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1.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 23(2): 131-137, 15 de agosto 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397273

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El secuestro pulmonar es una malformación del tracto respiratorio inferior, que consiste en una masa no funcional de tejido pulmonar sin comunicación con el árbol traqueobronquial y su irrigación sanguínea proviene de una o más arterias sistémicas aberrantes. El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar los resultados de los pacientes pediátricos con secuestro pulmonar tratados con resección quirúrgica (toracotomía, videotoracoscopía) o embolización endovascular. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, observacional, retrospectivo, de corte transversal, realizado en un hospital pediátrico de tercer nivel en Ecuador, desde enero de 2017 a diciembre de 2022. Los datos fueron obtenidos de las historias clínicas revisadas. Resultados: Se incluyeron 9 pacientes, menores de 18 años con el diagnóstico de secuestro pulmonar, 6 femenino y 3 masculino, 5 fueron tratados con cirugía, 4 (44%) por toracotomía y 1 (11%) por videotoracoscopía, 4 (44%) con embolización endovascular, la edad promedio de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía fue de 41.36 (rango: 0.1-144 meses), y de los que recibieron embolización fue de 12.9 meses (rango: 0.6-41 meses). un paciente falleció 6 días posterior a la resección quirúrgica del secuestro pulmonar por toracotomía debido a hipertensión pulmonar por su cardiopatía de base y 1 paciente tratado con embolización presento disminución del pulso pedio el cual se resolvió a las 24 horas de iniciada la estreptoquinasa. Conclusión: Hasta donde hemos investigado no hemos encontrado otra publicación en nuestro país en donde se comparen dos métodos terapéuticos para el tratamiento del secuestro pulmonar. En este estudio tanto la cirugía como la embolización fueron procedimientos seguros; no se encontró diferencias significativas entre ambas opciones terapéuticas, es necesario estudios con mayor población y con características prospectivas en los pacientes tratados por embolización endovascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Child , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Thoracotomy , Embolization, Therapeutic
2.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(2): e38213, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389691

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El trauma pélvico grave es una situación de extrema gravedad con alta mortalidad, siendo la principal causa de muerte el shock hemorrágico persistente, secundario a varias fuentes de sangrado óseas, viscerales y principalmente venosas y arteriales. Las medidas iniciales van dirigidas a disminuir el volumen de la cavidad pélvica y la reposición hemostática. En los últimos años evidencia creciente respalda la utilización de la angioembolización en el manejo de estos pacientes. Presentamos a través de un caso clínico el primer reporte en Uruguay de angioembolización no selectiva de ambas arterias hipogástricas en el manejo del trauma pélvico grave. Discutiremos a través de un caso clínico la fisiopatología del trauma pélvico grave y principalmente las indicaciones, resultados y complicaciones de la angioembolización.


Summary: Pelvic trauma is an extremely severe condition accounting for high mortality rates, and is the first cause of death in persistent hemorrhagic shock, secondary to several sources of bleeding, such as bone, viscera and mainly veins and arteries. Initial measures aim to reduce the volume of the pelvic cavity and to restore hemostasis. In recent years, growing evidence supports the use of angioembolization in the handling of these patients. The study presents, through a clinical case, the first report in Uruguay of non-selective angioembolization of both hypogastric arteries in the handling of severe pelvic trauma. We will discuss the pathophysiology of severe pelvic trauma through a clinical case, mainly in terms of indications, results and complications of angioembolization.


Resumo: O traumatismo pélvico grave é uma situação extremamente complicada com alta mortalidade, sendo a principal causa de morte o choque hemorrágico persistente, secundário a várias fontes de sangramento ósseas, viscerais e principalmente venosas e arteriais. As medidas iniciais têm como objetivo diminuir o volume da cavidade pélvica e a reposição hemostática. Nos últimos anos, evidências crescentes apoiam o uso da angioembolização no gerenciamento desses pacientes. Apresentamos um caso clínico com o primeiro registro no Uruguai de angioembolização não seletiva de ambas as artérias hipogástricas no manejo de traumas pélvicos graves. Discutiremos a fisiopatologia do traumatismo pélvico grave e principalmente as indicações, resultados e complicações da angioembolização.


Subject(s)
Pelvic Bones/injuries , Embolization, Therapeutic , Epigastric Arteries
3.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 41(1): 26-34, 07/03/2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362072

ABSTRACT

Objective Glomus jugulare tumors, or tympanojugular paragangliomas, are rare, highly vascularized skull base tumors originated from paraganglion cells of the neural crest. With nonabsorbable embolic agents, embolization combined with surgery has become the norm. The authors assess the profile and outcomes of patients submitted to preoperative embolization in a Brazilian tertiary care hospital. Methods The present study is a single-center, retrospective analysis; between January 2008 and December 2019, 22 embolizations were performed in 20 patients in a preoperative character, and their medical records were analyzed for the present case series. Results Hearing loss was the most common symptom, present in 50% of the patients, while 40% had tinnitus, 30% had dysphagia, 25% had facial paralysis, 20% had hoarseness, and 10% had diplopia. In 7 out of 22 embolization procedures (31%) more than a single embolic agent was used; Gelfoam (Pfizer, New York, NY, USA) was used in 18 procedures (81%), in 12 of which as the single agent, followed by Embosphere (Merit Medical, South Jordan, UT, USA) (31%), Onyx (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) (9%), and polyvynil alcohol (PVA) and Bead Block (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA, USA) in 4,5% each. The most common vessel involved was the ascending pharyngeal artery, involved in 90% of the patients, followed by the posterior auricular artery in 15%, the internal maxillary artery or the occipital artery in 10% each, and the superficial temporal or the lingual arteries, with 6% each. Only one patient had involvement of the internal carotid artery. No complications from embolization were recorded. Conclusions Preoperative embolization of glomus tumors is safe and reduces surgical time and complications, due to the decrease in size and bleeding.


Subject(s)
Paraganglioma/surgery , Paraganglioma/pathology , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Glomus Jugulare/pathology , Paraganglioma/diagnostic imaging , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Skull Base Neoplasms/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods
4.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 103-111, feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388907

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La embolización de arteria renal (EAR) es un procedimiento percutáneo que ocluye la arteria renal, con la consecuente isquemia del territorio vascular. Sus indicaciones más comunes son la hematuria y el manejo paliativo en cáncer renal metastásico. A pesar del desarrollo técnico y de la experiencia progresiva, los estudios incluyen un número reducido de pacientes y en nuestro país se revisan casos aislados. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia en el Servicio de Salud Valparaíso San Antonio y revisar la literatura existente. Materiales y Método: Realizamos un estudio descriptivo de los pacientes sometidos a EAR por anemia severa secundaria a hematuria, durante los años 2012 a 2020. Posteriormente, realizamos una revisión de la literatura en PubMed, hasta abril de 2020. Resultados: Incluimos 9 pacientes, 6 (66,7%) hombres y 3 (33,3%) mujeres. La mediana de edad fue de 69 años (RIC = 18). La principal causa de la hematuria fue cáncer renal avanzado (7 pacientes). No hubo complicaciones, y se logró éxito clínico en todos los pacientes. Nuestra búsqueda de literatura arrojó 571 referencias y 24 cumplieron con nuestros criterios de elegibilidad. La edad de los pacientes y las causas subyacentes de hematuria fueron variadas. La menor tasa de éxito clínico fue de 65%, sin embargo, 15 estudios (62,5%) reportaron un éxito igual o mayor al 90%. Seis estudios reportaron más de un 10% de pacientes con alguna complicación. Conclusión: Nuestros resultados y la evidencia revisada muestran que la EAR parece ser segura y eficaz en el manejo de anemia severa secundaria a hematuria.


Introduction: Renal artery embolization (RAE) is a percutaneous procedure that occludes the renal artery, with consequent ischemia of the vascular territory. The most common indications include hematuria and palliation for metastatic renal cancer. Despite technical development and progressive experience, studies include a small number of patients and few cases have been published in our country. Aim: To share our experience at Valparaíso-San Antonio Health Service and to review the existing literature. Materials and Method: We performed a retrospective descriptive review of medical records of patients with severe anemia due to hematuria managed with RAE, between 2012 and 2020. Subsequently, we conducted a literature search in PubMed, from inception until April 2020. Results: We included 9 patients. There were 6 (66.7%) males and 3 (33.3%) females with a median age of 69 years (IQR = 18). Main cause of hematuria was advanced kidney cancer (7 patients). There were no complications and clinical success was achieved in all patients. Our literature search yielded 571 references, 24 met our eligibility criteria. The age of patients and the underlying causes of hematuria were varied. The lowest clinical success rate was 65%, however, 15 studies (62.5%) reported a success equal to or greater than 90%. Six studies reported more than 10% of patients with complications. Conclusión: Our results and the studies reviewed show that RAE appears to be safe and effective in the management of patients with severe anemia due to hematuria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Aged , Renal Artery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Embolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Hematuria
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939626

ABSTRACT

Interventional embolization therapy is widely used for procedures such as targeted tumour therapy, anti-organ hyperactivity and haemostasis. During embolic agent injection, doctors need to work under X-ray irradiation environment. Moreover, embolic agent injection is largely dependent on doctors' experience and feelings, and over-injection of embolic agent can lead to reflux, causing ectopic embolism and serious complications. As an effective way to reduce radiation exposure and improve the success rate of interventional embolization therapy, embolic agent injection robot is highly anticipated, but how to decide the injection flow velocity of embolic agent is a problem that remains to be solved. On the basis of fluid dynamics simulation and experiment, we established an arterial pressure-injection flow velocity boundary curve model that can avoid reflux, which provides a design basis for the control of embolic agent injection system. An in vitro experimental platform for injection system was built and validation experiments were conducted. The results showed that the embolic agent injection flow speed curve designed under the guidance of the critical flow speed curve model of reflux could effectively avoid the embolic agent reflux and shorten the embolic agent injection time. Exceeding the flow speed limit of the model would lead to the risk of embolization of normal blood vessels. This paper confirms the validity of designing the embolic agent injection flow speed based on the critical flow speed curve model of reflux, which can achieve rapid injection of embolic agent while avoiding reflux, and provide a basis for the design of the embolic agent injection robot.


Subject(s)
Embolization, Therapeutic/methods
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(8): e370806, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1402976

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the risk factors for poor outcomes after surgical and endovascular treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Methods: Patients with ≥ 18-years of age and aSAH were included, while patients who died within 12 h of admission or lost follow-up were excluded. All participants underwent standardized clinical and radiological assessment on admission and were reassessed at discharge and at 6-months follow-up using the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS). Results: Death at discharge was associated with female gender, anterior communication artery (ACoA) aneurysm location and presence of atherosclerotic plaque in the surgical group, and with age in the endovascular group. Both groups had clinical condition on follow-up associated with mFisher score on admission and hypertension. GOS on follow-up was also associated with presence of atherosclerotic plaque and multiple aneurysms in surgical group, and with age in endovascular group. Conclusions: Subjects treated surgically are prone to unfavorable outcomes if atherosclerotic plaques and multiple aneurysms are present. In patients with endovascular treatment, age was the main predictor of clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Risk Factors , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/surgery , Microsurgery/methods , Evaluation Study
7.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210223, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386119

ABSTRACT

Abstract Internal thoracic artery aneurysms (ITAAs) are rare with wide variation in clinical presentation and a high risk of rupture. Endovascular techniques are increasingly being used for treatment of such aneurysms over surgical repair in recent times. A 34-year-old male presented with progressive swelling of the right anterior chest wall for 2 weeks and was diagnosed with right internal thoracic artery aneurysm with contained rupture. He underwent successful endovascular repair with coil embolization of ruptured right ITAA. Post intervention computed tomography (CT) angiography confirmed sealing of the ruptured aneurysm with no residual filling of the sac. At six months follow-up he is doing well with complete resolution of hematoma. This case demonstrates that an endovascular approach with coil embolization is a feasible and safe option for treating the rare ruptured ITAAs.


Resumo Os aneurismas da artéria torácica interna (ITAAs) são raros, com ampla variação na apresentação clínica e alto risco de ruptura. As técnicas endovasculares têm sido cada vez mais utilizadas para o tratamento desses aneurismas em relação ao reparo cirúrgico. Um homem de 34 anos de idade apresentou edema progressivo da parede torácica anterior direita por 2 semanas e foi diagnosticado com aneurisma da artéria mamária interna direita com ruptura contida. Ele foi submetido a reparo endovascular bem-sucedido, com embolização de ITAA direito roto. A angiotomografia computadorizada (angioTC) pós-intervenção confirmou o selamento do aneurisma rompido, sem enchimento residual do saco. No seguimento de 6 meses, ele estava bem, com resolução completa do hematoma. Este caso demonstra que a abordagem endovascular com embolização com molas é uma opção viável e segura no tratamento dos raros ITAAs rotos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aneurysm, Ruptured/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures , Mammary Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography
8.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20190160, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375806

ABSTRACT

Abstract Endovascular embolization of arteries feeding pulmonary sequestrations is a growing therapeutic option. A 51-year-old woman with chest pain and hemoptysis was admitted. During hospitalization she presented 150 mL hemoptysis, hypotension, and hematocrit fell to 23.3%. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography confirmed a pulmonary sequestration irrigated by an aneurysmal artery from the abdominal aorta. The patient underwent endovascular coil embolization of the artery feeding the aneurysm and an Amplatzer device was deployed in the proximal third of the sequestration artery. Subsequent contrast-enhanced computed tomography confirmed complete thrombosis of the aberrant artery feeding the aneurysm and absence of irrigation of the pulmonary sequestration. At 56 months follow-up the patient remains asymptomatic, tomography showed involution of the sequestration and complete thrombosis of the aberrant artery. The challenges presented by the different treatment alternatives are discussed.


Resumo A embolização endovascular das artérias que alimentam os sequestros pulmonares é uma opção terapêutica em crescimento. Uma mulher de 51 anos com dor torácica e hemoptise foi internada. Durante a internação, ela apresentou hemoptise de 150 mL, hipotensão e queda do hematócrito para 23,3%. A tomografia computadorizada com contraste confirmou um sequestro pulmonar irrigado por uma artéria aneurismática originária da aorta abdominal. A paciente foi submetida a embolização endovascular da artéria que alimentava o aneurisma com uso de coils e dispositivo Amplatzer no terço proximal da artéria sequestrante. A tomografia subsequente confirmou a trombose completa da artéria aberrante que alimentava o aneurisma e a ausência de irrigação dentro do sequestro pulmonar. No seguimento de 56 meses, a paciente permanecia assintomática, e a tomografia mostrou involução do sequestro e trombose completa da artéria aberrante. Os desafios apresentados pelas diferentes alternativas de tratamento são discutidos neste artigo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta, Abdominal , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/diagnosis
9.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20190001, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365069

