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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878359

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to use an air-liquid interface (ALI) exposure system to simulate the inhalation exposure of motorcycle exhaust particulates (MEPs) and then investigate the benchmark dose (BMD) of MEPs by evaluating cell relative viability (CRV) in lung epithelial BEAS-2B cells.@*Methods@#The MEPs dose was characterized by measuring the number concentration (NC), surface area concentration (SAC), and mass concentration (MC). BEAS-2B cells were exposed to MEPs at different concentrations @*Results@#Our results reveal that BMD of NC and SAC were estimated by the best-fitting Hill model, while MC was estimated by Polynomial model. The BMDL for CRV following ALI exposure to MEPs were as follows: 364.2#/cm @*Conclusion@#These results indicate that MEPs exposure


Subject(s)
Benchmarking/statistics & numerical data , Bronchi/physiology , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Humans , Motorcycles , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Vehicle Emissions/analysis
2.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(1): 78-84, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973874

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The transparency and maintenance of corneal epithelial integrity are essential for its optical properties and, to preserve these characteristics, the epithelium undergoes continuous renewal. This renewal depends on the control of cell proliferation and differentiation mediated by mitogenic factors responsible for increasing mitoses and stimulating cellular migration. Cell-cell communication plays a pivotal role in epithelial healing process, and several cytokines and growth factors are involved in this process. Understanding the cross-talk and paracrine effects of these cytokines and growth factors released can help in the search for new therapeutic strategies to treat ocular surface diseases.


RESUMO A transparência e a manutenção da integridade epitelial da córnea são essenciais para suas propriedades ópticas e, para preservar tais características, o epitélio sofre renovação contínua. Essa renovação depende do controle da proliferação e diferenciação celular mediadas por fatores mitogênicos responsáveis pelo aumento das mitoses e estímulo à migração celular. A comunicação célula-célula desempenha um papel fundamental no processo de cicatrização epitelial, e várias citocinas e fatores de crescimento estão envolvidos neste processo. Compreender os efeitos cruzados e paracrinos dessas citocinas e fatores de crescimento liberados pode ajudar na busca de novas estratégias terapêuticas para o tratamento de doenças da superfície ocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wound Healing/physiology , Epithelium, Corneal/physiology , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Epithelium, Corneal/cytology , Corneal Diseases/therapy , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/physiology , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Fibroblasts/physiology
3.
J. bras. nefrol ; 40(3): 217-224, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975911

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: In chronic kidney disease (CKD), it has been suggested that alterations within the gut are associated with an inflammatory state and uremic toxicity. Studies suggest that uremia may impair the function of the intestinal barrier via the promotion of increased intestinal permeability. To understand the mechanisms that are involved in intestinal barrier damage in the setting of uremia, we evaluated the in vitro effect of uremic serum on transepithelial electrical resistance (TER), inflammation, and apoptosis in intestinal epithelial cells (T84). Methods: Pools of serum from healthy individuals, patients not on dialysis, and patients on hemodialysis (Pre-HD and Post-HD) were prepared. T84 cells were incubated for 24 h in medium, of which 10% consisted of the pooled serum from each group. After incubation, the TER was measured and the following parameters were determined by flow cytometry: expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs), production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and apoptosis. The level of IL-6 in the culture supernatant was determined by ELISA. Results: No difference was observed among the groups with respect to TER, apoptosis, and ROS or the expression of TLR-2, TLR-4, and TLR-9. IL-6 secretion was higher (p < 0.001) in cells that were incubated with pre- and post-HD serum. Conclusion: The results that were obtained from this model suggest that uremic serum per se does not seem to impair the integrity of intestinal epithelial cells. The increased IL-6 secretion by cells that were incubated with HD serum suggests a potential effect of uremia in the intestinal inflammatory response.


RESUMO Introdução: Tem sido sugerido que na doença renal crônica (DRC) a uremia pode causar alterações intestinais, tais como modificações na microbiota e danos à barreira intestinal, e que estas possíveis alterações podem ter uma relação importante com o estado inflamatório e a toxicidade urêmica apresentadas por pacientes com DRC. Objetivos: Avaliar o efeito in vitro do soro urêmico sobre a permeabilidade da monocamada de células epiteliais do intestino, inflamação e apoptose. Métodos: Pools de soro foram preparados a partir de soros de indivíduos saudáveis, pacientes em tratamento conservador e em hemodiálise (Pré e Pós-HD). As células T84 foram incubadas por 24 horas com os diferentes pools. Em seguida a TER foi medida e as células foram submetidas às seguintes análises: apoptose, produção de espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROs) e expressão de receptores toll-like (TLR) por citometria de fluxo e detecção de IL-6 no sobrenadante da cultura por ELISA. Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças, entre os grupos, com relação a TER, apoptose, EROs e expressão de TLR-2, TLR-4 e TLR-9. Já a secreção de IL-6 foi maior (p < 0,001) pelas células incubadas com soro pré-HD e pós-HD. Conclusão: Os resultados obtidos a partir deste modelo sugerem que a uremia per se parece não comprometer a integridade das células epiteliais do intestino. O aumento da secreção de IL-6 pelas células incubadas com soro HD (pré e pós) sugere um potencial efeito da uremia sobre a resposta inflamatória intestinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Blood Physiological Phenomena , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Inflammation/etiology , Uremia/blood , Cells, Cultured , Colon/cytology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/blood , Intestinal Mucosa/cytology
4.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 119-125, May-June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891065

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The epithelial rests of Malassez (ERM) represent a group of cells in the periodontal ligament classically consisting of latent or quiescent structures associated with pathological processes. However, recent evidence shows that these structures cannot be considered only as cellular debris. The ERM is a major tissue structure, with functions in maintaining the homeostasis of periodontal tissue, including the maintenance of orthodontic movement. Objective: The present literature review aims at presenting the potential functions of ERM, with emphasis on orthodontic movement and the functional structure of the periodontium. Conclusion: ERM cells have a functional activity in modulation of orthodontic movement, trough their potential for differentiation, maintenance functions and the capacity of repairing periodontium.


RESUMO Introdução: os remanescentes epiteliais de Malassez (REM) se configuram como um grupo de células epiteliais presentes no ligamento periodontal, classicamente consideradas estruturas latentes ou quiescentes, associadas a processos patológicos. Entretanto, ao longo dos anos, esse paradigma vem sendo rompido e hoje não mais são consideradas apenas como restos celulares, mas sim uma importante estrutura tecidual, com funções na manutenção da homeostase do periodonto, inclusive durante a movimentação ortodôntica. Objetivo: na presente revisão da literatura, buscou-se apresentar as funções dessas estruturas, com ênfase nelas durante a movimentação ortodôntica, rompendo o conceito errôneo de que são meros restos celulares, e defendendo sua compreensão como uma estrutura funcional do periodonto. Conclusão: os REM possuem uma atividade funcional na modulação da movimentação ortodôntica, por meio de seu potencial para diferenciação, de suas funções de manutenção e de sua capacidade de reparação periodontal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Tooth Movement Techniques , Epithelial Cells/physiology
5.
Gut and Liver ; : 166-176, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25631

ABSTRACT

Mesothelial cells (MCs) cover the surface of visceral organs and the parietal walls of cavities, and they synthesize lubricating fluids to create a slippery surface that facilitates movement between organs without friction. Recent studies have indicated that MCs play active roles in liver development, fibrosis, and regeneration. During liver development, the mesoderm produces MCs that form a single epithelial layer of the mesothelium. MCs exhibit an intermediate phenotype between epithelial cells and mesenchymal cells. Lineage tracing studies have indicated that during liver development, MCs act as mesenchymal progenitor cells that produce hepatic stellate cells, fibroblasts around blood vessels, and smooth muscle cells. Upon liver injury, MCs migrate inward from the liver surface and produce hepatic stellate cells or myofibroblast depending on the etiology, suggesting that MCs are the source of myofibroblasts in capsular fibrosis. Similar to the activation of hepatic stellate cells, transforming growth factor β induces the conversion of MCs into myofibroblasts. Further elucidation of the biological and molecular changes involved in MC activation and fibrogenesis will contribute to the development of novel approaches for the prevention and therapy of liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Epithelial Cells/physiology , Epithelium/metabolism , Hepatic Stellate Cells/physiology , Humans , Liver/cytology , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology , Liver Regeneration/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Myofibroblasts/physiology
6.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 86(4): 264-269, ago. 2015. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-764083

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La alopecia infantil es una afección poco frecuente en la consulta dermatológica pediátrica. Su etiología es variable según el grupo etario estudiado. El objetivo fue estudiar la causa de alopecia en niños en 2 hospitales pediátricos de referencia nacional en Chile. Pacientes y método: Análisis descriptivo de registros clínicos del total de pacientes atendidos entre enero de 2007 y junio de 2010 en los Servicios de Dermatología de los Hospitales Roberto del Río y Luis Calvo Mackenna. Se incluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de alopecia. Resultados: Se encontraron 345 registros clínicos, 179 varones (51,9%). La mediana de edad fue 72 meses. Los diagnósticos más prevalentes fueron alopecia areata (AA) (36,8%), tiña capitis (TC) (21%), nevo sebáceo (13,2%) y efluvio telógeno (8,7%). Según el grupo etario predominaron en recién nacidos: aplasia cutis y nevo sebáceo; en lactantes, preescolares y escolares: nevo sebáceo, AA y TC. En escolares se agregó tricotilomanía. En adolescentes nevo sebáceo, AA y efluvio telógeno. Se observó una correlación significativa entre AA con enfermedad autoinmune, enfermedad tiroidea, alteraciones ungueales, enfermedad psiquiátrica y síndrome de Down. En TC el agente etiológico más prevalente fue Microsporum Canis (86,6%). La tricotilomanía se correlacionó con enfermedad psiquiátrica significativamente. Conclusiones: Las principales causas de alopecia infantil fueron adquiridas y no cicatriciales. La etiología varía de acuerdo al grupo etario estudiado. Algunos tipos de alopecia infantil presentaron alta prevalencia de enfermedad psiquiátrica.


Introduction: Childhood alopecia is a relative rare event in general paediatric dermatology practice. Hair loss in children may have multiple causes, and there are different types of alopecia according to age groups. The aim of the study was to describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of alopecia in children from two Chilean paediatric hospitals. Patients and method: Descriptive analysis of clinical records of patients from the Dermatology Department of Roberto del Rio and Luis Calvo Mackenna Hospitals between January 2007 and June 2010. Patients with clinical diagnosis of alopecia were included. Results: A total of 345 clinical records were analysed, with 179 males (51.9%). The median age was 72 months. Overall, the most common diagnoses were: alopecia areata (AA), (36.8%), tinea capitis (TC), (21%), nevus sebaceous (13.2%), and tellogen effluvium (8.7%). According to age groups, in newborns, the most common causes were aplasia cutis and nevus sebaceous. In toddlers, pre-school and school children, the principal causes were nevus sebaceous, AA and TC. Trichotillomania was also significant in school children. In adolescents, nevus sebaceous, AA and tellogen effluvium were the most frequent diagnoses. AA was statistically associated with autoimmune disease, thyroid disease, nail disorder, psychiatric disease, and Down's syndrome. The most common aetiological agent in TC was M. canis (86.6%). Trichotillomania was also statistically associated to psychiatric disorders. Conclusions: In this study, the main causes of alopecia in children were acquired and non-scarring alopecia. In our results, the type of alopecia varies according to age group. Some types of childhood alopecia showed a close correlation to psychiatric disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Membrane Permeability/physiology , Claudins/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Harringtonines/metabolism , Intestines/metabolism , Protein Isoforms/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Dextrans/metabolism , /analogs & derivatives , /metabolism , Intestines/physiology , Tight Junctions/metabolism , Tight Junctions/physiology , Transcription, Genetic/physiology
7.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 20(2): 16-19, Mar-Apr/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-745862

ABSTRACT

Deciduous teeth exfoliate as a result of apoptosis induced by cementoblasts, a process that reveals the mineralized portion of the root while attracting clasts. Root resorption in deciduous teeth is slow due to lack of mediators necessary to speed it up; however, it accelerates and spreads in one single direction whenever a permanent tooth pericoronal follicle, rich in epithelial growth factor (EGF), or other bone resorption mediators come near. The latter are responsible for bone resorption during eruption, and deciduous teeth root resorption and exfoliation. Should deciduous teeth be subjected to orthodontic movement or anchorage, mediators local levels will increase. Thus, one should be fully aware that root resorption in deciduous teeth will speed up and exfoliation will early occur. Treatment planning involving deciduous teeth orthodontic movement and/or anchorage should consider: Are clinical benefits relevant enough as to be worth the risk of undergoing early inconvenient root resorption?.


O dente decíduo é esfoliado graças à apoptose em seus cementoblastos, que desnuda a parte mineralizada da raiz e atrai os clastos. A rizólise é lenta, pois faltam mediadores em quantidade para acelerar o processo, mas ela se acelera e unidireciona quando se aproxima um folículo pericoronário de dente permanente rico em EGF e outros mediadores da reabsorção óssea - os responsáveis pelas reabsorções óssea na erupção e dentária decídua na rizólise e esfoliação. Se houver movimentação ortodôntica ou ancoragem em dentes decíduos, aumenta-se, também, o nível local desses mesmos mediadores, devendo-se estar bem consciente de que haverá uma aceleração da rizólise e, em decorrência, uma antecipação de sua esfoliação. No planejamento de casos em que dentes decíduos estejam envolvidos na movimentação ortodôntica e/ou ancoragem, deve-se ponderar: o benefício clínico para o paciente será relevante, a ponto de valer o risco de uma rizólise abreviada e inconveniente?.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous/physiology , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Root Resorption/physiopathology , Tooth Eruption/physiology , Tooth Exfoliation/physiopathology , Bone Resorption/physiopathology , Chemotaxis/physiology , Apoptosis/physiology , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/physiology , Dental Cementum/physiology , Dental Sac/cytology , Dental Sac/physiology , Epidermal Growth Factor/physiology , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/methods , Odontoblasts/physiology
8.
Salud pública Méx ; 57(1): 50-57, ene.-feb. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-736461

ABSTRACT

Objective. To determine the effect of pH, and exposure time over the inactivation of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) during the tortilla making process as well as the degradative molecules generated. Materials and methods. Inactivation of AFB1 in maize-dough with alkaline pH and in alkaline methanolic solutions was determined by HPLC. Kinetics of time exposure of AFB1 in methanolic solution and the degradative products were analyzed by direct injection electrospray mass spectometry (DIESI-MS). Results. The alkaline pH of the maize-dough after nixtamalización between 10.2, and 30-40 minutes of resting at room temperature allows the 100% reduction of AFB1. DIESI-MS analysis of the extracts indicated the presence of two degradation molecules from AFB1. Conclusion. The alkaline pH of maize-dough and resting time are the principal factors involved in diminishing AFB1 levels in tortillas. A procedure to the tortilla making process is proposed, which allows the reduction of remnant AFB1, avoiding the accumulative effect over consumers.


Objetivo. Determinar el efecto del pH alcalino de la masa de maíz y el tiempo de exposición sobre la aflatoxina B1 (AFB1) durante la producción de tortillas e identificar los posibles productos de degradación mediante DIESI-MS. Material y métodos. La inactivación de la AFB1 a pH alcalino y diferentes tiempos de exposición en masa nixtamalizada y en soluciones metanólicas fueron determinadas por HPLC. La cinética de degradación de AFB1, y los productos de degradación en soluciones metanólicas se determinaron por DIESI-MS. Resultados. El pH alcalino de la masa y 30 a 40 minutos de reposo redujeron en 100% la AFB1 adicionada. Se identificaron dos moléculas de degradación. Conclusión. Los principales factores involucrados en la disminución de la AFB1 durante la producción de tortillas son la hidrólisis alcalina y el tiempo de reposo. Se propone un procedimiento para la producción de tortilla que reducirá la AFB1 residual evitando el efecto acumulativo en los consumidores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , /genetics , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Gene Expression Regulation , PPAR delta/physiology , PPAR gamma/physiology , Sulindac/analogs & derivatives , Cell Line , Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Prostate/cytology , Prostate/physiology , Sulindac/pharmacology
9.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 52(4): 356-362, 2015.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780262

ABSTRACT

Immunohistochemical expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was evaluated in the endometrium of mares during estrus and at early diestrus. Three samples were collected by endometrial biopsy from 10 mares, on estrus/ second day, in the ovulation day and seven days after the ovulation day. PCNA expression was high in luminal epithelium and low in endometrial glands on samples taken on estrus/second day and on the ovulation day (p 0.05). For samples collected on the seventh day following ovulation, the averaged PCNA immunostaining was higher in glandular epithelium (p 0.05). The study revealed that luminal epithelial cells exhibit higher proliferation during estrus and glandular epithelial cells exhibited higher proliferation during diestrus...


A expressão do antígeno núcleo celular proliferante (ANCP) foi avaliada no endométrio de éguas durante o estro e início do diestro. Em cada uma de dez éguas foram efetuadas biópsias do endométrio em três momentos dos respectivos ciclos reprodutivos: segundo dia do estro, dia da ovulação e sete dias após a ovulação. Nas amostras colhidas no segundo dia do estro e no dia da ovulação, a expressão do ANCP foi elevada no epitélio luminal e baixa nas glândulas endometriais (p 0,05). Nas amostras colhidas no sétimo dia após a ovulação, a média de ANCP imunologicamente corado foi maior no epitélio glandular (p 0,05). O estudo revelou que as células do epitélio luminal apresentaram a maior proliferação durante o estro e que as células epiteliais glandulares apresentaram a maior proliferação durante o diestro...


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/physiology , Horses/physiology , Endometrium/physiology , Biopsy/veterinary , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Diestrus/physiology , Estrus/physiology , Fertility/physiology , Cell Proliferation
10.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(4): 1513-1519, Oct.-Dec. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741307

ABSTRACT

Mycoplasma spp, belongs to the class Mollicutes and is capable to produce alterations in cellular cultures causing damages to the biotechnological industry. Bioproducts generally require two essential inputs, bovine serum and cells. The study herein aims to evaluate the mycoplasma concentrations that affect the growing of BHK21 and Vero cells. The species used were: Mycoplasma orale, M. salivarium, M. arginini and M. hyorhinis, cultivated in a SP4 media. Two contamination tests were performed with BHK21 and Vero cells and one of them applied different concentrations of mycoplasma. In the first one, mycoplasma was applied at the day zero and, in the second one, the contamination was performed after the monolayer establishment. The both cellular cultures presented cytopathic effects with mycoplasma contamination, but the Vero cells suffered more damages than the BHK21 ones. It was also observed that the severity of the cytopathic effect depended on the mycoplasma specie, on the concentration and on the time of contact with the cellular culture, which evidences the importance of controlling the presence of mycoplasma in biotechnological industries.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cricetinae , Epithelial Cells/microbiology , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Mycoplasma/growth & development , Cell Line , Chlorocebus aethiops , Coculture Techniques , Culture Media/chemistry
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207958

ABSTRACT

The changing patterns of goblet cell hyperplasia, intestinal epithelial cell turnover, and intestinal motility were studied in ICR and C57BL/6 mice infected with Gymnophalloides seoi (Digenea: Gymnophallidae). Whereas ICR mice retained G. seoi worms until day 7 post-infection (PI), C57BL/6 mice showed a rapid worm expulsion within day 3 PI. Immunosuppression with Depo-Medrol significantly delayed the worm expulsion in C57BL/6 mice. Goblet cell counts were increased in both strains of mice, peaking at day 1 PI in C57BL/6 mice and slowly increasing until day 7 PI in ICR mice. In C57BL/6 mice infected with G. seoi, newly proliferating intestinal epithelial cells were remarkably increased in the crypt, and the increase was the highest at day 1 PI. However, in ICR mice, newly proliferating intestinal epithelial cells increased slowly from day 1 to day 7 PI. Intestinal motility was increased in G. seoi-infected mice, and its chronological pattern was highly correlated with the worm load in both strains of mice. Meanwhile, immunosuppression of C57BL/6 mice abrogated the goblet cell proliferation, reduced the epithelial cell proliferation, and suppressed the intestinal motility. Goblet cell hyperplasia, increased intestinal epithelial cell turnover, and increased intestinal motility should be important mucosal defense mechanisms in G. seoi-infected C57BL/6 mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Disease Models, Animal , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Gastrointestinal Motility , Helminthiasis/physiopathology , Hyperplasia , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/physiopathology , Intestinal Mucosa/physiopathology , Male , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred ICR , Trematode Infections/physiopathology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-219417

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to evaluate the effects of conditioned media (CM) from human amniotic epithelial cells (HAECs) on the corneal wound healing process. Eighteen rabbits (36 eyes) were used and randomly assigned to three groups according treatment: CM from HAECs (group 1), vehicle alone (group 2), and saline (group 3). Corneal alkali injuries were induced with 1 N sodium hydroxide. Each reagent used for treatment evaluation was injected into the dorsal bulbar subconjunctiva and the area of the corneal epithelial defect was measured every other day. Two animals from each group were euthanized at a time on days 3, 7, and 15, and the cornea was removed for histological examination. The sum of the epithelial defect areas measured on day 0 to day 6 as well as day 0 to day 14 in group 1 was significantly smaller than those of other groups. Histological examination revealed that the group 1 corneas had less inflammatory cell infiltration and showed more intact epithelial features compared to the other groups. These results suggest that CM from HAECs promote corneal wound healing in rabbits.


