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Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(11): 729-744, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529895


Abstract Objective To review the current state of knowledge on the impact of the surgical treatment on the sexual function and dyspareunia of deep endometriosis patients. Data Source A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines. We conducted systematic searches in the PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS, and Web of Science databases from inception until December 2022. The eligibility criteria were studies including: preoperative and postoperative comparative analyses; patients with a diagnosis of deep endometriosis; and questionnaires to measure sexual quality of life. Study Selection Two reviewers screened and reviewed 1,100 full-text articles to analyze sexual function after the surgical treatment for deep endometriosis. The risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for observational studies and the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for randomized controlled trials. The present study was registered at the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO; registration CRD42021289742). Data Collection General variables about the studies, the surgical technique, complementary treatments, and questionnaires were inserted in an Microsoft Excel 2010 (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, United States) spreadsheet. Synthesis of Data We included 20 studies in which the videolaparoscopy technique was used for the excision of deep infiltrating endometriosis. A meta-analysis could not be performed due to the substantial heterogeneity among the studies. Classes III and IV of the revised American Fertility Society classification were predominant and multiple surgical techniques for the treatment of endometriosis were performed. Standardized and validated questionnaires were applied to evaluate sexual function. Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery is a complex procedure that involves multiple organs, and it has been proved to be effective in improving sexual function and dyspareunia in women with deep infiltrating endometriosis.

Resumo Objetivo Revisar a literatura publicada sobre o impacto do tratamento cirúrgico na função sexual e na dispareunia de pacientes com endometriose profunda. Fonte de Dados Uma revisão sistemática foi realizada de acordo com as diretrizes Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE). Realizamos pesquisas sistemáticas nas bases de dados PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS e Web of Science desde o início até dezembro de 2022. Os critérios de elegibilidade foram estudos que incluíam: análises comparativas pré- e pós-operatórias; pacientes com diagnóstico de endometriose profunda; e a aplicação de questionários para avaliar a função sexual. Seleção dos Estudos Dois revisores selecionaram e revisaram 1.100 artigos para analisar a da função sexual após o tratamento cirúrgico da endometriose profunda. O risco de viés foi calculado usando-se a escala de Newcastle-Ottawa para estudos observacionais e a ferramenta para ensaios clínicos randomizados da Cochrane Collaboration. O estudo foi cadastrado no International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO; cadastro CRD42021289742). Coleta de dados Variáveis gerais sobre os estudos, a técnica cirúrgica, os tratamentos complementares e os questionários foram inseridas em uma planilha do Microsoft Excel 2010 (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, Estados Unidos). Síntese dos dados Foram incluídos 20 estudos em que se usou a técnica de videolaparoscopia para a excisão da endometriose profunda. Uma meta-análise não pôde ser realizada devido à heterogeneidade substancial entre os estudos incluídos. As classes III e IV da escala revisada da American Fertility Society foram predominantes, e múltiplas técnicas cirúrgicas foram usadas para o tratamento da endometriose. Questionários padronizados e validados foram aplicados para avaliar a função sexual. Conclusão A cirurgia laparoscópica é um procedimento complexo que envolve múltiplos órgãos, e provou ser eficaz na melhora da função sexual e da dispareunia em mulheres com endometriose profunda.

Humans , Female , Dyspareunia , Endometriosis/surgery , Sexual Health
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 71-79, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970013


INTRODUCTION@#To compare epidemiological features and clinical presentations of deep infiltrating endometriosis with endometrioma and adenomyosis, as well as to identify risk factors for the respective histologically confirmed conditions.@*METHOD@#Patients undergoing index surgery at the National University Hospital, Singapore for endometriosis or adenomyosis over a 7-year period-from 2015 to 2021-were identified from hospital databases using the Table of Surgical Procedures coding. Social and epidemiological features of cases with histologically confirmed diagnoses of endometrioma only, adenomyosis only, and deep infiltrating endometriosis were compared. Significant variables from univariate analysis were entered into 3 binary multivariate logistic regression models to obtain independent risk factors for: deep infiltrating endometriosis versus endometrioma only, deep infiltrating endometriosis versus adenomyosis only, and adenomyosis only versus endometrioma only.@*RESULTS@#A total of 258 patients were included with 59 ovarian endometrioma only, 47 adenomyosis only, and 152 deep infiltrating endometrioses. Compared to endometrioma only, deep infiltrating endometriosis was associated with higher rates of severe dysmenorrhoea (odds ratio [OR] 2.80, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-7.70) and out-of-pocket private surgical care (OR 4.72, 95% CI 1.85-12.04). Compared to adenomyosis only, deep infiltrating endometriosis was associated with a higher fertility desire (OR 13.47, 95% CI 1.01-180.59) and a lower body mass index (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.79-0.99). In contrast, heavy menstrual bleeding was the hallmark of adenomyosis, being less common in patients with endometriosis.@*CONCLUSION@#Deep infiltrating endometriosis is associated with severe dysmenorrhoea, pain related to urinary and gastrointestinal tracts, higher fertility desire and infertility rate. Patients with pain symptomatology and subfertility should be referred early to a tertiary centre with the capability to diagnose and manage deep infiltrating endometriosis.

Female , Humans , Endometriosis/surgery , Adenomyosis/surgery , Dysmenorrhea/etiology , Risk Factors , Databases, Factual
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 941-946, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982367


Primary endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the rectovaginal septum is rare. Its pathogenesis is not clear and there is no standard treatment. One patient with endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the rectovaginal septum arising from deep infiltrative endometriosis was admitted to Qingdao Municipal Hospital. The patient presented with incessant menstruation and abdominal distension. She had bilateral ovarian endometriotic cystectomy 6 years ago. Imaging findings suggested a pelvic mass which might invade the rectovaginal septum. Pathological results of primary surgery confirmed endometrioid carcinoma of the pelvic mass arising from the rectovaginal septum. Then she had a comprehensive staged surgery. Postoperative chemotherapy was given 6 times. No recurrence or metastasis was found during the 2-year follow-up. The possibility of deep infiltrating endometriosis and its malignant transformation should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a new extragonadal pelvic lesion in a patient with a history of endometriosis, which would avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.

Female , Humans , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Endometriosis/surgery , Rectum , Vagina , Cystectomy
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(11): 1040-1046, Nov. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423271


Abstract Objective The purpose was to assess the rates of postoperative complications and the need of temporary stoma of laparoscopic surgical treatment for bowel endometriosis in a referral center. Methods The surgical indication, type of operation, operative time, length of hospital stay, need for a temporary stoma, rate of conversion to open surgery, postoperative complications were evaluated. Results One-hundred and fifty patients were included. The average duration of surgery was significantly longer for segmental resection (151 minutes) than for disc excision (111.5 minutes, p < 0.001) and shaving (96.8 minutes, p < 0.001). Patients with segmental resection had longer postoperative lengths of hospital stay (1.87 days) compared with patients with disc excision (1.43 days, p < 0.001) and shaving (1.03 days, p < 0.001). A temporary stoma was performed in 2.7% of patients. Grade II and III postoperative complications occurred in 6.7% and 4.7% patients, respectively. Conclusion Laparoscopic intestinal resection has an acceptable postoperative complication rate and a low need for a temporary stoma.

Resumo Objetivo O objetivo foi avaliar as taxas de complicações pós-operatórias e a necessidade de estomia temporária do tratamento cirúrgico laparoscópico para endometriose intestinal em um centro de referência. Métodos Foram avaliados a indicação cirúrgica, tipo de operação, tempo operatório, tempo de internação, necessidade de estomia temporária, taxa de conversão para cirurgia aberta, complicações pós-operatórias. Resultados Cento e cinquenta pacientes foram incluídos. A duração média da cirurgia foi significativamente maior para a ressecção segmentar (151 minutos) do que para a excisão do disco (111,5 minutos, p < 0,001) e shaving (96,8 minutos, p < 0,001). Pacientes com ressecção segmentar tiveram maior tempo de internação pós-operatória (1,87 dias) em comparação com pacientes com excisão de disco (1,43 dias, p < 0,001) e shaving (1,03 dias, p < 0,001). Um estoma temporário foi realizado em 2,7% dos pacientes. Complicações pós-operatórias de grau II e III ocorreram em 6,7% e 4,7% dos pacientes, respectivamente. Conclusão A ressecção intestinal laparoscópica apresenta taxa aceitável de complicações pós-operatórias e baixa necessidade de estomia temporária.

Humans , Female , Postoperative Complications , Laparoscopy , Colorectal Surgery/rehabilitation , Endometriosis/surgery , Surgical Stomas
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 608-612, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385644


RESUMEN: La endometriosis (E), se define como presencia de glándulas endometriales y estroma fuera del útero. Ocasionalmente se presenta como masa sensible en la pared abdominal (PA), en relación con una cicatriz quirúrgica (EPA). Aunque el tratamiento es quirúrgico, existe poca información respecto de la morbilidad postoperatoria (MPO) y la recurrencia de la EPA. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar MPO y recurrencia en pacientes resecadas quirúrgicamente por EPA. Serie de casos de pacientes con EPA, sometidos a cirugía de forma consecutiva, en Clínica RedSalud Mayor, entre 2011 y 2021. Las variables resultados MPO y recurrencia. Otras variables de interés fueron: tiempo quirúrgico, estancia hospitalaria y mortalidad. Las pacientes fueron seguidas de forma clínica. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, con medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Se intervinieron 14 pacientes, con una mediana de edad de 33 años. La medianas del tiempo quirúrgico y estancia hospitalaria; fueron 55 min y 2,5 días respectivamente. La MPO fue 14,2 % (2 casos). Con una mediana de seguimiento de 31 meses, no se verificó recurrencia. Aunque la EPA es poco común, estas lesiones deben sospecharse en mujeres en edad reproductiva con masa palpable en relación con una cicatriz de cirugía ginecológica u obstétrica. Los resultados obtenidos, en términos de MPO y recurrencia, fueron similares a series internacionales.

