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1.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 2-11, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251539

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer gástrico avanzado es una entidad que incluye dos situaciones clínicas distintas: el cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado no resecable y la enfermedad metastásica, cuyo tratamiento estándar es la quimioterapia. La sobreexpresión del receptor 2 del factor de crecimiento epidérmico humano (HER2) se puede presentar en esta enfermedad de un 9 % a un 38 % y ha sido el primer biomarcador predictivo utilizado para el tratamiento dirigido con trastuzumab en pacientes con tumores gástricos y de la región gastroesofágica avanzados. Se presenta en este artículo el caso de un paciente con cáncer gástrico avanzado con HER2 positivo manejado con quimioterapia convencional más trastuzumab como terapia blanco con adecuada respuesta clínica.


Abstract Advanced gastric cancer (AGC) is an entity that encompasses two distinct clinical situations: locally advanced unresectable gastric cancer and metastatic disease, with chemotherapy as the standard treatment. HER2 overexpression can occur in 9% to 38% of the cases with this disease and has been the first predictive biomarker used for trastuzumab-targeted therapy in patients with advanced gastric and gastroesophageal tumors. This article presents a patient with AGC and positive HER2 treated with conventional chemotherapy plus trastuzumab as targeted therapy with adequate clinical response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Determination , Epidermal Growth Factor , Therapeutics , Drug Therapy , Trastuzumab
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880693

ABSTRACT

Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) can effectively inhibit the growth of EGFR-dependent mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Unfortunately, NSCLC patients often develop severe drug resistance after long-term EGFR-TKI treatment. Studies have shown that the disorder of energy metabolism in tumor cells can induce EGFR-TKI resistance. Due to the drug action, gene mutation and other factors, tumor cells undergo metabolic reprogramming, which increases the metabolic rate and intensity of tumor cells, promotes the intake and synthesis of nutrients (such as sugar, fat and glutamine), forms a microenvironment conducive to tumor growth, enhances the bypass activation, phenotype transformation and abnormal proliferation of tumor cells, and inhibits the activity of immune cells and apoptosis of tumor cells, ultimately leading to drug resistance of tumor cells to EGFR-TKI. Therefore, targeting energy metabolism of NSCLC may be a potential way to alleviate TKI resistance.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Epidermal Growth Factor , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Tumor Microenvironment
3.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1574, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284903

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Inhibitors of the epidermal growth factor (EGFR) represent an effective therapeutic option for patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma, free of activating mutations in KRAS and NRAS. However, the research of mutations is of high cost and scarcely accessible. The expression of the EGFR by immunohistochemistry predicting the mutation status of the expanded RAS (KRAS and NRAS), may allow treatment by a diagnostic method less costly and more accessible. Aim: Investigate the correlation between the clinical-pathological data, the cytoplasmic-membrane expression of the EGFR and the mutational status of the expanded RAS. Method: A total of 139 patients with colorectal carcinoma from the archives of Instituto Goiano de Oncologia e Hematologia were evaluated. Results: Mutation of the expanded RAS was detected in 78 (56.1%) cases. The EGFR expression was stratified in 23 (16.5%) "positive", 49 (35.2%) "negative" and 67 (48.2%) "uncertain". No significant correlation was found between the mutational status of the RAS and the EGFR expression in comparison to age, gender, location, histological type, histological grade and stage. From 23 "positive" cases, 21 (91.3%) showed wild-type RAS gene, and 49 "negative", 41 (83.7%) presented mutation, resulting in a strong association between EGFR "positive", "negative" groups and the mutational status of the RAS (p<0.001), with 86.1% of accuracy. Conclusions: The cytoplasmic-membrane analysis of the EGFR expression stratified into "positive", "negative" and "uncertain" predicts mutational status of the RAS in 51.7% of the cases (p<0.001), with 86.1% of accuracy.


RESUMO Racional: Inibidores do fator de crescimento epidermal (EGFR) representam opção de terapia efetiva para o câncer colorrectal metastático, na ausência de ativação de mutações KRAS e NRAS. Entretanto, a pesquisa de mutações é cara e pouco acessível. A expressão de EGFR por imuno-histoquímica predizendo o status mutacional do RAS expandido (KRAS e NRAS) poderia permitir o tratamento por método diagnóstico menos caro e mais acessível. Objetivo: Investigar a correlação entre os dados clinicopatológicos, a expressão de EGFR na membrana citoplasmática e o status mutacional do RAS expandido. Método: Estudo retrospectivo de acurácia envolvendo 139 pacientes com carcinoma colorretal. Resultado: A mutação do RAS expandido foi detectada em 78 (56,1%) casos. A expressão de EGFR foi estratificada em 23 (16,5%) casos "positivos", 49 (35,2%) casos "negativos" e 67 (48,2%) "duvidosos". Não houve correlação significante entre o status mutacional do RAS e a expressão de EGFR em relação a idade, gênero, local do tumor, tipo histológico, grau histológico e estádio clínico. Em 23 casos "positivos", 21 (91,3%) mostraram gene RAS tipo selvagem, e em 49 "negativos", 41 (83,7%) apresentaram mutação, resultando em forte associação entre grupos EGFR "positivo" ou "negativo" e o status mutacional do RAS (p<0.001), com 86,1% de acurácia. Conclusão: A análise da expressão de EGFR na membrana citoplasmática estratificada em "positivo", "negativo" e "duvidoso" prediz o status mutacional do RAS em 51,7% dos casos (p<0.001), com 86,1% de acurácia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Epidermal Growth Factor , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Mutation
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e079, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278593

ABSTRACT

Abstract Head and neck radiotherapy causes quantitative and qualitative changes in saliva. The objective of this case-control study was to evaluate the salivary biomarkers associated with bone remodeling and tissue repair in patients submitted to radiotherapy for head and neck cancer treatment, compared with non-irradiated individuals. Total unstimulated saliva was collected for ELISA assay analysis of receptor activator for nuclear factor κ B (RANK) and its ligand (RANK-L), osteoprotegerin, matrix metalloproteinase-9/ tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2, vascular endothelial growth factor, and epidermal growth factor. Statistics were performed, and revealed that salivary RANK (p = 0.0304), RANK-L (p = 0.0005), matrix metalloproteinase-9/ tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (p = 0.0067), vascular endothelial growth factor (p = 0.0060), and epidermal growth factor (p < 0.0001) were reduced in patients, compared with the control group. Osteoprotegerin did not differ between the groups (p = 0.3765). Salivary biomarkers did not differ according to radiotherapy completion time (p > 0.05). In conclusion, the lower output of the salivary molecules - essential for bone remodeling and tissue repair - may disrupt tissue homeostasis and play a role in the pathogenesis of the radiotherapy-induced deleterious effects in the oral cavity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Remodeling , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Saliva , Case-Control Studies , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Epidermal Growth Factor , RANK Ligand
5.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(4): e3048, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139171

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la Insuficiencia renal crónica es un problema de salud pública, por lo que surge la necesidad de incrementar las acciones dirigidas a su prevención, diagnóstico e intervenciones terapéuticas eficaces; estudios recientes emplean el Factor de crecimiento epidérmico para evaluar su efecto reno-protector en variables funcionales; sin embargo se carece de estudios relacionados con los efectos de este producto sobre las características histológicas de riñones insuficientes. Objetivo: determinar los posibles efectos protectores y/o reparadores del Factor de crecimiento epidérmico humano recombinante sobre las características histológicas de riñones con insuficiencia renal crónica. Material y métodos: se trabajó con tres series, formadas por un grupo control y uno experimental cada una, de cinco animales, a los grupos experimentales se les realizó ablación quirúrgica de 5/6 de la masa renal. La serie A se conformó por animales controles, la B por los tratados con Factor de crecimiento epidérmico 24 horas antes del procedimiento y la C por los tratados con el bioproducto 24 horas después. Pasados 56 días del acto operatorio a los animales se les practicó la eutanasia y se procedió al estudio histológico del riñón. Resultados: en los animales de la serie A se observaron alteraciones histológicas en los corpúsculos y túbulos renales, en la serie B se observó que la mayor parte del parénquima renal presentó características normales y los de la serie C mostraron un daño renal incrementado. Conclusiones: El Factor de crecimiento epidérmico humano recombinante posee efecto reno-protector, sin embargo, no ofrece efecto reno-reparador(AU)


Introduction: Chronic Kidney Failure is a public health problem; therefore, the need for actions aimed at its prevention, diagnosis and effective therapeutic interventions is a most. Recent studies use the Epidermal Growth Factor to evaluate its reno-protective effect on functional variables; however, there are no studies related to the effects of this product on histological features of kidney in chronic failure. Objective: To determine the possible protective and / or repair effects of recombinant human epidermal growth factor on the histological features of kidneys in chronic renal failure. Material and methods: We worked with three series, each consisting of a control group and an experimental group of five animals. The experimental groups underwent 5/6 surgical ablation of the renal mass. Series A consisted of control animals, series B included those animals treated with Epidermal Growth Factor 24 hours before the procedure and series C was made up of those animals treated with the bioproduct 24 hours after the procedure. Fifty-six days after surgical act, euthanasia was practiced on the animals and the kidneys were histologically studied. Results: Histological alterations were observed in the renal corpuscles and tubules in the animals included in series A; in series B it was observed that most of the renal parenchyma presented normal characteristics and those in series C showed increased kidney damage. Conclusions: Recombinant human epidermal growth factor has a reno-protective effect; however, it does not offer a repair effect of acute kidney(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Epidermal Growth Factor/pharmacology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/drug therapy , Kidney/drug effects
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2813-2823, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878531

ABSTRACT

Human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) is a typical member of the growth factor family that activates epidermal growth factor receptors. It is synthesized and secreted by multiple tissues and organs of the human body, regulating the cell proliferation, differentiation and migration via binding to receptors and activating a series of signaling pathways. In recent years, the research on hEGF has been extended to its role in human physiology and pathology, especially in tissue regeneration and wound healing. This paper reviews the research progress of hEGF, briefly describes its gene and protein structure and characteristics, mechanisms and biological effects, with the emphasis on the roles and influences in the healing of gastrointestinal ulcers, skin wound repair and tumor pathology.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Epidermal Growth Factor/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Skin , Wound Healing
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811197

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Tau is a microtubule-associated protein that can be found in both normal and abnormal breast cells. Whether the expression of Tau protein can predict the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is still unclear. In this study, we assessed the role of Tau protein expression in predicting a pathological complete response (pCR) to NACT for different subtypes of breast cancer.METHODS: Four hundred and sixty-eight eligible patients were retrospectively recruited in our study. The relationship between clinicopathologic factors, including Tau protein expression, and pCR in different subtypes was evaluated using logistic regression analysis. Correlation between Tau and disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) was performed using Kaplan–Meier analysis.RESULTS: The expression of Tau protein was negatively correlated with pCR, especially in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). No significant difference was observed in the luminal human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)-negative subtype and HER2-positive subtype. Patients with pCR were associated with better DFS and OS (p < 0.05). However, Tau protein expression had no association with either DFS or OS (p > 0.05).CONCLUSION: Tau protein expression can predict pCR before NACT in TNBC, but there was no correlation between Tau expression and DFS or OS.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Epidermal Growth Factor , Humans , Logistic Models , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Phenobarbital , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , tau Proteins , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
8.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(6): 591-600, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284301

ABSTRACT

To investigate the influence of Kuntai capsules on the expression level of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1)and epidermal growth factor (EGF) during the mouse's implantation window of superovulation period and controlled ovarian hyperstimulation period. 90 female mice were randomly divided into six groups in control, superovulation and controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) conditions. The RNA expression of EGF, LIF and IGF-1 in the endometrium on the 4th day of pregnancy was detected, and the relative expression was compared. mRNA expression of these three factors in endometrium was significantly lower in superovulation and COH groups than control group (p<0.001). mRNA expression of these three factors in endometrium remained obviously lower in superovulation plus kuntai capsule group and COH plus kuntai capsule group than control group (p<0.01). mRNA expression of these three factors in endometrium was lower in control group than in the NS plus kuntai capsule group (p<0.05). Kuntai capsule cannot completely reverse the endometrial damages caused by superovulation and COH. Thus Kuntai capsule could partially improve a mouse's endometrial receptivity during the implantation window.


Para investigar la influencia de las cápsulas de Kuntai en el nivel de expresión del factor inhibidor de la leucemia (LIF), el factor de crecimiento similar a la insulina I (IGF-1) y el factor de crecimiento epidérmico (EGF) durante la ventana de implantación del ratón del período de superovulación y la hiperestimulación ovárica controlada período, se dividieron aleatoriamente 90 ratones hembra en seis grupos en condiciones de control, superovulación e hiperestimulación ovárica controlada (COH). Se detectó la expresión de ARN de EGF, LIF e IGF-1en el endometrio al cuarto día de embarazo, y se comparó la expresión relativa. La expresión de ARNm de estos tres factores en el endometrio fue significativamente menor en los grupos de superovulación y COH que en el grupo control (p<0,001). La expresión de ARNm de estos tres factores en el endometrio permaneció más baja en el grupo de cápsulas de superovulación más Kuntai y en el grupo de cápsulas de COH más Kuntai respecto del grupo control (p<0,01). La expresión de ARNm de estos tres factores en el endometrio fue menor en el grupo control que en el grupo de cápsula NS más Kuntai (p<0,05). La cápsula de Kuntai no pudo revertir completamente los daños endometriales causados por la superovulación y la COH. Por lo tanto, se sugiere que la cápsula de Kuntai podría mejorar parcialmente la receptividad endometrial de un ratón durante la ventana de implantación.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Ovulation Induction/methods , Somatomedins/drug effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Epidermal Growth Factor/drug effects , Leukemia Inhibitory Factor/drug effects , Embryo Implantation , Superovulation , Somatomedins/genetics , Somatomedins/metabolism , Capsules , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Electrophoresis , Epidermal Growth Factor/genetics , Epidermal Growth Factor/metabolism , Leukemia Inhibitory Factor/genetics , Leukemia Inhibitory Factor/metabolism
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764548

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) and 3 (HER3) belong to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family of transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinases. In this study, we assessed HER2/HER3 expression levels in specimens of epithelial ovarian cancer and determined their correlation with clinical features of ovarian cancer. METHODS: Tissue microarrays (TMAs) were prepared from paraffin blocks of 105 ovarian tumour samples. HER2, HER3, PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR, p-mTOR, S6, and p-S6 expression levels were investigated using immunohistochemistry (IHC). HER2 and HER3 amplifications were determined using in situ hybridization (ISH). The correlation between HER2/3 expression and disease outcome of the patients including surgical outcome, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was analysed. RESULTS: HER2 positivity was 3.8% by IHC and 5.7% by ISH, whereas that of HER3 was 12.4% and 8.6%, respectively. HER2 status by either IHC or ISH was not related to PFS (p=0.128, 0.168, respectively) and OS (p=0.245, 0.164, respectively). However, the HER3 status determined using fluorescence ISH was associated with poor PFS (p=0.035 on log rank test), which was a significant risk factor even after adjusting other possible risk factors in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio=2.377 [1.18–7.49], p=0.021). Expressions of Akt, p-mTOR, and S6 were also related with poor progression (p=0.008, 0.049, 0.014, respectively). CONCLUSION: HER3 is possibly an independent marker for poor prognosis in individuals with ovarian cancer, as the HER3 signalling pathway is distinct from that of HER2. The possibility of targeted therapy for patients with HER3 alteration in ovarian cancer should be evaluated.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Epidermal Growth Factor , Fluorescence , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization , Multivariate Analysis , Ovarian Neoplasms , Paraffin , Phosphotransferases , Prognosis , ErbB Receptors , Risk Factors , Tyrosine
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760227

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most serious complications of prematurity. Many risk factors can contribute to the development of NEC. The epidermal growth factor (EGF) plays a major role in intestinal barrier function, increases intestinal enzyme activity, and improves nutrient transport. The aim of this study was to assess the role of epidermal growth factor in the development of NEC in preterm neonates. METHODS: In this study, 130 preterm neonates were included and divided into 3 groups, as follows: group 1, 40 preterm neonates with NEC; group 2, 50 preterm neonates with sepsis; and group 3, 40 healthy preterm neonates as controls. The NEC group was then subdivided into medical and surgical NEC subgroups. The serum EGF level was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Serum EGF levels (pg/dL) were significantly lower in the NEC group (median [interquartile range, IQR], 9.6 [2–14]) than in the sepsis (10.1 [8–14]) and control groups (11.2 [8–14], P<0.001), with no significant difference between the sepsis and control groups, and were positively correlated with gestational age (r=0.7, P<0.001). A binary logistic regression test revealed that low EGF levels and gestational ages could significantly predict the development of NEC. The receiver-operating characteristic curve for EGF showed an optimal cutoff value of 8 pg/mL, with 73.3% sensitivity, 98% specificity, and an area under the curve of 0.92. CONCLUSION: The patients with NEC in this study had significantly lower serum EGF levels (P<0.001), which indicated that EGF could be a reliable marker of NEC in preterm neonates.


Subject(s)
Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epidermal Growth Factor , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Logistic Models , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sepsis
11.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1437-1448, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763216

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 21-gene recurrence score (RS) on predicting prognosis and chemotherapy decision in node micrometastases (N1mi) breast invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with stage T1-2N1mi and estrogen receptor-positive IDC diagnosed between 2004 and 2015 were included. The associations of 21-gene RS with breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS), chemotherapy decision, and benefit of chemotherapy were analyzed. RESULTS: We identified 4,758 patients including 1,403 patients (29.5%) treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. In the traditional RS cutoffs, 2,831 (59.5%), 1,634 (34.3%), and 293 (6.2%) patients were in the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk RS groups, respectively. In 3,853 patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) status available, most patients were HER2-negative disease (98.3%). A higher RS was independently related to chemotherapy receipt, and 14.0%, 47.7%, and 77.8% of patients in the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk RS groups received chemotherapy, respectively. The multivariate analysis indicated that a higher RS was related to worse BCSS (p < 0.001). The 5-year BCSS rates were 99.3%, 97.4%, and 91.9% in patients with low-, intermediate-, and high-risk RS groups, respectively (p < 0.001). However, chemotherapy receipt did not correlate with better BCSS in low-, intermediate-, or high-risk RS groups. There were similar trends using Trial Assigning Individualized Options for Treatment RS cutoffs. CONCLUSION: The 21-gene RS does predict outcome and impact on chemotherapy decision of N1mi breast IDC. Large cohort and long-term outcomes studies are needed to identify the effects of chemotherapy in N1mi patients by different 21-gene RS groups.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cohort Studies , Drug Therapy , Epidermal Growth Factor , Estrogens , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Micrometastasis , Prognosis , Recurrence
12.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1073-1085, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763172

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This preliminary study was conducted to evaluate the association between Oncotype DX (ODX) recurrence score and traditional prognostic factors. We also developed a nomogram to predict subgroups with low ODX recurrence scores (less than 25) and to avoid additional chemotherapy treatments for those patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinicopathological and immunohistochemical variables were retrospectively retrieved and analyzed from a series of 485 T1-3N0-1miM0 hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor 2‒negative breast cancer patients with available ODX test results at Asan Medical Center from 2010 to 2016. One hundred twenty-seven patients (26%) had positive axillary lymph node micrometastases, and 408 (84%) had ODX recurrence scores of ≤25. Logistic regression was performed to build a nomogram for predicting a low-risk subgroup of the ODX assay. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis revealed that estrogen receptor (ER) score, progesterone receptor (PR) score, histologic grade, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), and Ki-67 had a statistically significant association with the low-risk subgroup. With these variables, we developed a nomogram to predict the low-risk subgroup with ODX recurrence scores of ≤25. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.90 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 0.96). When applied to the validation group the nomogram was accurate with an area under the curve = 0.88 (95% CI, 0.83 to 0.95). CONCLUSION: The low ODX recurrence score subgroup can be predicted by a nomogram incorporating five traditional prognostic factors: ER, PR, histologic grade, LVI, and Ki-67. Our nomogram, which predicts a low-risk ODX recurrence score, will be a useful tool to help select patients who may or may not need additional ODX testing.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Epidermal Growth Factor , Estrogens , Female , Humans , Humans , Logistic Models , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Micrometastasis , Nomograms , Prognosis , Receptors, Progesterone , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763124

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The optimal cytotoxic regimens have not been established for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who develop disease progression on first-line epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a multi-center randomized phase II trial to compare the clinical outcomes between pemetrexed plus cisplatin combination therapy followed by maintenance pemetrexed (PC) and pemetrexed monotherapy (P) after failure of first-line EGFR-TKI. The primary objective was progression-free survival (PFS), and secondary objectives included overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and safety and toxicity profiles. RESULTS: A total of 96 patientswere randomized, and 91 patientswere treated at 14 centers in Korea. The ORR was 34.8% (16/46) for the PC arm and 17.8% (8/45) for the P arm (p=0.066). With 23.4 months of follow-up, the median PFS was 5.4 months in the PC arm and 6.4 months in the P arm (p=0.114). The median OS was 17.9 months and 15.7 months in PC and P arms, respectively (p=0.787). Adverse events ≥ grade 3 were reported in 12 patients (26.1%) in the PC arm and nine patients (20.0%) in the P arm (p=0.491). The overall time trends of HRQOL were not significantly different between the two arms. CONCLUSION: The outcomes of pemetrexed therapy in NSCLC patients with disease progression after firstline EGFR-TKI might not be improved by adding cisplatin.


Subject(s)
Arm , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cisplatin , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Epidermal Growth Factor , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Pemetrexed , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Quality of Life , ErbB Receptors , Tyrosine
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763103

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations between non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and corresponding brain metastases (BMs) in Korea society. METHODS: From 2011 to 2016, a total of 74 patients underwent surgical resection of a metastatic brain tumor from NSCLC. Among them, we performed retrospective analysis for 46 patients who underwent EGFR sequencing of primary NSCLC tissues. RESULTS: Among these 46 cases, 18 (39.1%) cases showed EGFR mutation in primary lung cancer. Detected mutation sites were exon 19 (8 cases), exon 21 (6 cases), exon 18 (1 cases), and multiple mutations (3 cases). In 18 cases of BM, EGFR mutation studies were done. Among them, 8 (25.6%) cases showed mutation on exon 19 (5 cases) or exon 21 (3 cases). To compare EGFR mutation status between primary lung cancer and BM, 18 paired tissues from both NSCLC and matched BM were collected. Four (22.5%) patients were discordant for the status of EGFR between primary and metastatic sites. CONCLUSION: EGFR mutations were significantly discordant between primary tumors and corresponding metastases in a significant portion of NSCLC. In treatment of BM of EGFR mutant metastatic NSCLC, due to possibility of discordance, pathologic confirming through brain biopsy is recommended.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Brain Neoplasms , Brain , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Epidermal Growth Factor , Exons , Humans , Korea , Lung Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , ErbB Receptors , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and conventional full-field digital mammography (FFDM) in the detectability of breast cancers in patients with dense breast tissue, and to determine the influencing factors in the detection of breast cancers using the two techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three blinded radiologists independently graded cancer detectability of 300 breast cancers (288 women with dense breasts) on DBT and conventional FFDM images, retrospectively. Hormone status, histologic grade, T stage, and breast cancer subtype were recorded to identify factors affecting cancer detectability. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare cancer detectability by DBT and conventional FFDM. Fisher's exact tests were used to determine differences in cancer characteristics between detectability groups. Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to determine whether the detectability score differed according to cancer characteristics. RESULTS: Forty breast cancers (13.3%) were detectable only with DBT; 191 (63.7%) breast cancers were detected with both FFDM and DBT, and 69 (23%) were not detected with either. Cancer detectability scores were significantly higher for DBT than for conventional FFDM (median score, 6; range, 0–6; p < 0.001). The DBT-only cancer group had more invasive lobular-type breast cancers (22.5%) than the other two groups (i.e., cancer detected on both types of image [both-detected group], 5.2%; cancer not detected on either type of image [both-non-detected group], 7.3%), and less detectability of ductal carcinoma in situ (5% vs. 16.8% [both-detected group] vs. 27.5% [both-non-detected group]). Low-grade cancers were more often detected in the DBT-only group than in the both-detected group (22.5% vs. 10%, p = 0.026). Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2)-negative cancers were more often detected in the DBT-only group than in the both-detected group (92.3% vs. 70.5%, p = 0.004). Cancers surrounded by mostly glandular tissue were detected less often in the DBT only group than in the both-non-detected group (10% vs. 31.9%, p = 0.016). DBT cancer detectability scores were significantly associated with cancer type (p = 0.012), histologic grade (p = 0.013), T and N stage (p = 0.001, p = 0.024), proportion of glandular tissue surrounding lesions (p = 0.013), and lesion type (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Invasive lobular, low-grade, or HER-2-negative cancer is more detectable with DBT than with conventional FFDM in patients with dense breasts, but cancers surrounded by mostly glandular tissue might be missed with both techniques.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Epidermal Growth Factor , Female , Humans , Mammography , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773143

ABSTRACT

In this study,mouse models of benign prostatic hyperplasia induced by subcutaneous injection of testosterone propionate was used to investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Urtica hyperborean( UW) extracts on prostate hyperplasia in mice. The effects of UW extracts on prostate index,serum epidermal growth factor( EGF) and dihydrotestosterone( DHT) in model mice were observed,and the EGF and anti-apoptotic factor( Bcl-2) mRNA expression levels were detected as well as pathological changes in prostate tissue. The results showed that the ethyl acetate extraction and alcohol soluble fraction of the UW could significantly reduce the prostate index,reduce the serum DHT and EGF levels( P<0. 01),and significantly decrease the EGF and Bcl-2 mRNA expression( P<0. 01),significantly improved the morphological structure of prostate tissue. The above results confirmed that ethyl acetate extract and alcohol-soluble parts of UW have a good preventive effect on mice prostatic hyperplasia model,and its mechanism may be to reduce androgen levels by regulating polypeptide growth factors and/or inhibiting cell hyperproliferation and promoting apoptosis. This study laid the foundation for the further research on UW.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dihydrotestosterone , Blood , Epidermal Growth Factor , Blood , Male , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Mice , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Drug Therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Testosterone Propionate , Urticaceae , Chemistry
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739142

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Plasma epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation tests are less invasive than tissue EGFR mutation tests. We determined which of two kits is more efficient: cobas EGFR Mutation test v2 (cobasv2; Roche Molecular Systems, Pleasanton, CA, USA) or PANAMutyper-R-EGFR (Mutyper; Panagene, Daejeon, Korea). We also evaluated whether pleural effusion supernatant (PE-SUP) samples are assayable, similar to plasma samples, using these two kits. METHODS: We analyzed 156 plasma and PE-SUP samples (31 paired samples) from 116 individuals. We compared the kits in terms of accuracy, assessed genotype concordance (weighted κ with 95% confidence intervals), and calculated Spearman's rho between semi-quantitatively measured EGFR-mutant levels (SQIs) measured by each kit. We also compared sensitivity using 47 EGFR-mutant harboring samples divided into more-dilute and less-dilute samples (dilution ratio: ≥ or <1:1,000). RESULTS: cobasv2 tended to have higher accuracy than Mutyper (73% vs 69%, P=0.53), and PE-SUP samples had significantly higher accuracy than plasma samples (97% vs 55–71%) for both kits. Genotype concordance was 98% (κ=0.92, 0.88–0.96). SQIs showed strong positive correlations (P<0.0001). In less-dilute samples, accuracy and sensitivity did not differ significantly between kits. In more-dilute samples, cobasv2 tended to have higher sensitivity than Mutyper (43% vs 20%, P=0.07). CONCLUSIONS: The kits have similar performance in terms of EGFR mutation detection and semi-quantification in plasma and PE-SUP samples. cobasv2 tends to outperform Mutyper in detecting less-abundant EGFR-mutants. PE-SUP samples are assayable using either kit.


Subject(s)
Epidermal Growth Factor , Genotype , Plasma , Pleural Effusion , ErbB Receptors
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762714

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Core needle biopsy (CNB) is a widely used procedure for breast cancer diagnosis and analyzing results of immunohistochemistry (IHC). Several studies have shown concordance or discordance in IHC results between CNB and surgical specimens (SS). A double-check (CNB and SS) is inefficient and costly to perform a double-check on all patients. Therefore, it is important to determine which patients would benefit from a double-check. METHODS: We collected the medical records of patients who underwent breast cancer surgery at Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital between April 2009 and June 2018 (n = 620). Molecular subtypes were classified as follows by hormone receptors (HR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2): HR+/HER2+, HR+/HER2−, HR−/HER2+, HR−/HER2−. Clinicopathological factors including age, obesity, histological grade, preoperative CEA, CA15-3, T stage, N stage, and menopausal status were assessed to determine whether they were associated with subtype change. RESULTS: Increasing histological grade (P < 0.001; odds ratio [OR], 3.693; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.941–7.025), preoperative CEA ≥ 5 ng/mL (P =0.042; OR, 2.399; 95% CI, 1.009–5.707) and higher T stage (P = 0.015; OR, 2.241; 95% CI, 1.152–4.357) were significantly associated with subtype change. On multivariable analyses, subtype changes were more common in high-grade breast cancer (P < 0.001; OR, 1.077; 95% CI, 1.031–1.113) and CEA ≥ 5 (P = 0.032; OR, 2.658; 95% CI, 1.088–6.490). CONCLUSION: Patients with moderate- to high-grade tumors or CEA ≥ 5 ng/mL are required a double-check to determine the molecular subtype of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Epidermal Growth Factor , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Medical Records , Obesity , Odds Ratio
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762713

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was aimed to investigate the combination effect of endoxifen and emodin on estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancer cell lines and to explain the mechanism of the combination effect. METHODS: We conducted this study on MCF-7 (ER+/human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 [HER2]−), T47D (ER+/HER2−), ZR-75-1 (ER+/HER2+), and BT474 (ER+/HER2+) cell lines, which confirmed combination effect of endoxifen and emodin. Optimal concentrations for combination were determined to study the effects on proliferation of MCF-7 and ZR-75-1 cells. Analysis of the combination effect was carried out in the CompuSyn software. The combination of downstream mechanisms, and combined effects of other similar compounds were tested on the MCF-7 and ZR 75-1 cell lines. Protein expression was confirmed by western blot. RESULTS: The combination of endoxifen and emodin had antagonistic effects on MCF-7 and ZR-75-1cell lines (combination index > 1). We validated the antagonistic effect in T47D and BT474 cell lines. During the combined treatment, the results showed elevated amounts of cyclin D1 and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (pERK). Analysis of drug interactions showed antagonistic effect between endoxifen and chemical compounds similar to emodin, such as chrysophanol or rhein, in MCF-7 and ZR-75-1 cells. CONCLUSION: Addition of emodin attenuated tamoxifen's treatment effect via cyclin D1 and pERK up-regulation in ER-positive breast cancer cell lines.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cell Line , Cyclin D1 , Drug Interactions , Emodin , Epidermal Growth Factor , Estrogens , Phosphotransferases , Phytoestrogens , Tamoxifen , Therapeutic Uses , Up-Regulation
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