Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 624
Filter
1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): S48-S53, feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147363

ABSTRACT

Se define la epistaxis como el sangrado proveniente del vestíbulo, la cavidad nasal o la nasofaringe. Representa el 3 % de las consultas de guardia. El 30 % de los niños menores de 5 años presentan, al menos, un episodio de epistaxis. La edad media de presentación es entre los 7,5 y los 8,5 años. Predomina en el sexo masculino (el 56-67 %). La rinorrea es el síntoma más frecuentemente asociado (el 46 %). El origen puede ser anterior o posterior, y las anteriores son las más frecuentes. Es necesario un enfoque integral para determinar la etiología (primaria o secundaria). Los principales objetivos del tratamiento son el control de la hemorragia, de la causa subyacente y la prevención de la recurrencia.La mayoría de las hemorragias son autolimitadas; sin embargo, el taponamiento nasal y la cauterización son requeridos ante casos recurrentes o graves. Cuando estas técnicas fracasan, puede utilizarse un manejo endoscópico, angiografía-embolización y ligadura quirúrgica abierta


Epistaxis is defined as bleeding from the vestibule, nasal cavity or nasopharynx. It represents 3 % of Emergency Room consultations. Thirty per cent of children under 5 years of age have an episode of epistaxis. The average age of presentation is between 7.5 and 8.5 years. It predominates in males (56-67 %). Nasal obstruction (nasal discharge) is the most associated symptom (46 %). The origin can be anterior or posterior, with the previous ones being the most frequent. An integral approach is necessary to determine the etiology (primary or secondary). The main purposes of the treatment are bleeding control and the underlying cause and the prevention of recurrence. Most hemorrhages are self-limiting; however, nasal tamponade and cauterization are required in cases of recurrence and/or severity. When these techniques fail, endoscopic management, angiography-embolization, and open surgical ligation may be used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Epistaxis/diagnosis , Epistaxis/etiology , Cautery , Epistaxis/classification , Epistaxis/therapy , Hemorrhage , Nasal Cavity
2.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020207, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142399

ABSTRACT

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a malignant disease that is often diagnosed at a metastatic stage. The head and neck represent up to 3% of the metastatic RCC, and the paranasal sinus area is one of the least involved sites. Here, we introduce the case of a 74-year-old female patient who presented with a history of traumatic nasal bleed. A cranial computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed a fronto-ethmoidal mass with pachymeningeal involvement. A nasal biopsy from the paranasal sinuses was taken. On histopathological examination, metastatic clear cell carcinoma was the main hypothesis, which later was confirmed to be RCC on immunohistochemistry. On further radiological examination, an exophytic mass was depicted in the kidney's upper and middle pole. The patient had no renal complaints and was asymptomatic. Fronto-ethmoidal sinus is a rare site for metastatic RCC, especially in cases where the patient is asymptomatic. Early detection by keeping RCC metastasis as the differential diagnosis in such cases can lead to early treatment and improve the overall survival of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Paranasal Sinuses , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/complications , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Epistaxis/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential
4.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 99-104, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089377

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Isotretinoin (13 cis-retinoic acid) is the most effective treatment for acne vulgaris and is the only treatment option that can provide either remission or a permanent cure. Objective The aim of this study was to use both subjective and objective methods to assess the nasal complaints of patients with severe acne who received oral isotretinoin therapy. Methods Fifty-four subjects were enrolled in the study. All the subjects were assessed with subjective (NOSE and VAS questionnaires) and objective (rhinomanometry and saccharine) tests to determine the severity of their nasal complaints. Results The mean severity scores (min: 0; max: 100) for nasal dryness/crusting and epistaxis were 0.47 ± 1.48 (0-5); 0.35 ± 1.30 (0-5) at admission, 3.57 ± 4.45 (0-10); 2.26 ± 4.71 (0-20) at the first month, and 4.28 ± 6 (0-20); 2.26 ± 4.71 (0-20) at the third month of the treatment respectively. Total nasal resistance of 0.195 ± 0.079 (0.12-0.56) Pa/cm3/s at admission, 0.21 ± 0.084 (0.12-0.54) Pa/cm3/s at the first month, and 0.216 ± 0.081 (0.14-0.54) Pa/cm3/s at the third month. Conclusion Oral isotretinoin therapy can cause the complaint of nasal obstruction. In addition, nasal complaints, such as dryness/crusting and epistaxis, significantly increase in patients during the therapy schedule.


Resumo Introdução A isotretinoína (ácido-13 cis-retinóico) é o tratamento por via oral mais eficaz para acne vulgar e é a única opção de tratamento que pode produzir remissão ou cura permanente. Objetivo Usar métodos subjetivos e objetivos para avaliar as queixas nasais de pacientes com acne grave que receberam terapia com isotretinoína oral. Método Foram incluídos no estudo 54 indivíduos. Todos os indivíduos foram avaliados por meio de testes subjetivos (questionários NOSE e escala EVA) e objetivos (rinomanometria e teste de sacarina) para determinar a gravidade de suas queixas nasais. Resultados Os escores médios de gravidade (min: 0; max: 100) para ressecamento/crostas e epistaxe nasal foram de 0,47 ± 1,48 (0-5); 0,35 ± 1,30 (0-5) no início, 3,57 ± 4,45 (0-10); 2,26 ± 4,71 (0-20) no primeiro mês e 4,28 ± 6 (0-20); 2,26 ± 4,71 (0-20) no terceiro mês do tratamento, respectivamente. A resistência nasal total foi de 0,195 ± 0,079 (0,12 a 0,56) Pa/cm3/s no início, 0,21 ± 0,084 (0,12 a 0,54) Pa/cm3/s no primeiro mês e 0,216 ± 0,081 (0,14 a 0,54) Pa/cm3/s no terceiro mês. Conclusão A terapia com isotretinoína por via oral pode resultar em queixa de obstrução nasal. Além disso, queixas nasais, tais como ressecamento/formação de crostas e epistaxe, aumentam significativamente nos pacientes durante o esquema terapêutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Isotretinoin/pharmacology , Dermatologic Agents/pharmacology , Nasal Cavity/drug effects , Saccharin , Sweetening Agents , Severity of Illness Index , Isotretinoin/adverse effects , Isotretinoin/therapeutic use , Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Epistaxis/etiology , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy , Rhinomanometry , Dermatologic Agents/adverse effects , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Symptom Assessment
5.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 111-118, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089362

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Tranexamic acid is a hemostatic agent, which inhibits fibrin degradation, which may be beneficial in controlling bleeding during surgery. Objectives The purpose of this study was to provide a meta-analysis and review of the effects of tranexamic acid on hemorrhage and surgical fields and side effects on patients during endoscopic sinus surgery. Methods Two authors independently searched six databases (Medline, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar and Cochrane library) from the start of article collection until July 2018. Postoperative complications such as intraoperative bleeding, operative time, hypotension, nausea, vomiting, and coagulation profile were included in the analysis of tranexamic acid (Treatment Group) and placebo (Control Group) during the operation. Results The amount of blood loss during surgery was statistically lower in the treatment group compared to the placebo group, and the surgical field quality was statistically higher in the treatment group than in the placebo group. On the other hand, there was no significant difference in operation time, hemodynamics, or coagulation profile between groups. In addition, tranexamic acid had no significant effect on vomiting and thrombosis compared to the Control Group. Conclusion This meta-analysis has shown that topical administration of tranexamic acid can reduce the amount of bleeding during surgery and improve the overall quality of the surgery. Hemodynamic instability during surgery, vomiting after surgery, or abnormal clotting profile were not reported. Additional studies are needed to confirm the results of this study because there are fewer studies.


Resumo Introdução O ácido tranexâmico é um agente hemostático, que inibe a degradação da fibrina e pode ser benéfico no controle do sangramento durante a cirurgia. Objetivos Fazer uma metanálise e revisão dos efeitos do ácido tranexâmico na hemorragia e nos campos cirúrgicos e efeitos colaterais em pacientes durante a cirurgia endoscópica do seio nasal. Método Dois autores realizaram independentemente uma busca em seis bancos de dados (Medline, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar e Cochrane) desde o início da coleta de artigos até julho de 2018. Complicações pós-operatórias como sangramento intraoperatório, tempo operatório, hipotensão, náusea, vômitos e perfil de coagulação foram incluídos na análise do ácido tranexâmico (grupo de tratamento) e placebo (grupo controle) durante a cirurgia. Resultados A quantidade de perda de sangue durante a cirurgia foi estatisticamente menor no grupo de tratamento comparado com o grupo placebo e a qualidade do campo cirúrgico foi estatisticamente maior no grupo de tratamento do que no grupo placebo. Por outro lado, não houve diferença significante no tempo cirúrgico, hemodinâmica ou perfil de coagulação entre os grupos. Além disso, o ácido tranexâmico não teve efeito significante na ocorrência de vômitos e trombose em comparação ao grupo controle. Conclusão Esta metanálise mostrou que a administração tópica de ácido tranexâmico pode reduzir a quantidade de sangramento durante a cirurgia e melhorar a qualidade geral dela. Instabilidade hemodinâmica durante a cirurgia, vômitos após a cirurgia ou perfil de coagulação anormal não foram relatados. Estudos adicionais são necessários para confirmar os resultados desta pesquisa, porque há poucos estudos na literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tranexamic Acid/pharmacology , Epistaxis/drug therapy , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Intraoperative Complications/drug therapy , Antifibrinolytic Agents/pharmacology , Tranexamic Acid/administration & dosage , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Administration, Topical , Endoscopy/adverse effects , Nasal Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Anesthesia, General , Antifibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage
6.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 48(3): 232-238, 2020. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121352

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la epistaxis es uno de los principales motivos de consulta por urgencias en el servicio de otorrinolaringología (ORL). La mayoría de los episodios se originan en el septo nasal anterior y su tratamiento tiende a ser conservador. Objetivo: caracterizar la población que consulta por epistaxis al servicio de otorrinolaringología del Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi (HUM) entre marzo de 2017 y febrero de 2018. Metodología: estudio observacional, descriptivo y de corte transversal, con una recolección de datos de forma retrospectiva de pacientes que ingresan a urgencias del HUM por epistaxis, registrados en la base de datos del servicio de otorrinolaringología. Se analizaron datos demográficos, localización del sangrado, tratamiento, comorbilidades, fármacos y cifras tensionales. Resultados: un total de 587 pacientes; el 57 % son mujeres, con un promedio de 66 años +/- 16,15 años. La comorbilidad más frecuente fue la hipertensión arterial (60 %) y el 26 % de los pacientes presentaron cifras tensionales >140/90 mm Hg. En antecedentes farmacológicos, el 64,9 % pertenecían al grupo de antihipertensivos y el 37,6 % a los antiagregantes. La localización de los sangrados fue anterior (> área II de Cottle). El principal tratamiento fue el taponamiento nasal anterior con gasa (36,4 %), seguido por la cauterización con nitrato de plata (36,1 %). Conclusiones: en el HUM, los pacientes que consultan por epistaxis son adultos de edad media y avanzada, cuyo sangrado nasal tiene una localización anterior, que solamente requirieron tratamiento médico. Se requieren otros estudios para determinar la modalidad de tratamiento más efectiva según la gravedad de la epistaxis.


Background: epistaxis is one of the main reasons for emergency consultations in the Otolaryngology department. Most episodes originate in the anterior nasal septum and their management tends to be conservative. Aim: characterize the population that consults by epistaxis to the Otolaryngology department of the Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi (HUM) between March 2017 and February 2018. Methods: observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, with retrospective data collection of patients admitted to the emergency department of the HUM by epistaxis, registered in the database of the Otolaryngology Department. Demographic data, location of bleeding, treatment, comorbidities, drugs, and blood pressure were analyzed. Results: a total of 587 patients; 57 % women with an average of 66 years +/- 16.15 years. The most frequent comorbidity was arterial hypertension (60 %) and 26 % of the patients presented blood pressure levels >140/90 mm Hg. In pharmacological history, 64.9 % belonged to the group of antihypertensives and 37.6 % to antiplatelet agents. The location of the bleeds was anterior (> Cottle area II). The main treatment was the anterior nasal gauze packing (36.4 %), followed by silver nitrate cauterization (36.1 %). Conclusions: in the HUM, patients who consult for epistaxis are middle-aged and elderly adults, with anterior localization of nasal bleeding, which only required medical management. Other studies are required to determine the most effective treatment modality according to the severity of epistaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epistaxis , Therapeutics , Demography , Hypertension
7.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(4): 414-420, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058716

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introduction La epistaxis es un motivo frecuente de consulta en otorrinolaringología pediátrica. Diversos factores se han asociado, existiendo tanto causas locales como sistémicas. Ciertos estudios en adultos, han sugerido la asociación de colonización nasal por Staphylococcus aureus con la recurrencia de la epistaxis. Este hallazgo en población pediátrica tendría un potencial rol dentro del tratamiento y sería un posible blanco para profilaxis. Objetivo Comparar la prevalencia de colonización nasal por S. aureus en pacientes pediátricos con epistaxis recurrente, en el Servicio de Otorrinolaringología del Hospital Barros Luco Trudeau, respecto a pacientes sin este antecedente. Material y método Estudio caso-control, definiendo caso como pacientes entre 2 y 15 años que consultaron por cuadros de epistaxis anterior recurrente. Se tomaron cultivos nasales a ambos grupos. Resultados Se incluyeron 46 pacientes con epistaxis y 45 controles. La prevalencia de S. aureus fue de 39% en los casos y 37% en los controles, sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Al examen físico de la mucosa nasal, ninguna de las características estudiadas mostró una relación significativa con la presencia de S. aureus. Conclusión La colonización nasal de S. aureus de niños con y sin epistaxis recurrente no varía considerablemente. En este estudio, la presencia de S. aureus no se asoció estadísticamente a epistaxis recurrente.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Epistaxis is a frequent reason for consultation in pediatric otolaryngology. Several factors have been associated, both local and systemic. Some studies in adult population, have suggested the association of nasal colonization by Staphylococcus aureus with the recurrence of epistaxis. Finding this association in pediatric population could have a potential role in treatment and also as a possible target for prophylaxis. Aim: To compare the prevalence of nasal colonization by S. aureus between pediatric patients with recurrent epistaxis and controls with no previous recurrent epistaxis, in the Service of Otorhinolaryngology in Barros Luco Trudeau Hospital. Material and method: Case-control study, defining case as patients between 2 and 15 years who consulted for recurrent anterior epistaxis. Nasal cultures were taken from both groups. Results: 46 patients with epistaxis and 45 controls were included. The prevalence of S. aureus was 39% in the case group and 37% in the controls, without statistically significant differences. At the physical examination of the nasal mucosa, none of the characteristics studied showed a significant relationship with the presence of S. aureus. Conclusion: Nasal colonization of S. aureus in children with and without recurrent epistaxis does not vary considerably. In this study, the presence of S. aureus was not statistically associated with recurrent epistaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Staphylococcal Infections/complications , Staphylococcus aureus , Epistaxis/etiology , Nose/microbiology , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Case-Control Studies , Nasal Mucosa
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 698-704, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055503

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Sinonasal organising haematoma is a recently described, rare, benign inflammatory condition, which closely resembles malignancy in its clinical presentation. Objective: To describe the clinical features of organising haematoma and to review the evolution of surgical options successfully used. Methods: A retrospective review of charts of all patients with a histopathological diagnosis of sinonasal organising haematoma was performed. Results: Six (60%) of the 10 patients were male with a mean age of 47.4 years. All patients had unilateral disease with recurrent epistaxis as the presenting symptom. Maxillary sinus was the most commonly involved sinus. There was no history of trauma in any of the patients. Hypertension (80%) was the most commonly associated comorbidity. Contrast-enhanced CT scan of the paranasal sinuses showed heterogeneous sinus opacification with/without bone erosion. Histopathological examination was diagnostic. Complete endoscopic excision was done in all patients resulting in resolution of the disease. Conclusion: Awareness of this relatively new clinical entity and its evaluation and treatment is important for otolaryngologists, maxillofacial surgeons and pathologists alike. Despite the clinical picture of malignancy, histopathological features of benign disease can safely dispel such a diagnosis.


Resumo Introdução: Hematoma nasossinusal em organização é uma condição inflamatória benigna rara, recentemente descrita, que se assemelha a lesões malignas em sua apresentação clínica. Objetivo: Descrever as características clínicas do hematoma em organização e analisar a evolução das opções cirúrgicas usadas com sucesso. Método: Foi feita a revisão retrospectiva dos prontuários de todos os pacientes com diagnóstico histopatológico de hematoma nasossinusal em organização. Resultados: Seis (60%) dos 10 pacientes eram do sexo masculino, com média de 47,4 anos. Todos os pacientes apresentavam doença unilateral com epistaxe recorrente como sintoma de apresentação. O seio maxilar era o mais comumente afetado. Não havia histórico de trauma em qualquer dos pacientes. Hipertensão (80%) foi a comorbidade mais comumente associada. A tomografia computadorizada dos seios paranasais com contraste mostrou opacificação heterogênea do seio com/sem erosão óssea. O exame histopatológico foi diagnóstico. A excisão endoscópica completa foi feita em todos os pacientes, resultou na resolução da doença. Conclusão: A conscientização a respeito dessa entidade clínica relativamente nova e sua avaliação e tratamento são importantes para os otorrinolaringologistas, cirurgiões buco-maxilo-faciais e patologistas. Apesar do quadro clínico de malignidade, as características histopatológicas da doença benigna podem descartar com segurança esse diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Hematoma/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Nasal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Epistaxis/diagnostic imaging , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Hematoma/surgery , Hematoma/diagnostic imaging , Maxillary Sinus/surgery
9.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 685-689, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055501

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: After post-septoplasty nasal packing removal, a certain proportion of nasal secretion occurs, leading to local and sometimes systemic infections. Objective: The aim was to determine if standardized dry ivy leaf extract application after nasal packing removal influences the reduction of nasal secretion and diminish the occurrence of local infections. Methods: The study included 70 post-septoplasty patients (divided into two equal groups) whose nasal packing was removed on the third day after the procedure. Group I was treated with standardized dry ivy leaf extract syrup along with regular nasal irrigation for the five days after the nasal packing removal whereas the Group II had only nasal lavage. On the sixth day after nasal packing removal, the quantity of nasal secretion was determined using a visual analog scale and nasal endoscopic examination. Results: The group treated with standardized dry ivy leaf extract syrup had significantly lesser nasal secretion both by subjective patients' assessment (p < 0.001) and by nasal endoscopic examination (p = 0.003). The post-surgical follow up examination on the sixth day after nasal packing removal showed no development of local infection in the Group I, while in the Group II a local infection was evident in five patients (14.29%) and antibiotic therapy was required. Conclusion: The use of the standardized dry ivy leaf extract after nasal packing removal significantly lowers the proportion of nasal secretion.


Resumo Introdução: Após a remoção do tampão nasal pós-septoplastia, ocorre produção de secreção nasal, predispondo infecções locais e, por vezes, sistêmicas. Objetivo: O objetivo foi determinar se a aplicação do extrato padronizado de folhas de hera seca após a remoção do tampão nasal influencia a redução da secreção nasal e diminui a ocorrência de infecções locais. Método: O estudo incluiu 70 pacientes pós-septoplastia (divididos em dois grupos iguais) cujo tampão nasal foi retirado no terceiro dia após o procedimento. O grupo I foi tratado com xarope padronizado de extrato de folha seca de hera juntamente com irrigação nasal regular por cinco dias após a remoção do tamponamento nasal, enquanto ao grupo II foi recomendado apenas lavagem nasal. No sexto dia após a remoção do tampão nasal, a quantidade de secreção nasal foi determinada pela escala EVA (escala visual analógica) e pelo exame endoscópico nasal. Resultados: O grupo tratado com xarope de extrato seco de folhas de hera apresentou secreção nasal significativamente menor tanto pela avaliação subjetiva dos pacientes (p < 0,001) quanto pelo exame endoscópico nasal (p = 0,003). O exame de acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico no sexto dia após a remoção do tampão nasal não mostrou desenvolvimento de infecção local nos pacientes do grupo I, enquanto que no grupo II, cinco apresentaram sinais de infecção local (14,29%) com necessidade de antibioticoterapia. Conclusão: O uso do extrato padronizado de folhas secas de hera após a remoção do tampão nasal reduz significativamente a produção de secreção nasal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Care/methods , Rhinoplasty/methods , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Hedera/chemistry , Nasal Septum/surgery , Epistaxis/prevention & control , Nose/microbiology , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Postoperative Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Phytotherapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 993-1002, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094103

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El sindrome de Gardner- Diamond conocido también como púrpura psicógena o síndrome de autosensibilización eritrocitaria es muy poco frecuente. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 50 años, blanco, ingresado en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Docente "Faustino Pérez Hernández" por síndrome febril agudo, cefalea holocraneana, epistaxis y hemolacria. En el examen físico realizado se notó la salida de lágrimas con sangre, por el ángulo interno de ambos ojos y epistaxis. La inyección intradérmica en la cara dorsal del muslo izquierdo de 0,1 mL de sangre autóloga, no indujo reacción equimótica. La inyección de 0,1 mL de solución salina al 0,9 % como control en el muslo contralateral resultó negativa. Sobre la base del examen clínico y otras pruebas, se concluyó como un Síndrome de Gardner-Diamond. Esta infrecuente enfermedad debe ser considerada en el diagnóstico diferencial de un síndrome purpúrico de etiología no bien precisada, fundamentalmente en pacientes con problemas psiquiátricos.


ABSTRACT The Gardner-Diamond syndrome, also known as psychogenetic purpura or erythrocyte autosensitization syndrome is very few frequent. The case of a white patient aged 50 years is presented. He entered the Service of Internal Medicine of the Teaching Clinic-surgical Hospital "Faustino Pérez Hernández" because of an acute fever syndrome, holocraneal headache, epistaxis and haemolacria. At the physical examination it was stated the flow of tears with blood, through the internal angle of both eyes and epistaxis. The intradermal injection of 0.1 ml of autologous blood in the left thigh dorsal side did not induce an ecchymotic reaction. The injection of 0.1 ml of 0.9 % saline solution as control in the contralateral side was negative. On the basis of the clinical examination and other tests, the authors arrived to the conclusion it is a Gardner-Diamond syndrome. This infrequent disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a purpuric syndrome of non-good précised etiology, mainly in patients with psychiatric problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gardner Syndrome/etiology , Gardner Syndrome/history , Gardner Syndrome/pathology , Gardner Syndrome/epidemiology , Gardner Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Epistaxis/diagnosis , Fever/diagnosis , Headache/diagnosis
11.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 34(2): 152-158, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013931

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la telangiectasia hemorrágica hereditaria (THH) es una enfermedad vascular hereditaria caracterizada por epistaxis, sangrado digestivo y anemia crónica; en muchos casos hay malformaciones arteriovenosas de órganos sólidos. El diagnóstico se realiza con base en datos clínicos, hallazgos endoscópicos e imagenológicos. La detección temprana con enfoque multidisciplinario y tratamiento de las complicaciones impacta en morbimortalidad de la enfermedad. Objetivos: describir las características demográficas, clínicas y desenlaces de pacientes con diagnóstico de THH en un hospital universitario. Métodos: estudio tipo serie de casos en pacientes evaluados entre 2012 hasta el 2017. Resultados: se obtuvieron registros de 18 casos, 11 (61,1 %) hombres, con edad mediana de 56 años (rango intercuartílico [IQR]: 52-64). Los casos son provenientes de Colombia y algunos países caribeños. En todos los pacientes el diagnóstico se estableció mediante los criterios de Curazao. El número de ingresos hospitalarios tuvo una mediana de 6 días (IQR: 2,5-20,5). Los ingresos fueron en relación a sangrado en todos los casos, 61 % de los pacientes requirió transfusión de hemoderivados. En el 61 % de los pacientes se identificó compromiso en el órgano sólido mediante imágenes. Conclusiones: la THH es una enfermedad de expresión clínica variable. En nuestro estudio las manifestaciones gastrointestinales fueron las causas de ingreso más frecuentes. Se requirió con frecuencia transfusión de hemoderivados. Los pacientes requirieron múltiples estudios para identificar la extensión de la enfermedad y el compromiso de órgano sólido. El tratamiento se basó en el manejo endoscópico y médico, especialmente a base de bevacizumab y octreotida.


Abstract Introduction: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT or Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome) is a hereditary vascular disease characterized by recurrent epistaxis, gastrointestinal bleeding and chronic anemia. Many cases have arteriovenous malformations of solid organs. Diagnosis is based on clinical data, endoscopy and imaging. Early detection and treatment of complications with a multidisciplinary approach impacts the disease's morbidity and mortality. Objectives: The objective of this study was to describe the demographic, clinical and outcome characteristics of patients diagnosed with HHT at a university hospital. Methods: This is a case series of patients evaluated between 2012 and 2017. Results: Records of 18 cases were obtained. The patients were from Colombia and other Caribbean countries. All diagnoses were established using the Curaçao criteria. Eleven patients 11 (61.1%) were men, and the median patient age was 56 years (IQR 52-64). The median number of hospital admissions was 6 (33.3%) (IQR 2.5-20.5), and all admissions were related to bleeding. Sixty-one percent of patients required transfusion of blood products, and the compromises of solid organs were found in the same number of patients by imaging studies. Conclusions: The clinical expression of THH varies, but in our study gastrointestinal manifestations were the most frequent causes of hospital admission. They frequently required transfusion of blood products and patients required multiple studies to identify the extent of the disease, and solid organ compromise. Treatment was based on endoscopic and medical management, especially administration of bevacizumab and octreotide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic , Therapeutics , Diagnosis , Epistaxis , Hemorrhage
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786153

ABSTRACT

A Le Fort I osteotomy is a common procedure for correcting dental and facial deformities in orthognathic surgery. In rare cases, a delayed hemorrhage can occur as early as several hours or up to 12 weeks, postoperatively. The most frequently involved blood vessels in a delayed hemorrhage are the descending palatine artery, the internal maxillary artery, and the pterygoid venous plexus of veins. Intraoral bleeding accompanied by severe epistaxis in these cases makes it difficult to locate the precise bleeding focus. Eventual uncontrolled bleeding would require Merocel packing or surgical intervention. In general, a severe late postoperative hemorrhage is most effectively managed by angiography and embolization. Herein we describe a delayed hemorrhage case in which the cause was not evident on angiography. We were able to detect the bleeding point through an endoscopic nasal approach and treat it using direct cauterization.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Arteries , Blood Vessels , Cautery , Congenital Abnormalities , Epistaxis , Hemorrhage , Maxillary Artery , Orthognathic Surgery , Osteotomy , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Veins
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787531

ABSTRACT

Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma is a rare epithelial neuroendocrine malignancy and is preferentially located in gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. Cases of large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma have been reported in many other locations, including the thymus, gallbladder, prostate, larynx, salivary glands, nasopharynx, tonsil and mastoid. However, primary sinonasal large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma never have been reported in Korea. We experienced a case of primary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma arising from left maxillary sinus recently. A 82-year-old male patient presented with nasal obstruction and epistaxis. The biopsy revealed large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma with poor differentiation. After a general evaluation, the patient was staged as cT3N0M0. The patient was treated by combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy. We report this rare case with literature review.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Drug Therapy , Epistaxis , Gallbladder , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Korea , Larynx , Male , Mastoid , Maxillary Sinus , Nasal Obstruction , Nasopharynx , Palatine Tonsil , Pancreas , Prostate , Radiotherapy , Salivary Glands , Thymus Gland
15.
Neurointervention ; : 91-98, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760598

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), a rare genetic vascular disorder, has been rarely reported in South Korea. We investigated the current prevalence and presenting patterns of genetically confirmed HHT in South Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We defined HHT patients as those with proven mutations on known HHT-related genes (ENG, ACVRL1, SMAD4, and GDF2) or those fulfilling 3 or 4 of the Curaçao criteria. A computerized systematic search was performed in PubMed and KoreaMed using the following search term: (“hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia” AND “Korea”) OR (“Osler-Weber-Rendu” AND “Korea”). We also collected government health insurance data. HHT genetic testing results were collected from three tertiary hospitals in which the genetic tests were performed. We integrated patient data by analyzing each case to obtain the prevalence and presenting pattern of HHT in South Korea. RESULTS: We extracted 90 cases from 52 relevant articles from PubMed and KoreaMed. An additional 22 cases were identified from the three Korean tertiary hospitals after excluding seven cases that overlapped with those in the published articles. Finally, 112 HHT patients were identified (41 males and 71 females, aged 4–82 years [mean±standard deviation, 45.3±20.6 years]). The prevalence of HHT in South Korea is about 1 in 500,000, with an almost equal prevalence among men and women. Forty-nine patients underwent genetic testing, of whom 28 had HHT1 (ENG mutation) and 19 had HHT2 (ACVRL1 mutation); the other two patients were negative for ENG, ACVRL1, and SMAD4 mutations. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of HHT is underestimated in Korea. The rate of phenotypic presentation seems to be similar to that found worldwide. Korean health insurance coverage is limited to representative genetic analysis to detect ENG and ACVRL1 mutations. Further genetic analyses to detect HHT3, HHT4, and other forms of HHT should be implemented.


Subject(s)
Arteriovenous Fistula , Arteriovenous Malformations , Diagnosis , Epistaxis , Female , Genetic Testing , Hemorrhage , Humans , Insurance, Health , Korea , Male , Prevalence , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic , Tertiary Care Centers
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760096

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is common in the elderly. There are increasing evidence that endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) can be used to manage geriatric patients safely, although there are still concerns about complications after ESS. Therefore, the clinical effect and the safety of ESS in old patients was evaluated in the present study. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Retrospective observational studies were performed based on medical records of patients over the age of 70 and who underwent ESS for CRS from January 2009 to December 2017. The clinical effect of ESS was assessed by comparing the sino-nasal outcome test (SNOT-22) scores before and 3 months after surgery. The safety of the operation was evaluated by the occurrence of postoperative major surgical (skull base, orbital and hemorrhage) and medical (ventricular fibrillation, ischemic attack, primary cardiac arrest, cerebrovascular accident, pneumonia, other organ failure and death) complications. RESULTS: Seventy three subjects were enrolled in this study. Bilateral disease was observed in 37 cases (50.7%), and CRS with nasal polyp was found in 31 cases (42.5%). Eight patients (11.0%) had revision cases. The majority (93.2%) had at least one comorbid condition and got prescribed related medicine (87.7%). There was a significant decrease in SNOT-22 score after surgery. Furthermore, there were no major surgical or medical complications except two cases with epistaxis. CONCLUSION: CRS in geriatric patients can also be treated effectively and safely by ESS as it is done for younger adults. However, as the incidence of comorbidities is high in elderly subjects, it is important to evaluate the risk factors preoperatively.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Comorbidity , Epistaxis , Heart Arrest , Humans , Incidence , Medical Records , Methods , Nasal Polyps , Nasal Surgical Procedures , Orbit , Pneumonia , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762780

ABSTRACT

Posttraumatic pseudoaneurysms of the sphenopalatine artery are rare. Only a few cases have been reported. We report two cases of hemorrhage due to pseudoaneurysm of the sphenopalatine artery. The hemorrhage was uncontrollable. It required embolization. Two patients visited our hospital for treatment of zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture. At the emergency room, patients presented with massive nasal bleeding which ceased shortly. After reduction of the fracture, patients presented persistent nasopharyngeal bleeding. Under suspicion of intracranial vessel injury, we performed angiography. Angiograms revealed pseudoaneurysms of the sphenopalatine artery. Endovascular embolization was performed, leading to successful hemostasis in both patients. Due to close proximity to pterygoid plates, zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture involving pterygoid plates may cause injury of the sphenopalatine artery. The only presentation of sphenopalatine artery injury is nasopharyngeal bleeding which is common. Based on our clinical experience, although pseudoaneurysm of maxillary artery branch after maxillofacial trauma has a low incidence, suspicion of injury involving deeply located arteries and early imaging via angiogram are recommended to manage recurrent bleeding after facial trauma or surgery.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Arteries , Embolization, Therapeutic , Emergency Service, Hospital , Epistaxis , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Humans , Incidence , Maxillary Artery
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766310

ABSTRACT

The characteristics of extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibromas tend to be different from angiofibromas of the nasopharynx according to patient gender, patient age, prevalence, affected site, pathogenesis, and clinical and epidemiological features. We report a case of an extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibroma in a 28-year-old man referred to the ENT Clinic for right-sided epistaxis, airflow impairment and nasal swelling. The right nostril was completely occluded works by a reddish-yellow mass that bled easily. The computed tomography scan revealed an “inhomogeneous solid lesion in the nasal fossa”. With the patient under general anesthesia, the formation in the anterior portion of the right side of the nasal septum was removed up to its vascular base. Although electrical cauterization efficiently controlled the bleeding, we abraded the sub-perichondral area to prevent further bleeding as well as recurrence. The histological exam report confirmed the diagnosis of angiofibroma. As in our case, epistaxis is commonly the presenting sign of angiofibroma. Yet its onset was peculiar, given that the bleeding started with a low impact trauma. The nasal swelling was also a relevant feature as well as the breathing impairment. Although uncommon, nasal septal angiofibromas should considered in patients with epistaxis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anesthesia, General , Angiofibroma , Cautery , Diagnosis , Epistaxis , Hemorrhage , Humans , Nasal Septum , Nasopharynx , Prevalence , Recurrence , Respiration
19.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 39(2): 74-77, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102133

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso de una paciente con pérdida de peso, congestión nasal epistaxis, aumento de volumen en cuello con disfagia a sólidos y líquidos de 1 mes de evolución. La tomografía de cuello muestra una masa de tejidos blandos en la base de cuello con erosión del esfenoides con extensión a la fosa craneal media, con erosión del clivus, el esfenoides y la si­lla turca. El diagnostico histopatológico es un estesioneuroblastoma.


We present a case of a patient with weight loss, nasal congestion, epistaxis, increase neck volu­ me with dysphagia to solids and liquids of 1 month of evolution. The neck tomography shows a soft tissue mass at the base of the neck with erosion of the sphe­ noid with extension to the middle cranial fossa, with erosion of the clivus, the sphenoid and the sella turcica. The histopathological diagnosis is an esthesioneuroblastoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Epistaxis/pathology , Nasal Cavity/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnostic imaging , Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis , Skull Base Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ethmoid Bone/pathology , Meningioma/diagnostic imaging
20.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(4): 343-347, dic. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975755

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Nasal hemorrhage or epistaxis is a common finding in the emergency department. The causes of epistaxis are varied and can be classified as local, systemic or a combination of both. The aim of this study was to report a case of embolization of branches of the maxillary artery for treatment of epistaxis secondary to facial trauma. A 43-year-old man suffered blunt trauma in the frontonasal area as a result of a bicycle accident. It presented with amnesia, severe epistaxis, panfacial edema and nasal deformity. The patient was hypotensive and hypothermic, with evidence of hemorrhagic intracranial. Orotracheal intubation was performed immediately to protect the airways and prevent aspiration of blood to the lower respiratory tract. The occlusion of the artery was successful and was immediately followed by cessation of oronasal bleeding. The patient was discharged after ten days. Arterial embolization should be the gold-standard treatment, which provides a safe and effective alternative for the control of epistaxis.


RESUMEN: La hemorragia nasal o epistaxis es un hallazgo común en el servicio de urgencias. Las causas de la epistaxis son variadas y pueden clasificarse como locales, sistémicas o una combinación. El objetivo de este estudio fuerelatar un caso de embolización de ramas de la arteria maxilar para el tratamiento de epistaxis secundaria a trauma facial. Um hombre de 43 años de edad sufrió traumatismo contuso en la zona frontonasal como consecuencia de un accidente de bicicleta. Se presentaba con amnesia, epistaxis grave, edema panfacial y deformidad nasal. El paciente fue hipotenso y hipotermático, con evidencia de hemorragia intracraneal. La intubación orotraqueal fue realizada inmediatamente para proteger las vías aéreas y evitar la aspiración de sangre para el tracto respiratorio inferior. La oclusión de la arteria fue exitosa y fue seguida inmediatamente por cesación de sangramiento oronasal. El paciente fue dado de alta después de diez días. La embolización arterial debe ser el tratamiento de elección, que proporciona una alternativa segura y eficaz para el control de la epistaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Epistaxis/etiology , Epistaxis/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Brazil , Angiography , Fluoroscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Hemorrhage , Nasal Cavity
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL