov.-dic. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-949765

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Valorar las complicaciones y secuelas del tratamiento de la fractura-luxación de Lisfranc (FLL). Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de cohortes ambispectivo trasversal de 83 pacientes con diagnóstico de fractura-luxación de Lisfranc. Se utilizó un protocolo de recopilación de datos con variables relacionadas con la lesión, parámetros clínicos, terapéuticos, complicaciones y escalas de valoración clínica. Resultados: 66 pacientes (79.5%) presentaron complicaciones tanto precoces como tardías. Las complicaciones precoces sumaron nueve casos de edema postoperatorio, tres de infección superficial, dos de necrosis cutánea que precisó injerto libre de piel (ILPH), uno de lesión vascular, uno de tromboembolismo pulmonar (TEP), uno de pérdida de reducción en el postoperatorio precoz, uno de mala reducción que precisó de nueva intervención. Entre las complicaciones tardías, 41 pacientes (49.40%) presentaron signos radiológicos de artrosis en la articulación tarsometatarsiana, cinco con enfermedad de Sudeck que precisó tratamiento, ocho con descalcificación por desuso, 12 con edema residual, uno con pérdida de reducción en fase tardía, uno con cicatriz hipertrófica y brida retráctil, uno con osteomielitis crónica, uno con seudoartrosis, tres con intolerancia/infección tardía al material de osteosíntesis; también hubo reintervención de siete pacientes en fase de secuelas donde se les realizó artrodesis. No se observó ninguna rotura de material de osteosíntesis. Casi la mitad de los pacientes (49.4%) recibieron algún tipo de indemnización económica tras el accidente. Conclusiones: El tratamiento de las FLL debe realizarse lo antes posible, ya que la estabilización en un breve plazo de tiempo puede ayudar a mejorar los resultados. La reducción anatómica no predice los buenos resultados. Un número importante de pacientes refirió dolor residual.


Abstract: Objective: To value the complications and sequels for patients with Lisfranc's fracture-luxation (FLL). Material and methods: A transverse ambispective study of cohorts was realized of 83 patients by diagnosis of Lisfranc's fracture-luxation. There was in use a protocol of withdrawal of information with variables related to the injury, clinical, therapeutic parameters, complications and scales of clinical valuation. Results: 66 patients (79.5%) presented complications grouping early and late. Analyzing the early complications, we observe 9 cases of postoperatory edema with inflammation and swelling, 3 cases of superficial infection, 2 cases of necrosis cutaneous that precise graft should free of skin (ILPH), 1 case of vascular complication, 1 case of pulmonary embolis (TEP), 1 case of loss of reduction in the precocious postoperatory, 1 case of bad reduction that was necessary new intervention. The late complications presented the following distribution: 41 patients (49.40%) presented radiological signs of degenerative osteoarthritis in the tarsometatarsal joint, 5 cases of Sudeck's disease that needed treatment, 8 cases of decalcification for disuse, 12 cases of edema and residual inflammation, 1 case of loss of reduction in late phase, 1 case of hypertrophic scar with retractable bridle, 1 case of chronic osteomyelitis, 1 case of seudodegenerative osteoarthritis, 3 cases of late intolerance/infection to the osteosynthesis material, reintervention of 7 patients in phase of sequels where they were realized artrodesis. No break of material was observed of osteosynthesis. Almost the half of the patients (49.4%) they received some type of economic indemnification after the accident. Conclusions: The treatment of the FLL must be realized as soon as possible, providing that the general condition of the patient and of the soft parts allows it, since the stabilization in the brief space of time can help to improve the results. The anatomical reduction cannot grant a good result. An important number of patients had residual pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Joint Dislocations/complications , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Bone/complications , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Osteoarthritis , Radiography , Treatment Outcome , Edema/etiology , Necrosis/etiology
14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 38(11): 576-579, Nov. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843878

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mirror syndrome is a rare disease with unknown pathophysiology that can be present in different diseases that can cause fetal hydrops. The prognosis is usually bad with a high perinatal mortality. We report an unusual form of mirror syndrome that manifested itself only after a successful treatment for fetal hydrops (caused by twin-twin transfusion syndrome, in Quinteros stage IV) was performed. This syndrome was controlled by medical treatment, and despite the usually bad prognosis seen in these cases, we could extend the pregnancy from the 23rd to the 34th week of gestation, resulting in the birth of 2 live infants.


Resumo A síndrome do espelho é uma doença rara, de fisiopatologia desconhecida, que se manifesta em situações obstétricas responsáveis pela presença de hidrópsia fetal. Habitualmente o prognóstico é reservado, uma vez que se associa a elevadas taxas de mortalidade perinatal. O presente caso clínico trata de uma situação de síndrome do espelho que se manifestou, atipicamente, após o tratamento eficaz para a hidrópsia fetal associada à síndrome de transfusão feto-fetal. Apesar do mau prognóstico associado a estas situações, conseguiu-se controlar a situação apenas com tratamento médico e, desta forma, prolongar a gravidez durante 12 semanas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Edema/etiology , Fetoscopy/adverse effects , Fetoscopy/methods , Hydrops Fetalis/surgery , Laser Therapy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Syndrome
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 114(3): e151-e154, jun. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-838215

ABSTRACT

La oruga procesionaria del pino, forma larvaria de la mariposa nocturna Thaumetopoea pityocampa, es una de las principales plagas forestales del sur de Europa. Con frecuencia, estas orugas producen reacciones locales en humanos debidas a los pelillos urticantes microscópicos que las recubren. La mayoría de los síntomas ocasionados son cutáneos, como urticaria aguda, y son mucho más infrecuentes las reacciones sistémicas. Se presenta un caso de reacción sistémica, con edema orofacial, babeo y urticaria tras la ingesta de una oruga procesionaria del pino en un lactante de 11 meses, en el cual el tratamiento farmacológico fue suficiente para la resolución de los síntomas. No tuvo, en ningún momento, compromiso de la vía aérea ni otros datos de anafilaxia, por lo que se desestimaron actuaciones más agresivas, como intubación orotraqueal, endoscopía o laringoscopía.


The larval form of the moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa, known as pine processionary caterpillar, is one of the main forest pests in southern Europe. Often, these caterpillars cause local reactions in humans, due to their microscopic stinging hairs. Most symptoms affect skin, in form of acute urticaria. Systemic reactions are rare. An eleven month old infant with a systemic reaction after ingestion of a pine processionary caterpillar is presented. The boy reached the Emergency Room with orofacial edema, drooling and urticaria. Drug treatment was enough to resolve the symptoms. The patient did not present airway commitment, nor anaphylaxis data at any moment, so more aggressive actions, such as endotracheal intubation, endoscopy or laryngoscopy, were rejected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Urticaria/therapy , Eating , Edema/therapy , Conservative Treatment , Larva , Moths , Urticaria/etiology , Edema/etiology , Animals
16.
Clinics ; 71(3): 156-162, Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778990

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the trans- and postoperative systemic characteristics of patients undergoing dental implant surgery and to investigate the relationship between pre- and post- surgery anxiety levels. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-nine patients were analyzed in 3 call centers to determine anxiety levels, pain levels, and preoperative and postoperative histories using the State-Trait (STAI) questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 93 dental implants were installed, with a success rate of 100%. The most frequently reported systemic disease was hypertension. There was a significantly higher rate of effective clamping (torque) to the mandibular bone than to the maxillary bone. The association between postoperative surgical complications and longer operative time was not significant, but there was a significant correlation between the alteration of mouth opening and daily routine activities and a significant decrease in anxiety levels between the day of surgery and the postoperative time point (p =0.006). CONCLUSION: A longer surgical time was associated with surgery-related complications and with a higher anxiety index on the preoperative evaluation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anxiety , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/psychology , Edema/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Mastication/physiology , Operative Time , Postoperative Period , Pain, Postoperative/psychology , Sex Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome
17.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 32(4): 467-471, ago. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-762647

ABSTRACT

In Chile, loxoscelism is caused by the bite of the Loxosceles laeta spider. The clinical presentation has two different forms: cutaneous loxoscelism (CL) and vicero-cutaneous loxoscelism, which is less frequent. Cutaneous loxoscelism includes an uncommon clinical variation (4%), called CL with edematous predominance (CLEP). We present a 5-year-old patient with sudden pain and edema on his right eyelid associated with fever, which progressed rapidly involving the right hemifacial area, frontal region, and left eyelid. Angioedema and pre-orbital cellulitis were discarded and CLEP was suspect. Cutaneous loxoscelism with an edematous predominance is self-limited, benign and with little or no necrotic injury due to the edema, which dilutes the toxin-induced enzymatic process causing necrosis. As in the reported cases it usually responds well to medical treatment and does not cause visceral involvement.


El loxoscelismo en Chile es un cuadro producido por la mordedura de la araña Loxosceles laeta. Las formas de presentación son: loxoscelismo cutáneo (LC) y loxoscelismo cutáneo-visceral (LCV), el último menos frecuente. Dentro del LC existe una variante poco común (4%) conocida como loxoscelismo cutáneo predominantemente edematoso (LCPE). Nuestro caso es un paciente de 5 años que consultó por cuadro de inicio súbito de dolor y edema palpebral derecho, asociado a fiebre el cual evolucionó con rápida progresión extendiéndose en la hemicara derecha, región frontal y párpado izquierdo. Se descartó un angioedema y una celulitis periorbitaria, sospechándose un LCPE. Se manejó con hidrocortisona y clorfenamina. El LCPE es un cuadro benigno, autolimitado, en que no está presente la lesión necrótica o ésta es insignificante. Predomina el edema, el cual abortaría la necrosis al diluir el proceso enzimático producido por el veneno. Tiene buena respuesta al tratamiento médico, con ausencia de compromiso visceral.


