Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.248
Filter
1.
Caracas; Observatorio Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación; ago.2020. 124-143 p. ilus.(Observador del Conocimiento. Revista Especializada en Gestión Social del Conocimiento, 5, 2).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1118169

ABSTRACT

La nueva pandemia de Covid-19 nos obliga a un debate de naturaleza compleja, multi-dimensional y con factores en permanentes incertidumbres, que conduce a auto-reflexiones y redimensiones de nuestro papel, acciones y corresponsabilidades para con la sociedad y el futuro. Este ensayo aspira elevar, revalorar y configurar las reflexiones relevantes para el debate y las soluciones; considera tanto las condiciones históricas en las elaboraciones teóricas, como las razones paradigmáticas que nos ayudan a aproximarnos a los problemas y sus respuestas; reconoce el encuentro de los paradigmas de salud que el gobierno bolivariano impulsa y las estrategias, dinámicas, investigaciones, gestiones y logros al combatir y frenar la pandemia del Covid-19, que refuerza con lo que aquí denominamos "Paradigma de Salud y Ambiente para la Vida". Mediante estrategias descriptivo-reflexivas, y con gran alcance hacia el despliegue de la conceptualización y aplicación de los diez factores básicos integradores del paradigma referido, avanza en las ideas, propuestas y sueños necesarios para la consolidación de un Sistema Nacional de Salud Universal para Venezuela, al tiempo que apuntilla los requerimientos necesarios para el tránsito y la consolidación del mismo, y apuesta a propuestas concretas para el desarrollo del paradigma en sí(AU)


The new Covid-19 pandemic forces us to a debate of a complex, multi-dimensional nature and with factors in permanent uncertainties, which lead to self-reflections and re-dimensions of our role, actions and co-responsibilities towards society and the future. This essay aims to raise, re-evaluate and configure the reflections relevant to the debate and solutions; it considers both the historical conditions in the theoretical elaborations and the paradigmatic reasons that help us to approach the problems and their answers; recognizes the meeting of the health paradigms that the Bolivarian government promotes and the strategies, dynamics, investigations, efforts and achievements, in lighting and stopping the Covid-19 pandemic, which reinforces with what we call the "Paradigm of Health and Environment for Life". Through descriptive-reflective strategies, and with great scope towards the deployment of the conceptualization and application of the ten basic factors integrating the referred paradigm, it advances in the ideas, proposals and dreams necessary for the consolidation of a National Universal Health System for Venezuela, at the same time that it outlines the necessary requirements for its growth and consolidation, and sets out concrete proposals for the development of the paradigm itself(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Science , Venezuela , Environmental Health , Health , Coronavirus Infections , Environment , National Health Systems , Pandemics , Universal Health Coverage
2.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; jun. 9, 2020. 4 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099781

ABSTRACT

Hoy deseo llamar la atención sobre los factores climáticos que pueden afectar la respuesta a la COVID-19. Mientras nuestra Región trabaja de manera conjunta para contener la propagación de la COVID19, debemos comenzar a planificar ahora para hacer frente a un desafío formidable que podría empeorar nuestra situación: ese desafío es el clima.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Social Isolation , Quarantine/organization & administration , Environmental Health , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Pan American Health Organization , Americas/epidemiology
3.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(2): 329-341, abr.-jun. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1102499

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste artigo é discutir, através de análise de conteúdo, as estratégias de comunicação pública adotadas pelas Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil no 'Espaço INB', um centro de informações localizado na cidade baiana de Caetité, onde a empresa realiza a mineração e o beneficiamento de urânio. Desde que foram iniciadas, essas atividades levantaram inúmeras suspeitas de danos ambientais e problemas de saúde pública. Diante disso, buscamos compreender como a INB se posiciona diante dessas suspeitas e se relaciona com as populações atingidas por suas atividades. De acordo com nosso argumento, ao adotar uma postura que denominamos tecnoentusiasta e tecnocrática, a empresa dificulta um debate público aberto e descentralizado sobre as controvérsias em torno da mineração de urânio


This article aims to use the content analysis to discuss the public communication stated by the 'Espaço INB', an information center managed by Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil located in the city of Caetité ­ BA, where the company mines and processes uranium. Since INB started its activities in Caetité, several suspicions of environmental damage and public health problems emerged. Thus, we analyze how INB responds to these suspicions and relates to the populations affected by its activities. We argue that INB adopts an attitude that we call techno-enthusiastic and technocratic, hindering an open public and decentralized debate about the controversies surrounding uranium mining.


El objetivo de este artículo es discutir, a través del análisis de contenido, la comunicación pública transmitida por el 'Espaço INB', un centro de información administrado por Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil ubicado en la ciudad de Caetité/Bahia, donde la empresa hace la mínería y el procesamiento del uranio. Desde que comenzaron, estas actividades han generado numerosas sospechas de daños ambientales y problemas de salud pública. Por eso, analizamos como el INB contesta estas sospechas y se relaciona con las poblaciones afectadas por sus actividades. Argumentamos que el INB adopta una actitud que llamamos tecno-entusiasta y tecnocrática, lo que dificulta un debate público abierto y descentralizado sobre las controversias respecto a la minería de uranio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Health , Uranium , Science, Technology and Society , Mining , Nuclear Energy , Environmental Health , Radioactive Hazard Release , Environmental Hazards , Qualitative Research , Scientific Communication and Diffusion , Environmental Communication
4.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; mayo 20, 2020.
Non-conventional in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096942

ABSTRACT

Los ancianatos, orfelinatos y otros lugares residenciales colectivos que prestan servicios a grupos de personas en condiciones de vulnerabilidad son fundamentales para el bienestar de la sociedad. Es muy importante que estos espacios comunitarios cerrados cuenten con condiciones ambientales y de higiene adecuadas para proteger la salud de los cuidadores, visitantes y los residentes (ancianos, niños). Esta nota incluye recomendaciones para proteger la salud durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Instruir a los cuidadores, personal de servicio, residentes, familia y visitantes en las indicaciones de esta ficha técnica.


This technical note presents the main recommendations for collective residential places that provide services to groups of people in vulnerable conditions, such as nursing homes and orphanages, in the areas of drinking water, hand washing, surface cleaning, laundry, ventilation, and management of solid waste. Additionally, recommendations are provided to prepare 0.05% and 0.1% sodium hypochlorite solutions, depending on the needs for cleaning and prevention against SARS-COV-2 and other infectious agents.


Os asilos, orfanatos e outros locais de residência coletiva que prestam serviços a grupos de pessoas em condições de vulnerabilidade são fundamentais para o bem-estar da sociedade. É muito importante que esses espaços comunitários fechados tenham condições ambientais e de higiene adequadas para proteger a saúde dos cuidadores, visitantes e residentes (idosos e crianças). Este documento inclui recomendações para proteger a saúde durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Instruir cuidadores, equipe de serviço, residentes, familiares e visitantes com as indicações desta ficha técnica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Solid Waste , Environmental Health/instrumentation , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Orphanages/organization & administration , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Home Nursing/organization & administration
5.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; mayo 20, 2020. 4 p.
Non-conventional in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096944

ABSTRACT

Manejar residuos sólidos correctamente permite minimizar posibles impactos secundarios sobre la salud y el ambiente.


This technical note presents recommendations for handling solid waste correctly to minimize possible secondary impacts on health and the environment. The note covers safe management measures for personnel, transportation of common waste, final disposal services of waste, special considerations for the handling of waste from health facilities to be treated outside the facility, and waste management in homes.


Medidas de gestão: segura para os funcionários • Fornecer a toda a equipe operacional os equipamentos de proteção individual (EPIs) adequados para as suas tarefas (máscaras, macacão/bata, touca, luvas e botas). • Capacitar toda a equipe operacional e administrativa sobre as medidas de proteção individual e os riscos. • Solicitar à equipe que trabalha com manuseio de resíduos que use os EPIs em todas as etapas (coleta, transporte e disposição final). • Garantir a disponibilidade gratuita de locais para lavar as mãos com água e sabão. • Ao final do expediente, lavar as mãos com as luvas calçadas. Em seguida, colocar as luvas em um recipiente com uma solução de hipoclorito de sódio a 0,1%, seguindo as instruções da tabela abaixo, durante 1 minuto. Enxaguar e deixar secar para usá-las no dia seguinte. Depois, lavar as mãos. • Lavar e desinfetar os óculos de proteção com uma solução de hipoclorito de sódio a 0,1%, de acordo com as instruções da tabela abaixo. • Usar as máscaras de proteção conforme as normas nacionais. • Proibir os funcionários de abrirem os sacos de resíduos. • Manter uma distância de 2 m entre as equipes de pesagem, vigilância e os motoristas, mantendo o uso dos EPIs. • Alimentação deve ser realizada somente em áreas preestabelecidas, longe dos resíduos.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Solid Waste Transport , Environmental Health/standards , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus
6.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; mayo 20, 2020. 3 p.
Non-conventional in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096941

ABSTRACT

Proveer estaciones de lavado de manos a los privados de libertad y al personal de los centros penitenciarios para su uso constante. • Realizar lavado de las manos con agua y jabón durante 40-60 segundos frecuentemente y por lo menos en los momentos críticos (antes y después de comer; antes y después de preparar comida; después de ir al baño; antes y después de realizar una tarea de limpieza; antes y después de tocar dinero), secarse las manos con una toalla de papel y usar toalla de papel para cerrar el grifo. En caso de que no se encuentre disponible ni agua ni jabón, usar solución de gel de alcohol al 70%. • Asegurar la dotación permanentemente de agua segura, jabón, papel higiénico y papel toalla, para la higiene de manos, y pañuelos de papel para higiene respiratoria. • Evitar la sobrepoblación/hacinamiento en las celdas de la instalación penitenciaria correspondiente. • Asegurar la buena ventilación y luz natural de los espacios además de evitar condiciones de confinamiento. Esto puede incluir la apertura de ventanas al exterior cuando hay poca contaminación al aire libre. • Ofrecer dieta balanceada y asegurar la inocuidad de alimentos a los privados de libertad. • El personal de los centros penitenciarios con síntomas respiratorios no debe acudir a trabajar.


This technical note presents main considerations and recommendations regarding individual hygiene, self-care, and hand washing, and suggestions for cleaning and disinfecting places where people are confined and deprived of their liberty. Additionally, it contains recommendations for preparing 0.05% and 0.1% sodium hypochlorite solutions, depending on the needs for cleaning and prevention against SARS-COV-2 and other infectious agents.


Recomendações gerais: • Disponibilizar estações de lavagem de mãos para uso constante das pessoas privadas de liberdade e dos funcionários dos centros penitenciários. • Lavar frequentemente as mãos com água e sabão por 40 a 60 segundos e pelo menos nos momentos críticos (antes e depois de comer, antes e depois de preparar alimentos, depois de usar o banheiro, antes e depois de realizar uma tarefa de limpeza, antes e depois de tocar em dinheiro), secar as mãos com toalha de papel e usar toalha de papel para fechar a torneira. Se não houver água e sabão, usar álcool gel 70%. • Garantir o fornecimento permanente de água potável, sabão, papel higiênico e toalhas de papel, para a higiene das mãos, e lenços de papel para a higiene respiratória. • Evitar a superlotação nas celas da instalação prisional. • Garantir uma boa ventilação e iluminação natural dos espaços e evitar condições de confinamento. Isso pode incluir a abertura de janelas para ventilação, quando houver pouca poluição atmosférica externa. • Oferecer uma dieta balanceada e garantir a inocuidade dos alimentos servidos às pessoas privadas de liberdade. • Os funcionários dos centros penitenciários com sintomas respiratórios não devem ir ao trabalho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Prisons/organization & administration , Hand Disinfection/instrumentation , Environmental Health/instrumentation , Hygiene/education , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus
7.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; mayo 20, 2020. 5 p.
Non-conventional in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096938

ABSTRACT

Prevenir la contaminación de superficies y mantener condiciones adecuadas de limpieza y desinfección en los espacios públicos, es fundamental para mitigar la transmisión del virus y proteger la salud de los trabajadores y del público en general. Las superficies con alta frecuencia de contacto (manijas de puertas, barandillas, mesas de comedor, etc.) requieren de especial atención para evitar contaminación a partir de las mismas.


This technical note presents the actions necessary to conduct cleaning and disinfection in public spaces and establishments, using disinfecting solutions of 0.1% sodium hypochlorite. Preventing surface contamination and maintaining adequate cleaning and disinfection conditions in public places is essential to mitigate the transmission of the virus and protect the health of workers and the general public. Surfaces having a high frequency of contact (door handles, railings, dining tables, etc.) require special attention.


Prevenir a contaminação de superfícies e manter condições adequadas de limpeza e desinfecção nos espaços públicos é fundamental para mitigar a transmissão do vírus e proteger a saúde dos trabalhadores e do público em geral. As superfícies com alta frequência de contato (maçanetas de portas, corrimãos, mesas de refeitório etc.) requerem atenção especial para evitar contaminação a partir das mesmas.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Sodium Hypochlorite , Environmental Health , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Sanitizing Products , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus
8.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; mayo 20, 2020. 6 p.
Non-conventional in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096940

ABSTRACT

La disponibilidad continua y gratuito de agua segura y productos de higiene y limpieza, son fundamentales para facilitar una higiene de manos adecuada, que con una gestión adecuada de los desechos en los espacios públicos prioritarios, se convierten en servicios esenciales para proteger la salud humana y contribuirán a prevenir la transmisión del SARS-COV-2 de persona a persona.


