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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880600

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To observe the efficacy and adverse reactions of the combination of endostar with chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced (IVb) and recurrent metastatic cervical cancer.@*METHODS@#Forty-four patients with recurrent and metastatic cervical cancer, who were admitted to the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from December 2016 to December 2018 were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group (22 cases in each group). The control group was given gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GP) or docetaxel plus cisplatin (DP) treatment, the experimental group was treated with endostar on the basis of the control group.@*RESULTS@#The objective response rate (ORR) was 42.9% in the experimental group and 22.7% in the control group. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with chemotherapy alone, endostar combined with chemotherapy can prolong the median progression-free survival, with higher ORR and similar adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Endostatins , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Recombinant Proteins , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
2.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(6): 543-550, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-991686

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Increased angiogenetic activity in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been shown in previous studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endostatin levels with clinical features and mucosal expression in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional analytical study conducted in a tertiary-level public hospital. METHODS: Serum VEGF and endostatin levels were determined in 82 individuals: 39 with UC, 28 with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and 15 healthy controls (HCs), using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). VEGF and endostatin expressions were studied using immunohistochemistry (IHC). RESULTS: Mean serum VEGF and endostatin levels were significantly higher in patients with UC than in patients with IBS and in HCs (511.9 ± 377.5 pg/ml, 305.0 ± 121.42 pg/ml and 36.1 ± 40.6 pg/ml; P = 0.001 for VEGF; and 155.50 ± 59.8 ng/ml, 116.9 ± 23.8 ng/ml and 102.2 ± 22.4 ng/ml; P < 0.001 for endostatin, respectively). There was a positive correlation between serum VEGF and endostatin levels (r = 0.422; P < 0.01). Mean H-scores for VEGF expression were higher in the active UC group than in the inactive UC and IBS groups, in the stroma, endothelium and epithelium. Mean H-scores for endostatin expression were higher in the active UC group than in the inactive UC and IBS groups, in the stroma and endothelium. There was no endostatin expression in the epithelium. CONCLUSION: Increased endostatin appears to be a defensive reaction to increased VEGF in patients with UC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Colitis, Ulcerative/blood , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/blood , Endostatins/blood , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors/metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa/blood supply , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Colitis, Ulcerative/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/pathology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors/blood , Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(5): 448-456, Nov. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887957

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Endostatin is a circulating endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor preventing neovascularization. Previous studies demonstrated the prognostic value of Endostatin among patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). However, the role of Endostatin among patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains unclear. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association between serum Endostatin levels, natriuretic peptide levels and the severity of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and the diagnosis of HFpEF. Methods: Endostatin serum concentrations were measured in 301 patients comprising 77 HFpEF patients, 169 patients with asymptomatic left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (ALVDD), and 55 controls with normal cardiac function. Results: Endostatin serum levels were significantly elevated in patients with HFpEF (median/interquartile range 179.0 [159-220]) and ALVDD (163.8 [145.4-191.3]) compared to controls (149.1 [130.6-176.9]), p < 0.001 and p = 0.004, respectively) and significant correlated with N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Conclusions: This hypothesis-generating pilot study gives first evidence that Endostatin correlates with the severity of diastolic dysfunction and may become a novel biomarker for HFpEF. We hypothesize a rise in Endostatin levels may reflect inhibition of adaptive angiogenesis and adverse cardiac remodeling.


Resumo Fundamentos: A Endostatina é um inibidor circulante endógeno da angiogênese que previne a neovascularização. Estudos anteriores demonstraram o valor prognóstico da Endostatina em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca com fracção de ejeção reduzida (ICFEr). No entanto, o papel da Endostatina entre os pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção preservada (ICFEp) permanece incerto. Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre os níveis séricos de Endostatina, níveis de peptídeos natriuréticos e a gravidade de disfunção ventricular esquerda e diastólica e o diagnóstico de ICFEp. Métodos: Mediu-se a concentração sérica de Endostatina em 301 pacientes, compreendendo 77 pacientes com ICFEp, 169 pacientes com disfunção ventricular esquerda assintomática diastólica (DVEAD) e 55 controles com a função cardíaca normal. Resultados: Os níveis de Endostatina no soro foram significativamente elevados em pacientes com ICFEp (mediana / intervalo interquartil 179,0 [159-220]) e DVEAD (163,8 [145,4-191,3]) em comparação com os controles (149,1 [130,6-176,9]), p < 0,001 e p = 0,004, respectivamente) e correlação significativa com o terminal do pro-peptídeo natriurético tipo B (NT-proBNP). Conclusões: Este estudo piloto gerador de hipótese fornece a primeira evidência de que a Endostatina se correlaciona com a gravidade da disfunção diastólica e pode tornar-se um novo biomarcador para ICFEp. Nossa hipótese é de que um aumento nos níveis de Endostatina pode refletir inibição da angiogênese adaptativa e remodelação cardíaca adversa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke Volume/physiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/blood , Endostatins/blood , Heart Failure/blood , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Echocardiography , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Endostatins/physiology , Heart Failure/physiopathology
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17913

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer (GC) has high mortality owing to its aggressive nature. Tumor angiogenesis plays an essential role in the growth, invasion, and metastatic spread of GC. The aim of this work was to review the angiogenic biomarkers related to the behavior of GC, documented in the literature. A search of the PubMed database was conducted with the MeSH terms: “Stomach neoplasms/blood [MeSH] or stomach neoplasms/blood supply [MeSH] and angiogenic proteins/blood [Major]”. A total of 30 articles were initially collected, and 4 were subsequently excluded. Among the 26 articles collected, 16 examined the role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), 4 studied endostatin, 3 investigated angiopoietin (Ang)-2, 2 studied the Ang-like protein 2 (ANGTPL2), and 1 each examined interleukin (IL)-12, IL-8, and hypoxia inducible factor. Regarding VEGF, 6 articles concluded that the protein was related to lymph node metastasis or distant metastases. Five articles concluded that VEGF levels were elevated in the presence of GC and decreased following tumor regression, suggesting that VEGF levels could be a predictor of recurrence. Four articles concluded that high VEGF levels were correlated with poor prognosis and lower survival rates. Ang-2 and ANGTPL2 were elevated in GC and associated with more aggressive disease. Endostatin was associated with intestinal GC. VEGF is the most extensively studied angiogenic factor. It is associated with the presence of neoplastic disease and lymph node metastasis. It appears to be a good biomarker for disease progression and remission, but not for diagnosis. The data regarding other biomarkers are inconclusive.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Angiogenic Proteins , Hypoxia , Biomarkers , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Endostatins , Interleukin-8 , Interleukins , Lymph Nodes , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Stomach , Stomach Neoplasms , Survival Rate , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
5.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine [The]. 2016; 63 (April): 206-209
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-176202

ABSTRACT

Background and aim of the work: Previous studies verified that Endostatin, matrix metalloproteinase [MMP] -2 and -9, in addition to tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase [TIMP] -1 may play a crucial role in prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer [NSCLC]. In this study we will investigate the changes in the pretreatment serum levels of these factors and to evaluate their clinical implication in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer [NSCLC]


Patients and methods: Pretreatment serum samples were collected from 25 patients and 10 control healthy individuals. The levels of Endostatin, MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 were measured using a sandwich enzyme immunoassay kit


Results: The pretreatment serum levels of Endostatin and TIMP1 were significantly elevated and correlated with their stages and survival [P< 0.05], where, the serum level of Endostatin in healthy subjects was 81.20 +/- 23.99 ng/ml and in patients with NSCLC was 354.40 +/- 164.01 ng/ml. The serum level of TIMP1 in healthy subjects was 1.49 +/- 0.29 ng/ml and in patients with NSCLC was 2.96 +/- 0.58 ng/ml. The serum level of MMP2 and 9 were non-significantly decreased in serum of NSCLC patients [P > 0.05], where the serum activity of MMP2 in healthy subjects was 0.14 +/- 0.03 ng/ml and in patients with NSCLC was 0.09 +/- 0.03% and the serum activity of MMP9 in healthy subjects was 0.13 +/- 0.019 ng/ml and in patients with NSCLC was 0.10 +/- 0.03%


Conclusions: Our results indicated that the circulating levels of Endostatin, and TIMP-1 in patients with NSCLC may be valuable future tools for treatment planning and monitoring of treatment, however, these blood tests need to be standardized and validated in large-scale prospective clinical trials


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Endostatins/blood , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/blood , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/blood , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/blood
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1715-1726, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243686

ABSTRACT

To obtain sufficient purified and active fusion protein-hepatocyte-targeting peptide-human endostatin (HTP-rES), we studied the growth curve and the optimal induction timing of BL21/pET21b-HTP-rES. Different conditions of pH value, induction time, induction concentration and induction temperature were optimized by univariate analysis. After washing, refolding and purifying, the activity of fusion protein was identified by flow cytometry and 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT). Results show that the logarithmic growth phase of BL21/pET21b-HTP-rES was from 1.5 h to 3.5 h, the optimum expression conditions were pH 8.0, 0.06 mmol/L IPTG, at 42 ℃ for 5 h. The purity of inclusion bodies was up to 60% after washing. The purity of target protein was more than 95% after refolding and purification. Our findings provide the foundation for further biological activity and drug development.


Subject(s)
Drug Delivery Systems , Endostatins , Pharmacology , Escherichia coli , Hepatocytes , Humans , Inclusion Bodies , Peptides , Pharmacology , Recombinant Fusion Proteins
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 128-132, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248396

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the short-term efficacy and observe the tolerability and safety of recombinant human endostatin combined with induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-three patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma, who received recombinant human endostatin combined with induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy, treated in our department from December 2011 to March 2013 were included in the study group of this study. Another 48 patients, who received induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy alone in the same period, were chosen as a control group. The short-term outcome, overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and acute side effects of the two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The complete remission rates of nasopharyngeal tumor in the study and control groups were 77.4% and 72.9%, respectively (P=0.154). The complete remission rates of patients with and without cervical lymph node metastasis were 75.5% and 62.6%, respectively, showing a significant difference (P=0.037). The 2-year OS, PFS, and DMFS rates for the study group were 82.3%, 77.2%, and 82.2%, respectively, versus 87.2%, 84.3% and 84.2% for the control group, showing a non-significant differences between the two groups (P=0.938, P=0.551, and P=0.725).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The short-term results of recombinant human endostatin (Endostar) combined with induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma are slightly better than that of induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone, with tolerable treatment-related toxicity and no more side effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma , Chemoradiotherapy , Cisplatin , Disease-Free Survival , Endostatins , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Lymphatic Metastasis , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Radiotherapy , Remission Induction
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 244-250, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248373

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the ability of invasion and migration of breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells under serum starvation and hypoxia, and the effect of antiangiogenic drugs, rh-endostatin and bevacizumab, on the ability of invasion and migration of breast cancer cells under serum starvation and/or hypoxia, in order to explore the potential risk of antiangiogenic therapy in clinics.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The cells were randomized into 4 groups, i.e., group A: 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) group; group B: hypoxia + 10% FBS group; group C: serum starvation group; group D: hypoxia + serum starvation group; each group was further divided into three subgroups as blank control, treated with rh-endostatin and bevacizumab, respectively. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to assess the inhibition rate of cell growth induced by endostatin and bevacizumab, in order to determine the proper working concentration and time of the two drugs. Transwell assay was conducted to detect the cell invasion and migration in vitro. The expressions of c-Met and MMP-9 were detected by Western blot. The cells treated with rh-endostatin or bevacizumab under serum starvation were tested by hybridization using Exiqon miBase 18.0 microarray. The miRNAs which exibited significant differences (P < 0.05) in miRNA hybridization were verified by real-time PCR assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CCK-8 assay showed that the inhibition rates of MDA-MB-231 cells cultured with 800 mg/L rh-endostatin for 48 h and 24 h were (32.2 ± 2.5)% and (27.0 ± 1.3)%, respectively, showing a significant difference (P = 0.023). The inhibition rates of MDA-MB-231 cells cultured with 80 mg/L bevacizumab for 48 h and 24 h were (30.5 ± 1.4) % and (26.1 ± 2.4) %, respectively, showing also a significant difference (P = 0.015). The Transwell assay showed that in the starvation blank group, the number of invaded and penetrated cells were 28.8 ± 2.2 and 31.4 ± 1.5, respectively, significantly different from that in the rh-endostatin and bevacizumab groups (P < 0.05). The relative expressions of c-Met and MMP-9 were 0.213 ± 0.017 and 0.542 ± 0.048, respectively, with a significant difference from those of the groups treated with each drug (P < 0.05 for both). The numbers of penetrated cells in the Transwell assay treated with rh-endostatin in hypoxia were 17.5 ± 2.1 and 16.5 ± 2.8, respectively, and the numbers of penetrated cells in the Transwell assay treated with bevacizumab were 16.3 ± 3.5 and 17.5 ± 2.4, respectively, showing no significant difference among them (P > 0.05 for both). The ability of migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells and the expression of c-Met and MMP-9 were not impacted by hypoxia (P > 0.05). Real-time PCR assay showed that only the levels of miR-2355 and miR375 were significantly and stably decreased in the cells which had increased ability of invasion and migration. The relative expression levels of miR375 and miR-2355 in the serum starvation blank group were 0.550 ± 0.036 and 0.852 ± 0.121, respectively, significantly lower than that in the groups treated with rh-endostatin or bevacizumab (P<0.05). In the serum starvation group, the expression levels of miR375 and miR-2355 of cells treated with rh-endostatin were 0.295 ± 0.012 and 0.253 ± 0.011, and the expression levels of cells treated with bevacizumab were 0.234 ± 0.020 and 0.309 ± 0.022, respectively, (P > 0.05 for all). Compared with the serum starvation blank group, the expression levels of miR2355 and miR375 were significantly decreased when cells were treated with rh-endostatin/bevacizumab under serum starvation, but no significant difference was found between the two drugs (P > 0.05). However, hypoxia did not affect the expressions of miR2355 and miR375 (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results of this study suggest that serum starvation can increase the ability of invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. Furthermore, both rh-endostatin and bevacizumab may enhance their invasion and penetration ability under serum starvation condition.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Bevacizumab , Breast Neoplasms , Pathology , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Culture Media, Serum-Free , Endostatins , Female , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Time Factors
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12922

