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1.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 17(2): 77-85, ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1008512

ABSTRACT

La endoftalmitis infecciosa es una condición intraocular grave, aunque poco frecuente, que puede llevar a la pérdida de la visión. El diagnóstico etiológico precoz y el tratamiento adecuado llevan a una mejor evolución. Las técnicas microbiológicas convencionales tienen baja sensibilidad en el diagnóstico de la endoftalmitis infecciosa, en cambio la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) es un método de mayor sensibilidad que está siendo utilizado ampliamente. El objetivo fue determinar por cultivo y PCR la etiología de la endoftalmitis infecciosa en pacientes que consultaron en centros oftalmológicos de Paraguay. Se estudiaron muestras de humor vítreo obtenidas por punción de 51 pacientes con endoftalmitis. La muestra se dividió en dos alícuotas; una para el estudio microbiológico convencional y la otra para la PCR anidada. Esta última utiliza un par de cebadores basado en secuencias conservadas del gen 16S ribosomal y cebadores específicos para bacterias gram positivas. Se estandarizó la PCR logrando una sensibilidad de detección de 3.10-5 ng/µl para S. aureus, 2,5.10-3 ng/µl para S. pneumoniae y 6.10-7 ng/µl para E. coli. De las 51 muestras, 12 (23,5%) fueron positivas por métodos microbiológicos convencionales y 26 (51,0%) por la PCR anidada. Por cultivo se identificaron predominantemente bacterias grampositivas 8/11 (73%) y un aislado de hongo filamentoso. La PCR anidada presentó muy buena sensibilidad y de gran utilidad en la identificación del origen bacteriano de la endoftalmitis, mejorando la sensibilidad del cultivo en 27,5%. La discriminación bacteriana en grampositivos y gramnegativos por la PCR se correlacionó con el cultivo en el 100% de los casos(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Endophthalmitis/microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Gram-Positive Bacteria/genetics
2.
Clinics ; 74: e837, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001824

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To report our experience using conventional culture methods (CM) and pediatric blood culture bottles (PBCBs) for vitreous sample culture of acute postoperative endophthalmitis. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital das Clinicas, HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, BR, from January 2010 to December 2015, and it included 54 patients with clinically suspected acute postoperative endophthalmitis. Vitreous samples were obtained by vitreous tap or vitrectomy. Samples from January 2010 to December 2011 were cultivated in CM, whereas samples from January 2012 to December 2015 were inoculated in PBCBs. The measured outcome was the yield of positive cultures. RESULTS: Twenty cases were included in the CM group, and 34 cases were included in the PBCB group. The yield of positive cultures in PBCBs (64.7%) was significantly higher than that in conventional CM (35%, p=0.034). Staphylococcus epidermidis and Streptococcus viridans were the two most commonly found agents. CONCLUSION: PBCBs can be used successfully in clinically suspected endophthalmitis. The method showed a higher yield of positive cultures than the conventional method. This technique appears to have several advantages over the traditional method: it saves time, as only one medium needs to be inoculated; transportation to a laboratory is easier than in the traditional method, and there is no need to maintain a supply of fresh agar media. The use of PBCBs may be recommended as the primary method for microbiological diagnosis and is especially suitable for office settings and remote clinics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Staphylococcus epidermidis/isolation & purification , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Culture Media/standards , Viridans Streptococci/isolation & purification , Blood Culture/instrumentation , Vitreous Body/microbiology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests/methods , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Blood Culture/methods
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(4): 339-340, July-Aug. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950464

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Bilateral simultaneous cataract surgery (BSCS) has gained popularity among eye surgeons in many countries. This study examines the case of a 77-year-old patient who developed bilateral Pseudomonas aeruginosa endophthalmitis following bilateral simultaneous cataract surgery. Immediate bilateral vitrectomy and intravitreal antibiotics injection were performed. Ultimately, both eyes were eviscerated due to pain refractory to treatment and no light perception.


RESUMO A cirurgia bilateral simultânea de catarata ganhou popularidade entre cirurgiões oftalmológicos em muitos países. Este estudo examina o caso de um paciente de 77 anos que desenvolveu endoftalmite bilateral por Pseudomonas aeruginosa após uma cirurgia bilateral simultânea de catarata. Vitrectomia bilateral imediata e injeção de antibióticos intravítreos foram realizadas. Em última análise, ambos os olhos foram eviscerados devido à dor refratária ao tratamento e sem percepção de luz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolation & purification , Pseudomonas Infections/etiology , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Pseudomonas Infections/surgery , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Vitrectomy , Cataract Extraction/methods , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Eye Evisceration
4.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 31(2): 1-7, abr.-jun. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985560

ABSTRACT

La endoftalmitis endógena bacteriana es una enfermedad ocular de difícil manejo y tratamiento. Es grave, con importante compromiso de la función visual y de la integridad anatómica del globo ocular en la mayoría de los pacientes, por lo que es crucial la intervención temprana de un equipo multidisciplinario para erradicar el foco primario conocido o no, así como para tratar de preservar la función visual. Se realizó una búsqueda de diversos artículos publicados en los últimos doce años, utilizando la plataforma Infomed, específicamente la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud, con el objetivo de conocer los principales factores de riesgo, el diagnóstico y los tratamientos actualizados de la enfermedad(AU)


Endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis is an eye disease of difficult management and treatment. It is a serious condition with considerable compromise of the visual function and the anatomical integrity of the eye globe in most patients. Therefore, early intervention by a multidisciplinary team is crucial to eradicate the known or unknown primary focus and try to preserve visual function. A search was conducted in various papers published in the past twelve years, mainly on the Infomed platform, particularly the Virtual Health Library, with the purpose of learning about the main risk factors, diagnosis and updated treatments for the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/therapy , Risk Factors , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic/statistics & numerical data , Libraries, Digital/statistics & numerical data
5.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 30(1): 0-0, ene.-mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-901354

ABSTRACT

La endoftalmitis es una rara pero devastadora complicación que puede presentarse después de una cirugía de catarata. Su incidencia se reporta en un 0,4-0,41 por ciento de los casos. El diagnóstico es clínico, sustentado por el cultivo de los fluidos intraoculares. La terapéutica general se basa en la biopsia vítrea, la administración de antibióticos intravítreos y la realización o no de la vitrectomía pars plana. El manejo óptimo en estos casos con endoftalmitis posoperatoria después de una facoemulsificación depende del entrenamiento médico, la prevención, el diagnóstico temprano y las terapéuticas activas e inmediatas de tratamiento. Se presenta un paciente de 65 años de edad que a las 72 horas de la facoemulsificación en el ojo izquierdo comenzó con dolor, disminución de la visión, membrana inflamatoria en cámara anterior, hipopión y opacidad vítreas que no dejaban ver el fondo de ojo. Se diagnósticó endoftalmitis aguda y se decidió inmediatamente la toma de muestra, la vitrectomía temprana y la intravítrea de antibióticos. Al mes la agudeza visual era de 90 var sin otras complicaciones(AU)


The endoftalmitis is a strange but devastating complication that can be presented after a waterfall surgery. Their incidence is reported in 0.04 percent-0.41 percent of the cases. The diagnosis is clinical, sustained by the cultivation of the flowing intraoculares. The general therapy is based on the vitreous biopsy, the administration of antibiotic intravítreos, and the realization or not of the vitrectomía plane pars (VPP). THE good handling in these cases with postoperative endoftalmitis after a facoemulsificación depends on the medical training, the prevention, the early diagnosis and active and immediate therapies of treatment. A 65 year-old patient is presented that at the 72 hours of the facoemulsificación in left eye, you/he/she begins with pain, decrease of the vision, inflammatory membrane in previous camera, hipopión and vitreous opacity that don't allow to see eye bottom. You diagnóstica sharp endoftalmitis and he/she decides immediately taking of sample, vitrectomía temprarna and intravítrea of antibiotics. A month the visual sharpness was of 90 var without other complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Intravitreal Injections/adverse effects
6.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 29(4): 728-734, oct.-dic. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-845057

ABSTRACT

La endoftalmitis endógena es una enfermedad ocular infrecuente pero grave. Su manejo ha de ser necesariamente multidisciplinario por la complejidad de la afección sistémica, dirigido a erradicar el foco infeccioso primario, conocido o no, así como a preservar la función visual. Se presenta a un paciente masculino diabético de 66 años, ingresado en un hospital general para tratamiento quirúrgico de úlcera séptica del pie derecho, quien debutó con endoftalmitis endógena anterior difusa por Staphylococcus aureus confirmado mediante cultivos de humor acuoso y sangre. Aunque inicialmente se pensó en uveítis anterior aguda, la presencia de foco séptico en partes blandas y el empeoramiento del cuadro clínico oftalmológico fueron los elementos que condujeron al diagnóstico de la endoftalmitis endógena. La actuación conjunta de varias especialidades médicas hizo posible el manejo satisfactorio del paciente(AU)


Endogenous endophthalmitis is a rare but serious pathology. A multidisciplinary care team should lead the treatment because of the complexity of the systemic affection, in order to eradicate the primary infectious focus, either known or not, and to preserve the visual function. This a 66 years old male diabetic patient who was admitted to a general hospital with the purpose of practicing surgery of the right foot septic ulcer, who began suffering diffuse anterior endogenous endophthalmitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus, and confirmed through aqueous humor and blood cultures. Although the initial diagnosis was acute anterior uveitis, the presence of a septic focus in the soft tissue and the worsening of clinical ophthalmological symptoms led to finally diagnose him with endogenous endophthalmitis. The joint performance of several medical specialists made the satisfactory management of this patient possible(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Corneal Edema/therapy , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Staphylococcus aureus/cytology , Ultrasonography/methods
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 75(3): 228-230, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787697

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Endogenous endophthalmitis is a rare, and frequently devastating, ophthalmic disease. It occurs mostly in immunocompromised patients, or those with diabetes mellitus, cancer or intravenous drugs users. Candida infection is the most common cause of endogenous endophthalmitis. Ocular candidiasis develops within days to weeks of fungemia. The association of treatment for pancreatitis with endophthalmitis is unusual. Treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics and total parenteral nutrition may explain endogenous endophthalmitis. We report the case of a patient with pancreatitis treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics and total parenteral nutrition who developed bilateral presumed Candida endogenous endophthalmitis that was successfully treated with vitrectomy and intravitreal amphotericin B.


RESUMO Endoftalmite endógena é uma condição oftalmológica rara e frequentemente devastadora. Ocorre principalmente em pacientes imunocomprometidos, diabéticos, com neoplasias ou usuários de drogas intravenosas. Infecção por Candida é a causa mais comum de endoftalmite endógena. A candidíase ocular ocorre de dias a semanas após a fungemia. A associação de endoftalmite e o tratamento para pancreatite é rara. O tratamento com antibióticos de amplo espectro e alimentação parenteral total podem explicar uma endoftalmite endógena. Neste estudo, reportamos o caso de um paciente com pancreatite tratado com antibióticos de amplo espectro e alimentação parenteral total que desenvolveu endoftalmite endógena bilateral presumida por Candida que foi tratado com sucesso com vitrectomia e injeção intravítrea de amfotericina B.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Eye Infections, Fungal/surgery , Eye Infections, Fungal/diagnosis , Eye Infections, Fungal/drug therapy , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/drug therapy , Pancreatitis/complications , Pancreatitis/drug therapy , Vitrectomy , Candida , Candidiasis/drug therapy , Fluorescein Angiography , Eye Infections, Fungal/etiology , Fluconazole/therapeutic use , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Administration, Oral , Ultrasonography , Parenteral Nutrition , Intravitreal Injections , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 74(3): 138-140, May-Jun/2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-764243

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Estudo da prevalência de endoftalmite em um hospital universitário, avaliando características epidemiológicas, tempo de sintomas, tratamento realizado e evolução clínica. Métodos Avaliação retrospectiva dos prontuários de pacientes com diagnóstico de endoftalmite, no período de janeiro de 2009 a junho de 2011, quanto às características epidemiológicas do paciente, causa da endoftalmite, tempo de início dos sintomas, tratamento prévio, tempo de internação, tratamento realizado, resultados de culturas, evolução clínica e acuidade visual final. Resultados Sessenta e oito pacientes, sendo 44 mulheres e 24 homens, com idade média de 56,99 anos, foram avaliados. A maioria foi referenciada de outro serviço (27,94%), já tinha sido submetida a algum tratamento clínico e/ou cirúrgico (45,59%) e possuía alguma comorbidade (60,29%) que decorreu de trauma (35,29%) ou pós-cirurgia (22,06%). O tempo médio de início dos sintomas foi de 5,76 dias e o de internação de 12,40 dias. A acuidade visual inicial e a final foram para ambas igual ou pior que percepção luminosa em 64,71% dos casos. A maior parte dos pacientes (58,82%) foi submetida apenas a tratamento clínico e, em 69,12% dos casos, a cultura foi negativa ou não foi realizada. Conclusão A endoftalmite é uma das complicações mais graves e de pior resultado funcional entre as afecções oftalmológicas. Seu diagnóstico rápido e correto é fundamental para um tratamento adequado e precoce, a fim de melhorar o prognóstico visual do paciente, garantindo sua qualidade de vida e posterior inserção socioeconômica...


Purpose To study endophthalmitis prevalence in an university hospital, assessing its epidemiological characteristics, symptoms onset, treatment and clinical outcome. Methods We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with endophthalmitis, from january 2009 to june 2011, identifying patient epidemiological characteristics, endophthalmitis cause, onset of symptoms time, previous treatment, hospital stay, treatment, culture results, clinical outcome and final visual acuity. Results Sixty-eight patients, 44 women and 24 men, with a mean age of 56,99 years, were evaluated. Most were referred from other services (27,94%), had already undergone to any medical treatment and/or surgery (45,59%), presented some comorbidity (60,29%) and resulted from trauma (35,29%) or post-surgery (22,06%). The average duration of onset of symptoms was 5,76 days and of hospitalization was 12,40 days. Initial and final visual acuity were both equal to or worse than light perception in 64,71% of cases. Most of patients (58,82%) undergone to clinical treatment only and 69,12% of cases presented no results in culture. Conclusion Endophthalmitis is one of the most serious and worst functional outcome between ophthalmologic disorders. Its rapid and accurate diagnosis is essential for appropriate and early treatment, in order to improve patient visual prognosis, ensuring better quality of life and socioeconomic reintegration...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/epidemiology , Endophthalmitis/prevention & control , Hospitals, University , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study , Retrospective Studies
9.
Med. infant ; 22(2): 98-105, Junio 2015. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-905915

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analizar la epidemiología, los métodos diagnósticos y los abordajes terapéuticos de la toxocariasis ocular en el Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo en el Servicio de Oftalmología del Hospital de Pediatría J. P. Garrahan analizándose en forma retrospectiva los pacientes con ELISA positivo para IgG anti-Toxocara canis vistos en el laboratorio de Parasitología y evaluados en el servicio de Oftalmología entre enero 2006 a junio de 2013. Resultados: Se incluyeron en el estudio 301 pacientes de los cuales 95 (31,5%), presentaron diagnóstico de toxocariasis ocular (59 niños y 36 niñas) y 206 no tuvieron afección oftálmica por Toxocara canis. El 100% de los pacientes con afección ocular por el parásito presentó algún grado de alteración de la visión. Las formas de toxocariasis ocular que se registraron son: granuloma periférico aislado en 12 pacientes (12,6%), granuloma periférico con pliegue unido a papila en 36 (37,9%), granuloma de polo posterior en 7 (7,4%), endoftalmitis crónica en 3 (3,2%), neurorretinitis subaguda unilateral difusa en 2 (2,1%), desprendimiento de retina en 23 (24,2%) y en 12 (12,6%) forma indeterminada. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico de la toxocariasis ocular en la infancia tiende a hacerse en forma tardía ya que los niños pequeños no suelen manifestar a los padres la disminución visual de un ojo siendo el motivo de consulta más frecuente el estrabismo. El diagnóstico es clínico. La forma oftalmoscópica de presentación más frecuente en nuestro estudio fue el granuloma periférico con pliegue falciforme unido a papila. Oftalmoscopicamente la toxocariasis ocular puede presentarse de formas sumamente disímiles, lo cual hace dificultoso su diagnóstico y obliga a pensar siempre en éste en un niño que presenta inflamación intraocular unilateral. El uso de antiparasitarios en nuestros pacientes fue irregular (AU)


Objective: To assess the epidemiology, diagnostic methods, and treatment approach in ocular toxocariasis at the Pediatric Hospital Juan P. Garrahan. Material and methods: An observational descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology of the Pediatric Hospital Juan P. Garrahan. Patients with a positive ELISA for anti-Toxocara canis IgG seen at the laboratory of parasitology and evaluated at the Department of Ophthalmology between January 2006 and June 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: 301 patients were included in the study of whom 95 (31.5%) had a diagnosis of ocular toxocariasis (59 boys and 36 girls) and in 206 the eyes were not affected by toxocariasis. All patients with ocular toxocariasis had some degree of visual impairment. The forms of ocular toxocariasis found were: isolated peripheral granuloma in 12 patients (12.6%), peripheral granuloma with the fold united to the papilla in 36 (37.9%), posterior pole granuloma in 7 (7.4%), chronic endophthalmitis 3 (3.2%), diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis 2 (2.1%), retinal detachment in 23 (24.2%), and an indeterminate form in 12 (12.6%). Conclusions: The diagnosis of ocular toxocariasis in childhood is often late as children are not able to report vision loss to their parents. Strabism is the most common reason for consult. The diagnosis is clinical. The most frequent ophthalmoscopic presentation was peripheral granuloma with a falciform fold attached to the papilla. Ophthalmoscopically, ocular toxocariasis may present heterogeneously, resulting in a difficult diagnosis. The disease should always be suspected in a child with unilateral intraocular inflammation. The use of antiparasitic agents was variable in our patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Anthelmintics/therapeutic use , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Eye Infections, Parasitic/diagnosis , Eye Infections, Parasitic/drug therapy , Eye Infections, Parasitic/epidemiology , Granuloma/epidemiology , Toxocara/pathogenicity , Toxocariasis/diagnosis , Toxocariasis/epidemiology , Toxocariasis/therapy , Observational Study , Retrospective Studies , Steroids/therapeutic use
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153825

ABSTRACT

Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess has a tendency to spread to distant sites early in the course of disease and to involve multiple organs synchronously. A 59-year-old male was admitted because of liver abscess accompanied by fever and abdominal pain. The patient underwent percutaneous catheter drainage and received intravenous antibiotics. Symptom relief was achieved after the treatment as well as marked reduction in the size of the abscess. Despite proper treatment of the liver abscess, however, patient developed multiple metastatic infections in a non-concurrent manner: left and right endophthalmitis, psoas abscess, and infectious spondylitis at 5, 23, 30 and 65 days after initial manifestations of liver abscess, respectively. Each infectious episode followed one another after resolution of the former one. For each episode of metastatic infections, the patient promptly underwent treatment with systemic and local antibiotics, interventional abscess drainage, and surgical treatments as needed. The patient fully recovered without sequelae after the use of intravenous antibiotics for an extended period of time. Herein, we report a case of K. pneumoniae liver abscess complicated with delayed-onset multiple metastatic infections.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Drainage , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Humans , Injections, Intravenous , Klebsiella Infections/complications , Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolation & purification , Liver Abscess/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Psoas Abscess/diagnosis , Spondylitis/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30795

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although pyogenic liver abscesses (PLAs) can be successfully treated, the visual prognosis of patients with endogenous endophthalmitis (EE) associated with a PLA is poor. Early diagnosis and prompt intervention may salvage useful vision. Therefore, we investigated risk factors for EE in patients with PLA, to facilitate early diagnosis. METHODS: Data from 626 patients diagnosed with PLA between January 2004 and July 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups: those with liver abscess-associated endogenous endophthalmitis (LAEE) and non-LAEE. RESULTS: The prevalence of EE in PLA patients was 1.92%. The mean age for all patients (373 males, 59.6%) was 62.8 years. Upon multivariate logistic regression, a liver abscess or another systemic infection (odds ratio [OR], 5.52; p = 0.005), an abscess in the right superior segment (OR, 5.26; p = 0.035), and Klebsiella pneumoniae infection (OR, 3.68; p = 0.039), were risk factors for LAEE. The final visual outcomes of patients with LAEE included no light perception in seven, hand motion only in three, and decreased visual acuity in two. Vitrectomy and early intravitreal injections of antibiotics improved visual acuity and preserved useful vision. CONCLUSIONS: PLA patients with other systemic infections, abscesses in the right superior segment, and K. pneumoniae infection require close monitoring and early intervention to treat LAEE. Intravitreal antibiotic injections or early vitrectomy may salvage useful vision.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Chi-Square Distribution , Early Diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , Liver Abscess, Pyogenic/diagnosis , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Predictive Value of Tests , Prevalence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51375

ABSTRACT

A 58-year-old man admitted to our opthalmology department with the complaint of branch retinal vein occlusion. He was treated with intravitreal Ozurdex in the right eye. Two days after the injection, the patient presented with ocular pain and the visual acuity was hand movement. A diagnosis of endophthalmitis was made. We performed emergent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and the implant was removed from the vitreous cavity using a retinal forceps. A combination of vancomycin 1.0 mg and amikacin 0.4 mg was injected intravitreally. However, because of the blurring in the vitreus one week after the procedure, phacoemulsification and a repeat PPV was performed. Five days after the last procedure the signs and symptoms of endophthalmitis were resolved. Our case demonstrated that endophthalmitis could develop after intravitreal implantation of Ozurdex. Surgical removal of the implant and immediate vitrectomy seems to be a useful treatment option in these cases.


Subject(s)
Device Removal/methods , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Implants/adverse effects , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Eye Infections, Bacterial/diagnosis , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Humans , Intravitreal Injections/adverse effects , Male , Middle Aged , Retinal Vein Occlusion/diagnosis , Vitrectomy
15.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 26(1): 180-188, ene.-abr. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-683105

ABSTRACT

La endoftalmitis endógena puede ocurrir en aquellos casos de inflamación de los tejidos oculares internos secundaria a infección intraocular, resultado de la diseminación hematógena de los microorganismos desde un foco distal al ojo. Es el grupo menos frecuente de todas las endoftalmitis (5 por ciento), es preferentemente unilateral, y en la mayoría de los pacientes se aprecia al menos un foco extraocular infeccioso. Aunque puede darse en pacientes sanos inmunocompetentes, esta enfoftalmitis afecta fundamentalmente a pacientes con uno o más factores de riesgo, entre ellos, enfermedades crónicas, procedimientos quirúrgicos, neoplasias, usuarios de drogas administradas por vía parenteral, inmunodeficiencias, catéteres intravenosos. Se presenta un caso de una paciente diabética con una endoftalmitis endógena secundaria a un tumor renal, cuyo cuadro inicial apuntaba hacia un coma diabético y en la medida que evolucionó y a través del estudio oftalmológico se logró un completo diagnóstico y tratamiento de su problema de salud


The endogenous endophthalmitis may occur in cases of internal tissue inflammation secondary to intraocular infection, as a result of the hematogenous dissemination of microorganisms from a distal focus to the eye. It is the less frequent group of all types of endophthalmitis (5 percent), preferably unilateral, and most of the cases present with an extraocular infectious focus. Although it may appear in healthy immuno competent patients, this endophthalmitis mainly affects patients with one or more risk factors such as chronic illnesses, surgical procedures, neoplasias, parenterally administered drug users, immunodeficiencies and intravenous catheters. A case of a diabetic female patient with endogenous endophthalmitis secondary to a renal tumor was presented. Her initial clinical picture pointed to diabetic coma, but as the disease evolved and based on the ophthalmological study, it was possible to reach a complete diagnosis and to apply a treatment for her health problem


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Endophthalmitis/therapy , Kidney Neoplasms/complications , Kidney Neoplasms/therapy , Nephrectomy
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103949

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the clinical, radiological, and pathological characteristics of intraocular cysticercosis due to Taenia solium metacestode infection. Total 8 patients diagnosed with intraocular cysticercosis at the Red Cross Hospital of Yunnan Province, China were examined retrospectively. Patients with clear dioptic media had undergone fundus chromophotography. All patients underwent B ultrasonography of the ocular region (CT) successive scanning of the orbit and cerebral tissues. Parasites were extracted surgically and then examined pathologically. The fundus chromophotography showed a white and condensing scolex package in the vesicle. The B ultrasonic examination showed a vesicle-like echogenic mass in the vitreous chamber, in which the high-level echo spot was the cysticercus scolex. The pathological examinations showed that the vesicle wall exhibited hyaline degeneration, inflammatory cell infiltration, neuroglial fiber, and glial cell proliferation layers from the inside to the outside. The scolex is round and is composed of the outer tissue (the body wall) and the inner furrow tissue; these tissues migrated together. Primordially differentiated sucking discs were found in one case, but no hooklets were found. The inner scolex tissue was folded like a paper flower. The severity of intraocular disease is closely correlated with the pathophysiological processes of the cysticercus worm. Pathological examination of the intraocular lesions can help to evaluate the course of the disease as well as to provide a scientific basis for effective antiparasitic medication.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Animals , Child , China , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Eye/pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Taenia solium/isolation & purification , Young Adult
17.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2012 Jul-Sept; 30(3): 359-361
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143987

ABSTRACT

Post-operative Nocardia endophthalmitis has an aggressive course and poor visual prognosis. It often masquerades as severe post-operative uveitis or toxic anterior segment syndrome due to the absence of vitreous involvement resulting in a delay in diagnosis. The poor prognosis in Nocardia endophthalmitis is due to severe intra-ocular inflammation which may lead to phthisis. Therefore, treatment with corticosteroids after appropriate antibiotics have been initiated may improve the outcome. This is an interventional case report highlighting the typical features of Nocardia endophthalmitis, which when diagnosed early and managed medically with antibiotics and steroids, resulted in an excellent visual outcome in our patient.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/drug therapy , Endophthalmitis/pathology , Eye/pathology , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Nocardia/isolation & purification , Nocardia Infections/diagnosis , Nocardia Infections/drug therapy , Nocardia Infections/pathology , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/drug therapy , Postoperative Complications/pathology
18.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 70(1): 41-45, jan.-fev. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-581593

ABSTRACT

A necrose retiniana aguda é uma rara e devastadora retinite necrotizante, que pode ser causada pelo vírus herpes simples tipo 1 ou 2. Afeta tipicamente pacientes saudáveis de todas as idades. Este estudo é um relato de caso de um paciente de 18 anos, previamente hígido, que apresentou necrose aguda de retina por presumível etiologia viral por herpes simples, e descreve sua apresentação clínica e ultrassonográfica. Por não ter sido diagnosticado e tratado precocemente, a necrose retiniana aguda cumpriu sua história natural e evoluiu para um quadro compatível com endoftalmite.


The acute retinal necrosis is a rare and devastating necrotizing retinitis, which can be caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2. It typically affects healthy patients of all ages. This study report a case of 18 year-old healthy male patient, with the the diagnosis of the acute retinal necrosis due to herpes simplex, and presents its clinical and ultrassonographic features. The acute retinal necrosis results in endofthalmitis because of lack of early diagnosis and therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Keratitis, Herpetic/complications , Eye Infections, Viral , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Herpes Simplex/complications , Retina/pathology , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute/etiology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-125043

ABSTRACT

A 54-year-old male patient was seen in clinic for ocular pain and decreased vision in the right eye with duration of two days. He underwent a cataract operation for his right eye 12 years ago, then a sclera-fixated secondary intraocular implantation and pars plana vitrectomy three years ago due to intraocular lens dislocation. At the initial visit, his visual acuity was restricted to the perception of hand motion. An edematous cornea, cells, flare with hypopyon, and exposed suture material at were observed at the six o'clock direction by slit lamp. Vitreous opacity was noted from B-scan ultrasonography. The patient was diagnosed with late-onset endophthalmitis and an intravitreal cocktail injection was done. On the next day, the hypopyon was aggravated, and therefore a pars plana vitrectomy was performed. A vitreous culture tested positive for Citrobacter koseri. After 12 weeks, the best corrected visual acuity of the right eye improved to 0.7 and a fundus examination revealed a relatively normal optic disc and retinal vasculature. We herein report the first case of endophthalmitis caused by Citrobacter koseri in Korea. Exposed suture material was suspected as the source of infection in this case and prompt surgical intervention resulted in a relatively good visual outcome.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Citrobacter koseri/isolation & purification , Diagnosis, Differential , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/diagnosis , Eye Infections, Bacterial/diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/adverse effects , Male , Microscopy, Acoustic , Middle Aged , Surgical Wound Infection/diagnosis , Sutures/adverse effects , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy , Vitreous Body/microbiology
20.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2010 Nov; 58(6): 540-543
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136125

ABSTRACT

We report risk factors associated with intraocular penetration of caterpillar hair seen at our institute from January 2005 to December 2007. Records of all patients with caterpillar hair induced ophthalmitis (CHIO) were retrospectively reviewed for clinical characteristics, anatomic location of lodgment of the caterpillar hair, treatment methods, and outcomes. Out of a total of 544 cases of CHIO, 19 eyes (seven in the anterior chamber and 12 in the posterior segment) experienced intraocular penetration (3.5%). The presence of deep intracorneal hair (80 cases, 14.7%) was found to be the only risk factor for intraocular penetration (P < 0.001). The removal of intracorneal hair was possible in only 29 out of 80 eyes (36%) and this was associated with a significantly reduced risk of intraocular penetration (P = 0.022). Patients with retained intracorneal hairs should be counseled regarding risk of intraocular penetration and closely followed up for at least six months.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Animals , Child , Child, Preschool , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Eye Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign-Body Migration/complications , Foreign-Body Migration/diagnosis , Hair , Humans , Infant , Larva , Lepidoptera , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Young Adult
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