This technical note presents the key actions to support and protect populations that make use of shelters and transit homes during the COVID-19 emergency. It includes the promotion of hygiene and self-care measures, waste management, sanitation, cleaning and disinfection of spaces, access to safe water, hand washing, and social distancing. It also proposes activities such as the adoption of prevention measures and training against the risk of infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Risk Groups , Environmental Health , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Shelter/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus
9.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; mayo 11, 2020. 3 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096915

ABSTRACT

Proporcionar acceso universal a las estaciones públicas de higiene de manos, con indicaciones precisas para su uso correcto. •Garantizar el suministro continuo de agua segura en las instalaciones de salud. •Asegurar que las instalaciones de atención a largo plazo y los espacios comunitarios cerrados tengan un suministro continuo de agua segura. •Asegurar el acceso de agua segura a no más de 500 metros de la residencia. •Abogar para el acceso continuo de agua segura para toda la población. •Instalar tanques de almacenamiento temporales en áreas desatendidas y donde haya un servicio interrumpido, con niveles de cloro residual de 0,5 mg/L. •Asegurar que los tanques de agua y los camiones cisterna tengan un nivel de cloro residual de 0,5-1 mg/L. •Asegurar que el nivel de cloro residual en todo el sistema de suministro y en el punto de uso es de 0,5 mg/L. •Fortalecer las acciones de vigilancia de la calidad del agua, especialmente en las zonas más afectadas. •Promover el almacenamiento seguro de agua en los hogares, como tanques elevados con tapas y grifos. •Promover tecnologías de bajo costo para garantizar la calidad del agua, como los filtros de agua domésticos. •Realizar la coordinación del sector salud, con el sector de agua y otros sectores relevantes para definir e implementar las intervenciones. •Abogar por la participación intersectorial (por ejemplo, sector del agua, agricultura) en los comités de emergencia y desastre de los paises. •Reparar las tuberías con fugas. •Establecer una prohibición sobre el uso de mangueras. • Recomendar el uso de sistemas de inodoros de bajo flujo (por diseño o modernizados) en áreas propensas a la sequía. •Realizar intervenciones de prevención que hayan demostrado ser efectivas contra el SARS-COV-2.


This technical note contains recommendations for the public sector, the community, and health establishments to make rational use of water in conditions of low water availability due to drought.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Water Quality/standards , Hand Disinfection/standards , Environmental Health/standards , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus
10.
San Salvador; Instituto Nacional de Salud; 1; abr.2020. 3 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BISSAL | ID: biblio-1087772

ABSTRACT

1.Estimaciones del tiempo de vida del SARS-Cov-2 en superficies inertes Muchos estudios han demostrado la supervivencia del virus causante del COVID-19. Este virus puede transmitirse de humano a humano a través de contacto con partículas de saliva u otro fluido infectado. El virus es estable en las heces y la orina a temperatura ambiente entre 1 o 3 días1,2. El virus es más estable (hasta 4 días) en las heces de pacientes con diarrea debido a que esta tiene un pH más alto que las heces normales2. El coronavirus puede sobrevivir en suero, esputo y heces durante 4 días1. La transmisión de SARS-CoV-2 en aerosol y fomita es plausible, ya que el virus puede permanecer viable e infeccioso en aerosoles durante horas y en superficies hasta varios días (dependiendo de la superficie). La supervivencia del coronavirus durante días en superficies táctiles es un riesgo de higiene, ya que es difícil evitar tocar fómites como manijas de puertas, pasamanos de cama y escaleras, pantallas táctiles públicas, etc.3. En el aire el virus puede vivir hasta 3 horas. En plástico y acero inoxidable puede vivir entre 4 y 72 horas. En cobre hasta 4 horas y en cartón hasta 24 horas1,4,5. La supervivencia en cerámicas y vidrio es de 4 a 5 días1,4. El virus sobrevive entre 2 y 5 días en madera y hasta 5 días en papel1,6. En tela puede sobrevivir hasta 2 días y en papel de impresión y papel higiénico hasta 3 horas6. En una mascarilla quirúrgica el virus puede sobrevivir hasta 7 dias6.


1.SARS-Cov-2 lifetime estimates on inert surfaces Many studies have shown the survival of the virus that causes COVID-19. This virus can be transmitted from human to human through contact with particles of saliva or other infected fluid. The virus is stable in faeces and urine at room temperature for 1 to 3 days1,2. The virus is more stable (up to 4 days) in the stools of patients with diarrhea because it has a higher pH than normal stools2. The coronavirus can survive in serum, sputum and faeces for 4 days1. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 by aerosol and fomite is plausible, since the virus can remain viable and infectious in aerosols for hours and on surfaces for up to several days (depending on the surface). Survival of the coronavirus for days on touch surfaces is a hygiene risk, since it is difficult to avoid touching fomites such as door handles, bed and stair handrails, public touch screens, etc. 3. In the air the virus can live up to 3 hours. In plastic and stainless steel it can live between 4 and 72 hours. In copper up to 4 hours and in cardboard up to 24 hours1,4,5. Survival in ceramics and glass is 4 to 5 days1,4. The virus survives between 2 and 5 days on wood and up to 5 days on paper1,6. On fabric it can survive up to 2 days and on printing paper and toilet paper up to 3 hours6. The virus can survive up to 7 days in a surgical mask6.


Subject(s)
Humans , Environmental Health , Araucaria
11.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811103

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the relationship between exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) and seafood consumption using a nationally representative data of the general Korean population.METHODS: This study was conducted on 5,402 adults aged 19 years and older (2,488 men, 2,914 women) based on the second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (2012–2014). We stratified the data according to gender and analyzed urinary BPA concentrations in terms of sociodemographic characteristics, health behavior, dietary factor, and seafood consumption. In the high and low BPA exposure groups, the odds ratios (ORs) were calculated using logistic regression analysis according to the top 75th percentile concentration.RESULTS: In men, large fish and tuna and other seafood categories had significantly higher ORs before and after adjustment in the group who consumed seafood more than once a week than in the group who rarely consumed seafood, with an adjusted value of 1.97 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.12–3.48) and 1.74 (95% CI: 1.10–2.75), respectively. In the shellfish category, the unadjusted OR was 1.61 (95% CI: 1.00–2.59), which was significantly higher in the group who consumed seafood more than once a week than in the group who rarely consumed seafood. However, the OR after adjusting for the variables was not statistically significant. In women, the frequency of seafood consumption and the concentration of urinary BPA were not significantly associated.CONCLUSIONS: BPA concentration was higher in men who frequently consumed large fish and tuna, shellfish and other seafood in this study.


Subject(s)
Adult , Environmental Health , Female , Health Behavior , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Odds Ratio , Seafood , Shellfish , Tuna
12.
Saúde Soc ; 29(2): e180519, 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099341

ABSTRACT

Resumo O déficit de saneamento - e seu impacto à saúde - é uma realidade de parcela significativa da população brasileira. No entanto, essa desigualdade não é distribuída de forma equânime na sociedade, há um perfil racial daqueles mais vulneráveis e vitimados pelas condições ambientais insalubres. Apesar de constituir um problema social, essa temática ainda tem sido negligenciada enquanto problema sociológico. Desse modo, a partir da pesquisa bibliográfica de nível exploratório e da análise de dados atuais de acesso a saneamento e morbimortalidade por doenças relacionadas ao saneamento ambiental inadequado segundo cor/raça, pretendeu-se racializar a discussão sobre saneamento e saúde (ambiental) a partir de uma perspectiva político-histórica. Verificou-se que desde o Brasil Colonial há um continuum de vivências sanitárias da população negra marcado pelo não acesso aos serviços de saneamento e seu consequente impacto na saúde ambiental dessa população. Em virtude disso, a cada uma hora e meia uma pessoa negra morre por não ter saneamento adequado no Brasil, uma realidade que resulta da relação entre Estado, racimo institucional e racismo ambiental e contribui para o genocídio da população negra brasileira. Urge, portanto, olhares e ações que coloquem esse tema nas agendas políticas e de pesquisa.


Abstract The deficit of sanitation and its impact on health is a reality of a significant part of the Brazilian population. However, this inequality is not equitably distributed in society, as there is a racial profile of those most vulnerable and victimized by unhealthy environmental conditions. Although it is a social issue, this subject has still been neglected as a sociological problem. Thus, based on an exploratory-level bibliographic research and the analysis of current data on access to sanitation and morbidity/mortality from diseases related to inadequate environmental sanitation according to color/race, this paper includes the factor of race on sanitation and health (environmental) discussion from a political-historical perspective. The results show that since Colonial Brazil there is a continuum of sanitary experiences of the black population marked by the lack of access to sanitation services and their impact on the environmental health of this population. As a result, every 1h30 a black person dies for not having adequate sanitation in Brazil, a reality that results from the relationship between State, institutional racism and environmental racism, contributing to the Brazilian black genocide. As such, perspectives and measures that place this topic in the political and research agendas are urgent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sanitation , Environmental Health , Sanitary Profiles , Health Status Disparities , Racism , Health of Ethnic Minorities
13.
Rev. Inst. Nac. Hig ; 50(1-2): 97-104, Diciembre 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1118417

