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1.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365228

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate knowledge and attitudes towards biosafety recommendations during the COVID-19 pandemic at a Brazilian dental school. Material and Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in 2020 with the clinical staff of a Brazilian dental school. The whole clinical staff was sent pre-tested self-administered online questionnaires about knowledge and attitudes towards the recommendations for biosafety in dental settings in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Descriptive statistical analyses were carried out for proportion calculation. Results Disposable head covering caps, isolation gowns, and gloves were the most frequently reported personal protective equipment (PPE). The rates ranged from 52.9% to 88.5% for N95 respirators, from 68.6% to 92.6% for face shields, from 47.4% to 67.5% for conventional eye protection shields, and 45.1% to 77.4% for eye protection with solid side shields. Chlorhexidine gluconate was the most frequent mouthwash indicated before clinical dental care. The percentage of agreement to provide clinical care to patients with suspected COVID-19 varied from 23.5% to 50.0%. The percentage of respondents who agreed that bioaerosol-generating procedures should be avoided was higher than 74.5%. Less than 50% knew the correct sequence for doffing of PPE. Conclusion This study revealed important gaps in knowledge and attitudes towards prevention and control measures against infection in dental environments in the context of COVID-19, indicating the need for improvements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brazil , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Containment of Biohazards/instrumentation , Education, Dental , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19 , Schools, Dental , Epidemiologic Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Infection Control
2.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365230

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Over the past year and a half dental education has been conducted primarily online due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. During the pandemic, we have spent many hours a day on our computers, mobile phones, and tablets to gather information and participate in online seminars and classrooms. Health consequences resulting from the overuse of these devices include carpal tunnel syndrome as well as computer vision syndrome (CVS). Computer vision syndrome, also known as digital eye strain, has several associated features such as eye burning, strained vision, dry eye, blurred vision, and associated neck and shoulder pain. Several predisposing factors have been linked with CVS, but often this problem gets ignored. The management of this syndrome is aimed at educating dentists on computer use, position, and the surrounding environment. Considering all this, we must ensure that we spend some time away from these devices every day to avoid any significant vision problems. The objective of preparing this manuscript was to provide a brief overview of the increased prevalence of computer vision syndrome and its associated features.


Subject(s)
Vision Disorders/prevention & control , Artificial Intelligence , Dentists , Eye Diseases/prevention & control , COVID-19/complications , Microcomputers , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Education, Dental , Screen Time , India
3.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210015, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365235

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To determine the level of knowledge of dentistry students regarding the COVID-19 outbreak and to evaluate whether the risk factors of the outbreak cause depression. Material and Methods This study was conducted with 516 dentistry students (3rd, 4th and 5th grades) who started clinical practice in their education. The first part of the questionnaires applied to the students includes questions about demographic information, while the second part contains questions to determine their knowledge levels on the COVID-19 pandemic and protection against it. In the third section, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used to examine depression symptoms. The data were analyzed by frequency analyses and Chi-squared tests via the IBM SPSS 22.0 software. Results Of the 516 students, 150 (29%) participants were in the 3rd, 212 (41%) were in the 4th and 154 (30%) were in the 5th grade. 355 (69%) students stated that their knowledge level about COVID-19 was high. 30.9% were conscious of the importance of using masks. 29.6% were aware of the importance of using gloves, 30.3% of not shaking hands. According to BDI scores, 37.1% of the participants seemed to experience moderate to severe and very severe depression. Conclusion It was observed that the students didn't have a sufficient level of knowledge about the factors affecting the spread of the pandemic. New stress factors such as COVID-19 may increase the incidence of depression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Risk Factors , Infection Control , Education, Dental , COVID-19 , Turkey/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Statistics, Nonparametric , Depression
4.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 13(2): e413, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357282

ABSTRACT

El uso de las aplicaciones informáticas facilita en la actualidad el quehacer de los docentes en la educación médica superior. El objetivo fue confeccionar una aplicación con soporte en dispositivos móviles y computadoras como herramienta para el aprendizaje de la Epidemiología Bucal en la carrera de Estomatología. Se realizó un estudio de desarrollo tecnológico en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Granma, de septiembre del 2018 a junio del 2019. Para la confección de la aplicación se identificaron como etapas de trabajo la búsqueda y recopilación de información, selección de herramientas y el diseño. Se validó el producto mediante criterio de expertos en la materia. La efectividad de la utilización del producto se evaluó mediante una prueba pedagógica a los estudiantes que integraron la muestra. La aplicación mostró un diseño claro y atractivo. Ofrece una libre navegación donde se puede llegar, rápido y fácilmente al contenido deseado. En su totalidad los expertos evaluaron el producto de muy adecuado, y todos los usuarios emitieron el criterio de bien en los indicadores medidos. Se concluyó que la herramienta confeccionada permitió al estudiante de estomatología interactuar con los contenidos de la asignatura Epidemiología Bucal, considerándose útil como material de apoyo a la docencia(AU)


