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1.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(1): 26-32, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360553

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess intra- and interobserver agreement among non-expert pathologists in identifying features of the eosinophilic esophagitis histologic scoring system (EoEHSS) in pediatric patients. Patients and methods: The authors used 50 slides from patients (aged 1-15 years; 72% male) with EoE. EoEHSS evaluates eosinophilic inflammation and other features including epithelial basal zone hyperplasia, eosinophilic abscesses, eosinophil surface layering, dilated intercellular spaces, surface epithelial alteration, dyskeratotic epithelial cells, and lamina propria fibrosis. Grade and stage of abnormalities are scored using a 4-point scale (0 normal; 3 maximum change). Four pathologists determined EoEHSS findings on two occasions. Intra- and interobserver agreement was assessed using Kappa (κ) statistics and intra-class correlation coefficients. Results: Intra- and interobserver agreement for the identification of eosinophil counts ≥ 15/high power field (HPF) was excellent, however varied when assessing additional features of the EoEHSS. For the more experienced pathologist, agreement for most EoEHSS items and the composite scores was substantial to excellent. For the less experienced pathologists, intraobserver agreement ranged from absent to substantial for individual features and ranged from moderate to substantial for the composite scores. Conclusion: Most items of the EoEHSS had substantial to excellent reliability when assessed by a pathologist experienced in the diagnosis of EoE but presented lower repeatability among less experienced pathologists. These findings suggest that specific training of pathologists is required for the identification of EoEHSS characteristics beyond eosinophil count, as these features are considered useful in the evaluation of response to treatment and correlation with clinical manifestations and endoscopic findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Eosinophilic Esophagitis/diagnosis , Eosinophilic Esophagitis/drug therapy , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results , Eosinophils/pathology
2.
Med. lab ; 26(2): 141-157, 2022. ilus, Tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393214

ABSTRACT

The eosinophil is a cell of the immune system, with an arsenal of substances that can alter the balance that exists in the different organs where they are found. With the advent of monoclonal antibodies, concern about their depletion has become an important turning point in their formulation. For this reason, it is of vital importance to investigate the consequences of the mechanism of action of biological agents, in the short and long term. This review tries to show the role of eosinophils in both homeostasis and disease, and their relationship and interaction with monoclonal drugs in diseases focused on the Th2 profile. It is expected that this article can be useful when making the decision to start treatment with monoclonals, specifically anti-interleukin-5 or against its receptor


Subject(s)
Eosinophils , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Biological Factors , Lymphocyte Depletion , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Homeostasis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936188

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics and plasma inflammatory markers levels in different endotypes of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), and to explore the plasma biomarkers associated with endotypes of CRSwNP. Methods: A total of 74 CRSwNP patients (male/female: 41/33; average age: 40 years) and 40 control subjects underwent septoplasty in Tongji Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 were enrolled in this study. The demographic and clinical features of all subjects including age, gender, past history, visual analogue scale (VAS) and CT scores were recorded. Patients with CRSwNP were divided into EoshighNeuhigh, EoshighNeulow, EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow four endotypes according to the eosinophil (Eos) percentage and neutrophil (Neu) count of nasal polyps tissue. Preoperative blood routine was performed and the levels of 27 biomarkers in plasma were measured by Bio-Plex suspension chip method. The clinical characteristics and the level of serum biomarkers of patients with different endotypes were compared. SPSS 18.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: There was no difference in the clinical features including gender ratio, age, course of disease, VAS score, endoscopy and CT score among EoshighNeuhigh, EoshighNeulow, EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow CRSwNP patients. Compared with EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow CRSwNP patients, patients with EoshighNeuhigh and EoshighNeulow endotype demonstrated a higher prevalence of atopy, allergic rhinitis and asthma comorbidity, and increased peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between EoshighNeuhigh and EoshighNeulow CRSwNP. Plasma levels of all 27 mediators including type 1 cytokines (IL-12 and IFN-γ), type 2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13), type 3 cytokines (IL-17A), pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-α) and tissue remodeling-related markers (bFGF, VEGF and PDGF-BB) demonstrated no significant difference among all endotypes of CRSwNP (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Eoshigh and Eoslow CRSwNP patients display significant differences regarding the prevalence of atopy, allergic rhinitis and asthma comorbidity, peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage, but the clinical characteristics, blood cellular and biological markers can not effectively distinguish four endotypes of CRSwNP. Further studies are warranted to dig out the potential objective, convenient and reliable markers associated with endotypes in patients with CRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Inflammation Mediators , Male , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Rhinitis/pathology , Sinusitis/complications
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the types and clinical characteristics of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) based on artificial intelligence and whole-slide imaging (WSI), and to explore the consistency of the diagnostic criteria of the Japanese epidemiological survey of refractory eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (JESREC) in Chinese CRSwNP patients. Methods: The data of 136 patients with CRSwNP (101 males and 35 females, aging 14 to 70 years) who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery from 2018 to 2019 in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were analysed retrospectively. The preoperative clinical characteristics of patients were collected, such as visual analogue scale (VAS) of nasal symptoms, peripheral blood inflammatory cell count, total immunoglobulin E (IgE), Lund-Kennedy score and Lund-Mackay score. The proportion of inflammatory cells such as eosinophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells and neutrophils were calculated on the WSI of each patient through artificial intelligence chronic rhinosinusitis evaluation platform 2.0 (AICEP 2.0), and the specific type of nasal polyps was then obtained as eosinophilic CRSwNP (eCRSwNP) or non-eosinophilic CRSwNP (non-eCRSwNP). In addition, the JESREC diagnostic criteria was used to classify the nasal polyps, and the classification results were compared with the current gold standard for nasal polyps diagnosis (pathological diagnosis based on WSI). The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic criteria of JESREC were evaluated. The data were expressed in M (Q1, Q3) and statistically analyzed by SPSS 17.0. Results: There was no significant difference between eCRSwNP and non-eCRSwNP in age distribution, gender, time of onset, total VAS score, Lund-Kennedy score or Lund-Mackay score. However, there was a significant difference in the ratio of nasal polyp inflammatory cells (eosinophils 40.5% (22.8%, 54.7%) vs 2.5% (1.0%, 5.3%), neutrophils 0.3% (0.1%, 0.7%) vs 1.3% (0.5%, 3.6%), lymphocytes 49.9% (39.3%, 65.9%) vs 82.0% (72.8%, 87.5%), plasma cells 5.1% (3.6%, 10.5%) vs 13.0% (7.4%, 16.3%), χ2 value was 9.91, 4.66, 8.28, 5.06, respectively, all P<0.05). In addition, eCRSwNP had a significantly higher level of proportion of allergic symptoms (nasal itching and sneezing), asthma, peripheral blood eosinophil and total IgE (all P<0.05). The overall accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the JESREC diagnostic criteria was 74.3%, 81.3% and 64.3%, respectively. Conclusions: The eCRSwNP based on artificial intelligence and WSI has significant high level of allergic symptoms, asthma, peripheral blood eosinophils and total IgE, and the percentages of inflammatory cells in nasal polyps are different from that of non-eCRSwNP. The JESREC diagnostic criteria has good consistency in our research.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils/metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis/pathology , Sinusitis/pathology
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(6): 1346-1350, Nov.-Dec. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355683

ABSTRACT

A case of a donkey attacked by Africanized honeybee is reported here with clinical signs of agitation, dehydration, congestion of the ocular mucous membranes, tongue edema, tachycardia and inspiratory dyspnea, and progression to death. At necropsy, diffuse, severe subcutaneous edema at face and cervical regions and severe diffuse pulmonary hyperemia with abundant edema without parenchymal collapse were observed. Microscopically, marked, diffuse deep dermis and panniculus carnosus edema and marked diffuse alveolar edema, with moderate population of eosinophils predominantly around larger caliber vessels were noted. The final diagnosis of anaphylactic shock was supported by history, clinical signs, and anatomic pathology findings. This is the first report of a honeybee attack with pulmonary eosinophilic infiltration in a mammal.(AU)


Descreve-se um caso de ataque de abelha africanizada em um burro, com sinais clínicos de agitação, desidratação, mucosas oculares congestas, edema de língua, taquicardia e dispneia inspiratória, com progressão e morte. Na necropsia, foram verificados edema subcutâneo difuso grave nas regiões de face e cervical, hiperemia pulmonar difusa grave com edema abundante e sem colapso do parênquima. Microscopicamente, foram observados edema marcado difuso na derme profunda e panículo carnoso e edema alveolar difuso acentuado, com população moderada de eosinófilos predominantemente em torno de vasos de maior calibre. O diagnóstico de choque anafilático foi baseado no histórico, em sinais clínicos e em achados anatomopatológicos. Este é o primeiro relato de ataque de abelhas com infiltração eosinofílica pulmonar em um mamífero.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Bee Venoms/toxicity , Equidae , Anaphylaxis/veterinary , Melitten/adverse effects , Bees , Eosinophils
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(6): 1357-1360, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355680

ABSTRACT

Cortisol is a steroid hormone, one of the glucocorticoids, made in the cortex of the adrenal glands and then released into the blood, which transports it in the entire body. Almost every cell contains receptors for cortisol and so cortisol can have lots of different actions depending on which sort of cells it is acting upon. These effects include controlling the body's blood sugar levels and thus regulating metabolism, acting as an anti-inflammatory product, controlling salt and water balance and influencing blood pressure. The study was conducted over a period of 3 months, between March-August 2020, in 2 swine farms in Iasi county, Romania, on a total of 46 pigs, 3 to 4 months old, both males and females, in order to investigate stress levels in finishing facilities. The study revealed higher levels of cortisol while eosinophil counts severely decreased, changes which are associated with a strong reaction to stress for individuals that were housed in finishing facilities.(AU)


O cortisol é um hormônio esteroide, um dos glicocorticoides, produzido no córtex das glândulas suprarrenais e, em seguida, liberado no sangue, que o transporta por todo o corpo. Quase todas as células contêm receptores para o cortisol e, portanto, ele pode ter muitas ações diferentes, dependendo do tipo de célula sobre a qual atua. Esses efeitos incluem controlar os níveis de açúcar no sangue do corpo e, assim, regular o metabolismo, atuando como um produto anti-inflamatório, controlando o equilíbrio de sal e água e influenciando a pressão arterial. O presente estudo foi realizado durante um período de três meses, entre março-agosto de 2020, em duas granjas de suínos no condado de Iasi, Romênia, em um número total de 46 porcos, de três a quatro meses de idade, machos e fêmeas, a fim de investigar níveis de estresse nas instalações de acabamento. O estudo revelou níveis mais elevados de cortisol, enquanto a contagem de eosinófilos diminuiu severamente, mudanças que são consideradas associadas a uma forte reação ao estresse para indivíduos que foram alojados em instalações de acabamento.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Stress, Psychological/diagnosis , Swine/physiology , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Eosinophils , Leukocyte Count/veterinary , Romania , Farms
7.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(3): 232-236, jul.set.2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399211

ABSTRACT

A rinossinusite crônica (RSC) é uma síndrome caracterizada pela inflamação da mucosa nasal e dos seios paranasais por pelo menos 12 semanas, acometendo de 5% a 12% da população geral. A síndrome é associada a alta morbidade e considerada um grande problema de saúde pública devido a sua prevalência, seu custo para a sociedade e ao impacto que acarreta na qualidade de vida dos pacientes e em seu desempenho escolar ou profissional. Ademais, a RSC está associada a diversas comorbidades, como dermatite atópica, distúrbios respiratórios do sono, conjuntivite, otite média, asma e problemas emocionais. O dupilumabe é eficaz e seguro no tratamento da RSC com polipose nasal. A eficácia é progressiva no primeiro ano de tratamento, e a posologia de 300 mg a cada duas semanas é superior em relação à de cada quatro semanas. A interrupção do tratamento com 24 semanas acarreta a perda parcial de seus efeitos benéficos. O imunobiológico também é eficaz no controle da asma nos pacientes que apresentam essa doença como comorbidade. Alguns pacientes podem apesentar aumento transitório de eosinófilos sanguíneos, e 2,7% desenvolveram conjuntivite como reação adversa nos estudos SINUS-24 e SINUS-52. O dupilumabe é uma excelente opção terapêutica no tratamento concomitante de múltiplas doenças caracterizadas pela inflamação de tipo II.


Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a syndrome characterized by inflammation of the nasal mucosa and paranasal sinuses for at least 12 weeks, affecting 5% to 12% of the general population. The syndrome is associated with high morbidity and is considered a major public health problem because of its prevalence, its cost to society, and the impact it has on patients' quality of life and on their school or professional performance. Furthermore, CRS is associated with several comorbidities, such as atopic dermatitis, sleep-disordered breathing, conjunctivitis, otitis media, asthma, and emotional problems. Dupilumab is effective and safe in the treatment of CRS with nasal polyposis. Effectiveness is progressive in the first year of treatment, and a dosage of 300 mg every two weeks is more effective than that of every four weeks. Discontinuing treatment at 24 weeks results in partial loss of its beneficial effects. The biological drug is also effective in controlling asthma in patients who have this disease as a comorbidity. Some patients may experience a transient increase in blood eosinophils, and 2.7% developed conjunctivitis as an adverse reaction in the SINUS-24 and SINUS-52 studies. Dupilumab is an excellent therapeutic option in the concomitant treatment of multiple diseases characterized by type II inflammation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhinitis , Nasal Polyps , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Otitis Media , Paranasal Sinuses , Patients , Quality of Life , Asthma , Sinusitis , Therapeutics , Effectiveness , Conjunctivitis , Dermatitis, Atopic , Eosinophils , Nasal Mucosa
8.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(2): 135-141, abr.jun.2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398832

ABSTRACT

A esofagite eosinofílica (EoE) é uma doença inflamatória, crônica e recidivante do esôfago, caracterizada por inflamação com predomínio de eosinófilos e sintomas de disfunção esofágica. A doença, que representa a principal causa de disfagia crônica em crianças, jovens e adultos, compartilha intrínseca correlação com alergias, tanto em sua fisiopatologia, quanto em dados epidemiológicos e, recentemente, foi considerada uma manifestação tardia da marcha atópica em alguns indivíduos. O presente trabalho objetiva ampliar o conhecimento acerca da doença, visto que a EoE é uma patologia relativamente nova na história da medicina, e seu diagnóstico depende de elevada suspeição clínica. Além disso, por ser uma entidade com elevado potencial de causar impacto na qualidade de vida e repercussões fisiológicas, psicológicas e sociais para os pacientes, a suspeição e reconhecimento precoce da doença é essencial para que se institua a terapêutica adequada e obtenha-se controle sobre a progressão da doença.


Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an inflammatory, chronic, and recurrent esophageal disease characterized by inflammation with predominance of eosinophils and symptoms of esophageal dysfunction. The disease, which is the main cause of chronic dysphagia in children, young people, and adults, shares an intrinsic correlation with allergies, both in pathophysiology and in epidemiological data, and it was recently considered a late manifestation of the atopic march in some people. The present study aims to expand the knowledge about the disease, as EoE is a relatively new condition in the history of medicine and its diagnosis depends on high clinical suspicion. In addition, because EoE is an entity with a high potential to impact quality of life and cause physiological, psychological, and social repercussions for patients, suspicion and early recognition of the disease are essential for implementing an appropriate therapy and obtaining control over disease progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deglutition Disorders , Eosinophilic Esophagitis , Hypersensitivity , Patients , Quality of Life , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Disease Progression , Diagnosis , Eosinophils , Esophageal Diseases
9.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(1): e20200279, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134931

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the relationship that levels of vitamin D had with eosinophil counts and IgE levels in 26 children with asthma (6-12 years of age) in the city of Londrina, Brazil. Vitamin D levels were found to correlate significantly, albeit moderately, with age (r = −0.51) and eosinophilia (r = −0.49), although not with IgE levels (r = −0.12). When we stratified the sample into two groups by the median vitamin D level (< or ≥ 24 ng/mL), we found that those in the < 24 ng/mL group were older, had higher eosinophil counts, and had higher IgE levels. To our knowledge, this is the first study to show an association between low levels of vitamin D and more pronounced eosinophilia in children with asthma in Brazil.


RESUMO A associação entre níveis de vitamina D, eosinófilos e IgE foi analisada transversalmente em 26 crianças (6-12 anos) com asma na cidade de Londrina (PR). Foram observadas correlações moderadas dos níveis de vitamina D com idade (r = −0,51) e eosinofilia (r = −0,49), mas não com IgE (r = −0,12). Ao separar a amostra pelo ponto de corte obtido com a mediana dos níveis de vitamina D (< ou ≥ 24 ng/mL), valores mais altos de idade, eosinófilos e IgE ocorreram no grupo abaixo desse ponto. Pelo que sabemos, este estudo exploratório é o primeiro a mostrar uma associação entre níveis baixos de vitamina D e eosinofilia mais acentuada em crianças asmáticas no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D , Brazil , Immunoglobulin E , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eosinophils
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942578

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the difference of concentrations of specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs) derived from fatty acids in eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (ECRSwNP) and non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (nECRSwNP). Methods: A total of 36 patients with bilateral chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) who underwent endoscopic nasal surgeries in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from May 2019 to September 2020 were enrolled, including 27 males and 9 females, with the age from 13 to 67 years. There were 23 cases of ECRSwNP and 13 cases of nECRSwNP. At the same time, 12 control subjects were enrolled. The concentrations of multiple SPMs, including lipoxins (LXA4 and LXB4), resolvins (RvD1, RvD2, RvD3, RvD5 and RvE1), protectins (PDX) and maresins (Mar-1) in nasal polyps with different histological subtypes and normal nasal mucosa were analyzed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The concentrations of SPMs between groups were compared using Mann-Whitney U test. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to measure the correlation between the concentrations of SPMs in nasal polyps and tissue eosinophil counts. Results: The concentrations of RvD2, RvD3, RvD5, LXA4, LXB4, Mar-1 and PDX in ECRSwNP group were significantly higher than that in controls (Z value was -2.276, -2.313, -3.371, -2.094, -2.051, -3.104 and -2.294, respectively, all P<0.05). The concentrations of RvD2, RvD5, Mar-1 and PDX in ECRSwNP group were significantly higher than those in nECRSwNP group (Z value was -2.175, -2.289, -2.243 and -2.124, respectively, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in all these SPMs between nECRSwNP and controls (all P>0.05). The concentrations of RvD2, RvD3, RvD5, LXB4, Mar-1 and PDX in nasal polyps correlated positively with tissue eosinophil counts (r value was 0.443, 0.436, 0.371, 0.502, 0.340 and 0.386, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusions: A varienty of SPMs are elevated in ECRSwNP. Dysregulation of fatty acid metabolism might play an important role in the chronic inflammation of ECRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Rhinitis/pathology , Sinusitis/pathology , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942575

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the value of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-(OH)D3) with other clinical parameters in the prediction and diagnosis of eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (ECRSwNP). Methods: Eligible chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) patients and healthy subjects in the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January to April of 2021 were included for this study. The age, gender, past history and other basic characteristics of all subjects were recorded. The CRSwNP patients were classified into ECRSwNP and non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (nECRSwNP) endotypes by the percentage of tissue eosinophils. Serum 25-(OH)D3 levels measurements were performed in all subjects. Paranasal sinus CT scans, blood eosinophil counts, and determination of total immunoglobulin E (total IgE), Th1/Th2 plasma cytokines and nasal nitric oxide (nNO) levels were performed before surgery. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the related factors of ECRSwNP. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves was used to evaluate the predictive potential of the clinical parameters. Results: One hundred and twenty-seven CRSwNP patients and 40 healthy subjects were recruited, including 74 males and 93 females of the patients, with the age of (38.73±13.05) years. In patients with ECRSwNP, serum 25-(OH)D3 levels were significantly lower than those in nECRSwNP patients ((26.14±4.58) ng/ml vs (35.71±7.86) ng/ml, t=-8.564, P<0.01). The prevalence of asthma, prevalence of allergic rhinitis, peripheral blood eosinophil counts, total IgE levels, nNO levels and CT scores ratio for ethmoid sinus and maxillary sinus (E/M ratio) of ECRSwNP patients were significantly higher than those in nECRSwNP patients (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in Th1/Th2 cytokines levels between the histological types of CRSwNP (all P>0.05). Among the predictive indicators, 25-(OH)D3 had the highest predictive value, with ROC area under curve (AUC) value of 0.882. The best cut-off point of 28.5 ng/ml for 25-(OH)D3 demonstrated a sensitivity of 0.871 and a specificity of 0.762 for ECRSwNP. Conclusion: Measurement of serum 25-(OH)D3 level may be used as an effective method to distinguish between ECRSwNP and nECRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Calcifediol , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Male , Maxillary Sinus , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps/diagnosis , Rhinitis/diagnosis , Sinusitis/diagnosis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942574

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore whether blood and polyp tissue eosinophil numbers are independent risk factors for poor disease control in patients with nasal polyp. Methods: By using the electronic medical records database and manual evaluation, 183 nasal polyp patients who had undergone endoscopic sinus surgery at least one year prior to the study with complete data of tissue specimens, baseline blood routine test, nasal endoscopy and sinus computed tomography, were identified and recruited to assess disease control based on the criteria of a European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2012 (EPOS 2012). Multiple logistic regression model was used to determine the association between blood and tissue eosinophil numbers and risk of poor disease control by adjusting for demographics and comorbidities. Results: We broke down the cohort into 4 groups according to blood (0.3×109/L) and tissue (10%) eosinophils. The patients without eosinophilic inflammation represented the largest group (41.5%). The group with concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia represented the second largest (31.2%), and the patients with isolated tissue (15.3%) or blood (12.0%) eosinophilia were relatively rare. Multiple logistic regression models found blood eosinophil count and tissue eosinophil percentage were independently associated with increased risk for poor disease control after adjustments for covariates related to poor treatment outcome. Furthermore, subjects with concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia had a higher risk for poor disease control than those with isolated blood or tissue eosinophilia. Conclusion: Concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia relates to a higher likelihood of poor disease control than isolated blood or tissue eosinophilia after adjustment of potential confounders in nasal polyp patients.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Humans , Nasal Polyps , Rhinitis , Sinusitis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942529

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the correlation between eosinophils (Eos) and the incidence of chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) in Xinjiang region of China by comparing the proportion of inflammatory cells in the pathological tissues and peripheral blood. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on 582 patients with CRSwNP who underwent endoscopic nasal surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from January 2012 to March 2018, including 367 males and 215 females, aged (45.5±13.4) years (x¯±s). Patients were divided into groups according to demographic characteristics, recurrence and complication of allergic rhinitis (AR). Preoperative blood routine and postoperative pathological section data of nasal polyps were collected to compare the ratio of inflammatory cells in pathological tissue and the ratio of peripheral blood Eos in each group. The correlation between the proportion of inflammatory cells in the pathological tissue of nasal polyps and the recurrence of CRSwNP was analyzed, as well as the distribution of (eosCRSwNP) in Uygur and Han CRSwNP patients in Xinjiang region. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS 19.0 software. Results: Compared with non-recurrent CRSwNP patients, the ratio of Eos in nasal polyp tissue and peripheral blood was increased significantly, (Z value was -3.142 and -2.344, respectively, both P<0.05). Compared with CRSwNP patients without AR, the ratio of Eos in nasal polyps and peripheral blood was also increased significantly in patients with AR (Z value was -6.664 and -4.520, respectively, both P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between tissue Eos and CRSwNP recurrence (r=0.130, P=0.002). The majority of CRSwNP patients were both eosCRSwNP in Uygur and Han ethnic groups. Conclusions: Eos is associated with the recurrence of CRSwNP in Xinjiang region, and eosCRSwNP is the dominant factor in both Uygur and Han patients.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Male , Nasal Polyps/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis/epidemiology , Sinusitis/epidemiology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942421

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the histopathological and hematological changes in reoperation of recurrent chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Methods: A total of 41 patients with CRSwNP who underwent two consecutive endoscopic sinus surgeries in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from February 1999 to April 2019 were included retrospectively, including 25 males and 16 females, aged (40.7±13.6) years at the former surgery and (47.0±13.2) years at the recurrent surgery. The peripheral blood cell count results were collected. Differential inflammatory cells in nasal polyp tissue sections were counted and characteristics of tissue remodeling were scored. Paired t test was used to compare the hematological and histological data of the two surgeries in the same cohort. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to determine the correlation between tissue and peripheral blood eosinophil contents. Results: In histopathological tissue sections of nasal polyps, the mean tissue eosinophil, lymphocyte and total inflammatory cell counts per high power field significantly decreased (54.04±34.67 vs 76.97±65.59, 35.27±16.61 vs 50.01±26.94, 128.88±41.32 vs 176.38±80.59, t value was 2.413, 2.923, 3.445, respectively, all P<0.05), whereas the percentages of different inflammatory cell types remained unchanged when comparing the recurrent surgery with the former surgery. There was a significant reduction of basement membrane thickness and goblet cell hyperplasia score in the recurrent surgery (1.29±0.84 vs 2.00±0.84, 1.81±1.31 vs 2.44±1.10, t value was 5.367, 2.714, respectively, all P<0.05). Subgroup analysis suggested that changes in asthmatic cases, younger cases and cases without previous surgery were more remarkable than non-asthmatics, older cases and cases with previous surgery, respectively. There was no significant change in peripheral white blood cell counts and differential cell percentages, except a small increase of blood monocyte percentage. Correlation analysis showed that tissue eosinophil content correlated positively with blood eosinophil content at each surgery. Conclusions: In the recurrent surgery of CRSwNP, tissue eosinophil, lymphocyte and total inflammatory cell counts decrease significantly compare with that of the former surgery. The histological inflammatory load decreases with improvement of tissue remodeling, which could be attributed to the integrated treatment with surgery and medications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis , Sinusitis
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879941

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma is a chronic respiratory disease,characterized by airway inflammation,airway hyperresponsiveness,reversible airway obstruction and airway remodeling,in which a variety of cells including airway inflammatory cells and structural cells are involved. Previous studies have shown that asthma is mainly driven by Th2 cytokines IL-4,IL-5,and IL-13,leading to airway eosinophil inflammation. With further research,however,it has been found that neutrophils are also closely related to asthma. Numbers of neutrophils are elevated in airway through increased chemotaxis and decreased apoptosis,which is earlier than eosinophils,leading to airway neutrophilic inflammation. Neutrophils can produce elastase,myeloperoxidase,neutrophil extra- cellular traps,chemokines and cytokines,participating in the occurrence and development of asthma. The antagonists against these molecules,such as anti-IL-8 receptor antibody,anti-IL-17 antibody,and DNase,have shown positive effects on neutrophilic asthma,but further studies are needed to support their clinical application. This article mainly reviews the role of neutrophils in asthma and related mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Asthma/immunology , Cytokines , Eosinophils , Humans , Inflammation , Neutrophils/immunology
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(4): 434-442, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132612

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The extent of epithelial lesion in allergic and non-allergic rhinitis and its association with inflammatory changes in nasal lavage has not been clarified. Objective To verify the association between the inflammatory cells in the nasal lavage, epithelial lesion extent and basement membrane thickness, in the nasal mucosa of patients with rhinitis; to determine the cutoff point of the percentage of eosinophils in the nasal lavage associated with the atopic patients. Methods Patients with rhinitis and indication for septoplasty and (or) turbinectomy for turbinate hypertrophy were selected, and were submitted to allergy skin tests, nasal lavage with measurement of albumin and interleukin-8 levels, total and differential counting of cells, and mucosal histopathological analysis to determine the extent of epithelial lesion, and degree of basement membrane thickening. Results Fifty-six patients with a median age of 24.5 years and a diagnosis of allergic rhinitis (n = 36) and non-allergic rhinitis (n = 20) were studied. In atopic subjects, allergy skin tests were positive for Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus in 35 (97.0%) and Lolium perenne in 18 (50.0%). Atopic subjects showed a higher clinical score index of rhinitis compared to non-atopic ones. The total count of cells, neutrophils, and levels of albumin and IL-8 were not different in the nasal lavage of atopic and non-atopic subjects. The cutoff point for eosinophil count in nasal fluid for the distinction between allergic rhinitis and non-allergic rhinitis was 4%. Some degree of epithelial lesion was more frequent in allergic rhinitis (94%) than in non-allergic rhinitis (65%) patients. In the presence of basement membrane thickness, as a marker of remodeling, there was no difference in the nasal lavage of patients with allergic rhinitis and non-allergic rhinitis. Conclusion In this series, 4% was the cutoff point for the number of eosinophils in the nasal lavage, for atopy differentiation. Upper airway remodeling accessed by basement membrane thickness showed similar inflammatory cell infiltrate in the nasal lavage, regardless of the presence of atopy.


Resumo Introdução A extensão da lesão epitelial na rinite alérgica e não alérgica e sua associação com alterações inflamatórias no lavado nasal ainda não estão esclarecidas. Objetivo Verificar a relação entre o processo inflamatório no lavado nasal, extensão da lesão epitelial e espessamento da membrana basal na mucosa nasal de pacientes com rinite; determinar o ponto de corte do percentual de eosinófilos no lavado nasal associado à presença de atopia. Método Foram selecionados pacientes com rinite e indicação de septoplastia e (ou) turbinectomia por hipertrofia de conchas nasais, os quais foram submetidos aos testes cutâneos alérgicos, lavado nasal com determinação das concentrações de albumina, interleucina-8 (IL-8), contagem total e diferencial de células, análise da extensão da lesão epitelial, e grau de espessamento da membrana basal por meio de histopatologia da mucosa. Resultado Foram estudados 56 pacientes, mediana de 24,5 anos com diagnóstico de rinite alérgica (n = 36) e rinite não alérgica (n = 20). Nos atópicos os testes cutâneos alérgicos foram positivos para D. pteronyssinus em 35 (97,0%) e L. perenne em 18 (50,0%). Atópicos apresentaram maior índice de escore clínico para rinite em comparação a não atópicos. A contagem total de células, neutrófilos e níveis de albumina e IL-8 não foi diferente entre o lavado nasal de atópicos e não atópicos. O ponto de corte da contagem de eosinófilos no fluido nasal para a distinção de rinite alérgica e rinite não alérgica foi de 4%. Algum grau de lesão epitelial foi mais frequente em pacientes com rinite alérgica (94%) do que em pacientes com rinite não alérgica (65%). Na presença de espessamento da membrana basal, como marcador de remodelamento, não houve diferença no lavado nasal entre pacientes com rinite alérgica e não alérgica. Conclusão Nesta casuística, 4% foi o ponto de corte do número de eosinófilos no lavado nasal, para diferenciação de atopia. Remodelamento da via aérea superior pelo espessamento da membrana basal revelou infiltrado semelhante de células inflamatórias no lavado nasal, independentemente da presença de atopia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Rhinitis , Eosinophils , Nasal Lavage , Nasal Mucosa
17.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 38(2): 39-46, ago.2020. ^c21 cm.ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178444

ABSTRACT

La enteritis eosinofílica, es una patología rara, caracterizada por infiltración de eosinófilos en una o más capas histológicas en diferentes niveles del tracto gastrointestinal, siendo el estómago e intestino delgado los más afectados; su cuadro clínico, inespecífico, caracterizado por dolor abdominal, náusea, vómito, diarrea o estreñimiento, pérdida de peso y ascitis, con presencia o ausencia de eosinofilia en la biometría. Reporte de caso Paciente masculino de 51 años de edad, acudió a emergencia por distensión abdominal y náusea, al examen físico en la palpación intenso dolor y distención abdominal, percusión timpánico y abolición de ruidos hidroaéreos. La analítica reportó leucocitosis con neutrofilia, radiografía de abdomen íleo adinámico, en la ecografía abdominal presencia de imágenes tubulares con aspecto de diana, asociado a líquido libre purulento en fosa ilíaca derecha y fondo de saco vésico rectal. Un cuadro clínico compatible con abdomen agudo de resolución quirúrgica, se realizó laparotomía exploratoria (AU);


The eosinophilic enteritis is a rare pathology, characterized by infiltration of eosinophils in one or more histological layers at different levels of the gastrointestinal tract, the stomach and small intestine being the most affected; its nonspecific clinical picture, characterized by abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, weight loss and ascites, with the presence or absence of eosinophilia in the biometry. Enteritis eosinofílica, una causa extraña de abdomen agudo. reporte de caso clínico Eosinophilic enteritis, a strange cause of acute abdomen year-old male patient came to the emergency room due to abdominal distention and nausea, to physical examination on palpation, intense abdominal pain and distention, tympanic percussion and abolition of air-fluid sounds. Laboratory analysis reported leukocytosis with neutrophilia, abdominal ileus adynamic radiography, abdominal ultrasound presence of tubular images with a target appearance, associated with free purulent fluid in the right iliac fossa and rectal vesicum fundus. A clinical picture compatible with an acute abdomen with surgical resolution, an exploratory laparotomy was performed (AU);


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdominal Pain , Ultrasonography , Abdomen, Acute , Eosinophils
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e8659, Jan. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055485

ABSTRACT

Eosinophils are abundant in the reproductive tract, contributing to the remodeling and successful implantation of the embryo. However, the mechanisms by which eosinophils migrate into the uterus and their relationship to edema are still not entirely clear, since there are a variety of chemotactic factors that can cause migration of these cells. Therefore, to evaluate the role of CCR3 in eosinophil migration, ovariectomized C57BL/6 mice were treated with CCR3 antagonist SB 328437 and 17β-estradiol. The hypothesis that the CCR3 receptor plays an important role in eosinophil migration to the mouse uterus was confirmed, because we observed reduction in eosinophil peroxidase activity in these antagonist-treated uteruses. The antagonist also influenced uterine hypertrophy, inhibiting edema formation. Finally, histological analysis of the orcein-stained uteruses showed that the antagonist reduced eosinophil migration together with edema. These data showed that the CCR3 receptor is an important target for studies that seek to clarify the functions of these cells in uterine physiology.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rabbits , Uterus/cytology , Cell Movement/drug effects , Eosinophils/drug effects , Estradiol/administration & dosage , Estrogens/administration & dosage , Receptors, CCR3/antagonists & inhibitors , Ovariectomy , Mice, Inbred C57BL
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1102963

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la rinosinusitis crónica (RSC) es una de las enfermedades más prevalentes a nivel mundial. Los eosinófilos desempeñan un papel importante en la generación del proceso inflamatorio nasosinusal crónico secundario a la generación de una respuesta maladaptativa Th2 y cambios en la microbiota nasal. El objetivo del estudio es determinar si la eosinofilia periférica puede usarse como factor predictor de severidad tomográfica en pacientes que cursan con rinosinusitis crónica. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional de corte transversal con componente analítico en pacientes con diagnóstico de RSC quienes dispusieran en su registro de historia clínica un hemograma con recuento de eosinófilos. El tamaño de la muestra fue de 74 individuos. Resultados: la eosinofilia periférica se estableció como factor de severidad tomográfica, ya que se encontró que por cada incremento de 100 eosinófilos en sangre, aumentaría en un punto el puntaje total de la escala tomográfica Lund-Mackay. Este patrón fue similar en pacientes con pólipos y asma, en los que se encontró un incremento en los puntajes totales de 4 y 5 puntos, respectivamente, con respecto a los pacientes que no presentan estas patologías. Conclusión: la utilización de la eosinofilia periférica como predictor de severidad podría ser de gran utilidad para la comunidad médica. Este biomarcador puede resultar en un ahorro potencial de costos al eliminar la necesidad de tratamientos médicos repetidos en pacientes que de entrada tienen un riesgo incrementado de enfermedad nasosinusal severa.


Introduction: chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide. Eosinophils play an important role in the generation of a chronic nasosinusal inflammatory process secondary to the generation of a Th2 maladaptive response and changes in the nasal microbiota. The objective of the study is to determine if peripheral eosinophilia can be used as a predictor of tomographic severity in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Methods: an observational cross-sectional study with an analytical component was performed in patients with a diagnosis of CSR who had an eosinophil count in their clinical record. The sample size was 74 individuals. Results: peripheral eosinophilia was established as a tomographic severity factor, finding that for each increase of 100 eosinophils in blood, the total score of the Lund-Mackay tomographic scale would increase by 1 point. This pattern was equally concordant in patients with polyps and asthma, with increases in total scores of 4 and 5 points respectively, with respect to patients who do not present these pathologies. Conclusion: the uses of peripheral eosinophilia as a predictor of severity could be very useful for the medical community. This biomarker can result in potential cost savings by eliminating the need for repeated medical treatments in patients who initially have an increased risk of severe nasosinusal disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sinusitis , Nasal Polyps , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811069

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Different characteristics of airway microbiome in asthmatics may lead to differential immune responses, which in turn cause eosinophilic or neutrophilic airway inflammation. However, the relationships among these factors have yet to be fully elucidated.METHODS: Microbes in induced sputum samples were subjected to sequence analysis of 16S rRNA. Airway inflammatory phenotypes were defined as neutrophils (>60%) and eosinophils (>3%), and inflammation endotypes were defined by levels of T helper (Th) 1 (interferon-γ), Th2 (interleukin [IL]-5 and IL-13), Th-17 (IL-17), and innate Th2 (IL-25, IL-33, and thymic stromal lymphopoietin) cytokines, inflammasomes (IL-1β), epithelial activation markers (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-8), and Inflammation (IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α) cytokines in sputum supernatants was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS: The numbers of operational taxonomic units were significantly higher in the mixed (n = 21) and neutrophilic (n = 23) inflammation groups than in the paucigranulocytic inflammation group (n = 19; p < 0.05). At the species level, Granulicatella adiacens, Streptococcus parasanguinis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Veillonella rogosae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, and Neisseria perflava levels were significantly higher in the eosinophilic inflammation group (n = 20), whereas JYGU_s levels were significantly higher in the neutrophilic inflammation group compared to the other subtypes (P < 0.05). Additionally, IL-5 and IL-13 concentrations were correlated with the percentage of eosinophils (P < 0.05) and IL-13 levels were positively correlated with the read counts of Porphyromonas pasteri and V. rogosae (P < 0.05). IL-1β concentrations were correlated with the percentage of neutrophils (P < 0.05). had a tendency to be positively correlated with the read count of JYGU_s (P = 0.095), and was negatively correlated with that of S. pneumoniae (P < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Difference of microbial patterns in airways may induce distinctive endotypes of asthma, which is responsible for the neutrophilic or eosinophilic inflammation in asthma.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophils , Haemophilus parainfluenzae , Inflammasomes , Inflammation , Interleukin-13 , Interleukin-33 , Interleukin-5 , Microbiota , Necrosis , Neisseria , Neutrophils , Phenotype , Pneumonia , Porphyromonas , Sequence Analysis , Sputum , Streptococcus , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Veillonella
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