Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 855-863, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009832

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of gut microbiota on hematopoiesis in a neonatal rat model of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).@*METHODS@#Neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a control group and a model group (NEC group), with 6 rats in each group. Formula milk combined with hypoxia and cold stimulation was used to establish a neonatal rat model of NEC. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to observe the pathological changes of intestinal tissue and hematopoiesis-related organs. Routine blood tests were conducted for each group. Immunohistochemistry was used to observe the changes in specific cells in hematopoiesis-related organs. Flow cytometry was used to measure the changes in specific cells in bone marrow. 16S rDNA sequencing was used to observe the composition and abundance of gut microbiota.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the NEC group had intestinal congestion and necrosis, damage, atrophy, and shedding of intestinal villi, and a significant increase in NEC histological score. Compared with the control group, the NEC group had significantly lower numbers of peripheral blood leukocytes and lymphocytes (P<0.05), nucleated cells in the spleen, thymus, and bone marrow, and small cell aggregates with basophilic nuclei in the liver (P<0.05). The NEC group had significant reductions in CD71+ erythroid progenitor cells in the liver, CD45+ lymphocytes in the spleen and bone marrow, CD3+ T lymphocytes in thymus, and the proportion of CD45+CD3-CD43+SSChi neutrophils in bone marrow (P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the composition of gut microbiota between the NEC and control groups, and the NEC group had a significant reduction in the abundance of Ligilactobacillus and a significant increase in the abundance of Escherichia-Shigella (P<0.05), which replaced Ligilactobacillus and became the dominant flora.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Multi-lineage hematopoietic disorder may be observed in a neonatal rat model of NEC, which may be associated with gut microbiota dysbiosis and abnormal multiplication of the pathogenic bacteria Escherichia-Shigella.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Animals, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 147-152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors for early-onset necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants with very/extremely low birth weight (VLBW/ELBW).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 194 VLBW/ELBW preterm infants with NEC who were admitted to Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to December 2021. These infants were divided into early-onset group (onset in the first two weeks of life; n=62) and late-onset group (onset two weeks after birth; n=132) based on their onset time. The two groups were compared in terms of perinatal conditions, clinical characteristics, laboratory examination results, and clinical outcomes. Sixty-two non-NEC infants with similar gestational age and birth weight who were hospitalized at the same period as these NEC preterm infants were selected as the control group. The risk factors for the development of early-onset NEC were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the late-onset group, the early-onset group had significantly higher proportions of infants with 1-minute Apgar score ≤3, stage III NEC, surgical intervention, grade ≥3 intraventricular hemorrhage, apnea, and fever or hypothermia (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that feeding intolerance, blood culture-positive early-onset sepsis, severe anemia, and hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus were independent risk factors for the development of early-onset NEC in VLBW/ELBW preterm infants (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#VLBW/ELBW preterm infants with early-onset NEC have more severe conditions compared with those with late-onset NEC. Neonates with feeding intolerance, blood culture-positive early-onset sepsis, severe anemia, or hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus have a higher risk of early-onset NEC.


Subject(s)
Child , Infant , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant, Premature , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Risk Factors
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 778-785, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very preterm infants and establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of NEC.@*METHODS@#A total of 752 very preterm infants who were hospitalized from January 2015 to December 2021 were enrolled as subjects, among whom 654 were born in 2015-2020 (development set) and 98 were born in 2021 (validation set). According to the presence or absence of NEC, the development set was divided into two groups: NEC (n=77) and non-NEC (n=577). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infants. R software was used to plot the nomogram model. The nomogram model was then validated by the data of the validation set. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, and the calibration curve were used to evaluate the performance of the nomogram model, and the clinical decision curve was used to assess the clinical practicability of the model.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that neonatal asphyxia, sepsis, shock, hypoalbuminemia, severe anemia, and formula feeding were independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infants (P<0.05). The ROC curve of the development set had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.833 (95%CI: 0.715-0.952), and the ROC curve of the validation set had an AUC of 0.826 (95%CI: 0.797-0.862), suggesting that the nomogram model had a good discriminatory ability. The calibration curve analysis and the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test showed good accuracy and consistency between the predicted value of the model and the actual value.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonatal asphyxia, sepsis, shock, hypoalbuminemia, severe anemia, and formula feeding are independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infant. The nomogram model based on the multivariate logistic regression analysis provides a quantitative, simple, and intuitive tool for early assessment of the development of NEC in very preterm infants in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Asphyxia/complications , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Fetal Growth Retardation , Hypoalbuminemia , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Nomograms , Sepsis/complications
4.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1306-1309, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922615

ABSTRACT

A male infant, whose weight was 1 120 g at 28


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Anemia , Blood Transfusion , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Gestational Age , Premature Birth
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 25-30, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879804

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the influence of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) on the early prognosis of extremely premature infants, and to provide a basis for the management of extremely premature infants and prenatal consultation.@*METHODS@#A total of 179 extremely premature singleton infants who were born from 2017 to 2019 were enrolled. According to the presence or absence of PROM, they were divided into two groups: PROM group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-PROM group, the PROM group had significantly higher incidence rates of earlyonset sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (@*CONCLUSIONS@#PROM increases the incidence rates of early-onset sepsis and NEC in extremely premature infants and does not increase the incidence rates of other adverse outcomes. For pregnant women with PROM at the risk of extremely preterm delivery, prevention of miscarriage and chorioamnionitis is recommended to prolong gestational weeks, reduce the incidence rate of infection, and thus improve the outcome of extremely premature infants.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Chorioamnionitis , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture/epidemiology , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Prognosis
6.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 39(4): 370-373, oct.-dic 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144625

ABSTRACT

La enterocolitis necrosante en adultos (ECNA) es una enfermedad de etiología incierta, muy infrecuente, con apenas casos descritos en la literatura y con elevada mortalidad. Existe una fuerte correlación entre eventos vasculares e infecciosos implicados en la patogenia de necrosis intestinal masiva en esta entidad.


Necrotizing enterocolitis in adults (ECNA) is a disease of uncertain etiology, very rare, with very few cases described in the literature and with high mortality. There is a strong correlation between vascular and infectious events involved in the pathogenesis of massive intestinal necrosis in this entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Mesenteric Ischemia/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Fatal Outcome , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/diagnostic imaging , Mesenteric Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Hemoperitoneum/diagnostic imaging
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(7): e5258, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785058

ABSTRACT

Neonatal asphyxia can cause irreversible injury of multiple organs resulting in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). This injury is dependent on time, severity, and gestational age, once the preterm babies need ventilator support. Our aim was to assess the different brain and intestinal effects of ischemia and reperfusion in neonate rats after birth anoxia and mechanical ventilation. Preterm and term neonates were divided into 8 subgroups (n=12/group): 1) preterm control (PTC), 2) preterm ventilated (PTV), 3) preterm asphyxiated (PTA), 4) preterm asphyxiated and ventilated (PTAV), 5) term control (TC), 6) term ventilated (TV), 7) term asphyxiated (TA), and 8) term asphyxiated and ventilated (TAV). We measured body, brain, and intestine weights and respective ratios [(BW), (BrW), (IW), (BrW/BW) and (IW/BW)]. Histology analysis and damage grading were performed in the brain (cortex/hippocampus) and intestine (jejunum/ileum) tissues, as well as immunohistochemistry analysis for caspase-3 and intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP). IW was lower in the TA than in the other terms (P<0.05), and the IW/BW ratio was lower in the TA than in the TAV (P<0.005). PTA, PTAV and TA presented high levels of brain damage. In histological intestinal analysis, PTAV and TAV had higher scores than the other groups. Caspase-3 was higher in PTAV (cortex) and TA (cortex/hippocampus) (P<0.005). I-FABP was higher in PTAV (P<0.005) and TA (ileum) (P<0.05). I-FABP expression was increased in PTAV subgroup (P<0.0001). Brain and intestinal responses in neonatal rats caused by neonatal asphyxia, with or without mechanical ventilation, varied with gestational age, with increased expression of caspase-3 and I-FABP biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Brain/blood supply , Caspase 3/analysis , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins/analysis , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/complications , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/pathology , Intestine, Small/blood supply , Asphyxia Neonatorum/complications , Asphyxia Neonatorum/pathology , Biomarkers/analysis , Blotting, Western , Brain/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Gestational Age , Immunohistochemistry , Intestine, Small/pathology , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Premature Birth , Rats, Wistar , Reference Values , Respiration, Artificial
8.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2015; 25 (1): 76-77
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-167501

ABSTRACT

Intussusception is a rare entity in neonates. It may present with non-specific signs including abdominal distension, feeding intolerance, vomiting and bloody stools. Symptomatology is similar to Necrotizing Entero-Colitis [NEC]. Ultrasound can help to establish early diagnosis in neonate. A 27-week preterm newborn was initially suspected as NEC based on abdominal distention, bilious vomiting, worsening clinical condition and dilated loops of bowel on X-ray, which turned out to be ileo-ileal intussusception. Diagnosis was made by ultrasound obtained for a palpable mass to rule out intra abdominal abscess and lack of improvement in clinical condition despite 5 days of conservative treatment. Surgery was performed consisting of removal of the necrotic intussusception area and end-to-end anastomosis and patient was discharged from hospital on day 60 of life. As a conclusion, pathological abdominal findings in preterm newborns can also be due to conditions other than NEC and ultrasound may be a useful tool for timely and accurate diagnosis


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ileal Diseases , Infant, Premature , Infant, Newborn , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology
9.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1828-1835, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164151

ABSTRACT

The use of caffeine citrate for treatment of apnea in very low birth weight infants showed short-term and long-term benefits. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature was undertaken to document the effect providing caffeine early (0-2 days of life) compared to providing caffeine late (> or =3 days of life) in very low birth weight infants on several neonatal outcomes, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). We searched MEDLINE, the EMBASE database, the Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed for this meta-analysis. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and Jadad's scale. Studies were included if they examined the effect of the early use of caffeine compared with the late use of caffeine. Two reviewers screened the candidate articles and extracted the data from the full-text of all of the included studies. We included a total of 59,136 participants (range 58,997-59,136; variable in one study) from a total of 5 studies. The risk of death (odds ratio [OR], 0.902; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.828 to 0.983; P=0.019), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (OR, 0.507; 95% CI, 0.396 to 0.648; P<0.001), and BPD or death (OR, 0.526; 95% CI, 0.384 to 0.719; P<0.001) were lower in the early caffeine group. Early caffeine use was not associated with a risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and NEC requiring surgery. This meta-analysis suggests that early caffeine use has beneficial effects on neonatal outcomes, including mortality and BPD, without increasing the risk of NEC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Apnea/drug therapy , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/drug therapy , Caffeine/administration & dosage , Citrates/administration & dosage , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Infant Mortality , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 28(supl.1): 19-25, 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-663887

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To describe the difficulties of implementing the protocol of experimental necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in order to obtain a larger number of newborns affected with the disease and a lower mortality. METHODS: Term Sprague-Dawley newborns rats (22 days) were divided into four groups of 12 fetuses each (n = 48): EC - breastfed newborns; IH - breastfed newborns and subjected to a stress protocol by ischemia and hypothermia; ESB - formula-fed newborns (Esbilac®, PetAg, Hampshire, IL, USA) and NEC - formula-fed newborns and subjected to stress protocol. The parameters set for the study protocol were: milk concentration (0.19 g ml or 0.34 g/ml), diet instilled volume (according to body weight - 200 kcal/day/Kg - or progressive, according to acceptance), weight (gain, loss or maintenance) and duration of the experiment (72 hours or 96 hours). Data of body weight (BW), intestinal weight (IW) and the IW/BW ratio were obtained. Samples of terminal ileum were collected and analyzed by the degree of injury to the intestinal wall. Statistically significance was set to p<0.05. RESULTS: The established protocol with less mortality and increased number of NEC was with Esbilac® at a concentration of 0.19 g/ml of diet instilled volume of 0.1 ml, every 3 hours, for 72 hours. All infants fed with artificial milk lost weight. In the degree score of intestinal injury, the ESB, IH and NEC groups were considered positive for NEC with greater histological injury in the latter. CONCLUSION: The described NEC protocol in rats allowed a greater survival of puppies with a greater number of animals affected by the disease.


OBJETIVO: Relatar as dificuldades da execução do protocolo de enterocolite necrosante (ECN) experimental a fim de obter um maior número de neonatos comprometidos com a doença e menor mortalidade. MÉTODOS: Neonatos de ratas Sprague-Dawley nascidos a termo (22 dias) foram divididos em 4 grupos de 12 fetos cada (n=48): EC - neonatos amamentados pela mãe; IH - neonatos amamentados pela mãe e submetidos a estresse por isquemia e hipotermia, ESB - neonatos alimentados por leite artificial (Esbilac®, PetAg, Hampshire, IL, USA) e NEC - neonatos alimentados com fórmula e submetidos a protocolo de estresse. Os parâmetros estabelecidos para o protocolo de estudo foram: concentração do leite (0,19 g/ml ou 0,34 g/ml), volume de dieta instilada (de acordo com ganho de peso - 200 kcal/dia/kg - ou progressivo, de acordo com aceitação), peso (ganho, perda ou manutenção) e duração do experimento (72 h ou 96 h). Dados de peso corporal (BW), peso intestinal (IW) e a relação IW/BW foram obtidos. Amostras de íleo terminal foram coletadas e analisadas pelo grau de lesão da parede intestinal. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente com p <0,05. RESULTADOS: O protocolo estabelecido com menor mortalidade e maior número de ECN foi com Esbilac® na concentração de 0,19 g/ml, volume de dieta instilada de 0,1ml, a cada 3 horas, durante 72 horas. Todos os neonatos alimentados com leite artificial perderam peso. Na escala do grau de lesão, os grupos ESB, IH e NEC foram considerados positivos para NEC com maior lesão histológica no último. CONCLUSÃO: O protocolo de NEC experimental em ratos estabelecido possibilitou uma maior sobrevivência dos neonatos com o maior numero de animais acometidos pela doença.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rats , Disease Models, Animal , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Animals, Newborn , Breast Feeding , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/mortality , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
11.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 31(4): 137-142, dic. 2011. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-645734

ABSTRACT

La enterocolitis necrotizante (ECN) es la emergencia gastrointestinal más frecuente en recién nacidos (RN)de pretérmino; pese a ello su patogenia es aún motivo de investigación; el tratamiento es difícil y frecuentementeha probado no ser el más adecuado y hasta el momento no se ha encontrado una estrategia de prevención realmenteeficaz.1 A pesar de que el uso de corticoides prenatales podría disminuir su incidencia,2 como observamos ennuestro laboratorio, no tendría la misma acción en los seres humanos. En este contexto de comprensión de las bases biológicas de la génesis de la entidad enmarcamos la presente revisión bibliográfica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Digestive System Abnormalities/embryology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/physiopathology , Gastrointestinal Motility , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Premature , Neonatology
12.
Rev. Col. Méd. Cir. Guatem ; 4(1): 25-30, jul.-dic. 2009. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-598228

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar la Enterocolitis Necrotizante (ENC) en los recién nacidos de la Unidad de Neonatología del Hospital Roosevelt en el 2006. Resultados: se estudiaron 81 recién nacidos con ENC, mediante un estudio descriptivo, encontrando 47 masculinos y 34 femeninos, que representó una incidencia de 10.2x1000 nacidos vivos(nv), de los cuales 4.9 por ciento fueron a término y 95.1 por ciento fueron pretérmino...


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/diagnosis , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/epidemiology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/pathology , Infant, Premature, Diseases
13.
Radiol. bras ; 40(5): 297-301, set.-out. 2007. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-467763

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o valor prognóstico da distensão de alças intestinais observada em radiografias na evolução e mortalidade de neonatos com enterocolite necrosante. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Nas radiografias de abdome de 53 pacientes obtidas no momento da suspeita diagnóstica de enterocolite necrosante, foi realizada a medida do diâmetro da alça mais distendida (AD), assim como a distância entre a borda superior da primeira vértebra lombar e a borda inferior da segunda (L1-L2), a distância entre as bordas laterais dos pedículos da primeira vértebra lombar (L1), e foram estabelecidas as associações entre AD/L1-L2 e AD/L1. Esta medida foi considerada como possível determinante de potenciais complicações, intervenção cirúrgica e mortalidade. RESULTADOS: Os pacientes que necessitaram de tratamento cirúrgico, aqueles que tiveram complicações durante a evolução e aqueles que morreram da doença tiveram a relação entre AD e AD/L1-L2 maiores (p < 0,05). Os valores de AD/L1 e a localização da alça mais distendida não foram diferentes nos grupos com evolução desfavorável. CONCLUSÃO: Distensão de alça intestinal detectada em radiografias de abdome realizadas na admissão sugerem pior prognóstico em enterocolite necrosante. Outrossim, medidas do diâmetro da alça mais distendida nessas radiografias são um método simples e reprodutível que oferece informações diagnósticas e prognósticas.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic value of bowel loops dilatation as a finding on radiographs in the development and mortality of neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On abdominal radiographs of 53 patients for diagnostic suspicion of necrotizing enterocolitis, the major diameters of dilated bowel loops (AD) were measured, as well as the distance between the upper border of the first lumbar vertebra and the lower border of the second one (L1-L2), and the distance between the lateral borders of the first lumbar vertebra (L1) pedicles, and the subsequent association between AD/L1-L2, AD/L1. This measure was considered as a possible determining factor for potential complications, surgical intervention and mortality. RESULTS: The patients who needed surgical management and who had complications during progression and died of the disease had showed increased AD and AD/L1-L2 (p < 0.05). AD/L1 values and site of the most dilated bowel loop were not different in the groups with unfavorable progression. CONCLUSION: Bowel loop dilatation detected on initial supine abdominal radiographs suggests a worst prognosis in necrotizing enterocolitis. Furthermore, measurement of the most dilated bowel loop on these radiographs is a simple and reproducible method that adds diagnostic and prognostic information.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/pathology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Brazil , Diagnosis, Differential , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/complications , Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous/diagnosis , Least-Squares Analysis , Prognosis , Radiography, Abdominal
14.
Radiol. bras ; 40(2): 127-130, mar.-abr. 2007. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-455949

ABSTRACT

A enterocolite necrosante representa uma das emergências gastrintestinais mais freqüentes e graves no período neonatal. Na suspeita clínica dessa doença, o exame radiológico simples de abdome é um procedimento de rotina, desempenhando um papel fundamental no diagnóstico, acompanhamento e detecção de complicações. No presente trabalho, realizamos uma revisão da literatura pertinente e descrevemos os achados radiológicos da enterocolite necrosante, ilustrados com casos do nosso serviço. Concluímos que o diagnóstico radiológico da enterocolite necrosante realizado em todas as suas etapas, contribui para uma conduta terapêutica imediata, reduzindo as complicações e aumentando a sobrevida dos pacientes.


Necrotizing enterocolitis is one of the most frequent and severe gastrointestinal emergencies occurring in the neonatal period. Once necrotizing enterocolitis is suspected a simple abdominal x-ray is a routine examination and this film will play an essential role in the diagnosis of the disease and the follow-up care of the patient, as well as in the detection of complications. In the present study we reviewed the pertinent literature and described the radiological findings, illustrated with cases from our institution. We concluded that the radiological diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis done at all stages contributes for an immediate therapeutic management, reducing the complications and improving the patient's survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/complications , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/prevention & control , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 21(2): 113-118, Mar.-Apr. 2006. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-423558

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar um modelo experimental de enterocolite necrosante em ratos proposto por Okur e colaboradores em 1995. MÉTODOS: Utilizou-se 28 ratos da raça EPM-Wistar no primeiro dia de vida, com peso entre 4 a 6 gramas. Os animais foram submetidos a hipóxia (H) colocando os filhotes em uma câmara de gás CO2 para sacrifício de roedores onde receberam um fluxo de ar contendo 100 por cento de CO2 durante 5 minutos. Após a hipóxia os animais foram reanimados (R) com fluxo de ar contendo O2 a 100 por cento, também durante 5 minutos. Os animais divididos em dois grupos: G1: controle (n=12): ratos não submetidos a H-R; G2: (n=16): ratos submetidos a H-R. Segmentos de intestino delgado e cólon foram preparados para análise histológica. O restante do intestino foi utilizado para dosagem de malondialdeído tecidual. RESULTADOS: Dosagem de malondialdeído do G1 foi em média 1,05 (0,44-2,03) e do G2 foi em média 2,60 (0,59- 6,4) nmol MDA/mg proteína. O G2 teve média significativamente maior do que a do grupo controle (p<0,002). Foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos de estudo quanto à distribuição do grau de lesão onde o grupo G1 apresentou graus significantemente menores do que o grupo G2. CONCLUSÕES: O modelo mostrou que a hipóxia neonatal em ratos provoca lesões na parede intestinal.. Apesar das lesões histológicas discretas é um bom método para avaliação da liberação de radicais livres teciduais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Hypoxia/complications , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Analysis of Variance , Animals, Newborn , Hypoxia/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/pathology , Intestines/pathology , Lipid Peroxidation , Malondialdehyde/analogs & derivatives
18.
Indian Pediatr ; 2004 May; 41(5): 435-41
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-9892

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the tolerance of rapid advancement of enteral feeds in VLBW babies. SETTING: Tertiary teaching hospital. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: All stable neonates with birth weight less than 1250 grams were included in the study. The primary outcome variable was the time taken to achieve full enteral feeds (defined as 180 ml/kg/day). The secondary outcome variables were incidence of Necrotizing enterocolitis (NNEC) and incidence of apnea. At 48 hours, the infants were randomized into the slow advancement group (enteral feeds advanced by increments of 15 ml/kg/day) or fast advancement group (enteral feeds advanced by increments of 30 ml/kg/day). The monitoring during feeding included daily weight record, two hourly abdominal girth charting, gastric aspirates, apnea, time taken to reach full enteral feedings and for NNEC. RESULTS: There were 53 infants who were enrolled for the study (27 in the fast advancement group and 26 in the slow advancement group). In the fast advancement group, 20 percent completed the trial; whereas 14 (53.8 percent;) in the slow advancement group completed the study. The two groups were comparable for birth weights, gestational age, sex, intrauterine growth status, Apgar and CRIB scores. The infants in the fast group reached full enteral intake of 180 ml/kg/day significantly earlier (10 +/- 1.8 days) than in the slow group (14.8 +/- 1.5 days). The two groups were comparable for episodes of feed intolerance, apnea, NNEC. Infants in the fast group regained birth weight significantly earlier (median 18 days) than in the slow advancement group (median 23 days). CONCLUSIONS: Stable VLBW neonates can tolerate rapid advancements of enteral feeding without increased risk of adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Apnea/etiology , Enteral Nutrition/adverse effects , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Male , Time Factors
19.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 75(2): 107-121, mar.-abr. 2004. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-363756

ABSTRACT

El aumento en la sobrevida de los recién nacidos de muy bajo peso al nacer ha significado un reto para el equipo médico involucrado en el cuidado de los más pequeños en términos de lograr cubrir sus necesidades nutricionales y conseguir el objetivo final de un crecimiento y desarrollo óptimos durante la hospitalización. El objetivo de este artículo es realizar una revisión actualizada del conocimiento existente de las necesidades nutricionales, las prácticas clínicas y los fundamentos científicos que las avalan, utilizadas en la nutrición del prematuro de muy bajo peso al nacer. Se discuten las recomendaciones con respecto a las necesidades calóricas, aporte de nutrientes específicos y requerimientos hídricos; se analizan las diferentes estrategias de alimentación existentes ofreciendo recomendaciones prácticas para lograr una nutrición óptima durante el periodo crítico comprendido desde el nacimiento hasta el alta hospitalaria. Se presentan además las prácticas clínicas y estrategias de alimentación que incrementan o disminuyen el riesgo de enterocolitis necrotizante, ofreciendo recomendaciones para evitar esta temida complicación quirúrgica. La evidencia científica existente destaca la importancia de suplir al prematuro con los nutrientes suficientes no sólo para mejorar su sobrevida, crecimiento y desarrollo neurológico, sino también en su salud futura repercutiendo en su calidad de vida. También nos ha permitido evaluar los beneficios y riesgos de diferentes prácticas clínicas enfatizando aquellas con suficiente evidencia como para ser parte integral de la nutrición del prematuro como lo son el aporte parenteral temprano de proteínas y calorías, alimentación enteral mínima con leche materna de la propia madre, el uso de fortificantes y/o fórmulas de prematuros y el promover activamente la lactancia materna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/prevention & control , Infant, Premature , Enteral Nutrition/methods , Infant Nutrition/education , Parenteral Nutrition/methods , Pediatrics/standards , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Practice Patterns, Physicians'
20.
Pediatría (Bogotá) ; 34(4): 270-7, nov. 1999. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-293532

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: describir el perfil clínico y paraclínico de los casos de Enterocolitis Necrozante (ECN) observados durante dos años en el servicio de lactantes del Hospital de la Misericordia, Bogotá. Medición: Se obtuvieron varoables de tipo socio-demográfico, relacionadas con los antecedentes, el motivo de consulta, la condición clínica inicial y la evolución final. Se procesaron los datos para obtener medidas de resumen y correlaciones. Resultados: la muestra estuvo constituida por las historias clínicas de 24 pacientes. Episodios diarreicos relativamente prolongados (con inadecuado manejo ambulatorio), desplome nutricional, e importante deshidratación al ingreso, fueron antecedentes y hallazgos constantes. Hubo evidencia indirecta de colapso circulatorio en el momento de ingreso institucional, que no fue detectado ni tratado adecuadamente, y deterioro de la función renal. La enfermedad se hizo clínicamente aparente hacia el quinto día de internación. El tiempo de estancia fue cercano a 24 días. No hubo mortalidad en la serie. Conclusiones: Se proponen 12 hipótesis especificas y un modelo general. La ECN del lactante es una complicación grave y potencial de la Diarrea Aguda. La prevención y el manejo adecuado de los episodios diarréicos, disminuirán la probabilidad de que los niños desarrollen ECN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/diagnosis , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/epidemiology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL