Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.098
Filter
1.
Biociencias ; 16(1): 11-23, 20210601.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1291166

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Determinar la relación entre APGAR al minuto y la presencia de oligohidramnios en gestantes a término atendidas en el Hospital Niño Jesús de Barranquilla durante el período 2018 a 2019. Materiales y métodos:Estudio descriptivo, trasversal, retrospectivo, tipo serie de casos. Se incluyeron 203 mujeres embarazadas que fueron atendidas en el Hospital Niño Jesús, con embarazo a término y diagnostico ultrasonográfico de oligohidramnios (ILA menor o igual a 5 cm),durante los años 2018 y 2019. Se relacionaron variables sociodemográficas y gineco obstétricas con el resultado del APGAR y del ILA y se compararon los resultados utilizando Chi2 y prueba de Fisher. Resultados:El promedio de edad de las participantes fuede 23,6 años (DE+/-: 5,7); 48,8% provenían de municipios del departamento del Atlántico y 18,2% de Venezuela; 48,3% tenían un ILA de 4 a 4,9 y 8,4% tuvieron APGAR al minuto menor a 7; 4,9% tuvieron productos con bajo peso al nacer; 15,3% de los que tuvieron ILA de 1 a 3 tuvieron APGAR menor de 7, frente a 5,6% de los que tuvieron ILA de 4 a 5 (Chi2: 5,13; p: 0,024). Así mismo, 40% de las que tuvieron bajo peso al nacer presentaron APGAR <7 en contraste con 6,7% de las que tuvieron productos con peso normal(Fisher: 0,005). Conclusión: Se encontró una relación directamente proporcional entre el valor del ILA y los resultados del APGAR al minuto, y esta relación debe analizarse mediante un estudio de casos y controles. De igual forma se dedujo que el nivel inferior más seguro de líquido amniótico con el que se pueden presentar menos resultados perinatales adversos como la asfixia perinatal es con un ILA igual o mayor de 4 cm.


Objective: To determine the relationship between minute APGAR and the presence of oligohydramnios in full-term pregnant women attended at the Niño Jesús Hospital in Barranquilla during the period 2018 to 2019. Materials and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study, case series type. 203 pregnant women who were treated at the Niño Jesús Hospital, with term pregnancy and ultrasound diagnosis of oligohydramnios (ILA less than or equal to 5 cm), during the years 2018 and 2019 were included. Sociodemographic and gyneco-obstetric variables were related to the APGAR and ILA and results were compared using Chi2 and Fisher's test. Results: The average age of the participants was 23.6 years (SD +/-: 5.7); 48.8% came from municipalities in the Atlántico department and 18.2% from Venezuela; 48.3% had an ILA of 4 to 4.9 and 8.4% had APGAR at one minute less than 7; 4.9% had products with low birth weight; 15.3% of those with ILA from 1 to 3 had APGAR less than 7, compared to 5.6% of those with ILA from 4 to 5 (Chi2: 5.13; p: 0.024). Likewise, 40% of those with low birth weight had APGAR <7 in contrast to 6.7% of those with normal-weight products (Fisher: 0.005). Conclusion: A directly proportional relationship was found between theILA value and the APGAR results per minute, and this relationship should be analyzed through a case-control study.Similarly, it was deduced that the safest lower level of amniotic fluid with which less adverse perinatal results can occur, such as perinatal asphyxia, is with an ILA equal to or greater than 4 cm


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Gynecology , Embryonic Structures
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 115-122, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153053

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to quantify the superovulatory response and embryo production of Brazilian Bergamasca sheep and to evaluate the link to the follicular condition before superovulatory treatment, as a reference for selection of donors with potential for superovulation. Follicular population of twenty-three sheep was evaluated by ultrasound during metestrus phase of the estrous cycle and divided into groups of low, medium and high follicular population. Subsequently, they were synchronized, superovulated with 133mg of pFSH, mated and subjected to embryo collection. The superovulatory response (9.0±3.3 vs 10.7±6.2 vs 13.8±7.1) and embryo production (4.0±3.8 vs 2.6±2.0 vs 1,8±4.0) were similar between groups (P>0.05). There was a positive correlation between the number of follicles during the metestrus phase and the number of corpus luteum with premature regression (PLR) (0.52) and a negative correlation between the recovery rate and PLR (-0.44) (P<0.05). The sheep that presented PLR had more follicles during metestrus (16.9±7.8 vs 12.7±3.2) and lower embryo recovery rate (38.8±29.3 vs 72.2±29.9) than those with functional CLs (P<0.05). Follicular quantification during metestrus phases was unable to identify donors with high embryo production. Animals with PLR had a larger follicular population during metestrus and lower embryo recovery rate.(AU)


O objetivo deste trabalho foi quantificar a resposta superovulatória e a produção embrionária de ovelhas Bergamácia Brasileira e relacioná-las com a condição folicular antes do tratamento superovulatório, como referência para seleção de doadoras com potencial para superovulação. Vinte e três ovelhas foram avaliadas quanto à população folicular por ultrassonografia na fase de metaestro do ciclo estral e divididas em grupos com baixa, média e alta população folicular. Posteriormente foram sincronizadas, superovuladas com 133mg de pFSH, acasaladas e submetidas à coleta de embriões. A resposta superovulatória (9,0±3,3 vs. 10,7±6,2 vs. 13,8±7,1) e a produção embrionária (4,0±3,8 vs. 2,6±2,0 vs. 1,8±4,0) foram semelhantes entre os grupos (P>0,05). Houve correlação positiva entre o número de folículos no metaestro e o número de corpos lúteos com regressão prematura (RPCL) (0,52) e correlação negativa entre a taxa de recuperação e RPCL (-0,44) (P <0,05). As ovelhas que apresentaram RPCL tiveram mais folículos no metaestro (16,9±7,8 vs. 12,7±3,2) e menor taxa de recuperação embrionária (38,8±29,3 vs. 72,2±29,9) do que as que apresentaram CLs funcionais (P<0,05). A quantificação folicular nas fases de metaestro não foi capaz de identificar doadoras com alto potencial de produção embrionária. Animais com RPCL tiveram maior população folicular no metaestro e menor recuperação de embriões.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Superovulation/drug effects , Sheep , Luteolysis , Embryonic Structures , Ovarian Follicle , Ultrasonography/veterinary
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 273-277, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056434

ABSTRACT

Es importante unificar criterios en los términos usados en embriología, para facilitar su estudio, investigación y divulgación, donde se espera que los términos tengan un valor informativo, ausencia de epónimos y homónimos; y evitar la sinonimia. El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en proponer la traducción al español de los términos de Terminologia Embryologica correspondientes al capítulo "Desarrollo de anexos extra-embrionarios y membranas fetales". Se utilizaron libros y artículos científicos de embriología y obstetricia; diccionarios en los idiomas español/latín - latín/español y se definió la traducción de los términos de acuerdo a su frecuente utilización y cita en la enseñanza de la embriología. La información obtenida del análisis de los artículos y libros consultados fue organizada en 5 tablas: Tabla I, Traducción al español de términos en latín existentes en Terminologia Embryologica; Tabla II, Modificación de términos en latín de la Terminologia Embryologica traducidos al español; Tabla III, Términos modificados del latín, y traducidos al español; Tabla IV, Términos no encontrados en la revisión de textos y artículos; Tabla V, Términos no usados, términos y códigos repetidos. El presente trabajo aporta en la traducción de términos embriológicos del latín al español, no siendo necesariamente una traducción literal, sino más bien una interpretación basada en artículos científicos y textos actualmente utilizados en la enseñanza y el estudio de la embriología. Los resultados de este trabajo pretenden contribuir a la generación de Terminologia Embryologica en español y esperamos sean discutidos y mejorados con propuestas constructivas de parte de los expertos en el área de la morfología.


It is important to regulate criteria in the terminology used in embryology, to promote the study, research and communication in this field. Terms are expected to have informative value, absence of eponyms and homonyms and further, to avoid synonymy. The aim of this work was to propose the Spanish translation of the terms of Terminologia Embryologica corresponding to the chapter "Development of extra-embryonic attachments and fetal membranes". Books and scientific articles on embryology and obstetrics were used; dictionaries in Spanish / Latin - Latin / Spanish languages and the translation of the terms was defined according to their frequent use and quotation in the teaching of embryology. The information obtained from the analysis of the articles and books consulted was organized in 5 tables: Table I, Spanish translation of Latin terms existing in Terminologia Embryologica; Table II, modification of Latin terms of Terminologia Embryologica translated into Spanish; Table III, modified Latin terms, and translated into Spanish; Table IV, terms not found in the review of texts and articles; Table V, unused terms, repeated terms and codes. The present work contributes in the translation of embryological terms from Latin to Spanish, not necessarily being a literal translation, but rather an interpretation based on scientific articles and texts currently used in the teaching and study of embryology. The results of this work are intended to contribute to the generation of Terminologia Embryologica in Spanish and we hope that will be discussed and improved with constructive proposals from experts in the area of morphology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Embryology , Embryonic Structures/anatomy & histology , Terminology as Topic
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810970

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sugammadex is a new neuromuscular blockade reversal agent. Recently, it has been used in patients under general anesthesia. However, sugammadex could be toxic to fetuses and pediatric patients under 3 years of age. In this study, we demonstrated the safety of sugammadex in fetuses, using zebrafish larvae. Furthermore, its neurotoxicity was evaluated using neuronal cell lines.METHODS: We used SH-SY5Y cells to determine the viability of neuronal cells treated with sugammadex. Zebrafish larvae were used to determine the teratogenic effects of sugammadex.RESULTS: Sugammadex showed no adverse effects on neuronal cells and zebrafish larvae. The survival rates of neuronal cells were not different in all concentrations. In addition, the heart formation of zebrafish embryos, which were exposed to various concentrations of sugammadex, were not different.CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated the feasibility of using sugammadex during pregnancy. However, further clinical studies will be required to extrapolate these results to humans.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, General , Cell Line , Embryonic Structures , Fetus , Heart , Humans , Larva , Neuromuscular Blockade , Neurons , Pregnancy , Survival Rate , Zebrafish
5.
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 24(2): 7203-7208, mayo-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115240

