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1.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene, 06, 2023. 5 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1411598

ABSTRACT

Principales causas de consulta, acumuladas desde el 24 de diciembre a la fecha, años 2020 ­ 2021. Situación de quemados fechas de quemaduras 1º dic ­ 2 de enero 2019 ­ 2022. Proporción de quemaduras por pólvora divididos por menores y mayores de 18 años de edad, 24 de dic 2022 al 2 de enero de 2023. Quemaduras por pólvora por grupo de edad, comparativo 24 de diciembre de 2022 al 2 de enero de 2023, datos del mismo periodo 2019 y 2021. Quemaduras por pólvora por departamento, comparativo 24 de diciembre de 2022 al 2 de enero de 2023, datos del mismo periodo 2019 y 2021. Áreas lesionadas en personas con quemaduras por productos pirotécnicos por sitio anatómico, El Salvador 24 de diciembre de 2022 al 2 de enero de 2023: Datos generales sobre quemaduras por pólvora 24 de diciembre de 2022 al 2 de enero de 2023, Quemaduras por pólvora plan de fin de año El Salvador 24 de diciembre de 2022 al 2 de enero de 2023, por pirotécnico implicado, Total de consultas, emergencias y referencias, plan de fin de año El Salvador 2019 ­ 2022


Main causes of consultation, accumulated from December 24 to date, years 2020 - 2021. Situation of burns dates of burns Dec 1 - Jan 2, 2019 - 2022. Proportion of gunpowder burns divided by minors and majors under 18 years of age. age, December 24, 2022 to January 2, 2023. Gunpowder burns by age group, comparison December 24, 2022 to January 2, 2023, data from the same period 2019 and 2021. Gunpowder burns by department, comparison 24 from December 2022 to January 2, 2023, data from the same period 2019 and 2021. Injured areas in people with burns from pyrotechnic products by anatomical site, El Salvador December 24, 2022 to January 2, 2023: General data on burns by gunpowder December 24, 2022 to January 2, 2023, Burns by gunpowder year-end plan El Salvador December 24, 2022 to January 2, 2023, by pyrotechnician involved, Total consultations, emergencies and referrals, plan d The end of the year El Salvador 2019 ­ 2022


Subject(s)
Burns , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Minors , El Salvador , Emergencies
2.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene, 06, 2023. 22 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1411601

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 52/2022. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 52/2022. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Acute respiratory infection. pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
3.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 77-81, 2023. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1411352

ABSTRACT

Introduction. La limbo-conjonctivite endémique des tropiques (LCET) est une kérato-conjonctivite allergique récidivante du jeune enfant qui s'améliore après la puberté mais peut persister. Le but de cette étude était de déterminer le profil évolutif de la LCETdans notre pratique. Méthodologie. Étude longitudinale descriptive menée dans l'unité d'ophtalmologie de l'Hôpital Gynéco-Obstétrique et Pédiatrique de Yaoundé. Tous les dossiers de LCET reçus de janvier 2011 à décembre 2019 avec un recul d'aumoins deux ans de suivi ont été recensés. Les patients qui ont accepté de participer après apptéléphonique ont été inclus de janvier à mai 2021.Les variables d'étudeétaient: âge, sexe, acuité visuelle (AV), caractéristiques de la LCET selon Diallo, pronostic fonctionnel et anatomique en post puberté (plus de 15 ans). Résultats. Au total,30 patients (60 yeux) ont été étudiés. Le sex-ratio était de 2. La moyenne d'âge était de 15 ans ± 9 ans. Initialement, le prurit était le maitre symptôme (96,7%). Après un recul moyen de cinq ans, l'AV était utile chez tous les patients (100%) et la LCET stade 2 plus représentée (60%). Le nombre moyen de récidives était de trois. Les patients post pubertaires on eu une amélioration anatomique dans 56.7% des caset une aggravation dans 10%des casConclusion. Notre travail confirme l'amélioration post pubertaire globale de la LCET, nonobstant quelques formes graves depronosticpéjoratif pour la fonction visuelle.