Subject(s)
Alkalies/toxicity , Amnion/cytology , Animals , Cornea/injuries , Corneal Diseases/chemically induced , Culture Media, Conditioned/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Humans , Male , Rabbits
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(5): 564-569, Sept.-Oct. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-660361

ABSTRACT

The oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disease, probably autoimmune, with different clinical forms. The most common types are the reticular and the erosive ones. Apoptosis participates in the destruction of basal keratinocytes, but its role in the perpetuation of the subepithelial lymphocytic infiltrates was not yet investigated. To evaluate the involvement of apoptosis in the epithelium and in subepithelial lymphocytic infiltrates, 15 samples of reticular and erosive OLP and 10 samples of healthy oral mucosa were collected and processed histologically. Apoptosis was quantified in the epithelium and in inflammatory cell infiltrates. TUNEL reaction was used to measure apoptosis in the infiltrates. Erosive OLP showed more intense epithelial apoptosis than reticular OLP and controls. In contrast, apoptosis in the inflammatory cell infiltrates was more frequent in reticular than in erosive OLP. Lymphocytes were the predominant cells within the inflammatory cell infiltrates and were more frequent in erosive OLP than in reticular type. These results suggest that different apoptotic levels are involved in the erosive/reticular switch in OLP, determining different clinical presentations. In conclusion, decreased apoptosis in inflammatory infiltrates may contribute to the persistence of T lymphocytes, worsening the attack to the epithelium in erosive OLP.


O líquen plano oral (LPO) é uma doença crônica inflamatória, provavelmente auto-imune, com diferentes formas clínicas. Os tipos mais comuns são o reticular e o erosivo. A apoptose participa da destruição dos ceratinócitos basais, no entanto o seu papel na perpetuação do infiltrado linfocitário subepitelial ainda não foi investigado. Para avaliar o envolvimento da apoptose no epitélio e no infiltrado linfocitário subepitelial, quinze amostras de LPO reticular, quinze de LPO erosivo e dez amostras de mucosa oral saudável foram coletadas e processadas histologicamente. A apoptose foi quantificada no epitélio e nas células do infiltrado inflamatório. A reação de TUNEL foi usada para mensurar a apoptose no infiltrado. A intensidade da apoptose no epitélio mostrou ser maior no LPO erosivo que no LPO reticular e estes foram maiores que no controle. Em contraste, a apoptose nas células do infiltrado inflamatório foi mais freqüente no LPO reticular que no LPO erosivo. Os linfócitos foram as células predominantes dentro do infiltrado inflamatório e foram mais freqüentes no tipo erosivo de LPO que no tipo reticular. Estes resultados sugerem que diferentes níveis de apoptose estão envolvidos no tipo erosivo e reticular de LPO, determinando as diferenças nas apresentações clínicas. Em conclusão, a diminuição da apoptose no infiltrado inflamatório pode contribuir para a persistência dos linfócitos T, piorando o ataque ao epitélio no LPO erosivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/physiology , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Lichen Planus, Oral/physiopathology , Lymphocytes/physiology , Mouth Mucosa/physiopathology , In Situ Nick-End Labeling
14.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 31(supl.1): 18-24, dez. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-613487

ABSTRACT

Estudos baseados nas características testiculares estão altamente relacionados com a eficiência reprodutiva de varias espécies. Assim, o projeto desenvolvido teve como objetivo identificar as células do epitélio seminífero, caracterizar histologicamente suas associações, que formam os estádios, e determinar a frequência destes. Os fragmentos de testículos, com 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105, 120, 150 dias foram coletados no Centro de Multiplicação da Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-árido, Mossoró/ RN. Passando pelos processos de fixação, lavagens em soluções de concentrações crescentes de álcoois (70-100 por cento), desidratação em xilol, inclusão em Histosec®, preparação das lâminas histológicas, colorações em Hematoxilina e Eosina (HE) e suas fotomicrografias para a caracterização dos núcleos celulares do epitélio germinativo e a definição dos oitos estágios do ciclo do epitélio seminífero (CES) baseados no Método da Morfologia Tubular. Das faixas etárias analisadas todos os animais de 90-150 dias de idade apresentaram todos os estádios do CES. Os estádios I e III foram os que apresentaram maior e menor freqüência, respectivamente. Os animais caracterizados como pré-púberes (30 dias), púberes (45-90 dias de idade) e pós-púberes (105150 dias de idade) apresentaram os estádios I, VIII e IV com uma maior freqüência, respectivamente.


Studies based on the testicular characteristics are strongly associated with the reproductive efficiency of various species. Thus, the developed project aimed to identify the cells of the seminiferous epithelium, histologically characterized their associations, which form stages, and determine the frequency of these. The fragments of testes, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105, 120, 150 days were collected Multiplication Center of Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, Mossoró, RN. Through the process of fixing, washing in solutions of increasing concentrations of alcohols (70-100 percent), dehydration in xylene, inclusion in Histosec ®, preparation of histological slides, stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and their photomicrographs for the characterization of cell nuclei of the germinal epithelium and the definition of the eight stages of the seminiferous epithelium cycle (CES) based on the tubular morphology method. The different age groups all animals at 90 to 150 days of age showed all stages of the CES. Stages I and III showed the highest and lowest frequency, respectively. Animals categorized as prepubertal (30 days), pubertal (45 to 90 days old) and postpubertal (105 to 150 days of age) had stage I, IV and VIII with a higher frequency, respectively.


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs/anatomy & histology , Seminiferous Epithelium/anatomy & histology , Seminiferous Epithelium/physiology , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Cell Nucleus/physiology , Testis/anatomy & histology
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(7): 634-641, July 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595710

ABSTRACT

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in neoplastic metastasis, and the RON protein may be involved. In the present study, we determined the role and the mechanisms of action of RON in EMT in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells by Western blot and cell migration analysis. Activation of RON by macrophage stimulating protein (MSP) results in cell migration and initiates changes in the morphology of RON-cDNA-transfected MDCK cells. The absence of E-cadherin, the presence of vimentin and an increase in Snail were observed in RE7 cells, which were derived from MDCK cells transfected with wt-RON, compared with MDCK cells. Stimulation of RE7 cells with MSP resulted in increased migration (about 69 percent of the wounded areas were covered) as well as increased activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (Erk1/2) and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β; the percent of the activation ratio was 143.6/599.8 percent and 512.4 percent, respectively), which could be inhibited with an individual chemical inhibitor PD98059 (50 μM) specific to MAPK/ERK kinase (the percent inhibition was 98.9 and 81.2 percent, respectively). Thus, the results indicated that RON protein could mediate EMT in MDCK cells via the Erk1/2 pathway. Furthermore, GSK-3β regulates the function of Snail in controlling EMT by this pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Female , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/physiology , Kidney , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , /metabolism , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/physiology , Cell Line , Cell Membrane , Cadherins/metabolism , Cell Cycle/physiology , Cell Movement/drug effects , Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/pharmacology , Kidney/cytology , Kidney/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/pharmacology , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism , Vimentin/metabolism
16.
Biocell ; 34(3): 121-132, Dec. 2010. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595013

ABSTRACT

Wilms tumor gene 1 (wt-1), a key regulator of mesenchymal-epithelial transformation, is downregulated during congenital obstructive nephropathy, leading to apoptosis. There is a functional interaction between WT-1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In this regard, we reported that after neonatal unilateral ureteral obstruction, rosuvastatin prevents apoptosis through an increase in nitric oxide bioavailability, which in turn is linked to higher Hsp70 expression. Hence, the goal of this study was to determine whether a nitric oxide/Hsp70 interaction is involved in changes in WT-1 mRNA expression after ureteral obstruction. Neonatal rats submitted to experimental ureteral obstruction were treated with either vehicle or rosuvastatin for 14 days. Decreased nitric oxide and iNOS/Hsp70 expression associated wit h WT-1 low expression was shown in obstructed kidneys. Apoptosis was induced and it was associated with an increased Bax/BcL2 ratio. Conversely, iNOS/Hsp70 upregulation and an increased WT-1 mRNA expression, without an apoptotic response, were observed in the cortex of obstructed kidneys of rosuvastatin-treated rats. Nitric oxide also modulated Hsp70 and WT-1 mRNA expression in MDCK cells. Finally, in vivo experiments with nitric oxide modulators support our hypothesis that WT-1 mRNA expression is associated with nitric oxide level. Results suggest that rosuvastatin may modulate WT-1 mRNA expression through renal nitric oxide bioavailability, preventing neonatal obstruction-induced apoptosis associated with Hsp70 interaction.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Female , Infant, Newborn , Dogs , Rats , Apoptosis , Apoptosis/physiology , Cell Line , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Luminol/analogs & derivatives , Luminol/pharmacology , Fluorobenzenes/pharmacology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , /genetics , /metabolism , Kidney/cytology
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53250

ABSTRACT

The vibrational spectral differences of normal and lung cancer cells were studied for the development of effective cancer cell screening by means of attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy. The phosphate monoester symmetric stretching nus(PO3(2-)) band intensity at ~970 cm-1 and the phosphodiester symmetric stretching nus(PO2-) band intensity at ~1,085 cm-1 in nucleic acids and phospholipids appeared to be significantly strengthened in lung cancer cells with respect to the other vibrational bands compared to normal cells. This finding suggests that more extensive phosphorylation occur in cancer cells. These results demonstrate that lung cancer cells may be prescreened using infrared spectroscopy tools.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Cell Line, Tumor , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Respiratory Mucosa/cytology , Spectrophotometry, Infrared
19.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 46(2): 18-25, jun.-ago. 2007. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-481281

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la presencia de las células epiteliales de Malassez en granulomas dentarios periapicales y una vez identificadas dichas células, comparar su grado de proliferación con la reacción inflamatoria adyacente. Las muestras fueron obtenidas de diferentes entidades de salud, consultorios privados, hospitales públicos y el Servicio de Emergencia de la Facultad de Odontología (UNNE). Se analizaron todas las muestras diagnosticadas clínicamente como proceso periapicales crónicos. Fueron procesadas con la técnica de rutina de inclusión en parafina y posterior tinción con hematoxilina y eosina. Se realizó el examen morfológico ytilizando microscopía óptica a 40X, 100X y 400X. Los resultados indicaron que del total de los casos estudiados, el 27 por ciento presentó proliferación de restos epiteliales de Malassez, los cuales mostraron diversos niveles de proliferación. Estos niveles de proliferación están en estrecha relación con el grado de intensidad del proceso inflamatorio, a mayor intensidad del proceso inflamatorio, mayor proliferación epitelial, con la consecuente interacción y potenciación mutua. También se observó que los granulomas periapicales epitelizados con altos niveles de proliferación e inflamación tienen mayor probabilidad de evolucionar a quistes radiculares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Epithelial Cells/ultrastructure , Periapical Granuloma/diagnosis , Radicular Cyst/diagnosis , Argentina/epidemiology , Periapical Granuloma/epidemiology , Periapical Granuloma/etiology , Histological Techniques , Microscopy/methods , Statistical Analysis , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data
20.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol ; 71(3): 165-169, 2006. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-464952

ABSTRACT

El proceso biológico de transformación es el resultado de numerosos y complejos mecanismos traducidos en cambios sustanciales que involucran tanto a la ultraestructura, como a la bioquímica y fisiología celular, los cuales pueden ser visualizados mediante la utilización de técnicas morfométricas que expresan la correspondiente información cuantitativa. Células en cultivo de epitelio mamario de rata tanto normales, estimuladas a proliferar con el factor de crecimiento epidérmico (EGF), como transformadas, producto de la transfección con el oncogén ras, originan el grupo celular HC11 y HC11 ras, respectivamente. Se estudió a nivel de microscopía electrónica de transmisión en los tipos celulares descritos, precisando datos morfométricos concomitantes al decorrer de la transformación, evaluando específicamente las fracciones volumétricas de Beta 1 integrina, glicoproteínas receptoras presentes en la superficie celular involucradas en la adhesión tanto a componentes de la matriz extra-celular (MEC) como a la interacción célula-célula. La diferente expresión de estas moléculas determinará en los tipos celulares descritos, distintas características fisiológicas inherentes al mecanismo de transformación.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , /physiology , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Mammary Glands, Animal/cytology , Mammary Glands, Animal/growth & development , Mammary Glands, Animal/ultrastructure , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Epidermal Growth Factor , Integrins/physiology , Microscopy, Electron , Extracellular Matrix/physiology
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