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1.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(6): 490-499, dic. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178945

ABSTRACT

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dentin surface treatment with 37% phosphoric acid or 17% ethylenedia-minetetraacetic acid (EDTA) before Internal Bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide using the walking bleach technique. Material and Methods: This experimental in vitro study used 66 human premolars extracted for orthodontic reasons, which were debrided, endodontically prepared, and pigmented with chromogens derived from blood decomposition. The samples were randomly divided into three groups (n=22). Group A: bleaching agent without dentin conditioning; group B: bleaching agent in dentin conditioned with phosphoric acid 37%; group C: bleaching agent in dentin conditioned with 17% EDTA. 4 applications of bleaching agent were used with a separation of 4 days between each session. The initial color (baseline) and after each application was determined by spectrophotometry, recording the CIE L*a*b* values and the total color variation between the initial parameters and the different evaluation times. Results: Data were statistically analyzed with the Wilcoxon test. This showed statistically significant differences for the total variation of the color between the study groups, with the control group in no case inferior to the rest. Conclusion: The application of 37% phosphoric acid increased the effectiveness of the bleaching agent when compared to 17% EDTA. However, these did not increase the effectiveness compared to the application of the bleaching agent without a previous dentin surface treatment.


Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto del tratamiento de superficie dentinaria con ácido fosfórico al 37% o EDTA al 17% previo al blanqueamiento Interno con peróxido de hidrógeno al 35% por medio de la técnica Walking Bleach. Material y Métodos:Para este estudio experimental in vitro, se utilizaron 66 premolares humanos extraídos por indicación ortodóncica, los cuales fueron desbridados, preparados endodónticamente, y pigmentados con cromógenos derivados de la descomposición sanguínea. Las muestras fueron divididas aleatoriamente en 3 grupos (n=22). Grupo A: agente blanqueador sin acondicionamiento dentinario, grupo B: agente blanqueador en dentina acondicionada con ácido fosfórico 37% y grupo C: agente blanqueador en dentina acondicionada con EDTA 17%. Se utilizaron 4 aplicaciones de agente blanqueador con una separación de 4 días entre cada sesión. El color inicial (baseline) y tras cada aplicación fue determinado mediante espectrofotometría, registrando los valores CIE L*a*b* y la variación total de color entre los parámetros iniciales y los diferentes tiempos de evaluación. Resultados: Los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente con la prueba de Wilcoxon, arrojando diferencias estadísticamente significativas para la variación total del color entre los grupos de estudio, siendo en ningún caso el grupo control inferior al resto. Conclusión: La aplicación de ácido fosfórico al 37% aumenta la eficacia del agente blanqueador al compararlo con el EDTA 17%, sin embargo, no aumentan la eficacia respecto a la aplicación del agente blanqueador sin un tratamiento de superficie dentinaria previo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Color , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Spectrophotometry , Bicuspid , In Vitro Techniques , Chile , Epidemiology, Experimental
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190005, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056579

ABSTRACT

Abstract Chitosan is a natural, biocompatible chelating substance with potential for dental use. This study compared the effects of final canal irrigation with chitosan and EDTA on dentin microhardness, sealer dentin tubules penetration capacity, and push-out strength. Methodology: Fifty canine roots were distributed according to the final irrigation protocol (n=10): G1- 15% EDTA with conventional irrigation; G2- 15% EDTA with Endovac; G3- 0.2% chitosan with conventional irrigation; G4- 0.2% chitosan with Endovac; and G5- without irrigation. Specimens were obturated (AH Plus) and sectioned in 3 slices per root third. The first slice was used for microhardness and sealer penetration assessments under a laser confocal microscope. The second was utilized in a push-out strength test. The third slice was discarded. Data were analyzed using 2-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test (α<0.05). Failure mode was determined at x40 magnification. Results: Microhardness reduction was more significant in groups G2 and G4 (p<0.05). Sealer penetration through dentin was significantly greater in group G2 (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between groups G1, G3, and G4 (p>0.05). In general, all experimental groups presented similar bond resistance (p>0.05) that significantly differed from the control (p<0.001). Mixed type failures were predominant. Conclusions: In general, 0.2% chitosan and 15% EDTA solutions act in a similar manner with regard to the variables studied. The use of Endovac potentiates the effect of these solutions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Chelating Agents/chemistry , Dental Bonding/methods , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Chitosan/chemistry , Reference Values , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Surface Properties/drug effects , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Microscopy, Confocal , Shear Strength , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Hardness Tests , Middle Aged
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180420, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012513

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This in vitro study aimed to compare the efficacy of irrigants using various irrigation activation methods to the push-out bond strengths of fiber post to root canal luted with self-adhesive resin cement (SARC). Methodology: Forty-eight decoronated human canines were used. The specimens were divided into four groups corresponding with the post-space irrigation process and were treated as follows: distilled water (DW) (Control) group received 15 mL of DW; sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl)+ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) group was treated with 5 mL of 5.25% NaOCl, 5 mL of 17% EDTA, and 5 mL of DW; passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) group was treated with 5 mL of 5.25% NaOCl, 5 mL of 17% EDTA, and 5 mL of DW, and each irrigant was agitated with an ultrasonic file; and laser activated irrigation (LAI) group was treated with 5 mL of 5.25% NaOCl, 5 mL of 17% EDTA, and 5 mL of DW, and each irrigant was irradiated with Nd: YAG laser. Fiber posts were luted with SARC, and a push-out test was performed. Data was analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey HSD test. Results: The bond strength values for the groups obtained were as follows: Control (10.04 MPa), NaOCl+EDTA (11.07 MPa), PUI (11.85 MPa), and LAI (11.63 MPa). No statistically significant differences were found among all experimental groups (p>0.05). The coronal (12.66 MPa) and middle (11.63 MPa) root regions indicated a significantly higher bond strength compared with the apical (9.16 MPa) region (p<0.05). Conclusions: Irrigant activation methods did not increase the bond strength of fiber post to canal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/radiation effects , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Post and Core Technique , Lasers, Solid-State , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Reference Values , Sodium Hypochlorite/radiation effects , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Edetic Acid/radiation effects , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/radiation effects , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/radiation effects
4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180045, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975882

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the efficacy of different sonic and ultrasonic devices in the elimination of debris from canal irregularities in artificial root canals. Materials and Methods A resin model of a transparent radicular canal filled with dentin debris was used. Five groups were tested, namely: Group 1 - ultrasonic insert 15.02; Group 2 - ultrasonic insert 25/25 IRRI K; Group 3 - ultrasonic insert 25/25 IRRI S; Group 4 - sonic insert 20/28 Eddy on a vibrating sonic air-scaler handpiece; Group 5 - 20.02 K-file inserted on a Safety M4 handpiece. Two different irrigants (5% sodium hypochlorite and 17% EDTA) and 3 different times of activation (20, 40, and 60 seconds) were tested. Means and standard deviations were calculated and statistically analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests (p<0.05). Results No statistically significant differences were found between the two irrigants used. Group 4 removed more debris than the other groups (p<0.05). Groups 1, 2, and 3 removed more debris than group 5 (p<0.05). A statistically significant difference (p<0.05) was found for the time of activation in all groups and at all canal levels, except between 40 and 60 seconds in group 4 at coronal and middle third level (p>0.05). Conclusions No significant differences were found between 5% sodium hypochlorite and 17% EDTA. When the time of activation rises, the dentin debris removal increases in all groups. Both sonic and ultrasonic activation demonstrate high capacity for dentin debris removal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ultrasonic Therapy/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments/standards , Therapeutic Irrigation/instrumentation , Reference Values , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Sonication/instrumentation , Sonication/methods , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Dentin , Therapeutic Irrigation/methods
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e057, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011660