ABSTRACT

La Seguridad Industrial en el INHRR nace con la conformación del primer Comité de Higiene y Seguridad Industrial en el año 1997, cumpliendo con la Norma COVENIN 2270-95 "Conformación de Comités de Seguridad Industrial". En el año 1999, se asigna la creación de la Unidad de Seguridad Laboral y Ambiente a partir del Programa de Seguridad Laboral y Ambiente. Esta Unidad estaba adscrita a la Gerencia de Recursos Humanos del INHRR. El personal que conformó esta Unidad desde sus inicios hasta la actualidad, se ha caracterizado por ser un equipo multidisciplinario con experiencia en distintas áreas técnicas de la Institución y con conocimientos sólidos en trabajos como seguridad de laboratorio químico y biológico, entre otros. Profesionales altamente capacitados, comprometidos, con entrega, ética, mística de trabajo, calidad de servicio y sentido de pertenencia por la Institución. Posteriormente se integra al equipo de trabajo un Médico Ocupacional y una Enfermera Laboral con la finalidad de prestar la atención a los trabajadores y trabajadores de la Institución. En el año 1999, aproximadamente se crea la Brigada de Control de Emergencias de la Institución cumpliendo con la normativa nacional vigente. Dichos integrantes de esta brigada siempre han contado con capacitación o actualización continua en áreas de Combate y Supresión de Incendio Nivel I y II, Materiales Peligrosos Nivel Respondedor y Operaciones, Rescate Básico Nivel I, Primeros Auxilios Nivel I, Técnicas de Desalojo, Reanimación Cardio Pulmonar, entre otros. El 1ero de septiembre del 2013, mediante Punto de Cuenta al Consejo N° 01, Sesión N° 30 de fecha 10/10/2013, fue creada funcional y organizacionalmente la Gerencia de Seguridad Industrial, Ambiente e Higiene Ocupacional, adscrita a la Presidencia del Instituto, cuya función principal es velar por la seguridad laboral, industrial y ambiental tanto de las trabajadoras, trabajadores como instalaciones y el entorno de la Institución, enfatizando en las acciones preventivas, promoviendo la cultura de seguridad y prevención en la Institución, asesorando a las diferentes unidades en materia de seguridad laboral, salud y ambiente, realizando gestiones de manejo de desechos bioinfecciosos, planes de reciclaje de papel, capacitando al personal de la Institución en materia de seguridad, laboral y ambiente, apoyo e intercambio de saberes con Organismos del Estado, en otras actividades, todas estas enmarcadas en el fiel cumplimiento de las leyes, normativas y reglamentaciones vigentes en el País.


The Industrial Safety in the INHRR was born with the conformation of the first Committee of Hygiene and Industrial Safety in the year 1997, fulfilling with the Norm COVENIN 2270-95 "Conformation of Committees of Industrial Security". In 1999, the creation of the Occupational Safety and Environment Unit was assigned based on the Workplace Safety and Environment Program. This Unit was attached to the Human Resources Management of the INHRR. The staff that made up this Unit from its beginnings to the present, has been characterized as a multidisciplinary team with experience in different technical areas of the Institution and with solid knowledge in safe chemical and biological laboratory work, among others. Highly trained professionals, committed, with dedication, ethics, work mystique, quality of service and sense of belonging by the Institution. Later, an Occupational Physician and a Labor Nurse were integrated into the work team in order to provide care to the workers and workers of the Institution. In 1999 approximately the Emergency Control Brigade of the Institution was created, complying with the current national regulations. These members of this Brigade have always had training or continuous updating such areas of Combat and Suppression of Fire Level I and II, Hazardous Materials Level Responder and Operations, Basic Rescue Level I, First Aid Level I, Techniques of Eviction, Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation among others. On September 1, 2013, through Point of Account to the Board N ° 01, Session N ° 30 dated 10/10/2013 the Management of Industrial Safety, Environment and Occupational Hygiene was created functionally and organizationally, attached to the Presidency of the Institute , whose main function is to ensure the occupational, industrial and environmental safety of both workers, workers and facilities and the environment of the institution, emphasizing preventive actions, promoting the culture of safety and prevention in the institution, advising the different units in matters of occupational safety, health and environment, carrying out management of bioinfectious waste management, paper recycling plans, training the staff of the institution on safety, labor and environment, support and exchange of knowledge with the State Agency, in other activities, all activities framed in faithful compliance with the laws, regulations and regulations in force in the country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Environmental Health , Health , Hygiene , Occupational Health , Waste Management , Industrial Safety , Recycling , First Aid , Search and Rescue , Equipment and Supplies
14.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 952-958, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1047681

ABSTRACT

Análise do documentário Saúde! Velho Chico, de Stella Oswaldo Cruz Penido e Eduardo Vilela Thielen, tomando-o como registro, a um só tempo, dos padrões históricos de interação com o Rio São Francisco e de alternativas capazes de construir uma relação mais sinérgica e sustentável com as águas fluviais. O filme contrapõe as metanarrativas do desenvolvimento ­ legitimadoras de intervenções como hidrelétricas, barragens, projetos de irrigação para a agricultura industrial e o controverso projeto de sua transposição ­ a formas de relação estabelecidas pelas diversas populações ribeirinhas, das quais a vida, o corpo e as culturas são construídos em estreita simbiose com o rio.


This review analyzes the documentary Saúde! Velho Chico, scripted and directed by Stella Oswaldo Cruz Penido and Eduardo Vilela Thielen, taking it as a record of the historical patterns of interaction with the Rio São Francisco (São Francisco River) and at the same time of alternatives based on the building of more synergistic and sustainable relationships with river waters. In this sense, the film contrasts the metanarratives of development ­ which legitimize interventions such as hydroelectric dams, irrigation projects for industrial agriculture as well as the controversial transfer of the São Francisco River project ­ with relationships established by the riverside populations, who have a close symbiosis between their life, body and cultures and the river.


Análisis del documental Saúde! Velho Chico, con guión y dirección de Stella Oswaldo Cruz Penido y Eduardo Vilela Thielen, entendido como un registro, al mismo tiempo, de los patrones históricos de interacción con el Rio São Francisco (río San Francisco) y de alternativas capaces de construir una relación más sinérgica y sostenible con las aguas de los ríos. La película contrasta las metanarrativas del desarrollo ­ que legitiman intervenciones como represas hidroeléctricas, proyectos de riego para la agricultura industrial y el controvertido proyecto de transposición del río ­ con formas de relación establecidas por las diversas poblaciones ribereñas, que tienen la vida, el cuerpo y las culturas en estrecha simbiosis con el río.


Subject(s)
Humans , Technology, Industry, and Agriculture , Documentaries and Factual Films , Rivers , Environment , Sustainable Agriculture , Population , Brazil , Environmental Health , Health , Ecosystem , Natural Resources , Conservation of Water Resources
15.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(3): 79-81, jul.-sept. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1047872

ABSTRACT

Las convenciones internacionales relacionadas con las posibles consecuencias ambientales del empleo del mercurio a las que ha adherido la República Argentina llevan a la paulatina desaparición de la posibilidad del empleo de este elemento. Consecuentemente, se genera la necesidad de reducir y, en última instancia, eliminar el uso de productos médicos que lo contengan, como es el caso de la amalgama dental. Se requiere de la decisión conjunta de las comunidades académica y asistencial para definir estrategias a aplicar en la reducción gradual del uso de la amalgama dental. La forma de hacerlo y la tecnología para su reemplazo aún son inciertas (AU)


International conventions related to the possible environmental consequences of the use of mercury that the Argentine Republic has subscribed lead to the gradual disappearance of the possibility of using this element. Consequently, there is a need to reduce and ultimately eliminate the use of medical products that contain it, as is the case with dental amalgam. The joint decision of academic and healthcare communities is required to define strategies to be applied in the gradual reduction of the use of dental amalgam. The way to do it and the technology for its replacement still remain uncertain (AU)


Subject(s)
Environmental Health , Dental Amalgam/toxicity , Mercury/toxicity , Dental Restoration, Permanent
17.
Saúde Soc ; 28(2): 310-325, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1014576

ABSTRACT

Resumo Apesar dos esforços de despoluição desde os anos 1990, não houve percepção, por parte da opinião pública, de que houve evolução do deteriorado quadro social da região da bacia da Baía de Guanabara (RJ). A importância dos indicadores sociais emerge em um momento em que se faz necessário prestar contas à população quanto aos investimentos e resultados obtidos, direcionar as ações às questões sociais e locais em situação de maior urgência e acompanhar os resultados para a identificação de ajustes nas ações para o alcance de melhores resultados. A atual agenda de discussão das questões sociais do entorno da baía configurou a base para a elaboração de um sistema de indicadores sociais. Três bacias hidrográficas em processo de despoluição também foram estudadas, com foco em suas abordagens quanto às questões sociais. Um modelo teórico de indicadores foi elaborado e testado em um recorte da bacia da Baía de Guanabara, por intermédio da utilização de dados públicos disponíveis. O modelo se mostrou ferramenta útil para uma abordagem holística da bacia ao informar sobre o melhor direcionamento de ações de despoluição para resultados mais efetivos em ambas as questões, sociais e ambientais.


Abstract Despite the efforts in the depollution since the 1990s, evolution of the damaged social scenario in the region of the watershed of the Guanabara Bay is not perceived by the public opinion. The importance of social indicators emerges in a moment in which rendering account to the population regarding investiments and results obtained, orienting actions for emergency social and local issues and monitoring results for identification of adjustments to the actions for the achievement of better results is necessary. The current agenda for debating social issues of the region of the bay represented the basis for the creation of a system of social indicators. Three watersheds in depollution process were also studied, focusing on their approaches regarding social issues. A theoretical model of indicators was developed and tested in a draft of the Guanabara Bay watershed, using the public data available. The model proved to be a useful tool for an holistic approach of the bay by providing information on the better orientation of depollution actions for more effective results in both social and environmental issues.


