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1.
Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento ; 29(1): [1-15], nov. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348199

ABSTRACT

: A cervicobraquialgia (CB) é caracterizada por uma dor com origem em diferentes níveis estruturais da coluna cervical baixa (C3- C7), com irradiação bilateral ou unilateral para o membro superior. Considerando as causas e consequências advindas da CB, novas modalidades de tratamento têm sido propostas na tentativa de promover intervenções efetivas. Entre os procedimentos fisioterapêuticos encontram-se as técnicas de terapia manual como liberação miofascial, quiropraxia, mobilização articular, estabilização segmentar e a mobilização neural (MN) que procura restabelecer a função do tecido neural, sua condução elétrica, elasticidade, movimento e fluxo axoplasmático. Sendo assim, o objetivo do estudo foi avaliar sistematicamente as evidências sobre o efeito da MN no tratamento da dor em indivíduos com CB. A busca bibliográfica foi realizada no período entre Novembro de 2018 a Junho de 2019, sem limite de ano de publicação, nas bases de dados: PEDro, PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (Lilacs, Scielo e Medline) e Cochrane Library. A análise foi restrita aos ensaios clínicos randomizados. Para a análise etodológica dos artigos aptos a inclusão, foi utilizada a escala PEDro. Foi encontrado um total de 38 artigos. Após remoção de duplicatas, 14 artigos foram elegidos por resumo, 8 artigos foram recuperados para leitura completa e analisados quanto a sua adequação, dos quais 3 foram excluídos por não cumprirem os critérios de elegibilidade, ao fim 5 artigos foram incluídos na revisão. Houve redução significativa da dor, em pacientes tratados com MN. Considerando os resultados obtidos nesta revisão, foi possível concluir que a MN demonstra ser eficaz na redução da dor presente na CB. Embora os estudos mostrem que os resultados da MN como tratamento da CB são significativamente inferiores ao efeito do Ibuprofeno, deve-se ter em consideração as consequências a longo prazo para a saúde sobre a utilização de anti- inflamatórios orais.(AU)


Cervicobrachialgia (CB) is characterized by pain originating from different structural levels of the lower cervical spine (C3-C7), w ith bilateral or unilateral irradiation to the upper limb. Considering the causes and consequences of CB, new treatment modalities have been proposed in an attempt to promote effective interventions. Among the physical therapy procedures are manual therapy techniques such as myofascial release, chiropractic, joint mobilization, segmental stabilization and neural mobilization (NM) that seeks to restore the function of neural tissue, its electrical conduction, elasticity, movement and ax oplasmic flow . Thus, the objective of the study w as to evaluate systematically evaluate the evidence on the effect of NM on pain management in individuals w ith CB. The bibliographic search w as performed from November 2018 to June 2019, w ithout limit of year of publication, in the databases: PEDro, PubMed, Virtual Health Library (Lilacs, Scielo and Medline) and Cochrane Library. The analysis w as restricted to randomized controlled trials. For the methodological analysis of the articles eligible for inc lusion, the PEDro scale w as used. A total of 38 articles w ere found. After removal of duplicates, 14 articles w ere elected by abstract, 8 articles w ere retrieved for full reading and analyzed for suitability, of w hich 3 w ere excluded for not meeting eligibility c riteria, at the end 5 articles w ere included in the review . There was a significant pain reduction in patients treated w ith NM. Considering the results obtained in this review , it w as concluded that NM demonstrates to be effective in reducing pain present in CB. Although studies show that the results of NM as a treatment for CB are significantly low er than the effect of ibuprofen, consideration should be given to the long-term health consequences about the utilization of oral anti-inflammatory drugs.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pain , Pain Management , Neural Conduction , Neuralgia , Physical Education and Training , Chiropractic , Physical Therapy Modalities , Manipulation, Spinal , Conduction , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Upper Extremity , Elasticity , Joints
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 55-61, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345512

