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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 113-121, 20240102. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526857

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Se describe la utilidad del umbral crítico de administración (CAT por su denominación en inglés) como herramienta para la reanimación hemostática en pacientes con trauma severo y oclusión endovascular aórtica. Métodos. Revisión retrospectiva de pacientes adultos con hemorragia por trauma, con o sin oclusión endovascular aórtica (REBOA), atendidos entre enero de 2015 y junio de 2020, en un centro de trauma nivel I en Cali, Colombia. Se registraron variables demográficas, severidad del trauma, estado clínico, requerimiento transfusional, tiempo hasta CAT+ y CAT alcanzado (1, 2 ó 3). Resultados. Se incluyeron 93 pacientes, se utilizó REBOA en 36 y manejo tradicional en 57. El grupo REBOA presentó mayor volumen de sangrado (mediana de 3000 ml, RIC: 1950-3625 ml) frente al grupo control (mediana de1500 ml, RIC: 700-2975ml) (p<0,001) y mayor cantidad de glóbulos rojos transfundidos en las primeras 6 horas (mediana de 5, RIC:4-9); p=0,015 y en las primeras 24 horas (mediana de 6, RIC: 4-11); p=0,005. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en número de pacientes CAT+ entre grupos o tiempo hasta alcanzarlo. Sin embargo, el estado CAT+ durante los primeros 30 minutos de la cirugía fue mayor en grupo REBOA (24/36, 66,7 %) frente al grupo control (17/57, 29,8 %; p=0,001), teniendo este mayor tasa de mortalidad intrahospitalaria frente a los pacientes CAT-. Conclusión. El umbral crítico de administración es una herramienta útil en la reanimación hemostática de pacientes con trauma y REBOA, que podría predecir mortalidad precoz.


Introduction. The objective is to describe the utility of the Critical Administration Threshold (CAT) as a tool in hemostatic resuscitation in patients with severe trauma and REBOA. Methods. Retrospective review between January 2015 and June 2020 of adult patients with hemorrhage secondary to trauma with or without REBOA in a level I trauma center in Cali, Colombia. Demographic variables, trauma severity, clinical status, transfusion needs, time to CAT+ and number of CAT achieved (1, 2 or 3) were recorded. Results. Ninety-three patients were included, in which REBOA was used in 36 and traditional management in 57. The REBOA group had a higher bleeding volume (3000 ml), IQR: 1950-3625 ml vs the control group (1500 ml, IQR: 700-2975 ml) (p<0.001) and a higher rate of PRBC units transfused in the first 6 hours (median 5, IQR: 4-9); p=0.015 and in the first 24 hours (median 6, IQR: 4-11); p=0.005. There were no statistically significant differences in the number of CAT+ patients between groups or time to CAT+. However, CAT+ status during the first 30 minutes of surgery was higher in the REBOA Group (24/36, 66.7%) vs. the control group (17/57, 29.8%; p=0.001), having this group a higher in-hospital mortality rate vs. CAT- patients. Conclusion. CAT is a useful tool in the hemostatic resuscitation of patients with trauma and REBOA that could predict early mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds and Injuries , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta , Blood Transfusion , Balloon Occlusion , Hemorrhage
2.
Rev. Asoc. Med. Bahía Blanca ; 33 (2), 2023;33(2): 20-23, oct. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1517124

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar un Caso Clínico de aneurisma de Arteria Esplénica (AAE) complicado y describir el enfoque terapéutico empleado. Caso Clínico: Paciente masculino de 52 años que presentó dolor abdominal de 15 días de evolución y fue diagnosticado con aneurisma de arteria esplénica complicado. Se realizó un abordaje endovascular mediante 2 Stent Graft, lo que permitió cubrir la totalidad del cuello del aneurisma, excluyendo la circulación de la arteria esplénica y logrando un flujo arterial no turbulento. Métodos: Se realizó una evaluación clínica completa y se solicitaron estudios complementarios para el diagnóstico de aneurisma de arteria esplénica complicado. Se llevó a cabo un ateneo multidisciplinario para definir el abordaje terapéutico más adecuado. Discusión: En la evaluación de tratamientos del AAE complicado se logró definir que el enfoque terapéutico endovascular fue la alternativa segura y efectiva para el manejo de este caso de aneurisma. Conclusión: El enfoque terapéutico endovascular debería ser considerado en un contexto multidisciplinario para definir un abordaje adecuado en cada caso.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Endovascular Procedures , Endovascular Aneurysm Repair
3.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 18(2)jul. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BNUY, BNUY-Enf | ID: biblio-1442323

ABSTRACT

El principal objetivo de esta investigación ha sido indagar los cambios psicosociales que expresan haber tenido mujeres montevideanas de entre 20 y 50 años de edad atendidas en el Instituto Nacional de Cirugía Cardíaca luego de haber transcurrido un año de realizado el tratamiento endovascular coronario. A fin de dar respuesta a este propósito, se determinó si las mujeres de la muestra expresaban haber pasado por cambios psicosociales luego de un año de haberse realizado el tratamiento y se procedió a describir tales cambios. Se realizó una investigación cualitativa de tipo fenomenológica con entrevistas semiestructuradas a través de un muestreo por conveniencia. La información se interpretó y sistematizó con análisis de contenido, desarrollando categorías y subcategorías. La participación de las mujeres entrevistadas fue confidencial y voluntaria, previa firma de consentimiento informado. En la transcripción y lectura posterior de las entrevistas se desprendieron 5 categorías: reconocimiento de sintomatología, repercusión de la enfermedad en su relacionamiento a nivel familiar, repercusión de la enfermedad en su relacionamiento a nivel social y laboral, aspectos psicológicos (con las subcategorías repercusión psicológica de la patología y vivencia de la enfermedad - proceso de adaptación) y autocuidado. Del análisis se destaca que los síntomas que refieren las mujeres no son los clásicos, no reconociéndolos como problema cardíaco y teniendo una demora en la consulta. Las vivencias durante el proceso de salud ­enfermedad y el autocuidado­ denotan en algunas de ellas la falta de concientización. El proceso de adaptación a la situación es un factor protector de su salud mental. La totalidad de las mujeres elaboró el duelo por la salud perdida en diferentes plazos.


The main objective of this research has been to investigate the psychosocial changes expressed by having had Montevidean women between 20 and 50 years of age treated at the National Institute of Cardiac Surgery after one year of endovascular coronary treatment. To respond to this purpose, it was determined whether the women in the sample expressed having gone through psychosocial changes after one year of having received the treatment and proceeded to describe such changes. Phenomenological qualitative research was conducted with semi-structured interviews through convenience sampling. The information was interpreted and systematized with content analysis, developing categories and subcategories. The participation of the women interviewed was confidential and voluntary, after signing an informed consent. In the transcription and subsequent reading of the interviews, 5 categories emerged: recognition of symptoms, repercussion of the disease on their relationship at the family level, repercussion of the disease on their relationship at the social and work level, psychological aspects (with the subcategories psychological repercussion of the pathology and experience of the disease - adaptation process) and self-care. The analysis highlights that the symptoms reported by women are not the classic ones, not recognizing them as a heart problem and having a delay in the consultation. The experiences during the health process ­disease and self-care­ denote in some of them a lack of awareness. The process of adapting to the situation is a protective factor for your mental health. All the women mourned for their lost health at different times.


O principal objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar as mudanças psicossociais expressas porterem atendido mulheres montevideanas entre 20 e 50 anos de idade no Instituto Nacional de Cirurgia Cardíaca após um ano de tratamento coronariano endovascular. Para responder a esse propósito, foi determinado se as mulheres da amostra expressaram ter passado por mudanças psicossociais após um ano de tratamento e passou a descrever essas mudanças. Foi realizada uma pesquisa qualitativa fenomenológica com entrevistas semiestruturadas por meio de amostragem por conveniência. As informações foram interpretadas e sistematizadas com análise de conteúdo, desenvolvendo categorias e subcategorias. A participação das mulheres entrevistadas foi confidencial e voluntária, após assinatura do termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido. Na transcrição e posterior leitura das entrevistas emergiram 5 categorias: reconhecimento dos sintomas, repercussão da doença na sua relação a nível familiar, repercussão da doença na sua relação a nível social e laboral, aspectos psicológicos (com as subcategorias repercussão psicológica da patologia e vivência da doença - processo de adaptação) e autocuidado. A análise destaca que os sintomas relatados pelas mulheres não são os clássicos, não os reconhecendo como problema cardíaco e demorando na consulta. As vivências durante o processo de saúde ­doença e autocuidado­ denotam em alguns deles um desconhecimento. O processo de adaptação à situação é um fator de proteção para sua saúde mental. Todas as mulheres lamentaram a perda de saúde em momentos diferentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Uruguay , Women , Mental Health , Women's Health , Psychosocial Impact , Endovascular Procedures
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(6): 325-332, June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449748

