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1.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 390-393, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345305

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Since 2012, a new technique for resection of large polyps has been described, the underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (UEMR). Some advantages that emerge from it is the needless of injection in submucosal layer and a greater chance of complete capture of the polyp. OBJECTIVE: There are few studies of UEMR in Brazil. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this technique in one Brazilian center. METHODS: This case series was conducted from February to December of 2020. Colorectal polyps greater than 9 mm without features of deep submucosal invasion were resected using UEMR. RESULTS: Twenty-four large polyps were resected with the UEMR approach from 24 patients. The mean size of the polys was 19 mm, ranging from 12 to 35 mm. All lesions were successful resected and 66% (16/24) were resected en bloc. In histologic analyses, most of them were adenomas (70.8%) and only one had deep submucosal invasion. There were no cases of acute complications, such perforation or acute bleeding. CONCLUSION: The UEMR is a safe and feasible procedure. With the emerging data on the procedure, it seems to be a wonderful tool in preventing colorectal cancer and its applicability and scope should be encourage to surpass reference centers.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Desde 2012, uma nova técnica para ressecção de pólipos grandes tem sido descrita, a ressecção da mucosa endoscópica sob imersão d'água (REMS). Algumas vantagens que surgem desta técnica são evitar a injeção na camada submucosa e a maior chance de captura completa do pólipo. Objetivo - Há poucos estudos com REMS no Brasil. Nosso objetivo é avaliar a segurança e a eficácia da técnica em um centro brasileiro. MÉTODOS: Esta série de casos foi conduzida de fevereiro a dezembro de 2020. Pólipos colorretais maiores que 9 mm sem sinais endoscópicos de invasão de submucosa foram ressecados utilizando RMES. RESULTADOS: Vinte e quatro pólipos foram ressecados com RMES em 24 pacientes diferentes. O tamanho médio dos pólipos era de 19 mm, variando de 12 a 35 mm. Todas as lesões foram ressecadas e 66% (16/24) foram ressecadas em monobloco. Na análise histológica, a maioria era adenoma (70.8%) e apenas uma havia invasão profunda da submucosa. CONCLUSÃO: O uso de REMS é um procedimento seguro e factível. Com o aumento de dados relativos ao procedimento, esta parece ser uma excelente ferramenta na prevenção do câncer colorretal e sua aplicabilidade deve ser encorajada para fora dos centros de referência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colonic Polyps/surgery , Colonic Polyps/pathology , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Brazil , Colonoscopy , Ambulatory Care , Intestinal Mucosa , Intestinal Mucosa/surgery
2.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 210-213, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285333

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: A common site of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) is the rectum. The technique most often used is endoscopic mucosal resection with saline injection. However, deep margins are often difficult to obtain because submucosal invasion is common. Underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (UEMR) is a technique in which the bowel lumen is filled with water rather than air, precluding the need for submucosal lifting. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of UEMR for removing small rectal neuroendocrine tumors (rNETs). METHODS: Retrospective study with patients who underwent UEMR in two centers. UEMR was performed using a standard colonoscope. No submucosal injection was performed. Board-certified pathologists conducted histopathologic assessment. RESULTS: UEMR for small rNET was performed on 11 patients (nine female) with a mean age of 55.8 years and 11 lesions (mean size 7 mm, range 3-12 mm). There were 9 (81%) patients with G1 rNET and two patients with G2, and all tumors invaded the submucosa with only one restricted to the mucosa. None case showed vascular or perineural invasion. All lesions were removed en bloc. Nine (81%) resections had free margins. Two patients had deep margin involvement; one had negative biopsies via endoscopic surveillance, and the other was lost to follow-up. No perforations or delayed bleeding occurred. CONCLUSION: UEMR appeared to be an effective and safe alternative for treatment of small rNETs without adverse events and with high en bloc and R0 resection rates. Further prospective studies are needed to compare available endoscopic interventions and to elucidate the most appropriate endoscopic technique for resection of rNETs.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Um local comum de tumores neuroendócrinos (TNEs) é o reto. A técnica mais utilizada é a ressecção endoscópica da mucosa com injeção de solução salina. No entanto, as margens profundas costumam ser difíceis de ressecar porque a invasão da submucosa é comum. A ressecção endoscópica sob imersão d'água (RESI) é uma técnica em que o lúmen intestinal é preenchido com água em vez de ar, evitando a necessidade de elevação submucosa. OBJETIVO: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a eficácia e segurança da RESI para a remoção de pequenos TNEs retais (rTNEs). MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo com pacientes que realizaram RESI em dois centros. RESI foi realizada usando um colonoscópio padrão. Nenhuma injeção submucosa foi realizada. Patologistas certificados conduziram avaliação histopatológica. RESULTADOS: RESI foi realizada para pequenos rTNEs em 11 pacientes (nove mulheres) com média de idade de 55,8 anos e 11 lesões (tamanho médio de 7 mm, variando de 3-12 mm). Havia 9 (81%) pacientes com G1 rTNEs e dois pacientes com G2, sendo que todos os tumores invadiam a submucosa sendo apenas um restrito a mucosa. Nenhum caso mostrou invasão vascular ou perineural. Todas as lesões foram removidas em bloco. Nove (81%) ressecções tiveram margens livres. Dois pacientes tiveram envolvimento de margens profundas; um teve biópsias negativas por meio de vigilância endoscópica e o outro perdeu o acompanhamento. Não ocorreram perfurações ou sangramento tardios. CONCLUSÃO: A RESI parece ser uma alternativa eficaz e segura para o tratamento de pequenos rTNEs sem eventos adversos e com altas taxas de ressecção em bloco e R0. Mais estudos prospectivos são necessários para comparar as intervenções endoscópicas disponíveis e para elucidar a técnica endoscópica mais adequada para ressecção de rTNEs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Neuroendocrine Tumors/surgery , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Intestinal Mucosa/surgery , Middle Aged
3.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 195-201, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285325

