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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 12(1): 1-5, jan.-dez. 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530657

ABSTRACT

Aim: this study aimed to evaluate the effects of surgical treatment for endometriosis on the metabolic profile of women diagnosed with deep endometriosis. Methods: we conducted a prospective observational study with a sample of 30 women in the menacme diagnosed with deep endometriosis who underwent videolaparoscopic surgery in a reference center in Brazil between October 2020 and December 2021. A total of 30 women performed clinical and laboratory tests regarding their metabolic profile on two occasions, during preoperative tests and six months after video-laparoscopy. Results: patients had lower average levels of Total Cholesterol (TC), Low-Density Cholesterol (LDL-c), Triglycerides (TGC), and Fasting Glycemia (FG) after the surgical procedure. The average TC level was 8.2% lower after surgery, LDL-c was 12.8% lower, TGC was 10.9% lower, and FG was 7.3% lower. The results showed a statistically significant difference for all these parameters (p < 0.001). Conclusions: video-laparoscopy was associated with a favorable lipid profile compared to the preoperative lipid profile, with a significant improvement in the average levels of LDL-c, HDL-c, TC, TGC, and FG. Long-term follow-up studies are needed to determine whether surgical treatment for endometriosis can improve the metabolic parameters of women with endometriosis and favor a lower predisposition to atherogenesis.


Objetivo: Aeste estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos do tratamento cirúrgico da endometriose no perfil metabólico de mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose profunda. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo observacional prospectivo com uma amostra de 30 mulheres na menacme, com diagnóstico de endometriose profunda, que foram submetidas à videolaparoscopia em um centro de referência no Brasil, entre outubro de 2020 e dezembro de 2021. As mulheres realizaram exames clínicos e laboratoriais quanto ao seu perfil metabólico em duas ocasiões, durante exames pré-operatórios e seis meses após a videolaparoscopia. Resultados: as pacientes apresentaram níveis médios mais baixos de Colesterol Total (CT), Colesterol de Baixa Densidade (LDL-c), Triglicerídeos (TGC) e Glicemia de Jejum (GJ) após o procedimento cirúrgico. O nível médio de CT foi 8,2% menor após a cirurgia, o LDL-c foi 12,8% menor, o TGC foi 10,9% menor e a GJ foi 7,3% menor. Os resultados mostraram diferença estatisticamente significativa para todos esses parâmetros (p < 0,001). Conclusões: a videolaparoscopia foi associada a um perfil lipídico favorável em comparação ao perfil lipídico pré-operatório, com melhora significativa nos níveis médios de LDL-c, HDL-c, CT, TGC e GJ. Estudos de acompanhamento a longo prazo são necessários para determinar se o tratamento cirúrgico da endometriose pode melhorar os parâmetros metabólicos de mulheres com endometriose e favorecer uma menor predisposição à aterogênese.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometriosis , Comorbidity , Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(12): 770-774, Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529909

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To correlate the morphological aspects with pelvic pain in women with deep infiltrating endometriosis. Methods A retrospective study with 67 women with deep endometriosis who underwent surgical treatment in a tertiary hospital from 2007 to 2017. The following variables were considered: age, parity, body mass index, site of involvement, hormonal treatment before surgery, pelvic pain, and morphometric analysis. The histological slides of the surgical specimens were revised and, using the ImageJ software for morphometric study, the percentages of stromal/glandular tissues were calculated in the histological sections. Results The mean age of the women was 38.9 ± 6.5 years. The mean pain score was 8.8 ± 1.9 and the mean time of symptomatology was 4.7 ± 3.5 years, with 87% of the patients undergoing hormone treatment prior to surgery. The average expression of CD10, CK7, and S100 markers was 19.5 ± 11.8%, 9.4 ± 5.9%, and 7.9 ± 5.8% respectively. It was found that the greater the expression of CD10, the greater the level of pain (p = 0.02). No correlation was observed between the expression of CD10, CK7, and S100 markers and age and duration of symptoms. Conclusion Women with deep infiltrating endometriosis have a positive association between the level of pain and the fibrosis component in the endometrial tissue's histological composition.


Resumo Objetivo Correlacionar os aspectos morfológicos com a dor pélvica em mulheres com endometriose profunda. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo com 67 mulheres com endometriose profunda submetidas a tratamento cirúrgico em hospital terciário de 2007 a 2017. As seguintes variáveis foram consideradas: idade, paridade, índice de massa corporal, local do acometimento, tratamento hormonal antes da cirurgia, dor pélvica e análise morfométrica. As lâminas histológicas das peças cirúrgicas foram revisadas e, por meio do software ImageJ para estudo morfométrico, foram calculadas as porcentagens de tecidos estromais/glandulares nos cortes histológicos. Resultados A média etária das mulheres foi de 38,9 ± 6,5 anos. O escore de dor médio foi de 8,8 ± 1,9 e o tempo médio de sintomatologia foi de 4,7 ± 3,5 anos, sendo que 87% das pacientes realizavam tratamento hormonal antes da cirurgia. A expressão média dos marcadores CD10, CK7 e S100 foi de 19,5 ± 11,8%, 9,4 ± 5,9% e 7,9 ± 5,8%, respectivamente. Verificou-se que quanto maior a expressão de CD10, maior o nível de dor (p = 0,02). Não foi observada correlação entre a expressão dos marcadores CD10, CK7 e S100 com a idade e duração dos sintomas. Conclusão Mulheres com endometriose profunda apresentam associação positiva entre o nível de dor e o componente de fibrose na composição histológica do tecido endometrial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pain , Endometriosis
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 32957, 26 dez. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524445

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A endometriose consiste em uma patologia ginecológica bastante prevalente emmulheres de múltiplas faixas etárias, consistindo em um desafio constante para a fertilidade, sexualidade e demais aspectos da qualidade de vida.Objetivo:Avaliar o perfil epidemiológico, formas de tratamento e os aspectos biopsicossociais associados à saúde sexual das mulheres com endometriose. Metodologia:Esta é uma revisão integrativa da literatura cujapergunta norteadorafoi "Como a endometriose influencia nos aspectos biopsicossociais inerentes ao comportamento sexual feminino?". Foi aplicada a estratégia de busca "Endometriose AND Dispareunia AND Qualidade de Vida" na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) e sua versão em inglês "EndometriosisAND DyspareuniaAND Quality of Life" na base de dados PubMed, com ofiltro"últimos10anos"aplicadoemambasasplataformas.Critérios de inclusão: estudos que abordassem mulheres cisgênero, em idade fértil,com vida sexual ativa, diagnóstico prévio de endometriose pélvica ou profunda e distúrbios ou queixas sexuais. Critério de exclusão: artigos que contemplassem mulheres em uso de psicofármacos. Resultados:Inicialmente,foram obtidos 227 artigos. Apósanálise primária, 189 estudos foram excluídos, seguindo para a etapa seguinte apenas 38. Destes, somente 15 atenderam aos critérios e foram considerados válidos para compor o presente estudo.No âmbito sexual, a endometriose pode acarretar aredução da frequência das relações, sangramentos durante ou após o coito, desinteresse em preliminares, desconforto em certas posições, términos de relacionamentos, conflitos conjugais, e, sobretudo, dispareunia.Conclusões:Diante dos prejuízos em diversos âmbitos da vida e bem-estar feminino causados pela endometriose, faz-se indispensável maior qualificação dos serviços de saúde para o diagnóstico precoce e intervenções efetivas, bem como apoio, acolhimento e acompanhamento multiprofissional contínuo. Além disso, a adaptação, compreensão e solicitude dos parceiros são fundamentais para que as mulheres sejam capazes de melhor gerenciar tais desafios (AU).


Introduction:Endometriosis is a gynecological pathology that is quite prevalent among women of multiple age groups, representing a constant challenge to fertility, sexuality, and other aspects of quality of life.Objective:To evaluate the epidemiological profile, forms of treatment and biopsychosocial aspects associated with the sexual health of women with endometriosis.Methodology:This is an integrative review of the literature whose guiding question was "How does endometriosis influence the biopsychosocial aspects inherent to female sexual behavior?". The search strategy "Endometriosis AND Dyspareunia AND Quality of Life" was applied in the Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) and in the PubMed database, with the "last 10 years" filter applied on both platforms. Inclusion criteria: studies that addressed cisgender women, of childbearing age, with active sexual life, previous diagnosis of pelvic or deep endometriosis and sexual disorders or complaints. Exclusion criteria: articles that included women using psychotropic drugs. Results:Initially, 227 articles were obtained. After primary analysis, 189 studies were excluded, only 38 going on to the next stage. Of these, only 15 met the criteria and were considered valid to be part of the present study. In the sexual sphere, endometriosis can lead to a reduction in the frequency of intercourse, bleeding during or after coitus, lack of interest in foreplay, discomfort in certain positions, relationship endings, marital conflicts, and, above all, dyspareunia.Conclusions:Given the damage to various areas of life and female well-being caused by endometriosis, it is essential to improve the quality of health services for early diagnosis and effective interventions, as well as support, reception, and continuous multidisciplinary monitoring. Furthermore, adaptation, understanding and concern from partners are fundamental for women to be able to better manage such challenges (AU).


Introducción:La endometriosis esuna patología ginecológica bastante prevalente en mujeres de múltiples grupos etarios, que supone un reto constante para la fertilidad, la sexualidad y otros aspectos de la calidad de vida.Objetivo:Evaluar elperfil epidemiológico, las formas de tratamiento y los aspectos biopsicosociales asociados a la salud sexual de las mujeres con endometriosis.Metodología:Se trata de una revisión integradora cuya pregunta orientadora fue "¿Cómo influye la endometriosis en los aspectos biopsicosociales inherentes a la conducta sexual femenina?".Se aplicó la estrategia de búsqueda "Endometriosis AND Dispareunia AND Calidad de Vida" en la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud (BVS) y su versión en inglés en PubMed, con el filtro "últimos 10 años" enambas plataformas. Criterios de inclusión: estudios dirigidos a mujeres cisgénero en edad fértil, con vida sexual activa, diagnóstico previo de endometriosis pélvica o profunda, y trastornos o quejas sexuales. Criteriode exclusión: artículos que incluían mujeres usuarias de psicofármacos.Resultados:Inicialmente se obtuvieron 227 artículos. Después del análisis primario, se excluyeron 189 estudios y solo 38 pasaran a la siguiente etapa. De estos, solo 15 cumplieron con los criterios y seconsideraron válidos para el presente estudio. En el ámbito sexual, la endometriosis puede provocar reducción de la frecuencia de relaciones sexuales, sangrado durante o después de las relaciones sexuales, falta de interés por los juegos previos, molestias en determinadas posiciones, rupturas, conflictos matrimoniales y, sobre todo, dispareunia.Conclusiones:Ante los daños causados por la endometriosis en diversos ámbitos de la vida y el bienestar de las mujeres, es indispensable mejorar la calidad de losservicios de salud para el diagnóstico precoz y las intervenciones efectivas, así como apoyo, acogida y seguimiento multidisciplinar continuo. Además, la adaptación, comprensión y solicitud de las parejas son fundamentales para que las mujeres puedan gestionar mejor estos desafíos (AU).


Subject(s)
Female , Quality of Life/psychology , Sexual Behavior/psychology , Women's Health , Dyspareunia/pathology , Endometriosis/pathology , Health Profile , Models, Biopsychosocial
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 759-763, 20230906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511136

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La intususcepción del apéndice corresponde a su invaginación en el ciego. Existen varias causas, pero la endometriosis ha sido informada pocas veces. Aunque el diagnóstico se debe sospechar clínicamente, por lo general su causa solo se determina en el intraoperatorio, donde se deben tener en cuenta causas oncológicas que requieran una resección amplia. Caso clínico. Mujer de 21 años que consultó por dolor abdominal agudo generalizado. Se practicó una tomografía computarizada de abdomen, observando una intususcepción del apéndice en el ciego, estriación de la grasa pericecal y adenomegalias. Se realizó laparoscopia diagnóstica encontrando intususcepción casi completa del apéndice cecal, de aspecto neoplásico. Se convirtió a laparotomía para proceder a hemicolectomía derecha, con vaciamiento ganglionar y anastomosis del íleon al colon transverso. Discusión. La sospecha clínica de intususcepción debe corroborarse mediante ecografía, tomografía o estudios baritados. El tratamiento siempre es quirúrgico, como en el caso de nuestra paciente, quien evolucionó de forma adecuada y continuó asintomática después de un año de seguimiento. Conclusión. El diagnóstico temprano de la intususcepción permite realizar tratamientos quirúrgicos menos agresivos y disminuye el riesgo de filtración de la anastomosis. Se debe tener en cuenta el diagnóstico de endometriosis como posible causa. Se debe realizar el manejo complementario por parte de ginecología.


Introduction. The intussusception of the appendix corresponds to its invagination in the cecum. There are several causes, endometriosis being rarely reported. Although the diagnosis must be suspected clinically, its cause is generally only determined intraoperatively, where oncological causes that require extensive resection must be taken into account. Clinical case. A 21-year-old woman who consulted due to acute generalized abdominal pain, an abdominal tomography was performed, finding an intussusception of the appendix in the cecum, striation of pericecal fat, and lymph nodes. A diagnostic laparoscopy was performed, finding almost complete intussusception of the appendix, with a neoplastic appearance. She was converted to laparotomy to perform a right hemicolectomy, with lymph node dissection and ileal to transverse anastomosis. Discussion. Clinical suspicion of intussusception should be confirmed by ultrasound, abdominal tomography, or barium studies. Treatment is always surgical, as in the case of our patient, who evolved adequately and remained asymptomatic after one year of follow-up. Conclusion. Early diagnosis of intussusception allows for less aggressive surgical treatment and decreases the risk of anastomosis leakage. The diagnosis of endometriosis should be taken into account as a possible cause. Complementary management by gynecologists should be performed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis , Endometriosis , Appendiceal Neoplasms , Colectomy , Intussusception
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(7): 393-400, July 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1507874

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Endometriosis causes a decrease in oocyte quality. However, this mechanism is not fully understood. The present study aimed to analyze the effect of endometriosis on cumulus cell adenosine triphosphate ATP level, the number of mitochondria, and the oocyte maturity level. Methods A true experimental study with a post-test only control group design on experimental animals. Thirty-two mice were divided into control and endometriosis groups. Cumulus oocyte complex (COC) was obtained from all groups. Adenosine triphosphate level on cumulus cells was examined using the Elisa technique, the number of mitochondria was evaluated with a confocal laser scanning microscope and the oocyte maturity level was evaluated with an inverted microscope. Results The ATP level of cumulus cells and the number of mitochondria in the endometriosis group increased significantly (p < 0.05; p < 0.05) while the oocyte maturity level was significantly lower (p < 0.05). There was a significant relationship between ATP level of cumulus cells and the number of mitochondrial oocyte (p < 0.01). There was no significant relationship between cumulus cell ATP level and the number of mitochondrial oocytes with oocyte maturity level (p > 0.01; p > 0.01). The ROC curve showed that the number of mitochondrial oocytes (AUC = 0.672) tended to be more accurate than cumulus cell ATP level (AUC = 0.656) in determining the oocyte maturity level. Conclusion In endometriosis model mice, the ATP level of cumulus cells and the number of mitochondrial oocytes increased while the oocyte maturity level decreased. There was a correlation between the increase in ATP level of cumulus cells and an increase in the number of mitochondrial oocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Oocytes , Adenosine Triphosphate , Endometriosis , Cumulus Cells , Reproductive Health , Mitochondria
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441421

Subject(s)
Humans , Endometriosis
7.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(2): 126-136, abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441420

ABSTRACT

La endometriosis es una de las enfermedades más comunes en las edades reproductivas y afecta la calidad de vida y la fertilidad de las pacientes. A la fecha, no existen guías clínicas nacionales disponibles para la evaluación y el manejo de esta patología. El presente corresponde a una síntesis del trabajo liderado por la Sociedad Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecología y el Ministerio de Salud para la conformación de una Orientación Técnica que sirva a los profesionales de salud para el mejor manejo de las personas con esta dolencia. Esta revisión presenta pautas para el diagnóstico y el manejo de la endometriosis en el ciclo de vida de la persona, incluyendo la adolescencia y la menopausia, y en personas infértiles. De igual manera, da directrices para el manejo médico, terapias complementarias y tratamiento quirúrgico, junto con el seguimiento en el tiempo y la estructuración en red del manejo de las personas con endometriosis.


Endometriosis is one of the most common diseases in reproductive ages and affects the quality of life and fertility of patients. To date, there are no national clinical guidelines available for the evaluation and management of this pathology. This paper corresponds to a synthesis of af effort led by the Chilean Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Ministry of Health to create a national Guideline that serves health professionals for the better management of people with this condition This review presents recommendations for the diagnosis and management of endometriosis in the life cycle of the person with endometriosis including adolescence, menopause and in infertile persons. Moreover, provides guidelines for medical management, complementary therapies and surgical management, along with monitoring over time and network structuring of the management of people with this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/therapy , Risk Factors , Pelvic Pain , Dysmenorrhea , Endometriosis/classification , Endometriosis/etiology
8.
FEMINA ; 51(4): 240-244, 20230430. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512401

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Averiguar o conhecimento das adolescentes sobre endometriose, que é uma doença estrogênio-dependente, podendo ser progressiva, e que se caracteriza pela presença do tecido endometrial fora do útero. Estima-se que a endometriose acometa cerca de 10% das mulheres em idade reprodutiva, sendo 4% a 17% das adolescentes. Métodos: A pesquisa foi desenvolvida com adolescentes estudantes do terceiro ano do ensino médio de escolas estaduais do município de Avaré (São Paulo) de forma descritiva, exploratória e quali-quantitativa, em três etapas: aplicação de questionário, realização de palestra e nova aplicação de questionário. Participaram quatro escolas, totalizando 80 adolescentes participantes na primeira fase e 48 adolescentes na terceira fase. Resultados: Houve aumento de 21,35 vezes no número de adolescentes que se beneficiaram dos conhecimentos gerados pelas palestras, além da replicação da informação para terceiros, possivelmente aumento no número de mulheres que tomaram conhecimento sobre o que é endometriose. Conclusão: Verificou-se que a aplicação de palestras informativas sobre sinais e sintomas de endometriose aumentou o grau de conhecimento de adolescentes entre 16 e 17 anos de escola pública.


Objective: To investigate the knowledge of adolescents about Endometriosis, which is a progressive, estrogen/dependent disease, which can be progressive and which is characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. It is estimated that it affects about 10% of women of reproductive age, of which 2%-4% are postmenopausal, with or without hormonal treatment, and 4% to 17% of adolescents. Methods: The research was carried out with adolescent students in the 3rd year of high school from state schools in the city of Avaré (São Paulo) in a descriptive, exploratory and qualitative-quantitative manner in three stages: application of a questionnaire, holding a lecture and a new application of quiz. Four schools participated, totaling 80 adolescents participating in the first phase and 48 adolescents in the third phase. Results: There was a 21.35-fold increase in the number of adolescents who benefited from the knowledge generated by the lectures, in addition to the replication of information to third parties, possibly an increase in the number of women who learned about what endometriosis is. Conclusion: It was found that the application of informative lectures on signs and symptoms of endometriosis increased the level of knowledge of adolescents between 16 and 17 years of age in public school.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Peritoneal Cavity , School Health Services , Public Health , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Reproductive Health , Gynecologists
9.
Homeopatia Méx ; (n.esp): 112-122, feb. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: biblio-1416736

ABSTRACT

Evaluar la eficacia y seguridad del estrógeno potenciado en comparación con el placebo en el tratamiento homeopático del dolor pélvico asociado a endometriosis (EAPP, por sus siglas en inglés). Diseño del estudio: El presente fue un estudio clínico aleatorizado, doble ciego, controlado con placebo, de 24 semanas, el cual incluyó a 50 mujeres de entre 18 y 45 años de edad con diagnóstico de endometriosis infiltrante profunda con base en ultrasonido transvaginal o imágenes de resonancia magnética después de preparación intestinal, así como puntaje ≥ 5 en una escala visual analógica (VAS: rango de 0 a 10 puntos) para el dolor pélvico asociado con la endometriosis. Se administró estrógeno potenciado (12cH, 18cH y 24cH) o placebo dos veces al día por vía oral. La medida principal de resultado fue el cambio en la severidad de los puntajes parcial y global de EAPP (VAS) de la línea basal a la semana 24, determinada como la diferencia en el puntaje medio de cinco modalidades de dolor pélvico crónico (dismenorrea, dispareunia profunda, dolor pélvico no cíclico, dolor intestinal cíclico y/o dolor urinario cíclico). Las medidas secundarias de resultado fueron la diferencia media de puntaje para la calidad de vida evaluada con el Cuestionario de Salud SF-36, los síntomas de depresión en el Inventario de la Depresión de Beck (BDI) y los síntomas de ansiedad en el Inventario de Ansiedad de Beck (BAI). Resultados: El puntaje global de EAPP (VAS: rango de 0 a 50 puntos) se redujo en 12.82 (p < 0.001) en el grupo tratado con estrógeno potenciado de la línea basal a la semana 24. El grupo que utilizó estrógeno potenciado también presentó una reducción en el puntaje parcial (VAS: rango de 0 a 10 puntos) en tres modalidades de EAPP: dismenorrea (3.28; p < 0.001), dolor pélvico no cíclico (2.71; p = 0.009) y dolor intestinal cíclico (3.40; p < 0.001). El grupo de placebo no mostró cambio significativo alguno en los puntajes global o parcial de EAPP. Además, el grupo de estrógeno potenciado mostró un mejoramiento significativo en tres de ocho ámbitos de SF-36 (dolor de cuerpo, vitalidad y salud mental) y síntomas de depresión (BDI). El grupo de placebo no mostró un mejoramiento significativo a este respecto. Estos resultados demuestran la superioridad del estrógeno potenciado sobre el placebo. Se asociaron pocos eventos adversos con el estrógeno potenciado. Conclusiones: El estrógeno potenciado (12cH, 18cH y 24cH) en dosis de 3 gotas dos veces al día durante 24 semanas fue significativamente más efectivo que el placebo para reducir el dolor pélvico asociado con la endometriosis. Registro del estudio clínico: ClinicalTrials.gov Identificador: https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT02427386.


To evaluate the efficacy and safety of potentized estrogen compared to placebo in homeopathic treatment of endometriosis-associated pelvic pain (EAPP). Study design: The present was a 24-week, randomized, doubleblind, placebocontrolled trial that included 50 women aged 18-45 years old with diagnosis of deeply infiltrating endometriosis based on magnetic resonance imaging or transvaginal ultrasound after bowel preparation, and score ≥ 5 on a visual analogue scale (VAS: range 0 to 10 points) for endometriosis-associated pelvic pain. Potentized estrogen (12cH, 18cH and 24cH) or placebo was administered twice daily per oral route. The primary outcome measure was change in the severity of EAPP global and partial scores (VAS) from baseline to week 24, determined as the difference in the mean score of five modalities of chronic pelvic pain (dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia, non-cyclic pelvic pain, cyclic bowel pain and/or cyclic urinary pain). The secondary outcome measures were mean score difference for quality of life assessed with SF-36 Health Survey Questionnaire, depression symptoms on Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and anxiety symptoms on Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Results: The EAPP global score (VAS: range 0 to 50 points) decreased by 12.82 (p < 0.001) in the group treated with potentized estrogen from baseline to week 24. Group that used potentized estrogen also exhibited partial score (VAS: range 0 to 10 points) reduction in three EAPP modalities: dysmenorrhea (3.28; p < 0.001), non-cyclic pelvic pain (2.71; p = 0.009), and cyclic bowel pain (3.40; p < 0.001). Placebo group did not show any significant changes in EAPP global or partial scores. In addition, the potentized estrogen group showed significant improvement in three of eight SF-36 domains (bodily pain, vitality and mental health) and depression symptoms (BDI). Placebo group showed no significant improvement in this regard. These results demonstrate superiority of potentized estrogen over placebo. Few adverse events were associated with potentized estrogen. Conclusions: Potentized estrogen (12cH, 18cH and 24cH) at a dose of 3 drops twice daily for 24 weeks was significantly more effective than placebo for reducing endometriosis-associated pelvic pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Homeopathic Therapeutics , Pelvic Pain/therapy , Endometriosis/complications , Estrogens/therapeutic use , Placebos , Double-Blind Method
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1897-1909, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980976

ABSTRACT

Endometriosis, a heterogeneous, inflammatory, and estrogen-dependent gynecological disease defined by the presence and growth of endometrial tissues outside the lining of the uterus, affects approximately 5-10% of reproductive-age women, causing chronic pelvic pain and reduced fertility. Although the etiology of endometriosis is still elusive, emerging evidence supports the idea that immune dysregulation can promote the survival and growth of retrograde endometrial debris. Peritoneal macrophages and natural killer (NK) cells exhibit deficient cytotoxicity in the endometriotic microenvironment, leading to inefficient eradication of refluxed endometrial fragments. In addition, the imbalance of T-cell subtypes results in aberrant cytokine production and chronic inflammation, which contribute to endometriosis development. Although it remains uncertain whether immune dysregulation represents an initial cause or merely a secondary enhancer of endometriosis, therapies targeting altered immune pathways exhibit satisfactory effects in preventing disease onset and progression. Here, we summarize the phenotypic and functional alterations of immune cells in the endometriotic microenvironment, focusing on their interactions with microbiota and endocrine and nervous systems, and how these interactions contribute to the etiology and symptomology of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Endometriosis/metabolism , Killer Cells, Natural/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Estrogens , Endometrium/metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 501-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985670

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the familial heritability of endometriosis and to compare the clinical characteristics of patients with or without a family history of endometriosis. Methods: From January 2020 to June 2022, 850 patients with endometriosis confirmed by laparotomy or laparoscopy in Peking University Third Hospital were included in this study. Clinical data were collected, family history was followed up, and the differences of clinical indicators between patients with and without family history of endometriosis were compared. Results: A total of 850 patients were enrolled, with an average age of (33.8±7.0) years old, 315 (37.1%, 315/850) patients in stage Ⅲ and 496 (58.4%, 496/850) patients in stage Ⅳ. There were 100 patients with family history of endometriosis, accounting for 11.8% (100/850). Most of the 113 relatives involved were mothers, daughters and sisters (76.1%, 86/113), 81.5% (22/27) of the second and third degree relatives were maternal relatives. The median ages of patients with and without family history of endometriosis were 30 and 33 years old respectively at the time of diagnosis. The unmarried rate of patients with family history was higher [42.0% (42/100) vs 26.3% (197/750)]. The percentage of dysmenorrhea patients with family history was higher [89.0% (89/100) vs 55.5% (416/750)]. The medians of dysmenorrhea score in patients with and without family history were 6 and 2, and the median durations of dysmenorrhea were 10 and 1 years. There were significant differences in age, marital status, percentage of dysmenorrhea, dysmenorrhea score and duration (all P<0.001). The median levels of serum cancer antigen (CA) 125 in patients with family history and patients without family history at the time of diagnosis were 57.5 and 46.9 kU/L respectively, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences between the two groups in nationality, bady mass index, menarche age, menstrual cycle, menstrual period, menstrual volume, serum CA19-9 level, cyst location and size, stage, history of adverse pregnancy and childbirth, infertility, adenomyosis and deep infiltrating endometriosis (all P>0.05). By comparing the specific conditions of dysmenorrhea patients with and without family history of endometriosis, there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of the age of onset of dysmenorrhea, duration of dysmenorrhea, primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, and progressive aggravation of dysmenorrhea (all P>0.05). The difference in the degree of dysmenorrhea in dysmenorrhea patients with family history of endometriosis was significant (P<0.001). Conclusions: The incidence of endometriosis has a familial tendency, and most of the involved relatives are the first degree relatives. Compared with patients without family history of endometriosis, endometriosis patients with family history are diagnosed at an earlier age, with higher percentage of dysmenorrhea, had more severe dysmenorrhea and higher serum CA125 level.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Adult , Endometriosis/complications , Dysmenorrhea/etiology , Menstruation , Menstrual Cycle , Adenomyosis/complications
13.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 343-350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985657

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) imaging characteristics and clinical symptoms and therapeutic efficacy in adenomyosis patients. Methods: The clinical characteristics of the adenomyosis questionnaire was self-designed. This was a retrospective study. From September 2015 to September 2020, totally 459 patients were diagnosed with adenomyosis and underwent pelvic MRI examination at Peking University Third Hospital. Clinical characteristics and treatment were collected, MRI was used to determine the lesion location, and to measure the maximum lesion thickness, the maximum myometrium thickness, uterine cavity length, uterine volume, the minimum distance between the lesion and serosa or endometrium, and whether combined with ovarian endometrioma. The difference of MRI imaging characteristics in patients with adenomyosis and its relationship with clinical symptoms and therapeutic efficacy were analyzed. Results: (1) Among the 459 patients, the age was (39.1±6.4) years. There were 376 patients (81.9%, 376/459) with dysmenorrhea. Whether patients had dysmenorrhea were related to uterine cavity length, uterine volume, ratio of the maximum lesion thickness to the maximum myometrium thickness, and whether patients had ovarian endometrioma (all P<0.001). Multivariate analysis suggested that ovarian endometrioma was the risk factor for dysmenorrhea (OR=0.438, 95%CI: 0.226-0.850, P=0.015). There were 195 patients (42.5%, 195/459) with menorrhagia. Whether patients had menorrhagia were related to age, whether patients had ovarian endometrioma, uterine cavity length, the minimum distance between lesion and endometrium or serosa, uterine volume, ratio of the maximum lesion thickness to the maximum myometrium thickness (all P<0.001). Multivariate analysis suggested that ratio of the maximum lesion thickness to the maximum myometrium thickness was the risk factor for menorrhagia (OR=774.791, 95%CI: 3.500-1.715×105, P=0.016). There were 145 patients (31.6%, 145/459) with infertility. Whether the patients had infertility were related to age, the minimum distance between lesion and endometrium or serosa, and whether patients had ovarian endometrioma (all P<0.01). Multivariate analysis suggested that young and large uterine volume were risk factors for infertility (OR=0.845, 95%CI: 0.809-0.882, P<0.001; OR=1.001, 95%CI: 1.000-1.002, P=0.009). (2) The success rate of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) was 39.2% (20/51). Dysmenorrhea, high maximum visual analogue scale score and large uterine volume affected the success rate of IVF-ET (all P<0.05). The smaller the maximum lesion thickness, the smaller the distance between the lesion and serosa, the larger the distance between the lesion and endometrium, the smaller the uterine volume, and the smaller the ratio of the maximum lesion thickness to the maximum myometrium thickness, the better the therapeutic efficacy of progesterones (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Concomitant ovarian endometrioma increases the risk of dysmenorrhea in patients with adenomyosis. The ratio of the maximum lesion thickness to the maximum myometrium thickness is an independent risk factor for menorrhagia. Young and large uterine volume may increase the risk of infertility. Severe dysmenorrhea and large uterine volume affect the success rate of IVF-ET. The therapeutic efficacy of progesterones is relatively better when the lesion is small and far away from the endometrium.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Adenomyosis/pathology , Dysmenorrhea/therapy , Menorrhagia/pathology , Endometriosis/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Infertility/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
14.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 941-946, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982367

ABSTRACT

Primary endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the rectovaginal septum is rare. Its pathogenesis is not clear and there is no standard treatment. One patient with endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the rectovaginal septum arising from deep infiltrative endometriosis was admitted to Qingdao Municipal Hospital. The patient presented with incessant menstruation and abdominal distension. She had bilateral ovarian endometriotic cystectomy 6 years ago. Imaging findings suggested a pelvic mass which might invade the rectovaginal septum. Pathological results of primary surgery confirmed endometrioid carcinoma of the pelvic mass arising from the rectovaginal septum. Then she had a comprehensive staged surgery. Postoperative chemotherapy was given 6 times. No recurrence or metastasis was found during the 2-year follow-up. The possibility of deep infiltrating endometriosis and its malignant transformation should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a new extragonadal pelvic lesion in a patient with a history of endometriosis, which would avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Endometriosis/surgery , Rectum , Vagina , Cystectomy
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3207-3214, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981457

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to investigate the protective role of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction(SFZY) against endometriosis fibrosis in mice, and decipher the underlying mechanism through the phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten(PTEN)/protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) pathway. Eighty-five BALB/c female mice were randomly assigned into a blank group, a model group, high-, medium, and low-dose SFZY(SFZY-H, SFZY-M, and SFZY-L, respectively) groups, and a gestrinone suspension(YT) group. The model of endometriosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of uterine fragments. The mice in different groups were administrated with corresponding groups by gavage 14 days after modeling, and the blank group and model group with equal volume of distilled water by gavage. The treatment lasted for 14 days. The body weight, paw withdrawal latency caused by heat stimuli, and total weight of dissected ectopic focus were compared between different groups. The pathological changes of the ectopic tissue were observed via hematoxylin-eosin(HE) and Masson staining. Real-time PCR was employed to measure the mRNA levels of α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA) and collagen type Ⅰ(collagen-Ⅰ) in the ectopic tissue. The protein levels of PTEN, Akt, mTOR, p-Akt, and p-mTOR in the ectopic tissue were determined by Western blot. Compared with the blank group, the modeling first decreased and then increased the body weight of mice, increased the total weight of ectopic focus, and shortened the paw withdrawal latency. Compared with the model group, SFZY and YT increased the body weight, prolonged the paw withdrawal latency, and decreased the weight of ectopic focus. Furthermore, the drug administration, especially SFZY-H and YT(P<0.01), recovered the pathological and reduced the area of collagen deposition. Compared with the blank group, the modeling up-regulated the mRNA levels of α-SMA and collagen-Ⅰ in the ectopic focus, and such up-regulation was attenuated after drug intervention, especially in the SFZY-H and YT groups(P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the modeling down-regulated the protein level of PTEN and up-regulated the protein levels of Akt, mTOR, p-Akt, and p-mTOR(P<0.01, P<0.001). Drug administration, especially SFZY-H and YT, restored such changes(P<0.01). SFZY may significantly attenuate the focal fibrosis in the mouse model of endometriosis by regulating the PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Female , Animals , Mice , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Choristoma , Endometriosis/genetics , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Signal Transduction , Body Weight , Mammals , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/genetics
16.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2023. 40 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551466

ABSTRACT

A endometriose é uma doença crônica associada à dor pélvica e infertilidade, que afeta a vida das mulheres em diversos aspectos como as relações sociais, sexualidade e saúde mental. O tratamento cirúrgico pode auxiliar no tratamento de diferentes tipos de dores relacionadas à endometriose, mas as consequências do procedimento em mulheres que não apresentavam dor antes da cirurgia normalmente não são reportadas. Este estudo observacional multidisciplinar do tipo série de casos avaliou 195 casos consecutivos de mulheres sexualmente ativas que foram submetidas a cirurgia de endometriose para infertilidade ou dor persistente em uma instituição privada especializada em cirurgia minimamente invasiva. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar as alterações na dispareunia profunda um ano após cirurgia minimamente invasiva para endometriose. De um total de 259 mulheres elegidas para o estudo, 195 atenderam aos critérios de inclusão/exclusão e completaram o acompanhamento clínico de 12 meses após a cirurgia. Usando uma escala verbal numérica (EVN) de 11 pontos (0-10), as mulheres foram agrupadas de acordo com a intensidade da dispareunia profunda relatada antes da cirurgia: AUSENTE (EVN = 0), LEVE (1 ≤ EVN ≤ 3), MODERADA (4 ≤ EVN ≤ 6), e INTENSA (EVN ≥ 7). Em uma análise inicial, houve melhora significativa após 1 ano e quase metade das mulheres com dispareunia profunda (NRS>0) tornou se livre deste sintoma (NRS=0). No grupo AUSENTE (N=87), 11 mulheres reportaram dispareunia profunda 6 meses após a cirurgia, mas apenas 1 persistiu com esse sintoma no seguimento de 1 ano, condição denominada Dispareunia Profunda De Novo. Nos grupos MODERADA (N=41) e INTENSA, a melhora da dispareunia profunda 12 meses após a cirurgia foi significativa (P<0,001). Com base nos resultados, o risco de uma mulher com dispareunia profunda intensa (EVN>7) ser beneficiada pela cirurgia com diminuição do escore ≥ 3 pontos é de 82,2% (IC95%: 72,4-92,0), enquanto o risco de uma mulher sem dispareunia profunda (EVN=0) permanecer sem este sintoma após a cirurgia é de 70,1% (IC95%: 60,3-79,2). Uma análise detalhada dos casos com desfechos desfavoráveis permitiu identificar que o desenvolvimento da dispareunia profunda nos primeiros 6 meses após a cirurgia pode estar relacionado à manipulação cirúrgica do septo retovaginal e vagina, o que não foi comum nos casos que desenvolveram dispareunia profunda 12 meses após a cirurgia.


Endometriosis is a chronic disease associated with pelvic pain and infertility that affects women's lives in various aspects such as social relationships, sexuality and mental health. Surgical treatment can help in treating different types of endometriosis-related pain, but the consequences of the procedure in women who did not experience pain before surgery are usually not. This multidisciplinary case series observational study assessed 195 consecutive cases of sexually active women who had undergone endometriosis surgery for infertility or persistent pain in a private medical facility specialized in minimally invasive surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in deep dyspareunia one year after minimally invasive endometriosis surgery. Of a total of 259 women selected for the study, 195 met the inclusion/exclusion criteria and completed clinical follow-up 12 months after surgery. Using a numeric rating scale (NRS) of 11 points (0-10), women were grouped according to the intensity of deep dyspareunia prior to surgery: ABSENT (NRS = 0), MILD (1 ≤ NRS ≤ 3), MODERATE (4 ≤ NRS ≤ 6), and SEVERE (NRS ≥ 7). In an initial analysis, there was a significant improvement after 1 year and almost half of women with deep dyspareunia (NRS >0) became free of this symptom (NRS = 0). In the ABSENT group (N=87), 11 women developed deep dyspareunia 6 months after surgery, but only 1 persisted with this symptom in the following 1 year, a condition called De Novo Deep Dyspareunia. In the MODERATE (N=41) and SEVERE groups, the improvement in deep dyspareunia 12 months after surgery was significant (P<0,001). A thorough analysis of the cases with a focus on individual variations allowed the detection of different response patterns over the first year after surgery. According to the findings, the risk of a woman with severe deep dyspareunia (EVN>7) benefiting from surgery with ≥ 3 point decrease in score is 82.2% (IC95%: 72.4-92,0), while the risk of a woman without deep dyspareunia (EVN=0) remaining without this symptom after surgery is 70.1% (IC 95%: 60,3- 79,2). A detailed examination of the cases with negative outcomes revealed that the development of deep dyspareunia in the first 6 months after surgery may be related to surgical manipulation of the rectovaginal septum and vagina, which was not seen in cases with deep dyspareunia 12 months after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Laparoscopy , Pelvic Pain , Dyspareunia , Endometriosis/surgery
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e386323, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1527598

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of deep resection of endometriosis in the posterior pelvic region on urodynamic parameters. Methods: A prospective observational study conducted with female patients diagnosed with deep pelvic endometriosis before and after endometriosis resection surgery. Clinical history, image exams, the Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms questionnaire, urodynamic examination, cystometry, and voiding study were evaluated. Results: Patients aged 30-39 years old, operative duration of 132.5 minutes, and 2.7 days of hospital stay. Uroflowmetry and cystometry showed tendency for an increase after the surgery in the flow duration, time to maximum flow, and first voiding desire and decreased residual volume and maximum cystometric capacity. Opening, maximum urinary flow, and maximum flow pressure decreased at T1, and the closing parameters increased, although statistically non significant. The variables decreased at T1 in the urodynamic, except for detrusor overactivity. Although we observed a reasonable number of low bladder compliance and abnormal bladder sensation, the results were maintained at T1. General scores for filling and incontinence showed a significant decrease after surgery. Conclusions: A significant response in the patient's perception of urinary function was demonstrated after surgery. It is observed that the surgical procedure did not affect the uroflowmetric and cystometric characteristics of the evaluated patients.


Subject(s)
Urodynamics , Urogenital System , Laparoscopy , Endometriosis
18.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(11): 729-744, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529895

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To review the current state of knowledge on the impact of the surgical treatment on the sexual function and dyspareunia of deep endometriosis patients. Data Source A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines. We conducted systematic searches in the PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS, and Web of Science databases from inception until December 2022. The eligibility criteria were studies including: preoperative and postoperative comparative analyses; patients with a diagnosis of deep endometriosis; and questionnaires to measure sexual quality of life. Study Selection Two reviewers screened and reviewed 1,100 full-text articles to analyze sexual function after the surgical treatment for deep endometriosis. The risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for observational studies and the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for randomized controlled trials. The present study was registered at the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO; registration CRD42021289742). Data Collection General variables about the studies, the surgical technique, complementary treatments, and questionnaires were inserted in an Microsoft Excel 2010 (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, United States) spreadsheet. Synthesis of Data We included 20 studies in which the videolaparoscopy technique was used for the excision of deep infiltrating endometriosis. A meta-analysis could not be performed due to the substantial heterogeneity among the studies. Classes III and IV of the revised American Fertility Society classification were predominant and multiple surgical techniques for the treatment of endometriosis were performed. Standardized and validated questionnaires were applied to evaluate sexual function. Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery is a complex procedure that involves multiple organs, and it has been proved to be effective in improving sexual function and dyspareunia in women with deep infiltrating endometriosis.


Resumo Objetivo Revisar a literatura publicada sobre o impacto do tratamento cirúrgico na função sexual e na dispareunia de pacientes com endometriose profunda. Fonte de Dados Uma revisão sistemática foi realizada de acordo com as diretrizes Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE). Realizamos pesquisas sistemáticas nas bases de dados PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS e Web of Science desde o início até dezembro de 2022. Os critérios de elegibilidade foram estudos que incluíam: análises comparativas pré- e pós-operatórias; pacientes com diagnóstico de endometriose profunda; e a aplicação de questionários para avaliar a função sexual. Seleção dos Estudos Dois revisores selecionaram e revisaram 1.100 artigos para analisar a da função sexual após o tratamento cirúrgico da endometriose profunda. O risco de viés foi calculado usando-se a escala de Newcastle-Ottawa para estudos observacionais e a ferramenta para ensaios clínicos randomizados da Cochrane Collaboration. O estudo foi cadastrado no International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO; cadastro CRD42021289742). Coleta de dados Variáveis gerais sobre os estudos, a técnica cirúrgica, os tratamentos complementares e os questionários foram inseridas em uma planilha do Microsoft Excel 2010 (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, Estados Unidos). Síntese dos dados Foram incluídos 20 estudos em que se usou a técnica de videolaparoscopia para a excisão da endometriose profunda. Uma meta-análise não pôde ser realizada devido à heterogeneidade substancial entre os estudos incluídos. As classes III e IV da escala revisada da American Fertility Society foram predominantes, e múltiplas técnicas cirúrgicas foram usadas para o tratamento da endometriose. Questionários padronizados e validados foram aplicados para avaliar a função sexual. Conclusão A cirurgia laparoscópica é um procedimento complexo que envolve múltiplos órgãos, e provou ser eficaz na melhora da função sexual e da dispareunia em mulheres com endometriose profunda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Dyspareunia , Endometriosis/surgery , Sexual Health
20.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(1): 36-42, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430695

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Colonoscopy enables detailed endoscopic evaluation of the interior of the colon. Changes observed via colonoscopy may be subtle or pronounced and can sometimes mimic those of other diseases, such as deep intestinal endometriosis. The diagnosis of endometriosis in the distal sigmoid and rectum by colonoscopy has been described in previous case reports. Objective: We aimed to correlate the endoscopic changes found in the distal sigmoid and rectum with the presence of endometrial deposits confirmed by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS). Methods: We included 50 female patients referred to the endoscopy department at our institution for colonoscopy, rectosigmoidoscopy, or TRUS, who exhibited one or more symptoms associated with endometriosis. Results: The colonoscopic findings were normal in 36 patients but showed alterations in 14 patients. Among the latter, TRUS revealed involvement of the sigmoid and/or rectal wall in 11 patients. Conclusions: The endoscopic changes in the distal sigmoid or rectum described in this study were strongly associated with endometrial deposits confirmed using TRUS. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging , Rectum , Colon, Sigmoid , Ultrasonography , Endoscopy
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