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1.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 20: e20216481, 05 maio 2021. ilus
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1255197

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a efetividade do ângulo de fase medido por bioimpedância elétrica como preditor para avaliação de cicatrização em pacientes com lesões cutâneas ou risco de desenvolvê-las. MÉTODO: Revisão sistemática operacionalizada segundo metodologia Joanna Briggs Institute, recomendações checklist PRISMA. A amostra contemplou pacientes acima de 18 anos com lesões cutâneas variadas. RESULTADOS: Quatro estudos demonstraram o uso do ângulo de fase para o desfecho cicatrização e um estudo apontou uma possível relação do ângulo de fase com previsão de surgimento e risco de lesão por pressão. Foram obtidos pontos de cortes para determinadas lesões. Por não ter sido possível metanálise, se propõe a realização de estudos primários sobre o tema deste estudo. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar de serem poucos os trabalhos científicos com o tema proposto, foi possível demonstrar evidência moderada para o desfecho "cicatrização" e baixa para o desfecho "risco de lesão". Registro no PROSPERO com número CRD420201549.


OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of the phase angle measured by electrical bioimpedance as a predictor for healing evaluation in patients with skin lesions or risk of developing them. METHOD: A systematic review operationalized according to Joanna Briggs Institute methodology, PRISMA checklist recommendations. The sample included patients over 18 years old with varied skin lesions. RESULTS: Four studies demonstrated the use of phase angle for the healing outcome and one study indicated a possible relationship between phase angle and the prediction of the onset and risk of pressure ulcer. Cut-off points were obtained for certain lesions. As it was not possible to perform a meta-analysis, it is proposed to conduct primary studies on the theme of this study. CONCLUSION: Although there are few scientific papers with the theme proposed, it was possible to demonstrate moderate evidence for the "healing" outcome and low evidence for the "risk of lesion" outcome. Registration in PROSPERO with number CRD420201549.


OBJETIVO: Evaluar la efectividad del ángulo de fase medido por bioimpedancia eléctrica como predictor para la evaluación de la cicatrización en pacientes con lesiones cutáneas o riesgo de desarrollarlas. MÉTODO: Revisión sistemática realizada según la metodología del Joanna Briggs Institute, recomendaciones checklist PRISMA. La muestra incluyó a pacientes mayores de 18 años con diferentes lesiones cutáneas. RESULTADOS: Cuatro estudios demostraron el uso del ángulo de fase para el resultado cicatrización y un estudio señaló una posible relación entre el ángulo de fase y la previsión de la aparición y el riesgo de lesión por presión. Se obtuvieron puntos de corte para ciertas lesiones. Como no fue posible realizar un metaanálisis, se propone realizar estudios primarios sobre el tema de este estudio. CONCLUSIÓN: Aunque hay pocos estudios científicos sobre el tema propuesto, fue posible demostrar evidencia moderada para el resultado "cicatrización" y baja para el resultado "riesgo de lesión". Inscripción en PROSPERO con número CRD420201549.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin/injuries , Wound Healing , Electric Impedance , Pressure Ulcer
2.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 73-80, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251524

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico (ERGE) se define como el tránsito anormal del contenido gástrico hacia el esófago, que se da por una alteración de la barrera antirreflujo, causando síntomas o complicaciones. Para su correcto diagnóstico y abordaje terapéutico, se requiere de la integración de hallazgos clínicos, endoscópicos y monitorización del pH esofágico en 24 horas con o sin impedanciometría, la cual debe ser realizada con especificaciones técnicas, y su interpretación debe basarse en la mejor evidencia clínica disponible, con el objetivo de tener diagnósticos precisos que permitan tomar las mejores decisiones con los pacientes. Recientemente, en el Consenso de Lyon se han incorporado nuevas directrices para el diagnóstico de ERGE por monitorización de pH esofágico, las cuales se revisan en este artículo.


Abstract Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as the abnormal transit of gastric contents into the esophagus. It is caused by an alteration of the anti-reflux barrier, causing multiple symptoms or complications. In order to achieve accurate diagnosis and proper therapeutic approach, integration of clinical findings, endoscopic findings and 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring, with or without impedancometry, is required. These tests must be performed following technical specifications and their interpretation must be based on the best clinical evidence available to obtain accurate diagnoses that allow making the best decisions to the benefit of patients. Recently, the Lyon Consensus incorporated new guidelines for the diagnosis of GERD by esophageal pH monitoring, which are reviewed in this paper.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Therapeutics , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Electric Impedance , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Disease
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880471

ABSTRACT

The bioelectrical impedance measurement is a detection technique that uses the electrical characteristics and changes in human tissues and organs to detect biomedical information related to human physiological and pathological conditions. This article makes a comprehensive introduction from the aspects of impedance cardiography, electrical impedance respiratory monitoring, electrical impedance tomography, electrical impedance gastric dynamics detection technique, contact impedance and so on, as well as comprehensively introduces the progress and application status of bioelectrical impedance measurement methods.