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the force decrease of different elastomeric chains after different times: initial, 10 minutes, 1 day, 28 days and after mechanical brushing. Twenty orthodontic elastomeric chains segments were utilized for each commercial brand. Initially, the elastomeric chain of 15mm long were immediate stretched up to 20 mm in an Instron and the force was measured in gf. After all specimens were placed stretched on rectangular acrylic jigs with distance of 20 mm, immersed in deionized water at 37oC for 10 minutes and the force (gf) was measured again. Five test measurements of remaining force were made at the following time intervals: initial, 10 minutes, 1 day, 28 days and mechanical brushing. After 28 days, the acrylic plates with the specimens were adapted in the mechanical brushing machines (MSCT 3) and the elastomeric chains were submitted to mechanical brushing and the force (gf) measure again. The force (gf) was submitted to mixed-model ANOVA and Sidak post-hoc test (α=0.05). A statistically significant reduction in the force was found for all orthodontic elastomeric chain types after 1 day, 28 days and mechanical brushing (p<0.05). Morelli and 3M Unitek elastomeric chains showed significantly higher force than Abzil and GAC (p<0.05) after 1 day, 28 days and mechanical brushing. In conclusion, the force delivered by all elastomeric chains decayed rapidly over time. Morelli and 3M Unitek elastomeric chains consistently had a significantly greater force after mechanic brushing, while GAC the lowest.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar a redução da força de diferentes cadeias elastoméricas após diferentes tempos: inicial, 10 minutos, 1 dia, 28 dias e após escovação mecânica. Vinte segmentos de cadeias elastoméricas ortodônticas foram utilizadas para cada marca comercial. Inicialmente, a cadeia elastomérica de 15 mm de comprimento foi esticada imediatamente até 20 mm na Instron e a força foi medida em (gf). Após, todas as amostras foram adaptadas esticadas em placas retangulares de acrílico na distância de 20 mm, imersas em água deionizada a 37o C por 10 minutos e a força (gf) foi medida novamente. Cinco medidas de força foram feitas nos seguintes intervalos de tempo: inicial, 10 minutos, 1 dia, 28 dias e após a escovação mecânica. Após 28 dias, as placas de acrílico com as amostras foram adaptadas na máquina de escovação (MSCT 3) e as cadeias elastoméricas foram submetidas a escovação mecânica e a medida de força (gf) novamente. Os dados da força (gf) foram submetidos a ANOVA modelo misto e teste post-hoc de Sidak (α = 0,05). Uma redução estatisticamente significativa na força foi encontrada para todos os tipos de cadeia elastomérica ortodôntica após 1 dia, 28 dias e escovação mecânica (p<0,05). As cadeias elastoméricas Morelli e 3M Unitek apresentaram força significativamente superior em relação a Abzil e GAC (p<0,05) após 1 dia, 28 dias e escovação mecânica. Em conclusão, a força distribuída por todas as cadeias elastoméricas decaiu rapidamente com o tempo. As cadeias elastoméricas Morelli e 3M Unitek consistentemente tiveram uma força significativamente maior após a escovação mecânica, enquanto GAC a mais baixa.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Appliances , Elastomers , Stress, Mechanical , Toothbrushing , Materials Testing , Elasticity
3.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 58-64, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251522

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la elastografía en tiempo real, 2D-SWE (Supersonic), es una prueba no invasiva que se utiliza para determinar la elasticidad del hígado y, de esa forma, calcular el grado de fibrosis hepática. En Colombia, la prueba se introdujo en 2016 y no existen hasta el momento estudios del comportamiento de la prueba en todos los pacientes hepáticos, solo se han publicado en pacientes sanos y cirróticos. Objetivo: analizar la experiencia de la aplicación de la elastografía en tiempo real, en sujetos atendidos en el centro de enfermedades hepáticas y digestivas de Bogotá, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de una cohorte de sujetos atendidos entre marzo de 2016 y julio de 2017. Se realizó una historia clínica completa y una prueba de elastografía en tiempo real (Supersonic). Resultados: se incluyeron 654 sujetos, con una mediana de edad de 55 años (rango intercuartílico [RIC]: 45-64). La mediana de valores de fibrosis expresada en kilopascales (kPs) fue de 8,3, con un promedio de 5 mediciones. Se observó una diferencia significativa en el grado de fibrosis entre los grupos de edad y en relación con el diagnóstico final, donde se evidenció una mayor fibrosis en el grupo de enfermedades colestásicas (autoinmune, colangitis biliar primaria [CBP] y superposición autoinmune-CBP). La tasa global de fracaso fue menor al 1%. Conclusiones: es la primera descripción del comportamiento de la prueba a nivel nacional. Los valores de rigidez hepática observados en los diferentes estadios demuestran la utilidad de la prueba para la determinación de la fibrosis hepática en pacientes con diferentes patologías.


