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2.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(1): e173, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251678

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La insuficiencia venosa impacta en la calidad de vida de los pacientes y del sistema de salud de países poco desarrollados, donde las técnicas endovasculares tienen uso limitado por su alto costo, lo que favorece el amplio uso de los métodos quirúrgicos convencionales. Objetivo: Valorar la utilidad de la safeno-varicectomía como alternativa de tratamiento en Colombia para la enfermedad por várices. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo de corte transversal en 477 pacientes sometidos a stripping superior y/o flebo-extracción en un centro especializado para el manejo de patologías venosas en la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia, entre 2016 y 2018. Las variables estudiadas se dividieron en perioperatorias y posoperatorias, y sus valores se resumieron en las frecuencias absoluta y relativa. Resultados: El 70,4 por ciento de los pacientes correspondió al sexo femenino, el 48 por ciento tenía más de 51 años, y la mayoría se encontraba en sobrepeso (49,5 por ciento) y el 15,1 por ciento en obesidad. El procedimiento más realizado fue la extracción de la safena mayor más varicectomía (72,3 por ciento), principalmente del lado izquierdo (43,8 por ciento). La mayoría de los pacientes refirió dolor moderado y 92,7 por ciento tuvo adherencia a la media compresiva. La mejoría global y estética resultó satisfactoria en el 86,6 por ciento. El 64,7 por ciento reinició sus actividades diarias entre el primer y el tercer día; y el 72,5 por ciento tuvo incapacidad laboral entre 8 y 12 días. Conclusiones: La cirugía convencional tiene excelentes resultados clínicos con poca tasa de complicaciones, lo que puede ser una alternativa de manejo en países con recursos limitados(AU)


Introduction: Venous insufficiency impacts the quality of life of patients and the health system of less developed countries, where endovascular techniques are limitedly used, due to their high cost, which favors the wide usage of conventional surgical methods. Objective: To identify the usefulness of saphenous varicectomy as an alternative treatment in Colombia for varicose vein disease. Methods: An observational, descriptive and retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out with 477 patients undergoing superior stripping and/or phlebextraction in a specialized center for the management of venous pathologies in Medellín City, Colombia, between 2016 and 2018. The variables studied were divided into perioperative and postoperative ones, and their values ​​were summarized in absolute and relative frequencies. Results: 70.4 percent of the patients were female, 48 percent were over 51 years old, the majority were overweight (49.5 percent), and 15.1 percent were obese. The most performed procedure was extraction of the greater saphenous vein plus varicectomy (72.3 percent), mainly on the left side (43.8 percent). Most of the patients reported moderate pain and 92.7 percent had adherence to compression stocking. Overall and aesthetic improvement was satisfactory in 86.6 percent. 64.7 percent resumed their daily activities between the first and third days, and 72.5 percent had a work disability of 8-12 days. Conclusions: Conventional surgery showed excellent clinical outcomes with a low rate of complications, a reason why it can be a management alternative in countries with limited resources(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pathology , Venous Insufficiency , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endovascular Procedures , Obesity
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 421-426, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253955

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La mayoría de las lesiones de carótida cervical en nuestra institución se manejan por vía endovascular. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir los desenlaces del manejo de las lesiones de carótida cervical en un hospital de cuarto nivel en la ciudad de Cali, Colombia. Métodos. Estudio de series de casos, retrospectivo, descriptivo, en pacientes con trauma de carótida (penetrante y cerrado), admitidos en un centro de alta complejidad de la ciudad de Cali, en el periodo comprendido desde enero de 2018 hasta enero de 2020. Resultados. Se evaluaron 20 pacientes con lesión de carótida, de los cuales 90 % tenía trauma penetrante, en su mayoría por proyectil de arma de fuego. La zona más frecuentemente afectada fue la carótida interna (65 %) y el 40 % de los pacientes presentaban síntomas neurológicos al ingreso. Se realizó manejo endovascular en 13 pacientes, con un 75 % de éxito en el manejo endovascular al ingreso. La mortalidad general fue del 20 %, que en su mayoría estuvo relacionada con traumatismo en otros órganos. El 69 % de los pacientes quedaron sin secuelas neurológicas al alta y el 25 % con secuelas mínimas. Discusión. Se muestra una serie de casos con lesión de carótida donde, teniendo en cuenta las variables de mal pronóstico para hacer una selección adecuada de los pacientes candidatos a este tipo de terapia, el resultado del manejo endovascular fue exitoso


Introduction. Most cervical carotid injuries in our institution are managed by endovascular approach. The objective of this study was to describe the outcomes of the endovascular management of cervical carotid lesions in at a I Level Trauma Center in Cali, Colombia. Methods. Retrospective, descriptive case series study in patients with both penetrating and blunt carotid trauma who were admitted to a I Level Trauma Center between January 2018 and January 2020. Results. Twenty patients with carotid injury were evaluated, of which 90% had penetrating trauma, mostly from a firearm projectile. The most frequently affected area was the internal carotid (65%) and 40% of the patients had neurological symptoms on admission. Endovascular management was performed in 13 patients, with a 75% success rate in endovascular management on admission. Overall mortality was 20%, most of which was related to trauma to other organs; 69% of the patients were left without neurological sequelae at discharge and 25% with minimal sequelae.Discussion. We describe a case series of patients with cervical carotid injury, taking into account the variables of poor prognosis to make an adequate selection of patients for endovascular management, the result of endovascular management was successful


Subject(s)
Humans , Carotid Artery Injuries , Endovascular Procedures , Wounds and Injuries , Multiple Trauma , Angiography , Embolization, Therapeutic
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 366-371, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247574

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El aneurisma aórtico abdominal roto, tiene una mortalidad del 80 % al 90 %. Para su reparación existe una técnica abierta y otra endovascular, las cuales tienen diferencias entre sus beneficios y complicaciones. El método de elección en la actualidad para la corrección de esta alteración anatómica es endovascular, sin embargo, no es el más usado, porque no se cuenta todo el tiempo con el equipo humano de cirugía vascular para su realización. Caso clínico. Ingresa a urgencias un paciente en estado de shock de origen desconocido, con dolor abdominal de 24 horas de evolución. Se realiza una tomografía con contraste que demuestra un aneurisma aórtico abdominal infrarrenal roto. Debido a que no se contaba con el equipo de cirugía vascular, es llevado de urgencia a una corrección abierta que duró 153 minutos, con un sangrado intraoperatorio de 1754 cc. Fue dado de alta a los 12 días postoperatorios sin ninguna complicación. Discusión. La reparación endovascular del aneurisma aórtico abdominal roto es la mejor elección, ya que muestra mayores beneficios en comparación con la reparación abierta, sin embargo, no es el más utilizado, porque se necesita de un personal bien entrenado en cirugía endovascular, por lo que, dentro de la formación de los cirujanos generales, se tiene que incluir el aprendizaje de las técnicas abiertas


Introduction. The ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm has a mortality of 80% to 90%. There is an open and an endovascular techniques for its repair, which have differences between their benefits and complications. The method of choice for the correction of this anatomical alteration is endovascular; however, it is not the most frequently used, mainly because the vascular surgical team is not available all the time to perform it.Clinical case. A patient in a state of shock of unknown origin was admitted to the emergency room, with abdominal pain of 24 hours of evolution. A contrast-enhanced CT scan demonstrated a ruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Due to the lack of a vascular surgery team, the patient was rushed for an open surgery that lasted 153 minutes, with an intraoperative bleeding of 1754 cc. He was discharged 12 days after surgery without any complications.Discussion. Endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is the best choice, since it shows greater benefits compared to open repair. However, it is not the most widely used because it requires well-trained personnel in endovascular surgery. Therefore, learning of open techniques must be included in the training of general surgeons


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm , General Surgery , Aorta, Abdominal , Rupture , Endovascular Procedures
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 237-247, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223829

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La presión arterial sistólica puede ser un factor determinante para la toma de decisiones en el manejo de pacientes con trauma severo y hemorragia no compresible del torso. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el punto óptimo de presión arterial sistólica previo a la oclusión endovascular de aorta asociado con la mortalidad a las 24 horas. Métodos. Se realizó un análisis combinado de dos bases de datos de registro de REBOA, ABO-Trauma Registry y AAST-AORTA, que incluye pacientes de Norte América, Suramérica, Europa, Asia y África. Pacientes sin efecto hemodinámico con el uso del REBOA fueron excluidos. Se describieron las características demográficas, clínicas y de la colocación del REBOA en los pacientes que fallecieron en las primeras 24 horas. Se analizó la asociación entre la presión arterial sistólica previa a la oclusión aortica y la mortalidad a través de modelos de regresión logística y se evaluó el poder predictivo de la presión arterial sistólica en un intervalo entre 60 y 90 mmHg. Resultados. Fueron identificados 871 registros, pero solo 693 pacientes cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. El trauma cerrado se presentó en el 67,2 % de los pacientes y la severidad del trauma tuvo una mediana de ISS de 34 (RIQ: 25-45). La mediana de la presión arterial sistólica previa al REBOA fue de 61 mmHg (RIQ: 46-80). La mortalidad a las 24 horas fue del 34,6 %. La asociación entre la presión arterial sistólica pre-oclusión de la aorta y la mortalidad a las 24 horas tiene una capacidad predictiva de acuerdo con el área bajo la curva ROC para trauma cerrado de 0,64 (IC95% 0,59-0,70) y para trauma penetrante de 0,61 (IC95% 0,53-0,69). Se identificó que la presión arterial sistólica de 70 mmHg se asocia con un aumento por encima del 25 % de la mortalidad a las 24 horas. Discusión. La presión arterial sistólica de 70 mmHg en pacientes con trauma severo y hemorragia no compresible puede ser el punto crítico para la oclusión endovascular de aorta para mejorar la supervivencia de los pacientes, sin importar el mecanismo de trauma. Sin embargo, la presión arterial sistólica debe complementarse con otros factores clínicos para tomar la decisión oportuna


Introduction. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) can be a determining factor for decision-making in the management of patients with severe trauma and non-compressible torso bleeding (NTCH). The objective of this study was to determine the optimal SBP threshold value prior to endovascular occlusion of the aorta associated with 24-hour mortality.Methods. A combined analysis of two REBOA registry databases, ABO-Trauma Registry and AAST-AORTA, was performed, which includes patients from North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Patients without hemodynamic effect with the use of REBOA were excluded. Demographic, clinical, and REBOA placement characteristics were described in patients who died in the first 24 hours. The association between SBP prior to aortic occlusion and mortality was analyzed using logistic regression models and the predictive power of SBP was evaluated in an interval between 60 and 90 mmHg.Results. 871 records were identified, but only 693 patients met the inclusion criteria. Blunt trauma occurred in 67.2% of the patients and the severity of the trauma had a median ISS of 34 (IQR: 25-45). The median systolic blood pressure prior to REBOA was 61 mmHg (IQR: 46-80). The 24-hour mortality was 34.6%. The association between systolic blood pressure pre-occlusion of the aorta and mortality at 24 hours has a predictive capacity according to the area under the ROC curve for blunt trauma of 0.64 (95% CI: 0.59-0.70) and for penetrating trauma of 0.61 (95% CI: 0.53-0.69). A systolic blood pressure of 70 mmHg was found to be associated with an increase of over 25% in mortality at 24 hours. Discussion. SBP of 70 mmHg in patients with severe trauma and non-compressible hemorrhage may be the critical point for endovascular aortic occlusion to improve patient survival, regardless of the mechanism of trauma. However, systolic blood pressure must be supplemented with other clinical factors to make the timely decision


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta , Wounds and Injuries , Mortality , Balloon Occlusion , Hemorrhage
6.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e907, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289537

ABSTRACT

El diagnóstico temprano de las lesiones compresivas del nervio óptico adquiere cada vez mayor importancia. La descompresión precoz de este o del quiasma puede resultar una mejora significativa de la función visual, mientras que el diagnóstico erróneo puede ocasionar pérdida visual irreversible, disfunción neurológica o la muerte. Las causas de la compresión de la vía visual anterior son increíblemente variadas. Los meningiomas, los tumores hipofisarios y los aneurismas son las lesiones comúnmente más identificadas como causa de neuropatía óptica compresiva sin edema del disco. Presentamos una paciente femenina de 50 años de edad, quien se sometió a la cirugía de catarata congénita del ojo izquierdo, sin mejoría de la función visual, a lo que se sumó el empeoramiento inespecífico de la calidad visual. La psicofísica visual, la campimetría automatizada y la tomografía de coherencia óptica aportaron hallazgos sugestivos de compresión de la vía visual intracraneal. Se indicó imagen por resonancia magnética de cráneo y órbitas para confirmar la sospecha diagnóstica. La angiografía cerebral demostró la presencia de un aneurisma de la arteria carótida interna, que se trató por vía endovascular con resultados satisfactorios(AU)


The importance of early diagnosis of compressive lesions of the optic nerve is on the increase. Timely decompression of the optic nerve or the optic chiasm may bring about significant visual function improvement, whereas erroneous diagnosis may result in irreversible visual loss, neurological dysfunction or death. The causes of compression of the anterior visual pathway are incredibly varied. Meningiomas, pituitary tumors and aneurysms are the lesions most commonly identified as causes of compressive optic neuropathy without disc edema. A case is presented of a female 50-year-old patient undergoing congenital cataract surgery of her left eye without visual function improvement, alongside unspecific visual quality worsening. Visual psychophysical testing, automated campimetry and optical coherence tomography contributed findings suggestive of intracranial visual pathway compression. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and orbits was indicated to confirm the diagnostic suspicion. Cerebral angiography revealed the presence of an internal carotid artery aneurysm which was treated by endovascular procedure with satisfactory results(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Carotid Artery, Internal/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Optical Coherence/adverse effects , Early Diagnosis , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Visual Field Tests/methods
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 96-98, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287246

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los aneurismas esplénicos verdaderos son dilataciones saculares que involucran todas las capas de la arteria esplénica. Se presentan más frecuentemente en mujeres, en el embarazo y pacientes con hipertensión portal. Son habitualmente asintomáticos y diagnosticados incidentalmente durante el estudio de otra afección abdominal. Hasta un 10% se puede presentar con ruptura, lo que supone un escenario con una alta morbilidad y mortalidad. El tratamiento de los aneurismas esplénicos es aún un tema de controversia y existen variadas modalidades terapéuticas. Presentamos dos casos de pacientes con aneurismas esplénicos: uno de ellos que se manifestó con rotura y el otro por un diagnóstico incidental. Ambos fueron resueltos mediante embolización endovascular con resultados óptimos. Esta modalidad terapéutica poco difundida para el tratamiento de aneurismas esplénicos gigantes o rotos, nos permitió resolver el cuadro de forma segura y efectiva, con mínima morbilidad y mortalidad.


Abstract True splenic aneurysms are saccular dilations of all the layers of the splenic artery, more common in women, pregnancy and portal hypertension. They are usually asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally during the study of other abdominal diseases. Up to 10% may present with rupture, which implies a high morbidity and mortality. Treatment of splenic aneurysms is still a subject of controversy and there is a great variety of therapeutic modalities. We present two cases of patients with splenic aneurysms: one who presented with rupture and the other one incidentally diagnosed. Both were treated with endovascular embolization achieving optimal results. Although the utility of this therapy has not been assessed for giant or ruptured aneurysms, it allowed us to solve these scenarios in a secure and effective way, with minimum morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Aneurysm, Ruptured/therapy , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures , Splenic Artery/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome
8.
Clinics ; 76: e2332, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153976

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In Brazil, descending thoracic aorta disease (TAD), including aneurysms and dissection, are preferentially managed by endovascular treatment (TEVAR) due to the feasibility and good results of this technique. In this study, we analyzed endovascular treatment of isolated TAD (ITAD) in the public health system over a 10-year period in São Paulo, a municipality in Brazil in which more than 5 million inhabitants depend on the governmental health system. METHODS: Public data from procedures performed between 2008 and 2019 were extracted using web scraping techniques. The following types of data were analyzed: demographic data, operative technique, elective or urgent status, number of surgeries, in-hospital mortality, length of hospital stay, mean length of stay in the intensive care unit, and reimbursement values paid by the government. Trauma cases and congenital diseases were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 1,344 procedures were analyzed; most patients were male and aged ≥65 years. Most individuals had a residential address registered in the city. Approximately one-third of all surgeries were urgent cases. There were 128 in-hospital deaths (9.52%), and in-hospital mortality was lower for elective than for urgent surgeries (7.29% vs. 14.31%, p=0.031). A total of R$ 24.766.008,61 was paid; an average of R$ 17.222,98 per elective procedure and R$ 18.558,68 per urgent procedure. Urgent procedures were significantly more expensive than elective surgeries (p=0.029). CONCLUSION: Over a 10-year period, the total cost of ITAD interventions was R$ 24.766.008,61, which was paid from the governmental system. Elective procedures were associated with lower mortality and lower investment from the health system when compared to those performed in an urgent scenario.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Public Health , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
9.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(2)2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291096

ABSTRACT

Adulto jovem de 18 anos que evoluiu após traumatismo craniencefálico leve com fístula carotídea direta. Apresentou zumbido e exoftalmia, ambos de característica pulsátil e à esquerda. Foi submetido a estudo com Doppler das carótidas, que mostrou elevadas velocidades do fluxo sanguíneo e índices de resistência reduzidos nas artérias carótidas comum e interna esquerdas, compatíveis com fístula carotídea direta. A angiotomografia computadorizada cerebral confirmou a fístula carotídea. Foi encaminhado para tratamento endovascular por embolização, com sucesso. O Doppler de carótidas pode ter papel importante no diagnóstico das fístulas carotídeas diretas e acompanhamento de pacientes submetidos à terapêutica endovascular.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Carotid Artery Diseases/physiopathology , Carotid Artery, Internal/pathology , Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula/therapy , Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
10.
Clinics ; 76: e2812, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249575

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We sought to analyze the hemodynamic effects of the multilayer flow-modulated stent (MFMS) in Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs). METHODS: The hemodynamic effects of MFMS were analyzed in aortic thoracoabdominal aneurysms in experimental swine models. We randomly assigned 18 pigs to the stent or control groups and underwent the creation of an artificial bovine pericardium transrenal aneurysm. In the stent group, an MFMS (Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium) was immediately implanted. After 4 weeks, we evaluated aneurysm sac thrombosis and renal branch patency by angiography, duplex scan, and morphological analysis. RESULTS: All the renal arteries remained patent after re-evaluation in both groups. Aneurysmal sac thrombosis was absent in the control group, whereas in the stent group it was present in 66.7% of aneurysmal sacs (p=0.061). The mean final aneurysm sac diameter was significantly lower in the stent group (mean estimated reduction, 6.90 mm; p=0.021). The proximal neck diameter decreased significantly in the stent group (mean difference, 2.51 mm; p=0.022) and grew significantly in the control group (mean difference, 3.02 mm; p=0.007). The distal neck diameter increased significantly in the control group (mean difference, 3.24 mm; p=0.017). There were no significant findings regarding distal neck measurements in the stent group. CONCLUSION: The MFMSs remained patent and did not obstruct the renal arteries within 4 weeks. In the stent group, the device was also associated with a significant decrease in aneurysmal sac diameter and a large proportion (albeit non-significant) of aneurysmal sac thrombosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aortic Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Prosthesis Design , Renal Artery/surgery , Renal Artery/diagnostic imaging , Swine , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Cattle , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Models, Theoretical
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878695