Subject(s)
Electric Impedance , Humans , Monitoring, Physiologic , Tomography
4.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 67(2): e-131234, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223566

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O câncer infantil gera um grande impacto para a saúde pública. A avaliação da composição corporal pela impedância bioelétrica fornece os valores de ângulo de fase, diretamente relacionados a alterações funcionais na membrana celular e que têm sido usados para avaliar o estado nutricional e o prognóstico. Objetivo: Avaliar a correlação entre o ângulo de fase e os parâmetros do estado nutricional de pacientes oncológicos pediátricos em tratamento. Método: Estudo transversal realizado em um hospital público universitário. O estado nutricional foi verificado por meio das medidas de peso, altura, circunferência do braço, dobra cutânea tricipital, índice de massa corporal e circunferência muscular do braço. O ângulo de fase foi determinado pela impedância bioelétrica. Resultados: Foram incluídos 13 pacientes com média de idade de 103,2±39,7 meses, sendo 61,5% do sexo masculino, com prevalência da leucemia entre os diagnósticos. Constatou-se que a maioria (53,8%) dos pacientes estava em eutrofia. Houve forte correlação do ângulo de fase com os parâmetros de massa magra (r=0,923; p=0,000), massa corporal celular (r=0,911; p=0,000), massa extracelular (r=0,897; p=0,000) e peso corporal (r=0,920; p=0,000). Conclusão: Observaram-se correlações expressivas entre o ângulo de fase e os indicadores antropométricos, reforçando a hipótese de que o ângulo de fase pode antecipar a identificação de alterações na composição corporal, possibilitando uma intervenção nutricional precoce e melhor prognóstico.


Introduction: Child cancer has a major impact on public health. The evaluation of body composition by bioelectric impedance provides the values of phase angle, causally related to functional changes in the cell membrane which have been used to evaluate nutritional status and prognosis. Objective: To evaluate the correlation between phase angle and parameters of the nutritional status of pediatric oncologic patients under treatment. Method: Cross-sectional study performed in a public university hospital. The nutritional status was evaluated by weight, height, arm circumference, triceps skin fold, body mass index and arm muscle circumference. The phase angle was determined by bioelectric impedance. Results: 13 patients were included with a mean age of 103.2±39.7 months, 61.5% males with prevalence of leukemia in the diagnoses. It was found that most (53.8%) of the patients were eutrophic. There was a strong correlation of the phase angle with the parameters of lean mass (r=0.923; p=0.000), cellular body mass (r=0.911; p=0.000), extracellular mass (r=0.897; p=0.000) and body weight (r=0.920; p=0.000). Conclusion: Expressive associations between phase angle and other anthropometric indicators were observed, reinforcing the hypothesis that it can anticipate the identification of changes in body composition, allowing early nutritional intervention and better prognosis.


Introducción: El cáncer infantil tiene un gran impacto en la salud pública. La evaluación de la composición corporal por impedancia bioeléctrica proporciona los valores del ángulo de fase, directamente relacionados con los cambios funcionales de la membrana celular y que se han utilizado para evaluar el estado nutricional y el pronóstico. Objetivo: Evaluar la correlación entre el ángulo de fase y los parámetros del estado nutricional de los pacientes oncológicos pediátricos en tratamiento. Método: Estudio transversal realizado en un hospital universitario público. El estado nutricional se evaluó por peso, altura, circunferencia del brazo, pliegue de la piel del tríceps, índice de masa corporal y circunferencia muscular del brazo. El ángulo de fase fue determinado por la impedancia bioeléctrica. Resultados: Se incluyeron 13 pacientes con una edad media de 103,2±39,7 meses, de los cuales el 61,5% eran hombres con prevalencia de leucemia entre los diagnósticos. Se descubrió que la mayoría (53,8%) de los pacientes eran eutróficos. Hubo una fuerte correlación del ángulo de fase con los parámetros de masa magra (r=0,923; p=0,000), masa corporal celular (r=0,911; p=0,000), masa extracelular (r=0,897; p=0,000) y peso corporal (r=0,920; p=0,000). Conclusión: Se observaron asociaciones expresivas entre el ángulo de fase y otros indicadores antropométricos, lo que refuerza la hipótesis de que puede anticiparse a la identificación de cambios en la composición corporal, lo que permite una intervención nutricional temprana y un mejor pronóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Nutritional Status , Electric Impedance/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Body Composition
5.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e567, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156454

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El baloncesto es objeto de múltiples estudios que incluye la valoración mediante tecnologías actuales como la bioimpedancia. Objetivo: Comparar los índices de asimetría (IA) de las extremidades superiores e inferiores en jugadores de baloncesto universitario por nivel deportivo. Método: Se evaluaron 24 jugadores de baloncesto de diferente nivel competitivo, representativo 1) universitario (n = 12) y 2) facultad (n = 12). Se determinó la circunferencia de brazos y piernas, además de masa magra y grasa por bioimpedancia. Se determinó el índice de asimetría de los miembros inferiores y superiores y se compararon por nivel deportivo. Resultados: La comparación de los índices de asimetría entre brazos y piernas en el grupo total identificó diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p < 0,05) en lo referente a la masa grasa, con mayor adiposidad en extremidades superiores, y un índice de asimetría de -10,8. Cuando se compararon las mismas variables en función del nivel deportivo, los jugadores representantes de la universidad mostraron mayores valores (p < 0,05) en el índice de asimetría de la masa total, circunferencias, masa magra y masa grasa. Las comparaciones intergrupales señalan diferencias en los índices de asimetría del brazo vs. la pierna en masa magra para ambos grupos (p < 0,05) mientras que los de la facultad mostraron diferencia también para grasa con índice de asimetría de 18,3 (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: Indistintamente del nivel deportivo, existen diferentes niveles del índice de asimetría entre extremidades superiores e inferiores en el componente de masa grasa, aunque menores valores del índice de asimetría fueron característicos de los individuos de mayor nivel deportivo(AU)


Introduction: Basketball has been the object of many studies, including assessments based on current technologies such as bioimpedance. Objective: Compare the asymmetry indices (AI) for upper and lower limbs in university basketball players. Methods: An evaluation was conducted of 24 basketball players from different competitive levels, representing 1) the university (n = 12) and 2) the school (n = 12). Determination was made of arm and leg circumference, as well as lean mass and fat by bioimpedance. The lower and upper limb asymmetry index was estimated and compared between the competitive levels. Results: Comparison of the arms and legs asymmetry indices in the total group revealed statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) as to fat mass, with greater adiposity in the upper limbs and an asymmetry index of 10.8. Comparison of the same variables between the sports levels found that players representing the university displayed higher values (p < 0.05) in the asymmetry index for total mass, circumferences, lean mass and fat mass. Comparison between the groups found differences in the arm vs. leg asymmetry indices for lean mass in both groups (p < 0.05), whereas the school players also showed differences for fat, with an asymmetry index of 18.3 (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Regardless of the sports level, different asymmetry indices are found between upper and lower limbs as to fat mass, though smaller asymmetry index values were characteristic of individuals from a higher sports level(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Basketball/physiology , Electric Impedance , Lower Extremity/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Universities/ethics
6.
ABCS health sci ; 45: [1-6], 02 jun 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1097558

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-related diseases have aggravated the situation of postpartum women, who end up using Mechanical Ventilation (MV) when admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICU). Although MV has benefits, it is associated with deleterious effects that can be minimized with the use of Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT). OBJECTIVE: The aim was to analyze the epidemiological profile and ventilatory parameters of mothers, which developed HELLP Syndrome, sepsis and/or Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), under MV and monitored with EIT. METHODS: The study was observational, cross-sectional, retrospective and prospective conducted between March and September 2018, using data collection forms filled from the database and sociodemographic, obstetric and ventilatory records of postpartum women admitted to adult ICU. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 13 postpartum women, 8 with sepsis (61.5%), 7 with HELLP syndrome (53.8%) and 4 with ARDS (30.8%). Five patients (38.5%) evolved with more than one of these conditions. Regarding the ventilatory parameters evaluated, VT 378.9 (±103.9) mL were observed and mean values found for PEEP 9.8 (±1.9) cmH2O and driving pressure 11.1 (±1.4) cmH2O are below recommendations in the literature, predicting lower mortality and morbidity index. CONCLUSION: The relevance of the driving pressure assessment in the MV setting was demonstrated, a parameter assessed by the EIT and directly related to static lung compliance (Cstat), PEEP, VT and optimization of regional pulmonary ventilation. It is highlighted the need for future research with greater clinical significance regarding the profile of postpartum women about the increasingly frequent diseases in this population.


INTRODUÇÃO: As doenças relacionadas à gravidez tem agravado o quadro de puérperas, que acabam fazendo uso de Ventilação Mecânica (VM) quando internadas em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). A VM, apesar de trazer benefícios, está associada a efeitos deletérios que podem ser minimizados com o uso da Tomografia por Impedância Elétrica (TIE). OBJETIVO: Analisar o perfil epidemiológico e parâmetros ventilatórios de puérperas que evoluíram com Síndrome HELLP, Sepse e/ou Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório Agudo (SDRA), sob VM e monitoradas com a TIE. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional, transversal retrospectivo e prospectivo, realizado entre março e setembro de 2018, por meio de fichas de coletas preenchidas a partir de banco de dados/prontuários sociodemográficos, obstétricos e ventilatórios de puérperas internadas em UTI. RESULTADOS: Amostra composta por 13 puérperas, oito com Sepse (61,5%), sete com Síndrome HELLP (53,8%) e quatro com SDRA (30,8%), demonstrando que cinco (38,5%) pacientes evoluíram com mais de uma dessas patologias. Acerca dos parâmetros ventilatórios avaliados, observou-se VT 378.9 (± 103.9) e que valores médios encontrados para PEEP 9.8 (±1.9) e driving pressure 11.1 (±1.4) estão abaixo dos preconizados pela literatura, predizendo menores índices de mortalidade e morbidade. CONCLUSÃO: Demonstrou-se relevância da avaliação de driving pressure no cenário da VM, parâmetro avaliado por meio da TIE e diretamente relacionado à Cst, PEEP, VT e otimização da ventilação pulmonar regional. Destaca-se a necessidade de pesquisas futuras que apresentem maiores significâncias clínicas voltadas ao perfil de puérperas em relação às doenças cada vez mais frequentes nesta população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , HELLP Syndrome , Postpartum Period , Respiration, Artificial , Health Profile , Electric Impedance , Intensive Care Units
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 180-186, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136170

