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1.
Estima (Online) ; 21(1): e1344, jan-dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1525350

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Classificar o risco de desenvolvimento de lesão por posicionamento cirúrgico. Método: Estudo observacional, longitudinal, prospectivo, de abordagem quantitativa realizado em hospital público, com 135 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia eletiva. Utilizaram-se instrumentos contendo caracterização sociodemográfica, clínica e cirúrgica e escala de avaliação de risco para desenvolvimento de lesões decorrentes do posicionamento cirúrgico. Empregaram-se análise descritiva, teste exato de Fisher ou teste χ2 e a medida de associação odds ratio, conforme apropriado. Resultados: A maioria dos participantes era do sexo masculino (51,11%), adulta (52,59%) e foi classificada como maior risco para o desenvolvimento de lesões por posicionamento cirúrgico (51,85%). Ser idoso, hipertensão, diabetes mellitus e cirurgias urológicas foram estatisticamente significativos (p < 0,05) para maior risco de desenvolvimento de lesões. A incidência de lesão por pressão foi de 0,74%, com observação apenas na região sacra. Conclusão: Verificou-se maior risco para desenvolvimento de lesão em decorrência do posicionamento cirúrgico e baixa incidência de lesão por pressão. A enfermagem perioperatória deve incorporar à prática assistencial ferramentas validadas de mensuração de risco para um cuidado seguro, individualizado e de qualidade aos pacientes cirúrgicos.


Objective:To classify the risk of developing injury due to surgical positioning. Method: Observational, longitudinal, prospective study with a quantitative approach carried out in a public hospital, with 135 patients undergoing elective surgery. Instruments containing sociodemographic, clinical, and surgical characteristics and a risk assessment scale for the development of injuries due to surgical positioning were used. Descriptive analysis, Fisher's exact test or χ2 test and odds ratio association measure were used as appropriate. Results: Most participants were male (51.11%), adults (52.59%) and were classified as having a higher risk for developing injuries due to surgical positioning (51.85%). Elderly, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and urological surgeries were statistically significant (p < 0.05) for a higher risk of developing lesions. The incidence of pressure injuries was 0.74%, with observation only in the sacral region. Conclusion: There was a greater risk of developing lesions due to surgical positioning and low incidence of pressure injury. Perioperative nursing should incorporate validated risk measurement tools into care practice for safe, individualized and quality care for surgical patients,


Objetivo:Clasificar el riesgo de desarrollar lesión por posicionamiento quirúrgico. Método: Estudio observacional, longitudinal, prospectivo, con abordaje cuantitativo, realizado en un hospital público, con 135 pacientes sometidos a cirugía electiva. Se utilizaron instrumentos que contenían características sociodemográficas, clínicas y quirúrgicas y una Escala de Evaluación de Riesgo para el Desarrollo de Lesiones por Posicionamiento Quirúrgico. Se utilizó el análisis descriptivo, la prueba exacta de Fisher, o chi-cuadrado y la medida de asociación odds ratio, según corresponda. Resultados: La mayoría de los participantes eran hombres (51,11 %), adultos (52,59 %) y se clasificaron con mayor riesgo de desarrollar lesiones debido al posicionamiento quirúrgico (51,85 %). Ancianos, hipertensión, diabetes mellitus y cirugías urológicas fueron estadísticamente significativos (p ˂ 0,05) para mayor riesgo de desarrollar lesiones. La incidencia de lesiones por presión fue del 0,74%, observándose solo en la región sacra. Conclusión: Hubo un mayor riesgo de desarrollar lesiones debido al posicionamiento quirúrgico y una baja incidencia de lesión presión. La enfermería perioperatoria debe incorporar herramientas validadas de medición del riesgo en la práctica asistencial para una atención segura, individualizada y de calidad a los pacientes quirúrgicos.


Subject(s)
Perioperative Nursing , Risk Factors , Elective Surgical Procedures , Pressure Ulcer , Patient Positioning , Enterostomal Therapy
2.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(3): 243-249, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439622

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Contribution margin per hour (CMH) has been proposed in healthcare systems to increase the profitability of operating suites. The aim of our study is to propose a simple and reproducible model to calculate CMH and to increase cost-effectiveness. Methods: For the ten most commonly performed surgical procedures at our Institution, we prospectively collected their diagnosis-related group (DRG) reimbursement, variable costs and mean procedural time. We quantified the portion of total staffed operating room time to be reallocated with a minimal risk of overrun. Moreover, we calculated the total CMH with a random reallocation on a first come-first served basis. Finally, prioritizing procedures with higher CMH, we ran a simulation by calculating the total CMH. Results: Over a two-months period, we identified 14.5 hours of unutilized operating room to reallocate. In the case of a random ''first come -first serve'' basis, the total earnings were 87,117 United States dollars (USD). Conversely, with a reallocation which prioritized procedures with a high CMH, it was possible to earn 140,444 USD (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Surgical activity may be one of the most profitable activities for hospitals, but a cost-effective management requires a comprehension of its cost profile. Reallocation of unused operating room time according to CMH may represent a simple, reproducible and reliable tool for elective cases on a waiting list. In our experience, it helped improving the operating suite cost-effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Operating Rooms , Health Care Costs , Elective Surgical Procedures , Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 514-522, May-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449822

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the profile and perception ofpatients on the waiting list for total hip arthroplasty (THA) about performing elective surgeries during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods From July to November 2021, patients on the THA waiting list were interviewed during outpatient consultations. To compare the groups regarding categorical variables, the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was applied, and for quantitative variables the Mann-Whitney test was applied. The results were calculated using the Statistica program version 7. Results 39 patients answered the questionnaire. The mean age was 58.95 years, with 53.85% male. Approximately 60% expressed concern about contracting or transmitting COVID-19 to their family members after hospitalization for THA. 58.9% of patients felt hampered by the delay in scheduling elective surgeries during the pandemic. 23% lost or had a family member who lost their job during the pandemic, with a statistical difference for the group under 60 years old (p = 0.04). Conclusion Most patients were concerned about becoming infected and exposing family members to COVID-19 after surgery and noted damage due to suspensions and delay in scheduling elective surgeries. The economic impact of the pandemic was revealed by the rate of 23% of respondents who lost or had a family member who lost their job during the pandemic, being higher in patients under 60 years of age (p = 0.04).


Resumo Objetivo Analisar o perfil e a percepção dos pacientes em lista de espera para artroplastia total do quadril (ATQ) sobre a realização das cirurgias eletivas durante a pandemia pela COVID-19. Métodos De julho a novembro de 2021, foram entrevistados pacientes em lista de espera para ATQ durante consultas ambulatoriais. Para comparar os grupos com relação às variáveis categóricas foi aplicado o Teste Qui-quadrado ou Teste exato de Fisher e para as variáveis quantitativas foi aplicado o teste de Mann-Whitney. Os resultados foram calculados utilizando o programa Statistica versão 7. Resultados 39 pacientes responderam ao questionário. A média de idade foi de 58,95 anos, sendo 53,85% do sexo masculino. Aproximadamente, 60% manifestaram preocupação em contrair ou transmitir COVID-19 aos seus familiares após internação hospitalar para ATQ. 58,9% dos pacientes sentiram-se prejudicados pelo atraso no agendamento das cirurgias eletivas durante a pandemia. 23% perderam ou tiveram algum familiar que perdeu o emprego durante a pandemia, havendo diferença estatística para o grupo com menos de 60 anos (p = 0,04). Conclusão A maioria dos pacientes sentiram preocupação em infectar-se e expor familiares à COVID-19 após a cirurgia e notaram prejuízo pelas suspensões e atraso no agendamento de cirurgias eletivas. O impacto econômico da pandemia revelou-se pela taxa de 23% de entrevistados que perderam ou tiveram algum familiar que perdeu seu emprego durante a pandemia, sendo maior nos pacientes menores de 60 anos (p = 0,04).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Elective Surgical Procedures , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , COVID-19
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 397-403, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449814

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives This study evaluated the radiographic progressions of scoliotic curves higher than 40° in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). These subjects waited for the surgical procedure while elective surgeries were on hold during the COVID-19 pandemic. Inadditiontoradiographicprogressions, this studydescribed the quality of life of these patients. Methods This study is a retrospective cohort assessing 29 AIS patients with surgical indications registered in the Brazilian public healthcare service. We compared the scoliotic radiographic measurements in two moments: at the beginning of the interruption of elective surgeries due to the COVID-19 pandemic and when these procedures resumed. Results When comparing the radiographic measurements before and after the suspension of assessments for elective surgeries, we observed a significant increase in main curve angles ( p < 0.001), with variations ranging from 0 to 68° and a median valueof10°.Insecondary curves, weobserved anincreaseinangles fromthe proximal thoracic ( p < 0.001) and lumbar ( p = 0.001) regions. However, the increase in the main thoracic region was not significant ( p = 0.317). Conclusion The suspension of elective surgeries for AIS resulted in a significant increase in the radiographic values of patients' spine deformities. This increase harmed the quality of life of these subjects and their families.


Resumo Objetivos Neste estudo foram avaliadas as progressões radiográficas das curvas escolióticas, acima de 40 graus em pacientes com escoliose idiopática do adolescente (EIA). Os indivíduos analisados aguardavam o procedimento cirúrgico, em período de suspensão das cirurgias eletivas, durante a pandemia de covid-19. Além das progressões radiográficas, nestapesquisafoi descritaaqualidadedevidadestes pacientes. Métodos O artigo refere-se a um estudo de coorte retrospectivo, que avaliou 29 pacientes com EIA com indicação cirúrgica, todos cadastrados no serviço público de saúde brasileiro. As medidas radiográficas escolióticas dos pacientes foram comparadas em dois momentos: no início do período da interrupção de cirurgias eletivas, devido à pandemia de covid-19, e logo após a liberação destas. Resultados A partir da comparação das medidas radiográficas entre as avaliações pré e pós suspensão das cirurgias eletivas, observamos o aumento significativo dos valores angulares da curva principal (p < 0,001), com variações entre 0 e 68°, e mediana de 10°. Em relação às curvas secundárias, observamos um aumento dos valores angulares da região torácica proximal (p < 0,001) e lombar (p = 0,001). Entretanto, o aumento da região torácica principal não foi considerado significativo (p = 0,317). Conclusão A suspensão das cirurgias eletivas, para a correção da EIA resultou em um aumento significativo no valor radiográfico das deformidades das colunas dos pacientes, fator que promoveu um impacto negativo na qualidade de vida de pacientes e familiares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Scoliosis/surgery , Unified Health System , Elective Surgical Procedures
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(1): 121-126, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441339

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The COVID-19 pandemic led to an unprecedented pause in elective surgeries, including shoulder arthroplasty. We sought to determine whether clinical and/or demographic differences would be seen between patients who presented for shoulder arthroplasty during the pandemic compared with the previous year (2019). Methods Institutional records were queried for patients who underwent shoulder replacement between March 1 and July 1 of 2019 and 2020. Demographics, range of motion, surgical duration, hospitalization time, discharge disposition, and postoperative management were analyzed. Results The mean duration of surgery was 160 ± 50 minutes in 2020 and 179 ± 54 minutes in 2019 (p= 0.13). The mean hospitalization time was 36 ± 13 hours in 2020 and 51 ± 40 hours in 2019 (p= 0.04). In 2019, 96% of the patients participated in physical therapy, while 71% did it in 2020 (p= 0.003). A total of 100% of the 2019 patients and 86% of the 2020 patients participated in an in-person postoperative follow-up (p= 0.006). The 2019 patients reported for an office visit on average 14 ± 11 days after surgery; the 2020 patients waited 25 ± 25 days to return for a follow-up (p= 0.10). Range of motion, age, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) scores, and complication rates did not differ between the cohorts. Conclusion Patients presenting for surgery during the initial phase of the pandemic were demographically and clinically similar to 2019 patients. However, the length of stay was significantly reduced during the COVID-19 pandemic. Postoperative follow-up and physical therapy were delayed in 2020, but this did not lead to differences in complication or readmission rates compared with those of the 2019 cohort. Level of EvidenceIII.


Resumo Objetivo A pandemia de COVID-19 causou uma pausa sem precedentes em cirurgias eletivas, inclusive artroplastia de ombro. Procuramos determinar as possíveis diferenças clínicas e/ou demográficas entre os pacientes que realizaram artroplastia de ombro durante a pandemia em comparação com o ano anterior (2019). Métodos Os registros institucionais foram consultados para obtenção de informações sobre pacientes submetidos a artroplastia de ombro entre 1° de março a 1° de julho de 2019 e 2020. Dados demográficos, amplitude de movimento, duração da cirurgia, tempo de hospitalização, condições à alta e manejo pós-operatório foram analisados. Resultados O tempo médio de cirurgia foi de 160 ± 50 minutos em 2020 e de 179 ± 54 minutos em 2019 (p= 0,13). O tempo médio de internação foi de 36 ± 13 horas em 2020 e de 51 ± 40 horas em 2019 (p= 0,04). Em 2019, 96% dos pacientes fizeram fisioterapia, enquanto 71% o fizeram em 2020 (p= 0,003). Todos os pacientes de 2019 e 86% dos pacientes de 2020 participaram do acompanhamento pós-operatório presencial (p= 0,006). Os pacientes de 2019 retornaram para a consulta médica em média 14 ± 11 dias após a cirurgia; os pacientes de 2020 retornaram para o acompanhamento em 25 ± 25 dias (p= 0,10). A amplitude de movimento, a idade, a pontuação da American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA, na sigla em inglês) e as taxas de complicações não diferiram entre as coortes. Conclusão Os pacientes submetidos a cirurgia na fase inicial da pandemia eram demográfica e clinicamente semelhantes aos pacientes de 2019. No entanto, o tempo de internação diminuiu de forma significativa durante a pandemia de COVID-19. O acompanhamento pós-operatório e a fisioterapia foram adiados em 2020, mas isso não levou a diferenças nas taxas de complicações ou de reinternações em comparação às da coorte de 2019. Nível de EvidênciaIII.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Elective Surgical Procedures , Perioperative Period , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , COVID-19
6.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(5): 563-569, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520350

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: In this study, we aimed to determine the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients undergoing elective surgery and its relationship with difficult intubation (DI). Methods: This prospective, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2018 and February 2020 in the anesthesiology and reanimation service of a training and research hospital. The study included patients who were ASA I-II, 18 years of age, and older who underwent elective surgery under general anesthesia. A form regarding the baseline characteristics of the participants as well as STOP-Bang score, Mallampati, and Cormack-Lehane classification was used to collect the data. Results: The study included 307 patients. It was determined that 64.2% of patients had a high risk of OSA. The presence of DI (determined by repeated attempts at intubation) was 28.6% in the high-risk OSA group, while there was no DI in the low-risk OSA group. A statistically significant difference was found between the groups in terms of OSA risk according to the presence of DI according to repeated attempts, Cormack-Lehane classification, and Mallampati classification (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Due to the high rate of DI in patients with a high risk of OSA, the security of the airway in these patients is endangered. Early clinical recognition of OSA can help in designing a safer care plan.


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Intubation , Elective Surgical Procedures , Preoperative Period , Anesthesia, General
7.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1443965

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a ocorrência de pacientes cirúrgicos assintomáticos com teste para COVID-19 positivo, delimitar o perfil epidemiológico, identificar o tipo de cirurgia e a especialidade, bem como determinar o tempo de execução do procedimento cirúrgico após testagem positiva. Método: Trata-se de um estudo de coorte retrospectiva, em um hospital de grande porte, filantrópico, de São Paulo, realizado no período de março a setembro de 2020, baseado na análise de dados de prontuário. Resultados: Foram 4.870 procedimentos cirúrgicos, dos quais 3.688 pacientes tiveram coleta de exame PCR. A ocorrência de pacientes cirúrgicos posi-tivos e assintomáticos foi de 1,7%; no perfil epidemiológico, observa-se predominância de sexo masculino, meia-idade, com classificação de risco anestésico ASA II e em procedimentos das especialidades de ortopedia, urologia, ginecologia e gastroenterologia. A execução do teste foi de dois dias pré-procedimento e a presença de pacientes com sintomas em até 14 dias após testagem foi de 0,5%. Conclusão: A ocorrência de pacientes cirúrgicos positivos e assintomáticos foi pequena dentro do quantitativo analisado, os achados deste estudo são similares aos de estudos nacionais e internacionais em relação a especialidade, comorbidades e idade


Objective: To analyze the occurrence of asymptomatic surgical patients with a positive COVID-19 test, delimit the epidemiological profile, iden-tify the type of surgery and specialty, as well as determine the time for performing the surgical procedure after a positive test. Method: This is a retrospective cohort study, in a large, philanthropic hospital in São Paulo, carried out from March to September 2020, based on the analysis of medical records. Results:There were 4,870 surgical procedures, of which 3,688 patients underwent a PCR test. The occurrence of positive and asymptomatic surgical patients was 1.7%; in the epidemiological profile, there is a predominance of males, middle-aged, with ASA II anesthetic risk classification and in procedures of the spe-cialties of orthopedics, urology, gynecology, and gastroenterology. The test was carried out two days before the procedure and the presence of patients with symptoms within 14 days after testing was 0.5%. Conclusion: The occurrence of positive and asymptomatic surgical patients was small within the quantita-tive analyzed, the findings of this study are similar to those of national and international studies in relation to specialty, comorbidities, and age


Objetivo: Analizar la ocurrencia de pacientes quirúrgicos asintomáticos con prueba COVID-19 positiva, delimitar el perfil epidemiológico, iden-tificar el tipo de cirugía y especialidad, así como determinar el tiempo para realizar el procedimiento quirúrgico luego de una prueba positiva. Método:Este es un estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, en un gran hospital filantrópico de São Paulo, realizado de marzo a septiembre de 2020, basado en el análi-sis de registros médicos. Resultados: Se realizaron 4.870 procedimientos quirúrgicos, de los cuales se recolectó examen PCR a 3.688 pacientes. La ocur-rencia de pacientes quirúrgicos positivos y asintomáticos fue de 1,7%; en el perfil epidemiológico predomina el sexo masculino, de mediana edad, con clasificación de riesgo anestésico ASA II y en procedimientos de las especialidades de ortopedia, urología, ginecología y gastroenterología. La prueba se realizó dos días antes del procedimiento y la presencia de pacientes con síntomas dentro de los 14 días posteriores a la prueba fue del 0,5%. Conclusión:La ocurrencia de pacientes quirúrgicos positivos y asintomáticos fue pequeña dentro de lo cuantitativo analizado, los hallazgos de este estudio son simi-lares a los de estudios nacionales e internacionales en relación a especialidad, comorbilidades y edad


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Preoperative Care/methods , Carrier State , COVID-19 Testing , COVID-19/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Elective Surgical Procedures
8.
Cir. Urug ; 7(1): e306, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1505952

ABSTRACT

Las masas inflamatorias de origen apendicular son cuadros de presentación poco frecuente, el 3 % de las apendicitis agudas. Su manejo terapéutico puede ser sistematizado en cirugía de inicio o tratamiento conservador. Este último consiste en antibioticoterapia exclusiva, o asociada al drenaje percutáneo. Es una alternativa frente a emprender una apendicectomía demandante, con riesgo de no identificar el apéndice cecal, lesión visceral y necesidad de conversión o resecciones extendidas. Sin embargo, en estos pacientes, la ausencia de la confirmación diagnóstica anatomo-patológica obliga a un seguimiento protocolizado a fin de descartar diagnósticos diferenciales de mayor relevancia pronóstica. Objetivo: Presentar el caso de un paciente en el que se realizó manejo conservador y apendicetomía electiva. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de las pautas de seguimiento e indicación de la apendicectomía electiva. Discusión y conclusiones: Las masas inflamatorias de origen apendicular representan un desafío diagnóstico y terapéutico, requiriendo un manejo y seguimiento específico. La indicación de apendicectomía electiva es controversial, es planteable frente a la persistencia de imágenes patológicas y dudas diagnósticas, o en pacientes con apendicitis recurrentes.


Inflammatory masses of appendiceal origin are infrequent; represent 3 % of acute appendicitis. Its therapeutic management can be systematized in initial surgery or conservative treatment. The latter consists of exclusive antibiotic therapy, or associated with percutaneous drainage. it is an alternative to undertaking a demanding appendectomy, with the risk of not identifying the cecal appendix, visceral injury, and the need for conversion or extended resections. However, the absence of pathological diagnostic confirmation requires protocolized follow-up in order to rule out differential diagnoses of greater prognostic relevance. Objective: present the case of a patient who underwent conservative management and elective appendectomy. a bibliographic review was carried out in the databases: pubmed, cochrane library, scielo and lilacs. Discussion and conclusions: inflammatory masses of appendiceal origin represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, requiring specific management and follow-up. The indication for elective appendectomy is controversial, it is considered in the presence of persistent pathological images and diagnostic doubts, or in patients with recurrent appendicitis.


Massas inflamatórias de origem apendicular são quadros de apresentação pouco frequentes, 3 % de as apendicites agudas. seu manejo terapêutico pode ser sistematizado em cirurgia inicial ou tratamento conservador. esta última consiste na antibioticoterapia exclusiva, ou associada à drenagem percutânea. é uma alternativa à realização de uma apendicectomia exigente, com risco de não identificação do apêndice cecal, lesão visceral e necessidade de conversão ou ressecções extensas. no entanto, nesses pacientes, a ausência de confirmação diagnóstica patológica requer acompanhamento protocolarizado para afastar diagnósticos diferenciais de maior relevância prognóstica. Objetivo: apresentar o caso de um paciente submetido a tratamento conservador e apendicectomia eletiva. foi realizada revisão bibliográfica nas bases de dados: pubmed, biblioteca cochrane, scielo e lilacs. Discussão e conclusões: as massas inflamatórias de origem apendicular representam um desafio diagnóstico e terapêutico, exigindo manejo e seguimento específicos. a indicação de apendicectomia eletiva é controversa, sendo considerada na presença de imagens patológicas persistentes e dúvidas diagnósticas, ou em pacientes com apendicite recorrente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/diagnostic imaging , Appendicitis/drug therapy , Abdominal Pain , Elective Surgical Procedures , Diagnosis, Differential , Anti-Bacterial Agents
9.
Montevideo; s.n; 2023. 63 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1518916

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La variación de la velocidad máxima aórtica con la ventilación mecánica (ΔVpeakAo) ha demostrado ser el mejor predictor de respuesta a volumen en pediatría. Existe evidencia en adultos de que la variación de velocidad máxima de flujo carotídeo (ΔVpeakCar) es predictor de respuesta a fluidos. Al momento es escasa la información sobre este índice en pediatría. Su beneficio se basa en la no-invasividad, y que para su medición no es necesaria la ecocardiografía ni el acceso al tórax del paciente. Objetivo. El objetivo general de este trabajo fue estudiar la correlación y la concordancia de ΔVpeakCar con ΔVpeakAo en una población pediátrica bajo ventilación mecánica. Metodología. Se incluyeron pacientes de 0 a 12 años. Se registraron flujos aórtico y carotídeos máximos y mínimos y se calculó ΔVpeakCar y ΔVpeakAo. Para analizar correlación y concordancia entre las variables se utilizó el test de Pearson, análisis de Bland-Altman y análisis de los 4-cuadrantes. Resultados. Se estudiaron 58 pacientes, 13 lactantes (menores 12 meses), 21 preescolares (12-60 meses) y 24 escolares (mayores a 60 meses). Se observó una correlación significativa entre ΔVpeakAo y ΔVpeakCar (r=0,85; p<0,05) con un coeficiente de determinación de r2=0,72. El análisis de Bland-Altman mostró un sesgo del 0,15% (IC95%, -0.7-1.0) con un límite de concordancia del -6,1 a 6,2%. La concordancia fue 85%, con un sesgo angular de 4,5°±31°. El análisis por subgrupos mostró un r2 de 0.89 en escolares, 0.56 en preescolares y 0.45 en lactantes. La concordancia fue de 100% en escolares, 95% en prescolares y 93% en lactantes. Discusión y conclusiones. El registro de ΔVpeakCar fue viable. Al analizar la capacidad de ΔVpeakCar de sustituir a ΔVpeakAo en el total de la muestra, no es buena La correlación y concordancia son mejores en escolares. Es necesario continuar estudiando este nuevo índice.


Introduction. The variation in maximum aortic velocity with mechanical ventilation (ΔVpeakAo) has proven to be the most effective predictor of fluid response in pediatrics. While there is evidence in adults that the variation in maximum carotid flow velocity (ΔVpeakCar) predicts fluid response, information on this index in pediatrics remains limited. Its advantage lies in its non-invasive nature, eliminating the need for echocardiography or thoracic access for recording. Objective. This study aims to examine the correlation and concordance between ΔVpeakCar and ΔVpeakAo in a pediatric population. Methodology. The study included patients aged 0 to 12 years. Maximum and minimum aortic and carotid flows were recorded, and ΔVpeakCar and ΔVpeakAo were calculated. Correlation and agreement between variables were analyzed using the Pearson test, Bland Altman analysis, and 4-quadrant analysis. Results. A total of 58 patients were studied, comprising 13 infants (under 12 months), 21 preschoolers (12-60 months), and 24 school-aged children (over 60 months). A significant correlation was observed between ΔVpeakAo and ΔVpeakCar (r=0.85; p<0.05) with a coefficient of determination, r²=0.72. The Bland-Altman analysis revealed a bias of 0.15% (95% CI, -0.7-1.0) with an agreement limit of -6.1% to 6.2%. The concordance rate was 85%, with an angular bias of 4.5°±31°. Subgroup analysis showed r² values of 0.89 in school-aged children, 0.56 in preschoolers, and 0.45 in infants. Concordance rates were 100% in school-aged children, 95% in preschoolers, and 93% in infants. Discussion and Conclusions. The measurement of ΔVpeakCar proved feasible. However, when considering its ability to replace ΔVpeakAo, the results are suboptimal. Correlation and concordance are stronger in school-aged children. Further investigation into this new index is warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Respiration, Artificial , Elective Surgical Procedures , Hemodynamic Monitoring , Anesthesia, General
10.
Coluna/Columna ; 22(3): e273450, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520791

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: To describe the epidemiological profile of the list of patients with pediatric scoliosis (0 to 18 years old) treated at a tertiary public hospital in the Midwest Region. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study of patients with scoliosis from the orthopedic service of a reference center was carried out, and data collected on age, sex, date of menarche, weight, height, etiology, curve classification, form of referral, treatment performed before and after care and waiting time for surgery after indication. The sample consisted of 60 patients randomly selected among those treated. Results: 60 patients were evaluated, 44 (73.3%) were female, and 16 (26.7%) were male, with a mean age of 13.4 years. Until the moment of the study, six patients underwent surgery after being treated at the reference center. Idiopathic scoliosis was the most frequent in 38 (63%) patients. No conduct had been performed in 47 (78.3%) patients before referral to the reference center. Aftercare at the reference center, surgical treatment was indicated in 44 (73.3%) patients. The mean waiting time for surgery after the indication was 22 months, ranging from 6 to 40 months. Conclusions: The list of patients with pediatric scoliosis treated at the reference center in the Midwest region is composed of young girls with idiopathic scoliosis who, for the most part, did not have the indication of using a brace before being referred to the reference center, and most of them had an indication for surgery for adequate treatment. Level of Evidence IV; Descriptive Study.


RESUMO: Objetivo: Descrever o perfil epidemiológico da lista de pacientes com escoliose pediátrica (0 a 18 anos) atendidos em hospital público terciário da Região Centro-Oeste. Métodos: Foi realizado estudo analítico transversal de pacientes com escoliose do serviço de ortopedia do centro de referência e coletados dados de idade, sexo, data da menarca, peso, altura, etiologia, classificação da curva, forma de encaminhamento, tratamento realizado antes e após o atendimento e tempo de espera para cirurgia após indicação. A amostra foi composta por 60 pacientes selecionados randomicamente. Resultados: Dos 60 pacientes avaliados, 44 (73,3%) eram do sexo feminino e 16 (26,7%) do sexo masculino, com idade média de 13,4 anos. Até o momento do estudo, seis pacientes foram submetidos a cirurgia após o atendimento no centro de referência. A escoliose idiopática foi a mais frequente em 38 (63%) pacientes. Nenhuma conduta havia sido realizada em 47 (78,3%) pacientes antes do encaminhamento ao centro de referência. Após o atendimento no centro de referência, o tratamento cirúrgico foi indicado em 44 (73,3%) pacientes. O tempo médio de espera pela cirurgia após a indicação foi de 22 meses, variando de 6 a 40 meses. Conclusões: A lista de pacientes com escoliose pediátrica atendidos no único centro de referência da região Centro-oeste é composta por meninas jovens, com escoliose idiopática, que em grande parte não tiveram a indicação do uso de colete antes do encaminhamento ao centro de referência, e tiveram em sua maioria indicação de cirurgia para tratamento adequado. Nível de Evidência IV; Estudo Descritivo.


RESUMEN: Objetivo: Describir el perfil epidemiológico de pacientes con escoliosis pediátrica (0 a 18 años) atendidos en un hospital público terciario de la Región Centro Oeste. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico transversal de pacientes con escoliosis del servicio de ortopedia del centro de referencia y se recogieron datos sobre edad, sexo, fecha de la menarquia, peso, talla, etiología, clasificación de la curva, forma de derivación, tratamiento realizado antes y después de la atención y el tiempo de espera para la cirugía después de la indicación. La muestra estuvo constituida por 60 pacientes seleccionados aleatoriamente. Resultados: De los 60 pacientes, 44 (73,3%) eran mujeres y 16 (26,7%) hombres, con edad media de 13,4 años. Hasta el momento del estudio, seis pacientes fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente. La escoliosis idiopática fue la más frecuente, en 38 (63%) pacientes. En 47 (78,3%) pacientes no se había realizado ninguna conducta antes de la derivación al centro de referencia. Tras la atención en el centro de referencia, se indicó tratamiento quirúrgico en 44 (73,3%) pacientes. El tiempo medio de espera de la cirugía fue de 22 meses, con un rango de 6 a 40 meses. Conclusiones: La lista de pacientes con escoliosis pediátrica atendidos en el único centro de referencia de la región Centro Oeste está compuesta por niñas jóvenes, quienes en su mayor parte no tenían indicación de uso de ortesis, y la mayoría tenía indicación de cirugía para un adecuado tratamiento. Nivel de evidencia IV; Estudio Descriptivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Orthopedics , Spine , Elective Surgical Procedures , Patient Outcome Assessment
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(4): 327-334, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430675

ABSTRACT

The SARS-Cov-2 pandemic and its immediate public health impact has caused severe disruption of regular medical care provision. The morbimortality of other diseases continues to affect people regardless of the viral infection. Indeed, it would be reasonable to assume that they have been aggravated by the period of most restrictive public health measures that were adopted against the virus. Recovery and maintenance of healthcare provision is required despite the ongoing threat. Therefore, it is critical to resume services in a structured and safe way, otherwise greater harm could come to our patients and to ourselves. The present article proposes to be a broad guide to the recovery and maintenance of elective outpatient, surgical and lower endoscopic services, aiding the colorectal surgeon in identifying risks, assessing their multiple dimensions, and implementing risk management strategies in a pragmatic and efficacious way. (AU)


A pandemia de SARS-Cov-2 e suas imediatas consequências para a saúde coletiva causaram enormes restrições ao atendimento médico-hospitalar normal. A despeito disso, os riscos de morbimortalidade relacionados a outras doenças e agravos à saúde são incessantes. E é razoável de presumi-los como aumentados pela falta de atendimento regular no período restrições mais severas decorrentes das medidas sanitárias contra a epidemia. A retomada do atendimento é necessária, ainda que o vírus permaneça uma ameaça. Portanto, é crítico que esta seja feita de forma estruturada e segura, sob pena de causar mal adicional aos nossos pacientes e a nós mesmos. O presente artigo se propõe a servir como guia para a retomada e manutenção dos atendimentos eletivos ambulatorial, cirúrgico e endoscópico baixo, auxiliando o coloproctologista a identificar os riscos, avaliar a suas dimensões e implementar medidas de controle de forma pragmática e eficaz. (AU)


Subject(s)
Elective Surgical Procedures , Colorectal Surgery , COVID-19 , Risk Management , Endoscopy , Waiting Rooms
14.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; 27: 1-9, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1399723

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar os fatores associados ao desenvolvimento de lesão por pressão (LP) no período perioperatório em indivíduos submetidos a cirurgia eletiva. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura realizada, em 2021, com o auxílio da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS). Resultados: Identificaram-se 135 artigos na base de dados, dos quais 19 foram selecionados para extração dos resultados. Os critérios de inclusão dos artigos foram: serem originais, responderem à pergunta de pesquisa, publicados em português, inglês ou espanhol, apresentarem como população: pacientes cirúrgicos; como exposição: fatores de risco no pré-operatório, intraoperatório ou pós-operatório; e como resultado: desenvolvimento de LP. Dos artigos incluídos, 15,8% foram realizados no Brasil, com predominância do nível de evidência NE=2 (n = 15; 68,2%). Conclusão: Associaram-se ao desenvolvimento de lesão fatores intrínsecos e extrínsecos relacionados com cirurgia, medicamentos em uso, comorbidades, estado clínico pré-cirúrgico, sexo, idade, ser admitido de um outro local que não sua residência, cirurgias abertas, tipo de cirurgia, tipo de anestesia, episódios hipotensivos, transfusão, tempo cirúrgico, uso de coxim, condições da pele, aumento da pressão no intraoperatório, temperatura da pele, hipotermia


Objective: To identify factors associated with the development of pressure injuries (PI) in the perioperative period in individuals undergoing elective surgery. Method: Integrative literature review carried out in 2021 with the help of Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS). Results: 135 articles were identified in the database, of which 19 were selected for extraction of results. The inclusion criteria of the articles were: being original, answering the research question, published in Portuguese, English or Spanish, presenting as a population: surgical patients; as exposure: preoperative, intraoperative or postoperative risk factors; and as a result: LP development. Of the articles included, 15.8% were carried out in Brazil, with a predominance of the level of evidence LE=2 (n = 15; 68.2%). Conclusion: Intrinsic and extrinsic factors related to surgery, medications in use, comorbidities, pre-surgical clinical status, sex, age, being admitted from a place other than their residence, open surgeries, type of surgery were associated with the development of injury. , type of anesthesia, hypotensive episodes, transfusion, surgical time, use of cushion, skin conditions, increased intraoperative pressure, skin temperature, hypothermia.


Objetivo: Identificar factores asociados al desarrollo de lesiones por presión (LP) en el perioperatorio en sujetos sometidos a cirugía electiva. Método: Revisión integrativa de la literatura realizada en la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud (BVS) en 2021. Resultados: 135 artículos fueron identificados en la base de datos y 19 fueron seleccionados para la extracción de resultados. Los criterios de inclusión de los artículos fueron: ser originales, responder a la pregunta de investigación, publicados en portugués, inglés o español, con la siguiente población: pacientes quirúrgicos; como exposición: factores de riesgo preoperatorios, intraoperatorios o postoperatorios; y como resultado: desarrollo de LP. De los artículos incluidos, 15,8% fueron realizados en Brasil con predominio del nivel de evidencia NE=2 (n = 15; 68,2%). Conclusión: Asociados con el desarrollo de lesiones, están: Factores intrínsecos y extrínsecos relacionados con la cirugía, medicamentos en uso, comorbilidades, estado clínico prequirúrgico, sexo, edad, ser ingresado de lugar diferente al de residencia, cirugías abiertas, tipo de cirugía, tipo de anestesia, episodios de hipotensión, transfusión, tiempo quirúrgico, uso de almohadillas, afecciones de la piel, aumento de la presión intraoperatoria, temperatura de la piel, hipotermia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Elective Surgical Procedures , Pressure Ulcer , Perioperative Period , General Surgery , Risk Factors , Nursing
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 645-647, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943049

ABSTRACT

For elective surgery of colorectal cancer, current evidence supports preoperative mechanical bowel preparation combined with oral antibiotics. Meanwhile, for patients with varied degrees of intestinal stenosis, individualized protocol is required to avoid adverse events. We hereby summarize recent high-quality evidences and updates of guidelines and consensus, and recommend stratified bowel preparation based on the clinical practice of our institute as follows. (1) For patients with unimpaired oral intake, whose tumor can be passed by colonoscopy, mechanical bowel preparation and oral antibiotics are given. (2) For patients without symptoms of bowel obstruction but with impaired oral intake or incomplete colonoscopy due to tumor-related stenosis, small-dosage laxative is given for several days before surgery, and oral antibiotics the day before surgery. (3) For patients with bowel obstruction, mechanical bowel preparation or enema is not indicated. We proposed this evidence-based, individualized protocol for preoperative bowel preparation for the reference of our colleagues, in the hope of improving perioperative outcomes and reducing adverse events.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Constriction, Pathologic/etiology , Elective Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Preoperative Care/methods , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology
16.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 35: e35106, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364849

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Major surgeries are highly complex procedures and have a higher incidence of respiratory morbidity and mortality compared to other types of surgery. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) are common after such surgeries and are associated with increased hospital stay, health care costs and surgical patient mortality. Objective: To investigate the most commonly used physical therapy techniques for the prevention and treatment of PPC among thoracic and abdominal surgery patients in all regions of Brazil. Methods: A total of 489 randomly selected physiotherapists who provided perioperative care for patients undergoing elective abdominal, thoracic or cardiac surgeries participated in this study. A questionnaire with nine questions about routine care and therapeutic choices for the surgical population was developed and assessed by 10 specialists before being administered to the physiotherapists. Results: Among the physiotherapists (63% with at least 5 years of experience with surgical patients), 50.9% considered the patient's surgical risk in their treatment either always or often. A total of 53.8% patients were treated by the physiotherapist following a physician's prescription. The most mentioned physical therapy techniques used to prevent PPC were postoperative mobilization/exercises (59.3%), postoperative lung expansion (52.8%), and preoperative advice (50.7%). In addition, 80.6% of the physiotherapists believe that incentive spirometry prevents PPC, while 72.8% expected this effect from positive airway pressure devices. Conclusion: Most physiotherapists in Brazil who work with surgical patients offer preoperative professional advice, use postoperative early mobilization and lung expansion techniques to prevent PPC, and consider the patient's surgical risk during treatment. In addition, some physical therapy sessions are routinely performed preoperatively.


Resumo Introdução: As cirurgias de grande porte são procedimentos de alta complexidade, apresentando maior incidência de morbi-mortalidade respiratória em comparação com outros tipos de cirurgia. Complicações pulmonares pós-operatórias (CPP) são comuns após tais cirurgias e estão associadas ao aumento da permanência hospitalar, dos custos com saúde e da mortalidade do paciente. Objetivo: Investigar as técnicas de fisioterapia mais utilizadas em todas as regiões do Brasil para o tratamento das CPP após cirurgias torácicas e abdominais. Métodos: Participaram deste estudo 489 fisioterapeutas selecionados aleatoriamente, que atuam na assistência perioperatória de cirurgias eletivas abdominais, torácicas ou cardíacas. Um questionário com nove questões sobre cuidados de rotina e escolhas terapêuticas na população cirúrgica foi elaborado e avaliado por 10 especialistas antes de ser aplicado aos fisioterapeutas. Resultados: Entre os fisioterapeutas (63% com pelo menos 5 anos de experiência com pacientes cirúrgicos), 50,9% considera o risco cirúrgico do paciente em seu tratamento sempre ou frequentemente; 53,8% dos pacientes foram tratados pelo fisioterapeuta após prescrição médica. As técnicas fisioterapêuticas mais citadas para a prevenção de CPP foram: mobilização/exercícios pós-operatórios (59,3%), técnicas de expansão pulmonar pós-operatória (52,8%) e orientações pré-operatórias (50,7%). Além disso, 80,6% dos fisioterapeutas acreditam que a espirometria de incentivo previne CPP, assim como 72,8% esperam esse efeito da pressão positiva nas vias aéreas. Conclusão: A maioria dos fisioterapeutas que trabalham com pacientes cirúrgicos no Brasil utiliza orientações profissionais pré-operatórias e técnicas de mobilização precoce e expansão pulmonar pós-operatória com o objetivo de prevenir CPP. A maioria dos fisioterapeutas costuma considerar o risco cirúrgico do paciente durante o tratamento. Além disso, algumas sessões de fisioterapia são realizadas rotineiramente no pré-operatório.


Subject(s)
Elective Surgical Procedures , Perioperative Care , Physical Therapists , Thoracic Surgery , Physical Therapy Modalities
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210159, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375799

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Inpatient consultations are a fundamental component of practice in tertiary care centers. However, such consultations demand resources, generating a significant workload. Objectives To investigate the profile of inpatient consultations requested by other specialties and provided by the Vascular and Endovascular Surgery team at an academic tertiary hospital. Methods Prospective observational study. Results From May 2017 to May 2018, 223 consultations were provided, representing 2.2% of the workload. Most consultations were requested by Oncology (16.6%), Hematology (9.9%), Nephrology (9.0%), and Cardiology (6.3%). The leading reasons for inpatient consultation were: need for vascular access (51.1%) and requests to evaluate a vascular disease (48.9%). Acute venous diseases accounted for 19.3% of consultations, chronic arterial diseases for 14.8%, acute arterial diseases for 7.2%, diabetic feet for 5.4%, and chronic venous diseases accounted for 2.2%. Surgical treatment was performed in 57.0%, either conventional (43.9%) or endovascular (13.0%). Almost all (98.2%) patients' issues were resolved. Conclusions Inpatient consultations with the Vascular and Endovascular Surgery team in a tertiary academic hospital accounted for 2.2% of the team's entire workload. Most patients were elective and underwent low-complexity elective surgical procedures. There may be an opportunity to improve healthcare, redirecting these patients to the outpatient flow.


RESUMO Introdução Interconsultas são um componente fundamental da prática clínica em centros de atendimento terciários. No entanto, esse tipo de consulta requer recursos, resultando em uma alta carga de trabalho. Objetivo Investigar o perfil das interconsultas solicitadas por outros departamentos e realizadas pela equipe de Cirurgia Vascular e Endovascular em um hospital universitário terciário. Métodos Estudo observacional prospectivo. Resultados De maio de 2017 a maio de 2018, foram realizadas 223 consultas, correspondendo a 2,2% da carga de trabalho. A maioria das consultas foram solicitadas pelos departamentos de Oncologia (16,6%), Hematologia (9,9%), Nefrologia (9,0%) e Cardiologia (6,3%). As principais razões das interconsultas foram a necessidade de acesso vascular (51,1%) e de avaliação de doenças vasculares (48,9%). As doenças venosas agudas corresponderam a 19,3% das avaliações; as doenças arteriais crônicas, a 14,8%; as doenças arteriais agudas, a 7,2%; o pé diabético, a 5,4%; e as doenças venosas crônicas corresponderam a 2,2%. Foi realizado tratamento cirúrgico em 57,0% dos casos, tanto convencional (43,9%) quanto endovascular (13,0%). Foram resolvidos os problemas de quase todos os pacientes (98,2%). Conclusão As interconsultas realizadas pela equipe de Cirurgia Vascular e Endovascular em um hospital universitário terciário corresponderam a 2,2% da carga de trabalho total. A maioria dos pacientes eram eletivos e foram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos eletivos de baixa complexidade. O redirecionamento desses pacientes para o atendimento ambulatorial poderia auxiliar na melhoria dos serviços de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Admission , Referral and Consultation , Tertiary Healthcare/methods , Tertiary Care Centers/organization & administration , Vascular Surgical Procedures/organization & administration , Prospective Studies , Workload , Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Health Resources , Hospitals, University
18.
African Health Sciences ; 22(3): 117-124, 2022-10-26. Figures, Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1401122

ABSTRACT

Background: Preoperative anxiety is a common occurrence in patients presenting for surgery with a reported incidence of up to 80%. Increased preoperative anxiety has been associated with increased morbidity. Provision of information relating to surgery and anesthesia to patients has been proven to have benefit in allaying anxiety. However, the best format of information dissemination remains unknown. Objective: To determine the effect of video information in addition to the pre-anesthetic review on the mean preoperative State anxiety inventory (STAI-S) score in adult patients presenting for elective caesarean section under spinal anesthesia at Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi (AKUHN), and to determine the prevalence of preoperative anxiety in the obstetric population presenting for elective caesarean section at AKUHN. Methods: Thirty-seven adult patients booked for elective caesarean section under spinal anesthesia were randomly assigned to one of two groups. In the study arm, a video was shown to the participants in addition to the standard pre-anesthetic review. In the control arm the participants only had a standard pre-anesthetic review. Results: The mean STAI-T score in the sampled population was 45.64 (SD 5.625). The mean baseline STAI-S score was 46.32 (SD 4.911). There was no statistically significant difference in change in STAI score between the video and control arms (p>0.05). Conclusion: On the basis of this study among this population, there was no benefit demonstrated from the use of an information video about spinal anesthesia on anxiety levels in obstetric patients presenting for a first time spinal


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Cesarean Section , Elective Surgical Procedures , Health Information Exchange , Academic Performance , Inventories, Hospital
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): 822-824, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351667

ABSTRACT

Abstract The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic brings numerous challenges to the health ecosystem, including the safe resumption of elective cardiac surgery. In the pre-pandemic period, rapid recovery protocols demonstrated, through strategies focused on the multidisciplinary approach, reduction of hospital length of stay, infection rates and, consequently, costs. Even with several studies proving the benefits of these protocols, their acceptance and implementation have been slow. It is believed that the resumption of surgeries in the current context requires the use of rapid recovery protocols combined with the use of a mobile application promoting greater engagement between patients, caregivers and care teams.


Subject(s)
Humans , Technology , COVID-19 , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Patient Care Team , Elective Surgical Procedures , Mobile Applications , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery
20.
São Paulo med. j ; 139(6): 556-563, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352293

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Hypoxemia and pulmonary complications are common after upper abdominal surgery (UAS). OBJECTIVE: To examine whether inclusion of autogenic drainage (AD) in chest physiotherapy after UAS confers additional benefits in improving blood gases and reducing postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). DESIGN AND SETTING: Randomized controlled study conducted at Kasr Al-Ainy teaching hospital, Egypt. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 48 subjects undergoing elective UAS with high risk of developing PPCs. The study group received AD plus routine chest physiotherapy (deep diaphragmatic breathing, localized breathing and splinted coughing) and the control group received routine chest physiotherapy only. The outcomes included arterial blood gases measured at the first and seventh postoperative days, incidence of PPCs within the first seven days and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. In the AD group, SaO2, PaO2, PaCO2 and HCO3 significantly improved (P < 0.05) while in the physiotherapy group, only SaO2 and PaO2 significantly improved (P < 0.05). Nonetheless, significant differences in post-treatment SaO2 and PaO2 between the groups were observed. The overall incidence of PPCs was 16.66% (12.5% in the AD group and 20.8% in the physiotherapy group) (absolute risk reduction -8.3%; 95% confidence interval, CI, -13.5 to 29.6%), with no significant difference between the groups. The AD group had a significantly shorter hospital stay (P = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Adding AD to routine chest physiotherapy after UAS provided a favorable blood gas outcome and reduced the length of hospital stay. It tended to reduce the incidence of PPCs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04446520.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Therapy Modalities , Elective Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Drainage , Gases , Length of Stay
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