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1.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 83(2): 127-133, jun. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515470

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El seno frontal es una estructura compleja y desafiante en términos quirúrgicos, siendo descritas numerosas técnicas para su abordaje. Dentro de ellas se destaca el abordaje endoscópico extendido de seno frontal: Draf IIB y Draf III, como una importante alternativa para resolución de patología refractaria de seno frontal. Objetivo: Describir las características de pacientes sometidos a abordaje endoscópico extendido de seno frontal en Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile (HCUCH). Material y Método: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo. Se incluyeron a pacientes sometidos a abordaje endoscópico extendido de seno frontal entre los años 2013 y 2021. Se analizaron variables clínicas, intraoperatorias y de seguimiento. Resultados: Se registraron 118 pacientes, de los cuales 64 cumplieron criterios de inclusión al estudio, con una edad promedio de 48 años. La patología más frecuente fue la rinosinusitis crónica poliposa (42%) seguido del mucocele (20%). Del total de pacientes, el 68% fue sometido a cirugía Draf IIB y el resto a Draf III. Todos los pacientes fueron estudiados con endoscopía e imágenes, y seguidos con parámetros clínicos y endoscópicos. El porcentaje de estenosis postoperatoria se estimó en 10%. Conclusión: El abordaje endoscópico nasal extendido figura como una alternativa útil para manejo de patología de seno frontal refractario a tratamiento. En nuestra experiencia las indicaciones, tipos de cirugía y tasa de complicaciones son concordantes con la literatura internacional.


Introduction: The frontal sinus is a complex and challenging structure in surgical terms, numerous techniques have been described for its approach, among them the extended endoscopic approach: Draf IIB and Draf III, figures as an important alternative for the resolution of refractory pathology of frontal sinus. Aim: To describe the characteristics of patients who underwent an extended endoscopic approach to the frontal sinus at the Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile (HCUCH). Material and Method: A retrospective, descriptive study included patients who underwent an extended endoscopic approach to the frontal sinus between 2013 and 2021. Clinical, intraoperative, and follow-up variables were analyzed. Results: 118 patients were registered, of which 64 met the inclusion criteria for the study, with an average age of 48 years. The most frequent pathology was chronic polypous rhinosinusitis (42%), followed by mucocele (20%). Of the patients, 68% underwent Draf IIB surgery, while the rest received a Draf III type procedure. All patients were studied with endoscopy and images and followed up with clinical and endoscopic parameters. The percentage of post operatory stenosis was 10%. Conclusion: The extended nasal endoscopic approach appears as a valuable alternative for managing frontal sinus pathology refractory to treatment. In our experience, the indications, types of surgery, and rate of complications are consistent with the international literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Endoscopy/methods , Frontal Sinus/surgery , Severity of Illness Index , Chile/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Nasal Surgical Procedures
2.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 91(1): 25-30, ene.-jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1443307

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: El término hipertensión portal (HP) se define como el aumento patológico en el gradiente de presión porto-sistémico en cualquier segmento del sistema venoso portal. Objetivo: Determinar las características clínicas y hallazgos endoscópicos de pacientes con HP atendidos en el Hospital María, Especialidades Pediátricas (HMEP). Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo. El universo fueron todos los pacientes de 18 años o menos con diagnóstico de HP que asistieron al servicio de gastroenterología pediátrica del HMEP entre 2015-2022. Fue tomado todo el universo para aná- lisis. Se realizó análisis de datos descriptivo univariado utilizando el programa STATA 15.1. Resultados: Se analizó un total de 38 pacientes, 55.3% (21/38) de edad preescolar. El 57.9% (22/38) fue masculino y el nivel de escolaridad más frecuente fue primaria incompleta en 55.3%. La procedencia en 79% (30/38) de la zona centro y oriente del país. El Sangrado Digestivo Alto (SDA) se en- contró en 42% de los pacientes (16/38) y la etiología pre-hepática fue la más frecuente en 65.8 % (25). Discusión: se encontró que el inicio de la enfermedad fue en pre-escolares con predominio del sexo masculino; las causas pre-hepáticas fueron la etiología más frecuente de SDA coincidiendo con lo publicado por otros autores. El SDA fue el síntoma inicial predominante, evidenciado en hallazgos endoscópicos como várices esofágicas y gástricas. Conclusión: La HP es poco frecuente en edad pediátrica tiene consecuencias severas en la calidad de vida y sobrevida del paciente...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Endoscopy/methods , Hypertension, Portal/diagnosis , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Hospitals, Pediatric
3.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515263

