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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 179-191, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878277

ABSTRACT

Pediatric liver transplantation (PLT) is an effective strategy of treating various acute or chronic end-stage liver diseases and inherited metabolic diseases in children.PLT has been applied in many transplant centers nationwide and has achieved satisfactory results.However,the development of transplant centers is uneven,and there is a lack of consensus and standards within the industry.In order to reduce post-operative complications,accelerate post-operative recovery,and improve the short-and long-term quality of life of children,the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Committee of Chinese Research Hospital Association organized multidisciplinary experts to summarize the progress of domestic and international research,and formulated a perioperative consensus on PLT based on the principles of evidence-based medicine.The consensus provides recommendations for perioperative PLT from three aspects:preoperative assessment and preparation,intraoperative management and postoperative management,in order to provide reference guidelines for centers that are conducting or preparing to conduct PLT.


Subject(s)
Child , Consensus , End Stage Liver Disease/therapy , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery/standards , Humans , Liver Transplantation/standards , Metabolism, Inborn Errors/therapy , Perioperative Care/standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic
3.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(3): 395-401, May.-Jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887251

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction and aim. Utilization of palliative care services in patients dying of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) is understudied. We performed a retrospective review of palliative care services among patients with ESLD unsuitable for liver transplantation (LT) at a tertiary care center. Material and methods. Deceased ESLD patients considered unsuitable for LT from 2007-2012 were identified. Patients were excluded if they received a transplant, had an incomplete workup, were lost to follow up or whose condition improved so LT was not needed. Of the 1,175 patients reviewed, 116 met inclusion criteria. Results. Forty patients (34.4%) received an inpatient palliative care (PC) consultation and forty-one patients (35.3%) were referred directly to hospice. Thirty-three patients (28.4%) transitioned to comfort measures without PC consultation (median survival < 1 day). The median interval between LT denial and PC consultation or hospice was 28 days. Median survival after PC consult or hospice referral was 15 days. In conclusion, in a single center retrospective review of ESLD patients, palliative care services, when utilized, were for care at the very end of life. Without consultation, aggressive interventions continued until hours before death. We propose that ESLD patients could benefit from PC consultation at time of LT evaluation or based on MELD scores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Transplantation , Delivery of Health Care, Integrated/statistics & numerical data , End Stage Liver Disease/diagnosis , End Stage Liver Disease/mortality , End Stage Liver Disease/therapy , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Terminal Care/statistics & numerical data , Wisconsin , Hospice Care/statistics & numerical data , Health Workforce/statistics & numerical data , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Liver Cirrhosis/mortality , Liver Cirrhosis/therapy
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