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Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 969-974, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880177


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of spleen low molecular weight extracts on epileptics hydrochloride-induced leukopenia in mice and explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The model of leukopenia in mice was established by the injection of epirubicin hydrochloride (10 mg/kg). After the injection of chemotherapeutic drugs, leukocytopenia mice were treated with different doses of spleen low molecular weight extract, Ganoderma oral solution and recombinant granulocyte colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF). The general survival status indicators such as body weight, coat color and athletic ability of mice in each group were recorded; the tail vein blood of mice in each group was collected and the white blood cell count in them was calculated; bone marrow of mice was taken and bone marrow smears were observed.@*RESULTS@#In the model group, the weight of the mice gradually decreased in the later period, their coat became dark and rough, and the ability to exercise decreased, while the mice in the treatment groups showed different degrees of improvement in their survival status except for the mice treated by rhG-CSF. There was no significant fluctuation in the white blood cell count of the blank control mice. After injection of epirubicin, the white blood cell count of peripheral blood in the model mice and treated mice were decreased. The white blood cell count was lower in the mice treated with high-dose low molecular weight extract and rhG-CSF than that in other experimental groups. Bone marrow smear showed that the proportion of bone marrow nucleated cells in the mice treated with the low molecular weight extract of the spleen was significantly higher than that of model mice (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The low molecular weight spleen extracts can significantly improve the hematopoietic state of mouse bone marrow, promote the proliferation of inhibited bone marrow cells, and thus has the effect of treating leukopenia in mice.

Animals , Mice , Epirubicin , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Leukocyte Count , Leukopenia/drug therapy , Molecular Weight , Plant Extracts , Recombinant Proteins , Spleen
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 832-841, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762123


PURPOSE: Epirubicin is one of the most effective drugs against osteosarcoma. miR-1301 is involved in the occurrence and development of osteosarcoma. Whether miR-1301 is responsible for the chemosensitivity of osteosarcoma cells to epirubicin remains largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: U2OS and SAOS-2 cells were treated with various concentrations of epirubicin. Flow cytometry was employed to evaluate cell apoptotic rate. Cell proliferation was measured by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were utilized to detect the expressions of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 assaciated X protein (Bax), cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARP1), TP53-regulated inhibitor of apoptosis 1 (TRIAP1), and microRNA-1301 (miR-1301). The relationship between miR-1301 and TRIAP1 was determined by luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Epirubicin inhibited proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, induced apoptosis, decreased the expression of Bcl-2, and increased the expressions of Bax, cleaved-caspase-3, and cleaved-PARP1 in osteosarcoma cells. miR-1301 was downregulated in U2OS and SAOS-2 cells. Importantly, epirubicin significantly increased the levels of miR-1301. Overexpression of miR-1301 suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis. Interestingly, those effects were enhanced by epirubicin. In contrast, miR-1301 depletion attenuated the epirubicin-mediated anti-osteosarcoma effect. miR-1301 negatively regulated the expression of TRIAP1 in U2OS and SAOS-2 cells. Furthermore, epirubicin inhibited the mRNA and protein levels of TRIAP1 by upregulating miR-1301 levels. Epirubicin suppressed cell proliferation by downregulating TRIAP1. CONCLUSION: miR-1301 was implicated in the chemosensitivity of osteosarcoma to epirubicin by modulating TRIAP1.

Apoptosis , B-Lymphocytes , Blotting, Western , Cell Count , Cell Proliferation , Epirubicin , Flow Cytometry , Luciferases , Osteosarcoma , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(12): e8467, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055474


The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and prognostic factors of drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) in Chinese hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Patients (n=102) diagnosed as primary HCC were consecutively enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. Treatment responses were assessed following the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated, and adverse events (AEs) as well as liver function-related laboratory indexes of all DEB-TACE records (N=131) were assessed. Complete response (CR) rate, objective response rate, and disease control rate were 51.0, 87.3, and 95.1%, respectively, at 1-3 months post DEB-TACE. The mean PFS and OS were 227 (95%CI: 200-255) days and 343 (95%CI: 309-377) days, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that portal vein invasion and abnormal total protein (TP) were independent predictive factors for worse CR, and multivariate Cox's regression analysis showed that multifocal disease independently correlated with shorter PFS. Most of the liver function-related laboratory indexes worsened at 1 week but recovered at 1-3 months post-treatment, only the percentage of patients with abnormal ALP increased at 1-3 months. In addition, 112 (85.5%), 84 (64.1%), 53 (40.5%), 40 (30.5%), and 16 (12.2%) patients had pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and other AEs, respectively. DEB-TACE is efficient and safe in Chinese HCC patients, and portal vein invasion, abnormal TP level as well as multifocal disease could be used as unfavorable prognostic factors to DEB-TACE treatment.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Epirubicin/administration & dosage , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Prognosis , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(3): 219-228, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888028


Abstract Background: Anthracycline generates progressive left ventricular dysfunction associated with a poor prognosis. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether layer-specific strain analysis could assess the subclinical left ventricular dysfunction after exposure to anthracycline. Methods: Forty-two anthracycline-treated survivors of large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, aged 55.83 ± 17.92 years (chemotherapy group) and 27 healthy volunteers, aged 51.39 ± 13.40 years (control group) were enrolled. The cumulative dose of epirubicin in chemotherapy group was 319.67 ± 71.71mg/m2. The time from last dose of epirubicin to the echocardiographic examination was 52.92 ± 22.32 months. Global longitudinal (GLS), circumferential (GCS) and radial strain (GRS), subendocardial, mid and subepicardial layer of longitudinal (LS-ENDO, LS-MID, LS-EPI) and circumferential strain (CS-ENDO, CS-MID, CS-EPI) values were analyzed. Transmural strain gradient was calculated as differences in peak systolic strain between the subendocardial and subepicardial layers. A value of p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Conventional parameters of systolic and diastolic function showed no significant difference between two groups. Compared with controls, patients had significantly lower GCS and GLS. Multi-layer speckle tracking analysis showed significant reduction of circumferential strain of subendocardial layer, transmural CS gradient and longitudinal strain of all three layers. In contrast, the two groups did not differ in transmural longitudinal strain gradient and radial strains. Conclusions: It proved the preferential impairment of subendocardial deformation in long-term survivors after exposure to anthracycline. Multi-layer speckle tracking echocardiography might facilitate the longitudinal follow-up of this at-risk patient cohort.

Resumo Fundamentos: A antraciclina gera uma disfunção ventricular esquerda progressiva associada a um prognóstico ruim. Objetivos: O propósito deste estudo foi avaliar se a análise layer específico de strain poderia avaliar disfunção ventricular esquerda subclínica após exposição a antraciclina. Métodos: Foram inscritos quarenta e dois sobreviventes tratados com antraciclina por linfoma não Hodgkin de células B grandes, de 55,83 ± 17,92 anos (grupo de quimioterapia) e 27 voluntários saudáveis, de 51,39 ± 13,40 anos (grupo controle). A dose cumulativa de epirrubicina no grupo de quimioterapia foi de 319,67 ± 71,71 mg/m2. O tempo desde a última dose de epirrubicina até o exame ecocardiográfico foi de 52,92 ± 22,32 meses. Analisaram-se o strain longitudinal global (GLS), o circunferencial (GCS) e o strain radial (GRS), os valores das camadas subendocárdica, média e subepicárdica so strain longitudinal (LS-ENDO, LS-MID, LS-EPI) e do strain circunferencial (CS-ENDO, CS-MID, CS-EPI). O gradiente de strain transmural foi calculado como a diferença no strain sistólico pico entre as camadas subendocárdicas e subepicárdicas. Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados: Os parâmetros convencionais da função sistólica e diastólica não mostraram diferenças significativas entre dois grupos. Comparados aos controles, os pacientes apresentaram GCS e GLS significativamente menores. A análise de speckle tracking multi-layer mostrou uma redução significativa no strain circunferencial da camada subendocárdica, o gradiente transmural CS e o strain longitudinal das três camadas. Em contraste, os dois grupos não diferiram no gradiente de strain longitudinal transmural e de strain radiais. Conclusões: Provou-se a deterioração preferencial do strain subendocárdico em sobreviventes de longa duração após exposição à antraciclina. O ecocardiograma de speckle tracking multi-layer pode facilitar o acompanhamento longitudinal dessa coorte de pacientes em risco. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2018; 110(3):219-228)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Echocardiography/methods , Lymphoma, B-Cell/drug therapy , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/chemically induced , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging , Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/adverse effects , Reference Values , Stroke Volume/drug effects , Stroke Volume/physiology , Epirubicin/therapeutic use , Case-Control Studies , Observer Variation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Follow-Up Studies , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cardiotoxicity/etiology , Cardiotoxicity/diagnostic imaging , Heart/drug effects , Heart/physiopathology , Myocardium/pathology
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 54(4): e17515, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001569


Present work is aimed to develop a simple, sensitive, robust and reliable HPLC method for routine quality control of epirubicin (EPI) in bulk drug, marketed injections and polymeric nanoparticles. Separation was carried out by C18 column. Isocratic elution was carried out using mobile phase A: 0.16% o-phosphoric acid solution, B: acetonitrile and methanol mixture (80:20, v/v) in the ratio of 60:40 (A: B) while the flow rate was maintained at 1mL/min. Analyses were performed at 233.5 nm using PDA detector. Excellent linear relationship was observed between peak-area versus drug concentration in the range of 1.0-100.0 µg/mL (r2, 0.999). Developed method was found to be sensitive (Limits of detection and quantification were found to be ~8 ng/mL and ~25 ng/mL, respectively), precise (RSD <1.0%, for repeatability and <2.0% for intermediate precision, within acceptable ranges of precision), accurate (recovery in different dosage form, 94.65 -100.26%, within acceptable range, 80-120%), specific and robust (% RSD <2, for system suitability parameters). Stress-induced degradation studies demonstrated that method can suitability be applied in the presence of degradants. Developed method has been successfully applied for the determination of entrapment efficiency, drug loading, in vitro release profile, in vitro permeation studies as well as stability assessment of polymeric nanoparticles

Quality Control , Epirubicin/pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Nanoparticles/analysis
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 44-51, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300825


To evaluate the efficacy and safety of drug-eluding beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) in treatment of unrecectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).The clinical data of 42 consecutive HCC patients undergoing TACE were retrospectively analyzed, including 20 cases received conventional TACE (cTACE group) and 22 cases received TACE with epirubicine-loaded microspheres (CalliSpheres) (DEB-TACE group). MRI scans were performed 1 week before and 1, 3 and 6 months after initial therapy. The response to treatment, disease recurrence, complications and adverse effects were documented and compared between two groups.There were no significant differences in 1-month, 3-month and 6-month objective response rate (CR+PR) and disease control rate (CR+PR+SD), disease recurrence, complications and adverse effects of interventional therapy between cTACE group and DEB-TACE group. Additionally, there were no significant differences about locoregional biliary injuries, intrahepatic biloma, and newly detected intra- or extrahepatic HCC on MRI between cTACE group and DEB-TACE group.There were no statistically significant differences between cTACE group and DEB-TACE group with regard to the short-term response, disease recurrence, complications and side effects. Hepatic-locoregional complications may be more frequent in DEB-TACE group than those in cTACE group.

Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Drug Delivery Systems , Methods , Epirubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Liver Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Microspheres , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 21-32, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17911


PURPOSE: Perioperative chemotherapy improves survival outcomes in locally advanced (LA) gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with LA gastric cancer who were offered perioperative chemotherapy consisting of epirubicin, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine (EOX) from May 2013 to December 2015 at Tata Memorial Hospital in Mumbai. RESULTS: Among the 268 consecutive patients in our study, 260 patients (97.0%) completed neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 200 patients (74.6%) underwent D2 lymphadenectomy, and 178 patients (66.4%) completed adjuvant chemotherapy. The median follow-up period was 17 months. For the entire cohort, the median overall survival (OS), 3-year OS rate, median progression-free survival (PFS), and 3-year PFS rate were 37 months, 64.4%, 31 months, and 40%, respectively. PFS and OS were significantly inferior in patients who presented with features of obstruction than in those who did not (P=0.0001). There was no difference in survival with respect to tumor histology (well to moderately differentiated vs. poorly differentiated, signet ring vs. non-signet ring histology) or location (proximal vs. distal). Survival was prolonged in patients with an early pathological T stage and a pathological node-negative status. In a multivariate analysis, postoperative pathological nodal status and gastric outlet obstruction on presentation significantly correlated with survival. CONCLUSIONS: EOX chemotherapy with curative resection and D2 lymphadenectomy is a suggested alternative to the existing perioperative regimens. The acceptable postoperative complication rate and relatively high resection, chemotherapy completion, and survival rates obtained in this study require further evaluation and validation in a clinical trial.

Humans , Capecitabine , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Epirubicin , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Gastric Outlet Obstruction , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 23-27, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286761


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the safety and efficacy of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in preventing chemotherapy-induced neutropenia in patients with breast cancer and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and to provide the basis for clinical application.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to the principle of open-label, randomized, parallel-group controlled clinical trial, all patients were randomized by 1∶1∶1 into three groups to receive PEG-rhG-CSF 100 μg/kg, PEG-rhG-CSF 6 mg, or rhG-CSF 5 μg/kg, respectively. The patients with breast cancer received two chemotherapy cycles, and the NSCLC patients received 1-2 cycles of chemotherapy according to their condition. All patients were treated with the combination chemotherapy of TAC (docetaxel+ epirubicin+ cyclophosphamide) or TA (docetaxel+ epirubicin), or the chemotherapy of docetaxel combined with carboplatin, with a 21 day cycle.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The duration of grade 3-4 neutropenia in the PEG-rhG-CSF 100 μg/kg and PEG-rhG-CSF 6 mg groups were similar with that in the rhG-CSF 5 μg/kg group (P>0.05 for all). The incidence rate of grade 3-4 neutropenia in the PEG-rhG-CSF 100 μg/kg group, PEG-rhG-CSF 6 mg group, and G-CSF 5 μg/kg group were 69.7%, 68.4%, and 69.5%, respectively, with a non-significant difference among the three groups (P=0.963). The incidence rate of febrile neutropenia in the PEG-rhG-CSF 100 μg/kg group, PEG-rhG-CSF 6 mg group and G-CSF 5 μg/kg group were 6.1%, 6.4%, and 5.5%, respectively, showing no significant difference among them (P=0.935). The incidence rate of adverse events in the PEG-rhG-CSF 100 μg/kg group, PEG-rhG-CSF 6 mg group and G-CSF 5 μg / kg group were 6.7%, 4.1%, and 5.5%, respectively, showing a non-significant difference among them (P=0.581).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In patients with breast cancer and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing TAC/TA chemotherapy, a single 100 μg/kg injection or a single fixed 6 mg dose of PEG-rhG-CSF at 48 hours after chemotherapy show definite therapeutic effect with a low incidence of adverse events and mild adverse reactions. Compared with the continuous daily injection of rhG-CSF 5 μg/kg/d, a single 100 μg/kg injection or a single fixed 6 mg dose of PEG-rhG-CSF has similar effect and is more advantageous in preventing chemotherapy-induced neutropenia.</p>

Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Carboplatin , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Cyclophosphamide , Epirubicin , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Therapeutic Uses , Incidence , Induction Chemotherapy , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Neutropenia , Epidemiology , Polyethylene Glycols , Recombinant Proteins , Taxoids
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 39-42, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-16389


To study the impact of single instillation of epirubicin (SIE) on the cancer recurrence of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) after transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) in Korean patients. The major inclusion criteria were NMIBC patients. The major exclusion criteria were muscle invasive bladder cancer, metastatic bladder cancer, combined urinary upper tract tumor, and carcinoma in situ. SIE group received 50 mg epirubicin within 6 hours after TURBT. Non-SIE group did not receive epirubicin. This study enrolled a total of 214 patients diagnosed as having NMIBC during the period from October 2003 through January 2010 at the single institutions. Follow-up of the patients was conducted through January 2012. The median age of patients was 63.4 years. Of 112 evaluable patients in the SIE group, cancer recurrence rate was 33.9% and in non-SIE group, cancer recurrence rate was 62.7% (p<0.001). The recurrence-free survival duration was longer in Group SIE compared with Group non-SIE (p<0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that SIE was significantly associated with cancer recurrence (HR 0.213, p<0.001). We confirmed the impact of SIE on the cancer recurrence in the Korean patients who underwent TURBT for NMIBC. Single instillation of chemo-agent after TUR-B might be recommended in Korean patients for reduce bladder cancer recurrence and provide longer recurrence-free survival duration.

Humans , Carcinoma in Situ , Epirubicin , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Recurrence , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urinary Bladder
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 86(4): 244-250, ago. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-764080


Objetivo: Caracterizar la hospitalización por episodios de cianosis en recién nacidos (RN) > 34 semanas. Pacientes y método: Estudio retrospectivo que incluyó la totalidad de los RN hospitalizados por episodios de cianosis entre enero de 2007 y diciembre de 2012. En ellos se aplicaron 2 protocolos de estudio que consideraban exámenes de primera y segunda línea; estos últimos ante la recurrencia de eventos. El protocolo de primera línea consideró exámenes bioquímicos generales, radiografía de tórax y ecocardiografía en casos seleccionados, en tanto que el protocolo de segunda línea incluyó electroencefalograma, electrocardiograma, resonancia magnética nuclear encefálica, screening metabólico ampliado, ácido pirúvico, ácido láctico y en caso de convulsiones, citoquímico y cultivo de líquido cefalorraquídeo y reacción en cadena de la polimerasa para herpes. Resultados: Noventa y ocho de un total de 3.454 (2,8%) RN hospitalizados ingresaron por episodio de cianosis. La edad gestacional (EG) fue 37,8 + 1,36 semanas; peso al nacimiento: 3145 + 477 g. Edad materna: 32 + 4,8 años. El 19,4% de las madres tenía antecedentes mórbidos: diabetes gestacional (8,1%), síndrome hipertensivo del embarazo (5,1%), colestasia intrahepática (3,1%) y retardo del crecimiento (3,1%). Género: 48,8% masculino, parto por cesárea: 68,4%. Edad al ingreso: 1,9 + 1,4 días; duración de la hospitalización: 4,2 + 4,2 días. En todos los pacientes se practicaron exámenes de primera línea y en el 39,8% exámenes de segunda línea. En el 21,4% de los RN se identificó una causa, siendo el síndrome convulsivo el más frecuente (33%). Los RN con diagnóstico asociado presentaron 3,8 + 2,7 episodios de cianosis versus 1,5 + 2,4 en el grupo sin diagnóstico (NS). El 15,4% se fueron de alta con monitor; no hubo reingresos. Conclusión: La incidencia de hospitalización neonatal por episodios de cianosis fue de 6 por 1.000 RN vivos. Solo en cerca de un 20% de ellos es posible identificar una causa, siendo la más frecuente el síndrome convulsivo.

Objectives: A retrospective study was performed between January 2007 and December 2012 to assess the admission rates of newborns due to episodes of cyanosis Patients and method: Retrospective study that included all the newborns hospitalized with episodes of cyanosis between January 2007 and December 2012. In them were employed two study protocols that considered first and second line tests, the latter in view of recurrence of events. The first line protocol considered general biochemical tests, chest x-ray and echocardiography in selected cases, while the second line protocol included electroencephalogram, electrocardiogram, nuclear magnetic resonance of the brain, expanded metabolic screening, pyruvic acid, lactic acid, and in case of seizures, cytochemical, and culture of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and PCR (polymerase chain reaction) for herpes. Results: A total of 98 (2.8%) out of 3,454 newborns were admitted due to episodes of cyanosis. Gestational age: 37.8 + 1.4 weeks, birth weight: 3,145 + 477 g. Maternal age: 32 + 4.8 years. Disease was present in 19.4% of mothers; gestational diabetes (8.1%), pregnancy induced hypertension (5.1%), intrahepatic cholestasis (3.1%), and intrauterine growth retardation (3.1%). Gender: 48.8% male, 51.2% female (NS). Birth: caesarean section, 68.4%, and vaginal delivery, 31.6%. Age on admission 1.9 + 1.4 days. Hospital stay: 4.2 + 4.2 days. First line tests were performed in 100% of patients with 39.8% fulfilling the criteria for second line study. A condition was detected in 21.4%, with convulsive syndrome was the most frequent (33%). Newborns with an identified condition had 3.8 + 2.7episodes versus 1.5 + 2,4 in those without diagnosis (NS). A home oxygen monitor was given to 15.4%. There were no re-admissions. Conclusions: Most newborns admitted due to cyanosis are discharged with a condition of unknown origin. In this study, convulsive syndrome was the most frequent cause.

Animals , Female , Mice , Drug Carriers/chemistry , Epirubicin/chemistry , Epirubicin/pharmacology , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Silicon Dioxide/chemistry , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Delivery Systems/methods , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Particle Size , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polyethyleneimine/chemistry , Porosity , Tissue Distribution
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 833-836, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286714


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the expression of IGF1R and estrogen receptor, and to explore the relationship between their expression and the pathological complete response (pCR) rate of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (docetaxel plus epirubicin) in breast cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We selected 139 women with breast cancer who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (docetaxel plus epirubicin), and detected the expression of IGF1R and estrogen receptor in the samples taken before chemotherapy by Immunohistochemistry. The association between their expression and pCR rate of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 139 cases, IGF1R was highly expressed in 45.3% (63/139) cases, and ER was positively expressed in 62.6% (87/139) cases. IGF1R was highly expressed in 54.0% (47/87) of the ER+ cases, significantly higher than that of ER- cases (30.8%, P<0.01). The overall pCR rate of all the 139 patients who received docetaxel plus epirubicin as neoadjuvant chemotherapy was 10.1% (14/139). The pCR rate was 19.2% (10/52) of the ER- patients and 4.6% (4/87) of the ER+ patients (P<0.05). The pCR rate was 10.5% (8/76) in the patients with low IGF1R expression and 9.5% (6/63) in the patients with high IGF1R expression (P>0.05). The patients with negative expression of ER and high expression of IGF1R showed the highest pCR rate (31.2%, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Breast cancer patients with negative expression of ER and high expression of IGF1R are more sensitive to neoadjuvant chemotherapy of docetaxel plus epirubicin, and their pCR rate is significantly higher than that of other patients.</p>

Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Epirubicin , Immunohistochemistry , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Receptors, Estrogen , Metabolism , Receptors, Somatomedin , Metabolism , Taxoids
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 204-207, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248382


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively investigate the incidence of severe neutropenia and elevation of transaminase during neoadjuvant chemotherapy using epirubicin, cyclophosphamide and fluorouracil in breast cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2011 to December 2012, 303 consecutive breast cancer patients with complete treatment data treated in our department were included in this analysis. All patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with equal dose of EPI (100 mg/m(2)) administered every 3 weeks for 4 cycles before surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>200 patients (66.0%) experienced at least one episode of grade 3/4 neutropenia/leukopenia, among them 176 patients experienced their first episode after the first cycle. Febrile neutropenia (FN) occurred in 13 patients for 14 episodes. Elevation of transaminase occurred in a total of 46 patients (15.2%), among them, grade 2 or higher elevation occurred in 15 patients (5.0%). Three blood test plans were adopted to monitor the patients during chemotherapy: (1) Routine blood count repeated every week; (2) Routine blood count before and on day 10 of each chemotherapy episode; (3) Routine blood count before and on day 7, 10 and 14 of each chemotherapy episode. The number of patients whose chemotherapy was delayed due to 3/4 neutropenia/leucopenia in each blood test plan was 3 (5.0%), 7 (3.9%) and 2 (3.2%), respectively. The number of patients with febrile neutropenia (FN) in each blood test plan was 2 (3.3%), 8 (4.4%) and 3 (4.8%), respectively. No statistically significant difference in treatment delay or the incidence of FN was observed among different blood test plans. No statistically significant difference in the incidence of grade 3/4 neutropenia/leukopenia or grade 2 or higher transaminase elevation was observed among different 5-Fu regimens.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During neoadjuvant chemotherapy using FE100 C, Fci E100 C or E100 C for breast cancer patients without routine prophylactic G-CSF, the incidence of grade 3/4 neutropenia/leukopenia is 66.0%. With the patient management plan we adopted, 4.3% of patients developed febrile neutropenia. Prophylactic medication may not be necessary for patients without evident liver dysfunction.</p>

Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Epirubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Fluorouracil , Therapeutic Uses , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Incidence , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neutropenia , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Transaminases , Metabolism
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 379-382, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248348


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of paclitaxel liposomal and docetaxel for neoadjuvant chemotherapy of breast cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 188 operable patients with breast cancer who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. According to the treatment regimens, they were divided into the group of paclitaxel liposome (86 patients) and group of docetaxel (102 patients) treatment. All the patients received a combination therapy with epirubicin and cyclophosphamide, i.e. neoadjuvant chemotherapy with three drugs, 21 days as a cycle, and a total of 6 cycles. Surgery was carried out three weeks after the end of chemotherapy, and the chemotherapy efficacy and adverse reaction of both groups were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pathological complete response (pCR) rate in the paclitaxel liposome group and docetaxel group was 10.5% and 9.8%, respectively, the objective response rate (ORR) was 80.2% and 79.4%, respectively, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 95.3% and 93.1%, respectively, showing a non-significant difference in therapy efficacy between the two groups (P > 0.05). Safety analysis indicated that all the occurrence rates of skin and nail toxic reaction, body fluid retention, oral mucositis, allergic reaction (such as facial blushing, chest distress, palpitation, dyspnea. etc.), and grade III-IV leukopenia and neutropenia in the paclitaxel liposome group were significantly lower than that of the docetaxel group (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with docetaxel, paclitaxel liposome has the same anti-tumor efficacy, but causes fewer and milder adverse reactions with a higher safety in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.</p>

Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Epirubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Liposomes , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neutropenia , Paclitaxel , Therapeutic Uses , Remission Induction , Taxoids , Therapeutic Uses
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 92-99, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189325


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Metronomic (MET) chemotherapy is a treatment characterized by frequent infusion of low doses of chemotherapeutic agent without extended break. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of MET chemotherapy compared with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with child B class advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Seventy-three patients with child B class advanced HCC were analyzed between April, 2007 and August, 2013 according to two treatment groups: (i) MET chemotherapy group (n=43, Epirubicin 35 mg/body surface area [BSA] every 4 weeks, and cisplatin 15 mg/BSA and 5-fluorouracil 50 mg/BSA weekly for 3 weeks) via an implantable port system with 1 week break. (ii) TACE group (n=30, Adriamycin 20-50 mg) every 4 weeks. Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). RESULTS: The median survival times in the MET and TACE groups were 4.5 months and 3.1 months, respectively. The overall survival rate showed significantly better in the MET treatment group than in the TACE group (P=0.039). When the factors affecting patient OS were analyzed, MET chemotherapy (P=0.038, hazard ratio {HR} 0.538 [95% confidence interval {CI} 0.299-0.967]) was independently associated with OS. Larger maximal tumor size, extrahepatic metastasis and advanced stage also were significant factors for OS (P=0.009, HR 1.064 [95% CI 1.014-16.064]; P=0.014, HR 2.120 [95% CI 1.164-3.861]; P=0.019, HR 2.046 [95% CI 1.125-3.720], respectively). CONCLUSIONS: MET chemotherapy showed survival benefit than TACE in patients with child class B advanced HCC. Therefore, MET chemotherapy may be considered as a treatment option for advanced HCC with poor liver function.

Child , Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cisplatin , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Epirubicin , Fluorouracil , Liver , Neoplasm Metastasis , Survival Rate
Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015; 8 (5): 59-66
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-175782


Background: Chemotherapy for lymph nodes cancer is often composed of several drugs that are used in a treatment program

Objectives: The aim of this study was to perform a cost-utility analysis of IEV regimen [ifosfamide, epirubicin and etoposide] versus ESHAP regimen [etoposide, methylprednisolone, high-dose cytarabine, and cisplatin] in patients with lymphoma in the south of Iran

Patients and Methods: This was a cost-utility analysis done as a cross-sectional study in the south of Iran. Using decision tree, expected costs, quality -adjusted life years [QALYs] and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio [ICER] were estimated. In addition, the robustness of results was examined by sensitivity analysis

Results: The results of this study indicated that the total lymphoma patients were about 65 people that 27 patients received IEV regimen and 38 patients ESHAP [43 patients with Hodgkin's and 22 with non-Hodgkin lymphoma]. The results of decision tree showed that in the IEV arm, the expected cost was dollar 20952.93 and the expected QALYs was 3.89 and in the ESHAP arm, the expected cost was dollar 31691.74 and the expected QALYs was 3.86. Based on the results of the study, IEV regimen was cost-effective alternative to the ESHAP regimen

Conclusions: According to the results of this study, it is recommended that oncologists use IEV instead of ESHAP in the treatment of patients with lymphoma and because of high costs of IEV drug costs, it is suggested that IEV drugs should be covered by insurance

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Hodgkin Disease/drug therapy , Ifosfamide , Epirubicin , Etoposide , Methylprednisolone , Cytarabine , Cisplatin , Cross-Sectional Studies
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 119-122, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259630


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study was aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of bortezomib in the treatment of follicular lymphoma patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to treatment methods, the 56 follicular lymphoma patients were divided into 2 groups: CHOP group (26 cases) and bortezomib group (30 cases). The patients in CHOP group received the CHOP chemotherapy regimens (cyclophosphamide+ epirubicin+vincristine+prednisolone), the patients in bortezomib group received bortezomib based on CHOP. The clinical curative effect and adverse reaction between the two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The short-term efficacy of bortezomib group showed significantly better than that in CHOP group (P < 0.05), the total efficiency in bortezomib group (80%) was significantly higher than that in CHOP group (53.85%) (P < 0.05). The progression free survival of the patients in the bortezomib group was statistically longer than that in the CHOP group (10 months vs 6 months) (P = 0.013). There was no significant differences in the overall survival mediam survival time between these two groups (10 months vs 11 months)(P = 0.107). The occurrence of adverse reactions in the two groups was no significant different (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Bortezomib combined with CHOP chemotherapy can obviously prolong the progression free survival of patients, and improve the total efficiency without increase of adverse reaction. The benefit to overall survival needs to further extend follow-up observation.</p>

Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Boronic Acids , Bortezomib , Cyclophosphamide , Disease-Free Survival , Epirubicin , Lymphoma, Follicular , Prednisolone , Pyrazines , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 72-77, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20374


PURPOSE: Capecitabine is known to increase mean corpuscular volume (MCV). To define the incidence of capecitabine-induced macrocytosis and its association with chemotherapy outcomes, we investigated data of 89 patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC) who were enrolled in a randomized chemotherapy trial involving capecitabine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chemotherapy-naive AGC patients were treated with capecitabine (1,000 mg/m2/day on days 1-14) plus cisplatin (75 mg/m2 on day 1), with or without epirubicin (50 mg/m2 on day 1). Complete blood counts including MCV were measured at baseline and on day 1 of each 3-week chemotherapy course. Macrocytosis was defined as a MCV increase > 10 fL from baseline. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used for analysis of the impact of clinical and MCV values on chemotherapy outcomes. RESULTS: At baseline, the mean MCV was 88.2 fL (normal range, 80 to 100 fL). During chemotherapy, MCV increased in a dose-dependent manner with a mean increase of 11.3 fL. MCV elevation after capecitabine treatment in 74 patients (90%) and 44 patients (42%) developed macrocytosis. RESULTS: of multivariate analysis showed that development of macrocytosis was independent of baseline hemoglobin level, liver metastasis, performance status, or liver function. The number of chemotherapy cycles showed strong association with development of macrocytosis and hematologic adverse events. In addition, a significant association was observed between macrocytosis and clinical response or survival. CONCLUSION: Macrocytosis developed with more frequent and prolonged use of capecitabine. It is possible that association with treatment outcomes warrants further investigation.

Humans , Blood Cell Count , Cisplatin , Drug Therapy , Epirubicin , Erythrocyte Indices , Incidence , Liver , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Proportional Hazards Models , Stomach Neoplasms
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 223-230, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195759


PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the association between adenosine triphosphate-based chemotherapy response assays (ATP-CRAs) and subsets of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 15 gastric cancer tissue samples were obtained from gastrectomies performed between February 2007 and January 2011. Chemotherapy response assays were performed on tumor cells from these samples using 11 chemotherapeutic agents, including etoposide, doxorubicin, epirubicin, mitomycin, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), oxaliplatin, irinotecan, docetaxel, paclitaxel, methotrexate, and cisplatin. TILs in the tissue samples were evaluated using antibodies specific for CD3, CD4, CD8, Foxp3, and Granzyme B. RESULTS: The highest cancer cell death rates were induced by etoposide (44.8%), 5-FU (43.1%), and mitomycin (39.9%). Samples from 10 patients who were treated with 5-FU were divided into 5-FU-sensitive and -insensitive groups according to median cell death rate. No difference was observed in survival between the two groups (P=0.216). Only two patients were treated with a chemotherapeutic agent determined by an ATP-CRA and there was no significant difference in overall survival compared with that of patients treated with their physician's choice of chemotherapeutic agent (P=0.105). However, a high number of CD3 TILs was a favorable prognostic factor (P=0.008). Pearson's correlation analyses showed no association between cancer cell death rates in response to chemotherapeutic agents and subsets of TILs. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer cell death rates in response to specific chemotherapeutic agents were not significantly associated with the distribution of TIL subsets.

Humans , Adenosine , Adenosine Triphosphate , Antibodies , Cell Death , Cisplatin , Doxorubicin , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Drug Therapy , Epirubicin , Etoposide , Fluorouracil , Gastrectomy , Granzymes , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Methotrexate , Mitomycin , Paclitaxel , Pilot Projects , Stomach Neoplasms
Salud pública Méx ; 56(4): 317-322, jul.-ago. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-733310


Objective. To describe risk factors associated to the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Mexican population and to define phenotypic (clinical, anthropometric, metabolic) characteristics present in the individual who will convert to diabetes, regardless of time of onset. Materials and methods. The Mexico City Diabetes Study began in 1990, with 2 282 participants, and had three subsequent phases: 1994, 1998, and 2008. A systematic evaluation with an oral glucose tolerance test was performed in each phase. For diagnosis of T2D, American Diabetes Association criteria were used. Results. The population at risk was 1939 individuals. Subjects who were in the converter stage (initially non diabetic that eventually converted to T2D) had, at baseline, higher BMI (30 vs 27), systolic blood pressure (119 vs 116 mmHg), fasting glucose (90 vs 82mg/dl), triglycerides (239 vs 196mg/dl), and cholesterol (192 vs 190mg/dl), compared with subjects who remained non converters (p<0.05). Conclusion. The phenotype described represents a potentially identifiable phase and a target for preventive intervention.

Objetivo. Describir los factores de riesgo asociados con la incidencia de diabetes tipo 2 (T2D) en la población mexicana, así como el fenotipo de los sujetos que desarrollarán diabetes, independientemente del tiempo que lleve el desarrollo de esta nueva condición. Material y métodos. El Estudio de la Diabetes de la Ciudad de México inició en 1990 y tuvo un total de 2 282 participantes a los que se dio seguimiento en tres ocasiones: 1994, 1998 y 2008. Se realizó una curva de tolerancia a la glucosa para diagnosticar T2D, para lo cual se siguieron los criterios de la Asociación Americana de Diabetes. Resultados. La población en riesgo fue de 1939 sujetos. Los individuos en proceso de desarrollo (aquellos inicialmente no diabéticos que desarrollaron T2D) mostraron niveles más altos de IMC (30 vs 27), presión arterial sistólica (119 vs 116 mmHg), glucosa en ayuno (90 vs 82 mg/dl), triglicéridos (239 vs 196 mg/dl) y colesterol (192 vs 190 mg/dl), comparados con los sujetos que no desarrollaron T2D (p<0.05). Conclusiones. El estado de los individuos que se convertirán en diabéticos es discernible y representa una fase del padecimiento con potencial para la prevención.

Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Infusion Pumps, Implantable , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Liver Neoplasms/secondary , Drug Administration Schedule , Epirubicin/administration & dosage , Floxuridine/administration & dosage , Fluorouracil/administration & dosage , Hepatic Artery , Infusions, Intra-Arterial , Medroxyprogesterone/administration & dosage