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of peracetic acid (PAA) as a single irrigant on the smear layer, on the intraradicular dentinal bond strength, and on the penetrability of an epoxy-based resin sealer into the dentinal tubules. A total of 120 roots were distributed into 4 groups according to the irrigant used in root canal preparation: 1% PAA (PAA); 2.5% NaOCl followed by final irrigation with 17% EDTA and 2.5% NaOCl (NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl); 2.5% NaOCl (NaOCl); and saline solution (SS). The smear layer was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy. The bond strength of an epoxy-based resin sealer (AH Plus) to root dentin was evaluated by the push-out test and penetrability of the sealer into dentinal tubules was observed by confocal laser microscopy. The results were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and the Dunn post-test (α = 0.05). The use of 1% PAA as single root canal irrigant provided smear layer removal and improved the penetrability and bond strength of AH Plus to root dentin in a manner similar to that of the NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl group (p > 0.05). The NaOCl and SS groups had higher values of smear layer and lower values of sealer penetrability and dentin bond strength than the PAA and NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl groups (p < 0.05). Thus, 1% PAA has the potential to be used as a single irrigant in root canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peracetic Acid/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Smear Layer/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Reference Values , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Bonding/methods , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Microscopy, Confocal , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170374, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893735

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To determine the concentration of calcium, iron, manganese and zinc ions after the application of chelator to Enterococcus faecalis biofilms. Material and Methods Fifty bovine maxillary central incisors were prepared and inoculated with E. faecalis for 60 days. The following were used as irrigation solutions: 17% EDTA (pH 3, 7 and 10), 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) combined with 17% EDTA (pH 3, 7 and 10), distilled water (pH 3, 7 and 10), and 2.5% NaOCl. Each solution was kept in the root canal for five minutes. Fifteen uncontaminated root canals were irrigated with 17% EDTA (pH 3, 7 and 10). Six teeth were used as bacterial control. The number of calcium, iron, manganese and zinc ions was determined using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Mean ± standard deviation (SD) values were used for descriptive statistics. Results Calcium chelation using 17% EDTA at pH 7 was higher than at pH 3 and 10, regardless of whether bacterial biofilm was present. The highest concentration of iron occurred at pH 3 in the presence of bacterial biofilm. The highest concentration of manganese found was 2.5% NaOCl and 17% EDTA at pH 7 in the presence of bacterial biofilm. Zinc levels were not detectable. Conclusions The pH of chelating agents affected the removal of calcium, iron, and manganese ions. The concentration of iron ions in root canals with bacterial biofilm was higher after the use of 17% EDTA at pH 3 than after the use of the other solutions at all pH levels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Chelating Agents/pharmacology , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Biofilms/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Materials Testing , Water/chemistry , Chelating Agents/chemistry , Calcium/analysis , Edetic Acid/pharmacology , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Enterococcus faecalis/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Ions , Iron/analysis , Manganese/analysis
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e121, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974461

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of radiation therapy on root canal sealer push-out bond strength (BS) to dentin and the sealer/dentin interface after different final irrigation solutions (NaOCl, EDTA, and chitosan). Sixty-four maxillary canines were distributed into two groups (n=30): non-irradiated and irradiated with 60 Gy. Canals were prepared with Reciproc-R50 and subdivided (n=10) for final irrigation (NaOCl, EDTA, chitosan) and filled. Three dentin slices were obtained from each root third. The first slice of each third was selected for BS evaluation, and the failure mode was determined by stereomicroscopy. SEM analysis of the sealer-dentin interface was performed in the remaining slices. Two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=0.05) were used. Lower BS (P<0.0001) was obtained after irradiation (2.07±0.79 MPa), regardless of the final irrigation solution used. The NaOCl group (P<0.001) had the lowest BS in the irradiated (1.68±0.72) and non-irradiated (2.39±0.89) groups, whereas the EDTA (irradiated: 2.14±0.77 and non-irradiated: 3.92±1.54) and chitosan (irradiated: 2.37±0.73 and non-irradiated: 3.51±1.47) groups demonstrated a higher BS (P<0.05). The highest values were observed in the coronal third (3.17±1.38) when compared to the middle (2.74±1.36) and apical ones (2.09±0.97)(P<0.0001). There were more cohesive failures and more gaps in irradiated specimens, regardless of the final solution. The present study showed that radiation was associated with a decrease in BS, regardless of the final solution used, whereas chitosan increased BS in teeth subjected to radiation therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/radiation effects , Root Canal Irrigants/radiation effects , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/radiation effects , Epoxy Resins/radiation effects , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Surface Properties/drug effects , Surface Properties/radiation effects , Tooth Root/drug effects , Tooth Root/radiation effects , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Restoration Failure , Chitosan/chemistry , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy
8.
Rev. clín. periodoncia implantol. rehabil. oral (Impr.) ; 10(3): 145-148, dic. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-900296

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Aim: The objective of this work was to determine the concentrations of irrigating solutions and the residual content of parachloroaniline (PCA) formed after endodontic irrigation, using 5% NaOCl, 0.9% NaCl, 10% EDTA and 2% CHX 2%. Methodology Twenty premolars were used and 13 samples were collected per tooth from each of the treatment phases. Samples of: NaOCl, EDTA, CHX and PCA were quantified by UV and visible spectrophotometry. Results: Sodium hypochlorite decreased its concentration from 3.8% to 3.4% in phases 1 to 4. In phases 5, 6 and 7, residual NaOCl was measured with concentrations of 0.007%, 0.003% and 0.001% %. The concentration of EDTA decreased to 8.85% in phase 8. In phases 9, 10 and 11, irrigated with serum, EDTA was quantified with concentrations of 0.013% to 0.002% and NaOCl values of 0.0011% to 0, 0006%. In phases 12 and 13, CHX concentrations were 1.850% and 1.812% and PCA values were 0.0005% and 0.0007%. PCA formation occurred in presence of 2% CHX and residual NaClO and was detected colorimetrically in phases 12 and 13. Conclusions. During endodontic irrigation the concentration of 5% NaOCl decreases significantly in the first four phases and the concentrations of EDTA and CHX also decrease. There is PCA training in the last stages of the procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Chlorhexidine/chemistry , Aniline Compounds/analysis , Root Canal Irrigants/administration & dosage , Sodium Hypochlorite/administration & dosage , Spectrophotometry , Chlorhexidine/administration & dosage , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Drug Interactions , Endodontics
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(1): 34-41, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841160

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of two desensitizing agents and water on hydraulic conductance in human dentin. Material and Methods GLUMA Desensitizer PowerGel (GLU) contains glutaraldehyde (GA) and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), and Teethmate Desensitizer (TD) is a powder comprising tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) and dicalcium phosphate anhydrous (DCPA) that is mixed with water. Deionized water was used as a negative control (CTR). Thirty discs with a thickness of 1.2 mm were cut from the coronal dentin of the third molars and cleaned with 0.5 M EDTA (pH 7.4). After being mounted in a split-chamber device, the discs were pressurized with water at 1 kPa and 3 kPa in order to measure flow rates with a highly sensitive micro-flow sensor and to calculate hydraulic conductance as a baseline value (BL). Following the application of GLU, TD, and CTR (n=10), hydraulic conductance was remeasured with intermittent storage in water after 15 min, 1 d, 1 w, and 1 m. Reduction in permeability (PR%) was calculated from hydraulic conductance. Data were statistically analyzed using nonparametric methods (α<0.05). Representative discs were inspected by SEM. Results PR% for GLU and TD were 30-50% 15 min and 1 m after their application. Post hoc tests indicated that PR% of CTR was significantly greater than those of GLU and TD at all time points tested. The PR% of GLU and TD were not significantly different. SEM examinations showed noncollapsed collagen meshes at the tubular entrances after GLU, and crystalline precipitates occluding the tubular orifices after TD, whereas CTR specimens showed typical patterns of etched dentin. Conclusions The present study on hydraulic conductance in dentin discs treated with two chemically different desensitizing agents and water as a control demonstrated that both products may be characterized as effective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Glutaral/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin Permeability/drug effects , Dentin Desensitizing Agents/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Water/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Random Allocation , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric
10.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 30(1): 13-18, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-907402

ABSTRACT

This study compared the surface detail reproduction anddimensional accuracy of molds after disinfection using 2% sodium hypochlorite, 2% chlorhexidine digluconate or 0.2% peracetic acid to those of molds that were not disinfected, forfour elastomeric impression materials: polysulfide (Light Bodied Permlastic), polyether (Impregum Soft), polydimethylsiloxane(Oranwash L) and polyvinylsiloxane (Aquasil Ultra LV). Themolds were prepared on a matrix by applying pressure, using aperforated metal tray. The molds were removed followingpolymerization and either disinfected (by soaking in one of thesolutions for 15 minutes) or not disinfected. The samples werethus divided into 16 groups (n=5). Surface detail reproductionand dimensional accuracy were evaluated using opticalmicroscopy to assess the 20 ­µm line over its entire 25 mm length. The dimensional accuracy results (%) were subjectedto analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the means were comparedby Tukey’s test (α=5%). The 20 ­µm line was completelyreproduced by all elastomeric impression materials, regardlessof disinfection procedure. There was no significant difference between the control group and molds disinfected with peraceticacid for the elastomeric materials Impregum Soft (polyether)and Aquasil Ultra LV (polyvinylsiloxane). The high­leveldisinfectant peracetic acid would be the choice material for disinfection.


Este estudo comparou a reprodução de detalhes da superfície e estabilidade dimensional de moldes obtidos após desinfecção utilizando hipoclorito de sódio 2%, digluconato de clorexidina 2%, ou ácido peracético 0,2% a moldes que não foram desinfetados com quatro elastômeros: polissulfeto (Light Bodied Permlastic), polieter (Impregum Soft), silicona reação porcondensação (Oranwash L) e silicona reação por adição (Aquasil Ultra LV). Os moldes foram preparados sobre matriz conten dolinhas de 20, 50 e 75 µm realizado sob pressão com moldeirade metal perfurada. Os moldes foram removidos após a polimerização e desinfetados (utilizando uma das soluções porimersão, armazenados em frascos fechados durante 15 minutos)ou não desinfetados. Assim, as amostras foram divididas em 16grupos (n=5). A reprodução detalhes da superfície e a precisão dimensional foram avaliadas usando microscopia óptica na linha 20 µm com 25 mm de comprimento, de acordo com a norma ISO 4823. Os resultados de precisão dimensional (%) foram submetidos à análise de variância (A NOVA) e as médias comparadas pelo teste de Tukey com 5% de nível de significância. A linha de 20 µm foi completamente reproduzida por todos os elastômeros, independentemente do processo de desinfecção. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o grupo controle e moldes desinfetados com acido peracético para os elastômeros Impregum Soft (polieter) e Aquasil Ultra LV (siliconareação por adição). O desinfetante de alto nível ácido peracético seria o material de escolha para a desinfecção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Impression Materials , Dental Models , Dental Disinfectants/chemistry , Surface Properties , Analysis of Variance , Chlorhexidine/chemistry , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Elastomers/classification , Microscopy/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Siloxanes/classification , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Sulfides/classification
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e29, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839514

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluates the influence of root dentin treatment with NaOCl alone and combined with EDTA, with and without ultrasound activation, on the push-out bond strength (BS) of fiber-reinforced posts in weakened roots, cemented with RelyX or Panavia. The root canals of 42 maxillary canines were instrumented with Reciproc and 2.5% NaOCl. In the coronal 12mm of all canals, experimental weakening of the roots was produced by reducing dentin thickness with 2.44mm diameter diamond burs. The roots were assigned to 3 groups (n = 14) according to root dentin treatment: 2.5% NaOCl; 2.5% NaOCl + 17% EDTA; and 2.5% NaOCl + 17% EDTA, with solutions agitated using passive ultrasonic irrigation. After cementation of the fiber-reinforced posts the roots were divided in thirds. The first slice of each third was used for the push-out BS test, the second slice for confocal laser scanning microscopy and dentin microhardness (Knoop) analysis. Data were analysed by a two-way ANOVA and Tukey test (a = 0.05). NaOCl + EDTA provided highest BS values than NaOCl (p < 0.0001). Specimens cemented with Panavia presented significantly higher BS than those with RelyX in the three root thirds (p < 0.0001). The highest BS values occurred in the cervical third (p < 0.001). Ultrasound-activated NaOCl + EDTA promoted the greatest reduction in dentin microhardness, followed by NaOCl/EDTA and NaOCl. Ultrasonic activation of NaOCl and EDTA reduced root dentin microhardness, but did not improve the push-out BS of resin-based cements. Panavia presented higher BS than RelyX. RelyX was not influenced by the root dentin treatment protocols.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin/drug effects , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Tooth Root/drug effects , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Analysis of Variance , Dental Restoration Failure , Dentin/radiation effects , Hardness Tests , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Confocal , Post and Core Technique , Random Allocation , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Properties/drug effects , Tooth Root/radiation effects , Ultrasonic Therapy
12.
Bauru; s.n; 2017. 159 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-883792

