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2.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(2): e283, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347404

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En la década del 60 del pasado siglo, se inicia la atención especializada de Endocrinología en la provincia de Camagüey, Cuba. No existen evidencias documentales sobre esta temática en el territorio, por lo que puede afirmarse que es este un tema pendiente y necesario para la formación integral de los futuros especialistas. Objetivo: Describir la historia de la Endocrinología en la provincia de Camagüey, a partir de la labor de sus principales exponentes y los momentos más importantes de su desarrollo. Método: Investigación histórica basada en la investigación documental. Se utilizó el submétodo cronológico para establecer el orden de los hechos que se describen. Se hicieron entrevistas a personalidades que laboraron en la especialidad y se revisaron algunos artículos históricos publicados, así como documentos de la Biblioteca Provincial "Julio Antonio Mella." Resultados: Se pudo comprobar que antes de 1967 no existía atención endocrinológica especializada en la provincia y los pacientes con este tipo de afecciones eran atendidos fundamentalmente por especialistas en Medicina Interna. A inicios de 1967 llega a la provincia el primer especialista en Endocrinología, el Dr. Sergio Amaro Méndez. Este último, establece un servicio en esta especialidad y se inicia a partir de este momento un desarrollo acelerado en los aspectos docente, asistencial y científico. Conclusiones: La historia de la Endocrinología en Camagüey se inicia en 1967 y tiene su mayor esplendor durante el período de 1979-1990 con el inicio de las determinaciones hormonales por radioinmunoanálisis en la provincia y el inicio de la docencia médica de posgrado. El Grupo Provincial de Endocrinología se ha consolidado hasta alcanzar el prestigio nacional(AU)


Introduction: In the 1960s, specialized endocrinology care began in the province of Camagüey, Cuba. There is no documentary evidence on this topic in the territory, so it can be stated that this is a pending and necessary issue for the comprehensive training of future specialists. Objective: Describe the history of Endocrinology in the province and the most important moments of its development. Method: Historical research based on documentary research. The chronological sub-method was used to establish the order of the events that are described. Interviews were conducted to important people who worked in the specialty and some published historical articles were reviewed, as well as documents from ´´Julio Antonio Mella´´ Provincial Library. Results: It was found that before 1967 there was no specialized endocrinological care in the province and patients with these types of conditions were cared primarily by specialists in Internal Medicine. At the beginning of 1967, the first specialist in Endocrinology, Dr. Sergio Amaro Méndez, arrived to the province. He established a service in this specialty and from this moment on, an accelerated development in the teaching, healthcare and scientific aspects begins. Conclusions: The history of Endocrinology in Camagüey province begins in 1967 and has its greatest splendor during the period 1979-1990 with the beginning of hormonal determinations by radioimmunoassay in the province and the beginning of postgraduate medical teaching. The Provincial Group of Endocrinology has established itself as a group of national prestige(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Research Design , Endocrinology/history , Chronology as Topic
3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(2): 248-252, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248812

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Choosing Wisely (CW) is an initiative that aims to advance the dialogue between physicians and patients about low-value health interventions. Given that thyroid conditions are frequent in clinical practice, we aimed to develop an evidence-based list of thyroid CW recommendations. Materials and methods: The Thyroid Department of the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism (SBEM) named a Task Force to conduct the initiative. The Task Force work was based on an electronic Delphi approach. The 10 recommendations that received the highest scores by the Task Force were submitted for voting by all SBEM associates. The 5 recommendations that received the highest scores by SBEM associates are presented herein. Results: The Task Force was composed of 14 thyroidologists from 10 tertiary-care, teaching-based Brazilian institutions. The brainstorming/ideation phase resulted in 69 recommendations. After the removal of duplicates and recommendations that did not adhere to the initiative's scope, 35 remained. Then the Task Force voted to attribute a grade (0 [lowest agreement] to 10 [highest agreement]) for each recommendation. The 10 recommendations that received the highest scores by the Task Force were submitted to all SBEM associates. A total of 683 associates voted electronically, attributing a grade (0 to 10) for each recommendation. The 5 recommendations that received the highest scores by the SBEM associates compose our final list. Conclusion: A set of recommendations to avoid unnecessary medical tests, treatments, or procedures for thyroid conditions are offered with a transparent methodology. This initiative aims to foster productive interactions between physicians and patients, stimulating shared decision-making.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Diseases/diagnosis , Thyroid Diseases/therapy , Thyroid Gland , Endocrinology , Societies, Medical , Brazil
4.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(2): 212-230, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248814

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Hypopituitarism is a disorder characterized by insufficient secretion of one or more pituitary hormones. New etiologies of hypopituitarism have been recently described, including head trauma, cerebral hemorrhage, and drug-induced hypophysitis. The investigation of patients with these new disorders, in addition to advances in diagnosis and treatment of hypopituitarism, has increased the prevalence of this condition. Pituitary hormone deficiencies can induce significant clinical changes with consequent increased morbidity and mortality rates, while hormone replacement based on current guidelines protects these patients. In this review, we will first discuss the different etiologies of hypopituitarism and then address one by one the clinical aspects, diagnostic evaluation, and therapeutic options for deficiencies of TSH, ACTH, gonadotropin, and GH. Finally, we will detail the hormonal interactions that occur during replacement of pituitary hormones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endocrinology , Hypopituitarism/etiology , Hypopituitarism/drug therapy , Pituitary Hormones , Brazil , Hormone Replacement Therapy
5.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(1): 40-42, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146472

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades han sido representadas en el arte desde tiempos remotos. Las obras pictóricas muchas veces nos muestran trastornos que aún no se constituían como una entidad. Observar estos cuadros a la luz de la historia de las enfermedades nos da una perspectiva enriquecedora que nos ayuda a entender mejor dichas patologías. Se comenta un caso clínico endocrinológico pediátrico, la historia probable y su descripción física. Se revisa la historia de cómo se llegó a dilucidar la enfermedad y las claves de su tratamiento.


Diseases have been represented in art since ancient times. Paintings often show us disorders that had not yet been described as a pathological entity. Looking at these pictures in the light of the history of the diseases gives us an enriching perspective that helps us to better understand those pathologies. On this background a pediatric endocrinological clinical case, the most probable history and the features of the physical examination are discussed. The history of how the disease was uncovered and the keys of its treatment are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , History, 17th Century , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Rickets/history , Endocrinology/history , Medicine in the Arts
6.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e50524, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339627

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever os cuidados com o uso de insulinas disponibilizadas pelo SUS e analisar os fatores associados aos cuidados inadequados. Método: Estudo transversal com 113 pessoas com Diabetes Mellitus de um ambulatório de Goiânia-GO. Foram coletados dados em prontuários sobre conservação, preparo e administração de insulina que foram classificados em adequados e inadequados. Resultados: Do total de participantes,58,4% eram mulheres e a média de idade foi 48 anos. Hipertensão arterial foi relatada por 70,8% e 89,0% apresentaram hemoglobina glicada ≥7%. A totalidade dos usuários de insulina realizavam pelo menos um tipo de cuidado inadequado e 62,8% realizavam quatro ou mais. Os mais frequentes foram:conservarem locais não recomendados (46,7%), não aplicar insulina 30 minutos antes da refeição (87,5%), não avaliar presença de grumos no frasco de insulina NPH (71,9%) e não retirar a insulina da geladeira entre 15 e 30 minutos antes da aplicação (88,7%). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante com as variáveis de exposição analisadas, porém a maior proporção de quatro ou mais cuidados inadequados ocorreu nas mulheres, nos jovens, naqueles com 11 ou mais anos de estudo, tempo de doença superior a 10 anos e, entre os que aplicam insulina uma ou duas vezes ao dia. Conclusão: Houve alta prevalência de cuidados inadequados e grande variabilidade de práticas, reforçando a importância da implementação da linha de cuidados em Diabetes Mellitus em todos os níveis de atenção à saúde.


RESUMEN Objetivo: describirlos cuidados con el uso de insulinas proporcionados por el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) y analizar los factores asociados a los cuidados inadecuados. Método: estudio transversal con 113 personas con Diabetes Mellitus de un ambulatorio de Goiânia-GO-Brasil. Fueron recolectados datos en registros médicos sobre conservación, preparación y administración de insulina que fueron clasificados en adecuados e inadecuados. Resultados: del total de participantes, 58,4% era mujeres y el promedio de edad fue 48 años. La hipertensión arterial fue relatada por 70,8%;y 89,0% presentaron hemoglobina glicada ≥7%. La totalidad de los usuarios de insulina realizaban por lo menos un tipo de cuidado inadecuado y 62,8% realizaban cuatro o más. Los más frecuentes fueron: conservar en locales no recomendables (46,7%), no aplicar insulina 30 minutos antes de la comida (87,5%), no evaluar presencia de grumos en el envase de insulina NPH (71,9%) y no sacar la insulina de la heladera entre 15 y 30 minutos antes de la aplicación (88,7%). No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significante con las variables de exposición analizadas, perola mayor proporción de cuatro o más cuidados inadecuados ocurrió entre las mujeres, en los jóvenes, en aquellos con 11 o más años de estudio, tiempo de enfermedad superior a 10 años y, entre los que aplican insulina una o dos veces al día. Conclusión: hubo alta prevalencia de cuidados inadecuados y gran variabilidad de prácticas, reforzando la importancia de la implementación de la línea de cuidados en Diabetes Mellitus en todos los niveles de atención a la salud.


ABSTRACT Objective: To describe management practices of insulin provided by the SUS and analyze the factors associated with insulin management mistakes. Method: Cross-sectional study addressing 113 individuals with Diabetes Mellitus from an outpatient clinic in Goiânia, GO, Brazil. Data concerning insulin storage, preparation, and administration were collected from the patients' medical records and classified as appropriate or inappropriate. Results: 58.4% of participants were women aged 48 years old on average. Hypertension was reported by 70.8%, and glycated hemoglobin was ≥7% in 89.0%. All the patients made at least one insulin management mistake, and 62.8% made four or more mistakes. The most frequent mistakes were: storing insulin in non-recommended places (46.7%), not injecting insulin 30 minutes before meals (87.5%), not checking for the presence of lumps in the NPH insulin vial (71.9%), and not removing the insulin from the refrigerator between 15 and 30 minutes before injection (88.7%). No significant statistical differences were found among the exposure variables, though women, young individuals, those with 11 or more years of schooling, having the disease for more than ten years, and injecting insulin once or twice a day, more frequently made four or more management mistakes. Conclusion: A high prevalence of insulin management mistakes and considerable variability of practices were identified, reinforcing the importance of implementing a DM line of care at all healthcare system levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Unified Health System , Diabetes Mellitus , Empathy , Insulin , Patients , Self Care , Thyroid Gland , Disease , Nursing , Health Personnel , Delivery of Health Care , Drug Storage , Endocrinology , Prescription Drug Misuse , Injections , Obesity
7.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 79(1): 40-45, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282397

ABSTRACT

As grandes filas de espera para atendimento nos consultórios de especialistas são uma realidade no país. As deficiências na coordenação do fluxo de pacientes entre os níveis de atenção contribuem para esse problema. Esse estudo busca avaliar e quantificar a necessidade dos encaminhamentos da atenção primária à saúde para o ambulatório de endocrinologia do serviço de referência. Foram analisados prontuários de pacientes atendidos no serviço de endocrinologia do Hospital Cruz Vermelha Brasileira - Curitiba, entre 2016 e 2018. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo retrospectivo. Os dados evidenciaram uma prevalência de encaminhamentos inadequados, variando de acordo com a comorbidade que motivou a consulta, variando de 90,2% de inadequação no hipotireoidismo e 0% no hipertireoidismo. A taxa de encaminhamentos inadequados foi elevada, indicando a necessidade de melhorar a resolutividade da atenção primária e a organização do fluxo de encaminhamento de pacientes entre os níveis de atenção do Sistema Único de Saúde


The long waiting lines for specialist medical appointments are a reality in the country. Deficiencies in coordinating patient flux between care levels contribute to this problem. This study aims to evaluate and quantify the need for referrals from primary health care to an endocrinology clinic of the reference service. Medical records of patients seen at the endocrinology service of Hospital Cruz Vermelha Brasileira - Curitiba, between 2016 and 2018, were analyzed. This is a retrospective descriptive study. The data showed a prevalence of inadequate referrals, varying according to the comorbidity that motivated the appointment, ranging from 90.2% of inadequacy in hypothyroidism and 0% in hyperthyroidism. In endocrinologic appointments, inadequate referrals' rates were high, indicating a need for larger resolution from primary care services and a better organized referral flux of patients between Unified Health System's levels of care


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients , Primary Health Care , Unified Health System , Endocrinology , Medical Records , Hospitals
8.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(4): 178-184, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348223

ABSTRACT

En esta revisión histórica se establece que nuestra especialidad tiene una fecha fundacional precisa, ­el 1 de junio de 1889­ y que su padre fundador fue el excéntrico fisiólogo mauriciano Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard, en quien se encuentran ancestros irlandeses, indios y franceses. El paradigma sustitutivo, pilar fundacional de la especialidad, fue enunciado esa noche por Brown-Séquard: los déficits de las secreciones internas de las glándulas desprovistas de conducto pueden remediarse administrando extractos de las glándulas homólogas de animales. Brown-Séquard es un reconocido padre de la neurología y el síndrome producido por la hemisección de la médula espinal lleva su nombre. Su aporte más genial, sin embargo, es la fundación de nuestra especialidad. Relatamos cómo un neurofisiólogo llegó a fundar nuestra especialidad, siguiendo una idea que nace de su demostración que las suprarrenales son esenciales para la vida (1856). Luego ­en Inglaterra-, adhirió erróneamente a un mito victoriano absurdo: los varones que se abstenían voluntariamente de eyacular reabsorbían principios testiculares desconocidos aún, que les proporcionaban grandes beneficios de salud. Finalmente, su experiencia personal con la andropausia lo lleva a inyectarse extractos acuosos de testículos de cuy y de perro, reportando una milagrosa mejoría frente a la comunidad científica francesa, que rechazó sus conclusiones y lo acusó de ser un "profesor senil". Dos años más tarde, en 1891 Murray en Inglaterra curó a una mujer mixedematosa con extractos acuosos de tiroides de oveja, validando así la órgano-terapia. Treinta años más tarde ­en 1921­, Banting y Best en Toronto, aislaron la insulina y se inició la era insulínica en la diabetes. En 1923 este trabajo fue premiado con el Premio Nobel de Medicina. Si bien es cierto que los extractos testiculares de Brown-Séquard parecen no haber tenido testosterona, la maravillosa intuición de Brown-Séquard le permitió la enunciación del paradigma fundacional de la especialidad.


In this historical review, the precise birthdate of our specialty is remembered (June 1, 1889) and the figure of its founding father, the eccentric Mauritian physiologist, Dr. Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard ­who had Irish, Indian, and French ancestors­, is highlighted. The substitutive paradigm, the foundational pillar of our specialty, was enunciated that night by Brown-Séquard: deficits in internal secretions from the ductless glands may be remediated by administering extracts from homologous animal glands. Brown-Séquard is one of the acknowledged fathers in the field of Neurology, and the syndrome produced by the hemisection of the spinalcord bears his name. However, his most genial achievement is the foundation of Endocrinology. We disclose how a neurophysiologist became the founding father of our specialty. Firstly, he demonstrated that the adrenal glands are essential to sustain life (1856). Later on, while working in London, he mistakenly accepted an absurd Victorian myth: disciplinary men who voluntarily refrained from ejaculation in any form resorbed testicular principles ­unknown by then­, endowing them with great health benefits. As he aged, he had a personal encounter with andropause and decided to inject himself with testicular aqueous extracts from animals. On June 1, 1889, Brown-Séquard reported his miraculous health improvements to the French Biology Society. The audience rejected his conclusions and accused him of being a "senile Professor". However, just two years after this episode, G. Murray in England reported the cure of a myxedematous woman with injections of aqueous extracts from sheep thyroids. Thirty years later, in1921, Banting and Best in Toronto isolated insulin and started the insulin era in diabetes therapy. In 1923 their work was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine. Even though the testicular aqueous extracts used by Brown-Séquard were probably devoid of testosterone, his marvelous imagination allowed him to enunciate the foundational paradigm of our specialty.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Endocrinology/history
9.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(3): e227, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156394

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El estudio del comportamiento de la producción científica es clave para diagnosticar el estado de los centros de investigaciones. Objetivos: Analizar la producción científica de los investigadores del Instituto de Endocrinología indizada en la base de datos SciELO Cuba /2014-2018. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo y transversal que incluyó todas las publicaciones de los investigadores del Instituto de Endocrinología durante el período 2014-2018 indizadas en SciELO Cuba. Se describió el comportamiento de la producción y colaboración científica mediante indicadores bibliométricos. Resultados: Se confirmó que la producción científica de los investigadores de la institución estuvo presente en 12 revistas especializadas indizadas en la base de datos SciELO Cuba. La autoría múltiple y el artículo original predominaron en la tipología de autoría y en la forma de salida en la muestra de artículos analizados. En la colaboración científica la Doctora Emma Domínguez Alonso fue la autora con mayor grado nodal y la Doctora Daysi Antonia Navarro Despaigne la de mayor grado de intermediación. El Instituto de Endocrinología (INEN) fue la institución que registró mayores niveles de colaboración y mayor grado nodal. La palabra clave con mayor representatividad fue diabetes mellitus. En la productividad por tipología de colaboración predominó la nacional y el año más productivo resultó el 2017(AU)


Introduction: The study of scientific production´s behavior is key for diagnosing the state of research centers. Objectives: Analyze the scientific production of researchers from the Institute of Endocrinology which is indexed in SciELO Cuba /2014-2018 database. Methods: Quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional non-experimental design study that included all publications of researchers of the Institute of Endocrinology during the period 2014-2018 indexed in SciELO Cuba. The behaviour of scientific production and collaborations was described using bibliometric indicators. Results: It was confirmed that the scientific production of the institution's researchers was present in 12 specialized journals indexed in SciELO Cuba database. Multiple authorship and the original articles predominated in the type of authorship and in the output form in the sample of analyzed articles. In the scientific collaborations, Dr. Emma Dominguez Alonso was the author with the highest nodal degree and Dr. Daysi Antonia Navarro Despaigne had the highest degree of intermediation. The Institute of Endocrinology (INEN, by its acronym in Spanish) was the institution that recorded higher levels of collaborations and higher nodal degree. The most representative keyword was diabetes mellitus. National collaborations predominated in productivity by typology of collaboration, and the most productive year turned out to be 2017(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Research Design , Research Personnel , Endocrinology , Bibliometric Indicators , Scientific Publication Indicators , Periodicals as Topic , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Databases, Bibliographic
10.
Acta pediátr. hondu ; 11(1): 1122-1128, abr.- sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140554

ABSTRACT

A fines de diciembre de 2019, la OMS fue notificada de un grupo inusual de casos de neumonía en Wuhan, China. La enfermedad, más tarde denominada COVID-19, se propagó rápidamente más allá de las fronteras de China, y los primeros casos en Europa se registraron el 25 de enero de 2020. (1) Investigaciones posteriores identificaron un nuevo beta-coronavirus ahora designado como coronavirus 2 del síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (SARS- CoV-2)(2). Actualmente, no hay opciones de tratamiento antiviral con eficacia comprobada, pero varios ensayos controlados aleatorios están investigando agentes como la hidroxicloroquina, lopinavir-ritonavir, favipiravir y remdesivir. Hasta la fecha, los datos sobre COVID-19 en niños y adolescentes siguen siendo escasos, a pesar de que el número de casos confirmados de COVID-19 ahora supera los 16 millones a nivel mundial.(3) Además, los documentos existentes de China contienen muy pocos datos clínicos sobre niños, y la mayoría carece de detalles sobre Medidas de apoyo requeridas por niños con COVID-19. Del mismo modo, los informes epidemiológicos recientes de Europa y América del Norte contienen poca información clínicamente relevante. (4) Determinar el nivel de apoyo requerido por los niños es esencial para la planificación del servicio pediátrico durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en curso...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Endocrinology , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/complications , Obesity/complications
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138899

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Después de la creación en 1953 de la Sociedad Cubana de Endocrinología, la actividad científica más importante en esta primera etapa fue la realización de las reuniones anuales. Como continuación de esas reuniones, a partir de la década de los ochenta del siglo pasado se inició de forma regular la realización de los congresos cubanos de endocrinología. El objetivo de la investigación fue describir el programa científico de las reuniones anuales de la Sociedad Cubana de Endocrinología. Se utilizó el método empírico de revisión documental de las actas de la Sociedad Cubana de Endocrinología en su primera etapa de creación, así como los programas de las reuniones anuales de la sociedad y de los congresos cubanos de endocrinología. Se realizaron tres reuniones anuales la primera el 16 de octubre de 1955 en Matanzas, la segunda el 29 de octubre de 1956 en Pinar del Río y la tercera el 11 de abril de 1959 en el Club de Leones de Marianao en La Habana. Entre los temas más tratados estaban la diabetes mellitus (40,4 por ciento de los trabajos presentados), misceláneas (21,4 por ciento), salud reproductiva (16,6 por ciento) y afecciones del tiroides (9,5 por ciento). Los médicos de mayor participación fueron Julio F. Schutte, Tomas Duran Quevedo, Manuel M. Villaverde, A. Ruiz Leiro y Genaro Suárez. La Sociedad Cubana de Endocrinología en la segunda etapa de trabajo desarrolló nueve congresos. La Sociedad Cubana de Endocrinología desde su fundación promovió la realización de reuniones científicas denominadas reuniones anuales, donde los médicos dedicados a estos temas presentaban lo más novedoso de sus investigaciones. Como continuación de esas reuniones, pero en un escenario social y científico diferente, se inició la realización regular de los congresos cubanos de endocrinología(AU)


ABSTRACT After the creation, in 1953, of the Cuban Society of Endocrinology, the most important scientific activity in this first stage was the holding of annual meetings. As a continuation of these meetings, starting in the 1980s, the Cuban congresses on endocrinology began on a regular basis. The objetive of the investigation was to describe the scientific program of the Annual Meetings of the Cuban Society of Endocrinology. The empirical method of documentary review was used, to search through the minutes of the Cuban Society of Endocrinology in its first stage of creation, as well as the programs of the Annual Meetings of the Society and of the Cuban congresses on endocrinology. Three annual meetings were held: the first one, on October 16, 1955, in Matanzas; the second one, on October 29, 1956, in Pinar del Río; the third one, on April 11, 1959, at Club de Leones in Marianao Municipality, Havana. Among the most addressed topics were diabetes mellitus (40.4 percent of the papers presented), miscellaneous issues (21.4 percent), reproductive health (16.6 percent), and thyroid-related conditions (9.5 percent). The physicians with the highest participation were Julio F. Schutte, Tomas Duran Quevedo, Manuel M. Villaverde, A Ruiz Leiro, and Genaro Suarez. The Cuban Society of Endocrinology, in its second stage of work, developed nine Cuban congresses on endocrinology. Since its creation, the Cuban Society of Endocrinology promoted the holding of scientific meetings called Annual Meetings, in which doctors dedicated to these issues presented the most innovative topics from among their research. As a continuation of these meetings, but in a different social and scientific setting, the regular holding of the Cuban congresses on endocrinology began(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Congresses as Topic , Endocrinology , Scientific and Educational Events
12.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 227, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103383

ABSTRACT

Evaluar los efectos de la terapia hormonal (TH) con Drospírenona (DRSP)/17 ß -estradiol (E2), sobre los parámetros del Síndrome Metabólico (SM) en pacientes postmenopáusicas. Métodos: Investigación comparativa y aplicada, con diseño cuasi experimental, de casos y controles a simple ciego, prospectivo y de campo; realizada en la Consulta de Ginecología. Hospital "Dr. Manuel Noriega Trigo". San Francisco, Estado Zulia. Venezuela. Participaron 120 mujeres separadas al azar para recibir la combinación DRSP/E2 (Grupo A) o un placebo (Grupo B). Se evaluaron los componentes del SM antes y posterior a 6 meses de haber recibido la TH. Resultados: Se encontró una alta prevalencia de SM en ambos grupos antes de recibir el tratamiento (53,3% y 48%; grupo A y B respectivamente). Posterior al tratamiento, DRSP/E2 al compararse con un placebo, redujo significativamente tanto la prevalencia del SM como el riesgo de padecerlo (21,7% versus 48,3%, OR [IC95%]= 0,29 [0,13-0,65]; p < 0.001), con reducción significativa (p< 0.001) de la hipertensión arterial, glicemia basal alterada, hipertrigliceridemia y obesidad central; además de una reducción significativa de los síntomas vasomotores, síntomas psicológicos e incontinencia urinaria (p< 0.001). En el grupo B la prevalencia del SM se mantuvo sin cambios, salvo para la glicemia basal alterada y los síntomas vasomotores y psicológicos que mostraron una reducción significativa (p< 0.001). Conclusión: DRSP/E2 (2mg/1 mg) demostró ser eficaz luego de 6 meses de tratamiento tanto para el control de los parámetros que definen al SM; con pocos y leves efectos indeseados(AU)


To assess the effects of hormone therapy (HT) with drospirenone (DRSP)/17 ß -estradiol (E2) on the parameters of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in postmenopausal patients. Methods: We performed a comparative and applied research, with quasiexperimental, case-control, single-blind, prospective and field design. The study was realized in the Gynecology consultation. Hospital "Dr. Manuel Noriega Trigo". San Francisco, Estado Zulia. Venezuela. 120 women were included, they were separated to receive either the combination DRSP/E2 (Group A) or placebo (Group B). We assess MS components before and ather 6 months of receiving HT. Results: We found a high prevalence in both groups before receiving treatment (53.3% and 48%, group A and B respectively). A ther treatment, DRSP/E2 when compared to placebo, significantly reduced both the prevalence of MS as the risk of setting it (21.7% versus 48.3%, OR [95%] = 0.29 [0.13-0.65] p <0.001), with a significant reduction (p <0.001) of hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, hypertriglyceridemia, central obesity; and a significant reduction in vasomotor symptoms, psychological symptoms and urinary incontinence (p <0.001). In group B the prevalence of MS was unchanged, except for impaired fasting glycemia and vasomotor and psychological symptoms showed a significant reduction (p <0.001). Conclusion: DRSP/E2 (2mg /1mg), proved to be effective a ther 6 months of treatment both for the control of the parameters that define the SM, with few and mild side effects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Progestins/therapeutic use , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology , Estradiol/therapeutic use , Postmenopause , Endocrinology , Gynecology
13.
Rev. colomb. nefrol. (En línea) ; 7(1): 149-177, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1144383

ABSTRACT

resumen está disponible en el texto completo


Abstract In Colombia there are no guidelines for diagnosis and management of patients with short stature and for the use of recombinant human growth hormone, mainly caused by the diversity of training centers in pediatric endocrinology. In response to this situation, the Asociación Colegio Colombiana de Endocrinología Pediátrica leds the first colombian short stature expert committee in order to standardize the use of human recombinant growth hormone. This work had the participation and endorsement of a consortium of clinical experts representing the Sociedad Colombiana de Pediatría, Secretaría Distrital de Salud de Bogotá- Subred Integrada de Servicios de Salud Suroccidente, Fundación Universitaria Sanitas, Universidad de los Andes and some public and private health institutions in the country, in addition to the participation of methodological experts from the Instituto Global de Excelencia Clínica Keralty. By reviewing the literature and with the best available evidence, we proposed to unify definitions, a diagnostic algorithm, biochemical and dynamic tests with their reference parameters, a description of the considerations about growth hormone use among the indications approved by regulatory agency for medications and food in Colombia and finally a proposal for an informed consent and a medication fact sheet available for parents and patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Growth Hormone , Weight Loss , Colombia , Endocrinology
14.
Med. U.P.B ; 39(1): 13-22, 24 de febrero de 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1052258

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: describir los diferentes perfiles, en términos de calidad de vida relacionada con la salud, en pacientes con enfermedades crónicas en una institución de salud de alta complejidad. Metodología: estudio transversal descriptivo. Se evaluó la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud mediante el instrumento EQ-5D en pacientes con enfermedades crónicas que consultaron a medicina interna y sus subespecialidades, en el servicio de consulta externa de una institución de salud de alta complejidad de la ciudad de Medellín durante el año 2017. Resultados: fueron encuestados 158 pacientes. La mediana de la edad fue 58 (46-68) años. El tiempo aproximado de evolución entre la edad de realización del diagnóstico principal y la edad del paciente al momento de la encuesta fue de 8.7 años, un total de 117 pacientes (74.1%) eran de sexo femenino. El estado de salud general de los pacientes de endocrinología y reumatología fue de 80 puntos, siendo los factores que afectaron la calidad de vida los denominados "dolor o malestar" y "ansiedad o depresión". Además, en los pacientes con patologías infecciosas el estado de salud general fue el más bajo, 62.5, donde el factor "dolor o malestar" fue el más común. Conclusiones: se identifica mayor alteración en las variables del EQ-5D de "dolor o malestar" y "ansiedad o depresión" en la población general, así mismo, cuando se trata del sexo femenino y de las áreas de endocrinología y reumatología.


Objective: to describe the different profiles in terms of health-related quality of life found in patients with chronic diseases in a high-complexity health institution. Methodology: cross-sectional descriptive study that evaluated the health-related quality of life through the EQ-5D instrument, in patients with chronic diseases that consulted Internal Medicine and its subspecialties in the outpatient service of a highly-complexity health institution in the city of Medellin, during the year 2017. Results: 158 patients between the ages 46-68 (an average of 58-year-old) were surveyed. A total of 117 patients (74.1%) were female. The time of evolution from the age when the diagnostic was run to the actual age of the patient when surveyed was 8.7 years. The general health status of the patients from Endocrinology and Rheumatology was found to be of 80 points, being the feelings of "pain or discomfort" and "anxiety or depression" the ones that most affected the quality of life. Additionally, in patients with infectious pathologies the general health status was the lowest (62.5); the most common factor was "pain or discomfort). Conclusions: it is evident that there is greater alteration in the variables of the EQ-5D of "pain or discomfort" and "anxiety or depression" in the general population, as well as in the females and the areas of Endocrinology and Rheumatology.


Objetivo: descrever os diferentes perfis, em termos de qualidade de vida relacionada com a saúde, em pacientes com doenças crônicas numa instituição de saúde de alta complexidade. Metodologia: estudo transversal descritivo. Se avaliou a qualidade de vida relacionada com a saúde mediante o instrumento EQ-5D em pacientes com doenças crônicas que consultaram a medicina interna e suas subespecialidades, no serviço de consulta externa de uma instituição de saúde de alta complexidade da cidade de Medellín durante o ano 2017. Resultados: foram entrevistados 158 pacientes. A média de idade foi 58 (46-68) anos. O tempo aproximado de evolução entre a idade de realização do diagnóstico principal e a idade do paciente ao momento da enquete foi de 8.7 anos, um total de 117 pacientes (74.1%) eram de sexo feminino. O estado de saúde geral dos pacientes de endocrinologia e reumatologia foi de 80 pontos, sendo os fatores que afetaram a qualidade de vida os denominados "dores ou mal-estar" e "ansiedade ou depressão". Ademais, nos pacientes com patologias infecciosas o estado de saúde geral foi o mais baixo, 62.5, donde o fator "dor ou mal-estar" foi o mais comum. Conclusões: se identifica maior alteração nas variáveis de EQ-5D de "dor ou mal-estar" e "ansiedade ou depressão" na população geral, assim mesmo, quando se trata do sexo feminino e das áreas de endocrinologia e reumatologia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Anxiety , Rheumatology , Chronic Disease , Depression , Endocrinology
15.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 13(4): 159-165, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123622

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer diferenciado de tiroides (CDT), es actualmente la neoplasia endocrina más frecuente. Su tratamiento estándar es la resolución quirúrgica, asociado a ablación con radioyodo (RI) según la clasificación propuesta por la American Thyroid Association (ATA). Las indicaciones y dosis de este último, han ido variando en los últimos años según avanzan las investigaciones en este ámbito. Objetivo: En el siguiente estudio se compararon las dosis de RI utilizadas previo y posterior a la implementación de las últimas guías de la ATA. Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo observacional de 70 pacientes con diagnóstico de CDT del Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile entre 2012 y 2017. Se agruparon los pacientes en dos cohortes, los operados entre los años 2012-2015 y los 2016-2017 clasificándolos según riesgo ATA, TNM y riesgo de recurrencia. Se consignaron las dosis de RI utilizadas y se compararon entre las cohortes. Análisis estadístico: Mann Whithney. Resultados: Al comparar la dosis de RI entre ambas cohortes, según TNM y riesgo ATA, se obtuvo los siguientes resultados: los pacientes T1b de la cohorte 2012-2015 presentaron dosis de RI significativamente mayores que los de la cohorte 2016-2017; también se evidenció que en pacientes N0 hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa, mostrando una tendencia a disminuir la dosis de RI; además, en los pacientes de la cohorte 2012-2015 con riesgo ATA intermedio, se obtuvo que las dosis de RI fueron significativamente mayores que las utilizadas en la cohorte 2016-2017. Conclusión: Se concluye que las variaciones de las dosis de RI utilizadas en pacientes con CDT en un hospital universitario van acorde a las recomendaciones internacionales actuales, particularmente la publicación de la guía ATA 2015, aplicándose radioablación con menor dosis de RI. Dado este cambio, se ha evidenciado igualdad de efectos con dosis menores de RI y consecuentemente menos efectos adversos.


Introduction: Differentiated thyroid cancer (CDT) is currently the most frequent endocrine neoplasia. Its standard of care is surgical treatment, associated with radioiodine ablation (IR) according to the classification proposed by the American Thyroid Association (ATA). The indications and doses of the latter have changed in recent years as research in this area advances. Objective: In the following study, the doses of IR used before and after the implementation of the latest ATA guidelines were compared. Materials and methods: Retrospective observational study of 70 patients with a diagnosis of CDT from the Clinical Hospital of the University of Chile between 2012 and 2017. Patients were grouped into two cohorts, those surgically intervened between the years 2012-2015 and 2016-2017, classifying them according to ATA risk, TNM and recurrence risk. The IR doses used were reported and compared between the cohorts. Statistical analysis: Mann Whithney. Results: When comparing the IR dose between both cohorts, according to TNM and ATA risk, the following results were obtained: T1b patients in the 2012-2015 cohort had significantly higher IR doses than those in the 2016-2017 cohort; It was also evidenced that N0 patients showed a statistically significant tendency to decrease the IR dose; In addition, the 2012-2015 cohort with intermediate ATA risk, revealed IR doses significantly higher than those used in the 2016-2017 cohort. Conclusion: It is concluded that the variations in IR doses, used in patients with CDT in a university hospital, are in accordance with current international recommendations, particularly the publication of the ATA 2015 guidelines, applying radioablation with a lower dose of IR. Given this change, equality of effects has been evidenced with lower doses of IR and consequently fewer adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Radiation Dosage , Radiotherapy/standards , Thyroid Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Endocrinology/standards , Iodine Radioisotopes/administration & dosage , Thyroidectomy/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Risk Assessment , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Endocrinology/methods , Ablation Techniques/methods , Iodine Radioisotopes/adverse effects
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816632

ABSTRACT

Adrenal masses are mainly detected unexpectedly by an imaging study performed for reasons unrelated to any suspect of adrenal diseases. Such masses are commonly defined as “adrenal incidentalomas” and represent a public health challenge because they are increasingly recognized in current medical practice. Management of adrenal incidentalomas is currently matter of debate. Although there is consensus on the need of a multidisciplinary expert team evaluation and surgical approach in patients with significant hormonal excess and/or radiological findings suspicious of malignancy demonstrated at the diagnosis or during follow-up, the inconsistency between official guidelines and the consequent diffuse uncertainty on management of small adrenal incidentalomas still represents a considerable problem in terms of clinical choices in real practice. The aim of the present work is to review the proposed strategies on how to manage patients with adrenal incidentalomas that are not candidates to immediate surgery. The recent European Society of Endocrinology/European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumors guidelines have supported the view to avoid surveillance in patients with clear benign adrenal lesions <4 cm and/or without any hormonal secretion; however, newer prospective studies are needed to confirm safety of this strategy, in particular in younger patients.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Gland Neoplasms , Consensus , Cushing Syndrome , Diagnosis , Endocrinology , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Practice Management, Medical , Prospective Studies , Public Health , Uncertainty
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816627

ABSTRACT

Machine learning (ML) applications have received extensive attention in endocrinology research during the last decade. This review summarizes the basic concepts of ML and certain research topics in endocrinology and metabolism where ML principles have been actively deployed. Relevant studies are discussed to provide an overview of the methodology, main findings, and limitations of ML, with the goal of stimulating insights into future research directions. Clear, testable study hypotheses stem from unmet clinical needs, and the management of data quality (beyond a focus on quantity alone), open collaboration between clinical experts and ML engineers, the development of interpretable high-performance ML models beyond the black-box nature of some algorithms, and a creative environment are the core prerequisites for the foreseeable changes expected to be brought about by ML and artificial intelligence in the field of endocrinology and metabolism, with actual improvements in clinical practice beyond hype. Of note, endocrinologists will continue to play a central role in these developments as domain experts who can properly generate, refine, analyze, and interpret data with a combination of clinical expertise and scientific rigor.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Cooperative Behavior , Data Accuracy , Endocrinology , Machine Learning , Metabolism , Osteoporosis , Thyroid Gland
18.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 26(4): 246-252, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138816

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Osteoporosis is a multifactorial disease that increases in prevalence with age, and may be associated with fragility fractures. In Colombia there are few studies conducted on male osteoporosis. Objective: To describe the characteristics of men with osteoporosis who received care at the endocrinology outpatient clinic in two institutions in Manizales. Materials and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. The medical records of over 18-year old men that submitted a bone densitometry report to the endocrinology clinic from January 2009 to October 2018 were reviewed. The results of the bone densitometry studies, the frequency of the types of osteoporosis, their etiology, risk factors, and the characteristics of fragility fractures were described. Results: A total of 417 medical records were reviewed, of which 303 met the eligibility criteria. The mean age was 66 years; 90 % of were over 50 old. Osteoporosis was diagnosed in 82.2 % of the men, with a higher frequency among those between 50 and 89 years old. 61% had secondary osteoporosis, and the main causes were chronic use of glucocorticoids (42.1 %), hypogonadism (23.7 %), and hyperparathyroidism (16.4 %). 42.2 % presented with fragility fractures and the most common location was the spine (80 %). Conclusions: The diagnosis of osteoporosis was frequent among the male population in this trial; the most frequent type was secondary osteoporosis, and a significant percentage of men had fragility fractures.


RESUMEN Introducción: La osteoporosis es una enfermedad multifactorial que aumenta su prevalencia con la edad y se puede asociar a fracturas por fragilidad. En Colombia son pocos los estudios realizados sobre osteoporosis en los hombres. Objetivo: Describir las características de los hombres con osteoporosis que asistieron a la consulta de endocrinología en 2 instituciones de la ciudad de Manizales. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. Se revisaron las historias clínicas de hombres mayores de 18 arios que asistieron con reporte de densitometría ósea a la consulta de endocrinología durante el período de enero de 2009 a octubre de 2018. Se describieron los resultados de las densitometrías, la frecuencia de los tipos de osteoporosis, su etiología, factores de riesgo y las características de las fracturas por fragilidad. Resultados: Un total de 417 historias clínicas fueron revisadas; 303 cumplieron los criterios de elegibilidad. La edad media de los hombres fue de 66 años; el 90% estaban por encima de los 50 años. Se diagnosticó osteoporosis en el 82,2% de los hombres; más frecuente entre los 50 y 89 años. El 61% tenía osteoporosis secundaria y sus principales causas fueron el uso crónico de glucocorticoides (42,1%), el hipogonadismo (23,7%) y el hiperparatiroidismo (16,4%). El 42,2% presentó fracturas por fragilidad y la localización más común fue la columna vertebral (80%). Conclusiones: El diagnóstico de osteoporosis fue frecuente en la población de hombres del presente estudio, el tipo más común fue la secundaria y se encontró un porcentaje significativo de hombres con fracturas por fragilidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis , Endocrinology , Men , Fractures, Bone
19.
Cambios rev. méd ; 18(2): 72-79, 2019/12/27. graf., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099677

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. En el paciente crítico ha existido un conglomerado de situaciones dadas por alteración de las hormonas acorde al comportamiento del eje hipotalámi-co-hipofisario- gonadal, entender su rol es fundamental. OBJETIVO. Describir las alteraciones de las hormonas sexuales en el paciente críticamente enfermo desde un enfoque fisiológico y clínico. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, de revisión bibliográfica y análisis sistemático de 84 artículos científicos y selección de muestra de 27 en MedLine, The Cochrane Library Plus, LILACS y Web of Science; en español e inglés y variables: hormonas esteroides gonadales, enfermedad crítica, endocrinología, estrés, gónadas y disfunción, periodo 1998-2017. CONCLUSIÓN. Las alteraciones detectadas fueron un mecanismo para la producción de hormonas esteroideas hacia la síntesis predominante de cortisol y soportar el alto estrés meta-bólico de los pacientes. Las citocinas pro inflamatorias fueron importantes en éstos cambios. La polifarmacia fue un factor adicional poco ponderado de la alteración endocrina sexual.


INTRODUCTION. In the critical patient there has been a conglomerate of situations given by alteration of the hormones according to the behavior of the hypothalamic-pi-tuitary-gonadal axis, understanding their role is fundamental. OBJECTIVE. Describe the alterations of sex hormones in the critically ill patient from a physiological and clinical approach.MATERIALS AND METHODS.Observational, literature review and systematic analysis of 84 scientific articles and sample selection of 27 in MedLine, The Cochrane Library Plus, LILACS and Web of Science; in Spanish and English and variables: gonadal steroid hormones, critical illness, endocrinology, stress, gonads and dysfunction, period 1998-2017. CONCLUSION. The alterations detected were a mechanism for the production of steroid hormones towards the predominant syn-thesis of cortisol and withstand the high metabolic stress of the patients. Pro inflam-matory cytokines were important in these changes. Polypharmacy was an additional unweighted factor of sexual endocrine disruption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stress, Physiological , Thyroid Hormones , Critical Illness , Endocrinology , Amenorrhea , Gonadal Disorders , Oligospermia , Progesterone , Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Gonadal Steroid Hormones , Testosterone , Hydrocortisone , Convalescence , Cytokines , Adrenocortical Hyperfunction , Muscle Weakness , Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators , Deep Sedation , Asexuality , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Intensive Care Units
20.
Cambios rev. méd ; 18(2): 46-51, 2019/12/27. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099642

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La relación entre el eje tiroideo y las patologías psiquiátricas, ha sido tema de amplio estudio, siendo la de mayor interés los trastornos afectivos y el hipotiroidismo. No solo la similitud de los síntomas que presentan las patologías, sino también la terapéutica esta-blecida, son argumentos a favor de la existencia de una relación significativa. A pesar de esto, la información de la que se dispone de estudios realizados es dividida. OBJETIVO. Describir la influencia del hipotiroidismo en el tipo de diagnóstico psiquiátrico y características clínicas en pacientes hospitalizados en la Unidad Técnica de Salud Mental. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo con una población de 678 pacientes y, muestra de 472, los criterios de inclusión fueron: mayores a 18 años: adultos de mediana edad de 18 a 64 y adultos mayores de 65 años, con diagnóstico definitivo de egreso acorde a la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades - 10 de trastornos mentales y del comportamiento; muestra subcategorizada en trastornos: 259 afectivos, 131 psicóticos, 44 por consumo de sustancias y 38 ansiosos; y, en los que se investigó hipotiroidismo, estuvieron hospitalizados y atendidos en la Unidad Técnica de Salud Mental del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, durante los años 2014 y 2015. Los datos fueron analizados con el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, Versión 22.0. RESULTADOS. El 51,50% (243; 472) fueron de sexo masculino; el 90% (425; 472) fueron adultos de mediana edad; 54,9% (259; 472) fueron trastornos afectivos; 18,4% (87; 472) fueron pacientes hipotiroideos con diagnóstico defini-tivo de egreso de trastornos mentales y del comportamiento que correspondieron a los mayores de 65 años. Trastornos afectivos 19,7% (51; 259), psicóticos 16,8% (22; 131), por consumo de sustancias 13,6% (6; 44) y ansiosos 21,1% (8; 38). CONCLUSIÓN. Se evidenció una relación significativa entre hipotiroidismo y trastornos mentales y del comportamiento sobre todo del tipo afectivo en adultos mayores.


INTRODUCTION. The relationship between the thyroid axis and psychiatric pathologies has been the subject of extensive study, with affective disorders and hypothyroidism. Being of greatest inte-rest. Not only the similarity of the symptoms presented by the patologies,, but also the established therapeutic, are arguments in favor of the existence of a significant relationship. Despite this, from which studies are availablet is divided. OBJECTIVE. Describe the influence of hypothyroidism on the type of psychiatric diagnosis and clinical characteristics hospitalized patients at the Technical Unit for Mental Health. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Descriptive and retrospective study with a population of 678 patients and, sample of 472, the inclusion criteria were: older than 18 years: mi-ddle-aged adults aged 18 to 64 and adults over 65 years old, with definitive diagnosis of dischargeaccording to the Classification International Diseases - 10 of mental and behavioral disorders; sample subcategorized in disorders: 259 affective, 131 psychotic, 44 for substance use and 38 anxious; and, in which hypothyroidism was investigated, they were hospitalized and attended for in the Technical Mental Health Unit of the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialities Hospital, during the years 2014 and 2015. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Program International Bu-siness Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, Version 22.0. RESULTS. 51,50% (243; 472) were male; 90% (425; 472) were middle-aged adults; 54,9% (259; 472) were affecti-ve disorders; 18,4% (87; 472) were hypothyroid patients with definitive discharage diagnosis of mental and behavioral disorders that corresponded to the elderly 65 years. Affective disorders 19,7% (51; 259), psychotic 16,8% (22; 131), substance use 13,6% (6; 44) and anxious 21,1% (8; 38). CONCLUSION. There was a significant relationship was shown between hypothyroidism and mental and behavioral disorders especially of the affective type in older adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Psychiatry , Affective Symptoms , Diagnosis , Endocrinology , Hypothyroidism , Mental Disorders , Anxiety , Psychotic Disorders , Therapeutics , Illicit Drugs , Mental Health , Depression
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