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1.
Femina ; 49(3): 134-141, 20210331. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224073

ABSTRACT

A suspeita clínica de endometriose geralmente envolve a história clínica da paciente e exame físico, abordando sua sintomatologia e história pessoal e familiar. Entretanto, a apresentação clínica da doença varia consideravelmente, sem características clínicas patognomônicas, fato que dificulta o seu diagnóstico. Um diagnóstico presuntivo de endometriose pode ser fortemente sugerido pela ultrassonografia transvaginal e pela ressonância magnética em casos de endometrioma ou endometriose infiltrativa profunda. No entanto, esses exames de imagem não possuem a sensibilidade e a especificidade necessárias quando se trata de endometriose peritoneal superficial. O biomarcador sérico mais utilizado na investigação da endometriose foi o CA-125, que não apresenta sensibilidade (70%-75%) suficiente para sua indicação na prática clínica. Portanto, apesar de seu risco e alto custo, a videolaparoscopia e a análise anatomopatológica subsequente ainda se apresentam como o procedimento padrão-ouro para o diagnóstico definitivo de endometriose. Assim, com o objetivo de demonstrar quais exames seriam necessários para o diagnóstico dessa doença, realizamos uma revisão sistemática da literatura, cujos dados estão descritos a seguir.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Video-Assisted Surgery , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/etiology , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging , Progestins/therapeutic use , Contraceptives, Oral, Combined/therapeutic use , Endometriosis/drug therapy , Gonadotropins/agonists
2.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(4): e20200374, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1279018

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo descrever as experiências das mulheres sobre as suas trajetórias desde o início dos sintomas até o diagnóstico da endometriose. Método pesquisa descritiva, qualitativa, realizada com dez mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose no município do Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. Coletaram-se entrevistas semiestruturadas áudio gravadas e posteriormente submetidas à Análise de Conteúdo por meio do software Atlas.ti 8. Resultados sem o diagnóstico de endometriose, as mulheres vivenciam sintomas fortes desde a menarca. Essa situação repercute negativamente em diferentes esferas da vida, inclusive pela desvalorização de suas queixas em seus círculos de convivência. Assim, entende-se a importância da rede de apoio perante essa situação. Diante desse contexto, as mulheres peregrinam por diversos profissionais até o diagnóstico definitivo. Considerações finais e implicações para a prática as trajetórias dessas mulheres são marcadas pela desvalorização de suas queixas por profissionais de saúde e pessoas próximas, pela naturalização da dor feminina e pela dificuldade em estabelecer um diagnóstico diferencial. No entanto, a capacidade individual de reconhecer a presença de uma patologia, o conhecimento sobre a endometriose e a experiência do profissional facilitaram o diagnóstico. No contexto da assistência de enfermagem, entender essa trajetória pode promover a escuta ativa, melhor valorização das queixas, avaliação clínica e o encaminhamento para o diagnóstico precoce.


Resumen Objetivo describir las vivencias de las mujeres en sus trayectorias desde el inicio de los síntomas hasta el diagnóstico de endometriosis. Método investigación descriptiva cualitativa realizada con diez mujeres diagnosticadas con endometriosis en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. Se recogieron entrevistas semiestructuradas grabadas en audio y posteriormente se sometieron a Análisis de Contenido utilizando el software Atlas.ti 8. Resultados sin el diagnóstico de endometriosis, las mujeres experimentan síntomas fuertes desde la menarquia. Esta situación tiene un impacto negativo en diferentes ámbitos de la vida, incluso por la devaluación de sus quejas en sus círculos de convivencia. Así, se comprende la importancia de la red de apoyo en esta situación. Ante este contexto, las mujeres deambulan por diferentes profesionales hasta el diagnóstico definitivo. Consideraciones finales e implicaciones para la práctica las trayectorias de estas mujeres están marcadas por la devaluación de sus quejas por parte de los profesionales de la salud y personas cercanas, por la naturalización del dolor femenino y por la dificultad para establecer un diagnóstico diferencial. Sin embargo, la capacidad del individuo para reconocer la presencia de una patología, el conocimiento sobre la endometriosis y la experiencia del profesional facilitaron el diagnóstico. En el contexto del cuidado de enfermería, comprender esta trayectoria puede promover la escucha activa, mejor valoración de las quejas, evaluación clínica y la derivación para diagnóstico precoz.


Abstract Objectives to describe the experiences of women on their trajectories from the beginning of symptoms to the diagnosis of endometriosis. Method descriptive, qualitative research, conducted with ten women diagnosed with endometriosis in the city of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. Audio recorded semi-structured interviews were collected and later submitted to Content Analysis using Atlas.ti 8 software. Results without the diagnosis of endometriosis, women experience strong symptoms from the menarche. This situation has a negative impact on different spheres of life, including the devaluation of their complaints in their circles of coexistence. Thus, the importance of the support network in this situation is understood. Faced with this context, women wander through various professionals until the definitive diagnosis. Final considerations and implications for practice the trajectories of these women are marked by the devaluation of their complaints by health professionals and people close to them, by the naturalization of female pain and by the difficulty in establishing a differential diagnosis. However, the individual's ability to recognize the presence of a pathology, the knowledge about endometriosis and the professional's experience facilitated the diagnosis. In the context of nursing care, understanding this trajectory can promote active listening, better appreciation of complaints, clinical assessment and referral to early diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Quality of Life/psychology , Health Care Costs , Cost of Illness , Pelvic Pain , Qualitative Research , Early Diagnosis , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Endometriosis/therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Menstrual Cycle/physiology
3.
REVISA (Online) ; 10(2): 379-387, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253819

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar o conhecimento da mulher portadora de endometriose sobre a sua doença e o planejamento familiar. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, transversal e descritivo realizado em maio de 2021 junto a 20 mulheres com endometriose inscritas em grupo específico no Instagram. Aplicou-se, via google forms, um questionário sociodemográfico e clínicos e um instrumento para avaliação do conhecimento das mulheres. Utilizou-se a estatística descritiva para a análise dos dados que ocorreu no Statistical Package for Social Science, versão 25,0. Resultados: embora 70% das mulheres saibam o que é planejamento familiar, houve predomínio daquelas que possuem dúvida a respeito da doença (85%), que não sabem qual serviço de saúde do Sistema Único é responsável pelo planejamento familiar(65%) e que não conhecem o seu direito ao planejamento familiar ou a fertilização in vitro(80%). Ainda, predominaram mulheres que possuem "algum conhecimento" da doença (40%). Conclusão: O conhecimento das mulheres a respeito da endometriose e planejamento familiar é limitado, sendo desconhecidos aspectos relativos à doença, ao acesso aos serviços de saúde e aos direitos sociais envolvidos.


Objective: to analyze the knowledge of women with endometriosis about the disease and family planning. Method: this is a quantitative, cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out in May 2021 with 20 women with endometriosis registered in a specific group on Instagram. A sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and an instrument for assessing women's knowledge were applied via google forms. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data that occurred in the Statistical Package for Social Science, version 25.0. Results: although 70% of women know what family planning is, there was a predominance of those who have doubts about the disease (85%), who do not know which health service in the Unified System is responsible for family planning (65%) and who he does not know his right to family planning or in vitro fertilization (80%). Still, women with "some knowledge" of the disease predominated (40%). Conclusion: Women's knowledge about endometriosis and family planning is limited, being unknown related to the disease, access to health services and the social rights involved.


Objetivo: analizar el conocimiento de las mujeres con endometriosis sobre la enfermedad y la planificación familiar. Método: se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, transversal y descriptivo realizado en mayo de 2021 con 20 mujeres con endometriosis inscritas en un grupo específico en Instagram. Se aplicó un cuestionario sociodemográfico y clínico y un instrumento para evaluar el conocimiento de las mujeres a través de formularios de google. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva para analizar los datos que ocurrieron en el Paquete Estadístico para Ciencias Sociales, versión 25.0. Resultados: si bien el 70% de las mujeres sabe qué es la planificación familiar, hubo predominio de las que tienen dudas sobre la enfermedad (85%), que desconocen qué servicio de salud del Sistema Unificado se encarga de la planificación familiar (65%) y quien desconoce su derecho a la planificación familiar o la fecundación in vitro (80%). Aún así, predominaron las mujeres con "algún conocimiento" de la enfermedad (40%). Conclusión: El conocimiento de las mujeres sobre la endometriosis y la planificación familiar es limitado, se desconoce su relación con la enfermedad, el acceso a los servicios de salud y los derechos sociales involucrados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endometriosis , Knowledge , Family Planning (Public Health)
4.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eRW5704, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249747

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of the study was to assess the evidence on miRNAs as biomarkers for the diagnosis of endometriosis, as well as to provide insights into the challenges and strategies associated with the use of these molecules as accessible tools in clinical practice. Methods Systematic review conducted on PubMed®, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), MEDLINE® and Web of Science databases using the search terms endometriosis (all fields) AND miRNA (all fields), evaluating all publication up to May 2019. Results Most miRNAs found to be dysregulated in this study were harvested from tissue samples, which precludes their use as a non-invasive diagnostic test. However, differential expression of 62 miRNAs was reported in samples that may be used for non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis, such as blood, serum and plasma. Conclusion Despite the identification of several candidates, studies are investigatory in nature and have been conducted with small number of samples. Also, no particular miRNA has been validated for diagnostic purposes so far. Studies based primarily on biological samples and applicable to translational research are warranted. Large databases comprising information on sample type and the use of saliva and vaginal fluid for miRNAs identification may prove essential to overcome current barriers to diagnosis of endometriosis.


RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo do estudo foi analisar as evidências sobre miRNAs como biomarcadores para o diagnóstico de endometriose, bem como levantar informações sobre os desafios e as estratégias necessárias para tornar essas moléculas ferramentas acessíveis para uso na prática clínica. Métodos Revisão sistemática conduzida nos bancos de dados PubMed®, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), MEDLINE® e Web of Science utilizando os termos de pesquisa "endometriosis" (todos os campos) AND "miRNA" (todos os campos), avaliando todas as publicações até maio de 2019. Resultados A maioria dos miRNAs desregulados foram analisados a partir de amostras de tecido, o que inviabiliza seu uso como teste diagnóstico não invasivo. Todavia, 62 miRNAs foram identificados como diferencialmente expressos em amostras que poderiam ser usadas para o diagnóstico pouco invasivo de endometriose, como sangue, soro e plasma. Conclusão Apesar de todos esses candidatos, os trabalhos são exploratórios, realizados com números pequenos de amostras, sem miRNAs específicos validados para fins diagnósticos. Estudos envolvendo principalmente amostras biológicas, visando à pesquisa translacional, deveriam ser mais explorados. O desenvolvimento de grandes bancos de dados sobre amostras, bem como o uso de saliva e fluido vaginal para identificação de miRNAs, poderia servir como recursos essenciais para as barreiras atuais no diagnóstico da endometriose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , MicroRNAs/genetics , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/genetics , Biomarkers , Caribbean Region
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(4): e10117, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153531

ABSTRACT

The long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) H19 is involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis by modulating the proliferation and invasion of ectopic endometrial cells in vitro, but related in vivo studies are rare. This study aimed to investigate the role of lncRNA H19 in a nude mouse model of endometriosis. Ectopic endometrial stromal cells (ecESCs) were isolated from ectopic endometrium of patients with endometriosis and infected with lentiviruses expressing short hairpin RNA (shRNA) negative control (LV-NC-shRNA) or lncRNA-H19 shRNA (LV-H19-shRNA). The ecESCs infected with LV-NC-shRNA and LV-H19-shRNA were subcutaneously implanted into forty 6- to 8-week-old female nude mice. The size and weight of the endometriotic implants were measured at 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks after implantation and compared, and lncRNA H19 levels in endometriotic implants were evaluated using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). All nude mice survived the experimental period, and no significant differences in body weight were observed between the experimental group and the control group. All nude mice developed histologically confirmed subcutaneous endometriotic lesions with glandular structures and stroma after 1 week of implantation. The subcutaneous lesions in the LV-NC-shRNA group after 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks of implantation were larger than those in the LV-H19-shRNA group, and lncRNA H19 levels in subcutaneous lesions in the LV-NC-shRNA group were significantly higher than those in the LV-H19-shRNA group. Knockdown of lncRNA H19 suppresses endometriosis in vivo. Further study is required to explore the underlying mechanism in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Rabbits , Endometriosis/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Endometrium , Mice, Nude
6.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 20(4): 1057-1067, Oct-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155287

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of women with endometriosis and to determine the association with the prognostic characteristics of the disease. Methods: retrospective descriptive study involving 237 women attended at two referral hospitals for endometriosis, between 2011 and 2017. Associations between groups were estimated using logistic regression models. Results: most women (65.4%) were of reproductive age (29-39 years), with a body mass index in the range of 18.5-24.9 kg/m2 and a high prevalence (23-81%) of symptoms of the disease, with 49.5% being infertile. The average time of diagnosis was 5 years. Ovarian endometrioma and/or deep infiltrative endometriosis (DIE) were the most frequent type of endometriosis (87%), and 59% of patients were in the III/IV stage of the disease. Approximately 87% of women with surgical diagnosis were aged over 30, married (70%) and had lower parity. Dyspareunia was negatively associated with superficial endometriosis. Infertility was positively associated with age (30-39 years) and DIE in the uterine tubes; dysmenorrhea with DIE in the uterosacral ligament; cyclic intestinal complaints with DIE in the rectosigmoid and intestine, and with DIE classification and III/IVstage. Conclusions: knowing the epidemiological and clinical profile of Brazilian women with endometriosis can help in diagnosis and treatment planning.


Resumo Objetivos: descrever o perfil epidemiológico e clínico de mulheres com endometriose e determinar a associação com as características prognósticas da doença. Métodos: estudo descritivo retrospectivo envolvendo 237 mulheres atendidas em dois hospitais de referência em endometriose, no período entre 2011 e 2017. As associações entre os grupos foram estimadas utilizando modelos de regressão logística. Resultados: a maioria das mulheres (65,4%) estava em idade reprodutiva (29-39 anos), com índice de massa corporal entre 18,5-24,9 kg/m2 e alta prevalência (23-81%) dos sintomas clínicos da doença, sendo que 49,5% eram inférteis. O tempo médio de diagnóstico foi de 5 anos. O endometrioma ovariano e/ou endometriose profunda infiltrativa (EPI) foram os tipos mais frequentes de endometriose (87%), sendo que 59% das pacientes estavam no estágio III/IVda doença. Aproximadamente 87% das mulheres com diagnóstico cirúrgico apresentavam idade acima dos 30 anos, eram casadas (70%) e apresentavam menor paridade. A dispareunia foi associada negativamente à endometriose superficial. A infertilidade foi associada positivamente com a idade (30-39 anos) e com a EPI nas tubas uterinas; a dismenorreia com a EPI no ligamento uterosacral; as queixas intestinais cíclicas com a EPI no retosigmóide e intestino, e com a classificação EPI e estágio III/IV. Conclusões: conhecer o perfil epidemiológico e clínico das mulheres brasileiras com endometriose pode auxiliar no diagnóstico e no planejamento do tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Prognosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
7.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(3): 243-246, July-Sept. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134995

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Endometriosis is defined as endometrial glands and stroma that occur outside the uterine cavity. Although not malignant, ectopic endometrial tissue and the resulting inflammation can cause dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pain, and infertility. The diagnostic imaging tests most used are nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMR) and ultrasonography (USG). Methods: Correlate the findings of three-dimensional anorectal ultrasound with the NMR findings of the pelvis with intestinal preparation in women with deep endometriosis, through a retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study, evaluating 63 female patients with suspected deep endometriosis with probable involvement intestinal. The evaluation period was from March 2016 to April 2018. Statistical analysis was performed using the kappa agreement to assess the degree of agreement between 3D NMR and USG in relation to the degree of infiltration in the rectal muscle layer, with a confidence interval of 0.272-0.579, p < 0.001. Results and conclusion: According to the results presented, three-dimensional anorectal ultrasonography proved to be a good diagnostic test in the evaluation of the middle and posterior compartments of deep lesions of endometriosis, and there was a correlation between the NMR findings of the pelvis with intestinal preparation in relation to injuries that invade the muscularis propria of the rectum.


Resumo Introdução: A endometriose é definida como glândulas endometriais e estroma que ocorrem fora da cavidade uterina. Embora não maligno, tecido endometrial ectópico e a inflamação resultante podem causar dismenorreia, dispareunia, dor crônica e infertilidade. Exames de diagnóstico por imagem mais utilizados são Ressonância Nuclear Magnética e ultrassonografia. Métodos: Correlacionar os achados da ultrassonografia anorretal tridimensional com os achados da ressonância magnética nuclear de pelve com preparo intestinal em mulheres portadoras de endometriose profunda, através de um estudo retrospectivo, observacional, transversal, avaliou 63 pacientes do sexo feminino com suspeita de endometriose profunda com provável acometimento intestinal. O período de avaliação foi Março de 2016 a Abril de 2018. Foi realizada análise estatística por meio do Coeficiente de Concordância de Kappa para se avaliar o grau de concordância entre RNM × USG 3D em relação ao grau de infiltração na camada muscular retal com cálculo de intervalo de confiança de 0,272-0,579; p < 0,001. Resultados e conclusão: Segundo os resultados apresentados a ultrassonografia anorretal tridimensional mostrou-se um bom exame diagnóstico na avaliação dos compartimentos médio e posterior de lesões profundas de endometriose e há correlação entre os achados da ressonância magnética nuclear de pelve com preparo intestinal em relação a lesões que invadem a muscular própria do reto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Diagnostic Imaging , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Ultrasonography/methods
8.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(5): 566-569, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287213

ABSTRACT

Resumen La endometriosis se define como la presencia de tejido endometrial fuera de la cavidad uterina. Ocurre en aproximadamente 5 a 10% de las mujeres en edad fértil. Cuando afecta al intestino tiende a confundirse clínicamente con una gran variedad de afecciones por lo cual en algunas oportunidades se le ha llamado también "la gran simuladora". La revisión de la literatura muestra que la localización intestinal es poco frecuente y que la obstrucción secundaria a esta causa es aún más inusual, siendo el diagnóstico preoperatorio un desafío para los cirujanos. Con el propósito de resaltar características clínicas y de estudio por imágenes que ayuden a la sospecha preoperatoria de esta entidad tan infrecuente en la práctica habitual, se presentan dos casos de mujeres operadas de urgencia, sin diagnóstico previo de endometriosis y con oclusión intestinal como primera manifestación de la enfermedad. El tratamiento consiste en la resección intestinal del sector afectado y anastomosis primaria. El diagnóstico se basa en un alto índice de sospecha y debería ser considerado en mujeres en edad fértil, sin antecedentes patológicos y con historia de menstruaciones dolorosas.


Abstract Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. It affects ~5-10% of women in their reproductive years. When it affects the intestine, it tends to be confused clinically with a wide variety of affections, which is why it has sometimes been called "the great simulator". A review of the literature shows that intestinal localization is rare and that obstruction secondary to this cause is even more unusual, with preoperative diagnosis being a challenge for surgeons. With the purpose of highlighting clinical and diagnostic imaging characteristics that help the preoperative suspicion of this entity, so rare in routine practice, we present two cases of women who underwent emergency surgery, without a previous diagnosis of endometriosis and with intestinal occlusion as the first manifestation of the disease. Treatment of intestinal occlusion by endometriosis consists of intestinal resection of the affected sector and primary anastomosis. Diagnosis of intestinal occlusion secondary to ileal endometriosis is based on a high index of suspicion and should be considered in women of childbearing age, without a history of disease and with a history of painful menstruation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
9.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(2): 54-63, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117010

ABSTRACT

La endometriosis es una de las patologías ginecológicas benignas más frecuente, ocurre en un 7-10% de las mujeres en edad reproductiva y es causal de dolores crónicos e infertilidad. Se trata de una población joven y sana por lo demás. La sospecha diagnóstica de esta entidad debe ser alta y su manejo multidisciplinario.La endometriosis colorrectal representa una variable altamente incapacitante y es aquí donde se plantea la necesidad de un tratamiento más agresivo para su resolución. Frente a esto nos preguntamos, ¿qué rol tiene la cirugía?, ¿cuáles serían sus ventajas y desventajas?, ¿por qué deberíamos elegirla como método terapéutico?.La presente monografía fue inspirada en todas las pacientes que nos plantearon esta controversia. Que motivaron interconsultas, ateneos, búsqueda de bibliografía. Que generaron discusiones, dudas e incertidumbres y nos hicieron salir del rol de cirujanos al que estamos habituados y nos enseñaron a acompañar, cuando no pudimos curar


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Endometriosis/surgery , Intestinal Diseases/surgery , Patient Care Team , Diagnostic Imaging , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/methods , Diet Therapy , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/drug therapy , Hormone Antagonists/therapeutic use , Intestinal Diseases/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases/drug therapy
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879940

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of endometriosis is not well understood at the moment, and the lack of effective biomarkers often leads to delayed diagnosis of the disease. Lipidomics provides a new approach for the diagnosis and prediction of endometriosis. Sphingomyelin, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylserine in peripheral blood, endometrial fluid, peritoneal fluid and follicular fluid have good diagnostic value for endometriosis and disease classification; the lipid metabolites in the eutopic endometrium tissue are expected to be biomarkers of early endometriosis; and the lipid metabolites in peripheral blood are also of great value for predicting endometriosis-related infertility. The development of lipidomics technique will further advance the progress on the pathogenesis, prediction, diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/blood , Blood Chemical Analysis/trends , Body Fluids/chemistry , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Lipidomics/trends
11.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5294, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090061

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze and compare the expression of Toll-like receptors by regulatory T cells present in the peritoneal fluid of patients with and without endometriosis. Methods Regulatory T cells were isolated from peritoneal fluid of women with and without endometriosis, collected during surgery, and mRNA was extracted for analysis of Toll-like receptors expression by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Results Patients with endometriosis presented regulatory T cells expressing a larger number and variety of Toll-like receptors when compared to regulatory T cells from patients in the Control Group. Toll-like receptor-1 and Toll-like receptor-2 in regulatory T cells were expressed in both groups. All other expressed Toll-like receptors types were only found in regulatory T cells from the Endometriosis Group. Conclusion Patients with endometriosis had peritoneal regulatory T cells expressing various Toll-like receptors types.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar e comparar a expressão de receptores do tipo Toll por células T reguladoras presentes no líquido peritoneal de pacientes com endometriose. Métodos Células T reguladoras foram isoladas do líquido peritoneal de mulheres com e sem endometriose, coletadas durante a cirurgia, e o RNAm foi extraído para análise da expressão de receptores do tipo Toll por reação em cadeia da polimerase com transcriptase reversa. Resultados Pacientes com endometriose apresentaram células T reguladoras expressando maior número e variedade de Toll por células quando comparadas com T reguladoras de pacientes do Grupo Controle. Receptores do tipo Toll-1 e receptores do tipo Toll-2 foram expressos em ambos os grupos. Todos os outros tipos de receptores Toll foram encontrados expressos apenas em células T reguladoras do grupo com endometriose. Conclusão Pacientes com endometriose apresentaram células T reguladoras peritoneais expressando vários tipos de receptores tipo Toll.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Ascitic Fluid/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/chemistry , Endometriosis/pathology , Endometrium/pathology , Toll-Like Receptors/analysis , Reference Values , Ascitic Fluid/immunology , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Endometriosis/immunology , Endometrium/immunology , Visual Analog Scale
12.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202544, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136600