Subject(s)
Animals , Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Edema/etiology , Eyelid Diseases/etiology , Skin Diseases/etiology , Spider Bites/complications , Chile , Spider Venoms/poisoning , Spiders/classification
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(4): 750-756, July-Aug. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-763056

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACTObjective:To compare our previously published new minimally access hydrocelectomy versus Jaboulay's procedure regarding operative outcome and patient's satisfaction.Materials and Methods:A total of 124 adult patients were divided into two groups: A and B. Group A patients were subjected to conventional surgical hydrocelectomy (Jaboulay's procedure) and group B patients were subjected to the new minimal access hydrocelectomy. The primary endpoint of the study was recurrence defined as a clinically detectable characteristic swelling in the scrotum and diagnosed by the two surgeons and confirmed by ultrasound imaging study. The secondary endpoints were postoperative hematoma, wound sepsis and persistent edema and hardening.Results:The mean operative time in group B was 15.1±4.24 minutes and in group A was 32.5±4.76 minutes (P≤0.02). The mean time to return to work was 8.5±2.1 (7–10) days in group B while in group A was 12.5±3.53 (10–15) days (P=0.0001). The overall complication rate in group B was 12.88% and in group A was 37%. The parameters of the study were postoperative hematoma, degree of scrotal edema, wound infection, patients’ satisfaction and recurrence.Conclusion:Hydrocelectomy is considered the gold standard technique for the treatment of hydrocele and the minimally access maneuvers provide the best operative outcomes regarding scrotal edema and hardening and patient's satisfaction when compared to conventional eversion-excision hydrocelectomies.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Edema/etiology , Hematoma/etiology , Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Testicular Hydrocele/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Endpoint Determination , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome , Testicular Hydrocele , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/adverse effects , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/methods
19.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159497

ABSTRACT

Neurofibromas (NF) are seen either as a solitary lesion or as part of the generalized syndrome of NF (NF-1, also known as Von Recklinghausen disease of the skin). In plexiform neurofibroma (PN), there is proliferation of Schwann cells from the inner aspect of the nerve sheath, thereby resulting in an irregularly thickened, distorted, tortuous structure. Oral involvement by a solitary and peripheral PN in patients with no other signs of NF is rarely seen. It is reported that only 4-7% of patients affected by NF display oral manifestations. A solitary PN in a patient with no other symptoms is a diagnostic challenge, more so when the location of the lesion is one of the rarest sites.


Subject(s)
Child , Edema/diagnosis , Edema/etiology , Edema/pathology , Humans , Lip/pathology , Male , Neurofibroma, Plexiform/anatomy & histology , Neurofibroma, Plexiform/complications , Neurofibroma, Plexiform/diagnosis , Neurofibroma, Plexiform/pathology , Neurofibromatosis 1/anatomy & histology , Neurofibromatosis 1/complications , Neurofibromatosis 1/diagnosis , Neurofibromatosis 1/pathology
20.
Acta paul. enferm ; 28(1): 7-12, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-758667

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Avaliar a interferência e características do edema periorbital no exame pupilar, em pacientes submetidos a craniotomia por via anterior. Métodos Estudo de coorte prospectivo realizado em pacientes no pós-operatório na unidade de terapia intensiva e internação de neurocirurgia. A interferência e características do edema periorbital no exame pupilar foram avaliados da admissão do paciente até sétimo dia de pós-operatório. O exame pupilar foi realizado por enfermeiros. Resultados Foram avaliados 100 pacientes e a incidência de edema periorbital foi de 80%. O enfermeiro não realizou o exame pupilar em 24 (30%) pacientes. As características que influenciaram na realização do exame pupilar foram coloração arroxeada e intenso edema periorbital. Conclusão O edema periorbital estava presente na maioria dos pacientes no pós-operatório de craniotomia e o exame pupilar não foi realizado em 30% dos pacientes. A presença de intenso edema periorbital e de coloração arroxeada foram características que prejudicaram o exame pupilar...


Objective To assess the interference and the characteristics of periorbital edema in pupil examination with patients who underwent anterior craniotomy. Methods Prospective cohort study conducted postoperatively in an intensive care unit and neurosurgery ward. Interference and characteristics of periorbital edema in pupil examination were assessed between patients’ admission and the seventh day of the postoperative period. Pupil examination was performed by nurses. Results One hundred patients were examined and the incidence of periorbital edema was 80%. Pupil examination was not performed by a nurse in 24 patients (30%). The characteristics that influenced the performance of pupil examination were purplish coloration and severe periorbital edema. Conclusion Periorbital edema was found in most postoperative craniotomy patients and pupil examination was not performed in 30% of them. The presence of severe periorbital edema and purplish coloration were the factors that hampered pupil examination...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Craniotomy/adverse effects , Edema/etiology , Neurologic Examination , Nursing Assessment , Pupil , Prospective Studies
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