Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 44
Ghana Medical Journal ; 56(3): 141-151, )2022. Figures, Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1398637


Objectives: Cervical precancer screening programs are difficult to establish in low resource settings partly because of a lack of human resource. Our aiming was to overcome this challenge. We hypothesized that this could be done through task shifting to trained nurses. Design: Descriptive retrospective cross-sectional review. Setting: Training was at the Cervical Cancer Prevention and Training Center (CCPTC) and screening was carried out at the clinic and at outreaches / peripheral facilities.Participants: All women who reported to the clinic for screening or were recruited during outreaches Interventions: All 4 nurses were trained for at least 2weeks (module 1). A total of 904 women were screened by the trained nurses using the EVA system. Quality assurance was ensured. Main outcome measures: Primary screening and follow-up were carried out by the trained nurses with quality assured through image sharing and meetings with peers and experienced gynaecologists. Results: 828 women had primary screening and 76 had follow-up screening. 739 (89.3%) were screened at the clinic and 89 (10.7%) at outreaches/peripheral facilities. Of all screened, 130 (14.5%) had cervical lesions, and 25 (2.8%) were treated, 12 (48.0%) by Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP) performed by a gynaecologist, 11 (44.0%) with thermal coagulation by trained nurses except one, and 2 (8.0%) with cryotherapy by trained nurses. Conclusion: We demonstrate the utility of a model where nurses trained in basic colposcopy can be used to successfully implement a cervical precancer screening and treatment program in low-resource settings

Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Colposcopy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Early Detection of Cancer , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Nurses
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 372-377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935613


Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in perioperative management of patients with gallbladder carcinoma. Methods: The data of the patients with gallbladder carcinoma admitted at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2017 and December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 69 males(42.1%) and 95 females(57.9%),with age of (64.0±10.3) years(range:37 to 89 years). Patients were divided into ERAS group(n=53) and normal group(n=111) according to whether they were treated with ERAS measures during the perioperative period.The basic characteristics of the two groups were matched by propensity score matching,and then the perioperative information was compared between the two groups. Categorical variables were presented as absolute numbers or frequencies. Differences between study groups were analyzed using χ2 test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, or Mann-Whitney U test, as appropriate. Results: Each group had 45 patients after propensity score matching with well-balanced basic characteristics. There was no difference in basic characteristics, operation time,bleeding,complication,and hospitalization expenses between two groups(all P>0.05). Compared with the normal group,time of ambulation (M(IQR)) (1(1) day vs. 2(2) days;Z=-3.839,P<0.01),postoperative anal exhaust time (2(1) days vs. 3(1) days;Z=-3.013,P=0.003),feeding time(2(1) days vs. 2(1) days;Z=-3.647,P<0.01),postoperative (5(2) days vs. 7(4) days;Z=-3.984,P<0.01) and total(8(4) days vs. 13(6) days;Z=-3.605,P<0.01) hospitalization time were shorter in ERAS group. Postoperative complications occurred in 12 patients. According to the Clavien-Dindo classification,6,4,and 2 patients were classified as grade Ⅰ,Ⅱ,and Ⅲa,respectively. Conclusion: The ERAS measures is safe and effective for perioperative management of patients with gallbladder carcinoma, enhancing patient recovery and shortening hospitalization time without increasing complication or hospitalization cost.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Female , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943047


Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) and minimally invasive surgery are two important development directions of modern surgery in the 21st century. They provide new clinical treatment methods and theoretical basis for the rapid recovery of surgical patients and more rational utilization of medical resources. They are two hot topics in clinical research and academic exchange of surgery-related subjects, and promote the rapid development and clinical application of surgery. ERAS covers a range of preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative optimization measures, of which minimally invasive surgery is an important part of intraoperative optimization. The quality of surgery, especially minimally invasive surgery, plays a key role in postoperative recovery, which is the most important one of all ERAS measures. With good surgical quality and no postoperative complications, patients will recover quickly. Therefore, minimally invasive surgery plays a central role in the ERAS concept. The combination of ERAS with minimally invasive surgery is not only safe and feasible, but is also better than these two clinical therapies alone for postoperative recovery, and improves short-term and long-term outcome and accelerates the recovery of patients. For surgical diseases treated with minimally invasive surgery as far as possible, using the ERAS management for patients will result in reduced traumatic stress, better surgical tolerance, less postoperative pain, smaller incision, earlier ambulation, better organ function, and less morbidity of complications. In short, ERAS and minimally invasive surgery complement and promote each other. As two outstanding achievements of modern medicine, they are clinical treatments that provide sufficient theoretical basis for rapid recovery of patients and open a new chapter for the development of modern surgery.

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Humans , Length of Stay , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Period
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943039


Objective: To investigate the experience of patients in the implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) strategy after radical gastrectomy and the factors affecting the treatment experience. Methods: A prospective cohort study was carried out. Patients who were diagnosed with gastric cancer by pathology and underwent radical gastrectomy at the Xijing Digestive Disease Hospital from December 2019 to December 2020 were consecutively enrolled. Those who received emergency surgery, residual gastric cancer surgery, preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy, non-curative tumor resection, intraperitoneal metastasis, or other malignant tumors were excluded. Patients' expectation and experience during implementation were investigated by questionnaires. The questionnaire included three main parts: patients' expectation for ERAS, patients' experience during the ERAS implementation, and patients' outcomes within 30 days after discharge. The items on the expectation and experience were ranked from 0 to 10 by patients, which indicated to be unsatisfied/unimportant and satisfied/important respectively. According to their attitudes towards the ERAS strategy, patients were divided into the support group and the reject group. Patients' expectation and experience of hospital stay, and the clinical outcomes within 30 days after discharge were compared between the two groups. Categorical data were reported as number with percentage and the quantitative data were reported as mean with standard deviation, or where appropriate, as the median with interquartile range (Q1, Q3). Categorical data were compared using the Chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test, where appropriate. For continuous data, Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test were used. Complication was classified according to Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: Of the included 112 patients (88 males and 24 females), aged (57.8±10.0) years, 35 patients (31.3%) were in the support group and 77 (68.7%) in the reject group. Anxiety was detected in 56.2% (63/112) of the patients with score >8. The admission education during the ERAS implementation improved the patients' cognitions of the ERAS strategy [M(Q1, Q3) score: 8 (4, 10) vs. 2 (0, 5), Z=-7.130, P<0.001]. The expected hospital stay of patients was longer than the actual stay [7 (7, 10) days vs. 6 (6, 7) days, Z=-4.800, P<0.001]. During the ERAS implementation, patients had low score in early mobilization [3 (1, 6)] and early oral intake [5 (2.25, 8)]. Fifty-eight (51.8%) patients planned the ERAS implementation at home after discharge, while 32.1% (36/112) preferred to stay in hospital until they felt totally recovered. Compared with the reject group, the support group had shorter expected hospital stay [7 (6, 10) days vs. 10 (7, 15) days, Z=-2.607, P=0.009], and higher expected recovery-efficiency score [9 (8, 10) vs. 7(5, 9), Z=-3.078, P=0.002], lower expected less-pain score [8 (6, 10) vs. 6 (5, 9) days, Z=-1.996, P=0.046], expected faster recovery of physical strength score [8 (6, 10) vs. 6 (4, 9), Z=-2.200, P=0.028] and expected less drainage tube score [8 (8, 10) vs. 8 (5, 10), Z=-2.075, P=0.038]. Worrying about complications (49.1%) and self-recognition of not recovery (46.4%) were the major concerns when assessing the experience toward ERAS. During the follow-up, 105 patients received follow-up calls. There were 57.1% (60/105) of patients who experienced a variety of discomforts after discharge, including pain (28.6%), bloating (20.0%), nausea (12.4%), fatigue (7.6%), and fever (2.9%). Within 30 days after discharge, 6.7% (7/105) of patients developed Clavien-Dindo level I and II operation-associated complications, including poor wound healing, intestinal obstruction, intraperitoneal bleeding, and wound infection, all of which were cured by conservative treatment. There were no complications of level III or above in the whole group after surgery. Compared with the support group, more patients in the reject group reported that they had not yet achieved self-expected recovery when discharged [57.1% (44/77) vs. 22.9% (8/35), χ2=11.372, P<0.001], and expected to return to their daily lives [39.0% (30/77) vs. 8.6% (3/35), χ2=10.693, P<0.001], with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Only 52.4% (55/105) of patients returned home to continue rehabilitation, and the remaining patients chose to go to other hospitals to continue their hospitalization after discharge, with a median length of stay of 7 (7, 9) days. Compared with the reject group, the support group had a higher proportion of home rehabilitation [59.7% (12/33) vs. 36.4% (43/72), χ2=4.950, P=0.026], and shorter time of self-perceived postoperative full recovery [14 (10, 20) days vs. 15 (14, 20) days, Z=2.100, P=0.036], with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Although ERAS has promoted postoperative rehabilitation while ensuring surgical safety, it has not been unanimously recognized by patients. Adequate rehabilitation education, good analgesia, good physical recovery, and early removal of drainage tubes may improve the patient's experience of ERAS.

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Female , Gastrectomy , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Pain , Patient Outcome Assessment , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943038


Perioperative traumatic stress is a systemic nonspecific response caused by stimuli such as anesthesia, surgery, pain and anxiety, which lasts throughout the perioperative period.The continuous excessive stress response is not conducive to the postoperative rehabilitation of patients. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), a research hotspot of modern surgery, can significantly reduce perioperative pain and stress, thus promoting the rehabilitation of patients. With the progress of artificial intelligence and information technology, wearable, non-invasive, real-time heart rate variability (HRV) dynamic monitoring can effectively realize the digitalization of stress monitoring with low price, which is worthy of clinical application. Therefore, the use of HRV for digital monitoring of perioperative stress has a significant research value. Moreover, the combination of HRV and ERAS has shown its advantages and the prospect of clinical application is worthy of anticipating.

Artificial Intelligence , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Humans , Length of Stay , Pain , Perioperative Period , Postoperative Complications
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943037


Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a multimodal perioperative care program to decrease the risk of delayed hospitalization, medical complications, readmission and to improve patient short- and long-term outcomes with minimized level of surgical stress responses through multidisciplinary cooperation. Despite its huge success, the program has challenges for further optimization with a primary focus on modification according to the specific pathophysiology and perioperative management characteristics of patients with gastrointestinal tumors to improve the compliance and implementation rate of items. Patient education, prehabilitation, multimodal analgesia, precision surgery, early mobilization, early oral feeding and oral nutrition supplement (ONS) should be regarded as core terms suitable for all the patients. During the application of ERAS pathway management, it is necessary to fully understand the perioperative changes of organ function and pathophysiology, and to strictly implement the ERAS program and items based on evidence-based medicine. Moreover, the close collaboration of multidisciplinary teams is needed to improve the compliance and increase the adherence rate of ERAS protocol for patients, which emphasizes the dynamic, gap-free and whole course management that covers pre-hospital, pre-operative, intra-operative, post-operative and post-hospital periods. Concurrently, we encourage our patients and their families to participate in the whole healthcare activities. Even more concerning, it is indispensable to adjust ERAS program for special time and special patients. At present, several consensus and guidelines on the ERAS management of gastrointestinal tumor surgery have come out for clinical practice in China, which, however, still lacks a high-level evidence from more high-quality clinical trials conducted by Chinese researchers. It is urgent to carry out a series of large-scale randomized controlled studies in accordance with international standards to obtain high-level evidence-based medical evidence for clinical practice, which is problem-oriented and integrated with features of metabolism and perioperative management of gastrointestinal tumor surgery.

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Length of Stay , Perioperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943036


The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is an evidence-based perioperative care pathway, which is to reduce the perioperative stress and metabolic variation, with the ultimate goal of improving patient recovery and outcomes. This article reviews some hot issues in the clinical practice of ERAS in China. Currently, the concept and pathways of ERAS are very consistent with China's medical reform, and the basic principle of "safety first, efficiency second" should be adhered to. In specific clinical practice, multidisciplinary cooperation, the improvement of surgical quality and the implementation of prehabilitation pathway should be advocated. In addition, the ERAS approaches should be implemented individually to avoid mechanical understanding and dogmatic implementation. The implementation of ERAS and its clinical outcome should be audited to accumulate experience, and a feedback mechanism should be established to improve the outcome continuously. In clinical practice, "fast recovery" should not be the sole purpose. For patients, the decrease in the risk of readmission rate is more important as compared to discharge rate. Additionally, the disparities between the development of ERAS clinical research in China and that in the world are also analyzed in this review. A national ERAS database should be established on the basic platform of academic groups to ensure the development of high-quality clinical research in China.

Critical Pathways , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Humans , Length of Stay , Perioperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): 822-824, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351667


Abstract The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic brings numerous challenges to the health ecosystem, including the safe resumption of elective cardiac surgery. In the pre-pandemic period, rapid recovery protocols demonstrated, through strategies focused on the multidisciplinary approach, reduction of hospital length of stay, infection rates and, consequently, costs. Even with several studies proving the benefits of these protocols, their acceptance and implementation have been slow. It is believed that the resumption of surgeries in the current context requires the use of rapid recovery protocols combined with the use of a mobile application promoting greater engagement between patients, caregivers and care teams.

Humans , Technology , COVID-19 , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Patient Care Team , Elective Surgical Procedures , Mobile Applications , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 185-188, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339741


ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the results of the use of dexmedetomidine (D) in the treatment of patients with degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine using puncture techniques. Methods The study included 77 patients who underwent surgical puncture for degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine with the use of alpha-2-adrenomimetic D: percutaneous laser denervation of the facet joints (n = 46) and posterolateral transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (n = 31). We assessed: the level of sedation using the Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS) and the Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS); intraoperative dynamics of the cardiovascular and respiratory system parameters; the level of pain syndrome according to VAS. Results A high intraoperative level of sedation was determined, with RASS -2, -3 and Ramsay III, IV; when transferring a patient to a department (in 90 minutes) this parameter was RASS 0 and Ramsay II. There were no significant changes in central hemodynamics and respiratory depression. The minimum level of pain was determined immediately after surgery, at 30 and 60 minutes after surgery, and before transfer to the department (90 minutes): 6 (4;9); 10 (8;12); 12 (9;13); 16 (13;19) respectively. The absence of the need for additional analgesia on the first postoperative day was verified. Conclusion The use of D significantly reduces the level of pain, while maintaining the necessary verbal contact with the patient, and provides the necessary neurovegetative protection without respiratory depression or lowered hemodynamic parameters during the perioperative period. Level of evidence II; Prognostic Studies - Investigating the Effect of a Patient Characteristic on Disease Outcome. Case series, retrospective study.

RESUMO Objetivo Analisar os resultados do uso de dexmedetomidina (D) no tratamento de pacientes com doenças degenerativas da coluna lombar com técnicas de punção. Métodos O estudo incluiu 77 pacientes submetidos à punção cirúrgica em doenças degenerativas da coluna lombar com o uso de um agonista alfa-2 adrenérgico: denervação percutânea das articulações facetárias com laser (n = 46) e discectomia endoscópica transforaminal posterolateral (n = 31). Foram avaliados o nível de sedação usando a Escala de Sedação de Ramsay (RSS) e a Escala de Sedação e Agitação de Richmond (RASS); a dinâmica intraoperatória dos parâmetros dos sistemas cardiovascular e respiratório; o nível de síndrome de dor de acordo com a EVA. Resultados Determinou-se um alto nível intraoperatório de sedação pela RASS (-2, -3) e pela Ramsay (III, IV). Ao transferir um paciente para outro setor (depois de 90 minutos), esse parâmetro era 0 em RASS e II em Ramsay. Não houve alterações significativas na hemodinâmica central e na depressão respiratória. O nível mínimo de dor foi determinado imediatamente após a cirurgia, 30 e 60 minutos depois da cirurgia e antes da transferência para o outro setor (90 minutos depois): 6 (4; 9); 10 (8; 12); 12 (9; 13); 16 (13; 19), respectivamente. Constatou-se que não era necessária analgesia adicional no primeiro dia pós-operatório. Conclusões O uso de D reduz significativamente o nível de dor mantendo a comunicação verbal necessária com o paciente e fornece a proteção neurovegetativa necessária sem depressão respiratória e os parâmetros hemodinâmicos reduzidos durante o período perioperatório. Nível de evidência II; Estudos prognósticos - Investigação do efeito de característica de um paciente sobre o desfecho da doença. Série de casos, Estudo retrospectivo.

RESUMEN Objetivo Analizar los resultados del uso de dexmedetomidina (D) en el tratamiento de pacientes con enfermedades degenerativas de la columna lumbar con técnicas de punción. Métodos El estudio incluyó a 77 pacientes con enfermedades degenerativas de la columna lumbar que se sometieron a punción quirúrgica mediante el uso de un agonista adrenérgico alfa-2: denervación percutánea de las articulaciones facetarias con láser (n = 46) y discectomía endoscópica transforaminal posterolateral (n = 31). Fueron evaluados el nivel de sedación mediante la Escala de Sedación de Ramsay (RSS) y la Escala de Sedación y Agitación de Richmond (RASS); la dinámica intraoperatoria de los parámetros de los sistemas cardiovascular y respiratorio; el nivel del síndrome de dolor según la EVA. Resultados Se determinó un alto nivel de sedación intraoperatoria en RASS (-2, -3) y por Ramsay (III, IV)Al transferir un paciente a otro sector (después de 90 minutos), este parámetro fue 0 en RASS y II en Ramsay. No hubo cambios significativos en la hemodinámica central y la depresión respiratoria.El nivel mínimo de dolor se determinó después de la cirugía, 30 y 60 minutos después de la cirugía y antes del traslado al otro sector (90 minutos después): 6 (4; 9); 10 (8; 12); 12 (9; 13); 16 (13; 19), respectivamente. Se verificó que no era necesaria analgesia adicional el primer día postoperatorio. Conclusiones El uso de D reduce significativamente el nivel de dolor al mismo tiempo que se mantiene la necesaria comunicación verbal con el paciente y brinda la protección neurovegetativa necesaria sin depresión respiratoria y parámetros hemodinámico reducidos durante el período perioperatorio. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios de pronóstico: Investigación del efecto de la característica de un paciente sobre el desenlace de la enfermedad. Serie de casos, Estudio retrospectivo.

Humans , Spine , Low Back Pain , Diskectomy , Dexmedetomidine , Zygapophyseal Joint , Hemodynamic Monitoring , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery
Rev. SOBECC ; 26(2): 107-115, 30-06-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283863


Objetivo: Identificar o conhecimento científico produzido sobre os cuidados de enfermagem relacionados ao uso da eletrocirurgia no período intraoperatório. Método: Revisão integrativa, realizada nas bases de dados Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) e na biblioteca virtual Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), por meio dos descritores "eletrocirurgia", "cuidados de enfermagem" e "recuperação pós-cirúrgica melhorada", correlacionados pelo operador booleano and, nos idiomas português, inglês, espanhol e francês. Dos 213 estudos encontrados, sete compuseram a amostra. Utilizou-se o software Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ), por meio dos métodos de análise lexical e de similitude. Para a análise da qualidade metodológica, aplicou-se o nível de evidência científica, segundo recomendações da Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Resultados: Destacam-se publicações entre 2010 e 2012, com nível de evidência V, indexadas nas bases de dados LILACS e CINAHL. Verificaram-se, na nuvem de palavras, termos com maior frequência relativa: "paciente" (n=14); "risco cirúrgico" (n=12); "eletrocirurgia" (n=10); "enfermeiro" (n=8); "conhecimento" (n=6), "cuidado" (n=6) e "prevenção" (n=5). Feita a análise de similitude, identifica-se um leque semântico de palavras mais frequentes. Conclusão: Evidencia-se escassez de estudos, na literatura, com informações significativas para agregação de conhecimentos e construção de novos trabalhos.

Objective: To identify the scientific knowledge produced under the care of nursing related to the use of electrosurgery in the intraoperative period. Method: Integrative review based on the databases: Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and in the virtual library Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), using the descriptors "electrosurgery", "nursing care" and "enhanced recovery after surgery", correlated by the Boolean operator and, in Portuguese, English, Spanish and French. Of the 213 studies we found, seven composed the sample. We used the Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ) software, through methods of lexical analysis and similitude. For the analysis of methodological quality, we applied the scientific level of evidence, according to recommendations from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Results: The publications of 2010 to 2012 stand out, with level of evidence V, indexed in LILACS and CINAHL. In the word cloud, we observed the following terms had higher relative frequency: "patient"(n=14); "surgical risk" (n=12); "electrosurgery" (n=10); "nurse" (n=8); "knowledge" (n=6); "care" (n=6); and "prevention" (n=5). After the similitude analysis, we identified the semantic range of more frequent words. Conclusion: There are a few studies in the literature with significant information to aggregate knowledge and build new analyses.

Objetivo: Identificar el conocimiento científico producido sobre la atención de enfermería relacionada con el uso de electrocirugía en el período intraoperatorio. Método: Revisión integradora, realizada en las bases de datos LILACS, PubMed, CINAHL y en la biblioteca virtual SciELO, a través de los descriptores Electrocirugía, Atención de enfermería y Recuperación posquirúrgica mejorada, correlacionados por el operador booleano and, en portugués, inglés, español y francés. Siete de los 213 estudios encontrados compusieron la muestra. Se utilizó el software IRAMUTEQ, mediante los métodos de análisis léxico y de similitud. Para el análisis de la calidad metodológica se aplicó el nivel de evidencia científica, según las recomendaciones de la Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Resultados: Destacan las publicaciones entre 2010 y 2012, con nivel de evidencia V, indexadas en las bases de datos LILACS y CINAHL. En la nube de palabras se encontró términos con mayor frecuencia relativa: Paciente (n=14); Riesgo quirúrgico (n=12); Electrocirugía (n=10); Enfermero (N=08); Conocimiento (N=6), Atención (N=6) y Prevención (n=5). Se identifica un rango semántico de palabras más frecuentes a partir del análisis de similitud. Conclusión: Se demostró la escasez de estudios en la literatura, con información significativa para la agregación del conocimiento y la construcción de nuevas obras.

Humans , Electrosurgery , Intraoperative Care , Nursing Care , Disease Prevention , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Nurses
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e1010, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280221


La rehabilitación multimodal constituye un conjunto de medidas perioperatorias que sustituye prácticas tradicionales. Su implementación está fundada en criterios de medicina basada en la evidencia. El objetivo del artículo es implementar el protocolo ERAS (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) por sus siglas en inglés, en la cirugía esofágica electiva por cáncer. Se tuvo en cuenta como documento base el protocolo ERAS del servicio. Se apoyó en la sistemática revisión de la evidencia. Se amplió la búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos Biblioteca Cochrane Plus (Cochrane Library) y Medline desde el 2000 hasta 2018. Las medidas a aplicar se dividen en 3 bloques: preoperatorio, perioperatorio y postoperatorio. Su conjunto da lugar al documento de consenso que integra todas las medidas. La aplicación de protocolos de rehabilitación multimodal en cirugía esofágica reducirá la morbimortalidad postoperatoria, la estancia y los costes hospitalarios(AU)

Multimodal rehabilitation involves a set of perioperative measures that substitutes traditional practices. Its implementation is founded upon evidence-based medicine criteria. The objective of the article is to implement of the ERAS (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) protocol for elective esophageal cancer surgery. The ERAS protocol of the service was taken into account as a base document. It was supported by systematic evidence review. The bibliographic search was broadened in the Cochrane Library and the Medline databases, from 2000 to 2018. The measures to be applied are divided into three blocks: preoperative, perioperative and postoperative. This set gives rise to the consensus document that integrates all the measures. The application of multimodal rehabilitation protocols in esophageal surgery will reduce postoperative morbidity and mortality, hospital stay and costs(AU)

Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Evidence-Based Medicine/methods , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e1089, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280219


Introducción: La descompresión con sonda nasogástrica y la vía oral cerrada por varios días, ha sido práctica común tras procedimientos quirúrgicos electivos del tracto digestivo. Los programas para mejorar la recuperación posoperatoria (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery), aconsejan cambiar esta práctica. Objetivo: Evaluar el cumplimiento y repercusión en la evolución posoperatoria de dos acciones del programa en el retiro de la sonda nasogástrica y la apertura de la vía oral el día de la intervención. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital "Hermanos Ameijeiras" de septiembre 2017 a agosto 2020. La muestra fue de 270 pacientes con intervención quirúrgica mayor electiva del colon, hígado, vía biliar o páncreas, a los que se les aplicó el programa para mejorar la recuperación posoperatoria. Resultados: En 79,6 por ciento de pacientes, la sonda nasogástrica se retiró en el quirófano tras la intervención y esto se asoció a más rápida recuperación de la función intestinal, menor estadía, complicaciones, reingresos y reintervenciones. En 60 por ciento se inició la vía oral 6 horas después de la cirugía y 79,6 por ciento toleraban dieta blanda a las 48 horas. Estos pacientes presentaron menos complicaciones y mortalidad. Conclusiones: En el contexto de un programa para mejorar la recuperación posoperatoria, tras cirugía abdominal electiva, el retiro de la sonda nasogástrica el día de la intervención, con apertura precoz de la vía oral y rápida progresión a dieta blanda, son acciones bien toleradas que repercuten positivamente en la evolución posoperatoria(AU)

Introduction: Nasogastric tube decompression, together with the oral route closed for several days, has been a common practice after elective surgical procedures of the digestive tract. Programs to improve postoperative recovery (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) advise changing this practice. Objective: To assess compliance and impact on postoperative evolution of two program actions for nasogastric tube removal and opening of the oral route on the intervention day. Methods: A prospective study was carried out, from September 2017 to August 2020, in the general surgery service of Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital. The sample consisted of 270 patients who underwent major elective surgery of the colon, liver, bile duct or pancreas and were applied the program to improve postoperative recovery. Results: In 79.6 percent of patients, the nasogastric tube was removed in the operating room after the intervention, a fact associated with faster recovery of intestinal function, shorter stay, as well as fewer complications, readmissions and reinterventions. In 60 percent of the patients, the oral route was started at six hours after surgery, while 79.6 percent of them tolerated a soft diet at 48 hours. These patients presented fewer complications and mortality. Conclusions: In the context of a program to improve postoperative recovery after elective abdominal surgery, nasogastric tube removal on the intervention day, with early opening of the oral route and rapid progression to a soft diet, are well-tolerated actions that have a positive effect on postoperative evolution(AU)

Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Bile Ducts/surgery , Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Gastrointestinal Tract/injuries , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Prospective Studies
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e682, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156372


Introducción: Múltiples son los artículos publicados que abordan el tema de la ciencia abierta y su importancia para la sociedad, especialmente para la comunidad de investigadores. Esta constituye, ineludiblemente, el presente y futuro de las revistas científicas como método de expandir las investigaciones con alta calidad y credibilidad. La ciencia abierta como movimiento, tiene varios componentes y dentro de ellos, la gestión de citas y referencias de datos, códigos y materiales, que fundamentan la necesidad de que los autores tengan disponibles los contenidos subyacentes a los artículos que se publican y que constituyen la base de los resultados obtenidos en cada investigación. Objetivo: Evaluación de la eficacia de los protocolos de recuperación mejorada en cirugía cardiaca. Métodos: El protocolo que se propone fue elaborado por la investigadora principal (registro público cubano de ensayos clínicos RPCEC00000304) y se describe acorde a las recomendaciones de la lista internacional de chequeo para ensayos clínicos (SPIRIT). Conclusiones: Estarían en relación a si se puede demostrar, después de terminada la investigación, si el protocolo motivo de la Intervención, es mejor, igual o peor que el protocolo de control(AU)

Introduction: There are multiple articles published that address the subject of open science and its importance for society, especially for the research community. This constitutes, inevitably, the present and future of scientific journals as a method of expanding research with high quality and credibility. Open science, as a movement, has several components including the management of citations and references of data, codes and materials, which support the need for authors to have available the underlying content of the articles published and constituting the base for the results obtained in each investigation. Objective: Assessment of the efficacy of improved recovery protocols in cardiac surgery. Methods: The proposed protocol was prepared by the main researcher (Cuban public registry of clinical trials: RPCEC00000304) and is described according to the recommendations of the international checklist for clinical trials (SPIRIT). Conclusions: They would be related to whether it can be demonstrated, after the end of the investigation, if the protocol reason for the intervention is better, equal to, or worse than the control protocol(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology , Guidelines as Topic , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery/standards , Perioperative Care/standards , Perioperative Medicine/methods
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(1): e400, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149797


Abstract Introduction Multimodal enhanced recovery programs are a new paradigm in perioperative care. Objective To evaluate the certainty of evidence pertaining to the effectiveness and safety of the multimodal perioperative care program in elective colorectal surgery. Data source: A search was conducted in the Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases, up until February 2020. Eligibility criteria Systematic reviews that take into account the perioperative multimodal program in patients with an indication for colorectal surgery were included. The primary outcomes were morbidity and postoperative deaths. The secondary outcome was hospital length of stay. Study quality and synthesis method The reviews were evaluated with AMSTAR-2 and the certainty of the evidence with the GRADE methodology. The findings are presented with measures of frequency, risk estimators, or differences. Results Six systematic reviews of clinical trials with medium and high quality in AMSTAR-2 were included. Morbidity was reduced between 16 and 48%. Studies are inconclusive regarding postoperative mortality. Hospital length of stay was reduced by an average of 2.5 days (p <0.05). The certainty of the body of evidence is very low. Limitations The effect of the program, depending on the combination of elements, is not clear. Conclusions and implications Despite the proven evidence that the program is effective in reducing global postoperative morbidity and hospital stay, the body of evidence is of very low quality. Consequently, results may change with new evidence and further research is required.

Resumen Introducción Los programas multimodales de cuidado perioperatorio son nuevos paradigmas de atención en salud, particularmente en el paciente quirúrgico. Objetivo Evaluar la certeza en la evidencia de la efectividad y seguridad del programa multimodal perioperatorio en cirugía colorrectal electiva. Fuente de datos Se consultaron las bases de datos Medline, EMBASE y Cochrane hasta febrero de 2020. Criterios de elegibilidad Se incluyeron revisiones sistemáticas que consideraron como intervención el programa multimodal perioperatorio en pacientes con indicación de cirugía colorrectal. Los desenlaces primarios fueron morbilidad y mortalidad postoperatoria. El desenlace secundario fue estancia hospitalaria. Evaluación de los estudios y método de síntesis La calidad de las revisiones fue evaluada con AMSTAR-2 y la certeza de la evidencia con la metodología GRADE. Los hallazgos se presentan con medidas de frecuencia, estimadores de riesgo o diferencias. Resultados Se incluyeron seis revisiones sistemáticas de ensayos clínicos de media y alta calidad en AMSTAR-2. La morbilidad se redujo entre el 16 y el 48 %. Para la mortalidad postoperatoria no se reportan diferencias a favor del programa. La estancia hospitalaria se redujo en promedio 2,5 días (p < 0,05). La certeza del cuerpo de la evidencia es muy baja. Limitaciones El efecto del programa en función de combinación de elementos no es claro. Conclusiones e implicaciones A pesar de que la evidencia sugiere que el programa es efectivo en la reducción de morbilidad postoperatoria global y estancia hospitalaria, el cuerpo de la evidencia es de muy baja calidad, por lo que los resultados podrían cambiar con nueva evidencia. Se requieren nuevas investigaciones.

Humans , Colorectal Surgery , Perioperative Care , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Treatment Outcome , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1068, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289376


Introducción: Los Programas de Recuperación Posoperatoria Mejorada (Enhanced Revovery After Surgery, ERAS, por sus siglas en inglés), también denominados de "rehabilitación multimodal quirúrgica" o "Fast-track" constituyen estrategias perioperatorias para mejorar la recuperación postoperatoria de forma segura. Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento y la aplicación práctica de evidencias científicas actuales que sostienen a los programas de Recuperación Posoperatoria Mejorada. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación cualitativa en 5 servicios de cirugía general de hospitales universitarios de la capital. Se aplicó un cuestionario anónimo a 107 médicos especialistas y residentes de 3er. y 4to. año de la especialidad. Resultados: El 40 por ciento de los encuestados no tenía conocimiento de la existencia de los programas de rehabilitación multimodal. Las evidencias relacionadas con la descompresión naso-gástrica, el ayuno preoperatorio y la preparación mecánica del colon, fueron las menos conocidas, con porcientos de respuestas no acordes a evidencias actuales de 62,2 por ciento, 50,1 por ciento y 50,1 por ciento, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Importantes evidencias científicas actuales en varias acciones claves de la recuperación postoperatoria no son bien conocidas y por ende no han sido incorporadas a la práctica médica(AU)

Introduction: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs, also known as "surgical multimodal rehabilitation" or "fast-track," are perioperative strategies to improve postoperative recovery safely. Objective: To assess the knowledge and practical application of current scientific evidence that supports enhanced postoperative recovery programs. Methods: A qualitative investigation was carried out in five general surgery services of university hospitals in the capital of Cuba. An anonymous questionnaire was applied to 107 specialist physicians, as well as residents from the third and fourth academic years. Results: 40% of the respondents did not have any knowledge about the existence of multimodal rehabilitation programs. The evidences related to nasogastric decompression, preoperative fasting and mechanical preparation of the colon were the least known, with percentages of responses not in accordance with current evidence, being of 62.2 percent, 50.1 percent and 50.1 percent, respectively. Conclusions: Important current scientific evidences concerning several key actions of postoperative recovery are not well known and, therefore, have not been incorporated into medical practice(AU)

Humans , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Strategies , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , General Surgery , Knowledge , Qualitative Research , Evidence-Based Practice/methods
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 179-191, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878277


Pediatric liver transplantation (PLT) is an effective strategy of treating various acute or chronic end-stage liver diseases and inherited metabolic diseases in children.PLT has been applied in many transplant centers nationwide and has achieved satisfactory results.However,the development of transplant centers is uneven,and there is a lack of consensus and standards within the industry.In order to reduce post-operative complications,accelerate post-operative recovery,and improve the short-and long-term quality of life of children,the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Committee of Chinese Research Hospital Association organized multidisciplinary experts to summarize the progress of domestic and international research,and formulated a perioperative consensus on PLT based on the principles of evidence-based medicine.The consensus provides recommendations for perioperative PLT from three aspects:preoperative assessment and preparation,intraoperative management and postoperative management,in order to provide reference guidelines for centers that are conducting or preparing to conduct PLT.

Child , Consensus , End Stage Liver Disease/therapy , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery/standards , Humans , Liver Transplantation/standards , Metabolism, Inborn Errors/therapy , Perioperative Care/standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878710


Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery(VATS)has become the main method of lobectomy.Multimodal analgesia is one of the core contents of enhanced recovery after surgery(ERAS)management in VATS lobectomy,which aims to control perioperative pain,reduce stress response,and achieve rapid recovery after surgery.In recent years,multimodal analgesia has developed rapidly,emphasizing the comprehensive implementation of a variety of analgesic methods and the synergistic application of analgesics with different mechanisms.This article reviews the new progress in the implementation of multimodal analgesia in VATS lobectomy and addresses the current problems and challenges,aiming to help develop more effective and practical analgesic strategies of ERAS.

Analgesia , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Humans , Pain , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE002105, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1349820


Resumo Objetivo Identificar os cuidados de Enfermagem associados ao programa Enhanced Recovery After Surgery® na área da cirurgia colorretal. Métodos Realizou-se uma Scoping Review de publicações no período entre 2009 e 2019, segundo as recomendações do Joanna Briggs Institute, com base na questão de pesquisa: "Quais os cuidados de Enfermagem à pessoa submetida a cirurgia colorretal, no âmbito do programa Enhanced Recovery After Surgery®?". A pesquisa realizou-se entre 02/12/2019 a 12/12/2019 através da pesquisa boolena nas bases de dados eletrónicas CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE Complete, Nursing & Allied Health Collection: Comprehensive, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register, Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts, MedicLatina e no repositório b-ON, com os descritores MeSH "nursing", "colorectal" e a palavra-chave "enhanced". Resultados Foram selecionados 13 artigos que evidenciam uma adaptação e uma complementaridade nos cuidados de Enfermagem assegurados pelo Enfermeiro coordenador do programa e Enfermeiro Estomaterapeuta. No pré-operatório destaca-se como intervenção o ensino e otimização da pessoa, no intra-operatório, uma abordagem minimamente invasiva com gestão multimodal da dor e no período pós-operatório, um retorno precoce da alimentação, reabilitação e acompanhamento telefônico aquando a alta. Conclusão Os Enfermeiros desempenham um papel crucial na adoção e sustentação das práticas clínicas sugeridas pelo programa verificando um impacto positivo na experiência cirúrgica dos pacientes de colorretal.

Resumen Objetivo Identificar los cuidados de enfermería relacionados con el programa Enhanced Recovery After Surgery® en el área de la cirugía colorrectal. Métodos Se realizó una Scoping Review de publicaciones del período entre 2009 y 2019, de acuerdo con las recomendaciones del Joanna Briggs Institute, con base en la pregunta de investigación: "¿Cuáles son los cuidados de enfermería para personas sometidas a una cirugía colorrectal, en el contexto del programa Enhanced Recovery After Surgery®?". La investigación se llevó a cabo del 02/12/2019 al 12/12/2019 mediante una búsqueda booleana en las bases de datos electrónicas CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE Complete, Nursing & Allied Health Collection: Comprehensive, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register, Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts, MedicLatina y en el repositorio b-ON, con los descriptores MeSH "nursing", "colorectal" y la palabra clave "enhanced". Resultados Se seleccionaron 13 artículos que evidencian una adaptación y una complementariedad en los cuidados de enfermería garantizados por el enfermero coordinador del programa y el enfermero estomaterapeuta. En el preoperatorio se destaca como intervención la enseñanza y optimización de la persona, en el intraoperatorio, un enfoque mínimamente invasivo con gestión multimodal del dolor, y en el período posoperatorio, un retorno precoz de la alimentación, rehabilitación y seguimiento telefónico después del alta. Conclusión Los enfermeros desempeñan un papel crucial para adoptar y sustentar las prácticas clínicas sugeridas por el programa, lo que confirma un impacto positivo en la experiencia quirúrgica de los pacientes de cirugía colorrectal.

Abstract Objective To identify the nursing care associated with the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery® program in the field of colorectal surgery. Methods According to the recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute, a Scoping Review of publications from 2009 to 2019 was carried out based on the research question: "What is the nursing care for patients undergoing colorectal surgery in the scope of the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery® program?". The research took place between 12/02/2019 and 12/12/2019 through the boolean research in the following electronic databases: CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE Complete, Nursing & Allied Health Collection: Comprehensive, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register, Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts, MedicLatina, and in the b-ON repository with the MeSH descriptors "nursing", "colorectal" and the key-word "enhanced". Results We selected 13 articles that showed adaptation and complementarity with the nursing care ensured by the nurse coordinator of the program and stomatherapist nursing. In the preoperative period, instruction and person optimization stand out as an intervention, in the intraoperative period, a minimally invasive approach with multimodal pain management, and in the postoperative, a precocious return to feeding, rehabilitation, and telephone follow-up at the time of the hospital discharge. Conclusion The nurses perform a crucial role to the adoption and support of the suggested clinical practices of the program verifying a positive impact in patients submitted to colorectal surgery.

Humans , Perioperative Nursing , Colorectal Surgery/rehabilitation , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Nursing Care
Rev. venez. cir ; 74(2): 44-50, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1369702


La recuperación mejorada después de la cirugía (ERAS®) es un protocolo multimodal aplicado a la atención peri operatoria. Estos protocolos están implementados por un equipo multidisciplinario centrado en el paciente, incorporan personal clínico ambulatorio, enfermeras, anestesiólogos, personal de recuperación post operatoria, personal de nutrición, fisioterapeutas, trabajadores sociales y cirujanos. Independientemente de la subespecialidad quirúrgica, todos los protocolos ERAS® comparten los mismos objetivos: optimización pre operatoria del paciente, disminución del estrés peri operatorio, mantenimiento de la función fisiológica post operatoria y tiempo de recuperación acelerado después de la cirugía. Los protocolos ERAS® están diseñados para reducir la respuesta al estrés quirúrgico, facilitar el mantenimiento de la composición corporal y función orgánica para lograr una recuperación temprana(AU)

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) is a multimodal protocol applied to perioperative care. These protocols are implemented by a multidisciplinary patient-centered team, incorporating outpatient clinical staff, nurses, anesthesiologists, post-operative recovery staff, nutrition staff, physical therapists, social workers, and surgeons. Regardless of the surgical subspecialty, all ERAS® protocols share the same objectives: preoperative optimization of the patient, reduction of perioperative stress, maintenance of post-operative physiological function, and accelerated recovery time after surgery. ERAS® protocols are designed to reduce the response to surgical stress, facilitate the maintenance of body composition and organ function to achieve early recovery(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Stress, Physiological , Perioperative Care , Process Optimization , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Guidelines as Topic , Equipment and Supplies , Physical Therapists , Anesthesiologists