Subject(s)
Hydrographic Basins , Environmental Health , Water Purification , Social Indicators
18.
Medisan ; 23(2)mar.-abr. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1006932

ABSTRACT

En noviembre del pasado año 2018 se efectuó en la ciudad de Santiago de Cuba el II Encuentro de Alcaldes y Alcaldesas de Municipios y Comunidades Saludables en la Región de las Américas. En este artículo se exponen los acuerdos tomados en este evento en cuanto a la Estrategia Regional de Promoción de Salud por parte de los diferentes países participantes y, además, se dan a conocer algunas de las acciones ejecutadas al respecto y otras en proyección en la provincia de Santiago de Cuba.


On November of last year 2018, it was hold in Santiago de Cuba city the II Meeting of Mayors and Mayoresses from Municipalities and Healthy Communities in the America Region. In this work, the agreements taken in this event as for the Regional Strategy of Health Promotion on the part of the different participant countries are exposed and, also, some of the tasks implemented on this respect and others in projection in Santiago de Cuba province.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Environmental Health , Community Participation , Healthy Lifestyle , Health Promotion , Healthy City , Scientific and Educational Events
19.
Rev. salud pública ; 21(2): 217-223, ene.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1094393

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Determinar la asociación existente entre factores ambientales y sanitarios, y la prevalencia de afecciones respiratorias en los habitantes de las veredas El Sango, Romeral y Pastorcita del municipio de Guarne, Colombia, segundo semestre del año 2015. Materiales y Métodos El estudio fue de carácter descriptivo con análisis correlaciónales, en él se emplearon fuentes primarias de información, se diseñó una encuesta con preguntas cerradas. La población fue constituida por 493 habitantes, con edad ≥18 años. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos, bivariados con cálculos de prueba Chi 2 y Fischer, con RP y sus respectivos IC del 95%. Resultados Entre los más importantes, se encontró que el 6,5% de la población ha padecido en el último año, alguna afección respiratoria, las más frecuentes fueron: asma con 2,9% y EPOC con un 2,7%. Se encontraron asociaciones estadísticamente significativas entre padecer afecciones respiratorias y residir cerca de fábricas o industrias: RP 2,608 (IC 1,344-5,059) P<0,05; también se encontraron riesgos en personas que residen cerca de aguas negras o basureros: RP 2,333 (IC 1,278-4,257) P<0,05. Pudo encontrarse mayor prevalencia en personas cuyas casas tienen techos de barro, caña o esterilla: X2 3,214, P<0,05; así como vivir en la vereda Romeral: X2 7,032, P<0,05. Conclusiones La población de interés se encuentra expuesta a factores de contaminación ambiental (micro fábricas o industrias) y sanitaria (aguas negras y basureros) y que en efecto estos están asociados a la prevalencia de afecciones respiratorias en el sector.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To establish the association between environmental and health factors, as well as the prevalence of respiratory disease among the inhabitants of the villages of El Sango, Romeral and Pastorcita, located in the municipality of Guarne, Colombia, during the second half of 2015. Materials and Methods Descriptive correlational study. Primary sources of information were consulted and a survey with closed questions was designed. The population was made up of 493 inhabitants, aged ≥18 years. Descriptive bivariate analyzes were performed using Chi2 and Fischer test calculations, and including their corresponding PR and 95%CI. Results It was found that 6.5% of the population suffered from some respiratory condition within the past year, the most frequent being asthma (2.9%) and COPD (2.7%). Statistically significant associations were found between suffering from a respiratory disease and residing near factories or industries (PV: 2.608; 95% Cl: 1.344-5.059; p<0.05). People residing near sewage or garbage dumps were also at risk for respiratory disease (PR: 2.333; 95% CI: 1.278-4.257; p <0.05). A higher prevalence was observed in people whose houses had mud, cane or mat roofs (X2: 3.214; p <0.05) or lived in the village of Romeral (X2: 7.032; p <0.05). Conclusions The population of interest is exposed to environmental pollution (micro factories or industries) and sanitary factors (sewage and garbage), which are associated with the prevalence of respiratory diseases in the sector.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Tract Diseases/epidemiology , Environmental Health , Basic Sanitation , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Correlation of Data
20.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 14(41): e1992, fev. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-981953

ABSTRACT

A WONCA, em conjunto com a Planetary Health Alliance, lançou uma conclamação para a ação dos MFCs do mundo pela saúde planetária. Este comentário discute os efeitos das mudanças ambientais e a conclamação em relação o papel do médico de família na perspectiva da saúde planetária.


WONCA, with the Planetary Health Alliance, issued a declaration calling family doctors of the world to act on planetary health. This commentary discusses environmental changes and the call in relation to the role of the family doctor in the perspective of planetary health.


WONCA, junto con la Planetary Health Alliance, lanzó un llamamiento a la acción de los medicos de familia del mundo por la salud planetaria. Este comentario discute los efectos de los cambios ambientales y el llamamiento y el papel del médico de familia en la perspectiva de la salud planetaria.


Subject(s)
Climate Change , Environmental Health , Family Practice
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL