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1.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 154-159, June 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090668

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento endodóntico tiene como finalidad prevenir o lograr la ausencia de periodontitis apical post-tratamiento, logrando la mantención del diente en la boca de manera funcional. La realización de tratamientos endodónticos de baja complejidad en la formación de pregrado es transversal a todas las universidades chilenas. El objetivo del presente estudio es evaluar la frecuencia de éxito de tratamientos endodónticos realizados por estudiantes de pregrado entre los años 2014-2017 de la Escuela de Odontología, Universidad Austral de Chile (UACh), Valdivia, Chile. Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo donde fueron evaluados 74 tratamientos endodónticos en dientes uniradiculares de 63 pacientes seleccionados a través de un muestreo aleatorio simple, que cumplieran con los criterios de selección. Los parámetros usados para la evaluación clínica fueron: ausencia de dolor a la palpación y percusión, ausencia de fístula y diente en función. En la evaluación radiográfica se utilizaron los siguientes parámetros: longitud de obturación en relación al ápice dentario, conicidad, densidad del material obturador y reducción de la lesión periapical. De los tratamientos evaluados se reportó un 78 % de éxito clínico y un 41 % de éxito radiográfico. Finalmente, se concluye que los resultados obtenidos a nivel clínico y radiográfico son similares a los reportados en la literatura.


The objective of endodontic treatment is to prevent or achieve the absence of post-treatment apical periodontitis, thereby maintaining functionality of the tooth in the mouth. In Chilean universities undergraduate programs, training in endodontics is limited to low level complexity cases and is transversal throughout the universities. The objective of this study is to evaluate the frequency of success of endodontic treatments performed by undergraduate students between the years 2014-2017 of the School of Dentistry, Universidad Austral de Chile (UACh), Valdivia, Chile. A descriptive observational study was conducted where 74 endodontic treatments were evaluated in uniradicular teeth of 63 patients, selected through a simple random sampling, that met selection criteria. The criteria used for the clinical evaluation were: absence of pain on palpation and percussion, absence of fistula and function tooth. In the radiographic evaluation the following criteria were used: length of obturation in relation to the dental apex, taper, density of the obturator material and reduction of the periapical lesion. Of the treatments evaluated, 78 % clinical success and 41 % radiographic success were reported. Finally, it is concluded that the results obtained at clinical and radiographic level are similar to those reported in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Root Canal Obturation/statistics & numerical data , Students, Dental , Pain, Postoperative , Periapical Periodontitis , Periodontitis , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation/adverse effects , Schools, Dental , Radiography, Dental , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Treatment Outcome , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Endodontics/education
2.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 49: e20200018, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139422

ABSTRACT

Introdução: É desafio do ensino pré-clínico em Endodontia fornecer aos alunos dentes artificiais que reproduzam a morfologia dos dentes humanos. Objetivo: Comparar a morfologia interna e externa de dentes artificiais monorradiculares com dados da literatura sobre dentes humanos. Material e método: Os dentes artificiais foram doados pelos fabricantes: Fábrica de Sorrisos, empresa A, (n=20), e IM do Brasil Ltda., empresa B, (n=20). Foi realizada mensuração do comprimento total do dente e da raiz, da altura, das dimensões vestibulopalatina e mesiodistal da coroa, com paquímetro digital. A descrição morfológica das raízes, coroas e câmaras pulpares foi realizada. A localização topográfica do forame apical principal foi avaliada após exploração dos canais com instrumento endodôntico tipo K #15 até este atingir visualmente o ápice radicular. Os dados foram dispostos em uma planilha de cálculo e realizou-se a análise estatística [ANOVA e pós-teste de Tukey (α=5%)]. Resultado: A amostra de caninos superiores da empresa B apresentou todas as variáveis dentro dos padrões morfométricos descritos na literatura. Em relação às morfologias interna e externa, a amostra de incisivos laterais superiores da empresa A foi a única a apresentar todas as variáveis dentro dos padrões descritos na literatura. Em relação à localização topográfica foraminal, os dentes da empresa A, assim como o canino inferior da empresa B, apresentaram tendência à posição distalizada e centralizada, vindo ao encontro da literatura. Conclusão: Nenhum dente artificial estudado apresentou total similaridade morfológica e morfométrica com a literatura analisada, diferindo em pelo menos uma das variáveis, sendo indicada aos fabricantes uma revisão dos seus modelos.


Introduction: It is a challenge of pre-clinical teaching in Endodontics to provide students with artificial teeth that reproduce the internal and external morphology of human teeth. Objective: To compare the internal and external morphology of single-rooted artificial teeth with data from the literature on human teeth. Material and method: The artificial teeth were donated from two companies: Fábrica de Sorrisos, company A, (n=20) and IM do Brasil Ltda, company B (n=20). Measurement of total tooth length, root, height, buccal-palatal and mesio-distal crown dimensions with digital caliper was performed. The morphological description of the roots, crown and pulp chamber was performed, the last one only after access. The topographic location of the main apical foramen was evaluated after canal exploration with a K #15 endodontic instrument until it visually reached the root apex. The data were arranged in a spreadsheet and statistical analysis was performed (ANOVA, followed by the Tukey post-test (α=5%)). Result: Regarding the morphometric parameters, the upper canine sample from company B presented all variables within the standards described in the literature. Regarding internal and external morphology, the sample of upper lateral incisors from Company A was the only one to present all variables within the standards described in the literature. Regarding the foraminal topographic location, the teeth of Company A, as well as the lower canine of company B, showed a tendency to the distalized and centralized position, in line with the literature. Conclusion: none of the artificial teeth studied showed total morphological and morphometric similarity with the control, differing in at least one of the variables, and a review of their models is indicated to the manufacturers.


Subject(s)
Tooth, Artificial , Analysis of Variance , Tooth Apex , Endodontics/education , Endodontics/instrumentation , Cuspid
3.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 105(4): 152-158, dic. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973113

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar la habilidad técnica de estudiantes de pregrado en el uso de instrumentación mecanizada con ProTaper Next y WaveOne Gold, en conductos curvos simulados de Endo Training Blocks. Materiales y métodos: se utilizaron 60 Endo Training Blocks con conductos simulados curvos, instrumentados con ProTaper Next y WaveOne Gold, por tres estudiantes de pregrado de la Escuela de Odontología de USAL/AOA. El cateterismo de los conductos se realizó con una lima tipo K #10 hasta la longitud de trabajo fijada a 16 mm y se permeabilizaron con limas Proglider hasta la citada medida. A continuación, se instrumentaron 30 bloques con ProTaper Next X1 y X2 y 30 bloques con WaveOne Gold Primary. Finalizada la preparación, los conductos simulados fueron observados en un microscopio óptico a 5X. El análisis de la calidad de la conformación obtenida lo realizó un especialista en endodoncia, comparando un conducto simulado no instrumentado y los preparados por los estudiantes con los sistemas mencionados. Se consideró la siguiente categorización: adecuada, preparación cónica que respetada la anatomía original del conducto simulado y alcanzaba la longitud de trabajo; inadecuada, conformación que no alcanzaba la longitud de trabajo o presentaba transportación del conducto simulado. Los datos obtenidos fueron volcados en una planilla ad hoc. Resultados: en 59 de los 60 bloques, los conductos simulados instrumentados por los estudiantes con ambos sistemas mecanizados, mostraron una conformación adecuada, sin alteraciones de la morfología original. Conclusiones: considerando las limitaciones de este estudio, el uso de los sistemas mecanizados ProTaper Next y WaveOne Gold, sería una opción válida para el empleo de la instrumentación mecanizada por alumnos de pregrado de endodoncia.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Education, Predental/methods , Endodontics/education , Dental High-Speed Equipment , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Teaching Materials , Acrylic Resins , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Clinical Competence , Students, Dental/psychology
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 105(2): 36-41, jun. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908055

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar la capacitación y los resultados del uso de localizadores del foramen en un curso preclínico destinado a alumnos de grado de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Salvador / AsociaciónOdontológica Argentina, entre 2005 y 2016. Materiales y métodos: Se emplearon 2053 incisivos, caninos y premolares inferiores y superiores humanos extraídos. Los dientes se montaron de modo tal que sus raí-ces quedasen sumergidas en una solución salina, utilizando dos métodos: a) tubos de plástico, b) modelos que simulan la arcada dentaria. Se realizaron los accesos coronarios al conducto radicular de forma convencional y se prepararonlos tercios cervical y medio. Para determinar la longitud de trabajo, se introdujo una lima tipo K de calibre acorde con el conducto radicular, ajustando en ella el terminal del localizador electrónico del foramen. El terminal labial se sumergió en la misma solución salina en que se encontraban las raíces dentarias. En la mayoría de los dientes se empleó, parala determinación, la técnica de ingreso, y en los restantes, la de regreso. El nivel de penetración se estableció con la señal lumínica y/o sonora de 0,5. Se ajustó el tope del instrumento al borde de referencia y se obtuvo una imagen radiográfica periapical del diente evaluado. Se retiró el instrumento del conducto radicular y se midió desde su punta hasta el tope respectivo. Las medidas obtenidas con los localizadores electrónicos del foramen se compararon con las conductometrías radiográficas, considerando una tolerancia de 0,5 mm. Para la evaluación estadística, se tomó en cuenta el cálculo de intervalo deconfianza (95 por ciento) realizado a partir de la distribución binomial.Resultados: De los 2053 dientes en los cuales se determinó la longitud de trabajo, 1743 (84,9 por ciento) fueron consideradas medidas correctas, y 310 (15,1 por ciento), incorrectas...


Aim: To assess the training process and results of the useof electronic apex locators in an Aim: To assess the training process and results of the useof electronic apex locators in an undergraduate preclinicalcourse for students from the University del Salvador / AsociaciónOdontológica Argentina between 2005 and 2016.Materials and methods: Two thousand fifty threeextracted human incisors, canines, maxillary and mandibularbicuspid teeth were used. The teeth were mounted withthe roots submerged in saline solution using two methods: a) plastic tubes, b) models simulating the dental arch. Conventionalcoronal access to the root canal was performedand the cervical and middle portions of the root canal wereflared. To determine the working length a K-file with a caliberaccording to the root canal was selected for each tooth andintroduced in the root canal with the clip adjusted in the file.The labial clip was immersed in the model saline solution. Inthe majority of the teeth the advanced and withdrawal techniquewas employed. The level of penetration was establishedusing the light and/or the acoustic signal at 0.5. Then, the rubberstop was adjusted to the reference line and a radiographwas obtained. The instrument was removed and measuredfrom its tip to the rubber stop. The measurements obtainedwith the electronic apex locators were compared with thoseobtained from the X rays considering a tolerance of 0.5 mm.For the statistical evaluation, 95% confidence intervals werecalculated using the binomial distribution.Results: Out of 2053 teeth in which the working lengthwas determined, 1743 (84.9%) were considered correct measurementsand 310 (15.1%) incorrects...


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Predental/methods , Endodontics/education , Odontometry/methods , Tooth Apex/anatomy & histology , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Electric Impedance/therapeutic use , Incisor/anatomy & histology , Data Interpretation, Statistical
5.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 56(1): 11-14, jun. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869401

ABSTRACT

Para comprender en profundidad cada una de las técnicas endodónticas de aplicación clínica, propuestas en la actualidad por los autores de diferentesescuelas de endodoncia, debemos previamente conocer el modelo teórico o paradigma preconizado por cada una de ellas. Ello nos permitirá discernir yseleccionar la más adecuada a las necesidades clínicas de nuestros pacientes, dirigiendo la investigacióny desarrollo de nuevas propuestas en el marco de determinado paradigma. La ciencia es multidisciplinaria y generadora de diferentes modelos teóricos aplicables en la endodoncia. Un modelo esencialmente técnico-quirúrgico busca el éxito apoyado enla limpieza, conformación y obturación tridimensional de los conductos radiculares. Eso es necesario pero no suficiente; por cuya razón, Maisto dio un salto cualitativo preconizando un nuevo paradigma endodóntico basado en la reparación apical. Este nuevo modelo teórico nos permite la formulación de nuevas conductas terapéuticas, desarrollar nuevosmateriales y proponer técnicas de instrumentación y obturación que engloben tanto al conducto radicular,como a su zona de influencia en el sistema de inserción dental y el hueso alveolar que lo rodea.


To understand in depth each of the endodontic techniques of clinical application, currently proposed by the authors of different schools of endodontics,we must first know the theoretical model orparadigm advocated by each of them.This will allow us to discern and select the mostappropriate of the clinical needs for our patients, directing research and developmentof new proposals within the framework of agiven paradigm. The science is multidisciplinary and generates different theoretical modelsapplicable to endodontics. An essentially technical-surgical model seekssuccess based on cleaning, shaping and three-dimensional obturation of the rootcanals. That is necessary but not enough, which leadMaisto to make a qualitative leap by advocating anew endodontic paradigm based on apical repair.This new theoretical model allows us to formulate new therapeutic behaviors, develop new materials and propose techniques of instrumentation and obturation that concerns both the root canal and its area of influence in the dental insertion system and the surrounding alveolar bone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endodontics/education , Models, Educational , Models, Theoretical , Root Canal Filling Materials/classification , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Tooth Apex/physiology , Tooth Apex/injuries , Dental Research/trends , Root Canal Obturation/trends , Root Canal Preparation/trends
6.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 104(4): 160-165, oct.-dic. 2016. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869380

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: desarrollar una estrategia para la enseñanza yel aprendizaje, que pueda derivar en una nueva metodología deevaluación individual y grupal de los procedimientos pre clínicosen la Carrera de Especialización en Endodoncia de la Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina. Materiales y métodos: Se llevaron a cabo dos experiencias pre clínicas donde cada alumno realizó un tratamiento endodóntico en dientes humanos unir radiculares extraídos, alinicio del curso preclínico –con los saberes y las destrezas previos–y al finalizar. Se consignaron y evaluaron 19 errores procedimentales.Los datos fueron analizados mediante la pruebano paramétrica del signo de Wilcoxon, con un valor de p≤0,05. Resultados: En la primera experiencia se constataron 63errores procedimentales, y en la segunda, 14. Entre la valoracióninicial y la final se hallaron diferencias significativasen las variables procesamiento radiográfico (α=0,014), apertura cameral exagerada (α=0,0013), alteración dela anatomía (α=0,05), pérdida de la longitud de trabajo(α=0,007), falta de adaptación del cono principal(α=0,008), y falta de compactación lateral (α=0,008).En el resto de las variables analizadas no se encontraron diferencias significativas. El índice de la mejoríaindividual fue del 50 al 100%, y el grupal, del 78,7%. Conclusiones: De acuerdo con los resultados obtenidosen esta experiencia, podría considerarse que la propuestapedagógica resultó válida para los objetivos planteados.


Aim: to develop a strategy for teaching and learning, which may lead to a new methodology for individual and group evaluation of pre clinical procedures in the Specialization Course in Endodontics of the Universidad del Salvador /Asociación Odontológica Argentina. Materials and methods: Two preclinical experiments were carried out where each student performed an endodontic treatment in single-rooted extracted human teeth, at the beginningand after finishing the preclinical course with his/herprevious knowledge and skills. Nineteen different proceduralerrors were recorded and evaluated. Wilcoxon’s sign test wasused to compare before and after results setting significanceat p≤0,05. Results: In the initial experiment 63 procedural errors were found and in the second, 14. Between the initial and final evaluations, significant differences were found in thevariables radiographic processing (α=0.014), exaggerated chamber opening (α=0.0013), anatomic form modification(α=0.05), loss of working length (α=0.007), lack of adaptation of the main cone (α=0.008), and lack of lateralcompaction (α=0.008). In the other variables that were evaluated, no significant differences were found. The rateof individual improvement was 50 to 100%, and the group of 78.7%. Conclusions: According to the results obtained in this experience, the pedagogical proposal can be considered to bevalid to reach educational goals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Female , Young Adult , Educational Measurement , Education, Dental, Graduate/methods , Endodontics/education , Specialties, Dental/trends , Argentina , Colombia , Ecuador , Students, Dental/psychology
7.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 104(3): 128-132, jun.-sept. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-835492

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente trabajo es describir y analizar una nueva herramienta de enseñanza creada e implementada en la Cátedra de Endodoncia de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. Esta consiste en una aplicación para teléfonos móviles mediante la cual alumnos y docentes acceden a diferentes niveles de comunicación e información sobre los contenidos de la asignatura. Se evaluó, por medio de encuestas, el impacto en docentes y alumnos de la inclusión de esta herramienta tecnológica. Los resultados de dichas encuestas permiten concluir que nos encontramos frente a un nuevo instrumento que puede enriquecer y profundizar las propuestas de enseñanza tradicionales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Young Adult , Mobile Applications/trends , Education, Predental/methods , Endodontics/education , Cell Phone , Argentina , Schools, Dental/trends , Students, Dental/psychology , Faculty, Dental , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 103(4): 187-192, dic.2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-781819

