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2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 676-681, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351775

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess the most common psychological disturbances in women with deep endometriosis and bowel involvement who are waiting surgical treatment and to evaluate what forms of coping are used to solve the problem. Methods This was a cross-sectional observational study of 40 women diagnosed with deep endometriosis and intestinal symptoms. They completed two questionnaires: one for anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [ HADS]) and the Scale of Mode of Confronting Problems (EMEP, in the Portuguese acronym). Results We found that 77.1% of the patients had anxiety and depression, with anxiety being the most prevalent (87.5% of the patients); 90% of the patients used problem focused and religious introspection as their main modes of confronting problems. Conclusion In the use of the HADS questionary, two psychological aspects were the most present in women with deep endometriosis awaiting surgical treatment: anxiety and depression. The most used forms of coping to solve the problem were problem coping and religious practices.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os distúrbios psicológicos mais comuns em mulheres com endometriose profunda e acometimento intestinal que aguardam tratamento cirúrgico e avaliar as formas de enfrentamento que são usadas para resolver o problema. Métodos Estudo observacional transversal com 40 mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose profunda e acometimento intestinal. As pacientes responderam dois questionários: para ansiedade e depressão (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS, na sigla em inglês) e outro para enfrentamento dos problemas (EMEP). Resultados Constatamos que 77% das pacientess apresentaram ansiedade e depressão, sendo a ansiedade a mais prevalente (87,5%); 90% das pacientes usaram a forma religiosa e focada no problema como sua principal estratégia de enfrentamento. Conclusão Os aspectos psicológicos mais encontrados em mulheres com endometriose profunda e intestinal que aguardam tratamento cirúrgico são ansiedade e depressão. As formas mais usadas de enfrentamento para resolver o problema foram práticas religiosas e focada no problema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/complications , Anxiety/etiology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological , Adaptation, Psychological , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/etiology , Depression/epidemiology
3.
Femina ; 49(3): 134-141, 20210331. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224073

ABSTRACT

A suspeita clínica de endometriose geralmente envolve a história clínica da paciente e exame físico, abordando sua sintomatologia e história pessoal e familiar. Entretanto, a apresentação clínica da doença varia consideravelmente, sem características clínicas patognomônicas, fato que dificulta o seu diagnóstico. Um diagnóstico presuntivo de endometriose pode ser fortemente sugerido pela ultrassonografia transvaginal e pela ressonância magnética em casos de endometrioma ou endometriose infiltrativa profunda. No entanto, esses exames de imagem não possuem a sensibilidade e a especificidade necessárias quando se trata de endometriose peritoneal superficial. O biomarcador sérico mais utilizado na investigação da endometriose foi o CA-125, que não apresenta sensibilidade (70%-75%) suficiente para sua indicação na prática clínica. Portanto, apesar de seu risco e alto custo, a videolaparoscopia e a análise anatomopatológica subsequente ainda se apresentam como o procedimento padrão-ouro para o diagnóstico definitivo de endometriose. Assim, com o objetivo de demonstrar quais exames seriam necessários para o diagnóstico dessa doença, realizamos uma revisão sistemática da literatura, cujos dados estão descritos a seguir.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Video-Assisted Surgery , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/etiology , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging , Progestins/therapeutic use , Contraceptives, Oral, Combined/therapeutic use , Endometriosis/drug therapy , Gonadotropins/agonists
4.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(2): 54-63, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117010

ABSTRACT

La endometriosis es una de las patologías ginecológicas benignas más frecuente, ocurre en un 7-10% de las mujeres en edad reproductiva y es causal de dolores crónicos e infertilidad. Se trata de una población joven y sana por lo demás. La sospecha diagnóstica de esta entidad debe ser alta y su manejo multidisciplinario.La endometriosis colorrectal representa una variable altamente incapacitante y es aquí donde se plantea la necesidad de un tratamiento más agresivo para su resolución. Frente a esto nos preguntamos, ¿qué rol tiene la cirugía?, ¿cuáles serían sus ventajas y desventajas?, ¿por qué deberíamos elegirla como método terapéutico?.La presente monografía fue inspirada en todas las pacientes que nos plantearon esta controversia. Que motivaron interconsultas, ateneos, búsqueda de bibliografía. Que generaron discusiones, dudas e incertidumbres y nos hicieron salir del rol de cirujanos al que estamos habituados y nos enseñaron a acompañar, cuando no pudimos curar


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Endometriosis/surgery , Intestinal Diseases/surgery , Patient Care Team , Diagnostic Imaging , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/methods , Diet Therapy , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/drug therapy , Hormone Antagonists/therapeutic use , Intestinal Diseases/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases/drug therapy
6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202544, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136600

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to study the characteristics of women undergoing abdominal surgery with suspected abdominal wall endometriosis or abdominal wall tumor, and to assess the association with age, race and previous cesarean delivery. Method: retrospective and analytical study carried out from January 2000 to December 2019, at the General Surgery Service of Hospital Universitário Antônio Pedro (HUAP) at Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF). Medical records of 100 patients with abdominal wall endometriosis and other types of abdominal wall tumors were analyzed. Age, color, previous history of cesarean section or abdominal surgery and histopathological data were verified. The patients were classified as young adults (aged between 18 and 28 years and 11 months) and adults. The SPSS program was used for data analysis, Fisher's test with a significance level of 0.05. Results: abdominal wall endometriosis with histopathological confirmation was found in 22%, the mean age was 52.28 ± 18.66 which was lower when compared to other diagnoses. There was an association between previous cesarean section and abdominal wall endometriosis (p <0.005). Conclusion: the women with a diagnosis of abdominal wall endometriosis had undergone previous cesareans (the majority) and were in an active reproductive age. Although the brown skin women were the most frequent, there was no statistical difference.


RESUMO Objetivo: estudar o perfil das mulheres submetidas a cirurgia abdominal com suspeita de endometriose de parede abdominal ou tumor de parede abdominal e analisar a associação com a faixa etária, cor e cesariana prévia. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo e analítico realizado no período de janeiro de 2000 a dezembro de 2019, no Serviço de Cirurgia Geral do Hospital Universitário Antônio Pedro (HUAP) da Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF). Analisaram-se prontuários de 100 pacientes com endometriose de parede abdominal e com outros tipos de tumoração de parede abdominal. Idade, cor, histórico prévio de cesariana ou cirurgia abdominal e resultado histopatológico foram avaliados. As pacientes foram classificadas em adultas jovem (idade entre 18 e 28 anos e 11 meses) e adultas. Utilizou-se para a análise dos dados o programa SPSS e, teste de Fisher com nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: Endometriose de parede abdominal com confirmação histopatológica foi encontrada em 22% dos casos. A média de idade foi 52.28 ±18,66, menor quando comparada a outros diagnósticos. Observou-se associação entre cesariana prévia e endometriose de parede abdominal (p<0,005). Conclusão: as mulheres atendidas pelo Setor de Cirurgia da UFF com diagnóstico de endometriose de parede abdominal, na maioria, realizaram cesariana prévia e estavam em idade ativa, reprodutiva. Apesar da cor parda ter sido mais frequente, não se observou diferença estatística.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/etiology , Hospitals, University , Middle Aged
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(9): e202000908, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130679

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To compare the operative outcomes of laparoscopic surgical treatment for bowel endometriosis in a public teaching hospital versus in a private referral hospital. Methods The indications for surgery, type and time of operation, length of hospital stay, need for a temporary stoma, rate of conversion to open surgery, and postoperative complications were evaluated. Results One hundred eighty-one patients were included (150 patients, 82.9%, in a private hospital). In the private hospital, there were more patients with infertility [56% vs. 29%; P=0.01] as an indication for surgery) and segmental resection was more common in the private hospital (48% vs. 29%, p=0.05). The average operative time (211.9±83.4 minutes vs. 128 ± 55 minutes, p<0.001) as well as the length of hospital stay (3.97±1.7 days vs. 1.56±0.85 days, p<0.001) was higher in the public hospital; the rate of conversion to open surgery was significantly lower in the private hospital (2% vs. 32.3%, p<0.001). Operations performed at the public hospital were associated with higher rates of postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo II and II) (38.7% x 11.3%, p=0.021; OR 3.2, CI 95% 1.2-8.0). Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery in private centers was associated with reductions in major complications, surgical times, lengths of stay and rates of conversion to open surgery compared to that in public teaching hospitals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Laparoscopy , Endometriosis/surgery , Referral and Consultation , Hospitals, Private , Hospitals, Public , Hospitals, Teaching
8.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(3): 191-196, June-Sept. 2019. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040325

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To demonstrate the standardization of deep endometriosis surgery with intestinal involvement. Methods: Prospective study evaluating 74 women undergoing standardized surgery for deep intestinal endometriosis. Divided into two groups, according to the findings of three-dimensional anorectal ultrasound, Group I with lesions affecting perirectal fat and Group II with lesions affecting at least the muscular layer of the rectum. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in relation to the size of the focus and the distance of the lesion to the puborectalis muscle (p > 0.05). The type of surgery performed was laparoscopy without lesions in one patient (1.35%), disk resection in 13 patients (17.56%), shaving in 45 patients (60.81%), and rectosigmoidectomy in 15 patients (20.27%). The complications were bleeding from the drain with conservative treatment in three patients (4.05%), fistula in two patients submitted to the shaving method (2.70%), and three patients (4.05%) with lower anterior recession syndrome (LARS), with improvement from conservative treatment. Lesions in other organs were also observed during videolaparoscopy. Conclusion: Surgical standardization is important to guide the general/colorectal surgeon in the effective approach of intestinal endometriosis.


RESUMO Objetivo: Demonstrar a padronização da cirurgia de endometriose profunda com acometimento intestinal. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo que avaliou 74 mulheres submetidas à cirurgia padronizada para endometriose profunda intestinal. Divididas em dois grupos, segundo os achados da ultrassonografia anorretal tridimensional, o Grupo I com lesões acometendo a gordura perirretal e o Grupo II com lesões acometendo, pelo menos, a camada muscular própria do reto. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos em relação ao tamanho do foco e à distância da lesão ao músculo puborretal (p > 0,05). O tipo de cirurgia realizada foi laparoscopia sem achados da lesão em um paciente (1,35%), ressecção em disco em 13 pacientes (17,56%), Shaving em 45 pacientes (60,81%) e retossigmoidectomia em 15 pacientes (20,27%). As complicações encontradas foram sangramento pelo dreno com tratamento conservador em 3 pacientes (4,05%), fístula em 2 pacientes submetidas ao método de shaving (2,70%), 3 pacientes (4,05%) com Síndrome da Ressecção Anterior do Reto (LARS), com melhora ao tratamento conservador. Lesões em outros órgãos também foram observadas durante a videolaparoscopia. Conclusão: A padronização cirúrgica é importante para orientar o cirurgião geral/colorretal na abordagem eficaz na endometriose intestinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Laparoscopy , Endometriosis/surgery , Quality of Life , Colorectal Surgery
9.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 355-361, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047153

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Endometriose é a presença de tecido endometrial funcionante (glândulas endometriais e estroma) em localização fora da cavidade endometrial. Implantes endometrióticos extrapélvicos têm sido ocasionalmente descritos na literatura. Métodos: Este é um relato de caso de uma paciente do serviço de cirurgia plástica do autor, operada em setembro de 2013 em um hospital de Brasília-DF. O trabalho seguiu os princípios de Helsinque e o termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido foi realizado. Resultados: O trabalho se trata de uma paciente de 30 anos que apresentava dismenorreia, dor e parestesia em região inguinal direita, nódulo endurecido em grande lábio direito com cicatrizes de duas ressecções de focos de endometriose. A equipe de ginecologia realizou ressecção endoscópica das lesões cavitárias, do conteúdo do canal inguinal, do nódulo no grande lábio direito, da cicatriz umbilical e parte da aponeurose. Após se instalarem os defeitos de parede abdominal e vulva, a cirurgia plástica realizou a reconstrução com retalho de abdome inferior randômico, baseado lateralmente, como um dos vértices de uma zetaplastia. Conclusão: O retalho descrito no trabalho é uma alternativa na reconstrução da região inguinal e vulva, em casos de grandes defeitos, obtendo um resultado satisfatório.


Introduction: Endometriosis is characterized by the presence of functional endometrial tissue (endometrial glands and stroma) outside the uterine cavity. However, only a few cases of extrapelvic endometriosis have been described in the literature. Methods: This study reports the case of a patient from the author's plastic surgery service who underwent surgery in September 2013 at a hospital in Brasília, Federal District, Brazil. The study was conducted according to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki, and the patient signed an informed consent form. Results: A 30-year-old female patient presented with dysmenorrhea, pain, and paresthesia in the right inguinal region as well as a firm nodule in the labia majora with scars from two surgical resections of endometriosis. The gynecology team performed endoscopic resection of the uterine cavity lesions, inguinal canal content, nodules in the right labia majora, umbilical scar, and part of the aponeurosis. The abdominal wall and vulvar defects caused by the resection were repaired using a laterally based random lower abdominal flap as one of the vertices of a Z-plasty. Conclusion: The flap described in this study is an alternative and satisfactory method for repairing large defects in the inguinal and vulvar regions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgery, Plastic , Vulva , Endometriosis , Abdomen , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Vulva/surgery , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/therapy , Abdomen/surgery
10.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(3): 225-229, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058261

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: En la endometriosis el compromiso intestinal afecta hasta al 12% de las pacientes, comprometiendo al recto y a la unión rectosigmoidea en el 90% de los casos. OBJETIVO: Describir la experiencia del equipo de Coloproctología y Ginecología de Clínica Alemana de Santiago en el tratamiento quirúrgico de la endometriosis pélvica profunda con compromiso colorrectal. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo a partir de la base de datos de pacientes con endometriosis tratados entre enero del año 2015 y abril de 2018. Los criterios de inclusión fueron pacientes con clínica de endometriosis pélvica profunda, que tuviesen compromiso colorrectal y hayan sido tratados con shaving rectal, resección discoide o resección segmentaria. Se revisaron fichas clínicas electrónicas, protocolos operatorios y biopsias definitivas. RESULTADOS: Se reclutaron 25 pacientes con una mediana de edad de 35 años. El síntoma principal de consulta fue dismenorrea y el síntoma digestivo más frecuente fue disquecia. En 8 pacientes se realizó un shaving rectal, en 7 una sigmoidectomía, en 9 una resección discoide y en 1 paciente una tiflectomía. La complicación posoperatoria reportada fue la hemorragia digestiva baja en 4 pacientes (Clavien-Dindo I y IIIa). Con una mediana de seguimiento de 13 meses, a la fecha 3 pacientes se les ha diagnosticado algún tipo de recidiva. CONCLUSIÓN: Es importante que la cirugía a realizar, garantice una morbilidad y recurrencia baja. Los resultados en nuestro centro son alentadores, lo que nos hace creer que el tratamiento quirúrgico podría ser una buena alternativa en la endometriosis pélvica profunda con compromiso colorrectal.


INTRODUCTION: In endometriosis, intestinal involvement affects up to 12% of patients, compromising the rectum and the rectosigmoid junction in 90% of cases. AIM: Describe the experience of the Coloproctolgy and Gynecology Team of the Clínica Alemana de Santiago in the surgical treatment of deep pelvic endometriosis with colorectal involvement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study based on the database of patients with endometriosis treated between January 2015 and April 2018. The inclusion criteria were patients with deep pelvic endometriosis clinic, who had colorectal involvement and who had been treated with rectal shaving, discoid resection or segmental resection. Electronic clinical records, operative protocols and definitive biopsies were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients with a median age of 35 years were recruited. The main symptom of consultation was dysmenorrhoea and the most frequent digestive symptom was dyschezia. In 8 patients a rectal shaving was performed, in 7 a sigmoidectomy, in 9 a discoid resection and in 1 patient a tiflectomy. The only reported post-operative complication was low gastrointestinal bleeding in 4 of the 25 patients (Clavien-Dindo I and IIIa). A median follow-up of 13 months was achieved, to date 3 patients have been diagnosed with some type of recurrence. CONCLUSION: It is important that the surgery to be performed guarantees low morbidity and recurrence. The results in our center are encouraging, which makes us believe that surgical treatment could be a good alternative in deep pelvic endometriosis with colorectal involvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pelvis/pathology , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/complications , Rectal Diseases/surgery , Rectal Diseases/etiology , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Colonic Diseases/surgery , Colonic Diseases/etiology , Endometriosis/pathology , Length of Stay
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 677-681, June 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002275

ABSTRACT

El angiomixoma de la pelvis es un tumor mesenquimal inusual; que dado su alto potencial de recidiva es relevante que la exéresis quirúrgica sea lo más radical posible. Por su parte, la endometriosis infiltrativa profunda, es otra entidad poco frecuente que requiere de tratamientos complejos. La co-existencia de ambas patologías representa una situación absolutamente infrecuente; de los que hay muy pocos casos reportado en la literatura occidental. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 41 años de edad que desarrolló ambas entidades nosológicas de forma concomitante y que fue tratada quirúrgicamente con buenos resultados.


Angiomyxoma of the pelvis is an unusual mesenchymal tumor; that given its high potential for recurrence, it is relevant that the surgical resection be as radical as possible. For its part, to deep infiltrative endometriosis is another rare entity that requires complex treatments. The co-existence of both pathologies represents an absolutely infrequent situation; of which there are very few cases reported in western literature. We present the case of a 41-year-old woman who developed both clinical entities concomitantly and who was treated surgically with good results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pelvic Neoplasms/pathology , Endometriosis/pathology , Myxoma/pathology , Pelvic Neoplasms/surgery , Pelvic Neoplasms/complications , Colectomy , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/complications , Myxoma/surgery , Myxoma/complications
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(2): eAO4583, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001910

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate clinical features and complications in patients with bowel endometriosis submitted to hormonal therapy. Methods: Retrospective study based on data extracted from medical records of 238 women with recto-sigmoid endometriosis treated between May 2010 and May 2016. Results: Over the course of follow-up, 143 (60.1%) women remained in medical treatment while 95 (39.9%) presented with worsening of pain symptoms or intestinal lesion growth (failure of medical treatment group), with surgical resection performed in 54 cases. Women in the Medical Treatment Group were older (40.5±5.1 years versus 37.3±5.8 years; p<0.0001) and had smaller recto sigmoid lesions (2.1±1.9 versus 3.1±2.2; p=0.008) compared to those who had failed to respond to medical treatment. Similar significant reduction in pain scores for dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, cyclic dyschezia and dysuria was observed in both groups; however greater reduction in pain scores for dyspareunia was noted in the Surgical Group. Subjective improvement in pain symptoms was also similar between groups (100% versus 98.2%; p=0.18). Major complications rates were higher in the Surgical Group (9.2% versus 0.6%; p=0.001). Conclusion: Patients with recto-sigmoid endometriosis who failed to respond to medical treatment were younger and had larger intestinal lesions. Hormonal therapy was equally efficient in improving pain symptoms other than dyspareunia compared to surgery, and was associated with lower complication rates in women with recto-sigmoid endometriosis. Medical treatment should be offered as a first-line therapy for patients with bowel endometriosis. Surgical treatment should be reserved for patients with pain symptoms unresponsive to hormonal therapy, lesion growth or suspected intestinal subocclusion.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar características clínicas e complicações em pacientes com endometriose intestinal submetidos ao tratamento hormonal. Métodos: Dados de prontuários de 238 pacientes com endometriose de retossigmoide tratadas entre maio de 2010 e maio de 2016 foram coletados para este estudo retrospectivo. Resultados: Durante o período de acompanhamento, 143 (60,1%) mulheres mantiveram tratamento clínico, enquanto 95 (39,9%) tiveram piora dos sintomas de dor ou aumento da lesão intestinal (grupo falha de tratamento clínico), sendo 54 submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico. As mulheres no Grupo Tratamento Clínico eram mais velhas (40,5±5,1 anos versus 37,3±5,8 anos; p<0,0001) e tinham lesões intestinais menores (2,1±1,9 versus 3,1±2,2; p=0,008) em comparação ao grupo falha de tratamento clínico. Redução significativa e semelhante do escore de dor na dismenorreia, dor pélvica crônica, disquezia cíclica e disúria cíclica foi observada nos Grupos Tratamento Clínico e Cirúrgico. Dispareunia, no entato, teve uma redução maior no Grupo Cirurgia. A redução subjetiva dos sintomas dolorosos também foi semelhante entre os Grupos Clínico e Cirúrgico (100% versus 98,2%; p=0,18). O Grupo Tratamento Cirúrgico foi relacionado a uma maior taxa de complicações graves (9,2% versus 0,6%; p=0,001) em comparação ao Grupo Tratamento Clínico. Conclusão: Falha no tratamento clínico em pacientes com endometriose de retossigmoide foi observada em mulheres mais jovens que tinham lesões intestinais maiores. O tratamento clínico hormonal foi igualmente eficaz na melhora dos sintomas de dor, exceto dispareunia, em comparação ao tratamento cirúrgico em mulheres com endometriose intestinal, mas com menor taxa de complicações. O tratamento clínico deve ser oferecido como primeira opção em pacientes com endometriose intestinal, enquanto o tratamento cirúrgico deve ser reservado para pacientes sem melhora nos sintomas de dor com tratamento hormonal, progressão das lesões ou suspeita de suboclusão intestinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Progestins/therapeutic use , Rectal Diseases/drug therapy , Sigmoid Diseases/drug therapy , Pelvic Pain/drug therapy , Contraceptives, Oral, Combined/therapeutic use , Endometriosis/drug therapy , Rectal Diseases/surgery , Sigmoid Diseases/surgery , Pain Measurement , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Pelvic Pain/surgery , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Dyspareunia/drug therapy , Endometriosis/surgery , Chronic Pain
13.
Medwave ; 19(11): e7750, 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049139

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN La laparoscopía es actualmente el estándar en el manejo de la endometriosis profunda. Sin embargo, requiere de un entrenamiento específico e involucra la realización de procedimientos complejos y asociados a una alta tasa de complicaciones. Por lo anterior en Chile y Latinoamérica, la endometriosis profunda es frecuentemente manejada de manera inadecuada. OBJETIVO Describir nuestra experiencia en el enfrentamiento clínico y manejo quirúrgico laparoscópico de la endometriosis profunda, durante los últimos siete años. MÉTODOS Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo de 137 pacientes consecutivas operadas y con confirmación histológica de endometriosis profunda. Se recolectaron los datos demográficos, datos quirúrgicos, complicaciones, resultados reproductivos y seguimiento. RESULTADOS Todas las cirugías fueron completadas por laparoscopía, sin conversión. La dismenorrea y la dispareunia fueron los síntomas más frecuentes en 85,4 y 56,9%, respectivamente. La localización más frecuente de endometriosis profunda fueron los ligamentos úterosacros, coexistiendo un endometrioma en 48,9% de los casos. La mediana de tiempo operatorio fue de 140 minutos, siendo significativamente más prolongado en casos con compromiso intestinal (p < 0,0001). Quince pacientes (10,9%) presentaron complicaciones. El seguimiento medio fue de 24,5 meses. La tasa de embarazo fue de 58,1% y 90% de las pacientes reportó una mejoría significativa de su sintomatología. CONCLUSIONES El manejo laparoscópico de la endometriosis profunda es efectivo y seguro, pero debe reservarse a centros especializados y con disponibilidad de equipo multidisciplinario.


BACKGROUND Laparoscopy has become the standard of care in the surgical management of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). However, it is a challenging procedure with a high complication rate. Despite the benefits of the minimally invasive approach, DIE resection is often performed by surgeons without adequate training, especially in developing countries like Chile. OBJECTIVE To asses our experience in the diagnosis and laparoscopic management of DIE during seven years. METHODS A retrospective cohort study of data including 137 patients with pathology-proven DIE. Surgical and fertility outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS All procedures were performed laparoscopically without conversion. Dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia were the most common symptoms in 85.4% and 56.9%, respectively. Uterosacral ligaments were the most common DIE location. Endometrioma was present in 48.9% of cases. Median operative time was 140 minutes; however, it was longer in cases requiring bowel surgery (p < 0.0001). The complication rate was 10.9%. Median follow-up was 24.5 months. The pregnancy rate was 58.1% and 90% of patients reported significant symptom relief after surgery. CONCLUSION Laparoscopic surgical management of DIE is effective and safe but it must be performed in tertiary centers with the availability of multidisciplinary teams.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Laparoscopy/methods , Endometriosis/surgery , Patient Care Team/organization & administration , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dysmenorrhea/etiology , Dysmenorrhea/epidemiology , Dyspareunia/etiology , Dyspareunia/epidemiology , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/pathology
14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(7): 390-396, July 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959010

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To outline the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with deep intestinal endometriosis submitted to surgical treatment at a tertiary referral center with a multidisciplinary team, and correlate those characteristics with the surgical procedures performed and operative complications. Methods A prospective cohort from February 2012 to November 2016 of 32 women with deep intestinal endometriosis operations. The variables analyzed were: age; obesity; preoperative symptoms (dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, acyclic pain, dyschezia, infertility, urinary symptoms, constipation and intestinal bleeding); previous surgery for endometriosis; Enzian classification; size of the intestinal lesion; and surgical complications. Results Themean age was 37.75 (±5.72) years. A total of 7 patients (22%) had a prior history of endometriosis. The mean of the largest diameter of the intestinal lesions identified intraoperatively was of 28.12 mm (±14.29 mm). In the Enzian classification, there was a predominance of lesions of the rectum and sigmoid, comprising 30 cases (94%). There were no statistically significant associations between the predictor variables and the outcome complications, even after the multiple logistic regression analysis. Regarding the size of the lesion, there was also no significant correlation with the outcome complications (p = 0.18; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]:0.94-1.44); however, there was a positive association between grade 3 of the Enzia classification and the more extensive surgical techniques: segmental intestinal resection and rectosigmoidectomy, with a prevalence risk of 4.4 (p < 0.001; 95%CI:1.60-12.09). Conclusion The studied sample consisted of highly symptomatic women. A high prevalence of deep infiltrative endometriosis lesions was found located in the rectum and sigmoid region, and their size correlated directly with the extent of the surgical resection performed.


Resumo Objetivo Delinear as características das pacientes portadoras de endometriose profunda intestinal submetidas a tratamento cirúrgico em centro de referência com equipe multidisciplinar, e correlacionar tais achados com a extensão de doença e com os procedimentos cirúrgicos realizados. Métodos Tratamento cirúrgico no período de fevereiro de 2012 a novembro de 2016 em 32 mulheres portadoras de endometriose profunda intestinal. Variáveis analisadas: idade; obesidade; queixas pré-operatórias: dismenorreia, dispareunia, dor acíclica, disquezia, sangramento uterino anormal, infertilidade, sintomas urinários, constipação, e sangramento intestinal; cirurgia prévia para tratamento de endometriose profunda; classificação de Enzian; técnica cirúrgica aplicada; tamanho da lesão intestinal; e complicações operatórias. Resultados A média de idade foi de 37,75 (±5,72) anos. Um total de 7 (22%) pacientes tinha histórico de abordagem prévia da endometriose. A média do maior diâmetro das lesões intestinais foi de 28,12 mm (±14,29 mm). Na classificação de Enzian, houve predomínio das lesões da região de reto ou retossigmoide no compartimento posterior, num total de 30 casos (94%). Não foi observada associação estatística significativa entre as variáveis preditivas e o desfecho da complicação, mesmo após análise de regressão logística múltipla. Quanto ao tamanho da lesão, também não houve correlação significativa com o desfecho complicação (p = 0,18; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 0,94-1,44). No entanto, Houve associação positiva entre o grau 3 da classificação de Enzian e a técnica cirúrgicamais extensa: ressecção intestinal segmentar e retossigmoidectomia, com risco de prevalência de 4,4 (p = 0,00003; IC95%: 1,60-12,09). Conclusão A amostra populacional estudada foi constituída de mulheres muito sintomáticas. Foi encontrada prevalência alta de lesões de endometriose infiltrativa profunda localizadas em região de retossigmoide, e seu tamanho correlacionou-se diretamente com a extensão da ressecção cirúrgica realizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Endometriosis/surgery , Intestinal Diseases/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(4): e1406, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973376

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Deep infiltrating colorectal endometriosis may severely affect the quality of life and fertility of patients. Although segmental resection is a therapeutic option that provides positive outcomes in the management of symptoms, its functional effects are still unproven. Aim: Assess the late impact of the laparoscopic approach in treating deep infiltrating endometriosis with segmental colorectal resection. Methods: Prospective case series of 46 patients submitted to laparoscopic treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis with segmental colorectal resection between 2013 and 2016. Fertility, gynecological and bowel symptoms were assessed at the preoperative period and at three and 12 months (or more) after the procedure. Results: Preoperative interview assessed the prevalence of infertility (45.6%), gynecological (87%) and intestinal (80.4%) symptoms. At the third month after the procedure a significant reduction in the prevalence of gynecological symptoms (p<0,001), tenesmus (p=0,001) and dysquesia (p=0,002) was observed. After a period of 12 months or more following the procedure a significant reduction in the prevalence persisted for dysmenorrhea (p=0,001), deep dyspareunia (p=0,041), chronic pelvic pain (p=0,011) and dysquesia (p=0,001), as compared to the preoperative period. Total pregnancy rate was 57.1% and spontaneous pregnancy 47.6%. Conclusion: The treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis using segmental colorectal resection has provided early and late relief of gynecological and bowel symptoms. The outcomes also indicate a positive impact on the fertility of infertile patients.


RESUMO Racional: A endometriose profunda infiltrativa colorretal pode impactar de maneira importante na qualidade de vida e na fertilidade das pacientes. A ressecção segmentar é uma opção terapêutica com resultados positivos na queda dos sintomas, porém ainda sem efeitos funcionais comprovados. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto tardio do tratamento laparoscópico da endometriose profunda infiltrativa com ressecção segmentar colorretal. Métodos: Série de casos prospectiva com 46 pacientes submetidas ao tratamento laparoscópico para endometriose profunda infiltrativa com ressecção segmentar colorretal entre 2013 e 2016. Foram analisados sintomas ginecológicos, intestinais e a fertilidade no período pré-operatório, três e 12 meses ou mais após o procedimento. Resultados: Na entrevista pré-operatória, foram levantadas as prevalências de sintomas ginecológicos (87%), intestinais (80,4%) e de infertilidade (45,6%). No 3º mês pós-operatório, observou-se redução significativa da prevalência dos sintomas ginecológicos (p<0,001) e de sintomas intestinais, tenesmo (p=0,001) e disquesia (p=0,002). Após 12 meses ou mais observou-se diminuição significativa da prevalência de dismenorreia (p=0,001), de dispareunia profunda (p=0,041) e de dor pélvica crônica (p=0,011) além de disquesia (p=0,001) em relação ao período pré-operatório. As taxas de gravidez total e espontânea foram de 57,1% e 47,6%, respectivamente. Conclusão: O tratamento da endometriose profunda infiltrativa com ressecção segmentar colorretal proporcionou alívio precoce e tardio dos sintomas ginecológicos e intestinais. Os resultados sugerem impacto positivo sobre a fertilidade em pacientes inférteis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Laparoscopy/methods , Colectomy/methods , Endometriosis/surgery , Proctectomy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Colectomy/adverse effects , Proctectomy/adverse effects , Infertility, Female
16.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(3): e1746, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956553

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to report the characteristics, evolution and outcome of patients with primary umbilical endometriosis. Methods: an observational and descriptive study of patients with primary umbilical endometriosis diagnosed between 2014 and 2017. The clinical variables evaluated were age, clinical picture, lesion characteristics, diagnostic methods, treatment and recurrence. Results: six patients diagnosed with primary umbilical endometriosis aged 28 to 45 years were operated on during the study period. They had lesions ranging from one to 2.5cm in diameter, violet in five patients and erythematous-violaceous in one. The duration of the symptoms until diagnosis ranged from one to three years and in all the cases studied the diagnosis was made through the clinical manifestations and confirmed by histopathological analysis. No case was associated with neoplastic alterations. All patients evaluated had pain and umbilical bleeding in the menstrual period. Conclusion: umbilical endometriosis is an uncommon disease and should be included in the differential diagnosis of women as umbilical nodules. The treatment of choice is the total exeresis of the lesion.


RESUMO Objetivo: relatar as características, evolução e desfecho de pacientes portadoras de endometriose umbilical primária. Métodos: estudo observacional e descritivo de pacientes portadoras de endometriose umbilical primária diagnosticada entre 2014 e 2017. As variáveis clínicas avaliadas foram: idade, quadro clínico, características das lesões, métodos diagnósticos, tratamento e recidiva. Resultados: seis pacientes com diagnóstico de endometriose umbilical primária, com idades entre 28 e 45 anos foram operadas no período do estudo. Elas apresentavam lesões que variavam de 1,0cm a 2,5cm de diâmetro, de cor violácea em cinco pacientes e eritemato-violácea em uma. O tempo de duração dos sintomas até o diagnóstico variou de um a três anos e em todos os casos estudados o diagnóstico foi feito por meio das manifestações clínicas e confirmado por meio da análise histopatológica. Nenhum caso foi associado com alterações neoplásicas. Todas as pacientes avaliadas apresentavam como manifestação clínica dor e sangramento umbilical no período menstrual. Conclusão: a endometriose umbilical é uma doença pouco frequente e deve ser incluída no diagnostico diferencial de mulheres como nódulo umbilical. O tratamento de eleição é a exérese total da lesão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Umbilicus/pathology , Endometriosis/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Pelvic Pain/physiopathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/physiopathology , Hemorrhage , Hernia, Umbilical , Menstruation
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(1): 87-94, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840808

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Endometriosis is a disease with causes still unclear, affecting approximately 15% of women of reproductive age, and in 1%-2% of whom it may involve the urinary tract. The bladder is the organ most frequently affected by endometriosis, observed around 85% of the cases. In such cases, the most effective treatment is partial cystectomy, especially via videolaparoscopy. Study Objective, Design, Size and Duration In order to identify and delimit the extent of the intravesical endometriosis lesion, to determine the resection limits, as well as to perform an optimal reconstruction of the organ aiming for its maximum preservation, we performed a cystoscopy simultaneously with the surgery, employing a modified light-to-light technique in 25 consecutive patients, from September 2006 to May 2012. Setting Study performed at Campinas Medical Center – Campinas – Sao Paulo – Brazil.Participants/materials, setting and methods: Patients aged 27 to 47 (average age: 33.4 years) with deep endometriosis with total bladder involvement were selected for the study. The technique used was conventional laparoscopy with a transvaginal uterine manipulator and simultaneous cystoscopy (the light-to-light technique). A partial videolaparoscopic cystectomy was performed with cystoscopy-assisted vesical reconstruction throughout the entire surgical time. The lesions had an average size of 2.75cm (ranging from 1.5 to 5.5cm). The average surgical time was 137.7 minutes, ranging from 110 to 180 minutes. Main Results Postoperative follow-up time was 32.4 months (12-78 months), with clinical evaluation and a control cystoscopy performed every six months. No relapse was observed during the follow-up period. Conclusions A cystoscopy-assisted partial laparoscopic cystectomy with a modified light-to-light technique is a method that provides adequate identification of the lesion limits, intra or extravesically. It also allows a safe reconstruction of the organ aiming for its maximum preservation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Urinary Bladder Diseases/surgery , Cystectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Cystoscopy/methods , Endometriosis/surgery , Urinary Bladder Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Ultrasonography , Treatment Outcome , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Video-Assisted Surgery/methods , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging , Operative Time , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 32(1): 151-154, 2017. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-832695

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Endometriose primária de umbigo é uma afecção rara que acomete mulheres em idade fértil. A endometriose umbilical espontânea apresenta-se com nódulo em umbigo, dor cíclica, sangramento local discreto durante o período menstrual, sem história de cirurgia prévia. O tratamento consiste na excisão em bloco da lesão e cordão umbilical, com margens para evitar recorrência e a reconstrução umbilical imediata. Métodos: Apresentamos a técnica cirúrgica para excisão circular do endometrioma umbilical e a neo-onfaloplastia em um só estágio. Conclusão: A possibilidade de endometriose umbilical deve ser considerada quando da presença de nodulações e hemorragias umbilicais, mesmo sem cirurgia prévia. A técnica cirúrgica proporciona remissão total da lesão e uma cicatriz umbilical de aspecto natural.


Introduction: Umbilical primary endometriosis is a rare condition that affects women of childbearing age. Spontaneous umbilical endometriosis presents lump in the navel, cyclic pain, discreet local bleeding during menstruation, with no history of previous surgery. The treatment is block excision of the lesion and umbilical cord with edges margin to avoid recurrence and immediate umbilical reconstruction. Methods: We describe the surgical technique for circle excision of the umbilical endometrioma and neo-omphaloplasty in one stage. Conclusion: The possibility of umbilical endometriosis should be considered when the presence of nodules and umbilical bleeding, even without previous surgery. The surgical technique provides total remission of the lesion and an umbilical natural scar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Umbilicus , Supine Position , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Rare Diseases , Endometriosis , Umbilicus/surgery , Umbilicus/pathology , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Rare Diseases/surgery , Rare Diseases/pathology , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/pathology
19.
Femina ; 44(4): 262-264, 20161230.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1050872

ABSTRACT

A endometriose é uma doença que acomete mulheres em idade reprodutiva e está associada com impacto negativo na sua fertilidade e qualidade de vida. Este artigo tem o objetivo de avaliar, por meio de uma revisão detalhada, as taxas de gestação espontâneas ou obtidas por técnicas de reprodução assistida, após o tratamento cirúrgico de pacientes portadoras de endometriose infiltrativa profunda associada à infertilidade. A análise dos resultados dos estudos sobre possível vantagem do tratamento cirúrgico visando à melhora da infertilidade foi inconclusiva, devendo o médico definir individualmente o tratamento, de acordo com os sintomas e desejo da paciente.(AU)


Endometriosis is a disease that affects women in their reproductive years with a negative impact on their fertility and quality of life. This study aims at evaluating, through a detailed review, the pregnancy rates obtained spontaneously or after assisted reproductive techniques following surgical treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis associated with infertility. The analysis of the available studies on the possible advantage of the surgical treatment to improve infertility was inconclusive; physicians should individually tailor the treatment, according patients' symptoms and wishes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Endometriosis/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Fertility , Fertilization , Infertility
20.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol ; 81(4): 317-320, ago. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-795896

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES: La endometriosis afecta entre 5 al 15% de las mujeres en edad reproductiva. La presentación torácica es una entidad de baja frecuencia (menos del 1% de todos los casos de endometriosis), y puede localizarse en vía aérea, parénquima, pleuras o diafragma. Sus manifestaciones clínicas habitualmente se presentan dentro de las primeras 72 horas del inicio de la menstruación y consisten en dolor torácico, neumotórax o hemoptisis. El mejor manejo consiste en supresión hormonal y manejo quirúrgico en casos refractarios. OBJETIVOS: Describir un caso de endometriosis diafragmática tratada satisfactoriamente por videotoracoscopia. CASO CLÍNICO: Mujer de 27 años, con antecedentes de endometriosis ovárica operada con electrofulguración dos años previo. Consulta por omalgia derecha y dado antecedentes de endometriosis pélvica, se solicita TAC torácico, que informa formación sólida, ovoídea, de 30 mm x 13 mm, que capta contraste en forma parcial ubicado en la región subdifragmática derecha. Se interpreta imagen como posible foco de endometriosis, se complementa con RNM que es concordante con el diagnóstico. Se realiza videotoracoscopia derecha con resección diafragmática y reparación primaria. Anatomía patológica informa focos de endometriosis con márgenes negativos. Se retira la pleurostomía a las 48 horas, siendo dada de alta a los tres días. A un año de seguimiento, está asintomatica y sin evidencia de recidiva. CONCLUSIÓN: A pesar de su baja frecuencia, la endometriosis torácica representa un importante compromiso de la calidad de vida. Casos con complicaciones torácicas, con regular o deficiente respuesta a terapia hormonal, se benefician de resolución quirúrgica por vía mínimamente invasiva.


BACKGROUND: Endometriosis affects between 5 to 15% of women of reproductive age. Thoracic presentation entity is infrequent (less than 1% of all cases of endometriosis) and may be located in airway parenchyma, pleura or diaphragm. Its clinical manifestations usually occur within the first 72 hours of onset of menstruation and include chest pain, pneumothorax or hemoptysis. Better management consists of hormonal suppression and surgical management in refractory cases. OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of diaphragmatic endometriosis, successfully treated by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). CASE REPORT: Woman of 27 years old, with a history of ovarian endometriosis operated by electrofulguration two years before. She present right omalgia and a history of pelvic endometriosis. Chest CT report a solid, ovoid formation, 30 mm x 13 mm, which captures contrast partially, located in the right sub diaphragmatic region. Image is interpreted as a possible focus of endometriosis, it is complemented by RNM that is consistent with the diagnosis. It is performed VATS right with diaphragmatic resection and primary repair. Pathology reports endometriosis with negative margins. The pleurostomy is removed after 48 hours, she was discharged after three days. A one year follow up, it is asymptomatic and without evidence of recurrence. CONCLUSION: Despite its low frequency, the thoracic endometriosis represents an important commitment to the quality of life. Cases with chest complications, and with fair or poor response to hormone therapy, benefit with minimally invasive surgical resolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Thoracic Diseases/surgery , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Endometriosis/surgery , Thoracic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging
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