Abstract Introduction: Real-time two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) (Supersonic Imagine SA), is a non-invasive test used to determine liver elasticity and calculate the degree of liver fibrosis. In Colombia, this test was introduced in 2016 and, to date, no study has tested its behavior in all liver patients, only in healthy and cirrhotic patients. Objective: To analyze the experience of real-time elastography implementation in subjects treated at the Centro de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas in Bogotá, Colombia. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study of a cohort of subjects treated between March 2016 and July 2017. A complete medical report and a real-time elastography (Supersonic) test were performed. Results: 654 subjects were included, with a median age of 55 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 45-64). The median fibrosis values expressed in kilopascals (kPs) were 8.3, with an average of 5 measurements. There was a significant difference in the degree of fibrosis between the age groups and in relation to the final diagnosis, where there was a greater fibrosis in the cholestatic disease group (autoimmune, primary biliary cholangitis [PBC], and overlap). The overall failure rate was less than 1%. Conclusions: This is the first description of this test behavior in the country. Hepatic stiffness values observed in the different stages demonstrate the usefulness of the test to establish the degree of liver fibrosis in patients with multiple diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Fibrosis , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Liver , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Medical Records , Elasticity , Research Report , Methods
4.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e211945, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249705

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This paper aims to verify the thermodynamic, mechanical and chemical properties of CuNiTi 35ºC commercial wires. Methods: Forty pre-contoured copper-nickel-titanium thermodynamic 0.017 x 0.025-in archwires with an Af temperature of 35°C were used. Eight wires from five different manufacturers (American Orthodontics® [G1], Eurodonto® [G2], Morelli® [G3], Ormco® [G4] and Orthometric® [G5]) underwent cross-sectional dimension measurements, tensile tests, SEM-EDS and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) tests. Parametric tests (One-way ANOVA and Tukey post-test) were used, with a significance level of 5%, and Pearson's correlation coefficient test was performed between the Af and chemical elements of the wires. All sample tests and statistical analyses were double-blinded. Results: All wires presented standard dimensions (0.017 x 0.025-in) and superelastic behavior, with mean plateau forces of: G1 = 36.49N; G2 = 27.34N; G3 = 19.24 N; G4 = 37.54 N; and G5 = 17.87N. The Af means were: G1 = 29.40°C, G2 = 29.13°C and G3 = 31.43°C, with p>0.05 relative to each other. G4 (32.77°C) and G5 (35.17°C) presented statistically significant differences between each other and among the other groups. All samples presented Ni, Ti, Cu and Al in different concentrations. Conclusions: The chemical concentration of the elements that compose the alloy significantly influenced the thermodynamic and mechanical properties.


RESUMO Objetivo: O presente artigo teve como objetivo verificar as propriedades termodinâmicas, mecânicas e químicas de fios CuNiTi 35°C comerciais. Métodos: Foram utilizados 40 arcos termodinâmicos pré-contornados de cobre-níquel-titânio de 0,017" x 0,025" e temperatura Af de 35°C. Oito fios de cinco fabricantes diferentes (American Orthodontics® [G1], Eurodonto® [G2], Morelli® [G3], Ormco® [G4] e Orthometric® [G5]) foram submetidos a medições de suas secções transversais, testes de tração, MEV-EDS e calorimetria diferencial (DSC). Foram utilizados testes paramétricos (One-way ANOVA e pós-teste de Tukey), com nível de significância de 5%, e foi realizado o teste do coeficiente de correlação de Pearson entre a temperatura Af e os elementos químicos dos fios. Todos os testes das amostras e análises estatísticas foram duplo-cegos. Resultados: Todos os fios apresentavam dimensões padronizadas (0,017" x 0,025") e comportamento superelástico, com forças médias de platô de G1 = 36,49 N; G2 = 27,34 N; G3 = 19,24 N; G4 = 37,54 N; e G5 = 17,87 N. As médias de Af foram: G1 = 29,40°C, G2 = 29,13°C e G3 = 31,43°C, com p> 0,05 entre si. G4 (32,77°C) e G5 (35,17°C) apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre si e entre os demais grupos. Todas as amostras apresentaram Ni, Ti, Cu e Al em diferentes concentrações. Conclusões: A concentração química dos elementos que compõem a liga influenciou significativamente as propriedades termodinâmicas e mecânicas.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Wires , Dental Alloys , Stress, Mechanical , Titanium , Materials Testing , Cross-Sectional Studies , Elasticity
5.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(3): e511, jul.-set. 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144485

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Para definir una adecuada estrategia terapéutica en el cáncer de recto es preciso una correcta estadificación. El ultrasonido endoscópico es un método de estadiaje preciso que define la profundidad del tumor y el estado nodal. En los tumores tratados con radioterapia disminuye su rentabilidad por la fibrosis que se origina en la pared rectal; indistinguible de los elementos de malignidad. La elastografía brinda la posibilidad de resolver esta limitación. Objetivo: Ofrecer una actualización sobre la elastografía por ultrasonido endoscópico en el diagnóstico del paciente con tumor rectal. Desarrollo: La elastografía se basa en las alteraciones que en la elasticidad del tejido inducen la fibrosis y el cáncer. Determina si un tejido es maligno o benigno mediante el análisis de su dureza. Se obtienen imágenes que se expresan en un mapa de colores superpuestas a la imagen convencional del ultrasonido endoscópico. Muchas investigaciones demuestran su elevada sensibilidad y especificidad en tumores de páncreas y ganglios linfáticos, algunas en tumores de esófago, sin embargo muy pocas en el cáncer rectal. Conclusiones: La elastografía ha mejorado el diagnóstico y seguimiento oncológico del paciente con tumor rectal(AU)


Introduction: To define an adequate therapeutic strategy in rectal cancer, a correct staging is necessary. For this, advanced diagnostic means have been developed to evaluate the rectal wall. Endoscopic Ultrasound a fundamental technique; combines endoscopic image with ultrasound; in tumors treated with radiotherapy, its profitability decreases due to fibrosis that originates in the rectal wall; indistinguishable from the elements of malignancy. Elastography offers the possibility of resolving this limitation. Objective: To offer an update on elastography by endoscopic ultrasound in the diagnosis of the patient with rectal tumor. Development: Elastography is based on the alterations that fibrosis and cancer induce in the elasticity of the tissue. Determine if a tissue is malignant or benign by analyzing its hardness. Images are obtained that are expressed on a color map superimposed on the conventional endoscopic ultrasound image. Many investigations demonstrate its high sensitivity and specificity in tumors of the pancreas and lymph nodes, some in esophageal tumors, however very few in rectal cancer. Conclusions: Elastography has improved the diagnosis and oncological follow-up of the patient with rectal tumor(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Elasticity/radiation effects , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Lymph Nodes
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 451-457, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020508

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the aortic wall elasticity using the maximal rate of systolic distension (MRSD) and maximal rate of diastolic recoil (MRDR) and their correlation with the aortic size index (ASI). Methods: Forty-eight patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm were enrolled in this study. A standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol was used to calculate MRSD and MRDR. Both MRSD and MRDR were expressed as percentile of maximal area/10-3 sec. ASI (maximal aortic diameter/body surface area) was calculated. A correlation between MRSD, MRDR, ASI, and the patient's age was performed using regression plot. Results: A significant correlation between MRSD (t=-4,36; r2=0.29; P≤0.0001), MRDR (t=3.92; r2=0.25; P=0.0003), and ASI (25±4.33 mm/m2; range 15,48-35,14 mm/m2) is observed. As ASI increases, aortic MRSD and MRDR decrease. Such inverse correlation between MRSD, MRDR, and ASI indicates increased stiffness of the ascending aorta. A significant correlation between the patient's age and the decrease in MRSD and MRDR is observed. Conclusion: MRSD and MRDR are significantly correlated with ASI and the patient's age. They seem to describe properly the increasing stiffness of aortas. These two new indexes provide a promising, accessible, and reproducible approach to evaluate the biomechanical property of the aorta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aorta/physiopathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Systole/physiology , Diastole/physiology , Dilatation, Pathologic , Elasticity
9.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1176-1185, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the elasticity of the supraspinatus tendon (SST) and infraspinatus tendon (IST) in patients with idiopathic adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder (ACS) with those in the control groups and to evaluate the relationship between age and tendon elasticity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Institutional Review Board approved this prospective, case-control study, which was conducted between November 2017 and March 2018, and informed consent was obtained from all participants. Control groups comprised healthy individuals or those with asymptomatic contralateral shoulders. Twenty-five shoulders in 20 participants in the ACS group (14 women; 53.5 ± 7.9 years) and 24 shoulders in 18 participants in the control group (6 women; 52.6 ± 10.5 years) were included. Elastography was performed in the oblique coronal plane at the neutral shoulder position. Mean/maximum/minimum velocity and stiffness from the shear-wave ultrasound elastography (SWE) and strain ratio (subcutaneous fat/target-tendon) from the strain ultrasound elastography (SE) of the SST and IST were evaluated. Statistical analyses were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and Spearman correlation. RESULTS: Both velocity and stiffness in SWE were higher, and the strain ratio in SE was lower in participants with symptomatic shoulders than in those with normal shoulders (p 0.970). The elastic modulus was little correlated with age (ρ = −0.340–0.239). CONCLUSION: SWE and SE indicated that SST and IST were stiffer in patients with ACS than in those with normal shoulders regardless of aging.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Aging , Bursitis , Case-Control Studies , Elastic Modulus , Elasticity , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Ethics Committees, Research , Female , Humans , Informed Consent , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder , Tendons , Ultrasonography
10.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 360-364, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763452

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has a limited ability to determine the nature of solid pancreatic lesions (SPLs). Most recent ultrasound processors are provided with elastography software, which allows quantification of the tissue hardness. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the elasticity score (ES) and strain ratio (SR) in the differentiation of benign pancreatic lesions from malignant pancreatic lesions. METHODS: The study had a retrospective design; it included 97 patients with SPLs and 19 patients with inflammatory lesions. The ES and SR were determined during the examination; finally, EUS-guided fine needle aspiration was performed. RESULTS: In this 2-year study, 116 patients were enrolled (97 with malignant lesions and 19 with benign lesions). There were 69 men and 47 women. Their median age was 55.9 years. A cut-off point was detected at SR of 7.75 with a specificity of 99.9%, sensitivity of 90.7%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 99.9%, negative predictive value (NPV) of 67.9%, and accuracy of 92.2%. After adding the ES to the SR, the cut-off point at 7.75 resulted in a specificity of 94.6%, sensitivity of 99%, PPV of 98%, NPV of 98.5%, and accuracy of 97%. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the ES combined with the SR increases the accuracy of differentiation between benign and malignant SPLs and is an effective method for the evaluation of pancreatic masses.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Elasticity , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Female , Hardness , Humans , Male , Methods , Pancreas , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763019

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis is a widespread and chronic progressive arterial disease that has been regarded as one of the major causes of death worldwide. It is caused by the deposition of cholesterol, fats, and other substances in the tunica intima which leads to narrowing of the blood vessels, loss of elasticity, and arterial wall thickening, thus causing difficulty in blood flow. Natural products have been used as one of the most important strategies for the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases for a long time. In recent decades, as interests in natural products including medicinal herbs have increased, many studies regarding natural compounds that are effective against atherosclerosis have been conducted. The purpose of this review is to provide a brief over-view of the natural compounds that have been used for the treatment and prevention of atherosclerosis, and their mechanisms of action based on recent research.


Subject(s)
Atherosclerosis , Biological Products , Blood Vessels , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cause of Death , Cholesterol , Classification , Elasticity , Fats , Plants, Medicinal , Tunica Intima
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762864

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mastectomy in male transgender patients is an important (and often the first) step toward physical manhood. At our department, mastectomies in transgender patients have been performed for several decades. METHODS: Recorded data were collected and analyzed for all male transgender patients undergoing mastectomy over a period of 24 years at our department. RESULTS: In total, 268 gender-reassigning mastectomies were performed. Several different mastectomy techniques (areolar incision, n=172; sub-mammary incision, n=96) were used according to patients’ habitus and breast features. Corresponding to algorithms presented in the current literature, certain breast qualities were matched with a particular mastectomy technique. Overall, small breasts with marginal ptosis and good skin elasticity allowed small areolar incisions as a method of access for glandular removal. In contrast, large breasts and those with heavy ptosis or poor skin elasticity often required larger incisions for breast amputation. The secondary correction rate (38%) was high for gender reassignment mastectomy, as is also reflected by data in the current literature. Secondary correction frequently involved revision of chest wall recontouring, suggesting inadequate removal of the mammary tissue, as well as scar revision, which may reflect intense traction during wound healing (36%). Secondary corrections were performed more often after using small areolar incision techniques (48%) than after using large sub-mammary incisions (21%). CONCLUSIONS: Choosing the suitable mastectomy technique for each patient requires careful individual evaluation of breast features such as size, degree of ptosis, and skin elasticity in order to maximize patient satisfaction and minimize secondary revisions.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Breast , Cicatrix , Elasticity , Humans , Male , Mastectomy , Methods , Patient Satisfaction , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Thoracic Wall , Traction , Transgender Persons , Wound Healing
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758959

ABSTRACT

Evaluation of mandibular lymph nodes in a patient with head and neck cancer is important for stage determination and prognosis development, and, in human medicine, the use of sonoelastography for differentiating between non-metastatic and metastatic lymph nodes has been reported. Our prospective, cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of strain elastography and to determine elastographic cut-off values for predicting malignancy. Sixty-six mandibular lymph nodes were included (clinical healthy, n = 45; non-metastatic, n = 8; and metastatic, n = 13). Elastographic images were evaluated qualitatively (elastographic pattern) and semi-quantitatively (mean hue histogram and stiffness area ratios). Elastographic patterns were classified as grades 1 to 4, according to the percentage of high elasticity determined by visualization. The mean hue histogram was defined based on as the mean pixel color values within the lymph node. Stiffness area ratios were determined by computer program analysis of the stiff area. Among the criteria, receiver operating characteristic curve analyses revealed cut-off values for the prediction of malignancy of 92.26 for mean hue histogram (sensitivity: 100%, specificity: 92%), and 0.17 for stiffness area ratios (sensitivity: 86%, specificity of 100%). Reproducibility and repeatability were excellent. In conclusion, semi-quantitative evaluation via strain elastography holds potential for predicting lymph node malignancy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dogs , Elasticity , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
14.
Ultrasonography ; : 327-335, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761993

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate whether the presence of patchy echogenicity in the liver of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is predictive of liver stiffness. METHODS: A total of 200 CHB patients with and without patchy echogenicity of the liver were assigned to two groups, with 100 patients in each group, and 32 of them underwent liver biopsy. Additionally, 80 healthy subjects, 100 inactive HBV carriers, and 100 patients with decompensated hepatic cirrhosis were assigned to the control groups. Laboratory tests and clinical data were collected, and shear wave velocity (SWV) of the liver was measured for all 480 subjects. RESULTS: The median SWV in patients with a normal liver, inactive hepatitis B virus carriers, CHB patients with and without patchy echogenicity, and decompensated hepatic cirrhosis were 1.07 m/sec, 1.08 m/sec, 1.16 m/sec, 1.16 m/sec, and 2.02 m/sec, respectively; there was no significant difference in SWV values between CHB patients with patchy echogenicity and those without patchy echogenicity. Furthermore, among CHB patients with and without patchy echogenicity, no significant difference in SWV was found according to fibrosis stage. CONCLUSION: The presence of patchy echogenicity of the liver does not indicate a higher degree of liver stiffness.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Elasticity , Fibrosis , Healthy Volunteers , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver , Ultrasonography
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: More than 50% of diagnostic surgery in cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules revealed benign nodules of which nodular hyperplasia (NH) accounted for about half. Preoperative exclusion of NH may decrease diagnostic surgery. We aimed to study the diagnostic performance of shear wave elastography (SWE) to differentiate follicular neoplasm (FN) from NH in follicular lesions of thyroid nodules. METHODS: We analyzed the data from 61 patients who underwent SWE before ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy (CNB) from August 2016 to May 2018 and CNB results were FN (n=19) and NH (n=42). We analyzed the magnitude of elasticity index (EI) and patterns of high EI area (EI >36 kPa). The patterns of high EI area was classified as marginal pattern (high EI areas are restricted in the outer 1/3 of the nodule) and traversing pattern (high EI areas approaching further to the center of the nodule within inner 2/3 of the nodule). RESULTS: The E(Max), E(Mean), E(SD), and percent of high EI area were significantly lower in FN than NH (P<0.001). The diagnostic performance to predict FN showed sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 95%, 90%, and 92% by E(Max) <42.1 kPa, and of 95%, 79%, and 84% by E(Mean) <23.5 kPa, and of 89%, 93%, and 92% by marginal pattern of high EI area, respectively. CONCLUSION: Novel diagnostic criteria of E(Max) less than 42.1 kPa and marginal pattern of high EI area on SWE can predict FN with high diagnostic accuracy, waiving diagnostic surgery of NH in indeterminate cytology.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Diagnosis, Differential , Elasticity , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Humans , Hyperplasia , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762826

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is one of the most common concerns of patients undergoing hair transplantation surgery. Because most patients are satisfied with the cosmetic improvement after transplantation, amelioration of postoperative pain would help to increase patient accessibility to hair restorative surgery and greatly impact patient satisfaction with the final cosmetic results. This study was performed to investigate postoperative pain after hair transplantation. METHODS: In total, 241 patients (202 who underwent follicular unit transplantation [FUT] and 39 who underwent follicular unit extraction [FUE]) were eligible for the study. Postoperative pain was evaluated on postoperative days 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7 using the Wong-Baker Faces Pain Scale. The patients’ medical records were retrospectively reviewed for information on the harvesting method, number of transplanted grafts, size of donor design, and laxity, elasticity, and glidability of the scalp in relation to postoperative pain. RESULTS: Postoperative pain after hair transplantation, assessed with the Wong-Baker Faces Pain Scale, seemed to provide very subjective results. None of the variables were correlated with postoperative pain in the FUT group. Such pain, however, tended to disappear by postoperative day 3. Patients in the FUE group experienced significantly less severe pain than those in the FUT group. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative pain was significantly less severe in patients whose donor hair was harvested by the FUE than FUT method. Postoperative pain had almost disappeared by postoperative day 3 in the FUT group, whereas only minimal pain was present even on postoperative day 1 in the FUE group.


Subject(s)
Elasticity , Hair Follicle , Hair , Humans , Medical Records , Methods , Pain Management , Pain Measurement , Pain, Postoperative , Patient Satisfaction , Retrospective Studies , Scalp , Tissue Donors , Transplants
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762771

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Age-related changes in facial skin is a major concern in women. This study aimed to objectively evaluate normal skin elasticity and age-related differences in the faces of East Asian women. There are no standard values for data related to normal skin on East Asian women. METHODS: We studied 129 healthy East Asian women without a history of cosmetic procedures or surgeries. Skin elasticity was assessed at the cheek and lower eyelid points, which were assessed on both the right and left sides of the face. RESULTS: The age of the subjects showed significant negative correlations with the R2 and R7 parameters, which represent skin elasticity after deformation. CONCLUSION: We therefore concluded that the primary decrease in skin elasticity in East Asian women occurs in the midface region.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Cheek , Elasticity , Eyelids , Female , Humans , Rejuvenation , Skin Aging , Skin
18.
Ultrasonography ; : 2-12, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731046

ABSTRACT

Shear wave elastography (SWE) is an emerging technology that provides information about the inherent elasticity of tissues by producing an acoustic radiofrequency force impulse, sometimes called an “acoustic wind,” which generates transversely-oriented shear waves that propagate through the surrounding tissue and provide biomechanical information about tissue quality. Although SWE has the potential to revolutionize bone and joint imaging, its clinical application has been hindered by technical and artifactual challenges. Many of the stumbling blocks encountered during musculoskeletal SWE imaging are readily recognizable and can be overcome, but progressive advances in technology and a better understanding of image acquisition are required before SWE can reliably be used in musculoskeletal imaging.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Elasticity , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Joints , Muscles , Musculoskeletal System , Tendons , Ultrasonography
19.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 511-518, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786305

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies have reported that endotoxemia is associated with pathogenesis and complications in cirrhosis. Endotoxin stimulates the secretion of inflammatory cytokines, which contributes to the development of complications. In addition, endotoxin easily invades the gut barrier system because of the increased intestinal permeability due to portal hypertensive enteropathy. In this report, we explored changes in cytokine levels and intestinal permeability and measured the thickness and elasticity of the bowel wall using ultrasonography in cirrhotic patients.METHODS: We enrolled 40 patients with cirrhosis classified as Child-Pugh B or C and 20 healthy volunteers. Abdominal ultrasonography examinations were used to evaluate bowel wall parameters in the ascending colon and terminal ileum. Intestinal permeability was measured using dual sugar absorption tests with lactulose and mannitol. Levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-10 were determined from blood samples. We compared these outcomes between cirrhotic patients and healthy controls and between Child-Pugh B and C patients. In addition, we explored the correlation between cytokine levels, intestinal permeability ratio, and bowel wall parameters in cirrhotic patients.RESULTS: In cirrhotic patients, the ascending colon wall elasticity decreased (20.4 vs. 10.9 kPa, p = 0.048) and the terminal ileum wall thickness increased (4.2 vs. 1.9 mm, p < 0.001). The intestinal permeability ratio and levels of the cytokines TNF-α and IL-10 increased (0.219 vs. 0.017, p < 0.001; 22.47 vs. 13.48 pg/mL, p < 0.001; and 14.91 vs. 8.57 pg/mL, p = 0.019, respectively) in cirrhotic patients. However, there were no significant differences between Child-Pugh classes and no significant correlations between bowel wall parameters and intestinal permeability or cytokine levels.CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasonography revealed bowel wall thickening and decreases in elasticity; in addition, intestinal permeability and cytokine levels increased in cirrhotic patients compared with healthy controls.


Subject(s)
Absorption , Ascites , Colon, Ascending , Cytokines , Elasticity , Endotoxemia , Fibrosis , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Ileum , Interleukin-10 , Intestines , Lactulose , Liver Cirrhosis , Mannitol , Permeability , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Ultrasonography
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774164

ABSTRACT

Study of the mechanical properties of in vivo corneal materials is an important basis for further study of corneal physiological and pathological phenomena by means of finite element method. In this paper, the elastic coefficient ( ) and viscous coefficient ( ) of normal cornea and keratoconus under pulse pressure are calculated by using standard linear solid model with the data provided by corneal visualization scheimpflug technology. The results showed that there was a significant difference of and between normal cornea and keratoconus cornea ( < 0.05). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the area under curve (AUC) for , and their combined indicators were 0.776, 0.895 and 0.948, respectively, which indicated that keratoconus could be predicted by and . The results of this study may provide a reference for the early diagnosis of keratoconus and avoid the occurrence of keratoconus after operation, so it has a certain clinical value.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Cornea , Physiology , Elasticity , Humans , Keratoconus , Pathology , ROC Curve , Viscosity
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