ABSTRACT

Resumo A artéria femoral profunda, devido às suas características anatômicas, se encontra protegida da maioria dos traumatismos vasculares. Relatamos um caso de pseudoaneurisma de ramo perfurante da artéria femoral profunda, associado à fístula arteriovenosa, secundário a rotura completa do músculo vasto medial em paciente jogador de futebol. A ressonância magnética demonstrou lesão muscular associada a pseudoaneurisma, e a angiotomografia confirmou a presença de pseudoaneurisma associado a fístula arteriovenosa de ramo da artéria femoral profunda. Foi realizado tratamento endovascular da fístula através da embolização com micromolas fibradas e drenagem cirúrgica do hematoma muscular. O paciente evoluiu bem, sem queixas clínicas no 30º dia de pós-operatório e também após 1 ano.


Abstract Due to its anatomical characteristics, the deep femoral artery is protected from most vascular injuries. We report a case of a soccer player with pseudoaneurysm of a perforating branch of the deep femoral artery, associated with an arteriovenous fistula and secondary to complete rupture of the vastus medialis muscle. Magnetic resonance imaging showed muscle damage associated with a pseudoaneurysm and angiotomography confirmed the presence of a pseudoaneurysm associated with a deep arteriovenous fistula of a branch of the deep femoral artery. Endovascular treatment of the fistula was performed by embolization with fibrous microcoils and surgical drainage of the muscle hematoma. The patient recovered well, was free from clinical complaints on the 30th postoperative day and also after 1 year.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Aneurysm, False , Quadriceps Muscle/injuries , Femoral Artery/injuries , Rupture , Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Embolization, Therapeutic , Femoral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936152

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of microsurgery and endovascular embolization in the treatment of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) by meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#A systematic review was performed to retrieve all relevant literature about surgical treatment or endovascular embolization of SDAVF up to December 2019 through PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials Results, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and SinoMed. The Chinese and English key words included: "SDAVF", "spinal dural arteriovenous fistula", "spinal AVM", "spinal vascular malformation and treatment". The included studies were evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. The early failure rate, long-term recurrence, neurological recovery, and complications were evaluated and the clinical effects of the two methods in the treatment of SDAVF were compared by using RevMan 5.3 software. And a further subgroup analysis of the therapeutic effect of endovascular embolization with different embolic agents was conducted.@*RESULTS@#A total of 46 studies involving 1 958 cases of SDAVF were included, in which 935 cases were treated by microsurgery and 1 023 cases were treated by endovascular embolization. The funnel plot demonstrated that there was no publication bias. The results of meta-analysis showed that the incidence of early surgical failure was lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.20, 95%CI: 0.13-0.30, P < 0.05), and the long-term recurrence was also lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.36, 95%CI: 0.22-0.58, P < 0.05). The improvement of neurological function in the surgical patients is significantly higher than that in the patients treated with endovascular embolization (OR=2.86, 95%CI: 1.36-5.99, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the occurrence of complications in these two groups (OR=1.52, 95%CI: 0.88-2.64, P=0.14). In the cases of endovascular embolization, the risk of treatment failure or recurrence was higher with Onyx glue than with n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), and the difference was statistically significant (OR=4.70, 95%CI: 1.55-14.28, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Although the treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas by intravascular embolization has been widely used, the clinical effect of microsurgery is still better than that of endovascular embolization. Large scale and high-quality randomized controlled trials are required to validate the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment in SDAVF patients.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Enbucrilate/therapeutic use , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Humans , Microsurgery/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 374-379, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362107

ABSTRACT

Objective To report three cases of vein of Galen aneurysmalmalformation (VGAM) in pediatric patients treated at the hemodynamics lab of Hospital Santa Isabel (HSI) in Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, from 2006 to 2020. Clinical presentation, endovascular treatment, and postprocedure evolution to date are included. Case description Three children aged 5 to 12 months with cardiac, respiratory, or neurological damage in the neonatal stage, were referred to the neurosurgery service and diagnosed with VGAM. The three patients underwent endovascular embolization of themalformation, with different clinical evolution throughout outpatient follow-up. Conclusion Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations are uncommon vascular abnormalities that, until the advent of endovascular embolization, were associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Its prognosis is linked with initial clinic, early diagnosis, and timely surgical correction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Vein of Galen Malformations/surgery , Vein of Galen Malformations/physiopathology , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Prognosis , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Vein of Galen Malformations/diagnostic imaging
12.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 339-348, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362079

ABSTRACT

Introduction The middle meningeal artery (MMA) is an important artery in neurosurgery. As the largest branch of the maxillary artery, it provides nutrition to the meninges and to the frontal and parietal regions. Diseases, including dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), pseudoaneurysm, true aneurysm, traumatic arteriovenous fistula (TAVF), Moya-Moya disease (MMD), recurrent chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), migraine, and meningioma,may be related to the MMA. The aim of the present study is to describe the anatomy of the MMA and to correlate it with brain diseases. Methods A literature review was performed using the PubMed, Scielo, Scientific Direct, Ebsco, LILACS, TripDataBase and Cochrane databases, with the following descriptors: neurosurgery, neuroanatomy, meninges and blood supply. Discussion The MMA is embedded in a cranial groove, and traumatic or iatrogenic factors can result in MMA-associated pseudoaneurysms or arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). In hemodynamic stress, true aneurysms can develop. Arteriovenous fistulas, pseudoaneurysms, and true aneurysms can be effectively treated by endovascular or surgical removal. In MMD, the MMA plays a role in the development and in the improvement of collateral circulation. Finally, in cases of CSDH, when standard surgery and drainage fail, MMA embolization can constitute a great alternative. Conclusion The MMA is a relevant structure for the understanding of neurosurgical diseases. In conclusion, every neurosurgeon must know the anatomy of the MMA sufficiently to correlate it with the diagnosed pathology, thus obtaining treatment effectiveness and preventing brain lesion.


Subject(s)
Craniocerebral Trauma/surgery , Meningeal Arteries/anatomy & histology , Meningeal Arteries/physiopathology , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods
13.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 106-114, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357582

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo de este artículo fue dar a conocer el protocolo institucional del manejo de la placenta percreta como un procedimiento varias horas después de la cesárea, con embolización de arterias placentarias de forma selectivas, previo a la práctica de la histerectomía, y presentar los resultados. Métodos. Estudio de serie de casos, donde se evaluaron las pacientes con placenta percreta, manejadas durante un año en un hospital de cuarto nivel de complejidad en la ciudad de Bogotá, D.C., Colombia. Se efectuó cesárea fúndica y se dejó la placenta in situ, 48 a 72 horas después se realizó embolización ultra selectiva y luego de 2 a 3 días se procedió a practicar la histerectomía vía abdominal. Resultados. Se evaluaron 5 pacientes, con paridad de 3,8 embarazos promedio, con diagnóstico de placenta percreta. El tiempo promedio de espera entre la embolización y la histerectomía fue de 1,6 días. No se presentaron complicaciones asociadas a la embolización, ni morbimortalidad materno fetal. Los volúmenes de sangrado en promedio durante la histerectomía de cada paciente fueron de 1160 ml. Conclusión. Existen datos limitados sobre el tratamiento óptimo del acretismo placentario. La sospecha diagnóstica permite planificar de forma favorable el manejo intraparto y, es por ello, que el surgimiento de nuevas técnicas, como la embolización de arterias placentarias, constituyen alternativas para un manejo más seguro de las pacientes.


Introduction. The objective of this article was to present the institutional protocol for the management of percrete placenta as a procedure several hours after cesarean section, with selective embolization of placental arteries, prior to the practice of hysterectomy, and to present the results. Methods. Case series study, where patients with percrete placenta were evaluated, managed for 1 year in a hospital of fourth level of complexity in the city of Bogotá, Colombia. A fundic cesarean section was performed and the placenta was left in situ, 48 to 72 hours later an ultra-selective embolization was performed, followed by an abdominal hysterectomy after 2 to 3 days.Results. Five patients with a diagnosis of placenta percreta were evaluated; mean wait time between embolization and hysterectomy was 1.6 days. There were no complications associated with embolization, or maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality. Average bleeding volumes during hysterectomy for each patient were 1160 ml. Conclusion. There are limited data on the optimal treatment of percrete placenta. Diagnostic suspicion allows for a favorable planning of intrapartum management and, for this reason, the emergence of new techniques, such as placental artery embolization, constitute alternatives for a safer management of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Placenta Accreta , Placenta, Retained , Placenta Previa , Cesarean Section , Embolization, Therapeutic , Hysterectomy
14.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(2): 200-205, 15/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362264

ABSTRACT

Glomus jugular tumors, also known as paragangliomas (PGLs), are rare and related to several clinical syndromes described. These are located in the carotid body, the jugular glomus, the tympanic glomus and the vagal glomus. The symptoms are directly related to the site of involvement and infiltration. These lesions have slow growth, are generally benign and hypervascularized, have a peak incidence between the age of 30 to 50 years old; however, when associated with hereditary syndromes, they tend to occur a decade earlier. Several familial hereditary syndromes are associated with PGLs, including Von Hippel- Lindau disease (VHL) in< 10% of the cases. The diagnosis and staging of PGLs are based on imaging and functional exams (bone window computed tomography [CT] with a "ground moth" pattern and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a "salt and pepper" pattern). The cerebral angiography is a prerequisite in patients with extremely vascularized lesions, whose preoperative embolization is necessary. The histopathological finding of cell clusters called "Zellballen" is a characteristic of PGLs. Regarding the jugular foramen, the combination of two or three surgical approaches may be necessary: (1) lateral group, approaches through themastoid; (2) posterior group, through the retrosigmoid access and its variants; and (3) anterior group, centered on the tympanic and petrous bone. In the present paper, we report a case of PGL of the jugular foramen operated on a young female patientwho underwent a surgery with a diagnosis ofVonHippel-Lindau Disease (VHL) at the Neurosurgery Service of the Hospital Heliópolis, São Paulo, state of São Paulo, Brazil in 2018, by the lateral and posterior combined route.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Paraganglioma/surgery , Paraganglioma/diagnostic imaging , Skull Base Neoplasms/surgery , Jugular Foramina/surgery , Cerebral Angiography/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Jugular Foramina/abnormalities , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/etiology , von Hippel-Lindau Disease/complications
15.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 421-426, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253955

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La mayoría de las lesiones de carótida cervical en nuestra institución se manejan por vía endovascular. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir los desenlaces del manejo de las lesiones de carótida cervical en un hospital de cuarto nivel en la ciudad de Cali, Colombia. Métodos. Estudio de series de casos, retrospectivo, descriptivo, en pacientes con trauma de carótida (penetrante y cerrado), admitidos en un centro de alta complejidad de la ciudad de Cali, en el periodo comprendido desde enero de 2018 hasta enero de 2020. Resultados. Se evaluaron 20 pacientes con lesión de carótida, de los cuales 90 % tenía trauma penetrante, en su mayoría por proyectil de arma de fuego. La zona más frecuentemente afectada fue la carótida interna (65 %) y el 40 % de los pacientes presentaban síntomas neurológicos al ingreso. Se realizó manejo endovascular en 13 pacientes, con un 75 % de éxito en el manejo endovascular al ingreso. La mortalidad general fue del 20 %, que en su mayoría estuvo relacionada con traumatismo en otros órganos. El 69 % de los pacientes quedaron sin secuelas neurológicas al alta y el 25 % con secuelas mínimas. Discusión. Se muestra una serie de casos con lesión de carótida donde, teniendo en cuenta las variables de mal pronóstico para hacer una selección adecuada de los pacientes candidatos a este tipo de terapia, el resultado del manejo endovascular fue exitoso


Introduction. Most cervical carotid injuries in our institution are managed by endovascular approach. The objective of this study was to describe the outcomes of the endovascular management of cervical carotid lesions in at a I Level Trauma Center in Cali, Colombia. Methods. Retrospective, descriptive case series study in patients with both penetrating and blunt carotid trauma who were admitted to a I Level Trauma Center between January 2018 and January 2020. Results. Twenty patients with carotid injury were evaluated, of which 90% had penetrating trauma, mostly from a firearm projectile. The most frequently affected area was the internal carotid (65%) and 40% of the patients had neurological symptoms on admission. Endovascular management was performed in 13 patients, with a 75% success rate in endovascular management on admission. Overall mortality was 20%, most of which was related to trauma to other organs; 69% of the patients were left without neurological sequelae at discharge and 25% with minimal sequelae.Discussion. We describe a case series of patients with cervical carotid injury, taking into account the variables of poor prognosis to make an adequate selection of patients for endovascular management, the result of endovascular management was successful


Subject(s)
Humans , Carotid Artery Injuries , Endovascular Procedures , Wounds and Injuries , Multiple Trauma , Angiography , Embolization, Therapeutic
16.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 323-328, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280047

ABSTRACT

Abstract Complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) is a rare type of pregnancy, in which 15 to 20% of the cases may develop into gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). The diagnostic of GTN must be done as early as possible through weekly surveillance of serum hCG after uterine evacuation.We report the case of 23-year-old primigravida, with CHM but without surveillance of hCG after uterine evacuation. Two months later, the patient presented to the emergency with vaginal bleeding and was referred to the Centro de Doenças Trofoblásticas do Hospital São Paulo. She was diagnosed with high risk GTN stage/score III:7 as per The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics/World Health Organization (FIGO/WHO). The sonographic examination revealed enlarged uterus with a heterogeneous mass constituted of multiple large vessels invading and causing disarrangement of the myometrium. The patient evolved with progressive worsening of vaginal bleeding after chemotherapy with etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide and vincristine (EMA-CO) regimen. She underwent blood transfusion and embolization of uterine arteries due to severe vaginal hemorrhage episodes, with complete control of bleeding. The hCG reached a negative value after the third cycle, and there was a complete regression of the anomalous vascularization of the uterus as well as full recovery of the uterine anatomy. The treatment in a reference center was essential for the appropriate management, especially regarding the uterine arteries embolization trough percutaneous femoral


Resumo Mola hidatiforme completa (MHC) é um tipo raro de gravidez, na qual 15 a 20% dos casos podem desenvolver neoplasia trofoblástica gestacional (NTG). O diagnóstico de NTG deve ser feito o mais cedo possível, pelo monitoramento semanal do hCG sérico após esvaziamento uterino. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente primigesta, de 23 anos de idade, com MHC, sem vigilância de hCG após esvaziamento uterino. Dois meses depois, a paciente compareceu na emergência com sangramento vaginal, sendo encaminhada ao Centro de Doenças Trofoblásticas do Hospital São Paulo, onde foi diagnosticada com NTG de alto risco, estádio e score de risco III:7 de acordo com a The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics/Organização Mundial de Saúde (FIGO/OMS). O exame ultrassonográfico revelou útero aumentado com uma massa heterogênea constituída pormúltiplos vasos volumosos invadindo e desestruturando o miométrio. A paciente evoluiu com piora progressiva do sangramento vaginal após quimioterapia com o regime etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide and vincristine (EMA-CO). Ela foi submetida a transfusão de sangue e embolização das artérias uterinas devido aos episódios graves de hemorragia vaginal, com completo controle do sangramento. O hCG atingiu valor negativo após o terceiro ciclo, havendo regressão completa da vascularização uterina anômala, assim como recuperação da anatomia uterina. O tratamento em um centro de referência permitiu o manejo adequado, principalmente no que se refere à embolização das artérias uterinas através da punção percutânea da artéria femoral, que foi crucial para evitar a histerectomia, permitindo a cura da NTG e a manutenção da vida reprodutiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Arteriovenous Malformations/complications , Uterine Hemorrhage/therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/complications , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/drug therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Uterine Hemorrhage/etiology , Uterine Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Dactinomycin/therapeutic use , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/diagnostic imaging , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Uterine Artery
17.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(2): 127-131, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249345

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução e objetivo: Relatar a experiência de um único centro com casos de paraganglioma do corpo carotídeo tratados pelo mesmo cirurgião em uma cidade com alta prevalência de paragangliomas devido à alta altitude. Método: Foram investigados retrospectivamente os dados demográficos, clinico-patológicos e radiológicos de 104 pacientes com diagnóstico de paragangliomas cervicais entre 2003 e 2017. Os pacientes foram classificados de acordo com a classificação de Shamblin. Resultados: Neste estudo, foram incluídos 104 pacientes (33 homens e 71 mulheres, com média de 54,6 ± 13 anos, entre 2003 e 2017) com diagnóstico de paraganglioma cervical na bifurcação carotídea. Entre esses pacientes, 10 tinham tumores bilaterais e, no total, 114 paragangliomas foram tratados nesse período. O diâmetro médio dos tumores foi de 5,12 ± 1,45 cm. Um tumor maligno foi determinado em apenas um (0,9%) paciente. Todos os pacientes foram operados. Em 12 pacientes com diâmetro do tumor maior do que 5 cm, foi possível fazer embolização pré-operatória com molas; em 14 pacientes, foi feita embolização angiográfica e em 4 pacientes foram aplicadas injeções de agentes esclerosantes. Após o tratamento cirúrgico, paralisia facial foi observada em 2 pacientes, disfagia em um, síndrome de Horner em um e rouquidão em 7. Todas essas complicações melhoraram durante o acompanhamento. Não foi relatada mortalidade. Conclusão: A cirurgia é o tratamento definitivo em pacientes com paragangliomas cervicais. Embora possa ser difícil em pacientes com os tipos avançados de Shamblin, em mãos experientes as taxas de complicações são muito baixas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Paraganglioma/surgery , Paraganglioma/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Body Tumor/surgery , Carotid Body Tumor/diagnostic imaging , Embolization, Therapeutic , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged , Neck
18.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 96-98, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287246

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los aneurismas esplénicos verdaderos son dilataciones saculares que involucran todas las capas de la arteria esplénica. Se presentan más frecuentemente en mujeres, en el embarazo y pacientes con hipertensión portal. Son habitualmente asintomáticos y diagnosticados incidentalmente durante el estudio de otra afección abdominal. Hasta un 10% se puede presentar con ruptura, lo que supone un escenario con una alta morbilidad y mortalidad. El tratamiento de los aneurismas esplénicos es aún un tema de controversia y existen variadas modalidades terapéuticas. Presentamos dos casos de pacientes con aneurismas esplénicos: uno de ellos que se manifestó con rotura y el otro por un diagnóstico incidental. Ambos fueron resueltos mediante embolización endovascular con resultados óptimos. Esta modalidad terapéutica poco difundida para el tratamiento de aneurismas esplénicos gigantes o rotos, nos permitió resolver el cuadro de forma segura y efectiva, con mínima morbilidad y mortalidad.


Abstract True splenic aneurysms are saccular dilations of all the layers of the splenic artery, more common in women, pregnancy and portal hypertension. They are usually asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally during the study of other abdominal diseases. Up to 10% may present with rupture, which implies a high morbidity and mortality. Treatment of splenic aneurysms is still a subject of controversy and there is a great variety of therapeutic modalities. We present two cases of patients with splenic aneurysms: one who presented with rupture and the other one incidentally diagnosed. Both were treated with endovascular embolization achieving optimal results. Although the utility of this therapy has not been assessed for giant or ruptured aneurysms, it allowed us to solve these scenarios in a secure and effective way, with minimum morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Aneurysm, Ruptured/therapy , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures , Splenic Artery/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878724

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze clinical characteristics and short-term efficacy of endoscopic hemostasis in acute duodenal hemorrhage. Methods A retrospective study was conducted for the patients who received endoscopy in the PUMC Hospital due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding and were confirmed to be on account of duodenal lesions for bleeding from January 2011 to December 2018.Clinical information of patients was collected,including demographics,comorbidities,and medication use.Endoscopic information included the origin of bleeding,the number and location of lesions,Forrest classes and size of ulcers,and endoscopic therapeutic methods.Factors that could be relative to the failure of endoscopic hemostasis or short-term recurrence of hemorrhage in these patients were analyzed. Results Among all the patients with duodenal hemorrhage,79.7%(102/128)were due to ulcers,14.1%(18/128)to tumors,3.9%(5/128)to vascular malformation,and 2.3%(3/128)to diverticulum.Fifty-three(41.4%)patients received endoscopic hemostasis,and six patients(4.7%)received surgery or interventional embolization after the endoscopic test.Among the patients receiving endoscopic hemostasis,5.7%(3/53),66.0%(35/53),and 28.3%(15/53)received injection therapy,mechanical therapy,and dual endoscopic therapy,respectively,and 94.3% of them were cured.However,10(18.9%)of them experienced recurrence of hemorrhage and 3 patients died during hospitalization.Only one patient suffered from perforation after the second endoscopic treatment.Lesions located on the posterior wall of bulb appeared to be a risk factor for the failure of endoscopic hemostasis(OR=31.333,95% CI=2.172-452.072,P=0.021).The lesion diameter≥1 cm was a risk factor of rebleeding after endoscopic therapy(OR=7.000,95% CI=1.381-35.478,P=0.023).Conclusions Peptic ulcers were always blamed and diverticulum could also be a common reason for duodenal hemorrhage,which was different from the etiological constitution of acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.Lesions locating on the posterior wall of the duodenum had a higher potential to fail the endoscopic hemostasis.The lesion diameter≥1 cm was a predictive factor for short-term recurrence.Forrest classes of ulcers at duodenum did not significantly affect the endoscopic therapeutic efficacy or prognosis.


Subject(s)
Duodenal Ulcer/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endoscopy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Humans , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
20.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(4): e20200557, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286951

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Massive hemoptysis is one of the most serious complications in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). This study aimed to evaluate the hemoptysis-free period following bronchial and non-bronchial artery embolization (BAE/non-BAE) in CF patients and to investigate predictors of recurrent bleeding and mortality by any cause. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of CF patients ≥ 16 years of age undergoing BAE/non-BAE for hemoptysis between 2000 and 2017. Results: We analyzed 39 hemoptysis episodes treated with BAE/non-BAE in 17 CF patients. Hemoptysis recurrence rate was 56.4%. Of the sample as a whole, 3 (17.6%) were hemoptysis-free during the study period, 2 (11.8%) underwent lung transplantation, and 3 (17.6%) died. The median hemoptysis-free period was 17 months. The median hemoptysis-free period was longer in patients with chronic infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (31 months; 95% CI: 0.00-68.5) than in those without that type of infection (4 months; 95% CI: 1.8-6.2; p = 0.017). However, this association was considered weak, and its clinical significance was uncertain due to the small number of patients without that infection. Conclusions: BAE appears to be effective in the treatment of hemoptysis in patients with CF.


RESUMO Objetivo: A hemoptise maciça é uma das complicações mais graves em pacientes com fibrose cística (FC). O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o período livre de hemoptise após a embolização arterial brônquica/não brônquica (EAB/não EAB) em pacientes com FC e investigar preditores de sangramento recorrente e mortalidade por qualquer causa. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo de coorte de pacientes com FC com idade ≥ 16 anos submetidos a EAB/não EAB para o tratamento de hemoptise entre 2000 e 2017. Resultados: Foram analisados 39 episódios de hemoptise tratada por meio de EAB/não EAB em 17 pacientes com FC. A taxa de recidiva da hemoptise foi de 56,4%. Do total de pacientes, 3 (17,6%) permaneceram sem hemoptise durante o estudo, 2 (11,8%) foram submetidos a transplante de pulmão e 3 (17,6%) morreram. A mediana do período sem hemoptise foi de 17 meses. A mediana do período sem hemoptise foi maior em pacientes com infecção crônica por Pseudomonas aeruginosa (31 meses; IC95%: 0,00-68,5) do que naqueles sem esse tipo de infecção (4 meses; IC95%: 1,8-6,2; p = 0,017). No entanto, essa associação foi considerada fraca, e sua importância clínica foi considerada incerta em virtude do pequeno número de pacientes sem essa infecção. Conclusões: A EAB parece ser eficaz no tratamento de hemoptise em pacientes com FC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Cystic Fibrosis/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Bronchial Arteries , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hemoptysis/etiology , Hemoptysis/therapy
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