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente trabajo es describir el estándar de la enseñanza impartida en las Cátedras de Endodoncia I y II de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina, comparándola con el de otras escuelas dentales del ámbito internacional. Asimismo, se señala la implementación, en el ciclo de grado, de las diferentes tecnologías relacionadas con el uso de localizadores apicales, instrumentación mecanizada y técnicas de reblandecimiento de gutapercha...


Subject(s)
Humans , Educational Measurement , Education, Predental/methods , Endodontics/education , Schools, Dental , Argentina , Curriculum , Dental High-Speed Equipment , Dental Instruments , Students, Dental/statistics & numerical data , Gutta-Percha , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Technology, Dental/methods , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Root Canal Therapy/methods
9.
Rev. ADM ; 72(5): 265-271, sept.-oct. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-775336

ABSTRACT

Propósito: demostrar la ejecución de la conductometría electrónica sin verificación radiográfica con el modelo BRAN-RS, por dos alumnas de licenciatura en odontología Material y métodos: Se emplearon dos molares naturales, de los cuales se utilizaron seis conductos permeables (cuatro mesiales y dos distales); el localizador de foramen apical Raypex 6, tipodonto de acrílico y alginato. Los dientes se incluyeron en el espacio de los molares, que se abocardó y rellenó con alginato. Se insertó el clip labial por debajo del tipodonto. Una cavidad de acceso fue realizada en cada molar, se determinó la entrada de los conductos y se amplió con fresa Gates-Glidden número 4. Con el dispositivo Raypex conectado, se introdujo gentilmente en cada conducto una lima tipo K número 15 o 20, cerrándose el circuito con el sujetador de limas. La posición de la lima en el foramen se observó en la pantalla, que se indica por medio de la barra y punto rojos. La lima fue reajustada en las dos primeras barras amarillas y se fi jó con resina fotopolimerizable. Los molares fueron retirados del alginato, se diafanizaron y evaluaron con microscopio clínico a 16X para confi rmar la longitud de trabajo. Resultados: La posición de la lima respecto al foramen apical en los seis conductos fue precisa al 100 por ciento. Conclusión: El modelo BRAN-RS es fácil de realizar, preciso, y puede utilizarse por alumnos de la licenciatura en la práctica preclínica de conductometría.


To demonstrate how two undergraduate students perform electronic root canal measurement without X-ray confi rmation using the BRAN-RS model. Material and methods: Six permeable root canals (4 mesial and 2 distal) from two natural molars; Raypex 6 electronic apex locator; acrylic typodont; and alginate. The teeth were inserted in the molar space, which had been widened and fi lled with alginate. The lip clip was placed below the typodont. An access cavity was made in each molar and the entrance to the root canal located and widened using a number 4 Gates-Glidden drill. Once the Raypex device was connected, a number 15 or 20 K-fi le was gently introduced into each canal and the measurement circuit closed using the fi le clip. The posi-tion of the fi le within the foramen was shown on the screen in the form of a red bar and a red dot. The fi le was readjusted within the fi rst two yellow bars and secured using a light-cured resin. The molars were removed from the alginate, then diaphonized and evaluated under a clinical microscope at 16X magnifi cation to confi rm the working length. Results: In the six root canals, the position of the fi le relative to the apical foramen was 100% accurate. Conclusion: The BRAN-RS model is accurate, easy to perform, and can be used by undergraduate students in the preclinical practice of root canal measurement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Young Adult , Tooth Apex/anatomy & histology , Dental Instruments , Models, Dental , Endodontics/education , Odontometry/methods , Students, Dental , Electric Impedance , Education, Predental/trends , Mexico , Pilot Projects , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Transillumination/methods
10.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777209

ABSTRACT

The practice of assessing must ensure that the outcome of the process be a reflection of the learning achieved by students. The aim of this study was to describe the essential attributes of the praxis teacher in the area of Endodontics Learning Evaluation, in the School of Dentistry at the Universidad de Concepción, Chile. This study is designed to diagnose the reliability and objectivity of assessing the learning process, as a framework for innovation, and with a focus on evaluating endodontics skills. This hermeneutic study has a qualitative methodology. It was based on in-depth semi-structured interviews applied to 14 students and 5 teachers, and two focus groups consisting of eight students each. When the study was conducted, the research findings indicated that the evaluation process was not objective and lacked established criteria, and especially a guide to determining the skills. The theoretical evaluation was only summative. The formative role was not formally established. The subjects answered mostly psychometric instruments by multiple choice and with short or extended answers. It was concluded that teacher practice held meaning only if it was backed by academic expertise in the area of endodontics, according to no clear criteria or validated instruments. On the other hand, the groundwork was in place for using an epistemological style in endodontics. This provided a basis for the actual improvements, and allowed the tools developed to be dialectically interconnected with teacher experience. A quantitative analysis was not considered, but could be supplemented later to enhance the data analysis in a future study.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Dental Research/methods , Education, Dental/methods , Endodontics/education , Universities , Chile , Faculty, Dental , Program Evaluation , Students, Dental , Surveys and Questionnaires , Teaching/methods
12.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-156565

ABSTRACT

To keep themselves updated with all the advancements in the field of dentistry, dentists should involve themselves in some kind of professional development. Distance learning is the most appropriate way to serve the growing demand due to technological advancements. Indira Gandhi National Open University in collaboration with Dental Council of India (DCI) developed and launched two continuing professional development programs in Endodontics (postgraduate certificate in endodontics) and postgraduate certificate in oral implantology and has trained over 400 and 280 BDS dentists respectively till date. The program package consists of self‑instructional material, assignments, videos and practical training. The training is conducted in premiere dental colleges and institutions recognized by DCI. The certificate is awarded after a term end examination, both in theory and practical. The pass percentages of the theory courses ranged from around 63% to 98%, and 90% of the candidates cleared the practical exam.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation/education , Education, Dental, Continuing , Education, Dental , Endodontics/education , India
14.
Rev. ADM ; 71(2): 95-99, mar.-abr. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-786701

ABSTRACT

Con la aparición de cada nuevo sistema de diagnóstico o tratamiento dental, es necesario capacitar a los cirujanos dentistas para su correctoempleo; los microscopios dentales no escapan a esta regla. En las últimasdos décadas el uso de microscopios dentales se ha incrementado, pero aún no se establece una reglamentación respecto a su empleo y son muy pocos los profesionistas que cuentan con estos equipos para su práctica privada, es por ello que no se han estandarizado técnicas para que los clínicos desarrollen las habilidades necesarias que les permitan utilizar los equipos de microscopia en su práctica cotidiana en forma segura y con facilidad. La técnica de ®pulpectomía lateral¼ es un ejerciciode micro-odontología que se realiza en dientes extraídos, que no tiene aplicación clínica como tal, pero es parte de una serie de procedimientos que tienen la fi nalidad de desarrollar las habilidades de orientación, movimientoy aplicación de presión. Estas habilidades son indispensablescuando se trabaja en la boca de los pacientes con microscopios dentales


As new diagnostic and dental treatments emerge, dental surgeons need to be trained in their correct use. Dental microscopes are no exception to this rule. In the last two decades, the use of dental microscopes has increased, though no set rules for their use have been defi ned. Moreover, few professionals have this equipment in their private practice, which is why techniques have not been standardized for clinicians to develop the skills required for them to be able to use dental microscopes easily and safely in their daily practice. The ®lateral pulpectomy¼ technique is a microdentistry training exercise that is performed on extracted teeth. Though it has no clinical application as such, it forms part of a series of procedures that are designed to develop directional, motion, and pressure skills, all of which are essential when working with dental microscopes in the mouths of patients.


Subject(s)
Dental Instruments , Education, Dental, Graduate/methods , Pulpectomy/methods , Microscopy/methods , Endodontics/education , Photomicrography/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(6): 729-736, 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-662435

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the perceptions of Brazilian undergraduate dental students about the endodontic treatments performed using NiTi rotary instruments and hand stainless steel. Data were collected using a questionnaire administered to undergraduate dental students enrolled in endodontic disciplines. The students were divided into 3 groups: G1, students who had treated straight canals with SS hand instruments; G2, students who had treated curved canals with SS hand instruments; and G3, students who had treated both straight and curved canals with NiTi rotary instruments. The number of endodontic treatments performed, types of treated teeth, students' learning, time spent, encountered difficulties, quality of endodontic treatment and characteristics of the employed technique were analyzed. There was a 91.3% rate of return for the questionnaires. Mandibular molars were the most frequently treated teeth, followed by maxillary incisors. The Kruskal-Wallis test showed no differences in learning (p=0.528) or in the characteristics of the technique employed (p=0.560) among the three groups. G3 students performed a greater number of endodontic treatments (p<0.001) in a smaller time (p<0.001) than did G1 and G2 students. Difficulties were reported primarily by students in G2 and G3 compared with G1 (p=0.048). The quality of endodontic treatments differed only between G1 and G2 (p=0.045). The use of NiTi rotary instruments should be included in undergraduate dental curriculum, contributing to the increase of patients assisted and consequently to improve the clinical experience of the students.


Este estudo avaliou a percepção de alunos de graduação de uma Faculdade de Odontologia brasileira sobre os tratamentos endodônticos realizados utilizando instrumentos rotatórios de níquel-titânio (NiTi) e manuais de aço-inoxidável. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um questionário semi-estruturado aplicado aos alunos de graduação matriculados nas disciplinas de Endodontia. Os estudantes foram divididos em 3 grupos; G1; estudantes que realizaram tratamentos endodônticos em dentes com canais retos utilizando instrumentos manuais de aço-inoxidável; G2, estudantes que realizaram tratamentos endodônticos em dentes com canais curvos utilizando instrumentos manuais de aço-inoxidável e G3, estudantes que realizaram tratamentos endodônticos em dentes com canais retos e curvos utilizando instrumentos rotatórios de NiTi. O número de tratamentos endodônticos realizados, tipos de dentes tratados, aprendizado dos estudantes, tempo gasto, dificuldades encontradas, qualidade dos tratamentos realizados e características das técnicas de instrumentação utilizadas foram analisadas. Houve uma taxa de retorno de 91,3% dos questionários. Molares inferiores foram os dentes mais tratados, seguidos dos incisivos superiores. O teste de Kruskal-Wallis não mostrou diferenças no aprendizado (p=0,528) ou nas características das técnicas utilizadas (p=0,560) entre os três grupos. Estudantes do G3 realizaram um maior número de tratamentos endodônticos (p<0,001) e em menor tempo (p<0,001) que os estudantes do G1 e G2. Dificuldades foram relatadas principalmente pelos alunos do G2 e G3 em comparação ao G1 (p=0,048). A qualidade dos tratamentos endodônticos relatada foi diferente apenas entre G1 e G2 (p=0,045). O uso dos instrumentos rotatórios de NiTi deveria ser incluído no currículo da graduação em Odontologia, contribuindo para o aumento de pacientes atendidos e, consequentemente, para o aprimoramento da experiência clínica dos alunos.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Attitude of Health Personnel , Dental Alloys/chemistry , Nickel/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Stainless Steel/chemistry , Students, Dental/psychology , Titanium/chemistry , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Curriculum , Education, Dental , Equipment Design , Endodontics/education , Incisor/pathology , Learning , Molar/pathology , Root Canal Preparation/psychology , Root Canal Preparation/statistics & numerical data , Self Report , Time Factors
17.
Rev. Mus. Fac. Odontol. B.Aires ; 25(43): 22-26, dic. 2011. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-654529

ABSTRACT

Se exponen la vida y la obra del Prof. Louis I. Grossman, y su fundamental contribución al desarrollo científico de la endodoncia, de la que fue defensor, pionero, clínico, investigador, autor, maestro, impulsor, difusor, líder institucional e historiador. Por su trayectoria ha sido llamado "El Padre de la Endodoncia"


Subject(s)
Endodontics/education , Schools, Dental/history , Dentists/history , United States
20.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 23(41): 25-27, nov. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-601449

ABSTRACT

Se relatan las estrategias utilizadas en la Cátedra de Endodoncia I Preclínica para la enseñanza de la anatomía interna de las piezas dentarias.


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Education, Predental/methods , Endodontics/education , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Students, Dental/psychology
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