SUMMARY: Endometriosis (E) is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and endometrial stroma outside the uterus. Occasionally it presents as a sensitive mass in the abdominal wall (AW), in relation to a surgical scar (AWE). Although the treatment is surgical, there is scarce information regarding postoperative morbidity (POM) and recurrence of AWE. The aim of this study was to determine POM and recurrence in patients surgically resected by AWE. Case series of patients with AWE, consecutively submitted to surgery, at RedSalud Mayor Clinic, between 2011 and 2021. Outcome variables were POM and recurrence. Other variables of interest were surgical time, hospital stay and mortality. Patients were followed-up clinically. Descriptive statistics were used, applying central tendency and dispersion measures. 14 patients were intervened, with a median age of 33 years. Median of surgical time and hospital stay were 55 min and 2,5 days respectively. POM was 14.2 % (2 cases). With a median follow-up of 31 months no recurrence was verified. Although AWE is uncommon, these lesions should be suspected in women in fertile age with a palpable mass associated with a scar from gynecologic or obstetric surgery. The results obtained, in terms of POM and recurrence, were like international series.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cicatrix/etiology , Endometriosis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Abdominal Wall/surgery
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(6): 538-544, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388695


INTRODUCCIÓN: La endometriosis es una patología benigna, dependiente de estrógenos, en la que el tejido que normalmente crece dentro del útero aparece fuera de este. Su localización habitual es en la pelvis, pero en ocasiones puede aparecer en otras áreas, como es el caso de la endometriosis umbilical. OBJETIVO: Familiarizar al ginecólogo con esta patología y entregar una serie de herramientas para diagnosticar, tratar y seguir a las pacientes que la presentan. CASOS CLÍNICOS: Se presentan dos casos clínicos de endometriosis umbilical primaria diagnosticados en el Hospital La Paz, en Madrid (España), entre los años 2018 y 2019. Las pacientes, de 30 y 34 años, consultaron por dolor o sangrado umbilical durante la menstruación. Ninguna tenía antecedentes de patología ginecológica ni cirugía abdominal previa. Tras una exhaustiva exploración física y una ecografía de alta resolución, se decidió extirpar la lesión con la colaboración del servicio de cirugía plástica. En ambos casos, el estudio anatomopatológico confirmó que se trataba de tejido endometriósico. Las dos pacientes presentaron una buena evolución posquirúrgica, sin recidivas hasta la fecha. CONCLUSIONES: La endometriosis umbilical primaria es una patología infrecuente, pero es necesario incluirla en el diagnóstico diferencial de una mujer con un nódulo umbilical. Siempre deben realizarse una exploración física exhaustiva y una ecografía ginecológica, para descartar posibles patologías concomitantes. El tratamiento de elección es la extirpación quirúrgica de la lesión y el diagnóstico final se establece con el estudio anatomopatológico.

INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent benign pathology in which endometrial tissue develops outside the uterus. Its most frequent location is the pelvis, although it can appear in other areas such as the umbilicum. OBJECTIVE: To familiarize the gynecologist with this pathology and provide a series of tools to diagnose, treat and provide continued care to these patients. CASE REPORTS: Retrospective study of two clinical cases of primary umbilical endometriosis diagnosed at La Paz University Hospital, in Madrid (Spain), between 2018 and 2019. Both patients (30 and 34 years old respectively) presented with pain and/or bleeding around the umbilical area during menstruation. Neither of them had any previous gynecologic conditions or abdominal surgeries. After exhaustive physical examination and a high-resolution ultrasound, lesions were surgically removed in collaboration with the plastic surgery department. In both cases, histology confirmed the presence of endometrial tissue. Both patients made a full recovery after surgery and havent had a recurrence of said lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Primary umbilical endometriosis is an infrequent disease. However, it must be included in the differential diagnosis of umbilical nodes in women. Exhaustive physical examination and gynecologic ultrasound should always be performed to rule out any other pathologies. Surgical removal of the nodes is the preferred treatment, and the final diagnosis is reached through histology.

Humans , Female , Adult , Umbilicus/surgery , Umbilicus/pathology , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/pathology , Endometriosis/diagnosis
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(5): 455-460, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388681


INTRODUCCIÓN: La endometriosis ureteral es una afección rara que afecta al 0.01-1,7% de las mujeres con endometriosis. Hasta un 30% cursa de forma asintomática y un 11,5-14,7% pueden evolucionar con falla renal. La falta de diagnóstico de la enfermedad puede terminar en una uropatía obstructiva y falla renal irreversible. Se presenta el caso de una paciente con afectación grave de la función renal secundaria a endometriosis profunda con compromiso ureteral. CASO CLÍNICO: Mujer de 35 años con endometriosis que consultó por exacerbación de los síntomas. En su estudio destaca, en la resonancia magnética, el hallazgo de endometriosis pélvica profunda y compromiso endometriósico intrínseco del uréter distal derecho, provocando una acentuada hidroureteronefrosis. El cintigrama renal demuestra acentuado compromiso de la función renal derecha, con una función relativa del 7%. Se realizaron nefrectomía total derecha y resección de enfermedad pélvica profunda laparoscópica, sin incidentes. CONCLUSIONES: La endometriosis ureteral representa un desafío diagnóstico y terapéutico. El manejo multidisciplinario entre radiólogos, ginecólogos y urólogos, mediante el diseño de una estrategia quirúrgica individualizada, es imprescindible para definir el tratamiento óptimo de estas pacientes.

INTRODUCTION: Ureteral endometriosis is a rare entity that affects 0.01-1,7% of women with endometriosis. Up to 30% of the patients are asymptomatic and 11.5-14.7% will develop renal failure. Misdiagnosis can lead to obstructive uropathy and permanent renal failure. We present the case of a patient with severe compromise of renal function secondary to deep infiltrating endometriosis with ureteral involvement. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old woman with endometriosis presented with exacerbation of symptoms. Magnetic resonance showed deep pelvic endometriosis and intrinsic endometriotic involvement of the right distal ureter, causing a marked hydroureteronephrosis. Renal scintigram showed a severe compromise of the right renal function, with a relative function of 7%. Through laparoscopy a total right nephrectomy and resection of deep infiltrating endometriosis was performed. The patient had a satisfactory recovery in the postoperative period. CONCLUSIONS: Ureteral endometriosis presents a diagnostic and therapeutical challenge. Joint multidisciplinary management between radiologists, gynecologists and urologists through the design of an individualized surgical strategy is essential to define the optimal treatment for these patients.

Humans , Female , Adult , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/complications , Renal Insufficiency/surgery , Renal Insufficiency/etiology , Ureteral Obstruction/etiology , Laparoscopy , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging , Renal Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 676-681, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351775


Abstract Objective To assess the most common psychological disturbances in women with deep endometriosis and bowel involvement who are waiting surgical treatment and to evaluate what forms of coping are used to solve the problem. Methods This was a cross-sectional observational study of 40 women diagnosed with deep endometriosis and intestinal symptoms. They completed two questionnaires: one for anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [ HADS]) and the Scale of Mode of Confronting Problems (EMEP, in the Portuguese acronym). Results We found that 77.1% of the patients had anxiety and depression, with anxiety being the most prevalent (87.5% of the patients); 90% of the patients used problem focused and religious introspection as their main modes of confronting problems. Conclusion In the use of the HADS questionary, two psychological aspects were the most present in women with deep endometriosis awaiting surgical treatment: anxiety and depression. The most used forms of coping to solve the problem were problem coping and religious practices.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os distúrbios psicológicos mais comuns em mulheres com endometriose profunda e acometimento intestinal que aguardam tratamento cirúrgico e avaliar as formas de enfrentamento que são usadas para resolver o problema. Métodos Estudo observacional transversal com 40 mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose profunda e acometimento intestinal. As pacientes responderam dois questionários: para ansiedade e depressão (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS, na sigla em inglês) e outro para enfrentamento dos problemas (EMEP). Resultados Constatamos que 77% das pacientess apresentaram ansiedade e depressão, sendo a ansiedade a mais prevalente (87,5%); 90% das pacientes usaram a forma religiosa e focada no problema como sua principal estratégia de enfrentamento. Conclusão Os aspectos psicológicos mais encontrados em mulheres com endometriose profunda e intestinal que aguardam tratamento cirúrgico são ansiedade e depressão. As formas mais usadas de enfrentamento para resolver o problema foram práticas religiosas e focada no problema.

Humans , Female , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/complications , Anxiety/etiology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological , Adaptation, Psychological , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/etiology , Depression/epidemiology
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(3): 291-300, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388663


INTRODUCCIÓN: La endometriosis intestinal afecta en gran medida la calidad de vida de una mujer joven y habitualmente requiere un tratamiento quirúrgico con resección intestinal. Esta cirugía es técnicamente compleja por las adherencias firmes del intestino a la vagina, el útero y los ovarios. OBJETIVO: Describir y analizar los resultados quirúrgicos e histopatológicos de las resecciones intestinales por endometriosis grave durante los últimos 18 años en el Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile, en relación con la introducción de la unidad multidisciplinaria de endometriosis, a partir del año 2011, y las experiencias publicadas en la literatura chilena y extranjera. MÉTODO: Trabajo retrospectivo realizado en un hospital terciario desde el año 2001 hasta el año 2019. Las pacientes se asignaron a dos grupos según el período de cirugía: grupo 2001-2010 y grupo 2011-2019, luego de la introducción de la unidad de endometriosis. Se recopilaron todas las pacientes a las que se realizó una resección intestinal (discoidal o segmentaria) por endometriosis, por laparotomía o laparoscopía. Los datos distribuidos normalmente se presentan como promedio ± DE y los datos no paramétricos como mediana (rango). Las comparaciones demográficas de variables continuas se hicieron con la prueba t de Student y las de las variables categóricas con las pruebas de ji al cuadrado o de Fisher. La significación estadística se estableció en p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: Se recopilaron 52 casos. El 94,2% de las cirugías fueron electivas. El 5,8% fueron de urgencia por obstrucción intestinal (todas entre 2001 y 2010). Un 75% de las cirugías fueron laparoscópicas. Se realizó resección segmentaria en el 67,3%, resección discoidal simple en el 28,8%, resección discoidal doble en el 1,9% y resección segmentaria y una discoidal en el 1,9%. La histopatología demostró compromiso de la lesión hasta la mucosa intestinal en un 7,7%. Hubo franca disminución del dolor en el seguimiento de las pacientes. El 24% de las pacientes con deseo de embarazo y endometriosis intestinal lograron un parto de término mediante fecundación in vitro o espontáneamente. Hubo cuatro complicaciones posoperatorias, tres de ellas de categoría II según la clasificación de Clavien-Dindo y una de categoría IV A con reintervención a las 72 horas. Al comparar ambos periodos, en 2001-2010 los exámenes diagnósticos utilizados fueron ecografía transvaginal (0%), enema baritado (60%), tomografía computarizada de abdomen y pelvis (45%) y resonancia magnética pelviana (20%), mientras que en 2011-2019 fueron ecografía transvaginal (100%), enema baritado (3%), tomografía computarizada (3%) y resonancia magnética pelviana (66%). En 2001-2010, las lesiones fueron más más infiltrativas (mayor compromiso mucoso y submucoso) (75 vs. 16% de las resecciones intestinales; p < 0,05), estenóticas (cirugías de urgencia por obstrucción), con mayor porcentaje de resecciones segmentarias (100 vs. 46,9%; p < 0,05) y más días de hospitalización (5,8 ± 2,3 vs. 4,1 ± 0,9 días) que en 2011-2019. CONCLUSIONES: A nuestro entender, esta es la serie más grande publicada en Chile de resecciones intestinales por endometriosis. Estos hallazgos demuestran cómo la introducción de la unidad multidisciplinaria de endometriosis permite un diagnóstico precoz y un tratamiento quirúrgico eficaz y oportuno, tal como se decribe en la literatura.

INTRODUCTION: Bowel endometriosis severely affects a young woman's quality of life and often requires surgical treatment with bowel resection. This surgery is technically complex due to the tight adhesions of the intestine to the vagina, uterus, and ovaries. The objective of this work is to describe and analyze the surgical and histopathological results of intestinal resections for severe endometriosis during the last 18 years at the Clinical Hospital University of Chile, in relation to the implementation of the multidisciplinary endometriosis unit, based on the year 2011 and the experiences published in Chilean and foreign literature. METHOD: Retrospective work carried out in a tertiary hospital from 2001 to 2019. The patients were assigned to two groups according to the surgery period: group 2001-2010 and group 2011-2019, after endometriosis unit formation. All patients who underwent bowel resection (discoidal or segmental) for endometriosis by laparotomy or laparoscopy were collected. Normally distributed data are presented as mean ± SD and nonparametric data as median (range). Demographic comparisons of continuous variables are compared using Student's t test and categorical variables using chi squared or Fisher's test. Statistical significance was established at p < 0.05. RESULTS: 52 cases were collected. 94.2% of the surgeries were elective. 5.8% were urgent due to intestinal obstruction (all between 2001 and 2010). 75% of the surgeries were laparoscopic. Segmental resection 67.3%, simple discoidal resection 28.8%, double discoidal resection 1.9% and segmental resection and a discoidal resection 1.9%. Histopathology showed involvement of the lesion up to the intestinal mucosa in 7.7%. A marked decrease in pain in the follow-up of the patients. 24% of the patients with a desire for pregnancy and intestinal endometriosis achieved a full-term delivery by IVF or spontaneously. There were four postoperative complications, three of them category II according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, and one category IV A complication with reoperation at 72 h. When comparing both periods, between 2001-2010 the diagnostic tests used were: transvaginal ultrasound (ECO TV) (0%), barium enema (BE) (60%), abdomen pelvis CT (45%) and pelvic resonance (MRI) (20%). Between 2011 and 2019 ECO TV (100%), EB (3%), TAC (3%) RM (66%). In the period 2001 to 2010, the lesions were more infiltrative (greater mucosal and submucosal involvement) (75% vs 16% of intestinal resections (P <0.05)), stenotic (urgent surgery for obstruction), with a higher percentage of resections segmental (100% vs 46.9% (P <0.05) and more days of hospitalization (5.8 ± 2.3 SD vs 4.1 ± 0.9 SD) than in the period from 2011 to 2019. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the largest series published in Chile of intestinal resections for endometriosis. These findings demonstrate how the introduction of the multidisciplinary endometriosis unit allows early diagnosis and effective and timely surgical treatment as described in the literature.

Humans , Female , Adult , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Endometriosis/surgery , Intestinal Diseases/surgery , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/pathology , Hospitals, University , Length of Stay
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(1): 33-41, feb. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388628


OBJETIVO: Evaluar concordancia de sitios de hallazgos de endometriosis profunda encontrados por RM y laparoscopia. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo, no experimental, concordancia intertécnica. Se recolectaron datos en nuestra institución de todos los informes de RM de pelvis que incluyeran la palabra "endometriosis", entre mayo de 2015 y abril de 2018 (36 meses), identificando 339 registros. Se establecieron criterios de inclusión. De los 339 registros, 62 pacientes fueron excluidas por cirugía antes de la RM. Otras 243 pacientes fueron excluidas porque no presentaban registro de protocolo quirúrgico posterior a la RM. 34 pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión del estudio, lo que equivale al 10% de las RM estudiadas. Se revisaron las ubicaciones de los implantes endometriósicos informados en RM y se correlacionaron con los hallazgos encontrados en la cirugía. Se confecciono tabla para identificar la presencia/ausencia de implantes en las ubicaciones descritas en la literatura. Análisis estadístico mediante software Stata, aplicando kappa ponderada con intervalo de confianza de 95%. RESULTADOS: El promedio de edad de las pacientes llevadas a cirugía fue de 38 años. Los lugares con correlación moderada-importante (0.41-0.80) correspondieron a útero, recto-sigmoides, ovario, vagina y fondos de saco. CONCLUSIÓN: La RM de Pelvis es fundamental en la evaluación de pacientes con endometriosis en las que se plantea un manejo quirúrgico, con el objetivo de caracterizar la ubicación, forma y número de lesiones, y así lograr un satisfactorio tratamiento laparoscópico.

OBJECTIVE: To assess inter-observer reliability of sites of deep endometriosis findings found by MRI and laparoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective, non-experimental study, inter-observer reliability. Data were collected at our institution from all pelvic MRI reports that included the word "endometriosis", between May 2015 and April 2018 (36 months), identifying 339 records. The following were established as inclusion criteria. Of the 339 records, 62 patients were excluded for surgery prior to MRI. Another 243 patients were excluded because they had no record of the surgical protocol after the MRI. 34 patients met the study inclusion criteria, equivalent to 10% of the MRIs studied. The locations of the endometrial implants reported on MRI were reviewed and correlated with the findings found in the surgery. A table was prepared to identify the presence / absence of implants in the locations described in the literature. Statistical analysis using Stata software, applying weighted kappa with a 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: The average age of the patients undergoing surgery was 38 years. The places with a moderate-important correlation (0.41-0.80) corresponded to the uterus, recto-sigmoid, ovary, vagina, and recto-uterine pouch. CONCLUSION: Pelvic MRI is essential in the evaluation of patients with endometriosis in whom surgical management is proposed, in order to characterize the location, shape and number of lesions, and thus achieve satisfactory laparoscopic treatment.

Humans , Female , Adult , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Laparoscopy , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging , Confidence Intervals , Retrospective Studies
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(1): 81-90, feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388634


INTRODUCCIÓN: La endometriosis afecta hasta un 10-15% de las mujeres jóvenes. Se define como tejido endometrial funcional fuera de la cavidad uterina y su presentación clásica es la dismenorrea. La variedad profunda afecta a un 1-2% y las localizaciones más frecuentes son el peritoneo pélvico, ovarios, ligamentos útero-sacros y septum recto-vaginal; sin embargo, puede presentarse de forma muy infrecuente como implantes aislados localizados en relación al nervio ciático. El diagnóstico habitualmente es complejo y tardío, dado que los síntomas son inespecíficos y el examen físico puede ser indistinguible de otras etiologías. El estudio imagenológico de elección para la endometriosis profunda es la resonancia magnética (RM) de pelvis ya que una adecuada localización pre-quirúrgica de las lesiones es fundamental. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de sexo femenino de 46 años, con tres años de dolor pélvico, dismenorrea y dispareunia. El síntoma cardinal fue dolor ciático progresivo, con déficit motor y alteraciones sensitivas, los cuales se exacerbaban durante la menstruación y no presentaban respuesta al tratamiento farmacológico. En la RM se identifica nódulo sólido sospechoso de endometriosis en relación al nervio ciático derecho. El caso es evaluado por un comité multidisciplinario y se realiza cirugía laparoscópica. El diagnóstico de sospecha es confirmado histológicamente. La paciente presenta buena recuperación post-quirúrgica y cese completo de los síntomas descritos. DISCUSIÓN: La endometriosis profunda presenta un reto diagnóstico y habitualmente es tardío. Este caso presenta el resultado exitoso de una buena sospecha clínica, un estudio imagenológico completo y la resolución con una técnica quirúrgica compleja.

INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a disease that affects 10-15% of young women. It is characterized as functional endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. The most common form of presentation is dysmenorrhea. Deep endometriosis affects 1-2% of the patients, and is frequently located in the pelvic peritoneum, ovaries, utero-sacral ligaments and recto-vaginal septum. The isolated endometriosis of the sciatic nerve is a very uncommon presentation of this disease. Late diagnosis is frequent, mainly because the symptoms are non-specific, and the physical examination may be indistinguishable from other etiologies. The imaging study of choice is the pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and an accurate pre-surgical location of the lesions is critical for a successful surgical outcome. CLINICAL CASE: 46-year-old female patient with 3 years of pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia. The cardinal symptom was progressive sciatic pain, with motor deficit and sensory alterations. The pain was persistent despite pharmacological treatment and exacerbated during menstruation. MRI identifies a nodule located in the pelvic portion of the right sciatic nerve, suggestive of an endometriosis implant. The case was discussed by a multidisciplinary committee and laparoscopic surgery was performed. The diagnosis was confirmed with histology. The patient recovered well from surgery with significant improvement of the previously described symptoms. DISCUSSION: The diagnosis of deep endometriosis is challenging and usually delayed. This rare disease had a successful outcome, due to an early clinical suspicion, a thorough imaging study and an effective resolution with a complex surgical technique.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Sciatic Nerve/surgery , Sciatic Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/surgery , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Laparoscopy , Pelvic Pain/etiology
Femina ; 49(3): 134-141, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224073


A suspeita clínica de endometriose geralmente envolve a história clínica da paciente e exame físico, abordando sua sintomatologia e história pessoal e familiar. Entretanto, a apresentação clínica da doença varia consideravelmente, sem características clínicas patognomônicas, fato que dificulta o seu diagnóstico. Um diagnóstico presuntivo de endometriose pode ser fortemente sugerido pela ultrassonografia transvaginal e pela ressonância magnética em casos de endometrioma ou endometriose infiltrativa profunda. No entanto, esses exames de imagem não possuem a sensibilidade e a especificidade necessárias quando se trata de endometriose peritoneal superficial. O biomarcador sérico mais utilizado na investigação da endometriose foi o CA-125, que não apresenta sensibilidade (70%-75%) suficiente para sua indicação na prática clínica. Portanto, apesar de seu risco e alto custo, a videolaparoscopia e a análise anatomopatológica subsequente ainda se apresentam como o procedimento padrão-ouro para o diagnóstico definitivo de endometriose. Assim, com o objetivo de demonstrar quais exames seriam necessários para o diagnóstico dessa doença, realizamos uma revisão sistemática da literatura, cujos dados estão descritos a seguir.(AU)

Humans , Female , Video-Assisted Surgery , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/etiology , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging , Progestins/therapeutic use , Contraceptives, Oral, Combined/therapeutic use , Endometriosis/drug therapy , Gonadotropins/agonists
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(4): 124-129, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1412971


Introducción: La endometriosis es una entidad clínica caracterizada por la presencia de tejido endometrial fuera del endometrio, siendo la afección rectocolónica más agresiva. Diseño: Retrospectivo de grupo único. Objetivos: Evaluar la factibilidad de las resecciones colorrectales, patología compleja que debe abordarse en forma multidisciplinaria y reportar los resultados obtenidos de más de 10 años de trabajo. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de una serie de casos. En el periodo comprendido entre 2005 y a principios de 2017, se evaluaron 29 pacientes. La evaluación se realizó en forma multidisciplinaria. Resultados: Hemos operado 171 endometriosis profundas. La edad media fue 34,04 años. Veintinueve necesitaron resección de colon, en 27 se realizó una resección anterior con anastomosis colorrectal y 2 sigmoidectomías. Las anastomosis fueron con sutura mecánica, 17 término-terminales colorrectales y 12 término-laterales. Veintiocho anastomosis fueron realizadas entre los 7 y 5 cm del margen anal, 1 fue realizada a 4 cm del margen anal. En este caso se confeccionó una colostomía transversa de protección. El tiempo operatorio medio fue 90 minutos (45-195). El índice de conversión fue del 15%. Las complicaciones fueron hemoperitoneo, fístula anastomótica e infecciones de piel. La estadía institucional la media fue de 5 días. Conclusiones: El tratamiento laparoscópico de esta enfermedad es factible, debido a la distorsión de la anatomía de la pelvis que esta genera, aunque las tendencias actuales enfatizan la necesidad del tratamiento de esta afección de forma mínimamente invasiva. (AU)

Introduction: Endometriosis is a clinical entity characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the endometrium, being the most aggressive rectocolonic condition. Design: Descriptive, retrospective case series study. Objective: Evaluate the feasibility of colorectal resections in this complex pathology that must be approached in a multidisciplinary way and report the results obtained from more than 10 years of work. Material and methods: In the period between 2005 and early 2017, 29 patients were evaluated in a multidisciplinary way. Results: One hundred and seventy-one patients were operated on for deep endometriosis, mean age 34 years. Twenty-nine patients required colon resection, 27 anterior resection and 2 sigmoidectomies. Seventeen end-to-end and 12 end- to- side stapled anastomoses were performed. Twenty-eight anastomoses were performed between 7 and 5 cm from the anal margin and one at 4 cm. In the latter, a protective transverse colostomy was made. The mean operative time was 90 (45-195) minutes. The conversion rate was 15%. Complications were hemoperitoneum, anastomotic fistula, and wound infections. The average hospital stay was 5 days. Conclusion: Laparoscopic treatment of this disease is feasible. Despite the distortion it generates in the anatomy of the pelvis, the current trend emphasizes the need for minimally invasive treatment. (AU)

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Patient Care Team , Colonic Diseases/surgery , Endometriosis/surgery , Abdominal Pain , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy , Endometriosis/complications
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(2): 54-63, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117010


La endometriosis es una de las patologías ginecológicas benignas más frecuente, ocurre en un 7-10% de las mujeres en edad reproductiva y es causal de dolores crónicos e infertilidad. Se trata de una población joven y sana por lo demás. La sospecha diagnóstica de esta entidad debe ser alta y su manejo multidisciplinario.La endometriosis colorrectal representa una variable altamente incapacitante y es aquí donde se plantea la necesidad de un tratamiento más agresivo para su resolución. Frente a esto nos preguntamos, ¿qué rol tiene la cirugía?, ¿cuáles serían sus ventajas y desventajas?, ¿por qué deberíamos elegirla como método terapéutico?.La presente monografía fue inspirada en todas las pacientes que nos plantearon esta controversia. Que motivaron interconsultas, ateneos, búsqueda de bibliografía. Que generaron discusiones, dudas e incertidumbres y nos hicieron salir del rol de cirujanos al que estamos habituados y nos enseñaron a acompañar, cuando no pudimos curar

Humans , Female , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Endometriosis/surgery , Intestinal Diseases/surgery , Patient Care Team , Diagnostic Imaging , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/methods , Diet Therapy , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/drug therapy , Hormone Antagonists/therapeutic use , Intestinal Diseases/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases/drug therapy
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202544, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136600


ABSTRACT Objective: to study the characteristics of women undergoing abdominal surgery with suspected abdominal wall endometriosis or abdominal wall tumor, and to assess the association with age, race and previous cesarean delivery. Method: retrospective and analytical study carried out from January 2000 to December 2019, at the General Surgery Service of Hospital Universitário Antônio Pedro (HUAP) at Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF). Medical records of 100 patients with abdominal wall endometriosis and other types of abdominal wall tumors were analyzed. Age, color, previous history of cesarean section or abdominal surgery and histopathological data were verified. The patients were classified as young adults (aged between 18 and 28 years and 11 months) and adults. The SPSS program was used for data analysis, Fisher's test with a significance level of 0.05. Results: abdominal wall endometriosis with histopathological confirmation was found in 22%, the mean age was 52.28 ± 18.66 which was lower when compared to other diagnoses. There was an association between previous cesarean section and abdominal wall endometriosis (p <0.005). Conclusion: the women with a diagnosis of abdominal wall endometriosis had undergone previous cesareans (the majority) and were in an active reproductive age. Although the brown skin women were the most frequent, there was no statistical difference.

RESUMO Objetivo: estudar o perfil das mulheres submetidas a cirurgia abdominal com suspeita de endometriose de parede abdominal ou tumor de parede abdominal e analisar a associação com a faixa etária, cor e cesariana prévia. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo e analítico realizado no período de janeiro de 2000 a dezembro de 2019, no Serviço de Cirurgia Geral do Hospital Universitário Antônio Pedro (HUAP) da Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF). Analisaram-se prontuários de 100 pacientes com endometriose de parede abdominal e com outros tipos de tumoração de parede abdominal. Idade, cor, histórico prévio de cesariana ou cirurgia abdominal e resultado histopatológico foram avaliados. As pacientes foram classificadas em adultas jovem (idade entre 18 e 28 anos e 11 meses) e adultas. Utilizou-se para a análise dos dados o programa SPSS e, teste de Fisher com nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: Endometriose de parede abdominal com confirmação histopatológica foi encontrada em 22% dos casos. A média de idade foi 52.28 ±18,66, menor quando comparada a outros diagnósticos. Observou-se associação entre cesariana prévia e endometriose de parede abdominal (p<0,005). Conclusão: as mulheres atendidas pelo Setor de Cirurgia da UFF com diagnóstico de endometriose de parede abdominal, na maioria, realizaram cesariana prévia e estavam em idade ativa, reprodutiva. Apesar da cor parda ter sido mais frequente, não se observou diferença estatística.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/etiology , Hospitals, University , Middle Aged
Acta cir. bras ; 35(9): e202000908, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130679


Abstract Purpose To compare the operative outcomes of laparoscopic surgical treatment for bowel endometriosis in a public teaching hospital versus in a private referral hospital. Methods The indications for surgery, type and time of operation, length of hospital stay, need for a temporary stoma, rate of conversion to open surgery, and postoperative complications were evaluated. Results One hundred eighty-one patients were included (150 patients, 82.9%, in a private hospital). In the private hospital, there were more patients with infertility [56% vs. 29%; P=0.01] as an indication for surgery) and segmental resection was more common in the private hospital (48% vs. 29%, p=0.05). The average operative time (211.9±83.4 minutes vs. 128 ± 55 minutes, p<0.001) as well as the length of hospital stay (3.97±1.7 days vs. 1.56±0.85 days, p<0.001) was higher in the public hospital; the rate of conversion to open surgery was significantly lower in the private hospital (2% vs. 32.3%, p<0.001). Operations performed at the public hospital were associated with higher rates of postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo II and II) (38.7% x 11.3%, p=0.021; OR 3.2, CI 95% 1.2-8.0). Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery in private centers was associated with reductions in major complications, surgical times, lengths of stay and rates of conversion to open surgery compared to that in public teaching hospitals.

Humans , Female , Laparoscopy , Endometriosis/surgery , Referral and Consultation , Hospitals, Private , Hospitals, Public , Hospitals, Teaching