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2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(1): 137-138, Jan.-Feb. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038241

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A healthy 6-year-old boy presented with an erythematous macular exanthema, meningeal signs and fever, initially diagnosed with probable bacterial meningitis and treated with antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs. Enteroviral meningitis was confirmed, but the skin lesions continued to evolve and the patient was ultimately diagnosed with erythema dyschromicum perstans. The boy was followed during three years until the spontaneous resolution of the dermatosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Enterovirus Infections/complications , Erythema/virology , Meningitis, Viral/complications , Enterovirus Infections/diagnosis , Erythema/diagnosis , Meningitis, Viral/diagnosis
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 107(6): 550-553, dic. 2009. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-540408

ABSTRACT

En el período neonatal, la infección causada por enterovirus tiene un espectro amplio de manifestaciones clínicas, desde cuadros asintomáticos o leves, hasta infecciones diseminadasy graves, potencialmente mortales. En una cuarta parte de los casos se presenta en forma de cuadro séptico, con afectación multiorgánica. La existencia de hepatitis y coagulopatía es de mal pronóstico, generalmente asociado a la aparición de hemorragiasen órganos vitales. El tratamiento intensivo de soportey la administración de hemoderivados es fundamental en estos casos. En caso se supervivencia, la capacidad regeneradora del hígado es suficiente para normalizar la función hepática ypermitir un adecuado crecimiento del niño.Presentamos el caso de una recién nacida con una infección por enterovirus, que cursó con hepatitis y coagulopatía, y en la que la evolución fue favorable, con recuperación completay sin secuelas hemorrágicas. La madre había sufrido un proceso febril en las 24 horas previas al parto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Female , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Enterovirus , Enterobiasis/complications , Hepatitis , Enterovirus Infections/complications
4.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 80(3): 267-273, jun. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-547845

ABSTRACT

Pericardial effusion is the main complication of pericarditis, and can create serious consequences depending on the speed of development and etiology. The most common causes are neoplasms and idiopathic, even though viral etiology is a frequently underestimated cause because of the difficulty in its confirmation. In cases of significant pericardial effusion, pericardiocenthesis has demonstrated to be an effective and safe procedure. We present a clinical case of a 14 year old adolescent who complained of persistent abdominal pain, and whose study showed significant pericardial effusion. Pericardiocenthesis was performed, along with installation of a pigtail catheter which drained 500 ml of serohematic pericardial effusion. The etiologic study included an PCR (polymerase chain reaction) positive for Enterovirus. The patient recovered favorably and was dismissed from the hospital in good condition. The objective of this report is to expose a current revision of the clinical management of pericardial effusion and the technical skills of pericardiocenthesis. Knowledge of the technique is fundamental in the treatment of pericardial effusion, especially in situations associated with hemodynamic compromise.


El derrame pericárdico es la principal complicación de la pericarditis, la cual puede generar graves consecuencias dependiendo de la velocidad de instauración como de su etiología. Las principales causas reportadas son las neoplásicas y las idiopáticas, sin embargo, la etiología viral es subestimada debido a la dificultad de confirmar el diagnóstico. En casos de derrame pericárdico significativo la pericardiocentesis ha mostrado ser un procedimiento eficaz y seguro. Presentamos caso clínico de un adolescente de 14 a±os quién consulta por dolor abdominal persistente, cuyo estudio demuestra un derrame pericárdico. Se realizó pericardiocentesis e instalación de catéter pigtail dando salida a 500 mL de líquido pericárdico serohemático. Dentro del estudio etiológico presenta PCR (Reacción de Polimerasa en cadena) positivo para enterovirus. Paciente evoluciona favorablemente y es dado de alta en buenas condiciones. El objetivo del presente reporte es exponer la revisión actualizada del enfrentamiento clínico del derrame pericárdico y la técnica de pericardiocentesis. El conocimiento de la técnica de pericardiocentesis en fundamental en el tratamiento del derrame pericárdico, en especial en situaciones con compromiso hemodinámico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Pericardiocentesis/methods , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Enterovirus Infections/complications
5.
Indian J Pediatr ; 2008 Aug; 75(8): 801-5
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-79737

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the etiological profile of patients with acute febrile encephalopathy syndrome focusing chiefly on the viral etiology, and to correlate clinical and radiological features of patients with viral encephalitis. METHODS: A prospective hospital based study conducted on the consecutive patients admitted in a pediatric unit during the period of 1(st) February 2004 to 31st January 2005 based on the following inclusion criteria: (1) Age more than 1 month and less than 18 years and (2) A diagnoses of acute febrile encephalopathy, based on the following criteria: (i) fever (ii) acute depression of consciousness or mental deterioration for more than 12 hours with or without motor or sensory deficit and (iii) Total duration of illness at the time of admission 1 week or less. RESULTS: The final study group comprised of 151 patients with mean age of 3.21 +/- 2.9 (range of mth-13 years) and male: female ratio of 1.71: 1. A diagnosis other than viral encephalitis was reached in 94 patients (62.3 %). Pyogenic meningitis was the most frequent diagnosis 51(33.8 %) followed by tubercular meningitis 12 (7.9 %), and cerebral malaria 8 (5.2 %) in the patient group of non-viral causes. Fifty-seven cases (37.3%) were suspected as viral encephalitis and mean age of the cases suspected as viral encephalitis was 2.8 +/- 2.9 (Range 1 mth-10 yrs) with male: female ratio of 1.28: 1. Etiological diagnosis was reached or considered probable in 41 (72%) cases out of the suspected patients. The most common etiological agent identified was enterovirus 71 in 20 patients (35.1 %). The other viruses identified were mumps in 6 (10.5%), Japanese encephalitis in 5 (8.7%), and measles in 4 (7%) cases. MRI brain was done in 39 patients and was abnormal in 14 patients. Out of 57 cases of suspected viral encephalitis 10 patients expired within 48 hours, 2 > 48 hours and 19 atients had significant neurological sequels at discharge. CONCLUSION: The etiology of acute febrile encephalopathy varies from infectious etiologies to noninfectious metabolic disorders. There are no distinguishing clinical or radiological features to differentiate the various causes of viral encephalitis. The clinical and the radiological findings in encephalitis should be interpreted in the geographical and other epidemiological background.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Brain Diseases/diagnosis , Child , Child, Preschool , Encephalitis, Viral/complications , Enterovirus Infections/complications , Female , Fever/etiology , Humans , India/epidemiology , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Prospective Studies , Syndrome
6.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 67(2): 113-119, 2007. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-480607

ABSTRACT

El presente estudio describe los resultados de la investigación de los enterovirus humanos (HEV) mediante cultivo celular y reacción en cadena de la polimerasa y su tipificación molecular en 2167 casos de parálisis fláccida aguda, meningitis aséptica y encefalitis aguda, obtenidos entre 1991 y 1998 en la Argentina. La frecuencia de detección de HEV en parálisis fláccida aguda fue 19.5% (130/666) y de poliovirus Sabin 5.4% (36/666). La tasa de detección de HEV en los casos de meningitis fue 28.8% (231/801) y en encefalitis 3.0% (21/700). El grupo etario más afectado por las meningitis fue entre 1 y 9 años (75.3%) y en los casos de parálisis fláccida aguda, de 1 a 4 años (58%). En muestras de brotes de meningitis se identificó echovirus (E) 4, E9, E30 y E17, y en casos esporádicos virus coxsackie A (CAV) 2, B (CBV) 2 y CBV5, E7, E11, E19, E24 y E29, y enterovirus (EV) 71. Finalmente, en casos de encefalitis se detectó E4, E7 y E24. En casos de parálisis fláccida aguda se identificaron 28 serotipos distintos de enterovirus no polio. En la Argentina y en otros países latinoamericanos existe escasa información acerca de la circulación de los HEV y su relación con diversas enfermedades neurológicas. Este estudio proporciona información que puede servir como base para posteriores investigaciones.


This report describes the results of human enterovirus (HEV) detection and characterization using cell culture, polymerase chain reaction and molecular typing in 2167 samples obtained from acute flaccid paralysis, aseptic meningitis and acute encephalitis patients, from 1991 to 1998 in Argentina. HEV were isolated in 130 out of 666 cases (19.5%) and 36 out of 666 (5.4%). HEV RNA was detected in 28.8% (231/801) and 3.0% (21/700) of the patients with meningitis and encephalitis, respectively. Children with ages ranging from 1 to 9 years accounted for 75.3% of the meningitis cases and from 1 to 4 years for 58% of acute flaccid paralysis patients. Echovirus 4 (E4), E9, E30 and E17 were identified from meningitis outbreaks. Coxsackievirus A2 (CAV2), CBV2, CBV5, E7, E11, E19, E24, E29 and enterovirus 71 were recovered only from sporadic cases. Three different serotypes were identified in encephalitis patients: E4, E7 and E24. A total of 28 different serotypes of non-polio enteroviruses were detected from acute flaccid paralysis cases. The information here presented contributes to improving our knowledge about enteroviruses epidemiology in Argentina and their relationship with different neurological diseases. This study provides valuable data that could be useful to further research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Disease Outbreaks , Enterovirus , Enterovirus Infections/epidemiology , Meningitis, Aseptic/epidemiology , Paralysis/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Cell Culture Techniques , Coxsackievirus Infections/diagnosis , Coxsackievirus Infections/epidemiology , Enterovirus B, Human/isolation & purification , Enterovirus Infections/complications , Enterovirus/classification , Enterovirus/genetics , Enterovirus/isolation & purification , Feces/virology , Genome, Viral , Molecular Epidemiology , Meningitis, Aseptic/diagnosis , Meningitis, Aseptic/virology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Paralysis/diagnosis , Paralysis/virology , Serotyping , Statistics, Nonparametric
8.
Indian J Pediatr ; 2005 Jan; 72(1): 57-63
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-80504

ABSTRACT

The term aseptic meningitis encompasses all types of inflammations of the brain meninges other than that caused by pus producing organisms. It is usually a benign illness. Etiology of aseptic meningitis is very wide and includes many infections - both viral and non viral, drugs, malignancy and systemic illness. The most common cause is viral infection and enteroviruses - Coxsackie and ECHO viruses account for more than half of all cases. Clinical manifestations include headache, fever, malaise, photophobia and meningeal signs. Convulsions, neurological deficits and severe obtundation are rare except with certain non viral infectious meningitis. Diagnostic work up includes blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination and serology for infectious meningitis. The polymerase chain reaction is a rapid and accurate method for detection of microbial DNA in CSF. Treatment is mainly supportive, except for the nonviral infectious etiology.


Subject(s)
Brucellosis/complications , Child , Ehrlichiosis/complications , Enterovirus Infections/complications , Humans , Lyme Disease/complications , Meningitis, Aseptic/diagnosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tuberculosis, Meningeal/complications
9.
Indian J Pediatr ; 2001 Oct; 68(10): 927-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-79786

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Human enteroviruses are the major cause of aseptic meningitis and also cause a wide range of other acute illnesses, including neonatal sepsis like disease, meningitis, acute flaccid paralysis and acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis. Infection in neonates is particularly life threatening. METHODS: Stool samples of 523 children (age < 4 years) showing symptoms of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) were studied. National Polio Surveillance Project workers from different parts of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar collected the samples during June to October 1998. Non-polio enteroviruses (NPEV) were isolated in 191 cases only, by cell culture based neutralization assay. These NPEV isolates were further studied to find the frequent enterovirus serotype detected in stool of children having AFP. RESULTS: Data generated will help future studies on NPEV serotypes circulating in this area. CONCLUSION: In addition it may reduce unnecessary hospitalization, allow immune globulin batches of high titres to frequently circulating serotypes, to be reserved for intravenous therapy of neonates and guide the formulation of antigens for rapid and less expensive diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Enterovirus/isolation & purification , Enterovirus B, Human/isolation & purification , Enterovirus Infections/complications , Humans , India , Infant , Infant, Newborn
10.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 31(5): 487-490, set.-out. 1998. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-463599

ABSTRACT

No presente trabalho, são mostrados resultados de um estudo piloto direcionado à detecção de seqüências de enterovirus em tecido cardíaco obtido a partir de biópsias endomiocárdicas de pacientes com doenças cardíacas na região Amazônica. Seis amostras coletadas de três pacientes foram analisadas por RT-PCR obtendo-se três espécimes positivos e três negativos. Esses achados preliminares sugerem a participação dos enterovirus na etiologia de doenças cardíacas, principalmente miocardites, e justificam estudos mais amplos nesse assunto.


In the present report we describe the results from a pilot study aimed at detecting enterovirus sequence in cardiac tissues, obtained through endomyocardial biopsies, from patients suffering from cardiac diseases in the Amazon region. Six samples that were collected from three patients were analysed by RT-PCR showing 3 positive and 3 negative results. These preliminary findings suggest the participation of enteroviruses in the etiology of cardiac diseases, mainly myocarditis, and warrant further and broader local studies on this subject.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Heart Diseases/virology , Heart/virology , Enterovirus/isolation & purification , Enterovirus Infections/complications , Myocardium/pathology , Brazil , Heart Diseases/etiology , Heart Diseases/pathology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Enterovirus/genetics , Enterovirus Infections/pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction
11.
Indian Pediatr ; 1996 Nov; 33(11): 917-20
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-12756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of isolation of polio and other viruses from fecal samples in subjects with acute flaccid paralysis in northern parts of India. SETTING: Rural and Urban Immunization Centers used for Expanded Programme on Immunization. METHODS: 219 fecal samples were collected by anal tube in 1992 from Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh and processed for virus isolation. RESULTS: Of 219 fecal samples, 103 (47%) were positive for viruses in the age group of 3 mo to 5 yr. Amongst the positive samples, the predominant isolated was poliovirus type 1 (70.9%) from all the States. Non polio enteroviruses were isolated from 20.4% of fecal samples. CONCLUSION: Even though poliovirus is still the most common etiologic agent for acute flaccid paralysis in northern India, non polio enteroviruses are also emerging as important causal pathogens in this condition.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Age Distribution , Child, Preschool , Enterovirus Infections/complications , Humans , India , Infant , Poliomyelitis/complications , Prevalence
12.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 32(3): 221-8, maio-jun. 1990. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-103599

ABSTRACT

Säo apresentados os resultados dos estudos sobre o comportamento do Enterovirus-70 (EV-70) na regiäo metropolitana de Säo Paulo desde sua provável introduçäo no veräo de 1984, determinando extensa de conjuntivite hemorrágica aguda (C.H.A.), até o final de 1987 abrangendo preríodo em que este agravo foi pouco notado. Na fase epidêmica ocorrida no primeiro trimestre de 1984 foram estudados 291 indivíduos divididos em três grupos denominados A, B e C, o primeiro formado por pessoas atingidas pela C.H.A. e os outros dois por indivíduos näo atingidos por este agravo mas que, respectivamente, referiam contato domiciliar com casos de C.H.A. e os que näo referiam o citado contato. A demonstraçäo de anticorpos se fez pela técnica de imunofluorescência (IFI) para detectar IgM específico para EV-70 e pela prova de neutralizaçäo em cultura de células BHK-21. Verificou-se que 56,7%,33,3%e 20,6% dos indivíduos pertencentes, respectivamente, aos grupos A,B e C apresentavam anticorpos específicos da classe IgM. No grupo A a faixa etária mais atingida foi a de 10 a 29 anos. No período que vai do fim da primeira e única epidemia até o final de 1987, identificaram-se três casos esporádicos de C.H.A. e 10 pacientes com afecçäo neurológica aguda associada à infecçäo recente pelo EV-70. Nove, destes 10 casos, apresentaram paralisia de nervos cranianos, todos evoluindo sem sequelas clinicamente discerníveis. As formas assintomáticas e os casos esporádicos de C.H.A. e de afecçoes neurológicas mantiveram a circulaçäo do EV-70 no período epidêmico


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Humans , Male , Female , Conjunctivitis, Acute Hemorrhagic/epidemiology , Enterovirus Infections/epidemiology , Enterovirus/pathogenicity , Antibodies, Viral/analysis , Brazil/epidemiology , Central Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Enterovirus Infections/complications , Enterovirus/immunology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunoglobulin M/analysis , Neutralization Tests
14.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 9(3): 176-81, sept. 1984. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-31940

ABSTRACT

Se informa el primer caso confirmado de radiculomielitis post-conjuntivitis hemorrágica aguda (CHA) ocurrido en Panamá y probablemente en el continente americano. Se describen sus características epidemiológicas, las manifestaciones clínicas y su diagnóstico virológico


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Female , Conjunctivitis/microbiology , Enterovirus Infections/complications , Radiculopathy/microbiology
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