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Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(2): e8616, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055497


Previous research has shown that suppression of miR-383 can prevent inflammation of the endothelium, as well as postpone the development of atherosclerosis. However, the role of miR-383 in endothelial cell apoptosis in diabetes remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the function of miR-383 in high glucose-induced apoptosis and oxidative stress in endothelial cells. A series of experiments involving qualitative polymerase chain reaction, cell transfection, luciferase assay, assessment of cell death, detection of catalase and superoxide dismutase concentrations, detection of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and western blot analysis were performed in this study. We found that miR-383 expression was promoted, while NAD+-dependent deacetylase and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) expressions were suppressed in the endothelium of the aorta in db/db mice as well as in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, which were treated with high glucose (HG). Increased expression of miR-383 decreased expression of SIRT1, while suppression of miR-383 promoted expression of SIRT1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Furthermore, suppression of miR-383 following transfection with miR-383 suppressor repressed cell death and generation of ROS in HUVECs. SIRT1 knockdown by siRNA-SIRT1 reversed the suppressive effect of miR-383 inhibition on ROS production and cell apoptosis induced by HG treatment. Overall, the findings of our research suggested that suppression of miR-383 repressed oxidative stress and reinforced the activity of endothelial cells by upregulation of SIRT1 in db/db mice, and targeting miR-383 might be promising for effective treatment of diabetes.

Animals , Male , Rabbits , Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , MicroRNAs/antagonists & inhibitors , Sirtuin 1/metabolism , Glucose/pharmacology , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Endothelium, Vascular/physiology , Signal Transduction , Cells, Cultured , Mice, Inbred C57BL
Biol. Res ; 52: 22, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011424


BACKGROUND: Tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a vital role in determining the outcomes of radiotherapy. As an important component of TME, vascular endothelial cells are involved in the perivascular resistance niche (PVRN), which is formed by inflammation or cytokine production induced by ionizing radiation (IR). Protein kinase CK2 is a constitutively active serine/threonine kinase which plays a vital role in cell proliferation and inflammation. In this study, we investigated the potential role of CK2 in PVRN after IR exposure. RESULT: Specific CK2 inhibitors, Quinalizarin and CX-4945, were employed to effectively suppressed the kinase activity of CK2 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) without affecting their viability. Results showing that conditioned medium from IR-exposed HUVECs increased cell viability of A549 and H460 cells, and the pretreatment of CK2 inhibitors slowed down such increment. The secretion of IL-8 and IL-6 in HUVECs was induced after exposure with IR, but significantly inhibited by the addition of CK2 inhibitors. Furthermore, IR exposure elevated the nuclear phosphorylated factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 expression in HUVECs, which was a master factor regulating cytokine production. But when pretreated with CK2 inhibitors, such elevation was significantly suppressed. CONCLUSION: This study indicated that protein kinase CK2 is involved in the key process of the IR induced perivascular resistant niche, namely cytokine production, by endothelial cells, which finally led to radioresistance of non-small cell lung cancer cells. Thus, the inhibition of CK2 may be a promising way to improve the outcomes of radiation in nonsmall cell lung cancer cells.

Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/radiotherapy , Endothelial Cells/radiation effects , Casein Kinase II/antagonists & inhibitors , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Blotting, Western , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Anthraquinones/pharmacology , Naphthyridines/pharmacology
Cad. saúde pública ; 31(3): 607-619, 03/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-744832


Este estudo analisa as conexões entre saúde, direitos, legislação e políticas públicas a partir da pesquisa documental realizada no âmbito federal e nos estados do Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná e São Paulo, acerca das garantias legais das mulheres e seus filhos que vivem no cárcere. Busca instrumentalizar uma atuação garantista dos agentes públicos e dar visibilidade à problemática, diante das extremas vulnerabilidades e invisibilidade jurídica e administrativa da questão. Foram identificadas 33 normas legais, com pontos de tensão, como a possibilidade de prisão domiciliar e as disparidades quanto a prazos e condições de permanência das crianças no sistema penitenciário. A garantia legal constitucional do direito à amamentação é refletida nas regulamentações identificadas. Mas constatam-se ausências de outros aspectos relativos à maternidade na prisão, que se traduzem em dupla penalidade às mulheres, arbitrariamente estendida aos seus filhos. É necessária a ampliação e efetivação da regulamentação existente para prevenir e coibir as violações de direitos apontadas.

This study analyzes the links between health, rights, legislation, and public policies based on document research on legal safeguards for women and their children residing in prison. The research was conducted at the Federal level and in four States of Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná, and São Paulo. The study aims to back measures by public agencies to guarantee such rights and to raise awareness of the problem, given the extreme vulnerability of women inmates and their children and the issue's legal and administrative invisibility. The authors identified 33 different legal provisions as points of tension, such as the possibility of house arrest and disparities in the terms and conditions for children to remain inside the prison system. Various provisions cite the Constitutional guarantee of women inmates' right to breastfeed in prison. Meanwhile, the study found gaps in other issues pertaining to motherhood in prison, expressed as dual incarceration (imprisonment arbitrarily extended to their children). It is necessary to expand and enforce the existing legislation to prevent such violations of rights.

Este estudio analiza las conexiones entre la salud, derechos humanos, legislación y políticas públicas, partiendo de una investigación documental, realizada a nivel federal y en los estados de Río Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná y São Paulo, sobre las garantías jurídicas de las mujeres presas y sus hijos. El estudio pretende instrumentalizar una actuación garantista de los agentes públicos y dar visibilidad a esta problemática, frente a la extrema vulnerabilidad e invisibilidad jurídica y administrativa existente. Se identificaron 33 normas legales, con puntos de tensión, como la posibilidad de arresto domiciliario y disparidades en cuanto a los términos y condiciones de la estancia de los niños en el sistema penitenciario. La garantía constitucional del derecho a la lactancia materna se refleja en las regulaciones identificadas. No obstante, hay ausencias de otros aspectos de la maternidad en la cárcel, que se traduce en una doble pena para las mujeres, extendida arbitrariamente a sus hijos. Es necesaria la ampliación y ejecución efectiva de las regulación existente para prevenir y frenar las violaciones de los derechos.

Animals , Humans , Mice , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/chemistry , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Adenoviridae/metabolism , Biomechanical Phenomena , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/chemistry , /metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Phosphorylation , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Stress, Mechanical
Braz. dent. j ; 25(5): 435-441, Sep-Oct/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731060


This study compared the physicochemical properties and interfacial adaptation to canal walls of Endo-CPM-Sealer, Sealapex and Activ GP with the well-established AH Plus sealer. The following analyses were performed: radiopacity, pH variation and solubility using samples of each material and scanning electron microscopy of root-filled bovine incisors to evaluate the interfacial adaptation. Data were analyzed by the parametric and no-parametric tests (α=0.05). All materials were in accordance with the ANSI/ADA requirements for radiopacity. Endo-CPM-Sealer presented the lowest radiopacity values and AH Plus was the most radiopaque sealer (p=0.0001). Except for ActiV GP, which was acidic, all other sealers had basic chemical nature and released hydroxyl ions. Regarding solubility, all materials met the ANSI/ADA recommendations, with no statistically significant difference between the sealers (p=0.0834). AH Plus presented the best adaptation to canal walls in the middle (p=0.0023) and apical (p=0.0012) thirds, while the sealers Activ GP and Endo-CPM-Sealer had poor adaptation to the canal walls. All sealers, except for ActiV GP, were alkaline and all of them fulfilled the ANSI/ADA requirements for radiopacity and solubility. Regarding the interfacial adaptation, AH Plus was superior to the others considering the adaptation to the bovine root canal walls.

Este estudo comparou as propriedades físico-químicas e a adaptação interfacial às paredes do canal dos cimentos Endo-CPM-Sealer, Sealapex e Activ GP com o bem estabelecido cimento AH Plus. As seguintes análises foram realizadas: radiopacidade, variação de pH e de solubilidade utilizando amostras de cada material, e microscopia eletrônica de varredura utilizando incisivos bovinos obturados para avaliar a adaptação interfacial. Os dados foram analisados utilizando testes paramétricos e não-paramétricos (α=0,05). Todos os materiais estavam de acordo com os requerimentos da ANSI/ADA para radiopacidade, sendo que o Endo-CPM-Sealer apresentou os menores valores de radiopacidade e o AH Plus foi o cimento mais radiopaco (p=0,0001). Exceto o Activ GP, que foi ácido, todos os outros cimentos apresentaram natureza química básica e liberaram íons hidroxila. Com relação à solubilidade, todos os materiais estavam de acordo com as recomendações da ANSI /ADA, sem diferença significante entre os cimentos (p=0,0834). O AH Plus apresentou a melhor adaptação às paredes do canal nos terços médio (p=0,0023) e apical (p=0,0012), enquanto que os cimentos Activ GP e Endo-CPM-Sealer apresentaram uma pobre adaptação às paredes do canal. Em conclusão, todos os cimentos, exceto o Activ GP, foram alcalinos e todos preencheram os requerimentos da ANSI/ADA para radiopacidade e solubilidade. Com relação à adaptação interfacial, o AH Plus foi superior aos demais para adaptação às paredes do canal radicular de incisivos bovinos.

Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Dextrans/pharmacology , Growth Inhibitors/pharmacology , Tumor Cells, Cultured/drug effects , Tumor Cells, Cultured/pathology , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Culture Media, Conditioned/pharmacology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Dextrans/chemistry , Dextrans/therapeutic use , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects , Endothelium, Vascular/physiology , Growth Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Necrosis , Phenylacetates/pharmacology , Phenylacetates/therapeutic use , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays/statistics & numerical data
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 48(spe): 45-52, 08/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-731291


Objective To explore beliefs, values and practices related to the use of medicinal plants among low-income black families. Method The research method was ethnography and the participant observation process was done in a low-income community in the peripheral area of the City of São Paulo. Twenty black women were interviewed. Results Two cultural sub-themes, I do use medicines that I learned to make with my mother and with religious practitioners to care for diseases and Home medicines are to treat problems that are not serious, and the cultural theme I do use home medicines to treat simple diseases because I always have them at my disposal, they are free and I don’t need a medical prescription represent beliefs, values, and practices related to the use of medicinal plants among low-income black families. Conclusion The development of such practices, which can hide ethnic and social vulnerability, reveals the resilience of low-income black women in the process of confronting problems during the health-illness process. .

Objetivo Explorar las creencias, valores y prácticas sobre el uso de las plantas medicinales entre las familias negras de bajos ingresos. Método El método de investigación fue la etnografía y el proceso de observación participante fue desarrollado en una comunidad de bajos ingresos en las afueras de la Ciudad de São Paulo. Se entrevistó a veinte mujeres negras. Resultados Dos subtemas culturales Uso remedios que aprendí a hacer con mi madre y con los religiosos para cuidar de enfermedades y Remedios caseros se utilizan para resolver problemas que no son graves y el tema cultural Uso remedio casero para resolver enfermedades simples porque tengo todo lo que necesito, es gratuito y no necesita una receta médica simbolizam las prácticas de las mujeres. Conclusión Estas prácticas, que pueden estar enmascarando vulnerabilidades étnicas y sociales, ponen de manifiesto la resiliencia de las mujeres negras de bajos ingresos en el confrontamiento de los problemas del proceso salud-enfermedad. .

Objetivo Explorar crenças, valores e práticas relativas ao uso das plantas medicinais entre famílias negras de baixa renda. Método Pesquisa etnográfica cujo processo de observação participante foi desenvolvido em uma comunidade de baixa renda da periferia da Cidade de São Paulo. Vinte mulheres negras foram entrevistadas. Resultados Dois subtemas culturais, Uso remédios que aprendi a fazer com minha mãe e com os religiosos para cuidar das doenças e Remédios caseiros servem para resolver problemas que não são graves, e o tema cultural Uso remédio caseiro para resolver doenças simples, pois tenho sempre que preciso, é de graça e não precisa de receita médica representam as crenças, valores e práticas relativos ao uso das plantas medicinais entre famílias negras de baixa renda. Conclusão O desenvolvimento dessas práticas, que pode estar mascarando vulnerabilidades étnicas e sociais, revela a resiliência das mulheres negras de baixa renda no enfrentamento dos problemas que encontram no processo saúde-enfermidade. .

Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects , Sulindac/analogs & derivatives , Sulindac/pharmacology , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Cell Cycle/drug effects , Cell Division/drug effects , Cell Line , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Endothelium, Vascular/ultrastructure , Microscopy, Electron , Umbilical Veins
J. bras. nefrol ; 36(2): 123-131, Apr-Jun/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-714673


Introdução: A disfunção endotelial é importante na patogênese da doença cardiovascular (DCV) relacionada à doença renal crônica (DRC). Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) é uma quimiocina que mobiliza células endoteliais progenitoras (EPC) e em conjunto com a interleucina-8 (IL-8) podem ser usadas como marcadores de reparo e lesão tecidual. Objetivo: Neste trabalho, foi investigado o efeito do meio urêmico na expressão de SDF-1 e IL-8 in vivo e in vitro. Métodos: A inflamação sistêmica foi avaliada por meio da proteína C-reativa (PCR) e interleucina-6 (IL-6). IL-8 e SDF-1 foram avaliados por ELISA como marcadores de disfunção endotelial e reparo tecidual, respectivamente. Os estudos in vitro foram realizados em células endoteliais umbilicais humanas (HUVEC) expostas ao meio urêmico ou saudável. Resultados: Foram incluídos nesse estudo 26 pacientes em hemodiálise (HD) (17 ± 3 meses em diálise, 52 ± 2 anos, 38% homens e 11% diabéticos). As concentrações séricas de PCR, IL-6, SDF-1 e IL-8 foram 4,9 ± 4,8 mg/ml, 6,7 ± 8,1 pg/ml, 2625,9 ± 1288,6 pg/ml e 128,2 ± 206,2 pg/ml, respectivamente. Houve correlação positiva entre PCR e IL-6 (ρ = 0,57; p < 0,005) e entre SDF-1 e IL-8 (ρ = 0,45; p < 0,05). Os resultados in vitro demonstraram que a expressão de SDF-1 pelas HUVEC após 6 horas de tratamento com meio urêmico é menor comparada ao tratamento com meio saudável (p < 0,05). Após 12 horas de tratamento, ocorreu aumento de IL-8 quando as HUVECs foram expostas ao meio urêmico (p < 0,005). Conclusão: Sugerimos que SDF-1 e IL-8 nos pacientes em HD podem ser usados para mensurar a extensão do dano e consequente ativação vascular na uremia. .

Introduction: Endothelial dysfunction is important in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) related to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is a chemokine which mobilizes endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and together with interleukin-8 (IL-8) may be used as markers of tissue injury and repair. Objective: This study investigated in vivo and in vitro the effect of uremic media on SDF-1 and IL-8 expression. Methods: Systemic inflammation was assessed by C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). IL-8 and SDF-1 were measured as markers of endothelial dysfunction and tissue repair, respectively, by ELISA. In vitro studies were performed on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) exposed to healthy or uremic media. Results: The study included 26 hemodialysis (HD) patients (17 ± 3 months on dialysis, 52 ± 2 years, 38% men and 11% diabetic). Serum concentrations of CRP, IL-6, SDF-1 and IL-8 were 4.9 ± 4.8 mg/ml, 6.7 ± 8.1 pg/ml, 2625.9 ± 1288.6 pg/ml and 128.2 ± 206.2 pg/ml, respectively. There was a positive correlation between CRP and IL-6 (ρ = 0.57, p < 0.005) and between SDF-1 and IL-8 (ρ = 0.45, p < 0.05). In vitro results showed that after 6 hours treatment, SDF-1 expression by HUVEC treated with uremic media is lower compared to cells treated with healthy media (p < 0.05). After 12 hours of treatment there was an increase in IL-8 when HUVECs were exposed to uremic media (p < 0.005). Conclusion: We suggest that SDF-1 and IL-8 in HD patients can be used to measure the extent of damage and subsequent vascular activation in uremia. .

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , /biosynthesis , /biosynthesis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/blood , Uremia/blood , Blood Physiological Phenomena , Cells, Cultured , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Renal Dialysis , Uremia/therapy
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95302


OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of close contact between the stent and the graft on the induction of endothelial covering on the stent graft placed over an aneurysm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Saccular abdominal aortic aneurysms were made with Dacron patch in eight dogs. The stent graft consisted of an inner stent, a expanded polytetrafluoroethylene graft, and an outer stent. After sacrificing the animals, the aortas with an embedded stent graft were excised. The aortas were inspected grossly and evaluated microscopically. RESULTS: The animals were sacrificed at two (n = 3), six (n = 3), and eight months (n = 2) after endovascular repair. In two dogs, the aortic lumen was occluded at two months after the placement. On gross inspection of specimens from the other six dogs with a patent aortic lumen, stent grafts placed over the normal aortic wall were covered by glossy white neointima, whereas, stent grafts placed over the aneurysmal aortic wall were covered by brownish neointima. On microscopic inspection, stent grafts placed over the normal aortic wall were covered by thin neointima (0.27 +/- 0.05 mm, mean +/- standard deviation) with an endothelial layer, and stent grafts placed over the aneurysmal aortic wall were covered by thick neointima (0.62 +/- 0.17 mm) without any endothelial lining. Transgraft cell migration at the normal aortic wall was more active than that at the aneurysmal aortic wall. CONCLUSION: Close contact between the stent and the graft, which was achieved with stent grafts with endo-exo-skeleton, could not enhance endothelial covering on the stent graft placed over the aneurysms.

Animals , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/pathology , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Disease Models, Animal , Dogs , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152457


Non healing chronic wounds are difficult to treat in patients with diabetes and can result in severe medical problems for these patients and for society. Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been adopted to treat intractable chronic wounds and has been reported to be effective. However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of this treatment have not been elucidated. To assess the vasculogenic effect of NPWT, we evaluated the systemic mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) during NPWT. Twenty-two of 29 consecutive patients who presented at the clinic of Seoul National Universty Hospital between December 2009 and November 2010 who underwent NPWT for diabetic foot infections or skin ulcers were included in this study. Peripheral blood samples were taken before NPWT (pre-NPWT) and 7-14 days after the initiation of NPWT (during-NPWT). Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis showed that the number of cells in EPC-enriched fractions increased after NPWT, and the numbers of EPC colony forming units (CFUs) significantly increased during NPWT. We believe that NPWT is useful for treating patients with diabetic foot infections and skin ulcers, especially when these conditions are accompanied by peripheral arterial insufficiency. The systemic mobilization of EPCs during NPWT may be a mechanism for healing intractable wounds in diabetic patients with foot infections or skin defects via the formation of increased granulation tissue with numerous small blood vessels.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Child , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Cytokines/genetics , Diabetic Foot/surgery , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Stem Cells/metabolism
Biocell ; 36(3): 97-103, Dec. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-694709


Devices for the rotational culture of cells and the study of biological reactions have been widely applied in tissue engineering. However, there are few reports exploring the effects of rotational culture on cell morphology, nitric oxide (NO) production, and cell cycle of the endothelial cells from human umbilical vein on the stent surface. This study focuses on these parameters after the cells are seeded on the stents. Results showed that covering of stents by endothelial cells was improved by rotational culture. NO production decreased within 24 h in both rotational and static culture groups. In addition, rotational culture significantly increased NO production by 37.9% at 36 h and 28.9% at 48 h compared with static culture. Flow cytometry showed that the cell cycle was not obviously influenced by rotational culture. Results indicate that rotational culture may be helpful for preparation of cell-seeded vascular grafts and intravascular stents, which are expected to be the most frequently implanted materials in the future.

Humans , Cell Cycle , Endothelial Cells/cytology , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Tissue Engineering/methods , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Division , Cells, Cultured , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Models, Statistical , Time Factors
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 107(6): 728-734, set. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-649486


An increased plasma concentration of von Willebrand factor (vWF) is detected in individuals with many infectious diseases and is accepted as a marker of endothelium activation and prothrombotic condition. To determine whether ExoU, a Pseudomonas aeruginosa cytotoxin with proinflammatory activity, enhances the release of vWF, microvascular endothelial cells were infected with the ExoU-producing PA103 P. aeruginosa strain or an exoU-deficient mutant. Significantly increased vWF concentrations were detected in conditioned medium and subendothelial extracellular matrix from cultures infected with the wild-type bacteria, as determined by enzyme-linked immunoassays. PA103-infected cells also released higher concentrations of procoagulant microparticles containing increased amounts of membrane-associated vWF, as determined by flow cytometric analyses of cell culture supernatants. Both flow cytometry and confocal microscopy showed that increased amounts of vWF were associated with cytoplasmic membranes from cells infected with the ExoU-producing bacteria. PA103-infected cultures exposed to platelet suspensions exhibited increased percentages of cells with platelet adhesion. Because no modulation of the vWF mRNA levels was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assays in PA103-infected cells, ExoU is likely to have induced the release of vWF from cytoplasmic stores rather than vWF gene transcription. Such release is likely to modify the thromboresistance of microvascular endothelial cells.

Humans , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/microbiology , Endothelium, Vascular/microbiology , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolism , von Willebrand Factor/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells/cytology , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Platelet Adhesiveness
West Indian med. j ; 60(1): 13-18, Jan. 2011. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-672710


OBJECTIVES: In this study, we have examined the possibility that there is altered vascular reactivity due to the direct interaction between parasitized erythrocytes and vascular endothelial cells. METHOD: Ring preparations of rat aorta were studied using standard in vitro techniques, the rings were mounted in 20 ml organ baths containing PSS under an initial load of 1g, maintained at 37ºC atpH 7.4 and isometric contractions were recorded electronically. Rings were allowed 90 minutes to equilibrate before the commencement of the various protocols: * Dose responses to phenylephrine (PE) and other vasoactive agents (high-K+) * Acetylcholine (Ach) -induced relaxation in phenylephrine-contracted rings (pre-contraction was induced by EC70 concentration of phenylephrine) * Ach-induced relaxation in PE-precontracted, endothelium-denuded rings * Also, relaxation responses to acetylcholine was investigated through application ofa single (EC7o) concentration of acetylcholine in rings exposed to blood with varying concentrations and dilutions ofparasitized blood and varying durations ofexposure. RESULTS: Incubation with parasitized blood resulted in a significant increase in maximum contractile response to phenylephrine in the rat aortic rings (p < 0.05) but no effect to the base line. Analysis of the whole dose-response curve (using paired t-test) showed a significant left-ward shift following the addition of parasitized blood (p < 0.05), EC70 (M) values increasing from 7 x 10-7 to 5 x 10-6M. Following exposure to parasitized blood, the magnitude ofAch-induced relaxation responses reduced signi ficantlyfrom 73 ± 3.6 to 24.75 ± 7.25% in rat aortic rings (p < 0.05). Ach relaxations were significantly enhanced (p < 0.05) at 5-minute exposure; however at longer durations, Ach-relaxations were variable and inconsistent. The lesser the dilution, due to increased volume of parasitized blood, the lesser the relaxation response. Following endothelium removal, there was a marked impairment in endothelium-dependent relaxation responses to ACh in both the control and incubated vessels. Exposure to parasitized blood did not significantly alter contractile responses induced by potassium depolarization. CONCLUSIONS: This gives evidence in support of an endothelium-dependent action of malaria parasites as vascular effects ofmalaria parasites are mediated, at least in part, via endothelium-dependent mechanism(s).

OBJETIVO: En este estudio, hemos examinado la posibilidad de que exista una reactividad vascular alterada debido a la interacción directa entre los eritrocitos parasitados y las células endoteliales vasculares. MÉTODO: Se estudiaron preparaciones de anillo de aorta de rata usando técnicas in vitro estándar. Los anillos fueron montados en baños de órgano de 20 ml que contenían solución salina fisiológica (SSF) con una carga inicial de 1g, mantenida a 37ºC con un pH de 7.4, y las contracciones isométricas fueron registradas electrónicamente. A los anillos se les dio un tiempo de 90 minutos para permitir que se equilibraran, antes del comienzo de los varios protocolos. * Respuestas a la dosis de fenilefrina (FE) y otros agentes vasoactivos (K+ alto) * Relajación inducida mediante acetilcolina (Ac) en los anillos contraídos con fenilefrina (la precontracción fue inducida mediante una concentración EC70 de fenilefrina) * Relajación inducida mediante Ac en anillos despojados de endotelio. Pre-contraídos con FE. * También, se investigaron las respuestas de relajación a la acetilcolina a través de la aplicación de una sola concentración (EC70) de acetilcolina en anillos expuestos a la sangre con diversas concentraciones y diluciones de sangre parasitada y distintas duraciones de exposición. RESULTADOS: La incubación con sangre parasitada tuvo como resultado un aumento significativo en la respuesta contráctil máxima a la fenilefrina en los anillos aórticos de las ratas (p < 0.05) pero ningún efecto a la línea de base. El análisis de toda la curva de respuesta a la dosis (usando la prueba t pareada) mostró un desplazamiento significativo hacia la izquierda tras la adición de sangre parasitada (p < 0.05), EC70 (M), aumentado los valores de 7 x 10-7 a 5 x 10-6M. Tras la exposición a la sangre parasitada, la magnitud de las respuestas a la relajación inducida por Ac se redujo significativamente de 73 ± 3.6 a 24.75 ± 7.25% en los anillos aórticos de ratas (p < 0.05). Las relajaciones por Ac mejoraron significativamente (p < 0.05) a los 5 minutos de exposición. Sin embargo, a duraciones más largas, las relajaciones por Ac fueron variables e inconstantes. Mientras menor era la dilución, debido al aumento de volumen de la sangre parasitada, menor era la respuesta de relajación. Una vez retirado el endotelio, se producía un marcado deterioro en las respuestas de relajación dependiente del endotelio, ante el Ac, tanto en los recipientes de control como en los encubados. La exposición a la sangre parasitada no alteró de manera significativa las respuestas contráctiles inducidas por la despolarización del potasio. CONCLUSIONES: Esto provee evidencias en apoyo a una acción dependiente del epitelio, por parte de los parásitos de la malaria, por cuanto los efectos vasculares de los parásitos de la malaria se hallan mediados, al menos en parte, por los mecanismos dependientes del endotelio.

Animals , Rats , Aorta/parasitology , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Endothelium, Vascular/parasitology , Erythrocytes/parasitology , Malaria, Falciparum/drug therapy , Acetylcholine/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Parasitemia/drug therapy , Phenylephrine/pharmacology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123276


The purpose of this study is to determine 1) whether morphine postconditiong (MPostC) can attenuate the intercellular adhesion molecules-1 (ICAM-1) expression after reoxygenation injury and 2) the subtype(s) of the opioid receptors (ORs) that are involved with MPostC. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were subjected to 6 hr anoxia followed by 12 hr reoxygenation. Three morphine concentrations (0.3, 3, 30 microM) were used to evaluate the protective effect of MPostC. We also investigated blockading the OR subtypes' effects on MPostC by using three antagonists (a micro-OR antagonist naloxone, a kappa-OR antagonist nor-binaltorphimine, and a delta-OR antagonist naltrindole) and the inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC) chelerythrine. As results, the ICAM-1 expression was significantly reduced in the MPostC (3, 30 microM) groups compared to the control group at 1, 6, 9, and 12 hours reoxygenation time. As a consequence, neutrophil adhesion was also decreased after MPostC. These effects were abolished by coadministering chelerythrine, nor-binaltorphimine or naltrindole, but not with naloxone. In conclusion, it is assumed that MPostC could attenuate the expression of ICAM-1 on endothelial cells during reoxygenation via the kappa and delta-OR (opioid receptor)-specific pathway, and this also involves a PKC-dependent pathway.

Animals , Benzophenanthridines/pharmacology , Endothelial Cells/cytology , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics , Morphine/pharmacology , Naloxone/pharmacology , Naltrexone/analogs & derivatives , Narcotic Antagonists/pharmacology , Narcotics/pharmacology , Protein Isoforms/metabolism , Protein Kinase C/antagonists & inhibitors , Receptors, Opioid/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology , Umbilical Veins/cytology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188468


A large reservoir of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is available in the colon and this could promote colon cancer metastasis by enhancing tumor cell adhesion, intravasation, and extravasation. Furthermore, adhesion molecules like ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and E-selectin play important roles in the adhesion of tumor cells to endothelium. This study was designed to determine whether morphine can attenuate the expressions of adhesion molecules up-regulated by the supernatant of LPS-stimulated HCT 116 colon cancer cells (LPS-Sup). In this study, we divided to three groups by cell-growth medium of human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs): the control group was incubated in growth factor-free endothelial medium, the Sup group was incubated in the supernatant of HCT 116 cells (Sup), and the LPS-Sup group was incubated in LPS-Sup. To observe effect of morphine to the adhesion molecules expressions in the LPS-Sup group, we co-treated morphine with LPS or added it to LPS-Sup. Adhesion molecule expressions on HUVECs in all three groups were measured during incubation period. Consquentially, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and E-selectin expressions on HUVECs were significantly lower when morphine was co-treated with LPS than not co-treated. Thus, we suggest that morphine affects the expressions of adhesion molecules primarily by attenuating LPS stimuli on tumor cells.

Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival/drug effects , Colonic Neoplasms/metabolism , E-Selectin/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Morphine/pharmacology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187242


This study examined whether propofol and aminophylline affect the mobilization of intracellular calcium in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Intracellular calcium was measured using laser scanning confocal microscopy. Cultured and serum-starved cells on round coverslips were incubated with propofol or aminophylline for 30 min, and then stimulated with lysophosphatidic acid, propofol and aminophylline. The results were expressed as relative fluorescence intensity and fold stimulation. Propofol decreased the concentration of intracellular calcium, whereas aminophylline caused increased mobilization of intracellular calcium in a concentration-dependent manner. Propofol suppressed the lysophosphatidic acid-induced mobilization of intracellular calcium in a concentration-dependent manner. Propofol further prevented the aminophylline-induced increase of intracellular calcium at clinically relevant concentrations. However, aminophylline reversed the inhibitory effect of propofol on the elevation of intracellular calcium by lysophosphatidic acid. Our results suggest that propofol and aminophylline antagonize each other on the mobilization of intracellular calcium in human umbilical vein endothelial cells at clinically relevant concentrations. Serious consideration should be given to how this interaction affects mobilization of intracellular calcium when these two drugs are used together.

Aminophylline/antagonists & inhibitors , Anesthetics, Intravenous/antagonists & inhibitors , Bronchodilator Agents/antagonists & inhibitors , Calcium/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Humans , Lysophospholipids/pharmacology , Microscopy, Confocal , Propofol/antagonists & inhibitors , Umbilical Veins/cytology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77900


Fluid shear stress plays a critical role in vascular health and disease. While protein kinase A (PKA) has been implicated in shear-stimulated signaling events in endothelial cells, it remains unclear whether and how PKA is stimulated in response to shear stress. This issue was addressed in the present study by monitoring the phosphorylation of endogenous substrates of PKA. Shear stress stimulated the phosphorylation of cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB) in a PKA-dependent manner. Western blot analysis using the antibody reactive against the consensus motif of PKA substrates detected two proteins, P135 and P50, whose phosphorylation was increased by shear stress. The phosphorylation of P135 was blocked by a PKA inhibitor, H89, but not by a phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor, wortmannin. Expression of a constitutively active PKA subunit stimulated P135 phosphorylation, supporting the potential of P135 as a PKA substrate. P135 was identified as endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) by immunoprecipitation study. PKA appeared to mediate shear stress-stimulated eNOS activation. Shear stress stimulated intracellular translocation of PKA activity from 'soluble' to 'particulate' fractions without involving cellular cAMP increase. Taken together, this study suggests that shear stress stimulates PKA-dependent phosphorylation of target proteins including eNOS, probably by enhancing intracellular site-specific interactions between protein kinase and substrates.

Animals , Aorta, Thoracic/cytology , Blotting, Western , Cattle , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Extracts , Cells, Cultured , Comparative Study , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases/analysis , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/analysis , Phosphorylation , Precipitin Tests , Stress, Mechanical , Time Factors
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634284


In this work, blank polylactic acid (PLA) nanoparticles with unstained surface were prepared by the nano-deposition method. On the basis of the preparation, the effect of surface modification on brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) targeting was examined by in vivo experiments and fluorescence microscopy. The results showed that PLA nanoparticles are less toxic than PACA nanoparticles but their BMECs targeting is similar to PACA nanoparticles. The experiments suggest that drugs can be loaded onto the particles and become more stable through adsorption on the surface of PLA nanoparticles with high surface activity. The surface of PLA nanoparticles was obviously modified and the hydrophilicity was increased as well in the presence of non-ionic surfactants on PLA nanoparticles. As a targeting moiety, polysobate 80 (T-80) can facilitate BMECs targeting of PLA nanoparticles.

Brain/blood supply , Brain/drug effects , Capillaries/cytology , Capillary Permeability/drug effects , Drug Delivery Systems , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Lactic Acid/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred Strains , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Nanoparticles , Polymers/pharmacology
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 83(6): 488-497, dez. 2004. ilus, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-391858


OBJETIVO: Investigar os efeitos de baixas concentrações de LDL oxidada (LDL-ox) sobre a proliferação e a motilidade espontânea de células endoteliais de artérias coronárias humanas (CEACH) em cultura. MÉTODOS: Culturas de CEACH foram tratadas com baixas concentrações de LDL nativa (LDLn), isolada de plasma humano, e com LDL minimamente oxidada por diferentes métodos químicos, e os efeitos, comparados entre si. RESULTADOS: LDLn não apresentou efeitos deletérios sobre o endotélio em proliferação e na motilidade in vitro de CEACH, porém na mais alta concentração e por tempo mais prolongado inibiu a proliferação celular. As LDL-ox, quimicamente, pela espermina nonoato (ENO) e 3-morfolinosidnonimina (SIN-1) expressaram efeitos inibitórios significativos sobre a proliferação e a motilidade in vitro de CEACH proporcionais às maiores concentrações e graus de oxidação das LDL. CONCLUSÃO: LDL-ox apresenta efeito citotóxico, inibindo a proliferação e a motilidade espontânea de células endoteliais de artérias coronárias humanas em cultura, proporcionalmente à concentração e ao grau de oxidação da LDL, enquanto, LDL nativa é relativamente inócua.

Humans , Endothelial Cells , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Lipoproteins, LDL/pharmacology , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Coronary Vessels/cytology , Endothelial Cells/physiology , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL/physiology , Lipoproteins, LDL/metabolism , Cell Movement/physiology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634186


The effects of 3, 4-Dihydroxyacetophenone (3, 4-DHAP) on cytosolic free calcium [Ca2+]i in pulmonary artery endothelia (PAECs) and smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) during acute hypoxia were studied. Porcine pulmonary artery endothelial and smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) were cultured primarily, and they were divided into 4 groups: groups incubated under normoxia or hypoxia and those with or without treatment with 3,4-DHAP. The [Ca2+]i of both PAECs and PASMCs was measured by determining the fluorescence of fura 2 AM on spetrofluorometer. Our results showed that hypoxia caused significant elevation of [Ca2+]i, in both PAECs and PASMCs, 3,4-DHAP could attenuate the hypoxic elevation of [Ca2+]i only in PASMCs but not in PAECs. It is concluded that 3,4-DHAP decreases the hypoxic elevation of [Ca2+]i in PASMCs. This might contribute to its inhibitory effect on hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction.

Acetophenones/pharmacology , Calcium/metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/cytology , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/metabolism , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Pulmonary Artery/metabolism , Swine