ABSTRACT

Besides of the desired effects, the chemical solutions used to assist the endodontic instruments in the cleanliness and disinfection of the root canal system can also cause changes in the physicochemical properties of dentin, and consequently affect the adhesion of endodontic sealers and microorganisms to the root canal walls. However, the effects of new irrigators and irrigation protocols remain unknown. The objectives of this thesis were to verify the alterations in the properties of some irrigants when used combined in mixtures, to define the time necessary for the smear layer removal by a new irrigant, to determine the organic matter dissolution capacity and the effects in the physicochemical properties of dentin of some irrigation solutions and protocols, and to evaluate the adhesion of microorganisms and AH Plus sealer to dentin after its submission to different irrigation sequences. In all experiments with dentin, the samples used were obtained from bovine teeth. In the analysis performed in this thesis, the following solutions were tested isolated and combined in different irrigation protocols: saline solution (control), sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), trisodium (EDTAHNa3), alkaline ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tetrasodium (EDTANa4), chlorhexidine (CHX), peracetic acid (PAA), and etidronic acid (HEDP). The EDTAHNa3 and EDTANa4 were tested in relation to their effects on the free chlorine content of NaOCl. The solutions were mixed in a 1:1 ratio and the iodometric titration of the mixtures performed in different time intervals. The time necessary for smear layer removal from dentin samples by solutions of EDTAHNa3 and different concentrations of EDTANa4 isolated and mixed with NaOCl was determined with the aid of the scanning electron microscope (SEM). The capacity of NaOCl to dissolve organic matter was determined by weighting fragments of bovine muscle before and after immersion in solutions of 1%, 2.5%, and 5% of NaOCl in different periods of time. Also, the effects of EDTAHNa3, EDTANa4 and HEDP on the organic matter dissolution by NaOCl were evaluated. The alterations produced by all solutions isolated and some irrigation protocols in the organic and inorganic components of the dentin surface were analysed by the attenuated total reflectance of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) technique. Absorbance spectra were collected from the dentin surface before and after immersion of samples in the irrigants and the ratios of the amide III/phosphate and carbonate/phosphate bands were calculated. To quantify the adhesion of CHX to mineralized dentin and to dentin demineralized by different irrigation protocols, the areas of the band associated with CHX with the peak in 1492 cm−1 were determined in spectra obtained by ATR-FTIR. The effects of different irrigation protocols in the roughness and wettability of dentin surface were measured with a benchtop roughness tester and the sessile drop technique, respectively. For the assays of microorganisms' adhesion, samples were prepared and treated the same way and with the same irrigation protocols used in the roughness and wettability tests. Following, Candida albicans and Enterococcus faecalis were maintained in contact with the dentin for 2 hours and the samples were analyzed on the confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Tests of push-out were performed to determine the impact of different irrigation protocols on the dentin bonding strength of AH Plus sealer over time. Canals of bovine incisors teeth were instrumented, irrigated and following obturated using only the sealer AH Plus. Half of the samples were submitted to pushout assessment 7 days after the obturation and the other half 20 months later. The results of the experiments showed that the EDTAHNa3 caused an almost complete and immediate loss of free available chlorine from NaOCl, whilst EDTANa4 promoted a slow and concentration-dependent decline. The smear layer was removed only by decalcifying solutions and in about 1 min by the 17% EDTAHNa3 and 5 min by the EDTANa4, both isolated or mixed with NaOCl. The increase in NaOCl concentration and contact time with the samples intensified the dissolution of organic matter. The mixtures of NaOCl with EDTANa4 and HEDP were able to dissolve the fragments of bovine muscle over-time, however, the EDTAHNa3 strongly affected the NaOCl dissolution capacity when they were mixed. The results of ATR-FTIR experiments showed that the increase in the NaOCl concentration intensified the deproteination of the dentin collagen with a reduction in the amide III/phosphate ratio. For the same decalcifying agent, the higher the concentration and immersion time the greater the removal of phosphate, exposure of the collagen matrix and consequently the increases in amide III/phosphate ratio. The PAA caused greater increases in amide III/phosphate ratio, followed by EDTAHNa3, EDTANa4 and HEDP and this order was maintained in the protocols in which NaOCl was used before the decalcifying agents. NaOCl required approximately 0.5 min to deproteinate the collagen matrix exposed after phosphate removal by EDTAHNa3 and PAA. The carbonate/phosphate ratio decreased after 30 s of samples immersion in solutions of NaOCl at 1%, 2.5% and 5% with no more alterations over time. The carbonate of the dentine was removed faster than phosphate by all decalcifying agents employed alone and in the irrigation protocols in which the use of the NaOCl was followed by the use of the EDTAHNa3, PAA and HEDP. For irrigation protocols that associate NaOCl with chelating solutions, the last irrigant used defined the final dentine amide III/phosphate and carbonate/phosphate ratios. For the ATR-FTIR analysis of CHX adhesion, the results showed that the adsorption of this irrigant to the dentin was potentiated when chelating agents were used prior to the CHX. In relation to the experiments of surface roughness, the saline solution, NaOCl, HEDP and CHX did not alter the roughness of the dentin, but EDTAHNa3 and PAA increased it. The wettability of the surface increased after the use of all irrigants, being the HEDP to cause the greater increases. In the assays of microorganisms' adhesion, the smear layer and collagen exposed by the chelating agents favored the adhesion of E. faecalis. The C. albicans adhesion was major in surfaces with smear layer and more mineral. The use of CHX as the final irrigant reduced the adhesion of both microorganisms. The wettability did not influence the microorganisms' adhesion, while increases in roughness seems to potentiate the adherence of E. faecalis. The experiments of bond strength of AH Plus to the dentin showed that the irrigation with NaOCl and mixture of NaOCl + EDTANa4 produced the lowest push-out bond strength values in 7 days compared to NaOCl + EDTAHNa3, NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + NaOCl, NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + CHX and the mixture of NaOCl + HEDP. After 20 months the lowest values were obtained in the groups irrigated with NaOCl and NaOCl + EDTAHNa3. The groups of NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + NaOCl, mixture NaOCl + HEDP, and mixture NaOCl + EDTANa4 presented values of push-out bond strength in 20 months similar to the values in 7 days. It was possible to conclude that the irrigation solutions tested in this study have different effects in the organic and inorganic matter and some of them can affect the action of each other when mixed. Independent of being used isolated or combined in irrigation protocols, these irrigants cause modifications in the dentin physicochemical properties that influence the adhesion of AH Plus sealer in short and long term and the microorganisms' adherence to the surface in cases of recontaminations.(AU)