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the efficacy of Uterine Artery Embolization in patients with bleeding acquired uterine arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Methods: A prospective review of all patients who underwent Uterine Artery Embolization at our institution between July 2015 and April 2022 was performed. 225 patients were diagnosed with a uterine vascular malformation on doppler and corresponding MRI imaging. All patients underwent transcatheter embolization of the uterine arteries. Embolic agents in the 375 procedures included Histoacryl glue only (n = 326), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles and Histoacryl glue (n = 29), PVA particles (n = 5), Gelfoam (n = 5), coils (n = 4), PVA particles and coils (n = 3), Histoacryl glue and Gelfoam (n = 2), and Histoacryl glue and coils (n = 1). Results: A total of 375 embolization procedures were performed in 225 patients. 90 patients required repeat embolization for recurrence of bleeding. The technical success rate of embolization was 100%. The clinical success rate was 92%: bleeding was controlled in 222 of 225 patients and three patients underwent a hysterectomy. 60 of the 225 patients had uneventful intrauterine pregnancies carried to term. The 210 patients who underwent successful embolization had no recurrence of bleeding at a median follow-up of 53 months (range, 5-122 months) after treatment. 15 patients were eventually lost to follow-up. One minor complication (0.4%) of non-flow-limiting dissection of the internal iliac artery occurred. Conclusion: Uterine Artery Embolization is a safe, effective, minimally invasive method to treat uterine AVMs with long-term efficacy, which can provide the preservation of fertility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterus , Enbucrilate , Uterine Artery Embolization , Endovascular Procedures , India
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(2): e202202570, abr. 2023. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1419111

ABSTRACT

El shunt portosistémico congénito es una anomalía vascular venosa que comunica circulación portal y sistémica, por la que se deriva el flujo sanguíneo, salteando el paso hepático. Es una entidad poco frecuente, cuya incidencia varía entre 1/30 000 y 1/50 000 recién nacidos. Puede cursar de forma asintomática o presentarse con complicaciones en la edad pediátrica o, menos frecuente, en la edad neonatal. Ante el diagnóstico, se deberá definir la necesidad de intervención quirúrgica o intravascular para el cierre. Esta decisión depende de las características anatómicas de la malformación, de las manifestaciones clínicas y complicaciones presentes. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de un mes de vida derivado a nuestro centro para estudio de hepatitis colestásica neonatal, con diagnóstico de shunt portosistémico extrahepático. Se realizó cierre intravascular de la lesión con mejoría significativa posterior.


Congenital portosystemic shunt is a venous vascular abnormality that connects portal and systemic circulation, resulting in diversion of the blood flow, bypassing the hepatic passage. It is a rare malformation; its incidence varies from 1:30 000 to 1:50 000 newborns. It may be asymptomatic or present with complications in the pediatric age or, less frequently, in the neonatal age. Upon diagnosis, the need for a surgical or an intravascular intervention for closure should be defined. This decision depends on the malformation anatomical characteristics, clinical manifestations, and complications. We present the case of a 1-month-old patient referred to our center for the study of neonatal cholestatic hepatitis, with a diagnosis of extrahepatic portosystemic shunt. Intravascular closure of the defect was performed with significant subsequent improvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Portasystemic Shunt, Transjugular Intrahepatic , Vascular Malformations/complications , Endovascular Procedures , Hepatitis/diagnosis , Hepatitis/etiology , Portal Vein/abnormalities
6.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 213-220, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971388

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a pathological condition in which the abdominal aorta is dilated beyond 3.0 cm. The surgical options include open surgical repair (OSR) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Prediction of acute kidney injury (AKI) after OSR is helpful for decision-making during the postoperative phase. To find a more efficient method for making a prediction, this study aims to perform tests on the efficacy of different machine learning models.@*METHODS@#Perioperative data of 80 OSR patients were retrospectively collected from January 2009 to December 2021 at Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. The vascular surgeon performed the surgical operation. Four commonly used machine learning classification models (logistic regression, linear kernel support vector machine, Gaussian kernel support vector machine, and random forest) were chosen to predict AKI. The efficacy of the models was validated by five-fold cross-validation.@*RESULTS@#AKI was identified in 33 patients. Five-fold cross-validation showed that among the 4 classification models, random forest was the most precise model for predicting AKI, with an area under the curve of 0.90±0.12.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Machine learning models can precisely predict AKI during early stages after surgery, which allows vascular surgeons to address complications earlier and may help improve the clinical outcomes of OSR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Machine Learning , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Risk Factors
7.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 931-938, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007833

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke caused by acute large vessel occlusion is associated with high rates of disability and mortality. Endovascular interventional therapy is evidently an effective treatment for occlusion of large cerebral vessels within the relevant time window, but there is no established methodological standard for recanalization interventional therapy. The Professional Committee of Interventional Neurology in Chinese Research Hospital Association organized cerebrovascular disease experts in China and developed the expert consensus described herein, to provide a reference for clinicians to formulate technical strategies for recanalization of acute cerebral vascular occlusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Stroke/etiology , Cerebrovascular Disorders/therapy , Ischemic Stroke , Endovascular Procedures , Treatment Outcome , Brain Ischemia/therapy
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 256-259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970188

ABSTRACT

Endovascular treatment of Stanford type B aortic dissection (type B dissection) has been widely used. There will be complications such as aortic dilatation, which will lead to poor prognosis of some patients. With more in-depth researches, it was found that there was a possible correlation between the prognosis of type B dissection and tears, such as the increasing of aortic diameter would be faster with longer tears, and the location of the tear will affect the thrombosis of the false lumen. Studies on hemodynamics have also found that different characteristics of tears of aortic dissection can cause changes in the pressure, blood flow rate and blood capacity in the true and false lumens recently. The hemodynamic changes can be used to predict the prognosis of type B dissection. The main characteristics of tears included the size, position, number of tears, residual tears and stent graft induced new entry. Describing the effect of tear characteristics on the development of type B dissection, can provide the basis for the clinical treatment and further research of type B dissection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Dissection/surgery , Hemodynamics , Prognosis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Thrombosis/etiology , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Stents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 81-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970176

ABSTRACT

Isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (ISMAD) has attracted more and more clinicians' attention in recent years. Patients onset of ISMAD often present with abdominal pain. The misdiagnosis or miss diagnosis is common because of the non-specific symptoms and signs, which even can endanger lives in serious cases. Imaging classification is of great significance for diagnosis and treatment of ISMAD. The Sakamoto classification and the Yun classification are two classical classified methods. However, with the further study of ISMAD, various new classifications emerge. Conservative treatment was once considered as the preferred. As the rapid development of endovascular therapy and the great progress of new devices, stenting therapy can significantly improve symptoms and achieve satisfactory long-term effects, and be even expected to become the preferred method for clinical therapy of ISMAD. However, the long-term effects of endovascular therapy still need a large number of follow-up data, and complications after stent implantation can't be ignored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Treatment Outcome , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Aortic Dissection/therapy , Stents , Endovascular Procedures , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 303-309, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969778

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of blood pressure control after discharge on prognosis of patients with acute aortic syndrome (AAS) complicated with hypertension who underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Methods: This is a retrospective case analysis. Patients diagnosed with AAS complicated with hypertension and undergoing TEVAR in Northern Theater Command General Hospital from June 2002 to December 2021 were consecutively enrolled. Average systolic blood pressure (SBP) and the occurrence of endpoint events were recorded at one month, one year and every 2 years after TEVAR. According to the patients' average SBP, patients with average SBP<140 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) or<150 mmHg were divided into the target blood pressure achievement group, and the others were divided into target blood pressure non-achievement group. Endpoint events included all-cause death, aortic death, stroke, renal insufficiency, aortic related adverse events and a composite of these events (overall clinical adverse events), and re-accepting TEVAR. The incidence of endpoint events was compared between the two groups at each follow-up period. Results: A total of 987 patients were included, aged (55.7±11.7) years, including 779 male (78.9%). When the cutoff value was 140 mmHg, the rate of average target SBP achievement was 71.2% (703/987) at one month, 66.7% (618/927) during 1st to 12th month and 65.1% (542/832) from the first year to the third year after TEVAR. The proportion of patients taking≥2 antihypertensive agents was higher in the group of target blood pressure non-achievement group than the target blood pressure achievement group after TEVAR at 1 month (74.3% (211/284) vs.65.9% (463/703), P=0.010) and during 1st to 12th month (71.5% (221/309) vs. 63.6% (393/618), P=0.016). There were no statistical differences in the all-cause deaths, stroke, aortic related adverse events, and repeat TEVAR between the two groups (All P>0.05) during above follow-up periods. When the cutoff value was 150 mmHg, the rate of target SBP achievement was 89.3% (881/987) at one month, 85.2% (790/927) during 1st to 12th month and 85.6%(712/832) from the first year to the third year after TEVAR. The incidence of clinical total adverse events (8.8% (12/137) vs. 4.2% (33/790), P=0.021) and repeat TEVAR (4.4% (6/137) vs. 1.0% (8/790), P=0.003) in target blood pressure non-achievement group were significantly higher than the target blood pressure achievement group during 1st to 12th month after TEVAR. The incidence of all-cause deaths (5.8% (7/120) vs. 2.4% (17/712), P=0.037) in the target blood pressure non-achievement group was significantly higher than the target blood pressure achievement group from the first year to the third year follow-up period, but there were no statistical differences in the incidence of clinical total adverse events between the two group (P>0.05). Conclusion: Among TEVAR treated AAS patients complicated with hypertension, the average SBP more than 150 mmHg post discharge is associated with increased risk of adverse events. Ideal blood pressure control should be encouraged to improve the outcome of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Blood Pressure , Acute Aortic Syndrome , Retrospective Studies , Aftercare , Treatment Outcome , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Aortic Dissection , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Patient Discharge , Hypertension , Prognosis , Stroke , Hospitals
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 172-179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969760

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of female patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection. Methods: This is a single-centre retrospective study. Consecutive patients diagnosed with Stanford type B aortic dissection in General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from June 2002 to August 2021 were enrolled, and grouped based on sex. According to the general clinical conditions and complications of aortic dissection tear, patients were treated with thoracic endovascular aortic repair, surgery, or optimal medication. The clinical characteristics and aortic imaging data of the patients at different stages were collected, adverse events including all-cause deaths, stroke, and occurrence of aortic-related adverse events were obtained during hospitalization and within 30 days and at 1 and 5 years after discharge. According to the time of death, death was classified as in-hospital death, out-of-hospital death, and in-hospital death was divided into preoperative death, intraoperative death and postoperative death. According to the cause of death, death was classified as aortic death, cardiac death and other causes of death. Aortic-related adverse events within 30 days after discharge included new paraplegia, post-luminal repair syndrome, and aortic death; long-term (≥1 year after discharge) aortic-related adverse events included aortic death, recurrent aortic dissection, endoleak and distal ulcer events. The clinical characteristics, short-term and long-term prognosis was compared between the groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the association between different clinical factors and all-cause mortality within 30 days in female and male groups separately. Results: A total of 1 094 patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection were enrolled, mean age was (53.9±12.1) years, and 861 (78.7%) were male and 233 (21.3%) were female. (1) Clinical characteristics: compared with male patients, female patients were featured with older average age, higher proportion of aged≥60 years old, back pain, anemia, optimal medication treatment, and higher cholesterol level; while lower proportion of smoking and drinking history, body mass index, calcium antagonists use, creatine kinase level, and white blood cell count (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in dissection tear and clinical stage, history of coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and cerebrovascular disease between female and male patients (all P>0.05). (2) Follow-up result: compared with male patients, female patients had a higher rate of 30-day death [6.9% (16/233) vs. 3.8% (33/861), P=0.047], in-hospital death (5.6% (13/233) vs. 2.7% (23/861), P=0.027), preoperative death (3.9% (9/233) vs. 1.5% (12/861), P=0.023) and aorta death (6.0% (14/233) vs. 3.1% (27/861), P=0.041). The 1-year and 5-year follow-up results demonstrated that there were no significant differences in death, cerebrovascular disease, and aorta-related adverse events between the two groups (all P>0.05). (3) Prognostic factors: the results of the univariate logistic regression analysis showed that body mass index>24 kg/m2 (HR=1.087, 95%CI 1.029-1.149, P=0.013), history of anemia (HR=2.987, 95%CI 1.054-8.468, P=0.032), hypertension (HR=1.094, 95%CI 1.047-1.143, P=0.040) and troponin-T>0.05 μg/L (HR=5.818, 95%CI 1.611-21.018, P=0.003)were associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality within 30 days in female patients. Conclusions: Female patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection have specific clinical characteristics, such as older age at presentation, higher rates of anemia and combined back pain, and higher total cholesterol levels. The risk of death within 1 month is higher in female patients than in male patients, which may be associated with body mass index, hypertension, anemia and troponin-T, but the long-term prognosis for both female and male patients is comparable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prognosis , Hospital Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Troponin T , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Aortic Dissection , Hypertension/complications , Cholesterol , Risk Factors
12.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 44-50, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980478

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective@#Stroke has remained one of the primary causes of significant morbidity and mortality. Among the therapeutic options for acute stroke management, endovascular thrombectomy is intended to remove the thrombi within the intracerebral vasculature and restore adequate perfusion to the surrounding penumbra. It is recommended up to 24 hours from onset of neurologic symptom. In the Philippines, only a few tertiary healthcare institutions are able to offer and perform endovascular thrombectomies. The aim was to describe the profile and discharge outcomes of endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke at a tertiary hospital in our country. @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective records review among 924 patients admitted for acute ischemic stroke from October 2018 to August 2021 who underwent mechanical thrombectomy. Clinical and functional outcomes were measured using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Modified Rankin Score (mRS). @*Results@#Among 31 patients included in the study, 29 subjects (93.5%) had moderate to severe disability (mRS 3–5), and 25 (80.6%) had moderate stroke (NIHSS 6–21) on admission. The identified site of the cerebrovascular thrombi was within the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery (41.9%, n=13). The stent retriever approach was performed in 19 participants (61.2%). Upon discharge, only 7 (22.6%) had favorable functional outcomes (MRS 0–2), and 9 (29.0%) resulted in mortality. Successful reperfusion was achieved in 92.3% of the patients.@*Conclusion@#Overall, endovascular thrombectomy is a possible treatment option for large vessel acute ischemic stroke in developing countries.


Subject(s)
Thrombectomy , Endovascular Procedures , Ischemic Stroke
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 469-475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984677

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of surgical treatment of aortic coarctation combined with descending aortic aneurysm in adult patients. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. Adult patients with aortic coarctation who were hospitalized in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2015 to April 2019 were enrolled. The aortic coarctation was diagnosed by aortic CT angiography, and the included patients were divided into the combined descending aortic aneurysm group and the uncomplicated descending aortic aneurysm group based on descending aortic diameter. General clinical data and surgery-related data were collected from the included patients, and death and complications were recorded at 30 days after surgery, and upper limb systolic blood pressure was measured in all patients at discharge. Patients were followed up after discharge by outpatient visit or telephone call for their survival and the occurrence of repeat interventions and adverse events, which included death, cerebrovascular events, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, hypertension, postoperative restenosis, and other cardiovascular-related interventions. Results: A total of 107 patients with aortic coarctation aged (34.1±15.2) years were included, and 68 (63.6%) were males. There were 16 cases in the combined descending aortic aneurysm group and 91 cases in the uncomplicated descending aortic aneurysm group. In the combined descending aortic aneurysm group, 6 cases (6/16) underwent artificial vessel bypass, 4 cases (4/16) underwent thoracic aortic artificial vessel replacement, 4 cases (4/16) underwent aortic arch replacement+elephant trunk procedure, and 2 cases (2/16) underwent thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the choice of surgical approach (all P>0.05). In the combined descending aortic aneurysm group at 30 days after surgery, one case underwent re-thoracotomy surgery, one case developed incomplete paraplegia of the lower extremity, and one case died; and the differences in the incidence of endpoint events at 30 days after surgery were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). Systolic blood pressure in the upper extremity at discharge was significantly lower in both groups compared with the preoperative period (in the combined descending aortic aneurysm group: (127.3±16.3) mmHg vs. (140.9±16.3) mmHg, P=0.030, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa; in the uncomplicated descending aortic aneurysm group: (120.7±13.2) mmHg vs. (151.8±26.3) mmHg, P=0.001). The follow-up time was 3.5 (3.1, 4.4) years. There were no new deaths in the combined descending aortic aneurysm group, no transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction or re-thoracotomy surgery, and one patient (1/15) suffered cerebral infarction and 10 patients (10/15) were diagnosed with hypertension. The differences in the occurrence of endpoint events during postoperative follow-up were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: In experienced centers, long-term prognosis of patients with aortic coarctation combined with descending aortic aneurysm is satisfactory post surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Female , Aortic Coarctation/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Hypertension/complications , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery
15.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(1): 201-208, 20221230. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417768

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La patología del arco aórtico se ha tratado principalmente con cirugía por vía abierta, pero con una alta morbimortalidad. Las técnicas endovasculares híbridas y las reconstrucciones en "chimenea" son una técnica válida y segura para disminuir el riesgo y la mortalidad. Métodos. Se presentan dos pacientes con patología del arco aórtico y contraindicación de manejo quirúrgico abierto, atendidos en el Servicio de Cirugía Vascular, Hospital Universitario Clínica de San Rafael, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia. Resultados. Se realizaron dos procedimientos endovasculares del arco aórtico para tratar un aneurisma torácico roto y una úlcera aórtica sintomática, con cubrimiento de los troncos supra aórticos con una endoprótesis y canalización de los vasos supra aórticos con prótesis cubiertas y uso de la "técnica de chimenea", de manera exitosa. Discusión. La patología del arco aórtico es de alta complejidad y se asocia con una morbimortalidad elevada por lo que, en los últimos 20 años se han desarrollado diferentes técnicas utilizando procedimientos percutáneos. Conclusión. La "técnica de chimenea" se puede realizar de una manera mínimamente invasiva en pacientes con patología del arco aórtico, no candidatos para cirugía abierta, con resultados exitosos.


Introduction. Aortic arch pathology has been treated mainly by open surgery, but with high morbidity and mortality. Hybrid endovascular techniques and "chimney" reconstructions are a valid and safe techniques to reduce risk and mortality. Method. Two patients with pathology of the aortic arch and contraindication for open surgical management, treated at the Vascular Surgery Service, Hospital Universitario Clínica de San Rafael, Bogotá, Colombia, are presented. Results. Two endovascular aortic procedures were performed successfully to treat a ruptured thoracic aneurysm and a symptomatic aortic ulcer, with coverage of the supra-aortic trunks with an endoprosthesis and cannulation of the supra-aortic vessels with covered prostheses and use of the "chimney technique". Discussion. The pathology of the aortic arch is highly complex and is associated with high morbidity and mortality, being the reason that during the last 20 years, different techniques have been developed using percutaneous procedures. Conclusions. The "chimney technique" can be performed with successful results in a minimally invasive manner in patients with pathology of the aortic arch, who are not candidates for open surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Aneurysm , Endovascular Procedures , Aortic Rupture , Aortic Dissection
17.
Rev. med. Chile ; 150(9): 1180-1187, sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431899

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy is the accepted treatment for acute ischemic stroke in Large Vessel Occlusion. The Barros Luco Trudeau hospital developed endovenous thrombolysis in 2010, and since 2012, implemented endovascular management, becoming the neurovascular center in the southern area of the metropolitan region. AIM: To describe endovascular management of acute ischemic stroke in a Chilean public hospital. Material and Methods: Analysis of patients with acute ischemic stroke that were treated with mechanical throm-bectomy from 2012 to 2019 in the Barros Luco Hospital. RESULTS: In the study period, a mechanical thrombectomy was carried out in 149 patients aged 61 ± 15 years (46% females). The average National institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at presentation was 19 ± 4-5. Anterior or posterior circulation involvement was present in 89.9 and 10.1 % of patients. Twenty-five percent of patients were referred from other public centers. The mean lapse between onset of symptoms and thrombectomy was 266 ± 178 in. Ninety days after the procedure, 58% of patients had minimal or absent disability (Modified Ranson score of 0-2), and 19,2% died. CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical thrombectomy, according to this experience, has favorable clinical outcomes in patients with high NIHSS scores at entry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Brain Ischemia/etiology , Stroke/surgery , Stroke/etiology , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Ischemic Stroke/etiology , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Thrombectomy/methods , Hospitals, Public
18.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 354-367, ago. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407937

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las lesiones de grandes vasos del tórax por traumatismo torácico (TTLGV) son un grupo heterogéneo de lesiones con alta morbimortalidad que constituyen un 0,3-10% de los hallazgos en el traumatismo torácico (TT). Objetivos: Describir características, tratamientos y variables asociadas a mortalidad en pacientes hospitalizados con TTLGV. Material y Métodos: Estudio analítico-observacional. Período enero-1981 y diciembre-2020. Revisión de protocolos de TT prospectivos y fichas clínicas. Se clasificaron los TTLGV según American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST), se calcularon índices de gravedad del traumatismo: Injury Severity Score (ISS), Revised Trauma Score Triage (RTS-T) y Trauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS). Se realizó análisis univariado y multivariado con cálculo de Odds Ratio (OR) para variables asociadas a mortalidad. Se usó SPSS25®, con pruebas UMann Whitney y chi-cuadrado, según corresponda. Resultados: de un total 4.577 TT, 97 (2,1%) cumplieron criterios de inclusión. Hombres: 81 (91,8%), edad promedio: 32,3 ± 14,8 años. TT penetrante: 65 (67,0%). Lesión de arterias axilo-subclavias en 39 (40,2%) y aorta torácica en 31 (32,0%) fueron las más frecuentes. Fueron AAST 5-6: 39 (40,2%). Tratamiento invasivo: 87 (89,7%), de éstos, en 20 (20,6%) reparación endovascular, 14 (14,4%) de aorta torácica. Cirugía abierta en 67 (69,1%). Mortalidad en 13 (13,4%), fueron variables independientes asociadas a mortalidad el shock al ingreso (OR 6,34) e ISS > 25 (OR 6,03). Conclusión: En nuestra serie, los TTLGV fueron más frecuentemente de vasos axilo-subclavios y aorta torácica. El tratamiento fue principalmente invasivo, siendo la cirugía abierta el más frecuente. Se identificaron variables asociadas a mortalidad.


Background: Thoracic great vessel injuries in thoracic trauma (TTGVI) are a heterogeneous group of injuries with high morbimortality that constituting 0.3-10% of the findings in thoracic trauma (TT). Aim: To describe characteristics, treatments and variables associated with mortality in hospitalized patients with TTGVI. Methods: Observational-analytical study. Period January-1981 and December-2020. Review of prospective TT protocols and clinical records. TTGVI were classified according to American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST), trauma severity index were calculated: Injury Severity Score (ISS), Revised Trauma Score Triage (RTS-T) and Trauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS). Univariate and multi- variate analysis was performed with calculation of Odds Ratio (OR) for variables associated with mortality. SPSS25® was used, with U Mann Whitney and chi-squared tests, as appropriate. Results: From a total of 4.577 TT in the period, 97 (2.1%) met the inclusion criteria. Males: 81 (91.8%), mean age: 32.3 ± 14.8 years. Penetrating TT: 65 (67.0%). Axillary-subclavian artery lesions in 39 (40.2%) and thoracic aorta in 31 (32.0%) were more frequent. AAST 5-6: 39 (40.2%). Invasive treatment: 87 (89.7%), of these, in 20 (20.6%) endovascular repair, 14 (14.4%) of thoracic aorta. Open surgery in 67 (69.1%). Mortality in 13 (13.4%), shock on admission was independently associated with mortality (OR 6.34) and ISS > 25 (OR 6.03). Conclusión: In our series, TTGVI were more frequent in axillary-subclavian vessels and thoracic aorta. Treatment was mainly invasive, with open surgery being the most frequent. Variables associated with mortality were identified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Thoracic Injuries/diagnosis , Thoracic Injuries/therapy , Thoracic Surgery/methods , Veins/injuries , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Vascular System Injuries , Endovascular Procedures
19.
Rev. med. Chile ; 150(6): 788-801, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424138

ABSTRACT

Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) is an arterial emergency with an overall mortality of 80%-90% secondary to massive hemorrhage. If a patient with RAAA presents in a primary hospital without resolution capacity, survival will depend on early transfer to a center with adequately trained specialists. This article reviews the evidence supporting the centralization of AAAR treatment in qualified centers, specifying the criteria used for the selection of referral centers and the role of a coordinating unit. Our current referral system, which is based primarily on costs, is also described. Patients with AAAR who consult in non-resolving centers should be rapidly transferred to a qualified referral center, following a transfer protocol, and guided by a coordinating unit acting according to technical and established criteria based on results, quality, and costs. Qualified referral centers should have an accredited vascular surgeon and a high institutional aortic surgery volume, adequate infrastructure, endovascular resolution capacity, support services (intensive care, hemodialysis, etc.) and specialized personnel permanently available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Rupture/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Hospitals
20.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 434-447, junio 14, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378718

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En las últimas décadas, la terapia endovascular en aneurismas aórticos abdominales ha ganado un papel representativo en los escenarios quirúrgicos, lo que nos motivó a conocer los resultados de este procedimiento en nuestra población. Métodos. Estudio analítico retrospectivo en el cual se incluyeron los primeros 50 casos de aneurismas aórticos abdominales con terapia endovascular, en la ciudad de Manizales, Colombia, entre los años 2015 y 2021. Se describió la población estudiada, la relación de los antecedentes prequirúrgicos con las complicaciones posoperatorias, la estancia hospitalaria y la mortalidad. Resultados.La edad promedio fue de 73 años, el sexo predominante fue el femenino (72 %), el aneurisma fusiforme fue el tipo más frecuente (63,3 %), con un diámetro promedio de 70 mm (+/- 17,3 mm). En relación con los antecedentes, el más frecuente fue hipertensión arterial (86 %), encontrándose una asociación entre la presencia de enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica e hipertensión arterial con las complicaciones. Se encontró también relación entre el valor de creatinina con las complicaciones. Las complicaciones tempranas fueron de carácter leve en la mayoría de los casos (30,6 %), a diferencia de las tardías, que fueron principalmente graves (12,5 %), asociadas a una mortalidad del 10,2 % y una estancia hospitalaria promedio de 10,8 días (mediana de 5 días). Conclusiones. La población analizada tiene una alta carga de morbilidad, en la cual factores como los antecedentes médicos prequirúrgicos y la función renal, se asocian con una mayor morbilidad postquirúrgica y mortalidad.


Introduction. In recent decades, endovascular therapy in abdominal aortic aneurysms has gained a representative role in surgical scenarios, which motivated us to learn about the results of this procedure in our population. Methods. Retrospective analytical study, which included the first 50 cases of abdominal aortic aneurysms with endovascular therapy, in the city of Manizales, Colombia, between 2015 and 2021. The study population was described as the relationship between pre-surgical history and post-operative complications, hospital stay and mortality. Results. The average age was 73 years, the predominant sex was female (72%), the fusiform aneurysm was the most frequent type (63.3%), with an average diameter of 70 mm (± 17.3 mm). In relation to history, the most frequent was arterial hypertension (86%), finding an association between the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and arterial hypertension with complications. A relationship was also found between the creatinine value and complications. Early complications were mild in most cases (30.6%), unlike late complications, which were mainly serious (12.5%), associated with a mortality of 10.2% and a hospital stay average of 10.8 days (median of 5 days). Conclusions. The analyzed population has a high burden of morbidity, in which factors such as pre-surgical medical history and renal function are associated with greater post-surgical morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta, Abdominal , Postoperative Complications , Risk Factors , Mortality
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