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate plasma levels of endostatin and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in normal subjects and in patients with pituitary adenoma and to evaluate change in these levels following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for pituitary adenoma. METHODS: Peripheral venous blood was collected from five patients with pituitary adenoma before SRS using Gamma Knife and at the 1 week and 1 month follow-up visits. Plasma endostatin and VEGF levels were measured using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 10 healthy volunteers as controls. RESULTS: Mean baseline plasma endostatin level (105.3 ng/mL, range, 97.0-120.2 ng/mL) in patients with pituitary adenoma was higher than that of the healthy controls (86.6 ng/mL, range, 71.3-98.2 ng/mL) (p=0.001). Mean plasma VEGF level was 89.5 pg/mL (range, 24.1-171.8 pg/mL) in patients with pituitary adenoma at baseline and 29.3 pg/mL (range, 9.2-64.3 pg/mL) in the control group (p=0.050). Plasma endostatin level changed to 106.6 ng/mL 1 week after SRS and decreased to 95.9 ng/mL after 1 month. Plasma VEGF level following SRS decreased to 74.1 pg/mL after 1 week and 79.0 pg/mL after 1 month. There was a trend toward decreased plasma endostatin and VEGF concentrations 1 month after SRS compared to baseline levels (p=0.195, p=0.812, respectively). CONCLUSION: Plasma endostatin and VEGF levels in patients with pituitary adenoma were significantly elevated over controls at baseline, which decreased from baseline to 1 month after SRS for pituitary adenomas.


Subject(s)
Endostatins , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Follow-Up Studies , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Pituitary Neoplasms , Plasma , Radiosurgery , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356940

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Endostar combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of end-stage colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>s The relevant randomized controlled trials were retrieved from the electronic databases of Cochrane library, PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, CBM, VIP and Chinese Medical Association. The retrieval time limit was from the database construction to January 2013. The data were extracted from eligible studies assessed for methodological quality according to Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews and analyzed using RevMan 5.2 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Five randomized controlled trials involving 220 cases were included for meta-analysis. The results showed that Endostar combined with chemotherapy had an overall advantage over chemotherapy alone in terms of complete response rate (10.91% vs 2.73% RR=4.08, 95% CI: 1.19-13.95, P=0.02), partial response rate (48.18% vs 30.91% RR=2.18, 95% CI: 1.23-3.87, P=0.007), progressive disease (15.45% vs 41.82% RR=0.25, 95% CI: 0.13-0.47, P<0.0001), and the response rate (60.00% vs 33.64% RR=3.23, 95% CI: 1.79-5.81, P<0.0001). Clinical benefit response(82.73% vs 55.45% RR=4.30,95% CI:1.19-13.95, P<0.0001). The main adverse reactions included nausea, vomiting, constipation, palpitation, and electrocardiogram changes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Endostar combined with chemotherapy is effective for advanced colorectal cancer and can be used as a routine treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Colorectal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Endostatins , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 28(3): 190-194, Mar. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-667929

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of primary tumorectomy on angiogenesis and pulmonary metastasis in osteosarcoma-bearing nude mice. METHODS: Osteosarcoma was introduced to nude mice via subcutaneous injection of MG-63 cells. One hundred and eighty osteosarcoma-bearing mice were used equally in 3 parallel experiments. The effect of tumorectomy (TR) on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endostatin was investigated by ELISA. Meanwhile, the effect on angiogenesis was evaluated by Matrigel plug assay, and pulmonary metastasis assessed by calculating the metastatic foci. Sham-operation (SO) and untreated (UT) groups served as controls. RESULTS: The VEGF (TR: 79.55 ± 7.82 pg/mL vs. SO: 110.01 ± 5.69 pg/mL, UT: 123.50 ± 10.41 pg/mL; p < 0.01) and endostatin (TR: 47.09 ± 6.22 ng/mL vs. SO: 117.64 ± 7.39 ng/mL, UT: 126.73 ± 6.55 ng/mL; p<0.01) were down-regulated significantly after tumorectomy, and angiogenesis was significantly promoted simultaneously. The incidence of pulmonary metastatic foci was 80.0% in the TR group, 40.0% in the SO group and 35.0% in the UT group. CONCLUSION: Primary tumorectomy can down-regulate the expression of VEGF and endostatin and promote angiogenesis which leads to the acceleration of pulmonary metastasis. These findings imply that anti-angiogenic treatment can be considered after primary tumorectomy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Bone Neoplasms/pathology , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Endostatins/blood , Lung Neoplasms/secondary , Neovascularization, Pathologic/etiology , Osteosarcoma , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/blood , Collagen/administration & dosage , Drug Combinations , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hemoglobins/analysis , Laminin/administration & dosage , Mice, Nude , Neovascularization, Pathologic/pathology , Proteoglycans/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Tumor Cells, Cultured
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359250

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Yifei Qinghua Granule (YQG) on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiostatin, and endostatin in tumor tissue of Lewis Lung cancer mice, and to explore its anti-tumor mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 70 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the model group, the low, medium, and high dose YQG groups, the gefitinib group, the gefitinib plus medium dose YQG group, and the cyclophosphamide (CTX) group, 10 in each group. The models were established by subcutaneously injecting Lewis lung cancer cells from the right axilla of C57BL/6 mice. Mice in the model group were given with 0.4 mL pure water by gastrogavage, once daily. Mice in the low and medium dose YHG groups were given with YHG at the daily dose of 5 and 10 g/kg by gastrogavage, once daily. Those in the high dose YHG group were given with YHG at 10 g/kg by gastrogavage, twice daily. Those in the gefitinib group were given with gefitinib 100 mg/ kg by gastrogavage, once daily. Those in the gefitinib plus medium dose YHG group were given with gefitinib at 100 mg/kg by gastrogavage in the morning and YHG at 10 g/kg by gastrogavage in the afternoon. All medication was started from the 2nd day of inoculation, lasting 14 successive days. Those in the CTX group were given CTX at 60 mg/kg by peritoneal injection on the 3rd and the 7th day of the experiment. Mice were sacrificed at the fifteenth day of the experiment. Tumors were taken out. Expressions of VEGF, bFGF, angiostatin, and endostatin in the tumor tissue were detected using immunohistochemical assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the model group, the expression of VEGF significantly decreased, expressions of angiostatin and endostatin significantly increased in each group (P < 0.01). The expression of bFGF significantly decreased in the gefitinib group (P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference in VEGF among all groups (P > 0.05). The angiostatin expression was significantly higher in the CTX group than in the low dose YQG group (P < 0.01). The expression of endostatin was significantly higher in the high dose YQG group and the gefitinib plus medium dose YQG group than in the low and the medium dose YQG groups (P < 0.01). The expression of endostatin was significantly higher in the gefitinib plus medium dose YQG group than in the gefitinib group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The action mechanism of YQG in treating lung cancer might be achieved through reducing the expression of angiogenesis promoting factor VEGF and increasing expressions of angiogenesis inhibitors angiostatin and endostatin.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiostatins , Metabolism , Animals , Carcinoma, Lewis Lung , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Endostatins , Metabolism , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phytotherapy , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2834-2839, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263573

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Endostatin is a potent inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis. In the preliminary studies, we developed a mutant endostatin containing Arg-Gly-Asp-Arg-Gly-Asp (RGDRGD) sequences. In this study, we compared the antitumor effects of mutant endostatin and Bcl-2 antisense oligonucleotides both in combination and individually.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The artificially synthesized Bcl-2 ASODN (antisense oligonucleotides) included a translation-initiation site and was transfected into the bladder cancer cells by Lipofectamine. Cell growth was investigated by the tumor cell growth chart, MTT assay, caspase-3 activity detection assay, AO/EB fluorescein stain, and the annexin V-FITC apoptosis detection assay. In the in vivo study, UM-UC-3 bladder cancer cells were subcutaneously implanted into nude mice and the growth of tumor was examined. The ultrastructure of the tumor tissues in the treated and control groups were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cell growth chart showed that the cell population of the treated combination group decreased by 52.04% compared to the control group. The inhibition rate of the treated combination group was (79.66 ± 6.79)%, whereas those of the individual ASODN and ES groups were (53.39 ± 3.22)% and (50.22 ± 5.46)% respectively. In the caspase-3 activity detection using AO/EB fluorescein stain and annexin V-FITC apoptosis detection assay, the co-inhibitory effect was higher than the individual inhibitory effects (P < 0.05). There were significant differences in the inhibition of the solid tumor growth in the in vivo study.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our findings indicated that Bcl-2 antisense oligonucleotides enhance the antitumor effects of mutant endostatin both in vitro and in vivo. We noted the synergistic effects of Bcl-2 antisense oligonucleotides combined with mutant endostatin.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Synergism , Endostatins , Mice , Thionucleotides , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Pathology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the therapeutic effect of endostar (ED) combined with cisplatin(DDP) on model of C57BL/6 rats, and to further investigate the inhibiting mechanism of endostar from tumor angiogenesis.@*METHODS@#Lewis lung cancer cells were inoculated in C57BL/6 mouse, then the mouse were randomized into control group (group A), ED (group B), DDP (group C) and ED/DDP (group D). They were treated according to the plan. And the expressions of VEGF and Sema3A were evaluated by immunhistochemisty.@*RESULTS@#The weight of tumor increased in group A and B. It was decreased in group C and D. The tumor volume was increased in all the 4 groups. The VEGF expression of group D was obviously lower than the other group 3, but the Sema3A expressed of group D was significantly strengthener than the other group 3. The VEGF expression of group B and group D were obviously low especially in the 4th-8th days. Pearson correlated analysis showed that the expression VEGF and Sema3A were negatively correlated (r=-0.72, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ED combined with DDP could control the tumor growth effectively, and avoid weight loss. ED could reduce VEGF expression, and enhance Sema3A expression. Tumor vessel presents transient normalization. It is easy for DDP perfusion, and to kill tumor cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Carcinoma, Lewis Lung , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Endostatins , Pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Random Allocation , Rats , Recombinant Proteins , Semaphorin-3A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 341-346, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284179

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility of volume perfusion CT imaging to dynamically monitor and evaluate the response of rabbit VX2 soft-tissue tumor to antiangiogenic treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>To establish an experimental animal model of VX2 soft tissue tumor on 20 New Zealand white rabbits. Twenty rabbits were randomly divided into 2 groups. The therapy group was treated with recombinant human endostatin (3 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) for 7 days, and the control group received saline in the same dose only. Four times of CT volume perfusion scan were performed before treatment and on the second, forth, seventh days of treatment, respectively. The value of blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), mean transit time (MTT), and permeability (PMB) in the VX2 tumors were measured after scanning. The microvessel density (MVD) and expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the tumors were determined using immunohistochemical staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The tumor volume of the therapy group was (1.36 ± 0.73) cm³ on the forth day of treatment and (1.69 ± 0.68) cm³ on the seventh day of the treatment. The tumor volume of the control group was (2.35 ± 0.62) cm³ on the fourth day of treatment and (3.87 ± 0.93) cm³ on the seventh day of the treatment (P < 0.05). On the seventh day of treatment, tumor necrosis ratio of the therapy group and the control group was (25.58 ± 5.51)% and (42.93 ± 4.34)%, respectively (P < 0.05). Comparing the perfusion parameters between the two groups on the same day, and the second, forth, seventh days of treatment, the value of PMB of the therapy group was (70.36 ± 23.46) ml·100 ml⁻¹·min⁻¹, (79.64 ± 13.68) ml·100 ml⁻¹·min⁻¹ and (84.76 ± 3.55) ml·100 ml⁻¹·min⁻¹, respectively, and that in the control group was (26.61 ± 6.47) ml·100 ml⁻¹·min⁻¹, (33.74 ± 16.47) ml·100 ml⁻¹·min⁻¹ and (30.47 ± 10.64) ml·100 ml⁻¹·min⁻¹, respectively (P < 0.05). The value of BF in the therapy group and control group was (71.19 ± 12.21) ml·100 ml⁻¹·min⁻¹ and (43.56 ± 12.21) ml·100 ml⁻¹·min⁻¹, respectively, on the seventh day of treatment (P < 0.05). The parameters on different days in the same group were compared. In the control group, the value of BF on the seventh day of treatment was significantly lower than that before and on the second and forth days of treatment (P < 0.05). However, in the therapy group, the value of PMB on the second, forth, and seventh days of treatment was significantly higher than that before treatment (P < 0.05). MVD of tumor in the control group was increased gradually, whereas increased on the first day and then decreased more in the therapy group. The VEGF expressions did not differ significantly between the experimental and control groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Volume perfusion CT is helpful to quantify the tumor perfusion and evaluate the functional changes of tumor vasculature, and then evaluate the early therapeutic effect of antiangiogenic treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Blood Volume , Capillary Permeability , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Methods , Endostatins , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Male , Microvessels , Pathology , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Diagnostic Imaging , Perfusion Imaging , Rabbits , Random Allocation , Regional Blood Flow , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Tumor Burden , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 618-622, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267489

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the efficacy and safety of combination of rh-endostatin (Endostar) with docetaxel treatment on patients of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who presented PD or intolerable toxicity in/after first-line chemotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled and multi-center clinical trial was conducted. Patients with stage IIIB/IV of NSCLC experienced previous chemotherapy of one-regimen were screened for this trial. A total of 68 cases were included in this study. Single docetaxel and that combined with endostar were conducted in two arms. The response, time to progression (TTP) and adverse effects were observed in both arms.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The objective response rate (ORR) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) were 0 and 62.5% in the combined arm, along with 0 and 53.3% in the single docetaxel arm, with a non-significant difference between the two groups (all P > 0.05), respectively. The median TTPs in the combined and single docetaxel arms were 2.63 and 2.07 months, respectively (P = 0.079). The median TTPs of the participants with progressive disease (PD) after first-line chemotherapy were 1.33 and 1.67 months in the combined and single docetaxel arms, respectively (P = 0.946). The median TTPs of the participants with intolerant adverse effects in first-line chemotherapy were 4.70 months and 3.17 months in the combined and single docetaxel arms, respectively (P = 0.070). The median TTPs of the patients with SD after 2 therapeutic cycles in the combined and single docetaxel arms were 6.23 months and 3.27 months, respectively (P = 0.040). The differences between two arms were non-significant in adverse, serious adverse and cardiovascular adverse effects (all P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Endostar may prolong TTP in patients with advanced NSCLC benefited from docetaxel treatment without increased toxicities.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Disease Progression , Double-Blind Method , Endostatins , Female , Humans , Leukopenia , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Neutropenia , Prospective Studies , Remission Induction , Taxoids
17.
Clinics ; 67(2): 95-98, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-614631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Endostatin is a potent endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis. It is derived from the proteolytic cleavage of collagen XVIII, which is encoded by the COL18A1 gene. A polymorphic COL18A1 allele encoding the functional polymorphism p.D104N impairs the activity of endostatin, resulting in a decreased ability to inhibit angiogenesis. This polymorphism has been previously analyzed in many types of cancer and has been considered a phenotype modulator in some benign and malignant tumors. However, these data are controversial, and different results have been reported for the same tumor types, such as prostate and breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to genotype the p.D104N variant in a cohort of pediatric and adult patients with adrenocortical tumors and to determine its possible association with the biological behavior of adrenocortical tumors. METHODS: DNA samples were obtained from 38 pediatric and 56 adult patients (0.6-75 yrs) with adrenocortical tumors. The DNA samples were obtained from peripheral blood, frozen tissue or paraffin-embedded tumor blocks when blood samples or fresh frozen tissue samples were unavailable. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was used to genotype the patients and 150 controls. The potential associations of the p.D104N polymorphism with clinical and histopathological features and oncologic outcome (age of onset, tumor size, malignant tumor behavior, and clinical syndrome) were analyzed. RESULTS: Both the patient group and the control group were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The frequencies of the p.D104N polymorphism in the patient group were 81.9 percent (DD), 15.9 percent (DN) and 2.2 percent (NN). In the controls, these frequencies were 80.6 percent, 17.3 percent and 2.0 percent, respectively. We did not observe any association of this variant with clinical or histopathological features or oncologic outcome in our cohort of pediatric and adult patients with adrenocortical tumors.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adenoma/genetics , Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms/genetics , Adrenocortical Carcinoma/genetics , Endostatins/genetics , Genotype , Gene Frequency/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Epidemiologic Methods , Genotyping Techniques
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819791

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the diagnostic value of endostatin (ES), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in both serum and pleural effusion of lung cancer patients.@*METHODS@#Levels of ES, VEGF and CEA in 52 malignant pleural effusion due to lung cancer and 50 patients with non-malignant disease were measured by using sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and microparticle enzyme immunoassay.@*RESULTS@#The ES, VEGF and CEA levels in pleural effusion and serum, and their ratio (F/S) were higher in lung cancer group than that in benign group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The diagnostic efficiency of ES+VEGF for lung cancer was superior to either single detection. The diagnostic efficiency of ES+VEGF+CEA was superior to either ES+VEGF or ES+CEA.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results suggest that ES, VEGF and CEA might be useful in the differentiation between benign and malignant pleural effusion due to lung cancer. In comparison with either single determination of concentration in serum or pleural fluid, the combined detection of two or three markers is of important clinical significance in the diagnosis of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Early Detection of Cancer , Endostatins , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Pleura , Chemistry , Pleural Effusion , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4211-4216, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333584

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Glioma-induced edema is considered as one of the most pathological characteristics of glioma and a significant source of morbidity and mortality. New strategies are needed for the treatment of peritumoral edema in glioma. Endostatin has been proven to be beneficial as an anti-angiogenic agent in experimental gliomas, but the effects are unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of endostatin on C6 glioma-induced edema.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Tumorigenic mice were established by subcutaneous injection of three glioma cell lines, C6-null cells and stable transfected-C6 cells overexpressing mock vector (C6-mock cells) and endostatin (C6-endo cells). Endostatin expression in xenograft C6 glioma was determined by immunostaining and Western blotting. Glioma-induced edema and tumor vessel permeability were assayed. The effect of endostatin on vascular enodothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in vivo was analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The number of vesiculo-vascuolar organelles (VVOs) formed in tumor endothelia was calculated using electron microscopy. Data were analyzed by using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Dunnett's post hoc test for multiple comparisons to the control groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overexpression of endostatin (C6-endo cells) significantly suppressed tumor growth and reduced tumor edema and vessel permeability. ELISA analysis showed that the level of VEGF protein was markedly decreased in tumor from C6-endo cells compared with tumor from C6-null cells and C6-mock cells. Similar results were obtained by Q-PCR. Furthermore, the number of VVOs observed in tumor from C6-endo mice was significantly reduced compared with tumor from C6-null cells or C6-mock cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our data provide primary evidence that endostatin reduces glioma-induced edema and vascular permeability. Using endostatin may be an effective strategy for treating glioma edema.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Edema , Drug Therapy , Endostatins , Therapeutic Uses , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Glioma , Drug Therapy , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rats , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4299-4303, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333570

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Antiangiogenesis is a promising field of cancer therapy. Endostar, a novel recombinant human endostatin, is one of the few approved drugs acting as angiogenesis inhibitors of cancer in China. However, there are few clinical studies about Endostar in gastrointestinal cancer. This pilot study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of Endostar and chemotherapy in patients with metastatic colorectal and gastric cancers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2007 to October 2009, 23 patients were enrolled. Patients received Endostar intravenously at a dose of 15 mg daily from day 1 to 14 and day 1 to 7 when combined with 3- and 2-week chemotherapy regimens, respectively, which were determined according to patients' previous chemotherapy history. Treatment was repeated until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or patients' refusal.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven, six and ten patients received Endostar as first-, second- and third-line therapy, respectively. A total of 75 cycles were administered. Twenty-one patients were assessable for responses. The overall response rate and disease control rate were 19.0% and 47.6%, respectively. All the four partial responses were among patients receiving Endostar as first-line therapy, whose response rate was 57.1%. The median time to progression and overall survival were 2.6 months (95%CI, 2.0 - 3.2 months) and 10.3 months (95%CI, 3.9 - 16.7 months), respectively. Toxicity was tolerable, with grade 3-4 toxicities observed for leucopenia (30.4%), neutropenia (34.8%), thrombocytopenia (17.4%) and anemia (13.0%). Three patients (13.0%) encountered transient sinus bradycardia with spontaneous remission.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Endostar combined with chemotherapy is well-tolerated in patients with metastatic colorectal and gastric cancers, and it is relatively effective as a first-line therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Colorectal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Endostatins , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome
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