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2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): S48-S53, feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147363

ABSTRACT

Se define la epistaxis como el sangrado proveniente del vestíbulo, la cavidad nasal o la nasofaringe. Representa el 3 % de las consultas de guardia. El 30 % de los niños menores de 5 años presentan, al menos, un episodio de epistaxis. La edad media de presentación es entre los 7,5 y los 8,5 años. Predomina en el sexo masculino (el 56-67 %). La rinorrea es el síntoma más frecuentemente asociado (el 46 %). El origen puede ser anterior o posterior, y las anteriores son las más frecuentes. Es necesario un enfoque integral para determinar la etiología (primaria o secundaria). Los principales objetivos del tratamiento son el control de la hemorragia, de la causa subyacente y la prevención de la recurrencia.La mayoría de las hemorragias son autolimitadas; sin embargo, el taponamiento nasal y la cauterización son requeridos ante casos recurrentes o graves. Cuando estas técnicas fracasan, puede utilizarse un manejo endoscópico, angiografía-embolización y ligadura quirúrgica abierta


Epistaxis is defined as bleeding from the vestibule, nasal cavity or nasopharynx. It represents 3 % of Emergency Room consultations. Thirty per cent of children under 5 years of age have an episode of epistaxis. The average age of presentation is between 7.5 and 8.5 years. It predominates in males (56-67 %). Nasal obstruction (nasal discharge) is the most associated symptom (46 %). The origin can be anterior or posterior, with the previous ones being the most frequent. An integral approach is necessary to determine the etiology (primary or secondary). The main purposes of the treatment are bleeding control and the underlying cause and the prevention of recurrence. Most hemorrhages are self-limiting; however, nasal tamponade and cauterization are required in cases of recurrence and/or severity. When these techniques fail, endoscopic management, angiography-embolization, and open surgical ligation may be used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Epistaxis/diagnosis , Epistaxis/etiology , Cautery , Epistaxis/classification , Epistaxis/therapy , Hemorrhage , Nasal Cavity
4.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 99-104, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089377

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Isotretinoin (13 cis-retinoic acid) is the most effective treatment for acne vulgaris and is the only treatment option that can provide either remission or a permanent cure. Objective The aim of this study was to use both subjective and objective methods to assess the nasal complaints of patients with severe acne who received oral isotretinoin therapy. Methods Fifty-four subjects were enrolled in the study. All the subjects were assessed with subjective (NOSE and VAS questionnaires) and objective (rhinomanometry and saccharine) tests to determine the severity of their nasal complaints. Results The mean severity scores (min: 0; max: 100) for nasal dryness/crusting and epistaxis were 0.47 ± 1.48 (0-5); 0.35 ± 1.30 (0-5) at admission, 3.57 ± 4.45 (0-10); 2.26 ± 4.71 (0-20) at the first month, and 4.28 ± 6 (0-20); 2.26 ± 4.71 (0-20) at the third month of the treatment respectively. Total nasal resistance of 0.195 ± 0.079 (0.12-0.56) Pa/cm3/s at admission, 0.21 ± 0.084 (0.12-0.54) Pa/cm3/s at the first month, and 0.216 ± 0.081 (0.14-0.54) Pa/cm3/s at the third month. Conclusion Oral isotretinoin therapy can cause the complaint of nasal obstruction. In addition, nasal complaints, such as dryness/crusting and epistaxis, significantly increase in patients during the therapy schedule.


Resumo Introdução A isotretinoína (ácido-13 cis-retinóico) é o tratamento por via oral mais eficaz para acne vulgar e é a única opção de tratamento que pode produzir remissão ou cura permanente. Objetivo Usar métodos subjetivos e objetivos para avaliar as queixas nasais de pacientes com acne grave que receberam terapia com isotretinoína oral. Método Foram incluídos no estudo 54 indivíduos. Todos os indivíduos foram avaliados por meio de testes subjetivos (questionários NOSE e escala EVA) e objetivos (rinomanometria e teste de sacarina) para determinar a gravidade de suas queixas nasais. Resultados Os escores médios de gravidade (min: 0; max: 100) para ressecamento/crostas e epistaxe nasal foram de 0,47 ± 1,48 (0-5); 0,35 ± 1,30 (0-5) no início, 3,57 ± 4,45 (0-10); 2,26 ± 4,71 (0-20) no primeiro mês e 4,28 ± 6 (0-20); 2,26 ± 4,71 (0-20) no terceiro mês do tratamento, respectivamente. A resistência nasal total foi de 0,195 ± 0,079 (0,12 a 0,56) Pa/cm3/s no início, 0,21 ± 0,084 (0,12 a 0,54) Pa/cm3/s no primeiro mês e 0,216 ± 0,081 (0,14 a 0,54) Pa/cm3/s no terceiro mês. Conclusão A terapia com isotretinoína por via oral pode resultar em queixa de obstrução nasal. Além disso, queixas nasais, tais como ressecamento/formação de crostas e epistaxe, aumentam significativamente nos pacientes durante o esquema terapêutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Isotretinoin/pharmacology , Dermatologic Agents/pharmacology , Nasal Cavity/drug effects , Saccharin , Sweetening Agents , Severity of Illness Index , Isotretinoin/adverse effects , Isotretinoin/therapeutic use , Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Epistaxis/etiology , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy , Rhinomanometry , Dermatologic Agents/adverse effects , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Symptom Assessment
5.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(4): 414-420, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058716

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introduction La epistaxis es un motivo frecuente de consulta en otorrinolaringología pediátrica. Diversos factores se han asociado, existiendo tanto causas locales como sistémicas. Ciertos estudios en adultos, han sugerido la asociación de colonización nasal por Staphylococcus aureus con la recurrencia de la epistaxis. Este hallazgo en población pediátrica tendría un potencial rol dentro del tratamiento y sería un posible blanco para profilaxis. Objetivo Comparar la prevalencia de colonización nasal por S. aureus en pacientes pediátricos con epistaxis recurrente, en el Servicio de Otorrinolaringología del Hospital Barros Luco Trudeau, respecto a pacientes sin este antecedente. Material y método Estudio caso-control, definiendo caso como pacientes entre 2 y 15 años que consultaron por cuadros de epistaxis anterior recurrente. Se tomaron cultivos nasales a ambos grupos. Resultados Se incluyeron 46 pacientes con epistaxis y 45 controles. La prevalencia de S. aureus fue de 39% en los casos y 37% en los controles, sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Al examen físico de la mucosa nasal, ninguna de las características estudiadas mostró una relación significativa con la presencia de S. aureus. Conclusión La colonización nasal de S. aureus de niños con y sin epistaxis recurrente no varía considerablemente. En este estudio, la presencia de S. aureus no se asoció estadísticamente a epistaxis recurrente.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Epistaxis is a frequent reason for consultation in pediatric otolaryngology. Several factors have been associated, both local and systemic. Some studies in adult population, have suggested the association of nasal colonization by Staphylococcus aureus with the recurrence of epistaxis. Finding this association in pediatric population could have a potential role in treatment and also as a possible target for prophylaxis. Aim: To compare the prevalence of nasal colonization by S. aureus between pediatric patients with recurrent epistaxis and controls with no previous recurrent epistaxis, in the Service of Otorhinolaryngology in Barros Luco Trudeau Hospital. Material and method: Case-control study, defining case as patients between 2 and 15 years who consulted for recurrent anterior epistaxis. Nasal cultures were taken from both groups. Results: 46 patients with epistaxis and 45 controls were included. The prevalence of S. aureus was 39% in the case group and 37% in the controls, without statistically significant differences. At the physical examination of the nasal mucosa, none of the characteristics studied showed a significant relationship with the presence of S. aureus. Conclusion: Nasal colonization of S. aureus in children with and without recurrent epistaxis does not vary considerably. In this study, the presence of S. aureus was not statistically associated with recurrent epistaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Staphylococcal Infections/complications , Staphylococcus aureus , Epistaxis/etiology , Nose/microbiology , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Case-Control Studies , Nasal Mucosa
6.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(4): 343-347, dic. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975755

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Nasal hemorrhage or epistaxis is a common finding in the emergency department. The causes of epistaxis are varied and can be classified as local, systemic or a combination of both. The aim of this study was to report a case of embolization of branches of the maxillary artery for treatment of epistaxis secondary to facial trauma. A 43-year-old man suffered blunt trauma in the frontonasal area as a result of a bicycle accident. It presented with amnesia, severe epistaxis, panfacial edema and nasal deformity. The patient was hypotensive and hypothermic, with evidence of hemorrhagic intracranial. Orotracheal intubation was performed immediately to protect the airways and prevent aspiration of blood to the lower respiratory tract. The occlusion of the artery was successful and was immediately followed by cessation of oronasal bleeding. The patient was discharged after ten days. Arterial embolization should be the gold-standard treatment, which provides a safe and effective alternative for the control of epistaxis.


RESUMEN: La hemorragia nasal o epistaxis es un hallazgo común en el servicio de urgencias. Las causas de la epistaxis son variadas y pueden clasificarse como locales, sistémicas o una combinación. El objetivo de este estudio fuerelatar un caso de embolización de ramas de la arteria maxilar para el tratamiento de epistaxis secundaria a trauma facial. Um hombre de 43 años de edad sufrió traumatismo contuso en la zona frontonasal como consecuencia de un accidente de bicicleta. Se presentaba con amnesia, epistaxis grave, edema panfacial y deformidad nasal. El paciente fue hipotenso y hipotermático, con evidencia de hemorragia intracraneal. La intubación orotraqueal fue realizada inmediatamente para proteger las vías aéreas y evitar la aspiración de sangre para el tracto respiratorio inferior. La oclusión de la arteria fue exitosa y fue seguida inmediatamente por cesación de sangramiento oronasal. El paciente fue dado de alta después de diez días. La embolización arterial debe ser el tratamiento de elección, que proporciona una alternativa segura y eficaz para el control de la epistaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Epistaxis/etiology , Epistaxis/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Brazil , Angiography , Fluoroscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Hemorrhage , Nasal Cavity
7.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(1): 65-70, mar. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902816

ABSTRACT

La epistaxis, es un síntoma frecuente en la consulta de otorrinolaringología. Dentro de las causas posibles encontramos la telangiectasia hemorrágica hereditaria (síndrome de Rendu Osler Weber), que corresponde a un desorden autosómico dominante caracterizado por sangrados nasales y gastrointestinales asociados a malformaciones arteriovenosas sistémicas. Su manifestación más frecuente es la epistaxis, presentándose más frecuentemente en personas mayores de 40 años, sin predilección por género. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino de 46 años quien consulta por epistaxis a repetición y severa. Durante la hospitalización se efectúa el tratamiento convencional de la epistaxis, diagnóstico retroactivo del síndrome de Rendu Osler Weber y manejo multidisciplinario de la patología. Se realiza revisión de la literatura y discusión del manejo del paciente que cursa con esta enfermedad.


Epistaxis is a common symptom in the otorhinolaryngology consultation. Among the possible causes are hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (Rendu Osler Weber syndrome), which corresponds to an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by nasal and gastrointestinal bleeding associated with systemic arteriovenous malformations. Its most frequent manifestation is epistaxis, presenting more frequently in people over 40 years of age, without gender preference. We present the case of a male patient of 46 years old who consults for recurrence and severe epistaxis. During hospitalization, conventional treatment of epistaxis, retroactive diagnosis of Rendu Osler Weber syndrome and multidisciplinary management of pathology are performed. We review the literature and discuss the management of patients with this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic/complications , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic/diagnosis , Epistaxis/etiology , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic/surgery , Epistaxis/surgery
8.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 77(3): 252-258, set. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902773

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El fibroangioma nasofaríngeo juvenil es un tumor vascular benigno localmente agresivo, que afecta casi exclusivamente la nasofaringe de adolescentes de sexo masculino. Su manejo es complejo dada su extensión, naturaleza vascular y sus frecuentes recurrencias. Objetivo: Mostrar la experiencia de 15 años en fibroangioma juvenil en nuestro centro. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de los pacientes con diagnóstico de ingreso de fibroangioma nasofaríngeo juvenil al Servicio de Otorrinolaringología del Hospital Barros Luco Trudeau entre los años 1997 y 2011, caracterizando al grupo de estudio en cuanto a características clínico-demográficas, vasos aferentes, relación entre etapa tumoral y vascularización, manejo terapéutico, complicaciones y recurrencias. Resultados: Se obtuvo un total de 20 pacientes, todos de sexo masculino, con un promedio de edad de 13,9 años. El síntoma de presentación más frecuente fue la epistaxis a repetición y obstrucción nasal presente en el 90% y 80%, respectivamente. Todos los pacientes se estudiaron con tomografia computarizada y recibieron embolización arterial preoperatoria. La mayoría de los tumores fueron de tipo II (65%) y III (20%), según clasificación de Radkowski. La técnica quirúrgica más empleada fue abierta (57,8%). Radioterapia en un caso. El vaso aferente principal fue la maxilar interno ipsilateral en el 100%. Todos los fibroangiomas etapa III eran además irrigados por la arteria carótida interna. Se encontró 20% de persistencia y 15% de recidiva. Conclusión: Nuestros resultados concuerdan con la gran mayoría de las series publicadas en la literatura. Epistaxis recurrente, obstrucción nasal y tumor nasal unilateral deben hacernos sospechar de esta patología en un adolescente masculino. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía con embolización preoperatoria. La vía de abordaje endoscópica presenta menor morbilidad posoperatoria en pacientes con estadios I y II de Radkowski. Todos los fibroangiomas con compromiso intracraneano, presentan irrigación también del sistema carotideo interno.


Introduction: Nasopharyngeal Fibroangioma is a locally aggressive benign vascular tumor. Its management is complex given its size, vascular nature and its frequent recurrences. Aim: To show the experience of 15 years in Juvenile Fibroangioma in our center. Material and method: Retrospective descriptive study of patients admitted with a diagnosis of Juvenile Fibroangioma Nasopharyngeal in the Department of Otolaryngology Hospital Barros Luco Trudeau between 1997 and 2011. Results: A total of 20 patients was obtained. The most common presenting symptom was recurrent epistaxis and nasal obstruction present in 90% and 80% respectively. The most common surgical technique was open (57.8%). Radiotherapy in one case. The main afferent vessel was the ipsilateral internal maxillary in 100%. All Fibroangioma stage III were also supplied by the internal carotid artery. 20% of persistence and 15% of recurrence was found. Conclusion: Recurrent epistaxis, nasal obstruction and unilateral nasal tumor should raise the suspicion of this disease in a male teenager. The treatment of choice is surgery with preoperative embolization. The route of endoscopic approach has less postoperative morbidity in patients with stage I and II of Radkowski. All Fibroangioma with intracranial commitment, have also the internal carotid irrigation system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/therapy , Angiofibroma/therapy , Angiography , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Epistaxis/etiology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Angiofibroma/surgery , Angiofibroma/pathology , Angiofibroma/diagnostic imaging , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endoscopy , Neoplasm Staging
9.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 77(2): 157-163, jun. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902756

ABSTRACT

El angiomiolipoma de cavidad nasal es un tumor hamartomatoso extremadamente infrecuente compuesto por adipocitos maduros, espacios vasculares con escaso tejido elástico y la presencia de haces de células musculares lisas maduras. Se manifiesta principalmente por obstrucción nasal unilateral y epistaxis recurrente. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 73 años con historia crónica de obstrucción nasal y epistaxis recurrente izquierda asociada a rinorrea y descarga posterior intermitente. La tomografía computarizada (TC) y resonancia nuclear magnética (RNM) demuestran una lesión vascular circunscrita en fosa nasal izquierda. La angiografía demostró irrigación exclusiva de la arteria esfenopalatina izquierda. Se realizó extirpación de la lesión por abordaje endonasal endoscópico previa embolización arterial. La revisión de la literatura mundial muestra que es el duodécimo caso de angiomiolipoma de cavidad nasal reportado.


Angiomyolipoma of nasal cavity is an extremely rare hamartoma tumor composed of mature adipocytes, vascular spaces with lack of elastic tissue, and the presence of bundles of mature smooth muscle cells. It manifests itself mainly by unilateral nasal obstruction and recurrent epistaxis. We present the case of a 73-years-old woman with chronic history of left-sided nasal obstruction and recurrent epistaxis associated with rhinorrhea and intermittent post nasal drip. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrate a vascular lesion inside the left nasal cavity. Angiography showed irrigation exclusively by the left sphenopalatine artery Surgical excision was performed by endoscopic endonasal approach after arterial embolization. World literature review showed that this is the twelfth reported case of angiomyolipoma of the nasal cavity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/diagnosis , Angiolipoma/surgery , Angiolipoma/diagnosis , Endoscopy/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cerebral Angiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Epistaxis/etiology , Nasal Cavity
10.
Autops. Case Rep ; 7(1): 31-35, Jan.-Mar. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-905127

ABSTRACT

Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma rarely appears primarily in the head and neck and exhibits aggressive behavior with a poor prognosis. The pathologist has a significant role in the diagnosis, and a consensual treatment still does not exist. The authors report the case of a middle-aged male patient who presented repeated episodes of massive epistaxis. The diagnostic work-up disclosed the diagnosis of small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the nasopharynx. The patient was treated with chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy. Imaging examinations performed after the end of treatment showed apparent complete remission of the disease. The patient was kept under active surveillance with no signs of local relapse or distant metastasis after 4 years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/therapy , Carcinoma, Small Cell/therapy , Nasopharynx/pathology , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/radiotherapy , Epistaxis/etiology , Remission Induction
11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(1): 45-49, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839404

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Epistaxis and hypertension are frequent conditions in the adult population. Masked hypertension is defined as a clinical condition in which a patient's office blood pressure level is <140/90 mmHg, but the ambulatory or home blood pressure readings are in the hypertensive range. Many studies have proved that hypertension is one of the most important causes of epistaxis. The prevalence of this condition in patients with epistaxis is not well defined. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of masked hypertension using the results of office blood pressure measurement compared with the results of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Methods Sixty patients with epistaxis and 60 control subjects were enrolled in the study. All patients with epistaxis and controls without history of hypertension underwent physical examination, including office blood pressure measurement, ambulatory or home blood pressure, and measurement of anthropometric parameters. Results Mean age was similar between the epistaxis group and the controls – 21–68 years (mean 42.9) for the epistaxis group and 18–71 years (mean 42.2) for the control group. A total of 20 patients (33.3%) in the epistaxis group and 7 patients (11.7%) in the control group (p = 0.004) had masked hypertension. Night-time systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in patients with epistaxis than in the control group (p < 0.005). However, no significant difference was found in daytime systolic blood pressure between the control group and the patients with epistaxis (p = 0.517). Conclusion This study demonstrates increased masked hypertension prevalence in patients with epistaxis. We suggest that all patients with epistaxis should undergo ambulatory or home blood pressure to detect masked hypertension, which could be a possible cause of epistaxis.


Resumo Introdução Epistaxe e hipertensão são condições frequentes na população adulta. Hipertensão mascarada é definida como uma condição clínica em que o nível da pressão arterial do paciente no consultório é < 140/90 mm Hg, mas as leituras da pressão arterial ambulatorial ou em casa se encontram na faixa hipertensiva. Muitos estudos demonstraram que a hipertensão é uma das causas mais importantes de epistaxe. Ainda não está devidamente definida a prevalência dessa condição em pacientes com epistaxe. Objetivo Avaliar a prevalência de HM com o uso dos resultados de mensurações da pressão arterial no consultório, em comparação com os resultados da MAPA. Método Foram recrutados 60 pacientes com epistaxe e 60 indivíduos para controle. Todos os pacientes com epistaxe e os controles sem histórico de hipertensão passaram por exame físico, inclusive determinação da pressão arterial no consultório, MAPA e mensuração dos parâmetros antropométricos. Resultados A média de idade foi similar entre o grupo com epistaxe e os controles: de 21 a 68 (média 42,9) anos para o grupo com epistaxe e de 18 a 71 (média 42,2) anos para o grupo controle. No total, 20 pacientes (33,3%) no grupo com epistaxe e sete (11,7%) no grupo controle (p = 0,004) apresentaram hipertensão mascarada. A pressão arterial sistólica noturna foi significantemente mais alta em pacientes com epistaxe, em comparação com o grupo controle (p < 0,005). No entanto, não foi observada diferença significante na pressão arterial sistólica obtida durante o dia entre o grupo controle e os pacientes com epistaxe (p = 0,517). Conclusão O presente estudo demonstra maior prevalência de hipertensão mascarada em pacientes com epistaxe. Sugerimos que todos os pacientes com epistaxe devam ser submetidos à monitoração da pressão arterial caseira ou em consultório com o objetivo de detectar hipertensão mascarada, que pode ser uma causa possível de epistaxe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Epistaxis/etiology , Masked Hypertension/complications , Case-Control Studies , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Masked Hypertension/diagnosis
12.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 76(2): 229-230, ago. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-793972

ABSTRACT

La epistaxis es un síntoma muy común es muestra práctica diaria, aproximadamente el 60% de la población ha tenido al menos un episodio en algún momento de su vida pero solo 6% precisó atención médica. La mayoría de episodios son limitados y benignos pero, en ocasiones, nos encontramos con casos que pueden resultar fatales.


Nosebleed is a really common symptom, about 60% of the population has had at least one episode at some point in their lives but only 6% required medical attention. Most episodes are limited and benign but in some rare cases, it could be deathly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Embolization, Therapeutic , Epistaxis/etiology , Epistaxis/therapy , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy
13.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 75(2): 152-156, ago. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-757897

ABSTRACT

El melanoma maligno de cavidad nasal y senos paranasales es una patología rara, representa alrededor del 1% de todos los melanomas. Su sintomatología es inespecífica lo que dificulta el diagnóstico, tiene muy mal pronóstico con bajas tasas de supervivencia. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 66 años de edad, fumador de 30-40 cigarrillos por día, trabajador de la huerta expuesto a productos fitosanitarios que consultó por epistaxis recurrentes por fosa nasal derecha y ligera obstrucción respiratoria, a la exploración se observó una masa de color negruzco que ocupaba la fosa nasal derecha dependiente del cornete inferior derecho, el diagnóstico histopatológico fue de melanoma maligno; recibió tratamiento quirúrgico y radioterápico con evolución favorable. Revisamos la literatura de este raro tumor nasosinusal.


Malignant melanoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is a rare disease, represents less than 1% of all melanomas. The symptoms are nonspecificand therefore diagnosis difficult. Has very poor prognosis, with low survival rates. We report a 66 year old smoking 30-40 cigarettes per day, orchard worker exposed to pesticides consulted for recurrent epistaxis by right nostril and light airway obstruction, exploration was observed a mass blackish located in the lower right turbinate, histopathological diagnosis was malignant melanoma; He received surgical and radiotherapy with favorable outcome. We review the literature on this rare sinonasal tumor. inferior turbinate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Melanoma/diagnosis , Melanoma/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Epistaxis/etiology , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Nasal Mucosa/surgery
14.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 75(2): 167-172, ago. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-757900

ABSTRACT

El melanoma mucoso se considera un subtipo distinto al cutáneo. El 40% a 50% de los melanomas mucosos están localizados en la cabeza y el cuello, siendo los más frecuentes los nasosinusales y los de cavidad oral; en la porción anterior del tabique nasal y los cornetes inferior y medio. Estas neoplasias se originan de los melanocitos de la mucosa y submucosa nasosinusal. Generalmente se diagnostican tardíamente, frecuentemente con metástasis a distancia. Ante clínica nasosinusal unilateral sospechosa es muy importante una exploración exhaustiva de las vías aerodigestivas superiores y posteriormente, un estudio anatomopatológico. Se presenta a una paciente de 56 años, con historia de epistaxis de repetición de meses de evolución. En la exploración presenta una tumoración polipoidea que ocupa toda la fosa nasal derecha, con desviación septal y deformidad de la pirámide nasal. El estudio anatomopatológico informa de melanoma maligno infiltrante. Durante la hospitalización, la paciente presenta dificultad para caminar y dolor en cadera derecha, siendo diagnosticada por traumatología de fractura basicervical. Durante la cirugía, se envía fragmento óseo de cadera para estudio anatomopatológico, compatible con lesión de sustrato tisular óseo metastatizado por una proliferación celular de morfología e inmunofenotipo de melanoma.


The mucosal melanoma is considered a distinct subtype of cutaneous melanoma. The 40%-50% of cases of mucosal melanomas is located in the head and neck, the most common are found in sinonasal level and in the oral cavity; In the anterior portion of the nasal septum and the inferior and middle turbinates. Those neoplasms originate from the malignant cells found in the mucosa and submucosa. Usually are lately diagnosed, with distant metastases. If suspicious unilateral sinonasal manifestations appears is extremely important to realize an exhaustive exploration of superior aerodigestive vias and a histopathological examination of the lesion. We present a 56 year old with repeated epistaxis of several months of duration. The examination revealed a polypoid tumor occupying the entire right nostril, septal deviation and deformity of the nasal pyramid. Pathological studies reports infiltrating malignant melanoma. During the hospitalization the patient has difficulty walking and pain in the right hip, being diagnosed by Traumatology of fracture basicervical. During the surgery, a bone fragment hip is sent for anathomopathology study which is reported as bone tissue injury support substrate metastasized malignant cell proliferation by immunophenotype and morphology of melanoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Melanoma/diagnosis , Melanoma/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Epistaxis/etiology , Hip Fractures , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159417

ABSTRACT

Infestation with leeches can happen due to drinking from spring water or other unhealthy water from non-hygienic sources or swimming in infested water like Wells and swamps, and can lead to several complications in the aerodigestive tract. Epistaxis, melena, and foreign body sensation had been reported in the literature as manifestations of this condition. We described a 12-year-old child presented to our department with dry cough and spitting of blood after swimming in the water pond of a Well that led to leech entry into the nasopharynx. Removal was done, and the patient became symptom free. Infestation with a leech can lead to variable symptoms in the aerodigestive tract like spitting of blood and irritation at the site of its attachment. Hence, leech should be put in mind in dealing with patients visiting physicians with the above symptoms, especially, if they come from rural areas that drink spring or Well water.


Subject(s)
Child , Endoscopy/methods , Epistaxis/epidemiology , Epistaxis/etiology , Humans , Leeches/etiology , Leeches/therapy , Male , Nasopharynx/surgery , Water Resources
16.
Gac. méd. Caracas ; 121(3): 244-251, jul.-sept. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-731325

ABSTRACT

Se comunican los casos de dos pacientes con síndrome de Bonnet, Wyburn-Mason en quienes existía un aneurisma cirsoide de la retina de diferente grado de desarrollo. En uno, el cuadro oftalmoscópico era obvio; en tanto que en el otro la manisfestación fundamental era una tortuosidad vascular acentuada y en quien solo la angiografía fluoresceínica del fondo ocular mostró sutiles cambios compatibles con una malformación arteriovenosa localizada. Otro elemento inusual en el comportamiento de este tipo de malformaciones fue la asociación a una coartación de la aorta torácica y multiples anomalías esqueléticas sencillas, así como la obstrucción de un segmento muy desarrollado de la malformación arteriovenosa con infarto hemorrágico retiniano e involución posterior de parte de ella


We communicate the cases of two patients with syndrome of Bonnet, Wyburn-Mason who had cirsoide aneurysms of the retina of differnt degrees of development. In one, the ophthalmoscopic picture was obvious, while on the other, The primary manifestation was a marked vascular tortuosity and in which only the ocular fundus fluorescein angiography showed subtle changes consistent with a located arteriovenous malformation. Another unusual element in the behavior of this type of malformations was a coarctation of the thoracic aorta and multiple skeletal anomalies simple associated, as well as the obstruction of a highly developed portion of the retinal arteriovenous malformation with hemorrhagic infarction and consecutive involution of part of it


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Aneurysm/pathology , Headache/ethnology , Seizures/diagnosis , von Hippel-Lindau Disease/pathology , Epistaxis/etiology , Exophthalmos/etiology , Fever/etiology , Arteriovenous Fistula/physiopathology , Unconsciousness/ethnology , Fluorescein Angiography/methods , Vascular Headaches/pathology , Fundus Oculi
18.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 72(3): 273-277, dic. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-676833

ABSTRACT

La displasia ectodérmica hipohidrótica es una enfermedad hereditaria, infrecuente en la población general, caracterizada clínicamente por la tríada de hipohidrosis, deficiencias dentarias y falta de crecimiento de cabello. Además, se afectan otros anexos cutaneos como folículos pilosos, uñas y dientes e incluso estructuras como las glándulas mucosas del tracto aerodigestivo superior lo que puede ocasionar signos, síntomas y patologías de interés para el otorrinolaringólogo. Se presentan dos casos clínicos, un adulto y un niño, y se revisa la literatura respecto de las manifestaciones de la displasia ectodérmica hipohidrótica en cabeza y cuello.


Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia is an uncommon, hereditary disease, clinically characterized by the triad of hypohidrosis, dental deficiencies and lack of hair growth. In addition, it affects other skin appendages such as hair follicles, nails and teeth and even structures such as the mucous glands of the upper aerodigestive tract causing signs and also symptoms and pathologies of interest for the otolaryngologist. Two cases are presented, an adult and a child one,an in addition to literature review regarding the manifestations of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia in head and neck.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Middle Aged , Epistaxis/etiology , Ectodermal Dysplasia 1, Anhidrotic/complications , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/etiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ectodermal Dysplasia 1, Anhidrotic/diagnostic imaging
19.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 72(3): 297-305, dic. 2012. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-676837

ABSTRACT

La telangiectasia hemorrágica hereditaria es una displasia vascular multisistémica caracterizada por el desarrollo de telangiectasias mucocutáneas y malformaciones arteriovenosas viscerales. Una de sus manifestaciones clínicas más frecuentes es la epistaxis recurrente, que se presenta en más del 90% de los pacientes, por lo que el otorrinolarin-gólogo debiera estar familiarizado con el diagnóstico y manejo de esta patología. Debido al carácter genético de la enfermedad, el manejo del sangrado nasal en estos pacientes es difícil. Existen diversas alternativas terapéuticas, farmacológicas y quirúrgicas, descritas para disminuir el número y gravedad de los episodios de epistaxis.


Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is a multisystemic vascular dysplasia, characterized by the development of mucocutaneoustelangiectasias and visceral arteriovenous malformations. One of its most frequent clinical manifestations is recurrent epistaxis, presenting in up to 90%% of these patients, so the otorhinolaryngologist should be familiarized with its diagnosis and management. Due to the genetic character of this disease, the management of nasal bleeding in these patients is difficult. There are several therapeutic alternatives, both pharmacological and surgical, described to decrease the number and severity of the episodes of epistaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic/complications , Epistaxis/etiology , Recurrence , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic/diagnosis , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic/etiology , Tranexamic Acid/therapeutic use , Cautery , Epistaxis/therapy , Estrogens/therapeutic use , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Light Coagulation
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