Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.737
Filter
1.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 421-425, ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407930

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Reportar el caso de una paciente con intususcepción apendicular (IA), condición infrecuente, secundario a foco de endometriosis, patología que en los últimos años ha presentado un aumento en su incidencia. Material y Método: Historia clínica, imágenes preoperatorias e intraoperatorias obtenidas de la ficha clínica. Resultados: Mujer de 35 años con dolor abdominal crónico de 4 meses de evolución. Se realiza estudio colonoscópico evidenciando lesión de 15 x 8 mm en ostium apendicular intususceptada al lumen cecal, y enteroclisis por tomografía axial computarizada (TC) que confirma IA. Se realiza una resección ileocecal laparoscópica demostrando la invaginación del apéndice con biopsia que muestra un foco de endometrioma. Discusión: La IA es una condición infrecuente con una incidencia cercana al 0,01% en la población general. Las patologías benignas son la principal causa (77%), siendo la endometriosis la causa más frecuente. Conclusión: La IA por endometriosis es anecdótica, con sintomatología poco específica. Los estudios disponibles pueden orientar adecuadamente la presencia de IA, sin embargo, en algunas ocasiones puede confundirse con patologías neoplásicas, donde cobra importancia la cirugía para dilucidar la etiología.


Objective: To report the case of a patient with appendicular intussusception (AI), an infrequent condition secondary to a focus of endometriosis, a pathology that has increased incidence in recent years. Material and Method: Clinical case, history and images obtained from the clinical file and intraoperative records with the consent of the patient. Results: A 35-year-old woman with abdominal pain. Colonoscopy study showing a 15 × 8 mm lesion in the appendicular ostium intussuscepted to the cecal lumen, and a computerized tomography (CT) enteroclysis confirming AI. A laparoscopic ileocecal resection is performed, demonstrating invagination of the appendix secondary to an endometrioma focus. Discussion: AI is a rare condition, with an incidence close to 0.01% in the general population. Benign pathologies are the main cause (77%), endometriosis being the most frequent cause. Conclusion: AI due to endometriosis is anecdotal, with unspecific symptoms. The available studies can adequately guide the presence of AI, however, on some occasions it can be confused with neoplastic pathologies, where surgery is important to elucidate the etiology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Appendix/pathology , Cecal Diseases/etiology , Endometriosis/complications , Intussusception/etiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cecal Diseases/diagnosis , Colonoscopy , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Intussusception/diagnosis
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(2): 107-112, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372953

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar uma revisão atualizada sobre o papel dos polimorfismos genéticos na etiologia da endometriose. Trata-se de uma pesquisa bibliográfica feita no PubMed utilizando os descritores "polymorphism and endometriosis". Foram identificados 36 artigos e após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão foram selecionados 17 artigos para a amostra final. Os principais resultados foram: 1) cerca de 60% dos artigos foram publicados em 2019; 2) em 35,3% dos estudos o número de casos e controles investigados foi menor que 100; 3) a maioria dos trabalhos investigou de um a dois polimorfismos por gene; 4) a produção científica sobre endometriose é maior em países orientais; 5) houve heterogeneidade quanto aos periódicos onde os trabalhos foram publicados; 6) as principais técnicas para detecção de polimorfismos foi a PCR-RFLP e o PCR em tempo real, com frequências semelhantes. Em suma, os polimorfismos genéticos podem estar implicados na etiologia da endometriose.


The aim of this study is to present an updated review on the role of genetic polymorphisms in the etiology of endometriosis. This is a literature review made on PubMed using the descriptors "polymorphism and endometriosis". A total 36 articles were identified and, after applying the inclusion criteria, 17 articles were selected for the final sample. The main results were: 1) approximately 60% of the articles were published in 2019; 2) 35.3% of the studies investigated less than 100 cases and controls; 3) most studies investigated one to two polymorphisms per gene; 4) scientific production on endometriosis is higher in Eastern countries; 5) heterogeneity was observed regarding the journals where works were published; 6) the main techniques for detecting polymorphisms were PCR-RFLP and real-time PCR, with similar frequencies. In summary, it can be concluded that genetic polymorphisms may be implicated in the etiology of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Biomarkers , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Infertility, Female/diagnosis
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 608-612, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385644

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La endometriosis (E), se define como presencia de glándulas endometriales y estroma fuera del útero. Ocasionalmente se presenta como masa sensible en la pared abdominal (PA), en relación con una cicatriz quirúrgica (EPA). Aunque el tratamiento es quirúrgico, existe poca información respecto de la morbilidad postoperatoria (MPO) y la recurrencia de la EPA. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar MPO y recurrencia en pacientes resecadas quirúrgicamente por EPA. Serie de casos de pacientes con EPA, sometidos a cirugía de forma consecutiva, en Clínica RedSalud Mayor, entre 2011 y 2021. Las variables resultados MPO y recurrencia. Otras variables de interés fueron: tiempo quirúrgico, estancia hospitalaria y mortalidad. Las pacientes fueron seguidas de forma clínica. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, con medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Se intervinieron 14 pacientes, con una mediana de edad de 33 años. La medianas del tiempo quirúrgico y estancia hospitalaria; fueron 55 min y 2,5 días respectivamente. La MPO fue 14,2 % (2 casos). Con una mediana de seguimiento de 31 meses, no se verificó recurrencia. Aunque la EPA es poco común, estas lesiones deben sospecharse en mujeres en edad reproductiva con masa palpable en relación con una cicatriz de cirugía ginecológica u obstétrica. Los resultados obtenidos, en términos de MPO y recurrencia, fueron similares a series internacionales.


SUMMARY: Endometriosis (E) is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and endometrial stroma outside the uterus. Occasionally it presents as a sensitive mass in the abdominal wall (AW), in relation to a surgical scar (AWE). Although the treatment is surgical, there is scarce information regarding postoperative morbidity (POM) and recurrence of AWE. The aim of this study was to determine POM and recurrence in patients surgically resected by AWE. Case series of patients with AWE, consecutively submitted to surgery, at RedSalud Mayor Clinic, between 2011 and 2021. Outcome variables were POM and recurrence. Other variables of interest were surgical time, hospital stay and mortality. Patients were followed-up clinically. Descriptive statistics were used, applying central tendency and dispersion measures. 14 patients were intervened, with a median age of 33 years. Median of surgical time and hospital stay were 55 min and 2,5 days respectively. POM was 14.2 % (2 cases). With a median follow-up of 31 months no recurrence was verified. Although AWE is uncommon, these lesions should be suspected in women in fertile age with a palpable mass associated with a scar from gynecologic or obstetric surgery. The results obtained, in terms of POM and recurrence, were like international series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cicatrix/etiology , Endometriosis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Abdominal Wall/surgery
6.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 15(2): e4605-e4613, 2022. figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1366667

ABSTRACT

Contexte et objectif. L'endométriose est une maladie gynécologique caractérisée par la présence des glandes et du stroma endométrial en dehors de la cavité utérine. Elle serait influencée par la nutrition. Cette maladie touche 10 à 15 % des femmes en âge de procréer et a comme composante essentielle l'inflammation chronique. Les symptômes les plus fréquents sont la douleur et l'infertilité. La littérature actuelle fait état des effets bénéfiques des aliments antiinflammatoires et antioxydants sur l'endométriose. L'objectif de la présente mini revue est d'établir des pistes de réflexion sur le bénéfice d'une supplémentation nutritionnelle dans l'endométriose. Méthodes. Nous avons effectué une recherche avec les bases de données de Pubmed, Cinahl, Cochrane Library et Embase pour identifier les articles et essais cliniques randomisés dont sept ont été retenus pour l'analyse. Résultats. La supplémentation en souches probiotiques, en vitamine E et en vitamine C a une influence positive sur les symptômes liés à l'endométriose. De plus, un ensemble des composés contenant des vitamines, sels minéraux, ferments lactiques et oméga 3 et 6 ainsi qu'une alimentation de type anti-inflammatoire et les aliments pauvres en glucides fermentés cibles auraient également une influence positive sur les symptômes. En revanche, la vitamine n'aurait aucun effet significatif. Conclusion. Une prise en charge nutritionnelle, notamment axée sur une supplémentation en antioxydants, anti-inflammatoires et en souches probiotiques constitue une piste prometteuse pour la prise en charge de l'endométriose


Context and objective. Endometriosis is a gynecological disease which is characterized by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity and might be influenced by nutrition. It affects 10 to 15 % of women of childbearing age and has chronic inflammation as an essential component. The most common symptoms are pain and infertility. Current literature reports the beneficial effects of antiinflammatory and antioxidant foods on endometriosis. The present paper reviews the benefits of nutritional supplementation in endometriosis. Methods. A search was performed using the Pubmed, Cinahl, Cochrane Library and Embase database engines to identify articles and randomized clinical trials, of which seven were selected for analysis. Results. Supplementation with probiotic strains, vitamin E and vitamin C has a positive influence on the symptoms associated with endometriosis. In addition, a set of compounds containing vitamins, minerals, lactic ferments and omega 3 and 6 as well as an antiinflammatory type diet and foods low in fermentable carbohydrates would also have a positive influence on the symptoms. In contrast, vitamin D did not have any significant effect. Conclusion. Nutritional management, in particular focusing on supplementation with antioxidants, anti-inflammatory drugs and probiotic strains, is a promising avenue for the management of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Signs and Symptoms , Vitamin E , Dietary Supplements , Endometriosis , Antioxidants , Ascorbic Acid
7.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1354998

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar o número de mulheres diagnosticadas com endometriose em consultórios médicos particulares do munícipio de Cruz Alta ­ RS. Método: transversal, prospectivo e descritivo, com cinco médicos ginecologistas que responderam à um questionário sobre as formas de diagnóstico e tratamento da endometriose. Resultados: os resultados demonstraram que a média de mulheres com endometriose foi de quatro pacientes por médico (total de 20 pacientes). A forma de diagnóstico mais utilizada foi a videolaparoscopia, relatada por 80% dos médicos, e as principais formas de tratamento foram por meio dos Análogos do Gonadotrofina (GnRH), como a Gosserrelina e os progestogénos como o Dienogest®. Conclusão: verifica-se que houve um número elevado de mulheres diagnosticadas com endometriose em consultórios particulares no município de Cruz Alta


Objective: to determine the number of patients diagnosed with endometrioses in private medical consultancies in the municipality of Cruz Alta ­ RS. Method: cross-sectional, prospective and descriptive, with five gynecologist doctors who will answer a question about the forms of diagnosis and treatment of endometriose. Results: the results showed that by means of women with endometrium, there were four patients per doctor (total of 20 patients). The most commonly used form of diagnosis was videolaparoscopy, reported by 80% of doctors, and the main forms of treatment were by two Gonadotrophin Analogs (GnRH), such as Gosserrelin and progestogens such as Dienogest®. Conclusion: it was verified that there was a high number of patients diagnosed with endometrioses in private clinics in municipal Cruz Alta


Objetivo: determinar el número de mulheres diagnosticadas con endometriose en consultas médicas particulares del municipio de Cruz Alta ­ RS. Método: transversal, prospectivo y descriptivo, con cinco médicos ginecologistas que responden a un cuestionario sobre formas de diagnóstico y tratamiento de la endometriosis. Resultados: los resultados demostraron que un medio de mulheres com endometriosis de cuarto pacientes por médico (total de 20 pacientes). Una forma de diagnóstico más precisa para una videolaparoscopia, relatada por 80% de dos médicos, y como formas principales de tratamiento de forma por medio de Análogos do Gonadotrofina (GnRH), como Gosserrelina y os progestogénos como o Dienogest®. Conclusión: verifique que tiene un número elevado de multas diagnosticadas con endometrio en consultas particulares no municipales de Cruz Alta


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Combined Modality Therapy , Endometriosis , Progestins
8.
Femina ; 50(3): 178-183, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367572

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar o perfil epidemiológico e clínico e a assistência médica fornecida às pacientes acompanhadas no ambulatório específico para endometriose em um hospital universitário público brasileiro. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal retrospectivo. Foram incluídos os prontuários médicos de 153 pacientes com endometriose acompanhadas em nosso ambulatório desde sua criação, em fevereiro de 2017, até abril de 2020. Os dados coletados foram utilizados para estabelecer os sintomas mais prevalentes, os métodos diagnósticos utilizados, os locais acometidos com maior frequência, o tratamento clínico estabelecido e as características epidemiológicas da população estudada. Resultados: A idade média das pacientes foi de 35,2 ± 7,23 anos. Os sintomas mais prevalentes foram dismenorreia (88,2%), dispareunia (65,4%) e infertilidade (52,9%). O ovário foi o local mais acometido (60,1%). A coexistência de doenças autoimunes foi identificada em 7,2% das pacientes. Cerca de 47,7% das pacientes foram diagnosticadas com ressonância magnética pélvica e 45% foram tratadas com dienogeste. Conclusão: O reconhecimento da epidemiologia da endometriose, os sintomas mais frequentes e as comorbidades associadas à doença podem permitir aos profissionais de saúde melhorar sua capacidade diagnóstica e realizar uma assistência clínica individualizada e eficiente.(AU)


Objective: To analyze the epidemiological and clinical profile and the medical assistance provided to patients followed up in the specific outpatient clinic of endometriosis in a Brazilian public university hospital. Methods: It was a cross-sectional retrospective study. Medical records of 153 patients with endometriosis followed up in our specific outpatient clinic, since its creation, in February 2017, until April 2020 were included. Data collected was used to establish the most prevalent symptoms, diagnostic methods used, most frequent sites of involvement, clinical treatment and epidemiological characteristics of the study population. Results: The mean age of patients was 35.2 ± 7.23 years old. The most prevalent symptoms were dysmenorrhea (88.2%), dyspareunia (65.4%) and infertility (52.9%). Ovary was the most affected site (60.1%). The coexistence of autoimmune disease was identified in 7.2% patients. About 47.7% were diagnosed by pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 45% were treated with dienogest. Conclusion: The recognition of endometriosis epidemiology, the most frequent symptoms and the comorbidities associated with the disease may enable health care professionals to improve the diagnostic capacity and to perform an individualized and efficient clinical assistance.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Endometriosis/epidemiology , Health Profile , Brazil/epidemiology , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/drug therapy , Hospitals, Public , Hospitals, University
10.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 20(1): 1-7, ene.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367571

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la endometriosis es una de las patologías ginecológicas más frecuentes, que se entiende como la implantación intrapélvica de tejido endometrial, sensible, en la gran mayoría de casos, al influjo hormonal. Extrauterinamente, se caracteriza por la presencia de glándulas y estroma endometrial en órganos o tejidos no ginecológicos. Sin embargo, la piel corresponde a uno de los sitios con menor fre-cuencia de implantación, ya sea de forma primaria o secundaria. Se calcula la incidencia de endometrio-sis cutánea en la zona umbilical en menos del 1 % de los casos. Presentación del caso: mujer de 36 años de edad, quien consulta con Cirugía General por un cuadro clínico de dos años de evolución, consistente en lesiones sobrelevantadas de la piel en la región umbilical, de color café oscuro, las cuales describe como dolorosas y sangrantes en el momento del ciclo menstrual. A pesar de haber sido resecadas en dos ocasiones, se encontró persistencia del cuadro. Discusión: la endometriosis cutánea primaria umbilical representa del 0.5 al 1.0 % de todas las pacientes con endometriosis ectópica, y el ombligo es uno de los sitios menos comunes de implantación. Esta condición afecta alrededor del 5 al 15 % de mujeres en edad fértil, y del 3 al 5 % de mujeres en edad menopaúsica. La presentación clínica más común se basa en una masa palpable, sangrado umbilical y dolor regular o irregular abdominal. Al asociar la endometriosis extrapélvica con la presencia de endometriosis pélvica, solamente alrededor del 20 % de las pacientes presentará esta última


Introduction: Endometriosis is one of the most frequent gynecological pathologies, understood as an intrapelvic implantation of endometrial tissue, sensitive to hormonal influence in most cases. At the extrauterine level, it is characterized by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma in the non-gy-necological organs or tissues. However, the skin corresponds to one of the sites with the least frequency of implantation, either primary or secondary, with the incidence of cutaneous endometriosis being calculated at the umbilical level in <1% of the cases. Case presentation: A 36-year-old female patient presented to the General Surgery department with a two-year history of dark brown, raised skin lesions in the umbilical region, which she described as painful, and bleeding at the time of the menstrual cycle. Despite having been resected twice, the condition still persisted. Discussion: Umbilical primary cutane-ous endometriosis represents 0.5%­1.0% of all patients with ectopic endometriosis, with the navel being one of the least common implantation sites. This condition affects about 5%−15% of women of childbear-ing age, and 3%−5% women of menopausal age. The most common clinical presentation is based on the palpable mass, umbilical bleeding, regular or irregular abdominal pain. Associating extrapelvic endo-metriosis with the presence of pelvic endometriosis, only about 20% of the patients will have the latter


Introdução: a endometriose é uma das patologias ginecológicas mais frequentes, entendida como o implante intrapélvico de tecido endometrial, sensível na grande maioria dos casos à influência hor-monal. No nível extrauterino, é caracterizada pela presença de glândulas e estroma endometriais em órgãos ou tecidos não ginecológicos. Porém, a pele corresponde a um dos locais com menor frequência de implantação, seja ela primária ou secundária, calculando-se a incidência de endometriose cutânea ao nível umbilical em menos de 1% dos casos. Apresentação do caso: paciente do sexo feminino, com 36 anos de idade, que consulta para Cirurgia Geral devido a quadro clínico de 2 anos de evolução, cons-tituído por lesões cutâneas elevadas na região umbilical, de coloração marrom-escura, que descreve como dolorosas e com sangramento no momento do ciclo menstrual. Apesar de ter sido ressecado em 2 ocasiões, o quadro era persistente. Discussão: a endometriose cutânea primária umbilical representa 0.5%-1.0% de todas as pacientes com endometriose ectópica, sendo o umbigo um dos locais de implan-tação menos comuns. Essa condição afeta cerca de 5% a 15% das mulheres em idade reprodutiva e 3% a 5% das mulheres em menopausa. A apresentação clínica mais comum baseia-se em massa palpável, sangramento umbilical, dor abdominal regular ou irregular. Ao associar a endometriose extrapélvica à presença de endometriose pélvica, apenas cerca de 20% das pacientes a apresentarão


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Endometriosis , Skin , General Surgery , Umbilicus , Incidence
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the differences in the factors associated with endometriosis between Chinese and British patients.@*METHODS@#This case-control study was conducted in 387 patients with endometriosis and 199 non-endometriosis patients admitted to John Radcliffe Hospital (Oxford, UK) and in 101 patients with endometriosis and 50 non-endometriosis patients admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine. The clinical data including height, weight, body mass index, marital status, employment, menstruation, fertility, and operation reasons were collected via a standardized WERF EPHect questionnaire.@*RESULTS@#Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that body mass index, surgery for dysmenorrhea, history of pregnancy, counts of previous surgeries for endometriosis and status of employment were all significantly associated with endometriosis in the UK (P < 0.05), while a history of dysmenorrhea was significantly correlated with endometriosis in Chinese patients (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Dysmenorrhea may be the most important common factor associated with endometriosis in China and the UK, but the other factors contributing to endometriosis may differ between these two countries.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Endometriosis/complications , Female , Humans , Menstruation , Pregnancy , United Kingdom
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936288

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression of CCN5 in endometriotic tissues and its impact on proliferation, migration and invasion of human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs).@*METHODS@#We collected ovarian endometriosis samples from 20 women receiving laparoscopic surgery and eutopic endometrium samples from 15 women undergoing IVF-ET for comparison of CCN5 expression. Cultured HESCs were transfected with a recombinant adenovirus Ad-CCN5 for CCN5 overexpression or with a CCN5-specific siRNA for knocking down CCN5 expression, and the changes of cell proliferation, migration and invasion were evaluated using CCK-8 assay, wound healing assay and Transwell chamber assay. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to examine the expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers including E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Snail-1 and vimentin in HESCs with CCN5 overexpression or knockdown.@*RESULTS@#CCN5 expression was significantly decreased in ovarian endometriosis tissues as compared with eutopic endometrium samples (P < 0.01). CCN5 overexpression obviously inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of HESCs, significantly increased the expression of E-cadherin and decreased the expressions of N-cadherin, Snail-1 and vimentin (P < 0.01). CCN5 knockdown significantly enhanced the proliferation, migration and invasion of HESCs and produced opposite effects on the expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Snail-1 and vimentin (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CCN5 can regulate the proliferation, migration and invasion of HESCs and thus plays an important role in EMT of HESCs, suggesting the potential of CCN5 as a therapeutic target for endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Endometriosis/metabolism , Endometrium/metabolism , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Female , Humans , Stromal Cells
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929047

ABSTRACT

At present, endometriosis remains a worldwide health burden, with the main symptoms of dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility, markedly reducing the quality of life (de Ziegler et al., 2010). Although there is no proof that the disease is associated with high mortality, this disorder can significantly contribute to the deterioration of women's general well-being (McPeak et al., 2018). The main current treatment for endometriosis is surgery to remove endometriotic lesions; however, the recurrence rate following surgical treatment is as high as 21.5% at two years and 40.0%‍-‍50.0% at five years post-surgery (Koga et al., 2015). To prevent recurrence, adjuvant treatment with drugs after surgery is recommended to prolong relapse-free intervals. However, it is inconvenient for patients to continuously use such medications in terms of adverse effects and cost (Turk, 2002).


Subject(s)
Endometriosis/pathology , Endometrium/pathology , Female , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Telomerase/metabolism , Up-Regulation
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927395

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of CO2 laser moxibustion on endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis.@*METHODS@#A total of 76 patients with endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis were randomized into a laser moxibustion group and a sham laser moxibustion group, 38 cases in each group. In the laser moxibustion group, moxibustion was applied at bilateral Zigong (EX-CA 1) using CO2 laser moxibustion instrument. In the sham laser moxibustion group, the manipulation of moxibustion was same as the laser moxibustion group, without laser output. The treatment was given once every other day, 30 min each time, 3 times a week for 4 weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment and follow-up of 3 months after treatment, the scores of Gracely box scale (GBS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were observed, the usage of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug for the duration of the treatment and the average days of taking drugs were recorded in both groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the GBS and VAS scores were decreased after treatment and during follow-up in the laser moxibustion group (P<0.05), while those in the sham moxibustion group had no significant differences (P>0.05). Compared with the sham moxibustion group, the GBS and VAS scores were decreased after treatment and during follow-up (P<0.05), the cases and average days of taking drugs were less in the laser moxibustion group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CO2 laser moxibustion can improve the pain symptom in patients with endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis, and reduce the use of analgesic drugs.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Carbon Dioxide , Endometriosis/complications , Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Pelvic Pain/therapy , Treatment Outcome
15.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(2): e00226320, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360278

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The topics of endometriosis and pain imply far-reaching problems for women's health. Using a qualitative research approach, this paper addresses the subjective experience and effects of pain, the methods for dealing with these issues, and the needs of affected women in Austria. Data were collected by problem-focused interviews conducted with ten women suffering from endometriosis, which were later transcribed and subjected to qualitative content analysis. Findings are therefore described using content-related categories. Results show that negative thoughts and feelings like fear, despair, and anger are associated with endometriosis and pain. Moreover, predominantly negative impacts and changes are found in various areas of life, such as the well-being and psyche of those affected, their attitude towards life in general, partnerships, social life, leisure time and work-life balance. In dealing with endometriosis and pain, both Western biomedicine and complementary medicine treatments are used. Support from one's inner circle of friends and exchange and interaction with others affected by the disease are seen to be invaluable. Attending physicians as well as patients themselves and their private, social, and working environment should encourage open communication about endometriosis and the related pain.


Resumo: O tema da endometriose e dor tem implicações relevantes para a saúde das mulheres. O artigo procura contextualizar a experiência subjetiva e os efeitos da dor, os métodos para lidar com essas questões e as necessidades das mulheres afetadas por essa condição na Áustria. Foi escolhida uma abordagem qualitativa para examinar esses temas. Foram realizadas entrevistas focadas em problemas com dez mulheres com história de endometriose. Após a transcrição do material, foi realizada a análise qualitativa do conteúdo. Assim, os achados são retratados com o uso de categorias relacionadas ao conteúdo. Os resultados mostram que pensamentos e sentimentos negativos como medo, desesperança e raiva estão associados com a endometriose e dor. Além disso, são encontrados impactos e mudanças predominantemente negativos em vários domínios da vida, tais como o bem-estar e o estado psicológicos das mulheres afetadas, a atitude geral em relação à vida, parcerias, vida social, tempo de lazer e equilíbrio entre trabalho e vida pessoal. Tanto a medicina ocidental quanto os tratamentos da medicina complementar são utilizados no manejo da endometriose e da dor. O apoio do círculo próximo de amigas e as trocas e interação com outras pessoas afetadas pela doença são vistos como extremamente úteis. Os médicos atendentes e as próprias pacientes e seus ambientes privados, sociais e laborais devem incentivar a comunicação aberta sobre a endometriose e a dor associada.


Resumen: La endometriosis y su dolor asociado implican problemas profundos para la salud de las mujeres. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar la experiencia subjetiva y los efectos del dolor, los métodos para tratarlos, así como las necesidades de las mujeres afectadas en Austria. Para el examen de los temas mencionados anteriormente, se eligió un enfoque de investigación cualitativo. Las entrevistas enfocadas en los problemas se realizaron con diez mujeres que sufrían endometriosis. Tras la transcripción material de los datos, el análisis se realizó usando un análisis cualitativo de contenido. Por lo tanto, los resultados se describen usando categorías relacionadas con el contenido. Los resultados muestran que los pensamientos negativos y los sentimientos como miedo, desesperación, y enfado están conectados con la endometriosis y el dolor. Además, predominantemente se encontraron impactos negativos y cambios en varias áreas de la vida, tales como: bienestar, psique de quienes se veían afectadas, su actitud ante la vida en general, relaciones, vida social, equilibrio entre tiempo de ocio y trabajo. Para enfrentarse a la endometriosis y el dolor, se utilizan tratamientos biomédicos occidentales, así como medicina complementaria. El apoyo del círculo íntimo de los afectados, como son los amigos, así como el intercambio e interacción con otras personas afectadas por la enfermedad parecen ser muy útiles. Ir al médico, el entorno privado, social y laboral de las pacientes, así como ellas mismas, deben estar y ser animadas para una comunicación abierta sobre la endometriosis y el dolor relacionado con la misma.


Subject(s)
Endometriosis/complications , Endometriosis/therapy , Pain/etiology , Quality of Life , Austria , Brazil , Qualitative Research
17.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 919-925, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357095

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Endometriosis is a hormone-dependent chronic inflammatory disease with symptoms such as pelvic pain, which affect the physical, emotional, and social health of women in reproductive age. The current overview article aims to explore the effect of complementary medicine on the treatment or in mitigating the risk of endometriosis. Methods This is an overview article done in Iran. Two separate researchers systematically searched 3 databases (Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane Central Register Trials) until September 2020. The methodological quality of each study was assessed using the assessment of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR) tool. Results The results of two reviews suggested that physical activity, tobacco smoking, diet, coffee and caffeine intake had no effect on mitigating the risk of endometriosis or improving its treatment, but acupuncture successfully reduced pain and related marker (serum CA-125) levels. Conclusion As endometriosis is an annoying disease with many complications and is hard to diagnose and treat, related studies in complementary medicine can help patients with endometriosis. Based on the relevant literature review, among the complementary medicine available for the treatment or to mitigate the risk of endometriosis, only acupuncture seems to alleviate the pain of endometriosis.


Resumo Objetivo A endometriose é uma doença inflamatória crônica hormono-dependente com sintomas como dores pélvicas, que afetam a saúde física, emocional e social de mulheres em idade reprodutiva. O presente artigo de visão geral tem como objetivo explorar o efeito da medicina complementar no tratamento ou na mitigação do risco de endometriose. Métodos Trata-se de um artigo de visão geral feito no Irã. Dois pesquisadores separados pesquisaram sistematicamente 3 bancos de dados (Medline, Scopus e Cochrane Central Register Trials) até setembro de 2020. A qualidade metodológica de cada estudo foi avaliada usando a ferramenta avaliação da qualidade dos relatos de revisão sistemática (AMSTAR, na sigla em inglês). Resultados Os resultados de duas revisões sugeriram que atividade física, tabagismo, dieta, consumo de café e cafeína não tiveram efeito na redução do risco de endometriose ou na melhoria do tratamento, mas a acupuntura reduziu com sucesso a dor e os níveis de marcadores relacionados (CA-125 sérico). Conclusão Como a endometriose é uma doença incômoda, com muitas complicações e de difícil diagnóstico e tratamento, estudos relacionados em medicina complementar podem ajudar pacientes com endometriose. Com base na revisão da literatura relevante, entre os medicamentos complementares disponíveis para o tratamento ou risco de endometriose, apenas a acupuntura parece aliviar a dor da endometriose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Complementary Therapies , Endometriosis/prevention & control , Exercise , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Pelvic Pain/prevention & control , Iran
18.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(6): 538-544, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388695

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La endometriosis es una patología benigna, dependiente de estrógenos, en la que el tejido que normalmente crece dentro del útero aparece fuera de este. Su localización habitual es en la pelvis, pero en ocasiones puede aparecer en otras áreas, como es el caso de la endometriosis umbilical. OBJETIVO: Familiarizar al ginecólogo con esta patología y entregar una serie de herramientas para diagnosticar, tratar y seguir a las pacientes que la presentan. CASOS CLÍNICOS: Se presentan dos casos clínicos de endometriosis umbilical primaria diagnosticados en el Hospital La Paz, en Madrid (España), entre los años 2018 y 2019. Las pacientes, de 30 y 34 años, consultaron por dolor o sangrado umbilical durante la menstruación. Ninguna tenía antecedentes de patología ginecológica ni cirugía abdominal previa. Tras una exhaustiva exploración física y una ecografía de alta resolución, se decidió extirpar la lesión con la colaboración del servicio de cirugía plástica. En ambos casos, el estudio anatomopatológico confirmó que se trataba de tejido endometriósico. Las dos pacientes presentaron una buena evolución posquirúrgica, sin recidivas hasta la fecha. CONCLUSIONES: La endometriosis umbilical primaria es una patología infrecuente, pero es necesario incluirla en el diagnóstico diferencial de una mujer con un nódulo umbilical. Siempre deben realizarse una exploración física exhaustiva y una ecografía ginecológica, para descartar posibles patologías concomitantes. El tratamiento de elección es la extirpación quirúrgica de la lesión y el diagnóstico final se establece con el estudio anatomopatológico.


INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent benign pathology in which endometrial tissue develops outside the uterus. Its most frequent location is the pelvis, although it can appear in other areas such as the umbilicum. OBJECTIVE: To familiarize the gynecologist with this pathology and provide a series of tools to diagnose, treat and provide continued care to these patients. CASE REPORTS: Retrospective study of two clinical cases of primary umbilical endometriosis diagnosed at La Paz University Hospital, in Madrid (Spain), between 2018 and 2019. Both patients (30 and 34 years old respectively) presented with pain and/or bleeding around the umbilical area during menstruation. Neither of them had any previous gynecologic conditions or abdominal surgeries. After exhaustive physical examination and a high-resolution ultrasound, lesions were surgically removed in collaboration with the plastic surgery department. In both cases, histology confirmed the presence of endometrial tissue. Both patients made a full recovery after surgery and havent had a recurrence of said lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Primary umbilical endometriosis is an infrequent disease. However, it must be included in the differential diagnosis of umbilical nodes in women. Exhaustive physical examination and gynecologic ultrasound should always be performed to rule out any other pathologies. Surgical removal of the nodes is the preferred treatment, and the final diagnosis is reached through histology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Umbilicus/surgery , Umbilicus/pathology , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/pathology , Endometriosis/diagnosis
20.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(5): 455-460, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388681

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La endometriosis ureteral es una afección rara que afecta al 0.01-1,7% de las mujeres con endometriosis. Hasta un 30% cursa de forma asintomática y un 11,5-14,7% pueden evolucionar con falla renal. La falta de diagnóstico de la enfermedad puede terminar en una uropatía obstructiva y falla renal irreversible. Se presenta el caso de una paciente con afectación grave de la función renal secundaria a endometriosis profunda con compromiso ureteral. CASO CLÍNICO: Mujer de 35 años con endometriosis que consultó por exacerbación de los síntomas. En su estudio destaca, en la resonancia magnética, el hallazgo de endometriosis pélvica profunda y compromiso endometriósico intrínseco del uréter distal derecho, provocando una acentuada hidroureteronefrosis. El cintigrama renal demuestra acentuado compromiso de la función renal derecha, con una función relativa del 7%. Se realizaron nefrectomía total derecha y resección de enfermedad pélvica profunda laparoscópica, sin incidentes. CONCLUSIONES: La endometriosis ureteral representa un desafío diagnóstico y terapéutico. El manejo multidisciplinario entre radiólogos, ginecólogos y urólogos, mediante el diseño de una estrategia quirúrgica individualizada, es imprescindible para definir el tratamiento óptimo de estas pacientes.


INTRODUCTION: Ureteral endometriosis is a rare entity that affects 0.01-1,7% of women with endometriosis. Up to 30% of the patients are asymptomatic and 11.5-14.7% will develop renal failure. Misdiagnosis can lead to obstructive uropathy and permanent renal failure. We present the case of a patient with severe compromise of renal function secondary to deep infiltrating endometriosis with ureteral involvement. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old woman with endometriosis presented with exacerbation of symptoms. Magnetic resonance showed deep pelvic endometriosis and intrinsic endometriotic involvement of the right distal ureter, causing a marked hydroureteronephrosis. Renal scintigram showed a severe compromise of the right renal function, with a relative function of 7%. Through laparoscopy a total right nephrectomy and resection of deep infiltrating endometriosis was performed. The patient had a satisfactory recovery in the postoperative period. CONCLUSIONS: Ureteral endometriosis presents a diagnostic and therapeutical challenge. Joint multidisciplinary management between radiologists, gynecologists and urologists through the design of an individualized surgical strategy is essential to define the optimal treatment for these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/complications , Renal Insufficiency/surgery , Renal Insufficiency/etiology , Ureteral Obstruction/etiology , Laparoscopy , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging , Renal Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL