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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880444

ABSTRACT

In order to adapt to different target shapes and protect the surrounding normal tissues, the design of two-dimensional electron beam radiotherapy planning requires additional lead blocks. But the Pinnacle treatment planning system can not directly shape the lead block conformity to the size of the beam field given by the doctor. Every time, physicists need to manually drag the lead block to form the required beam field. When meeting a two-dimensional electron beam treatment planning with the same field parameters as before, physicists need to rearrange the field for dose calculation, which greatly reduces the design efficiency of the two-dimensional electron beam treatment planning. In this study, we independently developed a two-dimensional electron beam radiotherapy planning system based on Qt Creator. The system can quickly design a two-dimensional electron beam radiotherapy plan, which reduces the repeated work of physicists.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880435

ABSTRACT

The transportation of electron is inseparable from vacuum environment. The maintenance of the vacuum system of Elekta linear accelerator depends on two sputtering ionic pumps at the gun end and the target end. The traveling wave acceleration were used in Elekta linear accelerators. And the design of the electron gun filament is detachable. Because of these two reasons, the vacuum stability is relatively weak. Only two vacuum values are used to reflect the operation state of the whole vacuum system, which causes a few failures but will not trigger a the machine interlock. Considering the complexity of whole vacuum system, the problem of vacuum caused by the failure of various components in vacuum system is analyzed in this paper. It is hoped that some useful repairing experience and suggestions for the maintenance engineers of linear accelerator to solve the vacuum fault and rebuild the vacuum can be provided quickly.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Particle Accelerators , Radiotherapy Dosage , Vacuum
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880434

ABSTRACT

Clinically, beam matching can greatly improve the flexibility and efficiency of treating patients between different medical electron linacs. However, in addition to the regular quality assurance (QA) test of the machine performance of linacs, there is still a lack of comprehensive evaluation of the clinical radiotherapy performance of beam-matched linacs. In this paper, the performance of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) between three closely matched linacs was evaluated by statistical process control (SPC) technology. It was found that the average and median γ passing rates of the VMAT QA processes of the three linacs had little difference, but the process capability levels were at three different levels. The results show that SPC technology can effectively evaluate the performance of beam matching for medical electron linacs, improve the patient-specific VMAT QA processes, and guide clinical decision-making.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Particle Accelerators , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 361-377, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878567

ABSTRACT

Exoelectrogenic microorganisms are the research basis of microbial electrochemical technologies such as microbial fuel cells, electrolytic cells and electrosynthesis. However, their applications are restricted in organic degradation, power generation, seawater desalination, bioremediation, and biosensors due to the weak ability of biofilm formation and the low extracellular electron transfer (EET) efficiency between exoelectrogenic microorganisms and electrode. Therefore, engineering optimization of interaction between exoelectrogenic microorganisms and electrode interface recently has been the research focus. In this article, we review the updated progress in strategies for enhancing microbe-electrode interactions based on microbial engineering modifications, with a focus on the applicability and limitations of these strategies. In addition, we also address research prospects of enhancing the interaction between electroactive cells and electrodes.


Subject(s)
Bioelectric Energy Sources , Biofilms , Electrodes , Electron Transport , Electrons
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828177

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is the most common tumor of the urinary system, and its mortality rate is second only to lung cancer. With the specific and high expression on the surface of prostate cancer cells, prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) has been an ideal theranostic target of prostate cancer with great clinical significance and research value. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), a new modality of molecular imaging combining functional metabolic information and anatomical structure, provides high diagnostic performance for cancer detection. This paper mainly reviewed recent progress of PSMA inhibitors labeled by positron-emitting radionuclides for early diagnosis, preoperative staging, response assessment, restaging and metastasis detection of prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Humans , Kallikreins , Male , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Radioisotopes , Chemistry
7.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 5(1): 7-14, Ene-Mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151804

ABSTRACT

En esta investigación se planteó como objetivo la verificación del comportamiento dosimétrico del Sistema de Planificación de Tratamiento (TPS) de Radioterapia mediante las curvas de calibración de Densidades Electrónicas Relativas (DER). Este estudio se realizó en el Hospital de la Sociedad de Lucha Contra el Cáncer (SOLCA) Núcleo Loja, usando un fantoma antropomorfo CIRS 062M y un tomógrafo Toshiba Activion 16. Para determinar la nueva curva de calibración DER se tomaron los valores de densidades electrónicas especificadas en el manual del fantoma y las Unidades Hounsfield de la imagen tomográfica. Se realizó controles de calidad dosimétricos y verificación dosimétrica en tres casos clínicos: tórax, pelvis y cráneo; para realizar las pruebas dosimétricas se utilizó un acelerador CLINAC CX, cámara de ionización PTW tipo Farmer con volumen sensible de 0,6 cm3 y un electrómetro PTW UNIDOS E. Los resultados mostraron que las medidas para cada inserto del fantoma en ningún caso excedieron los límites establecidos de ± 20 UH, para el tomógrafo y el TPS; las pruebas de control de calidad no superaron el límite máximo de desviaciones en el cálculo de dosis absorbida por el TPS y la obtenida por medición de ± 4 % establecida por la IAEA y las verificaciones dosimétricas en tórax, pelvis y cráneo, determinaron que las desviaciones en el cálculo de la dosis absorbida por el TPS y la obtenida por medición no superaban la tolerancia del ± 5 % establecida por la ICRU.


In this research, the aim was to verify the dosimetric behavior of the Radiotherapy Treatment Planning System (TPS) using the Relative Electron Density (DER) calibration curves. This study was carried out at the SOLCA (Society of Fight Against Cancer) hospital in Loja, using an CIRS model 062M anthropomorphic phantom and a Toshiba Activion 16 tomograph. To determine the new DER calibration curve, the values of the electron densities specified in the manual of the phantom and the Hounsfield Units of the tomographic image were taken. Dosimetric quality controls were made in the location of three clinical cases: thorax pelvis and skull; used a CLINAC CX accelerator was used to perform the dosimetric tests, PTW ionization chamber type Farmer with sensitive volume of 0.6 cm3 and a PTW UNIDOS E electrometer. The results showed that the measurements for each insert of the phantom in no case exceeded the established limits of ± 20 UH, for the tomograph and the TPS; the quality control tests did not exceed the maximum limit of deviations in the calculation of dose absorbed by the TPS and the one obtained by measurement of ± 4% established by the IAEA and the clinical planning in the thorax, pelvis and skull, determine that the deviations in the calculation of the dose absorbed by the TPS and that obtained by measurement, they do not exceed the tolerance of ± 5% established by the ICR.


Subject(s)
Radiotherapy, Computer-Assisted/instrumentation , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods , Electrons , Radiation Dosage , Radiometry , Radiotherapy Dosage , Bone Density/physiology , Phantoms, Imaging , Ecuador , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765358

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The functional information of ¹¹C-methionine positron emission tomography (MET-PET) images can be applied for Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKR) and its image quality may affect defining the tumor. This study conducted the phantom-based evaluation for geometric accuracy and functional characteristic of diagnostic MET-PET image co-registered with stereotactic image in Leksell GammaPlan® (LGP) and also investigated clinical application of these images in metastatic brain tumors. METHODS: Two types of cylindrical acrylic phantoms fabricated in-house were used for this study : the phantom with an array-shaped axial rod insert and the phantom with different sized tube indicators. The phantoms were mounted on the stereotactic frame and scanned using computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and PET system. Three-dimensional coordinate values on co-registered MET-PET images were compared with those on stereotactic CT image in LGP. MET uptake values of different sized indicators inside phantom were evaluated. We also evaluated the CT and MRI co-registered stereotactic MET-PET images with MR-enhancing volume and PET-metabolic tumor volume (MTV) in 14 metastatic brain tumors. RESULTS: Imaging distortion of MET-PET was maintained stable at less than approximately 3% on mean value. There was no statistical difference in the geometric accuracy according to co-registered reference stereotactic images. In functional characteristic study for MET-PET image, the indicator on the lateral side of the phantom exhibited higher uptake than that on the medial side. This effect decreased as the size of the object increased. In 14 metastatic tumors, the median matching percentage between MR-enhancing volume and PET-MTV was 36.8% on PET/MR fusion images and 39.9% on PET/CT fusion images. CONCLUSION: The geometric accuracy of the diagnostic MET-PET co-registered with stereotactic MR in LGP is acceptable on phantom-based study. However, the MET-PET images could the limitations in providing exact stereotactic information in clinical study.


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Clinical Study , Electrons , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multimodal Imaging , Phantoms, Imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography , Radiosurgery , Tumor Burden
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764571

