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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 134-137, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280057

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The use of substances to enhance sports performance among professional and amateur athletes is increasing. Such substances may either be included in the group of dietary supplements or fall into pharmacological classes. Every substance used for this purpose is called an ergogenic agent. The number of ergogenic options available increases every day, favoring overuse and use without proper guidance. Among the dietary supplements, we highlight the use of creatine, a substance widespread in sports. Among the pharmacological groups, many drugs are used. Recently the use of sildenafil citrate by professional athletes from various predominantly aerobic sports modalities was reported in the media. Objective: To compare and demonstrate the responses caused by physical training associated with the use of creatine and sildenafil citrate in mice. Methods: A swim training protocol was applied and then an electrophysiograph was used in order to obtain parameters related to contraction intensity, the area under the curve and the percentage drop. Results: The responses obtained demonstrated the ergogenic action of creatine because it altered the parameters used for measurement. The use of sildenafil citrate did not yield satisfactory results to frame the drug as an ergogenic agent. Conclusion: Creatine has an ergogenic effect, reducing the percentage drop after 10 seconds, while sildenafil demonstrated no ergogenic potential and, interestingly, resulted in weaker responses when compared to the exercise groups. Evidence level II; Comparative prospective study .


RESUMEN Introducción: El uso de sustancias con el objetivo de aumentar el rendimiento deportivo entre atletas profesionales y amateurs es creciente. Tales sustancias pueden formar parte del grupo de suplementos alimentarios o integrar clases farmacológicas. Toda sustancia empleada para ese fin es denominada agente ergogénico. El número de opciones entre los agentes ergogénicos aumenta cada día, favoreciendo así su uso excesivo y sin la debida orientación. Entre los suplementos alimentarios, se destaca el uso de creatina, sustancia muy difundida en el medio deportivo. Ya entre los grupos farmacológicos, muchas sustancias son usadas. Recientemente, fue divulgado entre los medios de comunicación el uso de citrato de sildenafil por atletas profesionales, de varias modalidades deportivas, predominantemente las aeróbicas. Objetivos: Comparar y demostrar las respuestas ocasionadas por el entrenamiento físico, asociadas al uso de creatina y citrato de sildenafil en ratones. Métodos: Se aplicó un protocolo de entrenamiento de natación y, a continuación, se usó un electrofisiógrafo con el objetivo de obtener parámetros referentes a la intensidad de contracción, al área bajo la curva y a la caída porcentual. Resultados: Las respuestas obtenidas demuestran acción ergogénica de la creatina, visto que alteraron los parámetros empleados para la medición. Ya el uso de citrato de sildenafil no presentó resultados satisfactorios para encuadrar al fármaco como agente ergogénico. Conclusión: La creatina presenta efecto ergogénico porque reduce la caída porcentual después de 10 segundos, mientras que el sildenafil no presentó potencial ergogénico y, curiosamente, demostró respuestas inferiores cuando comparado a los grupos de ejercicio. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio prospectivo comparativo .


RESUMO Introdução: O uso de substâncias com o objetivo de aumentar o rendimento esportivo entre atletas profissionais e amadores é crescente. Tais substâncias podem fazer parte do grupo de suplementos alimentares ou integrar classes farmacológicas. Toda substância empregada para esse fim é denominada de agente ergogênico. O número de opções entre os agentes ergogênicos aumenta a cada dia, favorecendo assim o uso em demasia e sem a devida orientação. Entre os suplementos alimentares, salientamos a utilização de creatina, substância muito difundida no meio esportivo. Já entre os grupos farmacológicos, muitas substâncias são utilizadas. Recentemente, foi divulgado entre os meios de comunicação o uso de citrato de sildenafila por atletas profissionais de várias modalidades esportivas, predominantemente as aeróbicas. Objetivos: Comparar e demonstrar as repostas ocasionadas pelo treinamento físico, associadas ao uso de creatina e citrato de sildenafila em camundongos. Métodos: Aplicou-se um protocolo de treinamento de natação e, a seguir, empregou-se um eletrofisiógrafo com objetivo de obter parâmetros referentes à intensidade de contração, à área sob a curva e à queda percentual. Resultados: As respostas obtidas demonstram ação ergogênica da creatina, visto que alteraram os parâmetros empregados para a mensuração. Já a utilização de citrato de sildenafila não apresentou resultados satisfatórios para enquadrar o fármaco como agente ergogênico. Conclusão: A creatina apresenta efeito ergogênico porque reduz a queda percentual após 10 segundos, já a sildenafila não apresentou potencial ergogênico e, curiosamente, demonstrou respostas inferiores quando comparado aos grupos de exercício. Nível de evidência II; Estudo prospectivo comparativo .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Swimming , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology , Muscle Fatigue/drug effects , Creatine/pharmacology , Sildenafil Citrate/pharmacology , Physical Functional Performance , Sciatic Nerve/surgery , Tendons/surgery , Models, Animal , Electrophysiology/instrumentation
2.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(11): 733-735, Nov. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142354

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Giovanni Aldini was an Italian physicist interested in propagating Galvanism. With his uncle, Luigi Galvani, he learned techniques of electrical stimulation in humans and helped him to develop them. He later developed his own ideas and created transcranial electric stimulation. This paper presents some of Aldini's personal and professional traits, showing his trajectory and how his performance was important for the development of non-invasive brain stimulation techniques as a whole. Through research on animals and, later, on cadavers, his fundamental discoveries at the beginning of the treatment proposals are used so far.


RESUMO Giovanni Aldini era um físico italiano interessado em propagar o Galvanismo. Com seu tio, Luigi Galvani, aprendeu técnicas de estimulação elétrica em humanos e pode ajudá-lo a desenvolvê-las. Mais tarde, desenvolveu suas próprias ideias e criou a estimulação elétrica transcraniana. Este artigo apresenta alguns traços pessoais e profissionais de Aldini, mostrando sua trajetória e como seu desempenho foi importante para o desenvolvimento de técnicas não invasivas de estimulação cerebral como um todo. Através de pesquisas em animais e, posteriormente, em cadáveres, suas descobertas fundamentais no início das propostas de tratamento utilizadas até o momento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Brain , Cadaver , Electric Stimulation , Electrophysiology , Italy
3.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 260-265, May-Aug. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1114934

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNG:OBJECTIVE: To compare the application time of the Automated Auditory Brainstem Response (A-ABR) between the click and CE-Chirp® stimuliMETHODS: Forty-six newborns were evaluated without risk indicators for hearing loss and presenting transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE). The A-ABR was performed with Interacoustics® Titan equipment in a hospital, with the click and CE-Chirp® stimuli at the same time. Descriptive statistical analyses and inferential statistics analyses (Student's t-test calculation for mean comparisons among independent samples) were used for the variables age, gender, examination time, laterality and test stimulus usedRESULTS: Of the 46 neonates in the sample, 23 were male and 23 female. The mean age of the sample was 23.1 days. The mean procedure time using the Click stimulus was 85.9 seconds for the right ear and 86.1 seconds for the left ear, whereas for the use of the CE-Chirp® stimulus the results obtained for the right and left ear were28.4 seconds and 27.9 seconds, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between the mean times obtained through the CE-Chirp® and Click stimuli for both ears (p=0.000). There was no statistically significant difference in the comparison between the right and left ears or between females and malesCONCLUSION: It was found that the mean duration of the A-ABR procedure using the CE- Chirp® stimulus is three times lower than with the Click stimulus


INTRODUÇÃO:OBJETIVO: Comparar o tempo de aplicação do Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Tronco Encefálico Automático (PEATE-A) entre os estímulos clique e CE-Chirp®MÉTODO: Foram avaliados 46 recém-nascidos sem indicadores de risco para perda auditiva e que apresentavam emissões otoacústicas evocadas por estímulo transiente (EOAT) presentes. O PEATE-A foi realizado com o equipamento Titan da Interacoustics® em ambiente hospitalar, com os estímulos clique e CE-Chirp®na mesma ocasião. As análises estatísticas descritivas e análises estatísticas inferenciais (cálculo do teste t de Studentpara comparações de médias entre amostras independentes) foram utilizadas para as variáveis idade, gênero, tempo de exame, lateralidade e estímulo de teste utilizadoRESULTADOS: Dos 46 recém-nascidos da amostra, 23 são do sexo masculino e 23 do sexo feminino. A idade média da amostra foi de 23,1 dias. O tempo médio do procedimento usando o estímulo clique foi de 85,9 segundos para a orelha direita e 86,1 segundos para a orelha esquerda, enquanto que para o uso do estímulo CE-Chirp®foram obtidos resultados para a orelha direita e esquerda de 28,4 segundos e 27,9 segundos respectivamente. Houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os tempos médios obtidos por meio dos estímulos CE-Chirp® e Clique para ambas as orelhas (p=0,000). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante na comparação entre as orelhas direita e esquerda ou entre o sexo feminino e masculinoCONCLUSÃO: Verificou-se que o tempo médio de realização do procedimento PEATE-A com uso do estímulo CE-Chirp® é três vezes menor do que com estímulo Clique


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Neonatal Screening , Electrophysiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory , Hearing Loss
4.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(4): 207-208, jul.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289217

ABSTRACT

Hein J. J. Wellens, profesor de profesores, mi mentor en el área de electrofisiología y cardiología, ha muerto, pero ha dejado un legado muy importante para Colombia. Tuve el honor de ser uno de los pioneros de la electrofisiología en Colombia, y, además, su primer alumno colombiano. Recuerdo que el 1.° de julio de 1988 me presenté en su oficina en el Hospital Universitario de Limburg (Maastricht). Me saludó cariñosamente y me dijo que era un honor para él formar al primer alumno colombiano y que yo asumía, a partir de ese momento, un reto muy grande para desarrollar la electrofisiología en el país. Volviendo un poco atrás en la historia, cuando le hice la petición de ingreso (en ese momento no existía como tal la subespecialización de electrofisiología en el mundo), me respondió que ya tenía los fellows listos para los años 88 y 89, pero que si me podía recibir antes lo haría, pues quería formar algún electrofisiólogo de Colombia. Días después recibí su comunicación de que me esperaba en el servicio, puesto que uno de los fellows que iba a Maastricht había cancelado su viaje; por tanto, empaqué maletas y allí llegué. Él personalmente me llevó hasta la oficina de su jefe de electrofisiología, que era el Profesor Pedro Brugada. Luego me presentó a cada uno de los fellows que serían mis compañeros de entrenamiento, entre ellos estaban Josep Brugada, Jacob Atié, Louis Mont, Luz María Morales (+), entre otros. Estos dos monstruos de la electrofisiología fueron, junto con el doctor Joep Smeets, mis profesores.


Subject(s)
Cardiology , Electrophysiology , Memory , Faculty , History
5.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(2): 117-121, mar.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1138764

ABSTRACT

Resumen La ruptura de la vena cava inferior durante los procedimientos de intervencionismo percutáneo es una complicación infrecuente que se asocia con alta tasa de mortalidad aunque sea detectada a tiempo y se realice reparo quirúrgico, el cual es hoy el estándar de manejo. No existen hasta el momento casos reportados de manejo percutáneo de perforación de la vena cava durante procedimientos de electrofisiología. Se describe el caso de una paciente llevada a aislamiento eléctrico de venas pulmonares para el manejo de fibrilación auricular paroxística, en quien, durante el procedimiento, se produjo perforación accidental de la vena cava inferior con la sonda de ecocardiografía intracardiaca, la cual fue tratada exitosamente mediante el uso de un balón de alta distensibilidad con lo que se logró adecuada hemostasia sin necesidad de intervención quirúrgica. Se considera que el uso de un balón de alta distensibilidad puede ser una herramienta útil en el control del sangrado asociado a lesiones vasculares iatrogénicas, y que por consiguiente todo intervencionista debería tener presente.


Abstract Rupture of the inferior vena cava during percutaneous intervention procedures is an uncommon complication. It is associated with a high rate of mortality, even when it is detected at the time and the current standard management, surgical repair is performed. At present there are no cases reported of the percutaneous management of a vena cava perforation during electrophysiology procedures. The case is described of a patient subjected to electric ablation of pulmonary veins for the management of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. During the procedure there was an accidental rupture of the inferior vena cava with the echocardiography cardiac catheter. She was successfully treated using a high-compliance balloon, with adequate haemostasis being achieved without surgical intervention. The use of a high-compliance balloon is considered as a useful tool in the control of bleeding associated with iatrogenic vascular injuries, and for this reason all interventionist should be aware of it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Pulmonary Veins/abnormalities , Rupture , Vena Cava, Inferior , Wounds and Injuries , Venae Cavae , Echocardiography , Electrophysiology , Vascular System Injuries
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 356-362, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056447

ABSTRACT

El suicidio es un problema de salud a nivel mundial, siendo la conducta suicida uno de los predictores de mortalidad por suicidio; sin embargo, su valoración aún sigue siendo compleja. Aunque la cantidad de literatura que ha abordado distintas perspectivas de la conducta suicida es abundante, se requiere ahondar en nuevos métodos que permitan una valoración rápida y objetiva de ésta, proporcionando a los clínicos y pacientes, un sistema de evaluación que registre los cambios de estados emocionales de manera dinámica. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue proporcionar una visión general de la morfología de los potenciales evocados auditivos de latencia tardía p300 y su rol en la evaluación de la conducta suicida.


Suicide is a global health problem, with suicidal behavior being one of the predictors of suicide mortality; however, its assessment is still complex. Although the amount of literature that has addressed different perspectives of suicidal behavior is abundant, it is necessary to deepen new methods that allow a rapid and objective assessment of it, providing clinicians and patients with an evaluation system that allows changes in emotional state to be recorded dynamically. The aim of this manuscript was to provide an overview of morphological patterns of auditory evoked potential P300 latency late in the assessment of suicidal behavior.


Subject(s)
Adolescent Behavior/physiology , Event-Related Potentials, P300/physiology , Suicidal Ideation , Reference Values , Electrophysiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(2): 128-130, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137943

ABSTRACT

Resumo Apresentamos um caso de distrofia macular oculta bilateral, em paciente de 70 anos com queixa de baixa acuidade visual progressiva, sem achados fundoscópicos ou angiográficos justificáveis. Foram realizados exames de imagem do sistema nervoso central que afastaram lesões expansivas e testes eletrofisiológicos que sugeriram diagnóstico.


Abstract We report a case of bilateral occult macular dystrophy in a 70-year-old woman with progressive low visual acuity, without justifiable fundoscopic or angiographic findings. Imaging tests were done to excluding expansive lesions and electrophysiological tests that suggested the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Fluorescein Angiography/methods , Visual Acuity , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Electrophysiology/methods , Electroretinography/methods , Macular Degeneration/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
8.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 25: e2309, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142383

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Caracterizar as avaliações seqüenciais do potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico em recém-nascidos infectados pelo Zika vírus, correlacionando com a presença de microcefalia e com os sintomas de Zika nas mães durante a gestação. Métodos Estudo descritivo, longitudinal e quantitativo, do qual participaram 20 recém-nascidos, filhos de mães infectadas pelo Zika vírus no período gestacional. Foram analisados os prontuários desses bebês, que passaram por duas avaliações eletrofisiológicas, uma no primeiro mês de vida e outra, após 6 meses. Os dados comparativos foram tabulados e analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados Setenta por cento dos bebês apresentaram microcefalia e 55% das mães tiveram os sintomas da infecção pelo Zika no primeiro trimestre de gestação. Não houve alteração significativa dos limiares eletrofisiológicos em nenhum dos momentos. Houve mudança estatisticamente significativa, principalmente das latências das ondas III e V, entre os exames, caracterizando maturação da via auditiva nos bebês. Não foi encontrada correlação entre a microcefalia e alterações nas latências do PEATE. Conclusão Bebês portadores de Zika apresentaram limiares eletrofisiológicos dentro da normalidade e diminuição das latências absolutas das ondas III e V e interpicos, confirmando a ação citotóxica do Zika. Houve dois casos de piora significativa do limiar eletrofisiológico. Não foi observada correlação entre resultados do PEATE e época de aparecimento dos sintomas durante a gestação, ou a presença de microcefalia.


ABSTRACT Purpose To characterize sequential assessments of auditory brainstem responses in newborns infected by zika virus, correlating with presence of microcephaly and with Zika virus symptoms in mothers during pregnancy. Methods A descriptive, longitudinal and quantitative study, in which 20 newborns, children of mothers infected by Zika virus during pregnancy, participated. Medical records of these babies were analyzed, and they underwent two electrophysiological assessments, one in the first month of life and the other, after 6 months. Comparative data were tabulated and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results Seventy percent of babies had microcephaly and 55% of mothers had symptoms of Zika infection in the first trimester of pregnancy. There was no significant alteration in electrophysiological thresholds at any moments. There was a statistically significant change, mainly in the latencies of waves III and V, between the tests, characterizing maturation of the auditory pathway in babies. No correlation was found between microcephaly and changes in ABR latencies. Conclusion Babies with Zika had normal electrophysiological thresholds and decreased absolute latencies of waves III and V and interpeaks, confirming the cytotoxic action of Zika. There were two cases of significant worsening of the electrophysiological threshold. There was no correlation between ABR results and time of onset of the symptoms during pregnancy, or presence of microcephaly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Retrocochlear Diseases/diagnosis , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Zika Virus Infection/complications , Microcephaly/physiopathology , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Acoustic Stimulation , Brazil , Neonatal Screening , Electrophysiology , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural
9.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 25: e2251, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131800

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Monitorar o sistema auditivo central de crianças nascidas pequenas para a idade gestacional, por meio da avaliação eletrofisiológica da audição, para verificar a ocorrência de eventuais disfunções neurais nesse sistema. Métodos Estudo longitudinal, cuja casuística foi composta por 23 crianças distribuídas em quatro grupos: 1) grupo de quatro crianças nascidas pequenas para a idade gestacional e a termo; 2) grupo de sete crianças nascidas pequenas para a idade gestacional e pré-termo; 3) grupo de quatro crianças nascidas com peso adequado para a idade gestacional e a termo; 4) grupo de oito crianças nascidas adequadas para a idade gestacional e pré-termo, cuja idade ao final da pesquisa foi de 3 anos (variação entre 34 e 39 meses). O critério de inclusão foi presença bilateral de emissões otoacústicas transientes. Todas as crianças foram submetidas ao potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico ao nascimento, aos 6 meses e aos 3 anos de idade e à pesquisa do potencial evocado auditivo de longa latência aos 3 anos. Resultados crianças nascidas pequenas para a idade gestacional e a termo tiveram maior ocorrência de alterações, em relação aos demais grupos, com aumento da latência das ondas III e V e interpicos I-III e I-V. Todas apresentaram resultados normais no potencial evocado auditivo de longa latência. Conclusão Crianças nascidas pequenas para a idade gestacional e a termo apresentam disfunções na condução neural no tronco encefálico e devem ser consideradas de risco para alterações do desenvolvimento das habilidades auditivas necessárias para garantir qualidade de processamento da informação acústica.


ABSTRACT Purpose To follow up the central auditory system of children born small for gestational age, through electrophysiological evaluation of hearing, in order to verify the occurrence of possible neural dysfunctions in this system. Methods A longitudinal study was carried out with 23 children divided into four groups: Term-born group, subdivided into small for gestational age (four children) and four children born with appropriate weight for gestational age, whose age at the end of the research was three years old. Preterm group subdivided into small for gestational age (seven children), and appropriate for gestational age (eight children), whose corrected age, at the end of the research was three years old. All children were subjected to assessment of auditory brainstem auditory evoked potentials at birth, at six months and at three years of age, and Long-Latency Auditory Evoked Potential at three years. Results children born at term and small for gestational age had a higher occurrence of hearing alterations in relation to the other groups, with increased latency of waves III and V and interpeaks I-III and I-V. All children presented normal evaluation in the Long-Latency Auditory Evoked Potential. Conclusion Children born term and small for gestational age present dysfunctions in neural conduction in the brainstem and should be considered at risk for alterations in the development of the auditory skills that are necessary to guarantee quality of acoustic information processing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Electrophysiology , Hearing Disorders/diagnosis , Hearing Disorders/physiopathology , Infant, Premature , Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous/physiology , Language Development Disorders
10.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 25: e2152, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131801

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo avaliar a influência da variável sexo nos valores da latência e amplitude da onda V do potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico, com diferentes estímulos em neonatos. Métodos participaram deste estudo 62 neonatos nascidos a termo (29 do sexo feminino e 33 do sexo masculino). Realizou-se a pesquisa de limiar eletrofisiológico do potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico com quatro estímulos diferentes (clique, Ichirp banda larga-BL, tone burst e Ichirp-frequência específica-FE), nas intensidades de 60, 40 e 20 dBnNA. A variável sexo foi comparada para cada estímulo e intensidade. Resultados os resultados obtidos demonstraram menor latência e maior amplitude no sexo feminino para o estímulo clique. Entretanto, para o estímulo tone burst, o sexo feminino apresentou maior latência e maior amplitude. Quando utilizados os estímulos Ichirp-BL e Ichirp-FE, a variável sexo não apresentou diferença estatisticamente significativa para os valores de latência e amplitude. Conclusão a onda V do PEATE de neonatos sofre influência da variável sexo, quando utilizados os estímulos clique e tone burst. Entretanto, não houve tal influência quando utilizado o estímulo Ichirp banda larga-BL e o estímulo Ichirp frequência específica-FE.


ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the influence of gender on the brainstem auditory evoked potentials V-wave latency and amplitude values in newborns, with different stimuli. Methods 62 full-term newborns (29 females and 33 males) participated in this study. The electrophysiological threshold of the brainstem auditory evoked potential was investigated with four different stimuli - click, broadband (BB) Ichirp, tone-burst, and specific-frequency (SF) Ichirp -, in intensities of 60, 40 and 20 dBnHL. The genders were compared in each stimulus and intensity. Results The results obtained showed lower latency and greater amplitude in females for the click stimulus. However, for tone-burst, the females presented higher latency and greater amplitude. When the BB-Ichirp and SF-Ichirp stimuli were used, the gender did not present a statistically significant difference in the latency and amplitude values. Conclusion The BAEP V-wave in newborns is influenced by gender when the click and tone-burst stimuli are used. However, such influence was not noted when the BB-Ichirp and SF-Ichirp stimuli were used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Sex Factors , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Neonatal Screening , Term Birth , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Auditory Threshold , Audiology , Electrophysiology
11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(4): 510-519, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019591

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The patient's evolution in the audiology and speech-language clinic acts as a motivator of the therapeutic process, contributing to patient adherence to the treatment and allowing the therapist to review and/or maintain their clinical therapeutic conducts. Electrophysiological measures, such as the P300 evoked potential, help in the evaluation, understanding and monitoring of human communication disorders, thus facilitating the prognosis definition in each case. Objective: To determine whether the audiology and speech-language therapy influences the variation of P300 latency and amplitude in patients with speech disorders undergoing speech therapy. Methods: This is a systematic review with meta-analysis, in which the following databases were searched: Pubmed, ScienceDirect, SCOPUS, Web of Science, SciELO and LILACS, in addition to the gray literature bases: OpenGrey.eu and DissOnline. The inclusion criteria were randomized or non-randomized clinical trials, without language or date restriction, which evaluated children with language disorders undergoing speech therapy, monitored by P300, compared to children without intervention. Results: The mean difference between the latencies in the group submitted to therapy and the control group was −20.12 ms with a 95% confidence interval of −43.98 to 3.74 ms (p = 0.08, I 2 = 25% and p value = 0.26). The mean difference between the amplitudes of the group submitted to therapy and the control group was 0.73 uV with a 95% confidence interval of −1.77 to 3.23 uV (p = 0.57, I 2 = 0% and p value = 0.47). Conclusion: The present meta-analysis demonstrates that speech therapy does not influence the latency and amplitude results of the P300 evoked potential in children undergoing speech therapy intervention.


Resumo Introdução: A evolução do paciente na clínica fonoaudiológica atua como fator motivador do processo terapêutico, contribui para a sua adesão ao tratamento e possibilita ao terapeuta a revisão e/ou a manutenção de suas condutas. As medidas eletrofisiológicas, como o potencial evocado P300, auxiliam na avaliação, na compreensão e no monitoramento dos distúrbios da comunicação humana, facilitam, dessa forma, a definição do prognóstico de cada caso. Objetivo: Determinar se a terapia fonoaudiológica influencia na variação da latência e da amplitude do P300 em pacientes com distúrbio de linguagem submetidos à terapia fonoaudiológica. Método: Revisão sistemática com metanálise, na qual foram feitas buscas nas seguintes bases de dados: Pubmed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Web of Science, SciELO e Lilacs, além das bases de literatura cinzenta: OpenGrey.eu e DissOnline. Foram considerados critérios de inclusão: ensaios clínicos aleatórios ou não, sem restrição de idiomas ou data, que submeteram crianças com distúrbio de linguagem à terapia fonoaudiológica, monitoradas pelo P300, comparadas a crianças sem intervenção. Resultados: A diferença média entre as latências do grupo submetido à terapia e do grupo controle foi de -20,12 ms com intervalo de confiança 95% entre -43,98 e 3,74 ms (p = 0,08; I2 = 25% e o valor de p = 0,26). A diferença média entre as amplitudes do grupo submetido à terapia e do grupo controle foi de 0,73 uV com intervalo de confiança de 95% entre -1,77 e 3,23 uV (p = 0,57; I2 = 0% e o valor de p = 0,47). Conclusão: A terapia fonoaudiológica não influencia nos resultados de latência e amplitude do potencial evocado P300 em crianças submetidas à intervenção fonoaudiológica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Speech Disorders/therapy , Speech Therapy/methods , Event-Related Potentials, P300 , Language Therapy/methods , Electrophysiology
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 495-498, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020498

ABSTRACT

Abstract Management of symptomatic atrial tachycardia (AT) during pregnancy seems challenging, especially those originating from left atrial appendage (LAA), which easily tend to be incessant and mediate cardiomyopathy. It's contradictory between therapy and pregnancy. In this study, we report a case of a woman who presented with persistent AT, which lead to heart failure, during early pregnancy. She underwent successful catheter ablation using CartoSound and electroanatomic mapping without fluoroscopy. An electrophysiology (EP) study confirmed a focal LAA tachycardia. Soon after, left ventricular function of her heart normalized, and the patient successfully delivered a healthy child.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Electrocardiography , Electrophysiology
13.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(6): 442-444, June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011357

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Duchenne de Boulogne is known mainly by the disease eponymously named "Duchenne muscular dystrophy", or pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy, although some experts consider that the original description of this disease does not belong to him. Less well known are the facts related to the tragic death of his beloved wife shortly after the birth of his only child, the unjustifiable distance he was forced to keep from this son for more than 30 years, and of being humiliated and professionally despised by his peers. These events made the life of this physician, physiologist, researcher and inventor extremely arduous. We emphasize some aspects of the history of this man, his work and his life, a true genius of few friends.


RESUMO Duchenne de Boulogne é conhecido por muitos principalmente devido à doença que leva seu nome - doença de Duchenne ou Distrofia Muscular Pseudo-hipertrófica - embora alguns historiadores considerem que a descrição original desta doença não lhe pertence. Menos conhecidos são os fatos relacionados à morte trágica de sua amada esposa logo após o nascimento de seu filho, o afastamento injusto que foi forçado a manter deste filho único por mais de 30 anos, e ser humilhado e profissionalmente desprezado por seus pares da comunidade neurológica, que em conjunto tornaram a vida desse médico, fisiologista, pesquisador e inventor, extremamente árdua. Enfatizamos alguns aspectos da história deste homem, seu trabalho e ocaso, protótipo de um verdadeiro gênio de poucos amigos.


Subject(s)
History, 19th Century , Electrophysiology/history , Neurology/history , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/history , France
14.
Anon.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(3): 197-200, June 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020059

ABSTRACT

El bloqueo de rama funcional durante una taquicardia supraventricular puede ser observado con longitudes de ciclo cortas y representa una respuesta fisiológica del sistema de conducción intraventricular por la existencia de conducción nodal auriculo ventricular acelerada. Presentamos el caso de un paciente joven con taquicardia reentrante aurículo-ventricular ortodrómica y bloqueo de rama alternante. Esta respuesta infrecuente se explica por el hallazgo obtenido durante el estudio electrofisiológico. Una conducción nodal aurículo-ventricular acelerada produce un frente de onda que despolariza las ramas durante sus períodos refractarios. Una vez que ocurrió el bloqueo en una de las ramas, dicho bloqueo persistió debido al fenómeno de linking, que es por conducción oculta retrógrada repetitiva de la rama contralateral. Después de la ablación transcatéter de una vía accesoria oculta lateral izquierda, el marcapaseo auricular rápido a la misma longitud de ciclo de la taquicardia, reprodujo la misma aberrancia observada durante la taquicardia. Este procedimiento demostró que el bloqueo de rama funcional fue debido a la longitud de ciclo corto y no a la presencia de una vía accesoria aurículo-ventricular.


Functional bundle branch block during a supraventricular tachycardia can be observed with shorter cycle lengths and represent a physiologic response by the specialized intraventricular conduction system to accelerated AV nodal conduction. The present case corresponds to a young patient with exercise induced orthodromic A-V reentrant tachycardia and alternating bundle branch block. This unusual response is explained by the finding obtained during the electrophysiology study. An accelerated AV nodal conduction made the depolarizing wave front reach the bundle branches during their refractory period. Once block in one bundle was stablished, block persisted due to the linking phenomenon that is repetitive retrograde concealed conduction from the contralateral bundle. After catheter ablation of a concealed left-sided accessory A-V pathway, rapid atrial pacing at the same cycle length of the tachycardia reproduced the same aberrancies observed during tachycardia. This response proved that functional bundle branch block is due to the short cycle length and not the presence of an accessory A-V pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/diagnostic imaging , Bundle-Branch Block/diagnostic imaging , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/complications , Bundle-Branch Block/etiology , Catheter Ablation , Electrocardiography , Electrophysiology , Heart Conduction System/physiopathology , Heart Conduction System/diagnostic imaging
15.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 24: e2024, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-989408

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivos Identificar estudos que tenham abordado as avaliações do processamento auditivo central, eletrofisiológicas e/ou comportamentais, em crianças e adolescentes acometidos por acidente vascular cerebral. Estratégia de pesquisa Conduziu-se uma busca no mês de julho de 2017, usando os descritores: stroke , auditory perception, childhood, child, children e evoked potentials auditory nas bases de dados PubMed, Scopus e SciELO. Critérios de seleção Foram selecionados artigos em inglês e português, publicados até julho de 2017, sem limitação de data inicial. Os artigos deveriam apresentar abordagem metodológica que referisse achados da avaliação do processamento auditivo central, em crianças e adolescentes com diagnóstico de acidente vascular cerebral. Resultados Inicialmente, foram encontrados 15 estudos, resultando na seleção de três artigos que atendiam aos critérios de inclusão e que foram considerados relevantes para a amostra deste estudo. Devido ao fato de que nenhum dos estudos incluídos tenha utilizado os potenciais evocados auditivos de longa latência em suas avaliações audiológicas, optou-se por realizar uma segunda busca, com os descritores: stroke AND children AND evoked potentials, auditory, nas mesmas bases de dados. Com estes descritores, obteve-se 36 artigos e, destes, apenas um artigo foi selecionado, de acordo com os critérios de inclusão estabelecidos. Conclusão Foram verificados poucos estudos na literatura, que tenham avaliado o processamento auditivo central em crianças e adolescentes acometidos por acidente vascular cerebral. Não obstante, salienta-se a importância dos estudos encontrados para contribuição nos processos de diagnóstico e de monitoramento terapêutico dessa população.


ABSTRACT Purpose To identify studies that have addressed Central Auditory Processing (CAP), through electrophysiological and/or behavioral tests, in children and adolescents affected by Stroke. Research strategy A search was conducted in July 2017, using the descriptors: "stroke ", auditory perception", "childhood ", "child" and " evoked potentials, auditory" in PubMed, Scopus and SciELO databases. Selection criteria Articles written in English, Portuguese and Spanish, published until July 2017, without start date limitation. The articles should present a methodological approach that refers to the findings of central auditory processing assessment in children and adolescents diagnosed with stroke. Results First, 15 studies were found, and three of them were selected because they met the inclusion criteria and were considered relevant for the sample of the present study. As none of the included studies used LLAEP in their audiological assessments, a second search was performed with the descriptors: "stroke" AND " children" AND "evoked potentials, auditory " in the same databases. A total of 36 papers were found with these descriptors but only one paper was selected, according to the established inclusion criteria. Conclusion Few studies in the literature have assessed central auditory processing in children and adolescents with stroke. Nevertheless, the studies are important for diagnos and therap monitoring in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Auditory Perception , Stroke/diagnosis , Electrophysiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765931

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is now recognised that gastric dysrhythmias are best characterised by their spatial propagation pattern. Hyperglycemia is an important cause of gastric slow wave dysrhythmia, however, the spatiotemporal patterns of dysrhythmias in this context have not been investigated. This study aims to investigate the relationship between hyperglycemia and the patterns of dysrhythmias by employing high-resolution (multi-electrode) mapping simultaneously at the anterior and posterior gastric serosa. METHODS: High-resolution mapping (8 × 16 electrodes per serosal) was performed in 4 anesthetized hounds. Baseline recordings (21 ± 8 minutes) were followed by intravenous injection of glucagon (0.5 mg per dose) and further recordings (59 ± 15 minutes). Blood glucose levels were monitored manually using a glucose sensing kit at regular 5-minute intervals. Slow wave activation maps, amplitudes, velocity, anisotropic ratio, and frequency were calculated. Differences were compared between baseline and post glucagon injection. RESULTS: Baseline slow waves propagated symmetrically and antegrade. The blood glucose levels were increased by an average of 112% compared to the baseline by the end of the recordings. All subjects demonstrated elevated incidence of slow wave dysrhythmias following injection compared to the baseline (48 ± 23% vs 6 ± 4%, P < 0.05). Dysrhythmias arose simultaneously or independently on anterior and posterior serosa. Spatial dysrhythmias occurred before and persisted after the onset and disappearance of temporal dysrhythmias. CONCLUSIONS: Infusion of glucagon induced gastric slow wave dysrhythmias, which occurred across a heterogeneous range of patterns and frequencies. The spatial dysrhythmias of gastric slow waves were shown to be more prevalent and persisted over a longer period of time compared to the temporal dysrhythmias.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Electrodes , Electrophysiology , Gastrointestinal Tract , Glucagon , Glucose , Hyperglycemia , Incidence , Injections, Intravenous , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Myoelectric Complex, Migrating , Serous Membrane
17.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 991-1001, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759415

ABSTRACT

Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been established worldwide and is recommended for symptomatic paroxysmal AF patients according to international guidelines. Importantly, the cornerstone of any AF ablation represents pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Traditional radiofrequency (RF) point by point ablation within a 3D electroanatomic left atrial (LA) map requires profound understanding of LA anatomy and electrophysiology. This ablation strategy can be highly efficient and safe if performed in experienced hands and centers. However, procedural complexity causes a long learning curve and has limited its wide spread utilization. In contrast, balloon based PVI ablation strategies are based on an anatomic principle. Currently, two balloon types (cryoballoon and laserballoon) have been adopted to clinical routine. Both balloons are positioned at the target PV and circumferential energy ablation is enabled. This simplified anatomic approach facilitates reaching the procedural endpoint of PVI and demonstrated less operator dependency. Therefore, balloon PVI appears to be associated with improved procedural reproducibility and safety. Importantly, large scale randomized trials proved non-inferiority of balloon guided AF ablation (cryothermal and laser energy) vs. experienced operators using traditional “gold standard” RF ablation in paroxysmal and persistent AF. Ongoing technological refinements of both balloons as well as the introduction of novel energy dosing strategies and ablation targets may potentially impact the current way of ablating AF in future. This review will summarize current clinical experience of contemporary balloon devices and will look into future developments.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , Catheter Ablation , Electrophysiology , Hand , Humans , Learning Curve , Pulmonary Veins
18.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 578-592, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763788

ABSTRACT

Depending on the intracellular buffering of calcium by chelation, zinc has the following two apparent effects on neuronal excitability: enhancement or reduction. Zinc increased tonic activity in the depolarized state when neurons were intracellularly dialyzed with EGTA but attenuated the neuronal activity when BAPTA was used as an intracellular calcium buffer. This suggests that neuronal excitability can be modulated by zinc, depending on the internal calcium buffering capacity. In this study, we elucidated the mechanisms of zinc-mediated alterations in neuronal excitability and determined the effect of calcium-related channels on zinc-mediated alterations in excitability. The zinc-induced augmentation of firing activity was mediated via the inhibition of small-conductance calcium-activated potassium (SK) channels with not only the contribution of voltage-gated L-type calcium channels (VGCCs) and ryanodine receptors (RyRs), but also through the activation of VGCCs via melastatin-like transient receptor potential channels. We suggest that zinc modulates the dopaminergic neuronal activity by regulating not only SK channels as calcium sensors, but also VGCCs or RyRs as calcium sources. Our results suggest that the cytosolic calcium-buffering capacity can tightly regulate zinc-induced neuronal firing patterns and that local calcium-signaling domains can determine the physiological and pathological state of synaptic activity in the dopaminergic system.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Calcium Channels, L-Type , Cytosol , Dopaminergic Neurons , Egtazic Acid , Electrophysiology , Fires , Neurons , Potassium , Rats , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel , Transient Receptor Potential Channels , Zinc
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1406-1413, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771218

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The long-term predicted value of microvolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) for ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) remains unclear. Our study explored the characteristics of MTWA and its prognostic value when combined with an electrophysiologic study (EPS) in patients with ARVC.@*METHODS@#All patients underwent non-invasive MTWA examination with modified moving average (MMA) analysis and an EPS. A positive event was defined as the first occurrence of sudden cardiac death, documented sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation, or the administration of appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy including shock or anti-tachycardia pacing.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-five patients with ARVC (age 38.6 ± 11.0 years; 28 males) with preserved left ventricular (LV) function were recruited. The maximal TWA value (MaxValt) was 17.0 (11.0-27.0) μV. Sustained VT was induced in 22 patients by the EPS. During a median follow-up of 99.9 ± 7.7 months, 15 patients had positive clinical events. When inducible VT was combined with the MaxValt, the area under the curve improved from 0.739 to 0.797. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed that a MaxValt of 23.5 μV was the optimal cutoff value to identify positive events. The multivariate Cox regression model for survival showed that MTWA (MaxValt, hazard ratio [HR], 1.06; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.11; P = 0.01) and inducible VT (HR, 5.98; 95% CI, 1.33-26.8; P = 0.01) independently predicted positive events in patients with ARVC.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MTWA assessment with MMA analysis complemented by an EPS might provide improved prognostic ability in patients with ARVC with preserved LV function during long-term follow-up.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Diagnosis , Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia , Diagnosis , Electrocardiography , Methods , Electrophysiology , Methods , Exercise Test , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Diagnosis , Ventricular Function, Left , Physiology
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1063-1070, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772195

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Visual-spatial neglect (VSN) is a neuropsychological syndrome, and right-hemisphere stroke is the most common cause. The pathogenetic mechanism of VSN remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) changes in patients with or without VSN after right-hemisphere stroke.@*METHODS@#Eleven patients with VSN with right-hemisphere stroke (VSN group) and 11 patients with non-VSN with right-hemisphere stroke (non-VSN group) were recruited along with one control group of 11 age- and gender-matched healthy participants. The visual-spatial function was evaluated using behavioral tests, and ERP examinations were performed.@*RESULTS@#The response times in the VSN and non-VSN groups were both prolonged compared with those of normal controls (P  0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Visual-spatial attention function is impaired after right-hemisphere stroke, and clinicians should be aware of the subclinical VSN. Our findings provide neuroelectrophysiological evidence for the lateralization of VSN.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cerebral Infarction , Electrophysiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neuropsychological Tests , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Genetics , PPAR gamma , Genetics , Perceptual Disorders , Genetics , Metabolism , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics , Reaction Time , Genetics , Physiology , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Stroke , Genetics , Metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase , Genetics
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