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los divertículos de Zenker son los más frecuentes del esófago. El tratamiento quirúrgico más utilizado es la diverticulectomía con miotomía cricofaríngea abierta. Objetivo: Describir un paciente con diagnóstico de divertículo de Zenker cuya presentación fue la disfagia e infecciones respiratorias recurrentes. Presentación del caso: Describimos el caso de una paciente de 73 años con disfagia alta e infecciones respiratorias recurrentes, con el diagnóstico de divertículo de Zenker, a quien se le realiza diverticulectomía más miotomía. Conclusiones: El divertículo de Zenker o divertículo yuxtaesfinteriano faringoesofágico es una entidad de baja prevalencia que se presenta en pacientes entre los 50 y 70 años, predominantemente en los de sexo masculino. La radiografía contrastada del tracto digestivo superior y endoscopia determinan el diagnóstico en su mayoría y la diverticulectomía más cricomiotomía es la técnica más empleada(AU)


Introduction: Zenker's diverticula are the most frequent diverticula of the esophagus. The most commonly used surgical treatment is diverticulectomy with open cricopharyngeal myotomy. Objective: To describe a patient with a diagnosis of Zenker's diverticulum and whose presentation was dysphagia and recurrent respiratory infections. Case presentation: We describe the case of a 73-year-old female patient with high dysphagia and recurrent respiratory infections, with the diagnosis of Zenker's diverticulum, and who underwent diverticulectomy plus myotomy. Conclusions: Zenker's diverticulum or pharyngoesophageal juxtasphincteric diverticulum is a low-prevalence condition that occurs in patients between 50 and 70 years of age, predominantly in males. Contrast radiography of the upper digestive tract and endoscopy determine the diagnosis in the majority of cases, while diverticulectomy plus cricomyotomy is the most commonly used technique(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Zenker Diverticulum/diagnostic imaging , Endoscopy/methods , Myotomy/methods
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1415760

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La lesión del ligamento calcaneonavicular ha sido descrita como una de las causas de la deformidad en el pie plano del adulto. El objetivo de este artículo es describir portales modificados para el diagnóstico y la reparación endoscópica de las lesiones del fascículo superomedial del ligamento calcaneonavicular y evaluar la seguridad de los portales utilizados. Materiales y Métodos:Se llevó a cabo un estudio cadavérico con seis preparados reproduciendo una lesión del fascículo superomedial del ligamento calcaneonavicular con una punta de corte de radiofrecuencia y la posterior reparación endoscópica. Se crearon dos portales modificados para el abordaje. Luego se procedió a la disección anatómica para evaluar la seguridad de los portales en relación con las estructuras anatómicas. El primer portal se realiza inmediatamente proximal a una línea trazada desde la punta del maléolo medial dirigida al centro del talón, el segundo portal se emplaza 0,5 cm proximal a la inserción del tendón tibial posterior en el escafoides por transiluminación. Si es necesario, se coloca un portal accesorio inmediatamente dorsal al tendón tibial posterior a mitad de camino entre los dos portales antes descritos. Resultados:En todos los casos, fue posible la reparación del ligamento con el procedimiento endoscópico. En la disección anatómica de los portales, se observó una distancia promedio a las estructuras vasculonerviosas de 11,83 mm del portal proximal y de 9,66 mm del portal distal. Conclusión: Los portales modificados son seguros y permiten la visualización directa del haz superomedial del ligamento calcaneonavicular y su reparación endoscópica. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Calcaneonavicular ligament injury has been described as a cause of adult flat foot deformity. The objective of this study is to describe modified portals for the diagnosis and treatment of injuries to the superomedial bundle of the calcaneonavicular ligament and to evaluate the safety of the portals used. Materials and Methods: We performed a cadaveric specimen study on 6 feet, where we reproduced a lesion of the superomedial bundle of the calcaneonavicular ligament with a radiofrequency ablation device and repaired it endoscopically. Two modified portals were created for the approach and an anatomical dissection was performed to assess the safety of the portals in relation to the anatomical structures. The first portal was placed immediately proximal to a line drawn from the tip of the medial malleolus toward the center of the heel; the second portal was placed 0.5 cm proximal to the posterior tibial tendon insertion into the navicular bone, guided by transillumination. If needed, an accessory portal was placed halfway between the two previously described portals immediately dorsal to the posterior tibial tendon. Results:In all cases, ligament repair was achieved with the endoscopic procedure. In the anatomical dissection of the portals, we observed an average distance of 11.83 mm from the proximal portal and 9.66 mm from the distal portal to neurovascular structures. Conclusion:Modified portals are safe and allow direct visualization of the superomedial bundle of the calcaneonavicular ligament to perform endoscopic repair. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Flatfoot , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Foot Joints , Endoscopy/methods , Ligaments, Articular/surgery
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970817