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The current study aimed to examine the body composition of adult male ultra-trail runners (UTR) according to their level of participation (regional UTR-R, vs. national UTR-N). METHODS The sample was composed of 44 adult male UTR (aged 36.5±7.2 years; UTR-R: n=25; UTR-N: n=19). Body composition was assessed by air displacement plethysmography, bioelectrical impedance, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. In addition, the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) was applied. A comparison between the groups was performed using independent samples t-test. RESULTS Significant differences between groups contrasting in the competitive level were found for chronological age (in years; UTR-R: 38.8±8.2 vs. UTR-N: 33.5±4.1); body density (in L.kg-1; UTR-R: 1.062±0.015 vs. UTR-N: 1.074±0.009); and fat mass (in kg; UTR-R: 12.7±6.8 vs. UTR-N: 7.6±2.7). CONCLUSION UTR-N were younger, presented higher values for body density, and had less fat mass, although no significant differences were found for fat-free mass. The current study evidenced the profile of long-distance runners and the need for weight management programs to regulate body composition.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O presente estudo objetivou examinar a composição corporal dos corredores de ultra-trail (UTR) e, adicionalmente, comparar dois grupos de acordo com o nível de participação (Regional vs. Nacional, respectivamente UTR-R e UTR-N). MÉTODOS A amostra foi composta por 44 corredores adultos masculinos (36,5±7,2 anos de idade; UTR-R: n=25; UTR-N: n=19). A composição corporal foi avaliada recorrendo à pletismografia de ar deslocado, bioimpedância elétrica e absorciometria de raios X de dupla energia. Adicionalmente, foi utilizado o Questionário de Frequência Alimentar. A comparação entre grupos foi realizada com base na prova t-student para amostras independentes. RESULTADOS Foram encontradas diferenças significativas por nível de competição para as seguintes variáveis dependentes: idade cronológica (em anos; UTR-R: 38,8±8,2 vs. UTR-N: 33,5±4,1); densidade corporal (em kg/L; UTR-R: 1,062±0,015 L/kg vs. UTR-N: 1,074±0,009); massa gorda (em kg; UTR-R: 12,7±6,8 kg vs. UTR-N: 7,6±2,7). CONCLUSÃO Os UTR-N tendem a ser mais jovens e apresentam valores superiores de densidade corporal e, consequentemente, valores menores de massa gorda, sendo a massa isenta de gordura semelhante entre os grupos. O presente estudo determinou o perfil dos corredores adultos masculinos de longa distância (ultra-trail), realçando a importância de uma cuidadosa regulação da massa corporal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Running/physiology , Body Composition/physiology , Plethysmography/methods , Reference Values , Time Factors , Absorptiometry, Photon , Anthropometry , Surveys and Questionnaires , Electric Impedance , Athletic Performance/physiology , Athletes
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(1): 16-21, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092470

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate preoperative and postoperative body fluid distribution with a bioelectrical impedance analyzer in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods: Fifteen adult patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass were included in this study. Total body fluid changes, basal metabolism rates, body fat masses, lean body masses, and total cell masses were recorded. The patients' values were measured before anesthesia, after anesthesia, after sternotomy, at the 5th, 30th, and 60th minutes of cardiopulmonary bypass, and on the 1st, 3rd, and 5th postoperative days. All values were compared with preoperative values. Results: Total body fluid changed significantly after cardiopulmonary bypass (P<0.01). Metabolic velocity significantly changed compared to preoperative measurements (P<0.05). Fat mass and lean body mass also changed significantly. Body mass index and phase angle did not change significantly (P>0.05). Conclusion: Changes in body fluids during and after cardiopulmonary bypass are inevitable. The increase in total body weight shows that this fluid load shifts to the extracellular space during bypass and the fluid load in this area passes into the intravascular area in the early postoperative period. This may cause edema and dysfunction in the major organs. Therefore, the fluid balance should be adjusted very carefully, especially during the bypass phase and the early postoperative period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Body Composition , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Postoperative Period , Body Weight , Electric Impedance
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of aerophagia in children.@*MEYJODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 46 children with aerophagia who were diagnosed and treated in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from October 2011 to September 2019.@*RESULTS@#Among these 46 children, 15 (33%) had Tourette syndrome. Abdominal distension was the most common symptom and was observed in 45 children (98%). The 24-hour esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring showed a mean number of 341 times of air swallowing and a mean number of 212 times of gas reflux, and 95% of gas refluxes occurred in the upright body position. Compared with those without Tourette syndrome, the children with Tourette syndrome had a significantly higher incidence rate of air swallowing symptoms (67% vs 6%, P<0.001), but there were no significant differences in other symptoms and the results of 24-hour esophageal impedance. Dietary adjustment, psycho-behavioral therapy, and drug intervention significantly improved the scores of clinical symptoms and quality of life, among which psycho-behavioral therapy was an important intervention measure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Some children with aerophagia may have Tourette syndrome, and such children are more likely to have air swallowing symptoms. Psycho-behavioral therapy is one of the most important treatment methods, and children with aerophagia tend to have a good prognosis after treatment.


Subject(s)
Aerophagy , Child , Electric Impedance , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781771

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To calculate the imbalance degree (IBD) of left-right meridian (IBD-LRM), IBD of exterior-interior meridian (IBD-EIM) and IBD of hand-foot meridians (IBD-HFM) of impedance in extracellular fluid of cells in twelve meridians of healthy subjects, so as to provide foundation for meridian diagnosis.@*METHODS@#A total of 31 healthy volunteers were enrolled and bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) was applied. The constant current (from 1 to 100 kHz, 200 μA) was connected into the bilateral twelve meridians through two excitation electrodes with a distance of 10 cm. Two measuring electrodes, with an interval of 5 cm, were set in between the two excitation electrodes to collect the voltage amplitude and phase. The Cole-Cole curve fitting was used to calculate the impedance of extracellular fluid of cells in the twelve meridians; the IBD-LRM, IBD-EIM and IBD-HFM as well as their absolute values were calculated.@*RESULTS@#The impedance of extracellular fluid in the left side was higher than that in right side in the large intestine meridian, the small intestine meridian and the bladder meridian (<0.05, <0.01). The mean value of IBD-LRM of extracellular fluid was (4.0±1.4) %; the mean value of absolute value of IBD-LRM was (15.0±1.1) %; the maximum absolute value of IBD-LRM was the bladder meridian. The mean value of IBD-EIM was (3.3±1.0) %; the mean value of absolute value of IBD-EIM was (17.9±1.6) %; the maximum absolute value of IBD-EIM was the bladder meridian and the kidney meridian. The impedance of extracellular fluid of hand meridian, hand meridian and hand meridian were lower than those of foot meridians. The mean value of IBD-HFM was (-2.6±1.1) %; the mean value of absolute value of IBD-HFM was (19.7±1.7) %; the maximum absolute value of IBD-HFM was meridian; the imbalance of meridians was greater than meridians. There were significant differences in impedance of extracellular fluid between left and right and between hands and feet (<0.05, <0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The extracellular fluid of left-right meridians of healthy subjects is different, but the absolute value of IBD is low; the mean value of exterior meridian and interior meridian is very close, and the absolute value of IBD is medium; the impedance of the foot meridians are greater than the hand meridians, and the absolute value of IBD is relatively high.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Electric Impedance , Extracellular Fluid , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Meridians
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of body fat mass measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in predicting abnormal blood pressure and abnormal glucose metabolism in children.@*METHODS@#Stratified cluster sampling was used to select the students aged 6-16 years, and a questionnaire survey and physical examination were performed. The BIA apparatus was used to measure body fat mass. Body mass index (BMI), body fat mass index (FMI), and fat mass percentage (FMP) were calculated. Fasting blood glucose level were measured.@*RESULTS@#A total of 14 293 children were enrolled, among whom boys accounted for 49.89%. In boys and girls, the percentile values (P, P, P, P, P, P, P, P) of FMI and FMP fitted by the LMS method were taken as the cut-off values. Based on the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the P values with a better value in predicting abnormal blood pressure and blood glucose metabolism were selected as the cut-off values for excessive body fat. When FMI or FMP was controlled below P, the incidence of abnormal blood pressure or abnormal glucose metabolism may be decreased in 8.25%-43.24% of the children.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The evaluation of obesity based on FMI and FMP has a certain value in screening for hypertension and hyperglycemia in children, which can be further verified in the future prevention and treatment of obesity and related chronic diseases in children.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Adolescent , Blood Pressure , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Child , Electric Impedance , Female , Glucose , Humans , Male
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880758

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the differences in reflux patterns in 24-hour esophageal pH-impedance monitoring in patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD), reflux hypersensitivity (RH) and functional heartburn (FH) and explore the possible mechanism of symptoms in patients with heartburn and negative endoscopic findings.@*METHODS@#Seventy-nine patients with heartburn as the main symptoms but negative endoscopic findings, including 35 with NERD, 16 with RH and 28 with FH, were enrolled in this study.All the patients underwent 24-h esophageal pH-impedance monitoring and esophagogastroscopy, and the results were compared among the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#Acid reflux episode was significantly increased and weakly alkaline reflux episode was significantly decreased in NERD group in comparison with RH group and FH group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with NERD, RH and FH had different reflux patterns.Acid reflux is predominant in the NERD, while weakly alkaline reflux is significantly increased RH and FH.In patients with normal esophageal acid exposure but without symptoms or without recorded symptoms during esophageal pH-impedance monitoring, analysis of the total reflux episode, mixed reflux episode, proximal acid reflux episode and percentage can help in the differential diagnosis between RH and FH.


Subject(s)
Electric Impedance , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Heartburn/etiology , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(2): 169-174, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101473

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze the dual interference between cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Methods: Forty-three individuals admitted for CIEDs implantation were submitted to a tetrapolar BIA with an alternating current at 800 microA and 50 kHz frequency before and after the devices' implantation. During BIA assessment, continuous telemetry was maintained between the device programmer and the CIEDs in order to look for evidence of possible electric interference in the intracavitary signal of the device. Results: BIA in patients with CIEDs was safe and not associated with any device malfunction or electrical interference in the intracardiac electrogram of any electrode. After the implantation of the devices, there were significant reductions in BIA measurements of resistance, reactance, and measurements adjusted for height resistance and reactance, reflecting an increase (+ 1 kg; P<0.05) in results of total body water and extracellular water in liter and, consequently, increases in fat-free mass (FFM) and extracellular mass in kg. Because of changes in the hydration status and FFM values, without changes in weight, fat mass was significantly lower (-1.2 kg; P<0.05). Conclusion: BIA assessment in patients with CIEDs was safe and not associated with any device malfunction. The differences in BIA parameters might have occurred because of modifications on the patients' body composition, associated to their hydration status, and not to the CIEDs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Body Composition , Heart , Body Weight , Electric Impedance
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1286-1293, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040126

ABSTRACT

Profile and standards for the diagnostics of percent of body fat and muscles were defined on a sample of 1924 women from the Republic of Serbia, aged 18.0 to 69.9, where the body structure of subjects was measured by applying multichannel segmental bioimpedance. Total sample was divided into six age groups, for the purpose of the definition of standard with regards to age. When it comes to body fat percentage results have shown that the average value of the total sample was 28.51±9.26 %, and between the range of 23.81 and 39.94 % for age groups 18.0-19.9 yr and 60.0-69.9 yr, respectively. Regression analysis results have shown that the constant of body fat percentage increase by trend of 3.417 % per decade, and that 25.1 % of mutual variance trend was explained by the model, with prediction error of 4.55 %. With regards to the percentage of skeletal muscles in the body, the results have shown that the average value of the total sample was 39.30±5.25 %, and within the range of 42.25 to 32.58 % for age groups 18.0-19.9 yr and 60.0-69.9 yr, respectively. Regression analysis results have shown that the constant of the skeletal muscles decrease by tend of -2.016 % per decade and that the model explained 23.8 % of mutual variance trend with prediction error of 8.08 %.


El perfil y estándares para el diagnóstico del porcentaje de grasa corporal y masa muscular fueron definidos en una muestra de 1924 mujeres de la República de Serbia, con edades comprendidas entre 18,0 y 69,9 años, donde la composición corporal de los sujetos fue medida por bioimpedancia segmentaria multicanal. La muestra fue dividida en seis grupos, con el propósito de definir los estándares respecto a la edad. Respecto al porcentaje de grasa corporal los resultados han mostrado que el valor promedio de la muestra fue de 28,51±9,26 %, y entre los rangos de 23,81 y 39,94 para los grupos de edad de 18,0-19,9 años y 60,069,9 años, respectivamente. Los resultados del análisis de regresión mostraron que la constante del porcentaje de grasa corporal aumentó 3,417 % por década, y que un 25,1 % de la varianza fue explicada por el modelo, con un error de predicción de 4,55 %. Con respecto al porcentaje de masa muscular, los resultados han mostrado que el valor promedio de la muestra fue de 39,30±5,25 %, y entre los rangos de 42,24 y 32,58 para los grupos de edad de 18,0-19,9 años y 60,0-69,9 años, respectivamente. Los resultados del análisis de regresión han mostrado que la constante de masa muscular decreció -2,016 % por década y que el modelo explicó 23,8 % de la varianza con un error de predicción de 8,08 %.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Body Composition , Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology , Reference Values , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Analysis of Variance , Electric Impedance , Age Distribution , Serbia
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4019-4030, nov. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039514

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine potential correlates of body fat (BF) and waist circumference (WC) in children. The sample included 328 children (169 boys) aged 9-11 years. BF (%) was measured using a bioelectrical impedance scale. WC measurements were made on exposed skin at the end of a normal expiration using a non-elastic anthropometric tape. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior were measured using accelerometers. Participants with complete individual, family and home, and school environmental data were included in the analysis. Children averaged 21.3% in boys and 25.8% in girls for BF and 68.0 cm in boys and 67.2 cm in girls for WC. There was higher BF among girls (p<0.001), but no significant sex differences with respect to WC. In boys, breakfast consumption, bad sleep quality, and MVPA were associated with BF. Among girls, the only variables associated with BF were breakfast consumption and bad sleep quantity. Bad sleep quality and MVPA were associated with WC in boys. Among girls, WC was associated with breakfast consumption and bad sleep quantity. We identified correlates of BF and WC in children; however, few correlates were common for both BF and WC, and for both boys and girls.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar os potencias correlatos da gordura corporal (GC) e da circunferência da cintura (CC) em crianças. A amostra incluiu 328 crianças (169 meninos) de 9-11 anos. A GC (%) foi avaliada usando a bioimpedância elétrica e a CC (cm) usando uma fita antropométrica não elástica. A atividade física de moderada à vigorosa (AFMV) e o tempo sedentário (TS) foram mensurados usando acelerômetros. Os participantes que tinham informações completas individuais, familiares, e de ambiente da moradia e escolar foram incluídos nas análises. As médias das crianças foram 21,3% nos meninos e 25,8% nas meninas para GC e 68,0 cm nos meninos e 67,2 cm nas meninas para CC. A média das meninas foi maior do que nos meninos para GC (p<0.001). Não encontramos diferença significativa entre os sexos para CC. Nos meninos, o consumo de café da manhã, qualidade de sono ruim e AFMV foram associados com GC. Nas meninas, as únicas variáveis associadas foram o consumo do café da manhã e qualidade de sono ruim. Qualidade de sono ruim e AFMV foram associadas com CC nos meninos. Nas meninas, CC foi associada significativamente com consumo de café da manhã e qualidade do sono ruim. Identificamos correlatos da GC e da CC em crianças, no entanto, poucos correlatos foram comuns para GC e CC e em ambos os sexos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Exercise/psychology , Adipose Tissue/physiology , Waist Circumference/physiology , Sedentary Behavior , Sleep/physiology , Brazil , Sex Factors , Electric Impedance , Accelerometry , Breakfast
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(10): 1283-1289, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041037

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Body composition assessment at the molecular level is relevant for the athletic population and its association with high performance is well recognized. The four-compartment molecular model (4C) is the reference method for fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) estimation. However, its implementation in a real context is not feasible. Coaches and athletes need practical body composition methods for body composition assessment, and the bioelectrical impedance analysis method (BIA) is usually seen as a useful alternative. The aim of this study was to test the validity of BIA (Tanita, TBF-310) to determine the FM and FFM of elite judo athletes. A total of 29 males were evaluated in a period of weight stability using the reference method (4C) and the alternative method (Tanita, TBF-310). Regarding the 4C method, total-body water was assessed by deuterium dilution, bone mineral by DXA, and body volume by air displacement plethysmography. The slops and intercepts differed from 1 (0.39 and 1.11) and 0 (4.24 and -6.41) for FM and FFM, respectively. FM from Tanita TBF-310 overestimated the 4C method by 0.2 kg although no differences were found for FFM. Tanita TBF-310 explained 21% and 72% respectively in the estimation of absolute values of FM and FFM from the 4C method. Limits of agreement were significant, varying from -6.7 kg to 7.0 kg for FM and from -8.9 kg to 7.5 kg for FFM. In conclusion, TBF-310 Tanita is not a valid alternative method for estimating body composition in highly trained judo athletes.


RESUMO A avaliação da composição corporal ao nível molecular é relevante para a população esportiva e sua associação com o alto rendimento é bem reconhecida. O modelo molecular a quatro compartimentos (4C) é o método de referência para as estimativas de massa gorda (MG) e massa livre de gordura (MLG). No entanto, sua implementação no contexto real não é viável. Técnicos e atletas precisam de métodos práticos de composição corporal para a avaliação da composição corporal e o método de análise de impedância bioelétrica (BIA) é geralmente visto como uma alternativa útil. O objetivo deste estudo foi testar a validade da BIA (Tanita, TBF-310) na determinação de MG e MLG em atletas de elite de judô. Um total de 29 atletas masculinos foi avaliado em um período de estabilidade de peso usando o método de referência (4C) e o método alternativo (Tanita, TBF-310). Em relação ao método a 4C, a água corporal total foi avaliada pela diluição de deutério, mineral ósseo por DXA e volume corporal por pletismografia por deslocamento de ar. Os declives e interceções diferiram de 1 (0,39 e 1,11) e 0 (4,24 e -6,41) para MG e MLG, respectivamente. A MG da Tanita TBF-310 superestimou o método 4C em 0,2 kg, embora não tenham sido encontradas diferenças para MLG. A Tanita TBF-310 explicou 21% e 72%, respectivamente, na estimativa dos valores absolutos de MG e MLG do método a 4C. Os limites de concordância foram grandes, variando de -6,7 kg a 7,0 kg para MG e de -8,9 kg a 7,5 kg para MLG. Em conclusão, a TBF-310 Tanita não é um método alternativo válido para estimar a composição corporal em judocas altamente treinados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Plethysmography/instrumentation , Body Composition , Models, Molecular , Martial Arts/physiology , Athletes , Reproducibility of Results , Electric Impedance
18.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(10): 3743-3752, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039479

ABSTRACT

Resumo Verificou-se a relação entre diferentes índices antropométricos e os lipídios plasmáticos. Os dados foram coletados de 2014 a 2016 em 854 escolares (6-18 anos). Foram aferidas a circunferência da cintura (CC), o percentual de gordura corporal (%G) por bioimpedância, o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e relação da cintura/estatura (RCE). Em sangue coletado em jejum mediu-se o colesterol total (CT), HDLc, e triglicerídeos e calculou-se o colesterol não HDL (Não HDLc). Os dados são apresentados por média ± desvio padrão, porcentagens. A comparação de médias foi feita pelo teste t ou ANOVA seguida de teste de Tukey. A associação entre variáveis foi testada por regressão linear. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Meninos obesos tinham CT, Não HDLc e LDLc mais elevados do que os eutróficos. Em meninas este achado foi apenas para o Não HDLc. Crianças com o %G e RCE inadequados apresentaram LDLc e Não HDLc maiores (p < 0,001), os quais associaram-se positivamente (p < 0,001) com as frações lipídicas (CT e Não HDLc). O excesso de gordura corporal elevou em 21% a probabilidade de ocorrência de colesterol acima da referência (170 mg/dL). O excesso de gordura corporal associou-se com o perfil lipídico aterogênico (maior Não HDLc), principalmente em meninos.


Abstract We studied the relationship between different anthropometric indexes and plasma lipids. Data were collected from 2014 to 2016 in 854 schoolchildren (6-18 years). Waist circumference (WC), body fat percentage (BFP) by bioimpedance, body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were measured. Total cholesterol (TC), HDLc, and triglycerides were measured in fasting blood samples and Non-HDL cholesterol (Non-HDLc) was calculated. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation, with percentages. Means were compared using the t test or ANOVA followed by Tukey's test. The association between variables was tested by linear regression. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Obese boys had higher TC, non-HDLc, and LDLc than eutrophic boys (p < 0.05). In girls this difference was found only for non-HDLc (p < 0.05). Children with inappropriate BFP and WHtR presented higher LDLc and non-HDLc concentrations (p < 0.001), which showed positive association (p<0.001) with lipid fractions (TC and non-HDLc). Excess body fat increased the probability of cholesterol above the reference value (170 mg/dL) by 21%. Excess body fat was associated with an atherogenic lipid profile (higher non-HDLc), especially in boys.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Cholesterol/blood , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology , Lipids/blood , Body Composition/physiology , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Anthropometry , Adipose Tissue/physiology , Electric Impedance , Waist Circumference/physiology
19.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(3): 294-299, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038710

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: During weight gain, most of the excess adipose tissue accumulates in the trunk. This alters the body shape and makes collection of anthropometric measurements, especially waist circumference (WC), difficult. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity and applicability of additional abdominal measurements in order to assess body composition of obese women. METHODS: A total of 30 women between 20 and 50 years of age and BMI above 30 kg/m² were assessed. Three WC measurements, were performed: at the umbilical scar designated as WC1 and at 8 and 16 cm above the umbilical scar, designated as WC2, and WC3 respectively. The correlation (r) between these anthropometric measurements and their sum was assessed against the parameters fat mass (FM), free fat mass (FFM), body fat percentage (%BF), and trunk fat percentage (%TF), obtained by total and trunk segmental bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) as well as by the golden standard total and trunk dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). RESULTS: The measurements WC1, WC2, WC3, and their sum correlated strongly and moderately with the parameters FM, FFM, and %BF in total BIA and in both total DXA and trunk DXA. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated a robust correlation between the sum of the three WC measurements and total and trunk DXA in obese women suggesting that such measurements may be a good indicator of body and trunk fat in women, actually superior to BIA results. The use of these three measurements may be an alternative for the assessment of body and trunk fat, in those cases in which the body shape due to adipose tissue trunk accumulation makes accurate classical measurement (WC1) difficult.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O acúmulo de tecido adiposo excessivo no ganho de peso se dá em maior proporção no segmento do tronco, leva à alteração dos formatos corporais dificultando a tomada de medidas antropométricas, em especial a circunferência abdominal (CA). OBJETIVO: Avaliar a sensibilidade de medidas adicionais na região abdominal, considerando cada medida individualmente e sua somatória, e a aplicabilidade dessas medidas na avaliação da composição corporal de mulheres obesas. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas 30 mulheres com idade entre 20 e 50 anos e IMC acima de 30 kg/m² com a realização de três medidas de CA denominadas: CA1 padronizada na cicatriz umbilical, CA2 a 8 cm acima da cicatriz umbilical e CA3 a 16 cm acima da cicatriz umbilical. Foi avaliada a correlação (r) destas medidas antropométricas e de sua somatória com os parâmetros massa gorda (MG), massa livre de gordura (MLG), porcentagem de gordura corporal (%GC) e do tronco (%GT) obtidos por impedância bioelétrica (BIA) total e segmentar do tronco e por absorciometria de raios-X de dupla energia (DXA) total e do tronco, como padrão ouro. RESULTADOS: As medidas CA1, CA2, CA3 e a somatória das três tiveram correlação forte e moderada com os parâmetros MG, MLG e %GC tanto para BIA total como para DXA total e DXA do tronco. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo mostram forte correlação entre a soma das medidas de três pontos no abdome com DXA de tronco e total, em mulheres obesas, sugerindo serem estas medidas, um bom indicador de gordura corporal e de gordura da região do tronco, superior aos resultados obtidos por BIA. O uso dessas três medidas pode ser um indicador alternativo de avaliação da gordura corporal e de tronco, nos casos em que o formato corporal de acúmulo de gordura na região do tronco, dificultar a acurácia da medida clássica (CA1).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Body Composition/physiology , Abdominal Fat/metabolism , Waist Circumference/physiology , Obesity/metabolism , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Electric Impedance , Middle Aged
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 985-990, Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012385

ABSTRACT

The measurement of body composition has become an important component in the diagnosis of health, physical conditioning and nutritional status. The aim of this study was to compare two methods of detecting body composition, bioelectrical impedance and air displacement plethysmography for athletes and non-athletes. Specifically, we compared the parameters as fat mass, fat free mass and the value of basal metabolic rate. A sample size of 52 men (age 26.2 ± 5.4 years) that included a group of mixed martial arts (MMA) fighters (n = 31, age 27.2 ± 5.5 years) and a group of the non-athletes (n =21, age 24.6 ± 5.1 years). Both groups were measured by bioelectrical impedance and air displacement plethysmography. Significant differences in % body fat (p<0.05) and fat-free mass (p<0.05) were noted between bioelectrical impedance and air displacement plethysmography of non-athletes, but there were no significant differences for athletes. Furthermore, there was a significant difference (p<0.001) of basal metabolic rate between bioelectrical impedance and air displacement plethysmography, but the correlation with fat free mass was very strong for both methods. Therefore, the use of bioelectrical impedance and air displacement plethysmography may be useful for detecting changes in body composition, but their accuracy is controversial and for this reason we recommend using only one method and not combining them.


La medición de la composición corporal se ha convertido en un componente importante en el diagnóstico de la salud, el acondicionamiento físico y el estado nutricional. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar dos métodos para detectar la composición corporal, la impedancia bioeléctrica y la pletismografía de desplazamiento de aire para atletas y no atletas. Específicamente, comparamos los parámetros como masa grasa, masa libre de grasa y el valor de la tasa metabólica basal. Un tamaño de muestra de 52 hombres (edad 26,2 ± 5,4 años) de un grupo de luchadores de artes marciales mixtas (MMA) (n = 31, edad 27,2 ± 5,5 años) y un grupo de no deportistas (n = 21, edad 24,6 ± 5,1 años). Ambos grupos se midieron por impedancia bioeléctrica y pletismografía de desplazamiento de aire. Se observaron diferencias significativas en el porcentaje de grasa corporal (p<0,05) y la masa libre de grasa (p<0,05) entre la impedancia bioeléctrica y la pletismografía de desplazamiento de aire de los no deportistas, sin embargo no hubo diferencias significativas en los atletas. Además, se observó una diferencia significativa (p<0,001) de la tasa metabólica basal entre la impedancia bioeléctrica y la pletismografía de desplazamiento de aire, pero la correlación con la masa libre de grasa fue importante para ambos métodos. Por lo tanto, el uso de la pletismografía de impedancia bioeléctrica y desplazamiento de aire puede ser útil para detectar cambios en la composición corporal, pero su precisión es controvertida por lo que recomendamos usar solo un método y no una combinación de ambos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Plethysmography/methods , Body Composition , Electric Impedance , Athletes , Basal Metabolism , Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Martial Arts , Air
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