Além dos efeitos desejados, as soluções químicas utilizadas para auxiliar os instrumentos endodônticos na limpeza e desinfecção do sistema radiculares podem causar alterações nas propriedades físico-químicas da dentina e consequentemente afetar a adesão de cimentos endodônticos e microrganismos às paredes do canal radicular. Contudo, os efeitos de novos irrigantes e protocolos de irrigação ainda são desconhecidos. Os objetivos desta tese foram verificar as alterações nas propriedades de alguns irrigantes quando utilizados combinados em misturas, definir o tempo necessário para a remoção da camada de smear layer por um novo irrigante, determinar a capacidade de dissolução de matéria orgânica e os efeitos de algumas soluções e protocolos de irrigação nas propriedades físico-químicas de dentina e avaliar a adesão de microrganismos e cimento AH Plus à dentina após a submissão desta a diferentes sequências de irrigação. Em todos os experimentos com dentina as amostras utilizadas foram obtidas a partir de dentes bovinos. Nas análise realizadas nesta tese as seguintes soluções foram testadas isoladas e combinadas em diferentes protocolos de irrigação: solução salina (controle), hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl), ácido etilenodiaminotetraacético trisódico (EDTAHNa3), ácido etilenodiaminotetracético tetrassódico alcalino (EDTANa4), clorexidina (CHX), ácido peracético (PAA) e ácido etidrônico (HEDP). O EDTAHNa3 e o EDTANa4 foram testados em relação aos seus efeitos sobre o teor de cloro livre do NaOCl. As soluções foram misturadas em uma proporção de 1:1 e a titulação iodométrica das misturas realizada em diferentes intervalos de tempo. O tempo necessário para a remoção da smear layer de amostras de dentina pela solução de EDTAHNa3 a 17% e diferentes concentrações de EDTANa4 isoladas e misturadas com NaOCl foi determinado com o auxílio do microscópio eletrônico de varredura (SEM). A capacidade de dissolução de matéria orgânica pelo NaOCl foi determinada pesando fragmentos de músculo bovino antes e depois da imersão em soluções de 1%, 2,5% e 5% de NaOCl em diferentes períodos de tempo. Além disso, os efeitos do EDTAHNa3, EDTANa4 e HEDP na dissolução de matéria orgânica pelo NaOCl foram avaliados. As alterações produzidas por todas as soluções isoladas e alguns protocolos de irrigação nos componentes orgânicos e inorgânicos da superfície da dentina foram analisadas pela técnica de reflexão total atenuada em espectroscopia no infravermelho por transformação de Fourier (ATRFTIR). Espectros de absorbância foram coletados da superfície da dentina antes e após a imersão das amostras nos irrigantes, e foram calculadas as razões das bandas de amida III/fosfato e carbonato/fosfato. Para quantificar a adesão da CHX à dentina mineralizada e à dentina desmineralizada por diferentes protocolos de irrigação, foram determinadas as áreas da banda associada a CHX com pico em 1492 cm−1 em espectros obtidos por ATR-FTIR. Os efeitos de diferentes protocolos de irrigação na rugosidade e molhabilidade da superfície da dentina foram medidos com um rugosímetro de bancada e a técnica de gota séssil, respectivamente. Para os ensaios de adesão de microrganismos, amostras foram preparadas e tratadas da mesma maneira e com os mesmos protocolos de irrigação utilizados nos testes de rugosidade e molhabilidade. Em seguida, Candida albicans e Enterococcus faecalis foram mantidos em contato com a dentina por 2 horas e as amostras foram analisadas no microscópio confocal de varredura laser (CLSM). Testes de push-out foram realizados para determinar o impacto de diferentes protocolos de irrigação na resistência de união à dentina do cimento AH Plus ao longo do tempo. Canais de dentes incisivos de bovinos foram instrumentados, irrigados e em seguida obturados utilizando apenas o cimento AH Plus. Metade das amostras foi submetida a avaliação de push-out 7 dias após a obturação e a outra metade após 20 meses. Os resultados dos experimentos mostraram que o EDTAHNa3 causou uma perda quase completa e imediata do cloro livre do NaOCl, enquanto o EDTANa4 promoveu um declínio lento e concentração dependente. A smear layer foi removida apenas por soluções descalcificantes e em cerca de 1 min pelo EDTAHNa3 a 17% e em 5 min pelo EDTANa4, tanto isolados ou misturados com o NaOCl. O aumento da concentração de NaOCl e do tempo de contato com os fragmentos de músculo bovino intensificou a dissolução da matéria orgânica. As misturas de NaOCl com EDTANa4 e HEDP foram capazes de dissolver as amostras de músculo ao longo do tempo, no entanto, o EDTAHNa3 afetou fortemente a capacidade de dissolução do NaOCl quando eles foram misturados. Os resultados dos experimentos com ATR-FTIR mostraram que o aumento da concentração do NaOCl intensificou a desproteinização do colágeno da dentina com redução da relação amida III/fosfato. Para o mesmo agente de descalcificação, quanto maior a concentração e o tempo de imersão, maior a remoção de fosfato, exposição da matriz de colágeno e consequentemente o aumento da proporção amida III/fosfato. O PAA causou os maiores aumentos na relação amida III/fosfato, seguido de EDTAHNa3, EDTANa4 e HEDP e esta ordem foi mantida nos protocolos em que o NaOCl foi usado antes dos agentes descalcificantes. O NaOCl necessitou aproximadamente 0,5 min para desproteinizar a matriz de colágeno exposta após a remoção de fosfato pelo EDTAHNa3 e o PAA. A relação carbonato/fosfato diminuiu após 30 s de imersão das amostras em soluções de NaOCl a 1%, 2,5% e 5%, sem mais alterações ao longo do tempo. O carbonato da dentina foi removido mais rápido do que o fosfato por todos os agentes descalcificantes empregados sozinhos e nos protocolos de irrigação em que o uso do NaOCl foi seguido pelo uso do EDTAHNa3, PAA e HEDP. Para os protocolos de irrigação que associam o NaOCl com soluções quelantes, o último irrigante utilizado definiu as proporções finais de amida II/fosfato e carbonato/fosfato da dentina. Para as análises da adesão da CHX em ATR-FTIR, os resultados mostraram que a adsorção deste irrigante à dentina foi potencializada quando agentes quelantes foram utilizados antes da CHX. Em relação aos experimentos de rugosidade da superfície, a solução salina, o NaOCl, o HEDP e a CHX não alteraram a rugosidade da dentina, mas o EDTAHNa3 e o PAA a aumentaram. A molhabilidade da superfície aumentou após o uso de todos os irrigantes, sendo que o HEDP causou os maiores aumentos. Nos ensaios de adesão dos microrganismos, a smear layer e o colágeno exposto pelos agentes quelantes favoreceram a adesão de E. faecalis. A adesão da C. albicans foi maior em superfícies com smear layer ou mais mineral. O uso de CHX como irrigante final reduziu a adesão de ambos os microrganismos. A molhabilidade não influenciou a adesão dos microrganismos, enquanto o aumento da rugosidade parece potencializar a adesão do E. faecalis. Os experimentos de resistência de união do AH Plus à dentina mostraram que a irrigação com NaOCl e a mistura de NaOCl + EDTANa4 produziram valores de resistência de união em 7 dias mais baixos em comparação com NaOCl + EDTAHNa3, NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + NaOCl, NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + CHX e a mistura de NaOCl + HEDP. Após 20 meses, os valores mais baixos foram obtidos nos grupos irrigados com NaOCl e NaOCl + EDTAHNa3. Os grupos de NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + NaOCl, mistura de NaOCl + HEDP e mistura de NaOCl + EDTANa4 apresentaram valores de força de união por push-out em 20 meses semelhante aos valores em 7 dias. Foi possível concluir que as soluções de irrigação testadas neste estudo têm diferentes efeitos na matéria orgânica e inorgânica e elas podem afetar as ações umas das outras quando misturadas. Independentemente de serem utilizadas isoladas ou combinadas em protocolos de irrigação, os irrigantes causam modificações nas propriedades físico-químicas dentinárias que influenciam na adesão do cimento AH Plus a curto e longo prazo e na adesão de microrganismos à superfície em casos de recontaminação.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/microbiology , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Candida albicans/drug effects , Chlorhexidine/chemistry , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Etidronic Acid/chemistry , Peracetic Acid/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Smear Layer/drug therapy , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Time Factors
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(6): 568-574, Nov.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841156

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of conventional syringe irrigations, passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), Vibringe, CanalBrush, XP-endo Finisher, and laser-activated irrigation (LAI) systems in removing double antibiotic paste (DAP) from root canals. Material and Methods One hundred five extracted single-rooted teeth were instrumented. The roots were split longitudinally. Three standard grooves were created and covered with DAP. The roots were distributed into seven groups: Group 1, beveled needle irrigation; Group 2, double side-vented needle irrigation; Group 3, CanalBrush; Group 4, XP-endo Finisher; Group 5, Vibringe; Group 6, PUI; Group 7, LAI. The amount of remaining DAP was scored under a stereomicroscope. Results Group 4, Group 6, and Group 7 removed significantly more DAP than the other protocols in the coronal region. Group 7 was more efficient in the middle region; however, no significant difference was found between Group 7 and Group 6. No differences were found between groups in the apical region either, except for the comparisons between groups 7 and 2, and groups 2 and 3. Conclusions None of the investigated protocols were able to completely remove the DAP from the grooves. The Vibringe and XP-endo Finisher systems showed results similar to those of conventional needle irrigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Therapeutic Irrigation/methods , Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Surface Properties/drug effects , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Laser Therapy/methods , Therapeutic Irrigation/instrumentation , Needles
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(4): 424-429, July-Aug. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794623

ABSTRACT

Abstract Root canal irrigants are used to minimize the negative effects of smear layer on endodontic sealer retention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of agitation of 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) with ultrasonic, 1064-nm Nd:YAG and 980-nm diode laser on the retention of an epoxy-based sealer to the root canal walls. Forty single-rooted bovine teeth were instrumented with ProTaper rotary system and divided into four groups according to the final irrigation protocol (n = 10): (1) 17% EDTA (control); (2) 17% EDTA with 50-s ultrasonic agitation; (3) 17% EDTA with 50-s diode laser (2-W) agitation; and (4) 17% EDTA with 50-s Nd:YAG (1.5-W) laser agitation. After endodontic filling with gutta-percha F5 master cone and Sealer 26, the roots were sectioned at the cervical, middle, and apical root thirds to obtain 1.5-mm slices. Push-out tests were performed using a universal testing machine at a 1 mm/min crosshead speed. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=0.05). Apical root thirds had significant higher retention values than cervical and middle thirds (p < 0.05). EDTA with 1064-nm Nd:YAG or 980-nm diode laser presented the highest retention values and was significantly different from EDTA with ultrasonic agitation and EDTA only (p < 0.05). Adhesive failures were predominant to EDTA only group. Mixed failures were predominant to all agitation groups. 1064-nm Nd:YAG and 980-nm diode laser EDTA agitation enhanced the retention of the epoxy-based sealer to the root canal walls compared with that due to EDTA only or EDTA with ultrasonic agitation.


Resumo Irrigantes para canais radiculares são usados para minimizar os efeitos negativos da camada de smear na retenção do cimento obturador. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia da agitação do ácido etilenodiaminotetracético a 17% (EDTA) com ultrassom, Nd:YAG 1064-nm e laser diodo 980-nm na retenção de um cimento obturador à base de resina epóxica nas paredes do canal radicular. Quarenta dentes bovinos unirradiculares foram instrumentados com o sistema rotatório ProTaper e divididos em quatro grupos de acordo com o protocolo de irrigação final (n = 10): (1) EDTA 17% (controle); (2) EDTA 17% com agitação ultrassônica por 50-s; (3) EDTA 17% com agitação com laser diodo (2-W) por 50-s; e (4) EDTA 17% com agitação com laser Nd:YAG (1,5-W) por 50-s. Após obturação endodôntica com cone principal F5 e cimento Sealer 26, as raízes foram seccionadas nos terços radiculares cervical, médio e apical para obtenção de slices de 1,5-mm. Testes de push-out foram realizados utilizando uma máquina universal de ensaios com velocidade de carga de 1 mm/min. Os dados foram analisados utilizando os testes two-way ANOVA e Tukey's (α=0,05). Os terços radiculares apicais tiveram força de adesão significantemente maior que os terços cervical e médio (p<0,05). EDTA com Nd:YAG 1064-nm ou laser diodo 980-nm apresentaram os maiores valores de força de adesão e foram significantemente diferentes do EDTA com agitação ultrassônica e EDTA apenas (p < 0,05). Falhas adesivas foram predominantes apenas no grupo EDTA. Falhas mistas foram predominantes em todos os grupos de agitação. A agitação do EDTA com Nd:YAG 1064-nm e laser diodo 980-nm aumentou a força de adesão do cimento à base de resina epóxica às paredes do canal radicular comparado com a obtida com EDTA apenas ou EDTA com agitação ultrassônica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin/chemistry , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Lasers , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry
15.
Bauru; s.n; 2016. 78 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-881277

ABSTRACT

O estabelecimento de uma camada híbrida adequada no canal radicular representa um dos principais desafios clínicos devido à dificuldade de acesso. Dessa forma, o uso de inibidores proteolíticos poderia tornar-se um recurso favorável. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de inibidores proteolíticos na união de pino de fibra de vidro fixado com cimento adesivo, considerando os terços radiculares e tempos distintos, por meio da resistência de união (RU). Cento e quarenta e quatro raízes bovinas foram selecionadas e divididas em 6 grupos de tratamento, e redivididas em 3 subgrupos de acordo com os tempos de avaliação de 24 horas, 6 e 12 meses (n=8). Após o tratamento endodôntico e desobturação padronizados, as raízes foram cimentadas com pinos de fibra de vidro cônicos (Exacto/Angelus). As raízes foram tratadas com sistema adesivo convencional de três passos, Adper Scotchbond Multipurpose/ 3M ESPE (SBMP) e cimento dual RelyX ARC/ 3M ESPE. Após prévia divisão, foram alocadas em grupos CN (Controle Negativo- sem pré tratamento associado), CP (Controle Positivo- com agentes ativador e catalisador), EDTA (ácido etilenodiamino tetra-acético a 17%), CHX (digluconato de clorexidina a 2%), E-5 (E- 64 a 5 µM) e E-10 (E-64 a 10 µM). Após 24 horas, as raízes foram seccionadas perpendicularmente ao longo eixo e identificadas quanto à região, obtendo-se fatias de 1 mm de espessura (cervical, médio e apical), que foram armazenadas em saliva artificial para serem testadas. Todas as fatias foram submetidas ao teste de extrusão (push-out) na máquina de teste universal (Instron) com célula de carga de 50 N a 0,5 mm/min. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste de ANOVA a três critérios e comparações múltiplas com Tukey, ambos com p<0,05. Após 24 horas, não se observou diferenças entre os tratamentos. Após 6 meses, a CHX demonstrou melhor desempenho, cujo efeito não se prorrogou até os 12 meses. O uso de inibidores proteolíticos não foram capazes de preservar a resistência de união dos pinos intrarradiculares até o tempo de 12 meses.(AU)


The adequate establishment of hybrid layer in the root canal on bonding process is still a clinical challenge due to its hard access. Thus, the use of proteolytic inhibitors could become a favorable tool. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of proteolytic inhibitors in the bonding of a glass- fiber post fixed with a luting cement, regarding the root thirds and different times through the bond strength. One hundred and forty four bovine roots were selected and divided into 6 treatment groups, and subdivided according to the time of evaluation of 24 hours, 6 and 12 months (n=8). After endodontic treatment and standardized removal procedure, the roots were cemented with tapered glass fiber posts (Exacto/ Angelus). The roots were treated with three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system Adper Scotchbond Multipurpose/ 3M ESPE (SBMP) and dual cement RelyX ARC/ 3M ESPE. After previous division, CN (negative- control without pre associated treatment), CP (Control positive- with activator and catalyst agents) EDTA (17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) CHX (2% chlorhexidine digluconate) E-5 (5µM E-64) and E-10 (10µM E-64). After 24h, the roots were sectioned perpendicular to the long axis and identified according to third in 1mm thick slices (cervical, middle and apical), which were stored in artificial saliva to be tested. All slices were subjected to extrusion tests (push-out) in the universal test machine (Instron) at 50 N load cell at 0.5 mm/min. Data were analyzed with three-way ANOVA and multiple comparisons with Tukey test, both with p <0.05. After 24 hours, no differences were observed between treatments. After 6 months, CHX showed better performance, which did not last up 12 months. The proteolytic inhibitors performed differently in the bonding process over time; only CHX promoted inhibition at 6 months. The use of proteolytic inhibitors were not able to maintain the bond strength of intraradicular posts up time of 12 months.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dental Bonding/methods , Dental Pins , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Glass/chemistry , Protease Inhibitors/chemistry , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/enzymology , Dentin/enzymology , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Time Factors , Tooth Fractures
16.
Bauru; s.n; 2016. 116 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867760

ABSTRACT

O uso de implantes osseointegrados vem crescendo nas ultimas decadas e, juntamente com eles, suas complicacoes. A periimplantite se apresenta como uma infeccao bacteriana que afeta os tecidos moles e duros ao redor do implante, promovendo perda da osseointegracao. Assim, o objetivo primario deste estudo foi analisar a efetividade da remocao de bacterias, atraves do software ImageJ, aderidas as superficies de titanio por diferentes agentes quimicos condicionantes, por meio de analise em microscopia eletronica de varredura (MEV). Juntamente foi analisado a alteracao da rugosidade de superficie apos a utilizacao dos agentes. Foi realizado estudo in vitro, no qual 70 covers (prototipos de implantes) passaram por preparo das superficies para adequacao do meio a cultura bacteriana, fixacao das bacterias; e em seguida, foram divididos em 7 grupos (n=10), de acordo com o tratamento: AF180– aplicacao de acido fosforico (AF) por 180 segundos; AF90- AF por 90 segundos; EDTA180 – EDTA por 180 segundos; EDTA90 – EDTA por 90 segundos; AC180 – acido citrico por 180 segundos; AC90 –AC por 90 segundos; Controle – RAR. A analise comparativa do grau de contaminacao bacteriana observado antes e depois do tratamento entre os diferentes grupos foi realizada por meio do teste nao parametrico de Kruskal-Wallis; e as alteracoes da rugosidade superficial foram analisadas por meio do teste ANOVA a dois criterios, pos-teste de Dunnett. Atraves desta metodologia, este trabalho sugere que o tratamento de superficies de titanio contaminadas por meio do emprego de solucao em gel de EDTA a 24% por 90 e 180 segundos e acido citrico a 50% por 180 segundos e efetiva para remocao de A. atinomycetencomitans. Alem disso, o tratamento por meio de EDTA por 90 e 180 segundos promove alteracao significativa dos parametros de rugosidade superficial, especialmente quando comparado aos grupos controle e AF180, indicando que este tratamento pode resultar em subtracao acida adicional.


The use of dental implants has grown in recent decades and, with them, their complications. The periimplantitis is presented as a bacterial infection that affects the soft and hard tissue around the implant, promoting loss of osseointegration. Thus, the primary objective of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of removal of bacteria tby means of the ImageJ software, adhered to the titanium surfaces by different chemical conditions, through analysis in scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The change of surface roughness was also analyzed after using the chemical agents. An in vitro study in which 70 covers (implant prototypes) was prepared for the bacteria culture, fixation of the bacterias; and then they were divided into 7 groups (n = 10), according to the surface treatment: AF180- application of phosphoric acid (FA) for 180 seconds; AF90- AF for 90 seconds; EDTA180 - EDTA for 180 seconds; EDTA90 - EDTA for 90 seconds; AC180 - citric acid for 180 seconds; AC90 -AC for 90 seconds; Control - RAR. The comparative analysis of the degree of bacterial contamination was performed using Kruskal-Wallis non parametric test; and changes of surface roughness were analyzed by ANOVA two criteria, post-test Dunnett. Through this method, this work suggests that treatment of titanium contaminated surfaces by means of EDTA gel solution employing 24% for 90 and 180 seconds and citric acid 50% for 180 seconds is effective for removing A. atinomycetencomitans. Moreover, treatment using EDTA for 90 to 180 seconds promotes significant change of surface roughness parameters, especially when compared to control groups and AF180, indicating that this treatment can result in additional acidic subtraction.


Subject(s)
Citric Acid/chemistry , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Phosphoric Acids/chemistry , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Titanium , Analysis of Variance , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Surface Properties , Time Factors
17.
Bauru; s.n; 2016. 116 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-871412

ABSTRACT

O uso de implantes osseointegrados vem crescendo nas ultimas decadas e, juntamente com eles, suas complicacoes. A periimplantite se apresenta como uma infeccao bacteriana que afeta os tecidos moles e duros ao redor do implante, promovendo perda da osseointegracao. Assim, o objetivo primario deste estudo foi analisar a efetividade da remocao de bacterias, atraves do software ImageJ, aderidas as superficies de titanio por diferentes agentes quimicos condicionantes, por meio de analise em microscopia eletronica de varredura (MEV). Juntamente foi analisado a alteracao da rugosidade de superficie apos a utilizacao dos agentes. Foi realizado estudo in vitro, no qual 70 covers (prototipos de implantes) passaram por preparo das superficies para adequacao do meio a cultura bacteriana, fixacao das bacterias; e em seguida, foram divididos em 7 grupos (n=10), de acordo com o tratamento: AF180– aplicacao de acido fosforico (AF) por 180 segundos; AF90- AF por 90 segundos; EDTA180 – EDTA por 180 segundos; EDTA90 – EDTA por 90 segundos; AC180 – acido citrico por 180 segundos; AC90 –AC por 90 segundos; Controle – RAR. A analise comparativa do grau de contaminacao bacteriana observado antes e depois do tratamento entre os diferentes grupos foi realizada por meio do teste nao parametrico de Kruskal-Wallis; e as alteracoes da rugosidade superficial foram analisadas por meio do teste ANOVA a dois criterios, pos-teste de Dunnett. Atraves desta metodologia, este trabalho sugere que o tratamento de superficies de titanio contaminadas por meio do emprego de solucao em gel de EDTA a 24% por 90 e 180 segundos e acido citrico a 50% por 180 segundos e efetiva para remocao de A. atinomycetencomitans. Alem disso, o tratamento por meio de EDTA por 90 e 180 segundos promove alteracao significativa dos parametros de rugosidade superficial, especialmente quando comparado aos grupos controle e AF180, indicando que este tratamento pode resultar em subtracao acida adicional.


The use of dental implants has grown in recent decades and, with them, their complications. The periimplantitis is presented as a bacterial infection that affects the soft and hard tissue around the implant, promoting loss of osseointegration. Thus, the primary objective of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of removal of bacteria tby means of the ImageJ software, adhered to the titanium surfaces by different chemical conditions, through analysis in scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The change of surface roughness was also analyzed after using the chemical agents. An in vitro study in which 70 covers (implant prototypes) was prepared for the bacteria culture, fixation of the bacterias; and then they were divided into 7 groups (n = 10), according to the surface treatment: AF180- application of phosphoric acid (FA) for 180 seconds; AF90- AF for 90 seconds; EDTA180 - EDTA for 180 seconds; EDTA90 - EDTA for 90 seconds; AC180 - citric acid for 180 seconds; AC90 -AC for 90 seconds; Control - RAR. The comparative analysis of the degree of bacterial contamination was performed using Kruskal-Wallis non parametric test; and changes of surface roughness were analyzed by ANOVA two criteria, post-test Dunnett. Through this method, this work suggests that treatment of titanium contaminated surfaces by means of EDTA gel solution employing 24% for 90 and 180 seconds and citric acid 50% for 180 seconds is effective for removing A. atinomycetencomitans. Moreover, treatment using EDTA for 90 to 180 seconds promotes significant change of surface roughness parameters, especially when compared to control groups and AF180, indicating that this treatment can result in additional acidic subtraction.


Subject(s)
Citric Acid/chemistry , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Phosphoric Acids/chemistry , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Titanium , Analysis of Variance , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Surface Properties , Time Factors
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-122522

ABSTRACT

Military personnel often use ammunitions that contain lead. The present study aimed to identify the risks for lead exposure and lead poisoning among workers at indoor firing ranges. A special health examination, including blood lead level (BLL) testing, was performed for all 120 workers at the indoor firing ranges of the Republic of Korea's Air Force, Navy, and Armed Forces Athletic Corps. The overall mean BLL was 11.3 ± 9.4 µg/dL (range: 2.0-64.0 µg/dL). The arithmetic mean of the BLL for professional shooters belong to Armed Forces Athletic Corps was 14.0 ± 8.3 µg/dL, while those of shooting range managers and shooting range supervisors were 13.8 ± 11.1 µg/dL and 6.4 ± 3.1 µg/dL, respectively. One individual had a BLL of 64 µg/dL, and ultimately completed chelation treatment (with CaNa2-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) without any adverse effects. These findings indicate that indoor firing range workers are exposed to elevated levels of lead. Therefore, when constructing an indoor firing range, a specialist should be engaged to design and assess the ventilation system; and safety guidelines regarding ammunition and waste handling must be mandatory. Moreover, workplace environmental monitoring should be implemented for indoor firing ranges, and the workers should undergo regularly scheduled special health examinations.


Subject(s)
Adult , Air Pollutants/blood , Air Pollution, Indoor , Drinking , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Female , Firearms , Humans , Lead/blood , Male , Military Personnel , Occupational Exposure/analysis , Odds Ratio , Republic of Korea , Risk Factors , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Young Adult
19.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 28(2): 139-143, 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768617

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar in vitro el comportamiento del pH de diferentes soluciones de irrigación endodónticas, usadas solas o en forma consecutiva, después del contacto con dientes humanos extraídos. Se seleccionaron premolares inferiores. El tercio medio radicular se dividió en 6 partes. Los especímenes obtenidos se dividieron en 6 grupos,de acuerdo a la solución de irrigación empleada: 1) agua destilada; 2) NaClO 1 por ciento; 3) Ácido Cítrico 1 por ciento (AC); 4) EDTA 17 por ciento; 5) AC 1 por ciento + NaClO 1 por ciento ; 6) EDTA 17 por ciento + NaClO 1 por ciento. Los especímenes fueron sumergidos en 1 mL de cada solucióna 37°C. Aquellos del grupo 1, 2 y 3 durante 5 minutos, y el resto, consecutivamente 2,5 minutos. Se determinaron pH inicial y final para cada solución. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando Test T, ANOVA y Test de comparaciones múltiples de Tukey. A los 2,5 y 5 minutos de exposición hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el pH inicial y final en todas las soluciones. El pH disminuyó en el caso de agua destilada e NaClO, mientras que aumentó en AC y EDTA. In vitro, el pH de todas las soluciones se modificó después del contacto con dentina radicular humana en ambos períodos de tiempo (2,5 y 5 minutos).


The aim of this study was to analyze the in vitro behavior of the pH of different irrigating solutions, used alone or consecutively, after contact with extracted human teeth. Mandibular human premolars were selected. The middle thirds were divided into 6 parts. The specimens obtained were divided into 6 groups and treated with irrigating solutions: 1) distilled water; 2) 1% NaOCl; 3) 1% Citric Acid (CA); 4) 17% EDTA; 5) 1% CA + 1% NaOCl; 6) 17% EDTA + 1% NaOCl. Specimens were immersed in 1 mL of each solution at 37ºC, those of groups 1, 2, 3 and 4, for 5 minutes, and the rest, consecutively for 2.5 minutes in each solution. Initial and final pH of the solutions were determined. Data were analyzed by the T Test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey multiple comparison Test. At 2.5 and 5 minutes there were significant differences between the initial and final pH for all solutions. The pH values decreased for distilled water and NaOCl, while they increased for CA and EDTA. In vitro, the pH of all solutions was modified after contact with root dentin at both test times (2.5 and 5 min).


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Citric Acid/chemistry , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Time Factors
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-6, 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777206

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of various chelating solutions on the radicular push-out bond strength of calcium silicate-based and resin-based root canal sealers. Root canals of freshly-extracted single-rooted teeth (n = 80) were instrumented by using rotary instruments. The specimens were randomly divided into 4 groups according to the chelating solutions being tested: (1) 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA); (2) 9% etidronic acid; (3) 1% peracetic acid (PAA); and (4) distilled water (control). In each group, the roots were further assigned into 2 subgroups according to the sealer used: (1) an epoxy resin-based sealer (AH Plus) and (2) a calcium silicate-based sealer (iRoot SP). Four 1 mm-thick sections were obtained from the coronal aspect of each root (n = 40 slices/group). Push-out bond strength test was performed at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min., and the bond strength data were analyzed statistically with two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Bonferroni’s post hoc test (p < 0.05). Failure modes were assessed quantitatively under a stereomicroscope. Irrespective of the irrigation regimens, iRoot SP exhibited significantly higher push-out bond strength values than AH Plus (p < 0.05). For both the sealers, the use of chelating solutions increased the bond strength, but to levels that were not significantly greater than their respective controls (p > 0.05). iRoot SP showed higher resistance to dislocation than AH Plus. Final irrigation with 17% EDTA, 9% Etidronic acid, and 1% PAA did not improve the bond strength of AH Plus and iRoot SP to radicular dentin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chelating Agents/chemistry , Dental Bonding/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Dental Restoration Failure , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Etidronic Acid/chemistry , Materials Testing , Peracetic Acid/chemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors
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