Introduction. Tropical endemiclimbo-conjunctivitis (TELC) is a recurrent allergic kerato-conjunctivitis in young children which improves after puberty but may persist. The aim of this study was to determine the evolutionof TELCin our setting. Methodology. This was a longitudinal descriptive study conducted in the ophthalmology unit of the Yaoundé Gyneco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital. All TELC files received from January 2011 to December 2019 with a follow-up of at least two years of follow-up were identified. Patients who agreed to participate after a phone call were included from January to May 2021. The variables of interest were: age, sex, visual acuity (VA), TELC classification according to Diallo, functional and anatomical prognosis in post puberty (more than 15 years).A totalof30 patients (60 eyes) were recruited. The sex ratio was 2. The average age was 15 ± 9 years. Initially, pruritus was the main symptom (96.7%). After an average follow-up of five years, VA was usefulin all patients (100%) and TELCstage 2 was the most frequent stage (60%). The mean number of recurrences was three. Postpubertal patients had anatomical improvement in 56.7% of cases and worsening in 10%of cases. Conclusion. Our study confirms the overall postpubertal improvement ofTELC, except some serious forms with poor prognosis ofvisual function


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Conjunctivitis, Allergic , Conjunctivitis , Endemic Diseases , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidemiology
4.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 43-46, 2023. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1411401

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Ces vingt dernières années, on assiste à une augmentation spectaculaire du nombre de cas de diabète de type 1 avec une mortalité plus élevée en Afrique Noire en lien avec les difficultés d'accès aux soins, à la rupture de suivi engendrant un nombre élevé de perdus de vue. L'objectif du travail est de déterminer le profil épidémiologique des enfants diabétiques perdus de vue dans notre pratique. Patients et méthodes. C'est une étude transversale à visée descriptive et analytique qui a concerné les enfants diabétiques perdus de vue de 2002 à 2019 dans le service de diabétologie du CHU de Yopougon. Résultats. Durant l'étude 195 enfants ont été suivi dans le service, 90 ont été considérés comme perdus de vue soit une fréquence de 46,15 %. L'âge moyen des perdus de vue était de 14,6 ± 5,3 avec des extrêmes allant de 2 à 20 ans. Ils sont majoritairement de sexe F dans 50,6 %. Dans 37 % on retrouve un niveau socio-économique faible calculé selon l'indice IPSE avec une association statistiquement significative entre les classes socio-économiques moyenneinferieure et moyenne (p respectivement < 0,01 et 0,001). La plupart des perdus (84,5 %) n'ont pas d'assurance maladie. Le lieu de résidence était urbain (Abidjan) dans 73 %. Ils ont issus d'une famille biparentale dans 79 ,8 % des cas. Une association statistiquement significative a été retrouvée entre la non-scolarisation et la perte de vue (P < 0,05).Conclusion. Le manque de suivi chez les enfants diabétiques a des conséquences drastiques sur le pronostic de la maladie au long cours, marqué par une mortalité de 11 % qui touche essentiellement les populations à revenu faible


Introduction. Over the past twenty years, there has been a spectacular increase in the number of cases of type 1 diabetes with a higher mortality rate in Black Africa due to difficulties in accessing care but also a lack of follow-up resulting in a high number of people being lost to follow-up. Our work aims to determine the epidemiological profile of diabetic children lost to follow-up. Patients and methods. This was a cross-sectional study with descriptive and analytical aims which concerned diabetic children lost to follow-up from 2002 to 2019 in the diabetes department of the University Hospital of Yopougon. Results. During the study period, 195 children were followed up in the department, 90 were considered as lost to follow-up, i.e. a frequency of 46.15%. The average age of the lost to follow-up was 14.6 ± 5.3 years with extremes ranging from 2 to 20 years. The majority of them were male (50.6%). Thirty-seven percent had a low socioeconomic level calculated according to the IPSE index, with a statistically significant association between the lowermiddle and middle socioeconomic classes (p < 0.01 and 0.001 respectively). Most of the lost (84.5%) did not have health insurance. The place of residence was urban (Abidjan) in 73%. They came from a two-parent family in 79.8% of cases. A statistically significant association was found between non-education and loss of sight (P < 0.05). Conclusion. The lack of follow-up in diabetic children has drastic consequences on the prognosis of the disease in the long term marked by a mortality of 11% which affects mainly low-income populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Epidemiology , Disease Management , Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Lost to Follow-Up , Social Class , Continuity of Patient Care
5.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 39-42, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411405

ABSTRACT

Background: Hysteroscopy is an essential tool to make intrauterine assessment in infertile patients. Diagnosis and appropriate correction of intrauterine anomalies are considered essential in order to increase chances of conception. Ourobjective was to determine the frequency and pattern of intra uterine anomalies identified among women attending hysteroscopy at the Gynaecological Endoscopic Surgery and Human Reproduction Teaching Hospital Paul et Chantal Biya ­Yaoundé (GESHRTH). Methodsand results.Thiswas a cross sectional retrospective study of 96 women attending diagnostic or operative hysteroscopy at the GESHRTH between January 2020 and December 2021.The mean age was 38.7 ±7.6 years. Fifty-nine (61.5%) of the patients were nulliparous. Primary and secondary infertility were found respectively in fifty-two patients (54.2%) and forty-four patients (45.4%). Eleven patients (11.5%) were post-menopausal. Concerning previous surgery, 29 patients (30.2%) have had a myomectomy, 28 patients (29.1%) curettage,16 patients (16.6%) laparoscopy, eight (8.3%) hysteroscopy and one (1%) caesarean section. In all, 92 patients (95.8%) had abnormal intra uterine findings consisting of endometrial polyps (43.7%), sub-mucosal fibroids (42.7%), uterine cavity adhesions (20.8%), endometrial atrophy (4.1%), foetal bone (2%), uterine septum (1%) and non-absorbable suture thread (1%).Conclusion: Abnormal uterine findings were identified in 95.8% of patients attending hysteroscopy at GESHRTH. Most frequent findings were polypsin 43.7%, sub-mucosal fibroids in 42.7% and synechiae in 20.8%. The overall per operatory complication rate was 6.2%.


Introduction. Le recours à l'hystéroscopie constitue une étape indispensable au bilan cavitaire des patientes infertiles. Le diagnostic et la prise en charge adéquate des lésions intra cavitaires permettent d'améliorer les chances de conception.L'objectif de cette étude était de déterminer la fréquence et les caractéristiques des anomalies intra cavitaires chez les patientes opérées d'une hystéroscopie au Centre Hospitalier de Recherche et d'Application en Chirurgie Endoscopique et Reproduction Humaine Paul et Chantal Biya ­Yaoundé (CHRACERH).Méthodes et résultats. Nous avons mené une étude descriptive transversale de Janvier 2020 à Décembre 2021 et recruté 96 patientes. L'âge moyen était de38,7 ±7,6 ans. Soixante-neuf patientes (61,5%) étaient nullipares. Cinquante-deux (54,2%) et quarante-quatre (45,5%) présentaient une infertilité primaire et secondaire respectivement. Onze patientes (11,5%) étaient ménopausées. Concernant les antécédents chirurgicaux,nous avons identifié une myomectomie chez 29 patientes (30,2%), un curetage utérin chez 28 (29,1%), une cœlioscopie chez 16 (16,6%), une hystéroscopie chez huit (8,3%) et une césarienne chez une (1%). Au total, 92 (95,8%) des patientes avaient des anomalies cavitaires objectivées. Il s'agissait de polypes endométriaux (43,7%), fibromes sous-muqueux (42,7%), synéchies utérines (20,8%), atrophie de l'endomètre (4,1%), métaplasie osseuse (2%), cloison utérine (1%) et corps étranger à type de fil de suture nonrésorbable (1%).Conclusion.Les anomalies intra-cavitaires étaient retrouvées chez 95,8% des patientes réalisant une hystéroscopie au CHRACERH. Les anomalies les plus représentées étaient les polypes endométriaux (43,7%), les fibromes sous-muqueux (42,7%) et les synéchies utérines (20,8%). Le taux global de complications opératoires était de 6,2%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polyps , Therapeutics , Epidemiology , Fibroma , Uterine Myomectomy , Wounds and Injuries , Hysteroscopy
6.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366891

ABSTRACT

Aim: to evaluate the internet searches for Invisalign® in Brazil and worldwide between 2018 and 2021, using the Google Trends tool. Methods: An infodemiological study was carried out. The relative search volume (RSV) for the term "invisalign" in Google platform was retrieved for each year of study, both in Brazil and worldwide, using a standard procedure. Results and Conclusion: Both in Brazil and worldwide, there was a statistically significant increase in RSV between 2018 and 2021 (all p <0.05), indicating progressively more interest in Invisalign® clear aligner on the internet.


Objetivo: avaliar as buscas na internet por Invisalign® no Brasil e no mundo entre 2018 e 2021, utilizando a ferramenta Google Trends. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo infodemiológico. O volume relativo de busca (RSV) para o termo "invisalign" na plataforma Google foi recuperado para cada ano de estudo, tanto no Brasil quanto no mundo, utilizando um procedimento padrão. Resultados e Conclusão: Tanto no Brasil quanto no mundo, houve um aumento estatisticamente significativo do RSV entre 2018 e 2021 (todos p <0.05), indicando progressivamente mais interesse pelo alinhador transparente Invisalign® na internet.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Orthodontics , Epidemiology
7.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 09, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1402141

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 48/2022. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Resumen Epidemiológico quemaduras por pólvora


Summary of notification events up to SE 48/2022. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Acute respiratory infection. pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Acute diarrheal disease. Epidemiological Summary Gunpowder Burns


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
8.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-9, 01/jan./2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378522

ABSTRACT

Objective: the aim of this study was to relate sociodemographic, epidemiological and clinical conditions to the occurrence of severe cases of HZ in reference hospital of Fortaleza. Methods: this is a cross-sectional analytical study, based on medical records of patients admitted from 2009 to 2018. Pearson's x2 test or Fisher's exact test were used when appropriate. Results: we analyzed 196 medical records. The presence of complications occurred in 69.9%, the most affected region was the cranial (68.9%), and 1.5% died. The presence of vesicles (PR=1.37; 95%CI: 1.03-1.82; p=0.01) and the choice of antibiotic associated antiviral therapy (PR=0.58; 95%CI: 0.46-0.73; p=0.00) were significantly associated with the severity. Conclusions: the disease may be more severe at ages over 50. The presence of lesions in vesicles was associated with a higher prevalence of complications and the use of antibiotics and antivirals as a protective factor.


Objetivo: relacionar condições sociodemográficas, epidemiológicas e clínicas à ocorrência de casos graves de HZ em hospital de referência de Fortaleza. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo analítico transversal, baseado em prontuários de pacientes internados de 2009 a 2018. Foram utilizados o teste x2 de Pearson ou o teste exato de Fisher, quando apropriado. Resultados: foram analisados 196 prontuários. A presença de complicações ocorreu em 69,9%, a região mais acometida foi a craniana (68,9%), e 1,5% foi a óbito. A presença de vesículas (RP=1,37; IC95%: 1,03-1,82; p=0,01) e a escolha da terapia antiviral associada a antibióticos (RP=0,58; IC95%: 0,46-0,73; p=0,00) foram significativamente associadas com a gravidade. Conclusões: a doença pode ser mais grave a partir dos 50 anos. A presença de lesões em vesículas foi associada à maior prevalência de complicações e o uso de antibióticos e antivirais como fator de proteção.


Subject(s)
Herpes Zoster , Medical Records , Disease , Epidemiology , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Hospitalization , Inpatients , Methods
9.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-8, 01/jan./2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378478

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: descrever os aspectos epidemiológicos, espaciais e temporais da leishmaniose visceral humana, no município de Sobral, no período de 2007 a 2019. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo epidemiológico descritivo e ecológico de análise espacial e temporal, com uso dos programas Quantum-Gis e Joinpoint. Resultados: foram confirmados 316 casos novos, predominantemente, no sexo masculino, nas faixas etárias de 1 a 4 anos (26,3%) e de 20 a 39 anos (24,0%), na zona urbana. Febre (95,9%), fraqueza (85,1%), emagrecimento (80,1%), palidez (73,7%), esplenomegalia (75,6%) e hepatomegalia (69,3%) foram os sinais clínicos mais frequentes. A doença se concentrou em quatro bairros: Terrenos Novos, Centro, Expectativa e Sinhá Saboia, expressando áreas mais densas (quentes). A incidência e a letalidade foram crescentes no início do período e decrescentes no final, com uma inversão destes indicadores no ano de 2014. Conclusão: em Sobral, a leishmaniose visceral humana é um agravo considerado relevante para o serviço de vigilância em saúde com necessidade de intensificação das ações de controle entomológico, zoonótico e de manejo ambiental, principalmente nas áreas mais densas.


Objectives: the objective was to describe the epidemiological, spatial, and temporal aspects of human visceral leishmaniasis, in the municipality of Sobral, from 2007 to 2019. Methods: A descriptive, spatial and temporal ecological study was carried out using Quantum-Gis and Joinpoint programs. Results: 316 new cases were confirmed, predominantly in males, in the age groups of 1 to 4 years (26.3%) and 20 to 39 years (24.0%), mainly in the urban area. Fever (95.9%), weakness (85.1%), weight loss (80.1%), pallor (73.7%), splenomegaly (75.6%), and hepatomegaly (69.3%) were the most frequent clinical signs. The disease was concentrated in four neighborhoods (Terrenos Novos, Centro, Expectativa, and Sinhá Saboia), hot spots. The incidence and case-fatality increased at the beginning of the period but decreased at the end, with an inversion in these in the year 2014. Conclusion: In Sobral, human visceral leishmaniasis is a disease considered relevant to the health surveillance service, with the need to intensify entomological, zoonotic, and environmental management actions, especially in denser areas.


Subject(s)
Leishmaniasis, Visceral , Signs and Symptoms , Health Surveillance , Epidemiology , Mortality , Indicators and Reagents , Age Groups
10.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 23(3): 192-200, 12 de Diciembre del 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411238

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sepsis neonatal temprana se describe como un síndrome clínico que se caracteriza por signos y síntomas asociados a infección sistémica, se presenta en las primeras 72 horas posterior al nacimiento. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar el perfil clínico ­ epidemiológico de la sepsis neonatal temprana en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales de un centro de referencia regional en Guayaquil-Ecuador. Métodos: El presente estudio observacional, realizado en el Hospital "Teodoro Maldonado Carbo" de enero del 2017 al diciembre del 2020 incluyó neonatos con sepsis neonatal temprana con muestra no probabilística. Las variables: edad, edad gestacional, sexo, vía de infección, presencia de infecciones de del tracto urinario, peso, genopatías, Apgar al 1er minuto, escala de Silverman, etapas clínicas, llenado capilar, gasto urinario, variables clínicas, de laboratorio, hemocultivo, organismo casal. El análisis es univariado, descriptivo con frecuencias y porcentajes. Resultados: Se incluyeron 278 pacientes con edad gestacio-nal promedio de 33 semanas, fueron 59.4% hombres. Los factores de riesgo materno fueron a IVU en el embarazo e infección transplacentaria. Entre los factores asociados al neonato son el bajo peso (56%), prematuridad (67%). La clínica más frecuente fue eutermia y taquipnea (54%). En el perfil de laboratorio la neu-tropenia predominó (49%), mientras que los agentes causales identificados Staphylococcus hominis 7%, Escherichia coli 4.3% y Klebsiella pneumoniae 4%. Conclusión: Se determinó la relación directa entre las características epidemiológicas y las etapas clínicas de la sepsis neonatal.


Introduction: Early neonatal sepsis is a clinical syndrome characterized by signs and symptoms associated with systemic infection; it occurs in the first 72 hours after birth. This study aimed to determine the clinical-epidemiological profile of early neonatal sepsis in a neonatal intensive care unit of a regional reference center in Guayaquil, Ecuador. Methods: The present observational study, carried out at the "Teodoro Maldonado Carbo" Hospital from January 2017 to December 2020, included neonates with early neonatal sepsis with a nonprobabilistic sample. The variables were age, gestational age, sex, route of infection, presence of urinary tract infections, weight, genopathies, Apgar at 1 minute, Silverman scale, clinical stages, capillary refill, urinary output, clinical and laboratory variables, haem culture, and causative organism. The analysis is univariate and descriptive with frequencies and percentages. Results: A total of 278 patients with a mean gestational age of 33 weeks were included, and 59.4% were men. Maternal risk factors were UTI in pregnancy and transplacental infection. Among the factors associated with the newborn were low weight (56%) and prematurity (67%). The most frequent symptoms were euthermia and tachypnea (54%). In the laboratory profile, neutropenia predominated (49%), while the causative agents were Staphylococcus hominis (7%), Escherichia coli (4.3%), and Klebsiella pneumoniae (4%). Conclusion: The direct relationship between the epidemiological characteristics and the clinical stages of neonatal sepsis was determined.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Risk Factors , Neonatal Sepsis , Apgar Score , Epidemiology
11.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-5, 01/jan./2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411329

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the seasonal and endemic characteristics of conjunctivitis at the ophthalmology service of the Leiria de Andrade Foundation (FLA) in the last ten years to trace the epidemiological profile of conjunctivitis in Fortaleza - CE. Methods: this was a descriptive and epidemiological study based on quantitative and qualitative analysis, retrospectively, from January to December 2012 to 2019, with a projection for the years 2020 and 2021. Results: 107,778 medical records were analysed, with endemic and seasonal fluctuation, being the months of October to December more frequent in the intervals of the highest incidence of the disease. Two peaks were notorious, one with epidemic characteristics, from July 2013 to November 2014, and the other with outbreak characteristics, probably due to a national-level epidemic, between January and April 2018. The most affected age group was between 19 and 59 years, covering about 72% of cases, with no statistical difference between genders. Conclusion: according to the study data, it was possible to infer that the epidemiological scenario of Fortaleza - CE is in line with the literature regarding age range and sex. The endemicity of the disease reinforces its relevance in the scenario of the Unified Health System (SUS) of the region.


Objetivo: avaliar as características sazonais e endêmicas da conjuntivite no serviço de oftalmologia da Fundação Leiria de Andrade (FLA) nos últimos 10 anos, a fim de traçar o perfil epidemiológico da conjuntivite em Fortaleza - CE. Métodos: estudo descritivo e epidemiológico, com base em análise quantitativa e qualitativa, retrospectivamente, de janeiro a dezembro de 2012 a 2019, com projeção para os anos de 2020 e 2021. Resultados: foram analisados 107.778 prontuários, com variação endêmica e sazonal, estando os meses de outubro a dezembro com maior frequência dentro dos intervalos de maior incidência da doença. Notaram-se dois picos, um com características epidêmicas, de julho de 2013 a novembro de 2014, e outro com características de surto, provavelmente decorrente de uma epidemia de nível nacional entre janeiro e abril de 2018. A faixa etária mais afetada foi entre 19 e 59 anos, compreendendo cerca de 72% dos casos, sem diferença estatística entre os gêneros. Conclusão: de acordo com os dados do estudo, foi possível inferir que o cenário epidemiológico de Fortaleza - CE está de acordo com a literatura quanto à faixa etária e ao sexo. A endemicidade da doença reforça sua pesquisa no cenário do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) da região


Subject(s)
Conjunctivitis , Ophthalmology , Unified Health System , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology , Incidence , Age Groups
12.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-7, 01/jan./2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411398

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the notified and confirmed cases of ACL in a municipality in east Minas Gerais, from 2007 to 2020. Methods: a combined study was carried out as a cross-sectional and an ecological approach of time series type, using notified and confirmed ACL cases, from 2007 to 2020. Primary and secondary data were used. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (simple linear regression, T-test, Mann-Whitney, chi-square (χ2) at a 5% significance level). Results: a total of 219 cases were reported with a decreasing temporal trend, with a higher frequency observed for the cutaneous form (82.6%), age group 40 to 59 years (32.1%), black race (56.4%), and completed elementary school (47.7%). Individuals with the mucosal clinical form had lesions for a longer time, a greater chance of not progressing to cure, and used more vials of meglumine antimoniate when compared to patients with the cutaneous form. Conclusions: different correlations were observed between the variables studied and the profile of involvement described in the scientific literature, with the clinical form predominantly cutaneous and with a good prognosis.


Objetivo: analisar os casos notificados e confirmados de LTA em um município do leste de Minas Gerais, no período de 2007 a 2020. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo combinado com abordagem transversal e ecológica do tipo série temporal, utilizando casos notificados e confirmados de LTA, de 2007 a 2020. Foram utilizados dados primários e secundários. Os dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e inferencial (regressão linear simples, teste T, Mann-Whitney, qui-quadrado (χ2) com nível de significância de 5%). Resultados: foram notificados 219 casos com tendência temporal decrescente, com maior frequência observada para a forma cutânea (82,6%), faixa etária de 40 a 59 anos (32,1%), raça negra (56,4%) e ensino fundamental completo (47,7%). Indivíduos com a forma clínica mucosa apresentaram maior tempo de lesão, maior possibilidade de não evoluir para cura e utilizaram mais ampolas de antimoniato de meglumina quando comparados aos pacientes com a forma cutânea. Conclusões: foram observadas diferentes correlações entre as variáveis estudadas e o perfil de acometimento descrito na literatura científica, com a forma clínica predominantemente cutânea e com bom prognóstico.


Subject(s)
Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous , Patients , Wounds and Injuries , Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous , Public Health , Epidemiology , Morbidity , Mucous Membrane
13.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 21, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1410712

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 49/2022. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Resumen Epidemiológico quemaduras por pólvora


Summary of notification events up to SE 49/2022. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Acute respiratory infection. pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Acute diarrheal disease. Epidemiological Summary Gunpowder Burns


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
14.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 24, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1411366

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 50/2022. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Resumen Epidemiológico quemaduras por pólvora


Summary of notification events up to SE 50/2022. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Acute respiratory infection. pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Acute diarrheal disease. Epidemiological Summary Gunpowder Burns


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
15.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-5, 01/jan./2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411581

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o presente estudo tem por objetivo realizar uma análise do perfil espaço-temporal da hepatite B no estado do Pará, entre os anos de 2006 e 2018. Métodos: trata-se de um trabalho epidemiológico, ecológico e descritivo, realizado no estado do Pará por meio de seus municípios e regiões de saúde. A base de dados foi levantada perante consulta ao Departamento de Informática do SUS (DATASUS). Foram calculadas as variações percentuais anuais (APC) nas taxas de incidência de hepatite B, mediante a modelagem pelo método Jointpoint, usando o ano calendário como variável de regressão. Resultados: no estado do Pará, foram notificados, no período do estudo, 3,228 casos, sendo, 48,3% em homens e 51,7% em mulheres, com média de 248,3 casos por ano (61,8 de desvio padrão). A taxa de incidência média entre os anos de 2006 a 2018, nos 144 municípios no estado do Pará, obteve uma grande variação de 0 a 21,54 casos por 100.000 mil habitantes. Conclusão: apesar da dispersão nas taxas de incidência, obteve-se uma tendência crescente da ocorrência de casos de hepatite B no período estudado, sugerindo a necessidade de medidas de saúde pública mais eficazes no combate ao HBV.


Objective: this study aims to analyze the spatiotemporal profile of hepatitis B in the State of Pará from 2006 to 2018. Methods: this is an ecological and descriptive epidemiological study carried out in the State of Pará through its municipalities and health regions. The database was collected from the consultation with the SUS Computer Department (DATASUS). The annual percentage changes (APC) in the hepatitis B incidence rates were calculated through modeling by the Jointpoint method, using the calendar year as a regressive variable. Results: in the state of Pará, 3,228 cases were reported, of which 48.3% were men and 51.7% were women, with an average of 248.3 cases per year (61.8 standard deviations). The average incidence rate between the years 2006 to 2018 in the 144 municipalities in the state of Pará obtained a wide variation from 0 to 21.54 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Conclusions: despite the dispersion in incidence rates, there was an incre


Subject(s)
Hepatitis B , Unified Health System , Epidemiologic Studies , Hepatitis B virus , Time Series Studies , Public Health , Epidemiology , Incidence
16.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 08, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1401768

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 47/2022. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Resumen Epidemiológico quemaduras por pólvora


Summary of notification events up to SE 47/2022. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Acute respiratory infection. pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Acute diarrheal disease. Epidemiological Summary Gunpowder Burns


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
17.
San Salvador; MINSAL; nov. 10, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1400405

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 44/2022. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Resumen Epidemiológico quemaduras por pólvora


Summary of notification events up to SE 44/2022. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Acute respiratory infection. pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Acute diarrheal disease. Epidemiological Summary Gunpowder Burns


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
18.
San Salvador; MINSAL; nov. 04, 2022. 22 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1400403

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 43/2022. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 43/2022. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of zika and chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
19.
San Salvador; MINSAL; nov. 04, 2022. 22 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1400400

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 42/2022. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 42/2022. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of zika and chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
20.
Nursing ( São Paulo) ; 25(293): 8762-8775, out.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1401970

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a distribuição espacial dos casos de Zika vírus no Piauí entre 2015 e 2019. Método: Tratou-se de um estudo ecológico espacial da Zika vírus, com dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN )de 2015 a 2019. Foi aplicado o teste de associação X2 para a análise bivariada e para análise espacial foi utilizado o software Qgis (versão3.16.7). Resultados: Foram notificados 1354 casos e 207 casos confirmados da doença. O município de Teresina (51,33%) e a região de saúde Entre Rios (42%) apresentaram os maiores registros. O sexo feminino (72,30%), a faixa entre 20 e 34 anos (40,03%), etnia parda (65,88%) e escolaridade ignorada (43,21%) foram os mais afetados. Conclusão: A identificação do perfil epidemiológico da Zika é uma forma de auxiliar o sistema de saúde de todo o estado na elaboração de políticas de controle específicas para as populações mais vulneráveis.(AU)


Objective:To Analyze The spatial distribution of Zika virus cases in Piauí between 2015 and 2019. Method: Thiswas a spatialecologicalstudyoftheZikavirus, with data fromtheNotifiableDiseasesInformation System (SINAN) from 2015 to 2019. The X2 association test was applied for thebivariateanalysisandtheQgis software (version 3.16.7) was used for spatial analysis. Results:1354 cases and 207 confirmed cases of the disease were reported. The municipality of Teresina (51.33%) and the health region Entre Rios (42%) had the highest records. Females (72.30%), aged between 20 and 34 years (40.03%), mixed race (65.88%) andunknowneducation (43.21%) were the most affected.Conclusion: The epidemiological profile ofZikais a way to help the health system of the entire state in the elaboration of specific control policies for the most vulnerable populations.(AU)


Objetivo:Analizar La Distribución espacial de los casos de virus Zika Piauí entre 2015 y 2019. Método:Este fue un estudio ecológico espacial del virus Zika, con datos del Sistema de Información de Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria SINAN) de 2015 a 2019.Para el análisis bivariado se aplicó la prueba de asociación X2 y para el análisis espacial se utilizó el software Qgis (versión 3.16.7). Resultados:Se reportaron 1354 casos y 207 casos confirmados de la enfermedad. La ciudad de Teresina (51,33%) y laregiónsanitaria Entre Ríos (42%) tuvieronlos registros más altos.El sexo femenino (72,30%), conedad entre 20 y 34 años (40,03%), mestizo (65,88%) y sinescolaridad (43,21%) fueronlos más afectados.Conclusíon: La identificacióndel perfil epidemiológico delZika es una forma de ayudar al sistema de salud de todo el estado enlaelaboración de políticas de control específicas para laspoblaciones más vulnerables.(AU)


Subject(s)
Arbovirus Infections , Epidemiology , Disease Notification , Health Information Systems
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