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of percutaneous foraminal endoscopy in the treatment of lumbar lateral recess stenosis in elderly.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 31 elderly patients with lumbar lateral recess stenosis treated by percutaneous foraminal endoscopic decompression from March 2018 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Including 16 males and 15 females, aged from 65 to 81 years with an average of (71.13±5.20) years, the course of disease ranged from 3 months to 7 years with an average of (14.36±6.52) months. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were used to assess clinical symptom and functional status before operation and 1, 6, 12 months after operation. At the final follow-up, the modified Macnab standard was used to evaluate clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All patients were completed the operation successfully. The operation time was from 75 to 120 min with an average of (97.84±11.22 ) min. All 31 patients were followed up from 12 to 28 months with an average of (17.29±5.56) months. Postoperative lumbago-leg pain VAS and ODI were significantly improved at 1, 6, and 12 months(P<0.01). At the final follow-up, according to the modified Macnab standard to evaluate the effect, 23 got excellent results, 5 good, 3 fair. One patient had severe adhesions between peripheral tissues and nerve root, and postoperative sensory abnormalities in the lower extremities were treated conservatively with traditional Chinese medicine and neurotrophic drugs, which recovered at 2 weeks after surgery. No complications such as nerve root injury and infection occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#The intervertebral foraminal endoscopy technique, which is performed under local anesthesia for a short period of operation, ensures adequate decompression while minimizing complications, and is a safe and effective surgical procedure for elderly patients with lumbar lateral recess stenosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Infant , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 25-28, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970814

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of spinal endoscopy in the treatment of severe free lumbar disc herniation and explore the feasibility and application of microscopic drills to expand ventral space.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with severe free lumbar intervertebral disc herniation treated by spinal endoscopic technique from April 2019 to March 2021 were collected, including 19 males and 11 females;aged from 19 to 76 years with an average of (44.03±16.92) years old. All patients had a single segmental lesion with prolapse of the nucleus pulposus. Among them, there were 3 cases on L2,3, 3 cases on L3,4, 15 cases on L4,5, and 9 cases on L5S1. During operation, posterior bone of vertebral body and pedicle notch were removed by a drill under the endoscope to enlarge the ventral space. And the free nucleus pulposus was exposed and completely removed. The intraoperative blood loss, operation time, hospital stay and postoperative neurological complications were recorded, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were compared before operation, 2 days, 3 months and 1 year after operation, and Macnab standard was used to evaluate clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful and the free nucleus pulposus was completely removed. Pain in the lower back and legs was significantly relieved on the day after operation. Two patients experienced transient pain and numbness in lower limbs after operation, and no serious nerve injury complications occurred. ODI and VAS at each time point after surgery were significantly lower than those before surgery (P<0.01), and JOA score was significantly higher than before surgery (P<0.01). The excellent and good rates of Macnab were 66.67% (20/30), 83.33% (25/30) and 90.00% (27/30) on 2 days, 3 months and 1 year after operation, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#For severe free lumbar intervertebral disc herniation, using of a drill under endoscope to expand the ventral space can smoothly remove the free nucleus pulposus and avoid nerve damage.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Feasibility Studies , Diskectomy, Percutaneous/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Pain/surgery
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 17-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970813

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (PETD) and target radioffrequency thermal coblation nucleoplasty(CN) on inclusive lumbar disc herniation(LDH) in different age groups, and provide a basis for clinical formulation of precise and individualized treatments.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 219 patients with lumbar disc herniation treated with PETD and CN between January 2018 and June 2021 was performed, in which 107 patients were treated with PETD and 112 with CN. Patients were stratified by age into young group(≤45 years old), middle-aged group(>45 years old and <60 years old) and older group(≥60 years old). Before treatment, 3 days, 1 month and 6 months after treatment, visual analogue scale (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, infrared thermal imaging temperature difference (△T) and lumbar range of motion (ROM) were evaluated and clinical efficacy were compared in the different age groups between two treatment methods.@*RESULTS@#①VAS and JOA score outcomes, in the same age group and the same treatment method, the VAS and JOA scores at different time points postoperatively were obviously improved (P<0.05). For the same age group and the different treatment methods, the older group had lower VAS and higher JOA scores after PETD than after CN (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the young group and middle-aged group (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS and JOA scores at the same time between age groups by PETD treatment (P>0.05). The VAS was higher and the JOA score was lower in older group than in young group and middle-aged group at 1, 6 months after CN treatment(P<0.05). ②△T and ROM outcomes, in the same age group and same treatment method, postoperative △T and ROM at different time points were obviously improved(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in △T between two methods of PETD and CN at the same age(P>0.05), there was no significant difference in ROM between young group and middle-aged group(P>0.05), ROM was higher after PETD treatment than after CN treatment(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in △T and ROM at the same time between age groups by PETD treatment(P>0.05). There was no significant difference in △T between age groups by CN treatment, but the ROM was smaller in older group than in young group and middle-aged group after CN treatment(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both PETD and CN for inclusive LDH have good efficacy, the curative benefit for older patients receiving PETD within 6 months after surgery more than CN, and CN is more appropriate for young and middle-aged patients.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Humans , Aged , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy, Percutaneous/methods , Treatment Outcome , Endoscopy/methods , Diskectomy/methods
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 12-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970812

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy between visual trephine arthroplasty assisted percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (VPTED) and traditional percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy(PTED) in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 60 patients with lumbar disc herniation admitted from June 2019 to December, 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. There were 38 males and 22 females, aged from 26 to 58 years old with an average of (43.63±8.48) years, 47 cases were on L4,5 segment and 13 cases were on L5S1 segment. Among them, 32 were treated with VPTED (group A) and 28 were treated with traditional PTED (group B). The general conditions of all the patients were recorded, including intraoperative fluoroscopy times, operation time, hospital stay and surgical complications during follow-up. The arthroplasty area ratio was observed by sagittal CT at the middle level of the intervertebral foramen. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score of low back pain, Oswestry disability index (ODI) were used to evaluate the clinical efficacy between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 9 to 15 months with an average of (12.10±1.16) months. There was no statistical difference of preoperative general data between two groups. The operation time, fluoroscopy times and hospital stay were (70.47±5.87) min, (13.66±1.34) times and (6.31±0.69) d in group A, and (90.71±7.66) min, (22.82±2.48) times and (6.54±0.92) d in group B. The operation time and intraoperative fluoroscopy times in group A were lower than those in group B(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in hospital stay between two groups (P>0.05). No obvious surgical complications were found during the follow-up in both groups. The arthroplasty area ratio in group A was (29.72±2.84)% and (29.57±2.20)% in group B, respectively, with no significant difference (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS, ODI and JOA score between two groups before operation and at the final follow-up(P>0.05), but the final follow-up was significantly improved(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The two surgical methods have definite clinical efficacy in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Visual trephine arthroplasty assisted percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy has the advantages of high efficiency and rapidity when establishing the channel, and can significantly reduce the operation time and intraoperative fluoroscopy times.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Diskectomy, Percutaneous/methods , Diskectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 5-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970811

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of full endoscopic lamina fenestration discectomy (Endo-LOVE) with full endoscopic transforaminal approach discectomy in the treatment of degenerative lumbar lateral recess stenosis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 48 patients with degenerative lumbar lateral recess stenosis between March 2018 and March 2019 was performed. There were 32 males and 16 females, aged from 60 to 83 years old with an average of (72.9±6.5) years, course of disease ranged from 5 to 16 years with an average of (8.0±2.8) years. The patients were divided into observation group and control group according to surgical approaches. There were 28 cases in observation group, underwent Endo-LOVE surgery;and 20 cases in control group, underwent full endoscopic foraminal approach discectomy. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization day and complications were observed between two groups. Visual analgue scale (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), lateral crypt angle were compared between two groups. And clinical effects were evaluated by modified Macnab standard.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in follow-up and operation time between two groups (P>0.05). Intraoperative blood loss was from 5 to 15 ml with an average of (8.4±3.6) ml in observation group and 5 to 25 ml with an average of (11.5±5.4) ml in control group. The hospitalization day was from 5 to 8 days with an average of (6.0±1.0) days in observation group and 6 to 9 days with an average (7.2±1.1) days in control group. Intraoperative blood loss and hospitalization day were significantly lower in observation group(P<0.05). There were no serious complications in both groups. The VAS, JOA scores, and ODI at 3-month and final follow-up were significantly improved in both groups (P<0.05), and observation group was significantly better than control group (P<0.05). The skeletal lateral crypt angle and soft lateral crypt angle were significantly greater than the preoperative angle at 3 days postoperatively(P<0.05), and observation group was significantly better than control group(P<0.05). At the final follow-up, the modified Macnab criteria was used to assess clinical efficacy, in observation group, 22 patients obtained excellent results, 5 good and 1 fair;while 11 excellent, 4 good and 5 fair in control group;the clinical efficacy of observation group was significantly better than that of control group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both surgical methods are performed under direct vision, with high safety and good clinical efficacy. However, Endo-LOVE enlarged the lateral crypt more fully.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Diskectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Diskectomy, Percutaneous/methods
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 232-238, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the feasibility and surgical approach of removing type D trigeminal schwannoma through nasal cavity and nasal sinus under endoscope. Methods: Eleven patients with trigeminal schwannoma who were treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from December 2014 to August 2021 were analyzed retrospectively in this study. There were 7 males and 4 females, aged (47.5±13.5) years (range: 12 to 64 years). The neoplasm involved the pterygopalatine fossa, infratemporal fossa, ethmoidal sinus, sphenoid sinus, cavernous sinus, and middle cranial fossa. The size of tumors were between 1.6 cm×2.0 cm×2.0 cm and 5.7 cm×6.0 cm×6.0 cm. Under general anesthesia, the tumors were resected through the transpterygoid approach in 4 cases, through the prelacrimal recess approach in 4 cases, through the extended prelacrimal recess approach in 2 cases, and through the endoscopic medial maxillectomy approach in 1 case. The nasal endoscopy and imaging examination were conducted to detect whether neoplasm recurred or not, and the main clinical symptoms during follow-up. Results: All the surgical procedures were performed under endonasal endoscope, including Gross total resection in 10 patients. The tumor of a 12-year-old patient was not resected completely due to huge tumor size and limited operation space. One patient was accompanied by two other schwannomas located in the occipital region and the ipsilateral parotid gland region originating from the zygomatic branch of the facial nerve, both of which were removed concurrently. After tumor resection, the dura mater of middle cranial fossa was directly exposed in the nasal sinus in 2 cases, including 1 case accompanied by cerebrospinal fluid leakage which was reconstructed by a free mucosal flap obtained from the middle turbinate, the other case was packed by the autologous fat to protect the dura mater. The operation time was (M(IQR)) 180 (160) minutes (range: 120 to 485 minutes). No complications and deaths were observed. No recurrence was observed in the 10 patients with total tumor resection during a 58 (68) months' (range: 10 to 90 months) follow-up. No obvious change was observed in the facial appearance of all patients during the follow-up. Conclusion: Type D trigeminal schwannoma involving pterygopalatine fossa and infratemporal fossa can be removed safely through purely endoscopic endonasal approach by selecting the appropriate approach according to the size and involvement of the tumor.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy/methods , Nasal Cavity/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Cranial Nerve Neoplasms/surgery
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 13-17, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970166

ABSTRACT

Infected pancreatic necrosis(IPN) is the main surgical indication of acute pancreatitis. Minimally invasive debridement has become the mainstream surgical strategy of IPN,and it is only preserved for IPN patients who are not response for adequate non-surgical treatment. Transluminal or retroperitoneal drainage is preferred,and appropriate debridement can be performed. At present,it is reported that video assisted transluminal,trans-abdominal and retroperitoneal approaches can effectively control IPN infection. However,in terms of reducing pancreatic leakage and other complications,surgical and endoscopic transgastric debridement may be the future direction in the treatment of IPN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/complications , Acute Disease , Debridement/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Drainage/methods , Intraabdominal Infections/complications , Treatment Outcome
13.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 556-561, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982785

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical approach for the resection of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma(JNA) under nasal endoscopy. Methods:The clinical data of 87 patients undergoing endoscopic resection of nasopharyngeal fibroangioma were retrospectively analyzed. We classified JNA according to tumor site, size, invasion scope and anatomic position relationship between tumor and midline of pupil. Three endoscopic surgical approaches were selected according to the classification, and the postoperative symptoms, complications and recurrence were investigated and analyzed. Results:The tumor resection rate of 87 cases by nasal endoscopic surgery was 100%. Thirty-five cases were approached through the middle nasal passage(small tumors located in the nasal sinuses and pterygopalatine fossa), forty-five cases were approached through the lateral wall of the nasal cavity(tumor invaded the pterygopalatine fossa but did not exceed the midline of the pupil) , and seven cases were approached via the lateral wall of nasal cavity + ipsilateral anterior wall of maxillary sinus(tumor invaded the infratemporal fossa beyond the midline of pupil or invaded the cavernous sinus and the middle cranial fossa epidural), Postoperative patients with nasal congestion, nasal bleeding, headache, dizziness, vision loss and other symptoms showed varying degrees of improvement. No surgical death or intracranial infection occurred. The postoperative follow-up was 6-78 months, and the recurrence rate was 3.44%. Conclusion:Endoscopic resection of nasopharyngeal fibroangioma is the main treatment method for JNA. Selecting suitable endoscopic approach to resect JNA, To maximize the advantage of nasal endoscopic equipment according to the inherent anatomical space of the human nasal cavity, In order to achieve the purpose of JNA resection, reduce intraoperative and postoperative complications, reduce the recurrence rate and improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiofibroma/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopy/methods , Prognosis
14.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 338-343, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982745

ABSTRACT

〓 Objectives: To analyze the pathological and clinical features of nasal respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma(REAH), and summarize the diagnostic points, to improve the experience of diagnosis and treatment. Methods:The clinical data of 16 patients with REAH were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical manifestations, pathological features, imaging features, surgical treatment and prognosis were summarized. Results:16 cases of REAH were studied, 10 cases(62.50%) were associated with sinusitis, 1 case(6.25%) was associated with inverted papilloma, 1 case(6.25%) was associated with hemangioma. 5 cases(31.25%) had a history of nasal sinus surgery, including 1 case with 3 times of nasal sinus surgery, 1 case with 2 times of nasal sinus surgery, 3 cases with 1 time of nasal sinus surgery; 10 cases(62.50%) occurred in the bilateral olfactory cleft, 2 cases(12.50%) in the unilateral olfactory cleft, 3 cases(18.75%) in the unilateral middle turbinate, 1 case(6.25%) in the nasopharynx. All 16 patients were pathologically diagnosed as REAH. In the patients with lesions located in bilateral olfactory fissures, symmetrical widening of olfactory fissures and lateral displacement of middle turbinate were observed on preoperative sinus CT. The average width of bilateral olfactory fissures was (9.9±2.70) mm. The ratio of wide to narrow olfactory cleft was 1.21 ± 0.19. There was no significant difference in Lund-Mackay score between the two sides(P>0.05). All patients underwent surgery under general anesthesia and nasal endoscopy. The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 66 months, and no recurrence occurred. Conclusion:Preoperative diagnosis of REAH is facilitated by the combination of clinical manifestations and endoscopic and imaging features. Endoscopic complete resection can achieve a good therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Polyps/complications , Retrospective Studies , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Adenoma , Endoscopy/methods , Hamartoma/surgery
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 480-486, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981718

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate early clinical efficacy of unilateral biportal endoscopy technique for the treatment of lumbar postoperative adjacent segmental diseases.@*METHODS@#Fourteen patients with lumbar postoperative adjacent segmental diseases were treated with unilateral biportal endoscopy technique from June 2019 to June 2020. Among them, there were 9 males and 5 females, aged from 52 to 73 years old, and the interval between primary and revision operations ranged from 19 to 64 months. Adjacent segmental degeneration occurred after lumbar fusion in 10 patients and after lumbar nonfusion fixation in 4 patients. All the patients received unilateral biportal endoscopy assisted posterior unilateral lamina decompression or unilateral approach to the contralateral decompression. The operation time, postoperative hospital stay and complications were observed. The visual analogue scale (VAS) of low back pain and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) score were recorded before operation and at 3 days, 3 months, and 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All procedures were successfully completed. Surgical duration ranged from 32 to 151 min. Postoperative CT showed adequate decompression and preservation of most joints. Out of bed walking 1 to 3 days after surgery, postoperative hospital stay was 1 to 8 days, and postoperative follow-up was 6 to 11 months. All 14 patients returned to normal life within 3 weeks after surgery, and VAS, ODI, and mJOA scores improved significantly at 3 days and 3, 6 months after surgery. One patient occurred cerebrospinal fluid leak after operation, received local compression suture, and the wound healed after conservative treatment. One patient occurred postoperative cauda equina neurologic deficit, which was gradually recovered about 1 month after rehabilitation therapy. One patients advented transient pain of lower limbs after surgery, and the symptoms were relieved after 7 days of treatment with hormones, dehydration drugs and symptomatic management.@*CONCLUSION@#Unilateral biportal endoscopy technique has a good early clinical efficacy in the treatment of lumbar postoperative adjacent segmental diseases, which may provide a new minimally invasive, non-fixation option for the treatment of adjacent segment disease.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Spinal Fusion/methods , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 895-900, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the application and progress of different minimally invasive spinal decompression in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).@*METHODS@#The domestic and foreign literature on the application of different minimally invasive spinal decompression in the treatment of LSS was extensively reviewed, and the advantages, disadvantages, and complications of different surgical methods were summarized.@*RESULTS@#At present, minimally invasive spinal decompression mainly includes microscopic bilateral decompression, microendoscopic decompression, percutaneous endoscopic lumbar decompression, unilateral biportal endoscopy, and so on. Compared with traditional open surgery, different minimally invasive spinal decompression techniques can reduce the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative pain of patients, thereby reducing hospital stay and saving treatment costs.@*CONCLUSION@#The indications of different minimally invasive spinal decompression are different, but there are certain advantages and disadvantages. When patients have clear surgical indications, individualized treatment plans should be formulated according to the symptoms and signs of patients, combined with imaging manifestations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Laminectomy/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 145-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971422

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the safety and feasibility of gasless submental approach endoscopic removal of thyroglossal cyst. Methods: This work prospectively included the clinical data of 13 patients who underwent the gasless submental approach endoscopic removal of thyroglossal cyst at the Department of Otolaryngology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from August 2021 to February 2022. The operative time, bleeding volumes, postoperative complications, subjective pain levels, satisfaction with incisional scars, neck and facial deformities, and recurrences were prospectively evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) score. Results: All of 13 patients were successfully treated using this new technique. The patients had a median age of 38 years, ranging from 24 to 59 years, comprising of 3 males and 10 females. The length of the submental incision was about 3 cm and the median of operation time was 135 minutes. Postoperative complications were minimal. The median volume of blood loss was 10 ml. Surgical site swelling existed in 1 case and dysphagia for more than 1 week occurred in 2 cases. Patients were discharged from the hospital with a median of 3 days after surgery. On a VAS of 0-10 scores, the pain had a median of 2 on the first day after surgery, and the satisfaction with incision scars and neck and facial deformities showed a median of 8 at 6 months after surgery. There were no recurrences during the follow-up period of 9-15 months. Conclusion: Gasless submental approach endoscopic removal of thyroglossal cyst may be a reliable new surgical method that is safe and has cosmetic advantages.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Cicatrix/complications , Thyroglossal Cyst/complications , Endoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Pain/complications
18.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 21-27, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971402

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe a technique of endoscopic transoral approach nasopharyngectomy for petroclival and jugular foramen nasopharyngeal carcinoma, based on anatomic studies and surgeries. Methods: Three dry human skulls and five fresh human cadaver heads were used for anatomic study of a endoscopic transoral approach to expose petroclival and jugular foramen. The anatomical landmarks and the extent of exposure were recorded. Six clinical cases who were treated in Eye & ENT Hospital, Fudan University from June 2020 to April 2022 were used to illustrate the technique and feasibility of this approach and to assess its indications and advantages, including 3 males and 3 females, aged 42 to 69 years old. Descriptive analysis was used in this research. Results: On the basis of the preservation of the internal pterygoid muscle and the external pterygoid muscle, this approach could fully expose the parapharyngeal, petrosal and paraclival segment internal carotid arteries, and safely deal with the lesions of jugular foramen and petroclival region. The 6 patients in our study tolerated the procedure well. Postoperative enhanced MRI showed complete resection of the tumor and no postoperative masticatory dysfunction. Conclusion: Endoscopic transoral approach is a safe, minimally invasive and effective surgical treatment for petroclival and jugular foramen recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Jugular Foramina , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Endoscopy/methods , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery
19.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(3): 333-337, sept. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409942

ABSTRACT

Resumen Durante la cirugía endoscópica nasosinusal, la sección inadvertida y retracción hacia la órbita de la arteria etmoidal anterior (AEA) es el mecanismo habitual del hematoma orbitario (HO); éste se manifiesta con proptosis, dolor y déficit visual potencialmente irreversible. El déficit visual es secundario a isquemia del nervio óptico por aumento de la presión intraocular, siendo suficientes treinta minutos para que ocurra daño visual permanente. Por sus secuelas el tratamiento del HO debe ser rápido y agresivo. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 72 años con diagnóstico de rinosinusitis crónica con pólipos nasales refractaria a tratamiento médico que se sometió a cirugía endoscópica nasal y que desarrolló en el posoperatorio inmediato con un HO. Se manejó precozmente con cantotomía-cantolisis, descompresión orbitaria medial endoscópica y control vascular de la AEA. El paciente evoluciona favorablemente, sin déficit visual. En este artículo se discutirán el diagnóstico y manejo oportunos del hematoma orbitario iatrogénico.


Abstract During endoscopic sinonasal surgery, inadvertent section of the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) with retraction into the orbit is the usual mechanism of orbital hematoma (OH), leading to proptosis, pain, and potentially irreversible visual loss. Thirty minutes is sufficient for retinal ischemia and permanent visual loss. The explanation for blindness is due to increased intraorbital pressure. The treatment of iatrogenic HO must be quick and aggressive, because if it is not managed in time, it can cause a permanent visual deficit. We present the case of a 72-year-old man with a diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps refractory to medical treatment who underwent nasal endoscopic surgery, evolving in the immediate postoperative period with an HO, requiring canthotomy - cantolysis and early surgical reintervention for endoscopic medial orbital decompression and vascular control of AEA. The patient evolves favorably, without visual deficit. This article will discuss the timely diagnosis and management of iatrogenic orbital hematoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Orbital Diseases/etiology , Nasal Polyps/surgery , Endoscopy/adverse effects , Hematoma/etiology , Endoscopy/methods , Hemorrhage/etiology
20.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441515

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las perforaciones del esófago cervical por traumas externos son lesiones raras asociadas con una morbilidad significativa. Los mecanismos primarios son los traumatismos penetrantes por heridas de bala, cerca del 80 por ciento de los casos, seguidas de las heridas con armas cortopunzantes en el 15 al 20 por ciento. Objetivo: Describir los criterios actuales sobre la conducta y enfoque terapéutico ante el trauma penetrante de esófago cervical. Métodos: Se realizó revisión descriptiva narrativa, de fuentes primarias y secundarias que abordaron el tema durante el primer semestre del año 2021. Los criterios de selección de los artículos a examinar fueron determinados, entre otros, por el objetivo de la actual revisión. Desarrollo: El estándar diagnóstico para estas lesiones, en ausencia de inestabilidad hemodinámica, se basó en estudios como el esofagograma, la endoscopia y la tomografía. La reparación primaria con o sin reforzamiento fue la opción más utilizada, aunque las condiciones locales y tipo de lesión en esófago cervical marcan en gran medida el proceder a realizar. Conclusiones: Las lesiones traumáticas del esófago cervical son raras pero muy mórbidas. El tratamiento depende de la ubicación de la perforación y cualquier lesión concurrente. La mayoría de los casos son susceptibles de reparación primaria con refuerzo de colgajo. Otros principios del tratamiento incluyen el drenaje adecuado alrededor de la reparación, la descompresión del esófago y el estómago (mediante sonda nasogástrica o sonda de gastrostomía) y nutrición enteral distal (yeyunostomía de alimentación). El cirujano ha de ser incisivo en los esfuerzos por descubrir la lesión de forma temprana y manejarla adecuadamente(AU)


Introduction: Cervical esophageal perforations for external trauma are rare injuries associated with a significant morbidity. The primary mechanisms are penetrating trauma for gunshot wounds, accounting for about 80 percent of cases, followed by sharp weapon injuries, accounting for 15 percent to 20 percent. Objective: To describe the current criteria on the behavior and therapeutic approach to cervical esophageal penetrating trauma. Methods: A descriptive narrative review was carried out of primary and secondary sources that addressed the subject during the first semester of the year 2021. The selection criteria of the articles to be examined were determined, among others, by the objective of the current review. Development: The standard diagnosis for these lesions, in the absence of hemodynamic instability, was based on studies such as esophagogram, endoscopy and tomography. Primary repair with or without reinforcement was the most commonly used option, although local conditions and type of lesion in cervical esophagus largely mark the procedure to be performed. Conclusions: Traumatic cervical esophageal injuries are rare but very morbid. Their treatment depends on the location of the perforation and any concurrent injury. Most cases are amenable to primary repair with flap reinforcement. Other principles of treatment include adequate drainage around the repair, decompression of the esophagus and stomach (by nasogastric tube or gastrostomy tube), as well as distal enteral nutrition (feeding jejunostomy). The surgeon must be incisive in efforts to discover the injury early and manage it appropriately(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Wounds, Penetrating/etiology , Jejunostomy/methods , Esophageal Perforation , Esophagus/injuries , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Endoscopy/methods
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