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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(4): 266-269, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137972

ABSTRACT

Resumo É apresentado o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 77 anos, internada por pielonefrite e tratada com antibóticos de amplo espectro, tendo desenvolvido endoftalmite endógena bilateral presumida por Candida. Foi submetida à vitrectomia via pars plana e injeção intravítrea de anfotericina B, além de voriconazol oral. São abordados, ainda, os aspectos clínicos da endoftalmite endógena por meio de revisão da literatura.


Abstract A 77 year-old female patient suffering from pyelonephritis developed bilateral endogenous endophthalmitis presumed by Candida after have been treated with global spectrum antibiotics. Early vitrectomy and intravitreal amphotericin B injection were performed, in addition to oral voriconazole. Clinical aspects of endogenous endophthalmitis are also pointed out by a literature review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Vitrectomy , Candida albicans , Eye Infections, Fungal/drug therapy , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Endophthalmitis/drug therapy , Intravitreal Injections , Voriconazole/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 21(3): 69-78, sept.-dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090445

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: La cirugía de catarata es la intervención oftalmológica más realizada en el mundo con exitosos resultados visuales posoperatorio, por lo cual una endoftalmitis posquirúrgica es una de las complicaciones más temidas y devastadoras. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes operados de catarata a los cuales se les administró cefuroxima intracameral como método profiláctico para la endoftalmitis posquirúrgica durante los primeros 6 meses de su aplicación. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en el Hospital Provincial General Camilo Cienfuegos de Sancti Spíritus del 15 de octubre de 2015 al 15 de abril de 2016. El universo estuvo constituido por 575 pacientes operados de cirugía de cataratas y la muestra por 538 pacientes a los cuales se les aplicó cefuroxima intracamerular como método profiláctico. Resultados: Se incluyeron 538 pacientes de ellos 279 mujeres y 259 hombres con edad promedio de 46 a 60 años. Se presentaron complicaciones en 21 ojos. En ningún paciente se diagnosticó síndrome inflamatorio tóxico asociado al uso de medicamentos intraoculares. Se reportó un solo caso de endoftalmitis al cual se le realizó extracción extracapsular. Conclusiones: La inyección de cefuroxima intracameral es una maniobra sencilla, eficaz y segura para la profilaxis de la endoftalmitis posquirúrgica.


ABSTRACT Background: Cataract surgery is the most performed ophthalmologic intervention in the world with successful postoperative visual results, so a postoperative endophthalmitis is one of the most feared and devastating complications. Objective: To characterize cataract surgery patients who were given intracameral cefuroxime as a prophylactic method of postoperative endophthalmitis during the first 6 months of its application. Methodology: A retrospective study was carried out at Camilo Cienfuegos General Provincial Hospital in Sancti Spíritus from October 15, 2015 to April 15, 2016. The universe consisted of 575 patients operated on from cataract surgery with a sample of 538 patients which were applied intracamerular cefuroxime as a prophylactic method. Results: 538 patients were included, 279 women and 259 men with an average age of 46 to 60 years. There were complications in 21 eyes. In no patient was toxic inflammatory syndrome associated with the use of intraocular medications. A single case of endophthalmitis was reported and extracapsular extraction was performed. Conclusions: The injection of intracameral cefuroxime is a simple, effective and safe maneuver for the prophylaxis of postoperative endophthalmitis.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Cefuroxime , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Phacoemulsification , Antibiotic Prophylaxis
4.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(4): 339-340, July-Aug. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950464

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Bilateral simultaneous cataract surgery (BSCS) has gained popularity among eye surgeons in many countries. This study examines the case of a 77-year-old patient who developed bilateral Pseudomonas aeruginosa endophthalmitis following bilateral simultaneous cataract surgery. Immediate bilateral vitrectomy and intravitreal antibiotics injection were performed. Ultimately, both eyes were eviscerated due to pain refractory to treatment and no light perception.


RESUMO A cirurgia bilateral simultânea de catarata ganhou popularidade entre cirurgiões oftalmológicos em muitos países. Este estudo examina o caso de um paciente de 77 anos que desenvolveu endoftalmite bilateral por Pseudomonas aeruginosa após uma cirurgia bilateral simultânea de catarata. Vitrectomia bilateral imediata e injeção de antibióticos intravítreos foram realizadas. Em última análise, ambos os olhos foram eviscerados devido à dor refratária ao tratamento e sem percepção de luz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolation & purification , Pseudomonas Infections/etiology , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Pseudomonas Infections/surgery , Pseudomonas Infections/diagnosis , Vitrectomy , Cataract Extraction/methods , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Eye Evisceration
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): 168-171, May-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888104

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the indications and frequency of evisceration after penetrating keratoplasty (PK). Methods: The medical records of all patients who underwent evisceration after PK between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2015 at Ankara Training and Research Hospital were reviewed. Patient demographics and the surgical indications for PK, diagnosis for evisceration, frequency of evisceration, and the length of time between PK and evisceration were recorded. Results: The frequency of evisceration was 0.95% (16 of 1684), and the mean age of the patients who underwent evisceration was 56.31 ± 14.82 years. The most common indication for PK that resulted in evisceration was keratoconus (37.5%), and the most common underlying cause leading to evisceration was endophthalmitis (56.25%). The interval between PK and evisceration ranged from 9 to 78 months. Conclusions: Although keratoplasty is one of the most successful types of surgery among tissue transplantations, our findings show that it is associated with a possible risk of evisceration.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar as indicações e a frequência de evisceração ocular após cirurgia de ceratoplastia penetrante ou transplante de córnea (PK). Métodos: Foram analisados os registros médicos de todos os pacientes submetidos à evisceração após PK entre 1º de janeiro de 1995 e 31 de dezembro de 2015 no Hospital de Treinamento e Pesquisa de Ankara. Foram registradas a demografia do paciente e as indicações cirúrgicas de PK, diagnóstico de evisceração, frequência de evisceração, tempo entre PK e evisceração. Resultados: A frequência de evisceração foi de 0,95% (16 de 1684) e a média de idade foi de 56,31 ± 14,82 anos. A indicação mais comum para PK que terminou na evis ceração foi o ceratocone (37,5%) e a causa subjacente à evisceração foi a endoftalmite (56,25%). O intervalo entre PK e evisceração variou de 9 a 78 meses. Conclusão: Embora a ceratoplastia seja uma das cirurgias mais bem sucedidas entre os transplantes de tecidos, pode-se deduzir do estudo que não é tão inócua, pois pode evoluir para a evisceração ocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Keratoplasty, Penetrating/adverse effects , Eye Evisceration/statistics & numerical data , Reoperation , Time Factors , Turkey/epidemiology , Medical Records , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Endophthalmitis/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Corneal Diseases/surgery , Corneal Diseases/etiology , Corneal Diseases/epidemiology
6.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 74(1): 16-19, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-741929

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze two methods of reducing conjunctivalmicrobiota in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Methods: A clinical trial with a convenience sample of 57 patients diagnosed with senile cataract (57 eyes) who underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation in Recife from 2011 to 2013. Patients were divided into two groups: ATB (27 eyes) in which was instilled antibiotic eye drops (gatifloxacin 0.3%) and ASS (30 eyes) with antiseptic eye drops (iodopovidine 5%); both medications were instilled three times (one drop every 20 minutes, an hour prior to surgery). The groups were evaluated from two collections of conjunctival material: first before instilling some eye drops and the second one immediately after surgery. Gram stain, culture and sensitivity were performed. Results: Comparing the reduction in the number of bacteria found in the slides in the pre-and postoperative, there was no statistically significant difference in both groups. Conclusions: Both use of antiseptic or antibiotic, used as prophylaxis forendophthalmitis, can reduce the conjunctivalmicrobiota.


Objetivo: Analisar dois método de redução da microbiota conjuntival em indivíduos submetidos à facectomia. Métodos: Ensaio clínico, com amostra de conveniência de 57 pacientes, com diagnóstico de catarata senil (57 olhos), submetidos à facoemulsificação com implante de lente intraocular em Recife entre 2011 a 2013. Os pacientes foram alocados em dois grupos: ATB (27 olhos) no qual foi instilado colírio antibiótico (gatifloxacino a 0,3%) e ASS (30 olhos) colírio antisséptico (iodopovidine a 5%), ambas as medicações foram instiladas três vezes (uma gota a cada 20 minutos, uma hora previamente à cirurgia). Os grupos foram avaliados a partir de duas coletas de material conjuntival: a primeira antes de instilar algum colírio e a segunda imediatamente após a cirurgia. Foi realizada bacterioscopia, cultura e antibiograma. Resultados: Comparando-se a redução no número de bactérias encontrado nas lâminas no pré e pós-operatório, não se verificou diferença estatística significativa nos dois grupos. Conclusão: Tanto o uso do antisséptico como do antibiótico usados como profiláticos para a endoftalmite reduzem a microbiota conjuntival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/therapeutic use , Bacterial Load , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Fluoroquinolones/therapeutic use , Phacoemulsification , Conjunctiva/microbiology , Postoperative Period
8.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2010 Jul; 58(4): 297-302
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136075

ABSTRACT

Background: The objective of the study was the determination of the incidence of culture-proven postoperative endophthalmitis and probable sources of infection. Materials and Methods: It was a prospective study on the microbiology, incidence and probable sources of infection in patients with postoperative infectious endophthalmitis carried out in a tertiary care eye hospital. Consecutive patients diagnosed with postoperative infectious endophthalmitis during the years 2000-2007 were investigated for the causative infective agent and possible sources of infection. The surgical data and microbiological data including the investigations performed to trace the source were recorded in a specific formatted form and were gathered and compiled for analysis. Results: Data of analysis showed that 98 (0.042%) out of 2,31,259 patients who underwent intra-ocular surgery developed infectious endophthalmitis. Among these, 70 (0.053%) occurred after cataract, 10 (0.5%) after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and 18 (0.018%) following other types of intra-ocular surgeries. The predominant infectious agents isolated were bacteria (89.7%), with equal proportions of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Polymicrobial infection was noted in four and fungi in seven patients. Occurrence of postoperative endophthalmitis was sporadic and not related to any specific part of period in a year. Sources of infection were donor corneal rim in six post-PK patients and phaco probe in one who had postphacoemulsification endophthalmitis Conclusions: Overall incidence of postoperative endophthalmitis over an 8-year period was quite low. The sources of infection could be established in six post-PK endophthalmitis patients and in a postcataract surgery.


Subject(s)
Cataract Extraction/statistics & numerical data , Endophthalmitis/epidemiology , Endophthalmitis/microbiology , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Geobacillus stearothermophilus , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/epidemiology , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/surgery , Hospitals, Special/statistics & numerical data , Humans , India/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/microbiology , Retinal Diseases/surgery , Time Factors , Vitreous Body/surgery
9.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 72(6): 811-814, Nov.-Dec. 2009. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-536776

ABSTRACT

São apresentados dois casos de descolamento de coróide em olhos com endoftalmite submetidos a enucleação. O estudo anatomopatológico permitiu identificar a presença de tecido vascular e nervoso interpondo-se entre a esclera e coróide deslocada, como havia sido evidenciado pela ecografia.


Two cases of endophthalmitis with choroidal detachment submitted to enucleation are presented. The histopathologic study allowed the identification of vascular and nervous tissue between the choroid and sclera, as it was seen on ultrasound examination.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Choroid Diseases/pathology , Choroid Diseases , Endophthalmitis , Choroid/blood supply , Choroid/innervation , Endophthalmitis/complications , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Sclera/blood supply , Sclera/innervation
11.
Indian J Med Sci ; 2009 June; 63(6) 253-256
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-145415

ABSTRACT

In this report, we describe a patient with drug-induced liver failure who developed endogenous endophthalmitis after liver transplantation. Our patient's clinical course was so fulminant that the eye was lost in less than 1 month, without any response to therapy. Recognition of this infection is important because many patients die of disseminated Aspergillus infection, which may be detected early with bedside funduscopic examination by an ophthalmologist. Probably if the patient had referred to us earlier, it may have been possible to save the eye.


Subject(s)
Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Aspergillosis/diagnosis , Aspergillosis/drug therapy , Aspergillosis/microbiology , Aspergillosis/surgery , Aspergillus/isolation & purification , Ceftazidime/therapeutic use , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/drug therapy , Endophthalmitis/microbiology , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Eye/microbiology , Eye/pathology , Eye/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Immunosuppression/adverse effects , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Liver Transplantation/methods , Male , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures , Ophthalmoscopy , Transplantation, Homologous/adverse effects , Transplantation, Homologous/methods , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Young Adult
12.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 72(1): 28-32, jan.-fev. 2009. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-510017

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil injection for the treatment of infectious endophthalmitis. METHODS: 35 cases of endophthalmitis secondary to phacoemulsification (20 patients), trabeculectomy (8 patients), perforating trauma (2 patients), trauma (2 patients), corneal transplantation (1 patient), vitrectomy (1 patient) and corneal ulceration (1 patient) were retrospectively studied. Patients were separated into two groups: Group 1 (n=24): intravitreal antibiotic injection, associated with topical and oral antibiotics; Group 2 (n=11): vitrectomy with intravitreal antibiotic injection and silicone oil injection. The follow-up ranged from 1 to 48 months (mean of 16 months). RESULTS: From 24 patients in group 1, 11 patients (45.83 percent), had infection controlled with intravitreal antibiotic injection only; 13 patients (54.15 percent) regressed to uncontrolled endophthalmitis, in which two patients (8.33 percent) were submitted to evisceration and one patient (4.16 percent) had corneal melting. The remaining 10 patients (41.66 percent) with uncontrolled endophthalmitis were submitted to pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil injection. Six patients (25 percent) from Group I had retinal detachment during the first month of follow-up and also required pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil injection. In Group 2 patients (n=11), all of them had controlled infection at the first procedure. In one case (9.09 percent), a severe proliferatative vitreoretinopathy induced loss of vision. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that silicone oil tamponade might be beneficial in the treatment strategy of infectious endophthalmitis.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados da vitrectomia pars plana com tamponamento com óleo de silicone no tratamento de endoftalmite aguda. MÉTODOS: Trinta e cinco pacientes com endoftalmite, sendo 20 secundário à facoemulsificação, 8 por trabeculectomia, 2 por trauma perfurante, 2 por trauma, 1 por transplante de córnea, 1 por vitrectomia, e 1 por úlcera de córnea, foram estudados retrospectivamente. Os pacientes foram separados em dois grupos. Grupo 1 (n=24): injeção de antibiótico intravítreo (AIV), associado com antibióticos oral e sistêmico; Grupo 2 (n=11): vitrectomia com AIV e óleo de silicone. O seguimento variou de 1 a 48 meses (média de 16 meses). RESULTADOS: Dos 24 pacientes no Grupo 1, 11 (45,83 por cento) tiveram controle da infecção apenas com injeção AIV, 13 (54,15 por cento) não controlaram a endoftalmite, sendo que, dois destes (8,33 por cento) foram submetidos à evisceração e um (4,16 por cento) evoluiu para "melting" corneano. Os outros 10 (41,66 por cento) pacientes foram submetidos à vitrectomia pars plana e óleo de silicone. Seis pacientes (25 por cento) do Grupo 1 tiveram descolamento de retina e também necessitaram de vitrectomia pars plana e óleo de silicone. No Grupo 2 (n=11), todos tiveram controle da infecção no primeiro procedimento e não necessitaram de mais intervenções, exceto pela remoção do óleo de silicone três meses depois. CONCLUSÃO:Os resultados sugerem que o tamponamento por óleo de silicone parece ser benéfico na estratégia de tratamento da endoftalmite infecciosa aguda.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Silicone Oils/administration & dosage , Vitrectomy/methods , Acute Disease , Drug Therapy, Combination , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Silicone Oils/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Young Adult
13.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2006 Sep; 54(3): 185-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-70386

ABSTRACT

AIMS: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transconjunctival 25 gauge vitrectomy under topical anesthesia. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A pilot study of consecutive cases which underwent 25 gauge vitrectomy under topical anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven eyes of 7 patients underwent 25 gauge vitrectomy under topical anesthesia with a pledget soaked in anesthetic, for vitreous hemorrhage (2 eyes), retained cortex (1 eye) and postoperative endophthalmitis (4 eyes). Subjective pain and discomfort were graded from 0 (no pain or discomfort) to 4 (severe pain and discomfort). Patients underwent an immediate postoperative assessment, followed by day one and one week postoperative evaluation. RESULTS: All patients had grade 0 pain during the surgery. Five patients had grade 2 pain during the placement of the sclerotomies. None of the patients required any sedation during the procedure. No inadvertent eye movements were noted during surgery. Except one patient, none required postoperative analgesics. Five eyes had a favorable outcome. No eyes in this pilot study had any procedure-related complications. CONCLUSION: With appropriate case selection, topical anesthesia is a safe and effective alternative to infiltrative anesthesia for 25 gauge vitrectomy. A larger series of patients with a longer follow-up is required to validate the findings of this pilot study.


Subject(s)
Administration, Topical , Adult , Aged , Anesthesia, Local/methods , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Equipment Design , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pilot Projects , Treatment Outcome , Vitrectomy/instrumentation , Vitreous Hemorrhage/surgery
14.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-46284

ABSTRACT

This is a study profile of the patients undergoing destructive surgery in Nepal Eye Hospital over a period of 2 years (2001-2003). The rationale of the study was to know the incidence and causes for destructive surgery (enucleation/evisceration) and the measures to prevent them. Patients admitted in the ward from emergency and outpatients departments for the purpose of enucleation and evisceration were taken into this study. Their visual acuity, slit-lamp examinations, fundus evaluation were done. Most of the patients had no perception of light with painful blind eyes, panophthalmitis, endophthalmitis, staphylomas, crush injuries and malignancies. After a decision made by the surgeons in the round, a full consent was taken for the operation. Evisceration was done for cases with history of ocular infections and the rest were enucleated. Destructive operation was done for (a) saving the other eye, (b) life saving, (c) painful condition and disfigurement. The incidence of destructive surgery in Nepal Eye Hospital was 1.40%. male : female ratio was 1.41:1. The causes for destructive surgery were panophthalmitis (31.71%), painful blind eye (21.95%), endophthalmitis (14.63%), staphyloma (14.63%), retinoblastoma (12.20%) and crush injuries (4.88%). Number of evisceration (73.17%) was higher than enucleation (26.83%) as most of the cases were sequele of corneal ulcer. Enucleation was mostly seen in children and evisceration in adults. Lastly, the incidences of destructive surgery would be minimized by (a) Prompt treatment of corneal ulcers for reducing panophthalmitis (b) pre, intra, and post operative care in intra ocular surgery for reducing endophthalmitis, and (c) genetic counselling (pre marital) for reducing childhood malignancies. Decision for destructive surgery should be a team work rather than a single surgeon's opinion. It should be done under general anaesthesia or retrobulbar block. Precaution must be taken to prevent the appalling tragedy of enucleating the wrong eye by marking above on the eye to be operated or EUA prior to surgery. Last but not the least, there should be fitting of a prosthesis for cosmesis, psychological support and careful follow-up of the healthy eye.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blindness/surgery , Child , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Eye Enucleation/statistics & numerical data , Eye Evisceration/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nepal , Pain/surgery , Panophthalmitis/surgery , Retrospective Studies
16.
SJO-Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology. 1994; 8 (4): 207-8
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-35423
17.
An. oftalmol ; 10(1): 30-3, 1991.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-152283

ABSTRACT

As inflamaçöes pós operatórias säo muito frequentes e atualmente há uma tendência em identificar as mesmas como infecçäo. A infecçäo por microorganismos pouco virulentos como Propionebacterium acnes ou o Estafilococo eipidermidis pode produzir uma inflamaçäo lenta cujo aparecimento pode se dar até 36 meses após a cirurgia. Na presença de inflamaçäo pós-operatória recomenda-se o exame clínico que deve identificar uma uveite granulomatosa com ou sem hipópion e uma placa branca sobre a lente intra-ocular, e os exames laboratoriais com meios anaeróbios. O tratamento deve ser prolongado para evitar as recidivas que säo comuns


Subject(s)
Cataract , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Cataract Extraction/methods , Cataract Extraction/rehabilitation , Eye Infections, Bacterial , Propionibacterium acnes , Uveitis , Inflammation/parasitology , Postoperative Care , Postoperative Period
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