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1.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(4): 285-290, Diciembre 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518706

ABSTRACT

Presentamos el caso de un niño de 12 años que consultó por hemoptisis, sin otros sín- tomas asociados. Se realizó radiografía de tórax (patológica), laboratorio con aumen- to moderado de reactantes de fase aguda, PPD (negativa), esputos x 3 con bacilosco- pias negativas y tomografía de tórax con contraste i.v. que mostró imágenes de árbol en brote en todos los lóbulos y una imagen de dilatación vascular de una rama de la ar- teria pulmonar en lóbulo superior izquierdo. Se plantearon diagnósticos diferenciales: malformación vascular primaria o lesión secundaria a infección. La angiografía digital permitió confirmar el pseudoaneurisma y embolizarlo. Luego de 17 días, 2/3 cultivos de esputo fueron positivos para Mycobacterium tuberculosis. El niño realizó tratamiento antituberculoso con drogas de primera línea con evolución clínica favorable. Este caso resalta la importancia de considerar el pseudoaneurisma de Rasmussen en- tre las posibles complicaciones de un paciente con tuberculosis y hemoptisis recurren- te o masiva.


We present the case of a 12-year-old boy admitted to the hospital due to hemoptysis without other symptoms. We performed a Thorax X-Ray (pathological), laboratory with elevated acute phase reactants, TST (negative), sputum x 3 with negative smear and computed tomography angiography showing a tree-in-bud pattern in all lobes, and di-latation of a brunch of the pulmonary artery in the upper left lobe. We considered pri-mary vascular anomaly or lesion due to infection as a differential diagnosis. The patient underwent digital angiography and therapeutic embolization of this pseudoaneurysm. After seventeen days, 2/3 of the sputum cultures were positive for Mycobacterium tu-berculosis. The patient received standard anti-TB therapy with favorable evolution. This case highlights the importance of considering complications such as Rasmussen's pseudoaneurysm in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and recurrent or massive hemoptysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Aneurysm, False/complications , Hemoptysis/diagnosis , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Bronchoscopy , Tuberculin Test , Diagnostic Imaging , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Embolization, Therapeutic , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 139-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the safety and efficacy of Neuroform Atlas stent used in treatment of unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 62 patients with unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms undergoing Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling from August 2020 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 64 aneurysms in those 62 patients. Among them, 25 aneurysms were located at the bifurcation of M1 segment on middle cerebral artery, 16 at the anterior communicating artery, 10 at the C7 segment of internal carotid artery, 5 at the C6 segment of internal carotid artery, 4 at the apex of basilar artery, 3 at the A3 segment of anterior cerebral artery, and 1 at the M2 segment of middle cerebral artery. All the patients underwent Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling, including 49 patients with single stent assisted coiling and 15 patients with dual stents assisted coiling (14"Y"style and 1"X"style). After the procedure, the immediate DSA was performed to evaluate the status of aneurysm occlusion and the parent artery patency. The clinical follow-up was performed 3 months after the operation and evaluated based on the modified Rankin Scale(mRS).DSA image was reviewed at 6 months after operation and Raymond grading scale was used to assess the status of aneurysm occlusion and the parent artery patency.@*RESULTS@#A total of 62 patients with 64 aneurysms were all achieved technical success(100%).The immediate post-procedural Raymond scale was assessed, including Raymond Ⅰ in 57 aneurysms(89.1%, 57/64), Raymond Ⅱ in 6 aneurysms(9.3%, 6/64) and Raymond Ⅲ in 1 aneurysm(1.6%, 1/64). The peri-procedural complications rate was 4.8%(3/62), 2 patients developed intraoperative thrombosis and 1 patient suffered from local subarachnoid hemorrhage. Among them, 55 patients obtained 3 months clinical follow-up after operation and all the patients had good outcomes (mRS≤2), 50 patients with 52 aneurysms were followed up with DSA 6 months after operation, including Raymond Ⅰ in 45 aneurysms(86.5%, 45/52), Raymond Ⅱ in 4 aneurysms(7.7%, 4/52) and Raymond Ⅲ in 3 aneurysms(5.8%, 3/52).@*CONCLUSION@#Neuroform Atlas stent for the treatment of unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms has high safety and good efficacy, and has its advantages over other traditional stents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Stents/adverse effects , Cerebral Angiography
4.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 162-168, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982031

ABSTRACT

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common cause of lower urinary tract symptoms in men. When drug treatment is ineffective or conventional surgery is not suitable, novel minimally invasive therapies can be considered. These include prostatic urethral lift, prostatic artery embolisation, water vapor thermal therapy, Aquablation-image guided robotic waterjet ablation, temporary implantable nitinol device and prostatic stents. These novel therapies can be performed in outpatient setting under local anesthesia, with shorter operative and recovery times, and better protection of ejaculatory function and erectile function. General conditions of the patient and advantages and disadvantages of the each of these therapies should be fully considered to make individualized plans.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Stents/adverse effects , Embolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
5.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 38(4): 246-252, dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441386

ABSTRACT

Las malformaciones arteriovenosas pulmonares (MAVP) consisten en comunicaciones directas entre el sistema arterial y el sistema venoso pulmonar, sin paso de la sangre por el lecho capilar, produciéndose un cortocircuito de derecha a izquierda extracardíaco, pueden ser congénitas o adquiridas. Algunos casos pueden ser asintomáticos, en cambio en otros pueden ocasionar diversas manifestaciones clínicas y se pueden asociar a complicaciones severas. En niños se observa una baja incidencia y son más frecuentes las formas congénitas. La MAVP se debe sospechar por las manifestaciones clínicas y las imágenes de la radiografía de tórax (RxTx) y su confirmación se realiza mediante una AngioTomografía Computada (TC) de tórax. La embolización endovascular es actualmente el tratamiento de elección, con excelentes resultados, aunque requiere de un seguimiento posterior y de un operador experimentado. Reportamos el caso de una niña que ingresó con clínica muy sugerente, incluyendo: disnea, acropaquia, cianosis periférica, e hipoxemia refractaria. Sin embargo, inicialmente el cuadro clínico fue confundido con una crisis asmática. La Angio-TC de tórax confirmó el diagnóstico y el tratamiento mediante embolización endovascular resultó exitoso.


Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) are communications between the arterial and the pulmonary venous system, without passage of blood through the capillary bed, causing a left to right extracardiac shunt. Some cases may be asymptomatic, while others may cause various clinical manifestations and may be associated with severe complications. In children a low incidence is observed, and congenital forms are more frequent. PAVM should be suspected by clinical manifestations and chest x-ray imaging and confirmed by chest Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA). Endovascular embolization is currently the treatment of choice, with excellent results, although it requires subsequent follow-up. We report a patient who was admitted with a very suggestive clinical history, including: dyspnea, clubbing, peripheral cyanosis, and severe hypoxemia, refractory to oxygen therapy. However, initially the clinical picture was confounded with an asthmatic crisis. CTA confirmed the diagnosis and treatment by endovascular embolization was successful.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Arteriovenous Malformations/therapy , Arteriovenous Malformations/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Veins/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Artery/abnormalities , Pulmonary Veins/abnormalities , Radiography, Thoracic , Embolization, Therapeutic , Computed Tomography Angiography , Oxygen Saturation , Hypoxia
7.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 23(2): 131-137, 15 de agosto 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397273

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El secuestro pulmonar es una malformación del tracto respiratorio inferior, que consiste en una masa no funcional de tejido pulmonar sin comunicación con el árbol traqueobronquial y su irrigación sanguínea proviene de una o más arterias sistémicas aberrantes. El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar los resultados de los pacientes pediátricos con secuestro pulmonar tratados con resección quirúrgica (toracotomía, videotoracoscopía) o embolización endovascular. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, observacional, retrospectivo, de corte transversal, realizado en un hospital pediátrico de tercer nivel en Ecuador, desde enero de 2017 a diciembre de 2022. Los datos fueron obtenidos de las historias clínicas revisadas. Resultados: Se incluyeron 9 pacientes, menores de 18 años con el diagnóstico de secuestro pulmonar, 6 femenino y 3 masculino, 5 fueron tratados con cirugía, 4 (44%) por toracotomía y 1 (11%) por videotoracoscopía, 4 (44%) con embolización endovascular, la edad promedio de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía fue de 41.36 (rango: 0.1-144 meses), y de los que recibieron embolización fue de 12.9 meses (rango: 0.6-41 meses). un paciente falleció 6 días posterior a la resección quirúrgica del secuestro pulmonar por toracotomía debido a hipertensión pulmonar por su cardiopatía de base y 1 paciente tratado con embolización presento disminución del pulso pedio el cual se resolvió a las 24 horas de iniciada la estreptoquinasa. Conclusión: Hasta donde hemos investigado no hemos encontrado otra publicación en nuestro país en donde se comparen dos métodos terapéuticos para el tratamiento del secuestro pulmonar. En este estudio tanto la cirugía como la embolización fueron procedimientos seguros; no se encontró diferencias significativas entre ambas opciones terapéuticas, es necesario estudios con mayor población y con características prospectivas en los pacientes tratados por embolización endovascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Child , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Thoracotomy , Embolization, Therapeutic
8.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(2): e38213, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389691

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El trauma pélvico grave es una situación de extrema gravedad con alta mortalidad, siendo la principal causa de muerte el shock hemorrágico persistente, secundario a varias fuentes de sangrado óseas, viscerales y principalmente venosas y arteriales. Las medidas iniciales van dirigidas a disminuir el volumen de la cavidad pélvica y la reposición hemostática. En los últimos años evidencia creciente respalda la utilización de la angioembolización en el manejo de estos pacientes. Presentamos a través de un caso clínico el primer reporte en Uruguay de angioembolización no selectiva de ambas arterias hipogástricas en el manejo del trauma pélvico grave. Discutiremos a través de un caso clínico la fisiopatología del trauma pélvico grave y principalmente las indicaciones, resultados y complicaciones de la angioembolización.


Summary: Pelvic trauma is an extremely severe condition accounting for high mortality rates, and is the first cause of death in persistent hemorrhagic shock, secondary to several sources of bleeding, such as bone, viscera and mainly veins and arteries. Initial measures aim to reduce the volume of the pelvic cavity and to restore hemostasis. In recent years, growing evidence supports the use of angioembolization in the handling of these patients. The study presents, through a clinical case, the first report in Uruguay of non-selective angioembolization of both hypogastric arteries in the handling of severe pelvic trauma. We will discuss the pathophysiology of severe pelvic trauma through a clinical case, mainly in terms of indications, results and complications of angioembolization.


Resumo: O traumatismo pélvico grave é uma situação extremamente complicada com alta mortalidade, sendo a principal causa de morte o choque hemorrágico persistente, secundário a várias fontes de sangramento ósseas, viscerais e principalmente venosas e arteriais. As medidas iniciais têm como objetivo diminuir o volume da cavidade pélvica e a reposição hemostática. Nos últimos anos, evidências crescentes apoiam o uso da angioembolização no gerenciamento desses pacientes. Apresentamos um caso clínico com o primeiro registro no Uruguai de angioembolização não seletiva de ambas as artérias hipogástricas no manejo de traumas pélvicos graves. Discutiremos a fisiopatologia do traumatismo pélvico grave e principalmente as indicações, resultados e complicações da angioembolização.


Subject(s)
Pelvic Bones/injuries , Embolization, Therapeutic , Epigastric Arteries
9.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 41(1): 26-34, 07/03/2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362072

ABSTRACT

Objective Glomus jugulare tumors, or tympanojugular paragangliomas, are rare, highly vascularized skull base tumors originated from paraganglion cells of the neural crest. With nonabsorbable embolic agents, embolization combined with surgery has become the norm. The authors assess the profile and outcomes of patients submitted to preoperative embolization in a Brazilian tertiary care hospital. Methods The present study is a single-center, retrospective analysis; between January 2008 and December 2019, 22 embolizations were performed in 20 patients in a preoperative character, and their medical records were analyzed for the present case series. Results Hearing loss was the most common symptom, present in 50% of the patients, while 40% had tinnitus, 30% had dysphagia, 25% had facial paralysis, 20% had hoarseness, and 10% had diplopia. In 7 out of 22 embolization procedures (31%) more than a single embolic agent was used; Gelfoam (Pfizer, New York, NY, USA) was used in 18 procedures (81%), in 12 of which as the single agent, followed by Embosphere (Merit Medical, South Jordan, UT, USA) (31%), Onyx (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) (9%), and polyvynil alcohol (PVA) and Bead Block (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA, USA) in 4,5% each. The most common vessel involved was the ascending pharyngeal artery, involved in 90% of the patients, followed by the posterior auricular artery in 15%, the internal maxillary artery or the occipital artery in 10% each, and the superficial temporal or the lingual arteries, with 6% each. Only one patient had involvement of the internal carotid artery. No complications from embolization were recorded. Conclusions Preoperative embolization of glomus tumors is safe and reduces surgical time and complications, due to the decrease in size and bleeding.


Subject(s)
Paraganglioma/surgery , Paraganglioma/pathology , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Glomus Jugulare/pathology , Paraganglioma/diagnostic imaging , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Skull Base Neoplasms/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods
10.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 103-111, feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388907

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La embolización de arteria renal (EAR) es un procedimiento percutáneo que ocluye la arteria renal, con la consecuente isquemia del territorio vascular. Sus indicaciones más comunes son la hematuria y el manejo paliativo en cáncer renal metastásico. A pesar del desarrollo técnico y de la experiencia progresiva, los estudios incluyen un número reducido de pacientes y en nuestro país se revisan casos aislados. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia en el Servicio de Salud Valparaíso San Antonio y revisar la literatura existente. Materiales y Método: Realizamos un estudio descriptivo de los pacientes sometidos a EAR por anemia severa secundaria a hematuria, durante los años 2012 a 2020. Posteriormente, realizamos una revisión de la literatura en PubMed, hasta abril de 2020. Resultados: Incluimos 9 pacientes, 6 (66,7%) hombres y 3 (33,3%) mujeres. La mediana de edad fue de 69 años (RIC = 18). La principal causa de la hematuria fue cáncer renal avanzado (7 pacientes). No hubo complicaciones, y se logró éxito clínico en todos los pacientes. Nuestra búsqueda de literatura arrojó 571 referencias y 24 cumplieron con nuestros criterios de elegibilidad. La edad de los pacientes y las causas subyacentes de hematuria fueron variadas. La menor tasa de éxito clínico fue de 65%, sin embargo, 15 estudios (62,5%) reportaron un éxito igual o mayor al 90%. Seis estudios reportaron más de un 10% de pacientes con alguna complicación. Conclusión: Nuestros resultados y la evidencia revisada muestran que la EAR parece ser segura y eficaz en el manejo de anemia severa secundaria a hematuria.


Introduction: Renal artery embolization (RAE) is a percutaneous procedure that occludes the renal artery, with consequent ischemia of the vascular territory. The most common indications include hematuria and palliation for metastatic renal cancer. Despite technical development and progressive experience, studies include a small number of patients and few cases have been published in our country. Aim: To share our experience at Valparaíso-San Antonio Health Service and to review the existing literature. Materials and Method: We performed a retrospective descriptive review of medical records of patients with severe anemia due to hematuria managed with RAE, between 2012 and 2020. Subsequently, we conducted a literature search in PubMed, from inception until April 2020. Results: We included 9 patients. There were 6 (66.7%) males and 3 (33.3%) females with a median age of 69 years (IQR = 18). Main cause of hematuria was advanced kidney cancer (7 patients). There were no complications and clinical success was achieved in all patients. Our literature search yielded 571 references, 24 met our eligibility criteria. The age of patients and the underlying causes of hematuria were varied. The lowest clinical success rate was 65%, however, 15 studies (62.5%) reported a success equal to or greater than 90%. Six studies reported more than 10% of patients with complications. Conclusión: Our results and the studies reviewed show that RAE appears to be safe and effective in the management of patients with severe anemia due to hematuria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Aged , Renal Artery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Embolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Hematuria
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(8): e370806, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1402976

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the risk factors for poor outcomes after surgical and endovascular treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Methods: Patients with ≥ 18-years of age and aSAH were included, while patients who died within 12 h of admission or lost follow-up were excluded. All participants underwent standardized clinical and radiological assessment on admission and were reassessed at discharge and at 6-months follow-up using the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS). Results: Death at discharge was associated with female gender, anterior communication artery (ACoA) aneurysm location and presence of atherosclerotic plaque in the surgical group, and with age in the endovascular group. Both groups had clinical condition on follow-up associated with mFisher score on admission and hypertension. GOS on follow-up was also associated with presence of atherosclerotic plaque and multiple aneurysms in surgical group, and with age in endovascular group. Conclusions: Subjects treated surgically are prone to unfavorable outcomes if atherosclerotic plaques and multiple aneurysms are present. In patients with endovascular treatment, age was the main predictor of clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Risk Factors , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/surgery , Microsurgery/methods , Evaluation Study
12.
Philippine Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; : 177-181, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965017

ABSTRACT

@#Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) in itself is an uncommon condition, much so is primary extrauterine GTN. The incidence of GTN in the Philippines is at 22.4/40,000 pregnancies. However, no report has been made for primary extrauterine GTN. Only two cases of primary vaginal choriocarcinoma are reported in literature. This is a case of a 26 year old G1P0 (0010) who came in for profuse vaginal bleeding. Serum beta‑human chorionic gonadotropin (β‑hCG) was elevated and ultrasound showed hypervascular vaginal mass and an empty uterus. A primary vaginal GTN was considered and the patient was treated with etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide, and vincristine (EMACO) regimen. During the course of chemotherapy, there was a note of profuse vaginal bleeding which was controlled by angiographic uterine artery embolization. A normal β‑hCG level was achieved after six cycles of EMACO. The patient was able to have three successful pregnancy outcomes thereafter. Primary vaginal GTN is a rare condition that requires a high index of suspicion. In a nulliparous patient complicated with profuse vaginal bleeding, angiographic embolization is an effective fertility‑sparing procedure that can manage the said complication.


Subject(s)
Trophoblastic Neoplasms , Embolization, Therapeutic , Pregnancy, Ectopic
13.
Philippine Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; : 131-135, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965010

ABSTRACT

@#Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) in itself is an uncommon condition, much so is a primary extrauterine GTN. The incidence of GTN in the Philippines is at 22.4/40,000 pregnancies. However, no report has been made for primary extrauterine GTN. Only two cases of primary vaginal choriocarcinoma are reported in the literature. This is a case of a 26‑year‑old gravida 1 para 0 (0010) who came in for profuse vaginal bleeding. Serum beta‑human chorionic gonadotropin (β‑hCG) was elevated and ultrasound showed a hypervascular vaginal mass and an empty uterus. A primary vaginal GTN was considered, and the patient was treated with etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide, and vincristine (EMACO) regimen. During the course of chemotherapy, there was a note of profuse vaginal bleeding, which was controlled by angiographic uterine artery embolization. A normal β‑hCG level was achieved after six cycles of EMACO. The patient was able to have three successful pregnancy outcomes thereafter. Primary vaginal GTN is a rare condition that requires a high index of suspicion. In a nulliparous patient complicated with profuse vaginal bleeding, angiographic embolization is an effective fertility‑sparing procedure that can manage the said complication.


Subject(s)
Trophoblastic Neoplasms , Embolization, Therapeutic
14.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 579-585, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939626

ABSTRACT

Interventional embolization therapy is widely used for procedures such as targeted tumour therapy, anti-organ hyperactivity and haemostasis. During embolic agent injection, doctors need to work under X-ray irradiation environment. Moreover, embolic agent injection is largely dependent on doctors' experience and feelings, and over-injection of embolic agent can lead to reflux, causing ectopic embolism and serious complications. As an effective way to reduce radiation exposure and improve the success rate of interventional embolization therapy, embolic agent injection robot is highly anticipated, but how to decide the injection flow velocity of embolic agent is a problem that remains to be solved. On the basis of fluid dynamics simulation and experiment, we established an arterial pressure-injection flow velocity boundary curve model that can avoid reflux, which provides a design basis for the control of embolic agent injection system. An in vitro experimental platform for injection system was built and validation experiments were conducted. The results showed that the embolic agent injection flow speed curve designed under the guidance of the critical flow speed curve model of reflux could effectively avoid the embolic agent reflux and shorten the embolic agent injection time. Exceeding the flow speed limit of the model would lead to the risk of embolization of normal blood vessels. This paper confirms the validity of designing the embolic agent injection flow speed based on the critical flow speed curve model of reflux, which can achieve rapid injection of embolic agent while avoiding reflux, and provide a basis for the design of the embolic agent injection robot.


Subject(s)
Embolization, Therapeutic/methods
15.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 304-314, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936152

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of microsurgery and endovascular embolization in the treatment of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) by meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#A systematic review was performed to retrieve all relevant literature about surgical treatment or endovascular embolization of SDAVF up to December 2019 through PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials Results, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and SinoMed. The Chinese and English key words included: "SDAVF", "spinal dural arteriovenous fistula", "spinal AVM", "spinal vascular malformation and treatment". The included studies were evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. The early failure rate, long-term recurrence, neurological recovery, and complications were evaluated and the clinical effects of the two methods in the treatment of SDAVF were compared by using RevMan 5.3 software. And a further subgroup analysis of the therapeutic effect of endovascular embolization with different embolic agents was conducted.@*RESULTS@#A total of 46 studies involving 1 958 cases of SDAVF were included, in which 935 cases were treated by microsurgery and 1 023 cases were treated by endovascular embolization. The funnel plot demonstrated that there was no publication bias. The results of meta-analysis showed that the incidence of early surgical failure was lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.20, 95%CI: 0.13-0.30, P < 0.05), and the long-term recurrence was also lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.36, 95%CI: 0.22-0.58, P < 0.05). The improvement of neurological function in the surgical patients is significantly higher than that in the patients treated with endovascular embolization (OR=2.86, 95%CI: 1.36-5.99, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the occurrence of complications in these two groups (OR=1.52, 95%CI: 0.88-2.64, P=0.14). In the cases of endovascular embolization, the risk of treatment failure or recurrence was higher with Onyx glue than with n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), and the difference was statistically significant (OR=4.70, 95%CI: 1.55-14.28, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Although the treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas by intravascular embolization has been widely used, the clinical effect of microsurgery is still better than that of endovascular embolization. Large scale and high-quality randomized controlled trials are required to validate the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment in SDAVF patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Enbucrilate/therapeutic use , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Microsurgery/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210223, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386119

ABSTRACT

Abstract Internal thoracic artery aneurysms (ITAAs) are rare with wide variation in clinical presentation and a high risk of rupture. Endovascular techniques are increasingly being used for treatment of such aneurysms over surgical repair in recent times. A 34-year-old male presented with progressive swelling of the right anterior chest wall for 2 weeks and was diagnosed with right internal thoracic artery aneurysm with contained rupture. He underwent successful endovascular repair with coil embolization of ruptured right ITAA. Post intervention computed tomography (CT) angiography confirmed sealing of the ruptured aneurysm with no residual filling of the sac. At six months follow-up he is doing well with complete resolution of hematoma. This case demonstrates that an endovascular approach with coil embolization is a feasible and safe option for treating the rare ruptured ITAAs.


Resumo Os aneurismas da artéria torácica interna (ITAAs) são raros, com ampla variação na apresentação clínica e alto risco de ruptura. As técnicas endovasculares têm sido cada vez mais utilizadas para o tratamento desses aneurismas em relação ao reparo cirúrgico. Um homem de 34 anos de idade apresentou edema progressivo da parede torácica anterior direita por 2 semanas e foi diagnosticado com aneurisma da artéria mamária interna direita com ruptura contida. Ele foi submetido a reparo endovascular bem-sucedido, com embolização de ITAA direito roto. A angiotomografia computadorizada (angioTC) pós-intervenção confirmou o selamento do aneurisma rompido, sem enchimento residual do saco. No seguimento de 6 meses, ele estava bem, com resolução completa do hematoma. Este caso demonstra que a abordagem endovascular com embolização com molas é uma opção viável e segura no tratamento dos raros ITAAs rotos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aneurysm, Ruptured/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures , Mammary Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20190160, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375806

ABSTRACT

Abstract Endovascular embolization of arteries feeding pulmonary sequestrations is a growing therapeutic option. A 51-year-old woman with chest pain and hemoptysis was admitted. During hospitalization she presented 150 mL hemoptysis, hypotension, and hematocrit fell to 23.3%. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography confirmed a pulmonary sequestration irrigated by an aneurysmal artery from the abdominal aorta. The patient underwent endovascular coil embolization of the artery feeding the aneurysm and an Amplatzer device was deployed in the proximal third of the sequestration artery. Subsequent contrast-enhanced computed tomography confirmed complete thrombosis of the aberrant artery feeding the aneurysm and absence of irrigation of the pulmonary sequestration. At 56 months follow-up the patient remains asymptomatic, tomography showed involution of the sequestration and complete thrombosis of the aberrant artery. The challenges presented by the different treatment alternatives are discussed.


Resumo A embolização endovascular das artérias que alimentam os sequestros pulmonares é uma opção terapêutica em crescimento. Uma mulher de 51 anos com dor torácica e hemoptise foi internada. Durante a internação, ela apresentou hemoptise de 150 mL, hipotensão e queda do hematócrito para 23,3%. A tomografia computadorizada com contraste confirmou um sequestro pulmonar irrigado por uma artéria aneurismática originária da aorta abdominal. A paciente foi submetida a embolização endovascular da artéria que alimentava o aneurisma com uso de coils e dispositivo Amplatzer no terço proximal da artéria sequestrante. A tomografia subsequente confirmou a trombose completa da artéria aberrante que alimentava o aneurisma e a ausência de irrigação dentro do sequestro pulmonar. No seguimento de 56 meses, a paciente permanecia assintomática, e a tomografia mostrou involução do sequestro e trombose completa da artéria aberrante. Os desafios apresentados pelas diferentes alternativas de tratamento são discutidos neste artigo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta, Abdominal , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/diagnosis
18.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20190001, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365069

ABSTRACT

Resumo A artéria femoral profunda, devido às suas características anatômicas, se encontra protegida da maioria dos traumatismos vasculares. Relatamos um caso de pseudoaneurisma de ramo perfurante da artéria femoral profunda, associado à fístula arteriovenosa, secundário a rotura completa do músculo vasto medial em paciente jogador de futebol. A ressonância magnética demonstrou lesão muscular associada a pseudoaneurisma, e a angiotomografia confirmou a presença de pseudoaneurisma associado a fístula arteriovenosa de ramo da artéria femoral profunda. Foi realizado tratamento endovascular da fístula através da embolização com micromolas fibradas e drenagem cirúrgica do hematoma muscular. O paciente evoluiu bem, sem queixas clínicas no 30º dia de pós-operatório e também após 1 ano.


Abstract Due to its anatomical characteristics, the deep femoral artery is protected from most vascular injuries. We report a case of a soccer player with pseudoaneurysm of a perforating branch of the deep femoral artery, associated with an arteriovenous fistula and secondary to complete rupture of the vastus medialis muscle. Magnetic resonance imaging showed muscle damage associated with a pseudoaneurysm and angiotomography confirmed the presence of a pseudoaneurysm associated with a deep arteriovenous fistula of a branch of the deep femoral artery. Endovascular treatment of the fistula was performed by embolization with fibrous microcoils and surgical drainage of the muscle hematoma. The patient recovered well, was free from clinical complaints on the 30th postoperative day and also after 1 year.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Aneurysm, False , Quadriceps Muscle/injuries , Femoral Artery/injuries , Rupture , Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Embolization, Therapeutic , Femoral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures
19.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 339-348, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362079

ABSTRACT

Introduction The middle meningeal artery (MMA) is an important artery in neurosurgery. As the largest branch of the maxillary artery, it provides nutrition to the meninges and to the frontal and parietal regions. Diseases, including dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), pseudoaneurysm, true aneurysm, traumatic arteriovenous fistula (TAVF), Moya-Moya disease (MMD), recurrent chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), migraine, and meningioma,may be related to the MMA. The aim of the present study is to describe the anatomy of the MMA and to correlate it with brain diseases. Methods A literature review was performed using the PubMed, Scielo, Scientific Direct, Ebsco, LILACS, TripDataBase and Cochrane databases, with the following descriptors: neurosurgery, neuroanatomy, meninges and blood supply. Discussion The MMA is embedded in a cranial groove, and traumatic or iatrogenic factors can result in MMA-associated pseudoaneurysms or arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). In hemodynamic stress, true aneurysms can develop. Arteriovenous fistulas, pseudoaneurysms, and true aneurysms can be effectively treated by endovascular or surgical removal. In MMD, the MMA plays a role in the development and in the improvement of collateral circulation. Finally, in cases of CSDH, when standard surgery and drainage fail, MMA embolization can constitute a great alternative. Conclusion The MMA is a relevant structure for the understanding of neurosurgical diseases. In conclusion, every neurosurgeon must know the anatomy of the MMA sufficiently to correlate it with the diagnosed pathology, thus obtaining treatment effectiveness and preventing brain lesion.


Subject(s)
Craniocerebral Trauma/surgery , Meningeal Arteries/anatomy & histology , Meningeal Arteries/physiopathology , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods
20.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 374-379, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362107

ABSTRACT

Objective To report three cases of vein of Galen aneurysmalmalformation (VGAM) in pediatric patients treated at the hemodynamics lab of Hospital Santa Isabel (HSI) in Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, from 2006 to 2020. Clinical presentation, endovascular treatment, and postprocedure evolution to date are included. Case description Three children aged 5 to 12 months with cardiac, respiratory, or neurological damage in the neonatal stage, were referred to the neurosurgery service and diagnosed with VGAM. The three patients underwent endovascular embolization of themalformation, with different clinical evolution throughout outpatient follow-up. Conclusion Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations are uncommon vascular abnormalities that, until the advent of endovascular embolization, were associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Its prognosis is linked with initial clinic, early diagnosis, and timely surgical correction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Vein of Galen Malformations/surgery , Vein of Galen Malformations/physiopathology , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Prognosis , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Vein of Galen Malformations/diagnostic imaging
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