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the outcomes in patients who receive the endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair(EVAR)and have concomitant intra-abdominal malignancy.Methods Between January 2014 and December 2019,all the patients who underwent surgery for malignancy and/or EVAR were retrospectively reviewed.Results Twenty-eight abdominal aortic aneurysm(AAA)patients with concomitant intra-abdominal malignancy were included.The patients were treated by two-stage operation and the priority was given for EVAR in 21 patients.There was no perioperative death or major complications.In the follow-up,one patient developed graft thrombosis and one had type Ⅱ endoleak.There was no AAA-associated death.Conclusions It is preferred that EVAR should come first followed by operation for malignancy.Details of treatment strategy still need further investigation.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Neoplasms/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 977-985, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144002

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To review the currently available literature to define the role of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in patients with connective tissue disorders (CTD). Methods: A comprehensive electronic database search was performed in PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, Google scholar, and OVID to identify all the articles that reported on outcomes of utilizing TEVAR in patients with CTD during elective and emergency settings. The search was not limited to time or language of the published study. Results: All the relevant studies have been summarized in its correspondence section. The outcomes were analyzed in narrative format. The role of TEVAR has been elaborated as per each study. Currently, there is limited large cohort size studies outlining the use of TEVAR in patients with CTD. The use of endovascular repair in patients with CTD is limited due to progressive aortic dilatations and high possibility of further reinterventions at later stage of life. Conclusion: Open repair remains the gold standard method of intervention in young patients with progressive CTD, especially in the setting of acute type A aortic dissection. However, TEVAR can be sought as a reliable alternative in emergency setting of diseases involving the descending thoracic aorta; yet the long-term data needs to be published to support such practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Connective Tissue
13.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(3): e84, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156383

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad aorto-ilíaca es una entidad que, por su localización y distribución, plantea un reto para el radiólogo intervencionista. Existen diferentes técnicas endovasculares que ofrecen una buena permeabilidad a mediano y largo plazos, a partir de una selección apropiada de los pacientes. Este artículo tuvo como objetivo caracterizar la técnica de kissing stent como una alternativa terapéutica más, mínimamente invasiva, en los pacientes con enfermedad aorto-ilíaca. En este sentido, se presenta el caso de una mujer de 60 años con claudicación intermitente de 3 meses de evolución, con cambios tróficos de la piel a predominio derecho, en quien se documentó una estenosis aorto-ilíaca bilateral según el Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus Working Group II tipo A. Se realizó angioplastia con balón y stent autoexpandibles de ambas ilíacas comunes mediante la técnica de kissing stent. En el seguimiento anual, la paciente toleró el ejercicio, y al examen físico, los pulsos periféricos estuvieron presentes. Además, el manejo endovascular de las lesiones estenótica aorto-ilíacas mediante la técnica de kissing stent resulta segura, menos cruenta y con buenos resultados a mediano plazo, que se debe sustentar en una selección apropiada de los pacientes(AU)


Aortoiliac disease is an entity that, due to its location and distribution, poses a challenge for the interventional radiologist. There are different endovascular techniques offering good permeability in the mid- and long terms, based on appropriate selection of patients. This article aimed at characterizing the kissing stent technique as another minimally-invasive therapeutic alternative in patients with aortoiliac disease. In this respect, the case is presented of a 60-year-old woman with intermittent claudication of three months of evolution, with trophic changes of the skin, predominantly on the right side, and in whom a bilateral aortoiliac disease was documented as type A according to the Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus Working Group II. Balloon angioplasty and self-expanding stenting of both common iliac arteries were performed using the kissing stent technique. At annual follow-up, the patient tolerated exercise; and, on physical examination, peripheral pulses were present. In addition, endovascular management of aortoiliac disease stenotic lesions using the kissing stent technique is safe, less invasive and present good outcomes in the midterm, which must be based on appropriate selection of patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Constriction, Pathologic , Endovascular Procedures , Radiologists , Iliac Artery , Exercise
14.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 34(4): 300-314, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1150441

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La neurocirugía vascular, tanto la microquirúrgica como endovascular, ha progresado significativamente en el tratamiento de la patología cerebrovascular. Sin embargo, en una considerable proporción de casos este tipo de patología no puede ser resuelta definitivamente mediante un único abordaje. Por lo cual consideramos que el neurocirujano en formación debe capacitarse con ambas técnicas.Se describe un modelo de entrenamiento en microcirugía y en nociones básicas del material y técnica neuroendovascular, utilizando placenta humana y recursos de baja complejidad. Material y método: Se utilizaron 20 placentas humanas, instrumental y sutura de uso habitual en microcirugía, microscopio quirúrgico Newton®XX1, material para procedimientos endovasculares; equipo de radioscopia (arco en C Phillips BV Pulsera®), un cráneo óseo y un cabezal de fijación tipo Sugita® adaptado a su uso en laboratorio. Los ejercicios consistieron en: 1. Disección y exposición de los vasos arteriales y venosos del corion; 2. Anastomosis término-terminal, termino-lateral y latero-lateral; 3. Generación de aneurismas laterales, de bifurcación o trifurcación; 4. Creación de bypass extra-intracraneano; 5. Clipado de los aneurismas en superficie y dentro del cráneo; 6. Control angiográfico pre y post clipado. 7. Embolización con coils de los aneurismas experimentales y de vasos placentarios con partículas de Spongostan®. Resultados: Aunque los vasos tienen una estructura y consistencia diferentes a los habituales para el neurocirujano, la placenta ofrece una variabilidad de calibres y formatos donde practicar los diferentes ejercicios. Conclusión: El entrenamiento en técnicas microquirúrgicas y neurointervencionistas puede ser realizado en modelos placentarios de simulación, que permiten el desarrollo háptico progresivo previo a la realización de un procedimiento in vivo.


Objective: Describe a training model in microsurgery and neuroendovascular surgery, using human placenta and low complexity resources. Material and methods: 20 human placentas, instruments and sutures were used in microsurgery, Newton XX1 surgical microscope, material for endovascular procedures; radioscopy equipment (C-arch Phillips BV Pulsera), a bony skull and a Sugita head adapted for laboratory use. The exercises consisted of: 1. Dissection and exposure of the arterial and venous vessels of the chorion; 2. End-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-side anastomosis; 3. Generation of lateral, bifurcation or trifurcation aneurysms; 4. Creation of extra-intracranial bypass; 5. Clipping of aneurysms on the surface and inside the skull; 6. Pre and post clipping angiographic control. 7. Coil embolization of experimental aneurysms and placental vessels embolization with spongostan particles. Results: Although the vessels have a different structure and consistency than usual for the neurosurgeon, the placenta offers a variability of sizes and formats to practice the different exercises. Conclusion: Training in microsurgical and neurointerventionist techniques can be carried out in placental models, which allow progressive haptic development prior to performing an in vivo procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microsurgery , Placenta , Therapeutics , Simulation Technique , Methods , Endovascular Procedures , Neurosurgery
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 781-788, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137328

ABSTRACT

Abstract We performed a review of the literature (until August 01, 2019) on the occasion of the first transcaval approach for transcatheter aortic valve implantation in our hospital. This review focuses mainly on the indications of this alternative access route to the aorta. It may be useful for vascular surgeons in selected cases, such as the treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair and thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair. We describe historical aspects of transcaval access to the aorta, experimental studies, available case series and outcomes. Finally, we summarize the most significant technical aspects of this little-known access.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Surgeons , Aorta, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Stents , Treatment Outcome
16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(9): 535-540, Sept. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131762

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Vascular cerebral infarction (or stroke) is recognized as the third leading cause of death worldwide, and acute arterial occlusion comprises the main mechanism underlying ischemic stroke. Cerebrovascular diseases are treated by intracranial endovascular interventions employing minimally invasive intravascular techniques, such as neuroimaging. Conducting practical training in this area is a necessary task since patient safety is a considerably significant factor. There has been a steady increase in scientific research focused on validating endovascular simulation as a tool for training interventionists in endovascular procedures. Current literature confirms the idea that there is a beneficial role of simulation in endovascular training and skill acquisition and technique improvement. Objective: To develop an endovascular technique simulator for learning Neuroradiology. Methods: The methodology consisted of developing a simulator using 3D printing technology. Results: A literature search was carried out, commencing in August 2017, through consultation of the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE) and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS) databases, using the PubMed and BIREME websites, respectively. Meetings were held between the neuroradiologist specialist and programmers to develop the simulator, which was carried out in three phases: design of the arterial system, design of the prototype of the arterial system in computer graphics, and confection of the arterial system simulator in 3D. Conclusion: The simulator is ready for testing by residents and can enable the student to learn through simulations that reproduce, as realistically as possible, the situation to be subsequently experienced using a concrete tool.


RESUMO Introdução: O acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) é a terceira causa de morte em todo o mundo e uma oclusão arterial aguda é o principal mecanismo subjacente ao AVC isquêmico. As doenças cerebrovasculares são tratadas por intervenções endovasculares intracranianas utilizando técnicas intravasculares minimamente invasivas, como a neuroimagem. Realizar treinamento prático nessa área é uma tarefa necessária, pois a segurança do paciente é um fator considerado significativo. Houve um aumento constante de pesquisas científicas focada na validação da simulação endovascular como uma ferramenta para treinar intervencionistas em procedimentos endovasculares. A literatura atual confirma a ideia de que existe um papel benéfico da simulação no treinamento endovascular e na aquisição de habilidades e aprimoramento da técnica. Objetivo: Desenvolver um simulador de técnica endovascular para o aprendizado de Neurorradiologia. Métodos: Desenvolvimento de um simulador utilizando a tecnologia de impressão em 3D. Resultados: Realizou-se uma pesquisa bibliográfica da literatura, tendo início em Agosto de 2017, com consulta feita ao banco de dados Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System on Line (MEDLINE) e Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), por meio respectivamente dos sites PubMed e BIREME. Foram realizadas reuniões entre o especialista em Neurorradiologia e os programadores para desenvolver o simulador, que foi realizado em três fases: desenho do sistema arterial, desenho do protótipo do sistema arterial em computação gráfica e confecção do simulador do sistema arterial em 3D. Conclusão: O simulador está pronto para ser testado por residentes, podendo possibilitar ao aluno aprender por simulações que reproduzem, da forma mais realista possível, a situação a ser vivenciada posteriormente usando uma ferramenta concreta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , Endovascular Procedures , Computer Simulation , Educational Measurement , Learning
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(4): e396-e399, agosto 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118587

ABSTRACT

El pseudoaneurisma arterial es la dilatación de un vaso, producto de la lesión de la pared. Es generado, principalmente, por traumatismos y, en menor medida, por patologías inflamatorias del endotelio. Se presenta como un hematoma pulsátil y doloroso. Su diagnóstico suele realizarse debido a que, ante una ecografía Doppler, se observa una imagen hipoecoica adyacente a un vaso con flujo en su interior. Su baja prevalencia, asociada a su presentación clínica variable, puede generar confusión con infecciones de piel y partes blandas o trombosis. El manejo puede ser desde la compresión extrínseca hasta la cirugía abierta, y no existen algoritmos terapéuticos en la actualidad. Se describeel caso de un paciente de 13 años con un pseudoaneurisma en una rama muscular de la arteria femoral superficial, secundario a un traumatismo cortante en el que se realizó exitosamente el abordaje endovascular con colocación de microcoils para la exclusión del saco pseudoaneurismático.


Pseudoaneurysm or 'false aneurysm' is defined as an abnormal arterial dilatation produced by an injury to its wall that does not affect the three parietal layers like in 'true' aneurysms. In general, false aneurysms are related to traumatisms and, less frequently, to inflammatory disease of vascular endothelium. Clinically, it shows a pulsatile, painful hematoma in the affected region. The initial diagnosis is usually achieved by Doppler ultrasound showing a hypoechoic image in relation to a blood vessel or its wall. Due to the low prevalence of false aneurysm, it is commonly confused with skin and soft tissue's infections or with thrombosis. There are different options of treatment, from extrinsic compression to open surgery. We describe the case of a 13-year-old patient with traumatic false aneurysm of a muscular branch of femoral artery, successfully managed with endovascular exclusion of the lesion with microcoil


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Femoral Artery , Wounds and Injuries , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures
18.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(4): 337-341, ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138719

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los aneurismas aislados de arteria ilíaca común son una patología infrecuente y habitualmente el diagnóstico es incidental. Su manejo solía ser por vía abierta, pero con el advenimiento de la cirugía endovascular, se han identificado mejores desenlaces en los pacientes llevados a este tipo de procedimientos, reservando la reparación abierta en los casos agudos y rupturas. La asociación entre estos aneurismas con fístulas ílio-ilíacas son infrecuentes y su manejo endovascular se ha reportado en solo una ocasión. Objetivo: Se presenta un caso de un paciente masculino de 82 años, con esta asociación, en el cual se decidió llevar de manera electiva a manejo endovascular de su patología. Discusión: En la literatura el manejo endovascular es ampliamente recomendado por su perfil de seguridad, sin embargo, no existe suficiente evidencia ante la presencia de una fístula ílio-ilíaca de manera concomitante, por ser una condición infrecuente. Conclusión: En el presente caso, abordamos de manera endovascular esta relación, obteniendo resultados favorables, con adecuado control de la patología, sin presentación de complicaciones.


Introduction: The isolated aneurysms of the common iliac artery correspond to an infrequent pathology; and the diagnosis of this entity is usually incidental. Its management is usually by open route, but with the advent of endovascular surgery, better outcomes have been identified in patients taken to this kind of procedure, reserving open repair for the urgent cases, like ruptures. The association between these aneurysms with ilio-iliac fistula is uncommon and their endovascular management has been reported only in one case in the literature. Aim: A case of an 82-year-old male patient will be presented, with this association, who was taken to an endovascular repair of his pathology, with good postoperative results. Discussion: In the literature, endovascular management is recommended by its safety profile, however there is insufficient evidence in the presence of an ilio-iliac fistula concomitantly, because it is an infrequent condition. Conclusion: In the present case, we address this relationship endovascularly, obtaining favorable results, with adequate control of the pathology, without presenting any complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Iliac Aneurysm/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Iliac Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography
19.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(3): 211-218, jun. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125072

ABSTRACT

La terapia endovascular (TEV) es el tratamiento estándar del ataque cerebrovascular isquémico (ACVi) con oclusión de gran vaso (OGVC). Aún no se conoce si esos resultados pueden generalizarse a la práctica diaria. Se describen los resultados de la TEV en pacientes con ACVi por OGVC dentro de las 24 horas, en un análisis retrospectivo entre enero 2013 y diciembre 2017 que incluyó 139 casos consecutivos con ACVi y OGVC en arteria cerebral media (ACM), hasta 24 horas del inicio de los síntomas, que recibieron TEV en nuestra institución. El resultado primario medido fue la escala de Rankin modificada (mRS) ≤ 2 a 90 días. Se evaluaron también: reperfusión exitosa, según la escala modificada de trombólisis en infarto cerebral (mTICI) 2b/3, hemorragia intracraneal sintomática (HIS) y mortalidad a 90 días. La edad media: 67.5 ± 15.0, siendo el 51.8% mujeres. La mediana basal de National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) fue 14 (IIC 8-18); la mediana del tiempo desde inicio de síntomas hasta punción inguinal: 331 min (IIC 212-503). El 45.3%, 63 pacientes, fueron tratados > 6 horas después del inicio de síntomas. La tasa de mRS ≤ 2 fue 47.5%. Se logró una reperfusión exitosa en el 74.8%. La tasa de mortalidad a 90 días fue del 18.7% y la HIS del 7.9%. Nuestro registro de pacientes de la vida real con ACVi por OGVC tratados con TEV dentro de las 24 horas mostró altas tasas de reperfusión, buenos resultados funcionales y pocas complicaciones, acorde con las recomendaciones internacionales.


Endovascular treatment (EVT) has become the standard of care for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with proximal large vessel occlusions (LVO). However, it is still unknown whether these results can be generalized to clinical practice. We aimed to perform a retrospective review of patients who received EVT up to 24 hours, and to assess safety and efficacy in everyday clinical practice. We performed a retrospective analysis, from January 2013 to December 2017, on 139 consecutive patients with AIS for anterior circulation LVO strokes up to 24 h from symptoms onset, who received EVT in our institution. The primary outcome measured was a modified Rankin scale (mRS) ≤ 2 at 90 days. Secondary outcomes included successful reperfusion, defined as a modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) scale 2b/3, mortality rate at 90 days and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). The mean age was 67.5 ± 15.0, with 51.8% female patients. Median baseline National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was 14 (IQR 8-18); median time from symptom onset to groin puncture was 331 min (IQR 212-503). Sixty-three patients (45.3%) were treated beyond 6 hours after symptoms onset. The rate of mRS ≤ 2 was 47.5%. Successful reperfusion was achieved in 74.8 %. Mortality rate at 90 days was 18.7 % and sICH was 7.9 %. Our registry of real-life patients with AIS due to LVO who received EVT within 24 hours showed high reperfusion rates, and good functional results with few complications, according to international recommendations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brain Ischemia/surgery , Stroke/surgery , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Argentina , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Brain Ischemia/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Stroke/mortality , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/mortality , Endovascular Procedures/mortality
20.
Rev. Soc. Peru. Med. Interna ; 33(1): 47-50, ene.-mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116250

ABSTRACT

Los aneurismas aórticos corresponden a una dilatación focal de la pared de la arteria que supera el 50% de su diámetro normal. La mayoría de los casos corresponden a la localización abdominal, siendo una pequeña proporción descritos a nivel de la aorta torácica. En este segmento, menos del 10% de los pacientes experimentan síntomas e incluso, la ruptura puede constituir la primera manifestación. Se presenta el caso de una mujer octogenaria con hemoptisis e inestabilidad hemodinámica en la que se realizó el diagnóstico de aneurisma de aorta torácica a través angiotomografía contrastada para luego recibir manejo endovascular de manera exitosa. Dado el pronóstico de esta patología, es vital un adecuado uso de los estudios de imagen para un acertado diagnóstico radiológico que permita un enfoque terapéutico oportuno. (AU)


Aortic aneurysms correspond to a focal dilation of the artery wall that exceeds 50% of its normal diameter. Most cases correspond to the abdominal location, being a small proportion described at the level of the thoracic aorta. In this segment, less than 10% of patients experience symptoms and even rupture may constitute the first manifestation. It is presented an octogenarian woman with hemoptysis and hemodynamic instability in which the diagnosis of thoracic aortic aneurysm was made through contrasting angiotomography and then she receives a successfully endovascular management. Given the prognosis of this pathology, an adequate use of imaging studies is vital for a successful radiological diagnosis that allows for a timely therapeutic approach. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnosis , Stents , Endovascular Procedures , Hemoptysis
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