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic value of metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG), measured by preoperative ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT), in risk stratification of patients with endometrial carcinoma (EC). METHODS: The patients with pathological diagnosis of EC who underwent preoperative ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT imaging were retrospectively selected for analysis of the prognostic values of PET parameters in risk classification and lymph node metastases (LNMs). Receiver-operating-characteristic analysis was used to analyze the correlation of PET parameters cutoff values with deep myometrial invasion (MI), lymphovascular space involvement and LNM for prognostic values in risk stratification. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy for detection of LNM are 83.3%, 99.7%, 90.9%, 99.5% and 99.2%, respectively. The MTV and TLG of primary lesion of EC in the patients with LNM are notably higher than those in patients without LNM, p<0.010. The MTV and TLG of the EC primary lesions in high-risk patients are significantly higher than those in low-risk patients (p<0.010), but the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) is not. The MTV and TLG of primary lesions were superior to SUVmax for predicting of deep MI, LNM and high-risk of EC (p<0.005). CONCLUSION: MTV and TLG of primary lesions are more valuable in predicting risk stratification of EC patients. Preoperative ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT imaging is useful in predicting the LNM of EC and may help guide pelvic lymphadenectomy to avoid unnecessary pelvic lymphadenectomy in EC patients with low-risk stratification.


Subject(s)
Classification , Diagnosis , Electrons , Endometrial Neoplasms , Female , Glycolysis , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Metabolism , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tumor Burden
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764553

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prognostic value of post-treatment 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (¹⁸F-FDG PET) in uterine cervical cancer patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) with or without chemotherapy. METHODS: PubMed and Embase databases were searched up to July 22, 2018, for studies which evaluated the response outcomes of ¹⁸F-FDG PET following RT, and their prognostic significance in uterine cervical cancer was assessed with overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) as endpoints. Hazard ratios (HRs) were meta-analytically pooled using the random-effects model. RESULTS: Eleven studies with 12 patient cohorts including 1,104 patients were included. For a quantitative synthesis of OS, 7 cohorts were included. Two cohorts which reported disease-specific survival instead of OS were also included with flexibility. Pooled HR of complete metabolic response (CMR) compared to partial metabolic response (PMR) was 0.19 (95% confidence interval [CI]=0.11–0.31). Pooled HR of CMR compared to progressive metabolic disease (PMD) was more evident at 0.07 (95% CI=0.04–0.12), and that of CMR compared to both PMR and PMD was 0.20 (95% CI=0.12–0.34). Quantitative synthesis for PFS was performed with a total of 8 cohorts. Pooled HR of CMR was 0.17 (95% CI=0.10–0.29) compared to PMR, 0.02 (95% CI=0.01–0.06) compared to PMD and 0.12 (95% CI=0.07–0.19) compared to both PMR and PMD. CONCLUSION: Response results of post-RT ¹⁸F-FDG PET were significant prognostic factors in patients with uterine cervical cancer, and ¹⁸F-FDG PET could be a reasonable follow-up imaging modality.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Electrons , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Metabolic Diseases , Pliability , Positron-Emission Tomography , Radiotherapy , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764173

ABSTRACT

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease characterized by noncaseating granulomas. Cardiac involvement is known to have poor prognosis because it can manifest as a serious condition such as the conduction abnormality, heart failure, ventricular arrhythmia, or sudden cardiac death. Although early diagnosis and early treatment is critical to improve patient prognosis, the diagnosis of CS is challenging in most cases. Diagnosis usually relies on endomyocardial biopsy (EMB), but its diagnostic yield is low due to the incidence of patchy myocardial involvement. Guidelines for the diagnosis of CS recommend a combination of clinical, electrocardiographic, and imaging findings from various modalities, if EMB cannot confirm the diagnosis. Especially, the role of advanced imaging such as cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging and positron emission tomography (PET), has shown to be important not only for the diagnosis, but also for monitoring treatment response and prognostication. CMR can evaluate cardiac function and fibrotic scar with good specificity. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in CMR shows a distinctive enhancement pattern for each disease, which may be useful for differential diagnosis of CS from other similar diseases. Effectively, T1 or T2 mapping techniques can be also used for early recognition of CS. In the meantime, PET can detect and quantify metabolic activity and can be used to monitor treatment response. Recently, the use of a hybrid CMR-PET has introduced to allow identify patients with active CS with excellent co-localization and better diagnostic accuracy than CMR or PET alone. However, CS may show various findings with a wide spectrum, therefore, radiologists should consider the possible differential diagnosis of CS including myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, amyloidosis, and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Radiologists should recognize the differences in various diseases that show the characteristics of mimicking CS, and try to get an accurate diagnosis of CS.


Subject(s)
Amyloidosis , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia , Biopsy , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Cicatrix , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Early Diagnosis , Electrocardiography , Electrons , Gadolinium , Granuloma , Heart Defects, Congenital , Humans , Incidence , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myocarditis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prognosis , Sarcoidosis , Sensitivity and Specificity
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772542

ABSTRACT

This study presents an electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) based on daily check tool for Linac that is usable for different cancer centers.Several images of open rectangle fields were acquired with EPID and the key items of daily Linac check were derived from the obtained images using an in-house developed automatic analysis software.The experiment results showed that each parameter calculated by this tool is as reliable as the corresponding result measured by the commercial quality assurance devices and its measuring efficiency is much higher.


Subject(s)
Electronics, Medical , Electrons , Particle Accelerators , Phantoms, Imaging , Radiometry , Software
14.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1479-1487, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763213

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) in patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) at baseline and mid-treatment with ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analyzed data from 48 patients with FL who were treated in Jiangsu Province Hospital and reviewed their baseline PET-CT scans. TMTV and TLG were computed by using the absolute value of 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 thresholding method, respectively. RESULTS: Median age was 53 years, 75.0% of patients had stage III to IV disease, 43.8% had a Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index 1 (FLIPI1) score of 3 to 5 and 20.8% had a FLIPI2 score of 3 to 5. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed the optimal cut-off values for TMTV3.0 and TLG3.0 were 476.4 (sensitivity, 85.7%; specificity, 78.0%; area under the curve [AUC], 0.760; p=0.003) and 2,676.9 (sensitivity, 71.4%; specificity, 78.0%; AUC, 0.760; p=0.003). On multivariable analysis, TMTV3.0 and TLG3.0 were independent predictors of both progression-free survival (PFS) (hazard ratio [HR], 5.406; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.326 to 22.040; p=0.019 and HR, 6.502; 95% CI, 1.079 to 39.182; p=0.042) and overall survival (OS) (HR, 4.111; 95% CI, 1.125 to 15.027; p=0.033 and HR, 5.885; 95% CI, 1.014 to 34.148; p=0.049). ROC curve analysis showed the optimal cut-off values for ΔTMTV3.0 and ΔTLG3.0 were 66.3% (sensitivity, 85.7%; specificity, 63.4%; AUC, 0.774; p 66.3%) and TLG (ΔTLG > 64.5%) reduction are valuable tools for early treatment response assessment in FL patients.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Disease-Free Survival , Electrons , Glycolysis , Humans , Lymphoma, Follicular , Methods , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tumor Burden
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762736

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Serial volumetric changes of reconstructed breasts have not been studied in detail. In this study, we analyzed serial volumetric changes of reconstructed and contralateral normal breasts during long-term follow-up, with a focus on the effect of various adjuvant therapies. METHODS: Among all patients who underwent immediate breast reconstruction with a unilateral pedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (p-TRAM) flap, 42 patients with valid data from ≥3 postoperative positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scans were included. The volumes of the reconstructed and normal breasts were measured, and the ratio of flap volume to that of the contralateral breast was calculated. Serial changes in volume and the volume ratio were described, and the effects of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy on volumetric changes were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean interval between the initial reconstruction and each PET-CT scan was 16.5, 30, and 51 months respectively. Thirty-five, 36, and 10 patients received chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and radiation therapy, respectively. The flap volume at each measurement was 531.0, 539.6, and 538.0 cm3, and the contralateral breast volume was 472.8, 486.4, and 500.8 cm3, respectively. The volume ratio decreased from 115.1% to 113.4%, and finally to 109.6% (P=0.02). Adjuvant therapies showed no significant effects. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that the p-TRAM flap maintained its volume over a long-term follow up, while the volume of the contralateral native breast slowly increased. Moreover, adjuvant breast cancer therapies had no statistically significant effects on the volume of the reconstructed p-TRAM flaps or the contralateral native breasts.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Electrons , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mammaplasty , Myocutaneous Flap , Radiotherapy , Rectus Abdominis , Surgery, Plastic
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 604-610, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762101

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the prognostic value of new quantitative parameters of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT), including metabolic tumor volume (MTV), in patients with locally advanced and metastatic gallbladder cancer (GBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 83 patients initially diagnosed with locally advanced and metastatic GBC and who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT at the time of initial diagnosis were retrospectively reviewed. The metabolic volume-based PET parameters of primary tumors and metastatic lesions were measured, including maximum and average standardized uptake values (SUV), MTV, and total lesion glycolysis. An overall survival (OS) analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method with PET and clinical parameters. A Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was performed to determine independent prognostic factors. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, pathologic differentiation (p<0.001), performance status (PS; p=0.003), C-reactive protein (CRP) level (p=0.009), and PET-related SUVmt max (the highest SUV among the metastatic lesions) (p=0.040) and MTVtotal (the sum of the MTVs of both the primary and metastatic lesions) (p=0.031), were significant for OS. In multivariate analysis, MTVtotal (hazard ratio: 2.07; 95% confidence interval: 1.23–3.48; p=0.006) remained significant for the prediction of OS, as did differentiation (p=0.001), PS (p=0.001), and CRP (p=0.039). CONCLUSION: In locally advanced and metastatic GBC, volume-based PET/CT parameters of the total tumor burden of malignancy, such as MTVtotal, were found to be useful for the identification of patients with poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Diagnosis , Electrons , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Gallbladder , Glycolysis , Humans , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Burden
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1005-1012, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762060

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Identification of lymph node (LN) metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is critical for disease staging and selection of therapeutic modalities. Sometimes it is not possible to obtain LN core tissue by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspirate (EBUS-TBNA), resulting in low diagnostic yield. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 138 specimens were collected from 108 patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA under the suspicion of LN metastasis of NSCLC. Diagnostic yields of anti-CD45 and anti-methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MRS), immunofluorescent (IF) staining on cytology specimens were compared with those of conventional cytology and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT). RESULTS: MRS was strongly expressed in NSCLC cells metastasized to LNs, but weakly expressed in cells at the periphery of the LN germinal center. The majority of cells were CD20 positive, although a few cells were either CD3 or CD14 positive, indicating that CD45 staining is required for discrimination of non-malignant LN constituent cells from NSCLC cells. When the diagnostic efficacy of MRS/CD45 IF staining was evaluated using 138 LN cellular aspirates from 108 patients through EBUS-TBNA, the sensitivity was 76.7% and specificity was 90.8%, whereas those of conventional cytology test were 71.8% and 100.0%, respectively. Combining the results of conventional cytology testing and those of PET-CT showed a sensitivity and specificity of 71.6% and 100%, and the addition of MRS/CD45 dual IF data to this combination increased sensitivity and specificity to 85.1% and 97.8%, respectively. CONCLUSION: MRS/CD45 dual IF staining showed good diagnostic performance and may be a good tool complementing conventional cytology test for determining LN metastasis of NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Complement System Proteins , Discrimination, Psychological , Electrons , Germinal Center , Humans , Ligases , Lymph Nodes , Methionine-tRNA Ligase , Needles , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sensitivity and Specificity
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761865

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Accurate mediastinal lymph node staging is vital for the optimal therapy and prognostication of patients with lung cancer. This study aimed to determine the preoperative risk factors for pN2 disease, as well as its incidence and long-term outcomes, in patients with clinical N0–1 non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients who were treated surgically for primary non-small cell lung cancer from November 2005 to December 2014. Patients staged as clinical N0–1 via chest computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET)-CT were divided into two groups (pN0–1 and pN2) and compared. RESULTS: In a univariate analysis, the significant preoperative risk factors for pN2 included a large tumor size (p=0.083), high maximum standard uptake value on PET (p<0.001), and central location of the tumor (p<0.001). In a multivariate analysis, central location of the tumor (p<0.001) remained a significant preoperative risk factor for pN2 status. The 5-year overall survival rates were 75% and 22.9% in the pN0–1 and pN2 groups, respectively, and 50% and 78.2% in the patients with centrally located and peripherally located tumors, respectively. In a Cox proportional hazard model, central location of the tumor increased the risk of death by 3.4-fold (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: More invasive procedures should be considered when pre-operative risk factors are identified in order to improve the efficacy of diagnostic and therapeutic plans and, consequently, the patient’s prognosis.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Electrons , Humans , Incidence , Lung Neoplasms , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate , Thorax
19.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 47-51, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766200

ABSTRACT

Skull base chordomas are rare, malignant tumors arising from primitive notochord remnants of the axial skeleton and comprise approximately 25–35% of all chordoma cases. Nasal endoscopy in previous case reports has characterized nasopharyngeal chordomas as firm, semi-translucent masses protruding from the posterior nasopharyngeal wall with a pink, “meaty” appearance. However, the nasopharyngeal chordoma in the present case had a soft, cystic appearance, unlike the tumors previously described. Herein, an unusual case of an incidentally discovered nasopharyngeal chordoma is reported in a patient with papillary thyroid cancer; the discovered chordoma had a benign cystic appearance with no abnormal positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) uptake.


Subject(s)
Chordoma , Cranial Fossa, Posterior , Electrons , Endoscopy , Humans , Notochord , Skeleton , Skull Base , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765918

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Spinal cord involvement of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is rare in a young immunocompetent patient and can be misdiagnosed as an inflammatory demyelinating disease (IDD) of the central nervous system.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Brain , Central Nervous System , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Cervical Cord , Demyelinating Diseases , Drug Therapy , Electrons , Hand , Humans , Leukocytosis , Lymphoma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Medulla Oblongata , Methotrexate , Middle Aged , Multiple Sclerosis , Neuromyelitis Optica , Spinal Cord
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