The use of computer applications currently facilitates the work of teachers in higher medical education. The objective was to create an application with support for mobile devices and computers as a tool for learning Oral Epidemiology in Stomatology. A study of technological development was carried out at the University of Medical Sciences of Granma, from September 2018 to June 2019. For the preparation of the application, the search and collection of information, selection of tools and design were identified as work stages. The product was validated by the criteria of experts in the field. The effectiveness of use of the product was evaluated by means of a pedagogical test to the students who made up the sample. The application showed a clear and attractive design. It offers free navigation where you can quickly and easily reach the desired content. In its entirety, the experts evaluated the product as very adequate, and all users gave the criterion of good in the measured indicators. It was concluded that the tool allowed the stomatology student to interact with the contents of the subject Oral Epidemiology, considering it useful as a teaching support material(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Medical Informatics Applications , Software , Education, Dental , Mobile Applications
6.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3876, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289403

ABSTRACT

Introducción : El desarrollo científico-tecnológico en el tratamiento de la caries dental hace necesario la sistematización del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje y una didáctica apropiada que permita que los educandos adquieran conocimientos y habilidades para su ejercicio. Objetivo : Diseñar y validar un instrumento para la medición de la correspondencia del plan de estudios y de la estrategia didáctica con las capacidades cognitivo-prácticas necesarias para el tratamiento de mínima intervención de la caries dental en la carrera de Estomatología. Métodos : Estudio de desarrollo tecnológico en el que participaron 28 expertos seleccionados sobre la base de su trayectoria docente, científica y experiencia en el tema. Los mismos ofrecieron sus opiniones a través de cuestionarios autogestionados respecto a la claridad, coherencia, precisión, relevancia y presentación del instrumento mencionado. Se empleó la Razón de validez de contenido, por el método de Tristán y el índice de validación de contenido. Resultados : La totalidad de los ítems fueron válidos en los 4 criterios medidos, por lo que coincidieron los índices de validación de contenido global y aceptable. El instrumento mostró coherencia, precisión y relevancia la claridad con cifras de índice de validación de contenido de 0,90; 0,93; 0,92; y 0,94, respectivamente. Conclusiones : Se diseñó y validó un instrumento efectivo en contenido y presentación, por lo que está disponible para continuar con la siguiente etapa para su aprobación final(AU)


Introduction: Scientific and technological development in the treatment of dental caries requires systematization of the teaching-learning process and an appropriate methodology fostering the acquisition of knowledge and skills necessary for professional practice. Objective: Design and validate a tool to measure the correspondence of the curriculum and the didactic strategy to the cognitive-practical capacities required for the minimal intervention treatment of dental caries in undergraduate dental training. Methods: A technological development study was conducted with 28 experts selected for their teaching experience, their scientific background and their knowledge about the topic. The experts contributed their opinions through self-administered questionnaires about the clarity, coherence, accuracy, relevance and layout of the tool. Use was made of content validity ratio by the Tristan method and the content validation index. Results: All the items were found to be valid in terms of the four criteria measured, showing agreement between global and acceptable content validation indices. The tool exhibited coherence, accuracy, relevance and clarity, with content validation index values of 0.90, 0.93, 0.92 and 0.94, respectively. Conclusions: A tool was designed and validated which is effective for its content and presentation. It is therefore available for final validation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Technological Development/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Caries/therapy , Education, Dental/methods
7.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 155-161, mayo-jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254703

ABSTRACT

Las tecnologías en la educación son un conjunto de recursos, procesos y herramientas de la información y comunicación aplicadas a las actividades del sistema educativo para favorecer el proceso de enseñanzaaprendizaje. Las técnicas de enseñanza-aprendizaje convencionales sufrieron un cambio drástico tras la pandemia por COVID-19 y la educación odontológica se ha visto seriamente afectada. Si bien la práctica clínica de los estudiantes de odontología no puede ser sustituida por ningún motivo, existen múltiples herramientas, aplicaciones y plataformas digitales que permiten a los profesores impartir y diseñar cursos a distancia para favorecer el aprendizaje y la interiorización de conocimiento por parte de sus alumnos. El objetivo del presente artículo es explicar las diferentes tecnologías educativas existentes y la forma en cómo estas pueden ser aplicadas en el proceso de enseñanzaaprendizaje en odontología (AU)


Technology in education is a set of information and communication resources, processes and tools applied to the activities of the educational system to favor the teaching-learning process. Conventional learning teaching techniques underwent a drastic change after the COVID-19 pandemic, and dental education has been significantly affected. Although the clinical practice of dental students cannot be replaced for any reason, there are multiple tools, applications and digital platforms that allow teachers to teach and design distance courses to promote learning and internalization of knowledge by students. The aim of this article is to explain the different existing educational technologies and how these can be applied in the teaching-learning process in dentistry (AU)


Subject(s)
Students, Dental , Educational Technology , Education, Dental , COVID-19 , Teaching Care Integration Services , Education, Distance/methods , Internet , Curriculum/trends , Social Networking
8.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(3): 70-74, jul.-set. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1371996

ABSTRACT

No presente estudo, os autores se propõem a avaliar o conhecimento e a postura dos docentes de uma universidade pública do Nordeste do Brasil frente aos artigos 34 e 35 do Código de Ética Odontológica, relativos ao magistério. Por meio de um questionário com quesitos discursivos, os docentes efetivos que se dispuseram a participar (61%) demonstraram em grande parte conhecer a legislação ética e adotar uma postura adequada, havendo, todavia, divergência quanto à possibilidade de flexibilização para a participação de graduandos em cursos de pós-graduação, o que contraria a legislação do ensino e pode demonstrar interesse na prática como forma de incentivar o mercado do ensino odontológico... (AU)


In the present study, the authors propose to evaluate the knowledge and posture of professors at a public university in the Northeast of Brazil in relation to articles 34 and 35 of the Dental Code of Ethics, related to teaching. The research was made by means of a questionnaire with discursive questions and the effective professors who were willing to participate (61%) demonstrated to have a large knowledge of the ethical legislation and to adopt an adequate posture, however, there was disagreement as to the possibility of flexibility for the participation of undergraduates in post-graduation courses, which goes against the teaching legislation and may show interest in practice as a way to encourage the dental education market... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Schools, Dental , Liability, Legal , Ethical Theory , Codes of Ethics , Education, Dental , Faculty, Dental
9.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 8(1): [43-54], 20210427.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281475

ABSTRACT

O cirurgião-dentista está em situação privilegiada na detecção precoce de maus-tratos infantis, devido ao maior acometimento das lesões na região de cabeça e pescoço, área onde atua. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o conhecimento dos docentes de Odontologia da UEA sobre o papel do cirurgião-dentista nos casos de maus-tratos infantis e seu interesse no assunto. Foram aplicados 45 questionários para um estudo descritivo de corte transversal. Resultados: a maioria possui uma especialidade (75,56%), tempo de atuação entre 16 e 20 anos (31,11%) e atua nos ambientes público e privado (71,11%). 53,33% definiram corretamente maus-tratos infantis. 75,56% citaram incompletamente os tipos de maus-tratos, sendo que físico (71,11%) e psicológico (57,78%) foram os mais citados. De 0 a 10, foi obtida a média 5,71 para a capacidade de identificar maus-tratos. Sinais físicos (84,44%) e comportamentais (77,78%) foram os mais citados. 24,44% já suspeitaram de violência durante atendimento odontológico, destes, 36,36% acionaram o Conselho Tutelar. 55,56% responderam que o Conselho Tutelar é o órgão a ser acionado. 80% não sabem se sofrerão consequências legais caso não notifiquem suspeitas de violência. De 0 a 10, foi obtida média 8,74 para a disposição em receber informações sobre o assunto. Conclusão: Os entrevistados manifestaram conhecimento básico, insuficiente para detecção e manejo das variadas situações de maus-tratos infantis, o que também pode influenciar inadequadamente na abordagem do assunto na graduação. Por outro lado, demonstraram-se sensibilizados e com interesse em se aprimorar sobre o tema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Child Abuse , Education, Dental , Forensic Dentistry
10.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 8(1): [13-22], 20210427.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281472

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Para atender aos aspectos éticos e legais da prática odontológica, faz-se necessário o ensino de conteúdos da área de Odontologia Legal (OL) nos cursos de graduação em Odontologia. As instituições de ensino superior (IES) têm papel fundamental, na condição de fornecedoras das ferramentas e conhecimentos necessários para a atuação responsável do futuro profissional. Objetivo: Verificar se os cursos de Odontologia de faculdades reconhecidas pelo Ministério da Educação na região sudeste brasileira apresentam a disciplina de OL em sua grade curricular e avaliar características curriculares da disciplina. Material e Método: Estudo transversal de base documental, na qual foram analisadas as matrizes curriculares dos cursos de Odontologia das IES localizadas na região sudeste brasileira e que disponibilizavam acesso às grades curriculares via ferramentas on-line. Resultados: Das 176 faculdades, 144 foram incluídas, sendo 125 (86,8%) IES privadas e 19 (13,2%) públicas. A disciplina está presente nas matrizes curriculares de 79,1% das IES. Sobre as características curriculares, majoritariamente a disciplina é ofertada como obrigatória (99%). Em relação à metodologia de ensino empregada, a disciplina é predominantemente teórica (95%). Poucas instituições (5%) ofertam disciplinas teórico-práticas, sendo que IES públicas ofertam mais que IES privadas (p=0,0158). A carga horária média da disciplina é de 50,05h, abaixo da carga horária mínima de 60h recomendada pela Associação Brasileira de Ética e Odontologia Legal. Conclusão: Os resultados deste estudo possibilitaram estabelecer um panorama da inserção da OL nos planos curriculares das IES da região sudeste do Brasil, demonstrando que quando ofertada a disciplina é predominantemente obrigatória e teórica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Education, Dental , Forensic Dentistry
11.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 8(1): [02-12], 20210427.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281471

ABSTRACT

A Odontologia Legal (OL) é uma especialidade da Odontologia que teve seu surgimento associado a anseios sociais relacionados à identificação humana. Logo se percebeu a contribuição que poderia fornecer no atuar profissional, especialmente se inserida no currículo acadêmico. Esse artigo teve como objetivo realizar um levantamento histórico dos componentes curriculares da área de OL da Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo (FORP-USP) e analisar o desenvolvimento de suas ementas disciplinares. Foi realizada uma pesquisa documental com abordagem descritiva e qualitativa dos dados da estrutura curricular do curso de graduação da referida instituição entre os anos de 1962 e 2019. Assim, a coleta das informações deu-se utilizando livros e sítios eletrônicos que continham as ementas disciplinares. A disciplina de OL esteve presente no ensino da FORP-USP desde que se tem registro (1962), quando era denominada "Odontologia Legal, Legislação e Ética Profissional". A área manteve-se vigente, apesar das modificações que culminaram na criação e extinção de determinadas disciplinas. A Odontologia Legal é fundamental na orientação das condutas éticas e legais da profissão e, dessa forma, esteve presente no curso de graduação da FORP-USP desde os primórdios da instituição, e vem sendo trabalhada e desenvolvida com o passar dos anos. Conclui-se que foi possível determinar a trajetória, cronologia e arranjo das alterações das disciplinas relacionadas com a área de Odontologia Legal da FORP-USP a partir de 1962, o que permitiu observar a evolução da área, sobretudo no que diz respeito às metodologias e conteúdos, bem como a diversificação de material bibliográfico utilizado no ensino.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , History, 20th Century , Education, Dental , Forensic Dentistry , History of Dentistry
12.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 54-58, jan.-abr. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252879

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo é relatar de forma descritiva e qualitativa a experiência vivida durante as dissecações nas monitorias de anatomia humana sob a ótica do aluno-monitor. O estudo baseou-se no levantamento bibliográfico de artigos científicos encontrados nas plataformas BVS, Scielo e Google Acadêmico entre os anos de 2014 e 2019. As dissecações foram realizadas após a aprovação da instituição. Foi utilizado um cadáver masculino conservado em formaldeído a 10%, a seleção do cadáver foi realizada com base na integridade e conservação da cabeça. O foco do estudo foi a dissecação da ATM e regiões circunjacentes. Após a excisão da pele, tela subcutânea, elementos vasculonervosos, músculos e ossos foi possível expor a área alvo. O cadáver dissecado foi incorporado às monitoras de anatomia do curso de Odontologia e outros cursos da instituição nos semestres 2018.2 e 2019.1, bem como nos semestres seguintes, permitindo que peças que não disponíveis nos laboratórios fossem utilizadas como complemento ao aprendizado em anatomia. Dessa forma, foi possível atingir os objetivos deste estudo, que pode contribuir para o crescimento acadêmico do aluno-monitor, especialmente de habilidades manuais, fundamentais na prática de procedimentos cirúrgicos durante a vida profissional, bem como dos discentes, sendo beneficiados com uma forma mais atrativa de aprendizado. Contudo, isso não é realidade da maioria das instituições brasileiras, onde nota-se carência de dissecações e estudos com peças anatômicas. Por fim, notou-se poucas publicações acerca do tema, o que levou a realização deste estudo. Assim sendo, mais estudos devem ser realizados(AU)


The objective of this study is to describe in a descriptive and qualitative way the experience lived during dissections in the monitoring of human anatomy from the perspective of the student-monitor. The study was based on a bibliographic survey of scientific articles found on the VHL, Scielo and Google Scholar platforms between the years 2014 and 2019. The dissections were carried out after the institution's approval. A male cadaver preserved in 10% formaldehyde was used, the selection of the corpse was carried out based on the integrity and conservation of the head. The focus of the study was the dissection of the TMJ and surrounding regions. After excision of the skin, subcutaneous mesh, vasculonervous elements, muscles and bones, it was possible to expose the target area. The dissected corpse was incorporated into the anatomy monitors of the Dentistry course and other courses of the institution in the semesters 2018.2 and 2019.1, as well as in the following semesters, allowing pieces that were not available in the laboratories to be used as a complement to learning in anatomy. Thus, it was possible to achieve the objectives of this study, which can contribute to the academic growth of the studentmonitor, especially of manual skills, fundamental in the practice of surgical procedures during professional life, as well as of students, being benefited with a more attractive learning. However, this is not the reality of most Brazilian institutions, where there is a lack of dissections and studies with anatomical pieces. Finally, there were few publications on the topic, which led to the realization of this study. Therefore, more studies should be performed(AU)


Subject(s)
Dissection , Anatomy/education , Environmental Monitoring , Dissection/education , Education, Dental , Anatomy , Learning
14.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-8, feb. 24, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282715

ABSTRACT

Objective: Biopsy is the gold standard for the diagnosis of oral lesions. Correct management and care of biopsy at all steps (before, during and after obtaining a biopsy) is highly important to provide proper tissue samples for microscopic assessment by pathologists. This study aimed to assess and compare the knowledge of dental students (DSs) and general dentists (GDs) on post-oral biopsy instructions. Material and Methods: A questionnaire including two parts was used: 1) Demographic data and self-evaluation of biopsy knowledge by the participants and 2) 11 items about the correct oral biopsy storage and transport to a histopathology laboratory. The data collected from the questionnaires were analyzed by STATA. Results: 48 GDs and 131 DSs participated in this study. The knowledge score of the DSs (5.43±2.01) was significantly lower than GDs (8.33±1.78) (p<0.05). Moreover, there was no significant relationship between GDs' knowledge and their working experience, age, gender and the university they graduated from. However, there was a significant relationship between DSs' school year and their knowledge. Conclusion: The findings showed that the knowledge of DSs was lower than GDs. Since, these students will care for the oral and dental health of the community in the future, upgrading their training (by improving the quantity and quality of theoretical and practical training) is necessary to both understand the different aspects of biopsy, and to be familiar enough with proper oral biopsy storage and transport processes.


Objetivo: La biopsia es el estándar de oro para el diagnóstico de lesiones bucales. El manejo y cuidado correctos de la biopsia durante todos los pasos (antes, durante y después de obtener una biopsia) es muy importante para proporcionar muestras de tejido adecuadas para la evaluación microscópica por parte de los patólogos. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar y comparar los conocimientos de estudiantes de odontología (SD) y dentistas generales (GD) sobre las instrucciones posteriores a la biopsia oral. Material y Métodos: Se utilizó un cuestionario que constaba de dos partes: 1) Datos demográficos y autoevaluación del conocimiento de la biopsia por parte de los participantes y 2) 11 ítems sobre el correcto almacenamiento y transporte de la biopsia oral a un laboratorio de histopatología. STATA analizó los datos recopilados de los cuestionarios. Resultados: 48 GD y 131 SD participaron en este estudio. La puntuación de conocimiento de los DS (5,43 ± 2,01) fue significativamente menor que la de los GD (8,33 ± 1,78) (p <0,05). Además, no hubo una relación significativa entre los conocimientos de los GD y su experiencia laboral, edad, género y la universidad de la que se graduaron. Sin embargo, hubo una relación significativa entre el año escolar de los DS y sus conocimientos. Conclusión: Los hallazgos mostraron que el conocimiento de los SD era menor que el de los GD. Dado que estos estudiantes se ocuparán de la salud bucodental de la comunidad en el futuro, es necesario mejorar su formación (mejorando la cantidad y calidad de la formación teórica y práctica) tanto para comprender los diferentes aspectos de la biopsia como para estar familiarizados suficientemente con los procesos adecuados de almacenamiento y transporte de biopsias orales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Dental , Biopsy , Dentists/education , Education, Dental , Mouth Neoplasms , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Knowledge
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287500

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate Indian dental students' perception of seeking international dental higher education during COVID-19. Material and Methods: We conducted an online survey among the dental students. A self-administered questionnaire was prepared, which had information on country choice, reasons for the decision to study abroad, measures to be taken by the foreign universities because of COVID-19, the application's status, current plan, and opinions on exploring other possibilities. Results: Four hundred students constituted the final sample, out of which the majority were females (69.3%). Most of the students were not sure about their status in the application process (63%). The current plan to study abroad remained uncertain for almost half of the students (50.2%). Concerning the status of the application process, a significantly higher number of female students were "not sure" and are still "searching colleges" (p<0.001). Similarly, a higher number of females were "uncertain" or "postponed" or "canceled" when compared to the males concerning the current plan to study abroad (p=0.001). Also, a significantly higher proportion of female students cited the study budget as the main deterrent for pursuing a career abroad and opined that "flexible study options" will help them get admissions post-COVID-19 (p=0.001 and 0.035). Conclusion: A substantial impact was perceived by Indian dental students concerning higher education abroad, more among females.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Internationality , Education, Dental , COVID-19 , India/epidemiology , Self Concept , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical
16.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180855

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the usefulness of online teaching for undergraduate students during this Corona pandemic, to point the drawbacks of online teaching, and to learn the areas of improvement in online teaching for the future. Material and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study on 130 students was done in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. The questionnaire consisted of two parts, personal details and specific information. The first part of the questionnaire consisted of questions related to age, gender, etc. The second part had questions pertaining to online teaching. Pearson's Chi-square test was applied and the level of significance was set at 5%. Results: Most of the students (83.3%) were in the view that classroom lectures are the best mean of imparting knowledge, which was significant (p<0.001). A significant number of students (88.1%) agreed that online teaching is the best method of teaching apart from classroom teaching. Almost all the students (93%) agreed significantly that online teaching is the best way to learn in this present pandemic scenario. Most students (59.6%) agreed that connectivity/network issue is a major drawback in online teaching, which is again significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: Here in these testing times, the role of online teaching becomes important for medical/dental students, both undergraduates and postgraduates, to keep up with their studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Education, Distance/methods , Education, Dental , COVID-19 , India/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Pilot Projects , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 57-68, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1343082

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o nível de conhecimento em Estomatologia dos cirurgiões-dentistas (CD) que atuam na Atenção Básica de um município de Pernambuco, Brasil. Métodos: Este é um estudo observacional, indutivo, estatístico e de abordagem quantitativa. A população do estudo envolve os CD atuantes nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde do município. Os dados foram coletados através de um questionário elaborado pelos pesquisadores, contendo 27 perguntas sobre as lesões orais mais comuns, diagnóstico clínico e condutas frente a diagnósticos clínicos específicos. O nível de conhecimento foi mensurado a partir da média de acertos dos profissionais. Os dados coletados foram processados por meio do uso do programa estatístico IBM SPSS 20.0®. Resultados: A amostra obtida foi de treze CD. A média dos acertos nos conhecimentos específicos em Estomatologia foi de 17 (± 3,109). Quanto à classificação do desempenho geral, a maioria dos profissionais (69,2%) teve um desempenho regular. Quanto aos conhecimentos específicos sobre diagnóstico clínico, estes foram classificados como alto para a maioria (53,8%). Em relação aos conhecimentos específicos sobre as condutas adequadas frente às lesões, a classificação do desempenho foi baixa para a maioria dos participantes (84,6%). Conclusão: De modo geral, os CD obtiveram um desempenho regular de conhecimento em Estomatologia. Recomenda-se o desenvolvimento de mais pesquisas devido à escassez de discussões sobre o tema na literatura.


Aim: To evaluate the level of knowledge on oral medicine of dentists who work in Primary Health Care in the city in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Methods: This is an observational, inductive, statistical study with a quantitative approach. The study population involves dentists working in the Basic Health Units of the city. The data were collected through a questionnaire prepared by the researchers, containing 27 questions about the most common oral lesions, clinical diagnoses, and conduct towards specific clinical diagnoses. The level of knowledge was measured from the mean of correct answers by the professionals. Collected data were processed using the IBM SPSS 20.0® statistical program. Results: This study's sample counted on the participation of thirteen dentists. The mean of correct answers regarding specific knowledge on Oral Medicine was 17 (± 3.109). As for the classification of general performance, most professionals (69.2%) performed regularly. As for specific knowledge about clinical diagnosis, the knowledge was classified as high for the majority (53.8%). About the appropriate behaviors in relation to injuries, the performance classification was low for most participants (84.6%). Conclusion: In general, dentists obtained a regular knowledge on Oral Medicine. Further research is recommended due to the scarcity of discussions on the topic in the literature.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Oral Medicine , Knowledge , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Dentists , Education, Dental , Quality Assurance, Health Care
18.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 17-25, jan.-dez. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1222624

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Realizar um estudo transversal para investigar a oferta da disciplina de odontologia para PNE nas Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES) da região sudeste do Brasil. Métodos:Foi realizada uma consulta das IES reconhecidas pelo Ministério da Educação no portal e-MEC e uma investigação da grade curricular, em busca das variáveis: inserção da disciplina na grade curricular, a categoria administrativa da unidade, a sua obrigatoriedade, a metodologia de ensino utilizada (se a matéria é de cunho teórico ou prático) e a carga horária. A busca foi feita por meio eletrônico (site da instituição) e contato via e-mail com a coordenação dos cursos. Em seguida, foi feita a organização e análise dos dados através do Software GraphPad Prism 8.1.2. Resultados: Foram encontradas 176 faculdades na região, sendo que 32 foram excluídas da amostra por não preencherem os critérios de inclusão. Das que restaram, 62,5% ofertam a disciplina na grade curricular e 71,1% o fazem em caráter obrigatório, com maior percentual nas IES do setor privado (p = 0,0002). Quanto à metodologia usada, 51,1% das instituições apresentam atividades de caráter prático/teórico-prático ou ensino a distância com conteúdo prático. A carga horária das disciplinas apresentou grande discrepância, variando de 30 horas a 240 horas. Conclusão:Mais da metade das escolas de Odontologia do sudeste brasileiro oferecem algum contato do aluno com o que se refere ao atendimento do PNE na graduação. Dentre os estados da região, o Espírito Santo apresentou um maior percentual em relação à oferta de metodologias práticas inseridas. A oferta dessa disciplina em caráter obrigatório é maior em instituições privadas.


Aim: To investigate the offer of the dentistry discipline for PSHCN in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in the southeastern region of Brazil. Methods: A consultation of the HEIs recognized by the Ministry of Education on the e-MEC website and an investigation of the curricular grid was carried out in search of the following variables: insertion of the discipline, the administrative category of the unit, its mandatory nature, the teaching methodology used (if the subject is of a theoretical or practical nature), and the workload. The search was made through the institution's website or, when it was not possible, by contacting the coordination's email. The data was then organized and analyzed using the GraphPad Prism 8.1.2 software and described using descriptive statistics. Results: 176 colleges were found in the region, 32 of which were excluded from our sample because they did not meet our inclusion criteria. Of the remaining institutions, 62.5% offer the discipline, of which 71.1% are mandatory, with a higher percentage in private sector HEIs. As for the methodology used, 51.1% of the institutions present practical/theoretical-practical activities or distance learning with practical content. The workload of the subjects presented a great discrepancy, ranging from 30 hours to 240 hours. Conclusion: More than half of the dental schools in southeastern Brazil offer some kind of contact with students regarding their attendance to the PNE in undergraduate education. Among the states in the region, Espírito Santo has the highest percentages of the offer of inserted practical methodologies. The offer of this discipline as a mandatory course is greater in private institutions.


Subject(s)
Professional Practice , Disabled Persons , Curriculum , Dentistry , Education, Dental , Universities , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
REVISA (Online) ; 10(2): 411-422, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253840

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil e a percepção dos Cirurgiões-Dentistas formados na UEFS no período de 2013.1 a 2018.1 Método: Estudo de corte transversal de caráter descritivo, realizado por meio de um questionário com informações sobre dados pessoais, perfil socioeconômico e demográfico, campo de atuação e formação acadêmica. Resultados: Observou-se que a maioria dos egressos é do sexo feminino, na faixa etária de 22 a 26 anos e trabalha no setor privado. A maior parte cursou ou está cursando a pós-graduação devido à necessidade de aprimorar conhecimento, exigência do mercado de trabalho, seguir carreira acadêmica ou metas financeiras. Notou-se que serviço privado foi o principal local de atuação, seguido de serviço público ou mais de um local. Conclusão: Os profissionais entrevistados se mostraram satisfeitos ou muito satisfeitos sobre a maioria das variáveis relacionadas às atividades ambulatoriais, processo ensinoaprendizagem, atividades de estágio e corpo docente


Objective: To evaluate the profile and perception of Dental Surgeons trained at UEFS in the period 2013.1 to 2018.1 Method: Descriptive cross-sectional study, through a questionnaire containing information about personal data, socioeconomic and demographic profile, field of activity and academic background. Results: It was observed that the majority of graduates are female, aged between 22 and 26 years old and work in the private sector. Most have attended or are attending postgraduate courses due to the need to improve knowledge, demand in the labor market, pursue an academic career or financial goals. It was noted that private service was the main place of operation, followed by public service or more than one place. Conclusions: The professionals interviewed were satisfied / very satisfied about most variables related to outpatient activities, teaching-learning process, internship activity and teachers.


Objetivo: Evaluar el perfil y percepción de los Dentistas formados en UEFS en el periodo 2013.1 a 2018.1. Método: Estudio epidemiológico de corte transversal descriptivo, logrado a través de un cuestionario con informaciones sobre datos personales, perfil socioeconómico y demográfico, campo de actividad profesional y formación académica. Resultados: Se observó que la mayoría de los egresados son mujeres, tienen entre 22 y 26 años y trabajan en el sector privado. La mayoría ha cursado o está cursando estudios de posgrado por la necesidad de mejorar el conocimiento, la demanda en el mercado laboral, perseguir una carrera académica u objetivos económicos. Se señaló que el servicio privado era el principal lugar de operación, seguido del servicio público o más de un lugar. Conclusión: Los profesionales entrevistados se mostraron satisfechos o muy satisfechos con la mayoría de variables relacionadas con las actividades ambulatorias, el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, las pasantía y el cuerpo docente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentists , Education, Dental
20.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-7, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178366

ABSTRACT

Objetive: The aim of this study was to assess the profile of dental students at the ICT/CSJC-UNESP School of Dentistry and their preferred studying style. Material and methods: Data on age, sex, place of residence, first-choice course, secondary education background and study method preference were collected from an online questionnaire given in the second year dental materials course (first class) of the day and evening courses of the years 2016 to 2019. All data were tabulated and submitted to one-way ANOVA and to t test, both with α= 0.05. Pearson correlation test was performed between demographic data and study method preference (α = 0.05). Results: Most of the students were women living in São José dos Campos city who had chosen Dentistry as their first-choice course. Many were originally from other cities and lived in shared accommodation with friends. The majority stated that private high school was their main educational background. The students' age and place of living showed to correlate with study method preference. Conclusion: Although ICT/CSJC-UNESP students were from millennial and post-millennial generations, students with public secondary education preferred studying alone, while those from private education preferred studying in group (AU).


Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi o de assessar o perfil de alunos do curso de Odontologia do ICT/CSJC-UNESP e seu método de estudo de preferência. Material e Métodos: Dados de idade, sexo, local de residência, primeira escolha de curso, formação escolar prévia e método de estudo de preferência foram coletados a partir de um questionário online aplicado no primeiro dia de aula aos alunos do segundo ano na disciplina de materiais odontológicos dos cursos integral e noturno entre 2016 e 2019. Os dados foram tabulados e submetidos a ANOVA um fator e ao teste t, ambos com α = 0,05. O teste de correlação de Pearson foi realizado para os dados demográficos e métodos de estudo de preferência (α= 0,05). Resultados: A maioria dos estudantes eram mulheres que moravam em São José dos Campos, quem tinham a Odontologia como a primeira escolha de curso. Muitos eram originariamente de outras cidades e compartilhavam moradia com amigos. A maioria relatou ter a escola particular como maior parte no ensino fundamental e médio. A idade do aluno e o local de residência mostraram estar correlacionadas ao método de estudo de preferência. Conclusão: Embora os estudantes do ICT/CSJC-UNESP sejam da geração "millennial" e "pós-millennial", aqueles com formação em escola secundária pública preferiram estudar sozinhos, enquanto que aqueles com formação em escola particular preferiram estudar em grupo (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students, Dental , Universities , Education, Dental
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