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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): e171-e174, Agosto 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378563

ABSTRACT

La atresia de coanas se caracteriza por la obliteración de la abertura nasal posterior. Es la anomalía congénita más frecuente de las fosas nasales. Tiene una incidencia de 1 cada 5000 a 7000 neonatos, con predominio en el sexo femenino. Puede presentarse en forma aislada o asociada a otros síndromes como el CHARGE (coloboma [C], malformaciones cardíacas [H], atresia de coanas [A], retraso psicomotor y/o en el crecimiento [R], hipoplasia de genitales [G], malformaciones auriculares y/o sordera [E, por su sigla en inglés]). Las manifestaciones clínicas son la obstrucción nasal, cianosis y dificultad respiratoria desde el nacimiento cuando es bilateral. Las atresias unilaterales se caracterizan por insuficiencia ventilatoria nasal y rinorrea unilateral, y pueden pasar inadvertidas. El diagnóstico se realiza mediante endoscopia y estudios por imágenes. El tratamiento es quirúrgico; existen diferentes técnicas y vías de abordaje. Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 7 años con atresia unilateral de coana derecha con resolución microendoscópica, colocación de tutor externo, con buena resolución.


Choanal atresia is characterized by obliteration of the posterior nasal opening. It is the most common congenital anomaly of the nasal passages. It has an incidence of 1 in 5000 to 7000 newborns; predominantly female. It can occur in isolation or in association with other syndromes such as CHARGE (coloboma [C], cardiac malformations [H], choanal atresia [A], psychomotor and/or growth retardation [R], genital hypoplasia [G], atrial malformations and/or deafness [E]. Clinicallypresents nasal obstruction, cyanosis and respiratory distress from birth when bilateral, unilateral atresias are characterized by nasal ventilatory insufficiency and unilateral rhinorrhea, which may go unnoticed. Diagnosis is made by endoscopy and imaging tests. Treatment is surgical, with different techniques and approaches.A 7-year-old male patient is presented with unilateral atresia of the right choana with microendoscopic resolution, placement of an external tutor, with good resolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Coloboma , Choanal Atresia/surgery , Choanal Atresia/complications , Choanal Atresia/diagnosis , Nasopharynx , Endoscopy/adverse effects , Endoscopy/methods
2.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(3): 165-189, 20220000. tab, fig, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1373279

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los adenomas gigantes de hipófisis (AGHs) son aquellos tumores con un diámetro máximo ≥4 cm en cualquier dirección, representando del 5% al 14% del total de los adenomas que se tratan quirúrgicamente. Su manejo terapéutico es desafiante ya que, debido a su extensión hacia otras estructuras cerebrales,está asociado a un riesgo mayor de complicaciones quirúrgicas, con una menor tasa de resección total. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el impacto de la cirugía endoscópica transesfenoidal en AGHs, analizando las variables asociadas a resultados visuales, endocrinológicos y según el grado de resección. Pacientes y Métodos. Se evaluó en 44 pacientes con AGHs(diámetro ≥4 cm y/o volumen ≥10 ml) la presentación visual, endocrinológica e imágenes. Se analizaron estadísticamente resultados visuales, endocrinológicos, grado de resección y complicaciones quirúrgicas. Resultados. Edad promedio de 48.8 años, 24 mujeres y 20 hombres. Presentación: déficit del campo visual (93.1%), hipopituitarismo (61.3%), cefalea (54.5%). Diámetro, volumen y extensión supraselar promedios: 4.8 cm, 20.3 ml, 1.8 cm, respectivamente. Campo visual: mejoría: 83.3%, sin cambios: 9.5%, mayormente en síntomas bilaterales (p<0.0001). Desmejoríavisual: 0%. En resección total: mayor posibilidad de mejoría visual (p=0.040). Buenos resultados endocrinológicos: 85.7%. Tasa de resección total: 52.3%. Resección subtotal: más frecuente con invasión del seno cavernoso (p=0.014). Sin diferencias en el grado de resección según diámetro, volumen, extensión supraselar, forma ni aspecto. Hipopituitarismo: 4.2%. Diabetes insípida: 9.5%, asociada a mayor diámetro (p=0.038) o extensión supraselar (p=0.010) y aspecto sólido (p=0.023). Fístula de LCR: 7.1%. Conclusión. La resección total puede lograrse en la mitad de los casos, siendo la limitante principal el grado de invasión del seno cavernoso y no el aspecto morfológico del AGH per se. Aun así, los resultados visuales y endocrinológicos son muy buenos. En resecciones incompletas se logra el control de la enfermedad mediante tratamientos complementarios


Introduction. Giant pituitary adenomas (sGAs) are those tumors with a maximum diame- ter ≥4 cm in any direction, representing 5% to 14% of all adenomas that are treated surgi- cally. Its therapeutic management is challenging since, due to its extension to other brain structures, it is associated with a higher risk of surgical complications, with a lower rate of total resection. Te objective of this work was to evaluate the impact of transsphenoidal endoscopic surgery on AGHs, analyzing the variables associated with visual and endocri- nological results and according to the degree of resection. Patients and Methods. Visual, endocrinological and imaging presentation were evaluated in 44 patients with sHAA (dia- meter ≥4 cm and/or volume ≥10 ml). Visual and endocrinological results, degree of resection and surgical complications were statistically analyzed. Results. Average age of 48.8 years, 24 women and 20 men. Presentation: visual field deficit (93.1%), hypopituitarism (61.3%), headache (54.5%). Average diameter, volume and suprasellar extension: 4.8 cm, 20.3 ml, 1.8 cm, respectively. Visual field: improvement: 83.3%, no changes: 9.5%, mostly in bilate- ral symptoms (p<0.0001). Visual impairment: 0%. In total resection: greater possibility of visual improvement (p=0.040). Good endocrinological results: 85.7%. Total resection rate: 52.3%. Subtotal resection: more frequent with invasion of the cavernous sinus (p=0.014). No differences in the degree of resection according to diameter, volume, suprasellar exten- sion, shape or appearance. Hypopituitarism: 4.2%. Diabetes insipidus: 9.5%, associated with greater diameter (p=0.038) or suprasellar extension (p=0.010) and solid appearance (p=0.023). CSF fistula: 7.1%. Conclusion. Total resection can be achieved in half of the cases, the main limitation being the degree of invasion of the cavernous sinus and not the morphological appearance of the HGA per se. Even so, the visual and endocrinological results are very good. In incomplete resections, disease control is achieved through com- plementary treatments


Subject(s)
Humans , Pituitary Gland/pathology , Postoperative Complications , Adenoma/pathology , Chi-Square Distribution , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Endoscopy/methods , Surgical Clearance , Margins of Excision , Hypophysectomy/methods
3.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 28(1): 20-24, 20220000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392220

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento de la diástasis abdominal en pacientes con colgajo dermograso no está estandarizado y puede realizarse mediante diferentes técnicas. Presentamos una alternativa para el manejo miniinvasivo de pacientes con diástasis abdominal asociada a colgajo dermograso mediante la combinación de tres procedimientos que denominamos "táctica VER": Vaser® + endoscopia + Renuvion®. Según nuestra experiencia preliminar, la combinación de los 3 procedimientos es segura y efectiva en los casos seleccionados


The treatment of abdominal diastasis in patients with a dermo-fat flap is not standardized and can be performed using different techniques. We present an alternative for the minimally invasive management of patients with abdominal diastasis associated with dermo-fat flap through the combination of three procedures that we call "VER tactic": Vaser® + Endoscopy + Renuvion®. Based on our preliminary experience, the combination of the 3 procedures is safe and effective in selected cases


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Care , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Lipectomy/methods , Collagen , Abdominal Muscles/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Abdominoplasty/methods , Diastasis, Muscle/surgery
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928331

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous endoscopic spine decompression(PSED) in recent years in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis(DLSS) achieved excellent results.Compared with traditional open surgery, which is characterized by large trauma, much bleeding, longer bed stay and slow recovery, the rapid development of PSED technology has greatly reduced the surgical trauma, postoperative recovery time and complications of DLSS patients. PSED core as the target therapy, with minimal trauma at the same time to achieve satisfactory decompression effect for lumbar spinal stenosis. Depending on the level, location, and degree of lumbar spinal stenosis, it is important to determine the ideal treatment. However, in practice, PSED has insufficient understanding of the treatment of different pathological types of lumbar spinal stenosis, such as indication selection, surgical approach selection, advantages and limitations of various approaches, and endoscopic vertebral fusion.At present, with the deepening of PSED research and the improvement of endoscopic instruments, great progress has been made in the treatment of DLSS.In this paper, the research progress in the treatment of DLSS by PSED in recent years will be described from four aspects, namely, the grasp of indications, the selection of approaches, the advantages and disadvantages of endoscopic approaches, and endoscope-assisted vertebral fusion, in order to provide certain guidance for the clinical treatment of DLSS by PSED.


Subject(s)
Decompression, Surgical/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 395-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935227

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct the diagnostic model of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and precancerous lesions in endoscopic images based on the YOLOv5l model by using deep learning method of artificial intelligence to improve the diagnosis of early ESCC and precancerous lesions under endoscopy. Methods: 13, 009 endoscopic esophageal images of white light imaging (WLI), narrow band imaging (NBI) and lugol chromoendoscopy (LCE) were collected from June 2019 to July 2021 from 1, 126 patients at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, including low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, ESCC limited to the mucosal layer, benign esophageal lesions and normal esophagus. By computerized random function method, the images were divided into a training set (11, 547 images from 1, 025 patients) and a validation set (1, 462 images from 101 patients). The YOLOv5l model was trained and constructed with the training set, and the model was validated with the validation set, while the validation set was diagnosed by two senior and two junior endoscopists, respectively, to compare the diagnostic results of YOLOv5l model and those of the endoscopists. Results: In the validation set, the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the YOLOv5l model in diagnosing early ESCC and precancerous lesions in the WLI, NBI and LCE modes were 96.9%, 87.9%, 98.3%, 88.8%, 98.1%, and 98.6%, 89.3%, 99.5%, 94.4%, 98.2%, and 93.0%, 77.5%, 98.0%, 92.6%, 93.1%, respectively. The accuracy in the NBI model was higher than that in the WLI model (P<0.05) and lower than that in the LCE model (P<0.05). The diagnostic accuracies of YOLOv5l model in the WLI, NBI and LCE modes for the early ESCC and precancerous lesions were similar to those of the 2 senior endoscopists (96.9%, 98.8%, 94.3%, and 97.5%, 99.6%, 91.9%, respectively; P>0.05), but significantly higher than those of the 2 junior endoscopists (84.7%, 92.9%, 81.6% and 88.3%, 91.9%, 81.2%, respectively; P<0.05). Conclusion: The constructed YOLOv5l model has high accuracy in diagnosing early ESCC and precancerous lesions in endoscopic WLI, NBI and LCE modes, which can assist junior endoscopists to improve diagnosis and reduce missed diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Endoscopy/methods , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Narrow Band Imaging , Precancerous Conditions/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity
6.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 364-367, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362102

ABSTRACT

Pituitary apoplexy (PA) is a clinical diagnosis comprising a sudden onset of headache, neurological deficits, endocrine disturbances, altered consciousness, visual loss, or ophthalmoplegia. However, clinically, the presentation of PA is extremely variable and occasionally fatal. While meningitis and cerebral infarcts are themselves serious diseases, they are rarely seen as manifestations of PA and are exceedingly rare when present together. We present the case of a 20-year-old male with a rapid progression of symptoms of meningitis, PA and stroke. The present article seeks to emphasize a rare manifestation of PA with an attempt to understand the intricacies of its evaluation and management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pituitary Apoplexy/surgery , Pituitary Apoplexy/etiology , Meningitis, Bacterial/complications , Stroke/complications , Spinal Puncture/methods , Pituitary Apoplexy/diagnostic imaging , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Endoscopy/methods
7.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(3): 190-202, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373406

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir una serie de casos de fracturas de cóndilo mandibular resueltas por abordaje intraoral y asistencia video-endoscópica. Casos clínicos: Se presentan 3 casos de pacientes con fracturas de cóndilo mandibular unilateral. Dos casos presen- tan un segundo trazo de fractura parasinfisiaria asociada. El tratamiento realizado fue la reducción abierta y la fijación in- terna de todas las fracturas por abordaje oral. Se realizaron controles clínicos y tomográficos mediatos y a distancia (AU)


Aim: To present the experience with a series of cases re- solved by an intraoral approach and video-endoscopic assis- tance for the management of mandibular condyle fractures. Clinical cases: Three cases of patients with unilater- al mandibular condyle fractures are presented. Two of the cases presented a second line of associated parasymphyseal fracture. The treatment performed was open reduction and internal fixation of all fractures by oral approach. Mid-term and long-term clinical and tomographic follow-ups were per- formed, with favorable results (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Endoscopy/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Mandibular Condyle/injuries , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Video Recording , Mandibular Condyle/surgery
8.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 161-164, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339746

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To evaluate pain intensity and functional status before and 30 days following percutaneous lumbar endoscopic discectomy. Methods A retrospective cohort study that included patients who underwent percutaneous endoscopic discectomy from January 2019 to October 2020 at the Irmandade Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital, in Porto Alegre. The data were collected from the electronic medical records of the patients by two independent physicians. Clinical outcomes were assessed using visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores. Results Forty-six patients with a mean age of 52.6 ± 15.8 years, 27 of whom (58.7%) were male, were evaluated. Regarding clinical outcomes, a statistically significant improvement was observed in the comparison between the pre- and 30-day postoperative VAS and ODI scores, with no significant difference in relation to sex. No peri- or postoperative complications were observed. All patients successfully completed surgery and were discharged after recovery from anesthesia. Conclusion There was a significant improvement in pain and functional status 30 days after percutaneous endoscopic discectomy performed to correct lumbar disc herniation, with no difference in relation to sex. In addition, no peri- or postoperative complications were observed. Future studies, with longer follow-up times, comparing clinical outcomes from the various techniques of percutaneous endoscopic discectomy are necessary. Level of evidence III; Retrospective comparative study.


RESUMO Objetivos Avaliar a intensidade da dor e o estado funcional antes da cirurgia e em 30 dias de pós-operatório de discectomia endoscópica lombar percutânea. Métodos Estudo de coorte retrospectivo. Foram incluídos pacientes tratados com discectomia endoscópica percutânea, de janeiro de 2019 a outubro de 2020, no complexo hospitalar Irmandade Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Porto Alegre. Os dados foram coletados do prontuário eletrônico dos pacientes por dois médicos independentes. Os desfechos clínicos foram avaliados pela pontuação da Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) e do Índice de Incapacidade Oswestry (ODI). Resultados Foram incluídos 46 pacientes no estudo, com média de idade de 52,6 ± 15,8 anos, sendo 27 (58,7%), do sexo masculino. Quanto aos desfechos clínicos, observou-se melhora estatisticamente significativa com relação às escalas de EVA e ODI na comparação entre pré-operatório e 30 dias depois da cirurgia, sem diferença significativa com relação ao sexo. Não foram observadas complicações peri e pós-operatórias. Todos os pacientes completaram a cirurgia com sucesso e receberam alta após recuperação da anestesia. Conclusão Observou-se melhora significativa da dor e do estado funcional 30 dias depois da discectomia endoscópica percutânea realizada para correção da hérnia de disco lombar, sem diferença com relação ao sexo. Além disso, não foram observadas complicações peri e pós-operatórias, assim como não houve necessidade de internação hospitalar. Futuros estudos, com maior tempo de seguimento, que comparem os desfechos clínicos através das diversas técnicas de discectomia endoscópica percutânea fazem-se necessários. Nível de evidência III; Estudo retrospectivo comparativo


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar la intensidad del dolor y el estado funcional antes de la cirugía y 30 días después de la discectomía endoscópica lumbar percutánea. Métodos Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo. Se incluyeron pacientes tratados mediante discectomía endoscópica percutánea, de enero de 2019 a octubre de 2020, en el complejo hospitalario Hermandad Santa Casa de Misericordia de Porto Alegre. Los datos fueron recolectados de los registros médicos electrónicos de los pacientes por dos médicos independientes. Los resultados clínicos se evaluaron mediante la puntuación de la Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) y del Índice de Discapacidad de Oswestry (ODI). Resultados Se incluyeron 46 pacientes en el estudio, con una edad promedio de 52,6 ± 15,8 años, de los cuales 27 (58,7%) eran del sexo masculino. En cuanto a los resultados clínicos, hubo una mejoría estadísticamente significativa en relación a las escalas EVA y ODI al comparar el preoperatorio y 30 días después de la cirugía sin diferencia significativa en cuanto al sexo. No se observaron complicaciones perioperatorias y postoperatorias. Todos los pacientes completaron con éxito la cirugía e fueron dados de alta después de recuperarse de la anestesia, sin casos de reingreso hospitalario. Conclusión Hubo una mejoría significativa del dolor y del estado funcional luego de 30 días de discectomía endoscópica percutánea, realizada para corregir la hernia de disco lumbar, sin diferencias en cuanto al sexo. Además, no hubo complicaciones perioperatorias y postoperatorias, así como tampoco hubo necesidad de hospitalización. Son necesarios estudios futuros, con un período de seguimiento más largo, que comparen los resultados clínicos a través de las diferentes técnicas de discectomía endoscópica percutánea. Nivel de evidencia III; Estudio comparativo retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pain, Postoperative , Spine/surgery , Low Back Pain/surgery , Diskectomy, Percutaneous/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Lumbosacral Region/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Recovery of Function , Herniorrhaphy
9.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(4): e3490, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289660

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se realizó un reporte de un caso de paciente femenina de 48 años de edad, con antecedentes patológicos personales de hipertensión arterial, cardiopatía isquémica, arritmias cardíacas y neurosis depresiva e ingestión diaria de cuerpos extraños desde hace algunos años, la cual tenía el hábito de masticar fragmentos de espuma de poliestireno (poliespuma), los que diluía en gasolina para poderlos moldear, ablandar e ingerirlos posteriormente. La paciente acudió a la consulta de Gastroenterología por presentar epigastralgia, acidez, sensación de repletes gástrica posprandial, aun cuando solo podía digerir escasas cantidades de alimento. Se realizó endoscopia, donde se apreció a la entrada de la luz gástrica un bezoar gigante de consistencia dura, superficie lisa, no movible, que midió aproximadamente 6-7 cm de diámetro, que ocupó prácticamente el 50 % de la luz gástrica, correspondiente al fundus y cuerpo gástrico, con extensión hacia el antro. Los intentos de extraerlo por vía endoscópica fueron fallidos, por lo que se intervino quirúrgicamente y se extrajo el mismo. La paciente tuvo una evolución posoperatoria favorable y egresó a los siete días, con seguimiento por consulta externa y tratamiento médico ambulatorio.


ABSTRACT A 48-year-old female presented to gastroenterologist consultation with epigastralgia, heartburn, and sensation of postprandial gastric fullness even when she only could intake meal in small proportion. She had a history of hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and cardiac arrhythmias, depressive neurosis associated to the ingestion, daily and since several years, of foreign bodies. She was used to chewing fragments of polyfoam, which she diluted them in gasoline in order to mold them, soften them and ingests them afterwards. An endoscopy procedure was used, which revealed, at the entrance of the gastric lumen, a giant bezoar of hard mass, smooth surface, non-movable, with approximately 6-7 cm size and occupying almost 50% of the gastric lumen region corresponding to the gastric body and fundus, and extending to the antrum. Attemps for removal the mass, endoscopically, were unsuccessful, so surgery was performed and it was removed successfully. The patient had a favorable postoperative evolution and was discharged 7 days after surgery, with outpatient follow-up and ambulatory medical treatment.


RESUMO Relatou-se o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 48 anos, com história patológica pessoal de hipertensão arterial, cardiopatia isquêmica, arritmias cardíacas e neurose depressiva e ingestão diária de corpos estranhos há alguns anos, que tinha hábito de mastigar fragmentos de espuma de poliestireno (polyfoam), que ele diluiu em gasolina para poder moldar, amolecer e ingerir depois. A paciente compareceu à consulta de Gastroenterologia por apresentar epigastralgia, azia, sensação de plenitude gástrica pós-prandial, embora só conseguisse digerir pequenas quantidades de alimentos. Foi realizada endoscopia, onde um bezoar gigante de consistência dura, superfície lisa, imóvel, medindo aproximadamente 6-7 cm de diâmetro, ocupando praticamente 50% da luz gástrica, correspondente à luz gástrica, foi observado na entrada do lúmen gástrico, fundo e corpo gástrico, com extensão em direção ao antro. As tentativas de removê-lo endoscopicamente não tiveram sucesso, então ele foi submetido a uma cirurgia e foi removido. O paciente teve evolução pós-operatória favorável, com alta hospitalar sete dias após, com acompanhamento ambulatorial e acompanhamento médico ambulatorial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bezoars/surgery , Bezoars/diagnosis , Endoscopy/methods
10.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(4): e3524, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289651

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El cáncer de esófago avanzado es una de las neoplasias más agresivas con una elevada morbilidad y mortalidad. Botsuana ocupa el duodécimo cuarto puesto mundial con respecto a las muertes ocasionadas por esta enfermedad. Objetivo: Determinar las características clínico-patológicas de los pacientes con cáncer esofágico avanzado en el Hospital Princess Marina de Gaborone, Botsuana. Método: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo-descriptivo donde se caracterizó clínica y patológicamente a 45 pacientes con el diagnóstico endoscópico e histológico de cáncer de esófago avanzado en el periodo de enero a septiembre de 2019. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino (86,7 %) y los pacientes mayores de 60 años (60,0 %). La disfagia, la anorexia y la pérdida de peso fueron los síntomas más frecuentes y prevalecieron los pacientes con un tiempo entre la aparición de los síntomas y el diagnóstico-endoscópico entre tres y seis meses; la dieta inadecuada, el etilismo crónico y el hábito de fumar fueron los factores de riesgo predominantes. La localización anatómica más frecuente fue el tercio medio (51,1 %), el tipo endoscópico predominante fue el vegetante (46,7 %) y la mayoría de los pacientes presentó el tipo histológico carcinoma epidermoide (95,6 %) bien diferenciado (84,4 %). Conclusiones: El estudio de las características clínico-patológicas de los pacientes con cáncer esofágico avanzado permite su correcta estadificación, siendo una herramienta útil en la valoración multidisciplinaria del tratamiento debido a su complejo manejo clínico e institucional.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Advanced esophageal cancer is one of the most aggressive neoplasms with high morbidity and mortality. Botswana ranks 14th in the world for deaths from this disease. Objective: To determine the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with advanced esophageal cancer at the Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone, Botswana. Method: A prospective-descriptive study was carried out, where 45 patients with endoscopic and histological diagnosis of advanced esophageal cancer were characterized clinically and pathologically, from January to September 2019. Results: Males predominated (86.7%), and also patients older than 60 years (60.0%). Dysphagia, anorexia and weight loss were the most frequent symptoms, and prevailed patients with three to six months between the appearance of symptoms and endoscopic diagnosis; inadequate diet, chronic alcoholism, and smoking were the predominant risk factors. The most frequent anatomical location was the middle third (51.1%), the predominant endoscopic type was the vegetative (46.7%) and most of the patients presented the histological type squamous cell carcinoma (95.6%) well differentiated (84.4%). Conclusions: The study of the clinical-pathological characteristics of patients with advanced esophageal cancer allows its correct staging, being a useful tool in the multidisciplinary assessment of treatment due to its complex clinical and institutional management.


RESUMO Introdução: O câncer de esôfago avançado é uma das neoplasias mais agressivas com alta morbimortalidade. Botswana ocupa o 14º lugar no mundo em mortes por esta doença. Objetivo: determinar as características clínico-patológicas de pacientes com câncer de esôfago avançado no Hospital Princesa Marina em Gaborone, Botsuana. Método: Foi realizado estudo prospectivo-descritivo em que 45 pacientes com diagnóstico endoscópico e histológico de câncer de esôfago avançado foram caracterizados clínica e patologicamente de janeiro a setembro de 2019. Resultados: Predominou o sexo masculino (86,7%) e pacientes com mais de 60 anos ( 60,0%). Disfagia, anorexia e perda de peso foram os sintomas mais frequentes e prevaleceram os pacientes com tempo entre o aparecimento dos sintomas e o diagnóstico endoscópico entre três e seis meses; dieta inadequada, alcoolismo crônico e tabagismo foram os fatores de risco predominantes. A localização anatômica mais frequente foi o terço médio (51,1%), o tipo endoscópico predominante foi o vegetativo (46,7%) e a maioria dos pacientes apresentou o tipo histológico carcinoma espinocelular (95,6%) bem diferenciado (84,4%). Conclusões: O estudo das características clínico-patológicas dos pacientes com câncer de esôfago avançado permite seu correto estadiamento, sendo uma ferramenta útil na avaliação multidisciplinar do tratamento devido ao seu complexo manejo clínico e institucional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopy/methods , Botswana , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Observational Study
11.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(1): 97-100, 29/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362255

ABSTRACT

Introduction The pineal gland is a common location for intracranial germ cells, but dermoids are not commonly observed in this area. In the present paper, we discuss the clinical and radiological features as well as the treatment and outcome of this cyst in a 6-year- old child with a pineal dermoid cyst. Case Presentation The patient presented with chronic headache 6 months before admission in 2018. On the first admission, an enhanced lesion with a small cyst was detected in brain imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain at follow-up (2 months after the first presentation) showed enlargement of the cyst size with compression on the adjacent structures. Radical excision of the tumor was performed after the endoscopic biopsy due to pressure exerted on the adjacent structures. Conclusion Dermoid cyst should be considered as a differential diagnosis for enhanced lesions of the pineal region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Pineal Gland/injuries , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial/surgery , Dermoid Cyst/surgery , Dermoid Cyst/pathology , Pineal Gland/surgery , Pineal Gland/pathology , Continuity of Patient Care , Dermoid Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Endoscopy/methods
12.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e701, ene.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156367

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La convivencia con la infección por COVID-19 en Cuba supone un reto actual de adaptación a todos los entornos hospitalarios y de salud, creación de protocolos y nuevos modelos de asistencia. La intervención sobre la vía aérea en sus diferentes formas, conlleva un riesgo de contaminación al personal de la salud. Objetivo: Describir las consideraciones anestésicas en los procedimientos laparoscópicos y endoscópicos durante la pandemia COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cualitativo, de investigación-acción, apoyado en el análisis de documentos y la observación participante de las acciones tomadas en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso en el curso de los cuatro meses transcurridos a partir de que se identificara el primer caso de COVID-19 en Cuba. Resultados: Se establecieron las recomendaciones anestésicas para el procedimiento de actuación durante la COVID-19 en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso, que dictan las acciones para el tratamiento de los pacientes y la protección de los trabajadores. Esto posibilita mantener la calidad de los servicios médico quirúrgicos en estos escenarios de riesgo. Conclusiones: La evaluación y tratamiento anestésico estandarizado de los pacientes ante el brote de COVID-19 y en la fase poscovid permite optimizar la seguridad del paciente y el personal sanitario. Es importante el cumplimiento de los protocolos dirigidos hacia el control estricto de la parada quirúrgica, uso adecuado de los equipos de protección personal, disminución de los aerosoles con métodos de barrera y la desinfección del salón y equipos al concluir la intervención(AU)


Introduction: Coexistence with COVID-19 infection in Cuba is a current challenge of adaptation to all hospital and health settings, creation of protocols and new models of care. The airway approach in its different forms represents a risk of contamination of the health personnel. Objective: To describe the anesthetic considerations in laparoscopic and endoscopic procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A qualitative, action-research study was carried out, supported by the analysis of documents and participant observation of the actions taken in the National Center for Minimally-Invasive Surgery in the course of four months after the first case of COVID-19 was identified in Cuba. Results: Anesthetic recommendations were established for the action procedure during COVID-19 in the National Center for Minimally-Invasive Surgery, which dictate the actions for the treatment of patients and the protection of workers. This makes it possible to maintain the quality of surgical medical services in these risk settings. Conclusions: Assessment and standardized anesthetic treatment of patients in the face of the COVID-19 outbreak and in the post-COVID phase allows optimizing the safety of the patient and the healthcare personnel. It is important to comply with the protocols aimed at controlling strictly the surgical setting, proper use of personal protective equipment, reduction of aerosols with barrier methods, and disinfection of the room and equipment at the conclusion of the intervention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Guidelines as Topic , Patient Safety , Laparoscopy/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Anesthesia/standards
13.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3231-3238, mar.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251940

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El páncreas ectópico es una entidad poco común. Como tumor submucoso de origen congénito, frecuentemente presenta un curso asintomático, aunque con posibles complicaciones. Su diagnóstico de certeza se basa en la endoscopia, el ultrasonido endoscópico y la histología, que permiten adoptar una conducta expectante o quirúrgica. El paciente estudiado presentó un páncreas ectópico localizado en antro gástrico asociado a síntomas de reflujo gastroesofágico rebeldes a tratamiento, los cuales motivaron el estudio endoscópico, con el consecuente hallazgo de dicha entidad (AU).


ABSTRACT Ectopic pancreas is a little common entity. As congenital-originated sub mucous tumor, it frequently presents an asymptomatic course, though with possible complications. Its definitive diagnosis is based in the endoscopy, endoscopic ultrasound and histology, allowing to adopt an expectant or surgical behavior. The current patient presented an unresponsive-to-treatment ectopic pancreas located in the gastric antrum associated to gastro-esophageal reflux symptoms. This motivated the endoscopic study consequently leading to finding this entity (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pyloric Antrum/pathology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/complications , Pancreatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics/methods , Endoscopy/methods
14.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 243-245, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348327

ABSTRACT

La lesión de Morel-Lavallée es una patología cerrada de partes blandas, ocasionada por la separación traumática de la piel y tejido celular subcutáneo de la fascia muscular. Debido a su asociación con traumatismos de alta energía puede pasar desapercibida y llevar a un diagnóstico tardío. Su localización es variable, y la región lumbar es poco frecuente. Generalmente con el diagnóstico precoz y el tratamiento conservador se obtienen buenos resultados.Presentamos un reporte de caso de una paciente de sexo femenino, de veinte años, que sufrió un accidente automovilístico, con una colección localizada en región dorsolumbar diagnosticada tardíamente. Fue tratada de forma endoscópica y con la aplicación de agentes esclerosantes. Se obtuvieron buenos resultados con remisión de la colección. Nivel de Evidencia: V


The Morel-Lavallée lesion is closed soft tissue pathology, caused by the traumatic separation of the skin and subcutaneous cellular tissue of the muscular fascia. Due to its association with high-energy trauma, it can go unnoticed, generating a late diagnosis. Its location is variable, the lumbar region being rare. Generally, with early diagnosis and conservative treatment, good results are obtained.We present a case report of a twenty-year-old female patient suffering a car accident with a late-diagnosed collection located in the thoracolumbar region. She was treated endoscopically and with the application of sclerosing agents. Good results were obtained with remission of the collection. Level of Evidence: V


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Spinal Diseases , Endoscopy/methods , Degloving Injuries/surgery
15.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 32(1): 11-13, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352356

ABSTRACT

Pseudomelanosis duodeni is a very rare appearance of the duodenal mucosa, characterized by the presence of a dark pigment (iron oxide) seen in the surface of the villi, evident by endoscopy. It can be associated with pathologies such as arterial hypertension, chronic heart failure, chronic kidney failure, gastrointestinal bleeding, and consumption of different drugs. We describe the case of a 68-year-old male patient, with chronic renal insufficiency, hemodialysis and intravenous iron treatment.


La Pseudomelanosis duodeni es una entidad muy poco frecuente de la mucosa duodenal que se caracteriza por la presencia de un pigmento oscuro de las vellosidades (oxido de hierro) que es evidente mediante endoscopía y puede estar asociado a patologías como hipertensión arterial, insuficiencia cardíaca crónica, insuficiencia renal crónica, hemorragia gastrointestinal y consumo de diferentes fármacos. Describimos el caso de un paciente masculino de 68 años, con antecedentes de insuficiencia renal crónica, en hemodiálisis y uso de hierro intravenoso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Duodenal Diseases/pathology , Duodenum/pathology , Melanosis/pathology , Duodenal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Duodenum/diagnostic imaging , Endoscopy/methods , Melanosis/diagnostic imaging
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1735-1741, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134506

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to perform an in situ endoscopic analysis of the vascularization of post-extraction sites immediately after a non-traumatic extraction in terms of the number of blood vessels per field (NBV), relative area of blood vessels (RABV) and relative area of unmineralized bone (RAUB) in teeth with different periodontal status (PS). This assessment was performed using short distance support immersion endoscopy (SD-SIE). Ten patients (4 men/ 6 women, aged between 25 and 44) were selected. From them, 10 teeth were extracted due to periodontal reasons or other motives. These teeth were then categorized into 2 groups according to their PS, either as periodontally compromised (PC) (clinical attachment loss (CAL) > 7 mm and probing depth (PD) > 5 mm) or periodontally healthy (PH) (CAL < 7 mm and PD < 5 mm, without bleeding or suppuration during periodontal probing), and mobile (M) (> 1 mm horizontally) or immobile (I) (< 1 mm horizontally). The minimally invasive vertical tooth extractions were performed using the Benex ® extractor. Immediately after extraction, a rigid immersion endoscope with a diameter of 2.7 mm was introduced, and a video-alveoloscopy was carried out. This video was analyzed by ImageJ software for the quantification of NBV, RABV and RAUB per field of the post-extraction sites with different PS (PC, PH, M, I) were quantified. In the PC group, significantly greater values for RAUB were observed (33.45 %) compared to those from the PH group (19.65 %). Compared with the M group, the I group did not show significant differences in terms of RAUB or RABV. There were also no differences in NBV in both groups (Means: 33.8 vs. 30.5, respectively).


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar un análisis endoscópico in situ de la vascularización de los alvéolos post-extracción inmediatamente después de una extracción atraumática en términos de número de vasos sanguíneos por campo de observación (NBV), área relativa de vasos sanguíneos (RABV) y el área relativa de espacios no mineralizados (RAUB) en dientes con diferente estado periodontal (PS). Esta evaluación se realizó mediante endoscopía de inmersión de corta distancia (SD-SIE). Se seleccionaron diez pacientes (4 hombres / 6 mujeres, con edades comprendidas entre 25 y 44). De ellos, se extrajeron 10 dientes debido a razones periodontales u otros motivos. Estos dientes se clasificaron en 2 grupos según su PS, ya sea como periodontalmente comprometidos (PC), los que presentaban un nivel de inserción clínica (CAL) ≥ 7 mm y una profundidad de sondaje (PD) ≥ 5 mm; o periodontalmente sanos (PH) (CAL <7 mm y PD <5 mm, sin sangramiento o supuración durante el sondaje periodontal). También se categorizaron según su movilidad como móvil (M) (≥ 1 mm horizontalmente) o inmóvil (I) (<1 mm horizontalmente). Las extracciones verticales mínimamente invasivas se realizaron con el extractor Benex ®. Inmediatamente después de la extracción, se introdujo un endoscopio rígido de inmersión con un diámetro de 2.7 mm, con el cual se realizó una video-alveoloscopía. Este video fue analizado por el software ImageJ para la cuantificación de NBV, RABV y RAUB por campo, de los alvéolos post-extracción con diferente estado periodontal. En el grupo de dientes PC, se observaron valores significativamente mayores para RAUB (33.45%) en comparación con los del grupo PH (19.65 %). En comparación con el grupo M, el grupo I no mostró diferencias significativas en términos de RAUB o RABV. Tampoco hubo diferencias en el NBV en ambos grupos (Media: 33.8 frente a 30.5, respectivamente).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tooth Extraction , Blood Vessels , Bone and Bones/blood supply , Tooth Socket/blood supply , Endoscopy/methods , Neovascularization, Physiologic
17.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 394-397, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143176

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The implantation cyst occurs from the imprisonment and subsequent proliferation of the colonic mucosa below the submucosa during mechanical stapling. The understanding and definition of the evaluation protocol of these lesions is important, since they can generate the need for a new complex surgical procedure and cause anxiety in patients and surgeons. This case reports the occurrence of a subepithelial lesion in follow-up imaging of a patient who underwent videolaparoscopic rectosigmoidectomy for adenocarcinoma of the proximal rectum, submitted to an endoscopic attempt to drain/detangle the lesion and subsequent histopathological analysis showing colic mucosa without changes. In line with Katsumata,it is suggested to asymptomatic patients without alteration of the CEA or suspicious imaging signs a follow up with periodic imaging methods. For symptomatic patients with normal CEA, or whose lesions are growing at follow-up exams, it is suggested to continue with the investigation, with biopsy and/or effluent sample for histopathological study in addition to an attempt at symptomatic resolution. Finally, in the presence of an alteration in CEA, despite symptoms, it is suggested that the lesion be managed as a suspected local tumor recurrence.


RESUMO O cisto de implantação ocorre a partir do aprisionamento e subsequente proliferação da mucosa colônica abaixo da submucosa durante o grampeamento mecânico. A compreensão e definição do protocolo de avaliação dessas lesões é importante, pois podem gerar a necessidade de um novo procedimento cirúrgico complexo e causar ansiedade em pacientes e cirurgiões. Este caso relata a ocorrência de uma lesão sub-epitelial na imagem de seguimento de um paciente submetido à retossigmoidectomia por via videolaparoscópica devido a adenocarcinoma do reto proximal, submetido a uma tentativa endoscópica de drenar/remover a lesão e subsequente análise histopatológica mostrando a mucosa cólica sem alterações. De acordo com Katsumata, sugere-se que pacientes assintomáticos sem alteração do CEA ou sinais de imagem suspeitos tenham um seguimento com métodos de imagem periódicos. Para pacientes sintomáticos com CEA normal, ou cujas lesões mostrem crescimento nos exames de seguimento, sugere-se continuar a investigação, com biópsia e / ou amostra de efluente para estudo histopatológico, além de uma tentativa de resolução sintomática. Finalmente, na presença de uma alteração no CEA, apesar dos sintomas, sugere-se que a lesão seja tratada como uma suspeita de recorrência local do tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Endoscopy/methods
18.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 364-369, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132597

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Tympanoplasty is performed to close the tympanic membrane perforation and recover the hearing level of patients with non-suppurative chronic otitis media. Endoscopic tympanoplasty has recently been increasingly preferred by ear nose and throat surgeons to treat tympanic membrane perforations. Objective: The aim of this study is to discuss the outcomes of patients undergoing endoscopic tympanoplasty performed by a young surgeon in a secondary hospital in the context of the literature. Methods: Fifty patients undergoing endoscopic Type 1 tympanoplasty between February 1, 2017 and February 1, 2018, were included. The patients' age, gender, perforation side and size, preoperative and postoperative pure tone audiometry, graft failure, postoperative pain and complication status were evaluated. Results: The graft success rate was 94% at 6 months postoperatively. Audiometry thresholds were obtained at frequencies of 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 kHz. Preoperative pure tone audiometric thresholds were 41.6, 36.3, 34.1, and 39.1 dB, and postoperative, 6 months after surgery, 19.5, 17.8, 17.5, and 20.8 dB. Pure tone audiometry air-bone gaps at the same frequencies changed from 30.5, 24.6, 22.2, and 28.6 dB preoperatively, to 11.0, 9.3, 8.6, and 13.9 dB 6 month after the surgery. There was a statistically significant improvement between the preoperative and postoperative pure tone audiometry, and air bone gaps at all measured frequencies (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Endoscopic transcanal cartilage tympanoplasty has become more commonly performed by otolaryngologists due to the shortening of operation and hospitalization times as well as similar audiological results to those obtained with microscopic tympanoplasty. The surgical and audiological results of a young ear nose throat specialist can reach a similar level of success to those of experienced surgeons, due to a fast learning curve.


Resumo Introdução: A timpanoplastia é realizada para fechar a perfuração da membrana timpânica e restaurar a audição de pacientes com otite média crônica não-supurativa. Recentemente, a timpanoplastia endoscópica tem se tornado a técnica preferida por cirurgiões otorrinolaringologistas, com indicação crescente em casos de perfurações timpânicas. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo é discutir os resultados em pacientes submetidos a timpanoplastia endoscópica realizada por um jovem cirurgião em um hospital secundário, no contexto da literatura. Método: Cinquenta pacientes submetidos a timpanoplastia endoscópica Tipo 1 entre 1° de fevereiro de 2017 e 1° de fevereiro de 2018 foram incluídos. A idade dos pacientes, sexo, lado e tamanho da perfuração, limiares da audiometria tonal pré-operatória e pós-operatória, falha do enxerto, dor pós-operatória e ocorrência de complicações foram avaliados. Resultados: A taxa de sucesso do enxerto foi de 94% aos 6 meses de pós-operatório. Nas frequências de 0,5, 1, 2 e 4 kHz, a audiometria tonal pré-operatória mostrava limiares de 41,6; 36,3; 34,1 e 39,1 dB e a pós-operatória após 6 meses, revelou limiares de 19,5; 17,8; 17,5 e 20,8 dB. Nas mesmas frequências, os gaps aéreo-ósseos pré-operatório na audiometria tonal eram de 30,5; 24,6; 22,2 e 28,6 dB e com 6 meses de pós-operatório, de 11,0; 9,3; 8,6 e 13,9 dB. Houve melhora estatisticamente significante entre os limiares da audiometria tonal pré- e pós-operatória em todas as frequências (p < 0,05). Houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os gaps aéreo-ósseo pré- e pós-operatório, ocorrendo diminuição dos mesmos em todas as frequências (p < 0,05). Conclusão: A timpanoplastia endoscópica com cartilagem por via transcanal tem sido mais comumente realizada pelo otorrinolaringologista devido ao menor tempo de cirurgia e hospitalização e resultados audiológicos semelhantes aos com o uso de microscópico. Os resultados cirúrgicos e audiológicos de um jovem especialista em otorrinolaringologia podem atingir um nível semelhante ao de cirurgiões experientes, com uma rápida curva de aprendizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tympanoplasty/methods , Tympanic Membrane Perforation/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Postoperative Period , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome , Tympanic Membrane Perforation/etiology
19.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 39(2): 83-94, 15/06/2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362544

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the endoscopic and microsurgical anatomy of the cavernous sinus (CS) with focus on the surgical landmarks in microsurgical anatomy. Materials and methods Ten formalin-fixed central skull base specimens (20 CSs) with silicone-injected carotid arteries were examined through an extended endoscopic transsphenoidal approach. Fifteen formalin-fixed heads were dissected to simulate the surgical position in CS approaches. Results Endoscopic access enables identification of the anterior and posterior surgical corridors. Structures within the CS and on its lateral wall could be visualized and studied, but none of the triangular areas relevant to the transcranial microsurgical anatomy were fully visible through the endoscopic approach. Conclusion The endoscopic approach to the CS is an important surgical technique for the treatment of pathological conditions that affect this region. Correlating endoscopic findings with the conventional (transcranial)microsurgical anatomy is a useful way of applying the established knowledge into a more recent operative technique. Endoscope can provide access to the CS and to the structures it harbors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cavernous Sinus/anatomy & histology , Cavernous Sinus/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Neuroendoscopy/methods , Microsurgery/methods
20.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 39(2): 146-148, 15/06/2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362504

ABSTRACT

Introduction Caustic substance ingestion is a common cause of esophageal stricture in children. The primary treatment is esophageal dilatation. Although it is known that endoscopic esophageal dilatation is a procedure associated with a high rate of bacteremia, current guidelines do not recommend routine throat swab cultures or antibiotic prophylaxis for the general children population. Case Report We describe a case of a 7-year-old boy presenting with refractory headaches who was diagnosed with cranial abscess after multiple esophageal dilatations due to stenosis caused by caustic soda ingestion. The patient was subjected to neurosurgical intervention and intravenous antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks. Streptococcus viridans culture was positive in purulent abscess content. Conclusion We highlight this condition that, although rare, needs immediate diagnosis and proper treatment. We also recommend routine testing of throat swabs and antibiotics prophylaxis to children undergoing esophageal dilatation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Brain Abscess/surgery , Brain Abscess/drug therapy , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced , Esophageal Stenosis/therapy , Brain Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Viridans Streptococci , Dilatation/adverse effects , Endoscopy/methods
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