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. Determinar el efecto de la ablación folicular en el inicio de un protocolo de superovulación (SPO) sobre la respuesta superovulatoria en vacas donantes de raza Brahman. Materiales y métodos. Se utilizaron 20 vacas de raza Brahman, las cuales fueron distribuídas aleatoriamente en dos grupos: Grupo control (G1; n = 10), la sincronización de la onda de crecimiento folicular fue realizada mediante la combinación de estrógenos (2.5 mg, Benzoato de Estradiol) y progestágenos (1 gr, implante intravaginal); cuatro días después se inició el protocolo de SPO con la hormona folículoestimulante porcina (FSHp); y grupo ablación (G2; n = 10), se realizó la ablación folicular y un día después se inició el tratamiento de SPO con FSHp . En los dos grupos la colecta de los embriones se realizó siete días después de la primera inseminación artificial. Resultados. El G2 presentó una mayor proporción de embriones de calidad 1 (p<0.01) en comparación con el G1 (68.60%, 31.22%), mientras que los animales del grupo G1 presentaron una mayor proporción de embriones de calidad 2 (43.04%, 18.60%, p<0.01). Para las variables total de estructuras colectadas, y total de embriones transferibles, no se observaron diferencias significativas (p>0.05). Conclusiones. La ablación folicular aumentó el porcentaje de embriones de calidad 1, sugiriendo que la implementación de esta técnica, como estrategia para sincronizar el inicio de una nueva onda de crecimiento folicular en tratamientos de SPO, mejora la calidad de los embriones producidos en vacas donadoras Brahman.


ABSTRACT Objective. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of follicular ablation at the beginning of a superovulation protocol (SOP) on the superovulatory response of Brahman donor cows. Materials and methods. Twenty Brahman cows were used, randomly distributed in two groups: control group (G1, n = 10), synchronization of the follicular growth wave was performed by the combination of estrogens (2.5 mg, estradiol benzoate) and progestagens (1 gr intravaginal implant); four days after starting the SOP with porcine follicle stimulating hormone (FSHp); and the ablation group (G2, n = 10), follicular ablation was performed and one day after, the SOP treatment with FSHp was initiated. In both groups, embryo collection was performed seven days after the first artificial insemination. Results. The G2 had a higher proportion of quality 1 embryos (p<0.01) compared to G1 (68.60% vs. 31.22%), while animals of G1 group had a higher proportion of quality 2 embryos (43.04% vs. 18.60%, p<0.01). For the total of structures collected and the total of transferable embryos, no significant differences were observed (p>0.05). Conclusions. Follicular ablation increased the percentage of quality 1 embryos, suggesting that the implementation of this technique, as a strategy to synchronize the beginning of a new wave of follicular growth when using SOP, improve embryo quality in Brahman donor cows.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cattle , Embryonic Structures , Reproduction , Superovulation
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In vitro maturation (IVM) of immature oocytes can be useful for some infertile patients. In IVM programs, the rates of embryo formation and pregnancy are low. Therefore, it is essential to recognize the main factors involved in regulating oocyte maturation in vitro. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and cumulus cell (CC) supplementation in IVM medium on the rates of embryo formation and viability of human blastocysts.METHODS: A total of 80 germinal vesicle oocytes from stimulated cycles underwent an IVM program. The oocytes were divided into four groups, where group I consisted of IVM media only and served as the control, group II consisted of IVM+CCs, group III consisted of IVM+GDF9 (200 ng/mL), and group IV consisted of IVM+CCs+GDF9 (200 ng/mL). Intracytoplasmic sperm injection was performed on the IVM oocytes, and the cleavage embryos that were generated were vitrified. Following thawing, the embryos were cultured for 3 additional days, and the viability rates of the developed blastocysts were determined.RESULTS: The maturation rate of the oocytes did not differ significantly across the four groups. The fertilization rate in group II was significantly higher than that in the control group (76.5% vs. 46.2%). Embryo formation was significantly more frequent in all experimental groups than in the control group, while blastocyst formation did not show significant differences in the three experimental groups compared to the control. The mean viability rates in groups II, III, and IV were 58.16%, 55.91%, and 55.95%, respectively, versus 37.78% in the control group (p<0.05).CONCLUSION: Supplementation of IVM culture media with GDF9 and CCs enhanced the fertilization, embryo formation, and viability rates of blastocysts generated from vitrified cleavage embryos.


Subject(s)
Blastocyst , Culture Media , Cumulus Cells , Embryonic Structures , Fertilization , Growth Differentiation Factor 9 , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Oocytes , Pregnancy , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical pregnancy (CP) and live birth (LB) rates arising from frozen embryo transfers (FETs) that had been generated under the influence of in vitro fertilization (IVF) adjuvants given to women categorized as poor-prognosis.METHODS: A registered, single-center, retrospective study. A total of 1,119 patients with first FETs cycle include 310 patients with poor prognosis (109 treated with growth hormone [GH], (+)GH group vs. 201 treated with dehydroepiandrosterone, (–)GH group) and 809 patients with good prognosis (as control, (–)Adj (Good) group).RESULTS: The poor-prognosis women were significantly older, with a lower ovarian reserve than the (–)Adj (Good) group, and demonstrated lower chances of CP (p<0.005) and LB (p<0.005). After adjusting for confounders, the chances of both CP and LB in the (+)GH group were not significantly different from those in the (–)Adj (Good) group, indicating that the poor-prognosis patients given GH had similar outcomes to those with a good prognosis. Furthermore, the likelihood of LB was significantly higher for poor-prognosis women given GH than for those who did not receive GH (p<0.028). This was further confirmed in age-matched analyses.CONCLUSION: The embryos cryopreserved from fresh IVF cycles in which adjuvant GH had been administered to women classified as poor-prognosis showed a significant 2.7-fold higher LB rate in subsequent FET cycles than a matched poor-prognosis group. The women with a poor prognosis who were treated with GH had LB outcomes equivalent to those with a good prognosis. We therefore postulate that GH improves some aspect of oocyte quality that confers improved competency for implantation.


Subject(s)
Dehydroepiandrosterone , Embryo Transfer , Embryonic Structures , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Growth Hormone , Humans , Live Birth , Melatonin , Oocytes , Ovarian Reserve , Pregnancy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Single Embryo Transfer
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785640

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effects of different oxygen conditions (20% [high O₂], 5% [low O₂] and 5% decreased to 2% [dynamic O₂]) on mouse pre- and peri-implantation development using a novel double-channel gas supply (DCGS) incubator (CNC Biotech Inc.) to alter the oxygen concentration during in vitro culture.METHODS: The high-O₂ and low-O₂ groups were cultured from the one-cell to the blastocyst stage under 20% and 5% oxygen concentrations, respectively. In the dynamic-O₂ group, mouse embryos were cultured from the one-cell to the morula stage under 5% O₂ for 3 days, followed by culture under 2% O₂ to the blastocyst stage. To evaluate peri-implantation development, the blastocysts from the three groups were individually transferred to a fibronectin-coated dish and cultured to the outgrowth stage in droplets.RESULTS: The blastocyst formation rate was significantly higher in the low-O₂ and dynamic-O₂ groups than in the high-O₂ group. The total cell number was significantly higher in the dynamic-O₂ group than in the low-O₂ and high-O₂ groups. Additionally, the apoptotic index was significantly lower in the low-O₂ and dynamic-O₂ groups than in the high-O₂ group. The trophoblast outgrowth rate and spread area were significantly higher in the low-O₂ and dynamic-O₂ groups than in the high-O₂ group.CONCLUSION: Our results showed that a dynamic oxygen concentration (decreasing from 5% to 2%) had beneficial effects on mouse pre- and peri-implantation development. Optimized, dynamic changing of oxygen concentrations using the novel DCGS incubator could improve the developmental competence of in vitro cultured embryos in a human in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer program.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Blastocyst , Cell Count , Embryo Transfer , Embryonic Structures , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Incubators , Mental Competency , Mice , Morula , Oxygen , Trophoblasts
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785637

ABSTRACT

Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is a rare X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by mutation of the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene. The mutation results in iduronate-2-sulfatase deficiency, which causes the progressive accumulation of heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate in cellular lysosomes. The phenotype, age of onset, and symptoms of MPS II vary; accordingly, the disease can be classified into either the early-onset type or the late-onset type, depending on the age of onset and the severity of the symptoms. In patients with severe MPS II, symptoms typically first appear between 2 and 5 years of age. Patients with severe MPS II usually die in the second decade of life although some patients with less severe disease have survived into their fifth or sixth decade. Here, we report the establishment of a preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) strategy using multiplex nested polymerase chain reaction, direct sequencing, and linkage analysis. Unaffected embryos were selected via the diagnosis of a single blastomere, and a healthy boy was delivered by a female carrier of MPS II. This is the first successful application of PGD in a patient with MPS II in Korea


Subject(s)
Age of Onset , Blastomeres , Dermatan Sulfate , Diagnosis , Embryonic Structures , Female , Heparitin Sulfate , Humans , Korea , Lysosomal Storage Diseases , Lysosomes , Male , Mucopolysaccharidoses , Mucopolysaccharidosis II , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Parturition , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Preimplantation Diagnosis , Prostaglandins D
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763362

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: It is widely accepted that aging decreases women’s fertility capacity. The aim of this study was to assess correlations between maternal age and the morphokinetic parameters and cleavage pattern of embryos. METHODS: The morphokinetics of embryos derived from women 40 years of age were compared retrospectively in terms of time of second polar body extrusion, time of pronuclei appearance, time of pronuclei fading, and time of two to eight discrete cells (t2–t8). Furthermore, abnormal cleavage patterns such as uneven blastomeres at the two-cell stage, cell fusion (Fu), and trichotomous mitoses (TM) were assessed. RESULTS: Only t5 occurred later in women aged 36–40 and >40 years when compared with those aged 0.05). However, Fu and TM were more common in women aged >40 years than in younger women (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Maternal age was correlated with the cleavage pattern of embryos. Therefore, evaluating embryo morphokinetics may contribute to optimal embryo selection, thereby increasing fertility in patients with advanced maternal age.


Subject(s)
Aging , Blastomeres , Cell Fusion , Embryonic Structures , Female , Fertility , Humans , Maternal Age , Mitosis , Polar Bodies , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: As paternal age increases, the quality of sperm decreases due to increased DNA fragmentation and aneuploidy. Higher levels of structural chromosomal aberrations in the gametes ultimately decrease both the morphologic quality of embryos and the pregnancy rate. In this study, we investigated whether paternal age affected the euploidy rate. METHODS: This study was performed using the medical records of patients who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures with preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) from January 2016 to August 2017 at a single center. Based on their morphological grade, embryos were categorized as good- or poor-quality blastocysts. The effects of paternal age were elucidated by adjusting for maternal age. RESULTS: Among the 571 total blastocysts, 219 euploid blastocysts were analyzed by PGS (38.4%). When the study population was divided into four groups according to both maternal and paternal age, significant differences were only noted between groups that differed by maternal age (group 1 vs. 3, p=0.031; group 2 vs. 4, p=0.027). Further analysis revealed no significant differences in the euploidy rate among the groups according to the morphological grade of the embryos. CONCLUSION: Paternal age did not have a significant impact on euploidy rates when PGS was performed. An additional study with a larger sample size is needed to clarify the effects of advanced paternal age on IVF outcomes.


Subject(s)
Aneuploidy , Blastocyst , Chromosome Aberrations , DNA Fragmentation , Embryonic Development , Embryonic Structures , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Genetic Testing , Germ Cells , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Maternal Age , Medical Records , Paternal Age , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Sample Size , Spermatozoa
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 461-466, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742559

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the associations between sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) and embryo formation rate in normal responder women to in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three consecutive, fresh IVF/ICSI cycles performed from 2014 to 2017 were selected. All women were normal responders (4 to 14 mature oocytes were retrieved) and at least one normally fertilized oocyte with two pronuclei was obtained in all cycles. Semen was collected on the day of oocyte retrieval, and SDF levels were measured by sperm chromatin dispersion test (Halosperm assay). At day 3 after insemination, embryo quality was evaluated by morphologic criteria and categorized as A/B/C/D. Top quality embryo were defined as grade A embryos with seven cells or more. RESULTS: SDF levels showed a positive linear correlation with the male's age (r=0.307, p=0.025) and a negative linear correlation with sperm motility (r=−0.491, p70%, the cut-off value SDF was <30.7% for each. Among individuals with SDF <30.7%, the median top-quality or grade A embryo formation rate was significantly higher than that among individuals with SDF ≥30.7% (38.1% vs. 20.0%, p=0.038; 50% vs. 25.0%, p=0.017). CONCLUSION: In normal responder women, high SDF level resulted in low day 3 embryo formation rates. Our results suggest a paternal effect on embryo quality in IVF/ICSI cycles.


Subject(s)
Chromatin , DNA Fragmentation , DNA , Embryonic Structures , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Insemination , Oocyte Retrieval , Oocytes , Semen , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 285-290, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742533

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To elucidate the correlation between ovarian reserve and the incidence of ectopic pregnancy (EP) following in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF/ET) cycles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this observational study, 430 fresh IVF/ET cycles were examined from patient data of two university hospital infertility clinics. All included patients were positive for β-human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) at 2 weeks after oocyte retrieval via controlled ovarian stimulation. For each cycle, information on age, duration of infertility, basal follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), days of ovarian stimulation, numbers of retrieved oocytes and transferred embryos, and pregnancy outcomes was collected. Patients with AMH lower than 1.0 ng/dL or basal FSH higher than 10 mIU/mL were classified into the decreased ovarian reserve (DOR) group, and the remaining patients were classified into the normal ovarian reserve (NOR) group. RESULTS: In total, 355 cycles showed NOR, and 75 cycles DOR. There were no significant differences between the DOR and NOR groups regarding intrauterine (74.7% vs. 83.4%, respectively) or chemical (14.7% vs. 14.1%, respectively) pregnancies. The DOR group had a higher EP than that of NOR group [10.7% (8/75) vs. 2.5% (9/355), p=0.004]. In both univariate [odds ratio (OR) 5.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4–9.6, p=0.011] and multivariate (adjusted OR 5.1, 95 % CI 1.1–18.7, p=0.012) analysis, DOR was associated with a higher risk of EP. CONCLUSION: DOR may be associated with a higher risk of EP in IVF/ET cycles with controlled ovarian stimulation. More careful monitoring may be necessary for pregnant women with DOR.


Subject(s)
Chorionic Gonadotropin , Embryo Transfer , Embryonic Structures , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Incidence , Infertility , Observational Study , Oocyte Retrieval , Oocytes , Ovarian Reserve , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy, Ectopic , Pregnant Women
14.
La Paz; Élite; 2019. 235 p.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIBOCS, LIBOSP | ID: biblio-1362925

ABSTRACT

Afrontar un tratamiento de reproducción asistida siempre es difícil. Cuando una pareja llega a la consulta de la clínica de reproducción asistida, suele tener una mezcla de incertidumbre y esperanza. A pesar de que los tratamientos de reproducción asistida son cada vez más frecuentes debido al retraso en la edad de maternidad y otros factores, normalmente una pareja no espera tener que someterse a este tipo de tratamientos. La fertilidad es algo que se da por supuesto, por lo que cuando la pareja quiere tener hijos y descubre de pronto que no puede de forma natural, le resulta siempre chocante y difícil. La infertilidad afecta aproximadamente 15% de las parejas y puede ser provocada por varias causas, tanto por la parte femenina como por la masculina. En algunos casos la infertilidad tiene origen femenino o masculino únicamente, pero en la mayoría se encuentra una combinación de anomalías de ambas partes actuando simultáneamente. En la mayor parte delos casos se trata de una desventaja biológica a la procreación. Sin embargo, cuando un problema relativamente insignificante de un lado se junta con uno parecido del otro, llegamos a un problema mucho más complicado de resolver. La base de la fecundidad in vitro consiste en la extracción de óvulos de la mujer, su fecundación en el laboratorio y la transferencia de los embriones resultantes a el útero materno, pero a contracorriente se pone la fecundación natural que es la que todas las parejas deberían buscar (AU).


Subject(s)
Fertilization in Vitro , Insemination, Artificial , Embryonic Structures , Fertilization
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 667-678, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762093

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate how type I diabetes mellitus (T1D) affects the folliculogenesis and oocyte development, fertilization, and embryo development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comparative animal study was conducted using two different mouse models of T1D, a genetic AKITA model and a streptozotocin-induced diabetes model. Ovarian function was assessed by gross observation, immunoblot, immunohistochemistry, oocyte counting, and ELISA for serum hormones (insulin, anti-Mullerian hormone, estradiol, testosterone, and progesterone). Maturation and developmental competence of metaphase II oocytes from control and T1D animals was evaluated by immunofluorescent and immunohistochemical detection of biomarkers and in vitro fertilization. RESULTS: Animals from both T1D models showed increased blood glucose levels, while only streptozotocin (STZ)-injected mice showed reduced body weight. Folliculogenesis, oogenesis, and preimplantation embryogenesis were impaired in both T1D mouse models. Interestingly, exogenous streptozotocin injection to induce T1D led to marked decreases in ovary size, expression of luteinizing hormone/chorionic gonadotropin receptor in the ovaries, the number of corpora lutea per ovary, oocyte maturation, and serum progesterone levels. Both T1D models exhibited significantly reduced pre-implantation embryo quality compared with controls. There was no significant difference in embryo quality between STZ-injected and AKITA diabetic mice. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that T1D affects folliculogenesis, oogenesis, and embryo development in mice. However, the physiological mechanisms underlying the observed reproductive effects of diabetes need to be further investigated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Mullerian Hormone , Biomarkers , Blood Glucose , Body Weight , Corpus Luteum , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Embryonic Development , Embryonic Structures , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Estradiol , Female , Female , Fertility , Fertilization , Fertilization in Vitro , Gonadotropins , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lutein , Mental Competency , Metaphase , Mice , Oocytes , Oogenesis , Ovary , Pregnancy , Progesterone , Reproduction , Streptozocin , Testosterone
16.
Ashok AGARWAL; Neel PAREKH; Manesh-Kumar PANNER-SELVAM; Ralf HENKEL; Rupin SHAH; Sheryl-T HOMA; Ranjith RAMASAMY; Edmund KO; Kelton TREMELLEN; Sandro ESTEVES; Ahmad MAJZOUB; Juan-G ALVAREZ; David-K GARDNER; Channa-N JAYASENA; Jonathan-W RAMSAY; Chak-Lam CHO; Ramadan SALEH; Denny SAKKAS; James-M HOTALING; Scott-D LUNDY; Sarah VIJ; Joel MARMAR; Jaime GOSALVEZ; Edmund SABANEGH; Hyun-Jun PARK; Armand ZINI; Parviz KAVOUSSI; Sava MICIC; Ryan SMITH; Gian-Maria BUSETTO; Mustafa-Emre BAKIRCIOĞLU; Gerhard HAIDL; Giancarlo BALERCIA; Nicolás-Garrido PUCHALT; Moncef BEN-KHALIFA; Nicholas TADROS; Jackson KIRKMAN-BROWNE; Sergey MOSKOVTSEV; Xuefeng HUANG; Edson BORGES; Daniel FRANKEN; Natan BAR-CHAMA; Yoshiharu MORIMOTO; Kazuhisa TOMITA; Vasan-Satya SRINI; Willem OMBELET; Elisabetta BALDI; Monica MURATORI; Yasushi YUMURA; Sandro LA-VIGNERA; Raghavender KOSGI; Marlon-P MARTINEZ; Donald-P EVENSON; Daniel-Suslik ZYLBERSZTEJN; Matheus ROQUE; Marcello COCUZZA; Marcelo VIEIRA; Assaf BEN-MEIR; Raoul ORVIETO; Eliahu LEVITAS; Amir WISER; Mohamed ARAFA; Vineet MALHOTRA; Sijo-Joseph PAREKATTIL; Haitham ELBARDISI; Luiz CARVALHO; Rima DADA; Christophe SIFER; Pankaj TALWAR; Ahmet GUDELOGLU; Ahmed-M-A MAHMOUD; Khaled TERRAS; Chadi YAZBECK; Bojanic NEBOJSA; Damayanthi DURAIRAJANAYAGAM; Ajina MOUNIR; Linda-G KAHN; Saradha BASKARAN; Rishma-Dhillon PAI; Donatella PAOLI; Kristian LEISEGANG; Mohamed-Reza MOEIN; Sonia MALIK; Onder YAMAN; Luna SAMANTA; Fouad BAYANE; Sunil-K JINDAL; Muammer KENDIRCI; Baris ALTAY; Dragoljub PEROVIC; Avi HARLEV.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761886

ABSTRACT

Despite advances in the field of male reproductive health, idiopathic male infertility, in which a man has altered semen characteristics without an identifiable cause and there is no female factor infertility, remains a challenging condition to diagnose and manage. Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative stress (OS) plays an independent role in the etiology of male infertility, with 30% to 80% of infertile men having elevated seminal reactive oxygen species levels. OS can negatively affect fertility via a number of pathways, including interference with capacitation and possible damage to sperm membrane and DNA, which may impair the sperm's potential to fertilize an egg and develop into a healthy embryo. Adequate evaluation of male reproductive potential should therefore include an assessment of sperm OS. We propose the term Male Oxidative Stress Infertility, or MOSI, as a novel descriptor for infertile men with abnormal semen characteristics and OS, including many patients who were previously classified as having idiopathic male infertility. Oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) can be a useful clinical biomarker for the classification of MOSI, as it takes into account the levels of both oxidants and reductants (antioxidants). Current treatment protocols for OS, including the use of antioxidants, are not evidence-based and have the potential for complications and increased healthcare-related expenditures. Utilizing an easy, reproducible, and cost-effective test to measure ORP may provide a more targeted, reliable approach for administering antioxidant therapy while minimizing the risk of antioxidant overdose. With the increasing awareness and understanding of MOSI as a distinct male infertility diagnosis, future research endeavors can facilitate the development of evidence-based treatments that target its underlying cause.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Classification , Clinical Protocols , Diagnosis , DNA , Embryonic Structures , Female , Fertility , Health Expenditures , Humans , Infertility , Infertility, Male , Male , Membranes , Ovum , Oxidants , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , Reducing Agents , Reproductive Health , Semen , Spermatozoa , Subject Headings
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761788

ABSTRACT

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C and its receptor, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-3, are responsible for lymphangiogenesis in both embryos and adults. In epilepsy, the expression of VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 was significantly upregulated in the human brains affected with temporal lobe epilepsy. Moreover, pharmacologic inhibition of VEGF receptors after acute seizures could suppress the generation of spontaneous recurrent seizures, suggesting a critical role of VEGF-related signaling in epilepsy. Therefore, in the present study, the spatiotemporal expression of VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 against pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE) was investigated in C57BL/6N mice using immunohistochemistry. At 1 day after SE, hippocampal astrocytes and microglia were activated. Pyramidal neuronal death was observed at 4 days after SE. In the subpyramidal zone, VEGF-C expression gradually increased and peaked at 7 days after SE, while VEGFR-3 was significantly upregulated at 4 days after SE and began to decrease at 7 days after SE. Most VEGF-C/VEGFR-3-expressing cells were pyramidal neurons, but VEGF-C was also observed in some astrocytes in sham-manipulated animals. However, at 4 days and 7 days after SE, both VEGFR-3 and VEGF-C immunoreactivities were observed mainly in astrocytes and in some microglia of the stratum radiatum and lacunosum-moleculare of the hippocampus, respectively. These data indicate that VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 can be upregulated in hippocampal astrocytes and microglia after pilocarpine-induced SE, providing basic information about VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 expression patterns following acute seizures.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Astrocytes , Brain , Embryonic Structures , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Hippocampus , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphangiogenesis , Mice , Microglia , Pyramidal Cells , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Seizures , Status Epilepticus , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758907

ABSTRACT

This study examined the effects of a caffeine treatment to improve nuclear reprogramming in porcine cloned embryos. Embryonic development and the expression of genes related to pluripotency (POU5F1, SOX2, NANOG, and CDX2) were compared after caffeine supplementation during manipulation at different concentrations (0, 1.25, 2.5, and 5.0 mM) and after varying the delayed activation time (control, 1, 2, and 4 h) after fusion. Caffeine added to media during manipulation produced a higher rate of development to blastocysts in the 1.25 mM group than in the other concentration groups (22.8% vs. 16.1%, 16.2%, and 19.2%; p < 0.05). When caffeine was added during the 4 h delayed activation, the 1.25 mM caffeine concentration produced a significantly higher rate of development than those in the other 4 h-activation-delayed caffeine concentration groups (22.4% vs. 9.4%, 14.0%, and 11.1%; p < 0.05). On the other hand, no significant improvement over that in the control group was observed when caffeine was supplemented during both the manipulation period and delayed activation period (16.0% vs. 15.2%), respectively. The levels of POU5F1, SOX2, and NANOG expression in blastocysts were significantly higher in the delayed activation caffeine group (4 h, 1.25 mM) than in the control group (1 h, 0 mM; p < 0.05). In conclusion, a caffeine treatment at 1.25 mM during delayed activation for 4 h can improve the preimplantation development of porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos by activating nuclear reprogramming.


Subject(s)
Blastocyst , Caffeine , Cellular Reprogramming , Clone Cells , Embryonic Development , Embryonic Structures , Female , Hand , Pregnancy
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758890

ABSTRACT

Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has various applications in research, as well as in the medical field and animal husbandry. However, the efficiency of SCNT is low and the accurate mechanism of SCNT in murine embryo development is unreported. In general, the developmental rate of SCNT murine embryos is lower than in vivo counterparts. In previous studies, polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) was reported to be a crucial element in cell division including centrosome maturation, cytokinesis, and spindle formation. In an initial series of experiments in this study, BI2536, a Plk1 inhibitor, was treated to in vivo-fertilized embryos and the embryos failed to develop beyond the 2-cell stage. This confirmed previous findings that Plk1 is crucial for the first mitotic division of murine embryos. Next, we investigated Plk1's localization and intensity by immunofluorescence analysis. In contrast to normally developed embryos, SCNT murine embryos that failed to develop exhibited two types of Plk1 expressions; a low Plk1 expression pattern and ectopic expression of Plk1. The results show that Plk1 has a critical role in SCNT murine embryos. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the SCNT murine embryos fail to develop beyond the 2-cell stage, and the embryos show abnormal Plk1 expression patterns, which may one of the main causes of developmental failure of early SCNT murine embryos.


Subject(s)
Animal Husbandry , Cell Division , Centrosome , Cytokinesis , Ectopic Gene Expression , Embryonic Development , Embryonic Structures , Female , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Nuclear Transfer Techniques , Phosphotransferases , Pregnancy
20.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 615-620, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760968

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Black sticky rice with giant embryo (BSRGE) contains high GABA content and affects alcohol-related indices among social drinkers, and alcohol intake and anxiety-related behavior of mice. However, it is unknown whether the intake of BSRGE affects GABAergic activity of brain directly. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the effect of oral administration of BSRGE on brain GABA concentrations compared with commercially available GABA compound and regular feeds. METHODS: Twenty-one male C57BL/6 mice were assigned to BSRGE, a regular feed (AIN-76) lacking GABA, and a regular feed containing GABA compound. After feeding freely for 48 h, the cortex and striatum were separated from the brain. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was conducted to measure GABA and glutamate concentrations in mouse brain. RESULTS: The GABA concentration of the BSRGE group was higher than that of regular feed and GABA compound group (p<0.001). However, the GABA compound group showed no significant difference from the regular feed group (p=0.50). CONCLUSION: Intake of BSRGE containing high GABA content increased GABA concentrations in mouse brain compared with regular feed unlike GABA compound. The results of this study constitute an important basis for further investigations into the clinical applications of BSRGE.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Brain , Embryonic Structures , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Glutamic Acid , Humans , Male , Mice
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL