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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985501


Mosaic embryos contain two or more genetically distinct cell lines, which can be detected by pre-implantation genetic testing for aneuploidy. At present, it has been reported that mosaic embryo transfer can lead to healthy live births. In order to prevent severe adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as implantation failure, abortion, congenital malformation and neonatal death after implantation of mosaic embryos, it is critical to carry out genetic counseling, prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy supervision for mosaic embryo transfer. This article reviews the selection of mosaic embryos, the pregnancy outcomes of mosaic embryo transfer, and the safety of offspring, in order to provide references for the clinical practice of mosaic embryo transfer.

Pregnancy , Female , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Preimplantation Diagnosis , Embryo Transfer , Pregnancy Outcome , Genetic Testing , Embryo Implantation/genetics
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971342


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of Zishen Yutai Pills (ZYPs) on the quality of oocytes and embryos, as well as pregnancy outcomes in patients with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) receiving in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). The possible mechanisms, involving the regulation of bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) and growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9), were also investigated.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with DOR who underwent their IVF-ET cycle were randomly allocated to 2 groups in a 1:1 ratio. The patients in the treatment group (60 cases) received ZYPs from the mid-luteal phase of the former menstrual cycle by using gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocol. The patients in the control group (60 cases) received the same protocol but without ZYPs. The primary outcomes were the number of oocytes retrieved and high-quality embryos. Secondary outcomes included other oocyte or embryo indices as well as pregnancy outcomes. Adverse events were assessed by comparison of the incidence of ectopic pregnancy, pregnancy complications, pregnancy loss, and preterm birth. Contents of BMP15 and GDF9 in the follicle fluids (FF) were also quantified with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the numbers of oocytes retrieved and high-quality embryos were significantly increased in the ZYPs group (both P<0.05). After treatment with ZYPs, a significant regulation of serum sex hormones was observed, including progesterone and estradiol. Both hormones were up-regulated compared with the control group (P=0.014 and 0.008), respectively. No significant differences were observed with regard to pregnancy outcomes including implantation rates, biochemical pregnancy rates, clinical pregnancy rates, live birth rates, and pregnancy loss rates (all P>0.05). The administration of ZYPs did not increase the incidence of adverse events. The expressions of BMP15 and GDF9 in the ZYPs group were significantly up-regulated compared with the control group (both P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ZYPs exhibited beneficial effects in DOR patients undergoing IVF-ET, resulting in increments of oocytes and embryos, and up-regulation of BMP15 and GDF9 expressions in the FF. However, the effects of ZYPs on pregnancy outcomes should be assessed in clinical trials with larger sample sizes (Trial reqistration No. ChiCTR2100048441).

Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Fertilization in Vitro/methods , Ovarian Reserve , Prospective Studies , Premature Birth , Embryo Transfer/methods , Ovulation Induction/methods , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/therapeutic use
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 207-212, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970053


BACKGROUND@#Vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become the primary approach in the fight against the spread of COVID-19. Studies have shown that vaccination against COVID-19 has adverse effects, particularly on human reproductive health, despite the fact that vaccination rates are still on the rise. However, few studies have reported whether vaccination affects the outcome of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) or not. In this study, we compared the outcome of IVF-ET and the development of follicles and embryos between vaccinated and unvaccinated groups.@*METHODS@#A single-center retrospective cohort study of 10,541 in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles was conducted from June 2020 to August 2021. 835 IVF cycles with a history of vaccination against COVID-19 and 1670 IVF cycles that served as negative controls were selected and analyzed utilizing the Matchlt package of R software ( ) and the nearest neighbor matching algorithm for propensity-matched analysis at a 1:2 ratio.@*RESULTS@#The number of oocytes collected in the vaccinated group and the unvaccinated group were 8.00 (0, 40.00) and 9.00 (0, 77.00) ( P  = 0.073) and the good-quality embryo rates of the two groups were 0.56±0.32 and 0.56±0.31 averagely ( P  = 0.964). Clinical pregnancy rates for the vaccinated group and unvaccinated group were 42.4% (155/366) and 40.2% (328/816) ( P  = 0.486) and biochemical pregnancy rates were 7.1% (26/366) and 8.7% (71/816) ( P  = 0.355). Two other factors were analyzed in this study; vaccination among different genders and different types (inactivated vaccine or recombinant adenovirus vaccine) showed no statistically significant effect on the above outcomes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In our findings, vaccination against COVID-19 showed no statistically significant effect on the outcomes of IVF-ET and the development of follicles and embryos, nor did the gender of the vaccinated person or the formulation of vaccines show significant effects.

Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Male , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19/prevention & control , Embryo Transfer , Fertilization in Vitro , Pregnancy Rate , Vaccination
Acta bioeth ; 28(2): 239-247, oct. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402930


Resumen: Objetivo. Analizar las percepciones y prácticas de los clínicos en relación con el manejo del embrión sometido a técnicas de fecundación in vitro. Metodología. Cualitativa (subjetivista y fenomenológico). Se realizaron 15 las entrevistas semiestructuradas aplicando un muestreo por saturación dirigidas a personal clínico que haya participado en procedimientos de fecundación in vitro. Los datos se analizaron con el programa Atlas Ti 8.0®. Resultado. Los clínicos consideran al embrión como un ser humano o futuro ser humano y, además, merecedor de respeto y consideración, proponiendo incluso mejoras en los procesos de manipulación y almacenaje. Conclusión. Los embriones no son considerados como entes susceptibles de recibir daño, desde argumentos no solo técnicos sino éticos. Desde la corriente principialista, se describe la necesidad de promover actitudes de responsabilidad y prudencia para evitar el dogmatismo (objetivismo moral) proponiendo una postura deliberativa.

Abstract: The objective of this paper is to analyze the perceptions and practices of clinicians in relation to the management of embryos subjected to in vitro fertilization techniques. Methodology is Qualitative (subjectivist and phenomenological). A total of 15 semi-structured interviews were conducted using saturation sampling for clinical personnel who have participated in vitro fertilization procedures. The data is analyzed with the Atlas Ti 8.0® program. Results: Clinicians consider the embryo as a Human being or future human being, in addition, deserving of respect and consideration even proposing improvements in the processes of handling and storage. Conclusion. Embryos are not considered as entities susceptible of damage from not only technical but ethical arguments. From the principialist current, the need to promote attitudes of responsibility and prudence to avoid dogmatism (moral objectivism) is described, proposing a deliberative position.

Resumo: Objetivo. Analisar as percepções e práticas dos médicos em relação ao manejo do embrião submetido a técnicas de fertilização in vitro. Metodologia. Qualitativo (subjetivo e fenomenológico). Foram realizadas 15 entrevistas semiestruturadas por amostragem de saturação para pessoal clínico que participou de procedimentos de fertilização in vitro. Os dados são analisados com o programa Atlas Ti 8.0®. Resultado. Os médicos consideram o embrião como um ser humano ou futuro, além de merecer respeito e consideração, propondo até melhorias nos processos de manuseio e armazenamento. Conclusão. Os embriões não são considerados como entidades suscetíveis a receber danos não apenas de argumentos técnicos, mas éticos. A partir da corrente principialista, descreve-se a necessidade de promover atitudes de responsabilidade e prudência para evitar o dogmatismo (objetivismo moral), propondo uma posição deliberativa.

Humans , Fertilization in Vitro/ethics , Health Personnel/psychology , Embryo, Mammalian , Embryo Transfer/ethics , Perception , Interviews as Topic , Qualitative Research , Respect
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(2): 87-93, 20220000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368441


La transferencia de huso permite evitar enfermedades de herencia mitocondria. El art. 57 del Código Civil y Comercial, que utiliza una redacción amplia para no quedar obsoleto, apuntaría la prohibición a la manipulación de embriones en busca de mejoras determinadas, pero no a aquellas prácticas que tienen un fin terapéutico. Sin embargo, hay que repensar los límites de la prohibición y la razonabilidad de este tratamiento.

Spindle transfer makes it possible to avoid diseases of mitochondrial inheritance. The art. 57 of the Civil and Commercial Code, which uses a broad wording so as not to become obsolete, would point the prohibition to the manipulation of embryos in search of certain improvements, but not to those practices that have a therapeutic purpose. However, it is necessary to rethink the limits of the prohibition and the reasonableness of this treatment.

Humans , Oocyte Donation , Public Attorneys , Embryo Transfer , In Vitro Oocyte Maturation Techniques/legislation & jurisprudence , Legislation as Topic/organization & administration , Spindle Apparatus/transplantation
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 100-105, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360701


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the use of micronized vaginal progesterone and oral dydrogesterone in the endometrial preparation for frozen-thawed embryo transfer. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, open, two-armed clinical trial, with women undergoing frozen-thawed embryo transfer along with hormone replacement therapy for endometrial preparation, between September 2019 and February 2021. A total of 73 patients were randomly selected and orally administered 40 mg/day dydrogesterone (dydrogesterone group, n=36) or 800 mg/day micronized vaginal progesterone (micronized vaginal progesterone group, n=37), after endometrial preparation with transdermal estradiol. The main outcome was a viable ongoing pregnancy with 12 weeks of gestation as evaluated by ultrasound. RESULTS: The reproductive outcomes in frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles were similar, with pregnancy rates in the dydrogesterone and micronized vaginal progesterone treatment groups being, respectively, 33.3 and 32.4% at 12 weeks pregnancy (confidence interval= -22.4-20.6, p=0.196). CONCLUSIONS: The use of oral dydrogesterone may be a more patient-friendly approach to endometrial preparation in frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles, avoiding undesirable side effects and discomfort resulting from vaginal administration, while also providing similar reproductive results.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Dydrogesterone/adverse effects , Luteal Phase , Progesterone , Pregnancy Rate , Embryo Transfer/methods
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928945


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the influence of different transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) modes on ovarian responses and pregnancy outcomes in patients with infertility undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET).@*METHODS@#Two hundred infertility patients undergoing IVF-ET were divided randomly into experimental groups (TEAS groups: E-I, E-II, E-III, and E-IV, 40 cases each group) and a control group (mock TEAS group, 40 patients) using the random number method. The patients in the experimental groups received TEAS treatment of 20, 30, 40 and 50 mA for the E-I, E-II, E-III and E-IV groups, respectively. The control group received a treatment of 5 mA. TEAS was applied at acupoints of Guanyuan (RN 4), Zhongji (RN 3), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zigong (EX-CA 1), and Taixi (KI 13), once a day for 30 min each time for a treatment period of 10-13 d. Treatment effect was assessed using the following indicators: endometrial thickness on the 6th day of gonadotropin treatment (GN6 day), endometrial thickness on the day on chorionic gonadotropin administration (HCG day), number of ovarian follicles on HCG day, number of ova captured, amount of estrogen required for each harvested ova, number of mature ova divided by the total number of ova, percentage of high-quality embryos, and clinical pregnancy.@*RESULTS@#Endometrial thickness in the experimental groups on the HCG day was significantly better than that of the control group after TEAS stimulation (P=0.01). TEAS exhibited a greater impact on the number of ova captured (P=0.003). However, the effect of TEAS stimulation on the high-quality embryo rate and clinical pregnancy in patients was not statistically significant (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TEAS is an effective method in improving the ovarian state. When the stimulus intensity was at 40 mA and above, it could be helpful to improve the patient's endometrial condition and endometrial receptivity and to retrieve more oocytes. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR-TRC-11001780).

Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Acupuncture Points , Embryo Transfer , Fertilization in Vitro , Infertility , Pregnancy Outcome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939790


OBJECTIVE@#To evalvate efficacy of Qizi Yusi Pills (QYP), a Chinese medicine compound preparation, on in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) in women of advanced reproductive age.@*METHODS@#This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted from June 2018 to October 2019. A total of 124 patients were randomly allocated to either the QYP group or the placebo group using a stratified block randomization design, with 62 patients in each group. All patients completed controlled ovarian stimulation using a standard gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) long protocol. As the QYP group, QYP was administered while the control group received placebo. QYP and placebo were administered for a total of 24 to 30 days from the day of GnRH-a pituitary downregulation to transvaginal oocyte retrieval. Both medications were taken orally at doses of 10 g three times each day. The primary outcome was cumulative pregnancy rate, and the secondary outcomes were periodic medication, follicular status, serum hormone and endometrial receptivity. Follow-up continued until 4 weeks after delivery. Maternal and neonatal complications, such as gestational diabetes, were also observed.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 119 patients completed the study, 60 in the QYP group and 59 in the placebo group. Per protocol (PP) analysis revealed that 6-month cumulative pregnancy rate in the QYP group was significantly higher than that in the placebo group [43.33% (26/60) vs. 25.42% (15/59), P=0.040). Additionally, more oocytes were retrieved from the QYP group than those from the placebo group (8.95 ± 3.12 vs. 7.85 ± 1.91, P=0.022). Moreover, the endometrial thickness of HCG day in the QYP group was significantly higher than that in the placebo group (11.78 ± 2.27 mm vs. 10.68 ± 2.07 mm, P=0.012). Maternal and neonatal complications between the two groups were not significantly different (P>0.05). Intention-to-treat analysis was in line with PP results.@*CONCLUSIONS@#QYP can enhance ovarian reserve capacity and ovarian response, and possibly promote endometrial receptivity. QYP effectively improves cumulative pregnancy rates in older patients (⩾35 years) undergoing IVF-ET. (Registration No. ChiCTR1800014427).

Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Embryo Transfer , Fertilization in Vitro , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/agonists , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927350


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of conventional ovulation induction protocol and acupuncture combined with conventional ovulation induction protocol on pregnancy outcomes of frozen embryo transfer (FET) in patients with anovulatory infertility.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with anovulatory infertility were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. In the control group, conventional ovulation induction protocol was applied to prepare endometrium. On the basis of the control group, acupuncture was started on the 2nd day of menstrual cycle in the observation group,Baihui (GV 20), Mingmen (GV 4), Geshu (BL 17), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), etc. were selected, once every other day, until 1 day before transplantation. The clinical pregnancy rate, embryo implantation rate, endometrial morphology on HCG trigger day, ovulation rate and cycle cancellation rate were compared in the two groups. The endometrial thickness before treatment and on HCG trigger day, TCM symptom score before and after treatment were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#In the observation group, the embryo implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate were higher than the control group (P<0.05), endometrial thickness and endometrial morphology on HCG trigger day were superior to the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM symptom score in the observation group was decreased compared with before treatment (P<0.05), and the variation was greater than the control group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the conventional ovulation induction protocol, acupuncture could enhance the embryo implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate of FET, improve the endometrial receptivity of patients with anovulatory infertility.

Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Acupuncture Therapy , Embryo Transfer , Infertility, Female/therapy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 109-115, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928499


Damage to sperm DNA was proposed to play an important role in embryonic development. Previous studies focused on outcomes after fresh embryo transfer, whereas this study investigated the influence of sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) on laboratory and clinical outcomes after frozen embryo transfer (FET). This retrospective study examined 381 couples using cleavage-stage FET. Sperm used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) underwent density gradient centrifugation and swim up processing. Sperm DFI had a negative correlation with sperm motility (r = -0.640, P < 0.01), sperm concentration (r = -0.289, P < 0.01), and fertilization rate of IVF cycles (r = -0.247, P < 0.01). Sperm DFI examined before and after density gradient centrifugation/swim up processing was markedly decreased after processing (17.1% vs 2.4%, P < 0.01; 65 randomly picked couples). Sperm progressive motility was significantly reduced in high DFI group compared with low DFI group for both IVF and ICSI (IVF: 46.9% ± 12.4% vs 38.5% ± 12.6%, respectively; ICSI: 37.6% ± 14.1% vs 22.3% ± 17.8%, respectively; both P < 0.01). The fertilization rate was significantly lower in high ( ≥25%) DFI group compared with low (<25%) DFI group using IVF (73.3% ± 23.9% vs 53.2% ± 33.6%, respectively; P < 0.01) but was equivalent in high and low DFI groups using ICSI. Embryonic development and clinical outcomes after FET were equivalent for low and high DFI groups using ICSI or IVF. In this study, sperm DFI did not provide sufficient information regarding embryo development or clinical outcomes for infertile couples using FET.

Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , DNA Fragmentation , Embryo Transfer , Fertilization in Vitro , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20151, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403754


Abstract This was a forthcoming study of those patients, who undergo in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and freeze-all embryo, who acquiesce for the study. The number of participated patients (n=350) in this study, underwent for IVF. The blood sample was collected from patients to evaluate the level of serum progesterone in vacuum vials on the day of ovulation trigger. After 36 hrs of ovulation trigger, ovum picked up was done. Quantitative methods were used to estimate the level of serum progesterone through the electrochemiluminescence immunoassay and correlation of serum progesterone with embryo transfer (ET) outcomes. Main outcome of this current study was to evaluate the value of mean serum progesterone level i.e.0.868± 0.712 ng/ml and 0.88±0.723 ng/ml was found in case of pregnancy positive and negative respectively, at p=0.216 value. In antagonist (n=40) and agonist (n=310) cases, it was 8(20%) and 37(11.94%) PL occurrence was noted at p=0.143 respectively. An overall value of the premature lutenization (PL) occurrences was 13.63% and 15.25% observed in both positive and negative cases of pregnancy at p=0.216 respectively. This study concluded that 12.66% of PL occurrences were recorded in the case of IVF. Study results proved, there were no significant effect of PL on pregnancy outcomes.

Humans , Female , Adult , Progesterone/agonists , Endometrium , Histology/classification , Methods , Ovulation/genetics , Ovum , Patients/classification , Immunoassay , Fertilization in Vitro/classification , Embryo Transfer/instrumentation , Embryonic Structures
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(1): 28-34, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156078


Abstract Objective To determine embryo quality (mean graduated embryo score [GES]) in infertile patients with endometriosis undergoing in vitro fertilization with embryo transfer (IVF-ET) compared with infertile patients without endometriosis. Methods A case-control study was performed comparing 706 embryos (162 patients) divided into 2 groups: 472 embryos derived from patients without endometriosis (n= 109, infertile patients with tubal infertility) and 234 embryos from patients in the study group (n= 53, infertile patients with peritoneal endometriosis). All patients were subjected to IVF using an oestradiol-antagonist-recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) protocol for ovarian stimulation. Themean GESwas performed to evaluate all embryos at 3 points in time: 16 to 18 hours, 25 to 27 hours, and 64 to 67 hours. Embryo evaluation was performed according to the following parameters: fragmentation, nucleolar alignment, polar body apposition, blastomere number/morphology, and symmetry. The primary outcomemeasure was the mean GES score.We also compared fertilization, implantation, and pregnancy rates. Results Although the number of embryos transferred was greater in patients with endometriosis than in the control group (2.38 ± 0.66 versus 2.15 ± 0.54; p= 0.001), the meanGESwas similar inbothgroups (71 ± 19.8 versus 71.9 ± 23.5; p= 0.881). Likewise, the fertilization ratewas similar in all groups, being 61% in patients with endometriosis and 59% in the control group (p= 0.511). No significant differences were observed in the implantation (21% versus 22%; [p= 0.989]) and pregnancy rates (26.4% versus 28.4%; p= 0.989). Conclusion Embryo quality measured by the mean GES was not influenced by peritoneal endometriosis. Likewise, the evaluated reproductive outcomes were similar between infertile patients with and without endometriosis.

Resumo Objetivo Determinar a qualidade do embrião (média de escore embrionário graduado [EEG]) em pacientes inférteis com endometriose submetidas à fertilização in vitro com transferência de embrião (FIV-TE) em comparação com pacientes inférteis sem endometriose. Métodos Realizamos um estudo de caso-controle comparando 706 embriões (162 pacientes) divididos em dois grupos: 472 embriões derivados de pacientes sem endometriose (n = 109, pacientes inférteis com infertilidade tubária) e 234 embriões de pacientes do grupo de estudo (n= 53, inférteis pacientes com endometriose peritoneal). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à fertilização in vitro usando um protocolo follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) recombinante de estradiol-antagonista para estimulação ovariana. A média do EEGfoi realizada para avaliar todos osembriõesemtrêsmomentos: de 16 a 18 horas, 25 a 27 horas e 64 a 67 horas.A avaliaçãoembrionária foi realizada de acordo comos seguintes parâmetros: fragmentação, alinhamento nucleolar, aposição do corpo polar, número de blastômeros/morfologia e simetria. A medida de desfecho primário foi o escore médios embrionário (EEG). Também avaliamos como desfechos secundários as taxas de fertilização, implantação e gravidez. Resultados Embora o número de embriões transferidos tenha sido maior em pacientes com endometriose do que no grupo controle (2,38 ± 0,66 versus 2,15 ± 0,54; p = 0,001), o EEGmédio foi semelhante nos dois grupos (71 ± 19,8 versus 71,9 ± 23,5; p = 0,881). Da mesma forma, a taxa de fertilização foi semelhante em todos os grupos, sendo 61% nos pacientes com endometriose e 59% no grupo controle (p = 0,511). Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nas taxas de implantação (21% versus 22%; [p = 0,989]) e nas taxas de gravidez (26,4% versus 28,4%; p = 0,989). Conclusão A qualidade embrionária medida pelo EEGmédio não foi influenciada pela endometriose peritoneal. Da mesma forma, os resultados reprodutivos avaliados foram semelhantes entre pacientes inférteis com e sem endometriose.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Embryo, Mammalian , Embryo Transfer , Endometriosis , Infertility, Female , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy Outcome , Fertilization in Vitro , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2421-2429, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921176


BACKGROUND@#Empiric therapy for patients with unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss (URPL) is not precise. Some patients will ask for assisted reproductive technology due to secondary infertility or advanced maternal age. The clinical outcomes of URPL patients who have undergone in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) require elucidation. The IVF outcome and influencing factors of URPL patients need further study.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was designed, and 312 infertile patients with URPL who had been treated during January 2012 to December 2015 in the Reproduction Center of Peking University Third Hospital were included. By comparing clinical outcomes between these patients and those with tubal factor infertility (TFI), the factors affecting the clinical outcomes of URPL patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The clinical pregnancy rate (35.18% vs. 34.52% in fresh ET cycles, P = 0.877; 34.48% vs. 40.27% in frozen-thawed ET cycles, P = 0.283) and live birth rate (LBR) in fresh ET cycles (27.67% vs. 26.59%, P = 0.785) were not significantly different between URPL group and TFI group. URPL group had lower LBR in frozen-thawed ET cycles than that of TFI group (23.56% vs. 33.56%, P = 0.047), but the cumulative LBRs (34.69% vs. 38.26%, P = 0.368) were not significantly different between the two groups. The increased endometrial thickness (EMT) on the human chorionic gonadotropin day (odds ratio [OR]: 0.848, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.748-0.962, P = 0.010) and the increased number of eggs retrieved (OR: 0.928, 95% CI: 0.887-0.970, P = 0.001) were protective factors for clinical pregnancy in stimulated cycles. The increased number of eggs retrieved (OR: 0.875, 95% CI: 0.846-0.906, P < 0.001), the increased two-pronucleus rate (OR: 0.151, 95% CI: 0.052-0.437, P < 0.001), and increased EMT (OR: 0.876, 95% CI: 0.770-0.997, P = 0.045) in ET day were protective factors for the cumulative live birth outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#After matching ages, no significant differences in clinical outcomes were found between the patients with URPL and the patients with TFI. A thicker endometrium and more retrieved oocytes increase the probability of pregnancy in fresh transfer cycles, but a better normal fertilization potential will increase the possibility of a live birth.

Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Abortion, Habitual , Embryo Transfer , Fertilization in Vitro , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2306-2315, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921140


BACKGROUND@#Existing clinical prediction models for in vitro fertilization are based on the fresh oocyte cycle, and there is no prediction model to evaluate the probability of successful thawing of cryopreserved mature oocytes. This research aims to identify and study the characteristics of pre-oocyte-retrieval patients that can affect the pregnancy outcomes of emergency oocyte freeze-thaw cycles.@*METHODS@#Data were collected from the Reproductive Center, Peking University Third Hospital of China. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to derive the nomogram. Nomogram model performance was assessed by examining the discrimination and calibration in the development and validation cohorts. Discriminatory ability was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), and calibration was assessed using the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test and calibration plots.@*RESULTS@#The predictors in the model of "no transferable embryo cycles" are female age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.099, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.003-1.205, P = 0.0440), duration of infertility (OR = 1.140, 95% CI = 1.018-1.276, P = 0.0240), basal follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level (OR = 1.205, 95% CI = 1.051-1.382, P = 0.0084), basal estradiol (E2) level (OR = 1.006, 95% CI = 1.001-1.010, P = 0.0120), and sperm from microdissection testicular sperm extraction (MESA) (OR = 7.741, 95% CI = 2.905-20.632, P 10 mm on the day of hCG administration.

Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Embryo Transfer , Fertilization in Vitro , Nomograms , Oocytes , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1338-1342, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921056


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of @*METHODS@#A total of 74 patients with RIF of thin endometrium type undergoing freeze-thaw embryo transfer were randomly divided into an observation group (37 cases) and a control group (37 cases). The patients in the control group were treated with freeze-thaw embryo transfer in hormone replacement cycle, and the estradiol valerate tablets were taken orally from the fifth day of menstruation, 2 mg per day. On the basis of the control group, the observation group was additionally treated with @*RESULTS@#The clinical pregnancy rate was 37.8% (14/37) in the observation group, which was higher than 16.2% (6/37) in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional medication,

Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Acupuncture Therapy , Embryo Transfer , Endometrium , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878330


Objective@#Prior pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) on chest X-ray (CXR) was commonly found in infertile patients receiving examinations before @*Method@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 14,254 infertile patients who had received IVF-ET at Peking University Third Hospital in 2017. Prior PTB was defined as the presence of signs suggestive of old or inactive PTB on CXR, with or without a clinical TB history. Patients who had prior PTB on CXR but had not received a clinical diagnosis and anti-TB therapy were included for analysis. Live birth, clinical pregnancy, and miscarriage rates were compared between the untreated PTB and non-PTB groups.@*Results@#The untreated PTB group had significantly lower clinical pregnancy (31.7% @*Conclusions@#Untreated PTB was associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes after IVF-ET, especially in patients with unexplained infertility, highlighting the clinical significance of PTB in this specific patient population.

Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Abortion, Spontaneous/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Embryo Transfer/statistics & numerical data , Fertilization in Vitro/statistics & numerical data , Infertility, Female/etiology , Live Birth/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , Radiography, Thoracic , Retrospective Studies , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/epidemiology
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 825-832, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922165


Objective@#To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on the pregnancy outcomes of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) based on the available clinical evidence.@*METHODS@#We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, CBM and Wanfang Database up to February 2021 for published randomized controlled trials (RCT) relevant to TEAS for the improvement of the pregnancy outcomes of IVF-ET. We performed literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, followed by a meta-analysis with the RevMan 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 206 cases of IVF-ET from 9 RCTs were included, 1 018 in the TEAS group and 1 188 in the control. The clinical pregnancy rate was significantly higher in the TEAS than in the mock TEAS and non-TEAS control groups (RR = 1.85, 95% CI: 1.42-2.42, P < 0.001; RR = 1.23, 95% CI: 1.10-1.39, P = 0.0004), and so was it before and after oocyte retrieval (RR = 1.50, 95% CI: 1.03-2.17, P = 0.03; RR = 1.47, 95% CI: 1.12-1.92, P = 0.005). The TEAS group also showed dramatically improved embryo implantation rate (RR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.24-1.79, P < 0.0001) and live birth rate (RR = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.04-1.98, P = 0.03) compared with the control.@*CONCLUSIONS@#As a safe and non-invasive treatment, TEAS can significantly improve the pregnancy outcomes of IVF-ET, with definite effectiveness. /.

Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Acupuncture Points , Embryo Transfer , Fertilization in Vitro , Pregnancy Outcome , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(8): 608-615, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351769


Abstract Objective To establish a relationship between serum progesterone values on the day of frozen blastocyst transfer in hormone-replaced cycles with the probability of pregnancy, miscarriage or delivery. Methods This was an ambispective observational study including all frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles performed at our department following in vitro fecundation from May 2018 to June 2019. The outcomes evaluated were β human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG)-positive pregnancy and delivery. Groups were compared according to the level of serum progesterone on the day of embryo transfer: the 1st quartile of progesterone was compared against the other quartiles and then the 2nd and 3rd quartiles against the 4th quartile. Results A total of 140 transfers were included in the analysis: 87 with β-HCG>10 IU/L (62%), of which 50 (36%) delivered and 37 had a miscarriage (42%).Women with lower progesterone levels (< 10.7ng/mL) had a trend toward higher β-HCG-positive (72 versus 59%; p>0.05), lower delivery (26 versus 39%; p>0.05) and higher miscarriage rates (64 versus 33%; p<0.01). Comparing the middle quartiles (P25-50) with those above percentiles 75, the rate of pregnancy was similar (60 versus 57%; p>0.05), although there was a trend toward a higher number of deliveries (43 versus 31%; p>0.05) and a lower number of miscarriages (28 versus 45%; p>0.05). These differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion There were no differences in pregnancy and delivery rates related with the progesterone level when measured in the transfer day. The miscarriage rate was higher in the 1st quartile group.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar se existe alguma relação entre os valores plasmáticos de progesterona no dia da transferência de um blastocisto desvitrificado em ciclos hormonalmente substituídos e a taxa de gravidez, aborto ou nascido vivo. Métodos Estudo observacional, ambispectivo, incluindo todos os ciclos de transferência de blastocistos congelados no nosso departamento, entre maio de 2018 e junho de 2019. Avaliou-se a taxa de gravidez e de nascidos vivos após 24 semanas de gestação. Os grupos foram comparados de acordo com os valores de progesterona plasmáticos dosados no dia da transferência do blastocisto: comparou-se o 1° quartil com os outros e depois os 2° e 3° quartis com o 4°. Resultados Avaliaram-se 140 transferências: 87 com β gonadotrofina coriônica humana (β-HCG)>10 IU/L (62%), 50 das quais terminaram em nascido vivo (36% do total), enquanto 37 tiveram um aborto (42% das gravidezes). Verificou-se uma tendência para menor número de recém-nascidos nas transferências com níveis de progesterona no 1° quartil (<10.7ng/mL) (26 versus 39%; p>0.05) e ummaior número de abortos (64 versus 33%; p<0.01). Comparando o 2° e 3° quartis com o 4°, verificouse que nos casos em que a progesterona estava acima do percentil 75, apesar de uma taxa de gravidez semelhante (60 versus 57%; p>0.05), houve uma tendência para uma maior taxa de nascidos vivos (43 versus 31%; p>0.05) emenor número de abortos (28 versus 45%; p>0.05) abaixo do percentil 75. Estas diferenças não foram estatisticamente significativas. Conclusão Não se verificaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas para taxa de gravidez e de nascido vivo. A taxa de aborto foi maior no primeiro quartil.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Progesterone , Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human , Fertilization in Vitro , Retrospective Studies , Pregnancy Rate , Embryo Transfer
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(supl.1): S122-S130, set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138657


La pandemia de SARS-CoV-2 es una emergencia sanitaria sin precedentes, que ha implicado un reordenamiento en la priorización de procedimientos médicos electivos, frente a un potencial colapso del sistema de salud a nivel mundial y riesgo de contagio del personal y pacientes. Al igual que en el resto del mundo, en Chile la mayoría de los centros de medicina reproductiva han debido suspender sus diferentes terapias de reproducción asistida (TRA). Sin embargo, a raiz de la disminución del número de contagios y mayor evidencia científica disponible, la Sociedad Europea de Reproducción Humana y Embriología (ESHRE) ha recomendado reiniciar los ciclos de medicina reproductiva de forma gradual, a través de sistemas de triage, priorizando pacientes por medio de la generación de distintos escenarios. Considerando esta recomendación, se realizó una revisión sobre la evidencia existente respecto a SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 en medicina reproductiva recopilando diferentes directrices de las principales sociedades internacionales, con el objetivo de generar una recomendación ajustada a la realidad nacional.

SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is an unprecedented health emergency, which involves a reorganization of elective procedures, facing a potential global health system collapse. In Chile, as in the rest of the world. most reproductive medicine centers have suspended their different assisted reproduction therapies (ART). However, due to the decrease in the number of infections and due to a greater collection of scientific evidence, the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) have recommended restarting cycles gradually through triage systems, prioritizing patients through the generation of different scenarios. With this in mind, we carried out a review of the existing evidence so far regarding SARS-CoV-2 and reproductive medicine, and we tried to compile the different guidelines of the main international societies, to generate a recommendation adjusted to our local scenario.

Humans , Female , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Reproductive Medicine/standards , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted/standards , Betacoronavirus , Ovulation Induction , Fertilization in Vitro , Triage , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Patient Selection , Embryo Transfer , Pandemics/prevention & control
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 400-407, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138638


La utilización de técnicas de reproducción asistida (TRA) ha aumentado en todo el mundo, incluyendo procedimientos como la donación de gametos, la subrogación y el diagnóstico genético preimplantacional. Creciente evidencia confirma que los embarazos de pacientes sometidas a estos tratamientos tienen un mayor riesgo de complicaciones perinatales. No queda claro si la causa de estos hallazgos se debe a la infertilidad subyacente o los tratamientos en sí. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo resumir la evidencia actual acerca de los efectos sobre los resultados maternos y perinatales tanto de los diferentes procedimientos propios de la fecundación in vitro como de algunos tipos de TRA especiales.

The use of assisted reproduction techniques (ART) has increased worldwide, including procedures such as gamete donation, subrogation and preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Growing evidence confirms that pregnancies following these treatments have an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. It is not clear whether the cause of these findings is due to the underlying infertility or the treatments themselves. This review aims to summarize the current evidence regarding the effects of both the different ART procedures and some special types of ART on maternal and perinatal outcomes.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted/adverse effects , Ovulation Induction/adverse effects , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy Outcome , Fertilization in Vitro/adverse effects , Risk , Premature Birth/etiology , Embryo Transfer/adverse effects