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of esophageal superficial neoplasm is associated with a high en bloc R0 resection rate and low recurrence. OBJECTIVE: We aim to compare the performance and clinical outcomes of ESD via ESD after circumferential incision (ESD-C) versus submucosal tunneling (ESD-T). METHODS: Single-center retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients who underwent ESD for superficial esophageal cancer, between 2009 and 2018. ESD-T was defined as the technique of making the mucosal incisions followed by submucosal tunneling in the oral to anal direction. ESD-C consisted of completing a circumferential incision followed by ESD. Main study outcomes included en bloc and R0 resection rates. Secondary outcomes included procedural characteristics, curative resection rate, local recurrence and adverse events. RESULTS: A total of 65 procedures (23 ESD-T and 42 ESD-C) were performed for ESCC (40; 61.5%) and BE-neoplasia (25; 38.5%). There were no statistically significant differences between patients who underwent ESD-T versus ESD-C in en bloc (91.3% vs 100%, P=0.12), R0 (65.2% vs 78.6%, P=0.24), curative resection rates (65.2% vs 73.8%, P=0.47) and mean procedure time (118.7 min with vs 102.4 min, P=0.35). Adverse events for ESD-T and ESD-C were as follows: bleeding (0 versus 2.4%; P=0.53), perforation (4.3% vs 0; P=0.61), esophageal stricture (8.7% versus 9.5%; P=0.31). Local recurrence was encountered in 8.7% after ESD-T and 2.4% after ESD-C (P=0.28) at a mean follow-up of 8 and 2.75 years, respectively (P=0.001). CONCLUSION: ESD-T and ESD-C appear to be equally effective with similar safety profiles for the management of superficial esophageal neoplasms.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A dissecção endoscópica submucosa (DES) no tratamento da neoplasia superficial do esôfago está associada a uma alta taxa de ressecção R0 em bloco e baixa taxa de recorrência. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é comparar o desempenho e os resultados clínicos da DES com incisão circunferencial (DES-C) versus com DES com túnel submucoso (DES-TS). MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de banco de dados coletados prospectivamente de um centro especializado em DES, investigando pacientes consecutivos submetidos à DES por câncer de esôfago superficial, entre 2009 e 2018. DES-TS foi definida como a técnica de realizar primeiro incisões na mucosa seguida de tunelamento submucoso no sentido oral para anal. DES-C consistiu em completar uma incisão circunferencial seguida da dissecção submucosa. As principais variáveis do estudo incluíram taxas de ressecção em bloco e R0. Os resultados secundários incluíram características do procedimento, taxa de ressecção curativa, recorrência local e eventos adversos. RESULTADOS: Um total de 65 procedimentos (23 DES-TS e 42 DES-C) foram realizados para CCE de esôfago (40; 61,5%) e neoplasia associada ao EB (25; 38,5%). Não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os pacientes submetidos a DES-TS versus DES-C nas taxas de ressecção em bloco (91,3% vs 100%, P=0,12), R0 (65,2% vs 78,6%, P=0,24), taxas de ressecção curativa (65,2% vs 73,8%, P=0,47) e tempo médio do procedimento (118,7 min com vs 102,4 min, P=0,35). Os eventos adversos para DES-TS e DES-C foram os seguintes: sangramento (0 vs 2,4%; P=0,53), perfuração (4,3% vs 0; P=0,61), estenose esofágica (8,7% vs 9,5%; P=0,31). A recorrência local foi encontrada em 8,7% após DES-TS e 2,4% após DES-C (P=0,28) em um seguimento médio de 8 e 2,75 anos, respectivamente (P=0,001). CONCLUSÃO: DES-TS e DES-C demostram ser igualmente eficazes com perfil de segurança semelhante para o tratamento das neoplasias superficiais do esôfago.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Stenosis , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 99-102, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287247

ABSTRACT

Resumen La resección transmural endoscópica es una técnica que permite la resección en bloque de lesiones colónicas en pacientes en los cuales han fracasado los métodos endoscópicos convencionales como la resección mucosa endoscópica o la disección submucosa endoscópica. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 75 años con antecedentes de adenoma de colon con fibrosis debido a dos intentos previos fallidos de resección endoscópica en otra institución. Realizamos con éxito el procedimiento de resección transmural endoscópica evitando así una cirugía.


Abstract Endoscopic full-thickness resection is a technique that allows in block resection of colonic lesions in patients in whom conventional endoscopic methods such as endoscopic mucosal resection or endoscopic submucosal dissection have failed. We present a case of a 75-year-old man with history of a difficult-to-resect colon adenoma. He had undergone two previous failed attempts of endoscopic mucosal resection due to non-lifting sign in another center. We successfully performed an endoscopic full-thickness resection procedure, avoiding unnecessary surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Adenoma/surgery , Adenoma/diagnostic imaging , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Fibrosis , Treatment Outcome
6.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 126-129, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251533

ABSTRACT

Resumen La mucosectomía endoscópica ha probado ser una alternativa efectiva para el tratamiento del cáncer gástrico temprano; sin embargo, se requiere de un seguimiento estricto para asegurar una conducta de manejo adecuada en caso de recurrencia. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 54 años, con hallazgo incidental de un carcinoma gástrico temprano, a quien se le realizó mucosectomía endoscópica, con un reporte final de histopatología compatible con adenocarcinoma gástrico temprano y márgenes de resección negativos, con un seguimiento endoscópico e histopatológico a 2 meses negativos para malignidad.


Abstract Endoscopic mucosal resection has proven to be an effective alternative for the treatment of early gastric cancer. However, strict follow-up is necessary to ensure adequate management in the event of recurrence. This is the case of a 54-year-old patient with an incidental finding of early gastric carcinoma. He underwent endoscopic mucosal resection, with a final histopathology report compatible with early gastric adenocarcinoma and negative resection margins. Endoscopic and histopathological follow-up at 2 months showed negative results for malignancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Recurrence , Incidental Findings , Research Report
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2603-2610, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921146

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With the wide application of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric neoplasms, metachronous gastric neoplasms (MGN) have gradually become a concern. This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of MGN and evaluate the treatment and follow-up outcomes of MGN patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 814 patients were retrospectively enrolled. All these patients were treated by ESD for early gastric cancer or gastric dysplasia between November 2006 and September 2019 at The First Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital. The risk factors for MGN were analyzed using Cox hazard proportional model. Moreover, the cumulative incidence, the correlation of initial lesions and MGN lesions, and the treatment and follow-up outcomes of MGN patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 4.5% (37/814) of patients had MGN after curative ESD. The 3-, 5-, and 7-year cumulative incidences of MGN were 3.5%, 5.1%, and 6.9%, respectively, and ultimately reaching a plateau of 11.3% at 99 months after ESD. There was no significant correlation between initial lesions and MGN lesions in terms of gross type (P = 0.178), location (long axis: P = 0.470; short axis: P = 0.125), and histological type (P = 0.832). Cox multivariable analysis found that initial multiplicity was the only independent risk factor of MGN (hazard ratio: 4.3, 95% confidence interval: 2.0-9.4, P < 0.001). Seventy-three percent of patients with MGN were treated by endoscopic resection. During follow-up, two patients with MGN died of gastric cancer with lymph node metastasis. The disease-specific survival rate was significantly lower in patients with MGN than that in patients without MGN (94.6% vs. 99.6%, P = 0.006).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The MGN rate gradually increased with follow-up time within 99 months after curative gastric ESD. Thus, regular and long-term surveillance endoscopy may be helpful, especially for patients with initial multiple neoplasms.


Subject(s)
Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Gastric Mucosa/surgery , Humans , Neoplasms, Second Primary/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880656

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the risk factors for complications after endoscopic therapy for upper gastrointestinal subepithelial lesions (SELs).@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis was performed on 184 patients in the Department of Gastroenterology in the Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University after therapeutic endoscopy [endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR), endoscopic submucosal excavation (ESE), and submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER)] for the upper gastrointestinal SELs from 2014-09-01 to 2019-09-30. The clinic data were collected and risk factors for postoperative complications were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 184 patients, 22 patients were in the complication group (including 3 cases of delayed bleeding, 2 cases of delayed perforation, and 17 cases of electrocoagulation syndrome) and 162 patients were in the non-complication group. There was no significant difference between the complication group and the non-complication group in gender, age over 70 year, basic diseases, lesion location, lesion invasion layers, pathological results, endoscopic therapy, and preventive closure of wounds (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#For the patients with upper gastrointestinal SELs after endoscopic minimally invasive therapy with the lesion diameter over 40 mm and the operative time over 120 minutes, it needs to highly alert to the occurrence of postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/adverse effects , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Gastric Mucosa , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880629

ABSTRACT

Dermatomyositis (DM) is a kind of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy characterized by chronic proximal skeletal muscle weakness and unique skin lesions. However, DM with exfoliation of esophageal mucosa is rare. A 36-year-old male patient complained of muscular soreness of extremities, dysphagia, and pharyngalgia was diagnosed with DM with exfoliation of esophageal mucosa. After treatment with glucocorticoid, immunosuppressant, acupuncture, and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), the above symptoms were disappeared. During the 3-year follow-up period, the results of routine physical examination, laboratory examination, gastroscopy, and imaging examination were normal. High-dose of corticosteroid is needed in the initial treatment, but it must be reduced regularly to avoid adverse reactions. Acupuncture and ESD are also effective as adjuvant therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Dermatomyositis/complications , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Esophageal Mucosa , Esophageal Neoplasms , Gastroscopy , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 477-483, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142342

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) enables en bloc excision of superficial neoplasms. Although ESD is widely practiced in Eastern countries like Japan, South Korea and China, its use in the West is supposed to be still limited to few tertiary centers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical practice of ESD in Brazil by means of an electronic questionnaire elaborated by the Brazilian Society of Digestive Endoscopy (SOBED). METHODS: In October 2019, 3512 endoscopist members of SOBED were invited to respond to an electronic survey containing 40 questions divided into four topics: operator profile; clinical experience with ESD; adverse events and training. Informed consent was requested to all participants. The investigators reviewed all responses and considered valid if more than 50% of the questions were answered and additional information, when requested, was provided. RESULTS: A total of 155 (4.4%) qualified responses entered the study. ESD has been practiced in 22 of 26 Federation States and majority of respondents (32.2%) have 10 to 20 years of practice. ESD has been performed more frequently in private hospitals (101 individuals, 66.9%) and private ambulatory centers (41 individuals, 27.1%). ESD was performed mainly in the stomach (72%), followed by the rectum (57%) and 80% of the individuals reported less than 25 operations. Twenty-four (15.4 %) individuals reported perforation and 4 (2.5%) of them reported postoperative deaths. Approximately a quarter of responders denied hands-on training in models or visit to training centers. CONCLUSION: ESD appears to be practiced throughout the country, not only in tertiary or academic institutions and mainly in private practice. Most operators received limited training and still are at the beginning of their learning curve. The reported adverse events and mortality rates appear to be higher than Eastern reports.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A dissecção endoscópica da submucosa (ESD) é uma técnica popular no Japão e em outros países asiáticos e, supostamente, ainda está limitada a centros terciários no Ocidente. OBJETIVO: Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar a prática clínica da ESD no Brasil por meio de um questionário eletrônico elaborado pela Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva (SOBED). MÉTODOS: Em outubro de 2019, 3512 endoscopistas membros da SOBED foram convidados a responder a uma pesquisa eletrônica contendo 40 questões divididas em quatro tópicos: perfil do operador; experiência clínica com ESD; eventos adversos e treinamento. O consentimento informado foi solicitado a todos os participantes. Os investigadores analisaram todas as respostas e consideraram válidas se mais de 50% das perguntas fossem respondidas e informações adicionais, quando solicitadas, fossem fornecidas. RESULTADOS: Um total de 155 (4,4%) respostas qualificadas foram incluídas no estudo. A ESD foi executada em 22 dos 26 estados da Federação e a maioria dos entrevistados (32,2%) possuía de 10 a 20 anos de prática endoscópica. A ESD foi realizada com maior frequência em hospitais privados (101 indivíduos; 66,9%) e clínicas ambulatoriais privadas (41 indivíduos; 27,1%). A ESD foi realizada principalmente no estômago (72%), seguido pelo reto (57%) e 80% dos indivíduos relataram menos de 25 operações. Vinte e quatro (15,4%) indivíduos relataram algum caso de perfuração no procedimento e 4 (2,5%) deles relataram óbito pós-operatório. Aproximadamente um quarto dos respondentes negou treinamento prático em modelos ou visita a centros de treinamento. CONCLUSÃO: A ESD parece ser praticada em todo o país, não apenas em instituições terciárias ou acadêmicas e principalmente na prática privada. A maioria dos respondedores recebeu treinamento limitado e ainda está no início da curva de aprendizado. Os eventos adversos relatados e as taxas de mortalidade parecem ser maiores do que os relatos orientais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/adverse effects , Brazil , China , Surveys and Questionnaires , Learning Curve
11.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 405-410, oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138731

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El cáncer gástrico es un problema de salud en Chile y su mal pronóstico global se explica por un diagnóstico en etapas avanzadas. El cáncer gástrico incipiente (CGI) se asocia a buen pronóstico oncológico y la disección submucosa endoscópica (DSE) como alternativa de tratamiento ha demostrado ser comparable al estándar quirúrgico. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia y resultados de un cirujano en pacientes con CGI sometidos a DSE. Materiales y Método: Estudio retrospectivo que incluyó a los pacientes sometidos a DSE por CGI entre mayo de 2015 y marzo de 2019. Se tabuló información demográfica, datos perioperatorios y del seguimiento obtenidos del registro institucional. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva. Resultados: Se realizaron 52 DSE por CGI en el período analizado. La resección en bloque se logró en un 96% de los casos. La morbilidad alcanzó el 2%, no se registró mortalidad postoperatoria. 98% de las resecciones en bloque fueron consideradas R0 y un 86% de ellas cumplieron estándares de curación. La mediana de seguimiento es de 19 meses y la sobrevida específica por cáncer gástrico y libre de recurrencia alcanza el 100%. Discusión: La DSE es una técnica con potencial curativo en pacientes con CGI, presentando mejores resultados en términos de morbimortalidad, calidad de vida y es comparable a la cirugía en el pronóstico oncológico. Los resultados presentados son concordantes con la literatura y apoyan la implementación de la técnica para el tratamiento del CGI.


Introduction: Gastric cancer is a serious health problem in Chile and its poor prognosis is explained by usual diagnosis in advanced stages. Early gastric cancer (EGC) is associated with good oncological prognosis and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) as its treatment has shown to be comparable to the surgical standard. Aim: Describe the experience and results of a surgeon in patients with EGC undergoing ESD. Materials and Method: Retrospective study including patients undergoing ESD for EGC between May 2015 and March 2019. Demographic information, perioperative and follow-up data obtained from the institutional registry were tabulated. Descriptive statistics was used. Results: 52 ESD were performed per EGC in the analyzed period. En bloc resection was achieved in 96% of cases. Morbidity reached 2% and no postoperative mortality was recorded. 98% of the en bloc resections were considered R0 and 86% of them met healing standards. The median follow-up is 19 months and the specific survival due to gastric cancer and recurrence-free rates reach 100%. Discussion: ESD is a technique with curative potential in patients with EGC, presenting better results in terms of morbidity and mortality, quality of life and is comparable to surgery in the oncological prognosis. The results presented are consistent with the literature and support the implementation of the technique for the treatment of EGC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Retrospective Studies , Early Detection of Cancer
12.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 193-197, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131659

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (UEMR) has emerged as a revolutionary method allowing resection of colorectal lesions without submucosal injection. Brazilian literature about this technique is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was evaluate the efficacy and safety of UEMR technique for removing non-pedunculated colorectal lesions in two Brazilian tertiary centers. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted between June 2016 and May 2017. Naïve and non-pedunculated lesions without signs of submucosal invasion were resected using UEMR technique. RESULTS: A total of 55 patients with 65 lesions were included. All lesions, except one, were successfully and completely removed by UEMR (success rate 98.5%). During UEMR, two cases of bleeding were observed (3.0%). One patient had abdominal pain on the day after resection without pneumoperitoneum. There was no perforation or delayed bleeding. CONCLUSION: This study supports the existing data indicating acceptable rates of technical success, and low incidence of adverse events with UEMR. The results of this Brazilian study were consistent with previous abroad studies.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A ressecção endoscópica da mucosa sob imersão d'água (REMS) surgiu como um método revolucionário que permite a ressecção de lesões colorretais sem injeção submucosa. A literatura brasileira sobre essa técnica é escassa. OBJETIVO: A finalidade deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia e segurança da técnica REMS na remoção de lesões colorretais não pediculadas em dois centros terciários brasileiros. MÉTODOS: Este estudo prospectivo foi realizado entre junho de 2016 e maio de 2017. As lesões sem tentativa de ressecção prévia, não pediculadas e sem sinais de invasão submucosa foram ressecadas pela técnica REMS. RESULTADOS: Um total de 55 pacientes com 65 lesões foram incluídos. Todas as lesões, exceto uma, foram removidas com sucesso e completamente por REMS (taxa de sucesso de 98,5%). Durante a REMS, foram observados dois casos de sangramento (3,0%). Uma paciente apresentou dor abdominal no dia seguinte à ressecção sem pneumoperitônio. Não houve perfuração ou sangramento tardio. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo apoia os dados existentes, indicando taxas aceitáveis de sucesso técnico e baixa incidência de eventos adversos com a REMS. Os resultados deste estudo brasileiro foram consistentes com estudos internacionais prévios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Brazil , Prospective Studies , Colonoscopy , Treatment Outcome , Intestinal Mucosa
13.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(3): 276-279, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038713

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Endoscopic mucosal resection is one of the most frequent therapeutic alternatives for large colorectal lateral spreading tumors. There are few data on the prevalence of synchronous lesions on these patients. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of synchronous colorectal lesions in patients referred for endoscopic mucosal resection of lateral spreading tumors >20 mm. METHODS: We reviewed the endoscopic database of our Department and identified adult patients who were referred for the resection of a colorectal lateral spreading tumor >20 mm and had a diagnostic colonoscopy performed up to six months before. The proportion of patients with at least one synchronous lesion was estimated. The following features were compared between patients with and without synchronous lesions: age, gender, bowel preparation quality and cecal intubation on index colonoscopy and therapeutic colonoscopy, serrated adenoma as index lesion. RESULTS: From December 2016 to November 2017, we identified 70 patients who fulfilled inclusion criteria. Median size of lesions was 25 mm (20-45). Eighty percent were located in the right colon and 35.71% were serrated adenomas. Synchronous lesion rate was 38.57%. Bowel preparation quality was similar in both groups when comparing both index and therapeutic colonoscopies. Patients with synchronous lesions had a higher proportion of serrated adenoma as index lesion than patients without synchronous lesions [51.85% vs 25.58%, OR 3.13 (1.13-8.68), P=0.03]. CONCLUSION: We found a high prevalence of synchronous lesions among patients with a large colorectal lateral spreading tumor. This risk seems to be increased if index lesions are serrated adenomas.


DESCRITORES CONTEXTO: A ressecção endoscópica de mucosa é uma das alternativas terapêuticas frequentes para grandes tumores colorretais de propagação lateral. Há poucos dados sobre a prevalência de lesões síncronas nesses pacientes. OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência de lesões colorretais síncronas em pacientes encaminhados para ressecção endoscópica da mucosa de tumores de disseminação lateral >20 mm. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se a revisão de banco de dados endoscópicos de nosso departamento e foram identificados pacientes adultos encaminhados para a ressecção de um tumor colorretal com propagação lateral >20 mm e que tiveram colonoscopia diagnóstica realizada até seis meses antes. Estimou-se a proporção de pacientes com pelo menos uma lesão síncrona. As seguintes características foram comparadas entre pacientes com e sem lesões síncronas: idade, sexo, qualidade da preparação intestinal e intubação cecal pelo índice de colonoscopia e adenoma serrilhado como lesão índice. RESULTADOS: De dezembro de 2016 a novembro de 2017, identificamos 70 pacientes que preencheram os critérios de inclusão. O tamanho mediano das lesões foi de 25 mm (20-45). Foram 80% situados no cólon direito e 35,71% eram adenomas serrilhados. A taxa de lesão síncrona foi de 38,57%. A qualidade da preparação intestinal foi semelhante em ambos os grupos comparando-se os índices e colonoscopia terapêutica. Pacientes com lesões síncronas apresentaram maior proporção de adenoma serrilhado como lesão índice do que pacientes sem lesões síncronas [51,85% vs 25,58%, or 3,13 (1,13-8,68), P=0,03]. CONCLUSÃO: Encontramos alta prevalência de lesões síncronas entre pacientes com grande tumor de propagação lateral colorretal. Este risco parece ser aumentado se as lesões índice forem adenomas serrilhados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Adenoma/surgery , Colonoscopy/methods , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenoma/pathology , Colonic Polyps/surgery , Middle Aged
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(4): e1462, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054585

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Among the anastomoses of the gastrointestinal tract, those of the esophagus are of special interest due to several anatomical or even general peculiarities. Aim: Evaluate retrospectively the results comparing mechanical vs. manual suture at cervical esophagogastric anastomosis in megaesophagus treatment. Methods: Were included 92 patients diagnosed with advanced megaesophagus with clinical conditions to undergo the surgery. All underwent esophageal mucosectomy, performing anastomosis of the esophagus stump with the gastric tube at the cervical level. In order to make this anastomosis, the patients were divided into two groups: group A (n=53) with circular mechanical suture, lateral end; group B (n=39) with manual suture in two sides, lateral end. In the postoperative period, an early evaluation was performed, analyzing local and systemic complications and late (average 5.6 y) analyzing deglutition. Results: Early evaluation: a) dehiscence of esophagogastric anastomosis n=5 (9.4%) in group A vs. n=9 (23.0%) in group B (p=0.0418); b) stenosis of esophagogastric anastomosis n=8 (15.1%) in group A vs. n=15 (38.4%) in group B (p=0.0105.); c) pulmonary infection n=5 (9.4%) in group A vs. n=3 (7.6%) in group B (p=1.0000.); d) pleural effusion n=5 (9.4%) in group A vs. n=6 (15.4%) in group B (p<0.518). Late evaluation showed that 86.4-96% of the patients presented the criteria 4 and 5 from SAEED, expressing effective swallowing mechanisms without showing significant differences among the groups. Conclusion: Cervical esophagogastric anastomosis by means of mechanical suture is more proper than the manual with lower incidence of local complications and, in the long-term evaluation, regular deglutition was acquired in both suture techniques in equal quality.


RESUMO Racional: Das anastomoses do trato gastrointestinal, as do esôfago têm especial interesse devido às varias peculiaridades anatômicas e mesmo sistêmicas. Objetivo: Avaliar retrospectivamente os resultados comparando a sutura mecânica e manual na anastomose esofagogástrica cervical no tratamento do megaesôfago. Métodos: Foram estudados 92 pacientes com diagnóstico de megaesôfago avançado com condições clínicas de serem submetidos à operação. Todos foram submetidos à mucosectomia esofágica, sendo realizada anastomose do coto esofágico com o tubo gástrico no nível cervical. Para a realização desta anastomose, foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo A (n=53) com sutura mecânica circular terminolateral; grupo B (n=39) com sutura manual em dois planos terminolateral. No período pós-operatório foi realizada avaliação precoce, com análise das complicações locais e sistêmicas, e tardia (média 5,6 anos) com análise da deglutição. Resultados: Avaliação precoce: a) deiscência da anastomose esofagogástrica, n=5 (9,4%) no grupo A vs. n=9 (23,0%) no grupo B (p=0.0418); b) estenose da anastomose esofagogástrica n=8 (15,1%) no grupo A vs. n=15 (38,4%) no grupo B (p=0.0105); c) infecção pulmonar n=5 (9,4%) no grupo A vs. n=3 (7,6%) no grupo B (p=1.000); d) derrame pleural n=5 (9,4%) no grupo A vs. n=6 (15,4%) no grupo B (p<0.518). A avaliação tardia demonstrou que 86,4 a 96,0% dos pacientes apresentaram critérios 4 e 5 de SAEED, demonstrando deglutição efetiva e sem diferença significante entre os grupos. Conclusão: A anastomose esofagogástrica pela sutura mecânica é mais adequada que a manual com pequena incidência de complicações locais e, na avaliação em longo prazo, a deglutição demonstrou ser adequada em ambos os grupos e com qualidade semelhante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Esophageal Achalasia/surgery , Severity of Illness Index , Anastomosis, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Esophagectomy , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection
17.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(4): 260-266, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975971

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: In the therapeutic decision about the malignant colon polyp, several factors predicting residual disease after the endoscopic resection guide the decision of surveillance or surgical intervention. This is a challenging decision, because even in the presence of high-risk predictors currently used, only 15-30% of the patients will have residual disease in the surgical specimen. Objective: To evaluate patients with a diagnosis of malignant colon polyp at the Hospital Center of São João, who were indicated for surgical treatment, studying the predictors of residual disease in the surgical specimen. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out, based on the patients with malignant colon polyp diagnosed and treated at the Hospital Center of São João in the city of Porto, Portugal, between 2009 and 2016. The endoscopic, anatomopathological, surgical and follow-up data were reviewed. Results: Of the total number of patients in the study (n = 96), 59 (61.5%) were indicated for surgery after a multidisciplinary discussion. Of this group, 21 patients (35.6%) had residual disease in the surgical specimen, with presence of lymph node invasion in 8 patients (13.6%). The presence of malignancy in the surgical resection specimen was statistically significantly associated with: size of the resected polyp (p = 0.023); sessile polyp (p = 0.007); piecemeal resection (p = 0.002). Conclusions: The persistence of malignancy in the surgical specimen was associated with larger sessile polyps and piecemeal removal. A significant number of patients did not show malignancy in the surgical resection specimen, with more markers being required to better stratify patients.


RESUMO Contexto: Na decisão terapêutica do pólipo maligno do cólon diversos fatores preditores de doença residual após a recessão endoscópica norteiam a decisão de vigilância ou intervenção cirúrgica. Esta é uma decisão desafiadora, uma vez que mesmo na presença dos preditores de alto risco usados atualmente, apenas 15% a 30% dos doentes terão doença residual na peça cirúrgica. Objetivo: Avaliar os doentes com diagnóstico de pólipo maligno do cólon no Centro Hospitalar de São João que foram orientados para tratamento cirúrgico, estudando os preditores de doença residual na peça cirúrgica. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo retrospetivo, tendo por base os doentes com pólipo maligno do cólon diagnosticado e tratado no Centro Hospitalar de São João no Porto, Portugal, entre 2009 e 2016. Os dados endoscópicos, anatomopatológicos, cirúrgicos e o seguimento foram revistos. Resultados: Do total de doentes em estudo (n = 96); 59 (61,5%) tiveram indicação para cirurgia após discussão multidisciplinar. Deste grupo, 21 doentes (35,6%) apresentavam doença residual na peça cirúrgica, com presença de invasão ganglionar em 8 doentes (13,6%). A presença de malignidade na peça de ressecção cirúrgica associava-se de forma estatisticamente significativa a: tamanho do pólipo ressecado (p = 0,023); pólipo séssil (p = 0,007); ressecção em piecemeal (p = 0,002). Conclusões: A persistência de malignidade na peça cirúrgica associou-se a pólipos sésseis, de maiores dimensões e à remoção em piecemeal. Um número importante de doentes não apresentava malignidade na peça de ressecção cirúrgica, sendo necessários mais marcadores para melhor estratificar os doentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colonic Polyps/therapy , Neoplasm, Residual/surgery , Endoscopy , Colonic Neoplasms , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(11): 1002-1006, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976793

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study retrospectively reviewed 46 cases of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated by endoluminal endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR) microsurgery in our gastrointestinal endoscopy center. We aimed to evaluate the EFR for the treatment of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originating from the muscularis propria. METHODS: A total of 46 patients with gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originated from the muscularis propria layer from January 2012 to June 2015 were treated with EFR. The patients were followed up with gastroscope and computed tomography (CT) for evaluation of therapeutic effect and safety. RESULTS: EFR was successfully accomplished to remove all tumors in 46 patients. The mean procedure time was 82.5±39.8min (56-188min). Except in 3 leiomyomas, pathological examination confirmed gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in 43 cases. None of the patients had occurred bleeding, peritonitis and other complications after EFR. Thereafter, all patients were followed up with gastro-scope after 1, 6,12 months. CONCLUSIONS: EFR is effective and safe for patients with gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originated from muscularis propria layer and has the advantage of less invasive treatment and higher tumor resection rate. It should be considered for further application.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Este estudo revisou retrospectivamente 46 casos de tumores gástricos estromáticos gastrointestinais tratados por microcirurgia endoluminal endoscópica de ressecção completa (EFR) em nosso centro de endoscopia gastrointestinal. Pretendemos avaliar a EFR para o tratamento de tumores gastrointestinais estromáticos originários da muscularis própria. MÉTODOS: Um total de 46 pacientes com tumores gástricos estromáticos gastrointestinais originários da camada muscular própria, de janeiro de 2012 a junho de 2015, foi tratado com EFR. Os pacientes foram acompanhados com gastroscópio e tomografia computadorizada (TC) para avaliação de efeitos terapêuticos e segurança. RESULTADOS: A EFR foi realizada com sucesso para remover todos os tumores em 46 pacientes. O tempo médio de procedimento foi de 82,5±39,8 min (56-188 min). Exceto em três leiomiomas, exame patológico confirmou tumor estromal gastrointestinal (Gist) em 43 casos. Em nenhum paciente ocorreu sangramento, peritonite e outras complicações após EFR. Posteriormente, todos os pacientes foram acompanhados com gastroscópio após um, seis e 12 meses. CONCLUSÕES: A EFR é eficaz e segura para pacientes com tumores gastrointestinais originários da camada muscular própria e tem a vantagem de ser um tratamento menos invasivo e com maior taxa de ressecção tumoral. Deve ser considerada para posterior aplicação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastric Mucosa/surgery , Leiomyoma/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnostic imaging , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Leiomyoma/pathology , Middle Aged
19.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(3): 221-229, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973893

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a complex endoscopic procedure, with high rates of adverse events and technical difficulties. To overcome that problem, many training centers published the importance of animal models for skill acquirement in ESD. However, no study has used the submucosal dissection depth (DSUB) as a parameter to evaluate the learning curve in ESD, which might be a relevant factor since an optimal resection plane is important to achieve a curative resection and avoid intraoperative complications. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess ESD skill acquirement after short-term training sessions by evaluating the submucosal dissection depth (DSUB) and the association with adverse events. METHODS: This experimental study included 25 experienced endoscopists in therapeuthic procedures (>5years) and 75 specimens resected by ESD (three resections / endoscopist). Learning parameters (resection time, size, en bloc resection rate, bleeding, perforation and submucosal dissection depth) were prospectively evaluated. The percentages of DSUB of all specimens resected were calculated. RESULTS: All specimens were resected from the gastric body (n=75). The mean size of the resected specimens was 23.97±7.2 mm. The number of adverse events, including bleeding, perforation, and death, were 17 (22.67%), 3 (4%), and 0 cases, respectively. The average mean time by the third dissection decreased from 28.44±9.73 to 18.72±8.81 min (P<0.001). The proportion of DSUB in the bleeding and non-bleeding group were respectively 37.97%±21.13% and 68.66%±23.99%, indicating a significant association between DSUB and bleeding incidence (P<0.001). The ROC curve analysis indicated a cut-off point of 61% (sensitivity, 64%; specificity, 94%) of submucosal dissection depth associated with bleeding. Therefore, when ESD was performed at a depth of >61% of the submucosal layer, the risk for bleeding during the procedure decreased (PPV, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.85-0.99). CONCLUSION: Improvement in the learning curve in ESD and a better cognitive ability were seen by the third dissection in these short term training courses. And a significant association between DSUB and the risk of bleeding.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A técnica de ESD (Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection) é um procedimento endoscópico de grande complexidade, com alto índice de complicações e dificuldades técnicas. Para superar este problema, muitos centros de treinamento em endoscopia vêm publicando a aplicabilidade dos modelos animais para a aquisição de competência em ESD. Entretanto, a profundidade de ressecção nunca foi utilizada como parâmetro de aprendizagem, o que pode ser um fator relevante a ser ensinado, dado que atingir o plano de dissecção ideal é de suma importância para uma ressecção curativa e na prevenção de complicações intraoperatórias. OBJETIVO: Analisar o aprendizado em ESD em treinamentos de curta duração através da avaliação da profundidade de submucosa ressecada; e sua associação com complicações. MÉTODOS: Estudo experimental; incluídos 25 endoscopistas com experiência em procedimentos terapêuticos (> 5anos) e 75 peças ressecadas por ESD sendo uma média de três resseções por endoscopista. Os parâmetros de aprendizagem (tempo de ressecção, tamanho, taxa de ressecção em bloco, sangramento, perfuração e análise histológica da camada submucosa) foram prospectivamente avaliados. A percentagem de profundidade de submucosa ressecada foi calculada. RESULTADOS: Todas as ressecções foram realizadas no corpo gástrico (n=75). O tamanho médio das peças ressecadas foi de 23,97±7,2 mm. O número de complicações como sangramento, perfuração e morte foram respectivamente, 17 (22,67%), 3 (4%) e 0 casos. Na terceira dissecção, tempo médio do procedimento diminuiu de 28,44±9,73 para 18,72±8,81 minutos (P<0,001). O grupo que teve sangramento durante o procedimento ressecou 37,97%±21,13% da camada submucosa e o grupo sem sangramento ressecou 68,66%±23,99%, demonstrando uma associação significante entre a profundidade de dissecção submucosa e a incidência de sangramento (P<0,001). De acordo com a análise de curva ROC, o valor de corte da profundidade de submucosa ressecada para a ocorrência de sangramento é de 61% (64% sensibilidade, 94% especificidade), logo quando o ESD é realizado em uma profundidade maior do que 61% da camada submucosa o risco de sangramento durante o procedimento diminui (VPP=0,97; IC95%:0,85-0,99). CONCLUSÃO: O modelo de treinamento de curta duração possibilitou um aprendizado da técnica de ESD mostrando uma melhora cognitiva dos alunos já na terceira dissecção. Existe uma associação significativa entre a profundidade de ressecção da submucosa com o risco de sangramento.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Models, Animal , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/education , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/adverse effects , Gastric Mucosa/surgery , Reference Values , Swine , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Blood Loss, Surgical , Clinical Competence , Statistics, Nonparametric , Learning Curve , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Intraoperative Complications
20.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(3): 281-284, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959384

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción Los tumores submucosos del tracto gastrointestinal alto tienen potencial de malignidad y también pueden ser una carga para el paciente, por lo que se requiere disponer de un tratamiento seguro y eficaz. El surgimiento de la técnica de resección endoscópica por tunelización submucosa (STER) en los últimos años ha mostrado resultados prometedores. Caso clínico Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 47 años asintomático, en quien, en el contexto de un estudio preoperatorio de cirugía bariátrica, se pesquisa una lesión subepitelial en la unión gastroesofágica. La endosonografía alta es compatible con un leiomioma esofágico. Se realiza STER con éxito y sin complicaciones; a las 48 h es dado de alta. El estudio histopatológico confirmó un leiomioma esofágico. Discusión La técnica STER ha demostrado consistentemente ser segura y eficaz en el tratamiento de los tumores submucosos de la unión gastroesofágica. El desafío es difundir la técnica por el resto del país, para mayor beneficio de los pacientes.


Introduction Upper gastrointestinal submucosal tumors are potentially malignant lesions; so safe and efficient treatments are needed. In recent years, submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) has emerged as a novel therapeutic technique, with promising results. Case report 47-year-old male patient, previously asymptomatic, who was found to have a subepithelial lesion at the gastroesophageal junction. Upper endoscopic ultrasound was compatible with a leiomyoma. He underwent STER to remove the tumor and recovered with any complications. The biopsy confirmed an esophageal leiomyoma. Discussion STER has become a highly feasible and safe therapeutic option for submucosal tumors of the gastroesophageal junction. The challenge is to spread knowledge about this technique, to maximize patient's benefit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Leiomyoma/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Mucous Membrane/surgery
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