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Motriz (Online) ; 28: e10220009221, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351122


Abstract Aim: The present study aimed to compare the strength performance and the neuromuscular activity during one maximum repetition test (1RM), and the maximum voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC) performed with whole-body vibration (WBV), local vibration (LV), and no vibration (NV). Methods: The sample consisted of 15 males, experienced in strength training for at least 6 months, which performed all strength tests in the barbell curl exercise across randomized trials on the following conditions: NV, WBV, and LV. During all tests, the normalized root means square values of the electromyographic signals (EMGRMS) of the biceps brachii and brachioradialis were recorded and compared between the conditions. The one-way ANOVAs with repeated measures were used to compare the results of 1RM and MVIC tests and the normalized EMGRMS between the conditions. When necessary, a post hoc Scott-Knott test was used to identify the differences reported in the ANOVAs. The significance level adopted was α < 0.05. Results: The EMGRMS response of the biceps brachii and brachioradialis muscles during the 1RM and MVIC tests presented significantly higher values at LV compared to WBV, and NV (p < 0.001). The 1RM tests, and the MVIC results were similar between conditions (p = 0.9803; p = 0.061, respectively). Conclusion: These results indicate that the application of MV was not sufficient to increase strength performance.

Humans , Exercise , Muscle Spindles , Electromyography/instrumentation , Resistance Training/instrumentation , Isometric Contraction
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210131, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365225


Abstract Objective: To analyze and compare changes of quality of life parameter among dental patients rehabilitated by the implant-supported overdentures with different attachment systems. Material and Methods: Forty-eight patients were recruited as a study cohort. The implant placement procedure was based on the results obtained by CBCT scanning and individualized surgical templates manufactured for correct implant placement. Each individual received two k3Pro Implants (Sure Type with 4.0 or 4.5 mm in diameter) at the intraforaminal area due to standard protocol of implantation provided by the manufacturer under local anesthesia. All patients were distributed between two groups based on the fact of using either Locator- or ball-attachments. Rank correlation was measured using Spearman correlation coefficient, while linear correlation was evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: No statistically meaningful differences were noted regarding patients' distribution among groups considering age (p>0.05) and gender (p>0.05). Provided patient-level analysis demonstrated that increase of conventional full denture service time was positively correlated with escalation of OHIP-EDENT scores. The most prominent inter-correspondences were noted specifically between longevity of denture service and elevation of scores within "Functional limitation" (r=0.61; p<0.05), "Physical pain" (r=0.51; p<0.05) and "Physical disability" (r=0.57; p<0.05) subdomains. No statistically argumented regressions were noted between increase tendency of OHIP-EDENT scores and gender (p>0.05) or age (p>0.05) parameters. Conclusion: Significant improvements of quality of life measured with OHIP-EDENT were noted for both types of attachments compared to the pre-treatment situation independently of additionally provided surface electromyography-based alignment.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported/instrumentation , Electromyography/instrumentation , Masticatory Muscles , Ukraine , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Cohort Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Occlusal Adjustment , Adaptation to Disasters , Dental Implantation , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay
Motriz (Online) ; 27: e10210008321, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346585


Abstract Aim: This study aimed to compare the recruitment of the anterior deltoid, pectoralis major, triceps (long head), and latissimus dorsi muscles during rowing, in paracanoe and canoe athletes. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, with ethical approval, including a sample of five paraplegic athletes, four lower limb amputees, and four athletes without disabilities. Surface electromyography of the anterior deltoid, pectoralis major, triceps (long head), and latissimus dorsi muscles. The athletes rowed for three minutes in an ergometer kayak. The Root Mean Square (RMS) signal of the second minute of data collection, normalized by the RMS peak (% RMS), was considered for analysis. Results: The results of paraplegic athletes, amputees, and athletes without disabilities were similar, as follows; the anterior deltoid: 10.81 ± 3.1; 9.6 ± 3.13 and 9.92 ± 3.12 (p = 0.83), pectoralis major: 7.71 ± 0.66; 8.66 ± 0.66 and 8.53 ± 2.62 (p = 0.72), long head of the triceps: 8.41 ± 3.05; 4.79 ± 1.2 and 6.66 ± 1.01 (p = 0.08), and latissimus dorsi: 8.18 ± 1.97; 6.39 ± 2.64 and 6.95 ± 1.64 (p = 0.45). Conclusion: Paracanoe and canoe athletes present similar muscle recruitment of the upper limbs and trunk during rowing.

Humans , Athletes , Sports for Persons with Disabilities , Water Sports , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Electromyography/instrumentation
Motriz (Online) ; 26(1): e10190103, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056775


Aims: The purpose of our study was to compare the hip and knee muscle activity before and after a hip abduction exercise program in women with patellofemoral pain (PFP). Methods: Eleven women with PFP were included in our pre/post design study. Participants were assessed before and after 12-week hip abduction exercise program. All participants performed 6 stair climbing repetitions, 3 sets of rope jumps over 30 s and 5 sets of 8 squats to standardize the physical activity level before data collection. We recorded the electromyographic activity from gluteus medius, vastus medialis (VM) and vastus lateralis (VL) for double-legged squat with and without isometric hip abduction. Additionally, participants were asked to perform a step-down test to assess objective function (maximum number of repetitions over 30 s) and completed a clinical evaluation. Results: Longer duration of VM (Mean difference [95% CI]) = -0.97 [-1.48; -0.46], ES [effect size] = 0.66) and VL (-0.81 [-1.35; -0.27], ES = 0.54) were found after the hip abduction exercise program only for free squat. The participants also performed higher number of step-down repetitions (-3.54 [-5.84; -1.25], ES = 1.03) after the hip abduction exercise program and showed improvement in pain reports. Conclusion: A 12-week hip abduction exercise program changed the quadriceps muscle activation pattern and improved pain and objective function of women with PFP. The exercises promoted a longer VM and VL activation duration. Additionally, they promoted a clinical improvement in the patients with PFP.(AU)

Humans , Female , Exercise , Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome/physiopathology , Exercise Therapy/instrumentation , Biomechanical Phenomena , Electromyography/instrumentation , Hip , Knee
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 31, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130800


Abstract Introduction Evaluating small nerve fibers in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) using cutaneous silent period (CSP) and skin biopsy and assesssing the relationship between clinical signs, autoantibodies and neuropathic pain score. Objective - methods Fifty one SLE patients and 46 healthy volunteers were included in this study. Nerve conduction studies and CSP were performed both on upper and lower limbs in subjects. Skin biopsy was performed and the number of epidermal nerve density and IL-6 staining were evaluated. Results In SLE patients, CSP latencies were significantly prolonged both in lower and upper limbs and lower and upper extremity CSP durations were significantly shorter when compared to controls ( p < 0.001). The number of epidermal nerve was significantly lower in SLE patients when compared to healthy controls ( p < 0.001). Conclusion We detected marked small nerve fiber damage in both lower and upper limbs in SLE patients using CSP. Decreased epidermal nerve density also supports this finding.(AU)

Humans , Small Fiber Neuropathy/etiology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/physiopathology , Skin Diseases/pathology , Electromyography/instrumentation , Small Fiber Neuropathy/diagnostic imaging
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 28, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130791


Abstract Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory and chronic autoimmune disease that leads to muscle mass loss and functional capacity impairment, potentiated by physical inactivity. Despite evidences demonstrate neuromuscular impairments in RA patients, aging effects may have masked the results of similar previous studies. The aim of study was to verify (i) the effects of RA on functional capacity and muscle properties in middle-aged patients and (ii) the association between age, clinical characteristics, quadriceps muscle properties and functional capacity. Methods: Thirty-five RA women and 35 healthy age-matched women were compared with the following outcomes: (i) physical activity level through the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ); (ii) timed-up and go (TUG) test; (iii) isometric knee extensor muscular strength; and (iv) vastus lateralis muscle activation and muscle architecture (muscle thickness, pennation angle and fascicle length) during an isometric test. An independent Student t-test and partial correlation (controlled by physical activity levels) were performed, with p < 0.05. Results: Compared with healthy women, RA presented (i) lower physical activity level (- 29.4%; p < 0.001); (ii) lower isometric knee extensor strength (- 20.5%; p < 0.001); (iii) lower TUG performance (- 21.7%; p < 0.001); (iv) smaller muscle thickness (- 23.3%; p < 0.001) and pennation angle (- 14.1%; p = 0.011). No differences were observed in muscle activation and fascicle length. Finally, the correlation demonstrated that, with exception of TUG, muscle strength and muscle morphology were not associated with age in RA, differently from healthy participants. Conclusion: Middle-aged RA patients' impairments occurred due to the disease independently of the aging process, except for functional capacity. Physical inactivity may have potentiated these losses.(AU)

Humans , Female , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/physiopathology , Muscular Atrophy , Exercise , Electromyography/instrumentation , Quadriceps Muscle , Muscle Strength
Acta sci., Health sci ; 42: e52739, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378358


Equine-assisted therapy uses the horse in rehabilitation and/or education of people, such as Down syndrome(SD), cerebral palsy(PC)and intellectual disability(DI). In context, the rehabilitation program and horse riding equipment should be usedaccording to the specific characteristics of each individual, becoming an ally in the quest for excellence in equine-assisted therapy programs. The aim was to evaluate the effect of riding equipment used in equine-assisted therapy on the muscular activityof trunk and lower limb of individuals with SD, PC and DI. The study included 15 individuals equally assigned to each group: SD, PC and DIwith a mean age of 16.2 (±1.10), 16 (±1.22)e 16 (±0) years,respectively. The analysis of muscle activity was performed through surface electromyography, using four variations of horse riding equipment: saddle with and without feet supported on the stirrups and blanket with and without feet supported on the stirrups. Sigma Stat 3.5®software was used for statistical analysis.The Shapiro Wilk's test was used for normality of the data, the Bartlett test for homogeneity of the variances and the Kruskal-Wallis test for repeated measures with no normal distribution.Statistically significant differences were observed forp<0.05.The SDgroup presented a greater muscular activity of trunk and lower limbs with blanket equipment without the feet supported in the stirrups (H = 15.078, p = 0.002), as in the DI group (H=8.302, p = 0.040), while inPCgroup was the saddle with feet supported in the stirrups (H=11.137,p = 0.011). The choice of riding equipment used in equine-assisted therapy interferes differently in the pattern of muscular activation of the trunk and the lower limbs, according to the pathological processes of the practitioners. It should be an important aspect to consider when planninga treatment.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Lower Extremity/pathology , Equine-Assisted Therapy/instrumentation , Torso/pathology , Musculoskeletal Abnormalities/therapy , Software/supply & distribution , Brain Damage, Chronic/therapy , Cerebral Palsy/therapy , Adolescent , Down Syndrome/therapy , Electromyography/instrumentation , Intellectual Disability/therapy
Motriz (Online) ; 25(3): e101995, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040649


Aim: Surface electromyography (sEMG) has been established as a safe non-invasive method to investigate neuromuscular function. However, the use of this instrument to assess lower limbs of transfemoral amputees still presents a lack of standardization in its methods of signal acquisition and processing. The aim of this study was to review the current state of sEMG utilization to assess transfemoral amputees, the procedures adopted for the acquisition and the functional findings. Methods: This is a literature review. Five electronic databases were searched to find the studies: All relevant information of each study was extracted and registered. Methodological quality was evaluated using a customized checklist. Results: Eight studies followed the inclusion criteria and were included in this paper. Four studies did not reach more than 80% of the quality checklist, few studies fully described the methodology applied. The muscles assessed were similar in all studies, electrodes placement was determined by different criteria. Conclusion: This paper demonstrates that a few studies have used this method to assess this population and the main variable aspect is concerned to the placement of the electrodes. More researches are needed to better understand the neuromuscular behavior of amputees by using sEMG and assist future researches to develop more reproducible and reliable studies.(AU)

Humans , Electromyography/instrumentation , Hip/physiopathology , Amputation, Surgical , Knee/physiopathology
Motriz (Online) ; 25(3): e101983, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040648


Aim: To compare the activation of GMed and TFL in four multi-joint exercises in strength training protocols and to verify if the level of muscle activation is indicated for strength gains in resistance training protocols. Methods: Eleven recreational lifters had normalized muscle activation of GMed and TFL assessed during ten maximal repetitions of four multi-joint exercises: (1) bilateral supine bridge (BiBRG); (2) bilateral supine bridge with hip abducted (BiBRG-AB); (3) unilateral supine bridge (UniBRG) and (4) single-leg squat (SLS). Results: A load of exercises was significantly greater for the BiBRG and BiBRG-AB compared to the UniBRG and SLS (p<0.001). We observed that GMed activation was significant greater compared to TFL among the four exercises (p=0.004) [BiBRG: Δ=26.2%; BiBRG-AB: Δ=27.3%; UniBRG: Δ=24.5% and SLS: Δ=18.8%]. Additionally, GMed activation was classified as moderate (<40%iMVC) and TFL activation was classified as low (<20%iMVC) in all exercises. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that GMed is more active than TFL in all analyzed exercises. However, the level of activation observed for GMed was below that recommended to strength gain in resistance training programs.(AU)

Humans , Male , Exercise , Electromyography/instrumentation , Endurance Training/instrumentation , Hip , Resistance Training
Acta cir. bras ; 34(3): e201900304, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989064


Abstract Purpose: To evaluate if the type of electrode (needle vs. surface) affects the electromyoneurography parameters in rats. Methods: Twenty male rats were anesthetized, then compound muscle action potential were recorded using a Neuropack S1 MEB- 9400©. All animals were submitted to two electroneuromyography analysis: first with surface electrode and then by needle electrode. We evaluated the latency, amplitude, duration and area of the negative peak of the gastrocnemius and cranial tibial muscles. Results: There were no significant differences between the groups in the mean of duration, latency, amplitude or area of the negative peak in gastrocnemius and cranial tibial muscles. Conclusion: The type of electrode does not affect the electroneuromyography parameters.

Animals , Male , Rats , Action Potentials/physiology , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Electrodes , Electromyography/instrumentation , Neural Conduction/physiology , Reaction Time , Rats, Wistar
Acta fisiátrica ; 24(4): 186-192, dez. 2017.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-968624


A alteração na temperatura de um tecido pode promover efeitos fisiológicos que levam a alterações circulatórias e nervosas, tais como vasodilatação e aumento na flexibilidade. Objetivo: Avaliar, através de uma avaliação neuromuscular não invasiva, como a termoterapia influencia na força muscular e nos sinais mioelétricos do bíceps braquial em contração isométrica. Métodos: Dezessete voluntários foram orientados a fazer contração isométrica do músculo bíceps braquial concomitantemente com a eletromiografia de superfície. A avaliação eletromiográfica e de força foram realizadas antes e após a intervenção com recursos termoterapêuticos: gelo (15 minutos) e ultrassom continuo (1MHz, 0.8W/cm2, 7 minutos). Resultados: Mostraram que as mulheres possuem menos força e ativam menos unidades motoras. No entanto, a frequência de disparos elétricos nas vias efetoras é maior, o que indica maior propensão à fadiga. Após a aplicação do calor, não foram observadas diferenças na resposta neuromuscular do bíceps braquial em contração. Já a crioterapia, promoveu redução significativa na força e no número de unidades motoras ativadas durante a contração. O resfriamento do tecido muscular promove a diminuição da ação das fibras musculares, uma vez que há redução da velocidade da condução do impulso nervoso e do reflexo do arco miotático. Além disso, a crioterapia também diminui a sensibilidade dos órgãos tendinosos de Golgi, aumenta a viscosidade sanguínea, provoca a vasoconstrição. Todos estes fatores, somam-se para culminar na diminuição da ativação neuromuscular e, consequentemente, na redução da força do músculo

The change in temperature of a biological tissue can promote physiological effects that lead to circulatory and nerve changes, such as vasodilation and increased flexibility. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate, through a noninvasive neuromuscular assessment, how thermotherapy influences the muscular strength and the myoelectric signals of the biceps brachial in isometric contraction. Methods: Seventeen volunteers were instructed to perform isometric contraction of the brachial biceps muscle concomitantly with surface electromyography. Electromyographic and force evaluation were performed before and after the intervention with thermotherapeutic resources that consisted of ice therapy for 15 minutes and continuous ultrasound (1MHz, 0.8W/cm2) for 7 minutes. Results: Women have less strength and fewer motor units. However, the frequency of electric inputs of the effector pathways is higher, which indicates a greater propensity to fatigue. After the application of heat, no differences were observed in the neuromuscular response of the contracting brachial biceps. The cryotherapy, however, promoted a significant reduction in the strength and number of motor units activated during the contraction. Conclusion: The cooling of muscle tissue promotes a decrease of muscle fibers activities, since there is a reduction in the velocity of nerve impulse conduction and the reflex of the myotatic arch. In addition, cryotherapy also decreases the sensitivity of the Golgi tendon organs, increases blood viscosity, and causes vasoconstriction. All these factors are combined to culminate in the decrease of neuromuscular activation and, consequently, in the reduction of muscle strength

Humans , Ultrasonic Therapy/instrumentation , Cryotherapy/instrumentation , Electromyography/instrumentation , Muscle Strength , Isometric Contraction
Acta fisiátrica ; 24(4): 200-206, dez. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-968632


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is the most common compressive neuropathy in the general population, and it may lead to disabling symptoms and significant functional limitation. This systematic review covered Pubmed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane, CINAHL, LILACS, and SCIELO databases, with no time or language delimitations. The PICO strategy defined the search strategy with keywords extracted from the Medical Subjects Headings, and the quality of the studies was evaluated by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) scale. Overall, 857 studies were identified, of which only 10 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Despite the good results shown, a noticeable heterogeneity was observed among the studies included, associated with methodological discrepancy and to limited sample size in a few of them. Four studies showed no correlation between electrophysiological findings and clinical symptoms and signs, whereas three could demonstrate such association and other three studies had equivocal results. Other studies are necessary, with better methodological standards and more homogeneous and precise evaluations, so as to improve the level of scientific evidence

A síndrome do Túnel do Carpo é a neuropatia compressiva mais frequente na população geral que pode levar a sintomas incapacitantes e significativa limitação funcional. Uma revisão sistemática foi realizada nas bases de dados Pubmed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane, CINAHL, LILACS e SCIELO, sem delimitação de tempo ou idioma. Utilizou-se da estratégia PICO para a pesquisa, palavras-chave extraídas dos Descritores de Ciências da Saúde (Decs) e a qualidade dos estudos foi avaliada através da escala Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Identificaram-se 857 estudos dos quais, somente 10 obedeceram aos critérios de inclusão. Apesar dos bons resultados apresentados, verificou-se uma expressiva heterogeneidade existente entre os estudos incluídos, associado à discrepância metodológica, e um limitado tamanho amostral em alguns deles. São necessários estudos com melhor padrão metodológico, bem como avaliações mais homogêneas e precisas, a fim de melhorar o nível de evidência científica

Humans , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/physiopathology , Median Neuropathy , Electrodiagnosis/instrumentation , Electromyography/instrumentation , Neural Conduction
Acta fisiátrica ; 24(2): 77-81, jun. 2017.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-906909


Polirradiculopatia inflamatória, aguda, de caráter progressivo, a Síndrome de Guillain Barré normalmente acontece pós exposição a um agente infeccioso, ou a um estímulo, desencadeando o comprometimento dos motoneurônios periféricos. Objetivo: Comparar alterações eletrofisiológicas com ganhos funcionais na SGB, observando a relação entre prognóstico e alteração no exame eletroneuromiográfico e verificando a condição dos pacientes após um ano do início do quadro clínico. Métodos: Revisão de prontuários dos pacientes atendidos no Centro de Reabilitação e Readaptação Dr. Henrique Santillo ­ CRER, no período de 2008 a 2014. Resultados: Inicialmente localizados quarenta e oito casos, destes apenas dezenove, inicialmente, foram selecionados por terem estado internados no CRER no período selecionado para o estudo, houve exclusão de um paciente por não constar em prontuário o resultado da eletroneuromiografia, permanecendo na pesquisa, então, dezoito pacientes. Conclusão: A reabilitação tem um papel fundamental no resultado final e cuidados ao longo prazo em pacientes que tiveram SGB, sendo um trabalho diferenciado a internação em centro de reabilitação melhorando a capacidade de diminuir os danos causados pela doença, independente dos déficits funcionais adquiridos. Os dados apontaram que os ganhos funcionais ao longo de um ano após início da doença, não têm relação direta com o que é encontrado no exame eletroneuromiográfico

Progressive acute inflammatory polyradiculopathy, Guillain Barré syndrome (GBS) is commonly associated to a post exposition to an infectious agent or a stimulus, thereby compromising peripheral motor neurons. Objective: The objective is to compare electrophysiological changes with functional improvements of GBS on the relation between prognosis and alterations of the electroneuromyography assessment, and to evaluate patients after one year of onset GBS. Methods: Retrospective study based on medical reports of the Centro de Reabilitação e Readaptação Dr. Henrique Santillo ­ CRER of patients registered from 2008 to 2014. Results: Forty-eight cases were found, nineteen reports were selected, once they attended the time period criteria. One of these was excluded due to lack of electroneuromyography data, therefore data of eighteen patients were analyzed. Conclusion: Rehabilitation is substantial in the final results and in the long term of patients with GBS, whereas rehabilitation program for hospitalized patients is a distinctive work to diminish the losses imposed by GBS, regardless of the functional deficits. The data have shown that the functional improvements acquired one year after GBS onset have no evident relation to what is found in electroneuromyography

Humans , Rehabilitation Centers , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/rehabilitation , Electromyography/instrumentation , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Study
Acta fisiátrica ; 23(3): 130-134, set. 2016.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-848946


A Síndrome da Dor Femoropatelar (SDFP) tem como uma das causas a lateralização excessiva da patela, que ocorre frequentemente pelo enfraquecimento do músculo Vasto Medial (VM). Dessa forma, na prevenção e reabilitação da SDFP, o fortalecimento de VM é imprescindível. Objetivo: Comparar o nível de ativação do VM em quatro diferentes exercícios utilizados na prevenção e na reabilitação da SDFP compreendendo isometria de extensão de joelhos a 30° e 60° e isometria no agachamento a 60° associado ou não a adução de quadril. Métodos: A amostra foi de 14 sujeitos saudáveis sedentários, com idade entre 20 e 40 anos. O sinal EMG do músculo VM foi coletado durante Contração Isométrica Voluntária Máxima (CIVM) com duração de cinco segundos para cada exercício. Do sinal EMG captado foi recortado um período de três segundos e a partir disso foram obtidos os valores Root Mean Square (RMS) para cada exercício. Resultados: Demonstram que houve ativação do VM significativamente maior nos exercícios de extensão quando comparados com os exercícios de agachamento. Porém, não houve diferença significativa entre os dois exercícios de extensão, assim como entre os exercícios de agachamento. Conclusão: Os melhores exercícios para maximizar a ativação do VM são os exercícios isométricos de extensão do joelho, independente do ângulo avaliado, pois apresentam maior nível de ativação do VM, imprescindível para a prevenção e reabilitação da SDFP

Excessive lateralization, which often occurs by the weakening of Vastus Medialis (VM) muscle of the patella, is one of the causes of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) For prevention and rehabilitation of PFPS, the VM strength is essential. Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the VM activation level in four different exercises used in the prevention and rehabilitation of PFPS that are isometric knee extension at 30° and 60° and isometric squat at 60° with or without hip adduction. Methods: A sample of 14 sedentary healthy subjects, aged between 20 and 40 years was included. The EMG signal of VM muscle was collected during Maximal Voluntary Isometric Contraction with duration of five seconds for each exercise. From the captured EMG signal, a period of three seconds was cut and thereafter the Root Mean Square value for each exercise was obtained. Results: The results showed that there was significantly greater activation in VM extension exercises compared to squat exercises. However, there was no significant difference between the two extension exercises, as well as between squat exercises. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the best exercises to maximize the activation of the VM are the isometric knee extension, regardless of the rated angle, since they have greater VM activation level, essential for the prevention and rehabilitation of PFPS

Humans , Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome/pathology , Electromyography/instrumentation , Quadriceps Muscle
Acta fisiátrica ; 23(2): 102-106, jun. 2016. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-848809


Este relato de caso descreve um programa de fisioterapia aquática para uma criança com distrofia muscular congênita (DMC) merosina negativa. Objetivo: Verificar a interferência da fisioterapia aquática na velocidade e no índice de gasto energético durante o deslocamento sentado em superfície plana, e no alcance funcional com os membros superiores devido a fraqueza proximal que acomete estes pacientes visando maior independência. Métodos: Como instrumentos de avaliação foram utilizados a Medida da Função Motora (MFM); o Functional Reach Test (FRT); foi verificado o Índice de Gasto Energético (IGE) no deslocamento sentado; assim como o tempo gasto neste deslocamento e a ativação muscular com a eletromiografia (EMG). O programa durou 12 semanas e a intervenção incluiu atividades para melhorar a mobilidade e a agilidade no deslocamento sentado e o alcance na postura sentada. Resultados: Na MFM a variação no escore das duas dimensões (D2 e D3) focadas na terapia foi de 6,8%. O alcance funcional melhorou 16 centímetros (cm) e o tempo do deslocamento sentado diminuiu 19 segundos (s). O gasto energético diminuiu 252,31 batimentos por minuto (bpm). Conclusão: A fisioterapia aquática foi eficaz para melhora da agilidade no deslocamento sentado e na funcionalidade de membros superiores (MMSS) de uma criança com DMC merosina negativa

This case report describes an aquatic therapy program for a child with Merosin-Deficient Congenital Muscular Dystrophy. Objective: This study sought to investigate the effect of aquatic physical therapy on the speed and the rate of energy expenditure while moving around on a flat surface, in addition to the functional reach of the upper limbs suffering from the proximal weakness that affects these patients seeking greater independence. Methods: The Motor Function Measurement (MFM) and the Functional Reach Test (FRT) were used as assessment tools; the Energy Expenditure Index (EEI) was measured in seated locomotion, as well as the time spent, and muscle activation was measured via electromyography (EMG). The program lasted 12 weeks and included activities to improve mobility and agility as well as reaching from the seated position. Results: In the MFM the change in the score of the two dimensions (D2 and D3) that the treatment focused on was 6.8%. The functional reach improved by 16 centimeters (cm) and the amount of time moving while sitting decreased by 19 seconds (s). Energy expenditure decreased by 252.31 beats per minute (bpm). Conclusion: The aquatic physical therapy was effective for agility improvement in seated locomotion and upper limb functionality of a 6-year-old child with Merosin-Deficient Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

Humans , Electromyography/instrumentation , Hydrotherapy/instrumentation , Muscular Dystrophies/physiopathology , Muscular Dystrophies/rehabilitation
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 35(3): 363-371, jul.-sep. 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-765465


Introduction: Thyroidectomy is a common surgery. Routine searching of the recurrent laryngeal nerve is the most important strategy to avoid palsy. Neuromonitoring has been recommended to decrease recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy. Objective: To assess if neuromonitoring of recurrent laryngeal nerve during thyroidectomy is cost-effective in a developing country. Materials and methods: We designed a decision analysis to assess the cost-effectiveness of recurrent laryngeal nerve neuromonitoring. For probabilities, we used data from a meta-analysis. Utility was measured using preference values. We considered direct costs. We conducted a deterministic and a probabilistic analysis. Results: We did not find differences in utility between arms. The frequency of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury was 1% in the neuromonitor group and 1.6% for the standard group. Thyroidectomy without monitoring was the less expensive alternative. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was COP$ 9,112,065. Conclusion: Routine neuromonitoring in total thyroidectomy with low risk of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury is neither cost-useful nor cost-effective in the Colombian health system.

Introducción. La tiroidectomía es una cirugía común. La búsqueda rutinaria del nervio laríngeo inferior es la estrategia más importante para evitar la parálisis. Objetivo. Evaluar el costo-efectividad en un país en desarrollo de la monitorización neurológica del nervio laríngeo inferior durante la tiroidectomía. Materiales y métodos. Se diseñó un análisis de decisiones para evaluar el costo-efectividad de la monitorización neurológica del nervio laríngeo inferior. Para las probabilidades se usaron datos de un meta-análisis. La utilidad se determinó con medidas de preferencia. Se incluyeron los costos directos. Se hizo un análisis determinístico y probabilístico. Resultados. No se encontraron diferencias en la utilidad entre las estrategias. La frecuencia de la lesión de este nervio fue de 1 % en el grupo bajo monitorización neurológica y de 1,6 % en el grupo de control. La tiroidectomía sin monitorización fue la alternativa menos costosa. La razón de costo-efectividad incremental fue de COP$ 9.112.065 Conclusión. La monitorización neurológica rutinaria en la tiroidectomía total con bajo riesgo de lesión del nervio laríngeo inferior, no es útil con relación a su costo ni costo-efectiva en el sistema de salud colombiano.

Humans , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve/physiology , Thyroidectomy/economics , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries/prevention & control , Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring/economics , Intraoperative Complications/prevention & control , Thyroidectomy/adverse effects , Tracheostomy/economics , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Probability , Decision Support Techniques , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Colombia , Unnecessary Procedures/economics , Developing Countries , Electric Stimulation/instrumentation , Electromyography/economics , Electromyography/instrumentation , Electromyography/methods , Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring/instrumentation , Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring/methods , Intubation, Intratracheal/instrumentation , Length of Stay/economics
Acta fisiátrica ; 22(3): 145-149, set. 2015.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-775883


O basquete em cadeira de rodas (BCR) segue praticamente as mesmas regras do basquete convencional (BC). Objetivo: Avaliar a ativação eletromiográfica dos músculos peitoral maior (PM), deltóide anterior (DA) e tríceps braquial (TB) durante o arremesso em atletas de BC e BCR. Método: Estudo transversal, no qual onze sujeitos foram submetidos a uma avaliação eletromiográfica dos músculos PM, DA, TB no membro que realiza o arremesso. Foi utilizado um eletromiógrafo de 4 canais (Miotec/Brasil) (2000Hz/canal). Resultados: Na comparação entre os músculos, o grupo BC mostrou diferença significativa, sendo observada maior ativação do músculo DA em relação aos demais, já no grupo BCR, não houve diferença. Na comparação entre os grupos, o músculo PM mostrou maior ativação no grupo BCR, enquanto o músculo DA estava mais ativo no grupo BC. O músculo TB não apresentou diferença significativa entre os grupos. Conclusão: A partir dos resultados do presente estudo os atletas dos grupos BC e BCR apresentaram diferenças na ativação elétrica durante o movimento do arremesso. Entretanto ambos os grupos ativaram mais o DA, seguido do TB e o músculo menos ativado foi o PM, sendo estas diferenças mais visíveis no grupo BC.

Wheelchair Basketball (WB) follows almost the same rules as Conventional Basketball (CB). Objective: Evaluate the electromyographic (EMG) activation of the pectoralis major (PM), anterior deltoid (AD), and triceps brachii (TB) muscles during shooting in CB and WB athletes and to verify whether there is any difference in muscle activation between the categories. Method: Comparing two groups in a transversal study, CB and WB, in which eleven individuals submitted to an electromyographic examination, of muscles PM, AD, TB on the extremity that was doing the shooting. We used a 4-channel EMG (Miotec/Brazil) (2000Hz/channel). Results: Comparing the muscles, the CB group showed a significant difference: greater AD muscle activation compared to the others; however in the WB group, no differences were found. When comparing between the groups, the PM muscle showed greater activation in the WB group, while the AD muscle was more active in the CB group. The TB muscle showed no difference between groups. Conclusion: From these results, the athletes from the CB and WB groups showed differences in muscle activation during shooting. However, both groups activated the AD the most, followed by the TB. The least active muscle was the PM, and these differences were more visible in the CB group.

Humans , Basketball , Upper Extremity/physiology , Electromyography/instrumentation , Sports for Persons with Disabilities/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 83 p.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-880078


O presente trabalho comparou dois métodos de diagnóstico para Bruxismo do Sono (BS): critérios de diagnóstico da Classificação Internacional de Distúrbios do Sono (ICSD-3) e um aparelho portátil com um canal de eletromiografia (EMG) (Grindcare) com o exame padrão ouro, polissonografia (PSG). A comparação com a PSG foi utilizada para determinar valores de corte apropriados e o número de noites necessárias para diagnóstico do BS válido e confiável com o Grindcare. Vinte estudantes da pós graduação e funcionários da Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru participaram da amostra. Cada participante se submeteu a entrevista, exame físico, uso do Grindcare por cinco noites consecutivas e exame de PSG. A descriminação entre participantes com e sem bruxismo foi baseado somente na análise da PSG. Dados sobre EMG por hora de uso do Grindcare (EMG/h) e PSG (bursts/h) foram anotados. A validade dos critérios ICSD-3 e do Grindcare foram avaliados pela análise da área sob a curva (ASC) ROC (receiver operating characteristics), razão de probabilidade (RP), razão de possibilidade de diagnóstico (RPD) e análise de Bland-Altman. Os itens do ICSD-3 para BS obtiveram pouca a moderada concordância com o diagnóstico por PSG, com ASC de 0,55 até 0,75. O melhor valor de concordância obtido foi o relato de BS mais do que uma vez na semana associado ao relato de dor transitória na musculatura mastigatória ou fadiga pela manhã com moderada, mas significativa concordância, (ASC=0,75) com especificidade de 90, RP positiva=6 e RPD=13,5. Quando a frequência do relato de BS aumentou para 4 vezes na semana, a combinação do relato com desgaste dentário também apresentou valores altos de concordância com o diagnóstico realizado através de PSG (ASC= 0,75, RP=6, RPD=13,6). A análise de Bland-Altman dos EMG bursts/h mostrou uma concordância positiva entre os resultados do Grindcare e PSG. A análise pela curva ROC também mostrou que, se utilizado o mínimo de 18 EMG/h por 3 noites e 19 EMG/h por 5 noites de uso do Grindcare como valores de corte, a especificidade do teste é de 90% e a RP positiva de 5. Como há considerável heterogeneidade nos resultados, a aplicação dos critérios de diagnóstico da ICSD-3 para BS pode estar limitada. Ainda, o aparelho Grindcare está apto a predizer BS diagnosticado pela PSG, quando utilizado por 3 ou 5 noites consecutivas, e pode ser um recurso válido para a prática clínica.

The presented study intended to compare two methods for assessing Sleep Bruxism (SB): International Classification of Sleep Disorders diagnostic criteria (ICSD-3) and a portable single-channel electromyography (EMG) device (Grindcare) with gold standard polysomnographic (PSG) examination. The comparison with PSG was used to determine an appropriate cut-off value and the number of nights of sleep with the Grindcare device necessary for a valid/reliable SB diagnosis. Twenty consecutive post-graduate students and staff at Bauru School of Dentistry composed the sample. Each participant underwent interview, clinical assessment, the Grindcare for five consecutive nights and a PSG exam. The discrimination between bruxers and non-bruxers was based only on the PSG analysis. Data about electromyography per hour with Grindcare (EMG/h) and PSG (bursts/h) were scored. The validity of ICSD-3 criteria and the Grindcare device were assessed by using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis (AUC), likelihood ratios (LR), the diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) and Bland-Altman analysis. The ICSD-3 diagnostic criteria items for SB had fair to moderate concordance with PSG diagnosis, with AUC ranging from 0.55 to 0.75. The best value of agreement was obtained by the report of SB more than once a week associated with a report of transient morning jaw muscle pain or fatigue with a moderate, but significant agreement with the PSG SB diagnosis (AUC=0.75) with 90% specificity, positive LR=6 and DOR=13.5. When the frequency of self-reported SB increased to more than 4 times per week, the combination of this finding with tooth wear had also high values of agreement with PSG SB diagnosis (AUC= 0.75, LR=6, DOR=13.6). Bland-Altman analysis of the EMG bursts/h showed positive agreement between Grindcare device and PSG exam. The ROC analyses also showed that using a minimum of 18 EMG/h for 3 nights and 19 EMG/h for 5 nights in Grindcare as cut-offs resulted in a 90% specificity and positive LR equal to 5. Since there is considerable heterogeneity in the results, the application of ICSD-3 for SB clinical diagnosis may be limited. Moreover, the Grindcare is able to predict SB diagnosed by PSG with a reasonable accuracy, when used for 3 or 5 consecutives nights, and it may be a valid choice in clinical practice for SB assessment.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Electromyography/instrumentation , Polysomnography/instrumentation , Sleep Bruxism/diagnosis , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Case-Control Studies , Electromyography/methods , Polysomnography/methods , Reproducibility of Results , ROC Curve , Sleep Bruxism/physiopathology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors
Bogotá; IETS; dic. 2014.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-875768


INTRODUCCIÓN: la Miastenia Gravis es una enfermedad autoinmune, caracteriza por debilidad y fatiga muscular, es fluctuante en su sintomatología, aunado a ello existen dos formas generales de Miastenia, la presentación ocular y la generalizada. No todos los pacientes son seropositivos a la identificación de anticuerpos contra receptores de acetil colina (AChR-ab), estas características hacen que la confirmación diagnóstica sea un reto clínico, y se consideren diferentes pruebas diagnósticas. OBJETIVO: realizar una revisión, apreciación crítica y síntesis de la evidencia disponible sobre la validez y utilidad de la identificación de AChR-ab para el diagnóstico de Miastenia Gravis. METODOLOGÍA: la evaluación fue realizada de acuerdo con un protocolo definido a priori por el grupo desarrollador. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, LILACS y Google, sin restricciones de idioma, fecha de publicación y tipo de estudio. Las búsquedas electrónicas fueron hechas en septiembre de 2014 y se complementaron mediante búsqueda manual en bola de nieve y una consulta con expertos temáticos. La tamización de referencias se realizó por dos revisores de forma independiente y los desacuerdos fueron resueltos por consenso. La selección de estudios fue realizada mediante la revisión en texto completo de las referencias preseleccionadas, verificando los criterios de elegibilidad predefinidos. Las características y hallazgos de los estudios fueron extraídos a partir de las publicaciones originales. Se realizó un análisis estadístico descriptivo. RESULTADOS: Se identificó una revisión sistemática de análisis descriptivo que evalúa la identificación de AChR-ab, SFEMG, RNS, comparados con el diagnóstico clínico, de calidad media, con una calidad individual de los estudios baja predominantemente, también se identificaron dos estudios primarios de tipo cohortes prospectiva que evaluaron la misma comparación y uno de ellos (1992) comparó los diferentes test en pacientes con un resultado previo negativo, para estos estudios el riesgo global de sesgo fue bajo. La identificación de AChR-ab comparado con el diagnóstico clínico (características clínicas y prueba de respuesta a colinesterásicos) presenta una buena sensibilidad y especificad, que se encuentra en los siguientes rangos para MG 0.90 -0.96 y 0.99 respectivamente; para MO una sensibilidad y especificidad de 0.44-0.66 y 0.98 -0.99 respectivamente. La sensibilidad y especificad reportada para la SFEMG comparada con diagnóstico clínico (características clínicas y prueba de respuesta a colinesterásicos), se encuentra en los rangos de 86% - 93% y 63% - 83%, respectivamente, reportados para MO y Miastenia. Se evidencia en la literatura variabilidad en la sensibilidad ye especificidad, derivada del tipo de musculo y el electrodo usado, lo anterior no permitió realizar análisis combinados del efecto dada la alta heterogeneidad entre los estudios primarios. En el caso de la RNS, la sensibilidad y la especificidad se encuentran en los siguientes rangos, para MO 29% a 77% y 94%, y para MG 79% a 80% y 97%, para MO el rango es amplio debido a la alta heterogeneidad entre los estudios. En el caso de pacientes seronegativos (AChR-ab negativos), se reporta una sensibilidad para la SFEMG de 97% y para RNS de 66%. Cuando los pacientes son positivos ante la identificación de AChR-ab, la sensibilidad de la SFEMG y la RNS disminuye a 80% y 61% respectivamente. No se encontraron estudios que reportaran la sensibilidad y especificidad de otros anticuerpos como: MuSK, anti RLP4 y receptores de sodio. CONCLUSIONES: en pacientes con sospecha de Miastenia Gravis, la identificación de AChR-ab tiene una buena sensibilidad y especificidad, especialmente para los casos de Miastenia Generalizada. La electromiografía de fibra unitaria (SFEMG) reportó mejores rangos de sensibilidad y especificidad que la identificación de AChR-ab y la estimulación repetitiva del nervio (RNS), cuando se comparan con diagnóstico clínico. En el caso de pacientes seronegativos (AChR-ab negativos), la SFEMG, tuvo la mejor sensibilidad. No se encontraron estudios que reportaran la sensibilidad y especificidad de otros anticuerpos como: MuSK, anti RLP4 y receptores de sodio.(AU)

Humans , Receptors, Cholinergic/analysis , Electromyography/instrumentation , Antibodies , Myasthenia Gravis/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Colombia
Acta fisiátrica ; 21(3): 132-134, set. 2014.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-743681


O envelhecimento altera a função musculoesquelética prejudicando a marcha e a manutenção do equilíbrio corporal. Objetivo: Verificar e comparar a atividade eletromiográfica (EMG) da região do tornozelo de idosos e jovens fisicamente ativos. Método: Participaram deste ensaio 40 indivíduos de ambos os sexos considerados fisicamente ativos mediante o Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física - IPAQ (formato curto). Não participaram do estudo aqueles com algum tipo de condição clínica que afetasse o equilíbrio e contração muscular. Avaliou-se a atividade eletromiográfica (EMG) dos músculos tibial anterior e tríceps sural na posição bipodal (BA) e unipodal (UA), com olhos abertos. Para a captação dos sinais EMG foram utilizados eletrodos monopolares de superfície Ag/AgCl da KENDALL (MEDITRACETM 200). O teste t de Student foi utilizado para a comparação entre os grupos. O nível de significância adotado foi p < 0,05. Resultados: Os idosos exibiram valores superiores quanto a frequência de potenciais de ação em 3 das 4 condições avaliadas. Conclusão: Os idosos deste estudo exibiram maior frequência de disparos e recrutamento de unidades motoras dos músculos do tornozelo para a manutenção das posturas unipodal e bipodal, em comparação aos jovens.

Aging changes the musculoskeletal function and affects gait and body balance. Objective: To compare the electromyographic activity (EMG) of the ankles of physically active older and younger people. Method: Forty subjects of both genders considered physically active through the International Physical Activity Questionnaire - IPAQ (short format) participated in this study. Those with some kind of medical condition that could affect balance and muscle contraction did not participate in the study. We evaluated the electromyographic activity (EMG) of the tibialis anterior and triceps surae in bipedal stance (BS) and single-leg (US) with eyes open. To capture the EMG, monopolar Ag/AgCl surface electrodes from KENDALL (MEDITRACETM 200) were used. The Student t test was used for comparison between groups. The level of significance adopted was p < 0.05. Results: Elderly individuals exhibited higher values regarding the frequency of action potentials in 3 of the 4 conditions assessed. Conclusion: The older volunteers in this study exhibited a higher firing rate and recruitment of motor units of the ankle muscles to maintain the bipedal and unipedal stance, as compared to the younger.

Humans , Aging , Electromyography/instrumentation , Postural Balance , Surveys and Questionnaires