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1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(4): 420-425, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889288

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In teenagers with perennial allergic rhinitis, exposure to tobacco cigarette smoke increases the count of eosinophils in the nasal mucosa; the recruitment of eosinophils arises from the combined action of a number of cellular and molecular signals, including eotaxin. Objective: To assess the effect of exposure to tobacco cigarette smoke on the count of immunoreactive cells to eotaxin-1 and eosinophils on the nasal mucosa of children and teenagers with perennial allergic rhinitis. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, forty-four patients were evaluated (aged 7-19 years old): 22 with and 22 with no exposure to tobacco cigarette smoke. After replying to 2 validated questionnaires, on Asthma and Allergies in Childhood and on the severity of nasal symptoms, nasal mucosal samples were obtained by scraping the middle one-third of the inferior turbinates. Then counts of immunoreactive cells to eotaxin-1 and eosinophils were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Results: Patients with exposure to tobacco cigarette smoke showed higher cell counts of both eotaxin-1 and eosinophils than patients with no exposure to the smoke, with no correlation between the two variables. However, both counts, of eotaxin-1 and eosinophils, were related to the cotinine/creatinine ratio. Conclusions: Exposure to tobacco cigarette smoke can increase eotaxin-1 and the count of eosinophils in the nasal mucosa of young patients with perennial allergic rhinitis.


Resumo Introdução: Em adolescentes com rinite alérgica perene, a exposição à fumaça do cigarro de tabaco aumenta a contagem de eosinófilos na mucosa nasal. O recrutamento de eosinófilos surge da ação combinada de alguns sinais celulares e moleculares, inclusive a eotaxina. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da exposição à fumaça do cigarro de tabaco na contagem de células imunorreativas a eotaxina-1 e eosinófilos na mucosa nasal de crianças e adolescentes com rinite alérgica perene. Método: Em um estudo transversal, 44 pacientes foram avaliados (entre sete e 19 anos): 22 com e 22 sem exposição à fumaça do cigarro de tabaco. Depois de responder a dois questionários validados, sobre asma e alergias na infância e sobre a gravidade dos sintomas nasais, as amostras de mucosa nasal foram obtidas por meio de raspagem do terço médio das conchas inferiores. Em seguida, as contagens de células imunorreativas para eotaxina-1 e eosinófilos foram avaliadas por imuno-histoquímica. Resultados: Os pacientes com exposição à fumaça do cigarro de tabaco apresentaram contagens de células mais elevadas tanto para eotaxina-1 como para eosinófilos em comparação com os pacientes sem exposição à fumaça, sem correlação entre as duas variáveis. No entanto, ambas as contagens, de eotaxina-1 e eosinófilos foram relacionadas com a razão cotinina/creatinina. Conclusões: A exposição à fumaça do cigarro de tabaco pode aumentar a eotaxina-1 e a contagem de eosinófilos na mucosa nasal de pacientes jovens com rinite alérgica perene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal/immunology , Eosinophils/immunology , Chemokine CCL11/immunology , Nasal Mucosa/immunology , Severity of Illness Index , Immunohistochemistry , Cell Count , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eosinophils/cytology , Chemokine CCL11/analysis , Nasal Mucosa/cytology , Nasal Mucosa/chemistry
2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(1): 66-72, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839397

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Eosinophilic and noneosinophilic Nasal polyps (NPs) are different subtypes of NPs and require different treatment methods. Objective To compare the histologic characteristics, mRNA and protein expression between Nasal Polyps with and without eosinophilia. Methods NPs tissues were obtained from eighty-six NPs patients during surgery. Eosinophilic and noneosinophilic NPs were distinguished according to immunochemical results of the specimen. The histological, mRNA and protein expression features were compared between the two groups. Results In eosinophilic NPs, we observed a significantly higher GATA-3, IL-5, IL-4, IL-13 mRNA and protein expression. In noneosinophilic NPs, IL-17, IL-23 and RORc mRNA and protein expression were increased. Immunohistochemistry tests showed, more mast cells and less neutrophils in eosinophilic NPs compared with noneosinophilic NPs. Eosinophilic NPs patient presented more severe symptom scores when compared to noneosinophilic NPs. Conclusion We demonstrate for the first time that Th2 is the predominant reaction in eosinophilic NPs while Th17 is the predominant reaction in noneosinophilic NPs. Our study may provide new treatment strategy for NPs.


Resumo Introdução Pólipos nasais (PNs) eosinofílicos e não eosinofílicos são diferentes subtipos de PNs e requerem diferentes métodos de tratamento. Objetivo Comparar as características histológicas e a expressão de mRNAs e proteínas entre PNs com e sem eosinofilia. Método Amostras de PNs foram obtidos de 86 pacientes durante a cirurgia. PNs eosinofílicos e não eosinofílicos foram diferenciados segundo os resultados imunoistoquímicos de cada amostra. As características histológicas e de expressão de mRNAs e de proteínas foram comparadas entre os dois grupos. Resultados Em PNs eosinofílicos, observamos uma expressão significativamente maior dos mRNAs e proteínas GATA-3, IL-5, IL-4 e IL-13. Nos PNs não eosinofílicos, aumentou a expressão dos mRNAs e das proteínas IL-17, IL-23 e RORc. Nos testes imunoistoquímicos, observamos maior número de mastócitos e menor número de neutrófilos nos PNs eosinofílicos, em comparação com PNs não eosinofílicos. Os pacientes com PNs eosinofílicos obtiveram escores de sintomas mais graves vs. PNs não eosinofílicos. Conclusão Demonstramos, pela primeira vez, uma reação Th2 predominante em PNs eosinofílicos e uma reação Th17 predominante em PNs não eosinofílicos. Nosso estudo pode proporcionar novas estratégias terapêuticas para a rinossinusite crônica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Sinusitis/immunology , Rhinitis/immunology , Nasal Polyps/immunology , Eosinophils/immunology , Sinusitis/complications , Transcription Factors , Severity of Illness Index , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Rhinitis/complications , Nasal Polyps/complications , Nasal Polyps/metabolism , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Chronic Disease , Cytokines/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/immunology , Eosinophilia/complications , Eosinophilia/metabolism , Eosinophilia/pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
3.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 129(2): 35-39, jun. 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-982782

ABSTRACT

Se presentan las propiedades biológicas del eosinófilo a la luz de novedosos hallazgos relacionados con su preponderante papel en muchas otras patologías más allá de las clásicas. Su participación como célula inflamatoria vinculada estrechamente con la inmunidad innata o connatural queda demostrada.


Novel aspects of eosinophil functions are exposed. They are closely related to several pathologies that were not taken into account in the past. Their role as an inflammatory cell in innate immunology is reinforced.


Subject(s)
Humans , Eosinophils/immunology , Eosinophils/pathology , Eosinophils/physiology , Immunity, Innate
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194207

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Visceral larva migrans, caused by Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati, has emerged as a significant cause of eosinophilic liver abscess (ELA). Differentiation of ELA associated with toxocariasis (ELA-T) from metastasis or primary liver malignancy is sometimes difficult. However, the role of albendazole treatment remains uncertain in this condition. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether albendazole can enhance the radiologic resolution of ELA-T. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the patients diagnosed with ELA-T at our institution between January 2008 and December 2011. ELA-T was diagnosed based on the imaging findings on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging and the presence of positive serum IgG antibody for Toxocara canis. Among a total of 163 patients, 32 patients received albendazole (albendazole group) and 131 did not (control group). Baseline characteristics and fate of liver nodules were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics (age, sex, number and maximal size of lesions, eosinophil count) were similar between the two groups. Median duration for achieving radiologic resolution in the albendazole group was significantly shorter than in the control group (207 days [range 186-228] vs. 302 days [range 224-380], p=0.023). In Cox regression analysis of the cumulative rates of radiologic resolution, the hazard ratio for albendazole treatment was 1.99 (95% confidence interval, 1.22-3.23). CONCLUSIONS: Radiologic resolution of ELA-T can be accelerated with albendazole treatment. Hence, inconvenience associated with long-term follow-up and unnecessary worries among patients can be eliminated with albendazole treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Albendazole/therapeutic use , Animals , Antiprotozoal Agents/therapeutic use , Eosinophils/immunology , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Larva Migrans, Visceral/drug therapy , Liver/enzymology , Liver Abscess/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Toxocara canis/immunology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-214109

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We sought to increase our understanding of the rhinitis-asthma relationship and improve strategies for the treatment of patients with these diseases. The aim of this study was to identify a connection between upper airway inflammation and lower airway responsiveness. METHODS: We counted eosinophils on nasal smears, and performed spirometry, allergic skin tests, and methacholine challenge tests in 308 schoolchildren plus a questionnaire on respiratory symptoms. The methacholine concentration causing a 20% fall in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (PC20 0.05). No difference in BHR was detected when comparing subjects with and without nasal eosinophils. There were significant differences in the PC20 between subjects with greater than 50% nasal eosinophils and without nasal eosinophils (11.01 +/- 2.92 mg/mL vs. 17.38 +/- 0.61 mg/mL; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrated that nasal eosinophilic inflammation might contribute to lower airway responsiveness in schoolchildren, based on an epidemiological survey.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Age Distribution , Age Factors , Asthma/diagnosis , Bronchial Hyperreactivity/diagnosis , Bronchial Provocation Tests , Child , Eosinophilia/diagnosis , Eosinophils/immunology , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Intradermal Tests , Leukocyte Count , Lung/physiopathology , Male , Nasal Mucosa/immunology , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Rhinitis/diagnosis , Spirometry , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62980

ABSTRACT

Infliximab is a chimeric anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha monoclonal antibody. Infusion related reactions and infection are well known side effects of infliximab; however, renal complications have not been well recognized. We report on a patient with late onset-acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (ATIN) after treatment with infliximab and mesalazine for Crohn's disease. A 25-year-old woman was admitted with a purpuric rash on both lower extremities and arthralgia. She had been diagnosed with Crohn's disease 5.6 years previously and had been treated with mesalazine and infliximab. Serum creatinine level, last measured one year ago, was elevated from 0.6 mg/dL to 1.9 mg/dL. Results of urinalysis, ultrasound, and serologic examinations were normal. With a tentative diagnosis of Henoch-Schonlein purpura, oral prednisolone was given, and serum creatinine decreased to 1.46 mg/dL, but was elevated to 2.6 mg/dL again at two months after discontinuation of prednisolone. Renal biopsy indicated that ATIN was probably induced by drug, considering significant infiltration of eosinophils. Concomitant use of infliximab with mesalazine was supposed to trigger ATIN. Oral prednisolone was administered, and serum creatinine level showed partial recovery. Thus, ATIN should be suspected as a cause of renal impairment in Crohn's disease even after a long period of maintenance treatment with infliximab and mesalazine.


Subject(s)
Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Creatine/blood , Crohn Disease/drug therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Eosinophils/immunology , Female , Humans , Infliximab/adverse effects , Kidney/pathology , Mesalamine/adverse effects , Nephritis, Interstitial/diagnosis , Prednisolone/therapeutic use
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193460

ABSTRACT

The risk of asthma has been increasing in parallel with use of acetaminophen, which is a potential source of oxidative stress. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays a critical role not only in innate immunity, but also in mediating reactive oxygen species induced inflammation. Therefore, we investigated associations between acetaminophen usage and TLR4 polymorphism on asthma and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR). The number of 2,428 elementary school children in Seoul and Jeongeup cities was recruited. Subjects who used acetaminophen with a family history of asthma had an increased risk of both asthma diagnosis ever and current asthma. Individuals with CT+TT genotypes at the TLR4 polymorphism, in combination with acetaminophen usage, also demonstrated an increased risk of asthma diagnosis ever (aOR, 2.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-3.92). Family history of asthma and acetaminophen usage were risk factors for BHR. Although TLR4 was not an independent risk factor for BHR, individuals with CT+TT genotypes at the TLR4 polymorphism had an increased risk of BHR when combined with acetaminophen usage (aOR, 1.74; 95% CI, 1.03-2.94). In conclusion, acetaminophen usage may be associated with asthma and BHR in genetically susceptible subjects. This effect may be modified by polymorphism at TLR4.


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen/adverse effects , Adolescent , Asthma/chemically induced , Bronchial Hyperreactivity/chemically induced , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eosinophils/immunology , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Inflammation/immunology , Male , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reactive Oxygen Species/immunology , Risk , Risk Factors , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics
8.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 105(4): 380-386, July 2010. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-554801

ABSTRACT

The recruitment of circulating eosinophils by chemokines and chemokine receptors plays an important role in the inflammation process in acute human schistosomiasis. Our main focus has been on the plasma chemokines (CXCL8/CCL2/CCL3/CCL24) and chemokine receptors (CCR2/CCR3/CCR5/CXCR1/CXCR2/CXCR3/CXCR4) expressed by circulating eosinophils from acute Schistosoma mansoni infected patients (ACT). Our studies compared ACT patients and healthy individuals as a control group. Our major findings demonstrated a plethora of chemokine secretion with significantly increased secretion of all chemokines analysed in the ACT group. Although no differences were detected for beta-chemokine receptors (CCR2, CCR3 and CCR5) or alpha-chemokine receptors (CXCR3 and CXCR4), a significantly lower frequency of CXCR1+ and CXCR2+ eosinophils in the ACT group was observed. The association between chemokines and their chemokine receptors revealed that acutely infected schistosome patients displaying decreased plasma levels of CCL24 are the same patients who presented enhanced secretion of CCL3, as well as increased expression of both the CCR5 and CXCR3 chemokine receptors. These findings suggest that CCL24 may influence the kinetics of chemokines and their receptors and eosinophils recruitment during human acute schistosomiasis mansoni.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Antibodies, Helminth/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology , Chemokines/blood , Eosinophils , Receptors, Chemokine/blood , Schistosomiasis mansoni/immunology , Acute Disease , Case-Control Studies , Chemokines/immunology , Eosinophils/immunology , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , Receptors, Chemokine/immunology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14765

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic leukocytes function in host protection against parasitic worms. In turn, helminthic parasites harbor specific molecules to evade or paralyze eosinophil-associated host immune responses; these molecules facilitate the migration and survival of parasitic helminths in vivo. This competition between eosinophil and worm leads to stable equilibria between them. An understanding of such dynamic host-eosinophil interactions will help us to uncover mechanisms of cross talk between host and parasite in helminth infection. In this review, we examine recent findings regarding the innate immune responses of eosinophils to helminthic parasites, and discuss the implications of these findings in terms of eosinophil-mediated tissue inflammation in helminth infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Eosinophils/immunology , Helminthiasis/immunology , Helminths/immunology , Host-Parasite Interactions , Humans
11.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 2008 Jun-Sep; 26(2-3): 137-41
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-36936

ABSTRACT

Recent clinical trials have shown the possibility of probiotics in prevention and treatment of allergic diseases. The purpose of this experimental study was to assess the influence of lysed Enterococcus faecalis FK-23 (LFK) on allergic responses in different mouse strains. We performed a comparative study on the effects of LFK for allergen-induced peritoneal accumulation of eosinophils and serum total IgE concentration by using BALB/c, C57BL/6, C3H/HeN and C3H/HeJ mice. There was no significant difference in total number of peritoneal accumulated cells induced by cedar pollen allergen between the control and LFK groups in any strain of mice (p > 0.05); however, the ratio of eosinophils to total accumulated cells was significantly decreased in LFK-treated mice of BALB/c (p = 0.016), C3H/HeN (p = 0.010) and C3H/HeJ (p = 0.004), but not C57BL/6 (p > 0.05). No significant difference in serum total IgE concentration was found between the control and LFK groups of different mouse strains (p > 0.05). These results reveal a different effect of LFK on suppressing allergen-induced local eosinophila in inbred strains of mice, suggesting the effectiveness of probiotics on limiting allergy might be under the influence of individual genetic background.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Plant , Cryptomeria , Enterococcus faecalis/chemistry , Eosinophils/immunology , Female , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Immunosuppression , Leukocyte Count , Mice , Mice, Inbred Strains , Peritoneum/immunology , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Pollen , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal/blood , Species Specificity
12.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 2008 Jun-Sep; 26(2-3): 143-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-36906

ABSTRACT

An animal model resembling the human immuno-pathological features of CR allergy is needed for CR allergy research, e.g., measuring allergenicity of novel allergens, testing immunotherapeutic efficacies of drugs and vaccines. In this study we develop a murine model of American CR, P. americana allergy. BALB/c mice, 6 weeks old, were individually intraperitoneally injected with three doses (days 0, 7 and 14) of alum adjuvanted-crude extract of P. americana. On days 21 and 23, they were given crude CR extract in PBS intranasally (10 microl) and aerosolically (10 ml) via an air-pressure nebulizer, respectively. Mice received alum alone and PBS instead of the CR extract served as non-allergenic controls. All mice were bled twenty four hours after the nebulization and sacrificed. Their serum samples, broncho-alveolar lavage fluids (BALF), and lung tissues were collected. BALF of all allergen-treated mice had marked cellular infiltration notably neutrophils, eosinophils and lymphocytes. The average total cell count in BALF of the allergenic mice was 1.9 x 10(5) cells/ml which out-numbered those of the non-allergenic controls (8 x 10(4) cells/ml). The eosinophil infiltration was pronounced in lungs of the allergen-treated mice. Specific serum IgE to the CR extract elevated in serum samples of all allergen treated mice and nil in the sera of the controls. None of the mice showed detectable level of IgG2a to the CR extract. RT-PCR revealed that all allergen-treated mice had marked increase of IL-13, IL-4 and TNF-alpha gene expressions, slight increase of IL-5 gene expression, and absence of detectable IFN-gamma gene expression in comparison to the non-allergenic controls. None of the allergen-treated mice and 50% of the non-allergenic controls had IL-12 gene expression as detected by RT- PCR. One allergen treated-mouse (25%) had subpar level of the IL-18 gene expression compared to the controls. Results of the quantitative real-time PCR conformed to those of the RT-PCR. A murine model of P. americana resembling human allergic manifestations was successfully developed.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Alum Compounds , Animals , Cell Movement , Complex Mixtures/administration & dosage , Disease Models, Animal , Eosinophils/immunology , Female , Humans , Hypersensitivity/blood , Immunization, Secondary , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Leukocyte Count , Lung/immunology , Lymphocyte Activation , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Periplaneta/immunology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188651

ABSTRACT

Eosinophil degranulation plays a crucial role in tissue inflammatory reactions associated with helminth parasitic nfections and allergic diseases. Paragonimus westermani, a lung fluke causing human paragonimiasis, secretes a large amount of cysteine proteases, which are involved in nutrient uptake, tissue invasion, and modulation of hos's immune responses. There is, however, limited information about the response of eosinophils to direct stimulation by cysteine proteases (CP) secreted by P. westermani. In the present study, we tested whether degranulation and superoxide production from human eosinophils can be induced by stimulation of the 2 CP (27 kDa and 28 kDa) purified from excretory-secretory products (ESP) of P. westermani newly excysted metacercariae (PwNEM). A large quantity of eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN) was detected in the culture supernatant when human eosinophils isolated from the peripheral blood were incubated with the purified 27 kDa CP. Furthermore, the 27 kDa CP induced superoxide anion production by eosinophils in time- and dose-dependent manners. In contrast, the purified 28 kDa CP did not induce superoxide production and degranulation. These findings suggest that the 27 kDa CP secreted by PwNEM induces superoxide production and degranulation of human eosinophils, which may be involved in eosinophil-mediated tissue inflammatory responses during the larval migration in human paragonimiasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astacoidea/parasitology , Cell Degranulation , Cysteine Endopeptidases/immunology , Eosinophils/immunology , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Humans , Paragonimiasis/immunology , Paragonimus westermani/enzymology , Superoxides/immunology
14.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 101(supl.1): 345-351, Oct. 2006. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-441272

ABSTRACT

Herein we have focused attention on major phenotypic features of peripheral blood eosinophils from chronic Schistosoma mansoni-infected patients. For this purpose, detailed immunophenotypic profiles of a range of cell surface markers were performed, including activation markers (CD23/CD69/CD25/HLA-DR), co-stimulatory molecules (CD28/CD80/CD86), chemokine receptors (CXCR1/CXCR2/CCR3/CCR5) besides L-selectin-CD62L and adhesion molecules (CD18/CD54). Our major findings pointed out increased frequency of CD23+-cells, besides decreased percentages of CD69+-eosinophils, suggesting a chronic activation status with low frequency of early activated eosinophils in chronic S. mansoni-infected patients (INT) in comparison to non-infected individuals (NI). Moreover, a dichotomic expression of beta-chemokine receptors was observed during human schistosomiasis mansoni with higher CCR5 and lower levels of CCR3 observed between groups. Enhanced expression of co-stimulatory receptors (CD28/CD86) and adhesion molecules (CD54/CD18), besides striking lower frequency of L-selectin+ were reported for eosinophils from INT group as compared to NI. Interestingly, the frequency of CD62L+-eosinophils and a range of cell activation related molecules pointed out an opposite pattern of association in NI and INT, where only INT patients that display lower frequency of CD62L+-eosinophils (first CD62L tertile) kept the unusual relationship between the expression of L-selectin and the CD23 activation marker. These findings suggest that distinct dynamic of activation markers expressed by eosinophils may occur during chronic S. mansoni infection.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Animals , Humans , Middle Aged , Cell Adhesion Molecules/immunology , Eosinophilia/immunology , Eosinophils/immunology , Schistosoma mansoni/immunology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/immunology , Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , Immunophenotyping
15.
Neumol. pediátr ; 1(2): 49-54, 2006. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-497929

ABSTRACT

Durante los últimos 20 años, grandes estudios de la labilidad de la vía aérea en asma se han desarrollado, para entender mejor los diferentes mediadores y las células involucradas en la patogenia de esta condición crónica. La composición del cuadro es que es una compleja enfermedad, que afecta a sujetos diferentes y en tiempos distintos. En niños, la inflamación crónica puede ser responsable de cambios irreversibles de la función y estructura de la vía aérea, que puede agravar más tarde la expresión clínica de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma/physiopathology , Asthma/immunology , Chronic Disease , Dendritic Cells/immunology , Eosinophils/immunology , Hypersensitivity , Inflammation/immunology , Macrophages/immunology , Neutrophils/immunology , Respiratory System/physiopathology , Respiratory System/innervation , Respiratory System/immunology
16.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-31679

ABSTRACT

Levels of cytokines and GLUT family monosaccharide transporters in the duodenal mucosa were examined in patients from Nong Khai, Thailand, who had underwent gastroscopy because of gastrointestinal problems. Duodenal biopsy specimens were collected from a total of 33 patients (24 males and 9 females, 45.0 +/- 13.5 years old). Ten patients had present or recent intestinal helminth infections, including strongyloidiasis, taeniasis or ascariasis (group A), 7 were urease-test positive, indicating Helicobacter pylori infection (group B), and 16 had neither helminth infections nor urea-test positivity (group C). Total RNA was extracted from the biopsied specimens and a semi-quantitative RT-PCR was performed. The positivities for IL-13, IL-5 and IFN-gamma mRNA expressions in the patients were 24.2, 60.6 and 100%, respectively, with the highest IL-13 and IL-5 positivities in group A, followed by group C and B. The IL-5 positive rate was significantly higher among patients with high peripheral blood eosinophil counts (> 4%) than in patients with low peripheral blood eosinophil counts. GLUT-1 and GLUT-5 were detectable in all the patients. Although GLUT-1 expressions did not differ among groups A, B and C. GLUT-5 expressions were significantly lower in group B than in group C. These results indicate that helminth and H. pylori infections result in different immunopathological responses in the duodenal mucosa, lower expressions of type 2 cytokines and monosaccharide transporters in H. pylori infections than in helminth infections.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cluster Analysis , Cytokines/analysis , Duodenum/parasitology , Eosinophils/immunology , Female , Gastrointestinal Diseases/blood , Gastroscopy , Glucose Transporter Type 1/analysis , Glucose Transporter Type 5/analysis , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Helminthiasis/diagnosis , Humans , Interleukin-13/analysis , Interleukin-5/analysis , Intestinal Mucosa/immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rural Population , Thailand
17.
Gac. homeop. Caracas ; 13(1): 21-26, ene.-jun. 2005. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-432471

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio transversal de intervención, randomizado, de carácter epidemiológico con una aleatorización previa de la muestra, efectuado en el Policlínico Dr. Manuel Fajardo, Mcpio. Playa, Cuba en el periódo de diciembre del 2003 a junio del 2004. El propósito de esta investigación fue conocer la efectividad de la Biomodulina T homeopatizada en niños asmaticos con infecciones respiratorias recurrentes. Para ello se estudiaron un total de 83 infantes, 51 varones y 32 hembras. Se establecieron 3 grupos de estudio: Grupo A: 28 pacientes tratados con Biomodulina T homeopatizada Grupo B: 28 pacientes tratados con Biomodulina T homeopatizada y simillimun o similar homeopático. Grupo C: 27 pacientes tratados medicamentos alopáticos convencionales. Se recogieron los antecedentes patológicos personales donde evidenciamos que los catarros recurrentes jugaron un papel importante en los tres grupos de estudio. Los exámenes complementarios indicados (leucograma completo, conteo global de eosinófilos y ecografía tímica) mostraron mejores valores para los grupos A y B, no así en los niños pertenecientes al grupo C, por su parte el abordaje empleado influyó en la presencia de sintómas y signos propios de la crisis asmática. Los criterios de exito le fueron favorables a la Biomodulina T homeopática, obteniendose mejores, resultados con el uso de este medicamento, en los parámetros estudiados, que con el uso de medicación alopática convencional


Subject(s)
Male , Child, Preschool , Humans , Female , Child , Asthma , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eosinophils/immunology , Influenza, Human/physiopathology , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Ultrasonography , Cuba , Homeopathy
18.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 100(supl.1): 153-160, Mar. 2005.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-402192

ABSTRACT

Allergic diseases result in a considerable socioeconomic burden. The incidence of allergic diseases, notably allergic asthma, has risen to high levels for reasons that are not entirely understood. With an increasing knowledge of underlying mechanisms, there is now more potential to target the inflammatory process rather than the overt symptoms. This focuses attention on the role of leukocytes especially Th2 lymphocytes that regulate allergic inflammation and effector cells where eosinophils have received much attention. Eosinophils are thought to be important based on the high numbers that are recruited to sites of allergic inflammation and the potential of these cells to effect both tissue injury and remodelling. It is hoped that future therapy will be directed towards specific leukocyte types, without overtly compromising essential host defence responses. One obvious target is leukocyte recruitment. This necessitates a detailed understanding of underlying mechanisms, particularly those involving soluble che-moattractants signals and cell-cell adhesion molecules.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Chemokines/immunology , Chemotactic Factors, Eosinophil/immunology , Eosinophils/immunology , Inflammation/immunology , Respiratory Hypersensitivity/immunology , Chemokines/biosynthesis , /immunology
19.
Rev. bras. alergia imunopatol ; 28(1): 26-31, jan.-fev. 2005. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-408016

ABSTRACT

A inflamação da asma não está limitada às vias aéreas e pode comprometer também o parênquima pulmonar periférico, no entanto, não há estudos na literatura que enfoquem a participação do parênquima pulmonar na asma. Objetivo: Caracterizar o infiltrado inflamatótrio do parênquima peribronquiolar e distal em vítimas de asma fatal, comparando-o ao de outras regiões de vias aéreas e a de tecido pulmonar de não asmáticos. Fragementos de tecido pulmonar obtidos de 20 pacientes com asma fatal e 10 controles, necropsiados no Serviço de verificacão de óbito da capital - São Paulo, foram submetidos a estudo de imuno-histoquímica e marcados com anticorpos anti-proteína básica principal (eosinófilos), anti-triptase (mastócitos), anti-elastase neutrofílica (neutrófilos) e anti-marcadores de superfície de linfócitos (CD3, CD$, CD* e CD20). Foram determinadas as densidades celulares no parênquima pulmonar periférico peribronquiolar e distal e nas áreas interna e externa das vias aéreas de grande e de pequeno calibre. Resultados: A densidade de eosinófilos foi significativamente maior nas duas regiões do parênquima pulmonar de asmáticos comparados aos controles, bem como as vias aéreas (p<0,02). Nos pacientes asmáticos a densidade eosinófilica se mostrou menos no parênquima distal em relação à da área interna da via aérea grande apenas (p<0,01). A densidade dos mastócitos foi maior no parênquima peribronquiolar bem como na área externa das vias aéreas de grande e de pequeno calibre de asmáticos comparados aos controles (p<0.04). Diferenças significativas quanto à densidade de linfócitos se restringiram às vias aéreas de asmáticos comparadas as de controles. Maior densidade de neutrófilos foi observada apenas no parênquima pulmonar de asmáticos (p=0.029). Conclusões: O parênquima pulmonar participa do processo inflamatório na asma fatal com aumento de células efetoras (mastócitos, neutrófilos e eosinófilos). A área externa da via aérea foi a região que melhor diferenciou o asmáticodo controle e com o maior número de diferenças significativas. A inflamação do parênquima peribronquiolar, associado ao da área externa da via áerea pequena, reforça o papel do pulmão distal na patofisiologia da asma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Asthma/physiopathology , Asthma/immunology , Eosinophils/immunology , Mast Cells/immunology , Neutrophils/immunology , Pneumonia/physiopathology , Pneumonia/immunology , Analysis of Variance , Autopsy , Case-Control Studies , Cell Count , Immunohistochemistry , Neutrophil Infiltration/immunology
20.
Rev. bras. alergia imunopatol ; 28(1): 39-43, jan.-fev. 2005. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-408018

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Embora recomendado, o estudo da citologia nasal não é realizado rotineiramente devido à falta de padronização, realização de contagens somente qualitativas, e a escassez de material obtido. Objetivos: Nosso estudo avaliou a possibilidade de realização de uma leitura quantitativa de esfregaços nasais por cotonete e por escova em pacientes com rinite, e comparou os achados obtidos através das duas técnicas. Casuística e Métodos: Foram selecionados sessenta pacientes apresentando história clínica de rinite. Todos foram submetidos, em uma mesma avaliação, sequencialmente, a um esfregaço por cotonete na narina esquerda e a um por escova na direita. O esfregaço foi realizado em lâmina de vidro, com análise qualitativa e quantitativa de eosinófilos, neutrófilos e células epiteliais. Os achados foram comparados através do coeficiente de correlação intraclasse e do coeficiente Kappa, quando apropriado. Resultados: Observamos que a análise quantitativa dos esfregaços em lâmina foi possível, porém dificultada por questões associadas à técnica do exame. Qualitativamente não houve diferença de achado dos três tipos celulares entre as duas técnicas, mas sim quantitativo e de forma significativa, sendo maior para o escovado. Conclusões: Concluímos que ambos os procedimentos são de fácil execução, baixo custo operacional, viáveis para realização ambulatorial, e de boa tolerância.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Cytodiagnosis , Nasal Mucosa/cytology , Rhinitis/immunology , Cell Count , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epithelial Cells/immunology , Eosinophils/immunology , Neutrophils/immunology , Pilot Projects
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