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to study the characteristics of women undergoing abdominal surgery with suspected abdominal wall endometriosis or abdominal wall tumor, and to assess the association with age, race and previous cesarean delivery. Method: retrospective and analytical study carried out from January 2000 to December 2019, at the General Surgery Service of Hospital Universitário Antônio Pedro (HUAP) at Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF). Medical records of 100 patients with abdominal wall endometriosis and other types of abdominal wall tumors were analyzed. Age, color, previous history of cesarean section or abdominal surgery and histopathological data were verified. The patients were classified as young adults (aged between 18 and 28 years and 11 months) and adults. The SPSS program was used for data analysis, Fisher's test with a significance level of 0.05. Results: abdominal wall endometriosis with histopathological confirmation was found in 22%, the mean age was 52.28 ± 18.66 which was lower when compared to other diagnoses. There was an association between previous cesarean section and abdominal wall endometriosis (p <0.005). Conclusion: the women with a diagnosis of abdominal wall endometriosis had undergone previous cesareans (the majority) and were in an active reproductive age. Although the brown skin women were the most frequent, there was no statistical difference.


RESUMO Objetivo: estudar o perfil das mulheres submetidas a cirurgia abdominal com suspeita de endometriose de parede abdominal ou tumor de parede abdominal e analisar a associação com a faixa etária, cor e cesariana prévia. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo e analítico realizado no período de janeiro de 2000 a dezembro de 2019, no Serviço de Cirurgia Geral do Hospital Universitário Antônio Pedro (HUAP) da Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF). Analisaram-se prontuários de 100 pacientes com endometriose de parede abdominal e com outros tipos de tumoração de parede abdominal. Idade, cor, histórico prévio de cesariana ou cirurgia abdominal e resultado histopatológico foram avaliados. As pacientes foram classificadas em adultas jovem (idade entre 18 e 28 anos e 11 meses) e adultas. Utilizou-se para a análise dos dados o programa SPSS e, teste de Fisher com nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: Endometriose de parede abdominal com confirmação histopatológica foi encontrada em 22% dos casos. A média de idade foi 52.28 ±18,66, menor quando comparada a outros diagnósticos. Observou-se associação entre cesariana prévia e endometriose de parede abdominal (p<0,005). Conclusão: as mulheres atendidas pelo Setor de Cirurgia da UFF com diagnóstico de endometriose de parede abdominal, na maioria, realizaram cesariana prévia e estavam em idade ativa, reprodutiva. Apesar da cor parda ter sido mais frequente, não se observou diferença estatística.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/etiology , Hospitals, University , Middle Aged
13.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130021

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Recent research has focused on the role of persistent ascending bacterial infections and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) as an associated factor of endometriosis. Indeed, some studies investigated the possible role of HPV in endometriosis, but this topic remains inconclusive. Objective: The present study aims to meta-analyze research that assessed the presence of HPV infection in patients with endometriosis. Methods: MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, LILACS, Cochrane Library, and OpenGrey were searched until February 10th, 2020. Search terms included "endometriosis" and "HPV" without language restrictions. Pooled relative risks and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were calculated, and heterogeneity was assessed with I-squared (I2 ). Results: The meta-analysis with low heterogeneity found a twice as much relative risk in women exposed to HPV in relation to the unexposed control. Conclusion: The results indicate that HPV could be a risk factor for the development of endometriosis


Introdução: Pesquisas recentes enfocaram o papel das infecções bacterianas ascendentes persistentes e das infecções sexualmente transmissíveis (IST) como um fator associado à endometriose. De fato, alguns estudos investigaram o possível papel do HPV na endometriose, embora o tópico permaneça inconclusivo. Objetivo: O presente estudo tem como objetivo meta-analisar pesquisas que avaliaram a presença de infecção por HPV em pacientes com endometriose. Métodos: Foram realizadas buscas nas bases MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, LILACS, Biblioteca Cochrane e OpenGrey até 10 de fevereiro de 2020. Os termos de pesquisa incluíram "endometriose" e "HPV" sem restrição de idioma. Riscos relativos agrupados e intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC 95%) foram calculados, e a heterogeneidade foi avaliada com I-quadrado (I2 ). Resultados: A meta-análise com baixa heterogeneidade encontrou um risco relativo duas vezes maior em mulheres expostas ao HPV em relação ao controle não exposto. Conclusão: Os resultados indicam que o HPV pode ser um fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de endometriose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomaviridae , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Endometriosis , Bacterial Infections , Women , Papillomavirus Infections
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762456

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tumor markers are useful for detection and preoperative evaluation of ovarian tumors. We evaluated the clinical usefulness of cancer antigen (CA) 125, human epididymis 4 (HE4), and CA72-4 levels and Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) values for differential diagnosis of malignant and borderline tumors among suspected ovarian tumors, and the effects of endometriosis on these tumor markers. METHODS: In a total of 266 patients (213, 14, and 39 with benign, borderline and malignant tumors, respectively), CA125, HE4, and CA72-4 levels were measured, and ROMA values were calculated. Medians of each marker were compared among the three groups. The area under the ROC curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity were calculated to analyze the diagnostic performance of each marker. RESULTS: All markers were significantly higher in the malignant group than in the benign group. HE4 levels and ROMA values were significantly higher in the malignant group than in the borderline group. ROMA value had the highest AUC for distinguishing the malignant and borderline groups from the benign group in premenopausal (0.773) and postmenopausal (0.927) patients. CA125 level was significantly higher in patients with endometriosis than in those without (P<0.001), whereas HE4 and CA72-4 levels were not affected by endometriosis (P=0.128 and 0.271, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: ROMA value is the best marker to distinguish malignant and borderline tumors from benign tumors in pre- and postmenopausal patients. HE4 and CA72-4 levels provide information on possible CA125 elevation due to endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Biomarkers, Tumor , Diagnosis, Differential , Endometriosis , Epididymis , Female , Humans , Male , ROC Curve , Rome , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of black cohosh extracts (BCE) in improving the low estrogen status induced by postoperative gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) in patients with endometriosis.@*METHODS@#Randomized clinical controlled trial about the improvement of low estrogen status caused by GnRHa with the treatment of BCE in patients with endometriosis after laparoscopic surgery were retrieved from Medline (Ovid), PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBMdisc, Wanfang and VIP databases before January 2020, and meta-analysis of included studies was performed by Revman 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#Seven randomized controlled trials involving 745 patients were included in this study. Meta-analysis results showed that the addition of BCE did not alter hormone levels of patients, including serum estradiol levels [ =1.24, 95% (-4.58, 7.08), >0.05] and luteinizing hormone levels [ =-0.02, 95% (-0.15, 0.11), >0.05]. BCE effectively improved the perimenopausal symptoms induced by low estrogen status:improving hectic fever and sweating [ =0.1, 95% (0.02, 0.47), < 0.01], reducing the occurrence of insomnia symptoms [ =0.23, 95% (0.13, 0.39), < 0.01], improving fatigue [ =0.09, 95% (0.04, 0.20), < 0.01], reducing the occurrence of vaginal dryness [ =0.04, 95% (0.01, 0.30), < 0.01]. BCE affected Kupperman's menopausal index (KMI) score 12 weeks after the surgery [ =-11.50, 95% (-20.09, -2.90), < 0.01] and KMI score 24 weeks after the surgery [ =-23.68, 95% (-39.66, -7.69), < 0.01].@*CONCLUSIONS@#The limited evidence so far indicates that BCE could efficiently improve perimenopausal symptoms cause by low estrogen status of the patients recieved GnRHa treatment after surgery for endometriosis, but does not alter hormone levels of patients.


Subject(s)
Cimicifuga , Endometriosis , Estrogens , Female , Humans , Plant Extracts
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of herb-separated moxibustion on dysmenorrhea in ovarian endometriosis.@*METHODS@#A total of 54 patients with ovarian endometriosis dysmenorrhea were randomized into a herb-separated moxibustion group and a waiting-list group, 27 cases in each one (3 cases dropped off in the herb-separated moxibustion group, 4 cases dropped off in the waiting-list group). Herb-separated moxibustion was applied at hypogastrium and lumbosacral area for 30 min in the herb-separated moxibustion group, once a week for 3 months, and oral ibuprofen sustained-release capsule was given to relieve pain when necessary. Excepting giving ibuprofen sustained-release capsule when necessary, no more intervention was adopted in the waiting-list group. Before and after treatment and in 3 months follow-up, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, days of dysmenorrhea, total dose of oral painkiller were observed.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the VAS scores after tratment and in follow-up were decreased in the herb-separated moxibustion group (<0.05), and were less than those in the waiting-list group (<0.05); the days of dysmenorrhea and the total doses of oral painkiller after tratment and in follow-up were decreased in the herb-separated moxibustion group (<0.05), and were less than those in the waiting-list group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Herb-separated moxibustion can effectively improve dysmenorrhea symptom and shorten dysmenorrhea days in patients with ovarian endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Dysmenorrhea , Therapeutics , Endometriosis , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Ibuprofen , Therapeutic Uses , Moxibustion , Ovary
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878682

ABSTRACT

Proteins exert their roles in life activities via post-translational modifications(PTMs),which include phosphorylation,acetylation,ubiquitination,glycosylation,and methylation.These modifications can change the functions of proteins and play key roles in a variety of diseases.Endometriosis is a common disease in women of childbearing age,although its molecular mechanisms remain unclear.Recent studies have shown that PTMs may be involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis.Here we review the roles of PTMs in the occurrence and development of endometriosis and the potential medical treatments.


Subject(s)
Acetylation , Endometriosis/pathology , Female , Glycosylation , Humans , Phosphorylation , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Ubiquitination
19.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 31(4): 138-142, 31-12-2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122031

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Recent research has focused on the role of persistent ascending bacterial infections and sexually transmitted infections (STI) as a factor associated to endometriosis. Indeed, some studies investigated the possible role of HPV in endometriosis, but this topic remains inconclusive. Objective:The present study aims to meta-analyze research that assessed the presence of HPV infection in patients with endometriosis. Methods: MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, LILACS, Cochrane Library, and OpenGrey were searched until February 10th, 2020. Search terms included "endometriosis" and "HPV" without language restrictions. The combined relative risks and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were calculated, and heterogeneity was assessed with I-square (I2 ). Results: Meta-analysis with low heterogeneity found a relative risk of twice as much in women exposed to HPV in relation to the unexposed control. Conclusion: Results indicate that HPV could be a risk factor for developing endometriosis.


Introdução: A pesquisa recente enfocou o papel de infecções por bactéria ascendente persistente e infecções sexualmente transmissíveis (IST) como um dos fatores associados à endometriose. Na verdade, alguns estudos investigaram o possível papel do HPV na endometriose, mas esse tópico permanece inconclusivo. Objetivo: O presente estudo tem como objetivo fazer uma metanálise de pesquisas que avaliaram a presença de infecção por HPV em pacientes com endometriose. Métodos: As bases de dados MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, LILACS, Biblioteca Cochrane e OpenGrey foram pesquisadas até 10 de fevereiro de 2020. Os termos de pesquisa incluíram "endometriose" e "HPV" sem restrições de idioma. Os riscos relativos combinados e intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%) foram calculados, e a heterogeneidade foi avaliada usando o I-quadrado (I2 ). Resultados: A metanálise com baixa heterogeneidade encontrou um risco relativo duas vezes maior em mulheres expostas ao HPV em relação ao controle não exposto. Conclusão: Os resultados indicam que o HPV pode ser um fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de endometriose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomaviridae , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Endometriosis , Bacterial Infections , Papillomavirus Infections , Infections
20.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(4): 298-301, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057374

ABSTRACT

Presentamos el caso de una paciente en edad reproductiva con dolor abdominal crónico y antecedente de endometriosis pelviana. Los estudios por imágenes muestran masa en topografía apendicular. Se decidió exploración laparoscópica programada y se realizó la resección del tumor apendicular. La anatomía patológica mostró endometriosis del apéndice cecal. Posteriormente se realiza una revisión bibliográfica de esta patología y se hacen consideraciones sobre su frecuencia, presentación clínica, hallazgos intraoperatorios, forma de estudio y posibilidades terapéuticas.


We report the case of a female patient in childbearing age with chronic pain and a history of pelvic endometriosis. The image tests showed the presence of a mass at the level of the cecal appendix. The patient underwent a scheduled diagnostic laparoscopy and the appendiceal tumor was resected. The pathological examination revealed appendiceal endometriosis. We performed a review of the literature and made considerations about its prevalence, clinical presentation, interoperative findings, diagnostic tests and therapeutic management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Appendix , Abdominal Pain , Endometriosis , Endometriosis/complications , Prevalence , Causality , Laparoscopy , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Research Report , Chronic Pain , Anatomy
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